Weekly Intelligence Notes #28-05 dated 25 July 2005
Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced by AFIO for non-profit educational uses by AFIO members and WIN subscribers. They are edited by Derk Kinnane Roelofsma (DKR), with input from AFIO members and staff. IF YOU DO NOT WISH TO RECEIVE THESE NOTICES....SEE THE EASY ONE-CLICK REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS AT Bottom
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27 - 30 October 2005
AFIO 30th Anniversary Symposium Celebration
with a rare opportunity - our first day-long visit to the transformation-embracing NEW Federal Bureau of Investigation
An insider's look at its new Directorate of Intelligence, Counterterrorism Division and the "just announced" National Security Service
and other special programs at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel, Tyson's Corner, VA
Step One - Make your room reservations now at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel at special $109/nite rate while rooms remain.
Step Two - Symposium Online Reservation form here Agenda for AFIO Symposium will be forthcoming by U.S. mail to all current members of record.
PUT THIS DATE ON YOUR CALENDARS
Queries and Authors Seeking Assistance/ Participants –
21 July 05 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts meeting
21 July 05 - Washington, DC - Book Signing - Tim Naftali - Blind Spot
22-23 July 05 - Northampton, MA - AFIO NE Chapter meets at the Hotel Northampton
27 July 05 - Washington, DC - Spies on Screen with Burton Gerber - Battle of Algiers
28 July 05 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Luncheon - Steve Coll and Michael Scheuer - on Iraq and CIA
Tuesday, 2 August 05 - Las Vegas, NV - AFIO Las Vegas Chapter Meeting
Tuesday, 2 August 05 - Washington, DC - Spy School Polygraph Interrogation 101
Saturday, 6 August 05 - Glen Burnie, MD - US Army Special Operations Detachment/US Army Foreign Counterintelligence Activity Reunion
6 August 05 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Satellite Chapter hosts Mr Andy Byers, author of "The Imperfect Spy"
13 August 05 - Lenox, MA - AFIO Members at Tanglewood
18 August 05 - Arlington, VA - CONFERENCE ON DEFENSE AGAINST INSIDER THREAT
25 August 05 - Washington, DC - Her Majesty’s Spymaster: Elizabeth I, Sir Francis Walsingham, and the Birth of Modern Espionage
31 August - 2 September 05 - Raleigh, NC - Raleigh International Spy Conference
10 September 05 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting
11 September 05 - Madison, OH - AFIO Northern Ohio Chapter hosts picnic
12-15 September 05 - Orlando, FL - ASIS, 51st Annual Seminar & Exhibits
13 September 05 - Virginia - Shenandoah Valley Golf Club, VA - NIF Golf Tournament
15-18 September 05 - Great Lakes, IL - The AFIO Midwest Chapter will hold its 13th consecutive 2-day Fall Symposium
27-28 September - Washington, D.C. - Eisenhower National Security Series Conference
29 September 05 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts meeting
16 September 05 - New York, NY - AFIO New York Metropolitan Chapter holds evening meeting
7 October 05 - Tysons Corner, VA - NIP Annual Meeting & Symposium
12-16 October 05 - Arlington, VA - 101-OSS Association and OSS Society Reunion
14-15 October 2005 - Fredericton, Canada - Terrorism in History - University of New Brunswick, Fredericton
27 - 30 October 05 - AFIO 30th Anniversary Symposium Celebration at FBI Headquarters and Sheraton Premiere Hotel, McLean, Tyson's Corner, VA
27-28 October - Lincoln, NH - Naval Cryptologic Veterans Reunion
8 - 13 November 05 - Hot Springs, VA - SpyRetreat 2005 Conference - Espionage: The Unknown Wars - held by CiCentre
3 December 05 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting
13-14 December 05 - Chantilly, VA - AFCEA Hosts their Fall Intelligence Symposium at the National Reconnaissance Office
27-28 January 06 - Springfield, VA - Conference on "INTELLIGENCE AND ETHICS"
17-20 February 06 - Arlington, VA - The Intelligence Summit™ 2006
SENATE TO LOOK AT IC USE OF COVER - Sen. Pat Roberts, chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said on 24 July it will conduct hearings on IC use of cover, the New York Times reported. www.nytimes.com/2005/07/25/politics/25leak.html?pagewanted=all
Speaking on CNN's "Late Edition," he said the committee was "going to go into quite a series of hearings in regard to cover." The move follows questions raised about intelligence cover arising from the Plame affair.
"You cannot be in the business of outing somebody" working under cover, Roberts said, adding, however, there were questions about the depth of Plame's cover, because she had been based at Langley at least since 1997. "I must say from a common-sense standpoint, driving back and forth to work to the CIA headquarters, I don't know if that really qualifies as being, you know, covert," Roberts said. "But generically speaking, it is a very serious matter."
Some Republicans have minimized the significance of the leaking of Plame's identity, noting not only her working at Langley but also the fact that she did not have an in-depth cover story. Her purported employer, a shell company created by the agency, was little more than a Boston post office box. They have also questioned whether the 1982 Intelligence Identities Protection Act applied to her, because the law applies only to officers who have served overseas under cover in the previous five years.
But agency officials apparently believe that the law does apply to Plame, possibly because she took overseas business trips in the five years before 2003. The CIA sought an investigation, and DoJ and Special Prosecutor Patrick J. Fitzgerald chose to pursue the case.
One former CIA officer, Reuel Marc Gerecht, called Plame's cover "very, very soft" and said cover "is the Achilles' heel of the agency." He said cover is too often easily penetrated by foreign agencies. (DKR)
BRITISH INTEL ADMITS TO INFORMATION VACUUM - Officials in the British intelligence and security services, as well as the police, admit that following the second series of bomb attacks on London transport on 21 July, they are suffering from an information vacuum, The Independent (London) reported on 23 July 2005
Security chiefs admitted they had once again been taken by surprise and that none of the men caught on CCTV in connection with the bungled attempt to repeat the 7 July attacks were known to MI5, MI6 or the police.
Just weeks before the 7 July blasts, the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre had downgraded the security threat. Leaked documents also revealed that the security service had concluded Islamist terrorists did not have the capability to mount a major operation in London at the present time.
