AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #30-19 dated 6 August 2019

To view this edition of the Weekly Notes online, use the following link.

[Editors' Note are now below the CONTENTS] REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs, click here.





Section IV - Obituaries, Jobs, Research Assistance



Research Assistance

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors: rsy, ec, po, pj, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th, ed, and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
If you are having difficulties with the links or viewing this newsletter when it arrives by email, members may view the latest edition each week at this link. You will need your LOGIN NAME and your PASSWORD.

Gifts appropriate for intelligence officers, colleagues, recruitments, agents, advisors, and family.

The AFIO Store has following new items ready for quick shipment:

NEW: Long and Short-Sleeved Shirts with embroidered AFIO Logo and New Mugs with color-glazed permanent logo

Show your support for AFIO with our new Polo Shirts. Be the first to buy these new, high quality, subtle heathered grey shirts of shrink and wrinkle resistant fine cotton with a soft yet substantial feel. They feature a detailed embroidered AFIO seal. Get a shirt for yourself and consider as gifts for colleagues, family, and friends. Only $45 each including shipping.
Sizes of (M) men or (W) women shirts; Small, Medium, Large, XL, XXL, and XXXL. At this time all orders will arrive as Short Sleeve shirts.
You may pay by check or credit card. Complete your order online here or mail an order along with payment to: AFIO, 7600 Leesburg Pike, Ste 470 East, Falls Church, VA 22043-2004. Phone orders at 703-790-0320.
 If interested in other shirt colors or sleeve lengths, contact Annette at:

NEW: Mug with color glazed logo. Made in America. (We left out all that lead-based glaze and hidden toxins in those mugs made in China being sold by other organizations). Also sturdy enough to sit on desk to hold pens, cards, paperclips, and candy.

This handsome large, heavy USA-made ceramic mug is dishwasher-safe with a glazed seal. $35 per mug includes shipping. Order this and other store items online here.

2019 CAE Virtual Career Fair
This year, the Centers of Academic Excellence (CAE) in Cybersecurity is hosting the third annual CAE Virtual Career Fair (VCF) 27 September 2019...

Read More

Call for Papers
Legally Immoral Activity?
Testing the Limits of Intelligence Collection

for conference to be held 11-12 February 2020
at The Citadel, Charleston, SC

Paper deadline is 15 October 2019

Are there limits to intelligence collection in support of national security? Where, if at all, does a free and open society provide the limits of surveillance? Civil liberties are a founding tenet of democracy, but at what cost? How does a country balance collective security with individual rights? Recently, a Federal Court ordered Apple to help the FBI unlock the cellphone of a terrorist, but company officials would oppose that order, citing concerns over the privacy rights of all Americans.
This 2-day inter-disciplinary conference will examine the legal, ethical, social, economic, historical and political aspects of the United States government's ability to protect its citizens in an era that warfare has no societal or personal boundaries.

Call for paper presentations, workshops/interactive sessions, and posters/exhibits are welcome.

The conference will be held 11-12 February 2020 on the campus of
The Citadel in Charleston, SC.
Deadline for proposals and abstracts must be received by 15 October 2019.
Inquires and Submissions should be sent to
Dr. Jan Goldman, Department of Intelligence and Security Studies


There will be no WINs next week, 13 August 2019.

We will resume the following Tuesday, 20 August 2019.

PODCASTS of interest

Newt Gingrich Interviews 30-year Senior CIA Officer Carol Rollie Flynn, Associate DD National Counterterrorism Center
and served as Chief of Station in numerous overseas postings.
Recorded 4 Aug 2019 by Newt's World: Episode 27: Spies Like Us - Rollie Flynn
All about the men and women who serve our nation in the intelligence service.
Runs 32 minutes. [NB: Podcast starts with and contains several two-minute advertisements.]

"What Does John Ratcliffe's Nomination Mean For The Intelligence Community?"
Boston Public Radio interviewed Boston University Professor John D. Woodward Jr, former CIA, about the resignation of DNI Coats and nomination of John Ratcliffe (later withdrawn).

Recorded 31 July 2019. Runs 16:26 minutes. Additional commentary about the topic of service in the IC is discussed by Professor Woodward and in print by Arjun Singh.

Heading to London this month? Do not miss these spy tours...

London's in-depth spy tour provider, THE INTELLIGENCE TRAIL, is offering AFIO members a 10% discount on tours booked in August 2019 for tours in that month and beyond (subject to availability), to help celebrate the tenth anniversary of 'missions' on the streets of London.

Brian Gray, Founder and Guide, wrote: "Ever since launching in August 2009, the 'Trail has quickly attracted intelligence, security, military and diplomatic professionals from around the world who value an immersive appreciation of British intelligence affairs past and present on the London streets. What better way to celebrate this special month than by making it even more attractive for seasoned professionals such as AFIO members to take a tour when over here."

In addition to 2019 commemorating ten years of London tours, it has also seen the launch of a new content-rich spy tour in the Scottish capital, Edinburgh — the only one of its kind. The AFIO discount is available on that tour too.

The special offer expires 31 August 2019 so to take advantage of the discount, quote "AFIOAugust10" when corresponding with Brian.  Make your booking no later than 31st August 2019 and the discount will be applied from the standard quoted prices shown on the 'Trail website 

Why Federal Employees Need Professional Liability Insurance
Sponsored By: Starr Wright USA   March 13, 2018
Imagine being accused of misconduct while on the job, then draining your bank account — or even depleting your retirement savings — defending yourself against the claim. While no federal employee likes to think it could happen to them, the scenario is all too common: Whether through an Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) complaint, an accusation of misuse of government funds, or litigation in the form of a civil or criminal lawsuit, federal employees are often targeted by allegations, complaints and investigations. Contrary to popular belief, in some cases the Department of Justice may choose not to provide defense, leaving employees to protect their careers, reputations and finances on their own. Even in cases of baseless claims, legal fees, damages and other costs may run into the hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars, placing employees' — and their families' — financial security at risk. In a litigious climate defined by uncertainty and shrinking budgets, federal employees at all levels face catastrophic risk, due to liabilities that may arise while on the job. Fortunately, federal employees can protect themselves and preemptively mitigate this risk through Federal Employee Professional Liability Insurance.
Article continues here in Federal Times.

