A Personal Message from AFIO President James Hughes

ATTENTION AFIO MEMBERS — COMING SOON — AFIO NOW!!

Dear AFIO Colleagues,

We will soon be launching a new program of recorded interviews and other activities. These programs will be posted in the WINs with link to our website's Members-Only section. That section requires you use your USERNAME and PASSWORD -- your access "credentials." Both of which appear on your current membership card supplied members with each renewal. These videos, as they are approved for release, will be announced in these Notes. AFIO Chairman Stewart Baker and I recorded a brief introductory video to the AFIO Now program, and also provide an update on your association's latest developments. Use the link below to log onto the video-portion of our website, Check it each week to view this and other videos. Stay tuned to the WINs for announcements of other interviews and upcoming virtual events on AFIO Now.

Your AFIO login credentials will work to view AFIO NOW videos here

Or insert this link into your browser: https://www.afio.com/secure/Member_Only_Videos.php

 
We hope you will take the time visit the website, view the recorded introductory message, and view the "Forthcoming Interviews" list we provide there.
And prepare for a whole new program of virtual content, which we know you will find informative and entertaining.

ATTENTION AFIO MEMBERS — COMING SOON — AFIO NOW!!



AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #35-20 dated 15 September 2020

[Editors' Note are now below the CONTENTS] REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs, click here.
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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - Research Requests, Jobs, Obituaries

Research Requests

Jobs

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors: rsy, ec, po, pj, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th, ed, and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
If you are having difficulties with the links or viewing this newsletter when it arrives by email, members may view the latest edition each week at this link.

Chapter Officers (and members): Here are highlights of the 11 August Chapter Presidents Forum by Jim Hughes and Rich Cohn.
Click image above to access. Note: Login is required to access these notes.
Use username and password on your current membership card.


Recommended Reads:

  • The Arkin Group's September 11 newsletter to clients by former Operations Officer Jack Devine features...
    • Microsoft warned yesterday in a report that the Russian unit responsible for the hack of the Democratic National Committee in 2016, Fancy Bear, is engaging in accelerated and increasingly sophisticated cyberattacks on both Democratic and Republican campaign officials, consultants, and think tanks in the lead-up to the 2020 election.
    • Iran's nuclear chief announced this week that the country is building a new facility for production of advanced uranium enrichment centrifuges near its Natanz nuclear site.
    • Warning shots were fired at the disputed India-China border in the Himalayas, marking the first reported violation in decades of a long-held no-firearm protocol at the Line of Actual Control (an agreed, de facto demarcation between the two countries).
    Also see TAG's Special Report: Latin America for more insight.
  • Inside the SCIF by JJ Green, WTOP - Issue #80, 10 September has new details about Alexei Navalny's poisoning, many other topics.

From The Chekist Monitor

Interview with Yury Drozdov, Legendary Chief of KGB Illegals Program
On September 4, 2020, the City of Moscow daily newspaper Moskovskaya Pravda published yet another chapter from the upcoming book on the Soviet intelligence officers by journalist Ilona Yegiazarova. This chapter is based on an interview with Yury Drozdov (1925-2017), the KGB station chief in China and the U.S. (based in New York City) and the head of KGB Illegal Intelligence Department "S" from 1979 until 1991.
The Chekist Monitor's English translation of "Interview with Yury Drozdov, Legendary Chief of KGB Illegals Program."


Continuing Series of Cryptologic Museum Webinars on Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity Virtual Classroom
ONLINE CYBERSECURITY CHATS by the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation

The Cyber Center for Education and Innovation (CCEI) have been conducting a series of Cybersecurity Chats as part of their special CCEI Cybersecurity Series. These online chats for K-12 students [but older ages would benefit, too], are presented by cybersecurity professionals and experts. General information on the series is here.

There are many online chats that follow and they may be found here.

If you wish to share your own cybersecurity/cryptology expertise, review the instructions here


One of the special benefits of membership in AFIO: access to CIA's inhouse gift shop — the EAA Store.

It requires a quick preapproval process described here to all newly joined and current AFIO members. And then allows you to purchase online their unusual logo'd gift items for self or colleagues. Here is the latest photo EAA released on Sep 4 featuring some of their newest items:


Guide to the Study of Intelligence and When Intelligence Made a Difference

"AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence" has sold out in hard-copy.
However, it is available in digital form in its entirety on the AFIO website here.

Also available on the website here are the individual articles of AFIO's history project "When Intelligence Made a Difference" that have been published to date in The Intelligencer journal. More articles will be forthcoming in future editions.


     

Special Items for our members:


How the Intelligence Community Briefs Presidential Candidates

Briefing Presidential Candidates in an Election Year - A Joint Online Conference
Wednesday, 23 September 2020, Noon EDT - Virtual Webinar

Participate in a joint program hosted by the Council on Intelligence Issues (CII) and the International Spy Museum as they discuss an important election year matter: "Intelligence Challenges in an Election Year: Briefing Presidential Candidates."
Before a candidate is sworn in as President, the intelligence community provides classified intelligence briefings to candidates during the campaign and to a president-elect during the transition. These briefings are the first step for the IC to "get to know the President" and help shape a new President's Daily Brief, or PDB, which will be delivered only after the election.
Join the following speakers for a discussion of this historic election briefing practice. The panel and issues to be discussed are:

MODERATOR: Dr. Mark Lowenthal, former Assistant DCI for Analysis and Production and author of Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy.
Panelists:
Peter Clement
, Chief of CIA's Presidential Transition Team (2008); PDB daily briefer for Vice-President Cheney, NSC Adviser Rice, and Deputy NSC Adviser Hadley (2003-2004);
Dawn Eilenberger, former Deputy Director of National Intelligence and Assistant DNI for Policy & Strategy, Office of the DNI, she managed DNI's intelligence community's Presidential transition effort (2016);
John McLaughlin, former Deputy Director and Acting Director of Central Intelligence (2000-2004), he provided briefings to candidates, presidents-elect, and to sitting and former presidents; and
John Moseman, previously Chief of Staff, Director of Central Intelligence; CIA Director of Congressional Affairs, served as Senior Advisor to the DNI's Transition Teams for the 2008, 2012 and 2016 elections.

