AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #43-05 dated 7 November 2005

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced by AFIO for non-profit educational uses by AFIO members and WIN subscribers. They are edited by Derk Kinnane Roelofsma (DKR), with input from AFIO members and staff.


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Queries by Researchers





Coming Events 

8 - 13 November 05 - Hot Springs, VA - SpyRetreat 2005 Conference - Espionage: The Unknown Wars - held by CiCentre
9 November 05; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Driving Force: Terrorist Motivation, Past and Present
10-12 November 05 - Washington, DC - The World War II Veterans Committee holds Eighth Annual Conference
16 November 05; 7 - 10 pm - Washington, DC - International Spy Museum Dinner with Kremlin Spy Oleg Kalugin

17 November 05 - Colorado Springs, CO - Rocky Mountain AFIO Chapter holds luncheon speaker meeting
17 November 05 - Washington, DC - Undercover Washington: Where Famous Spies Lived, Worked and Loved. Talk and Book signing
19 November 05 - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine Chapter CERT Training
3 December 05 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting
5-7 December 05 - Chantilly, VA - The MASINT Association 4th Annual MASINT Conference
13 December 05 - Tampa, FL- AFIO Suncoast Chapter Meeting
13-14 December 05 - Chantilly, VA - AFCEA Hosts their Fall Intelligence Symposium at the National Reconnaissance Office
16 December 05 - New York, NY - AFIO New York Metro Chapter Meeting -Intelligence Challenges in the Post 9/11 World.
27-28 January 06 - Springfield, VA - Conference on "INTELLIGENCE AND ETHICS"
17-20 February 06 - Arlington, VA - The Intelligence Summit - 2006

4 March 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting
8 March 2006 - College Station, TX - Future of Transatlantic Security Relations
7-9 May 06 - Bethesda, MD - 2nd Annual INTELCON Exhibition and Symposium
3-8 September 2006 - Oxford, England - Spies, Lies & Intelligence Conference


FBI BREAKS UP CHINESE SPY RING IN LA - FBI agents in Los Angeles arrested four Chinese on 4 November for trying to smuggle US military secrets to China, the BBC reported.
An FBI affidavit said they were charged with theft of government property, conspiracy and transportation of stolen goods. The suspects caused serious compromises for 15 years to major US weapons systems, including submarines and warships, the Washington Times reported. 
The ring operated since 1990 and funneled technology and military secrets to China in the form of documents and computer disks, officials close to the case said.
Those arrested were Chi Mak and his wife, Rebecca Laiwah Chiu, naturalized US citizens, along with Chi's brother, Tai Wang Mak, and his wife, Fuk Heung Li, resident aliens who arrived from China in 2001.
Compromised information uncovered so far included sensitive data on Aegis battle management systems employed on US Navy destroyers and cruisers. China earlier this year deployed its first Aegis warship, intelligence officials have said.
The Chinese also obtained sensitive data on US submarines, including classified details related to the new Virginia-class attack submarines. Officials said that based on a preliminary assessment, China now will be able to track US submarines.
Chi, an electrical engineer, also had access to details of aircraft carriers. A Pentagon report made public earlier this year said China's military is building up capabilities to attack carriers.
China also is thought to have obtained information from the spy ring that will assist Chinese military development of electromagnetic pulse weapons that disrupt electronics.
It also is thought to have obtained UAV technology from the spy ring.
The arrests were made after electronic surveillance revealed Tai and his wife planned to travel to Guangzhou, China, to pass to Chinese officials several CDs that contained Navy weapons data, specifically information on Quiet Electric Drive systems.
"They were funneling information to 2 PLA," one official said, referring to the military intelligence unit of the People's Liberation Army. "The Chinese now know more about our military than we know about their entire country."
Chi held a secret-level security clearance and worked on more than 200 US defense and military contracts as an electrical engineer with the defense contractor Power Paragon, a subsidiary of L3/SPD Technologies/Power Systems Group in Anaheim, CA. (DKR)

