AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #26-07 dated 9 July 2007

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The WIN editors thank the following contributors to this issue: pjk, dh, jm, cjl and cr.
All have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

Message from the Editors

The new WIN editors would like to thank all our readers for your excellent contributions. We could not put together the WIN as easily without your submissions. We would like to extend a special thanks to pjk, dh, ls, and cl, who consistently provide thought-provoking articles for our perusal. We encourage all readers to send unique contributions and commentary to us to consider for WIN items, and also welcome comments, suggestions, and original content. While not all submissions go into the WIN, we read and appreciate each of them; we forward many that are not included in the newsletter to friends and colleagues for their information. 

We cull through hundreds of news stories every day from the major international and domestic publications as well as smaller publications and journals, but we certainly do not catch everything, and we rely on AFIO members to provide interesting intelligence items. Our threshold for the WIN is to include items related to intelligence that are timely but not perishable, or interesting historical intelligence items. We try to avoid highly controversial items and blatant propaganda, items not directly related to intelligence, "headline" stories covered by the major media, and constantly-changing stories that could be out of date by the time of publication. 

Each week, we will include a section thanking our contributors for the week and listing their initials. However, due to the heavy volume of submissions and duplicate items, we may not source specific stories to specific contributors. Please understand this is due to the mechanics of putting together the WIN, not because of lack of appreciation. We will also list any special interest requests for future sections, such as intelligence successes or "where are they now" and ask for additional assistance on those topics. 

Thank you all for your patience and guidance as we start our editorship of the WIN.



         EU and US Strike Deals on Airline Passenger and Money Transfer Data

         FBI Terrorism Task Force Enlists Scuba Instructors to Watch for Suspicious Training

         Law Enforcement Agencies Lack Directives to Assist Foreign Nations in Identifying, Disrupting, and Prosecuting Terrorists

         Survey Finds Action on Information Requests Can Take Years

·        Castro Says U.S. Has Created "A Veritable Killing Machine" 

         North Korea Accuses South and US of Spy Plane Missions

         Sudan Denies Intelligence Cooperation With US

         Egypt Clears Deceased Ex-Spy

         High Court Rules German Spy Planes Allowed in Afghanistan

         Israeli Spy Gets Six Months in Prison

         Controls on China

         Government Settles with CIA Brainwashing Survivor

         Algerians Suspected of Spying for Israel

         FBI's Ad to Uncover Chinese Espionage Draws Anger in Chinatown

         Defector Wars

         Taiwanese Spy Plane Pilots Honored for Perilous Cold War Missions


         Stay Focused on Terror, CIA Chief Says

         Fast Action Needed to Avert Nuclear Terror Strike on U.S


         Cuban Spy Chief Says He Acted in Defense of Cuba

         Michael Scheuer's Congressional Testimony on the Rendition Program


Book Reviews

         The Double Agents, by W.E.B Griffin

         Deadly Exchange by Geoffrey M. Gluckman

         True Believer: Inside the Investigation and Capture of Ana Montes, Cuba's Master Spy

Movie Reviews


         Rescue Dawn - A Family Member's Critique


         Rear Admiral Eugene B. Fluckey

         Infamous Pinochet-era Officer Dies in Chile

Research Requests

         Seeking Navy Intelligence Liaison Officers who served in Vietnam between August 1968 and January 1970

         Intelligence Technology Platform Study

Coming Events

Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY:

�    11 July 2007: 9:00 am - Noon - Alexandria, VA - Ray Semko, aka the one and only "D*I*C*E Man", presents D*I*C*E 2007: UNLEASHED!

         18 July 2007 - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts luncheon event jointly with the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation

         19 July 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on MASINT

         18 July 2007 - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts luncheon event jointly with the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation

         19 July 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on MASINT

         20 - 21 July 2007 - Northampton, MA - AFIO New England holds their summer weekend event at the Hotel Northampton, Northampton, MA

  24 July 2007 - Crystal City, VA - PLA Naval Attach� to give luncheon presentation

         4 August 2007 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter meets at the Indian River Colony Club

  25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting

  27 - 29 August 2007 - New Orleans, LA - SYNERGY '07 - Conference and Expo - Advancing an Integrated Defense Intelligence Enterprise

  6 September 2007 - Front Royal, VA - Tony Sesow Golf Classic

  For Additional Events two+ months or more....view our online Calendar of Events


EU and US Strike Deals on Airline Passenger and Money Transfer Data. The United States and the European Union have reached an agreement on transferring Passenger Name Records (PNR) from EU flights to US intelligence agencies. Under the new agreement, the US agencies will store passenger data for 15 years; the US had wanted to keep the data for 50 years. The new agreement requires the EU to provide 19 items of PNR to US security agencies instead of the 34 items it previously was reporting. All US security agencies will now have access to the data. Peter Hustinx, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), expressed concern over the new agreement. According to Mr. Hustinx, "the main areas of grave concern are: the extension of the time that passenger data are kept - effectively from 3.5 to 15 years in all cases - introducing the concept of 'dormant' data, that is without legal precedent; data on EU citizens will be readily accessible to a broad range of US agencies and there is no limitation to what US authorities are allowed to do with the data; the absence of a robust legal mechanism that enables EU citizens to challenge misuse of their personal information; the US wants to avoid a binding agreement by exchange of letters." 

The EU and the US have also come to an agreement about US use of money transfer data. Last year, the EU learned that data collected by the international banking network SWIFT had been passed on to US intelligence agencies. SWIFT has its headquarters in Belgium; the data in question, however, were mirrored in its US branch, where they were accessed by the CIA, ostensibly for the purpose of combating terrorism. This not only amounted to a breach of European data privacy legislation but, according to EU officials, also made it possible in principle for the CIA to engage in industrial espionage. Details on the agreement on CIA access to data on international money transfers have not yet been made public. According to information provided by the news agency Reuters, the US intelligence agencies will continue to have access to the data, but will only be allowed to use them in the fight against terrorism and will have to delete them after a period of five years. SWIFT itself has announced its intention of keeping European data in Europe in the future; a move that would put them beyond the reach of US authorities. [Smith/

FBI Terrorism Task Force Enlists Scuba Instructors to Watch for Suspicious Training. The FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Force recently alerted dive shops around the country to look out for divers seeking advanced training, including diving in murky water and in sewer pipes. FBI spokesman Richard Kolko described the advisory as routine and said it was not prompted by any threat. The advisory asked instructors to be aware of "odd inquiries that are inconsistent with recreational diving." That includes advanced navigation techniques, deep diving and the use of underwater vehicles. 

"It would definitely stand out," said Ken Loyst, who sits on the board of the National Association of Underwater Instructors. "Most instructors would take it upon themselves to call somebody and say, 'There's a weird guy in my class.'" The advisory also referred to requests for diver training "by applicants from countries where diving is not a common recreational activity" and training sponsored by religious organizations, cults, charities and other groups not usually associated with diving. [

Law Enforcement Agencies Lack Directives to Assist Foreign Nations in Identifying, Disrupting, and Prosecuting Terrorists. "Following the 9/11 attacks, the President issued a series of strategies that provided broad direction for overseas law enforcement efforts to assist foreign nations to identify, disrupt, and prosecute terrorists," according to the Government Accountability Office. "However, these strategies did not articulate which [agencies] should implement the guidance - or how they should do so." "In one country, the lack of clear roles and responsibilities between two U.S. law enforcement agencies may have compromised several joint operations intended to identify and disrupt potential terrorist activities, according to the U.S. and foreign nation law enforcement agencies." "In addition, we found law enforcement agencies generally lacked guidance on using resources to assist foreign nations in addressing terrorist vulnerabilities and generally lacked performance monitoring systems and formal structures for sharing information and collaborating. We also found that, because comprehensive needs assessments were not conducted, law enforcement agencies may not be tailoring their full range of training and assistance to address key terrorism vulnerabilities in foreign countries. [GAO/25May2007] 

Survey Finds Action on Information Requests Can Take Years. The Freedom of Information Act requires a federal agency to provide an initial response to a request within 20 days and to provide the documents in a timely manner. But the oldest pending request uncovered in a new survey of 87 agencies and departments has been awaiting a response for 20 years, and 16 requesters have been waiting more than 15 years for results.