The issues to be discussed are:
• How does the intelligence community prepare for these briefings?
• How have these briefings changed or differed over time?
• Do candidates get "the good stuff"?
• And more.
Q&As will be welcomed.
REGISTRATION REQUIRED: Tickets are free but all are required to preregister at the link below.
REGISTER HERE


Members are invited to attend (virtually)...

Two-Day Conference hosted by Harvard University

"Agents of Change: Driving a More Diverse and Capable Intelligence Community"

Thurs - Fri, 24-25 September 2020 - Webex Virtual

Agents of Change: Driving a More Diverse and Capable Intelligence Community is the theme of this two-day conference co-hosted by the Intelligence and Cyber Projects at Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
The conference will take place over two consecutive mornings, with the first day focusing on identifying and understanding the current state of, and the opportunities and issues surrounding diversity, inclusion, and belonging (DIB) in the IC; and the second focused on developing and discussing innovative solutions to these issues. We will convene senior leadership in the USIC, current and former intelligence officers, and leaders in the private sector and academia to facilitate a honest, open, and productive conversations.
This conference is virtual, open to public participation
To explore this event, see speakers, or register, use this link.


Espionage Cases Point to Chinese Infiltration of FBI and CIA by Caitlin Yilek, Zenger News

Chinese intelligence agencies appear to have repeatedly penetrated their U.S. counterparts in the past 20 years, and the spying has led to federal prosecutions and lengthy prison terms for American who were involved. Officials from the Justice and State departments and the FBI have warned with increasing alarm about China's espionage capabilities—more recently focusing on its use of researchers and academics to steal proprietary technologies and other information. Espionage and counterintelligence have been staples of statecraft for centuries. While China hasn't turned away from traditional spycraft, it increasingly relies on scientists and other nontraditional spies, to sweep up secrets. A handful of federal prosecutions involving U.S. intelligence employees in the past two decades shed light on Beijing's capabilities, said former intelligence officials, who consider China to be on par with Russia as the America's top espionage threat. "What I've seen, in terms of the methods that they're employing, it's really no different than the things we've seen out of the Russians," said Tracy Walder, a former CIA officer and FBI special agent. [Article continues at Zenger News here]

Ian Fleming's inspiration: The truth behind the books by Paul Davis, Washington Times

In 2006, the year of the Ian Fleming Centenary celebration, Corinne Turner of Ian Fleming Publications stated, "There will be a broad range of events and publications designed to celebrate the life of this literary legend and to examine his legacy. The program includes a major exhibition featuring never-before-seen material and events will reflect Fleming's passions and experiences in the worlds of art, literature, journalism, sport, motoring and travel." Ms. Turner added that the Ian Fleming Centenary presented an exciting opportunity to celebrate an extraordinary life. That extraordinary life, as a World War II British naval intelligence officer, a world-traveling journalist and the author of the James Bond thrillers, led Edward Abel Smith to write "Ian Fleming's Inspiration: The Truth Behind the Books" (Casemate). The book interested me as I've been an Ian Fleming aficionado since my teenage years in the 1960s, when I saw the first James Bond film "Dr. No" and went on to read Fleming's more complex and darker James Bond novels. [Article continues here...]


Writers, Officers: Please Provide A Brief Article for This Ongoing AFIO History Project

AFIO's educational project "When Intelligence Made a Difference" seeks writers to identify events throughout history involving any nation or organization when the outcome was affected significantly by intelligence.
AFIO has been publishing edited submissions serially in Intelligencer released two to three times a year. 
To see what has been published, it is available here. Also look at the Fall edition of the journal arriving in the mail of all members and subscribers over the next three weeks.
Those readers interested in contributing an article, should email peter.oleson@afio.com.
For instructors, this project makes a great class assignment. Accepted articles give students a publication credit in a recognized journal.


Newly Released, Overlooked, or Forthcoming Books

We Have Been Harmonized: Life in China's Surveillance State
by Kai Strittmatter
(Customer House, Aug 2020)

Strittmatter reveals how the internet and high tech have transformed the power of Chinese authoritarians, allowing them to create the most horrifying surveillance state in history.

Advances in technology—facial recognition, GPS tracking, supercomputer databases, mobile phones, high-resolution security cameras—make it nearly impossible for a Chinese citizen to hide anything from authorities. Text messages and emails are instantly stripped of "problematic" words. The year 1989—when the world witnessed the student protests and tragic massacre at Tiananmen Square—has been banished from search results. Cameras scan for "appropriate" facial expressions as they track individuals' movements. Each citizen is given a score for good behavior. Those who lose points can be banned from traveling, have their internet speed reduced, or even have their toilet paper limited. 

All of this has happened with the help of Chinese tech companies, as well as the complicity of Western governments and corporations eager to gain access to China's huge market. While these companies export their technology to authoritarian states around the globe, they are also reshaping American lives via app, smart phones, and computing. Strittmatter's book is a terrifying portrait of an Orwellian nightmare unlike anything we've ever witnessed, and a dire warning about what could happen anywhere.

Book may be ordered here.


