AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #06-07 dated 12 February 2007

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers. WINs are edited by Ernest Hampson, Ph.D., with input from AFIO members and staff.
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EDITOR'S NOTES: Questions or suggested items can be directed to WINsEditor@afio.com - Ernie Hampson.


Open House in February at the Institute of World Politics.
Tuesday, 27 February 2007
Location: 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036. 202.462.2101 or 1.888.KNOW.IWP. RSVP at www.iwp.edu


SECTION I - CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

CONGRESS CALLS FOR CREATION OF A NATIONAL SPACE INTELLIGENCE CENTER
PENTAGON IG FINDS FEITH'S PRE-WAR INTELLIGENCE "INCONSISTENT WITH THE CONSENSUS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY"
CIA SEEKS TO INCREASE FEES TO PROCESS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REQUESTS
THREE JOURNALISTS FACE PROSECUTION IN SWITZERLAND FOR REVEALING CIA ACTIVITIES IN ROMANIA
MINDANAO IN THE PHILIPPINES CRAWLING WITH U.S. INTELLIGENCE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
SECTION II - CONTEXT AND PRECEDENCE
BRITS PROVIDE COALITION WITH ONE OF THE MOST EFFECTIVE ANTI-TERROR WEAPON IN IRAQ
SECTION III - CYBER INTELLIGENCE
MAJOR INTERNET ATTACK OCCURS ON 4TH ANNIVERSARY OF "SAFER INTERNET DAY"
YOUR BRAIN TELLS THE TRUTH, EVEN IF YOU DON'T
SECTION IV - BOOKS, SOURCES AND ISSUES
Books
Chief of Station, Congo: Fighting the Cold War in a Hot Zone by Larry Devlin, Public Affairs, ISBN: 1586484052, Paperback, $26.00
American Spy: My Secret History in the CIA, Watergate and Beyond, by E. Howard Hunt with Greg Aunapu. Wiley, ISBN 978-0-471-78982-6 , $25.95
SECTION V - CAREERS, NOTES, LETTERS, QUERIES AND AUTHORS SEEKING ASSISTANCE, CORRECTIONS, OBITUARIES, COMING EVENTS
Careers
Wexford Group International, Inc. is seeking a Senior Intelligence Analyst: Crystal City, VA
3 vacancy announcements for positions at DHS Headquarters, Office of Inspector General and the Preparedness Directorate
Correction
Correction from last issue: Kasparov was not longest running World Chess Champion
Obituaries
Lee S. Strickland, J.D., head of the CIA Freedom of Information office, died January 23, 2007 at age 60
Rear-Admiral Bill Higgins, aged 78, Thatcher Administration Secretary of D-Notice Committee
Coming Events Next Two Months ONLY
13 February 2007 - Tampa, FL- AFIO Suncoast Chapter meets at 11:30 a.m. at the Officers' Club, at MacDill Air Force Base
13 February 2007 - Washington, DC - Beyond Al-Qaeda: Ideology, the Terrorist Universe and Fighting Back - Spy Museum
15 February 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter meets at Air Force Academy
16 February 2007 - Houston, TX - AFIO Houston Chapter hosts James L. Pavitt, former DDO CIA and Don K. Clark, former SAC FBI Houston
17 February 2007 - Kennebunk ME - The Maine chapter of the AFIO presents The Current Terrorism Threat - and what you can do about it
17 February 2007 - Carrollton, TX - Metroplex Intelligence Association Group Meeting
24 February 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO - Pacific NW Chapter hosts Capt. Metruck, USCG Commander on Waterborne Terrorism and Port Security
26 February 2006 - Arlington, VA - The Potomac Chapter of the National Military Intelligence Association hosts luncheon
27 February 07 - San Francisco, CA - AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter luncheon featuring Gen Ronald L. Burgess, Jr., Principal Deputy to Amb. John Negroponte, former Director of National Intelligence
27 February 2007 - Washington, DC - Open House at the Institute of World Politics
28 February 2007 - Scottsdale, AZ - Arizona AFIO Chapter luncheon featuring Ronald J. Olive on "Capturing Jonathan Pollard"
3 March 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting
5 - 7 March 2007 - St. Petersburg, Fl - The Intelligence Summit
10 March 07 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter - Slawson on Counterintelligence
13 March 2007 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - The Secret History of History - Early Espionage: The Great and Ancient Game with Professor Rose Mary Sheldon - at the International Spy Museum
15 March 07 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club
17 March 2007 - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine Chapter hosts Dr. Christopher T. Yeaw speaking on WMD and Nuclear Proliferation.
17 March 2007 - the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation conference on "FISA: It's History and the Law."
27-28 March 2007 - Fair Lakes, VA- National Military Intelligence Association Seminar on Information Operations

AND newly added to calendar is:

6 April 2007 - Houston, TX - AFIO Houston Chapter event speaker confirmed
10 April 2007 - Tampa, FL- AFIO Suncoast Chapter hosts Porter Goss, former DCIA, at Officers' Club, at MacDill AFB
20 - 21 April 2007 - New London, CT - AFIO New England Chapter hosts luncheon featuring Dr. Michael Hiam, author of Who the Hell Are We Fighting? The Story of Sam Adams & the Vietnam Intelligence Wars.
23-27 April 2007 - Vancouver, British Columbia - International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts (IALEIA)/Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit (LEIU) 2007 Annual Conference

