WIN #25-04 dtd 19 July 2004


Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced by AFIO for non-profit educational uses by AFIO members and WIN subscribers.


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AFIO Summer Luncheon

10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Friday, 20 August 2004

Holiday Inn, Tyson's Corner, VA

Speaker: James L. Pavitt, DDO, CIA
and a second, morning speaker, t.b.a.

Prior luncheon sold out.
Postcard will be sent to all current members
in DC / MD / VA. Out of this area or can't wait?
Reserve Now by sending charge info & names/numbers of guests
$30 per person




AFIO�s special Fall Symposium/Convention

29 October through 31 October at a variety of secure locations near Baltimore, MD.

Some of the seminars and all lodging will be at the academic campus

of The National Maritime Center /

5700 Hammonds Ferry Rd, Linthicum Heights, MD 21090.

Room reservations [$105/nite] should be made as soon as possible

by calling Toll Free: 866-629-3196 or at 410-859-5700.

All rooms come with special continental breakfasts.


Make your flight reservations now to arrive at BWI Airport by Thursday evening 28 October. Plan for arrival on 28 October with departure at noon on the 31st.


Further details on the program in coming months.




CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents] [This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition recipients. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at However, due to recent changes in AOL's security standards, members using AOL will not be able to receive HTML formatted WINs from AFIO and will thus be receiving our Plaintext Edition. The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their mail using web mail. NON-HTML recipients may view HTML edition at this link:



    Allawi Sets Up Intel Directorate, Is Said to Have Summarily Executed Insurgents

    Putin Restructures Special Services



    Butler Report Critical of British Intelligence on Iraq

    Kiwis Jail Mossad Agents



    Missing Discs Shut Down Los Alamos Lab

    Puzzle Fans Use Chatrooms to Defeat GCHQ Challenge

    Seoul Asks Beijing for Help With Chinese Hackers




        Coming Surveillance, Continuing Unpreparedness

        Call for a Federal Homeland Security System 

        Safety from Nuclear Terrorism Requires World Order


        9/11 Commission to Call for Cabinet-level IC Director

        Kerry Would Give FBI Domestic Intel Tasks

        Woolsey Said to Have Helped Put DIA in Touch with Fabricator




         Get a Scholarship, Then Work for the CIA 

         CIA Spokesman Leaving Agency

     Letters / Queries

          Attempt to Locate Former CIA Case Officer

          ATTN: Former Female CIA Employees

          British Professor/Author Seeks Former Intel Officers Who Participated in Anti-Communist Citizen Group Operations


          Executive Opportunity with NGA

          Classified Research Positions Available

     Coming Events

          21 July - Institute of World Politics Hosts Open House

          26 - 29 Sept - Joint meeting USMC Tri-Association Intelligence Committee

          8 - 9 Oct - East Lyme, Ct -- New England Chapter, Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association reunion

          20 Aug - Tyson�s Corner -- AFIO Summer Luncheon

          28 - 31 Oct - Linthicum, MD -- AFIO Annual Symposium


          Constantine Menges






ALLAWI SETS UP INTEL DIRECTORATE, IS SAID TO HAVE SUMMARILY EXECUTED INSURGENTS -- Interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi announced on 15 July the formation of a new central security agency charged with terminating terrorism in Iraq, the Daily Telegraph (London) reported.


    The new General Security Directorate is to co-ordinate several existing Iraqi intel networks and will be the first centralized agency since Saddam Husayn's Mukhabarat.

   The directorate would infiltrate and destroy the insurgency that has killed hundreds of Iraqis since the coalition invaded last year, Allawi said. "We are determined to bring down the hurdles that stand in the way of our democracy," he said. "Terrorism will be terminated, God willing."

   The directorate, largely consisting of officers drawn from the ranks of former opposition parties, will report directly to the prime minister.

   Allawi, a Baath party activist until he broke with Saddam Husayn in the 1970s, has a reputation for being tough. His reportedly pulling out a pistol and shooting six detained insurgents on a visit to a Baghdad police center have deepened that reputation.

   The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) reported the incident on 17 July, citing two people who say they witnessed the killings on or around the third weekend in June, about a week before the United States restored sovereignty to Iraq. (

     Allawi told onlookers the men summarily executed had each killed as many as 50 Iraqis and deserved worse than death.

    Iraq's Interior Minister, Falah al-Naqib, the witnesses said, was present and congratulated Allawi on what he had done. Naqib's office has issued a denial.

