AFIO Intelligence Notes Issue 41
26 October 1998

WIN's contain intelligence-related commentaries based on open-source material researched and produced by AFIO Executive Director & WIN Editor Roy Jonkers.

I will be busy with the AFIO Symposium next week. Dr. John Macartney has agreed to do the WIN #42.


MIDEAST INTELLIGENCE - The Wye River Memorandum signed on 23 October 98 by Israel, the Palestinians and the US, involves the CIA more deeply, more openly, and more formally into the means and methods of controlling the Arab population living in the West Bank territories occupied by Israel. The Memorandum makes no explicit reference to CIA,. but requires that the Palestinians immediately share with US officials a working plan for cracking down on terrorism, participate in joint security panels, and meet every two weeks as part of a high-level US-Palestinian security committee to review steps being taken to eliminate terrorist cells and their support structure. Some have painted the role as "playing referee" in the charges and counter-charges between Israelis and Palestinians.

The involvement of the CIA in an increasingly overt role in this highly charged political issue is controversial, even if the Israeli and Arab press media have for months been full of reports of CIA activities and the active role played by CIA and the Chief of Station in Tel Aviv. Addressing the issue, former Director Robert M. Gates commented that " because of the highly visible role, the agency runs the risk of being caught between these two parties - the meat in the sandwich - in a way it hasn't been before. And there's somewhat greater operational risk - the high-visibility role makes the agency a more attractive target to certain extremist groups. But there is ample precedent for CIA being involved in negotiations of this kind, and that should not trouble people." Indeed, CIA's Robert Ames, when station chief in Beirut in the early 1980's, participated in secret political talks with Arafat and eventually was instrumental in formulating the Reagan Middle East peace plan (every president must have one).

Former Director James Woolsey said " I think what they're doing is positive and useful, and is supporting the president and the secretary of state. I am worried, institutionally, about the CIA and American intelligence being identified with policy positions in specific agreements, and people worrying over the long-run that intelligence may not be accurate in the future as a result of that."

DCI George Tenet issued a statement published 27 October, including the following:"It is important that Americans understand what is not part of the agency's role. The CIA is not interposing itself between two combatants. We are not placing officers inside the security operations of either side. We will not arrest or interrogate people or assume any other direct role on the ground. CIA officers will not serve as border guards or body guards. In sum, the CIA is not making poilicy, but helping carry it out. This is consistent with the agency's history of fighting terrorism and helping friends and allies in the region live together peacefully and safely. Some have said the CIA is exceeding the limits of its charter. But fighting terrorism is our charter. By virtue of the trust built from years of cooperation and partnership, we are uniquely qualified to deal with our Israeli and Palestinian colleagues on security matters..."

In this negotiating contest the issue of one of our US intelligence traitors, convicted spy Jonathan Pollard, was also (again) raised. The president committed himself publicly to 'review' Pollard's sentence, presumably to encourage Premier Netanyahu's agreement in the "peace" negotiations. Quite likely there is more to this tale than has been published thus far.

Pollard's case engenders bitter feelings and controversy. Former Director Woolsey said that he voted against a pardon for Pollard in 1994 because his theft of highly classified material was so massive that a lengthy penalty was entirely justified. Senator Shelby, Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, fired off a letter to Clinton saying he was "deeply disturbed" that the matter was even given serious consideration. (V. Loeb in Wpost 24 Oct 98, pA20; W. Pincus in Wpost 24Oct p. A20; WP 27 Oct p. 23; WT 27 Oct 98, p 17; CNN 23 Oct 98, 7:12pm; NYT on the web 27 Oct) (RoyJ)

NEW INTELLIGENCE FUNDING - According to WP staff writer W. Pincus, more than $1.5 Billion in Congressional emergency supplemental funds were approved by the President last week for a variety of intelligence programs. Representative Porter Goss, Chairman of the House intelligence committee, said that "we have invested across the board . . . but it is just a first step . . . It will send a great message across the intelligence community. " (NOTE: The Chairman will address the AFIO Symposium at CIA on 6 November - see below).

