AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #43-10 dated 16 November 2010

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - CAREERS

  • General Counsel of Defense Security Corp Sought at DOD

Section V - BOOKS, OBITUARIES AND COMING EVENTS

Books

Obituaries

Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar New and/or Next Two Months ONLY

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, sb, dh, fm, cjlc, th, and fwr.  

They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

For Additional Events two+ months or more....
view our online Calendar of Events



A Few Informal Member Reviews
of Intelligence-Related Films In Theaters...

First....the films....[at bottom...the reviews]

RED

Early reports from our members are positive... and mixed. One wrote: "No tin hat required." Other comments at bottom of column.

Based on a novel by Warren Ellis and Cully Hamner, RED is an action-comedy starring Bruce Willis, Morgan Freeman, John Malkovich and Helen Mirren. Frank [Willis], Joe [Freeman], Marvin [Malkovich] and Victoria [Mirren] were once CIA officers -- but the secrets they know have now made them the Agency's top targets. Framed for assassination, they must use all their cunning, experience and teamwork to stay ahead of deadly pursuers. To stop the operation, the team embarks on a mission to break into CIA Headquarters, where they hope to uncover a major conspiracy and cover-up.

If you see RED [above] or FAIR GAME [below] on Valerie Plame/Joe Wilson vs the White House, let us know. If members with to send us longer reviews of the film, we welcome them.

Member Reviews/Comments on RED or FAIR GAME...

We went to see R.E.D. the other day with some friends. The only thing missing was the shoe phone, well maybe a notch above that.  It was totally predictable, well acted by Bruce Willis, et.al. and absurdly funny. The only relationship to the C.I.A. is purely coincidental. 

Last week I saw "Fair Game" and "Red." I liked both.

Tin-Foil Hats Not Required For Viewing
Red (USA PG-13)
Director: Robert Schwentke
Screenplay by: Jon Hoeber and Erich Hoeber
Based on the graphic novel by: Warren Ellis and Cully Hamner
RED: Retired, Extremely Dangerous.
This film is about fictional retired CIA super assassin Frank Moses (Bruce Willis), one of four remaining agents a new level of CIA bureaucracy decides must be eliminated. Unfortunately for the Agency and the NextGen super assassin assigned to kill him, he won't go easily.
After Moses decimates the wet team assigned to kill him in a neighborhood shoot out that includes the use of heavy machine guns and an RPG (the neighbors sleep right through it, your first clue that this film was written for entertainment and not as a docudrama), Moses high tails it to Oklahoma City and Sarah Ross (Mary-Louise Parker), a payroll agent he has only ever talked to on the telephone.
After collecting her against her feisty will – she even fights him while her home is under attack - Moses goes to his friends, also all retired CIA super assassins. Joe Matheson (Morgan Freeman), Marvin Boggs (John Malkovich) and Victoria Winslow (Helen Mirren), make up the rest of this RED team; and they are an extremely dangerous bunch of retirees.
Together, the team works to stay one step ahead of the next generation super assassin (Karl Urban) assigned to kill Moses and work to expose the plot to kill all RED agents.
First and foremost, this is a fun movie. It's not to be taken seriously (Helen Mirren as a White Tights-type sniper?), and if you don't, you'll laugh all the way through. It's fast paced, full of witty dialogue and has a nice love story subplot.
Rated PG-13 for intense sequences of action violence and brief strong language, this was a full price movie that I heartily recommend.

Do you need a tin-foil hat to enjoy this movie? Not unless you're Marvin Boggs


Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Nuclear Smuggling: Armenia Arrests Suspected Supplier. The Armenian government said today it had detained a man suspected of supplying nuclear bomb-grade uranium to two smugglers caught in Georgia earlier this year trying to sell it on the black market.

The Armenian national security service said Garik Dadayan, who served several months in 2005 for a previous attempt to smuggle highly enriched uranium, had been arrested after information from Georgian investigators.

Officials, speaking to the Guardian on condition of anonymity, said that Armenian security officials were conducting a joint investigation into the March incident with their Georgian counterparts.

Two Armenians, Hrant Ohanyan and Sumbat Tonoyan, have pleaded guilty in a Tbilisi court to an attempt to sell a weapons-grade sample of highly enriched uranium in the Georgian capital to a man they believed to be a representative of an Islamist jihadist group. The would-be buyer in the alleged 11 March deal was an undercover Georgian security agent.

Ohanyan and Tonoyan, who are expected to be sentenced in the next two weeks, admitted smuggling 18 grams of the uranium into Georgia hidden in a lead-lined cigarette box which had been stashed in a maintenance hatch aboard a night train from Yerevan, the Armenian capital.

They told Georgian investigators they had been given the weapons-grade uranium by Dadayan, a petty trader and an acquaintance of Ohanyan's, who had boasted he could get hold of much more from contacts in the Urals and in Siberia.

The incident, the third case of highly enriched uranium smuggling uncovered in Georgia in seven years, raises fresh questions on the security of nuclear stockpiles left in the former Soviet Union. Russia is estimated to have about 700 tones of the material held in hundreds of facilities all with varying levels of security.

Dadayan was caught in 2003, when the 200 grams of weapons grade uranium he was carrying triggered a radiation sensor at the Armenian-Georgian border. He bribed his way out of detention but was later arrested by Armenian authorities. He only served a few months of a two and half year sentence.

Georgian investigators told the Guardian they suspect Dadayan was allowed to keep some of his stash by the Georgian border guards that he paid off in 2003, and that he supplied this remnant to Ohanyan and Tonoyan, hoping they could find a buyer. The Armenian smugglers were asking $50,000 a gram for their sample and were offering more if the sale was successful.

The US has spent billions of dollars in recent years trying to lock up vulnerable nuclear stockpiles in Russia.

Shota Utiashvili, head of analysis at the Georgian interior ministry, said it was encouraging that the amounts of highly enriched uranium being offered on the black market appeared to be diminishing, but he warned that developments in Russia could lead to a resurgence of the illicit trade in nuclear bomb parts. "There is a new danger that the level of corruption in Russia and the increasing immunity of senior officers means that they may well try to sell this stuff again," Utiashvili said.

Relations between Georgia and Russia have been tense since the two countries went to war in 2008. Russian security services, who gave some assistance in two previous uranium smuggling incidents in Georgia, are not co-operating this time.  [Guardian/8November2010] 

Sweden to Probe US Embassy Surveillance. A Swedish prosecutor announced plans to open a formal investigation into the legality of information gathering activities carried out by the US embassy in Stockholm.

Sweden's chief prosecutor on security issues, Tomas Lindstrand, "has decided to launch a preliminary investigation of illegal intelligence activities. The probe regards American actions to protect the US mission in Stockholm and American personnel," his office said in a statement.

The announcement came two days after Swedish Justice Minister Beatrice Ask announced that the US embassy in Stockholm had secretly spied on Swedish residents in the capital since 2000.

"It's my responsibility to launch a preliminary investigation into whether there is reason to believe a crime has been committed," Lindstrand told the TT news agency.

"It's appropriate to investigate whether a crime was committed and in this one has to be thorough."

Lindstrand refused to comment on how long his investigation may take, saying simply that he aims to determine "on one hand, if a crime has been committed, and on the other who has committed the crime, if it has been committed," Monday's statement said.

Lindstrand will conduct the probe with the assistance of Swedish security service Säpo, his office said, adding that the case was classified and no further information would be released for the time being.

According to Gothenburg University law professor Dennis Töllborg, the crime most likely to be the subject of the investigation is that of conducting unauthorised intelligence activities.

"Unauthorized intelligence activities is likely to be what we're talking about here. That's if someone, in secret or though 'deceptive measures', collects information about someone else's personal situation for a foreign power," he told TT.

A spokesperson for the US embassy in Stockholm welcomed the Lindstrand's decision to open a probe into the program.

"The embassy is very open about this program and we're very willing to cooperate with the prosecutor's office in any way we can," US embassy deputy press attaché Ryan Koch told The Local following the prosecutor's announcement.

"We understand Swedish concerns and are trying to be as open as we can so we can clear up any misunderstandings."

On Sunday, both Säpo and the Swedish government refused to comment on whether they knew about the surveillance activities carried out by the US embassy's Surveillance Detection Unit (SBU), which came to light on Saturday.

However, a centrally placed person who worked in the Swedish Government Offices (Regeringskansliet) during a large part of the last decade told the Svenska Dagbladet (SvD) newspaper on Sunday that Säpo are likely to know about the US surveillance activities "because Säpo keeps track of all the embassies, including the American one."

"I am not particularly surprised that this happens," the source told SvD.

Anders Thornberg, head of Säpo's department for security measures, added is too early to say whether the surveillance carried out by the US embassy is illegal.

"What Säpo currently knows is that above all else, the investigations were conducted with the aim of protecting the US embassy and other places in Stockholm where the embassy carries out activities. The information has since been collected and sent on to the US," Säpo wrote in a statement on Monday.

According to Säpo, the US embassy did not inform the justice or foreign affairs ministries about the information gathering activities.

Neither did it inform Säpo or the police about the activities carried out under the program, which has been in place since 2000.

Late on Saturday, the US embassy in Stockholm admitted that it, like other US embassies, has a program to detect suspicious activities around its facilities as part of normal security precautions to ensure the safety of staff and guests, but challenged the initial claims made in Norway.

On Wednesday, Norway's TV2 reported that the US embassy in Oslo had conducted illegal surveillance on hundreds of Norwegian residents over the past decade. Similar allegations were aired a day later by a Danish commercial broadcaster.

Talking earlier in the day with TT, the US embassy's Koch claimed on Monday that the programme was carried out in cooperation with domestic agencies.

"When the Surveillance Detection Unit program started at the end of the 1990s, we were instructed to cooperate with local authorities. We've done so, we're doing so, and we'll continue to do so in the future," he said.

When asked about claims that the Swedish justice ministry and Säpo didn't know about the program, Koch hinted at a possible communication breakdown within the Swedish bureaucracy.

"We've always cooperated with local authorities and the cooperation was worked very well. But I don't know how they report onwards up the chain," he said.

Koch regretted the confusion generated around the program which he claimed does exactly what its name describes - identify people who are watching the US embassy in order to reduce possible threats.

"We know that there are those in Sweden who monitor us who have bad intentions. Sweden isn't immune to threats," he said.

However, Koch refused to answer questions about where the embassy's SDU activities take place.

"I can't comment on the details of how the activities are carried out. But it's sort of like the neighborhood watch programs that exist in both Sweden and the United States - you keep an eye on people who aren't usually in the neighborhood," Koch told TT.

Nor would he reveal details about specific methods used in the program.

"I can't comment other than to say that we take all threats against the embassy seriously," he said, deferring other questions to the US State Department in Washington.

