AFIO Intelligence Notes Issue 38
5 October 1998

WIN's contain intelligence-related commentaries based on open-source material researched and produced by AFIO Executive Director Roy Jonkers.

RADM (ret) Don Harvey and Dr. John Macartney as well as others make contributions that are always appreciated and acknowledged.


BRITISH INTELLIGENCE FOIBLES - In early August two former British agents, one each from MI-5 and from MI-6, were arrested in France in an rapid Anglo-French cooperative security operation. They were David Shayler and Richard Tomlinson respectively, seen as renegades needing to be silenced. European security services are known to be capable of rough treatment of those violating trust. Said one former MI-6 officer, "they are quite cross" with the lads. "The arrests show they're going to get quite vindictive with people who try this sort of thing." But after the arrests things have not gone well for British Intelligence in France.

Tomlinson, who had been involved in Bosnia, Moscow and the Middle East before his dismissal, and who knows the identity of dozens of MI-6 officers and several agents, was planning to write a book about his work. He stated that it would blow the lid of corruption and abuses at MI-6. His arrest in France was "ferocious" but after a thirty hour interrogation and with bandaged ribs he was released later by the French and permitted to fly to New Zealand. Two Scotland Yard agents followed and rearranged his furniture there again, and he has been served with an injunction preventing him from talking about his intelligence career.

Shayler has been claiming that he has the story of an MI-5 assassination attempt on Lybia's Colonel Gadhafi in February 1966, that used a member of the fundamentalist Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (IFG) to do the deed. The wrong car was blown up (or attacked - accounts differ) - - Gadhafi always changes cars unpredictably. The Libyan Mukhabarat arrested scores of suspected Islamic supporters, and broke the back of the IFG. Why a possible UK attempt to kill Gadhafi? Unidentified " analysts" surmised that British interests in north Africa might have been served by killing Gadhafi during his first years in power - there was the Lockerbie problem, his seizure of power from a pro-British royal family, his image as a secular Arab socialist, "another Nasser," and his seizure of British assets. The UK government has officially denied any involvement in the 1966 attempt to assassinate Gadhafi.

Shayler remains in a French jail, while extradition proceedings are underway. But he may never be extradited. He is said to "singing like a canary" to French intelligence about British intelligence operations. (The Times, London, 9 August, 30 August 1998) (Roy J.)

150 RUSSIAN AGENTS OPERATING IN GERMANY. The German newspaper Seuddeutsche Zeitung has published a report by the Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV) saying at least 150 Russian agents with "unusually aggressive" methods have been operating in Germany, deployed high-powered agents to seek out industrial secrets. The report gave no details of the methods of the Russian agents nor would the government comment on the story. The paper said the report had been kept under wraps in the Bonn chancellery since August of last year.

Russia's intelligence service, like its Western counterparts, uses diplomatic cover for espionage in all areas of life. In recent years, Germany security officials are reported to have expressed particular concern over possible links between organized crime and Russian intelligence agents. The issue remains Russia's most important Western commercial partner. Germany has traditionally, even in Cold War days, dealt discreetly with Moscow over spying, avoiding where possible public expulsions and denunciations.

The intelligence services of Germany and Russia are now cooperating in some areas, including combating terrorism, the drug trade, and smuggled nuclear contraband. The account did not speculate on the reason for a year's delay in the leak of the report nor was there mention that the German government had in recent months made it clear that it considered CIA methods of operation in Germany more befitting an occupying power than a strong ally. (Reuters, 6 Aug. 98) (Don H)

KOREAN AIR BATTLES REVISITED - A Russian delegation trying to find out details about Russian pilot MIA's in North Korea visited the Defense Intelligence Agency, were given access to National Archives records, and met with USA pilots who had fought in the air war over North Korea in the 1950's. The meetings were unprecedented. "This was a complete turn of the table," according to a spokesman for the Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office, "We're usually interviewing Russians for information on our MIA's."

The Russians took home useful information. (Wpost 2 Oct 98, p. Va 3) (RoyJ)

CIA ROLE IN MID-EAST DISPUTE - Allegedly to the consternation of CIA officials, the CIA role in mediating between Palestinian and Israeli security forces as part of the so-called "peace process" has become publicly known. CIA Director George Tenet is said to have met with Palestinian leader Arafat one-on-one at least four times over the past two-plus years. The Agency's station chief in Tel Aviv has hosted numerous meetings, and came close to formulating a security agreement between the parties - it was agreed by Israeli and Palestinian security officials, but rejected by Premier Netanyahu.

