AFIO Intelligence Notes Issue 32

24 August 1998

AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes (WIN's) are a 1998 initiative to enhance services to AFIO members and to encourage them to recruit new members. We need new members!

WIN's are produced by Editor Roy Jonkers, and includes adaptations of articles produced by RADM Don Harvey (USN ret) and AFIO members. WIN re-transmission is not permitted except without concurrence of the WIN Editor.

See the AFIO Homepage  for back issues.


Fort Myers Officers Club, Arlington Virginia
Speakers: Major General (USA ret) Jack Singlaub (Operation Tailwind)
and Dr. Hamilton Merritt, Nobel Prize Nominee (Tragic Mountains, Lao-Hmong)
Luncheon Chairman: Mr. Theodore Shackley
Send check for $26 (members and guests) or $29 (non-members) to AFIO.

Symposium Chairman: Peter Earnest, President AFIO

5 Nov 98 - Board, Chapter and Membership Meetings, and AWARDS Banquet.

6 Nov 90 - Professional Speakers, at CIA Headquarters
(details at 5-6 Nov in Section IV, below)


EMBASSY ATTACKS. Several points of interest to those of us who follow intelligence matters are emerging from the tragic embassy bombings in Africa.

a) Sudan has embarked on a global PR campaign to "prove" that the Sudanese pharmaceutical factory destroyed last week by US Tomahawk cruise missiles manufactured only medicines and not a VX nerve gas precursor as claimed by President Clinton. The US position, meanwhile, is, that we have "physical evidence" of VX precursor but cannot reveal that evidence without compromising intelligence sources and methods. Well, the pressure to reveal the evidence is getting intense. Perhaps the Administration will need to find a way to share it with a trusted third party, like UN General Secretary Kofi Annan, or maybe Richard Butler, the UN arms inspector.

b) There is also information that the US intelligence detected and prevented a terrorist attack just last week on our embassy in Albania. Moreover, according to the Washington Post, "CIA operatives foiled two attacks on U.S. embassies last year in advanced stages of planning and disrupted three other incipient plots after infiltrating terrorist cells and by monitoring and intercepting electronic communications, administration and congressional sources said yesterday."

c) The good news, in my view, is that another fallout from these embassy attacks and the "war" with Osama bin Laden and other terrorists, is going to be greatly renewed interest in and support for intelligence. There will very likely be plus-up funding voted for intelligence, especially for Humint (and also for State Dept embassy security) when Congress returns to Washington in September.

INTELLIGENCE & NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION. Two other recent news stories show the role of intelligence in combating the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). IN THE CASE OF IRAQ, there are stories about how Secretary of State Madeleine Albright "dissuaded" UN arms inspectors from undertaking a provocative challenge inspection of two sites last month where secret "intelligence" reports indicated there would be evidence of WMD. Although not stated, it is almost certain that the "intelligence" came from the US. Given that US policy seems now to be to avoid a confrontation with Iraq, it is unlikely the CIA will be allowed by the Administration to send more such reports to the UN.

IN THE CASE OF NORTH KOREA, US intelligence reports about a new underground nuclear weapons facility under construction have leaked. As a result of that leak, there is even less chance than before that Congress will appropriate funds to purchase fuel oil for North Korea, one of the commitments the US made in its 1994 "Understanding" with N Korea that got that regime to shut down its older (above ground) nuclear facility. In both cases, intelligence leaks made it hard for the Administration to pursue its foreign policy. Also, both cases demonstrate there can be no arms control without intelligence. <>

WORM BRAINS AS HI TECH SENSORS? The Aug24 Washington Post has a Science story about an undersea robot being developed by researchers at the University of Oregon which will be programmed to search for naval mines in the the ocean. Apparently the robot's programmed artificial intelligence is modeled after the brain of the "Caenorhabditis eleggans," an earthworm.