— For your October calendar —

NSA/CSS and NCMF Program and Registration Fill-n-Print Forms

2019 NCMF Membership Meeting
and Symposium on Crptologic History
Wednesday, 16 October 2019, 9 a.m. - 3 p.m.
Laurel, MD

NCMF 2019 Membership Meeting

NCMFThe 2019 NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium will be held from 9am to 3pm on 16 October 2019 at the JHU/APL Kossiakoff Center, 11100 John Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723-6099. See here for a snapshot of the program and stay tuned for more details. Registration is open now. SYMPOSIUM SNAPSHOT:  RUSSIAN PENETRATION OF U.S. ASSETS

2019 Symposium on Cryptologic History
Thursday-Friday, 17 - 18 October 2019 - Laurel, MD
The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS)
and the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation

The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) and the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation Symposium will be held on October 17-18, 2019 at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory's Kossiakoff Center in Laurel, MD. The theme of the 2019 Symposium is "From Discovery to Discourse." From Discovery to Discourse — THEME & PROGRAM INFO.

NSA/CSS and NCMF Program and Registration Fill-n-Print Forms

Just Released and Forthcoming Books of the Week

Hateland: A Long, Hard Look at America's Extremist Heart
by Daryl Johnson
(Prometheus Books, Jun 2019)

In America, extremism is no longer in the shadowy fringes, but has shifted into the national mainstream.

Johnson dissects the rapidly expanding forms of American hatred and radicalization, including white nationalists, anti-government militias, antifascists (Antifa), Black Lives Matter and other militant black nationalists, and extremist Islamic groups. The author develops a concise model that explains how extremists on both the far right and the far left use the same techniques to recruit and radicalize individuals into violent offenders. He also examines the political forces that fuel this threat and have kept the US government from properly identifying and developing countermeasures to deal with it, including a disproportional emphasis on Islamic terrorism.

He concludes by recounting individual stories of deradicalization, each of which was the result of personal reevaluations of formerly held extremist convictions. He recommends more resources at the state and federal levels for combatting radical movements. He also urges greater communication and coordination between law enforcement agencies.

Book may be ordered here.

Fire in the Sky: Cosmic Collisions, Killer Asteroids, and the Race to Defend Earth
by Gordon L. Dillow
(Scribner, Jun 2019)

One of the ultimate "Black Swan" events with considerable National Security implications and has created the first Planetary Defense Officer..

Combining history, pop science, and in-depth reporting, Dillow provides a fascinating account of asteroids that hit Earth long ago, and those streaming toward us now, as well as how we are preparing against asteroid-caused catastrophe.

One of these days the Earth will be hit by a comet or asteroid of potentially catastrophic size. The only question is when. In the meantime, we need to get much better at finding objects hurtling our way, and if they're large enough to penetrate the atmosphere without burning up, figure out what to do about them.

The revelation that Meteor Crater and others like it were formed by impacts with space objects has led to a now accepted theory about what killed off the dinosaurs, and has opened up a new field of asteroid observation, which has recently brimmed with urgency.

Satellite sensors confirm that a Hiroshima-scale blast occurs in the atmosphere every year, and a smaller, one-kiloton blast every month. While Dillow makes clear that the objects above can be deadly, he consistently inspires awe with his descriptions of their size, makeup, and origins. At once a riveting work of popular science and a warning to not take for granted the space objects hurtling overhead.

Book may be ordered here.


CSIS Sending More Agents Abroad to Counter Foreign Threats. Canada's domestic spy agency is upping the number of officers and analysts it deploys overseas, telling parliamentarians it has a "growing footprint" internationally.

The number of overseas stations the Canadian Security Intelligence Service operates is classified, with the agency only publicly admitting to permanent outposts in Paris, London and Washington.

But in a 2018 briefing to the new parliamentary committee that oversees national security operations, CSIS reported a "growing footprint" abroad, primarily at missions operated by Global Affairs Canada.

The number of CSIS employees stationed internationally is censored from the document, and CSIS does not publicly disclose staffing levels. [Read more: Boutilier/TorontoStar/5August2019]

Australian Spy to Plead Guilty in East Timor Bugging Case. A former Australian spy will plead guilty to conspiring to reveal classified information about an allegation that Australia bugged East Timor's government during negotiations over the sharing of billions of dollars in oil and gas revenue in 2004, splitting his case from his lawyer and alleged co-conspirator who will fight the charge, a court was told Tuesday.

East Timor launched a case in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague in 2013 to pull out of a bilateral treaty for sharing Timor Sea energy revenue based on allegations that Australia gained an unfair advantage in negotiations by bugging East Timorese Cabinet rooms in Dili, East Timor's capital. Australia refuses to discuss classified information.

Haydn Carmichael - who represents the Australian Secret Intelligence Service spy, known as Witness K, who alleges he led the illegal bugging operation - told the Australian Capital Territory Magistrates Court that his client would plead guilty to the conspiracy charge, which carries a potential sentence of two years in prison. [Read more: McGuirk/AP/6August2019]

Results of Intelligence Community Diversity Initiative Unclear, Says GAO. GAO has said that it the results of the Centers for Academic Excellence program, intended to create an increased pool of culturally and ethnically diverse job applicants for intelligence community agencies, are unclear because of a lack of planning and oversight.

The program, which started in 2005, has provided grants to 29 colleges worth $69 million through 2021 for purposes such as developing curricula aligning with IC mission skills sets and competencies and competitively selecting students to participate. In its early years it was operated by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence; in 2011 it was moved to the Defense Intelligence Agency and next year the ODNI plans to again take direct control.

