Weekly Intelligence Notes #06-04 dtd 6 March 2004
WIN #6-04 dtd 6 March 2004
Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced by AFIO for non-profit educational uses by AFIO members and WIN subscribers. Adm Don Harvey contributed to this issue.
NOTE: Get these FOUR EVENTS on your Calendars
· 25-30 April - SpyRetreat by CiCentre -- Details
· 30 April, Friday - AFIO HUMINT Kuklinski Luncheon -- Details
· 29 May - OSS Society Memorial Dinner -- Details
· 19 June - AFIO Boston Symphony "Evening of Spy Music" -- Details
GREEN BERETS, SPECIAL OPs, NEW BATTLE SPACE PREP -- It would appear from unofficial statements of Defense Department officials that the Army Special Operations Command has been charged by Secretary Rumsfeld to expand and deepen the training of the Special Forces ("Green Berets") to better equip the military to "prepare the battle space." According to "sources," the more sophisticated intelligence training is a top priority of the U.S. Special Operations Command (SoCom) in Tampa. With new powers to plan and execute kill-or-capture missions against terrorists, SoCom needs intelligence on where al-Qaeda operatives are hiding. The hope is that broader training coupled with earlier and more extensive use of Green Berets is one more step toward that goal. The intended end result is that Green Berets will play a larger role in preparing the battle space -- a chore largely left up to CIA officers and paramilitaries in the past. The new training will teach more Green Berets how to enter countries undercover to survey urban or rural settings, broaden their skills in intelligence collection, how to plan meetings that do not endanger the informant's life, how to create a network of sources, and how to insert small teams into denied areas to recruit agents and to set up landing zones and safe houses. With the opening of a second intelligence training center at Fort Lewis, Washington, the Army will at least double the number of intelligence-trained Green Berets. One administrative and security benefit of having the Green Berets do battle space preparation is that it would not require the administration to submit a "finding" or notification to Congress as would be the case if the CIA had the mission. Since many of the paramilitaries preparing the battle space in the past were seconded or recently released military officers, the new Defense approach would appear to be a neater administrative arrangement. Occasional operational level points-of-friction between Defense and CIA are probably inevitable, just as has been the case in the past. [Harvey / Scarborough in WashTimes 19Feb04]
"PLAME" INTELLIGENCE LEAK HEARINGS JOINED BY BOOK & POLITICS -- The public identification of covert CIA officer Valerie Plame's position -- published by Chicago Sun-Times columnist Robert Novak in retaliation for her husband's [former Amb. Joseph Wilson] NY Times op-ed piece, "What I Didn't Find in Africa," about his CIA-sponsored fact-finding trip to Africa in early 2002 which debunked Bush's claims Saddam had tried to buy uranium there -- has already spawned a Grand Jury investigation, and a subpoena this week of Air Force One phone records. A serious issue. An issue about to get muddied by politics. Wilson's The Politics of Truth: Two Decades Inside World Politics, From Facing Down Saddam Hussein to Battling Yellowcake Lies and Whitehouse Leaks [Avalon Publishing via Carroll & Graf, 0-7867-1378-X] is expected out in May, with Wilson predicting there will be substantial consequences that will "touch people close to the President." All fine, except Wilson is now foreign policy adviser to Democratic presidential front-runner John Kerry -- a position critics will posit taints Wilson's objectivity. Commenting to a variety of interviewers about the case, Wilson predicts that the hearings will lead to indictments, and says the leak was not just punishment of his wife for his Times piece, but as a signal to others -- button up the criticism, or else. And he plans to name the suspected leaker. The book describes the couple's states-of-mind as the story unfolded in public, and his frank political assessment of current Bush administration policy in Iraq -- that it exaggerated Iraq's nuclear capabilities to build support for war. It covers other familiar ground -- the issue of African uranium production and the supposed efforts by the Hussein government to acquire some. To Wilson, Iraq had "stockpiles of chemical weapons and pre-cursors to biological weapons" but not the raw material for nuclear weapons. How is Mrs. Plame doing? "You don't get into this business unless you're accustomed to dealing with stressful situations." As any IO knows. [WashPost's CAnderson 2Mar04; also see Avalon at http://www.avalonpub.com/carroll_graf.html for new on book.]