For Additional Events two+ months or more....view our online Calendar of Events

SECTION I - CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

CONGRESS CALLS FOR CREATION OF A NATIONAL SPACE INTELLIGENCE CENTER In a less-noticed section of the 2007 Senate intelligence appropriations bill released January 24, law makers called on the President to create a National Space Intelligence Center (NSIC) within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). The NSIC would provide better capability to detect space-based threats to U.S. intelligence, military and commercial satellites. The Senate's action may be been spurred by China's recent successful test of an anti-satellite (ASAT) missile. The report claims that threats to our satellites are increasing, and that the U.S. defense and economy have come to depend so much on satellites that "a loss of any or all of these assets could do tremendous harm to our economy and security." The Senate noted that intelligence spending "concerning threats to our interests in space has declined markedly," and now constitutes only ten percent of intelligence spending. In reference to the Chinese ASAT test, the report says, ""Recent international events have only served to highlight this problem." China drew sharp international criticism for the ASAT test, with nations asserting that space should remain weapons free. In addition to the ASAT missile, the U.S. accused China last year of illuminating a U.S. satellite with a ground-based ASAT laser designed to temporarily blind imagery satellites. The White House was supportive of the idea of increasing space intelligence, but had concerns over "lines of authority" in the current bill. The center of the Administration's concern is that the Senate legislation "blurs lines of accountability and responsibility for space systems" between the ODNI and the Pentagon's intelligence policy office. However, Gordon Johndroe, a White House National Security Council spokesman, said the administration was "encouraged" by the committee plan to improve space-related intelligence. The White House called the Chinese test "a wake up call" to the dangers of weapons in space. Air Force Gen. Kevin Chilton, commander of the Air Force Space Command, emphasized the need for a separate organization concerned focusing on space intelligence. He said, "The knowledge base you need [for space intelligence] is different than the knowledge base you need for air-breathing intelligence, land intelligence or naval intelligence." [Harvey/WashTimes 6Feb06/Gertz]

PENTAGON IG FINDS FEITH'S PRE-WAR INTELLIGENCE "INCONSISTENT WITH THE CONSENSUS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY" An investigation by the Department of Defense Inspector General (IG) found that Undersecretary of Defense Douglas Feith's office "developed, produced, and then disseminated alternative intelligence assessments on the Iraq and Al-Qaeda relationship, which included some conclusions that were inconsistent with the consensus of the Intelligence Community, to senior decision-makers." Further, the IG's report says Feith's briefing to the White House in 2002 "undercuts the Intelligence Community" and "did draw conclusions that were not fully supported by the available intelligence." According to Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI), Feith's assessment that Iraq and Al-Qaeda had a "mature symbiotic relationship" did not agree with the CIA's assessment that said the relationship between Iraq and Al-Qaeda was "evolving" based on "sources of varying reliability." In a telephone interview, Feith emphasized that the IG report found his actions inappropriate, but not illegal. Feith defended his findings saying they did not constitute "alternative intelligence assessments," but were always meant as a "criticism of the consensus of the intelligence community, and in presenting it I was not endorsing its substance."  Feith's role in pre-war intelligence was directed by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, and coordinated with Vice President Dick Cheney's office. Feith's activities stemmed from the administration's belief that the CIA was understating the relationship between Saddam Hussein and Al-Qaeda.  [CL/WashPost 9Feb07/Pincus and Smith]

CIA SEEKS TO INCREASE FEES TO PROCESS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REQUESTS In a move that critics say will discourage requests under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and increase administrative burdens on both the Agency and the public, the CIA has proposed an increase to what individuals and organizations would pay to the government for processing their requests. Meredith Fuchs, general counsel to the National Security Archive at George Washington University said, "Significant time, money, and other resources were spent by the CIA on fee disputes last year. One of those disputes involved the CIA's refusal to abide by a D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals judicial decision about the Archive's fee status. Given that the Agency recouped only $4,732.80 in fees in FY 2006, those disputes served mainly to delay and obstruct FOIA requests." The Archive recommended five modifications to the CIA's proposed rule change: 1) eliminate the unnecessary and improper definitions of FOIA requester categories; (2) eliminate the requirement that all requesters make open-ended, written fee commitments because many FOIA requests can be processed without the requester incurring any fees and the CIA proposal would discourage requesters and add to the Agency's administrative processing time; (3) eliminate the illegal provision mandating prepayment of fees before the CIA will honor form or format requests; (4) revise the proposed duplication fees provisions so that requesters pay only those "direct costs" actually incurred in the processing of the individual request, whether for paper or electronic duplication; and (5) revise the public interest fee waiver provisions to follow the letter and intent of the FOIA to promote dissemination of information in the public interest. The Archive has sued the CIA twice over FOIA disputes. In the most recent case, filed in 2006, the CIA classified 42 FOIA requests as "not newsworthy," but reversed its decision after the Archive filed suit, but even then did not fully abide by judicial precedents. [PJK/HNN 7Feb07/National Security Archive]

THREE JOURNALISTS FACE PROSECUTION IN SWITZERLAND FOR REVEALING CIA ACTIVITIES IN ROMANIA Three journalists in Switzerland are facing prosecution for publishing articles about secret activities of the CIA in early 2006. According to the Romanian radio station Europa FM, the information for the articles came from a faxed document that described CIA detainee and interrogation operations at the Mihail Kogalniceanu airbase in Romania, which is used by the US. The fax allegedly showed 23 Iraqi and Afghan citizens were interrogated at the airbase. The "strictly confidential" document was intercepted by Swiss intelligence. It was issued by the Egyptian Foreign Ministry, and is the first publicly known document in which a state acknowledges the presence of CIA prisons in Europe. Information on how the journalists obtained the document was not given. [PJK/HotNews 7Feb07]