To Start a War: How the Bush Administration Took America into Iraq
by Robert Draper
(Penguin Books, July 2020)

Delusions, turf battles, and hubris drove a march of folly, according to this caustic study of the run-up to the 2003 Iraq War. New York Times journalist Draper documents the vaulting ambitions and outsized egos of Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, long obsessed with overthrowing Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein; Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, a Machiavellian bureaucratic infighter who used the war to aggrandize his Pentagon fiefdom; Vice President Dick Cheney, who fixated on farfetched Iraqi threat scenarios; President George W. Bush, who felt a messianic duty to protect America and liberate Iraq; and CIA director George Tenet, who obligingly distorted the intelligence to validate "First Customer" Bush's preconceptions. Draws on hundreds of interviews, Draper details how the Administration misled itself and the public about Iraq's weapons of mass destruction and ties to Al Qaeda, and dissects the starry-eyed assumptions and egregious lack of planning that turned the occupation into a bloody quagmire. Though the outlines of this story are familiar, Draper's psychological insights, well-crafted narrative, and colorful details spotlight the human complexity behind this tragic episode. The history of the Iraq War has rarely been told with so much authority and precision. —Publishers Weekly

Book may be ordered here.


The Churchill Complex: The Curse of Being Special, from Winston and FDR to Trump and Brexit
by Ian Buruma
(Penguin Press, Sep 2020)

The Special Relationship has been shredded. It's impossible to understand the last 75 years of American history, through to Trump and Brexit, without understanding the Anglo-American relationship, says Ian Buruma. Specifically the bonds between presidents and prime ministers. FDR of course had Churchill; JFK famously had Macmillan, his consigliere during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Reagan found his ideological soulmate in Thatcher, and George W. Bush found his fellow believer, in religion and in war, in Tony Blair. And now, to some, it is impossible to understand the populist uprising in either country, from 2016 to the present, without reference to Trump and Boris Johnson, though ironically, they are also the key to understanding the special relationship's demise.

There are few things more certain in politics than that at some point, facing a threat to national security, a leader will evoke Winston Churchill to stand for brave leadership (and Neville Chamberlain to represent craven weakness). As Buruma shows, the mantle has in fact only grown more oppressive as historical understanding fades, replaced by myth. Absurd as it is to presume to say what Churchill would have thought about any current event, it's relatively certain he would have been horrified by the Iraq War and Brexit.

Buruma provides character studies of the president-prime minster dyads—politics, diplomacy and abnormal psychology. It's never been a relationship of equals: from Churchill's desperate cajoling and conniving to keep FDR on side in the war on, British prime ministers have put much more stock in the relationship than their US counterparts did. For England, resigned to the loss of its once-great empire and the diminishment of its power, its close kinship to the world's greatest superpower would give it continued relevance, and serve as leverage to keep continental Europe in its place. As Buruma shows, this was almost always fool's gold. And now, even as the links between the Brexit vote and the 2016 US election are coming into sharper focus, the Anglo-American alliance has floundered on the rocks of the isolationism that is one of 2016's signal legacies.

Book may be ordered here.



Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Venezuela Charges Detained U.S. ‘Spy' with Terrorism, Weapons Trafficking. Venezuela's chief prosecutor Tarek Saab on Monday announced charges of terrorism and weapons trafficking against an alleged U.S. "spy" who was detained last week in the South American country.

Saab said the U.S. citizen, Matthew John Heath, was plotting attacks against Venezuela's oil industry and electricity system. The OPEC member country, mired in a six-year economic crisis, is currently experiencing fuel shortages due to a collapse in output from its oil refineries as well as U.S. sanctions.

The U.S. State Department had no immediate comment. [Read more: Reuters/14September2020]

Two Russian MiG-29s Have Crashed In Libya According To Top American Intel Official. U.S. Africa Command says that at least two MiG-29 Fulcrum fighter jets, possibly piloted by shadowy Russian mercenaries, have crashed in Libya. Jared Szuba, the Pentagon correspondent for AI-Monitor, Tweeted out that one of the jets was apparently lost on June 28, while the other went down on September 7, 2020. This information had come in a statement from Rear Admiral Heidi Berg, U.S. Africa Command's (AFRICOM) director of intelligence.

Another tweet indicates that Berg believes that "Russian fighter aircraft," presumably MiG-29s too, but potentially also Su-24 Fencer strike aircraft, have conducted airstrikes in Libya. AI-Monitor's Szuba follows that up by repeating AFRICOM's assertion that the Russian aircraft are being operated by paramilitary contractors from the Wagner Group. This organization has very close connections to Russia's Main Directorate military intelligence agency, better known by the Russian acronym GRU. [Read more: TheDrive/11September2020]

Delaware Unveils New Intelligence Operations Center to Help Monitor Prison Activity. A new state of the art Intelligence Operations Center sits at an undisclosed location in Dover, acting as the eyes and ears for Delaware's Department of Corrections.

Delaware's Department of Corrections Commissioner Claire DeMatteis says the facility can be used to look at the following situations, "Are visitors attempting to smuggle in drugs or cell phones or illegal contraband? Are inmates constructing make shift weapons out of mop handles or steel coverings from drains? Or collecting bolts and stuffing them in a sock?"

Thursday was the facility's first official day online. It's a central intelligence and security hub staffed around the clock to monitor more than two-thousand surveillance cameras at prisons across the state. [Read more: Panetta/WMDT/10September2020]

'Cutting Edge to Stay Ahead': ASIS Looking for More Recruits. The country's most secretive intelligence agency has launched a recruitment push for more digital spies, as Australia counters the growing threat of espionage.

For its first 20 years, the government denied its existence, now the Australian Secret Intelligence Service is openly looking for more recruits.

Australia's overseas spy agency wants to find highly skilled digital experts to fill a number of critical roles in the organisation.