The survey is the latest proof of a fact well-known to historians and journalists who regularly seek government documents: Agencies often take months or years to respond to requests for information under the law, known as FOIA, which went into effect on July 4, 1967. "The law is 40 years old, and we're seeing 20 years of delay," said Thomas S. Blanton, director of the National Security Archive, a research group at George Washington University. The group, itself among the most prolific requesters under the act, conducted the survey with support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. The survey will be posted at

The survey found that 10 federal agencies had misrepresented their backlog of FOIA requests in annual reports to Congress, misstating the age of their oldest pending request. It found that the State Department accounted for most of the oldest unanswered requests, with 10 requests filed in 1991 or earlier still awaiting responses. (The State Department declined to comment, saying officials had not yet reviewed the survey.) 

The public interest in some aging government documents was vividly illustrated last week, when the Central Intelligence Agency released the so-called family jewels, papers that described illegal wiretaps, assassination plots and other agency misdeeds from the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s. The documents were the subject of front-page newspaper reports and extensive television coverage. The papers were first requested by the National Security Archive in 1992, and a cover letter accompanying the C.I.A. release identified that request as the intelligence agency's oldest still pending. "Please be assured that we do not consider acceptable a delay of this duration," said the June 25 letter from Scott Koch, the agency's information and privacy coordinator. Mr. Koch wrote that the intelligence agency was trying to clear out its oldest requests as part of an effort to speed compliance with the law, and added, "this case was, in fact, the oldest in our backlog." But in response to the survey, the C.I.A. on June 20 had identified an even older pending request - one dating to 1989, also filed by the National Security Archive, seeking information about the Iran-contra affair.

The oldest pending requests came from a broad group of filers. The very oldest request was sent May 5, 1987, to the State Department by lawyers for the Church of Scientology seeking any information the department had gathered about the church or about cults.

Other aging requests came from USX Corporation (a 1988 filing seeking information on the Luxembourg steel industry), the Armenian Assembly of America (looking for information in 1989 on the Armenian genocide during World War I) and the United Automobile Workers (from 1991, seeking information on policies regarding South Korea).

A bipartisan bill to force agencies to respond more quickly and completely to FOIA requests, sponsored by Senators John Cornyn, Republican of Texas, and Patrick M. Leahy, Democrat of Vermont, was approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee in April. But another Republican, Senator Jon Kyl of Arizona, has put a hold on the bill, in response, in part, to concerns from the Justice Department that the bill might force the disclosure of national security information.

In the meantime, the authors of the survey, itself conducted using FOIA requests sent in January, cannot be certain they have found the oldest pending requests. Some 26 of the 87 agencies surveyed never responded at all, according to the National Security Archive.  [Shane/NewYorkTimes/2July2007]

Castro Says U.S. Has Created "A Veritable Killing Machine." Cuban leader Fidel Castro published a three-page editorial entitled "The Killing Machine" in response to the recently declassified CIA documents. Castro said the release of the documents was only the U.S. government's attempt to salvage itself from an unprecedented low rate of acceptance and popularity, but "everything described in the documents is still being done, only in a more brutal manner around the entire planet." "The empire has created a veritable killing machine that is made up not only of the CIA and its methods. Bush has established powerful and expensive intelligence and security super-structures, " Castro said, concluding his article with Abraham Lincoln's famous phrase: "You cannot fool all of the people all of the time." Castro has been active in writing articles on major current world affairs since March, months after he underwent an intestinal operation in July 2006 and handed over power to Defense Minister Raul Castro. [Xinhua/2July2007] 

North Korea Accuses South and US of Spy Plane Missions. Pyongyang accused the US and South Korea of conducting at least 1,100 spy plane missions over its territory in the first half of this year, official media said. North Korea has issued a monthly report on alleged US and South Korean spy plane missions which it denounces as preparations to invade the country despite repeated denials from Washington and Seoul. The two Koreas, despite recent peace initiatives aimed at ending enmity dating back to the Korean War, still remain technically at war as the conflict was ended in an armistice not a peace treaty. KCNA said the US had mobilized such reconnaissance planes as the U-2, RC-135, E-3, EP-3, RC-7B and RC-12 to spy on the North while South Korea has also used RC-800 and RF-4C aircraft for the spy missions.  [Taipeitimes/2July2007] 

Sudan Denies Intelligence Cooperation With US. President Omar Hassan al-Bashir has denied reports about close cooperation between the Sudanese intelligence service and the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Iraq and Somalia. He said the cooperation between the Sudanese intelligence Services with the CIA did not exceed Sudan's commitment not to support terrorist groups and to control the movement in Sudan, saying the government had foiled many attempts to establish training camps for such organizations in Sudan. [SudanTimes/1July2007] 

Egypt Clears Deceased Ex-Spy. Hosni Mubarak denied that a retired Egyptian intelligence officer who fell to his death in Britain had spied for Israel. The Egyptian president came out Monday against claims by former Israeli intelligence chiefs that the late Ashraf Marwan had warned Jerusalem ahead of the 1973 Yom Kippur War. "I have no doubts whatsoever about the patriotism of Dr. Ashraf Marwan, and I knew the details of what he was doing to serve his nation," Mubarak told reporters. "He carried out patriotic acts which it is not time yet to reveal, but he was indeed a patriotic Egyptian and was not a spy for any organization at all." Marwan, who had served in Egyptian intelligence and was married to a daughter of Mubarak's predecessor, Gamal Abdel Nasser, suffered fatal injuries after falling from the balcony of his luxury London home last week. Though British authorities treated the incident as an accident, there was speculation that Marwan may have committed suicide or been assassinated. 

Former heads of Israel's military intelligence and its civilian counterpart, Mossad, said that Marwan tipped them off about Egypt's surprise offensive in October 1973. The warning was ignored as one of the spymasters suspected Marwan of being a double agent planted to sow disinformation. [JTA/3July2007] 

High Court Rules German Spy Planes Allowed in Afghanistan. Germany will be able to keep its Tornado jets stationed in Afghanistan. The country's highest court dismissed a complaint concerning the Bundestag's decision to deploy six reconnaissance aircraft to southern Afghanistan. The Left Party had filed a complaint with Germany's Federal Constitutional Court. The pacifist party, made up mainly of disgruntled Social Democrats and former Communist Party members, charged that the parliament's decision to allow the mission violated a 1955 law governing Germany's role in NATO. 