    The Prime Minister�s office denied the incident ever took place, saying Allawi had never visited the center and did not carry a gun.

     In a response to a query from the Herald, the U.S. ambassador in Baghdad, John Negroponte, said, "If we attempted to refute each [rumor], we would have no time for other business. As far as this embassy's press office is concerned, this case is closed." (DKR)


PUTIN RESTRUCTURES SPECIAL SERVICES -- On 11 July President Vladimir Putin signed a decree restructuring the Federal Security Service (FSB) that fell short of a feared recreation of the Soviet-era KGB, the Jamestown Foundation Eurasia Daily Monitor reported on 16 July.   

   Last year the FSB absorbed several independent agencies that were originally directorates of the KGB. These were the Federal Government Communications and Information Agency (FAPSI) and the Federal Border Service (FPS). Contrary to what Russian press reports foresaw, Putin did not merge the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) and the Federal Guard Service (FSO) with the FSB, nor rename it the Ministry of State Security.

   The newspaper Nezavisimaya gazeta on 15 July quoted a source said to be close to the FSB as saying that without a merger of the FSB, SVR, and FSO into a single powerful fist, all the other changes had little meaning. The source added, "I don't rule out that this decree is only a transitional stage to more radical reforms."

   Moskovskie novosti on 16 July carried an analysis by Andrei Soldatov of the website in which he predicted that the SVR and FSO will eventually be brought under the FSB's aegis and their directors made deputies to FSB director Nikolai PatrushevPutin, a veteran of the KGB and formerly head of the FSB, has given it three months to complete its reorganization

     Even if the new decree did not come close to restoring something resembling the Soviet-era security service, the Monitor commented, it marked a continuation of the steady rise in the FSB's power and influence.

   The decree widens the Patrushev�s powers and gives deputy directors and other senior officials wide authority to represent the agency in relations with the government, federal agencies, and legislative and judicial bodies. But the decree cuts the number of deputy directors from 12 to four, including two first deputies. It also reduces the number of FSB departments and raises the salaries of senior officials.

   Boris Nemtsov, the former Union of Right Forces (SPS) leader who is now a co-chairman of the Committee-2008 democratic opposition group, characterized the Russian special services as, �greedy, minimally-professional, insolent and, as always, involved in politically-motivated investigations.�

   Whether Patrushev has four or 100 deputies, and has renamed them has absolutely no meaning whatsoever, Nemtsov said. �They will cost us more, their usefulness will decrease, but the danger from them will increase.� (DKR)






BUTLER REPORT CRITICAL OF BRITISH INTELLIGENCE ON IRAQ -- The report by Robin, Lord Butler, published on 14 July, found that British intelligence was unreliable on Iraqi WMDs and that some of it was based on information from untried agents, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.


  A September 2002 dossier on Iraqi arms omitted vital warnings and caveats about the limits of intelligence, the report said, and should not have included a prominent claim that Iraq could deploy some weapons of mass destruction within 45 minutes.

    The report says the government wanted the dossier to support the argument for tougher, though not necessarily military, action against Iraq. And this put a strain on the Joint Intelligence Committee that put together the dossier. But Butler said Blair did not deliberately mislead the public.

     Blair secured vital changes to the report before its publication, watering down an explicit criticism of him and the way he made the case for war in the House of Commons, the Sunday Telegraph (London) reported on 18 July.

( 04/07/18/ixportaltop.html)

    Disagreement between Downing Street and Butler's team centered on a passage in an original draft of the report about Blair's statement to members of Parliament in September 2002, making a case for war against Iraq. The original passage drew a much clearer contrast than the final version of the report between Blair's case and the weakness of the intelligence the Prime Minister received about Iraqi weapons of mass destruction.

     In February, Blair asked Butler to draw up the report. Butler retired from government service in 1998 as Cabinet secretary, the highest civil service post, and became Master of University College Oxford.


    Among Butler�s findings, according to RFE/RL, were:


-- Iraq did not have significant, if any, stocks of chemical or biological weapons in a state fit for deployment, nor developed plans for using them.


--Validation of intelligence sources since the war has cast doubt on a large number of those sources. Some HUMINT about Iraq's weapons was seriously flawed.


    Butler said Britain had received information from several different sources to substantiate reports that Iraq sought to purchase uranium from Niger. The Senate Intelligence Committee report, issued on 9 July, found that similar claims by U.S. intelligence, which found their way into President Bush's State of the Union address last year, were based on a single set of forged documents.