ISRAEL WANTS NEW US SPY PLANES. Israeli defense officials are planning a $500 million spy plane purchase from the US to replace their 15-year-old electronic eavesdropping aircraft . The planned fleet of three to five Special Electronic Mission Airplanes (SEMA) will require an unprecedented amount of technology transfer from the United States to enable Israel to integrate a wide range of classified, indigenous subsystems in the U.S.-built platforms. Like the USAF's RC-135 Rivet Joint aircraft, the Israel Air Force SEMA would use sophisticated long-range sensors to monitor for potentially threatening radio signals or radar emissions. In the event of conflict, the aircraft could provide almost instantaneous data updates on enemy air defenses and other threats to fighter crews or unmanned attack vehicles. (Defense News, 3Aug98)

MORE ABOUT NSA'S CRYPTOLOGIC MUSEUM. In my 27 July WIN (Roy has asked me to do one WIN a month), I wrote about AFIO's July 21st luncheon and group tour of NSA's museum. Well, I left something out. Actually, I left out a great deal, such as the displays about the native American "code-talkers" -- this is a museum worth visiting. In any event, AFIO member DAN HEARN wrote about one of the things I left out. That is VIGILANCE PARK, the Aerial Reconnaissance Memorial located adjacent to the Museum. The centerpiece of the Park is a C-130 aircraft which was refurbished by Raytheon/E-Systems to resemble an RC-130 which strayed into Soviet Armenia and was shot down in 2 September 1958. Last year, on the 39th anniversary of that shootdown, Vigilance Park was dedicated in the presence of 117 family members of crewmen who died in that shootdown and in remembrance of all 64 Air Force, Army, Navy and NSA personnel who lost their lives on Cold War reconnaissance missions. The Park also has an Army RU-8 Guardrail aircraft, two of which were shot down over Vietnam, on display, and inside the museum are several exhibits about the many aircraft lost and the personnel who gave their lives on these Cold War missions.

ATTACK DETECTORS FOR SATELLITES. The outgoing CINC of Space Command, Gen. Howell M. Estes, urges that future military and commercial satellites be equipped with "attack sensors." Currently, if a satellite fails or otherwise malfunctions, there is no way to determine if that failure was caused by a deliberate attack or by mechanical failure or a hit from an asteroid, or whatever. No US satellites are currently so equipped. Even attempts to defeat or bypass uplink encryption and induce false commands can go undetected today.


SPY BOOK: THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ESPIONAGE, by Norman Polmar & Thomas B Allen, Random House, 1997, revised paperback edition, 1998. This new "encyclopedia" is a 644 page alphabetical listing of intelligence terms, names and acronyms. At $18 ($14.40 from "") it's a bargain that contains page after page of interesting and useful material. It is especially strong on names (Mati Hari, Penkovsky, Aldrich Ames, etc) as well as espionage tales from World War II and the Cold War. It is, unfortunately, rather sparse on Techint terminology and lacking in modern terms and acronyms that are in routine use by intelligence officers and those who follow intelligence matters today. Among the missing acronyms: AFIO, C3I, CMS, DARO, HPSCI, InteLink, KAL 007, MASINT, MID, NFIP, NIC, NIMA, NMIC/NMJIC, PDB, PNG, SSCI, SMO; and missing terms: "actionable intelligence," "airbreather," "Chief of Station," "collateral," "finding," "gyosynchronous," "green door," "grey information," "Hughes-Ryan Amendment," "information warfare/dominance," "mirror imaging," "multispectral," "opportunity analysis," "production," "push/pull," "signature" and "spectroradiometric." Although there are 100's of names of obscure espionage agents, the intelligence officers who made their mark on the analytical side are conspicuoulsy absent -- among the missing, for example, are: Harold Ford, William Friedman, Sherman Kent, Russell Jack Smith, and Vernon Walters. Nevertheless, this book is a bargain and very useful. I recommend it.

MONOGRAPH AVAILABLE. By the way, if any of the above contemporary terms are unfamiliar to readers, they can all be found along with many others in the glossary that accompanies my 1997 monograph, "Intelligence: What it is And How to Use It," which Roy Jonkers advertised in last week's WIN and is available by mail from AFIO for $10. Send address and check to "monograph": AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave, #303A, McLean, VA 22101

SPEAKING OF GLOSSARIES. While reveiwing the "Spy Book," above, I tried to find a good intelligence glossary on the internet. It turns out that DOD has a searchable "Dictionary of Military Terms" and acronyms. While it has many 1000's of terms and acronyms the explanations are cryptic and much too brief. Also, there are no slang terms, like "puzzle palace," or historical stuff, like "Zimmermann Telegram." It's at, and it's excellent for official terms and acronyms. I didn't find "spectroradiometric" either, but I did find "spectrozonal photography," which seems to be about the same thing. (Also, I did not find either "CSC" or "CSSG" (see below) DOES ANYONE OUT THERE know of a more up to date on-line intelligence dictionary or glossary?