MINDANAO IN THE PHILIPPINES CRAWLING WITH U.S. INTELLIGENCE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT Although the U.S. and Philippine governments deny it, local military sources say, "“Mindanao is crawling with CIA, FBI and even Australian federal agents." Ostensibly, the foreign government agents are in Mindanao to monitor terrorist activities. There are two major Islamic terrorist groups in the Philippines- Abu Sayyaf and Jemaah Islamiyah - both of which have connections to Al-Qaeda. In addition to the federal agents and intelligence officers, the U.S. Special Forces are located in Zamboanga and Sulu to help track the terrorist groups. According to local sources, the FBI and CIA operatives disguise themselves as tourists, businessmen, consultants, and even treasure hunters. Allegedly, the U.S. and Australian agents in Mindanao were the source for travel advisories issued by their governments warning their citizens not to travel to certain parts of the islands due to the terrorist threat. Lt. Gen. Eugenio Cedo, Armed Forces Western Mindanao Command (Wesmincom) chief, confirmed that at least two FBI agents are now working in the area.    [PJK/ManilaMail 6Feb07]


SECTION II - CONTEXT AND PRECEDENCE

BRITS PROVIDE COALITION WITH ONE OF THE MOST EFFECTIVE ANTI-TERROR WEAPON IN IRAQ The British, having long struggled domestically with terrorism from the Irish Republican Army (IRA), have developed anti-terror techniques that are being put to use in Iraq. An small anonymous group of elite British men and women, drawn from all three branches of the armed services, operate from in the Green Zone. They go by the nondescript moniker of the Joint Support Group (JSG), and have a specific and well-practiced talent of turning the most hardened terrorists into coalition spies. This group managed to infiltrate the IRA at every level and are now running dozens of agents in Iraq. The JSG works alongside their British brethren of the Special Air Service (SAS) and the U.S. Delta Force to make up Task Force Black. The group is credited with producing intelligence that has led to some of the Coalitions most successful operations. Just recently, intelligence from Task Force Black enabled a successful raid against Sunni insurgents in southern Baghdad. In November 2005, JSG supplied the intelligence that led to one Task Force Blacks most successful operations, the interdiction of three suicide bombers who were killed by SAS snipers before they could detonate their bombs. JSG also produced the intelligence that lead to the air raid which killed Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and the rescue of peace campaigner Norman Kember. Calling the JSG the "Coalition's secret weapon," one defense source said, "Their job is to recruit and run covert human intelligence sources or agents - we never use the term informer. The Americans are in awe of the unit because they have nothing like them within their military."
    During the unrest in Northern Ireland from the early 1980's to late 1990's, a time the British refer to as "The Troubles," the JSG, then operating under the cover name "Force Research Unit" (FRU), was able to penetrate the very heart of the IRA. The unit targeted specific members of the terrorist group, and then with a range of methods, from bribes to blackmail, turned these group members into sources. Until recently, the FRU, renamed the JSG, worked only in Northern Ireland. Members of the JSG are selected from all three branches of the military- male or female- up to the age of 42. Members must volunteer for the service. They attend a two-week selection course where recruits that do not have the unique skills to handle agents are weeded out. Those who are selected attend a four-month training course at Intelligence Corps headquarters at Chicksands, Bedfordshire. There they learn close quarter combat skills, evasive driving and become experts with a pistol. Most importantly, the new recruits learn how to befriend people they may actually despise, and get them to turn on friends and relatives. Those who pass the four-month course can expect to be stationed in Baghdad, Basra or Afghanistan. [CL/Telegraph 5Feb07/Rayment]


SECTION III - CYBER INTELLIGENCE

MAJOR INTERNET ATTACK OCCURS ON 4TH ANNIVERSARY OF "SAFER INTERNET DAY" Although you may not have noticed- which is a testament to the resiliency of the Internet- there was a major attack last Tuesday on 13 of the "root servers" that drive the Information Superhighway. While the rest of the world was celebrating the 4th anniversary of "Safer Internet Day" (okay, maybe not), the technologist responsible for securing the infrastructure of the Internet were battling one of the worst attacks since a similar occurrence in 2002. Details of the attack haven't been released yet. What is known is that at approximately 7 PM EST, 13 of the Internet's "root servers"- the computers that provide the primary roadmap for nearly all Internet communications- came under "sustained and heavy attack" by a network work of remote controlled zombie computers. You may recall that an earlier issue of WINs [WINs #01-07] warned of the dangers from cyber attackers enslaving personal computers to become zombies in a "botnet" that the attacker can then control. The massive botnet in this case was programmed to try to overwhelm the root servers with huge amounts of data. One of the servers targeted was controlled by the Department of Defense Network Information Center, and there is also evidence that the servers that manage the .org and .uk top level domains were hit. Although the perpetrators of the attack are still unknown, the majority of the computers used in the attack were located in South Korea, China and the United States. Thirteen percent of the botnet was located in San Francisco where the annual RSA Security Conference was being held. Paul Levins, vice president of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) -- the entity charged with, among other tasks, coordinating responses among root server providers in such attacks - said it would be a week or more before meaning details of the attack were known. This attack highlights two points about the Internet- first, personal computers are far too unsecured and easily commandeered, and second, the Internet is extremely resilient- so much so that nary a person noticed a major attack on its infrastructure.  [WashPost 8Feb07/Krebs]

YOUR BRAIN TELLS THE TRUTH, EVEN IF YOU DON'T The technology behind the polygraph test- which many AFIO members have taken as part of the qualification process to gain/maintain access to classified information- has been around for over 80 years. The modern polygraph was invented in 1921 and relies on blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, and skin perspiration to gauge levels of anxiety. Steve Laken, a geneticist, asked himself why rely on those biological artifacts when you can go straight to the source of a lie- the brain. In 2003, Laken hooked up with Andy Kozel, then a researcher at the Medical University of South Carolina, who had recently applied for patents on technology that used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to detect regions of the brain that are activated when someone tells a lie. Laken formed Cephos Corporation the following year to build on Kozel's work and commercialize it. In clinical tests, Laken and Kozel showed that certain portions of the frontal lobe fired when the subject lied. The biology behind the test is the blood flow in the brain. When you tell the truth, the brain acts very quickly. However, when you lie, the brain slows down to understand the question and formulate an alternative response (other than the truth). The researchers obtained an accuracy of 90% and believe an accuracy rate of 95% is possible within four years. It is not clear from the article if only "normal" subjects were tested. It would be interesting to see the results of tests on compulsive liars, sociopaths and psychopaths. [CL/Johns Hopkins Magazine (not available on-line), February issue/Laken, S., Rienzi, G.]