BOOK to name names in CIA leak case
Anchorage Daily News - Anchorage, AK March 2, 2:44 pm AST -- Former Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson will reveal the name of the person he thinks leaked his wife's identity as an undercover CIA officer http://www.adn.com/24hour/front/story/1173287p-8116265c.html [PJK]
GRAND jury takes action in CIA case
Kansas City Star - Kansas City, MO -- The federal grand jury investigating the leak of a CIA officer's identity has subpoenaed records of Air Force One telephone calls.
TENET TESTIMONY BEFORE SSCI OVERSHADOWED BY PARTISAN POLEMICS -- The testimony of the DCI before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in late February [the administration's annual worldwide threat assessment which aims to give the Senate a broad view of national security threats and the status of US intelligence responses] was subjected to more partisan polemics than is customary as the various statesmen and stateswomen attempted to elicit responses from George Tenet that would be useful in expounding the Senator's preconceived views. Given the polarization the committee has allowed to develop despite its responsibility to objectively oversee national intelligence for the nation, the performance of the Senate might have been expected even though deplored. At least according to some press reports, one theme of the Senatorial questioning, secondarily of course to the political manuevering, was the complaint that the intelligence community in its reporting did not definitely solve the uncertainties facing the nation and these Senators.
"People voted to authorize the use of force based on what we read in these reports," said Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.). Finding no weapons of mass destruction is "a pretty bitter pill to swallow with respect to the value of intelligence, particularly in a preemptive war." Sen. Olympia J. Snowe (R-Maine) repeatedly tried to get Mr. Tenet to elaborate on his earlier statement that CIA analysts "never said there was an imminent threat," seeking his views of how administration policy makers would have characterized the Saddam Hussein threat. He maintained he could not speak for the minds of the policy people and said his view of the threat was as "something that was grave and gathering." The Maine Senator charged that the CIA's ambiguous statements about the Iraq threat made decision-making "extraordinarily difficult" for policy makers. The senior Democrat on the committee, John D. Rockeller IV (WVa) disagreed with the DCI's consistent contention that policy makers ultimately bear responsibility for deciding how to apply intelligence to make weighty decisions of war and peace, scolding Mr. Tenet that placing the onus on policymakers for interpreting intelligence is "a little harder argument to make these days" if the intelligence itself is suspect. Sen. Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.) pressed Mr. Tenet even harder, saying the decision to go to war in Iraq was based on "either bad intelligence or misleading the people."
Although a former Congressional employee and known for his political deftness, the DCI would appear to have had enough of the attacks and responded to Sen. Durbin saying, "We are not perfect, but we are pretty damn good at what we do, and we care as much as you do about Iraq and whether we were right or wrong." [The press did not report the good Senator's reaction to such effrontery from a witness consigned to a role of respectful acquiesence to lofty pronouncements from the Senators.]
Unfortunately, the DCI's treatment by the Senators was probably symptomatic of his coming appearances before the various Congressional committees as the year progresses. Those self-serving enough to publicly expect intelligence that is so certain as to make decision-making easy, usually have the cunning necessary to ensure others are perceived as at fault for unpleasant events.
[Harvey / WashPost's DPriest, 25Feb04, and Congressional Quarterly's HFessenden 28Feb04]
TINY SWISS CELLPHONE CHIPS TRACK GLOBAL TERRORIST -- The terrorism investigation code-named Mont Blanc began almost by accident in April 2002, when authorities intercepted a cellphone call that lasted less than a minute and involved not a single word of conversation. Investigators, suspicious that the call was a signal between terrorists, followed the trail first to one terror suspect, then to others, and eventually to terror cells on three continents.http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/04/international/europe/04PHON.html
HACKING INCIDENT RILES DEMOCRATS -- A poorly protected computer system and two zealous Republican staff members were to blame for computer files written by Democratic staff members being handed over to conservative interest groups and the media, a Senate investigation has determined.