Left Party leader Lars Ohly also reported the government to the Riksdag's constitutional committee, citing the United States' collecting and registering information about Swedish citizens.

"We have to get to the bottom of this. If there has been cooperation between Swedish and foreign agencies to carry out surveillance without having been sanctioned by the government, it's a crime against our basic rights and freedoms," Ohly said in a statement.

He wants the Riksdag's constitutional committee (Konstitutionsutskott - KU) to look into whether Swedish agencies helped with the surveillance and data registration. He also wants to know if any government representatives gave their consent to the activities. [TheLocals/8November2010] 

CIA Chief: No More Leaking. The head of the Central Intelligence Agency sent a stern warning Monday to the nation's spies and employees to button up the leaks.

In a memo sent to CIA employees, Director Leon Panetta said the government is taking "a hard line" and warned that unauthorized disclosure of information to media has done "incredible damage" and could endanger lives.

In the memo, Panetta references only one example, WikiLeaks, but writes that in other cases "CIA sources and methods have been compromised."

The citing of Wikileaks is curious since the bulk of the 400,000 Iraq documents posted by the website are mostly military-related. There are some documents that refer cryptically to other agencies' activities - some believed to be CIA-related - which appear under the label "OGA," which stands for "other government agency."

"Here at the Agency, we are a family, which means we depend on each other - sharing burdens, challenges, and successes," Panetta writes in the memo. "But sharing cannot extend beyond the limits set by law and the 'need to know' principle."

Panetta noted recent prosecutions for leaking information and said unauthorized information disclosure will be investigated by the CIA's Office of Security and referred to the Justice Department.

There was no specific reason for releasing the memo now, a U.S. intelligence official said.

"A number of leaks over time - and across our government - prompted Panetta to remind agency employees of their obligation to protect America's secrets," the official said. "Unauthorized disclosures of classified information can harm national security, and he wanted to emphasize that important point." [CNN/8November2010] 

Justice Department: No Charges in CIA Tape Case. The CIA's former top clandestine officer and others won't be charged in the destruction of CIA videotapes of interrogations of suspected terrorists, the Justice Department announced Tuesday.

Another part of the criminal investigation is continuing into whether CIA interrogators went beyond the legal guidance given them on treatment of the suspects during questioning, a Justice Department official said. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because that part of the probe is still under way.

The CIA destroyed its cache of 92 videos of two al-Qaida operatives, Abu Zubaydah and Abd al-Nashiri, being waterboarded in 2005.

Jose Rodriguez, formerly the agency's top clandestine officer, worried the 92 tapes would be devastating to the CIA if they ever surfaced. He approved the destruction of the tapes. Rodriguez's order was at odds with years of directives from CIA lawyers and the White House.

A lawyer for Rodriguez, Robert Bennett, said the Justice Department decision "is the right decision because of the facts and the law."

Bennett called Rodriguez "an American hero, a true patriot who only wanted to protect his people and his country."

Assistant U.S. Attorney John Durham has been investigating the destruction of the videotapes since January 2008.

A team of prosecutors and FBI agents led by Durham has conducted an exhaustive investigation into the matter, said Matthew Miller, director of the Justice Department's office of public affairs.

"As a result of that investigation, Mr. Durham has concluded that he will not pursue criminal charges for the destruction of the interrogation videotapes," Miller said. [Yost/WashingtonPost/9November2010]

Information on Headley Not "Sufficiently Established": US. Washington did not pass on information about Pakistani American David Headley to India before the 2008 Mumbai attacks because it was not "sufficiently established" that he was plotting a terrorist attack in India, says US intelligence chief James Clapper .

Defending the US intelligence agencies, the director of National Intelligence Monday acknowledged that the US government had some information about Headley, who has confessed to helping plan the Mumbai attacks.

But "it was not sufficiently established that he was engaged in plotting a terrorist attack in India", said a statement from Clapper's office after a probe found US intelligence did not pass on warnings about the son of a former Pakistani diplomat and a white American woman.

"Therefore, the United States government did not pass information on Headley to the Indian government prior to the attacks," added the statement.

Headley, who changed his given name of Daood Gilani in 2006 to scout targets in Mumbai without arousing suspicion, is being held in a Chicago jail. He has pleaded guilty to avoid facing extradition to India or the death penalty.

Specifically, Headley admitted to scouting the hotels and other sites that were targeted in the eventual assault by 10 gunmen from Laskar-e-Taiba (LeT), a Pakistan based terror outfit, which killed 166 people.

Clapper's office suggested US government did all it could to warn India about terrorists' interest in attacking Mumbai, even though Headley had been on the intelligence community's radar for years and at one point worked as a government informant.

But Clapper's statement said: "The review finds that the United States government did not connect Headley to terrorism until 2009, after the attacks on Mumbai.

"Had the United States government sufficiently established he was engaged in plotting a terrorist attack in India, the information would have most assuredly been transferred promptly to the Indian government."

"The United States takes counterterrorism and broader national security cooperation with our Indian partners very seriously," the statement said.

"The review finds the United States government aggressively and promptly provided the Indian government with strategic warnings regarding Lashkar e-Taeba's threats to several targets in Mumbai between June and September 2008."

Clapper's statement added that since the attempted Christmas Day bombing on a Detroit-bound plane the Obama administration "has focused on information sharing reforms".

It added that "new watch-listing policies and procedures have been enacted, as well as an increased focus on the pursuit of seemingly disparate and unrelated information regarding reports on individuals and their activities". [EconomicTimes/9November2010]

DOD Intel Tested by Afghanistan, Info Leaks, Nuclear Threat. Dangers posed by the al Qaeda insurgency and nuclear proliferation are increasing and continue to be top priorities for U.S. military intelligence, a senior Defense Department official said today.

"The threat is not static," said Army Lt. Gen. Ronald Burgess Jr., director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. "[Al Qaeda and its regional affiliates] are adaptive. Staying ahead of their evolving intentions and capabilities is a major challenge for us in the intelligence community."

Burgess, who spoke at the GEOINT 2010 Symposium in New Orleans today, added that the ongoing and evolving threat tests U.S. intelligence agencies' ability to share useful information within the community and with law enforcement in a way that respects and protects civil liberties.

According to Burgess, the troop drawdown in Iraq has increased problems with intelligence. "When you have fewer boots on the ground, it means fewer eyes and ears out there to provide indications and warnings and atmospherics across a very large, complex environment," he said.

Successful intelligence is also hindered by the competing priorities of the Middle East conflict and "more traditional, enduring areas of interest," such as Iran's financial support of terrorism and nuclear armament and the buildup of the Chinese and Russian military programs, Burgess said.

"We have a finite amount of human and financial resources, and that means choices [between priorities] have to be made," he said. "We have to strike a balance between current operations and future threats."

However, not all threats are external, Burgess said, noting the dangers of IT security breaches from tools as simple as thumb drives or CD burners. He also likened information disclosures, such as WikiLeaks' release of classified DOD documents, to "toothpaste that cannot be put back in the tube."

"State organizations and the military have to ask themselves if anything can be secret in an era where anything can be copied onto a USB stick," Burgess said. He also stressed the risks to U.S. troops and coalition partners that could result from the exposure of sensitive tactical data.

"This has a chilling effect on 'need to share,'" he said. [Corrin/DefenseSystems/4November2010] 

N.Korea's Chief Nuke Scientist 'Held for Spying'. A senior researcher at North Korea's National Academy of Sciences has been arrested on espionage charges, it emerged on Tuesday.

A high-level North Korean source quoted rumors that Kim So-in, who is believed to have been in charge of the North's nuclear and missile development, and his family were arrested by the State Security Department and taken to the notorious Yodok concentration camp in May.

A math prodigy who received his doctorate in his early 20s, Kim was said by the state media to have been behind the supposed launch of the North's first satellite - an event widely believed to have been a long-range ballistic missile test.

The source said Kim is accused of assisting his father Kim Song-il, a researcher at the Yongbyon Nuclear Complex, in delivering top secret documents on nuclear development to a foreign agency.

The security department is nervous because many senior officials in various areas are suspected of attempting to earn dollars by selling confidential information, with top secret documents about the regime's nuclear and missile development being leaked abroad, the source added.

Pak Kyong-chol, an official in the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland, has also recently been sent to a labor camp for spying, and Kim Won-bom, the chief of the Wonsan office of the North Korean military bureau in charge of earning hard currency, has been arrested after US$1.5 million was found at his home.

And a senior official at the Kumgang bureau of the Majon Mine has been taken into custody for stashing away $100,000 after selling confidential information in conspiracy with military officers.

Senior officials are trying to sell confidential information because of economic difficulties since the botched currency reform late last year and the Chinese government's recent crackdown on drug and counterfeit dollar transactions.

The security services have been ordered by regime heir Kim Jong-un to look out for "unusually rich" senior officials, the source added. [Chosun/10November2010]

British Military Interrogators May Be Charged as War Criminals. The Ministry of Defense is at the centre of a new crisis over the abuse of prisoners after it was disclosed yesterday that a number of British military interrogators may be charged as war criminals.

The development comes after videos submitted as evidence to a high court case appeared to show members of a military intelligence unit threatening, abusing and humiliating Iraqi detainees at a secret prison near Basra.

Three men have been referred to the director of service prosecutions (DSP) after an investigation - which is thought to have centered on the video films - considered whether they had breached the International Criminal Court Act.

The referral to the DSP was accompanied by "a recommendation that he consider charges under the 2001 act", Philip Havers QC, counsel for the MoD told the high court yesterday. He said that article 8 of the act prohibits a number of actions as war crimes, including "committing outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment".

In the original case, the high court was being asked by lawyers representing 222 Iraqi men detained by British forces to order a public inquiry to examine their allegations of systematic and brutal mistreatment.

As well as the three men who have been referred to the DSP, a number of other military interrogators - some of them reservists with the Territorial Army or the Royal Navy and RAF reserves - are also under investigation. There is the possibility that they too could face war crimes charges.

Any prosecutions would be almost unprecedented. In 2006, one British soldier pleaded guilty to a war crime charge arising out of his mistreatment of Baha Mousa, the Iraqi hotel receptionist who was tortured to death by British troops in Basra three years earlier. He was jailed for a year and expelled from the army. Six of his comrades were cleared of a number of serious charges. No other member of the British armed forces has ever been convicted of a war crime.

Faced with the possibility of more servicemen being accused of war crimes, MoD officials have been increasingly concerned in recent days about the damaging effect such charges would have upon the morale and reputation of the services.

The MoD has been unable to explain why the films were made, or why training material used to instruct would-be interrogators in techniques that appear to breach the Geneva conventions was not disclosed to the court.

The investigation into alleged war crimes is being undertaken by a military police team known as the Iraq historical allegations team (IHAT).