  Unlike U.S. intel, Butler said, British intelligence agencies routinely avoided relying on Iraqi exiles as a source for information. The report showed that instead British intelligence had relied more than the CIA did on high-level agents in prewar Baghdad, even though those agents had no direct access to information on unlawful weapons. (DKR)


KIWIS JAIL MOSSAD AGENTS -- New Zealand has imposed diplomatic sanctions on Israel over the activities of two alleged members of the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad. The two have been jailed for six months, the BBC reported on 15 July.


   The Israelis, Uriel Zosha Kelman and Eli Cara, were convicted of trying to obtain New Zealand passports illegally. They deny working for Mossad although they did plead guilty as charged.

     Prime Minister Helen Clark said she would suspend government visits to Israel, Israeli officials would need visas to enter New Zealand and foreign ministry contacts would be suspended. She is also planning to refuse any request for Israel's President, Moshe Katsav, to visit next month when he is due in Australia.  Clark said she had no doubt the two men were Israeli intelligence agents.

    New Zealand had asked Israel for an explanation and an apology, but had received neither.

   The two Israelis were arrested in March after they tried to collect a passport in the name of a New Zealand national who is a wheelchair-bound cerebral palsy victim.

     Trying to obtain a passport fraudulently carries a maximum penalty of five years' imprisonment in New Zealand. News agency reports say the two Israelis received lighter sentences because they pleaded guilty and because they pledged to donate $32,700 to a local charity.

    Reuter�s reported from Jerusalem that analysts there said that with al-Qa�ida and Iran topping an already hefty list of Israel's enemies, Mossad may have too many missions and too few spies to carry them out.

     Kelman and Cara displayed the rashness of intelligence agents under pressure to perform, experts said.








MISSING DISCS SHUT DOWN LOS ALAMOS LAB -- An unprecedented stand-down at Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM, began at noon 15 July after two important storage devices failed to be accounted for in an inventory check on 7 July. Officials refused to say what was on the Weapons Physics Directorate discs, citing national security concerns. The shut down will allow the intensification of a search (, already into its eighth day.

     The incident is the latest in a series of security shortcomings at the birthplace of the world's first atomic bomb that have raised questions about its management's competence.


   The U.S. government has opened up bids to take over management of Los Alamos after the University of California's current contract to do so expires next year. (DKR)


PUZZLE FANS USE CHATROOMS TO BEAT GCHQ CHALLENGE -- Britain�s SIGINT agency, Government Communications Headquarters, has received hundreds of answers to fiendishly difficult decryption puzzles it published on its website to attract recruits, the Daily Telegraph (London) reported on 13 July.


    Those sending in answers were able to find many of the solutions in online chatrooms specializing in code breaking and visited by fans of crossword puzzle and mind teasers.

    The recruitment come-on consisted of a series of codes representing extracts from written works. Contestants were required to decipher the codes, identify the work, and find a six-letter word hidden in the answers.

    The GCHQ experts who set the puzzles were so confident of how difficult they would be to solve that they announced that a help page would be posted on 2 August. (DKR)


SEOUL ASKS BEIJING FOR HELP WITH CHINESE HACKERS -- South Korea said on 15 July it had asked China for help in stopping a wave of Chinese hackers who had used viruses to attack government computers in Seoul, Reuters reported.


   Earlier South Korea's National Intelligence Agency said hackers based in China had launched two kinds of viruses in attacks on 10 government institutes related to national security. Targets included the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute and the National Maritime Police Agency.

    In attacks on parliament, hackers had stolen 122 passwords for email IDs of legislators and parliamentary staff.  The extent of damage and the purpose of the attacks were not clear, the NIS said. (DKR)








COMING SURVEILLANCE, CONTINUING UNPREPAREDNESS -- Matthew Brzezinski , Fortress America: On the Front Lines of Homeland Security - An Inside Look at the Coming Surveillance State (Bantam, 256 pp. $25)

   Matthew is the nephew of Zbigniew Brzezinski and a contributor to the New York Times Magazine. He finds that the homeland antiterrorist effort has lost its drive while a revitalized U.S. intelligence Community has yet to emerge.

