AFIO Intelligence Notes Issue 32
24 August 1998
AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes (WIN's) are a 1998 initiative to
enhance services to AFIO members and to encourage them to recruit new
members. We need new members!
WIN's are produced by Editor Roy Jonkers, and includes adaptations
of articles produced by RADM Don Harvey (USN ret) and AFIO members.
WIN re-transmission is not permitted except without concurrence of
the WIN Editor.
See the AFIO Homepage for back
EVERY MEMBER GET A MEMBER - keep AFIO strong!
AFIO LUNCHEON 14 SEPTEMBER
Fort Myers Officers Club, Arlington Virginia
Speakers: Major General (USA ret) Jack Singlaub (Operation
and Dr. Hamilton Merritt, Nobel Prize Nominee (Tragic Mountains,
Luncheon Chairman: Mr. Theodore
Send check for $26 (members and guests) or $29 (non-members) to
AFIO SYMPOSIUM AND CONVENTION, 5 and 6
Symposium Chairman: Peter Earnest,
5 Nov 98 - Board, Chapter and Membership
Meetings, and AWARDS Banquet.
6 Nov 90 - Professional Speakers, at CIA
(details at 5-6 Nov in Section IV, below)
SECTION I - INTELLIGENCE COMMENTARIES & BRIEFS
EMBASSY ATTACKS. Several points of interest to those of us
who follow intelligence matters are emerging from the tragic embassy
bombings in Africa.
a) Sudan has embarked on a global PR campaign to "prove" that the
Sudanese pharmaceutical factory destroyed last week by US Tomahawk
cruise missiles manufactured only medicines and not a VX nerve gas
precursor as claimed by President Clinton. The US position,
meanwhile, is, that we have "physical evidence" of VX precursor but
cannot reveal that evidence without compromising intelligence sources
and methods. Well, the pressure to reveal the evidence is getting
intense. Perhaps the Administration will need to find a way to share
it with a trusted third party, like UN General Secretary Kofi Annan,
or maybe Richard Butler, the UN arms inspector.http://cnn.com/WORLD/africa/9808/23/sudan.apology/
b) There is also information that the US intelligence detected
and prevented a terrorist attack just last week on our embassy in
Albania. Moreover, according to the Washington Post, "CIA operatives
foiled two attacks on U.S. embassies last year in advanced stages of
planning and disrupted three other incipient plots after infiltrating
terrorist cells and by monitoring and intercepting electronic
communications, administration and congressional sources said
c) The good news, in my view, is that another fallout from these
embassy attacks and the "war" with Osama bin Laden and other
terrorists, is going to be greatly renewed interest in and support
for intelligence. There will very likely be plus-up funding voted
for intelligence, especially for Humint (and also for State Dept
embassy security) when Congress returns to Washington in September. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1998-08/24/011l-082498-idx.html
INTELLIGENCE & NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION. Two other recent
news stories show the role of intelligence in combating the
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). IN THE CASE OF
IRAQ, there are stories about how Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright "dissuaded" UN arms inspectors from undertaking a
provocative challenge inspection of two sites last month where secret
"intelligence" reports indicated there would be evidence of WMD.
Although not stated, it is almost certain that the "intelligence"
came from the US. Given that US policy seems now to be to avoid a
confrontation with Iraq, it is unlikely the CIA will be allowed by
the Administration to send more such reports to the UN.