EXPONENTIAL GROWTH IN DOMESTIC SURVEILLANCE - An exponentially growing practice of domestic surveillance under the USA Patriot Act is underway involving the FBI�s use of National Security Letters, the Washington Post reported on 6 November.
NSLs were created in the 1970s for espionage and terrorism investigations, the Post said in a lengthy article. They enabled the FBI to review in secret customer records of suspected foreign agents. The Patriot Act, and Bush administration guidelines for its use, permitted clandestine scrutiny of US persons and visitors who are not alleged to be terrorists or spies.
The bureau now issues more than 30,000 NSLs a year, according to government sources, a hundredfold increase over historic norms. A single letter can be used to search the records of many people. Use of the letters is extending the FBI�s reach as never before into Americans� telephone calls, correspondence and financial lives.
Issued by FBI field supervisors, the letters do not require authorization by a prosecutor, grand jury or judge. Their use is not reviewed by DoJ or Congress. The Bush administration defeated legislation and a lawsuit to require a public accounting.
The Post said an unannounced decision has been taken to deposit all the information NSLs yield in government data banks and to share this data widely in the federal government and elsewhere. In late 2003, the Bush administration reversed a long-standing policy requiring agents to destroy their files on innocent American citizens, companies and residents when investigations closed. Late last month, President Bush signed Executive Order 13388, expanding access to those files for state, local and tribal governments and for appropriate private sector entities.
While an NSL cannot be used to eavesdrop or read the contents of e-mail, the records it yields describe where a person makes and spends money, with whom he lives and has previously lived, how much he gambles, what he buys online, what he pawns and borrows, where he travels, how he invests, what he searches for and reads on the Web, and who telephones or e-mails him at home and at work.
Changes involving NSLs are not among the provisions of the Patriot Act, adopted four years ago, that expire on 31 December, failing Congressional renewal. House and Senate conferees are poised to amplify the FBI's power to compel the secret surrender of private records, according to the Post.
The House and Senate have voted to make noncompliance with an NSL a criminal offense. The House would also impose a prison term for breach of secrecy.
"The beef with the NSLs is that they don't have even a pretense of judicial or impartial scrutiny," former representative Robert L. Barr Jr. of Georgia told the Post. He finds himself allied with the ACLU after a career as prosecutor, CIA analyst and conservative GOP stalwart. "There's no checks and balances whatever on them. It is simply some bureaucrat's decision that they want information, and they can basically just go and get it."
Career investigators and Bush administration officials emphasized, in congressional testimony and interviews with the Post that NSLs are for hunting terrorists, not fishing through the private lives of the innocent. The distinction is not as clear in practice, the Post says. (DKR)


QA�IDA FABRICATOR IDENTIFIED BEFORE BUSH REPEATED FABRICATIONS - A top member of al-Qa�ida in American custody was identified as a likely fabricator months before the Bush administration began to use his statements as the foundation for its claims that Iraq trained Qa�ida members to use biological and chemical weapons, according to newly declassified portions of a DIA document, the New York Times reported on 6 November. 
The document, an intelligence report from February 2002, said it was probable that the prisoner, Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi, was intentionally misleading his debriefers.
Without mentioning him by name, President Bush and senior administration officials repeatedly cited Libi�s information as evidence that Iraq was training Qa�ida members in the use of explosives and illicit weapons.
The newly declassified portions of the document were made available by Carl Levin of Michigan, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee. Senate Republicans have been arguing that Republicans were not alone in making prewar assertions about Iraq, illicit weapons and terrorism that have since been discredited.
Libi, captured in Pakistan at the end of 2001, recanted his claims in January 2004. That prompted the CIA to recall all intelligence reports based on his statements. (DKR)

EU LAUNCHES INQUIRY INTO ALLEGED SECRET CIA PRISONS - The European Commission said on 4 November it would encourage governments in Eastern Europe to comment on allegations that the CIA had set up secret prisons in the region to interrogate terrorism suspects, AP reported. 
The day before, Human Rights Watch said it had evidence, based on tail numbers and flight logs of CIA aircraft from 2001 to 2004, that the agency transported suspects captured in Afghanistan to Poland and Romania.
Counterterrorism sources confirmed to Time magazine that the CIA continues to run secret prisons in Afghanistan and Eastern Europe. In Afghanistan, the agency's prison was once located in an old brick factory near Kabul's airport, nicknamed the Salt Pit by the CIA and the Darkness Prison by inmates.,9171,1126698,00.html
Polish authorities denied any knowledge of prisoner transfers, but confirmed that a plane carrying Americans touched down at a little-used airport on the day when, a human rights group says, flight logs indicate that a CIA aircraft landed there.
In Romania, officials released computerized flight logs in an attempt to disprove claims of suspicious flights at an airport near a military base.
The broader allegations have set off a flurry of denials from other governments in the former Soviet bloc and prompted European Union officials to say they would investigate. United States officials have refused to confirm or deny the claims.
If the clandestine prisons exist, European officials say, they violate the EU�s human rights principles. (DKR)

