AFIO Intelligence Notes Issue 16

28 April 1998

AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are a 1998 initiative to enhance services to AFIO members and to encourage them to recruit new members. We need new members!

WINs are produced by Editor Roy Jonkers, and includes adaptations of articles produced by RADM Don Harvey (USN ret) and AFIO members. WIN re-transmission is not permitted except without concurrence of the WIN Editor.

WIN Back issues are stored on the AFIO Homepage

SECTION I - Harvey's Nuggets
SECTION II - Jonkers' Bullets
SECTION III - Member's Missives
SECTION IV - AFIO Announcements, Jobs and Services

SECTION I HARVEY'S NUGGETS - On vacation in Wales.


- CYBER WAR INTELLIGENCE - Amid published reports of US and Israeli teenage hackers attempting to penetrate Defense Department computers, some serious efforts are underway to strengthen the cyberwalls guarding Defense Department and US National information networks and infrastructures.

Last June 9 -13th an information warfare exercise against Defense computer networks, nicknamed 'Eligible Receiver,' yielded sobering data that have spurred a corrective measures program. Posing as surrogates for North Korea, NSA "RedTeams" composed of computer specialists used network-scanning software, password-breaking and intrusion tools inflicted simulated crippling damage within days, and showed how vulnerable the unclassified DoD networks were to disruption, deception, or shutdown by foreign nations.

Their main target was the US Pacific Command, which would deal with Korean disturbances. Essentially the NSA teams showed that for a two-week period the command and control capability in the Pacific Theater could be eliminated. As an incidental byproduct, the attackers showed that they could have shut down the national power grid.

The FBI joined with military infowar defenders to locate and eliminate the attackers, but were unsuccessful in finding the NSA groups, except for one group operating within the US. The other NSA teams operated without being identified or located. The attackers used the Internet to hop around the globe, making it extremely difficult for the defense. Of course, the effort was facilitated by the lack of security-awareness of the targets. For example, many military computers simply used the word "password" for their privacy access keyword.

The Defense Department now plans to spend about $1Billion a year to improve both its classified and unclassified computer network security. ( WT 16 April pA1,11; Apr 17, p. A3, Bill Gertz; Assoc.P 16 Apr)

NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN - In parallel with DoD efforts, the White House has drafted a presidential directive ordering eighteen government agencies to collaborate with private industry to develop a National Infrastructure Assurance Plan. The Plan is to provide the framework for building a National cyberspace defense system by the year 2000. A fully operational system is to be in place by 2003. The plan addresses both public and private computer network infrastructures, including critical systems such as telephone, banking, transportation, water and power systems.

The FBI currently has a National Infrastructure Protection Center dedicated to protection of government computer networks and other key facilities. DoD has special arrangements with the telecommunications industry.

Information infrastructures are clearly receiving added emphasis for both Intelligence offensive operations and countermeasures. (RJ) (UPI 9 Apr)

SECRECY LEGISLATION - Senator Patrick Moynihan is pushing legislation to "attack the culture of secrecy." His legislation, which recently had a hearing before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, seeks to alter the basis of the classification system from one defined by executive order to one based on law. The proposed sunshine-friendly secrecy policy would require that classifiers identify themselves and write justifications for keeping documents secret, and that agency heads certify to the President that any information kept secret for more than ten years was really sensitive. The legislation further would expand judicial review of classification decisions. The DCI has objected to the latter, and the Justice Department suspects that Congress' writing of classification rules would violate the constitutional separation of powers. Most likely much water will flow under the dam before this legislation will be signed into law, but the implications are significant. (RJ) (WP 10 April 98 editorial)

