WIN #13-04 dtd 26 April 2004

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced by AFIO for non-profit educational uses by AFIO members and WIN subscribers. TO DISCONTINUE RECEIPT OF WINs/EBBNs -- To be unsubscribed from AFIO's WINs/EBBNs mailing list, click on this link: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your name.



Filling up fast. Last ticket sales are May 15. No more tickets available after that date. AFIO'S "NIGHT AT THE BOSTON POPS" -- June 19, 2004 at Symphony Hall, Boston, Massachusetts. Conductor Keith Lockhart leads Boston Pops Orchestra in an evening of James Bond spy themes. The Black Tie gala begins at 6 o'clock with a pre-concert hors d'oeuvres reception and a glamorous spy fashion show by Boston's renowned Yolanda. Register NOW online


AFIO Friday, April 30th LUNCHEON registration ends Wednesday, April 28.

Attendance is now in the hundreds - our biggest in years. Author and intelligence officers discuss the Kuklinski case in detail that people insist should never have been allowed by CIA for publication, but was. Other books and authors present: David Kahn with his new work on Herbert O. Yardley [setting straight all the myths about Yardley and his sale of secrets]; and a few pre-publication copies will be available of former deputy secretary of the Army Thaddeus Holt's impressively comprehensive chronicle ["The Deceivers"] -- of allied operations which successfully misled the Axis. Details


For your calendars: 

AFIO fall symposium/convention set for October 29th. Details in coming months.



[HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents] [This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition recipients. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at However, due to recent changes in AOL's security standards, members using AOL will not be able to receive HTML formatted WINs from AFIO and will thus be receiving our Plaintext Edition. The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their mail using web mail.  NON-HTML recipients may view HTML edition at this link:]



            Are the Iranians Stirring up Trouble in Iraq?

            Russian Diplomat Expelled for Excessive Interest in NATO



            Countering Terrorism and Protecting Civil Liberties

            Chinese raise U.S. concern over Nuclear Spying



            TTIC to Expand Activities

            Chocolate as an Intel Gathering Tool



            US Investigations Services, Inc. Seeks Intelligence Professionals

            Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Looking for a Security Director




                        AFIO Member’s Spy Novel Available in Audio as well as Print

                        MI6’s Radio Service that helped Win the War

                        A Commonsensical Liberal

                        Derring-do in the OSS



            Coming events

                        30 April - AFIO Spring Luncheon Honors Ryszard Kuklinski

                        10 May - Former Soviet Weapons Expert Alibek at Midwest Research Institute Seminar





ARE THE IRANIANS STIRRING UP TROUBLE IN IRAQ? -- At the beginning of April, the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq suspended publication of Al-Hawza, the paper of the virulently anti-American, would-be revolutionary leader of Iraq, Shaykh Muqtada al-Sadr. The CPA also arrested one of his aides, Mustafa Yacubi. Sadr thereupon launched his followers into waves of protests on 4 April. In Najaf, Salvadoran coalition forces and demonstrators exchanged fire leaving four Salvadorans and 19 Sadriyun dead.  The vast Baghdad slum, known as Madinat al-Sadr (Sadr City), which supplies the mass of Sadr’s supporters, descended into chaos.

            Sadr’s activities have propelled into public debate the question of whether he is being supported by the theocratic rulers of Iran. Division over whether they do or do not do so has become the latest form taken by the argument between neoconservatives and their critics. Well-informed analysts may be found on both sides of the question and there is no consensus.


On 9 April, the online Foreign Policy in Focus commented:


            “Independent experts on both Iran and Iraq say that, while Iran has no doubt provided various forms of assistance to Shia factions in Iraq since Hussein's ouster one year ago, its relations with Sadr have long been rocky and that it has opposed radical actions that could destabilize the situation. ‘Those elements closest to Iran among the Shiite clerics (in Iraq) have been the most moderate through all of this,’ according to Shaul Bakhash, an Iran expert at George Mason University. Indeed, many regional specialists agree that Iran has a strategic interest in avoiding any train of events that risks plunging Iraq into chaos or civil war and partition.”  FPIF 


Michael Ledeen of the American Enterprise Institute wrote the following in the Wall Street Journal on 16 April:


            “That the war being waged by Shiite militants throughout Iraq is not just a domestic ‘insurgency’ has been documented by the Italian Military Intelligence Service (Sismi). In a report prepared before the current wave of violence, Sismi predicted ‘a simultaneous attack by Saddam loyalists’ all over the country, along with a series of Shiite revolts.