SECTION IV - BOOKS, SOURCES AND ISSUES

Books

Chief of Station, Congo: Fighting the Cold War in a Hot Zone by Larry Devlin, Public Affairs, ISBN: 1586484052, Paperback, $26.00 Serving in the whirlpool of political intrigue and power struggle that was the Congo in 1960, Devlin arrived with his wife and son to find no central authority (the Belgian colonial powers had just pulled out) and local strongmen were struggling for power. Added to this, the Soviet Union was sending in agents to influence events. As chaos in the country increased, Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba began courting the Soviets. Devlin received orders from Washington that Lumumba had to go. Within weeks Lumumba was not only out of power, but dead. However, Devlin devotes a large portion of the book refuting his or the agency's part in Lumumba's death. [EAB]

American Spy: My Secret History in the CIA, Watergate and Beyond, by E. Howard Hunt with Greg Aunapu. Wiley, ISBN 978-0-471-78982-6 , $25.95 Hunt, who died recently at the age of 88, recounts his long career in the CIA that began in the agency's predecessor, the OSS, through his posting as an advisor to President Nixon and his role in the Watergate scandal, for which he served 33 months in federal prison. He drops the names of the rich and famous whom he encountered, talks of his exploits with the opposite sex, and describes his part in the failed Bay of Pigs operation. His postscript advises to restructure the CIA to resemble the OSS and its "league of daring amateurs." [EAB]


SECTION V - CAREERS, NOTES, LETTERS, QUERIES AND AUTHORS SEEKING ASSISTANCE, CORRECTIONS, OBITUARIES, COMING EVENTS
[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" nor endorse career offers, research inquiries or announcements. Reasonable-sounding inquiries are published as a service to members. Exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information or making referrals to colleagues. Members should obtain prior approval from their agencies before answering questions that would impact ongoing military or intelligence operations - even if unclassified. Never assume public inquiries about classified projects means they've been declassified. Be attuned to false-flagging.

Careers

Wexford Group International, Inc. is seeking a Senior Intelligence Analyst: Crystal City, VA This position entails: analyzing threat information reports and intelligence summaries from CJTF-180, CJTF-7, CENTCOM, SOCOM, and other sources and analyzing Red Force trends, gaps, and methods of operation developing, updating and maintaining a master threat briefing for the client. assisting with intelligence assessment as assigned and mentoring Intelligence Analysts (IAs).
Requirements:
    - Security clearance
    - Comprehensive knowledge of Army units, doctrine, training and operations is a requirement. -
    - Working knowledge of terrorist and insurgent organizations, and their tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) is a strong plus.
    - A master’s degree in an intelligence discipline or extensive technical experience in an analytical discipline is desired.
    - Operational experience in a deployed military unit is a plus
.

Inquiries and applications citing Position ID#1076 should be directed to Maria Bakowicz at (703) 852-2926 (F) (703) 852-5401, mbakowicz@thewexfordgroup.com.

3 vacancy announcements for positions at Department of Homeland Security Headquarters, Office of Inspector General and the Preparedness Directorate If you have any questions about these vacancies or regarding this transmission, please contact the Office of Equal Employment Opportunity DHS-Headquarters at eeo.dhs-hq@dhs.gov. For vacancies with DHS components including FEMA, Coast Guard, etc., please check their postings on www.usajobs.opm.gov. Thank you from the Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.

Positions located at DHS Headquarters
Positions located at the Office of the Inspector General
Positions located at the Preparedness Directorate

Correction

Correction from last issue: Kasparov was not longest running World Chess Champion Reader MichaelS wrote to correct an error in the last issue of the WINs: "In AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes 5-07 dtd 5 Feb 2007 [WINs 05-07] you mistakenly claim Gary Kasparov was the longest reigning chess champion. This achievement belongs to Emmanuel Lasker, who was champion from 1894 to 1921. Mr. Kasparov, who could reasonably claim to be the best modern chess player thus far, was champion from 1985 until 2000." In 1985, Kasparov became the youngest to ever achieve the World Championship at the age of 22 (a record previously held by Mikhail Tal) and had the highest chess ranking (2851) ever achieved and the record for consecutive tournament victories [Wikipedia].

Obituaries

Lee S. Strickland, J.D., head of the CIA Freedom of Information Office, died January 23, 2007 at age 60 Lee Strickland served the Intelligence Community for 30 years, becoming a member of the Senior Intelligence Service. His career at the CIA included senior-level positions in information law, policy, technology and management – including Senior Litigation Counsel, director of mission-critical technology development programs, and Chief Privacy Officer. His contributions included participation in the Department of Defense’s investigation of Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses; the development of national security information policies for post-Soviet emerging democracies; and numerous Congressional inquiries into issues as varied as technology transfer and human rights violations.  He also served as a Special Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia and served stints with the U.S. Marine Corps and the Joint Special Operations Agency, Department of Defense. For his work, Mr. Strickland received numerous commendations including the Intelligence Commendation Medal for important contributions to the mission of the CIA in 1999.
    In 2000, Lee Strickland joined the College of Information Studies (CLIS) at the University of Maryland where he was serving as Director of the Center for Information Policy and Visiting Professor until his retirement in June 2006. He was an avid writer and speaker with recent engagements at Cornell University, the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T), the Woodrow Wilson International Center, the Defense Technical Information Center, the National Science Foundation and the National Academy of Sciences. Mr. Strickland's expertise was often sought after by the news media and he enjoyed radio and television appearances on PBS, CNN, and the BBC. He published scholarly articles in the fields of law, technology, information studies, and security.
    Mr. Strickland was a graduate of University of Central Florida, the University of Virginia, and the University of Florida, and a member of the bar in the District of Columbia and Virginia.
    Lee Strickland is survived by his wife, Karen Strickland of Clifton, Virginia. [EAB/UofMd 1Feb07/SecrecyNews 6Feb07, Aftergood]