GAO said the DIA "has not developed results-oriented goals or documented an overall strategy for the program, evaluated external factors that could significantly affect the program's success, defined and collected comprehensive metrics, or conducted an assessment of the program's performance." [Read more: FedWeek/6August2019]

Timothy M. Dunham Named Special Agent in Charge of the Criminal Division at the Washington Field Office. Director Christopher Wray has named Timothy M. Dunham as the special agent in charge of the Criminal Division at the Washington Field Office. Mr. Dunham most recently served as the special agent in charge of the office's Counterintelligence Division.

Mr. Dunham joined the FBI as a special agent in 2002. He was first assigned to the Chicago Field Office, where he worked counterintelligence cases. In 2007, he was promoted to a supervisory special agent in the Counterintelligence Division at FBI Headquarters. In 2009, he transferred to the Counterterrorism Division as the program manager for the FBI's extraterritorial counterterrorism investigations that originated in Western Europe.

In 2011, Mr. Dunham was named an FBI detailee to the Central Intelligence Agency, where he coordinated FBI human intelligence operations overseas with U.S. Intelligence Community partners. [Read more: FBI/2August2019]

Eyes on President Kenyatta as Spy Chief's Term Ends This Month. The performance of the country's spy chief will come under close scrutiny as his five - year term lapses this month.

Credited for greatly influencing the new policy direction taken in the national security and the government's war against corruption, the National Intelligence Service (NIS) director-general, Major Gen (Rtd) Philip Kameru's term is expected to end on or about August 21, leaving President Uhuru Kenyatta with the task of either extending his term or picking his replacement.

President Kenyatta nominated Mr Kameru on August 21, 2014 for a five-year term upon the resignation of Maj Gen Michael Gichangi, who left office in a huff after a series of lapses in security.
[Read more: Gisesa/DailyNation/4August2019]


Did Novelist John Steinbeck Spy for the CIA in Paris? In the summer of 1954, John Steinbeck was living the good life here in the City of Lights, but teetering on the brink of darkness and despair. The author of The Grapes of Wrath was hugely famous and comfortably rich (although still years away from the 1962 Nobel Prize for Literature), but he was wrestling with depression. "I just don't have any place to run to, it seems sometimes," he wrote to his agent in New York.

Writers often like to complicate their lives with distractions and adventures when they're depressed, especially when they think they're not writing anything very important, which was the case with Steinbeck in the summer of '54. So, to keep himself amused, Steinbeck had signed up for a series of little columns and short stories to be published in French (which he did not speak) in the Paris daily Le Figaro.

And one of those has just been published in English for the first time by The Strand Magazine, which previously unearthed lost or forgotten fiction by Ernest Hemingway, H.G. Wells, and others.

Also, during that Paris sojourn in '54, it appears Steinbeck was working as an asset gathering intelligence for the CIA. [Read more: Dickey/DailyBeast/1August2019]

Australia's National Intelligence Community: An Overview of the Key Agencies. Australia's Office of National Intelligence (ONI) was formed on 20 December 2018, following the Australian Government's adoption of the 2017 Independent Intelligence Review's (IIR) recommendations.

This represents a milestone in the formation of Australia's new National Intelligence Community (NIC), with the ONI assuming responsibility for management of the NIC, as well as acting as a single point of accountability to the Prime Minister and National Security Committee of Cabinet.

On its website, the ONI outlines its key aims and responsibilities, and lists which agencies form the NIC. [Read more: Miralis/Lexology/2August2019]

Virtual Internships in the Federal Government Introduce More Young People to the IC. Internships are one of the best ways to grow your career network, learn about your industry, and land a full-time job after graduation. Just ask me - I considered myself a professional intern in college, often building my course schedule around my planned internships and even using a lecture I attended at one internship to introduce me to a post-college internship that launched my career as a Department of Army civilian (through none other than the Department of Army Internship program).

The one downside to pursuing internships, whether you're in college or have already graduated, is the significant cost burden. With many federal government internship opportunities located in the Washington metro, and the pay often barely enough to cover rent, the prospect of flying from Indianapolis to Washington for a three-month internship may be a financial bridge too far.

For students interested in federal service but not interested (or able) to come to Washington, there's another option: the State Department's Virtual Student Federal Service program. The VSFS program allows students to intern from anywhere they have a broadband connection - from their dorm room to their local coffee shop. [Read more: Kyzer/ClearanceJobs/6August2019]

RFK's Secret Role in the Cuban Missile Crisis. ‘This is the result of the photography taken Sunday, sir. There's a medium-range ballistic missile launch site and two new military encampments... in West Central Cuba. The launch site at one of the encampments contains a total of at least 14 canvas-covered missile trailers, measuring 67 feet long and more than nine feet in width."

On a Tuesday morning in October 1962, these chilling words informed President Kennedy and his advisors that the Soviet Union was constructing nuclear missile sites in Cuba. Thanks to recording devices established and activated by JFK, we can actually hear CIA briefer Marshall Carter and deliver this precise analysis of U.S. spy plane photos. Their tone appears calm and measured, yet this briefing would light the touch paper for the Cold War's most dramatic crisis. Nuclear missiles now lay in place merely 90 miles off the U.S. coast, contrary to the express assurances of Soviet Premier Khrushchev and in the face of repeated warnings from President Kennedy in preceding months.

These missiles presented a dramatic challenge to the precarious balance of Cold War power, and the next 13 days would see a dangerous stand-off between two nuclear superpowers with a combined arsenal of some 4,000 warheads. Before the crisis was resolved, one of these warheads would be ordered for launch.