ITALIAN INTEL IDENTIFIES FORGERY DISSEMINATOR - Gen. Nicolo Pollari, director of SISMI, the Italian military intelligence service, identified an Italian occasional spy named Rocco Martino on 3 November as the disseminator of forged documents that described efforts by Iraq to buy uranium ore from Niger for a nuclear weapons program, the New York Times reported.
Pollari said Martino was the source of the forged documents in closed-door testimony to a parliamentary committee that oversees secret services, three lawmakers said.
Sen. Massimo Brutti, a member of the committee, told reporters that Pollari had identified Martino as a former intelligence informer who had been "kicked out of the agency." He did not say Martino was the forger.
The Italian information came as the FBI confirmed it had shut down its two-year investigation into the origin of the forged documents.
The information about Iraq's desire to acquire the ore, known as yellowcake, was used to help justify the invasion of Iraq, notably by President Bush in his State of the Union address in January 2003. The information was later shown to have been based on forgeries.
The documents were the basis for sending a former diplomat, Joseph C. Wilson IV, on a fact-finding mission to Niger.
Martino has long been suspected of being responsible for peddling the false documents. News reports have quoted him as saying he obtained them through a contact at the Niger Embassy in Rome.
Brutti told reporters Italian intelligence had warned Washington in early 2003 that the Niger-Iraq documents were false. He said he did not know whether the warning was given before or after President Bush's address.
Sen. Luigi Malabarba, who attended the parliamentary hearing, said Pollari told the committee Martino was "offering the documents not on behalf of SISMI but on behalf of the French" and that Martino had told prosecutors in Rome that he was in the service of French intelligence.
A senior French intelligence official interviewed in Paris declined to say whether Martino had been a paid agent of France, but called Pollari's assertions about France's responsibility scandalous.
Committee members said they were shown a copy of a classified letter from FBI Director Mueller, which praised Italy's cooperation with the bureau.
In Washington, a bureau official confirmed the substance of the letter that stated Italy's cooperation proved the FBI�s theory that the false documents were produced and disseminated by one or more people for personal profit, and ruled out the possibility that the Italian service had intended to influence American policy.
As a result, the letter said the bureau had closed its investigation into the origin of the documents.
The parliamentary hearing followed a three-part series in the newspaper La Repubblica which said Pollari had knowingly provided the United States and Britain with forged documents.
The newspaper, that opposes Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, also reported that Pollari acted at the behest of Berlusconi, who was said to be eager to help Bush in the search for weapons in Iraq. Berlusconi has denied such accounts. (DKR)


NEED TO DECIPHER HARD DRIVES MEANS LONGER DETENTIONS - An increase from 14 to 90 days that a terrorist suspect can be held in Britain without charge is the result of the time it takes to decipher what is on his hard drive, according to Andy Hayman, Assistant Commissioner, Metropolitan Police Service, FCW reported on 4 November, citing a (London) item.
More time is needed to make sure that all the evidence from a seized PC is located before someone is released, Hayman said. The Met has a high-tech crime unit and access to the Forensic Science Service. Both units employ forensic computer analysts who crack hard drive contents.
Fauzan Mirza of ProSoft Research, an expert in hard drive encryption, said there were two stages, acquisition and analysis, in cracking a hard drive. "Acquisition is automated and takes a copy of the hard drive itself," he said. "It runs at the speed of the fastest backups, around 500MB per minute. Analysis looks at the contents. It's usually obvious within a matter of hours whether there is evidence on it."
"If there is evidence, it can take more than a week to analyze it. It could be two to three weeks depending upon the sophistication of the means used to hide it, steganography for example."
Mirza added that that evidence may also be in a foreign language: "It would have to be reviewed by a linguist and feedback given to the analyst. They would re-check the computer on the basis of this feedback."
Graham Cluley, a senior technical consultant at computer security company Sophos, said additional time would also be needed to consult with security services in other countries as well as for the police to formulate an interview strategy based on uncovered evidence. (DKR)

GOV AGENCIES TOLD TO ADOPT EARNED VALUE MANAGEMENT - Federal agencies have until 31 December to create policies for using earned value management to reduce the inherent risk in large IT projects, FCW reported on 3 November.
All federal agencies should be using EVM as businesses have been doing for years, said Tim Young, OMB Associate Administrator for E-government and IT.
Speaking at an industry breakfast seminar in Washington, DC, Young said federal agencies will get more value out of a proposed $65 billion budget for IT for fiscal 2006 if they use EVM as one of their project management tools.
DoD is already familiar with EVM, having used it for years to control spending and deadlines for large aircraft carrier projects, Young said. The Office of Personnel Management began using EVM in September to help project leaders who are managing five e-government projects and a government-wide human resources project.
The value of EVM is that it lets managers make better decisions and avoid undue costs or project failures, said OPM's Norman Enger. The difficulty, he said, comes in reducing every inch of progress to a dollar value. (DKR)

DLR AWARDS $6.3 MILLION IT CONTRACT TO ACCENTURE - The Defense Logistics Agency has awarded a $6.3 million contract to Accenture to provide IT services, reported on 4 November.
The contract calls for Accenture to provide document management services, business process re-engineering and change management services, training and organizational design. It also covers the automation of crucial business processes, according to Accenture.
The company will design the business processes for DLA�s Technical and Quality Policy Division, supporting data related to aircraft launch and recovery and the ordering of repair parts, among other functions. (DKR)



