b'The United States Intelligence CommunityThe United States intelligence effort shall provide the President and the National Security Council with the necessary information on which to base decisions concerning the conduct and development of foreign, defense, and economic policies, and the protection of United States national interests from foreign security threats. All departments and agencies shall cooperate fully to fulfill this goal. Executive Order 12333 The primary departments and agencies cooperating to fulfill the goals of E.O. 12333 constitute the US Intelligence Community. Thus, an IC member is a federal government agency, service, bureau, or other organization within the executive branch that plays a role in the business of national intelligence. The Intelligence Community comprises 18 such organizations including one overarching entity, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, created in 2004 to oversee and coordinate the work of the Community. The idea of a Director of National Intelligence (DNI) dates to 1955 when a blue-ribbon study commissioned by Congress recommended that the Director of Central Intelligence should employ a deputy to run the CIA so that the director could focus on coordinating the overall intelligence effort.20'