IN THE CASE OF NORTH KOREA, US intelligence reports about a
new underground nuclear weapons facility under construction have
leaked. As a result of that leak, there is even less chance than
before that Congress will appropriate funds to purchase fuel oil for
North Korea, one of the commitments the US made in its 1994
"Understanding" with N Korea that got that regime to shut down its
older (above ground) nuclear facility. In both cases, intelligence
leaks made it hard for the Administration to pursue its foreign
policy. Also, both cases demonstrate there can be no arms control
without intelligence. <http://cnn.com:80/WORLD/asiapcf/9808/17/nkorea.nuclear/>
WORM BRAINS AS HI TECH SENSORS? The Aug24 Washington Post
has a Science story about an undersea robot being developed by
researchers at the University of Oregon which will be programmed to
search for naval mines in the the ocean. Apparently the robot's
programmed artificial intelligence is modeled after the brain of the
"Caenorhabditis eleggans," an earthworm. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1998-08/24/108l-082498-idx.html
ISRAEL WANTS NEW US SPY PLANES. Israeli defense officials
are planning a $500 million spy plane purchase from the US to replace
their 15-year-old electronic eavesdropping aircraft . The planned
fleet of three to five Special Electronic Mission Airplanes (SEMA)
will require an unprecedented amount of technology transfer from the
United States to enable Israel to integrate a wide range of
classified, indigenous subsystems in the U.S.-built platforms. Like
the USAF's RC-135 Rivet Joint aircraft, the Israel Air Force SEMA
would use sophisticated long-range sensors to monitor for potentially
threatening radio signals or radar emissions. In the event of
conflict, the aircraft could provide almost instantaneous data
updates on enemy air defenses and other threats to fighter crews or
unmanned attack vehicles. (Defense News, 3Aug98)
MORE ABOUT NSA'S CRYPTOLOGIC MUSEUM. In my 27 July WIN
(Roy has asked me to do one WIN a month), I wrote about AFIO's July
21st luncheon and group tour of NSA's museum. Well, I left something
out. Actually, I left out a great deal, such as the displays about
the native American "code-talkers" -- this is a museum worth
visiting. In any event, AFIO member DAN HEARN wrote about one of the
things I left out. That is VIGILANCE PARK, the Aerial Reconnaissance
Memorial located adjacent to the Museum. The centerpiece of the Park
is a C-130 aircraft which was refurbished by Raytheon/E-Systems to
resemble an RC-130 which strayed into Soviet Armenia and was shot
down in 2 September 1958. Last year, on the 39th anniversary of that
shootdown, Vigilance Park was dedicated in the presence of 117 family
members of crewmen who died in that shootdown and in remembrance of
all 64 Air Force, Army, Navy and NSA personnel who lost their lives
on Cold War reconnaissance missions. The Park also has an Army RU-8
Guardrail aircraft, two of which were shot down over Vietnam, on
display, and inside the museum are several exhibits about the many
aircraft lost and the personnel who gave their lives on these Cold
ATTACK DETECTORS FOR SATELLITES. The outgoing CINC of
Space Command, Gen. Howell M. Estes, urges that future military and
commercial satellites be equipped with "attack sensors." Currently,
if a satellite fails or otherwise malfunctions, there is no way to
determine if that failure was caused by a deliberate attack or by
mechanical failure or a hit from an asteroid, or whatever. No US
satellites are currently so equipped. Even attempts to defeat or
bypass uplink encryption and induce false commands can go undetected
SECTION II - BOOKS, PUBLICATIONS & OTHER SOURCES
SPY BOOK: THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ESPIONAGE, by Norman
Polmar & Thomas B Allen, Random House, 1997, revised paperback
edition, 1998. This new "encyclopedia" is a 644 page alphabetical
listing of intelligence terms, names and acronyms. At $18 ($14.40
from "amazon.com") it's a bargain that contains page after page of
interesting and useful material. It is especially strong on names
(Mati Hari, Penkovsky, Aldrich Ames, etc) as well as espionage tales
from World War II and the Cold War. It is, unfortunately, rather
sparse on Techint terminology and lacking in modern terms and
acronyms that are in routine use by intelligence officers and those
who follow intelligence matters today. Among the missing acronyms:
AFIO, C3I, CMS, DARO, HPSCI, InteLink, KAL 007, MASINT, MID, NFIP,
NIC, NIMA, NMIC/NMJIC, PDB, PNG, SSCI, SMO; and missing terms:
"actionable intelligence," "airbreather," "Chief of Station,"
"collateral," "finding," "gyosynchronous," "green door," "grey
information," "Hughes-Ryan Amendment," "information
warfare/dominance," "mirror imaging," "multispectral," "opportunity
analysis," "production," "push/pull," "signature" and
"spectroradiometric." Although there are 100's of names of obscure
espionage agents, the intelligence officers who made their mark on
the analytical side are conspicuoulsy absent -- among the missing,
for example, are: Harold Ford, William Friedman, Sherman Kent,
Russell Jack Smith, and Vernon Walters. Nevertheless, this book is a
bargain and very useful. I recommend it.
MONOGRAPH AVAILABLE. By the way, if any of the above
contemporary terms are unfamiliar to readers, they can all be found
along with many others in the glossary that accompanies my 1997
monograph, "Intelligence: What it is And How to Use It," which Roy
Jonkers advertised in last week's WIN and is available by mail from
AFIO for $10. Send address and check to "monograph": AFIO, 6723
Whittier Ave, #303A, McLean, VA 22101
SPEAKING OF GLOSSARIES. While reveiwing the "Spy Book,"
above, I tried to find a good intelligence glossary on the internet.