The six Tornado warplanes have been used to fly reconnaissance missions for NATO forces since mid-April. The planes are accompanied by approximately 200 military personnel. The Tornados are equipped with two high-tech optical cameras along with an infra-red sensor in a pod slung below the fuselage. Their mission is to spy out Taliban positions in the southern provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Uruzgan, where British, Canadian and Dutch troops are deployed. Under the terms of their six-month mission, they will not fly at low-level and will not be used to bomb Taliban positions. The German government has been adamant that the planes will not be used as fighter jets. [DW-World/4July2007] 

Israeli Spy Gets Six Months in Prison. A Jerusalem Magistrate's Court judge sentenced a nuclear spy to six months in prison for violating conditions of his release. Judge Yoel Tzur handed the penalty, along with a three-year suspended jail term, to Mordechai Vanunu for violating 14 conditions of his release, the Jerusalem Post reported. "The accused has shown blatant contempt of OC Central Command's decrees," Tzur wrote in his ruling. Vanunu had violated orders not to meet with journalists, participate in Internet chats or leave the boundaries of the Jerusalem Municipality. "We are talking about a defendant who has not expressed any regret over his deeds. I gave him the chance to say his word at the end of the trial but he decided to remain mute," Tzur said. [WorldNewsEditor/2July2007] 

Controls on China. Defense officials say new Commerce Department export controls on goods to China will assist Beijing's intelligence services in identifying U.S. technology for purchase or theft for its military buildup. The Commerce Department announced on June 15 that it is loosening export licensing requirements for some goods with military applications sold to China and imposing new licensing rules on a list of items that could help build China's military. "The list is a road map for the Ministry of State Security weapons collection efforts, in essence a target list," said one defense official of China's civilian intelligence service.

The U.S. products that require stricter licensing include such things as carbon fiber (used in composites for radar-evading stealth systems), bearings, machine tools, X-ray machines, high-performance computers, rugged telecommunications equipment, phased array antennas, avionics, aircraft, turbine engines and some underwater equipment. The rules were coordinated with the Pentagon but appear biased in favor of the Bush administration's pro-business policies toward China.

Former National Counterintelligence Executive Michelle Van Cleave stated in a recent report for the National Defense University that in the past decade China remained among "the top intelligence threats."

"China maintains some of the world's most effective intelligence services - including the Ministry of State Security and the People's Liberation Army Military Intelligence and Technical Intelligence Departments - with global reach," she stated. "Collection of scientific and technological information has been one of the Chinese intelligence services' top priorities. In recent years, China has successfully used espionage to acquire a range of sensitive U.S. technologies, including design information on all of the most-advanced U.S. nuclear weapons, missile design and guidance technology, electromagnetic weapons R&D, and space launch capabilities."

The relaxing of export controls followed release of the Pentagon's latest annual report to Congress on the Chinese military that warns China is buying and stealing large amounts of U.S. military technology for its arms buildup. The report noted several illegal activities by China in seeking missile, imaging, semiconductor, and submarine "by targeting well-placed scientists and businessmen." The report said there were more than 400 illicit exports by China since 2000 and stated that "China's aggressive and wide-ranging espionage [is] the leading threat to U.S. technology." [dh/Gertz/WashingtonTimes/29June2007] 

Government Settles with CIA Brainwashing Survivor. A Montreal senior who survived Cold War-era brainwashing experiments received compensation from the Canadian government on 3 July. Janine Huard, 79, accepted an offer to end her class-action lawsuit against the federal government, which jointly funded the experiments with the Central Intelligence Agency. The terms of the settlement are confidential, but Huard says it will allow her to live out her days with some peace of mind. "I was really so exhausted from fighting for so many years,'' Huard told The Canadian Press in an interview. "I don't think it's enough after having been hurt so much, and my kids and family. . . but at least justice has been done a little bit.''

Huard was a young mother of four suffering from post-partum depression when she checked herself into McGill's renowned Allen Memorial Institute in 1950. On and off for the next 15 years, she was one of hundreds of patients of Dr. Ewan Cameron subjected to experimental treatments that included massive electroshock therapy, experimental pills and LSD. The patients were induced into comas and exposed to repetitive messages for days on end to brainwash them. Cameron pioneered a technique called psychic driving, which he believed could erase harmful memories and rebuild psyches without psychiatric defect. The idea intrigued the CIA, which recruited him to experiment with mind control beginning in 1950. Until 1964, Cameron conducted a range of experiments at the McGill institute, often without the knowledge or the permission of his patients. The experiments were part of a larger CIA program called MK-ULTRA, which saw LSD administered to U.S. prison inmates and patrons of brothels without their knowledge, according to testimony before a 1977 U.S. Senate committee. 

Huard said the treatment left her unable to care for her children. She suffered memory loss and migraines for many years to come and had to have her mother move in with her.

Huard was one of nine Canadians who received nearly US$67,000 each from the CIA in 1988. But her claim for compensation from the federal government was rejected three times. Only 77 former patients who were reduced to a childlike state received $100,000 payments. Huard was seeking Federal Court approval for a class action lawsuit on behalf of those potentially hundreds of other patients. Earlier this year, a Federal Court judge rejected the federal government motion to dismiss the lawsuit. 

The settlement ends Huard's class-action lawsuit on behalf of all patients but her lawyer, Alan Stein, says a class-action will go ahead in the future under another patient's name.

"It was a miscarriage of justice. There's no doubt about it,'' Stein said. "It won't be the end, believe me, because I feel the other people should be compensated as well, (people) whose claims were denied.''

Algerians Suspected of Spying for Israel. Two Algerians will appear in court on charges of spying on the Algerian State for Israel, Morocco and Spain. The first suspect is well educated and speaks many languages. The other accused is an Algerian journalist who was trained in Israel on intelligence, collecting information and preparing economic and security reports. The two suspects were caught red-handed. Security services found them with several official documents, reports and files containing Algerian State secrets and serious information about the security situation in Kabylia. The suspects also had detailed reports about economics in Algeria. The Algerian accused admitted the charges against them. [EchoroUKonline/3July2007] 

FBI's Ad to Uncover Chinese Espionage Draws Anger in Chinatown. An FBI ad aimed at Chinese-speaking citizens, asking for information about Beijing-sponsored espionage in the United States or any other criminal activity, is drawing flak in San Francisco's Chinatown and at the Chinese Consulate. The ad started running Saturday in three local Chinese-language papers - the World Journal, Ming Pao Daily and Sing Tao Daily. Translated, it reads, "Chinese living here have often helped the FBI prevent subversive elements from penetrating and harming our country. In order to protect our freedoms and democracy, we continue to seek your assistance." The ad goes on, "We would like to talk to individuals who have information about any foreign intelligence service that would intend to harm our country. We especially welcome anyone who has information about the Chinese (government) or State Security." It also provides a mailing address and phone number for tips. 

Sing Tao Editor Joseph Leung said the ad had prompted calls from several unhappy readers - including one at the Chinese Consulate, wondering just how long it would run. 

"It is a concern," a spokesman at the consulate told us Tuesday. The spokesman declined further comment, saying, "Perhaps the consulate will make a statement at the proper time." 

The unusual campaign comes just as the FBI is making big headlines in Chinatown with its corruption investigation of San Francisco Supervisor Ed Jew, a third-generation Chinese American who runs a Chinatown flower shop. Officials at the local FBI office conceded they had received a number of calls from people concerned about the agency's intentions. However, they said the ad - which is scheduled to run through Sunday - was no different from one they took out a couple of years back in the East Bay seeking the public's help in rooting out political corruption. "We are not targeting the Chinese community," FBI spokesman Joseph Schadler said. "This is very similar to what we do in every aspect of our operation - identify individuals who have information." 

One person who isn't buying that response is Chinese Chamber of Commerce consultant Rose Pak, who has enjoyed friendly relations with China's government and escorted mayoral delegations to the Far East over the years. "I just think it's the bumbling FBI," Pak said. "First they recruit newly arrived monolingual immigrants, then they spend hundreds of thousands targeting the same group of immigrants - like they did with (accused Los Alamos National Laboratory spy) Wen Ho Lee." [Matier&Ross/SanFranciscoChronicle/4July2007]

Defector Wars. The decades-long debate at the CIA over whether Soviet KGB defector Yuri Nosenko was a true defector or a plant dispatched by Moscow to fool the Agency resurfaced this week. The Agency abruptly canceled a planned talk by former  CIA Soviet operations officer Tennent H. "Pete" Bagley on his new book, "Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games," a hike through the so-called wilderness of mirrors that is central to the spy business. Intelligence sources said a network of current and former CIA officers -- opposed to Mr. Bagley's views -- was behind the cancellation.