Rear-Admiral Bill Higgins, aged 78, Thatcher Administration Secretary of D-Notice Committee Adm. Higgins was appointed as Secretary of the D-Notice Committee in 1986 after 40 years of distinguished service with Her Majesty's Royal Navy. In the UK, the D-Notice Committee (now, DA-Notice for Defence Advisory) was responsible for providing guidance to the British media on the publication of information regarding national security, which the media followed only on a voluntary basis. Shortly after his appointment, Higgins was involved in what became know as "The Zircon Affair." The D-Notice committee under Higgins issued voluntary guidance to the BBC over a documentary by journalist Duncan Campbell that included information about a secret spy satellite. The BBC decided not to show the film, but civil liberties groups obtained a copy and showed the documentary all over the country. Prime Minister Thatcher was enraged, and having never liked the voluntary nature of the D-notice system, pushed for further restrictions on the media. In the wake of the fallout from the publication of Spycatcher by the former MI5 officer Peter Wright, Thatcher moved authority from the D-Notice Committee and required Higgins to run all his decisions through the Cabinet Committee. Higgins resisted, fearing strict censorship would ruin a voluntary system that had worked since 1912. The retired admiral found support in Sir Clive Whitmore, Permanent Under-Secretary in the Ministry of Defence, and was able to avoid the Prime Minister's dictates. Thatcher and Higgins clashed again two years later when the Prime Minister attempted to stop the publication of a book about MI6 by the Conservative MP Rupert Allason (writing as Nigel West). Higgins was told that any advice his committee gave to author would have to be in writing and cleared by the Attorney General, a situation that Higgins found untenable. When Thatcher's own legal advisors warned her that prosecution of censorship cases would probably failed, she and her Press Secretary finally agreed that the best course to deal with the publication of state secrets was the D-Notice Committee under the leadership of Rear-Admiral Higgins. Higgins was able to protect the voluntary nature of the D-Notices even when the Official Secrets Act passed in 1989.
    William Alleyne Higgins was born on May 18 1928, the son of Commander Henry Gray Higgins, who had won a DSO in 1917 while commanding a submarine in the Adriatic. Bill Higgins entered the Royal Navy College in 1945, and his first duty tour was aboard the maintenance carrier Unicorn as captain's secretary. His career led him to increasingly important positions including secretary to the Chiefs of Staff, secretary to the First Sea Lord, and upon his promotion to admiral he became the last Flag Officer Medway, when the Kent dockyard was about to be closed after 300 years. The local papers announced his arrival at this latter station, "John Nott's hatchet man has arrived," but surprised the community with his warmth and caring, finding alternate positions for the civilian staff and attracting new businesses to the former naval base.
    Bill Higgins is survived by his wife of 43 years, Wiltraud Hiebaum, and their two sons and daughter. [TH/Telegraph 2Feb07]

Coming Events

13 February 2007 - Tampa, FL- AFIO Suncoast Chapter meets at 11:30 a.m. at the Officers' Club, at MacDill Air Force Base. The luncheon speaker is Carl W Ford, Jr., former head of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), from 2001 until 2003. As Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, he reported directly to the Secretary of State, Colin Powell, and provided intelligence support and analysis to him and other senior policy makers. He was directly involved in crafting policy related to the war on terrorism, the Iraq war and reconstruction, and issues regarding the Chinese military, nuclear proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and the North Korean military threat. Between 1965 and 1989, Mr. Ford served a tour of duty in Vietnam, was a U.S. Army Military Intelligence Officer, a Defense Intelligence Agency China Strategic Intelligence Officer, a CIA China military analyst, a professional staff member for East Asia on the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the National Intelligence Officer for East Asia at the CIA. Beginning in early 1989, Mr. Ford spent four years working at the Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary levels in the Defense Department. For more information contact Don White, DonWhite@tampabay.rr.com.

Tuesday, 13 February 2007 - Washington, DC - Beyond Al-Qaeda: Ideology, the Terrorist Universe and Fighting Back - Rand Corporation Panel Discussion at the International Spy Museum at 6:30 p.m. "The war on terror at its most fundamental level goes to the war of ideas."-Angel Rabasa, Beyond al-Qaeda The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks changed the world. As the U.S. response to terrorism has evolved, so has al-Qaeda. Beyond al-Qaeda explores the jihadist movement inspired by al-Qaeda's worldview, other violent Islamist and non-Islamist groups without known links to al-Qaeda that threaten U.S. interests and allies, and the nexus between terrorism and organized crime. Join Rand Corp. study contributors Kim Cragin, Angel Rabasa, and Bill Rosenau as they discuss global jihadist movements, policy recommendations to counter al-Qaeda's ideology, links between global and local jihadist organizations, and ways to strengthen the capabilities of front-line states and moderate civil society groups. Event held at 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station. $20 pp. More info at www.spymuseum.org

15 February 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club. The speaker is Mike Popolano, a retired FBI agent with 30 years with the FBI. Reservations required. Contact Dick Durham, Chapter Treasurer at 719-488-2884 or by e-mail at: riverwear53@aol.com Reservations must be sent to Durham not later than 12 February. The cost is $10.00.