Robert F. Kennedy, JFK's younger brother, was 36 years old at the time. [Read more: Hayes/ScientificAmerican/6August2019]

Intelligence Analyst Serves as Communicator, Educator. Threats to Army weapon systems come in many forms. It's Christine Miller's job to identify those threats and work with program managers and engineers to make sure the Army's weapon systems are as effective as possible. She supports the Aviation and Missile Command as a senior intelligence analyst/acquisition intelligence officer.

"I integrate intelligence and threat data into the materiel acquisition process so we know what threats our weapon systems need to counter," Miller said. "We advise Army senior leaders of the latest threat capabilities and emerging technologies during the development of new weapon systems."

Her primary responsibility is focused on the Program Executive Office for Missiles and Space - specifically the Cruise Missile Defense Systems Project Office. She integrates tailored intelligence and threat data into their acquisition process. [Read more: Brown/RedstoneRocket/31July2019]


A Spy and a Small Prayer. Any author who gains an enthusiastic endorsement from John Le Carré certainly gets my vote every time. And I have to admit Ben Macintyre's Sunday Times bestseller The Spy And The Traitor is simply cracking.

Le Carré claims it's "The best true spy story" he's ever read and I have no hesitation in saying "Amen" to that. In my opinion, acclaimed author and broadcaster Macintyre has written a riveting account of Oleg Gordievsky's remarkable career as a covert MI6 spy, so riveting in fact that even Frederick Forsyth has gone so far as to say that "if any spy writer were to put it in a novel it would not be believed".

I found it difficult to put this amazing book down while I was working in Tenerife last month. From the moment I boarded the plane in Bristol and discovered that super spy Gordievsky had realised he was under suspicion when he noticed his apartment door locked differently, I was completely hooked. It was such a good read that I read it three times, savouring each succulent chapter as if it was a delicious piece of sirloin. [Read more: James/ChristianToday/2August2019]

Russian Foreign Intelligence Service Is Alarmed by Belarusian-Western Normalization. Following predictions by Russian military intelligence (GRU) that the West wants to separate Belarus from Russia and incorporate it into the Western orbit (see EDM, February 22), Moscow's civilian external spy agency, the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), expressed its own concerns about the ongoing normalization in diplomatic ties between Belarus and the West. And pointedly, the SVR appears to closely echo the GRU's assessments.

On July 9, the director of the SVR, Sergey Naryshkin, paid a working visit to Brest, Belarus, at the invitation of the head of the Belarusian State Security Committee (KGB), Valery Vakulchik. The two intelligence officials discussed the results of past cooperation and prospects for future collaboration between their special services. They also emphasized the importance of consolidating efforts aimed at strengthening their capacity to counter global challenges as well as threats to the security of the Union State of Belarus and Russia (, July 9).

Among the priority topics of the meeting, they discussed countering religious and political extremism, international terrorism and the spreading influence of radical organizations. But according to Naryshkin, the event was also notably devoted to the perceived problem of attempts by Western countries and their intelligence services to aggressively interfere in the internal affairs of Belarus and Russia. [Read more: Sivitsky/EurasiaDailyMonitor/31July2019]

Research Universities Must Bolster Both Security and Openness. Over the past year, the federal government has expressed increasing concern about foreign interference in the university-based research that for decades has made America the world leader in scientific innovation. The federal intelligence agencies raising alarms have underlined the growing incidence and complexity of threats to universities, which take various forms and originate from an array of sources in cyberspace or from state-directed actors seeking critical information.

Facing these concerns, research universities are working - and all higher education institutions must work - to bolster the security of their research without sacrificing the openness and collaboration that serves as a keystone of their research enterprises. To do this effectively, we need a strong partnership with federal intelligence and security agencies.

Dating back to World War II, the distinct partnership between the federal government and America's research universities has contributed directly to U.S. national defense and security. Federally sponsored research at universities has produced cures and treatments for devastating diseases, created the internet, and led to technologies vital to our security such as radar, lasers, precision-guided weapons and advanced body armor, to name just a few. The scientific environment that enabled such advances has been characterized by openness and the free flow of ideas and international talent -- attracting the world's greatest minds to the United States.

The fact is that international students and faculty members, including those from China, play an integral role in higher education in the United States. Indeed, we have the world's best research universities in part because we host these students and scholars. They provide invaluable contributions to college campuses and enrich the educational environment for all students. We must continue to support and welcome them. [Read more: InsideHigherEd/5August2019]

I Spent 25 Years Fighting Jihadis. White Supremacists Aren't So Different. When a young Muslim man, self-radicalized online, kills in the name of Islamist ideology, we have no trouble calling him a terrorist and connecting him with groups like ISIS. When a young white man, similarly self-radicalized, kills in the name of racist ideology - even when he publishes a manifesto to that effect - we tend to call him disturbed. We speak about him as a troubled loner, rather than a member of a wider network.

The disparities are not limited to cultural perceptions. America's law enforcement agencies, intelligence community and court system all treat these two scenarios differently. Those differences in treatment mask instructive similarities between these two forms of organized hate. Having spent almost 25 years fighting jihadi terrorism here and abroad, I see disturbing parallels between the rise of Al Qaeda in the 1990s and that of racist terrorism today.

White supremacists, like their Islamist counterparts, explicitly seek to use violence to create a climate of fear and chaos that can then be exploited to reshape society in their own image. Their recruitment videos share an emphasis on the lifestyle they purport to offer recruits - one of "purity," militancy and physical fitness. While jihadis share beheading videos, right-wing extremists glory in the live streaming of the deadly attack on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. While Islamic State supporters communicate through an online platform called Telegram, white supremacists tend to do so through another platform, 8chan. [Read more: Soufan/NewYorkTimes/5August2019]

China's Intelligence Gathering Ships Change the Equation. Exercise Talisman Sabre has finished, and the Australian, American and Japanese units involved have dispersed to their bases or operational deployments. So has the Chinese ship which monitored their activities.