Mr. Bagley also had his scheduled talk at the International Spy Museum canceled this week. It was expected to have been a contentious debate on Mr. Nosenko, who defected in 1964, was imprisoned by CIA's Office of Security, as a suspected false defector, and was eventually freed and declared legitimate in 1969. He now lives under an assumed name in Northern Virginia.

Mr. Bagley said in an interview that he believes his talk at the CIA was canceled because agency officials objected to his views on Mr. Nosenko. "It's the Nosenko case," he said. "I give very powerful, convincing reasons to believe that Nosenko was a plant." The suspicions were confirmed by post-Cold War discussions with former KGB officers, he said.

"My book does not question whether or not Nosenko was a genuine defector," he said. "The point is that there were penetrations [of U.S. intelligence and CIA], including the breaking of American ciphers."

A CIA spokesman said Mr. Bagley's talk was not canceled due to his message but because of questions regarding prepublication review of the book. One source of opposition to Mr. Bagley and his book is former FBI counterspy David Major, who recently called the book "dangerous and disruptive" because it presents the "myth" that the KGB would dispatch an agent as a false defector to spread disinformation.

Retired Maj. Gen. Oleg Kalugin, who works with Mr. Major at the Counterintelligence Centre also dismissed Mr. Bagley's book as "absurd" and "misleading."

Meanwhile, a senior counterintelligence official said Mr. Bagley's book is an excellent primer on the topic of spies.

Mr. Nosenko's bona fides were doubted after an earlier KGB defector, Anatoly Golitsyn, convinced the late CIA master counterspy James Jesus Angleton that the KGB had formed an ultra-secret strategic disinformation program to deceive the United States, which included dispatching false defectors; however once Nosenko arrived, Angleton left it to the Soviet Russia division and the Office of Security to determine what it wanted to do about Nosenko.

Mr. Bagley said he believes Mr. Nosenko was sent to cover up Russian intelligence penetrations of U.S. electronic spying and codes, and to dissuade the CIA that Moscow had no role in the assassination of President Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald, a former Marine, had defected to the Soviet Union before returning and killing Kennedy. [Gertz/WashingtonTimes/4July2007]

Taiwanese Spy Plane Pilots Honored for Perilous Cold War Missions. They gathered quietly on a rainy night at a rare ceremony in their honor, six survivors of a secret cadre of Taiwanese pilots who risked their lives against the communist enemy during the darkest days of the Cold War. Known as "The Black Bats," they say they were working for the American Central Intelligence Agency, a claim backed up by photos of them posing with the CIA station chief. Between 1953 and 1967, they flew more than 800 sorties over the Chinese mainland, dropping agents, testing radar responses and collecting air samples from suspected nuclear test sites.

At a gathering last month in Hsinchu, a high-tech center in northern Taiwan that was once the base of their operations, hundreds of Taiwanese observed a minute of silence for the 148 Black Bats who never returned from their missions and paid an emotional tribute to the few surviving members of the group. Their main mission - laying the groundwork for an anti-communist insurrection - failed, but they brought back useful intelligence, defense experts say. Moreover, they are seen as national heroes for helping to cement relations with the United States when a still vulnerable Taiwan needed all the help it could get.

After the event, Taiwan's Defense Ministry finally recognized the "important contributions" made by both the Black Bats and another group dubbed the Black Cats, which flew high-altitude U2 spy plane missions over China.

The story of the Black Bats first emerged in 1992, when China repatriated the remains of 14 crew members who died when their plane was shot down in 1959. A few books on their exploits were published in subsequent years, including one by the Taiwanese Defense Ministry detailing the clandestine flights. But the veterans had remained largely anonymous until the recent Hsinchu gathering. The Black Bats were formed in 1953, four years after Chiang Kai-shek's forces were defeated by Mao Zedong's communists and fled to Taiwan, a leaf-shaped island 160 kilometers (100 miles) off the Chinese coast.

Washington embraced Chiang as an anti-communist bulwark, and the Black Bats were born.

A 2004 book co-authored by retired CIA Taiwan veteran James Lilley says the agency used aircraft to insert Taiwanese agents into the mainland, though it does not mention the Black Bats by name. The CIA did not respond to an e-mail asking about the group.

"There's no doubt about the cooperation between the Black Bats and the CIA," said Tseng Wen-shu, who helped organize an exhibition about the Black Bats at a military museum in Hsinchu. The CIA provided the aircraft for the missions, according to the veterans. They proudly display photographs taken with Ray Cline, then the agency's Taipei station chief, and show other memorabilia supporting their claim of CIA sponsorship. [AP/4July2007] 


Stay Focused on Terror, CIA Chief Says. CIA Director Michael Hayden issued a memo calling on employees to ignore criticism and remain focused on counter-terrorism. Titled "Staying on Target," the memo said the botched bombings and terror arrests that began last week in England and Scotland "serve as a reminder ... that this remains a dangerous world and that our work in defending America is as important as ever," The Washington Post reported.

Hayden referred to various criticisms the U.S. intelligence communities have come under since the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, and urged employees to ignore it. "Keep your eye on our objective," Hayden wrote. "For all of us at CIA, today's date is clear: It's always September 12th." 

The incidents in Britain were a jolt for the U.S. intelligence agencies, as none of those arrested so far appeared on any U.S. list of people with suspected terrorist ties, officials told the Post. [WorldNewsEditor/3July2007] 

Fast Action Needed to Avert Nuclear Terror Strike on U.S, by Graham Allison. Before 9/11, most Americans found the idea that international terrorists could mount an attack on their homeland and kill thousands of innocent citizens not merely unlikely but inconceivable. After nearly six years without a second attack on U.S. soil, some skeptics suggest that 9/11 was a 100-year flood. The view that terrorists are preparing even more deadly assaults seems as far-fetched to them as the possibility of terrorists crashing passenger jets into the World Trade Center did before that fateful Tuesday morning in 2001. And yet the danger of a nuclear attack by terrorists is not only very real but disturbingly likely. 

To assess the threat of nuclear terrorism, it is necessary to answer five questions: 

1. Who could be planning a nuclear terrorist attack? 

Al-Qaida remains a formidable enemy with clear nuclear ambitions. Former CIA Director George J. Tenet wrote in his memoirs that al-Qaida's leadership has remained "singularly focused on acquiring WMD" - weapons of mass destruction - and willing to "pay whatever it would cost to get their hands on fissile material." 

2. What nuclear weapons could terrorists use? 

They could acquire an existing bomb from one of the nuclear weapons states or construct an elementary nuclear device from highly enriched uranium made by a state. Theft of a warhead or material would not be easy, but attempted thefts in Russia and elsewhere are not uncommon. 
Once a terrorist group acquires about 100 pounds of highly enriched uranium, it could conceivably use publicly available documents and items commercially obtainable in any technologically advanced country to construct a bomb such as the one dropped on Hiroshima. 

3. Where could terrorists acquire a nuclear bomb? 

If a nuclear attack occurs, Russia would be the most likely source of the weapon or material. Russia has more nuclear weapons and materials than any other country, much of them vulnerable to theft. A close second would be North Korea. Pyongyang has boasted that it not only possesses nuclear weapons but might export them, saying, "It's up to you whether we ... transfer them." Finally, research reactors in 40 developing and transitional countries still hold the essential ingredient for nuclear bombs. 