FORESEEING ANOTHER 9/11 OR WORSE - Daniel Benjamin, Steven Simon, The Next Attack (Times Books, 352 pp. $266)
Benjamin and Simon, counterterrorism aides in the Clinton administration, open this work by declaring, The New York Times  "We are losing� with the United States heading for a repeat or worse of 9/11.
They criticize the Bush administration for focusing on the number of Qa�ida leaders captured or killed, rather than addressing radical Islamist ideology.
More and more Muslims are turning into jihadis intent on inflicting damage on the West, fed by regional grievances in the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, South East Asia and among the alienated Muslim youth who have grown up in Europe.
The US invasion of Iraq, in the authors� view, was unnecessary and ill-judged and made that country a training ground for jihadis. The invasion is seen as confirming al-Qa�ida�s line that the United States is waging war on Islam and seeking to dominate Muslim lands.
As for bringing democracy to Iraq, say Benjamin and Simon, "the current chaos there confirms the fears of both the rulers and the ruled in the authoritarian states of the region that sudden political change is bound to let slip the dogs of civil war." (DKR)

HOW COVERT ACTION AIDED THE NORMANDY INVASION - Will Irwin, The Jedburghs: France, 1944, and the Secret Untold History of the First Special Forces (Public Affairs, 352 pp. $26.95)
Irwin, a retired Special Forces colonel, tells the story of the pioneering covert action units known as the Jedburghs. Made up of three-man teams of American, British and French soldiers, they were dropped into enemy-controlled territory to arm and train resistance fighters in support of the Normandy invasion.
Their most important task was to disrupt German reinforcements being sent to Normandy and, Irwin writes, �this they did remarkably well, delaying many divisions and completely stopping others."
Irwin's provides a detailed account of these early covert operations and places them in the context of the Allied campaign in a manner that military history buffs and others are likely to very much enjoy. (DKR)

THE TALENTED FATHER OF BRITISH INTELLIGENCE - Stephen P. Budiansky, Her Majesty�s Spymaster: Elizabeth I, Sir Francis Walsingham and the Birth of Modern Espionage (Viking, 256 pp. $24.95)
Budiansky, in this highly readable work, presents a rich, detailed portrait not only on Walsingham, who may be thought of as the father of British intelligence services, but also of the age which shaped him and his work.
As secretary of Queen Elizabeth�s Privy Council, Walsingham ran a variety of spy networks, Earlier he had mastered French and Italian, the latter by living contentedly in Catholic Italy when it was not that safe for a Protestant (which he was) to live in the Catholic England of �Bloody� Mary.
A cultivated and shrewd man, Walsingham dealt with equal aplomb with ambassadors and the less than respectable types who spied on his behalf, also employing a staff of code breakers and couriers. His career put him at the heart among other things of his Queen�s marriage negotiations that never came to anything; her rivalry with Mary, Queen of Scots; and the long enduring threat from Spain.
Walsingham emerges from Budiansky�s account as a spy master who never let his great devotion to his monarch surpass his devotion to his country, (DKR)


NSA HISTORIAN SAYS TONKIN GULF INCIDENT REPORT FAKED - The NSA faked key intelligence used to justify US intervention in Vietnam, according to material uncovered by NSA historian Robert Hanyok, the Daily Telegraph (London) reported.
Middle-ranking officers altered material relating to the Gulf of Tonkin incident, Hanyok said. They did so to cover up a mistake they had made, not out of political considerations.
The incident concerned two US destroyers, Maddox and Turner Joy, attacked by North Vietnamese craft in the gulf on 2 August 1964. Two days later, Maddox reported she had been fired on a second time. Although its commander soon cast doubt on the reports, SIGINT reported that the North Vietnamese admitted "we sacrificed two ships".
President Johnson then ordered air raids against North Vietnamese naval facilities and Congress authorized all necessary steps including the use of armed force to defend South Vietnam.
Hanyok found a pattern of translation mistakes that went uncorrected, altered intercept times and selective citation of intelligence that persuaded him that midlevel agency officers had deliberately skewed the evidence, the New York Times reported.
He concluded top NSA and defense officials and Johnson neither knew about nor condoned the deception.
Hanyok's findings were published nearly five years ago in a classified in-house journal. In 2002 he and other government historians argued the findings should be made public, but were rebuffed by agency policymakers, fearful it might prompt uncomfortable comparisons with flawed intelligence used to justify the war in Iraq, according to an intelligence official familiar with internal discussions of the matter, the Times said. (DKR)



DNI DUCKS CIA EXEMPTION ISSUE - At a secret briefing for Senators on 26 October, a senior intelligence official told Time magazine, DNI Negroponte was pointedly neutral on Vice President Cheney's lobbying to have the CIA exempted from legislation banning mistreatment of detainees.,9171,1126698,00.html
"It's above my pay grade," Negroponte said. He dodged answering when asked whether the harsher interrogation tactics Cheney wants the agency to be free to use actually produce valuable intelligence.
An intense internal debate has erupted in the Bush administration over whether new Pentagon procedures for handling captured terrorists should adopt the Geneva Conventions' ban on cruel and degrading treatment. A senior Administration source says national security adviser Hadley, Secretary of State Rice and top military officers favor including the Geneva standards, while Cheney has managed to round up a few senior Pentagon civilians, such as Under Secretary Stephen Cambone, to back his opposition to them. (DKR)