The Type 815G intelligence gatherer (AGI) No. 853 Tianwangxing (in English Uranus) was not the first of its class to conduct such operations. Its sister ship No. 852 Haiwangxing (Neptune) deployed in the same way to monitor the last Talisman Sabre exercise in 2017. It could be a Chinese joke to name the PLA-N's 815G class after the planets which are the subject of so much observation by astronomers, but the chosen allegory may derive from planets being constant in their orbits around the sun. For such intelligence gathering at sea is the new normal.

ln some ways this is a reversion to an old reality. Even if the current strategic environment is not a return to the days of the Cold War, there are operational consequences of China's increasing naval capabilities and its efforts to change the balance of power in the Indo-Pacific which are forcing a return to the practices of that period. One is that the PLA-N has a growing force of very capable, high endurance ships designed and equipped to collect intelligence and it is sending them increasingly far afield and for longer periods. [Read more: Goldrick/TheInterpreter/31July2019]

Section IV - Obituaries, Jobs, Research Assistance


Tom Elliott, Career NSA Officer
Thomas Brian Elliott, 80, a Career NSA Officer, died 25 July 2019 in Chesterfield, VA.
His career began with the U.S. Army and led to a long and storied career in the National Security Agency, becoming a Senior Executive, and serving in locations all over the world, family-in-tow. In this, he leaves behind many dear friends and colleagues. He was a Phoenix Society member.
Additionally, Tom was ordained a Deacon with the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C. in 1981, and served in this capacity in parishes in Bowie, MD; Summerville, SC; Harrogate, England; and Chesterfield, VA. He spent many years devoted to Prison Ministry, working with inmates at both FCI Petersburg and Buckingham Correctional Facilities, to include working with NCADP and the Institute for Actual Innocence projects.
He is survived by his wife of 59 years, Joanne (Crosby) Elliott, a daughter, four sons, and other family.
A funeral Mass will be held at St. Edward the Confessor Catholic Church, 2700 Dolfield Dr, North Chesterfield, VA 23235, at 1 p.m. on Friday, 16 August 2019. Interment will follow in the Memorial Gardens Columbarium at the Church. Afterwards there will be a reception in the Church Community Center.


FireEye Has Two New Positions in Reston and Arlington, VA – Senior Data Scientist, Incident Response Consultant

Job Title:

Senior Data Scientist


6 to 20 years

Job Location:

Reston, VA

Senior Data Scientist Reston, VA, USA Full time Company Description FireEye is the leader in intelligence led security as a service. Working as a seamless, scalable extension of customer security operations, FireEye offers a single platform that blends innovative security technologies, nation state grade threat intelligence...


Job Title:

Incident Response Consultant - Top Secret Clearance


5 to 20 years

Job Location:

Arlington, VA

Incident Response Consultant Top Secret Clearance Arlington, VA, USA Full time Company Description FireEye is the leader in intelligence led security as a service. Working as a seamless, scalable extension of customer security operations, FireEye offers a single platform that blends innovative security technologies, nation...

Faculty Opportunity in Computer Science and Cyber Security
Cybersecurity Faculty Position Open at Fordham University, New York, NY. Full details here.

Research Assistance

CAVEAT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before deciding if you wish to supply a resume, career data, or personal information. Your participation in research aids the Intelligence Community and future officers.

STANDING RESEARCH PROJECT BY AFIO: Professor/Researcher Seeks Identification of Events Significantly Affected by Intelligence for "When Intelligence Made a Difference" - a new AFIO Project

AFIO is beginning a new educational project entitled "When Intelligence Made a Difference." We invite you to identify events involving any nation or organization when the outcome was affected significantly by intelligence.
We plan to publish edited submissions serially in our print-only member magazine Intelligencer: Journal of US Intelligence Studies.

If you are interested in contributing an article, please email Briefly state what event you have in mind, and include your bio. [AFIO will identify authors by name and current or former title only ― no multi-line biographies.] If your suggestion is a good fit for this project, we will respond asking for your comments on that event, not to exceed 1,500 words (excluding footnotes).
When you send your article and bio, please let us know if you have ever had prior employment or contract work within the US Intelligence Community -- and, to meet pre-publication review requirements, supply a copy of the official approval letter or email you received back, naming and clearing for publication the article you are sending us. Without this, we are unable to consider or include your article in the publication.

As with most nonprofit academic publications, contributors will not be paid, however AFIO will publish under broad, pro-educational Creative Commons copyright. Therefore, authors retain the right to use their articles anywhere else they wish, after its publication in Intelligencer.
Eight weeks after publication of your contribution in the print-only version of Intelligencer, the article will then appear on AFIO's website for general public/educational access. Since the time of 1) an article's acceptance, and 2) appearance in print, and then 3) inclusion online can run eighteen months to three years from start-to-finish, a title-author listing of all accepted forthcoming articles (but no summaries) will be included in a print edition of Intelligencer and online. So it is imperative authors be patient as these articles are released on this serialized basis, in our two or three journal issues per year. By submitting an article to us authors acknowledge and accept these provisions.

This project would make a good class assignment. Accepted articles would give students a publication credit in a recognized journal.

Again, if you wish to participate or explore more aspects of this project, email Peter Oleson at


Wednesday, 14 August 2019, 7 p.m. - Las Vegas, NV - The Roger E. McCarthy Chapter Las Vegas, Nevada hears from Tommy Anderson about "Haboob Wind"; Other Chapter Business Conducted

Our guest speaker, Mr. Tommy Anderson—a noted storyteller—will be speaking on the background and personal experiences which led to his authoring of a chilling story about what could actually happen in a modern day terrorist attack on the technology that holds together the very fabric of our society. Anderson is an Veteran of the U.S. Army, U.S. Army National Guard, and the U.S. Air National Guard.
His first novel, Haboob Wind—the basis of his talk this evening—draws on his experiences in the military and law enforcement and pays homage to the resourcefulness and patriotism of veterans.