An MoD spokesman said: "We have acknowledged that if these allegations do prove to be true then they could be prosecuted as war crimes under the international criminal court. That is why we have set up IHAT, to investigate allegations thoroughly."

While acknowledging that members of the armed forces could face war crimes trials, the MoD stressed tonight that the allegations remain unproven. "If untrue, making such serious allegations falsely would be a heinous slur on members of the army," the spokesman said. Nevertheless, the IHAT investigators have clearly concluded there may be sufficient evidence to justify war crimes charges. The 1,253 video and audio recordings that interrogators made themselves are thought to be central to the military police investigation.

Last month the Guardian reported that trainee interrogators have been told that they should employ techniques that include threats, sensory deprivation and enforced nakedness in an apparent breach of the Geneva conventions. Training materials drawn up secretly in recent years tell interrogators they should aim to provoke humiliation, insecurity, disorientation, exhaustion, anxiety and fear in the prisoners they are questioning, and suggest ways in which this can be achieved. [Cobain&Norton-Taylor/Guardian/10November2010]

Russian 'Double Agent' Named by Moscow Newspaper. A newspaper in Moscow has named the Russian intelligence agent it claims helped America break up a Russian spy ring last summer.

The paper, Kommersant, says a Col Shcherbakov of the Russian foreign intelligence agency had been working for the Americans.

Ten Russian sleeper agents were arrested and sent back home, in the biggest spy swap since the Cold War.

It was the biggest US-Russian spy scandal since the end of the Cold War.

Col Shcherbakov had a senior role in Russia's foreign intelligence agency, Kommersant says; his job: to plant moles in the United States, secret agents deep under cover.

But at some point the colonel changed sides.

Quoting intelligence sources, the newspaper says Col Shcherbakov fled to America in June, just three days before President Dmitry Medvedev's official visit to the US.

A few days after that, once the Russian president was back in the Kremlin, the Russian agents were seized.

A year before the spy scandal, Col Shcherbakov had reportedly been offered a promotion at work, but had turned it down, to avoid having to take a lie detector test.

Col Shcherbakov's bosses - the newspaper claims - had overlooked the fact the colonel's own daughter had been living in America for years.

Kommersant quotes an unidentified Kremlin official as suggesting that a Russian hit squad was already planning to kill the colonel.

The Kremlin source predicted Shcherbakov would spend the rest of his life fearing retribution.

A spokesman for Russia's foreign intelligence agency refused to comment on the newspaper report. [Rosenberg/BBC/11November2010] 

Financial Intel Killed. The Pentagon's intelligence directorate is killing off one of its most strategically important mission areas: monitoring efforts by foreign governments to buy U.S. firms and technology, such as the multiple efforts by China's military-linked equipment company Huawei Technologies to buy into the U.S. high-technology sector.

Defense officials tell Inside the Ring that Thomas A. Ferguson, acting undersecretary of defense for intelligence (USDI) and a former Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) space analyst, initiated the dismantling of the financial-threat intelligence monitoring.

According to the officials, Mr. Ferguson thinks the financial mission is not appropriate for the USDI office, even though the Treasury Department lacks the resources to do similar monitoring. Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates signed off on the change, the officials said.

Mr. Ferguson and Pentagon spokesmen could not be reached for comment.  [Gertz/WashingtonTimes/10November2010] 

NATO To Offer Russia Access To US Satellite Data. NATO will offer Russia access to some US military satellite data in exchange for its participation in a missile shield project for continental Europe, a Moscow newspaper reported Friday.

The offer will come as part of a broader deal to be extended to Russia at the NATO-Russia Council that immediately follows the 28-member Alliance's Nov. 19-20 summit in Lisbon, the Nezavisimaya Gazeta newspaper quoted a NATO source as saying.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has accepted an invitation to attend the talks, which will also focus on NATO's activities in Afghanistan, in which Russia is also taking part.

NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen has invited Russia to join the proposed missile shield, at the same time stressing that "we do not want to impose a specific missile defense architecture on Russia."

Medvedev has cautiously welcomed the deal but said Russia would like to see more details.

Nezavisimaya Gazeta cited a NATO source as saying that the deal involves a proposal to share information about missile and other threats.

It would also grant Russia access to some US satellite intelligence imagery, including about countries such as North Korea.

"By joining the NATO system ... Moscow could strengthen the territorial security of Russia by receiving 'certain information' from US satellites - for example, images of the DPRK [North Korea]," the newspaper wrote, citing its NATO source.

Russia would also be offered broader political consultations that give Moscow a chance to voice any potential concerns about the shield, and invited to joint NATO exercises and training sessions, the report said.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Friday that Russia was open to cooperation with NATO on missile defense, but added that the partnership must be on equal terms.

"We proceed from the fact that if it's equal cooperation ... then such cooperation is quite possible. Strategic partnership should be built on an equal basis," he said. [FoxNews/12November2010]

Secret Papers Reveal Nazis Given "Safe Haven" in US. A secret United States government report has offered fresh evidence that the CIA granted Nazi war criminals a "safe haven" in the US after the Second World War.

The report details the government's posthumous pursuit of Dr Josef Mengele, the German SS officer and physician known as the 'Angel of Death.'

The 600-page report, written in 2006 and which the US Justice Department has tried to keep secret ever since, describes what it calls Washington's "collaboration with persecutors".

Agents from the Justice Department's Nazi-hunting Office of Special Investigations (OSI) found that war criminals "were indeed knowingly granted entry" to the US, even though government officials were aware of their pasts, the report concluded.

"America, which prided itself on being a safe haven for the persecuted, became - in some small measure - a safe haven for persecutors as well."

The report, obtained by the New York Times, details cases of Nazis being helped by American intelligence officials.

In 1954, the CIA assisted Otto Von Bolschwing, an associate of Adolf Eichmann who had helped develop plans "to purge Germany of the Jews".

In a series of CIA memos, officials pondered what to do if Von Bolschwing was confronted about his past, debating whether to deny any Nazi affiliation or "explain it away on the basis of extenuating circumstances", according to the report.

The Justice Department sought to deport Von Bolschwing after it learned in 1981of his Nazi past but he died the same year.

Another case involved Arthur L. Rudolph, a Nazi scientist who ran the Mittelwerk munitions factory. He was brought to the US in 1945 for his rocket-making prowess as part of Operation Paperclip, an American initiative to recruit scientists who had worked in Nazi Germany.

The report highlights a 1949 note from a very senior Justice Department official urging immigration officers to let Rudolph back into the US after visiting Mexico because excluding him would be "to the detriment of the national interest".

Justice Department investigators later discovered that Rudolph was much more implicated in using Jewish slave labour at Mittelwerk than he or the CIA had admitted. Some intelligence officials objected when the Justice Department tried to deport him in 1983.

The report states that prosecutors filed a motion in 1980 that "misstated the facts" in insisting that CIA and FBI records revealed no information on the Nazi past of Tscherim Soobzokov, a former Waffen SS soldier.

Instead, the Justice Department "knew that Soobzokov had advised the CIA of his SS connection after he arrived in the United States", the report found.

The report details the government's posthumous pursuit of Dr Josef Mengele, the German SS officer and physician known as the "Angel of Death". A piece of Mengele's scalp was kept in the drawer of an OSI director in the hope that it would establish whether he was still alive.

Investigators used diaries and letters supposedly written by Mengele and German dental records to follow his trail. After the development of DNA, the piece of scalp, which had been handed over to Brazil, helped to establish that Mengele had died in Brazil in 1979, without ever entering the US, the report stated.

The US government has resisted making the report public ever since it was written four years ago. Under the threat of legal action, it provided an expurgated version last month to the National Security Archive, a private research group. The New York Times then obtained a complete version.

The US Justice Department told the newspaper that the report, which was the product of six years of research, was never formally completed, did not represent official findings and claimed there were "numerous factual errors and omissions" though it declined to detail these.

Since the creation of the OSI in 1979, several hundred Nazis have been deported, stripped of their American citizenship or excluded from entering the United States. The OSI was merged with another unit this year. [Telegraph/15November2010]


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

NYPD Intelligence Detectives Go Their Own Way. Time was, 35 years ago, when the CIA had virtually no legislative oversight, no worries about congressional intelligence committees tracking its budgets or asking embarrassing questions.

Today, members of the Senate and House intelligence committees say they still too often find themselves learning about questionable CIA practices from the media. Congress recently passed legislation to tighten up oversight.

But there is still one important American intelligence organization over which neither they nor any other legislative body conducts meaningful oversight: the NYPD intelligence division's International Liaison Program.

With offices in 11 foreign capitals and an unpublished budget, the ILP's far-flung counterterrorism cops operate outside the authority of top U.S. officials abroad, including the American ambassador and the CIA station chief, who is the nominal head of U.S. intelligence in foreign countries.

Neither the Director of National Intelligence nor the Department of Homeland Security have any jurisdiction over the program. Nor have either done a study of how the NYPD's foreign operations fit into U.S. counterterrorism programs - or don't, officials say.

The ILP is supported by private donors through the New York Police Foundation, which won't say how much it has given the NYPD, beyond a sentence on its Web page that it sought to raise $1.5 million for the program in 2010. The NYPD itself won't say whether any of its annual $68 million budget for intelligence and counterterrorism goes to posting detectives in Paris, London, Madrid or other posh capitals.

Even the New York City Council member responsible for police oversight, Democrat Peter F. Vallone, Jr. admits he doesn't know much about the ILP - starting with its full budget.

Asked whether it was "fair to say" he had no idea of what the ILP was spending, he responded, "that's fair. But my main concern is their use of taxpayer funds here in NYC."

Even if Vallone wanted to ride herd on the ILP, he said, his Public Safety Committee has only four staffers to monitor the entire, 34,500-strong police department.

The NYPD asserts it can police itself.

"The NYPD has an assistant commissioner who is responsible specifically for the supervision of overseas officers," NYPD spokesman Paul Browne said. "He does inspections overseas, and like other managers in the Intelligence Division reviews all spending or reimbursement, regardless of source, as does our budget personnel. And like any other officers, those overseas are subject to reviews and investigations of the NYPD Internal Affairs Bureau.

The foundation is not always transparent about its expenses. Last month it turned out that it had picked up Police Commissioner Ray Kelly's $12,000 tab at the New York Harvard Club for the past eight years and paid a public relations agency $400,000 to burnish his image.

In effect, critics say, no one outside the NYPD or foundation has any idea whether its foreign liaison officers in, say, Paris, are washing down their snails with a very fine Lafite Rothschild, or, as one former NYPD counterterrorism official insists, downing Bud Lights with Le Big Mac.

"There's not any indication they're eating snails, but when it comes to these kinds of agencies," Vallone admits, "snails can be hidden in a lot of places."