Security sources say there is no reason to believe the terrorists who struck on 21 July were not home-grown, like those responsible for the earlier bombings. Therein lies a problem as in dealing with foreign Islamists, intelligence and other bodies would be able to draw on international databases, recognizable suspects, and information from allied services in Europe and the Middle East. Instead, they now appear to be dealing with an autonomous, hitherto unknown cell of Britons.
Nevertheless, according to The Independent, Pakistan is now internationally recognized as de facto headquarters of Islamic fundamentalist terrorism with its military and intelligence services accused by both the West and Pakistani opposition figures of being deeply infiltrated by the Islamist extremists.
It appears natural for young British Muslims, the majority of Pakistani descent, to return to their ancestral homes and for those who have chosen the path of militancy to meet up with extremists just as the Leeds bombers who struck on 7 July are believed to have done. (DKR)
DNI REVISES PDB - DNI Negroponte has ordered that the President's Daily Brief be expanded to include significant contributions from agencies other than the CIA and be modified to absorb a separate daily terrorist threat assessment, senior intelligence officials said, the New York Times reported on 20 July. The threat assessment being merged into the PDB is known as the President's Terrorism Threat Report and has been produced each day by the NCTC.
The changes are part of a broader overhaul intended to add to the quality and breadth of intelligence provided to policy makers after major failures related to Iraq and terrorism. They were outlined at a briefing for reporters by senior officials of the NIC.
The PDB came under harsh criticism from the presidential Silberman-Robb commission in March for its poor quality and tendency to be CIA-centric.
Senior officials said the brief, prepared each morning, would draw on material provided by DIA, NCTC, and State's INR as well as the CIA DI. The officials said they were trying to find ways to call attention to important differences where there are disagreements among the agencies, moving away from a past emphasis on consensus. Among the goals, a senior official said, is to highlight the limits of knowledge, drawing on lessons learned from Iraq.
DDNI Hayden was to testify to Congress about the PDB this week. (DKR)
IRISH GIVE US WIDE RIGHTS OVER SUSPECTS IN IRELAND - The CIA will be allowed to interrogate Irish citizens on Irish soil in total secrecy, under instruments of agreement signed between Ireland and the United States, the Cork Examiner reported on 21 July.
Suspects will also have to give testimony and allow property to be searched and seized even if what the suspect is accused of is not a crime in Ireland, the Irish newspaper said.
Under the deal, signed by Irish Justice Minister Michael McDowell, Washington pledged mutual co-operation in the investigation of criminal activity. The move, primarily designed to assist the war on terror, was condemned by the Irish Council for Civil Liberties and seemed to go far beyond even what has been agreed between EU countries.
The understandings give effect to agreements on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition signed by the EU and the US in June 2003. These are aimed at building on mutual assistance and extradition arrangements.
On signing the agreement, the minister said that "the international community must do everything it can to combat terrorism with every means at its disposal. Ireland will not be found wanting," he added.
AG Gonzales may ask Irish authorities to track down people in Ireland; transfer prisoners in Irish custody to the US; and carry out searches and seize evidence on behalf of the US Government. It also allows US authorities access to an Irish suspect's confidential bank information. The Irish authorities must keep all these activities secret if asked to do so by the US. (DKR)
DIA, IN DOD REPORT, SAYS CHINA, DESPITE ARMS BUILD UP, BELIEVES WAR COULD RETARD GROWTH - DIA believes China’s leaders recognize that a war could severely retard economic development, UPI reported, with Taiwan China’s single largest source of foreign direct investment.
Nevertheless, the delayed annual DoD report, released on 19 July, described a nation bent on building up its military and learning the technological lessons of the U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq,
China’s primary military focus remains Taiwan and forcing it to reunite with mainland China. Beijing has arrayed most of its most advanced weaponry and highly trained personnel across southeast China, postured to prevent Taiwan independence or to compel Taiwan to negotiate a political settlement on Beijing’s terms, the report states. It includes an expanding force of ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, submarines, and advanced aircraft.
China’s military could also easily pose a credible threat to other modern militaries operating in the region if it continues its build up. The pace and scope of China’s military build-up are already such as to put regional military balances at risk and current trends in modernization could provide China with a force capable of prosecuting a range of military operations in Asia, well beyond Taiwan, says the report. However, at present, China has only limited abilities to project convention military power beyond its borders.
Publicly, Beijing adopts a posture of non-confrontation, saying it wants to develop China’s economic power and supports a policy of non-intervention in the internal affairs of other countries. China also has a no-first-use nuclear policy. But a Chinese general told reporters two weeks ago that if the United States drew its forces within striking distance of Chinese territory in an attempt to defend Taiwan, the country should use nuclear weapons against American forces. Maj. Gen. Zhu Chenghu, an instructor at China’s national defense university, said he was expressing his personal opinion only.
The report estimates that China could be spending $90 billion in 2005 on military accounts, making it the third largest defense budget in the world. The U.S. defense budget is $420 billion. (DKR)
U.S. COMPANIES ASSIST CHINESE CYBER CENSORSHIP - American companies are cooperating with China in its shaping of what its nationals can read in electronic media, columnist Anne Applebaum wrote in the Washington Post on 20 July.
China's Internet filtering regime is "the most sophisticated effort of its kind in the world," in the words of a recent report by Harvard Law School's Berkman Center for Internet and Society, she reports. The system involves the censorship of Web logs, search engines, chat rooms and e-mail by thousands of public and private personnel.
It also involves Microsoft Inc. Since June, Chinese bloggers who post messages containing a forbidden word, such as Dalai Lama or democracy, receive a warning: "This message contains a banned expression, please delete."
"It seems Microsoft has altered the Chinese version of its blog tool, MSN Spaces, at the behest of Chinese government," Applebaum wrote.
A Yahoo search in China doesn't turn up all of the politically sensitive results. Cisco Systems Inc. has sold China technology that blocks traffic not only to banned Web sites, but even to particular pages within an otherwise accessible site.
Companies have defended themselves by saying, as a Microsoft spokesman did, that "we're helping millions of people communicate, share stories, share photographs and build relationships" or said they can't control technology anyway. A Cisco spokesman told Applebaum, "we're not doing anything illegal."
Harry Wu, a Chinese human rights activist and former political prisoner, has tracked Western corporate cooperation with Chinese police and internal security, and in particular with a Chinese project called "Golden Shield," a high-tech surveillance system that has been under construction for the past five years. Wu says, Cisco representatives in China have told him that the company has contracts to provide technology to the police departments of at least 31 provinces.