Although the exact breakdown is classified, the funding is allegedly made up of four main elements: Technical collection (e.g. NRO and NSA)- - $1Billion; Anti-terrorism intelligence (e.g. FBI, CIA and the Pentagon ) - - $200 Million; DoD intelligence systems - - $200 Million; and lastly, the remainder for CIA and DoD intelligence operations in Bosnia - - about $100 Million. Some of the funding will generate new programs, and thus follow-on funding.

The CIA funding would go primarily to the Directorate of Operations, the clandestine service, with the rest going to the Directorate of Intelligence to enhance the analytical capability. The main beneficiaries for technical collection funding would be the NRO and NSA - - to NRO for the development of a new generation of small satellites, and to NSA for upgrading its computers to meet new Cyber Age requirements. (NOTE: The directors of CIA, NRO and NSA will also address the AFIO Symposium). (Pincus, Wpost 23 Oct 98 p. A16) (RoyJ)

BOREN-RUDMAN COMMISSION ESTABLISHED. Secretary of Defense William Cohen announced the formation of the National Security Study Group, to be headed by former senators David Boren and Warren Rudman. The 18-member group will be known as the Boren-Rudman Commission, and, importantly, will review the national security environment, processes and organizations since the National Security Act of 1947. The Commission will focus on the future, and seek to provide the 107th Congress and next Administration with a roadmap for ensuring a viable security strategy and structure for the first 25 years of the new century.

The NSSG charter was published on 1 July 98, and the initial meeting was held on 6 October, at which Cohen provided his guidance. Speaker Newt Gingrich also attended, pledging congressional support. Aside from Warren Rudman (PFIAB), other intelligence-associated members of the commission include Lionel Olmer, PFIAB, and James Schlesinger, former DCI. The Commission will seek extensive input from a wide range of experts in business, academia, and former and current security experts.

A study group of more than 30 scholars, retired military officers and former Intelligence and Foreign Service officers will support the work of the Commission. Chuck Boyd, a retired AF general officer, will serve as executive director for the study group.For more information, call Major Bryan Salas at 703 697 1253. (DoD release No 527-98, 13 Oct 98) (RoyJ)

CELLULAR WIRETAPPING - In 1994 Congress enacted the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, mandating that law enforcement would get the capabilities it needed to monitor wireless communications, but leaving the details to be determined. The Justice Department and FBI were unable to get industry and privacy groups to accept a list of nine technical provisions for law enforcement needs. The FCC has now proposed rules that would accept five of these nine provisions, including one that enables law enforcement agencies to determine the location of a mobile telephone caller, and one that requires wireless telephone carriers to configure their systems to enable taps into conference calls and collect information. The FCC proposals set the stage for the final phase of the debate. (Wpost 23 Oct98, p. A16) (RoyJ)

NEW RUSSIAN ICBM - The Russian program to develop a "missile for the 21st century," the single-warhead intercontinental TOPOL-M, experienced a setback in its scheduled six-launch test program. This was the fifth planned test launch, and the missile was scheduled to fly from Plesetsk in northern Russia to Kamchatka, but instead exploded over the Archangelsk region on 22 October. The Topol-M is based on the SS-25. It is built and designed entirely inside of the current Russian state boundaries, but the program is hampered by budgetary shortfalls. Deployment is already two years behind schedule.

START II requires that the older multiple-warhead ICBM's be destroyed and replaced by single-warhead missiles. It is doubtful that Russia can afford this expenditure. The Russian parliament has not ratified START II, and some hardliners are suggesting that the older missiles be allowed to remain in place. (Hoffman, Wpost 24 Oct98, p. A22) (RoyJ)

UNSEEN GUESTS AT REPORTERS' TABLE - Chapman Pincher, the doyen of British journalists writing about spies and spying, now 84 years old, had many "scoops" during his career, including one on Sir Roger Hollis, former head of MI-5, who had been interrogated on suspicion of being a KGB agent; one that divulged that Sir Maurice Oldfield, the former head of MI-6, was a homosexual who entertained young boys and down-and-outers in his flat in Westminster; and another one revealing that Tom Driberg, former chairman of the Labour Party and a homosexual, had been a double agent working for the KGB and MI-5.

