AFIO Intelligence Notes Issue 23

22 June 1998

AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are a 1998 initiative to enhance services to AFIO members and to encourage them to recruit new members. We need new members!

WINs are produced by Editor Roy Jonkers, and includes adaptations of articles produced by RADM Don Harvey (USN ret) and AFIO members. WIN re-transmission is not permitted except without concurrence of the WIN Editor.

See the AFIO Homepage <> for back issues.


AFIO SPECIAL Luncheon - 21 July 1998 - 12:30 - 2:30
at Fort George G.Meade, Maryland, O'Club.
Tour of National Cryptologic Museum follows.
Send check for $22 (AFIO members and guests), or $29 (non-members)

NOTE: Thanks to Dr. John Macartney for doing his customary superb job while the editor was on a walking vacation in Europe.This WIN edition is still his work. Incidentally, walking vacations are terrific for body and mind - highly recommended!


Six Kosmos satellites launched this week have apparently gone into improper orbits but will nevertheless be usable. According to press, they are of the "Strela-3" type, which are used to receive and relay back to Moscow transmissions from Russian intelligence agents located in various countries around the globe.
(originally submitted by Chuck Slack)

Perry Smith, MajGen, USAF-ret, the well known CNN military analyst, professor, fighter pilot and author, resigned from CNN in protest over the CNN special broadcast on Sunday night, June 7, that charged that the USAF used lethal sarin (nerve) gas in Loas in 1970 to kill some American defectors as well as Loatian civilians and North Korean soldiers. Good for General Smith! The story, which was also featured in the June 15 issue of Time magazine has caused quite a stir. And it should, since it was sensational and almost certainly untrue -- it fails, in my view, to pass the "giggle test." All the evidence points to the use of CS (tear gas) on that particular mission and on similar missions. There has never been any hint of the use of lethal nerve gas in Vietnam nor any evidence nerve gas has been deployed to US operational units anywhere, anytime. "I can't work for an organization that would do something like this and not fess up to it," Smith said yesterday. more...


We have told you previously about the annotated bibliography on "The Literature of Intelligence" which is available on the web. J Ransom Clark, of Muskingum College in Ohio who created and maintains this bibliography has now added a search engine which makes this super bibliography even more valuable for scholars. Professor Clark is an AFIO member and retired CIA officer.

Harvard's Program on Information Resources Policy is run by Tony Oettinger et al and has been around for 26 years. It delves into all aspects of the "information revolution" but of interest to intelligence scholars is their Seminar on Intelligence, Command & Control. Each spring semester they invite 9 or 10 senior intelligence community officials to give presentations to the seminar and then, usually 6 months to a year later, they publish a volume that contains of those presentations. A volume with the 1997 presentations, for example, came out in early 1998. I have found these volumes to extremely useful. (617) 495-3338 /

NSDD's, NSD and PDD's.
National Security Decision Directives (NSDD's), are foreign, defense and intelligence policy decisions, usually highly classified, issued by President Reagan. NSD's and PDD's are the Bush and Clinton Administration equivalents. The web page maintained by John Pike at the Federation of American Scientists lists most of these important documents and posts some of them -- and many of those are of interest to intelligence scholars. For example, PDD-35, Intelligence Requirements, 2 March 1995: "Presidential Decision Directive 35 (PDD-35) defines intelligence requirements from tier 0 to tier 4. Tier 0 is warning and crisis management. Tier 4 is countries that are virtually of no interest to the United States. The PDD specifically identifies targets that the US intelligence community will not collect against."

"Under PDD-35 highest priority is assigned to intelligence Support to Military Operations [SMO]. The second priority is providing political, economic, and military intelligence on countries hostile to the United States to help to stop crises and conflicts before they start. Third priority is assigned to protecting American citizens from new trans-national threats such as drug traffickers, terrorists, organized criminals, and weapons of mass destruction. High priority is also assigned to Intelligence support to activities addressing counter-proliferation, as well as international terrorism, crime and drugs."

Also of interest are PDD-62 & 63, both issued 22May1998. PDD-63 is "Combating Terrorism"

and PDD-63 is "Protecting America's Critical Infrastructures," which deals with defense against information warfare attacks.


The June 18-24 edition of the on-line magazine, "Intellectual," features US intelligence as its issue of the week. It features 4 articles plus a chance for readers register an on-line vote on various intelligence reform proposals (45% favor more emphasis on HUMINT while only 8% would abolish the CIA). In one of the articles, David Isenberg, an analyst at DynMeridian (who seems to know what he's talking about --ed), blames the India-nuke-test failure on mirror imaging by US policymakers, while Rep Porter Goss (R-FL), Chairman of the House intelligence committee (and a former CIA clandestine service officer) blames the failure on too much SMO, support for military operations. That is, according to Rep Goss, the intelligence community is too focused on military tactical needs and is not paying enough attention to strategic geo-political matters. Mel Goodman, a former CIA analyst and harsh critic of the Agency, offers a number of reforms. Well worth a visit.


Events of interest to AFIO members and intelligence scholars. NOTE: If you know of an event coming up in the next 12 months that should be added to the expanded monthly list, PLEASE ADVISE John Macartney, <>

JUNE 25, Washington. DIA's Joint Military Intelligence College will host an academic conference at the DIAC building on Bolling AFB. Contact LCDR Pete Clanton (202) 231-8538, fax (202) 231-2171, or e-mail

JUNE 26-27, Chicago. AFIO Midwest Chapter's 8th Intelligence Seminar at Great Lakes Naval Station, Chicago. Contact Angelo DiLiberti at (847) 931-4184, or Don Clark (630) 834-2032, or

JULY 1. New deadline for 1999 ISA paper and panel proposals. Also, you should info Jim Wirtz who is the Intelligence Program Chair at the Dept of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, 408-656-3483;

JULY 8, NMIA Southwest Chapter will meet at Chris's BBQ, 11420 Rojas, 6pm.Sorry, NFI, city & state unknown, but maybe chapter members will know. <> or <>

JULY 10-11, Vermont. AFIO New England Chapter at the Bromley Lodge with speaker Joseph Goulden. Peggy Adler, (860) 669-7706.

JULY 15-19, Washington, DC. Marine Corps Intelligence Association Convention. Includes a ceremony at the Iwo Jima Memorial, trips to USMC intelligence facility at Quantico and the USMC Museum at the Navy Yard, and the evening retreat ceremony at the Marine Corps barracks. Distinguished speakers include the DCI, the Marine Corps Commandant, Gen Charles Krulak, CINCSOUTH, and former DIA director LtGen Clapper. Contact MGySgt John Asbery, USMC (Ret), Tel: (703) 494-3894;

JULY 21, Washington. AFIO Special Luncheon, Ft Meade, Maryland, O'Club, 12:30 - 2:30, with presentation by Jack Ingram (Curator & Historian, National Cryptologic Museum), and special TOUR of the Museum. Send check for $22 (AFIO members and guests), or $29 (others) to AFIO. (703) 790-0320

For comments on this WIN, contact John Macartney <>

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