4. When could terrorists launch the first nuclear attack? 

If terrorists bought or stole a nuclear weapon in good working condition, they could explode it today. If the weapon had a lock, detonation would be delayed for several days. If terrorists acquired 100 pounds of highly enriched uranium, they could have a working elementary nuclear bomb in less than a year. 

5. How could terrorists deliver a nuclear weapon to its target? 

The illicit economy for narcotics and illegal immigrants has built up a vast infrastructure that terrorists could exploit. 

Based on current trends, a nuclear terrorist attack on the United States is more likely than not in the decade ahead. As horrific as that vision is, the most important but largely unrecognized truth is that this ultimate catastrophe is preventable. 

There is a feasible, affordable checklist of actions that, if taken, would shrink the risk of nuclear terrorism to nearly zero. I have proposed a strategy for a no-loose-nukes agenda under a "Doctrine of Three Nos": 

1. No unsecured nuclear weapons or weapons-usable material. All such material should be locked down as quickly as possible. 

2. No new domestic capabilities to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium. Highly enriched uranium and plutonium are bombs about to hatch. The crucial challenge to this principle today is Iran. 
Preventing Iranian completion of its nuclear infrastructure will require a combination of incentives and credible threats to persuade Tehran to accept a grand bargain for denuclearization. President Bush must be prepared to give Tehran assurance of security if and when it gives up its nuclear weapons program. 

3. No expansion of the nuclear club beyond its current 8.5 members, the half being North Korea. 

Faced with the possibility of an American Hiroshima, many Americans are paralyzed by a combination of denial and fatalism. Either it hasn't happened, so maybe it's not going to happen, or if it is going to happen, there's nothing we can do to stop it. Both propositions are wrong. Citizens must press their elected officials to adopt a clear agenda for action and then hold them accountable for following through.

[Graham Allison is director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. He is a former assistant secretary of defense and author of "Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe." His e-mail is]   [dh/Allison/BaltimoreSun/2July2007] 


Cuban Spy Chief Says He Acted in Defense of Cuba. A convicted Cuban spy network leader admitted in a prison interview that he was an ''agent'' for Cuba's government, but that he infiltrated South Florida to defend his homeland against alleged attacks by Miami exile "terrorists.'' Gerardo Hernandez, imprisoned for life in a federal penitentiary in California, said he was not guilty of conspiring with the Cuban air force to shoot down exile pilots over the Florida Straits in 1996 as part of his spy mission. ''Absolutely not,'' Hernandez, 40, said in an interview with the BBC World Service program Newshour. During the exclusive interview, Hernandez said the ''worst part'' of his imprisonment was not being able to see his wife of 19 years because the U.S. government has rejected giving her a visa. Hernandez said he also spoke by phone two years ago with Fidel Castro, who said ''he was confident that justice will prevail'' in the spy case.

Hernandez and four other Cuban spies, accused of being part of an espionage network that penetrated U.S. military installations and Miami exile groups, were convicted in 2001 by a dozen Miami federal jurors in one of South Florida's most politically laden criminal cases. The so-called Cuban Five have garnered the sympathy of a broad group of supporters across the globe, with a Free the Five Web page backed by a San Francisco-based organization. Hernandez was the only defendant also convicted of conspiring with the Cuban government to murder four Cuban exile pilots in the February 1996 shoot-down. Last summer, an Atlanta appellate court found that pretrial publicity did not make it impossible to impanel a neutral jury in Miami. The court dismissed the notion that the defendants couldn't get a fair trial because of the city's long-standing anti-Castro sentiment. The appellate judges overturned a smaller panel of the same court that ruled the Cuban defendants were entitled to a new trial because of overwhelming anti-Castro publicity that could poison a prospective jury in Miami. No Cuban Americans served on the jury.

The case, however, is still not settled. Although the Cuban Five lost their appeal on the issue of trial venue, they have a second opportunity to appeal their convictions to the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Oral arguments on claims of insufficient evidence are set for Aug. 20.

Hernandez's attorney, Paul McKenna, said his client never denied at trial that he was working undercover for the Cuban government. ''The question has always been why were they here and what were they doing,'' he said. "We were trying to show the jury that they were here for their country's national security and to identify people who were trying to harm Cuba.'' In the BBC interview, Hernandez said he came to South Florida to spy on exile "terrorist groups.'' ''They are people who've got training camps there in paramilitary organizations and they go to Cuba and commit sabotage, bombs and all kinds of aggressions,'' he told the BBC. He added that in 1998 Cuba passed some information about those alleged exile militant groups to the FBI in the hope that the bureau would ''do something against them.'' Instead, he said, the FBI arrested the Cuban infiltrators who had initially gathered the information for the Cuban government.

While the FBI conceded it has done investigations into militant exile activity in South Florida, the Cuban spy case was ''totally unrelated'' to those probes, said Judy Orihuela, spokeswoman for the bureau's field office in Miami. She added that the Cuban government has helped the FBI on past exile sabotage probes that cross the Florida Straits - but not the spy investigation in South Florida.

Hernandez told the BBC of the Wasp network's mission - a ''necessity to defend'' Cuba against exile plots to kill Castro and attack the country. He cited a series of 1997 tourist site bombings killing an Italian tourist that were allegedly led by Luis Posada Carriles.

Hernandez accused the exile militant, a former CIA operative trained in explosives by the agency, of masterminding the deadly bombing of the 1976 Cuban airliner off the coast of Barbados, killing 73 people. Posada, 79, has denied the allegations. A federal judge in Texas recently threw out immigration fraud charges against Posada, who was accused of lying about how he sneaked into the United States two years ago. The Justice Department appealed the decision.

In the BBC interview, Hernandez denounced his conviction on conspiring with the Cuban air force to kill the Brothers to the Rescue pilots on Feb. 24, 1996, saying the U.S. government knew the Castro regime was threatening to take action against the exile relief group if it crossed into Cuba's territorial waters. He said the group, led by Jose Basulto, who survived the Cuban air force's assault, violated Cuba's air space and dropped anti-Castro leaflets over the island. ''The [U.S.] government charged me with conspiracy and they said that is because I knew the plane would be shot down,'' Hernandez said. "And because I knew that the plane would be shot down over international waters, which had no sense at all, it was crazy. But they needed to blame somebody and they chose me.'' [Weaver/MiamiHerald/2July2007] 

Michael Scheuer's Congressional Testimony on the Rendition Program. Following is an excerpt from the Congressional hearing report, "Extraordinary Rendition in U.S. Counterterrorism Policy: The Impact on Transatlantic Relations," April 17, 2007 of the testimony given by Michael F. Scheuer, Former Chief, Bin Laden Unit, CIA.  The entire statement can be viewed at].  

Mr. SCHEUER. Mr. Chairman, before my time starts, I would like to note - I am sure it was a mistake, but the way your opening remarks were phrased, your quotations from me from 60 Minutes, I was referring to the Clinton administration, not to the Bush administration. I am sure it was a juxtaposition somehow, but I would like to have that corrected, sir. 

Mr. DELAHUNT. Of course. 