A writer and former businessman Ethan Gutmann, cited by Applebaum, claims in his recent book, Losing the New China: A Story of American Commerce, Desire and Betrayal, to have visited a Shanghai trade fair where Cisco was advertising its ability to "integrate judicial networks, border security, and vertical police networks" and more generally its willingness to build Golden Shield.
If this isn't illegal, maybe it should be, Applebaum suggests. (DKR)
UN GROUP SEEKS CONTROL OF INTERNET REGULATION -The United Nations is seeking to take control of regulating the Internet's inner workings, the Washington Times warned in an editorial on 21 July.
A UN organization called the Working Group on Internet Governance proposes taking control of registering domain names, settling disputes, conducting arbitration and fighting cybercrime.
A U.S.-based nonprofit called the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, or ICANN, currently handles basic registration functions. Traditional law enforcement bodies handle the rest. The UN would like to wrest all this from ICANN and governments, claiming it is more inclusive and transparent.
The 40-member working group does not include any executive of a major technology company, but it does include Peiman Seadat from Iran's UN mission in Geneva; Juan Fernandez, head of Cuba's Commission of Electronic Commerce; Faryel Beji, president and CEO of the Tunisian Internet Agency; Baher Esmat, a telecom planner for the government of Egypt; and assorted other bureaucrats from Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Korea, Singapore and a few dozen other countries.
In the Times' view, there could be no quicker way to foul up the high-technology industry than to hand the Internet over to bureaucrats of any kind, much less bureaucrats at the United Nations. Amen. (DKR)
BRITS TO CRACK DOWN ON CYBER TERRORISM INCITEMENT - British Home Secretary Charles Clarke told parliament on 20 July the government intends to crack down on Web sites that incite terrorism, ZDNet News reported.
Clarke said he intends to draw up a list or unacceptable "SECIV"> SECTION IV -- BOOKS, SOURCES, AND ISSUES
DEALING WITH TERRORISM - Chris E. Stout, ed., Psychology of Terrorism -- Condensed Edition (Contemporary Psychology, Praeger Perspectives, 288 pp. $29.95)
Stout presents seven chapters from the four-volume set which brought together experts from around the world in the aftermath of 9/11. This edition includes a new intro, along with appendices providing info and recognizing and treating symptoms of biological attack, basic prep for terrorist incidents and finding resources for more info. (DKR)
HEROIC BUT TRAGIC WW II EXPLOIT - Tim Carroll, The Great Escape from Stalag Luft III, (Pocket, paperback, 352 pp. $14 paper)
Journalist Carroll retells with vigor the story of the 1944 breakout of 76 Royal Air Force officers from a German POW camp, supposedly escape-proof.
The POWs had to engineer three huge tunnels, hide thousands of tons of excavated dirt, tailor civilian outfits and German army uniforms, forge identification documents and manufacture compasses for the escapees, all under the noses of their guards.
Early on gentlemanly relations prevailed between the opponents; one German commandant sending a case of champagne to some escaped POWs after their recapture in a nod to their ingenuity. But by 1944, German attitudes had changed and 50 escapees were executed on Hitler's orders.
Only three POWs eluded recapture, endowing this great adventure with a tragic aspect. (DKR)
NEW ORLEANS’ REAL AND FOLKLORE PIRATES - William C. Davis, The Pirates Lafitte (Harcourt, 706 pp. $28)
Davis tells the story of French-born "Gentleman Jean" Lafitte who inhabited the outlaw world of early 19th-century New Orleans, living by plundering Spanish ships in the Gulf of Mexico, illegally trafficking in slaves and stolen goods, and defying just about every trade restriction and embargo the United States had on its books.
As the well-mannered pirate entered American folklore, he was said to have rescued Napoleon from St. Helena’s. And as every inhabitant of New Orleans Vieux Carré knows, a house was indeed prepared to accommodate the fallen emperor upon his arrival. Well, that’s the story.
Davis lies to rest several such myths. He also gives an account of Jean’s elder half-brother, Pierre, who has been somewhat historically neglected.
The book’s almost 200 pages of endnotes should make it the last word on the Laffites. (DKR)
TAKE HOOVER'S NAME OFF FBI HQ, SAYS LAURENCE SILBERMAN - Laurence Silberman, co-chairman of President Bush's commission on intelligence, called in the WSJ on 20 July for taking the name of J. Edgar Hoover off the FBI headquarters building,
Silberman writes that after he became Acting AG in 1975, a House Judiciary Committee demand resulted in his testifying about Hoover files which he read. He wrote:
" . . . I read virtually all these files in three weekends. It was the single worst experience of my long governmental service. Hoover had indeed tasked his agents with reporting privately to him any bits of dirt on figures such as Martin Luther King, or their families. Hoover sometimes used that information for subtle blackmail to ensure his and the bureau's power.
"I intend to take to my grave nasty bits of information on various political figures--some still active. As bad as the dirt collection business was, perhaps even worse was the evidence that he had allowed--even offered--the bureau to be used by presidents for nakedly political purposes. I have always thought that the most heinous act in which a democratic government can engage is to use its law enforcement machinery for political ends."
Silberman's article is a lengthy and gives detailed account of Hoover's conduct involving presidents and other senior public figures. His conclusion is that this country and the bureau-would be well served if Hoover's name were removed from the bureau's building.
"It is as if the Defense Department were named for Aaron Burr," he says. "Liberals and conservatives should unite to support legislation to accomplish this repudiation of a very sad chapter in American history." (DKR)
SEN. ROBERTS SAYS NCTC IS CALLED LAS VEGAS OF IC - "The NCTC is described as the Las Vegas of the intelligence community," according to Sen. Pat Roberts, Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Reuters reported on 21 July.
"What goes on at the NCTC stays at the NCTC," Roberts said at a confirmation hearing for ADM John Redd (USN Ret.), President Bush's nominee to head the organization. NCTC is currently led by interim Director John Brennan.
Roberts warned that the seven-month-old NCTC was preventing analysts from other intelligence agencies from gaining the same access to information on vital terrorism topics such as al-Qa'ida.