            “The Italians knew that these actions were not just part of an Iraqi civil war, nor a response to recent actions taken by the Coalition Provisional Authority against the forces of Sadr. According to Italian intelligence, the actions were used as a pretext by local leaders of the factions tied to an Iran-based ayatullah, Kadhim al-Ha’iri, who was ‘guided in his political and strategic choices by ultraconservative Iranian ayatollahs in order to unleash a long planned general revolt.’ The strategic goal of this revolt, says Sismi, was ‘the establishment of an Islamic government of Khomeinist inspiration.’”  Opinion Journal


Bakhash, quoted by FPIF, is an outstanding student of Iranian affairs who was a highly regarded journalist in Tehran before joining academia. He believes that the Iranian leadership is seeking a way to come to terms with the United States and that it does not want instability on its borders. In a similar vein, Juan Cole of the University of Michigan, an expert on the region, says that an Iranian delegation that recently visited Sadr urged him to refrain from violence. That such is the Iranian line, or one Iranian line amongst others, is suggested by the poor relations between Sadr and the Iranian-backed Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq. It and its Badr militia have avoided overt conflict with the Coalition.

            Yet Rafsanjani, head of the powerful Expediency Council, has declared the Army of the Mahdi army to be heroic and America to be a wounded monster in Iraq whose defeat would provide a valuable lesson. Such declarations of support may or may not indicate substantive support. But there are other indications of Iranian involvement with Sadr.

            Last June, Sadr traveled to Iran where he was received by senior officials, including Rafsanjani. Sadr also saw Grand Ayatollah Ha'iri, an Iraqi Shii Arab long resident in the Iranian holy city of Qum. Ha’iri is regarded as the major successor to Muhammad Sadiq al-Sadr, Muqtada’s father who was killed on the orders of Saddam Husayn. Ha’iri has given the young Sadr his spiritual backing, providing him with greater religious standing than he would otherwise enjoy. Ha’iri is close to the Iranian supreme leader, Ali Khamene’i.


            One American analyst who believes the Iranians have been recruiting political, military and covert assets in Iraq is Constantine Menges of the Hudson Institute. In the 25 April Washington Times, he wrote that Tehran has a five-point plan for establishing a second Iran in Iraq.  The five points are:


1. Clerics sympathetic to Iranian Islamism are to be used to build a power base in their mosques and associated social services. (The provision of such services has been a building block of Islamist organizations elsewhere, notably in Turkey, Lebanon and among Palestinians.)


2. Iran is funding both SCIRI and Da’wa, another Shii Islamist political organization with a view to their winning elections or taking power town by town.


3. Iran is working covertly with Sadr to take over the Iraqi Shii leadership, although it sees the more senior Ha’iri as the future religious leader of Iraq.


4. The Lebanese Shii Hizbullah has moved hundreds of cadres into Iraq and it and Palestinian Sunni Hamas, both funded by Tehran, have opened offices in Iraq and are recruiting foot soldiers and potential suicide killers in massive attacks against the Coalition forces that Iran is most likely to order begun after 1 July.


5. Tehran has invested heavily in radio and television broadcasting in an effort to dominate the airwaves in Iraq.


            A report in the 25 April Sunday Telegraph tended to support at least Menges’ assertion that Hizbullah is active in Iraq.  According to the British paper, Western intelligence officials have found evidence that Imad Fayez Mugniyah was coordinating suicide attacks there, including a blast last week in Basra in which 73 people died when five suicide car bombs exploded outside police stations.

            The United States holds Mugniyah, a Lebanese Shii regarded as an instrument of Iranian intelligence, responsible for many terrorist crimes. Among them are the destruction of the U.S. Embassy in Beirut and the murder of William Buckley, the CIA station chief there. Mugniyah was also said to have helped train Sadr’s Army of the Mahdi and to have contacts with Al-Qa’ida. There is a $25 million reward for his apprehension.  (DKR)


RUSSIAN DIPLOMAT EXPELLED FOR EXCESSIVE INTEREST IN NATO -- It was like the good old Cold War days when Russian diplomats were regularly expelled from European countries for spying. But there was a difference this time. The Russian diplomat caught spying was expelled from Latvia, something that could not have happened during the Cold War when the small Baltic republic was part of the Soviet Union.