CLARKE ADVISED NYC ON BAG SEARCHES - Richard A. Clarke, counterterrorism adviser to two presidents, advised New York City officials on a program to search bags and packages brought into the subways, the New York Times reported on 7 November.
The "container inspection program" was introduced by the police following two attacks in July on London�s transport system.
"Obviously you want to catch people with bombs on their back, but there is a value to a program that doesn't stop everyone and isn't compulsory," Clarke said in a deposition.
Anyone selected for a search can choose to refuse and leave.
David Cohen, Deputy Police Commissioner for intelligence and a CIA veteran, defended the searches by saying: "More is better than some, and some is better than none."
Clarke gave a deposition last month rather than come to court, lawyers said, because he was promoting his novel last week.
A legal challenge to the policy, filed by the New York Civil Liberties Union and heard by a federal judge in Manhattan last week, is seen as a test case of the proper scope of governmental intervention in the lives of citizens in the name of deterring a terrorist attack. Judge Richard M. Berman will decide the case next month at the earliest. Each side says it is prepared to appeal if it loses. (DKR)

Queries and Authors Seeking Assistance:

CONTRIBUTORS SOUGHT FOR SECURITY STUDIES ENCYCLOPEDIA - Prof. Michael Palmiotto of Wichita State University is looking for contributors for an Encyclopedia on International Security Studies. Contributors who are willing to write on a pool of topics or who have security as a specialty can make suggestions for topics.
The encyclopedia will deal with all aspects of security, private, government, political, geo-political, criminological, psychological, philosophical, natural disasters, home land security, financial security, border security, etc.
Contributors should be willing to write any where from 1,000 words to 5,000 words or more. Individuals could contribute on more than one topic or collaborate with a colleague. Contributors will receive an honorarium for each topic accepted based on the word count.
Those willing to contribute to the encyclopedia should contact Dr. Palmiotto at  or telephone him at 316-978-6524.


CHESTER L. COOPER - His public service over more than five decades included employment by the CIA, NSC and State. He died, aged 88, of congestive heart failure on 30 October at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, DC, the Washington Post reported.
Although rarely, if ever, in the spotlight, he was the consummate government insider, invariably playing a key role, according to the Post.
In 1956, he was deputy to the CIA chief of station in London when the British attacked Egypt, to President Eisenhower's displeasure. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles assigned Dr. Cooper the delicate task of maintaining everyday connections with the British, so issues too urgent to ignore could be addressed.
He was dispatched to London again during the Cuban missile crisis by Secretary of State Dean Rusk to show Prime Minister Harold Macmillan the photographs proving the Soviet Union was installing missiles in Cuba.
During the Vietnam war, he served as an NSC staffer and after the war accompanied former SecDef McNamara to Hanoi for a conference with their Vietnamese counterparts that revisited the failed diplomatic efforts to end the war earlier. He considered the Hanoi meeting less than a success in part because the Vietnamese felt the need to indulge in sermons and polemics. According to his daughter, he found a later, similar meeting more of a success.
Born in Boston in 1917, he was the teenage impresario and drummer for Chet Cooper and His Melodians, which played at weddings, anniversaries and bar mitzvahs, occasionally with a young Leonard Bernstein on piano. He received a bachelor's degree in 1939 and a master's degree in business administration in 1941, both from New York University. World War II interrupted his doctoral studies at Columbia University; he received his doctorate from American University in 1959.
During the war, he served initially in India with the Army and then in China with the OSS. He was assistant deputy director at the CIA from 1947 to 1962, when he joined the NSC.
After leaving government service in 1970, he took up environmental issues. He was director of the Institute for Defense Analysis, director of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (based in Vienna, Austria) and Washington director of the International Institute for Energy Analysis.
In 1995, he embarked on yet another career as head of international programs for the Battelle Memorial Institute at the University of Maryland. He retired as professor emeritus in 2001.
In addition to his memoir, "In the Shadows of History: Fifty Years Behind the Scenes of Cold War Diplomacy" (2005), he was the author of "The Lost Crusade: America in Vietnam" (1970) and "The Lion's Last Roar: Suez, 1956" (1978).
Cooper enjoyed fly fishing in Scotland and sculpting tiny clay characters for model circuses.
His wife, Orah Pomerance Cooper, died in 2002. Survivors include two daughters, Joan Gould and Susan Cooper; a brother, Mitchell Cooper; and three grandchildren. (DKR)