CIA activities are routinely reported in newspapers and magazines in Israel and the West Bank. CIA is said to be opening branch offices at Palestinian security force bases throughout the West Bank and the Gaza strip. The CIA is also said to be involved in training Palestinian security forces in Jericho. The Agency's high-profile involvement in the closely watched negotiations is breaking new ground. Yossi Alpher, a former Israeli intelligence officials stated "It's good for the process in the sense that this is an ailing process. What the US can do is limited - it can try to keep this process alive."

CIA's presence has been denounced by Iran radio and numerous media outlets throughout the Arab world. A Hamas spokesman said that "military operations" against Israel had become difficult because of the security cooperation between the Palestinian Authority and Israel, "especially after the CIA joined this coordination."(Vernon Loeb in WPost 30 Sep 98, p A22) (RoyJ)

STASI SHADOWS - On 7 October, Kurt Stand and Theresa Squillacote, a pair of former campus radicals who never relinquished their communist beliefs, went on trial for espionage in US District Court in Alexandria. They are accused of being agents of the STASI in the 1970's and 1980's and passing information to the East Germans. One of their colleagues, Michael Stark, pleaded guilty to passing secret documents obtained from State Department friends to the East Germans. All three were identified from STASI records, now in CIA hands.

Stand and Squillacote were caught in recent FBI sting operations, still willing to pass information. FBI wiretaps and searches of their homes were authorized by the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, permitting the FBI to target suspected foreign agents, even without evidence of wrongdoing. These kinds of searches have increased from 484 in 1992 to 760 in 1997, and now outnumber the searches authorized by federal judges.

The entire affair is mindful of Japanese soldiers still found resisting in the bypassed pockets of the jungle ten years after the war had ended; it also contains aspects of the looney bin. (Wpost, 7 Oct 98, pp B5) (RoyJ)

CUBAN SPY RING - Ten people were arrested for operating a Cuban spy ring in Florida. Although Miami's anti-Castro exile groups have been infiltrated by Cuban government agents before, this network also stands accused of seeking information on US military forces and installations, a much more serious offense. The FBI stated that military security and bases were not compromised. (Wpost, 15 Sep 98, p A1) (RoyJ)

CONGRESSIONAL FOREIGN POLICY MAKING - On 1 October, a bill was introduced in both the Senate and House (by Majority leader Trent Lott and House International Relations Committee Chairman Benjamin Gilman, R/NY) to funnel up to $100 million to equip and train Iraqi opposition groups seeking to remove Saddam Hussein. It is their sense that US policy needs to move from containment to replacement.

From a CIA clandestine operations perpspective, this would be an "overt/covert operation" - difficult to organize. From a State Department perspective there are also problems. "There is no country in that area that would allow training of Iraqi rebels. And although the Kurds already know how to use weapons, there is a question of how they would be kept together."

CIA in the past supported two Kurdish organization groups in northern Iraq and created the "Iraqi National Congress," but the groups turned on each other in 1996, and Saddam destroyed the INC in the next year. Another exile group, the Iraqi National Accord (INA) undertook a covert operation to overthrow Saddam by a coup inside the military. This also failed. The CIA Inspector General is now investigating the handling of both the INC and INA operations.

The Administration has announced a $5M budget for CIA to coordinate the various anti-Saddam opposition groups, another $5M to establish a Radio Free Iraq, and $38M for "political and humanitarian" support to opposition groups. (Wpost, 1 Oct 98, p A30) (RoyJ)


- WHITE-OUT: THE CIA, DRUGS, AND THE PRESS, by Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair, Verso, $60 Cloth, $17.50 paper, 410 pages. Readers who follow the work of expatriate British writer Alexander Cockburn will soon discover his new book matches his usual standards. To paraphrase what the curmudgeon Dwight Macdonald said half a century ago, what we have here is useful only if one wishes to grow paranoia from seed.

What prompted the writing of this peculiar book was Mr. Cockburn's anger over the journalistic community's debunking of an infamous series of articles in the San Jose Mercury News in 1996 that charged with CIA with introducing crack cocaine into America's black communities. Reporter Gary Webb asserted that the Nicaraguan Contras raised money by peddling crack through a pusher names Rick "Freeway Rick" Ross, who was facing heavy jail time for a drug arrest. Mr. Webb essentially became a part of Ross' defense team and convinced the fellow that the small amounts of cocaine he sold over a brief period to two Nicaraguan dealers were part of a CIA plot to finance anti-Sandinista forces.