The formal business meeting will start at 7 pm with a pre-meeting social gathering at 5:30 pm for those who wish to grab a bite or beverage at the Clubhouse Restaurant/Bar before the meeting.
Event is being held at the Los Prados Country Club, 5150 Los Prados Cir, Las Vegas, NV 89130.

RSVP: Linda Cohn, Chapter Secretary, at or call her at 702-239-1370, if you have questions. We look forward to seeing you!

Saturday, 24 August 2019, 5:30 p.m. - Oak Lawn, IL - AFIO Illinois-Indiana Chapter hosts Cybersecurity expert Professor Maurice Dawson

Speaker and Dinner are part of this chapter meeting where we will hear Maurice Dawson, Ph.D., D.C.Sc., SMIEEE, Director of the Center for Cyber Security and Forensics Education, Fulbright Scholar, & Senior Fellow at ALPF, discuss Cybersecurity issues. Professor Dawson is a nationally recognized expert on CyberSecurity and a published author.

Event is being held at the Stoney Creek Golf Club, 5850 W 103rd St., Oak Lawn, IL 60453. Chapter VP John Fanning has arranged dinner for us in a private room for the cost of only $40pp.
RSVP: Please advise me as soon as you can of your commitment to attend, and please bring guests with you.
Please understand that we must provide a guaranteed number, and I will be personally responsible for no-shows.
Email your RSVP to chapter President Vernon Petri at or call him at 317-696-3580. Also, if your dues are up for renewal, bundle the $40 fee with your registration.

On Wednesday, 11 September 2019, 11:30 a.m. no-host cocktails; 12 noon - San Francisco, CA - The "André Le Gallo" San Francisco Chapter hosts Abraham D. Sofaer on "US- Iran Relations since 1979."

Abraham D. Sofaer, George P. Shultz Fellow in Foreign Policy and National Security Affairs, Emeritus, is the author of Taking on Iran: Strength, Diplomacy and the Iranian Threat. Dr. Sofaer, who served as legal adviser to the US Department of State from 1985 to 1990, was appointed the first George P. Shultz Distinguished Scholar and Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution in 1994. During his service as legal adviser, he was responsible for US-Iran negotiations at the US-Iran Tribunal in The Hague. 

Meeting location: Basque Cultural Center, 599 Railroad Avenue, South San Francisco, CA.

Register via Eventbrite here.

We will also be taking a moment to honor the passing of Thérèse LeGallo, our immediate Past President. Her obituary appeared in the Weekly Notes #21-19 dated 28 May 2019.

Thursday 12 September 2019, 11:30 am - 1:30 pm - Scottsdale, AZ - Prof Khester Kendrick discusses "Funding Terrorism through Cyber Crime" at Arizona Chapter Meeting

Professor Khester Kendrick, Cyber Security Faculty Member, Grand Canyon University, Phoenix, AZ, has worked in the telecommunications, information technology and business management industries for over 20 years and holds two master's degrees in IT; in 2020 he will be adding a PhD in Information Technology. He is currently developing an undergrad course material for Networking and Cyber-Security for GCU. Professor Kendrick will be leading this presentation with all of our members' active participation.

Location: Best Western Thunderbird Suites, 7515 E Butherus Dr, Scottsdale, AZ 85260.
Cost: $18 pp.
RSVP: Let us know if you will be attending by sending email to
WE WILL NEED YOUR RSVP no later than 72 hours ahead of time. WE ARE charged for no-shows, therefore we ask that chapter members respond to confirm your presence (or not).
BADGES: many have been given a permanent badge, if you do not have one, please email me with the information you would like on your badge (Full Name and Past Career Title/Affiliated Organization ~ should you wish). The cost for a badge with a magnetic strip is $8.
For reservations or questions, please email Simone at either, or; or call and leave a message on 602.570.6016.
REMEMBER as well, that if you are bringing a guest please send the full name of that person.

Saturday, 14 September 2019, 11:30 am - 2 pm - Indialantic, FL - The Florida Satellite Chapter hosts Spencer Ward discussing RAdm Robert Ward's WWII Activities in the Pacific Theater of Operations

Mr. Spencer Ward, the son of Rear Admiral Robert Ward, will discuss his father's distinguished WWII record as a submarine commander in the Pacific Theater of Operations. Admiral Ward was a 1935 graduate of the U.S, Naval Academy, and retired from active service in 1965 at the rank of Rear Admiral. Admiral Ward's wartime medals include two Navy Crosses and two Silver Stars.
TIMING: 11:30 AM - 12:15 PM: Social Hour, greet old, new members and guests. Cash bar.
12:15 PM: Sit-Down lunch
LOCATION: Doubletree Melbourne Beach Oceanfront, 1665 N. Highway A1A, Indialantic, FL 32903
TO ATTEND: Prepaid reservations are required and must be received by Sunday, 1 September 2019. To reserve, indicate in your email or letter your food choices (see below) and send check, payable to AFIO FSC to Chapter Treasurer Rhonda Rhoads, PO Box 410158, Melbourne, FL 32941.
Menu Choices are: Chicken Francese, chicken breast sautéed in a buttery lemon and wine sauce (C); Chef's Choice of either Pasta Marinara or Pasta Primavera. (P); Vegetables, dessert, coffee and iced tea included.
Cost is $30/members, $35 non-members.
Qs? Rhonda can be reached at and (321) 626-4465.
Paid, advance registration is required and none can be accepted after Saturday, 7 September.
Please note new meeting venue at top of this announcement.