Mr. SCHEUER. All right. The CIA's Rendition Program began in late summer, 1995. I authored it and then ran and managed it against al-Qaeda leaders and other Sunni Islamists from August, 1995, until June, 1999. There were only two goals for the program: First, to take men off the street who were planning or had been involved in attacks on the United States or its allies; second, to seize hard copy or electronic documents in their possession when arrested. Americans were never expected to read those, and they could provide options for follow-on operations. I would like to add interrogation was never a goal under President Clinton. Why? Because it would be a foreign intelligence or security service without CIA being present or in control who would conduct the interrogation, because the take from the interrogation would be filtered by that service holding the individual and we never knew if it was complete or distorted, and because torture might be used and the information might be simply what an individual thought we wanted to hear. The Rendition Program was initiated because President Clinton and Messrs. Lake, Berger and Clarke requested that the CIA begin to attack and dismantle al-Qaeda. These men made it clear from the first that they did not want to bring those captured to the United States or to hold them in U.S. custody. 

President Clinton and his national security team directed the CIA to take each captured al-Qaeda leader to the country which had an outstanding legal process for him. This was a hard-and-fast rule which greatly restricted CIA's ability to confront al-Qaeda because we could only focus on al-Qaeda leaders who were wanted somewhere for a legal process. As a result, many al-Qaeda fighters we knew of and who were dangerous to America could not be captured. 

CIA warned the President and his National Security Council that the U.S. State Department had and would identify the countries to which the captured fighters were being delivered as human rights abusers. In response, President Clinton and his team asked if CIA could get each receiving country to guarantee that it would treat a person according to its own laws. This was no problem, and we did so. 

I have read and been told that Mr. Clinton, Mr. Berger and Mr. Clarke have said, since 9/11, that they insisted that each receiving country treat the rendered person it received according to U.S. legal standards. To the best of my memory, that is a lie. After 9/11 and under President Bush, rendered al-Qaeda operatives have been most often kept in U.S. custody. The goals of the program remain the same, although Mr. Bush's national security team wanted to use U.S. officers to interrogate captured al-Qaeda fighters. 

This decision by the Bush administration allowed CIA to capture al-Qaeda fighters we knew were a threat to the United States without on all occasions being dependent on the availability of another country's outstanding legal process. The decision made the already successful Rendition Program even more effective. 

The following particulars about the Rendition Program may be of interest to you. 

First, from its start until today, the program was focused on senior al-Qaeda leaders and not aimed at the rank-and-file members. With only limited manpower to conduct the Rendition Program, CIA wanted to inflict as much damage on al-Qaeda as possible and therefore focused on senior leaders, financiers, terrorist operators, field commanders, strategists and logisticians. Second, to the best of my knowledge, not a single target of rendition has ever been kidnapped by CIA officers. The claims to the contrary by the Swedish Government regarding Mr. Aghiza and his associate and those by the Italian Government regarding Abu Omar are either misstatements or lies by those governments. 

Indeed, it is passing strange that European leaders are here today to complain about a very successful and security enhancing U.S. Government counterterrorist operation when their European Union presides over the earth's single largest terrorist safe haven, and has done so for a quarter century. The EU's policy of easily obtainable political asylum and its prohibition against deporting wanted or convicted terrorists to a country with a death penalty have made Europe a major, consistent and invulnerable source of terrorist threat to the United States. Third, each and every target of a rendition was vetted by a battery of lawyers at CIA and not infrequently by lawyers at the National Security Council and the Department of Justice. For each rendition target, I, and then my successors as the chief of bin Laden/al-Qaeda operations, had to prepare and present a written brief citing and explaining the intelligence information that made the rendition target a threat to the United States and/or its allies. If the brief was insufficient, the lawyers disapproved and no operation was conducted until that target - against that target rather - until additional reliable evidence was collected. 

Let me be very explicit and precise on this point. Not one single al-Qaeda leader has ever been rendered on the basis of any CIA officer's hunch, guess, or caprice. These are scurrilous accusations that became fashionable after the Washington Post correspondent, Dana Priest, revealed information that damaged U.S. national security and, as a result, won a journalism prize for abetting America's enemies and when such lamentable politicians as Senators McCain, Rockefeller, Graham and Levin followed Ms. Priest's lead and began to attack the men and women of CIA who had risked their lives to protect America under the direct orders of two U.S. Presidents and with the full knowledge of the intelligence committees of the United States Congress. Both Ms. Priest and the gentlemen just mentioned have behaved disgracefully and ought to publicly apologize to the CIA's men and women who have executed their government's Rendition Program. 

To proceed, the Rendition Program has been the single most effective counterterrorism operation ever conducted by the United States Government. Americans are safer today because of the program. But that degree of safety will ebb as the senators just mentioned slowly but surely destroy the program. If there are those in this Congress, in the media or in this country or in Europe who believe that we would be safer if Khalid Shaykh Muhammed, Abu Zubaydah, Mr. Hambali, Ibn Shaykh al-Libi, Khalid bid Attash and several other senior al-Qaeda leaders were still free and on the street, then the educational systems and the reservoirs of common sense on both sides of the Atlantic are in a much more dilapidated shape than I thought. 

Fifth, on the issue of how rendered al-Qaeda leaders have been treated in prison, I am unable to speak with authority about the conditions these men found in the Middle Eastern prisons they were delivered to at President Clinton's direction. I would not, however, be surprised if their treatment was not up to U.S. standards. This is a matter of no concern as the Rendition Program's goal was to protect America, and the rendered fighters delivered to Middle Eastern governments are now either dead or in places from which they cannot harm America. Mission accomplished, as the saying goes. Under President Bush, the rendered al-Qaeda fighters held in U.S. custody have been treated according to guidelines that were crafted by U.S. Government lawyers, approved by the executive branch and briefed to and permitted by at least the four senior members of the two congressional intelligence oversight committees. 

Sixth, finally, I will close by saying that mistakes may well have been made during my tenure as the chief of CIA's bin Laden's operations; and if they were, they are my responsibility. Intelligence information is not the equivalent of courtroom quality evidence, and it never will be. But I will again stress that no rendition target was ever approved or captured without a written brief composed of intelligence information that persuaded competent U.S. Government legal authorities. If mistakes were made, I can only say that that is tough, but war is a tough and confusing business and a well-supported chance to take action and protect Americans should always trump other considerations, especially pedantic worries about whether or not the intelligence data is airtight. 

To destroy the Rendition Program because of a mistake or two or more would be to sacrifice the protection of Americans to venal and prize-hungry reporters like Ms. Priest, grandstanding politicians like those mentioned above and sanctimonious Europeans who take every bit of American protection offered them while publicly damning and seeking jail time for those who risk their lives to provide that protection. If the Rendition Program is halted, we will truly be able to say, by paraphrasing the late John Wayne, that war is tough, and it is a lot tougher if you are deliberately stupid. 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman. 



Book Reviews

The Double Agents, by W.E.B. Griffin. The Double Agents is an engaging military spy thriller which should please W.E.B. Griffin fans, and although it is the sixth book in his "Men at War" series, it is easily accessible to the newcomer. This second collaboration between father and son authors -- the elder's 37th novel and the son's second -- takes us into the world of fictional spies in the World War II-era Office of Strategic Services, precursor of the CIA. 

The fledgling group is trying to make its bones in the shadow of British intelligence, with whom they are cooperating. Some in the OSS want to stay below the radar of General Eisenhower, whom they view as overly solicitous in his attempts to garner British cooperation, slighting his own countrymen in the process. In addition, no one wants the general's intelligence chief, who's a royal pain, in the loop. The players decide not to let Ike and his command in on their operations until they deem it prudent. 

U.S. Army Air Forces Maj. Richard M. Canidy, who appeared in "The Saboteurs," the previous "Men at War" book, is the prime mover. He starts things off with a bang - literally - with his split-second decision to blow up a cargo ship loaded with nerve gas off the port of Palermo, in order to deny the Germans use of this chemical weapon. The major knows he may have put untold innocent civilians at risk, and even though his colleagues have reassured him he did the right thing, his conscience still dogs him. 