SPECIAL COLLECTION SERVICE? On the Federation of American Scientist web page, John Pike has posted a new (and very useful) list of intelligence community organizations. Among them is the Special Collection Service (CSC). Pike also refers to it as CSSG. Anyway, I've never heard of it. Nevertheless, Pike has posted both ground and overhead photos of "CSSG" buildings -- so there must be something there (near Beltsville, MD). The FAS website, by the way, also offers a detailed sketch of what Pike claims is a billion dollar plus "Mercury [Advanced Vortex]" sigint satellite of the type the media says was destroyed on launch at Cape Canaveral on 13 July.


DO YOU TEACH AN INTELLIGENCE COURSE? (Or know someone who does?) If so, both the DIA's Joint Military Intelligence College (JMIC) and the academic journal, "Intelligence and National Security" would like to get in touch with you (or them).

THE JMIC is planning a June 18, 1999 conference to be held at the DIA building in Washington, DC on "Teaching Intelligence in Colleges & Universities." Paper presenters, I believe, will be funded by DIA and proposals for papers on the subject will be due to the JMIC by mid September. All who may have an interest in the June 1999 conference should send name and addresses to the JMIC now in order to get on their conference mailing list. Contact LTC Kevin Johnson, (202) 231-4173 /

JOURNAL OF "INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY." Meredith Hindley at American University in Washington, DC is spear-heading a effort to put together a comprehensive, worldwide list of courses on intelligence. Each entry in the list will consist of contact information for the person mounting the course and a short description of the course (approximately 75 words). The idea is to create a resource for people teaching intelligence and promote discussion and an exchange of ideas among historians, political scientists, and intelligence professionals. The list will be published in a future edition of the journal "Intelligence and National Security." There are also plans to put the list on a journal sponsored website, along with links to online resources for teaching intelligence. To have your class(es) included on the list, please contact Meredith Hindley at

Meredith Hindley
Department of History
American University
4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20016-8038
tel: (202) 547-4221


Lists events of interest to AFIO members and intelligence scholars. NOTE: If you know of an event coming up in the next 12 months that should be added to this list, PLEASE ADVISE John Macartney, <>


SEPT 7-10, Moscow Spy Tour. This event is being organized by Dan Mulvenna, a retired Royal Canadian Mounted Police counterintelligence officer and an Associate Member of AFIO. It includes visits to espionage related sites and meetings with current and former seniorSVR/KGB officers. Repeat of a similar and successful tour in June 1997. Cost is $1500, not including airfare or hotel.

SEPT 9, El Paso. NMIA Southwest Chapter meeting, 6pm At Chris' BBQ Restaurant, 11420 Rojas. <>

SEPT 9-11, Washington. InfoWar Œ98 Conference. Voice: 813.393.6600; Fax: 813.393.6361;

SEPT 11 - AFIO Northeast Florida Chapter will hold its first organizational Dinner Meeting on Friday, 11 Sept at the Holiday Inn, Palatka, at 5:00 pm. Contact Col Barney Barco (352) 475 2351, or email <

SEPT 14 - Washington. AFIO LUNCHEON, Fort Myers Officers Club, Arlington Virginia 1030 - 1400. Speakers: Major General (USA ret) Jack Singlaub (Operation Tailwind) and Dr. Hamilton Merritt, Nobel Prize Nominee (Tragic Mountains, Lao-Hmong). Luncheon Chairman: Mr. Theodore Shackley. Registration: AFIO members $26, Non-members $29. Send check with name and address to AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave, Suite 303A.

SEPT 14-16, Institute for International Research (IIR) is organizing a "Tools and Techniques Forum - Competitive Intelligence".