It turns out that DOD has a searchable "Dictionary of Military Terms"
and acronyms. While it has many 1000's of terms and acronyms the
explanations are cryptic and much too brief. Also, there are no
slang terms, like "puzzle palace," or historical stuff, like
"Zimmermann Telegram." It's at http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict/data/s/index.html,
and it's excellent for official terms and acronyms. I didn't find
"spectroradiometric" either, but I did find "spectrozonal
photography," which seems to be about the same thing. (Also, I did
not find either "CSC" or "CSSG" (see below) DOES ANYONE OUT THERE
know of a more up to date on-line intelligence dictionary or
SPECIAL COLLECTION SERVICE? On the Federation of American
Scientist web page, John Pike has posted a new (and very useful) list
of intelligence community organizations. Among them is the Special
Collection Service (CSC). Pike also refers to it as CSSG. Anyway,
I've never heard of it. Nevertheless, Pike has posted both ground
and overhead photos of "CSSG" buildings -- so there must be something
there (near Beltsville, MD). The FAS website, by the way, also
offers a detailed sketch of what Pike claims is a billion dollar plus
"Mercury [Advanced Vortex]" sigint satellite of the type the
media says was destroyed on launch at Cape Canaveral on 13 July.
SECTION III BULLETIN BOARD
DO YOU TEACH AN INTELLIGENCE COURSE? (Or know someone who
does?) If so, both the DIA's Joint Military Intelligence College
(JMIC) and the academic journal, "Intelligence and National Security"
would like to get in touch with you (or them).
THE JMIC is planning a June 18, 1999 conference to be held at
the DIA building in Washington, DC on "Teaching Intelligence in
Colleges & Universities." Paper presenters, I believe, will
be funded by DIA and proposals for papers on the subject will be due
to the JMIC by mid September. All who may have an interest in the
June 1999 conference should send name and addresses to the JMIC now
in order to get on their conference mailing list. Contact LTC Kevin
Johnson, (202) 231-4173 / email@example.com.
JOURNAL OF "INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY." Meredith Hindley at American University in Washington, DC is
spear-heading a effort to put together a comprehensive, worldwide
list of courses on intelligence. Each entry in the list will consist
of contact information for the person mounting the course and a short
description of the course (approximately 75 words). The idea is to
create a resource for people teaching intelligence and promote
discussion and an exchange of ideas among historians, political
scientists, and intelligence professionals. The list will be
published in a future edition of the journal "Intelligence and
National Security." There are also plans to put the list on a
journal sponsored website, along with links to online resources for
teaching intelligence. To have your class(es) included on the list,
please contact Meredith Hindley at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Department of History
4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20016-8038
tel: (202) 547-4221
SECTION IV -- MONTHLY "HEADS UP" LIST.
Lists events of interest to AFIO members and intelligence
scholars. NOTE: If you know of an event coming up in the next 12
months that should be added to this list, PLEASE ADVISE John
SEPT 7-10, Moscow Spy Tour. This event is being organized by Dan
Mulvenna, a retired Royal Canadian Mounted Police counterintelligence
officer and an Associate Member of AFIO. It includes visits to
espionage related sites and meetings with current and former
seniorSVR/KGB officers. Repeat of a similar and successful tour in
June 1997. Cost is $1500, not including airfare or hotel.
SEPT 9, El Paso. NMIA Southwest Chapter meeting, 6pm At Chris'
BBQ Restaurant, 11420 Rojas. <email@example.com>
SEPT 9-11, Washington. InfoWar 98 Conference. Voice:
813.393.6600; Fax: 813.393.6361; firstname.lastname@example.org
SEPT 11 - AFIO Northeast Florida Chapter will hold its first
organizational Dinner Meeting on Friday, 11 Sept at the Holiday Inn,
Palatka, at 5:00 pm. Contact Col Barney Barco (352) 475 2351, or
SEPT 14 - Washington. AFIO LUNCHEON, Fort Myers Officers Club,
Arlington Virginia 1030 - 1400. Speakers: Major General (USA ret)
Jack Singlaub (Operation Tailwind) and Dr. Hamilton Merritt, Nobel
Prize Nominee (Tragic Mountains, Lao-Hmong). Luncheon Chairman: Mr.
Theodore Shackley. Registration: AFIO members $26, Non-members $29.