Add to the mix the pressing need to deceive Hitler into believing the Allies won't land in the logical spot, Sicily. Therein lies the genesis for the involved, and very dangerous and ingenious, disinformation campaign concocted by the agents at Whitbey House, the OSS station in Kent, England. This stellar group includes Major David Niven, Commander Ian Fleming and Private Peter Ustinov, among others. Having this cast of celebrities in the book at times strains the reader's suspension of disbelief - it adds a sort of terminal cuteness that I found off-putting, though others may be more entertained than distracted. 

The plan is Operation Mincemeat: Take one frozen cadaver, dress it up as a British Royal Marine major, load it with false papers to mislead the Nazis into believing the Allied landing will occur anywhere but Sicily, launch the body from a submarine so the tides will take it ashore at Huelva, Spain, where it will be discovered by the Nazis, and, voila, mission accomplished. Of course, this is exactly what happens - things go off swimmingly, so to speak - lending an element of predictability here. It is a sure victory for the neophyte OSS, and much drinking and celebrating ensue among the celebrity spies of Whitbey House, with none other than legendary spymaster Gen. "Wild Bill" Donovan in attendance. 

Another critical mission is to get agents into Nazi-occupied territory to establish a communications network and to determine exactly what damage was caused by the nerve agent explosion. Using contacts with ties to the Mafia - a somewhat unavoidable pact with the devil, because this is Sicily we're talking about, after all - the insertion team is able to accomplish and to learn a great deal. 

There is plenty of romance to go around, too, although at times it's hokey - all the babes beautiful, brilliant, well-educated and, inevitably, big-breasted - plenty of fun for the men, who, of course, are always gentlemanly, solicitous and patronizing. All this befits the WWII ethos, or at least how the genre sometimes portrays it. After all, this was the Good War which ended with the good guys solidly in the win column (and thank goodness for that). Maj. Canidy's main squeeze, Ann Chambers, is missing through much of the book, and we learn of her later on. (Naturally, her dad is rich and well-connected at the highest levels, enough so that he is able to keep pressure on the spies to have her found.) 

The book ends on a high note, but some things are left hanging. What happened to Tubes, the major's golden-boy California radioman who got left behind? Did the Nazis capture him? And what of the rumblings at the beginning from SS intelligence agents who are disgruntled with der Fuehrer? Do they join in the cabal to take Hitler out? 

I guess we'll just have to wait for the next book in the "Men at War" series to find out. In the meantime, consider adding this one to your summer reading list. [Maxwell/Press-Register/30June2007]

Deadly Exchange by Geoffrey M. Gluckman. Some will read it for the action and intrigue, some for the technology, and others for fun. However, Deadly Exchange, by Vancouver-based American author Geoffrey M. Gluckman (, offers much more than all of these. A riveting espionage adventure that spans the globe, the novel unfolds within the walls of corporate America. It takes you back to the roots of America and propels you into the near future of a technological nightmare.

In Deadly Exchange, the main character, Jennifer Chance, a world-renowned motivational speaker, visits the Jefferson Memorial several times, looking for inspiration for her emancipation from a corporate position where nothing is what it seems. Only weeks remain before Lectures And More, Inc., a company representing the world's top motivational speakers, launches its latest technological advance: a mind-altering radio frequency device sold as a work-site enhancement product. The deceptively altruistic Ulrich Rogers spearheads the company and its reeducation programs, incorporating the presentational prowess and charm of Miss Chance, who is on the brink of realizing some deep secrets, ones that certain people in power do not want her to know.

Jennifer alone holds the key to unveil Rogers's plot to hold America hostage using Lectures And Mores newest device. Plunged into a twisting chase to escape the clutches of Rogers and his former espionage henchmen, Jennifer seeks help from Frank Revere, an enigmatic former government counterintelligence agent. But the question of who to trust continues to dangle in Jennifer's mind, and a deeper deception lurks in the shadows.  [PRLEAP/4July2007] 

True Believer: Inside the Investigation and Capture of Ana Montes, Cuba's Master Spy. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and an insufficient sense of urgency about Cuban espionage among his U.S. intelligence colleagues, drove Scott Carmichael to take the unusual step of writing a book about his work as a mole hunter.

The author of True Believer is also a longtime (20 years) counterintelligence investigator for the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency, the Defense Department's counterpart to the CIA. Carmichael was the driving force behind catching Montes, a DIA analyst, who had spent her 16-year career sending top-secret information to Cuba. The successful investigation and capture of one of U.S. intelligence's prized employees was pushed deep inside the pages of newspapers - if it appeared at all - due to 9/11. The lapse in intelligence that led to those attacks overshadowed a rare instance when a mole was successfully outed.

Montes, who was arrested ten days after 9/11, was an unlikely suspect. She had no previous connection to Cuba. A child of Puerto Ricans, she was born the daughter to a career U.S. Army officer on a base in Germany. Her teen years were spent in Baltimore area public schools, and she graduated with a degree in foreign affairs (with a Latin America emphasis) from the University of Virginia. While rising quickly through the Justice Department as a paralegal she earned a master's degree from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. "She was a model of self-discipline, drive and focus," Carmichael writes, adding that she received glowing employment reviews everywhere she worked.

Those qualities carried her ultimately to her position as the DIA's top political and military analyst on Cuba. Candidates for jobs in the intelligence community undergo extensive background reviews, but Montes had already earned a high-level security clearance in her Justice Department position. Such credentials "can be used like currency," Carmichael says, providing near-instant access to sensitive information for those new in their jobs. Unfortunately it was during her time at Johns Hopkins that the Cuban Intelligence Service had already recruited Montes. Even though it was the Castro regime that approached Montes, Carmichael writes that her motives stemmed from ideological concerns more than anything: Like many other Americans, as she told me openly in our interview, she believed the U.S. approach to Cuba was counterproductive and oppressive. Ana was also a Puerto Rican and was raised in a family that advocated achieving the political independence of Puerto Rico from the United States by peaceful means. The political independence of Puerto Rico is an emotional issue for many Puerto Ricans. Fidel Castro has often tried to play upon the sentiments of those who favor political independence by championing the cause of Puerto Rican independence against the oppressive Yankee colonizer of the north, presented as a mutual foe.

Ana Montes clearly viewed herself as a lonely heroine, willing to risk her freedom and her family's good name to serve the righteous cause of lifting oppression from the masses in secret league with her king, Fidel Castro.

True Believer shows that catching spies within our own intelligence structure is a painstaking process. Carmichael, as much as he is able (given that agencies like DIA just can't let certain information out), walks readers through each step of evidence gathering and case development, while illustrating the challenges in convincing his higher-ups that Montes was a problem. What begins as a co-worker's hunch and Carmichael's quick understanding is followed by several instances of extremely slow realization by upper-level DIA officials and the FBI. Montes's clean record and stellar performance reviews fed others' skepticism about the possibility that she was a spy.

Carmichael's passion for his full-time work is exhibited throughout the book, as is his pride in cracking the case. At certain points he seems to share frustration with the reader in that there is only so much he can divulge. But he tells enough to show why Montes is now serving a 25-year sentence in federal prison as the result of a plea agreement.

Carmichael makes a persuasive, if not slam-dunk, case that Montes's betrayal contributed to the death of Sgt. First Class Gregory Fronius, whose family receives all profits from the book. Sgt. Fronius was a Green Beret who in 1987 provided special infantry training for the El Salvadoran armed forces. At the same time Montes was DIA's El Salvador and Nicaragua analyst, "an expert on the military capabilities of both countries, with detailed and extensive knowledge of their militaries," Carmichael writes. Sgt. Fronius was killed in a surprise early-morning attack on a heavily protected Salvadoran military compound by rebel FMLN forces. Carmichael explains why Montes, who made a five-week visit to El Salvador just weeks before Fronius's death "to acquire some sense of the 'ground truth' in the country," could have provided crucial information to the communist revolutionaries via Cuba.