SERGE PETER KARLOW, 84, a former CIA intelligence officer and long-time AFIO member who won a decades-long campaign to clear his name after officials accused him of being a mole for the Soviets, died of pneumonia Nov. 3 at a hospital in Montclair, NJ.
Karlow wrote about his ordeal in his 2001 memoir, "Targeted by the CIA: An Intelligence Professional Speaks Out on the Scandal That Turned the CIA Upside Down." His Agency career came to a halt in the early 1960s when Anatoly M. Golitsin, then a recently defected KGB officer, told CIA officials that there had been an American mole stationed in Germany, that although he didn't know the identity of the mole, he believed the last name began with a "K." With those clues, the CIA narrowed its list of suspects to three people, including Karlow who once had been stationed in West Germany when he began his career during World War II with the Office of Strategic Services. A native of New York City and graduate of Swarthmore College Karlow served in Algiers and Corsica. On a mission with naval intelligence, he lost his leg in an explosion off the coast of Italy when his PT boat triggered an acoustic mine.
In 1962, in an atmosphere of paranoia, Karlow found himself the central figure in the CIA's hunt for a mole. Even though a four-month investigation failed to produce any evidence against him, Karlow was seen as the primary suspect and tainted. Isolated and shunned, he was forced to resign under a cloud of suspicion.
In 1963, he moved to St. Louis to join the international affairs office of the agricultural firm Monsanto Co. He transferred to the company's Washington office in 1970 and for a time was chairman of the Washington Export Council. Dogged in his efforts to win a public exoneration, Mr. Karlow appealed to CIA directors William Casey and William H. Webster to reexamine his case. A CIA internal investigation opened in 1988 and found that the FBI had cleared Mr. Karlow years earlier but failed to make known its reversal. In 1989, about 25 years after the allegations first were made, the CIA held a ceremony in which Karlow received an apology, a medal and financial compensation. Karlow was active in the AFIO Chapters in California and Florida, where he later lived. His wife, Elizabeth Karlow, died in 1977. Survivors include a son, James P. Karlow of Commerce Township, Mich.; a daughter, Alexandra Karlow Nolan of Montclair; a sister; and five grandsons. [CJLaC]

Coming Events

8 - 13 November 05 - Hot Springs, VA - SpyRetreat 2005 Conference - Espionage: The Unknown Wars - held by CiCentre. The conference will focus on the unknown "intelligence wars" that have taken place in secret yet have impacted the security and destiny of nations. Presenters will shed light on these secret wars and were often intimately involved on the front lines. These presenters include retired FBI counterintelligence and counterterrorism specialists David Major and Rusty Capps; retired Russian KGB Major General Oleg Kalugin who headed KGB�s worldwide foreign counterintelligence; retired Canadian RCMP counterintelligence officer Dan Mulvenna who battled the Russian KGB in Canada; and renowned British military intelligence historian and author of over 25 books, Nigel West. Conference attendees will hear from this international group who are accompanied by the CI Centre�s trademark dynamic multimedia presentations, bringing to life the unknown espionage wars. Morning lectures include (full descriptions on SpyRetreat website): Spies with War-Winning Implications: Inside the John Walker Spy Network; The Canadian RCMP/KGB Wars; Technical Espionage Wars: IVY BELLS, TAW, ABSORB, BOARDWALK; Terror�s Espionage War; The Israeli Intelligence War Against Terror; On Veterans Day, the CI Centre hosts the special Veterans Recognition dinner which salutes all veterans of wars, including the espionage wars. The dinner speaker will be Nigel West who will talk about the recently released top secret diaries of Guy Liddell, who was British MI5�s Director of Counterespionage during World War II. West will reveal the most secret and sensational operations of British intelligence in their war against the Nazis. The special package for this five-night stay at The Homestead Resort and Spa includes lectures, a private reception and a private banquet. Price is $3,750 for double occupancy; $2,325 for single. More information about the "ESPIONAGE: The Unknown Wars" conference can be found on the internet at  or by calling 1-866-SPY-TREK (1-866-779-8735). Directions to the Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, VA can be found here 

Wednesday, 9 November 05; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Driving Force: Terrorist Motivation, Past and Present - London, 2005; New York and Washington, 2001; Ephesus, 365 BCE. Terrorist acts have haunted humanity for centuries. Why do they continue to happen? What makes terrorists tick? This is a chance to gather information from experts on terrorist motivation. Albert Borowitz, author of "Terrorism for Self-Glorification: The Herostratos Syndrome," draws upon Greek mythology, literature, and current events to trace how a warped desire for fame has triggered terrorism from antiquity to the present day. Then Marc Sageman, a CIA case officer in Afghanistan between 1987-89 and now a forensic psychiatrist, will share the results of his analysis of over 400 terrorist biographies. Sageman, author of "Understanding Terror Networks," testified before The 9/11 Commission on his findings on Al Qaeda, about the people that are drawn to the movement, and how to combat global jihad. The authors will sign their books following this International Spy Museum program. Tickets: $15. To register:  

10-12 November 05 - Washington, DC - The World War II Veterans Committee is holding its Eighth Annual Conference at the Hyatt Regency Capitol Hill in Washington. The Thursday afternoon, November 10th segment will be devoted to the war in the CBI, and will include a speaker/panelist from OSS Detachment 101. For more information call the Committee at 202-777-7272, or e-mail to