"There appears to be no monitoring of the NYPD, a municipal agency that in its anti-terrorism measures, has become a mini-CIA," maintains Leonard Levitt, a longtime former Newsday police reporter and author of "NYPD Confidential: Power and Corruption in the Country's Greatest Police Force."

"There are no safeguards to ensure that the NYPD doesn't break the law. So far as I know, there are no mechanisms in place to ensure that the NYPD does not become a rogue organization," said Levitt, who broke the story about Kelly's Harvard Club dues on his blog.

Thomas V. Fuentes, who headed the FBI's Office of International Operations from 2004 until his retirement in November 2008, calls the ILP "a complete waste of money."

"But it looks great, looks really terrific," he scoffs.

Fuentes, echoing views commonly held by current and former FBI and CIA officials, ticks off the limitations of New York's overseas police intelligence operatives.

"They're not a member of the country team, they don't have the top secret clearances and equipment to receive or send classified information. The countries they're in, they're there on tourist passports. They live in hotels or apartments." Their out-of-channels status makes them virtually useless to other intelligence or police agencies, both U.S. and foreign, Fuentes argues.

If one of those agencies "wants to pass along sensitive or classified information that pertains to the safety of New York City, they can't give it to one of these guys," he said. "They don't have the security clearances to receive classified material, they don't have the storage facility to store it and they don't have an NSA-approved communications method to send it. So the countries don't give it to them."

Fuentes wonders why Kelly and his intelligence chief, former CIA official David Cohen, have deployed cops abroad at untold expense when the NYPD already has about 100 members embedded in the Joint Terrorism Task Force, who are authorized to share classified information with cleared officers in their department.

"They have top secret clearances, they see everything, they see all the sensitive material that's reported by the CIA or FBI or other sources that's coming in to the U.S., especially New York," he says of the JTTF members. "They already get that."

It hasn't always been that way, as the 9/11 Commission found in abundance. And as the David Headley and Detroit underwear bomber case showed, the intelligence agencies still have problems sharing information.

Cohen and Kelly have not been shy about their antipathy for the U.S. intelligence community in general and the FBI specifically, saying the former has demonstrated it can't protect New York and accusing the latter of withholding valuable information.

"Cohen, a veteran of the federal government, knew his plan [to station cops abroad] was certain to irritate the CIA, FBI, and the Department of State in one fell swoop," John G. Comiskey, an NYPD lieutenant, wrote in a paper for the Naval Postgraduate School earlier this year. "Cohen wanted NYPD to establish its own unique intelligence enterprise that could contend with the IC, and particularly the FBI."

Retired FBI counterterrorism expert Dan Coleman, who had worked at Alec Station, the CIA's Osama Bin Laden unit, got an earful on day one of his employment with the NYPD intelligence division.

After listening to Cohen's profanity-laced diatribe about the FBI, according to the New York Post, "Coleman pushed his chair away from the table, calmly stood up and announced he was resigning - before he technically ever started - and walked out."

Kelly credits his foreign cops with saving lives in New York.

"Most anywhere there has been a major terrorist attack in the last four years there has been a senior officer from the NYPD at the scene assembling lessons learned for New York... " Kelly says on the Police Foundation's Web page.

But that's the problem, critics say, pointing to a half dozen reported incidents of NYPD officers barging into the scenes of terrorist attacks in London, Mumbai, Madrid, Singapore and Jakarta, virtually impersonating U.S. counterterrorism agents and leaving local security officials confused, or worse, fuming.

The most egregious cases occurred in London.

Following the 1994 arrest there of Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri, Kelly celebrated the participation of an undercover NYPD detective on the JTTF who worked the case and had his picture, along with his age, college education and Long Island upbringing sent to reporters - putting him at risk, some said.

"In 24 years of the JTTF," complained FBI New York spokesman Joseph Valiquette, "I can't recall a JTTF investigator having his photo published in the midst of a prosecution."

The NYPD hogged the spotlight again there the next year, with more negative consequences, Fuentes says.

Moments after the 2005 London subway bombings, "several New York police officers ran into the tunnel and showed their badges" as if they had official approval to participate in the investigation, Fuentes said.

"And they didn't. The cops went back out of the tunnel, called New York, and [Mayor Michael] Bloomberg and Kelly promptly held a press conference describing the carnage and what had gone on in the subway and how they're going to protect our subway and populace and this kind of thing."

The British, famously secretive about their investigations, were furious, Fuentes said. "They were going to kick everybody out, including the FBI. The American ambassador is calling the FBI - 'What's the story? Who are these guys? Are they with you?' 'No, they're independent.'"

Scotland Yard, Special Branch and other British officials, albeit furious, Fuentes said, held their tongues, because "they didn't want to create a diplomatic incident with Kelly and Bloomberg and New York City."

The FBI was reluctant to comment for the record about the NYPD's foreign presence.

Speaking on terms of anonymity, an official said the FBI "gets it. We understand New York's desire to be proactive, to learn from the attacks and protect the city and its citizens. The question is how to best to do that."

Federal intelligence officials' headaches may only have just begun.

More big-city police, and not just New York's, could be showing up at far-flung disaster sites in the future, under legislation that could find new life in the next Congress.

A bill to create a Foreign Liaison Officers Against Terrorism program, or FLOAT, died in committee last year, but the likely next chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, Peter T. King (R-N.Y.), is said to favor it.

Meanwhile, NYPD spokesman Browne calls reports of friction with the FBI overblown.

"Our relations, including David Cohen's, with the FBI are excellent," Browne says. "That kills those who wish it was otherwise." [Stein/WashingtonPost/10November2010] 

Cryptology Collection is 'Crown Jewel' of NSA Museum. While other kids were reading comic books, at around age 9, Dr. David Kahn read Fletcher Pratt's "Secret and Urgent," a 1939 history of codes.

And while his peers may have collected baseball cards or bottle caps, Kahn kept that book and kept adding to it. Over 70 years later, he amassed a collection of cryptologic writings so impressive, some consider it the most significant in the world.

And now the National Security Agency has it.

Kahn, prolific writer and renowned historian on the art of cryptology, recently was honored at a ceremony at the NSA's National Cryptologic Museum for the donation of his collection to the museum library.

NSA Director Army Gen. Keith Alexander and Deputy Director John Inglis presided at the event where the Dr. David Kahn Collection, which nearly doubled the museum's holdings, was formally introduced to the public.

"David's donation has enriched the library and the museum immeasurably," Alexander said. "His writings are a great source of history. The materials he has donated will surely inspire and inform future generations of historians, scholars and students of cryptology."

As a historian of intelligence, Kahn is widely regarded as the world's leading expert on the history of codes and cryptology. After graduating from Bucknell University, he began his career as an author and journalist for Newsday.

In 1967, Kahn's book, "The Codebreakers," was published. It is still considered to be the definitive work on the history of codes and cryptography.

Kahn's All Things Cryptologic collection includes more than 2,800 books and over 1,300 pages of notes from interviews of cryptologic and intelligence personnel, both foreign and American. In addition, it contains photocopies of rare and unique intelligence documents and 55 extremely rare books.

The works range from cryptology's first printed book on cryptology, the 1518 "Polygraphiae Libri Sex" (Six Books on Polygraphy) by the German mystic Johannes Trithemius to Kahn's notes of his interviews with modern cryptologists. One of the rarest items donated is a signed and framed 1806 letter from Napoleon to his son, Prince Eugene Napoleon, instructing the prince to continue to send his letters in code. Kahn acquired the letter in 1984.

Kahn donated his collection to the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, which, in turn, transferred the items to the museum.

Visitors to the museum can peer into the secret world of intelligence and discover how codes and ciphers have shaped history and driven technology since the 16th century. The museum, which is located in the National Vigilance Park on Fort George G. Meade, houses exhibits and artifacts, once highly classified, that reveal the secret world of U.S. intelligence and enemy code.

Except for framed items and those enclosed in display cases, Kahn's collection can be reviewed by anyone coming into the museum. Any of the books, notes or pictures can be photocopied.

The foundation is a nonprofit, independent organization that was founded to help support, enhance and promote the museum, as well as historical contributions cryptology has made in protecting the nation.

Eugene Becker, president of the foundation, said Kahn's decision to donate his collection was not a sure thing.

"He experienced quite a bit of agony during the decision-making process," Becker said, then added jokingly, "David was concerned about the security of the collection."

"But, in the end, he followed his heart."

"The museum library now, perhaps, contains the most significant collection of cryptologic history in the world," Becker said. "This collection is truly the crown jewel of the museum." [Taylor/HometownGlenBurnie.com/13November2010].

Spy Blake Enjoys Comfortable Life in Russia. British double agent George Blake, who famously escaped to the USSR from prison, is enjoying a comfortable old age in Russia, developing a taste for vodka and making a film of his life.

Blake escaped from Wormwood Scrubs jail in London in 1966 in a legendary prison break after being exposed as a Soviet spy and ended up in the USSR where he has been looked after by his spymasters ever since.

The agent told the Izvestia newspaper in an extremely rare interview to mark his 88th birthday that "the Service" - the KGB-successor Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) - had always cared for his welfare.

Izvestia published a new picture of a cheery-looking Blake holding a shot of vodka but dressed like an English dandy, in a suit, waistcoat and tie, topped off by a wooden cane.

"It is very important for me that the Service shows great respect to people who have devoted their lives to it," said Blake.

Blake also expressed satisfaction that "everything worked out in my private life" after his escape, meeting his second wife in Russia with whom he had a now adult son. He lives in a "comfortable, four room flat".

He also revealed he now has a grandchild "15, a developed boy, who speaks English well and recently visited Britain".

Blake said he still enjoyed the lifestyle in Russia, noting that "everyday without exception I go for a two-hour walk with my wife" and that he used to enjoy skiing in the forests before developing problems with his eyesight.

"I've also learned to drink vodka. Before, I could not stand it," he said.

Recently Blake has been busy working with a production team making a film based on his memoirs, which he said would be faithful to the truth.

"Every spy is an actor, who can play out his role for the sake of the job," said Blake.

He admitted that the reality in the Soviet Union had "little to do with the idealized Communist society that I had dreamed of."

But arriving in the USSR as a free man after his escape from jail it did not matter "if here there were not ten different types of sausage," he said. [AP/13November2010] 

Ex-KGB and CIA Officials Mull Russian Defector. His name is Aleksandr Vasilyevich Shcherbakov.

Or maybe not. The true name of the Russian spymaster who allegedly defected last summer is just one of the mysteries in the far-from-finished spy story that broke in a Moscow newspaper Thursday.

But two longtime spies, a Russian and an American, both retired, think they know who he is.

The Kommersant newspaper identified him only as "Colonel Shcherbakov," chief of the Foreign Intelligence Service's American operations, who it said fled to the United States in June, after fingering the 10 Russian agents arrested by the FBI this summer.