     Brzezinski posits a United States in 2008 where a student and his colleagues are under surveillance by radio and are considered guilty until proven innocent. Terrorist attack response drills show high levels of U.S. lack of preparation, he warns. Brzezinski�s writing reflects his solid abilities as a journalist and the high intelligence found in other members of his family. (DKR)


CALL FOR A FEDERAL HOMELAND SECURITY SYSTEM -- Stephen Flynn, America the Vulnerable: How Our Government Is Failing to Protect Us from Terrorism (HarperCollins, 256 pp. $25.95)

      Flynn, a fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, argues that the difficulties that bureaucrats have in mastering new ways and politicians in funding them leaves America vulnerable to terrorist attacks.

    Flynn would like to see a Federal Homeland Security System that employs experts from the public and private sectors, is funded by fees charged for such things as handling containers and requires that critical infrastructure be covered by antiterrorist insurance. (DKR)


SAFETY FROM NUCLEAR TERRORISM REQUIRES WORLD ORDER -- Graham Allison, Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe (Times, 224 pp. $23)

     A founding dean of Harvard�s John F. Kennedy School of Government, Allison asserts that the United States remains vulnerable to a nuclear terrorist attack. Once terrorists get hold of a nuclear bomb, its use against an American target may be nearly impossible to prevent, given the inadequacies of present security measures.

    The way to eliminate the threat from nuclear terrorism is through an international order in which there is no insecure nuclear material, no new facilities for processing uranium or enriching plutonium and no new nuclear states. Such policies, Allison believes, do not stretch beyond the achievable, if pursued with a mix of quid pro quos and intimidation in an international context of negotiation.  A U.S. foreign policy that is humble, he argues, will facilitate creating a worldwide alliance against nuclear terrorism. It will also help in acquiring the intelligence needed to cope with would be nuclear terrorists. (DKR)




9/11 COMMISSION TO CALL FOR CABINET-LEVEL IC DIRECTOR -- The final report of the 9/11commission, due out on 22 July, will recommend creation of a cabinet-level director to oversee the IC, a position that would take power away from the CIA, FBI, NSC, DoD and other IC agencies, officials who have seen the report told the New York Times.


    The report, endorsed by all 10 members of the bipartisan commission, includes broad criticism of the White House, Congress and other parts of the government for failing to detect, thwart and better respond to the 9/11 hijackings, according to panel members and other officials, the Washington Post reported on 18 July.


    Commenting on calls for changes in the IC�s structure, William Webster, who served as DCI in 1987-91 and FBI director in 1978-87, told the Council on Foreign Relations that steps should be taken to enhance the power of the nation's intelligence chief over the IC, regardless of whether the position remains DCI or is transformed into a national intelligence czar.


    Under the 9/11 commission's proposal, one official said, the DCI would report to the White House through the new national intelligence director. Officials who have seen the report said the proposed director would have budget authority over the IC but would not be responsible for day-to-day management of its work.

   Other recommendations in the report include proposals for a major reorganization of Congressional oversight of the IC and for a restructuring of the FBI, which is now responsible for domestic intelligence.

     Officials said that the proposal for creation of a national intelligence director would be resemble plans put forward by the Scowcroft panel on intelligence, the joint Congressional committee that also investigated 9/11, and by a variety of legislators, including Sen. John Kerry.

       The commission uncovered evidence suggesting that between eight and ten of the 19 9/11 hijackers passed through Iran between October 2000 and February 2001, a senior U.S. official told the weekly Time. Sources also told Time that commission investigators found that Iran had a history of allowing al-Qa'ida members to enter and exit Iran across the Afghan border.

(,8599,664967,00.html) (DKR)


KERRY WOULD GIVE FBI DOMESTIC INTEL TASKS -- Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kerry has proposed that the number of U.S. intelligence operatives overseas be at least doubled and that a domestic intel capacity be added to the FBI, the Washington Post reported on 17 July. (

   Kerry�s running mate, Sen. John Edwards, had earlier proposed a new, independent domestic intel agency along the lines of MI5, the British Security Service. Kerry�s proposal is in keeping with FBI Director Mueller�s advocacy of a separate track for domestic intelligence within the FBI.

   Kerry also favors creation of a Cabinet-level national director of intelligence to coordinate the budget, operations and strategy of the various bodies that make up the IC. The Bush administration opposes such an innovation although it is supported by others, including former White House national security adviser Brent Scowcroft, who served under President George H.W. Bush.

    To better coordinate operations and information sharing, Kerry wants interagency task forces organized around subjects and targets such as terrorism, proliferation or particular hostile countries. (DKR)


WOOLSEY SAID TO HAVE HELPED PUT DIA IN TOUCH WITH FABRICATOR -- Former DCI Woolsey helped arrange the debriefing of an Iraqi defector who falsely claimed that Iraq had biological-warfare laboratories disguised as yogurt and milk trucks, Knight Ridder reported on 15 July, citing a classified DoD report. (

    Woolsey, currently a member of the DoD�s Defense Policy Board, served as DCI from 1993 to 1995.