The NCTC is intended to serve as the government's primary agency for terrorism intelligence analysis and strategic operational planning for counterterrorism activities.
Redd, who was executive director of the Silberman-Robb Commission, acknowledged lingering information-sharing problems involving technology, resources and policies. But, he also told Roberts:
"I would submit to you, sir, that the NCTC is probably at the forefront of information-sharing in terms of where we are. And there has been some tremendous progress out there."
The committee was expected to forward Redd's nomination to the Senate for full confirmation soon. (DKR)
Paralegal Specialist GS-0950-09/12
Supervisory Physical Scientist GS-1301-15
Program Specialist (Transportation Security Grants) GS-0301-12/13
Program Specialist (Transportaion Security Grants) GS-0301-09/11
Fire Program Specialist (Grants) GS-0301-12/13
Budget Analyst GS-0560-12/14
Staff Assistant GS-0301-11
Staff Assistant GS-0301-09/12
Program Analyst GS-0343-09/12
Supervisory Operations Officer (Assistant Senior Watch Officer) GS-0301-14
Program Analyst GS-0343-09/12
KERR APPOINTED TO RUN NRO - The DNI has appointed Donald M. Kerr as director of the National Reconnaissance Office, DoD announced on 22 July.
Prior to his appointment, Kerr served as CIA deputy director for science and technology and has served as FBI assistant director for laboratories. He was director of Los Alamos National Laboratory from 1979 to 1985 and has a PhD in plasma physics and microwave electronics, the New York Times reported on 22 July.
The previous director of the NRO also served as the undersecretary of the Air Force. However Kerr will serve exclusively as the director of NRO. The NRO is staffed by DoD and CIA personnel and funded through the National Reconnaissance Program, part of the National Intelligence Program. (DKR)
FORMER CIA OFFICERS CALL ON BUSH FOR FIRINGS IN PLAME CASE - A group of 11 former CIA analysts and case officers delivered an open letter to Congress on 19 July urging President Bush to fire anyone involved in revealing CIA operative Valerie Plame' s identity rather than waiting for proof that doing so constituted a federal crime, the Washington Post reported.
The former CIA employees, led by a friend and colleague of Plame's, described recent attacks on Plame as a failure to respect her service to the nation.
The letter does not suggest firing anyone specifically. (DKR)
ITALY SEEKS SIX MORE CIA OPERATIVES - Milan prosecutor Armando Spataro sought arrest warrants 20 July for six more purported CIA operatives, accusing them of helping plan the kidnapping of Egyptian radical Muslim cleric Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, known as Abu Omar, AP reported.
A Milan court has already issued warrants for 13 purported CIA operatives accused of helping carry out Abu Omar's abduction in 2003. But the court initially turned down a request to issue arrest warrants for the six, who Spataro says helped plan the abduction. He said the court is expected to rule in the next few days on his appeal,
None of the suspects are believed to be in Italy. After the initial arrest warrants, prosecutors said they would seek extradition. (DKR)
Queries and authors seeking assistance
[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" nor endorse these inquiries or offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]
DO YOU KNOW WHEREABOUTS OF CIAer LLOYD GEORGE? - "Could anyone help me get in contact with Lloyd George, who in 1954 was the CIA Tokyo Chief of Station?" Replies to Washington Post researcher/journalist Serge Kovaleski at email@example.com
DID YOU KNOW FORMER CIAer HENRY SHNEIDER? - AFIO member Jim Keats seeks information to contact Henry whose family name may also be spelt Snyder, Snider or Shnider. Henry, according to Jim, has retired from the agency and may be living somewhere in New England, possibly Connecticut.
Jim once skied in a group with Henry in Aspen. Several years ago, Henry phoned a friend in Aspen, and said he was seriously ill and might not return there. He has not been seen since.
Any help in providing Henry's address or phone number would be greatly appreciated. Please inform: H. James Keats, Jr, 202-418-7020. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
AFIO MEMBER NEEDS GUIDANCE ON WRITING ABOUT SIGINT VERSUS HUMINT – AFIO member Joseph Koletar. needs guidance for a possible article on books, articles, and studies dealing with the heavy reliance on technical means of collection to the long-term detriment of HUMINT, with its negative consequences. Joseph asks if there are any authoritative pieces on the subject. Many thanks for any help. email@example.com. Tel. 212-773-7598 or at US Army SSG 1967-1969.
POLLY BUDENBACH - Phoenix Society Member Mary "Polly" Budenbach of Sea Pines, NJ, died 23 June after a short illness. She was 91.
She retired from the NSA with 32 years of service and had also served in the U.S. Navy.
Born in 1914, the daughter of Jane Plunket and Harold Hughes of Scotch Pines, she married Theodore Budenbach, who preceded her in death.
After graduating from Smith College, she worked as a civilian analyst in World War II with the U.S. Navy's cryptologic organization on Japanese naval systems. In 1945, she received the Navy's Meritorious Civilian Service Award. She then went to work for the CIA and NSA where she dealt with the Russian problem. She directed a group of experts in a think-tank charged with solving the toughest cryptanalytic problems.
In 1960 she was recognized as the highest technical authority in the U.S. security agencies in several specialized fields and was the first woman to attain an IC supergrade, receiving the Federal Women's Award. She retired in 1975 and was awarded the NSA Meritorious Civilian Service Award.
She moved to Hilton Head in 1984 and was a life member of the American Contract Bridge League.
She is survived by cousin Ann S. Mitchell of Philadelphia.
She was buried in Plainfield, NJ. Memorial contributions may be made to Hilton Head Island Humane Association, P.O. Box 21790, Hilton Head Island, SC 29925.
DONALD JOSEPH HEALEY - He died, aged 73, on 9 July at his home in Ocean Grove, NJ, of liver cancer. He served in the CIA for 35 years before retiring in 1993 as station chief in Tokyo. His decorations included the CIA Intelligence Medal of Merit, the Washington Post reported.
In retirement, he became a founding member of the Langley Group, a Washington-based consulting business specializing in international affairs. He also participated in federal efforts to reorganize the IC.
A native of Union City, NJ, he was a 1953 history and philosophy graduate of St. Peter's College in Jersey City. In 1961, he received a master's degree in political science and history from the Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service, followed by two years of Asian studies at the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques in Paris.
He was an Army veteran of the Korean War.