The "ASIS is interested" campaign will feature a new television advertisement and focus on finding Australians trained in IT, software development, data science, engineering, cyber security and customer service. [Read more: Galloway/SydneyMorningHerald/13September2020]


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Interview: Contract Awards in the Intelligence Community have Slowed. Federal contractors have sensed a certain sluggishness in the government's pace of awarding contracts during the pandemic. Now, a review of this phenomenon finds it's more pronounced in the intelligence community. Howard Weitzner, Accenture managing director and the chair of the Acquisition Management Council at the Intelligence and National Security Alliance, joined Federal Drive with Tom Temin for more on this slowdown. [Read more: Temin/FederalNewsNetwork/11September2020]

Intel Summit 2020 - Intelligence Community Goes Virtual, Gets Conversational. While it may seem like the coronavirus pandemic has taken away many opportunities to meaningfully connect, there are some bright spots for those willing to take advantage – one of those opportunities is the way many conferences that were once regional now have the opportunity to go global, bringing in speakers and participants who may have previously been prohibited by inability to travel or incidental costs. The Intelligence and National Security Summit, co-hosted by AFCEA and INSA is one of those events. The annual conference is 100% virtual this year – but offers just as many opportunities to connect, network, and getting the latest news from the Intelligence Community's biggest leaders.

ClearanceJobs recently sat down with Larry Hanauer, vice president of policy at the Intelligence and National Security Alliance, and Jen Sovada, Chief Futures Officer and Senior Vice President and General Manager of DoD and Intel at Mission Tech. The Intel Summit is 100% virtual this year, and there's still time to register for the three days of exclusive sessions and networking events taking place September 16-18. Attendees who can't attend every session will have the chance to watch sessions on demand later. [Read more: Kyzer/ClearanceJobes/8September2020]

CIA asks Twitter to Spot 10 Differences Between the Images. Netizens Find 20. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) recently shared a fun post on Twitter asking followers to spot the differences between two images. But what happened next is something that even they did not see coming.

The official CIA Twitter account shared the images with the caption, "Put your observation skills to the test. Can you spot the 10 differences in the photo below? Check back tomorrow to see if you found them all (sic)."

The two images that showed a street had minute differences. The tweet blew up and went viral. It garnered more than 2.8k comments and a lot of likes. Twitterati from all across the world participated and tried to spot the differences. Next day, the official account of the CIA revealed the differences between the images by highlighting them. [Read more: Grover/IndiaToday/14September2020]

An Agency Born from a Post 9/11 World and What It Does Today. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 was issued in response to the September 11 attacks. It reformed our nation's intelligence enterprise, with a focus on terrorism, and created a government organization called the National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC). NCTC was created from a post-9/11 world when the U.S. reorganized and restructured the IC to protect our nation from adversaries and terrorist attacks. [Read more: Keller/ClearanceJobs/10September2020]

The Housewife Who Was a Spy. We have at last, in Ben Macintyre's "Agent Sonya," the tale of a fully fleshed-out female spy. Not a femme fatale with a tiny pistol in her purse, Sonya was a spy who loved her kids and was racked by guilt for neglecting them, who had serious babysitter problems, a woman whose heart was broken by Mr. Wrong - a woman very much like the rest of us. Except not quite. Macintyre, the author of numerous books on spies and espionage, has found a real-life heroine worthy of his gifts as John le Carré's nonfiction counterpart.

Le Carré, however, could not have invented Ursula Kuczynski, a.k.a. Agent Sonya. For this panoramic account of espionage from Weimar Germany through the Cold War is, above all, a woman's story. Macintyre draws on Sonya's own journals, which capture the stressful balancing act of spymaster, mother and lover of several men during the most dangerous decades of the 20th century. Like many supremely successful women, Sonya benefited from men underestimating her.

Her journey began in the lawless streets of Berlin in the 1920s, as Communists and Nazis brawled and the Weimar Republic unraveled. A blow from a policeman's rubber truncheon during her first street demonstration set the 16-year-old on the road to revolution. Although born to a prosperous, secular Jewish family from Berlin's bourgeois Zehlendorf district, she signed up with the Communists, who seemed to be the only ones prepared to shed blood to fight the Nazis. And once she was seduced by their promise of a workers' utopia, Sonya never swerved from the cause. [Read more: Marton/NYTimes/15September2020]


Section III - COMMENTARY

Intelligence: Diplomatic Impunity In Norway. In the latest of a growing number of incidents, a Russian diplomat was caught while Harsharn Singh Tathgar, a Norwegian citizen originally from India, was turning over classified information in a restaurant. The PST (Norwegian Security Police) men who made the arrest did not realize that the Russian involved was a diplomat although that was revealed loudly and repeatedly when the PST men searched the Russian and his briefcase for the classified data. The Russian had diplomatic immunity and could not be arrested or, technically, searched. Tathgar works for DNV GL, an international risk management firm based in Norway that did business with the Norwegian military, giving Tathgar access to classified material. Tathgar pled not-guilty of espionage but did admit he was receiving money from the Russians for information. The PST had discovered that Tathgar had been doing this for several years.

This was the first time since 1984 that a Norwegian citizen was arrested for selling classified information to Russia. [Read more: StrategyPage/15September2020]

The Distinctive Case of Chinese Intelligence Services. Despite China's global imprint and its dramatic rise over the last few decades, its intelligence services have managed to avoid global scrutiny. The paucity of information on Chinese covert operations and their objectives remains a challenge for the world considering the many dimensions of contemporary warfare. Chinese Intelligence Services (CIS) have thus far managed to hoodwink the global community and propagate a narrative of supreme secrecy by not subscribing to the general practice of providing a singular representational name or acronym for its intelligence services. Accordingly, analysts have attempted to theorise the CIS to better understand them and to delineate their functions so as to create calculated projections of their evolving stakes and interests.

The traditional view holds that the CIS are unlike any other intelligence service since their strategy is based on the ‘thousand grains of sand' concept. [Read more: Pant/ORF/12September2020]

Hackworth: Memorial Reminder of 9/11. Sept. 11 started out as an ordinary day. My wife had a busy scheduled planned to hold a meeting at the Pentagon that morning. She worked in a budget position at the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). I was a retired "Colonel MOM" at home with our three very young pre-school children.