The CIA is not talking.

But a retired CIA operations officer who specialized in thwarting Russian intelligence said he was "90 to 100 percent confident" that the spymaster named by Kommersant was the same Aleksandr Vasilyevich Shcherbakov who was among other Russian security officials he met with in Moscow "nine or 10 years ago."

Oleg Kalugin, who headed the Russian KGB's foreign espionage operations during the Cold War, also said the name sounded familiar.

"I remember a young guy by that name who worked for me in foreign counterintelligence, and later, with illegals," said Kalugin, referring to deep-cover spies who burrow into foreign societies under false identities.

"I remember his name, but I would not recognize him on the street," Kalugin added.

Kommersant quoted Gennady Gudkov, deputy chairman of the Russian parliament's security committee, as saying "There has never been such a failure by Section S, the American department that Shcherbakov directed."

But a number of observers, particularly Russians, considered the newspaper's story fishy on several counts.

Kommersant, said Dimtry Sidirov, the paper's former Washington bureau chief, "is very close to the Kremlin." Its story, he speculated, was "an intentional leak," most likely a thinly-veiled attack on Mikhail Fradkov, head of the SVR, as the foreign intelligence service is known, since 2007, who had recently been "very much under attack" by rivals.

"The whole point of the story was to make the SVR a joke," Sidirov said.

Its likely beneficiary, he added, would be Sergey Naryshkin, the Kremlin's chief administrator and "right-hand man" to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

"There's nothing for him in the Kremlin after 2012," when Medvedev's term ends, Sidirov said. Replacing Fradkov could extend Medvedev's control of the powerful spy service.

The Kommersant article pointed to several security lapses by the SVR, the most "inexplicable" being its allowing Shcherbakov to run its U.S. spying operations while his daughter lived in this country.

Officials had been removed for less in agencies far less sensitive, Kommersant said.

"A man was once fired from the Security Council because some distant relative of his merely intended to marry a foreigner. And the Foreign Intelligence Service is supposed to be even more attentive to matters like that," it said.

The paper also said that "nobody paid attention when Shcherbakov's son (an officer of the Federal Drug Enforcement Service) suddenly left Russia for America not long before" the FBI rounded up Moscow's sleeper spies here in late June.

The SVR's defenders quickly struck back, casting doubt on the Kommersant account in other media, said Andrei Soldatov, a prominent Russian journalist and co-editor of a Web site that tracks domestic and foreign security services.

"It was said by sources inside that Shcherbakov is even not a real name," said Soldatov, who is also co-author of "The New Nobility: The Restoration of Russia's Security State and the Enduring Legacy of the KGB."

"I have some doubts about that because the allegation that Shcherbakov is a fake name appeared only after the publication and it was aired by sources inside the SVR... who might think it's a good way of compromising the story to say such things."

But Soldatov said he had "some doubts about the Kommersant story as well," pointing to its allegation that one of the SVR spies arrested last summer "was beaten in an American prison," which he called "ridiculous."

Kommersant's report that the Kremlin might dispatch a "hit team" to assassinate Shcherbakov also seemed far-fetched, but a CIA counterintelligence veteran called it "nothing to trifle over."

The CIA declined to comment, as did a senior White House National Security Council official and a spokesman for the Senate Intelligence Committee.

"I think that the only real fact we have," said Soldatov, "is that someone with the name Shcherbakov fled to the U.S., and that's all we have for sure." [Stein/WashingtonPost/12November2010] 

CIA Presents Silent Warrior Medal to South Dakota Resident. To hear him tell it, when Dennis Nordquist is at work on the new garage he is building next to the former Lutheran church he and his wife, Kathleen, call home, he experiences about the same level of bureaucratic interference he did when he and a small design team perfected the engines that powered the U.S.'s most successful Cold War-era supersonic spy planes.

Central Intelligence Agency Historian David Robarge characterized the Archangel project, code-named Oxcart, that resulted in the CIA's A-12 and subsequently the Air Force SR-71 Blackbird as: "complete trust between customer and contractor, individual responsibility and accountability, start-to-finish ownership of design, willingness to take risks, tolerance for failure, and streamlined bureaucracy with minimal staffing and paperwork."

Nordquist, 70, originally from Lake City, knows he lived through a golden age. He worked when U.S. engineers believed in their bones they could design planes to fly higher and faster than anything the Soviet Union or China could send up at them. They were given the freedom to build them, and there was the expectation the aircraft they made would provide the U.S. valuable intelligence.

"There was just an attitude 'you can do it,' " Nordquist recalls. "We were all young."

Nordquist recently was in Washington, D.C., where he and members of the Oxcart team were guests of the CIA for a reunion and were presented Silent Warrior medals by CIA Director Leon Panetta.

"That was a highlight for me, coming out of South Dakota," he says. It also was recognition of a classified project about which Nordquist and other participants had to remain silent for decades. Much of their work was declassified in 2007.

Kurt Hackemer, a University of South Dakota associate dean and military history professor, characterizes the Cold War as a time "when fears of conflict were much higher. When the stakes are really high, those intelligence activities are really critical. You need multiple sources of intelligence, and sometimes air reconnaissance will show you things nothing else will show you."

Nordquist knows too that his role in this global drama was no small achievement for a kid from Lake City and a 1963 graduate of South Dakota State University with a mechanical engineering degree.

"I worked with all the Georgia Tech graduates and people from all the big schools around the country. I could keep up with them, no problem. The biggest thing in growing up in a small town is you learn to do things yourself."

Engineering graduates from land grant schools such as SDSU in the 1960s thought first of places such as John Deere and Caterpillar when seeking employment, Nordquist says."Then one company, Pratt & Whitney, crops up with their brochures of palm trees and beaches."

With a wife and young child, Nordquist set out for Florida. He was briefed on Oxcart six months after beginning work for Pratt & Whitney. They were creating engines to power a supersonic Lockheed-designed plane with first-generation stealth properties.

"You signed a document you would take this with you to your death."

Nordquist said he could not even tell his wife what he was working on. She was a typist with Pratt & Whitney and found the secrecy in character with the company.

"We were pounded about security weekly if not daily," she recalls. "We were a very secretive company in all regards. You never went to a restaurant or anywhere and talked about work."

In her own job as a typist, "we had to go into the basement and burn our typewriter ribbons every night," she says.

While he was primarily based in Florida, Nordquist also spent time at the military's secret Groom Lake test site, Area 51, "which we called Dreamland."

The A-12 was to be a successor to the U-2 spy plane even before one of those planes was shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960. With a ceiling of more than 90,000 feet and capable of flying faster than three times the speed of sound, the A-12 far exceeded the U-2's capabilities.

The first time Nordquist saw the A-12, his knees buckled.

"It was up there with seeing my wife for the first time on a blind date in Brookings."

The wedge-shaped A-12 with a gooselike slender neck was to be powered by a revolutionary turbo ramjet engine, the J58. Almost 50 years later, Nordquist's voice becomes animated when he talks about solving the problems created by the immense heat the engine generated flying at mach 3.2 and working with state-of-the-art metals such as titanium. Project members were exhilarated by what they were trying to accomplish.

"The question I had to ask myself when we were back in D.C. is 'God, how did we do it?' Well, we just did it.

"I closed my speech out there by saying until you spread your wings and fly, you never know how far you can fly. It's so true. You've just got to jump in. You will make mistakes. If you don't mistakes, you won't learn anything."

While A-12s supposedly never were flown over Russia, because surveillance satellites had been deployed and a treaty banning overflights by surveillance aircraft had been signed by the time the planes became operational in 1967, they were flown over North Vietnam. In 1968, an A-12 photographed a North Korean harbor to prove the captured U.S. intelligence gathering ship Pueblo was being held there.

The Air Force variant, the SR-71 Blackbird, flew missions from 1968 until 1989, when the program was deactivated. Flights resumed in 1995 for a year. The program was shut down again in 1999.

Nordquist figures his small-town upbringing prepared him well to become a groundbreaking engine designer.

His father ran a resort in Lake City. While the resort had indoor plumbing, Nordquist's own house was without it until he was 13, when he and his mother put in a bathroom because his dad was too busy working.

"My dad never held my hand," Nordquist says. "At times I wondered why. Now I understand. You learn it better when you have to do it yourself. He'd help me get started."

It's an attitude that he is proud he and his wife passed on to their four children. A daughter, Shelly, followed Nordquist into engineering.

A favorite grade school teacher, Frances Anderson, also helped convince Nordquist there was nothing he couldn't learn how to do. He visited her when he and his wife returned to South Dakota.

Going on 89, Anderson, now living in De Smet, recalls Nordquist as a sharp student. She was astounded to learn the effect she had on him.

"I just never knew it affected him that much," she says.

When Nordquist and his wife moved to South Dakota from Arizona a year ago, they had hoped to convert a barn to a home. Finding most of the barns beat up, the church in LaBolt was the next best thing.

This time in South Dakota, the Nordquists can bask in the successful career that was incubated during their first time here. His years in the secret program propelled him to high positions with corporations such as Honeywell Garrett, and when he yearned for the stripped-down bureaucracy of Oxcart, he started his own company, which he sold about 15 years ago.

That, too, is part of the Oxcart legacy.

"I got confidence in myself," Nordquist says. "That's what I learned in that program." [Harrington/DesertNews/15November2010] 


Section III - COMMENTARY

New York Times: What the Director Needs. James Clapper Jr., the relatively new director of national intelligence, is trying to claim the authority that the independent Sept. 11 commission said was essential to protecting the United States. Speaking at a conference this month, he disclosed a "conceptual agreement" with Defense Secretary Robert Gates to take over $53 billion of the $80 billion annual intelligence budget that has long been the Pentagon's domain.

Mr. Gates would still command $27 billion for military intelligence, but Mr. Clapper would oversee the budgets of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency. That would give him, he said, more authority and "the oversight and execution of that funding." Notably, he did not say how the C.I.A. or the N.S.A. felt about the change.

The director of national intelligence is supposed to provide strategic direction and tame rivalries among the 16 intelligence agencies. Congress hamstrung the job from the start by depriving it of the authority to set budgets or hire and fire leaders. The rivalries have continued apace. And all four (in five years) of Mr. Clapper's predecessors bailed out quickly.

Mr. Clapper's immediate predecessor, Dennis Blair, tried to assert his power but quickly clashed with Leon Panetta, the C.I.A. director. When President Obama nominated Mr. Clapper, a retired Air Force lieutenant general, we feared he would be no more successful. He seems determined to break the pattern. His close relationship with Mr. Gates is clearly helping. Mr. Gates is also a rare Washington player who seems less concerned about protecting his turf, or at least not all of it.