Survivors include his wife of 47 years, Maureen Black Healey; four children, Brian J. Healey, Daniel R. Healey, John M. Healey, and Elizabeth M. Lande as well as a brother, Daniel P. Healey, and eight grandchildren.
GEORGE KOLT - A retired CIA officer and authority on Russian, European and Eurasian geopolitics, died of cancer, aged 66, on 18 July at his home in Arlington, VA, the Washington Post reported.
He became the agency's chief Soviet watcher, testifying at Senate hearings about Soviet reforms in the early 1990s, often lecturing on the political and policy dynamics of that region.
A retired Air Force colonel, he specialized in Soviet and European affairs during his 23-year military career. From 1965 to 1967, he served as a member of the U.S. Military Liaison Mission to Soviet Forces in Germany. In 1970, he was commanding officer of an Air Force academy group on assignment to the French Air Force Academy. He was assistant air attaché in Moscow from 1973 to 1975, and his performance in that post led to his induction in the Defense Attaché Hall of Fame. He was a member of the U.S. delegation to the Mutual and Balanced Force Negotiations in Vienna from 1977 to 1979.
He also taught international politics at the Air Force Academy and the National War College. From 1981 to 1984, he was detailed to the NIC as deputy national intelligence officer for the Soviet Union and rose to be national intelligence officer for Europe.
He retired from the Air Force in 1986 to join the CIA as director of the DI’s Office of European Analysis. In 1989, he became director of the Office of Soviet Analysis which he headed during the turbulent years of the Soviet Union's collapse. From 1992 to 2003, he served as NIO for Russia and Eurasia. He retired from the agency in 2004.
Born in Brussels, he graduated from Rutgers University in 1961 and received a master's degree in political science from the University of Washington in 1963. He attended the Free University of Berlin, the Armed Forces Staff College and National War College. He was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
His decorations included the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal, the Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal and the Defense Meritorious Service Medal.
Survivors include his wife of 22 years, Deborah Kolt, a son, Alexander Kolt, and a sister. (DKR)
EARL LYNWOOD SCOTT - A retired CIA senior analyst and Soviet specialist, he died, aged 77, on 17July at Casey House hospice in Rockville, MD, of Alzheimer's disease and kidney failure, the Washington Post reported.
Scott joined the CIA in 1955 as a documents officer, scanning Soviet publications and translating and analyzing articles of political interest. Later, he worked in the Office of Soviet Analysis, where he wrote current intelligence assessments for publications intended for top U.S. officials. He retired in 1991.
The son of an Army officer, he was born at Fort Sam Houston, TX, He was a 1951 English literature graduate of Louisiana State University.
He served in the Army in the early 1950s, graduating from the Army's Language School in Monterey, where he learned to speak and read Russian. He was stationed in Berlin, monitoring East German and Soviet military communications, and then settled in the Washington area in 1954.
In retirement, he took courses on Civil War history at the University of Maryland and did genealogical research. He also wrote short stories and poems, joined literary clubs and was a member of Toastmasters International.
Survivors include his wife of 45 years, Helen D'Zmura Scott; four children, Mary S. Wiecek, John L. Scott, Joseph M. Scott, and Andrew J. Scott; a sister, Helen Nordberg of Reston; and six grandchildren.
Wednesday, 27 July 05 - Washington, DC - Screening - Spies on Screen - "Battle of Algiers" at 6:30 - 9:15 pm. Insurgency, bombings, a military presence from abroad: Algeria, 1957. Blood ran in the streets of Algiers when French soldiers were pitted against Algerian Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) terrorists in Algeria's fight for independence. The violence escalated as the Algerians resorted to explosives and the French responded with torture. Join Burton L. Gerber, who served 39 years as an operations officer in the CIA and was Chief of Station in three Communist countries, for a special screening of the brutally realistic 1965 film on the struggle. Gerber will draw upon his own experience to provide insight into how the French reaction to the FLN echoes the challenges that the U.S. faces in the war on terrorism and insurgency in Iraq, and what this means for an intelligence officer faced with these issues today. At International Spy Museum. Advanced registration required. http://www.spymuseum.org/calendar/prog_2005_jul_27.asp
THURSDAY, 28 July 05 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Summer Luncheon THURSDAY, 28 July 05 10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. - Holiday Inn, Tysons Corner, VA Between Iraq and a Hard Place -- the CIA, Muslim Terrorists, and the problematic Middle East Steve Coll - Pulitzer prize winning author, associate editor of the Washington Post Author of GHOST WARS: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 won a 2005 Pulitzer Prize for general non-fiction and former CIA officer Michael F. Scheuer former head of CIA's Osama bin Laden unit until 1999 and Author of IMPERIAL HUBRIS: Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror share their views, research and insights. Space filling up fast....and limited seats remain. $35/pp prepaid. Registration form here
August 05 - Las Vegas, NV - The AFIO Las Vegas Chapter meets at Nellis Air Force Base Officers' Club at 6 p.m. The featured speaker for the evening: Lt Col Peter J. Lambert, USAF, Commander, 547th Intelligence Squadron, Nellis Air Force Base, on "Intelligence Transformation in Military Operations: A View from the USAF" Due to Nellis AFB security requirements, you must sign up before Thursday, July 28th. All guests must use the main gate located at the intersection on Craig and Las Vegas Blvd. 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191 Phone: 702-644-2582 However, if you are not preregistered with the Chapter, you will be unable to attend. RSVPs to: Christine Eppley at EPPLEY@nv.doe.gov or at 702-295-0073.