Pincher recently had an article in the August edition of Spectator on the 'Ecu de France'. This was super restaurant in Piccadilly, London, where Pincher met many an informant over lunch or dinner, but which was converted about ten years into a retail shop. He writes that MI-5 was deeply disappointed with the decision to close the restaurant, since it had been thoroughly and most profitably bugged since the beginning of WWII and all through the Cold War. Eventually MI-5 was forced to send in technicians to remove the bugs before anyone else discovered them. This led to another shock - - the KGB had also been present. The restaurant's seats had been bugged by the Soviets, and Soviet-made equipment was found right alongside MI-5's microphones. (The Times, London, Aug 22, 98) (RoyJ)


TRACKING THE AXIS ENEMY: The Triumph of Anglo-American Naval Intelligence, by Alan Harris Bath, University Press of Kansas, 1998, ISBN 0-7006-0917-2. The author, a former US naval intelligence career officer with 32 years of service, traces the coordination of Anglo-American efforts against enemy submarines before-and-during World War II, particularly focusing on the political, military, technological and human factors that aided, and sometimes hindered, cooperation among the allies, and how interagency and interservice rivalries complicated an already complex process. He tells how the Americans learned from Britain's longer experience with the war, and how intelligence cooperation was always subordinated to, and in the final months of the war impeded by, Anglo-American political relations. With Notes and bibliography. For historians and naval intelligence buffs. (RoyJ)

A G-MAN's JOURNAL: A Legendary Career Inside the FBI - From the Kennedy Assassination to the Oklahoma City bombing, by Oliver "Buck"Revell and Dwight Williams, Pocket Books, NY, 1998, ISBN 0-671-56801-9. A very readable personal tale of a senior FBI investigator, populated by public dignitaries and insiders (e.g. AFIO's Ed O'Malley, former Dep'y Director FBI for CI). "Buck" tells of his involvement in major cases, including, among others, the Iran-Contra affair, Operation Goldenrod against terrorist Fawaz Younis, PANAM 103, and the assault on the Branch Davidian compound in Waco. Recommended for those who like to learn about the FBI from a personal perspective in an easy-to-read narrative. (RoyJ)


INSIDE THE FBI - A two-hour special television presentation of A&E's 'Investigative Reports' will provide an exclusive in-depth look at the modern operations of the FBI. The program will include coverage of the FBI missions of counterintelligence, counter-terrorism, kidnapping and cyber crime. It will be hosted by Bill Kurtis on 1 November from 9 - 11 p.m. on the A&E Television Network.

ARTICLES SOLICITED - The Fall 1998 issue of the AFIO "Intelligencer" was mailed out recently. As you can see, it's been expanded to 24 pages and includes five articles submitted by our readers. The next issue will be prepared in late November and we are looking for inputs from readers. We prefer articles and book reviews about intelligence of 1000 to 3000 words. Submit by e-mail if possible, to <>. Alternatively, mail your article to AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave, Ste 303A, McLean Va 22101. Enclose a computer disk if you can. (Intelligencer editors)

PCIC SYMPOSIUM - Professional Connections in the Intelligence Community (PCIC) is a two-day symposium on career development for intelligence and security professionals, plus job fair expo of industry and agency employment recruiters. Included are workshops, seminars and exhibits, along with Government and Industry talent scouts. The second PCIC symposium will be held at the Tysons Corner Marriott hotel on Rte 7 (Leesburg Pike) in Vienna Virginia on 11 and 12 November. The highly successful first PCIC symposium was attended by 600 participants and 33 exhibiting recruiters.

The fee is modest, the seminars are excellent. Highly recommended. Get more info on the who/what/when/where at the PCIC Home Page <http:/>.

AFIO SYMPOSIUM 5 and 6 November. Registrations are closed. The Symposium is sold out to capacity. Thanks to all particpants!

-POSITION AVAILABLE - Eagle Aviation and Services Technology Inc. (EAST Inc) anticipates a program requiring the professional services of a research assistant. The work will be performed in the Washington DC area. some travbel will be involved. A TS/SCI security clearance is mandatory. Intelligence background and/or research experience in intelligence are desirabnle. Competitive salary. Send or fax resume to: East, Inc., 143100 Sullyfield Circle, Ste 600, Chantilly, VA 20151, fax 703 263 0472.

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