            Moscow responded to Riga’s expulsion order, announced 23 April, by denouncing what it said was a provocation based on anti-Russian policies. As usual, Moscow then expelled a Latvian diplomat.

            Not all Latvians are all that anti-Russian. Earlier in April, the Latvian parliament impeached and removed from office President Rolandas Paksas who was charged with improperly granting Lithuanian citizenship to a Russian mobster and helping him thwart an investigation.

            The Latvian authorities accused the Russian diplomat of trying to collect information on NATO that Latvia joined last month. In May it joins the European Union.

            It was the third time that a Russian diplomat has been expelled from a Baltic country this year. Lithuania, another new NATO member, sent home three Russian diplomats in February. They were accused, among other things, of trying to buy documents related to NATO and the European Union. Estonia, also in NATO, expelled two low-level Russian diplomats in March.

            Russian espionage activity comes against a background of Russia’s anger at the Baltic states having joined NATO and so brought the Western defense pact’s border to the Russian frontier. President Vladimir Putin told NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, on a recent visit to Moscow, "Russia's position toward the enlargement of NATO is well-known and has not changed.”  The new expansion would not help counter present-day threats, Putin said. Also earlier in the month, Moscow claimed that the United States and Britain have significantly increased attempts to recruit Russians as spies. 

            Russian news agencies reported an anonymous high source as saying U.S. intelligence was always interested in Moscow’s U.S.A. and Canada Institute, thus linking the warning to the case of a former employee of the institute, Igor Sutyagin, recently convicted on charges of passing information to a British firm Russian security said was a front for the CIA. Sutyagin was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment for espionage. But relations between intelligence agencies of NATO members Britain and France, it seems, have not been all sweetness and light in recent days. Britain’s Sunday Telegraph reported on 25 May that the Brits are furious with the French for having been refused assistance in efforts to track links between Moroccans involved in the bombing of Madrid railroad stations and Islamist militants in Britain.

            Trouble began after the British turned down a French offer to provide Arab speakers with local knowledge to help the Coalition in Iraq, the newspaper said. Now, why would the British do that? (Cameron LC, RFE/RL, AP, Interfax, Sunday Telegraph, DKR)





COUNTERING TERRORISM AND PROTECTING CIVIL LIBERTIES -- Kate Martin of the Center for National Security Studies analyzes the problem of information sharing between the CIA and the FBI, and the so-called wall between law enforcement and intelligence in the Winter-Spring issue of the SAIS Review.

            Separate authorities govern law enforcement and foreign intelligence investigations against Americans: that separation creates the metaphoric wall.  The wall serves to prevent political spying on Americans by the FBI and CIA. However, as international terrorism is both a matter of law enforcement and intelligence, sharing of information between the two services has come to be widely accepted as a necessity. This, Martin writes, raises a danger. "While better information and analysis are needed to fight terrorism, there is reason to fear that transforming domestic counterterrorism primarily into an intelligence matter is unlikely to appreciably increase security, but will seriously threaten civil liberties."

            There is talk in the White House and on Capitol Hill of setting up an office of Director of National Intelligence. Martin proposes an alternative that would serve to obtain the intelligence necessary to prevent catastrophic attacks without compromising civil liberties.

            If a new agency is needed, she writes, it should be constructed primarily as a law enforcement rather than intelligence agency and devoted solely to counterterrorism. It should be authorized to use existing domestic intelligence authorities and to obtain all other relevant intelligence information from other agencies, including information collected overseas.

            “An agency constructed on this model could bridge the overseas/domestic divide by operating both abroad and at home, and would eliminate the ‘hand-off’ problem between intelligence and law enforcement. Such an agency could appropriately be housed in the Department of Justice, but not in an intelligence agency or under the Director of Central Intelligence.”  If a new agency is established, it should assume all of the FBI’s current counterterrorism responsibilities, says Martin, and perhaps certain responsibilities now resident in other domestic agencies as well.


CHINESE RAISE U.S. CONCERN OVER NUKE SPYING -- An incident last February, only reported in the Washington Times on 26 April, has raised worries about Chinese spying on U.S. nuclear sites.  In the incident, two Chinese diplomats sped past a guard post near classified facilities at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The diplomats, identified as Hua Yu and Bo Lai, were attached to the Chinese consulate in Los Angeles. They were questioned and their rental car searched, but Kevin Roark, a spokesman for Los Alamos, said no apparent compromise of security occurred.