Tuesday, 2 August 05 - Washington, DC - Spy School Polygraph Interrogation 101 at 6:30 pm. “The problem with the world today is that nobody takes the time to do a really sinister interrogation anymore.” - James Bond in Goldeneye Spies’ lies can destroy a mission, expose an asset, or damage the credibility of important intelligence. Discovering the truth is essential, but how can an interrogator outwit a wily spy? Join John F. Sullivan, who wrote Of Spies and Lies: A CIA Lie Detector Remembers Vietnam, as he exposes the secrets of the polygraph - its history, uses, and abuses. Sullivan, who entered the CIA Interrogation Research Branch in 1968, spent four years in Vietnam in the early 1970s, and then rejoined the Polygraph Division from which he retired in 1999 as a senior polygraph examiner. Although the polygraph has become increasingly controversial, Sullivan will reveal how the powerful combination of artful interrogation and sensitive machinery helped him catch seven double agents and hundreds of criminals. Once you’re versed in lie-detection, you’ll join Sullivan in an interrogation and assessment of two “highly suspicious” characters. Tickets: $20 Advance registration required! http://www.spymuseum.org/calendar/prog_2005_aug_02.asp
Saturday, 6 August 05 - Glen Burnie, MD - US Army Special Operations Detachment/US Army Foreign Counterintelligence Activity Reunion. A reunion of all former and current military and civilian members of the US Army Foreign Counterintelligence Activity (FCA), formerly the US Army Special Operations Detachment (SOD), will be held in Glen Burnie, MD. SOD was formed at Fort Meade, MD, in July 1974 as the Army’s national level counterespionage organization. The unit became FCA in 1985. Contact Nancy Gulley at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 410-674-7255; mailing address: 486 Williamsburg Lane, Odenton, MD 21113 for more information on the reunion.
6 August 05 - At Ease Club located in the Indian River Colony Club (IRCC) - Melbourne, Fl. AFIO Satellite Chapter hosts Mr. Andy Byers, author of The Imperfect Spy- contact B. Keith at email@example.com for more information
13 August 05 - Lenox, MA - AFIO Members at Tanglewood. 8:30 PM the Boston Symphony Orchestra will be conducted by James Conlon with violinist Gil Shaham to present Mozart Violin Concerto No. 4 in D,K.218 & Shostakovich Symphony No. 7 in C, Op. 60, Leningrad in Koussevitzky Music Shed, Lenox, MA, in the beautiful Berkshire Hills of Western Massachusetts. Next day concerts include an All-Mozart Program by the BSO and an evening of All That Jazz conducted by Keith Lockhart and the Boston Pops with guests "New York Voices." Come and enjoy the weekend concerts with family, friends and AFIO colleagues from New England and New York. Tickets for these informal concerts must be made by phone at 888-266-1200, 617-266-1200 or online at www.bso.org. Saturday evening tickets $19, $28, $47, $70, $85 and $17 (lawn). Contact the Berkshire Visitors Bureau at (800) 237-5747 or www.berkshires.org for reservations/lodgings. They provide a reservation service and excellent resources for comparing places to stay.
18 August 05 - Arlington, VA - CONFERENCE ON DEFENSE AGAINST INSIDER THREAT – IT*Security Magazine and Homeland Defense Journal invite you to attend a training conference on defense against insider threat. Learn the latest research into sensitive and/or private data loss and best practices for internal security at the conference being held at the Holiday Inn Arlington. New research by IT*Security Magazine’s Executive Editor Dan Verton, as well as detailed case studies from the front lines and groundbreaking new technology developments designed to help organizations weed out malicious insiders, will be presented for the first time. Confirmed Speakers: Dr. Terry Gudaitis, Managing Director of Fraud and Incident Response Services and Director of Open Source Intelligence for Trusted Insight (former CIA Operations Officer and Behavioral Profiler). · Tom Kellermann, Co-founder and Chief Knowledge Officer of Cybrinth LLC (Former Sr. Data Risk Management Specialist for the World Bank) · Michael Kern, Senior Analyst, SITE Institute · Eileen Kowalski, Threat Assessment Specialist, National Threat Assessment Center, U.S. Secret Service · Dana Lesemann, VP and Deputy General Counsel, Stroz Friedberg · Andrew Moore, Senior Member of the Technical Staff, CERT Coordination Center, Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University; · Dan Verton, Vice President & Executive Editor, IT*Security Magazine. Invited Speakers: Ron Dick, Director of National Security and Foreign Affairs, Computer Science Corporation (Former Director of National Infrastructure Protection Center) Andy Purdy, Acting Director National Cyber Security Division, DHS Registration Fee · Industry: $395 per person · Small Business: $295 per person · Government: $245 per person For registration information, contact Stacy Dellinger, (703) 807-2753 or firstname.lastname@example.org (DKR)
Thursday, 25 August 05 - Washington, DC - Her Majesty’s Spymaster: Elizabeth I, Sir Francis Walsingham, and the Birth of Modern Espionage, by Stephen Budiansky. Free Lunchtime author debriefing and book signing at Spy Museum; 12 noon to 1 pm. Elizabethan England was a hotbed of intrigue, conspiracy, and political skullduggery. Catholic Spain and France - not to mention Mary Queen of Scots - were all threats to Queen Elizabeth’s position and power. Excessive vigilance and extreme tactics were the order of the day. Elizabeth I’s chief aid in the struggle to keep her place on the throne was Sir Francis Walsingham, her principal secretary and England’s first spymaster. In his latest book, journalist and military historian Stephen Budiansky unveils Walsingham’s pioneering use of double agents, code breaking, and disinformation in defense of his queen. No registration required. http://www.spymuseum.org/calendar/debrief_2005_aug_25.asp
31 August -- 2 September 05 – Raleigh, NC – Raleigh International Spy Conference - The theme of the third annual conference, a joint effort by Raleigh's Metro Magazine and the North Carolina Museum of History, is Old Spies, New Threats. Keynote speaker will be Ronald Radosh, author of the newly released Red Star Over Hollywood: The Film Colony’s Long Romance With the Left. Other speakers are: -- Harvey Klehr, co-author of In Denial: Historians, Communism and Espionage. speaking on "Was Joe McCarthy Right: What New Evidence From Secret Archives Say About Soviet Espionage in America;" -- John Earl Haynes, co-author of In Denial, on the damage caused by Soviet manipulation of the Communist Party U.S.A. from the 1930s to 1945; -- I.C. Smith, author of Inside: A Top G-Man Exposes Spies, Lies and Bureaucratic Bungling Inside the FBI, on Chinese espionage in the United States; -- Nigel West, author of Venona: The Greatest Secret of the Cold War, on the latest revelations of Soviet espionage; -- Steve Usdin, author of the new book Engineering Communism: How Two Americans Spied for Stalin and Founded the Soviet Silicon Valley, on the story of two Rosenberg spy ring members who fled to the Soviet Union to help build a city dedicated to microelectronics and computing. The conference fee is $250 per registrant. Reduced registration is $175 for seniors (55 or over) and $145 for educators, students and IC members. The fee includes all sessions, the keynote address and a ticket for an evening gala on 1 Sept. Additional gala tickets are available to conference attendees for $30. For registration information, access www.raleighspyconference.com, call Brooke Eidenmiller at 919-807-7875 or e-mail email@example.com. Hotel information is available at www.raleighspyconference.com.