The night before, our young daughter had been up all night with an earache. Early that morning she begged my wife to take her to the 9 a.m. doctor's appointment that I had made for her. So, my wife called into work and asked them to delay the meeting until 10 a.m. and have someone else to chair the meeting. Fortunately, it was delayed, because that morning the office where the meeting was to be held was destroyed by the plane that crashed into the Pentagon.

All morning while my wife and daughter were at the doctor's office, the phone rang as the personnel in her office called to check in and confirm that they were all right. Several of them had been out of the office when the plane hit, others were assigned to other government offices in the Washington, D.C., area. I received a call from a U.S. Navy lieutenant commander who worked for my wife. She called to say that the man who had replaced her at her previous position in the Pentagon had been hit by the highjacked jet liner when it crashed. It turned out that all personnel in that office were killed. [Read more: Hackworth/MuskogeePhoenix/11September2020]

This 9/11 Anniversary Arrives with the End of the War on al-Qaeda Well in Sight. Remnants of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization that launched the 9/11 terror attacks 19 years ago remain active throughout the world. But it is now possible to see the contours of how the war against al-Qaeda ends.

The United States had three aims in this war: strengthen the country's border defenses, pursue our enemies and facilitate our allies' ability to lead the counterterrorism fight. We have succeeded in making it extremely difficult for terrorists to enter the United States to conduct cataclysmic attacks, and we have bolstered our allies' capabilities.

As for pursuing our enemies, the campaign to defeat al-Qaeda began immediately after 9/11, when committed Americans and like-minded partners sallied forth to destroy the terrorists' havens in Afghanistan and to wreck their command-and-control capabilities. Al-Qaeda can still direct others to commit acts of violence, as seen by the heinous killing of three Americans in Florida at Naval Air Station Pensacola last year, but it is no longer capable of conducting large-scale attacks. [Read more: Miller/WashingtonPost/10September2020]


Section IV - Research Requests, Jobs, Obituaries

Research Requests

Journalist Seeks Former Intelligence Officer Who Served In Covert Capacity or as NOC for Podcast

"My name is Jake Halpern. I teach writing at Yale and a Pulitzer Prize winner. I write for the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and many other national publications. I am looking to profile a former intelligence officer who -- sometime in the last several decades -- went undercover. I realize often this work is confidential. I am wondering if, however, there are any former agents who have stories to tell and might talk about their experiences. This would be for a podcast. I am happy to talk about this more or send more information."
Replies to Jake Halpern at jakehalpern@aya.yale.edu or explore more at https://www.jakehalpern.com/

Researcher Seeks Documents and Insights on Soviet/Chinese Agitprop Used in US in 60s and 70s

Can you help me find documents/books/articles/people that will provide insight into the efforts of the soviets and Chinese, directly or through their surrogates, to foment conflict and division in the US in the 60s and 70s? I've got the Church hearings, but those hearings were just an attack on the FBI and intelligence ops. I'm primarily interested in Soviet/Chinese support of the anti-war movement, the exploitation of civil rights activists, and their involvement in the drug trade.
Replies to: Thomas Hampson at trhampson@hotmail.com.

Terrorism Author Seeks Your Assistance on Manila Incident in 1996

For volume III of my four-volume study on Anti-American terrorism, I would appreciate hearing from anyone who has information concerning an incident outside the airport that took place on or about November 23, 1996 in Manila, Philippines involving the visit of President Bill Clinton.
Replies to Dennis Pluchinsky at dpluchinsky@rocketmail.com. [A 2019 WIN featured two volumes of Pluchinsky's "Anti-American Terrorism: From Eisenhower to Trump - A Chronicle of the Threat and Response" in the 3 December 2019 WIN #46-19 here.]

Jobs

Seeking Counterintelligence Cyber Instructors for JCITA at Quantico, VA

Operational Intelligence, LLC, an E3/Sentinel company is looking for Counterintelligence Cyber Instructors for JCITA at Quantico, VA.
Duties include creating courses and content to facilitate instruction of cyber methodologies for counterintelligence professionals.
Current DoD TS/SCI Clearance and accreditation from a CI Special Agent course required.
Please contact OI Lead Recruiter Stacey McKinney, C: 571-214-1992 or stacey.mckinney@oi-llc.com or E3/Sentinel Principle Rosanna Minchew, rminchew@e3sentinel.com

Seeking Counterintelligence Surveillance Instructors for JCITA at Quantico, VA

Operational Intelligence, LLC, an E3/Sentinel company is looking for Counterintelligence Surveillance Instructors for JCITA at Quantico, VA to provide CI subject matter expertise for course development, instruction, and mentorship.
Current DoD TS/SCI Clearance and experience conducting discreet CI Surveillance and CI countersurveillance operations using DoD methodology required.
This position requires work after hours, weekend and travel within the NCR.
Please contact OI Lead Recruiter Stacey McKinney, C: 571-214-1992 or stacey.mckinney@oi-llc.com or E3/Sentinel Principle Rosanna Minchew, rminchew@e3sentinel.com

Seeking Russian and Arabic linguist positions supporting DIA at Quantico, VA

Russian and Arabic linguist positions supporting DIA at Quantico, VA, available with Operational Intelligence, LLC, an E3/Sentinel company. Active TS/SCI required.
Please contact OI Lead Recruiter Stacey McKinney, C: 571-214-1992 or stacey.mckinney@oi-llc.com or E3/Sentinel Principle Rosanna Minchew, rminchew@e3sentinel.com

IT Acquisitions Subject Matter Expert for Intelligence Community Client; Other Openings in Reston and Bolling AFB

E3/Sentinel has a funded opening for an IT Acquisitions Subject Matter Expert with specific experience in IT architecture requirements to support an IC customer. Candidate will assist in developing innovative business strategies and procurement policy/processes. Only candidates with TS/SCI clearances will be considered. Contact Rosanna Minchew rminchew@e3sentinel.com for more details.