Lax security left Senate files wide open:
AL QAEDA BOSS CONFUSED PHONE CARD WITH CLOAKING DEVICE -- Al Qaeda's technological expertise is perhaps somewhat less than it's cracked up to be, we note from a New York Times report on events surrounding the arrest of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed in Karachi a year ago. Mohammed, and indeed other Al Qaeda operatives, seems to have used a Swisscom 'anonymous' mobile phone card under the quite weird misapprehension that its insertion in a phone somehow anonymised the phone.
RUSSIAN STUDENTS ARRESTED FOR THREAT TO CIA -- The two students were charged with "Deliberately False Report of an Act of Terrorism" (Article 207 of the Criminal Code of Russia). On February 26-27 they sent an email to the CIA official website from the Internet cafe in Barnaul, Russia with threats of explosions in American subways. Messages in English ended with words "You all will die. Allah akbar!"
[Levine / Newsbits / 3/01-3/05]
[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these inquiries or offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]
HUMINT Collection Management -- Requirements: Current TS/SCI clearance; analysis experience; subject matter expertise for the postion:
-HUMINT experience, preferably with DoD and obviously collection management experience
-Must be able to communicate effectively orally and in writing
-Able to provide skilled proofreading
-Above average skill using Microsoft Office applications (Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint)
-Experience operating on JWICS, SIPRNT/HOCNET, NIPRNT, SAFE/WISE, HMSng, HARMONY and other relevant software tools
-Experience in Latin America a definite plus!
Immediate fill of this intel position. Contact MPRI at http://www.mpri.com/ To respond: e-mail your word document resume and (very) briefly tell for which position you are applying. If there's more than one that you are interested in, no problem, just mention specifically which ones (not "any"). Cover letters are fine, but unnecessary in this case.
DEBRIEFER/INTERROGATOR -- SECRET clearance required. Responsibilities include but are not restricted to: Conduct interrogations - Conduct pre-brief and debrief preparation which includes researching, compiling, and preparing supporting material - prepare all-source target overview/summaries to include cultural, religious, and sociological factors; and identify information required for immediate processing and dissemination including support to ongoing and planned operations and force protection - Prepare and conduct tactical and strategic debriefings of detainees - Conduct screening - Evaluate the significance of collected information. As directed by the JIDC, answer HUMINT requirements and ISG requests for information (RFIs) and CJTF-7 RFIs. QUALIFICATIONS Experience as an interrogator and/or debriefer. Display initiative, judgment, and flexibility in the execution of operational tasks - Function as a team player within the ISG - Identify and analyze complex problems and provide suitable recommendations - Baccalaureate degree highly desired. POC: Dave Feltes at firstname.lastname@example.org or call him at 703.448.0178.