16 February 2007 - Houston, TX - AFIO Houston Chapter hosts James L. Pavitt, former DDO CIA, and Don K. Clark, Former Special Agent-in-Charge of the Houston Field Office of the FBI at a formal dinner - 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. at the SHERATON SUITES HOTEL, 2400 West Loop South (I-610), Houston, Texas 77027. 713-586-2444. A presentation and introduction will be made by Roland V. Carnaby President of AFIO Houston Chapter, and Dr George Friedman, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Stratfor RSVP REQUIRED and final registration by February 12, 2007. You may remember their great Inaugural Dinner Meeting! Seating is limited by capacity and security. Kindly Respond in the affirmative ASAP: Provide name, address, email, phone and names of your guests to the Houston address 1302 Waugh Dr. # 520 Houston, Texas 77019 no later than February 12, 2007. Bring an associate, friend, spouse. $50pp payable to AFIO Houston Chapter. For further information visit Houston Chapter Website at: www.afiohouston.com and for directions and future events. No tickets at the door, for security reasons. Please, NO cameras or cell phones allowed at this event.

17 February 2007 - Kennebunk ME - The Maine chapter of the AFIO presents The Current Terrorism Threat - and what you can do about it on Saturday at 2 p.m. at the Kennebunk Library at its monthly meeting which is open to the public. This program provides a first hand look at the threat we are facing, the need for both citizens and public servants to be better informed and what they can do in terms of prevention, according to chapter president Barbara Storer. Attendees will come away knowing more about how they can contribute to national security and become a more active part of homeland security and antiterrorism efforts. The speaker is a representative from the International Association for Counterterrorism and Security Professionals (IACSP), Washington, D.C. He has served in the U S Army Special Forces, including service in Operation Enduring Freedom, U. S. Department of Homeland Security, and in the private sector. He is a regular speaker at a number of annual conferences and a professional member of numerous security and law enforcement associations. This material has been presented at a number of national and international conferences and is intended for security conscious citizens, private security professionals, and emergency response/public service personnel. The meeting, which is open to the public, will begin at 2:00 p.m. at the Kennebunk Free Library, Main St., Kennebunk. Call 207-985-2392 for information.

17 February 2007 - Carrollton, TX - Metroplex Intelligence Association Group Meeting MIAG seeks to form a group of various intelligence association members in the Dallas/Ft. Worth Metroplex, who would otherwise not meet as a single affiliated association on a local level. Members of the following associations and organizations are invited: Marine Corps Intelligence Association, Inc. (MCIA, Inc.), Naval Intelligence Professionals (NIP), Military Intelligence Corps Association (MICA), Army Security Agency Association (ASAA), National Military Intelligence Association (NMIA), Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO), Members of the Service Reserve and National Guard w/intelligence MOS. As a group of multiple associations the MIAG is seeking strength in numbers at this local level to present programs of mutual interest and knowledge. At this meeting, they seek to present a one hour showing of “Obsession, Radical Islam’s War Against the West”, a brief on the recent Israeli battle with Hezbollah in S. Lebanon (20 minutes), and discuss future activities, programs and meeting dates. Sandwiches, sodas, beer, etc., will be available for purchase from the Broadway Bistro. Plan on arriving 15-20 minutes prior to noon so that you can purchase lunch and eat it while watching the showing. They plan to start the DVD- Obsession- as close to 1200 noon as possible. Location: Executive Meeting Room, Broadway Bistro, 1101 S. Broadway Street, Carrollton, TX 75006, (Two story building corner of W. Main St. & S. Broadway across from the parking lot with the white gazebo). Point of Contact (POC): Steve Eklund, Captain, USMC (Ret.), member of MCIA, Inc. and NMIA. Tel: 214.223.3792. Email: eklundstephen@yahoo.com.

24 February 2007 - 9:30am - 1:30pm - Seattle, WA - AFIO - Pacific Northwest Chapter hosts Capt. Stephen Metruck, U.S. Coast Guard Commander, speaking on Waterborne Terrorism and Port Security. Capt. Metruck is the top federal official dealing with waterborne terrorism, security, the environment and rescue in the Puget Sound area. He has authority over ships and ports in 3,500 square miles of sea coast and inland waterways. The meeting will be held at The Museum of Flight (206) 764-5720, 9404 East Marginal Way South, Seattle, WA 98108-4097. Meeting open to everyone interested in domestic intelligence. $30 in advance, $40 at the door. Please RSVP to: fd@cromwellgroup.us  or AFIO, 4616 25th Ave NE, #495, Seattle, WA 98105.

26 February 2006 - Arlington, VA - The Potomac Chapter of the National Military Intelligence Association returns with a special luncheon at 1130 hrs on Monday, February 26, 2007 at the Fairview Park Marriott, Route 50 and Route 495. Mr. Michael Delaney, Staff Director of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence will address, in a not for attribution session, the current state of intelligence oversight and reform on Capitol Hill. Information is available at https://www.123signup.com/event?id=qrpjz or by calling the NMIA office at 1.540.338.1143. Registration can be accomplished by visiting https://www.123signup.com/register?id=qrpjz. The cost is $15 per person. Registration will be limited to the first 50 to sign up.