Wednesday, 16 November 05; 7 - 10 pm - Washington, DC - International Spy Museum Dinner with a Spy of the Kremlin: Oleg Kalugin - An evening of intrigue. Dine with Oleg Kalugin, the former head of Soviet KGB operations in the U.S. Be one of only 20 guests at table with the youngest general in the history of the KGB.  Kalugin worked undercover as a journalist while attending New York�s Columbia University and then conducted espionage and influence operations as a Radio Moscow correspondent with the UN. He handled the notorious Naval spy John Walker, as Deputy Chief of the KGB station at the Soviet Embassy in Washington, and he also served as an elected member of the Soviet parliament during Gorbachev�s administration. Enjoy General Kalugin's well-honed wit, as he faces across the table his former CIA Operations Official and foe, now International Spy Museum Executive Director and AFIO Chairman, Peter Earnest during the three-course meal from renowned Zola. Tickets: $160.  Space is extremely limited - advance registration required at

Thursday, November 17, 2005 - Colorado Springs, CO - The next Rocky Mountain Chapter meeting will be held at the Falcon Room at the Air Force Academy's Officer Club. Speaker Col. Barrie Town (USA ret.) will be the luncheon speaker, addressing new tech intelligence equipment that he has helped develop. Cost is $12.00 for a full lunch with choice of beef or chicken. Meeting starts at 11:30 am with lunch served at noon. Contact Dick Durham, Chapter Treasurer, at 719-488-2884 or e-mail at: to make a reservation. Reservations close at noon on November 15th.

Thursday, 17 November 2005 - Washington, DC - Undercover Washington: Where Famous Spies Lived, Worked and Loved. Talk and Book signing by author Pamela Kessler 12 noon - 1pm, 2nd Floor Museum Complex at International Spy Museum. More spies come to Washington than any other city in the world-and surreptitious as they may be, they still leave their mark. Nobody knows the secret sites of Washington spy life better than Pamela Kessler. Her newly revised guide to the spots where spies lived, loved, and sometimes died is hot off the press, and Kessler will reveal her favorites-from Foxstone Park to the Hotel George. If you appreciate the art of dead drops, brush contacts, decrypts, and disinformation and want to know where they happened, when, and why, join us for this inside look at the spy capital, Washington, DC. Free. No registration required.

19 November 05 - Kennebunk, ME - CERT Training - The Maine Chapter of AFIO is sponsoring Citizens Emergency Response Team training to be given by the York County Emergency Management Agency. Classes to be held at the fire station (Washington Hose Co.) on Route 35 in Lower Village, Kennebunk. First class is at 9 a.m. to noon on Saturday, 19 November. Interested chapter members may contact Barbara Storer at 207-985-2392.

3 December 05 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting

5-7 December 05 - Chantilly, VA - The MASINT Association 4th Annual MASINT Conference - "Progress through Partnership" at the National Reconnaissance Office in Chantilly, VA. The conference is classified SI/TK, open to U.S, Canadian, British and Australian citizens. For information contact Phil Edson at 571-214-2415,  or the AOC at 

13 December 05 - Tampa, FL- AFIO Suncoast Chapter meets at 11:30 a.m. at the Officers Club's, MacDill Air Force Base. The speaker at this meeting is Fred Wettering, a 36 year veteran of CIA, who served as the National Intelligence Officer for Africa. In addition to Africa, he served in Europe, the Middle East, and taught at the National War College. Details are available from COL Nathaniel Alderman, Jr.,

13- 14 December 05 - Chantilly, VA - AFCEA Hosts their Fall Intelligence Symposium at the National Reconnaissance Office in Chantilly, VA. Classified SI/TK and open to U.S. citizens only. For information contact Phil Jordan at or (800) 336-4583 ext. 6219 or (703) 631-6219. Website Address: 

16 December 05 [Friday] - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metropolitan Chapter hosts evening talk on "INTELLIGENCE CHALLENGES: THE POST 9/11 WORLD" with Jack Devine, former CIA Acting and Associate DDO. Devine had supervisory authority over thousands of CIA employees involved in sensitive missions throughout the world. He also headed the Agency's Counternarcotics Center in the early 1990s and the Afghan Task force in the mid-1980s. Mr. Devine's experience with the US Government includes postings to the UK, Italy, Argentina, Venezuela, Mexico and Chile. During his more than thirty years with CIA, he was involved in organizing, planning and executing countless sensitive projects in virtually all areas of intelligence, including analysis, operations, technology and management. Jack Devine is the recipient of the Agency's Distinguished Intelligence Medal and several meritorious awards. Devine is a founding partner and President of the Arkin Group LLC, a firm specializing in international crisis management, strategic intelligence, investigative research and business problem solving. He resides in New York City and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Preceding Devine will be a brief talk by
Julie Anderson, NY Metro Chapter VP/Treasurer, on her PhD dissertation topic: The Russian Intelligence Services - Here Today, Still Here Tomorrow.
TIME: 5 - 6 p.m. - Registration; 6 - 7:15 p.m. Devine speaks; 7:15 - 8 p.m. reception and refreshments.
COST: $40/pp Registration in Advance: Mail checks payable to Jerry Goodwin, 530 Park Ave 15B, New York, NY 10021, or register via email to or by phone at 212-308-1450 and Pay at the Door
Or register at the door: No Advance Notice. Checks/Cash Accepted, sorry, no credit cards.
WHERE: Society of Illustrators Building, 128 E 63rd St, Manhattan between Park and Lexington.