Wednesday 18 September 2019, 5:30 p.m. - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter hosts Larry Loftis, on SOE Hero, Odette Sansom, in his book Code Name: Lise

Larry Loftis is the author of Code Name: Lise―The True Story of the Woman Who Became WWII's Most Highly Decorated Spy, the story of Odette Sansom (1912-1995), a Frenchwoman living in England, wife of an Englishman and mother of 3 daughters, who was recruited into Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) to conduct espionage in France during WW II with her commander, and yet-to-be second husband, Peter Churchill. Leaving her daughters in a convent school and with relatives, she joined the rigorous training program, becoming proficient with a wide range of weapons, learning the fine points of spycraft, and perfecting her new identity with the code name Lise. In France she proved herself fearless. Hunted by the Germans, in 1943, Odette and Peter were captured, imprisoned, and tortured. Loftis describes Odette's ordeal in grisly detail. Two lies saved her: She pretended that she and Peter were married (they would be after the war) and that Peter was related to Winston Churchill. In defeat, the Gestapo hoped to use her as a bargaining chip.

Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm. Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to ensure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at or 646-717-3776.

1 November 2019, 10:30 am - 2 pm - Tysons, VA - Do not miss this final AFIO luncheon of 2019. Features Jonna Mendez, former CIA Chief of Disguise, co-author of The Moscow Rules: The Secret CIA Tactics That Helped America Win the Cold War, and Vince Houghton PhD, Spy Museum Historian, discussing his just released The Nuclear Spies: America's Atomic Intelligence Operation against Hitler and Stalin.

Jonna Mendez's presentation starts at 11 a.m. Mendez (Spy Dust: Two Masters of Disguise Reveal the Tools and Operations That Helped Win the Cold War), share (with late husband Tony Mendez) their experiences as spies in Moscow during the height of the Cold War in the mid-1980s. The authors begin with the initial list of "the Moscow Rules" and continue to discuss briefly the current state of affairs in Russia under Vladimir Putin, and how they interfered with the 2016 U.S. election.

Vince Houghton PhD, historian and curator of the International Spy Museum, makes his presentation at 1 p.m. on The Nuclear Spies: America's Atomic Intelligence Operation against Hitler and Stalin. He asks why did the US intelligence services fail so spectacularly to know about the Soviet Union's nuclear capabilities following WWII? The Manhattan Project's intelligence team had penetrated the Third Reich and knew every detail of the Nazi 's plan for an atomic bomb. What changed and what went wrong?

Venue: DoubleTree by Hilton, 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, Tysons Corner, VA 22182 Phone: (703) 893-2100. Directions at this link.


Wednesday 4 December 2019, 5:30 p.m. - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter hosts CIA Officer (Ret) Dr. John A. Gentry discussing "IC Political Activism since 2016 -- Origins and Implications."

Partisan political activism by current and former intelligence officers since mid-2016 is the largest and most significant politicization of intelligence by intelligence officers in U.S. history. This presentation will explore the causes and the wholly negative consequences of this new form of politicization for the IC and the country.

Dr. John A. Gentry was for 12 years an intelligence analyst at the CIA, where he worked mainly economic issues associated with the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact countries; for two of those years he was senior analyst on the staff of the National Intelligence Officer for Warning. He is a retired U.S. Army Reserve officer, with most assignments in special operations and intelligence arenas. On active duty, he was executive officer of a special forces operational detachment. As a reservist, he was mobilized and spent much of 1996 as a civil affairs officer in Bosnia. Dr. Gentry also is an adjunct associate professor with the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University. He formerly taught at the College of International Security Affairs, National Defense University, at the National Intelligence University, and at George Mason University. His research interests primarily are in intelligence and security studies. He publishes frequently in Intelligence and National Security and International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence. Georgetown University Press published his co-authored book, Strategic Warning Intelligence: History, Challenges and Prospects, in early 2019. He is a member of the Editorial Committee of the International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence. He is adjunct professor at Georgetown University.

Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm. Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to ensure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at or 646-717-3776.

Monday, 20 January 2020, 5:30 p.m. - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter hosts CIA Officer (Ret) and Author/Disguise Expert Jonna Mendez

Jonna Mendez (Spy Dust: Two Masters of Disguise Reveal the Tools and Operations That Helped Win the Cold War), share (with late husband Tony Mendez) their experiences as spies in Moscow during the height of the Cold War in the mid-1980s. The authors begin with the initial list of "the Moscow Rules" and continue to discuss briefly the current state of affairs in Russia under Vladimir Putin, and how they interfered with the 2016 U.S. election. Additional details to follow in coming months.

Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm. Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to ensure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at or 646-717-3776.

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

Saturday, 28 September 2019 - Tysons Corner, VA - HOLD THE DATE: CIRA Annual Dinner

HOLD THE DATE. The 2019 annual CIRA dinner will be held in Tysons Corner. The cost will be $110 per person.

As was the case last year, the selected Tysons Corner hotel has reserved a block of rooms at reduced rates for attendees traveling from out of town. Information on menu choices will be forwarded in the near future.
Program: Cocktail Reception starts 6 pm; Dinner begins 7:30 pm; Presentations begin 8:45 pm. Full details when finalized.

The evening's program will include the presentation of the first CIRA Lloyd Salvetti award. There will be periodic updates on menu, reduced room rates, and updates on the evening program including the presentation of the Lloyd Salvetti Award. Meanwhile, put this date in your calendar and stay tuned for follow-ups. When available, specifics on location, registration, and other questions, will be announced on CIRA's webpage.

Wednesday, 16 October 2019, 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. - Laurel, MD - NCMF 2019 Membership Meeting

The 2019 NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium will be held from 9am to 3pm on 16 October 2019 at the JHU/APL Kossiakoff Center, 11100 John Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723-6099. See below for a snapshot of the program and stay tuned for more details. Registration is open now. We hope you will please share information about our upcoming program with friends, colleagues, and related communities.


The NCMF symposium this year will feature an exposé of Soviet and Russian active measures to engage in political warfare and to conduct espionage against the U.S. and others using close access and other means. Among the speakers are Dr. John Lenczowski, Dr. Terry Thompson, Dr Eric Haseltine, Charles Gandy, Jerry Roddy, and James Gosler, all of whom were directly involved in working to thwart these security threats. In addition, the program includes information about NCMF and museum activities as well as an update on the new museum project.