Send check with name and address to AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave, Suite
SEPT 14-16, Institute for International Research (IIR) is
organizing a "Tools and Techniques Forum - Competitive
SEPT 14-18, Minneapolis. Ross Engineering, a counter surveillance
firm, is giving its "Hands-on TSCM [Technical Surveillance
Counter-Measures] Training Course".
SEPT 15, Washington. ABA breakfast with Rep Porter Goss (R-FL),
Chairman of the the House intelligence committee. Rep Goss is a
former CIA case officer and a MEMBER of AFIO. (202) 662-1035.
SEPT 15-17, Shrivenham, England. Royal Military College of
Science (RMCS) is organizing the "European Electronic Battlefield
SEPT 17, Washington. One day Conference, "The U-2: A Revolution
in Intelligence," jointly sponsored by CIA, NRO, DOD and USAF -- at
the National Defense University. CIA Center for Study of
Intelligence, (703) 613-1753.
SEPT 17, Washington. NMIA Potomac Chapter luncheon at Bolling EM
Club. Pre-luncheon speaker 1030. (703) 379-7177
SEPT 21-24, Syracuse, NY. Research Associates of Syracuse (RAS)
is holding a seminar and workshop on "ELINT Interception".
OCTOBER 16-17, Borden, Ontario. AFIO Midwest Chapter's Autumn
98 function, a working tour of the Canadian Military
Intelligence and Security Camp. Angelo DiLiberti, (847) 931-4184, or
Don Clark, (630) 834-2032, email@example.com.
OCTOBER 23, Washington. General Membership meeting of NIP, Naval
Intelligence Professionals, at ONI Headquarters, Suitland, MD, with
membership luncheon at the Bolling AFB NCO Club. Annual 1630
Dining-In for Naval intelligence officers that night at the Ft Myers O'Club.
OCTOBER 23-24, Kennebunkport, Maine. Meeting of AFIO New England
Chapter at the Nonatum Resort with speaker Peter Huchthausen, former
Naval Attaché in Moscow and author of Hostile Waters. Peggy
Adler, (860) 669-7706
OCTOBER 28-30, Melbourne. Australian Institute of Professional
Intelligence Officers (AIPIO) to Conduct Intel'98, Meeting the
Challenge: The Intelligence Advantage - Intelligence Solutions to
Real World Problems.
OCTOBER 28-30, Brno, Czech Republic. AFCEA Europe Symposium and
TechNet Exposition on "The New NATO." tel: 32(2)705 2731 /
firstname.lastname@example.org / http://www.afcea.org
OCTOBER 30 - Nov 1, Charlotte, NC. ISA/South conference at the
Hilton at University Place in Charlotte, North Carolina. (704)
547-4536; fax (704) 547-3497; e-mail HICHERNO@email.uncc.edu.
NOV 5-6, Washington. AFIO National Symposium and Convention
(unclassified), "Challenges for Intelligence: the Future Is Now."
SYMPOSIUM starts at the Tyson's Marriott Hotel at 12:30 with sessions
on "Secutiry Intelligence" and "Terrorism," followed by CONVENTION at
4 pm, with cocktail hour and Awards BANQUET CIA HEADQUARTERS all the
next day will be Symposium with professional sessions on
"Intelligence Technology." (703) 790-0320, http://www.his.com/afio.
NOVEMBER 9, Washington. NMIA Defense Intelligence Status (DIS
98), Bolling AFB EM Club. (301) 840-6642
NOVEMBER 10, Washington. NMIA/OPS Counterintelligence (CI 98)
Symposium, Bolling AFB EM Club. (301) 840-6642
NOVEMBER 11-12, Washington. PCIC Fall '98, Professional
Connections in the Intelligence Community Symposium (intelligence job
fair), Tyson's Corner Marriott. http://www.pcic.net
NEXT YEAR 1999:
JANUARY (tbd), AFIO Winter Luncheon. Morning speaker (1030) plus
luncheon speaker. (703)790-0320, http://www.his.com/afio.
FEBRUARY 16-20, 1999, Washington. ISA Convention. This is the
premier forum for intelligence scholars. http://csf.colorado.edu/isa/washington/
MARCH 21-25, 1999. Washington. National OPSEC Conference.
MAR 24-25, Washington. Professional Connections in the
Intelligence Community (PCIC) Symposium (job fair), at March 24-25,
1999 at Radisson Plaza Hotel at Mark Center, Alexandria, Virginia. http://www.pcic.net
JUNE 18, Washington. DIA's Joint Military Intelligence College
(JMIC) will sponsor a conference on "Teaching Intelligence in
Colleges & Universities." Contact LTC Kevin Johnson.
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