            The incident occurred on Pajarito Road, the site of two sensitive facilities, Roark said. One is the Critical Assembly Facility known as Technical Area-18, and the other is the Plutonium Research Facility, known as Technical Area-55. Both facilities are used for classified nuclear-weapons activities that are part of the Energy Department's nuclear-weapons program.

            A State Department official said the Chinese diplomats did not notify the department's Office of Foreign Missions before the visit to Los Alamos, a violation of U.S. rules. Chinese diplomats are barred from traveling outside a 25-mile radius from their diplomatic premises unless they obtain prior permission from the State Department. A U.S. official said Washington did not expel the diplomats in the Los Alamos incident because of concerns that doing so would trigger expulsions of U.S. intelligence personnel in China, the Times reported.  

            According to the CIA, China has obtained secrets on every U.S. nuclear warhead, including the W-88, a small warhead that U.S. intelligence thinks has been copied for use on China's new short-range and long-range missiles.

            U.S. officials said the February incident was an intelligence-gathering mission, with the Chinese probably testing Los Alamos security to see how guards react. Such information is useful for other intelligence-gathering activities, the officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

            A classified U.S. intelligence report produced in 1998 stated that China was one of the most aggressive intelligence threats against U.S. nuclear facilities. "China represents an acute intelligence threat" to the Department of Energy, the report said. "It conducts a 'full-court press' consisting of massive numbers of collectors of all kinds, in the United States, in China and elsewhere abroad."  (DKR)





TTIC TO EXPAND ACTIVITIES -- The Bush administration announced last Tuesday that the Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC), set up a year ago, is to seek to improve communications between intelligence agencies. The TTIC is now the lead government entity responsible for analyzing intelligence related to international terrorism and has the task of collecting and analyzing terrorism-related intelligence coming from the CIA, FBI and HSD.

            Both roles of analysis and collection would be substantially different from what was originally envisioned when TTIC and represented a significant expansion of its activities, according to Senate Governmental Affairs Committee Chairwoman Susan Collins.  The new responsibilities were outlined in a letter to Collins from top intelligence officials in response to questions she posed last year about the new center. But the letter also said that some critical decisions   such as transferring more analytic resources to TTIC have yet to be made. Source


CHOCOLATE AS AN INTEL GATHERING TOOL -- British office workers will readily give out company computer passwords for a piece of chocolate, according to the organizers of a conference in London this week on information security. The Register

            InfoSec sent its operatives to busy Liverpool Street Station in London's business district and asked 172 office workers to disclose the password in exchange for a chocolate Easter egg. Seventy-one percent obliged.

            Not too good, you may think, but better than last year. Then 90 percent of the office employees approached at Waterloo Station gave up their passwords for a cheap pen. (Elizabeth B. Newsbits, DKR)




[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these inquiries or offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]


US INVESTIGATIONS SERVICES, INC. SEEKS INTELLIGENCE PROFESSIONALS -- USIS Professional Services Division needs intelligence community professionals to work with the USG in the Northern Virginia area against the priority counter terrorist target. USIS is confident that its pay and benefits package for qualified candidates is second to none.  Interested persons should send personal resumes to or fax to 703-442-0519. Candidates must be US citizens, have between 5 and 30 plus years of experience supporting any or all aspects of the U.S. Intelligence Community; and have active security clearances at the TS level, including a current polygraph examination.


Candidates must have at least one of the following skill sets:

* Case officers at the junior or senior level, with at least basic operational training, and with specialized knowledge and experience applicable to counter terrorist operations, possibly including technical collection activities.

* Staff officers, desk officers, and intelligence assistants supporting a full range of field operational activities.

* Administrative officers at the junior and senior level to provide operational support in the areas of finance, logistics, training, personnel management, and data systems management.

* Officers experienced in tasking intelligence collectors and also in processing, evaluating, classifying, and disseminating incoming intelligence information.

* Information technology specialists and managers with knowledge and experience in computer hardware/software and data storage and retrieval. Service will be primarily based in the Washington DC area; however, there may be opportunities for temporary duty travel inside and outside the United States.