27 February 2007 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts luncheon featuring Gen Ronald L. Burgess, Jr., Principal Deputy to Amb. John Negroponte, former Director of National Intelligence Topic: Update on American Intelligence. He has scheduled his trip to California at our request to speak. We recommend you make your reservations early through Mary Lou. In view of the high public information value of the event, students will be admitted at the membership rate. Time: 11:30 a.m. Cocktails, Noon - Start of Luncheon. Location: United Irish Cultural Center (UICC) - St. Patrick's Room (2nd Floor), 2700 - 45th Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94116 (45th between Sloat and Wawona). Cost: $25 per person, Member Rate - with advance reservations; $35 per person, Non-Member Rate or at door without reservation. For advance reservations, please send the names of the attendees, along with a check made out to AFIO for the luncheon to Mary Lou Anderson at 46 Anchorage Rd, Sausalito, CA 94109 or call her at 415-332-6440 or by email at mlanderson945@comcast.net

27 February 2007 - Washington, DC - Open House at the Institute of World Politics, 5:30 pm - 8:00 pm, The IWP is an accredited graduate school offering M.A. and Certificate programs designed to impart knowledge and understanding of the ethical use of all the instruments of power. Areas of special focus include:  National Security Affairs,  Statecraft,  American Foreign Policy,  Military Strategy,  Comparative Political Culture,  Democracy Building,  Intelligence,  Counterintelligence,  International Politics,  Terrorism,  Counterterrorism,  Arms Control,  Public Diplomacy,  Political Warfare,  Political Economics,  Strategic Information Warfare,  Immigration,  Conflict Resolution. Location: 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036. 202.462.2101 or 1.888.KNOW.IWP. RSVP at www.iwp.edu

28 February 2007 - Scottsdale, AZ - The Arizona AFIO Chapter will hold their luncheon meeting at Buster's Restaurant in Scottsdale at 11:30 AM. Ronald J. Olive, formerly with the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, and author of recent best-seller "Capturing Jonathan Pollard: How One of the Most Notorious Spies in American History Was Brought to Justice" will describe the many twists and turns in this fascinating and important case of "friendly espionage." Mr. Olive was the lead investigator in the case. Do not miss this important program. To register or for more information call Bill Williams at (602) 944-2451.

3 March 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting Contact Quiel Begonia at begonia@coj.net for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

5 - 7 March 2007 - St. Petersburg, Fl - The Intelligence Summit The Intelligence Summit provides an opportunity for the international intelligence community to listen to and learn from each other. They report that they had attendees from over 36 foreign nations in 2006. Local, State, and Federal law enforcement are also expected to participate in sessions including Intelligence sharing, counter terrorism, port security and biological weapons workshops by international experts. See their 2007 Program at www.intelligencesummit.org/program.php The organizers have kindly extended to AFIO member a 10% discount off attendee fees for the conference. For further questions please call (727) 475-1280 or email shaneson@intelligencesummit.org.

10 March 07 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter - Slawson on Counterintelligence The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter March luncheon features Col Thomas Slawson, USAF(ret), a former AF/OSI officer speaking on: Counterintelligence - a Historical Perspective." Slawson, a current member of the chapter, recently published "In Pursuit of Shadows." The luncheon will be held at the Indian River Colony Club (IRCC). A cash bar will open at 1130 hours and lunch will begin at 1230 hours. The cost of the meal is $16.00, reservations requested. For further information please contact George Stephenson, Chapter Vice President at gstephenson@cfl.rr.com and title your email: AFIO Meeting.

13 March 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - The Secret History of History - Early Espionage: The Great and Ancient Game - at the International Spy Museum. Espionage is called the second oldest profession. Others say it is difficult to tell the difference between the two. Intrigue, trickery, and guile have always been powerful weapons: Hannibal used disguises, secret hand-shakes, and forgery in his strategy against Rome; Caesar cracked codes; and Persia operated sophisticated spy networks. Spies have shaped the destiny of nations since the beginning of time -- some inspired by patriotism, some driven by fear, others fired by greed or a combination of motives. Col. Rose Mary Sheldon, author of Spies of the Bible, Intelligence Activities in Ancient Rome, and Espionage in the Ancient World will transport you to the earliest days of espionage history. Discover how the first spy masters operated, their tradecraft, and their successes and failures. Tickets: $20 Advance registration required. Registration and further information at www.spymuseum.org

17 March 2007 - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine Chapter hosts Dr. Christopher T. Yeaw speaking on WMD and Nuclear Proliferation. This program seeks to provide a look at the threat we are facing, the need for citizens and public servants to be better informed, and what they can do in terms of prevention. The speaker is a representative from the International Association for Counterterrorism and Security Professionals. He has served in the U S Army Special Forces, including service in Operation Enduring Freedom, U. S. Department of Homeland Security, and in the private sector. This material has been extensively presented at a wide number of national and international conferences. The meeting, open to the public, will begin at 2:00 p.m. at the Kennebunk Free Library, Main St., Kennebunk. Call 207-985-2392 for information.

15 March 2007 - the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation is hosting a conference on "FISA: It's History and the Law." The program will be held at the L-3 Communications Maryland Conference Center in the National Business Park at 9891 Brokenland, Columbia, MD 21046, from 10:00 a.m. until 12:15 p.m. Lunch will be served following the program. The guest speaker will be Mr. W. K. (Kevin) Powers. Powers is the former NSA Associate General Counsel for Operations and a leading authority on the Foreign Information Surveillance Act (FISA). The presentation will describe the evolution of electronic surveillance law culminating in recent proposals to amend the FISA. It will focus on the privacy protections in the 4th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and highlight several key Supreme Court cases dealing with that amendment. Respond by 01 March to attend. Send $12.00 to cover luncheon expenses prior to the event. Call 301-688-5436 to pay by credit card or mail a check to NCMF, POB 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755.

15 March 07 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club Cost $10.00 for each lunch buffet. Inquiries to Dick Durham. Treasurer of the Chapter at Riverwear53@aol.com.