SUBMARINE LORE - The Navy's submarine force, competing for budgetary resources, is providing publicity for its roles and missions, including surveillance and covert operations. These were a high priority during the cold war and remain part of the mission. As cited in a recent article in US News and World Report, there are numerous Cold War "tales of US attack subs slipping into Soviet waters near Murmansk and Vladivostok to gather intelligence on the characteristics of Soviet ships . . .Other times they would lurk in the Sea of Okhotsk off Russia's east coast to intercept data on the trajectory, flight path and accuracy of Soviet ballistic missiles as they were test-fired." The article goes on to describe another spectacular success - akin to the Berlin tunnel tale - of a cable tap installed by a special deep-diving submarine onto a Soviet cable that ran along the ocean floor from the Kamchatka Peninsula to the Soviet mainland. Submarines periodically retrieved tapes of the Soviet data - until the operation was betrayed by Ronald Pelton, an NSA traitor, in 1981. Another special submarine capability is by launching SEALS, special operations forces, that can disembark underwater. SEALS can do covert land reconnaissance, mount explosives on hulls, or mount surprise attacks. Although none of the information was confirmed by the Navy, the publicity engendered by the budget competition is hinting at some of the submarine force's special intelligence and operations contributions. (RJ) (US NEWS &WR 6 April 98, p 21)


NOTE: This section is provided as a service to members. Any offer or appeal by non-AFIO organizational entities are provided without signifying any endorsement, verification or position by AFIO.


- INQUIRY - Manny Goldberg, 1Lt MI on Iwo Jima where he commanded a detachment of Japanese American soldiers, would like to locate his friend Francis Murphy, who also served in WW II MI,. and who originally came from Manchester, NH. Anyone with information on Mr. Murphy, please contact Jason Kaatz, Commander Post 648, JWV, or email <>.


Order from AFIO central office. Postage and handling $10

- Video #1 DAVID MURPHY (CIA retired), former CIA Berlin Station Chief, discusses the writing of his book: "BATTLEGROUND BERLIN: CIA VERSUS KGB IN THE COLD WAR" (Yale University Press).

- Video#2 MAJOR GENERAL OLEG KALUGIN (KGB, retired) covers aspects of his career in the Soviet KGB First Directorate (counterintelligence).

- NEW JOURNAL - The National Strategy Information Center has created a Working Group on organized crime and has started a new journal on the topic, called TRENDS IN ORGANIZED CRIME.. The Journal provides excerpts of documents, highlights trends, and assesses countermeasures. Recent issues include features on China and Hong Kong, financial crime, European integration and cross border policing, and international responses to organized crime. Subscriptions are $60 yr, email <> In addition, Working Group monographs are available to AFIO members at half price ($5), on topics such as alien smuggling, Columbian cocaine cartel etc. For information call NSIC 202 429 0129. Mention AFIO membership to get DISCOUNT.

Email <>


- Longtime AFIO member Adam Mandelbaum Esq. is writing a book 'Psychic Soldiers' to be published in 1999. He is interested in interviewing individuals who participated in studies and/or operations in this field. He already has the AIR 1995 evaluation of Star Gate, and is aware of several declassified DIA studies from the 70's available from National Archives. Assistance is greatly appreciated! Contact <>.

- BOOK SIGNING - Mark Merritt, the author of "Alternative Careers in Secret Operations" a book widely applauded for its utility, will be at the Borders Bookstore at Tysons Corner to sign copies of his book on Thursday 30 April at 7:30 pm.

- INTELLIGENCE ISSUES DISCUSSION LIST - . Rudolph Kies introduces "Cloaks and Daggers" which is a mailing list where current and former intelligence personnel can express their views on issues in a rapidly changing world. Only articles with subject matter content - or life experience - will be posted. To subscribe to this meeting place for the exchange of ideas, send a message to <LISTSERV@MAELSTROM.STJOHNS.EDU> In the body of the message (first and only line) put: SUB CLOAKS-AND-DAGGERS yourfirstname yourlastname.

- JOB FAIR - JTM and Associates presents PCIC 98 (Professional Connections in the Intelligence Community), a "job fair" held at the Tysons Corner Marriott in Virginia on 21 May 98. PCIC will provide one-stop shopping for career development. HR reps, recruiters and program managers in search of intel folks will be there to discuss job openings and opportunities in Government and Military agencies, Industry, Educational institutions, Think Tanks and academics, as well as professional associations (such as AFIO). For exhibit space, contact Lori Tugman at 703 379 8400 or <>. To register electronically visit <> with credit card, or call for faxed registration form.