E3/Sentinel has multiple openings for Contracts Specialists, Acquisition Analysts, Cost/Pricing Analysts and Contracts Closeout Specialists. Positions in Reston and at Bolling AFB. TS/SCI required to be considered for interview. Polygraph preferred.  Contact Rosanna Minchew rminchew@e3sentinel.com for more details.

Adjunct instructors at the University of Texas at El Paso (US)
The National Security Studies Institute at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) (see their website here) is seeking adjunct instructors to teach online graduate-level courses:
Legal Issues in Intelligence and National Security
Propaganda and Influence Operations
Intelligence and Counterterrorism
Political Economy of Terrorism
Risk Analysis
Emergency Management
Public Health and Homeland Security
A PhD in public policy, security studies, political science, or a related field is required.
Interested and eligible applicants should contact Stephen Coulthart (sjcoulthart@utep.edu).

Do not let Social Distancing slow your career. New Positions Available with Thomson Reuters

Many other jobs available with Thomson-Reuter. Email Brian Lemley for a list with descriptions and links.

FireEye Has Many Intelligence Positions Available For You - Worldwide - Contract, Full-time, Part-time, Interns

Explore the many career and contractor intelligence jobs available here. Jobs openings in Cyber Security include - Advisory, Architecture, Digital Forensics & Incident Response, Penetration Testing, Threat Research. They positions are needed here: New York, Chicago, Manila, Reston, Dallas, Atlanta, Suitland, Singapore, Denver, Las Vegas, Phoenix, Doha, Stockholm, London, Milpitas, multiple cities in Australia, Washington, Indianapolis, Tampa, Santiago, Alexandria, Seattle, Carlsbad, Houston, San Francisco, Arlington, Dubai, Amsterdam, Ft Belvoir, Minneapolis, Mexico City, San Diego, Boston, El Segundo, Philadelphia, San Antonio, Chiyoda, Ft Huachuca, Ft Gordon, Ft Meade, Ft Shafter, Kuwait City, Seoul, Sttutgart, Salt Lake City, Austin, Dublin, Bangalore, Cork, Colorado Springs... Explore the many career and contractor intelligence jobs available here.


Obituaries

Lee Hickcox, CIA Chief of Station

Edward Lee Hickcox, 95, former CIA Chief of Station, AFIO Chapter Officer, died 9 September 2020 in Gettsburg, PA.
Lee was born in Pittsburgh, PA.
Mr. Hickcox completed three years of military duty during WWII including service with the U.S. Army Signal Corps in the China/Burma/India Theater. He earned a BA from Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky in 1949 and an MPA degree from Penn State University in 1977.
Mr. Hickcox joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1949 as an operations officer and served multiple tours overseas in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, where he was Chief of Station, and Hong Kong, where he was also Chief of Station until 1975 when he opted for early retirement and settled in Gettysburg with his wife and daughters.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s he worked in Harrisburg, PA as the Director of Drug Law Enforcement for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He remained in that position until the CIA asked him to return to that Agency as a recruitment officer. Later, and until 2012, he worked periodically as an instructor in a variety of CIA training programs in the Washington, DC area. Ed was also active in the late 1970s with AFIO's Harrisburg, PA Chapter and served as Vice President in 1978 to 1980.
In Gettysburg, Lee was active as a volunteer with the Adams County Library System, serving on the Board of Directors for a few years in the 1980s. He later served as a volunteer teacher with the Adams County Literacy Council.
His wife of 67 years, Roberta Livesay Hickcox, died in 2019, as did two children, Shanon Joy Hickcox and Edward Lee Hickcox, Jr. who died of cystic fibrosis at age of eight. He is survived by two daughters, and other family.
Online tributes and condolences can be made at www.monahanfuneralhome.com



Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

1 Oct 2020, 11:30 a.m. CST - Virtual - "Inside the Concrete Jungle: Interrogating Terrorists with the Prison System" - theme of this virtual event by the AFIO San Antonio, TX Chapter

This presentation will focus on the nuances of interrogating terrorists within prisons, both domestically and overseas. Delineating between interrogations in an open setting and that of confinement, the presenter will discuss the challenges and benefits of that within a prison system. Further, the presenter will discuss the latest developments of using 'clean' interrogation teams in the war on terrorism. Presentation by Brig Barker.
Meeting begins at 11:30 a.m. Central Standard Time. If already a SA Chapter Member, mark your calendar. You will be sent a link for the online presentation prior to the meeting. If not a member, contact President John Franklin johntf3@gmail.com.
There is no charge to attend these meetings.

Wednesday, 7 October 2020, 12 noon - Virtual Zoom - The "Andre Le Gallo" San Francisco Chapter hosts Rear Admiral John Bitoff, U.S. Navy (ret) on Restoring Civility to Our Public Discourse

AFIO BulletRear Admiral John Bitoff will address what many perceive as the rise of incivility in America. Through the lens of history, he looks at the root causes of the corrosion of manners, and of downright meanness, and he considers why the virtues of humility and kindness seem to be on the wane.

The admiral extols civility by recounting military stories and personal anecdotes, and exploring the writings of philosophers, writers, scientists and leaders. His experience in leading men and women in difficult circumstances, of service in the highest level of the military, and his efforts in the field of international relations - particularly arms control - make him especially well-suited to address the topical subject of civility.

Rear Admiral John Bitoff, U.S. Navy (ret), has commanded destroyers, the master training base of the Atlantic Fleet, the Combat Logistics Ships in the Pacific Fleet, served as Executive Assistant to the Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff, integrated women aboard U.S. Third Fleet ships, and implemented a Nuclear Forces Treaty with the Soviet Union. He also carried the last Olympic Torch out of San Francisco onto the Golden Gate Bridge for the 1996 Summer Games.