    A senior U.S. official told Knight Ridder that according to the top-secret report Woolsey telephoned Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary Linton Wells on 11 Feb. 2002 and told him how to contact the defector, Maj. Mohammad Harith. Wells, who confirmed details of the report in an e-mail to Knight Ridder, said he passed the information to the DIA.

    This I July, Woolsey, in an exchange with a Knight Ridder reporter, denied he brought Harith to the DoD�s attention. He declined to respond to repeated efforts by Knight Ridder to contact him last week.

   There's no indication that Woolsey was aware that the information provided by Harith, a member of the Iraqi National Congress headed by Ahmad Chalabi, was unreliable. In 2000, Woolsey served briefly as a corporate officer for the INC unit that handled U.S. funding. He and his former law firm, Shea and Gardner, did pro bono work for the INC and Iraqi exiles.

    By using his Pentagon contacts, Woolsey provided a direct pipeline to the government for Harith's information that bypassed the CIA, which for years had been highly distrustful of the INC. Woolsey was a strong supporter of the war to topple Saddam Husayn.

    Intelligence assessments in April, May and July 2002 questioned Harith�s credibility, including a "fabricator notice" issued by the DIA. Nevertheless, Harith's claim was included in an October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate and cited by Bush in his January 2003 State of the Union message. (DKR)








GET A SCHOLARSHIP, THEN WORK FOR THE CIA -- A program inspired by a Kansas University professor, endorsed by Sen. Pat Roberts, chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, and aimed at correcting the U.S. intelligence community's weaknesses, is accepting applications, the Lawrence [KS] Journal-World on 16 July.


   College undergraduate and graduate students selected to be Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars could receive as much as $50,000 in scholarship money. Roberts, a Republican, represents Kansas in the Senate.

   The ROTC-style program is the brainchild of Felix Moos, a Kansas University professor of anthropology, and is part of an effort to attract qualified candidates to the field of intelligence gathering, especially in targeted areas of the world, including Afghanistan, China, Korea and the Middle East. The program was suggested by Moos to Roberts, who shepherded the measure through Congress, which approved $4 million for the pilot project.

   It is difficult to get students to want to study hard and uncommon languages, according to Elizabeth Bancroft, AFIO Executive Director. "It's very hard to motivate people to want to go to these countries where trouble is brewing," adding, "We're really experimenting. We don't know what will work. I applaud anybody who's willing to attract people to the field."

    After earning their degrees, recipients are committed to working for the CIA for 18 months for each year of scholarship they receive.

    Candidates for the scholarships may attend any institution and must be full-time students, U.S. citizens, and pass the same security background checks given to other CIA employees. They also must possess advanced expertise in certain regions, languages or other disciplines. (DKR)


CIA SPOKESMAN LEAVING AGENCY -- Bill Harlow, spokesman for the CIA, is leaving the agency after seven years, the Washington Times reported on 16 July. (

    Harlow�s leaving the agency at the end of July follows that of DCI Tenet on 11 July and the departure later this summer of James Pavitt, Deputy Director for Operations for the past five years.

    Deputy Public Affairs Director Mark Mansfield is expected to take over as spokesman. (DKR)



Letters / Queries


Attempt to Locate Former CIA Case Officer -- John Richardson Jr. writes,I'm the son of John H. Richardson, a former CIA officer, now deceased. For a memoir I'm working on, I am trying to contact one of his case officers, a man by the name C Philip Liecthy. I believe he served under my father in Korea in the early 1970s. I would appreciate any help you could give me.� Anyone with information should contact:


ATTN: Former Female CIA employees -- Melissa Boyle Mahle writes, �I am conducting research for a book on women in the CIA, examining how the role of women changed from the 1960s to the present and how women changed the CIA.  I am interested in interviewing women who joined the CIA in the 1960s-1980s, serving in any position, but I am particularly interested in speaking with women who were in the Agency for at least 10 years.  Not to leave men out, I would also be interested in interviewing men to gain a rounded understanding of male-female professional dynamics.  I am a former Agency operations officer (DO/NE) who served from 1988-2002. As a former staff recruiter for the DO, I repeatedly heard complaints from female applicants that there is a real dearth of publications on women in intelligence, a situation this book project with attempt to rectify!�  If you are interested in shaping the historical record, please contact me at