10 September 05 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Speaker TBA. RSVP for details to Quiel Begonia at firstname.lastname@example.org
11 September 05 - Madison, OH - AFIO Northern Ohio Chapter hosts picnic at Chuck and Gretchen Reed's. Reservations needed by 7 September to Howard or Veronica Flint at 440-338-4720.
13 September - Shenandoah Valley Golf Club, VA - NIF Golf Tournament - Net proceeds from the 15th annual Naval Intelligence Foundation Golf Tournament will benefit the NIF Scholarship Fund and Awards Program. Format: Scramble/Captain's Choice Check-In: 8:00 a.m. - Registration, coffee and danish Shotgun Start: 9:00 a.m. Entry Fee: Single $80 Foursome $300. Lunch and door prizes only: $40. Entry Fee Includes: Golf Power Cart Closest-to-Pin Longest Drive Lunch Coffee and Danish Door Prizes On-the-Course Soft Drinks Prizes to Top Teams Unlimited Practice Range Balls Prior to Tee Off Corporate Sponsor: $400 * 4 entries for golf * Hole sponsorship with tee box identification * Recognition in published program
To reach the Shenandoah Valley Golf Club, take Rte 66 West to Exit 6 (the 2nd Front Royal exit). Then right on Route 522 North. From Route 522 turn right at the first light (Warren County Fairgrounds) onto Route 661. Go 2 miles, turn left, at stop sign, onto Route 658. Go 3/4 mile to Shenandoah Valley Golf Club on the right) For entry forms contact Peter Buchan (540) 671-4435, email@example.com. Entry Deadline: September 1, 2005. (DKR)
15-18 September 05 - Great Lakes, IL - The AFIO Midwest Chapter will hold its 13th consecutive 2-day Fall Symposium at the Great Lakes Naval Base, with briefings and presentations. Details will follow in coming weeks. Quarters will again at the Great Lakes Naval Lodge. All meetings and meals will be at the Port O'Call, the old Officer's Club.
Friday, 16 September 05 - New York, NY - AFIO Metro New York Chapter holds evening meeting at the "Society of Illustrators" building at 128 East 63rd Street in Manhattan. Speaker: David Hunt, retired CIA officer, on "Corporate Espionage - Who is Stealing America's Secrets and Why and How They Are Doing It." Details and time to follow. Questions to Jerry Goodwin, 212-308-1450 or firstname.lastname@example.org
27-28 September 05 - Washington, D.C. - Eisenhower
National Security Series Conference - AFIO members are cordially invited to attend the 2005 Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Conference at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, 1300 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. Online registration is now available and open to the public at www.eisenhowerseries.com.
The theme of this year's series and conference is Shaping National Security - National Power in an International World. Speakers include: Secretary Rice (invited);Rep. Ike Skelton, Ranking Member, House Armed Services Committee; HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal of Jordan, Carlos Pascual, Coordinator, Office of Reconstruction and Stabilization, U.S. Department of State; and Hernando de Soto, president of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy, Peru.
There will be four panel discussions: Power and National Sovereignty, co-sponsored by the National Committee on American Foreign Policy; Nongovernmental and Humanitarian Organizations in the New Security Environment, co-sponsored by the Center for Humanitarian Cooperation; The Intelligence Challenge -- Understanding and Preventing Strategic Surprises, co-sponsored by The Matthew B. Ridgway Center for International Security Studies, University of Pittsburgh; and Understanding the Nexus of Proliferation and Terrorism, co-sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Information and updates concerning speakers, panels, schedules and fees can be found at www.eisenhowerseries.com
29 September 05 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter meets at 11:30 a.m. at the Officers Club's Falcon Room, U.S. Air Force Academy. Cost is $12.00 for a choice of beef or chicken with salad and dessert. Contact Richard Durham, phone number 719-488-2884, or e-mail at: email@example.com Reservations due [to Durham] no later than 18 September. Invited to speak [but not yet confirmed] is a Navy Captain (ret) who served as CO on a nuclear submarine.
7 October 05 - Tysons Corner, VA - NIP Annual Meeting & Symposium - Tysons Corner Holiday Inn.
12 - 16 October 05 - Arlington, VA - 101-OSS Association and the OSS Society Reunion is being held at the Key Bridge Marriott Hotel. Cost: $100/pp. The program and speakers are still in planning stages. RESERVATIONS: 101-OSS members send check to Dennis F. Klein, 1307 Crocus Cove, Cedar Park, TX 78613-4267 or phone 1-512-918-0690. OSS Society members email OSSSociety@aol.com
14-15 October 05 - New Brunswick, CANADA - Terrorism in History - University of New Brunswick, Fredericton - The 25th Annual Conflict Studies Conference will be devoted to the Strategic Impact of Terrorism from Sarajevo 1914 to 9/11. Bruce Hoffman of the RAND Corporation will deliver the key not speech on Terrorism in History. Taking part in a panel on Terrorism and the World Wars will be Keith Wilson, University of Leeds; Brian Kri, University of Maryland; and Sean Kennedy, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton. A second panel will discuss Terrorism and National Liberation - The First Wave, with Robert White, Indiana/Purdue University; David Charters, University of New Brunswick; and Kevin Dooley and Richard O'Meara, Rutgers University. The subject of a third panel will be Terrorism and National Liberation - The Second Wave, with Michael Gunter, Tennessee Technological University; Stuart Farson, Simon Fraser University; and James Miskel, Alidade Inc. The fourth panel will take up Endgames: Revolutionaries and Apocalyptics, with Michael Dartnell, University of New Brunswick, Saint John; and Gavin Cameron, University of Calgary. Terrorism Trends, Responses, and Impacts is the subject of the fifth panel, with Mark Sedgwick, American University in Cairo; John Mueller, Ohio State University; Jeffrey Kaplan, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh; and Monsuru Kasali, National Open University of Nigeria. A summation will be presented by David Charters, UNB, on 9/11: Terrorism and the Future Historian. The conference will close with a banquet. Conference fee: $150 CDN; $125 US. Banquet fee: (extra) $30 CDN $25 US. Fees can be paid by Mastercard, Visa, or American Express, by personal check, or money order payable to Centre for Conflict Studies. Accommodation: A block of rooms has been set aside at the Lord Beaverbrook Hotel. You may contact the hotel directly at: 506-455-3371, and ask for a room held for the Conflict Studies Conference. To register or for further information contact: Centre for Conflict Studies, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 4400, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada. phone: 506-453-4587 fax: 506-447-3175 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
27 - 30 October 2005
AFIO 30th Anniversary Symposium Celebration
with a rare opportunity - our first day-long visit to the transformation-embracing NEW Federal Bureau of Investigation
An insider's look at its new Directorate of Intelligence, Counterterrorism Division and the "just announced" National Security Service
and special programs at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel, Tyson's Corner, VA
Two Steps: Step One: Make your room reservations now at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel.