His talk on Civility arises from these life experiences, and is most timely in today's world.

To participate: This meeting will be conducted via Zoom. Registration link is here.

5 Nov 2020, 11:30 a.m. CST - Virtual - "Current U.S. Immigration Issues" - theme of this virtual event by the AFIO San Antonio, TX Chapter

U.S. immigration policy was one of the first discussed by the U.S. Congress in 1790 and began our long history of immigration laws for the United States of America. Our current immigration policy stems from landmark legislation of 1952 with the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), and has been amended significantly seventeen times since and shaped by Presidential executive orders.
Family reunification, labor supply, and humanitarian issues are the main basis of our current immigration policy while immigration enforcement seeks the restriction to those who merit entry and residence here in this great country.
This will be a short overview of selected current immigration issues. Presented by Fred Schellenberg.

Meeting begins at 11:30 a.m. Central Standard Time. If already a SA Chapter Member, mark your calendar. You will be sent a link for the online presentation prior to the meeting. If not a member, contact President John Franklin johntf3@gmail.com.
There is no charge to attend these meetings.



Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

The International Spy Museum has reopened to visitors.

Click here to explore events, exhibits, and ticketing.

Saturday, 19 September 2020 - Zoom Virtual - The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History 75th Anniversary Event

The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History presents a virtual symposium focusing on the 75th Anniversary of the ending of WWII. This virtual event will provide an understanding of the Manhattan Project and its implications on the Pacific conflict and following Cold War issues. The panels of distinguished guests will consider current and future concerns and create a public dialogue regarding a path forward for our world and defense concerns.
"They Changed Our World; The 75th Anniversary of World War II and the Use of Atomic Weapons Virtual Symposium" will take place via Zoom Webinar
Two panel sessions will take place, one from 8:30-10:30 am and the second from 10:45 am-1:00 pm. Guests are welcome to register for one or both panel sessions, and advanced registration is required.
One panel session is $25 or both panel sessions are $40 when purchased together.
More Info Here. Museum members and students receive a discount where one panel session is $15 or both panel sessions are $25 when purchased together. Students must provide their valid student email address to receive discount.

Wednesday, 23 September 2020, Noon EDT - Virtual - Briefing Presidential Candidates in an Election Year - A Joint Conference

Participate in a joint program hosted by the Council on Intelligence Issues (CII) and the International Spy Museum as they discuss an important election year matter: "Intelligence Challenges in an Election Year: Briefing Presidential Candidates."
Before a candidate is sworn in as President, the intelligence community provides classified intelligence briefings to candidates during the campaign and to a president-elect during the transition. These briefings are the first step for the IC to "get to know the President" and help shape a new President's Daily Brief, or PDB, which will be delivered only after the election.
Join the following speakers for a discussion of this historic election briefing practice. The panel and issues to be discussed are:

MODERATOR: Dr. Mark Lowenthal, former Assistant DCI for Analysis and Production and author of Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy.
Panelists:
Peter Clement
, Chief of CIA's Presidential Transition Team (2008); PDB daily briefer for Vice-President Cheney, NSC Adviser Rice, and Deputy NSC Adviser Hadley (2003-2004);
Dawn Eilenberger, former Deputy Director of National Intelligence and Assistant DNI for Policy & Strategy, Office of the DNI, she managed DNI's intelligence community's Presidential transition effort (2016);
John McLaughlin, former Deputy Director and Acting Director of Central Intelligence (2000-2004), he provided briefings to candidates, presidents-elect, and to sitting and former presidents; and
John Moseman, previously Chief of Staff, Director of Central Intelligence; CIA Director of Congressional Affairs, served as Senior Advisor to the DNI's Transition Teams for the 2008, 2012 and 2016 elections.

The issues to be discussed are:
• How does the intelligence community prepare for these briefings?
• How have these briefings changed or differed over time?
• Do candidates get "the good stuff"?
• And more.
Q&As will be welcomed.
REGISTRATION REQUIRED: Tickets are free but all are required to preregister at the link below.
REGISTER HERE

Thurs - Fri, 24-25 September 2020 - Webex Virtual - Two-Day Conference on "Agents of Change: Driving a More Diverse and Capable Intelligence Community" - hosted by Harvard University

Agents of Change: Driving a More Diverse and Capable Intelligence Community is the theme of this two-day conference co-hosted by the Intelligence and Cyber Projects at Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.
The conference will take place over two consecutive mornings, with the first day focusing on identifying and understanding the current state of, and the opportunities and issues surrounding diversity, inclusion, and belonging (DIB) in the IC; and the second focused on developing and discussing innovative solutions to these issues. We will convene senior leadership in the USIC, current and former intelligence officers, and leaders in the private sector and academia to facilitate a honest, open, and productive conversations.
This conference is virtual, open to public participation
To explore this event, see speakers, or register, use this link.

Thursday, 24 September 2020, 1800/6PM EDT; 1500/3PM PDT; 1200/12PM HST - Virtual - NIP September 2020 Virtual Speaker Series

Hold the date. Format: (New!) Planned – Video Conference (Go to Meeting)
Video conference details to be provided in follow up email no later than week of 14 September
GUEST SPEAKER: Ms. B. Lynn Wright, Former Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence (N2N6I) and Director, Naval Intelligence Activity and Independent Consultant, TS Pilgrim, LLC
TOPIC: "Reflections on the evolution of Naval Intelligence from the Global War on Terror to the Era of Great Power Competition: Constants and Disconnects"
AGENDA: • RDML (Ret.) Cothron welcoming remarks and introduction of Ms. Wright; • Ms. Wright's remarks; • Q & A moderated by CAPT (Ret.) Bob Allen: Please wait until called upon to present your questions. If you wish, please email questions before or during video conference to: bob_allen36@hotmail.com and they will be presented.