SECURITY DIRECTOR FOR RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- For Its Prague Broadcasting Headquarters Radio Free Europe is looking for a security director that reports to the Director of Administration and manages a front office staff of eight and more than 70 contract guards as well as overseeing security at some 25 news bureaus throughout its broadcast area and for its Washington, D.C. office. The security director is the principal advisor to senior management on security issues.

            Requirements include: U.S. citizenship; university degree in a relevant discipline, or substantial equivalent experience; at least ten years of security management experience with an international organization or multinational company; overseas experience; familiarity with U.S. government security practice; USG current or recent security clearance highly desirable; proven ability to function effectively in a multicultural environment; strong conceptual, planning and organizational skills; a broad knowledge of RFE/RL’s broadcast regions and solid grounding in international affairs; ability to conduct business in Czech an advantage but not a requirement. RFE/RL offers a competitive salary and benefits package. To apply please provide: detailed resume; cover letter outlining how you meet the qualifications we ask for; salary history and requirements. Please send to or fax to: +420-221 123 881. Deadline for submissions is 2 May 2004.







AFIO MEMBER’S SPY NOVEL AVAILABLE IN AUDIO AS WELL AS PRINT -- Joe Finder, Paranoia (read by Jason Priestly, Audio Renaissance, abridged, four CDs, 5 hours, $29.95).  Priestley reads the work in a gruff and cocky voice better suited to another kind of tale than this one of corporate espionage. Nevertheless, the listener will hear a good yarn about how a low-level minion at a telecom giant is blackmailed into being a mole inside his company’s biggest competitor. He takes on the task after appropriating unauthorized funds to give an old friend a retirement party. Once in place at the competitor, Adam Cassidy comes to have great respect for the corporation’s founder, leaving him a divided soul.  Priestley’s voice sounds the right age for the 26-year-old Cassidy, but fails to match the fast pace of Finder’s writing and fails to get across the tone of a small guy who has been put through the mill. Fortunately, Paranoia should be available in print from your bookstore. (Elizabeth B., DKR)


MI 6’S RADIO SERVICE THAT HELPED WIN THE WAR -- Geoffrey Pidgeon, The Secret Wireless War (UPSO, 416 pp, illustrated, £29.99. Not as yet available in the United States but may be ordered from See also  Geoffrey Pidgeon tells the story of MI6 Section VIII, the communications division of the Secret Intelligence Service, set up in 1938, only a year before World War II began. No British radio traffic was more important during the war than that handled by Section VIII, headed by Brig. Richard Gambier-Parry.

            Pidgeon, a participant in the wireless activities he describes, recounts the work of agents in British embassies and German occupied territories and includes and account of Winston Churchill’s personal wireless operation as well as an Afrika Corps soldier operating an Enigma machines at Field Marshal Rommel’s headquarters in the desert.  Other accounts concern the ‘Black Propaganda’ beamed to the enemy and how ULTRA military traffic was deliver to Allied commanders in the field who included Montgomery, Patton, Bradley, Spaatz, and others.

            Personal tales by those who were part of this most secret of units abound in the book. The technical side of the operation is dealt with without being allowed to dominate this book that Nigel West --a highly regarded specialist in British intelligence services and author of books on MI6, MI5 and GCHQ-- calls The Secret Wireless War a splendid publication that has impressively assembled information about Section VIII. "It really is a very important contribution to the literature and gave me great pleasure when reading it," says West


A COMMONSENSICAL LIBERAL -- The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror, by Michael Ignatieff (Princeton Univ., 184 pp., $22.95).  Ignatieff is a Canadian national whose forebears included Count Paul Ignatieff, the liberal and last minister of education of the Russian empire. He is loyal to his family’s liberal tradition and to the dominant liberal sensibility of Canada. He is also endowed with common sense. Ignatieff, Professor of the Practice of Human Rights at Harvard University, supported the war to rid Iraq of Saddam Husayn to the outrage of many in the liberal camp. Now, in his latest work, he calls for maintaining a balance between the demands of security and liberty.  In his view, neither security nor liberty trumps the other. The American president, he acknowledges, has prerogatives that permit the limiting of civil liberties, but reminds us that doing so should be subject to legislative and judicial review.