- MONOGRAPH - Dr John Macartney, who ten years ago wrote AFIO Monograph #7 entitled "Intelligence: What It Is and How to Use It, " has produced an updated version. About 40 pages long, it is used as a basic "primer" in class readings at the three Service academies as well as the JFK School at Harvard, Syracuse U and American U. It is available to Chapters and Professors for $10.00.

- WEB SITE REFERENCES - John Macartney recommends the following intelligence sites:

John Pike, Fed. Am. Scientists at <>

Kevin Hula, Loyola College <>

Ransom Clark, bibliography at <>

Relevant Government FOIA sites

State Department <>

NSA <>

CIA <>


- CIA is looking for secretaries. Requirements for US citizens include HS diploma, 4-plus years of secretarial experience, with proficiency with Word 6.0 and Excel 5.0 considered desirable. Applicants must pass the usual medical, aptitude, typing and polygraph tests. Applicants may send resumes to : Recruitment Center, Dept. RAWAP0498, PO Box 12727, Arlington VA 22209-8727. Deadline is 15 May 98. Visit <>

- LINGUISTS NEEDED for Operation Joint Guard. BDM International has a contract with the US Army to provide Bosnia/Croatian/Serbian linguists to support peacekeeping forces. They need individuals willing to deploy to Hungary (Taszar Air Base) as full time consultants @$4,000 per month plus free transportation, food, lodging and medical care. For information call 703 848 6218, or fax 6600.


- OSS 98, Global Intelligence Forum, takes place 17 - 20 May 98 in the Tysons Corner Marriott hotel in McLean, Virginia. This brings together 600 professionals worldwide to discuss open sources and methods of intelligence. The Conference starts on Sunday with two pre-conference sessions, one providing an overviews of the open source world, the other an understanding of asymetric warfare threats. The Conference will be followed by a half-day classified session at DIA. For more information on this event, which in previous years has always been exceptionally interesting and diverse, visit <> or send email to <>. Incidentally, 98 provides free facilities for the AFIO National Intelligence Priorities Survey symposium on 20 May (see AFIO calendar below).


- AFIO Symposium - US INTELLIGENCE PRIORITIES SURVEY - Tysons Corner Marriott Hotel, McLean, Virginia 20 May 1998 - 0730 - 1600. Distinguished speakers from CIA, FBI, DIA, DEA, Congressional Staff. Send check for $99 (AFIO members and guests) or $129 (others) to AFIO. Seating limited to one hundred. Support AFIO - Register now!

- AFIO Luncheon - 1 June 1998 - 1030 - 1400, Fort Myer, Va

Admiral Wm Studeman, former DDCI (and DIRNSA & DNI), will discuss intelligence issues, past and present.

Professor James Chandler, will address creation process of the Economic Espionage Act legislation and remaining issues.

Send check for $26 (AFIO members and guests) or $29 (others) to AFIO

- AFIO SPECIAL Luncheon - 21 July 1998 - 12:30 - 2:30 at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. Luncheon at the Officers Club, presentation by Jack Ingram ( Curator and Historian, National Cryptologic Museum), and tour of the Museum.

Send check for $22 (AFIO members and guests), or $29 (others) to AFIO. First come, first served.

- AFIO Luncheon - 14 September 98, fort Myer, Va. Speakers to be announced.

- AFIO CONVENTION - Miami Beach Convention Center, 19-21 November 1998.

Themes: Counterintelligence; Economic Espionage and Counter Espionage. Mark your calendars and make plans to attend!

NOTE: The AFIO Convention is hosted at the Convention Center by The CORPORATE INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE OF THE AMERICAS, a conference endorsed by AFIO and supported by Fred Rustmann, President of the local AFIO chapter.

AFIO has mailed out a circular on the Corporate Conference to its members.

The Corporate Conference will address business intelligence (What is it? How do you get it? and How do you protect it?), and will be run independently from the AFIO Convention with a separate registration and different fees.

The AFIO CONVENTION will be HOSTED by the Corporate Intelligence Conference in a separate facility within the Miami Beach Convention Center, with a SEPARATE PROGRAM. Arrangements for hotel rooms at favorable rates are being made. The AFIO Hospitality Room will be in the hotel.

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