Step Two: Symposium Online Reservation form here Agenda for AFIO Symposium will be forthcoming by U.S. mail to all current members of record.
PUT THIS DATE ON YOUR CALENDARS
27-28 October-Lincoln, NH –Naval Cryptologic Veterans Reunion - Information on the New England Chapter, Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association reunion is available by telephoning the host, John Hogan, at 603-539-8046, e-mail:HOGANfrd@aol.com. Website:" www.ncva-ne.org. The chapter is composed of career and non-career individuals who serve(d) in the U.S. Naval Security Group and predecessor organizations.
8 - 13 November 05 - Hot Springs, VA - SpyRetreat 2005 Conference - Espionage: The Unknown Wars - held by CiCentre. The conference will focus on the unknown “intelligence wars” that have taken place in secret yet have impacted the security and destiny of nations. Presenters will shed light on these secret wars and were often intimately involved on the front lines. These presenters include retired FBI counterintelligence and counterterrorism specialists David Major and Rusty Capps; retired Russian KGB Major General Oleg Kalugin who headed KGB’s worldwide foreign counterintelligence; retired Canadian RCMP counterintelligence officer Dan Mulvenna who battled the Russian KGB in Canada; and renowned British military intelligence historian and author of over 25 books, Nigel West. Conference attendees will hear from this international group who are accompanied by the CI Centre’s trademark dynamic multimedia presentations, bringing to life the unknown espionage wars. Morning lectures include (full descriptions on SpyRetreat website): Spies with War-Winning Implications: Inside the John Walker Spy Network; The Canadian RCMP/KGB Wars; Technical Espionage Wars: IVY BELLS, TAW, ABSORB, BOARDWALK; Terror’s Espionage War; The Israeli Intelligence War Against Terror; On Veterans Day, the CI Centre hosts the special Veterans Recognition dinner which salutes all veterans of wars, including the espionage wars. The dinner speaker will be Nigel West who will talk about the recently released top secret diaries of Guy Liddell, who was British MI5’s Director of Counterespionage during World War II. West will reveal the most secret and sensational operations of British intelligence in their war against the Nazis. The special package for this five-night stay at The Homestead Resort and Spa includes lectures, a private reception and a private banquet. Price is $3,750 for double occupancy; $2,325 for single. More information about the “ESPIONAGE: The Unknown Wars” conference can be found on the internet at www.SpyRetreat.com or by calling 1-866-SPY-TREK (1-866-779-8735). Directions to the Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, VA can be found here http://www.thehomestead.com/transportation.asp
13- 14 December 05 - Chantilly, VA - AFCEA Hosts their Fall Intelligence Symposium at the National Reconnaissance Office in Chantilly, VA. Classified SI/TK and open to U.S. citizens only. For information contact Phil Jordan at email@example.com or (800) 336-4583 ext. 6219 or (703) 631-6219. Website Address: http://www.afcea.org/events/fallintel/
27-28 January 06 - Springfield, VA - Conference on "INTELLIGENCE AND ETHICS" at The Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics (JSCOPE). Runs from 3:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. on Friday, and 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. on Saturday. Intelligence practitioners and civilian scholars discuss and present Academic Papers, conduct Working Groups, present Case Histories and Testimonies, and hold Dinner and Luncheon Discussions on the emerging field of "Intelligence Ethics" which to many academicians does not have civilian/academic input and expertise. It is the goal of this conference to establish the first international meeting of civilian and military intelligence professionals, educators and those with academic perspectives in national security, philosophy, law, history, psychology, theology and human rights. The Intelligence Ethics Section seeks voices from all ranks and areas of intelligence and are soliciting contributions and participation from all interested parties and perspectives. More information at http://eli.sdsu.edu/ethint
17-20 February -06 - Arlington, VA - The Intelligence Summit™ 2006 -to be held at the Hyatt Regency Crystal City, VA. This new event will bring together the international intelligence agencies from the free nations of the world in a non-partisan, non-profit educational conference on neutral ground. "Intelligence today embraces more than the civilian and military agencies of the federal intelligence community. In this age of terrorism, it is critically important for state and local law enforcement to know how and where to obtain intelligence, and to whom it should be forwarded. Corporate and private-sector intelligence managers face new and diverse challenges, from defending against economic espionage to creating new technology to meet intelligence's future needs. Many members of the press (and even a few members of Congress) lack the depth of knowledge in intelligence which is necessary to deal with, and resolve, its complex issues. The same is true for non-governmental organizations, the academic community, media, and ethnic and religious organizations. All of these diverse components of the intelligence domain will come together at the Intelligence Summit." The sponsors of the event have offered AFIO members a 10% discount off the website price if the voucher code "AS10" is entered in the special discount field on the online reservation form. For more information to attend or to be an exhibitor, visit: http://www.intelligencesummit.org/about.php or write to them at The Intelligence Summit, 535 Central Ave Ste 316, St Petersburg, FL 33701. Also visit their news pages for some good links to current breaking intelligence news: http://www.intelligencesummit.org/news/
EARLY WARNING OF FUTURE EVENTS
4 March 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at firstname.lastname@example.org for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
3 June 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at email@example.com for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
9 September 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at firstname.lastname@example.org for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
6 December 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at email@example.com for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
3 March 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at firstname.lastname@example.org for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
2 June 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at email@example.com for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
8 September 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at firstname.lastname@example.org for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
1 December 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at email@example.com for details. Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.
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