            In discussing the battle against battle nihilistic terrorism while warning that democracies must not themselves fall into nihilism. He finds no moral equivalence between Palestinian suicide bombers and Israeli retaliations. But when it comes to torture, Ignatieff believes that even when there is an imminent deadly threat, it must be abjured. A liberal democracy must respect the human rights of its enemies, however inhumane their own actions have been, he argues. (Elizabeth B., DKR)


DERRING-DO IN THE OSS -- Patrick K. O'Donnell, Operatives, Spies, and Saboteurs: The Unknown Story of the Men and Women of World War II's OSS (Free Press, 384 pp., $27.00 -- Also available in Microsoft Reader and Adobe Reader digital editions at $14.99).  O’Donnell tells the story of the origin and early days of the Office of Strategic Services, the World War II forerunner of the CIA -- and an exciting story it is. The book relates deeds that approach the unbelievable but have all been verified. To get the stories, O’Donnell interviewed 300 OSS veterans as well as researching in the pertinent documents kept in the National Archives. 

            One of the most memorable figures O’Donnell writes about is Fred Mayer. A German-born Jew, Mayer came to the United States and joined the 81st Division. On training maneuvers, he single-handedly captured the opposition general. That brought him to the OSS’ attention and he was subsequently parachuted into Austria close to the city of Innsbruck. The other two members of the three-man team were another Jew and a German prisoner of war.

            The three landed on a glacier, found a sled and traveled down into the outskirts of the city covering some 10,000 feet at 60 miles an hour. They then boarded a German train with their ski parkers covering their U.S. Army uniforms and managed to bluff their way past the Gestapo. Mayer proceeded to obtain a German officer’s uniform and then pick up details of construction of a bunker for Hitler’s use and of a 26-car train carrying tanks and artillery to reinforce the German forces in Italy. Mayer called in an air attack that destroyed the train.

            But the Gestapo caught Mayer and tortured him for three days. Nevertheless Mayer was able to persuade the SS to declare the historic and beautiful Innsbruck an open city. He was helped in bringing this about by convincing the SS they would not have to worry about being dealt with for any war crimes they might have committed.

            Then there was the lady spy who seduced an Italian admiral an obtained all the ciphers of the Italian navy and the German POWs trained to kill high-ranking Nazis. Get the book and read on. (PJK, DKR)





30 APRIL - AFIO SPRING LUNCHEON HONORS RYSZARD KUKLINSKI: PATRIOT & SPY -- An espionage classic as told by his CIA case officer, the intelligence analyst, and the reporter who knew him. A HUMINT Colloquium at the Spring Luncheon.  Three men who knew him first hand will address the gathering: Benjamin Weiser, New York Times reporter and author of the just-published, A Secret Life; CIA analyst Jim Simon; and David Forden, Case Officer "Daniel."  Time:  10:30 a.m. for badge pick-up. Weiser speaks at 11 am; lunch at noon; all three panelists at 12:45 to close at 2 pm. $30/person - current AFIO members and their guests, only. Where: Tyson's Corner Holiday Inn. Directions on AFIO website at

. Reserve right away with Visa, MasterCard or AMEX via email to, by fax to 703.991.1278, or by voice to 703.790.0320. Weiser's just-released "A Secret Life" ... is an "epic spy story -- uplifting, inspiring, and amazing in its factual detail" will be on sale, along with other newly released intelligence books.  Intelligence Officer review of Weiser book is on AFIO website at: .  


10 MAY - MIDWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE’S SALUTE TO SCIENCE SEMINAR IN KANSAS CITY, MO -- Former Soviet weapons expert, Ken Alibek, is the featured speaker. The free presentation begins at 5:30 p.m. with a reception following at 6:30 p.m. Contact MRI’s Laura Luckert (816-360-1902) for additional details.

            Born Kanatjan Alibekov in Kazakhstan, Ken Alibek developed biological weapons for the former Soviet Union for nearly two decades. He was considered an expert in turning anthrax and a dozen other killer germs into invisible missiles.  In 1992, he defected to America, changed his name, and became a U.S. citizen. Today, Alibek is a Distinguished Professor of Medical Microbiology and Immunology and Executive Director for Education at the National Center for Biodefense at George Mason University in Virginia.

            Alibek, author of "Biohazard" (1999), has discussed with audiences the horrors of biological weapons; the danger of smallpox falling into the hands of terrorists; Iraqi efforts to develop biological weapons; and the threat of a North Korean biological weapons program.




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