SEPT 14-18, Minneapolis. Ross Engineering, a counter surveillance firm, is giving its "Hands-on TSCM [Technical Surveillance Counter-Measures] Training Course".

SEPT 15, Washington. ABA breakfast with Rep Porter Goss (R-FL), Chairman of the the House intelligence committee. Rep Goss is a former CIA case officer and a MEMBER of AFIO. (202) 662-1035.

SEPT 15-17, Shrivenham, England. Royal Military College of Science (RMCS) is organizing the "European Electronic Battlefield Symposium".

SEPT 17, Washington. One day Conference, "The U-2: A Revolution in Intelligence," jointly sponsored by CIA, NRO, DOD and USAF -- at the National Defense University. CIA Center for Study of Intelligence, (703) 613-1753.

SEPT 17, Washington. NMIA Potomac Chapter luncheon at Bolling EM Club. Pre-luncheon speaker 1030. (703) 379-7177

SEPT 21-24, Syracuse, NY. Research Associates of Syracuse (RAS) is holding a seminar and workshop on "ELINT Interception".


OCTOBER 16-17, Borden, Ontario. AFIO Midwest Chapter's Autumn Œ98 function, a working tour of the Canadian Military Intelligence and Security Camp. Angelo DiLiberti, (847) 931-4184, or Don Clark, (630) 834-2032,

OCTOBER 23, Washington. General Membership meeting of NIP, Naval Intelligence Professionals, at ONI Headquarters, Suitland, MD, with membership luncheon at the Bolling AFB NCO Club. Annual 1630 Dining-In for Naval intelligence officers that night at the Ft Myers O'Club.

OCTOBER 23-24, Kennebunkport, Maine. Meeting of AFIO New England Chapter at the Nonatum Resort with speaker Peter Huchthausen, former Naval Attaché in Moscow and author of Hostile Waters. Peggy Adler, (860) 669-7706

OCTOBER 28-30, Melbourne. Australian Institute of Professional Intelligence Officers (AIPIO) to Conduct Intel'98, Meeting the Challenge: The Intelligence Advantage - Intelligence Solutions to Real World Problems. <>

OCTOBER 28-30, Brno, Czech Republic. AFCEA Europe Symposium and TechNet Exposition on "The New NATO." tel: 32(2)705 2731 / /

OCTOBER 30 - Nov 1, Charlotte, NC. ISA/South conference at the Hilton at University Place in Charlotte, North Carolina. (704) 547-4536; fax (704) 547-3497; e-mail


NOV 5-6, Washington. AFIO National Symposium and Convention (unclassified), "Challenges for Intelligence: the Future Is Now." SYMPOSIUM starts at the Tyson's Marriott Hotel at 12:30 with sessions on "Secutiry Intelligence" and "Terrorism," followed by CONVENTION at 4 pm, with cocktail hour and Awards BANQUET CIA HEADQUARTERS all the next day will be Symposium with professional sessions on "Intelligence Technology." (703) 790-0320,

NOVEMBER 9, Washington. NMIA Defense Intelligence Status (DIS 98), Bolling AFB EM Club. (301) 840-6642

NOVEMBER 10, Washington. NMIA/OPS Counterintelligence (CI 98) Symposium, Bolling AFB EM Club. (301) 840-6642

NOVEMBER 11-12, Washington. PCIC Fall '98, Professional Connections in the Intelligence Community Symposium (intelligence job fair), Tyson's Corner Marriott.



JANUARY (tbd), AFIO Winter Luncheon. Morning speaker (1030) plus luncheon speaker. (703)790-0320,

FEBRUARY 16-20, 1999, Washington. ISA Convention. This is the premier forum for intelligence scholars.

MARCH 21-25, 1999. Washington. National OPSEC Conference. 301.840.6770.

MAR 24-25, Washington. Professional Connections in the Intelligence Community (PCIC) Symposium (job fair), at March 24-25, 1999 at Radisson Plaza Hotel at Mark Center, Alexandria, Virginia.

JUNE 18, Washington. DIA's Joint Military Intelligence College (JMIC) will sponsor a conference on "Teaching Intelligence in Colleges & Universities." Contact LTC Kevin Johnson. <>

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