27-28 January 06 - Springfield, VA - Conference on "INTELLIGENCE AND ETHICS" at The Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics (JSCOPE). Runs from 3:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. on Friday, and 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. on Saturday. Intelligence practitioners and civilian scholars discuss and present Academic Papers, conduct Working Groups, present Case Histories and Testimonies, and hold Dinner and Luncheon Discussions on the emerging field of "Intelligence Ethics" which to many academicians does not have civilian/academic input and expertise. It is the goal of this conference to establish the first international meeting of civilian and military intelligence professionals, educators and those with academic perspectives in national security, philosophy, law, history, psychology, theology and human rights. The Intelligence Ethics Section seeks voices from all ranks and areas of intelligence and are soliciting contributions and participation from all interested parties and perspectives. More information at

17-20 February -06 - Arlington, VA - The Intelligence Summit 2006 -to be held at the Hyatt Regency Crystal City, VA. This new event will bring together the international intelligence agencies from the free nations of the world in a non-partisan, non-profit educational conference on neutral ground. "Intelligence today embraces more than the civilian and military agencies of the federal intelligence community. In this age of terrorism, it is critically important for state and local law enforcement to know how and where to obtain intelligence, and to whom it should be forwarded. Corporate and private-sector intelligence managers face new and diverse challenges, from defending against economic espionage to creating new technology to meet intelligence's future needs. Many members of the press (and even a few members of Congress) lack the depth of knowledge in intelligence which is necessary to deal with, and resolve, its complex issues. The same is true for non-governmental organizations, the academic community, media, and ethnic and religious organizations. All of these diverse components of the intelligence domain will come together at the Intelligence Summit." The sponsors of the event have offered AFIO members a 10% discount off the website price if the voucher code "AS10" is entered in the special discount field on the online reservation form. For more information to attend or to be an exhibitor, visit: or write to them at The Intelligence Summit, 535 Central Ave Ste 316, St Petersburg, FL 33701.  Also visit their news pages for some good links to current breaking intelligence news: 

4 March 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

8 March 2006 - College Station, TX - Future of Transatlantic Security Relations - Speakers and panels will examine US and European foreign and defense policies, military strategies and contrasting US and European perspectives on:  grand strategy; US basing realignments; complementary US and European initiatives for expanding regional and out-of-region security, stability, peacekeeping and power projection roles and missions; and homeland security and terrorism.  The conference will be open to Texas A&M and other regional university faculty, students, and community members. The George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University will host the conference at the Annenberg Presidential Conference Center in College Station. See  (DKR)

7-9 May 06 - Bethesda, MD - 2nd ANNUAL INTELCON [NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION] - To Emphasize Practical Applications and Techniques  INTELCON combines a high quality educational program which emphasis on practical applications and techniques, along with a full-scale vendor exposition of intel products and services, to attract a wide audience of intelligence practitioners and vendors from both the public and private sectors.
WHO: Dr. William A. Saxton, Conference Chair; Dr. Peter Leitner, Program Chair. Supported by a prestigious Program Advisory Group.
WHERE: Marriott Bethesda North Hotel and Conference Center in Bethesda, MD. For more information, contact: Conference: Dr. William A. Saxton, Chairman; Tel. 561-483-6430; Exposition: George DeBakey at and Barbara Lecker at lecker@ejkrause  of E.J. Krause and Associates; Tel. 301-493-5500 Web sites: www.IntelConference.US  (2006)

3-8 September 2006 - Oxford, England - Spies, Lies & Intelligence Conference - From the historical certainties of World War II, through the treacheries and ultimate triumphs of the Cold War, we have emerged into an age when �Terror� is the West's new political and security watchword. This five-day conference brings together authors, experts and intelligence practitioners of international standing and examines the evolution of intelligence, espionage and deception across more than half a century. Please direct all enquiries and bookings to: The Steward's Office, Christ Church OXFORD OX1 1DP. Tel: +44 (0)1865 286848 Email: or to   (DKR)

3 June 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

9 September 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

6 December 06 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

3 March 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

2 June 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

8 September 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.

1 December 07 - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter Meeting. Contact Quiel Begonia at for details.  Meeting held at Orange Park Country Club, 2625 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL.


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