b'As an example of the evolving nature of work in the IC, two organizations have been created to address the emerging requirements to exercise soft power in pursuit of 21st century national security objectives: the Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations in the State Department, which develops and supports strategies to help the Department and US embassies protect civilians and stabilize communities in conflict; and the Army Civilian Expeditionary Workforce, which shapes the strategic direction of civilian human resources mobilization and contingency planning for the Defense Department.Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, other intelligence communities have emerged in the US. Senior officials of the Department of Homeland Security refer to homeland security intelligence and the homeland security intelligence community as something distinct from the national Intelligence Community. This homeland security intelligence community includes governmental elements not included in the national Intelligence Community, such as the intelligence entities within the Department of Homeland Security components of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Customs and Border Protection, the Transportation Security Administration, the US Secret Service, the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, the Office of Health Affairs, as well as the 70-plus state and regional intelligence fusion centers throughout the US. Similarly, with the adoption of the concept of intelligence policing, since 2000 there has been a growing law enforcement intelligence community.13'