British Professor/Author Seeks Former Intel Officers Who Participated in Anti-Communist Citizen Group Operations -- Dr. Hugh Wilford from the University of Sheffield writes, �I am a British professor of US history researching a book about CIA- funded American citizen group organizations during the 1950s and 1960s. These include the National Student Association, the Free Trade Union Committee, the American Committee for Cultural Freedom, the Committee of Correspondence, and the American Society of African Culture. I aim to produce a well-documented, scholarly and fair-minded study of these groups, the importance of

whose contribution to the fight against Communism has so far been under-estimated by historians. I would therefore very much like to interview any former intelligence officers who participated in anti-Communist citizen group operations during the early years of the Cold War. Please respond to Dr Hugh Wilford, University of Sheffield, UK, at:





[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these inquiries or offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]


Executive Opportunity with NGA
The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) has an opening for the Defense Intelligence Senior Executive Service (DISES) position of Director, Counterintelligence Office located in the Northern Virginia area. For more information please see the following website:  or contact Chuck Burdette, NGA Executive Resources Office (HDE) or call 301-227-2877


Classified Research Positions Available -- Institute for Scientific Research, Inc. currently has four positions available, all of which require a Top Secret clearance.

-Information Systems Scientist/Engineer-Principal Member Research Staff

-Information Systems Scientist-Senior Member Research Staff

For further information, go to


 Coming Events


         Wednesday, July 21 - Washington, DC -- OPEN HOUSE at the Institute of World Politics from 5:00 to 7:30 p.m. at the Institute's campus The Marlatt Mansion 1521 16th St. NW (Dupont Circle Metro). Hors d' oeuvres will be served and the $50 application fee is waived for those who attend. Stop by to visit with their faculty, tour their beautiful facilities and learn about their unique M.A. programs in Statecraft and World Politics and Statecraft and National Security Affairs. For full details:


         26 - 29 September 04 - Reno, NV -- All bets are on you will not want to miss the joint meeting of the U. S. Marine Corps Tri-Association Intelligence Committee comprised of members of the Marine Corps Counterintelligence, the Marine Corps Intelligence and the Marine Corps Cryptologic Associations at Harrah�s Hotel and Casino in Reno, Nevada. The reunion will be held in conjunction with the Marine Intelligence Community�s fall conference which will involve active duty Marines attending from the �corners of the world,� current contingencies permitting. Friends of Marine Corps Intelligence are invited to attend. For additional details, contact Tom MacKinney (916) 983-6119 or at  


         8 - 9 October 04 -- East Lyme, Ct -- The New England Chapter, Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association hosts a special reunion. For more information, contact: Phil Sirmons, 492 Boston Post Rd, East Lyme, CT 06333, 860-739-6006,, or visit their website at  




Constantine Menges -- A CIA veteran and national security aide for Latin America during the Reagan administration, he died of cancer 11July at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C.


     An academic by training, Dr. Menges was recruited by DCI Casey in 1981 to be national intelligence officer for Latin America. Casey was attracted by Menges intellectual firepower, his fierce independence, tenacity, and vision of America's destiny as the standard-bearer of freedom to the oppressed of the world. According to the Washington Times, Casey wanted to challenge the corporate views of agency insiders, and saw Menges as the right man for the job. Menges played a central role in planning the U.S. invasion of Grenada in 1983.


    Before joining the CIA, Menges had proposed the U.S. government establish a "National Foundation for Democracy," to promote democratic movements in countries under communist and other dictatorships. President Reagan liked the idea and convinced Congress to fund the National Endowment for Democracy.  From 1983 to 1986, Menges worked for the National Security Council as a special assistant to the president, specializing in Latin America.  A senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, he focused in recent work on a growing pro-Castro alliance throughout Latin America; state-sponsored terrorism, including what he considered Iran's subversion of Iraq; and the rise of China as a superpower. At the time of his death, Menges had just completed writing "China, the Gathering Threat: The Strategic Challenge of China and Russia."

     Menges was born in Ankara, Turkey, the son of political refugees from Nazi Germany. The family came to the United States in 1943. He received a bachelor's degree in physics, then a doctorate in political science from Columbia University. He entered government service in the late 1970s, first as assistant director for civil rights in the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

    Constantine Menges is survived by his wife of 29 years, Nancy Menges, and a son, Christopher, both of Washington.




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