Upcoming virtual (and a few live, post-quarantine) events at the International Spy Museum. Click event to explore and register for event. All virtual events require pre-registration.
Access all upcoming Spy Museum events directly from their website: https://www.spymuseum.org/calendar/upcoming/1/

7 November 2020, 14th Annual Parade of Trabants, 10 am - 4 pm
14 November 2020, Operation Secret Sleepover, 7 pm - 9:30 am

22 October 2020, 1 pm EST - Virtual - NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium

Join our colleagues at the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation for their first virtual General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium. The theme of the program is "A Virtual Afternoon at the Museum." For those who do not live in the DC-MD-VA area, this is the perfect opportunity for you to attend the October Meeting/Program AND explore the Museum!
This year's program features a virtual Museum tour, Foundation and Museum updates, and a keynote presentation by Dr. Michael Warner, U.S. Cyber Command Historian and Lt. Col. John Childress, USA. Warner and Childress will speak on themes from their recent book The Use of Force for State Power: History and Future. The book was published in 2020 by Palgrave Macmillan and is also available via Kindle.

*** The program will be free, but registration is required. Stay tuned for the opening of registration and for details on how to view the virtual program. A recording of the program will be made available on our website at a later date.

Full agenda, registration and other details here.

NEW DATE - Saturday, 24 October 2020, 5:30 p.m. - Washington, DC - Save the Date! PenFed Foundation's 2020 Night of Heroes Gala

PUT ON CALENDAR AND HOLD THE DATE: The Pentagon Federal (PenFed Credit Union) Foundation will be hosting their spectacular Night of Heroes Gala on Saturday, 24 October 2020 at the Mandarin Oriental in Washington, D.C. Last year's annual gala raised over $1.5 million and honored children of military families.
VIP Reception at 5:30 PM
General Reception and Silent Auction at 6:00 PM
Location: The Mandarin Oriental, 1330 Maryland Ave SW, Washington, D.C.
Attire: Black Tie or Military Dress
RSVP: October 2, 2020
Click here to learn more or sponsor a table.

Wednesday, 27 October 2021 - Washington, DC - HOLD THE DATE - 30th Anniversary Gala and Chancellor's Dinner - Institute of World Politics

Refreshingly non-virtual...but an actual event. Shifted one year because of Covid-19 inconveniences.
Join IWP in October 2021 to celebrate IWP's 30th anniversary -- 1990 - 2020.
Schedule: 6:00 PM Cocktail Reception; 7:00 PM Dinner
Location: The Mayflower Hotel, 1127 Connecticut Ave NW, Washington, DC.
Additional details to follow.


MORE GIFT IDEAS:

In addition to the new Royal Blue long sleeve shirts, and the gray long sleeve hooded sweatshirts, the AFIO Store also has the following items ready for quick shipment:

NEW: LONG and Short-Sleeved Shirts with embroidered AFIO Logo and New Mugs with color-glazed permanent logo

Show your support for AFIO with our new Polo Shirts. Be the first to buy these new, high quality, subtle heathered grey short sleeve shirts, and dark blue long sleeved shirts, of shrink and wrinkle resistant fine cotton with a soft yet substantial feel. They feature a detailed embroidered AFIO seal. Get a shirt for yourself and consider as gifts for colleagues, family, and friends. Only $45 each including shipping.
Sizes of (M) men or (W) women shirts; Small, Medium, Large, XL, XXL, and XXXL. At this time all orders will arrive as Short Sleeve shirts.
You may pay by check or credit card. Complete your order online here or mail an order along with payment to: AFIO, 7700 Leesburg Pike, Ste 324, Falls Church, VA 22043-2618. Phone orders at 703-790-0320. If interested in other shirt colors or sleeve lengths, contact Annette at: annettej@afio.com.

Available as a thank you for donations are the new AFIO logo face masks:

These soft, form-fitting, washable, non-medical grade fabric face masks have wide behind-the-ear elastics to make long periods of wear comfortable. Also easier to quickly put on or take off. Blue on outside, white inside. The masks do not have a nose wire but are sculpted, shaped, and sewn to fit most users. The all-cloth composition allows the masks to be washed or steam-disinfected without concerns over metal wires. The color logo is washable and a permanent part of the mask.

The masks, however, are not for sale. They are being offered strictly as a thank you gift to our donors.
For tax-deductible donations of $50 you will receive a receipt and our thank you gift of two of these newly-arrived face masks.
Donations of $100 receive four masks to be sent to the same address. Other amounts and split-shipments are available.
To donate now to support AFIO's programs and publications, please do so here.

We wish all members and donors continued good health, safe social distancing, and warmly appreciate any support you are able to provide the association.


AFIO Mug with color glazed logo. Made in America. Sturdy enough to sit on desk to hold pens, cards, paperclips, and candy.

This handsome large, heavy USA-made ceramic mug is dishwasher-safe with a glazed seal. $35 per mug includes shipping. Order this and other store items online here.


Guide to the Study of Intelligence and When Intelligence Made a Difference

"AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence" has sold out in hard-copy.
However, it is available in digital form in its entirety on the AFIO website here.

Also available on the website here are the individual articles of AFIO's history project "When Intelligence Made a Difference" that have been published to date in The Intelligencer journal. More articles will be forthcoming in future editions.


Disclaimers and Removal Instructions

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers.

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs:

a) IF YOU ARE A MEMBER - click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list. If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to afio@afio.com with the words: REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.

b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to afio@afio.com the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.

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WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor's or author's listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at www.afio.com for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!

(c) 1998 thru 2020. AFIO, 7700 Leesburg Pike Suite 324, Falls Church, Virginia 22043. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email: afio@afio.com


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