Mr. Webb's charges ignited a brief firestorm in black communities in Los Angeles that suffered from the crack epidemic. Unsurprisingly, Mr. Webb's series was demolished as nonsense by the media as well as official studies. The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, and The Washington Post all bludgeoned the story, and eventually even his own paper disavowed what he had written.

Mr. Cockburn's and Mr. Sinclair's thesis is that Mr. Webb was right all along and that there was a "disturbing racist thread" behind the attacks on what he wrote. To pad out the Webb story to a full-length book, Mr. Cockburn and Mr. St. Clair fuss about such moth-eaten stories as Naval intelligence's cooperation with the Mafia in preparation for the invasion of Sicily and Italy in 1944. Their tour includes Vietnam, the anti-communist wars in Central America and the drug czars of Mexico.

Mr. Cockburn and co-author Mr. St. Clair have put every nutty story about American intelligence and drugs into a literary blender and produced "White-Out." Mr. Cockburn once boasted in print of how his father, the British communist journalist Claud Cockburn, faked news stories to help the communist cause during the Spanish Civil War. Dad would perhaps be proud of his boy. (WTimes 8 Aug 98, from a review by Joseph C. Goulden, a Washington writer and AFIO member, who is working on a book about the modern world of attorneys.)

- THE STORY OF MAGIC: Memoirs of an American Cryptologic Pioneer, by Frank B. Rowlett, with a Foreword and Epilogue by David Kahn, author of The Codebreakers. Published by Aegean Press, Laguna Hills, CA, 1998, ISBN 0-89412-273-8

($32.80 hardcover). Frank Rowlett was the dean of American cryptographers in World War II, an inventor and code breaker of the first rank. This is the story of how the Japanese cipher machines used for diplomatic traffic were broken and used before and during WWII. This is an essential piece of history by one of the principals. Highly recommended. (RoyJ)

- THE DEMONIC COMEDY: Some Detours in the Baghdad of Saddam Hussein, by Paul William Roberts, Farrar Straus Giroux, 1998, $24. Roberts is a British author who first went to Iraq in 1990, before Saddam had moved into the international limelight. He returned twice during the war in 1991, and then again four years later. He writes that Iraq is a strange country, almost beyond the ken of the Western mind. He describes the people, the government and the country, with its tumultuous history, much of which involved abuse by outside forces, an artificial state with arbitrarily determined borders enclosing mutually hostile peoples, in which Hussein keeps the people in a state of ignorance and terror. He sees Saddam himself as dwelling in a never-never land between the atrocious and the ludicrous. Roberts pulls no punches. The American attack on Saddam had him as the target, but the ordinary people were the victims. Withal Roberts, in the British manner, maintains a sense of humor, and sheds some light on a country assigned to the far reaches of Hades in the American media. It is journalism of a high order. (Reviewed by Jonathan Yardle in WPost 23 Sep 98, page D2) (RoyJ)

- SPY BOOK: The Encyclopedia of Espionage, by Norman Polmar and Thomas B. Allen, Random House, NY 1998 (paperback) ISBN 0-375-70249-0, $18.00. An essential reference tool for writers and students of clandestine espionage, containing nuggets of information on the language and principals of international espionage, ranging from the plots of a John Carre novel to details on the Cambridge Spy Ring, from AFIO to recommended reading. An updated and revised edition, published in August. (RoyJ)

TRAGIC MOUNTAINS: The Hmong, The Americans, and the Secret Wars for Laos, 1942 - 1992, by Dr. Jane Hamilton-Merritt (a Pulitzer Prize nominee), Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1993 . (ISBN 0-253-32731-8). The late Ray S. Cline former Deputy Director for Intelligence, CIA, endorsed this book as depicting a "classical tragedy of heroic proportions will encourage more thoughtful strategic planning and more compassionate government policy for protecting foreign ethnic groups who perform great service for the United States. " The Hmong battled against the Japanese and against the Viet Minh for independence, and were America's foot soldiers in the covert Lao theater of the Vietnam War, rescuing downed American aircrews. After the US withdrew they were subjected to various forms of genocide by the North Vietnamese, including biological toxin warfare. Highly recommended for students of clandestine operations and its consequences. (RoyJ)


On 5 and 6 November 1998 AFIO will conduct a symposium on national intelligence (including counterintelligence) policy, resources, programs and technology at the Tysons Corner Marriott Hotel, Vienna Virginia, and at CIA Headquarters.