DEBRIEFER -- SECRET clearance required. Responsibilities include but are not restricted to: Conduct pre-brief and debrief preparation which includes researching, compiling, and preparing supporting material - Prepare all-source target overview/summaries to include cultural, religious, and sociological factors. Identify information required for immediate processing and dissemination including: support to ongoing and planned operations and force protection - Prepare and conduct tactical and strategic debriefings of detainees - Conduct screening - Assist in conduction interrogations - and Evaluate the significance of collected information. As directed by the JIDC, answer HUMINT requirements and ISG requests for information (RFIs) and CJTF-7 RFIs. QUALIFICATIONS: Experience as a debriefer - Successfully completed strategic debriefers course - Display initiative, judgment, and flexibility in the execution of operational tasks - Function as a team player within the ISG - Identify and analyze complex problems and provide suitable recommendations - Baccalaureate degree highly desired. Highly Desired: Previous deployment experience supporting contingency operations - Knowledge of U.S. Intelligence Community - Arab language capability - Prior military experience. Strategic Debriefer Positions. POC: Dave Feltes at email@example.com or call him at 703.448.0178. (U) [WHorn / GregO]
BOOKS OF INTEREST:
THE SPYING GAME: The Secret History of British Espionage, by Michael Smith, [Politico, UK, ISBN: 1-84275-004-6, 502 pp, SC, Photographs, Index, Bibliography, 3 Appendices, $16.95 via Amazon or fetchinfo.com]. Despite the somewhat misleading use of the word "game" in the title, is accurately described by Christopher Andrews as "the best up-to-date- survey of British intelligence." Although unconventional in approach, it covers a great deal more about British intelligence than classic espionage, as the author traces the history of British intelligence from Elizabethan times to the present, including MI6 operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. This paperback edition is a completely revised and updated version of New Cloak and Old Dagger, published in 1996 by Victor Gollancz. Among much other material, there are separate chapters on MI 5, MI 6, GCHQ and Military Intelligence. The one criticism to be made is the lack of notes on sources, an omission which the author ascribes to a trade-off insisted upon by the publisher in order to produce the paperback edition. [claclair]
HUNTING DOWN SADDAM: The Inside Story of the Search and Capture by Robin Moore. [St. Martin's Press, $24.95, 304pp, ISBN 0-312-32916-4, March 11]. Reviewers in Publisher's Weekly have called this rushed-to-print work a "jumbled but valuable set of accounts of crucial operations in the Iraq war." The 78-yo author focuses on his findings with the Special Forces [being a former one] during visits he made in 2002 to Iraq to observe Task Force VIKING's actions with Kurdish forces, and TF DAGGER's activities in southern Iraq. The book will garner greatest interest in his account of the 4th infantry battalion's operations in Tikrit -- Saddam's hometown -- and ends with Saddam's capture. It has many descriptions of the major players active in Iraq and how special operations are carried out in this atmosphere.
THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL by William F. Buckley Jr. [Wiley's Turning Point Series, $19.95, 208pp, ISBN 0-471-26736-8, March 26]. Conservative historian Buckley provides text to a timeline of the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, which went up in August 1961, and down in November 1989. Without right or left bias, Buckley tells the story of the Wall through vignettes of separated families, those who tried to escape to freedom and made it, and those who didn't [Le Carre's Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy providing one of the best dramatizations of the latter]. "Buckley is at times funny, at times genuinely horrified by the Communist regime, and at times exultant over its fall. His lucid account celebrates the tenacity of the human spirit and the will to achieve freedom." -- Publisher's Weekly.
LETTER from John H -- "AFIO seems, in its occasional reviews of the use and the alleged misuse of intelligence information by the Bush administration before the invasion of Iraq, to go out of the way to defend the administration. The setting up of an alternate --actually opposing -- collection and dissemination unit in the Department of Defense, for one leading example, was reported before the invasion in the printed press, including some newspapers and some magazines. Generally, the press -- certainly commercial TV and radio -- was lazy, supporting the administration's now-known-to-be-false claims despite the doubts raised by other reporting.
The distortion was and remains evident, despite efforts in the various investigative endeavors to conceal it or to brush it aside as being no longer relevant. I write to suggest that AFIO's function should be that of defending the integrity of the processes of collection, analysis, and dissemination, and of being quick to call public attention -- and members' attention, too -- to the abuse of intelligence information and to define and expose the difference between intelligence information and propaganda, especially when the welfare of our country is threatened by political opportunism. Only the Spanish-American War and the invasion of Mexico, in our history, seems to have been based on similarly weak arguments and questionable motives as the Iraq expedition. If we former intelligence people do not defend the conduct of our proud and demanding profession, who will?"