We still need to hear the full details, including when the change might happen and just how expansive the budgetary powers will be. The sooner and wider the better. Just what kind of Congressional approval might be needed is also uncertain. Turf-conscious members of the armed services committees may resist losing control over nonmilitary intelligence spending. They need to consider what is best for the country.

Mr. Clapper also announced plans to reduce an unhealthy reliance on private contractors for intelligence work. When he took over in July, he insisted he would not be a "hood ornament," but a "clear, defined, identifiable leader." These reforms would be a very good start. [NYTimes/14November2010] 

Five Intelligence Successes that Changed the Course of War, by W.E. Linde. A recent Associated Press article detailed a US Intelligence failure to recognize that an informant was also involved in planning terror attacks in 2008. This got me thinking and, for a change, I decided to research some military intelligence successes from modern history. Below are five historic intelligence coups that changed the tide of war and, in some cases, the world's balance of power.

1. World War II. The German military's cryptographic system, Enigma, had a theoretically unbreakable ciphering capability. Cracking Enigma took a combination of spy work, signals collection (meaning radio transmission interception), and cryptography. Polish breakthroughs combined with a German traitor provided by the French resulted in the first significant success against Enigma. The British and Americans were able to expand this into breaking the even more resilient German Navy encryption. For the entire fascinating story on this, please see Solving the Enigma: History of the Cryptanalytic Bombe, by Jennifer E. Wilcox.

Result: Deep penetration of Hitler's military communication. Many historians believe that the success against Enigma shortened World War II by as much as two years.

2. The Battle of Midway. The U.S. Navy had one last chance to contain Japan's burgeoning Imperial Navy, and that was at Midway. Through a mix of diligent signals collection and cryptographic analysis, the U.S. Navy was able to forecast not only the timing of the impending attack on Midway, but also the direction it would come from. In Intelligence in War (2002), John Keegan cites a source that describes this as "the most stunning intelligence coup in all naval history."

Result: Because of Navy intelligence, the U.S. was ready to defend Midway and won this critical battle that turned the tide in the Pacific theater.

3. Cuban Missile Crisis. The actions that brought the world close to nuclear war were first detected by American reconnaissance intelligence on Oct. 15, 1962. President John F. Kennedy and his administration took this evidence public a week later, beginning the tense confrontation that many feared would end in war.

Result: Caught red-handed, the Soviets backed down. This prevented the USSR from having the ability to reach the U.S. with its intermediate-range nuclear missiles.

4. Desert Storm. From Jan. 15 to Feb. 24, 1991, Coalition aircraft hammered the Iraqi Military with as many as 2,500 sorties per day. These attacks were not random, but were designed to "cut off the head of the snake." Exhaustive intelligence analysis identified logistics lines and Republican Guard command centers that were either destroyed or evacuated for fear of bombing.

Result: When ground operations began, it took only 100 hours to liberate Kuwait. Additionally, some have suggested that Iraq's overwhelming loss completely discredited the Soviet air-and-ground defense doctrines and weapons systems that their military was based on, putting the final nail in the USSR's coffin.

5. Eliminating Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. In 2004, Iraq descended into sectarian chaos, and the mysterious al-Zarqawi led the way. This brutal terror leader declared war on western forces and Shi'a Iraqis in a bid to incite country-wide civil war. Although he eluded Coalition forces for some time, through the work of the intelligence community and a special US military task force, this key leader of the Iraqi insurgency was eliminated on June 7, 2006, by a targeted air strike.

Result: This delivered a body blow to the Iraqi insurgency, one that kept Al-Qaeda off balance and likely magnified the effects of the upcoming military surge.

Of course, there's much more that we outside of this world won't ever hear about. But I think it does us good from time to time to see what kind of return our tax dollars are getting from our significant investment in national intelligence. [Linde/Yahoo/12November2010]

Strategy Page: The Big Break. Turkey has cut off close relationships with Israeli intelligence agencies. This relationship has been useful in shutting down Islamic terror organizations. But the Turkish government is run by an Islamic party that seeks better relations with Islamic states, especially Iran and neighboring Arab countries. So the Israeli connections have to go.

Meanwhile, military commanders in Turkey and Israel appear to get along better than their respective governments. But this does little good when Turkish politicians grow increasingly anti-Israel. Recently, Turkey declared Israel to be a threat, while Iran and neighboring Arab states were considered no problem. Turkey is severing the many ties with Israel that have existed for over half a century.

The Turkish government has become increasingly anti-Israel in the last six years. Islamic politicians, who were elected in 2002, have adopted an anti-Israel, anti-West attitude, and use this to increase their stature in the Islamic world. This is a return to the past. Until 1924, the Sultan of the Turks was the Caliph (technically, the leader of all Moslems). But in the 1920s, Turkey turned itself into a secular state. Although Turkey became a major economic power in the Middle East, with one of the best educated populations in the region, it was still hobbled by corruption and mismanagement. The Islamic politicians promised to attack the corruption (which they have) and return religion to a central place in Turkish culture (a work in progress). This has upset a lot of secular Turks. But it's fashionable to hate Israel these days, over their efforts to cope with Palestinian terrorism.

The Turkish Army has always been more secular. It was Turkish officers, led by general, and national hero, Kemal Ataturk, who carried out the secularization program, and began building good relations with the West. Many Turkish officers see the current government trying to undo what Ataturk started, and they are not happy about it.

But Turks are also concerned about their rebellious Kurdish minority, and this led to closer relations with Iran, a nation that openly calls for the destruction of Israel. Four years ago, Turkey and Iran established a bilateral commission to combat Kurdish separatist rebels. In effect, the two countries cooperated to fight the Kurdish rebels, in the form of the Turkish PKK rebels and the Iranian PEJAK. In addition to sharing intelligence, there were some joint operations, with Turkish and Iranian forces operating together against Kurdish separatist gunmen and bases. Apparently this hurt PEJAK enough so that the organization renounced armed violence, and turned more to political activism to improve conditions for Iranian Kurds. This can be interpreted as an effort to build a stronger base of support, before returning to armed resistance. But it still counts as a win for Iran. However, there's a catch. PEJAK also wants to develop closer relationships with the PKK, which is still battling the Turks. Apparently PEJAK has not renounced violence forever.

There are seven million Kurds in Iran, six million Kurds in Iraq, two million in Syria, two million in Pakistan, about 14 million in Turkey and another two million scattered around the world. Despite thousands of years of efforts, the Kurds have never been able to establish their own Kurdish state. Turkey wants to keep it that way, and considers their Kurdish problem more important than any disputes they may have with other states in the neighborhood. [StrategyPage/10November2010]


Section IV - CAREERS


The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Defense is considering candidates for General Counsel of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA).  This position is in the Defense Legal Services Agency. The incumbent serves as General Counsel and as a Principal Director of DSCA, a Department of Defense agency responsible for USG security assistance and cooperation programs and activities worldwide. These include Foreign Military Sales (FMS) sales and other transfers of U.S. defense equipment and services totaling $40 billion in FY 2009. The DSCA General Counsel requires expertise in international law, fiscal law, and particular U.S. statutes such as the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act, and other laws applicable to arms transfers.  DSCA also administers DoD demining activities and humanitarian assistance, which has included relief in response to the 2006 Tsunami, the 2008 earthquake in Pakistan, and the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. The DSCA General Counsel supervises an office of five lawyers, a FOIA/Privacy Act specialist, and a law office manager.

As a DoD Agency General Counsel, the attorney reports to the General Counsel of the Department of Defense through the office of the Deputy General Counsel for International Affairs, which is responsible in the overall areas of national security and international law in support of the worldwide operations and activities of the Department of Defense (http://www.dod.mil/dodgc/ia.html), supporting the senior DoD leadership in these areas. For information on DSCA, see www.dsca.mil.

In addition to the express security assistance and security cooperation authorities cited above, experience and familiarity with and interest in international affairs, security strategy, intergovernmental negotiations and related matters, and USG interagency processes are desirable. This important position is at the more senior range (e.g., GS15). This position requires a TS/SCI clearance.

For those who receive this notice, we ask that you think about attorneys whom you know who have this particular background/interest and who may be interested in applying and that you alert such attorneys to this opportunity.

To be considered, an individual may forward his or her resume to the address below or by e-mail, by November 29 if at all possible:

Charles A. Allen, Deputy General Counsel, International Affairs, Office of General Counsel, U.S. Department of Defense, The Pentagon, Room 3B710, Washington, D.C. 20301-1600, e-mail:  Charles.a.allen@osd.mil

All resumes received will be forwarded to the DoD Office of General Counsel's Resume File under our standing request for resumes (https://storm.psd.whs.mil/AttorneyResumes200802.pdf). Note that all resumes that have been submitted to the DoD Office of General Counsel's Resume File will be reviewed in connection with the consideration of candidates for this position.


Section V - BOOKS, OBITUARIES AND COMING EVENTS


Books

Stephen F. Cohen on Gulag Survivors and Being Followed by the K.G.B.  Political historian Stephen F. Cohen spent the better part of 35 years researching and writing his latest book, The Victims Return: Survivors of the Gulag After Stalin. Part historical account, part personal memoir, Cohen's book chronicles the post-liberation experience of the prisoners who managed to survive Stalin's brutal Gulag, from their release in the late 1950s to the present. With first-hand accounts from countless victims, Cohen's work places him in the rare position of being both intellectual observer and active participant in the political history of modern Russia. A professor of Russian Studies and History at NYU and Professor Emeritus at Princeton University, Cohen is also a frequent commentator on television and a contributor to The Nation, where his wife Katrina vanden Heuvel is editor and publisher.

The author recently sat down with VF Daily to discuss The Victims Return, being tailed by the K.G.B., and his friendship with Gorbachev.

Mark Guiducci: You grew up in Kentucky and have no Russian heritage. How did you come to devote your life to Russian politics and, more pertinently, to Stalin's victims?

Stephen F. Cohen: An American might say I came across the subject "by chance," but if you ask a Russian that question, they'd say it was my fate. I went to Russia for the first time when I had just turned 19, and was studying in Birmingham, England. Having seen an advertisement for a 30-day trip to Russia that only cost me $300 and knowing a good deal when I see one, I went on somewhat of a whim. Later, when I was a professor at Princeton in the 70s, I went on an academic exchange program in Moscow. We were forced to work on some pretty arcane topics just to get past the Soviet censorship, but I became very close with Gulag survivors, including the widow and son of Nikolai Bukharin [Stalin's executed political rival], whose biography I had published a few years before. Their apartment eventually became my home away from home and I quickly came to realize that almost everyone I was meeting in Moscow was either related to a victim of the Gulag or a survivor themselves. The subject of the Gulag was entirely forbidden in the Soviet Union at the time, but one of these survivors told me that it was my fate to record their stories. And he was right; I realized that if I didn't, nobody would.