US citizens who are members of US professional, academic and business entities and corporations are invited to attend. US citizen guests are welcome.

Your assistance in publicizing the Symposium among "like-minded" civic and professional associations, individuals, academics and corporations etc., and among Government personnel, is appreciated.

This is a unique opportunity to listen to the National intelligence leadership speak authoritatively at the unclassified level and to visit CIA headquarters.

The Symposium agenda was provided in WIN#37. Topics will include Counterintelligence; Intelligence strategy, policy and programs; and futuristic intelligence technology.

In conjunction with this Symposium AFIO also conduct its National Convention and Awards Banquet on 5 November at the Marriott Hotel. Members, Associate Members and guests are invited. The Convention agenda was contained in WIN #37.


1) SYMPOSIUM ONLY contribution/donation (Thursday 5 Nov 1 - 4pm at Tysons Corner Marriott Hotel) ( Friday 6 Nov 8am - 6:30 pm at CIA Headquarters, including refreshments, lunch and social hour) - - - $145.

2) CONVENTION ONLY contribution (Thursday 4 PM - 10 PM), including General Membership Meeting, Reception, Awards Banquet - -- $100.

3) CONVENTION AND SYMPOSIUM combined package contribution/donation - (including all Symposium sessions, General Membership meeting, Reception, Banquet, Friday lunch and Social Hour at CIA). - - - - - $225

SEND check for the desired amount made out to "AFIO", along with name, organization, address and telephone number (email if available) and Social Security number (for access to CIA) to : AFIO, 6723 Whittier Avenue, Ste 303A, McLean, VA 22101-4533


HOTEL - Tysons Corner Marriott Hotel - 8028 Leesburg Pike, Vienna Va - Ask for weekend rate. NOTE: No block of rooms has been set aside or reserved for AFIO. CALL the front-desk - 703 734 3200 - the rate quoted to us was $ 84 per night.



AFIO members will receive a ballot for Board of Directors and the new Bylaws, along with the Symposium Agenda in the mail shortly. It is important for the association that members return their ballot and VOTE for both the slate of Directors and the Bylaws.

The latest edition of the INTELLIGENCER is in the mail. You'll like it.

- TAPS - Jim Quesada, former President of the Bay Area Chapter of AFIO, recently passed away. He was a primary force in the development of the membership of the Bay Area Chapter and encouraged its expanded educational activities. Jim was a veteran of the US Army, with service in Airborne and Special Force, retiring in 1968 with over 20 years of service, serving both as an NCO and as an Officer. In addition he served with the CIA from 1968 until he again retired in 1982. Jim's activities with the Agency and many of his activities with the military remain classified, but he received numerous decorations. His life was dedicated to family and country and he served as a constant reminder of what honor and duty is all about. He will be missed by his family, friends, and the nation. We bid farewell to a valued colleague. (ref. Peter Kassebaum)

- JOB WANTED - Former Career Special Operations Officer, with twelve years experience as industry Systems Analyst, BS Engineering, MS System Management, current TS/SCI clearances, member ARPA senior working group, with recent experience with USSOCOM SOF baseline master plan, counternarcotics strategy, and low intensity conflict logistics, available near-term. Tel 703 824 3271

- JOB WANTED: Retired professor seeking part time work, preferably related to intelligence and security research. Contact <>

- JOB WANTED - Army Special Forces (Airborne) veteran, with experience in counter drug and counterinsurgency operations in Latin America and as an intelligence analyst (12 years) and counterintelligence agent (5 years), currently a counterintelligence agent (Warrant Officer) with the National Guard, is looking for work in related fields. Contact AFIO for address.

- JOB WANTED - Former Army Warrant Officer, currently LAN security administrator for over 900 users at large US government agency, familiar with designing, configuring, troubleshooting and monitoring NT Server and with KANE security software for NT and Novell, with College major in computer information systems and business management, is looking for technical or managerial position in corporate MIS department. Contact <>.

- NOTE - WIN re-transmission is not permitted without specific concurrence by the WIN Editor, EXCEPT for individual single instances for recruiting a new AFIO member.

- NOTE - Recruit a "buddy" campaign - you are invited to support AFIO and its objectives by finding new members. AFIO Associate Membership is open to US citizens, including Government personnel and members of the public who subscribe to AFIO's principles and objectives.

- NOTE - The Symposium and Convention sessions on 5 and 6 November are worthy of your attendance and support. Attendance is encouraged.

Assistance with publicizing the conference among "like-minded" associations, individuals and corporations is appreciated.

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