AFIO responds: "Let us immediately correct the impression, if we have created one, that we think the Administration's use of the Pentagon's alternative assessment of the Iraqi situation, was sound. It wasn't. It was a case of connecting the dots, not liking what you saw, and turning elsewhere for a new [skewed] set of points, and acting surprised and delighted when you got the picture you sought. Most of the Intelligence Community saw the situation with many shades of gray; the Administration wanted b&w. However, this action may be understandable because warfare planning does not operate well with grays. It requires one interpret the findings closer to either end of the curve, to discern a course of action. This important assessment of right and wrong weighting of intelligence data, unfortunately, is further colored [or overtaken] during an election year, where pinning blame is more important than the issue at hand. When the election posturing is behind us [if it ends in 2005], there should be time for even-tempered nonpartisan evaluations to emerge." [eb]
DEATH OF AFIO MEMBER NANCY GREENE -- Concluding a long struggle with cancer, Nancy Deale Greene passed quietly on the morning of March 2nd. Private funeral services were held at Hillside Mortuary on March 4th followed by interment in Culver City's Hillside Memorial Cemetery alongside her late husband, "Bonanza" TV series actor Lorne Greene. They had maintained the Ponderosa Ranch in northern Nevada, where Nancy was also active in the local AFIO chapter. She leaves her husband, Dr. Gerald Looney, and a son. Mail and phone calls may be addressed to her residence: 13900 Old Harbor Lane #108, Marina del Rey, CA 90292, Tel. 310/822-6455 (voice mail answers if line is busy). In lieu of flowers, the family is requesting donations in her name to her favorite organizations: TACDA (The American Civil Defense Assoc.) in Starke, FL (904/964-9640 or 800/425-5397) or DDP (Doctors for Disaster Preparedness) in Tucson, AZ (520/325-2680) "Nancy was a GREAT supporter of AFIO and a dear friend," writes AFIO N. Sierra Chapter President, Bart Bechtel. Nancy Greene attended many AFIO events, was well-informed on intelligence issues, and inspired others to take an interest in a field vital to the safety of the nation. AFIO extends condolences to the Greene and Looney families.
ANOTHER LOOK AT MITROKHIN DEATH -- The British government announced that former Soviet KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin, 81, died from pneumonia on January 23. Mitrokhin first came to the public's attention in 1999 with the publication of "The Sword and The Shield." an exposé of the KGB and its operations in the U.S. and Europe. The book was based on notes and materials from classified KGB files, copied by Mitrokhin from 1972 until his retirement in 1984. He defected in 1992 and his materials were later spirited out of Moscow by British agents.
Accuracy in Media first reported on Mitrokhin's revelations shortly after the book's publication. Reed Irvine particularly valued the book for providing 'new evidence' that Harry Hopkins, FDR's closest and most influential advisor, was a Soviet spy. In a column published in October 1999, Irvine wrote that Mitrokhin's documents had convinced Ray Wannall, a former FBI counterintelligence expert, that Hopkins was a Soviet agent.
In a recent book review, Paul J. Redmond hailed the publication of The Sword and The Shield as a "landmark event." Redmond wrote that it is "one of the most important and valuable books to date on the Cold War and espionage in general." Redmond should know; he spent thirty years in the CIA's Directorate of Operations, all of it working against the former Soviet Union.
Redmond reveals how Mitrokhin's treasures were almost lost to the West. It has been reported that Mitrokhin first approached the CIA, but was turned away. Redmond writes that, in fact, Mitrokhin twice tried to defect to the agency, but was turned down because CIA had adopted a policy that banned recruitment of Soviet/Russian intelligence officers. Redmond was told, "The KGB is dead" and that the agency wanted to "maintain the high moral ground."
Mitrokhin turned to British intelligence, where his materials eventually led to the identification of several Soviet spies in both Britain and the U.S. Among these were Melita Norwood, who admitted giving British nuclear secrets to the Soviets, and a former Scotland Yard policeman, who became the KGB's first "Romeo spy." A scandal ensued in 1999 when it was learned that the government refused to prosecute either, despite its possession of this information in the early 1990s. Mitrokhin also provided new insights into the KGB's handling of a suspected spy in the U.S. State Department, Felix Bloch.