REGISTRATION and COST: Fee includes breakfast (8:15 a.m. - 9:00 a.m.) and lunch (Noon - 1 p.m.). $25 Members, $50 Guests (includes 1 year NCMF membership). Deadline to register is 11 October.
To register, do so here.

***CCH Symposium 2019 (see next event below) - Remember, this year the Symposium on Cryptologic History will take place on 17-18 October and registration for this event is separate from the NCMF program. Please consider registering for both events and enjoying 3 full days of cryptology and cybersecurity. See the NCMF event calendar and Educate section for information about the CCH Symposium.

Additional information or questions can be handled at NCMF Office at or call 301-688-5436. NSA/CSS and NCMF Program and Registration Fill-n-Print Forms

Thursday-Friday, 17 - 18 October 2019 - Laurel, MD - 2019 Symposium on Cryptologic History - The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) and the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation

The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) and the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation's Symposium will be held on October 17-18, 2019 at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory's Kossiakoff Center in Laurel, MD. The theme of the 2019 Symposium is "From Discovery to Discourse."


The theme for the 2019 Symposium on Cryptologic History is "From Discovery to Discourse." Since 1990, the Symposium on Cryptologic History has served as an opportunity to present historical discoveries found in unclassified and declassified Intelligence Community records and engage in scholarly discussion about their significance to cryptologic history. The 2019 Symposium program offers over 20 educational sessions led by over 65 speakers. Topics include cryptologic history related to World War I and II, the Cold War, communications security, cyberspace and technology, international and diplomatic relations, counterintelligence and espionage, declassification and public engagement, and more. The program is here.

REGISTRATION INFO: The registration rate is $70/day ($140 for the full program). The student rate is $35/day ($70 for the full program). Registration includes a light continental breakfast, lunch, and afternoon snacks. Sessions on Saturday, October 19th are free for those who register for one, or both, days at the Kossiakoff Center. For registration questions, contact the NCMF at or 301-688-5436.

Registration is available online here. OR mail your registration form and payment following these instructions.

*** Registration will close on Friday October 11, 2019. No refunds for cancellations will be issued after Monday October 14, 2019. NSA/CSS and NCMF Program and Registration Fill-n-Print Forms

Wednesday, 6 November 2019, 6 - 10:30 pm - Washington, DC - Michael Morell and Jill Singer, Co-Chairs, invite you to The Honorable William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner at the International Spy Museum

The International Spy Museum is proud to announce the keynote speaker for the Museum's annual dinner will be The Honorable George J. Tenet, former Director of Central Intelligence.

As one of longest serving and most influential CIA directors in history, DCI Tenet shares the unique perspective of intelligence in action at the highest level. He will share his experiences and long-standing relationship with this year's Webster Service Awardee, General Michael V. Hayden (Ret.), former Director of the National Security Agency, Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

The William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner will take place at the new home of the International Spy Museum in L'Enfant Plaza. On this special evening, more than 500 attendees will gather to recognize the men and women who have served in the field of National Security with integrity and distinction.
Each year, The Honorable William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award is given to an individual who has embodied the values of our esteemed friend, mentor, and leader ― Judge William H. Webster. This year's honoree is someone known for his invaluable service and contributions to the Intelligence Community, someone that has worked from the ground up and has been both a provider and consumer of intelligence with more than 20 years of experience. It is with great pride that we announce the 2019 honoree is General Michael V. Hayden, former Director of the National Security Agency, Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
AWARD DINNER CO-CHAIRS: Mr. Michael Morell, Senior Counselor, Beacon Global Strategies and Former Deputy Director and former Acting Director, Central Intelligence Agency; Ms. Jill Singer, Vice President, National Security, AT&T Public Sector & Wholesale; Former Chief Information Officer, National Reconnaissance Office.
Tickets range from $495 to $15,000. Explore your registration options here.

This event is closed to media.

Event location: The New International Spy Museum, 700 L'Enfant Plaza SW, Washington, DC 20024. Directions here.

21-22 November 2019 - Phoenix, AZ - CAE in Cyber Security Annual Symposium

The CAE in Cyber Security Symposium is right around the corner! CAE is Centers of Academic Excellence. If your institution belongs to the CAE-CD, CAE-2Y, CAE-R, or CAE-CO Program, you are eligible to participate. Details to follow several months from now.
Direct your questions to What are CAEs? More information here.

Upcoming CAE events and the Cyber Security Symposium.

Gift Suggestions:

AFIO's Guide to the Study of IntelligenceAFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson, Editor, also makes a good gift. View authors and table of contents here.

Perfect for professors, students, those considering careers in intelligence, and current/former officers seeking to see what changes are taking place across a wide spectrum of intelligence disciplines. AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.
For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
To order for shipment to a US-based CONUS address, use this online form,

To order multiple copies or for purchases going to AK, HI, other US territories, or other countries call our office at 703-790-0320 or send email to to hear of shipment fees.

Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.

The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.

MousepadAFIO's Intelligence Community Mousepads are a great looking addition to your desk...or as a gift for others.
Made in USA. Click image for larger view.

These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order MOUSEPADS here.

Disclaimers and Removal Instructions

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers.

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs:

a) IF YOU ARE A MEMBER - click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list. If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to with the words: REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.

b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.

CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link: currentwin.htm

WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor's or author's listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!

(c) 2000, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019. AFIO, 7600 Leesburg Pike, Suite 470 East, Falls Church, VA 22043-2004. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email:

About AFIO | Membership Renewal | Change of Address | Upcoming Events | Chapter Locations | Corporate/Institutional Memberships | Careers in Intelligence Booklet | Guide to the Study of Intelligence | Intelligencer Journal | Weekly Intelligence Notes | To Make A Donation | AFIO Store | Member-Only Section | Code of Ethics | Home Page

Click here to return to top.