Almost all of the research for The Victims Return was conducted in Soviet Russia. As an American working under the watchful eye of the K.G.B., did you ever feel in danger because of your work?

My first encounter with the K.G.B. was at an Academy of Science institute in Moscow, where I was affiliated. The institute had this resident K.G.B. officer, who was a large, burly man. He once approached me and, banging on my sternum with his right knuckle, demanded to know why I was spending so much time with people that were "anti-Soviet," referring to Gulag survivors. I knew that he was just warning me and that as an American from a prominent university, I was safe. He would never have been able to hurt me, but it was still unnerving.

Eventually, the K.G.B. began to follow me around the city. A friend of mine had the theory at the time that all the really intelligent K.G.B. officers had been sent abroad for the purpose of foreign espionage, meaning that the K.G.B. agents left in Moscow were not very clever. One evening, after discovering that our car was being followed, a friend and I decided to test that theory. We asked our driver to pull over to the side of the road and lift up the hood of the car, as if we were having car trouble. Sure enough, the K.G.B. officers who were tailing us pulled over as well, right behind us, and popped the hood of their car, too. Their cover was so obvious - we had a good laugh.

What about your sources? Did they have reasons to fear the K.G.B.?

A: While the worst the K.G.B. could do to me was expel me or forbid me from re-entering the country (which actually happened in 1982), my sources, on the other hand, were at far more risk. The K.G.B. could prevent a Gulag survivor's grandchildren from being admitted to university; they could get their sons fired from their jobs. They had creative ways of administratively punishing people's families. The threat made me exceedingly protective of my sources.

In fact, I became in the habit of keeping forbidden notes and manuscripts on my person at all times, knowing that the K.G.B. frequently searched my apartment for information. At a certain point, my bag became so heavy that I developed a hernia on the right side of my body. After surgery, I started carrying my bag on my left side, but developed a second hernia there, as well. So the worst that the K.G.B. ever did to me, I say, was to cause me two hernias!

You're rather close with Mikhail Gorbachev, who wrote the forward to a Russian book about you, Stephen Cohen, The Soviet Union, and Russia (the English translation was published by PublishingWorks in 2009). What's that relationship like?

Well, my wife Katrina likes to point out that our marriage sort of coincided with the perestroika. I spent the very first day after our wedding, our honeymoon, at the United Nations with Gorbachev and Dan Rather (I was consulting for CBS at the time). Then on our first anniversary, in 1989, we were with Bush [the First] and Gorbachev on Malta when they declared the end of the Cold War.

Before all that, though, I was introduced to Gorbachev at the Soviet embassy in Washington in 1987 and although our relationship began professionally, it evolved over the years into a personal friendship. When she was younger, my daughter Nika even thought that he was her godfather.

Unlike your friend Gorbachev, Vladimir Putin has been known to publicly praise Stalin's accomplishments with little regard for his horrific legacy, contributing to what you have called a "Stalinist Renaissance." How do you think Putin has affected the status of Stalin's victims in Russia?

American media coverage of Russia is very poor and one symptom of that situation is the belief that everything bad in Russia is because of Putin. This is really a poor analysis and by bashing Putin, the American media is misinterpreting the underlying causes of Russia's problems. The Stalinist Renaissance, for instance, did not start with Putin; it began almost 20 years ago, in the 1990s. At this point, Russian public opinion is split 50-50 about whether Stalin was a genocidal murderer or a wise, benevolent leader. This division extends all the way to the Kremlin and has become part of policy disputes. With the country at the crossroads of a new modernization campaign, one wing of the political class is supporting a Stalinist approach, while the other side is saying, "We must never repeat what Stalin did." And when The Victims Return is published in Russia next March, I think the reactions will be along those lines.

The Victims Return is available now in the United States from PublishingWorks. [Guiducci/VanityFair/9November2010]


Obituaries

Jack Hooper, Former CSIS Deputy Director. Canada's most memorable spy of the post-9/11 era has died of a heart attack. Jack Hooper was 57.

Mr. Hooper had been a popular deputy director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service until his retirement a few years ago.

He had spent his career with CSIS, joining the intelligence service as it was created in 1984 from the ruins of the discredited RCMP security service.

An ex-Mountie, Mr. Hooper emerged as an unabashed and outspoken terrorism fighter over the past decade. It was through some of Mr. Hooper's initiatives that CSIS began its more assertive role in launching international operations, a move that blunted criticisms from allied spy services that CSIS operatives were often merely passive "postboxes" for intelligence when stationed abroad.

He rose through spy service's executive ranks in the aftermath of Sept. 11. He had a hand in some of Canada's most sensitive and controversial spy-service files, including CSIS's reaction to the Maher Arar affair and the security agency's interviews of Omar Khadr while the Canadian teenager was detained in Guantanamo Bay.

CSIS reacted to his death with a brief statement, lauding him for helping to keep the country safe.

"We offer his family and friends our sincerest condolences during this sad time," read the message. "Jack dedicated his career at CSIS and the RCMP, to his country and to the protection of Canadians. He will be missed."

Inside the service, Mr. Hooper was known for his colourful, blunt language - "Jackisms" to his fellow CSIS spies - that cut through standard bureaucratic verbiage but more than occasionally landed him in hot water. For example, when Canadian telecommunications engineer Maher Arar was arrested passing through the United States, and CSIS officials were scrambling to figure out what the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency might do to him, Mr. Hooper opined in an internal memo, "I think the United States would like to get Arar to Jordan where they can have their way with him."

The remark was prescient: Mr. Arar was rendered by the CIA to Jordan, and then Syria, for interrogation, before returning to Canada. Mr. Arar won a $10-million legal settlement for his wrongful arrest and overseas torture. Judges faulted RCMP officials for investigative bungles in the Arar affair and related cases, while making more muted criticisms against CSIS - but they found the security agencies didn't sign off on any rendition.

When the wider war on terror was at its most heated, it was Mr. Hooper who emerged as the public face of Canada's counterterrorism efforts at many hearings. He was charismatic, often outshining Privy Council Office bureaucrats Ward Elcock and, then, Jim Judd, who were appointed as CSIS bosses. Mr. Hooper sometimes veered off message from the official government line - claiming at a Parliamentary committee in 2006, for example, that Canada wasn't doing nearly enough security checks of Afghans and Pakistanis coming to Canada.

Mr. Hooper retired from the spy service in 2007, and went to work for a Toronto telecommunications company. Earlier this week, he attended the True Patriot Love fundraiser gala in Toronto, a party that raised more than $2-million for Canada's war wounded in Afghanistan. [TheGlobeandMail/12November2010]


Coming Educational Events

EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

MANY Spy Museum Events in November with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at www.afio.com. The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

16 November 2010, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - AFRICAN WARS: A Defense Intelligence Perspective - Book Signing at DACOR. DACOR and Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training invites members to a book signing reception for William G. Thom on publication of his book: African Wars: A Defense Intelligence Perspective. Event takes place at 1801 F St NW, Washington. RSVP 202-682-0500 x15 or email prog.coord@dacorbacon.org. Parking $$ available at garages on 18th street. Very limited meter parking on street.

Wednesday, 17 November 2010, 5 pm - by voice conference - The Miami-Dade Chapter of AFIO hosts their Annual Meeting and Elections by telephone conference. These Elections will be for Officers and Directors. The Elective Officers are President, President-Elect, Secretary and Treasurer. All officers and directors must be members of the National organization and be current in dues. All officers must also be directors. There will be no less than 9 directors. We are giving this notice in advance for the 2011 year ( starting January 1, 2011), so that you can be thinking about your role in the leadership for next year. Current President Tom Spencer will not be standing for election either as an officer or a director, since it is time for a change. Please consider becoming an active member of the chapter for a few years, starting 2011. To participate, contact Tom Spencer at trsmiami@aol.com or at 305-790-4715 for details.

18 November 2010, 12:30-2:30pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO L.A. Area Chapter Meeting features Deputy Sheriff Jerry Shultz on "CIA and the Phoenix Program. "Guest speaker retired Deputy Sheriff Jerry L. Shultz, will speak to us about his nine years in Vietnam and his current responsibilities as a recruiter for the California State Military Reserve. Jerry served four combat tours in Vietnam in the Army and remained in Vietnam for five more years. He was on loan to the CIA for the Phoenix program run by MACV/CORDS and will share with us his experiences in that highly controversial and highly classified project. Meeting will take place on November 18, 12:30-2:30 PM at the LMU campus, refreshments will be served, please RSVP via email AFIO_LA@yahoo.com by no later than November 12, 2010.

Thursday, 18 November 2010, 11:30 am Colorado Springs, CO - The Rocky Mountain Chapter presents Vice President William D. Kappel, Applied Weather Associates, Monument, CO who will speak on Global Warming. Both science and intelligence have to work with incomplete and sometimes contradicting data. How can a valid conclusion be reached with reasonable confidence? The sample topic we will examine is global warming, specifically if it is human induced. A topic, that is controversial, has lots of scientific data and opinion, is either very important for future world stability and security if true but not perceived as true now, or for unnecessary large economic disruption if not true but perceived as true now. To be held at the new location AFA... Eisenhower Golf Course Club House. Please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at robsmom@pcisys.net

Thursday, 18 November 2010, 6:30 pm - "Uneasy Alliance: The CIA and ISI in Pakistan" at the International Spy Museum

"CIA and ISI operatives depend on each other for their lives…" - so says an anonymous senior ISI official, December 2009
As the U.S. hunts down Al Qaeda leaders in Pakistan, the CIA appears to be working closely with the Pakistan Intelligence Service (ISI). But the two services have a long and rocky history with frequent betrayal by ISI members saying one thing, and aiding the Taliban behind-the-scenes. While the ISI has helped with the capture of Afghan Taliban leaders, some they have released Taliban figures they caught on their own. What is the future of this relationship? Are the CIA and ISI endgames compatible? Join this panel of experts as they explore what's opinions of what's happening on the ground in Pakistan and a few predictions for the future: Farhana Ali, senior lecturer, AFPAK Team, Booz, Allen & Hamilton; Seth Jones, RAND analyst and author of Counterinsurgency in Pakistan; and Shuja Nawaz, director, South Asia Center at the Atlantic Council of the United States.
Fee: Tickets: $12.50 To register, visit www.spymuseum.org

20 November 2010, 2 pm - Kennebunk, ME - The Maine Chapter of AFIO hosts Dr. Ali Ahmida of the Political Science Department, University of New England, speaking on what it means -- to him --to be a practicing Muslim, the significance of the Quran and the practice of Shari'a law. Dr. Ahmida was born in Waddan, Libya. He received a B. A. from Cairo University in Cairo, Egypt and an M. A. and Ph. D. in political science from the University of Seattle, in Seattle, Washington. Dr. Ahmida is an internationally recognized scholar of North African history and politics with a specialty in political theory, comparative politics, and historical sociology. He has authored a number of books as well as many articles and book reviews and has lectured in various U.S., Canadian, European, Middle Eastern and African colleges and universities. Dr. Ahmida lives in Saco, Maine, with his wife and two children. The meeting is open to the public and will be held on November 20, 2010 at 2:00 p.m. at the Community Center, 9 Temple Street, Kennebunkport, ME. For information call 207-967-4298.