Mitrokhin's take must have been good, because Russian intelligence officials have consistently denigrated his importance. In late January, after the announcement of his death, ITAR-TASS published a Russian intelligence services' statement claiming that Mitrokhin did not have "comprehensive knowledge of KGB secrets." The statement depicted Mitrokhin as a failed spy kept on by a sympathetic KGB boss concerned about Mitrokhin's sick child. It also claimed that Mitrokhin had "emigrated to Britain" in the early 1990s. The Russian government bought the translation rights to The Sword and The Shield, but the book is not likely to see the light of day in Moscow. [AIM Report's Notra Trulock, Associate Editor / firstname.lastname@example.org]
25-30 April - CiCentre's SpyRetreat details -- The CiCentre hosts their espionage-themed luxurious SpyRetreat on 25-30 April. The retreat is at the five-star Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, VA, and is modeled on CiCentre's popular (and always sold out) Spycruises. Some space remains for this one, so do not delay. Explore the presentations and panel discussions from international intelligence professionals, authors, and historians, and register at http://spytrek.com. While the CiCentre events are renown for providing more fascinating, insider info per-day than some grad school intelligence courses, by holding this at the Homestead, you -- and accompanying family members or S.O.s -- can also enjoy a vacation of luxury among pristine golf courses, pampering spas, exquisite restaurants, and a variety of outdoor activities. Reservations should be made ASAP by calling Spy Trek at (1-866-SPY-TREK). Also, we recommend you visit The Homestead Resort (www.thehomestead.com) to see all the amenities.
30 April - AFIO Luncheon details - Ryszard Kuklinski: Patriot & Spy -- An espionage classic as told by his CIA case officer, the intelligence analyst, and the reporter who knew him. A HUMINT Colloquium at the AFIO SPRING LUNCHEON, FRIDAY, 30 April 2004. Three presenters who knew him firsthand: Benjamin Weiser, New York Times reporter and author of the just-published, "A Secret Life" (Public Affairs); Jim Simon, the CIA Analyst; and David Forden, the CIA Case Officer called "Daniel" provide, "a rare look at a single human intelligence operation...which reflected every aspect of the intelligence process." Time: 10:30 a.m. for badge pick-up. Weiser speaks at 11 am; lunch at noon; all three panelists at 12:45 to close at 2 pm. $30/person - current AFIO members and their guests, only. Reserve right away with Visa, MasterCard or AMEX via email to email@example.com, by fax to 703.991.1278, or by voice to 703.790.0320. Weiser's just-released "A Secret Life" ... is an "epic spy story -- uplifting, inspiring, and amazing in its factual detail" will be on sale, along with other newly released intelligence books. Intelligence Officer review of Weiser book is on AFIO website at:
29 May - The Office of Strategic Services Society -- forerunner to CIA -- will holds its 62nd anniversary reunion dinner on May 29, 2004 at the luxurious Marriott Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, DC. Several hundred OSS veterans, their families, and distnguished guests are expected to attend the banquet -- part of a weekend celebration -- that will observe the founding of OSS in June 1942. During the weekend, guests will also attend the dedication of the National World War II Memorial in downtown Washington, DC. AFIO members are invited to attend the Black Tie banquet and celebration. The all inclusive cost per person is $150. If interested, please contact OSS Society President Charles Pinck at 202-207-2915 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
19 June - AN EVENING OF SPY MUSIC details - AFIO's NIGHT AT THE BOSTON POPS -- Filling up fast. June 19, 2004 at Symphony Hall, Boston, Massachusetts. Conductor Keith Lockhart leads Boston Pops Orchestra in an exciting evening full of surprises including James Bond spy themes. The event begins at 6 o'clock with a pre-concert hors d'oeuvres reception and a glamorous sultry-spy fashion show by Boston's renowned Yolanda. Register NOW online at
before event sells out. For more information on event, contact Event representative, GaryW at WassinRichland@aol.com
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