27-28 March 2007 - Fair Lakes, VA- National Military Intelligence Association Seminar on Information Operations The National Military Intelligence Association (NMIA-- www.nmia.org) will sponsor a two-day seminar at the Northrop Grumman Conference Center in Fair Lakes, Virginia to examine the depth and breadth of information operations in all its dimensions and discuss the specific types of intelligence support required to ensure successful results. The Conference will be conducted at the SECRET/NOFORN level. Presenters will include senior level policymakers, commanders and operators who practice information operations on a daily basis. We have lined up representatives from throughout the US Government, including the Department of State, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the combatant commands, the Services, and the intelligence community. Key topics include the nature and practice of strategic communications, the mission and daily operations of the Joint Information Operations Warfare Command. Confirmed speakers include Admiral William O. Studeman, USN Ret.; Eliot O. Jardines, Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Open Source Intelligence; MG Barbara Fast, Commander, U.S. Army Intelligence Center, Ft. Huachuca, AZ; Col. George J. Franz, Commander, 704thMI Brigade, Ft. Meade, MD; Robert Giesler, Office of the Deputy Undersecretary of Defense (IWS); and Col. John Davis, USA, Commander, 1st Information Operations Command and Ambassador Brian Carlson, Office of the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs The Registration Fee for this seminar will be $475 for general admission, $395 for NMIA members, and $200 for Active Duty and other US Government personnel. Seminar information and registration specifics can be found on the NMIA website at www.nmia.org, or contact NMIA’s office via e-mail to nmia@adelphia.net or telephone at 540.338.1143.

6 April 2007 - Houston, TX - AFIO Houston Chapter event speaker confirmed Speaker to be announced later for security reasons. Registration and further details at http://afiohouston.com/contacts.html 1800h 6pm Cocktails. No tickets at the door.

10 April 2007 - Tampa, FL- AFIO Suncoast Chapter meets at 11:30 a.m. at the Officers' Club, at MacDill Air Force Base. Our luncheon speaker is Porter Goss, former Director of the CIA. After graduating from Yale, Porter joined the CIA and worked as a Case Officer in the Directorate of Operations for nine years. He began his political career in local government in 1974 and went on to be elected to Congress in 1988, where he served for 16 years. Among other leadership positions he held, Porter served as Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee for 8 years. He left Congress when he was appointed DCI by President George W. Bush. He served as DCI and then Director of the CIA from September 2004 until May 2006. We are honored to have such a dedicated public servant who has been willing to answer the call to serve wherever his country needed him. Due to base security, reservations for this meeting should be received by April 1, 2007. For more information contact Don White, DonWhite@tampabay.rr.com.

 20 - 21 April 2007 - New London, CT - AFIO New England Chapter hosts luncheon featuring Dr. Michael Hiam, author of Who the Hell Are We Fighting? The Story of Sam Adams & the Vietnam Intelligence Wars.
The Spring meeting of the David Atlee Phillips New England Chapter will gather 20 - 21 April 2007 at the Lighthouse Inn, 6 Guthrie Place, New London, CT 06320-4206, Telephone 860-443-8411, Reservations 888-443-8411, www.lighthouseinn-ct.com  Lodging is available to AFIO members at the rate of $155 plus taxes per night in the Mansion; deadline is 21 March.
As is our custom, Friday evening AFIO/NE will host a wine & cheese social 6:00 - 8:00 PM 20 April 2007 followed by a no-host dinner with our speakers at the Lighthouse Inn. The luncheon the next day is $25 per person when paid by check by April 9th or $30 at the door on a first-come-first-serve basis, as seats are available.
Our morning speakers will be the two students who won the 2006 AFIO/NE “Best Paper” competition. First will be Matthew Allatin. Recipient of the graduate student award, he recently completed his MS degree in National Security from the University of New Haven. Matthew will discuss “The al Qaeda Terrorist Organization: A Redefining Look.” This presentation will endeavor to provide an description of al Qaeda, their driving factors & a general understanding of how this terrorist group functions.
Our second morning speaker will be David Lim, recipient of the undergraduate award. He recently graduated with a BA degree in International Relations from Boston University. Next year he will enter Law School. David will discuss his paper on “Organized Crime & Terrorism.”
Our Keynote Speaker Saturday afternoon will be Dr. Michael Hiam who took four years from his practice as a clinical psychologist to research & write Who the Hell Are We Fighting? The Story of Sam Adams & the Vietnam Intelligence Wars (Steerforth, 2006). The book is about CIA Analyst Samuel A. Adams. It reviews his life, career, & obsession to uncover the truth concerning the “numbers controversy” about the strength of the Viet Cong. Adams is a distant relative of the Presidents Adams. Dr. Hiam suggests there are parallels between Intelligence failures in Viet Nam then and now in Iraq He holds degrees in English & History as well as a Ph. D. in Psychology. He is a resident of Newton, MA. For further information contact Arthur Hulnick 617-353-8978.

23-27 April 2007 - Vancouver, British Columbia - International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts (IALEIA)/Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit (LEIU) 2007 Annual Conference at the Hyatt Regency Hotel. These two organizations represent the largest associations representing both intelligence analysts and intelligence officers in the world; if you go to one training conference in 2007, this should be the one! This is the second joint conference involving IALEIA and LEIU; we worked together on our Annual Conference in Alexandria, VA in 2005, which was a huge success and attracted over 700 attendees. Keynote by Dr Mark Lowenthal, former CIA Assistant Director for Analysis & Production, and discussions on Future Challenges for the Intelligence Community by Dr Thomas Fingar (DNI), Director of National Intelligence Analysis/Chairman National Intelligence Council. Please visit the website for more details http://leiu-homepage.org/events/index.php David Jimenez-Director of Training, Education, and Career Development, swnmia@juno.com or jimenez@ialeia.org.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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