Wednesday, 1 December 2010, 6 pm - Las Vegas, NV - "UFOs: Myths, Conspiracies, and Realities" the topic covered by Dr. John Alexander at AFIO Las Vegas Event. The Roger E. McCarthy, Las Vegas Chapter Meeting will feature John B. Alexander, Ph.D. speaking on "UFOs: Myths, Conspiracies, and Realities." The event takes place at the Nellis Air Force Base Officers' Club. (Guest names must be submitted to Mary Bentley along with their birth date by 4:00 p.m., Tuesday, November 23rd. For over half a century the intelligence community frequently has been linked to UFOs. This presentation will provide an insider's look at the myths and realities that abound. For many years, Dr. Alexander directed an ad hoc, multiagency study of the subject. Participants, all of whom held TS/SCI clearances, included military officers, IC members, and defense aerospace industry engineers. The investigation led him to many of the most senior officials in the IC as well as the director of the Strategic Defense Initiative, Dr. Edward Teller, Skunk Works president Ben Rich and many others. What they learned was not what they expected. This presentation includes hard and compelling evidence that supports some cases while equally eviscerating many of the popular myths of the true believers and fallacious arguments of skeptics/debunkers. The presentation is based on his book of the same title with foreword by Jacques Vallee, and introduction by aerospace legend Burt Rutan scheduled for release in February, 2011. For further information or to make reservations, email BentleyM@nv.doe.gov or call me anytime at 702-295-1024. We look forward to seeing you!

2 December 2010 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts W. Michael Susong, on Global Electronic Crime.
Michael Susong is Director of Information Security Intelligence at Pacific Gas & Electric Company and former CIA Operations officer on the State of the Art of Electronic Crime and Cyber Warfare. The presentation will give a non-technical overview of the global electronic crime players, their tools, techniques and tactics. RSVP and pre-payment required. The meeting will be held at UICC, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat/Wawona): 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate pot roast or fish): afiosf@aol.com and mail check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011

5 December 2010, 6pm - 9 pm - McLean, VA - NMIA/NMIF Fund-raising Tribute Dinner to NMIA's LTG James A. Williams, USA(Ret).

Fund-raising dinner honors Gen. James Williams with Lifetime Achievement Award for his service to NMIA, the U.S. Army, the nation, etc. Funds raised by event will be used to hold future NMIA/NMIF fund-raising banquets, and to establish an endowment for the National Military Intelligence Foundation so association can continue in the future, and also to give some funds to universities for scholarships. Event fees: 8 guests + advertisement for $7,500; 6 guests + advertisement for $5,000; 4 guests + advertisement for $3,000; 2 guests + advertisement for $1,500; 1 guest + advertisement for $300. $125 for all others. USGov personnel for $100. Checks of any amount welcome to National Military Intelligence Foundation.
RSVP with payments by November 4 to: NMIF Dinner, PO Box 6844, Arlington, VA 22206. Inquiries and replies to William.Arnold@sosiltd.com

Tuesday, 7 December 2010, 1000-1130 - Annapolis Junction, MD - Cryptologic Museum Pearl Harbor Day Program Features Robert Hanyok, NSA, on Japanese perspective to run-up to P.H. attack. Robert Hanyok, a retired NSA historian with the Center for Cryptologic History, and co-author of a documentary on Windes Message Controversy, gives a presentation on the Japanese perspective on events that led to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Japan's motivation - breaking the economic stranglehold of the U.S. blockade - and the critical role of Japanese Radio Intelligence Organization in support of the attack force. Lecture will cover coordinated monitoring mission against American naval, air, and civil communications in and out of the Hawaiian Territory; Tokyo's radio direction finding stations which tracked American patrol aircraft, tracking of arrival and departure of American Pacific fleet ships, much more.
Join them at this interesting behind-the-scenes program. Fee is $25. Make check payable to NCMF and send to PO Box 1682, Ft George G. Meade, MD 20755. Location: L-3 Communications, 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD. Easily found with any modern GPS device. Questions to cryptmf@aol.com

8 December 2010 - Ft Lauderdale, FL - The FBI's Infragard invites AFIO members [at no fee] to its conference at Nova Southeastern University. Topic: What makes an effective information security program for a small organization? This program promotes: . Awareness of the importance of need for IT security; . Understanding of IT security vulnerabilities and corrective measures. The interactive discussion will focus on those information security risks facing all small organizations and how those risks can be identified and managed.
Topics will include: . How your data is vulnerable; . What you can lose through an information security breach; . Practical steps to protect your operations; . How to use information security vendors and consultants; . How to evaluate tools and techniques based on your needs
FBI's INFRAGARD conference takes place at Nova Southeastern University. Morning session is about The Convergence of Physical and Information Security. The Afternoon conference is a Computer Security Workshop For Small Organizations.
To attend, contact FBI SA Nelson Barbosa to register at: nelson.barbosa@ic.fbi.gov or call 305-787-6130.
More information at http://www.infragardsfl.org/meetings.html
Location of event: Nova Southeastern University, The Carl DeSantis Building, 3301 College Avenue, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 33314
*****AM Session: 10 AM - Noon - Speaking about The Convergence of Physical and Information Security
*****PM Session: 1 PM - 5:00 PM - Computer Security Workshop For Small Organizations: Sponsored by The Small Business Administration
(SBA), National Institute of Standards and Technology(NIST) and InfraGard

Thursday, 9 December 2010, 10:00 am – Washington, DC - Yolande Collected Intelligence on Egypt for Israel - Spy Museum Event.
Yolande Gabai (de Botton), a beautiful, sophisticated Jewish woman from Alexandria, risked her son's life and her own collecting intelligence in Egypt undercover as a reporter for the Palestine Post. Yolande was a courageous woman who loved Egypt and the Arab world, yet fought for the creation of an independent State of Israel.
DISCUSSION WITH SPECIAL GUEST Dan Wolman, Director.
Israel, 2010, video documentary 62 minutes English and Hebrew with English subtitles Director: Dan Wolman DC Premiere
Free! No Registration Required. More information at www.spymuseum.org

Monday 13 December 2010, 5:30 pm - New York, NY - "Status of US Intelligence Capabilities" by former CIA Officer Aris Pappas, is theme of NY Metro Chapter Meeting
Speaker: Aris Pappas, CIA 32 years - Over this period he was an Analyst, Managed Operations, and held other Senior Positions. Now a Senior Director with Microsoft Corporation. Topic: "Status of Our Intelligence Capabilities"
Registration 5:30 PM Meeting 6:00 PM.
Cost $40. Includes three course buffet dinner, cash bar.
Location: Manhattan "3 West Club" 3 West 51st Street
Advance Reservations Required: Email afiometro@yahoo.com or telephone Jerry Goodwin 347-334-1503.

Tuesday, 14 December 2010, 5:30 - 7:30 pm - Hampton, VA - "The Role of an Intelligence Analyst in Busting Colombian Drug Trade" at AFIO Hampton Roads Chapter Speaker's Forum. Victor Rosello speaks to the chapter on "The Role of an Intelligence Analyst in Busting Colombian Drug Trade"
Event location: Army Capabilities Integration Center, TRADOC, Fort Monroe
Retired US Army Colonel 06, Military Intelligence
Tues. 14 DEC, 5:30-7:30 p.m.
Tabb Library in York County. Main Meeting Room. For more information or directions contact mwsaunders@cox.net

Tuesday, 14 December 2010, noon - MacDill AFB, FL - SOCOM'S Mission by LTG Fridovich - at the AFIO Florida Suncoast Chapter

The featured speaker is Lt. General David Fridovich, Deputy Commander of the Special Operations Command (SOCOM), talking about the current state of world affairs, SOCOM's worldwide mission and the challenges it faces. Lt. General Fridovich has had a distinguished career, serving in critical roles around the world. He participated in Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY, in support of the United Nations Mission in Haiti. General Fridovich commanded the Combined/Joint Special Operations Task Force in Operation JOINT FORGE, Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, from January through July 2000. He assumed command of the 1st Special Forces Group in August 2000. He led Army Special Operations Task Force, Operation ENDURING FREEDOM-PHILIPPINES, Zamboanga, Republic of the Philippines from January through June 2002. In January of 2005, General Fridovich assumed duties as Commander, Special Operations Command, Pacific. He subsequently assumed duties as the Director, Center for Special Operations, United States Special Operations Command in 2007.

15 December 2010, 1 pm - Washington, DC - LexisNexis will host its next Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Round Table on "OSINT 2020: The Future of Open Source Intelligence."
Keynote remarks by Mr. Douglas J. Naquin, Director of the DNI Open Source Center
1:00 – 3:00 P.M., National Press Club, Washington, D.C. No Charge. Seating may be limited. RSVP at www.lexisnexis.com/osint
LexisNexis will host its next Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Round Table at the National Press Club on December 15, 2010. Doors open at noon, program to begin at 1:00pm. The focus will continue our theme of "OSINT 2020: The Future of Open Source Intelligence" and will explore the evolving role of traditional media and technology in the future.
The program will include keynote remarks by Mr. Douglas J. Naquin, Director of the DNI Open Source Center followed by a "perspectives" discussion with leading experts among our group of distinguished attendees. The discussion will be based on the future of OSINT as a recognized discipline in strategic and tactical national security decision-making.
Panelists will include:
Mr. Chet Lunner, former Deputy Under Secretary of Homeland Security in the Office of Intelligence and Analysis
Ms. Suzanne Spaulding, Principal, Bingham Consulting and Of Counsel, Bingham McCutchen LLP
Mr. Jeff Stein, Washington Post SpyTalk columnist
The OSINT Round Table was created to make a public space for discussion about the government's needs for Open Source Intelligence in order to facilitate relationships between government officials and private sector leaders. We seek to foster an increasingly responsive open source intelligence infrastructure that meets the needs of national security decision makers.
No Charge. Seating may be limited. RSVP at www.lexisnexis.com/osint

Register to attend at www.lexisnexis.com/osint



For more information or to make reservations, please contact Gary Gorsline, Chapter President, at (813) 995-2200 or by email at garyg@x-link.info, or Wallace Bruschweiler, Chapter Vice President, at (727) 849-0977 or by email at afiosuncoastvp@aol.com


For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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