Even more convincing are Carmichael's arguments about why it is important that the U.S. be on alert against Cuban espionage - a seriousness that he says many of his colleagues don't share. He cites several cases in which Montes could have, or was likely to, have an influence on the lives (or deaths) of Americans and their allies. It's not hard to argue that in our current time, in which most Americans are on heightened alert over our border security, that they should be equally concerned about spies accessing our national secrets.

Carmichael adds that when Montes was arrested, she was on the verge of accessing many details of the U.S.'s war plans in Afghanistan. She may not have been captured at the best time for publicity purposes, but it was a crucial time nonetheless. [Chesser/AmericanSpectator/3July2007]

Movie Reviews

Breach is the true story of the capture of FBI agent Robert Hanssen (Chris Cooper), who spent 22 of his 25 years as a Fed selling secrets to the Russians. 

The outcome is revealed before the movie even starts, but this does nothing to relieve the tension as the FBI tries to catch Hanssen in the act before his imminent retirement. The opening scene shows trainee agent Eric O'Neill (Ryan Phillippe) photographing suspects for the FBI counter-terrorism department. While showing these photos to his East German wife Juliana (Caroline Dhavernas), he receives a phone call summoning him to the office. Surprisingly, this has nothing to do with him taking his work home! He has been reassigned to keep an eye on the bureau's top computer wizard, Hanssen, as he updates the FBI database. The reason given is that Hanssen is a "sexual deviant", but don't worry, his actions wouldn't even rate as a stain on J Edgar Hoover's shirt. As O'Neill gets to know Hanssen, a bond develops between the two men. Hanssen appears to be deeply religious and patriotic, dedicated to his wife and family and a genius at his job, who despises the fools that surround him. Doubting the reason for watching Hanssen, O'Neill approaches his superior Kate Burroughs (Laura Linney) and demands proof of Hanssen's perversions. This is when the bombshell drops, and O'Neill is told of Hanssen's role in the most shocking security breach in American history. With renewed enthusiasm, O'Neill manipulates the much more intelligent Hanssen into the net, trying to trap the man who spent years leading the team trying to track down ... himself!

With no car chases, explosions or hi-tech gadgets, director and co-writer Billy Ray has created a spy story totally reliant on the interaction between the main protagonists. This has its drawback, namely Ryan Phillippe who appears a bit out of his depth, trying too hard in some scenes, verging on an actors' workshop performance. Chris Cooper, however, more than makes up the shortfall. His performance must surely put him in line for the Oscar for best actor, lifting the movie head and shoulders above this year's other spy classic The Good Shepherd. Cooper's face appears contorted by the contradictions tearing Hanssen apart: he loves his wife, yet secretly videos her as they make love; he loves his country, yet sells its most intimate secrets to foreign agents. Thanks to Chris Cooper's performance, you can't help but pity him. This is a dark, creepy, unsettling, truly magnificent performance from a superb actor. [GulfDaily/30June2007] 

Rescue Dawn - A Family Member's Critique.  The movie Rescue Dawn will begin showing at select theaters in New York and Los Angeles on July 4th with national distribution on July 13th. Its director is Werner Herzog who is a master at taking nonfictional truthful scenarios and twisting them into fiction, Hollywood style. Such is the case in Rescue Dawn which is littered with Herzog's errors of both omission and commission. 

The movie is vaguely based on the book, "Escape From Laos" written by Dieter Dengler. However, the movie takes liberties that are offensive to anyone who is familiar with the events surrounding the prison break from Ban Houei Het Pathet Lao Prison in June, 1966. These liberties may be the stock and trade of Hollywood but they are an insult to the brave POWs and their families. 

We, the friends and family of Dieter Dengler, Eugene (Gene) DeBruin, and Pisidhi Indradat despise this movie and condemn those who produced it. To support these statements we can provide considerable documentation. We base our condemnation on testimony given to the Central Intelligence Agency by Dieter Dengler and Pisidhi Indradat, who currently resides in Bangkok, Thailand and is the last remaining successful participant of that prison break. We also have their personal writings, records, videotaped interviews and information that has never been released to the public. This documentation by the POWs who survived the ordeal paints a very different mosaic about events of that prison break and the role of Dieter Dengler as portrayed in Rescue Dawn. 

We want to be clear, we were friends of Dieter Dengler. We have warm memories of our friend Dieter, who recently passed away of ALS - Lou Gehrig's Disease. We believe Dieter would be appalled by this movie had he lived to see it. 

Rescue Dawn is a flawed movie filled with numerous omissions: 

- Rescue Dawn: There were six POWs. 
- Real Life: There were seven POWs. Pisidhi Indradat, Prasit Promsuwan, Prasit Thanee, Y.C. To, Duane Martin, Dieter Dengler, and Eugene DeBruin. 

- Rescue Dawn: Gene is portrayed as an uncaring, deranged and derelict Charles Manson type entity, devoid of humanity. 
- Real Life: Gene DeBruin is a kind and caring individual, helping to pass the years in prison by teaching his cellmates English, sharing his blanket on cold nights, sharing his food, even staying behind to help Y.C. To, a Hong Kong Chinese cellmate who had become too ill to escape without help. Gene returned to help Y.C. To despite pleas from Dieter Dengler and Duane Martin to join them as the group split up to try different directions in their bid for freedom. Pisidhi Indradat, a cellmate and survivor of the ordeal, called Gene DeBruin, "The finest man I have ever met." 

- Rescue Dawn: Despite being the new man on the scene, Dieter Dengler manages to formulate the plans for escape and lead the group out of the prison. 
- Real Life: Dieter Dengler and Duane Martin arrived at the prison about two and a half years after Gene was shot down and were not immediately privy to the secret escape plans formulated by Gene, Pisidhi, and the others, who had already begun storing rice in bamboo tubes in preparation for an escape. It took the group thirteen days to trust the new prisoner with the German accent, Dieter Dengler. 

- Rescue Dawn: Dieter Dengler kills the prison guards. 
- Real Life: Pisidhi Indradat risked his life to kill the guards so the group could escape. 

- Rescue Dawn: Gene is portrayed as being a wreck of a man in the jungle when he meets up with Dieter, muttering, "What will I do now?" 
- Real Life: Dieter testified that Gene, after shaking Dieter's hand, shouted, "See you in the States," before heading back into the jungle and returning to help Y.C.To, knowing full well that To would not make it to freedom without help. 

- Rescue Dawn: Dengler and Martin approach the village together and when Martin is attacked, Dengler attempts to come to his aid by attacking Martin's attacker. 
- Real Life: Dengler hid in the bushes while Martin approached a village in an attempt to secure food. Martin was hacked to death by a machete-wielding villager. Dengler weak himself from hunger, realized that he could not help Martin and to avoid becoming a victim himself, dashed off into the jungle, later to be rescued and whisked offshore to the USS Ranger. 

Both Dieter Dengler and Pisidhi Indradat spoke of Gene as a strong leader and a peacemaker when differences threatened their escape plan. In raising Dengler alone to the status of 'Hero' despite the team efforts of all the prisoners, Herzog is in essence saying that only those who escape are heroes, which downplays the enormous amount of luck that goes hand in hand with the skill a successful escape requires. Duane Martin wasn't less of a hero for succumbing to his attacker, Y.C. To wasn't less of a hero for getting sick during the window of opportunity for the escape, why then must Hollywood lower those that didn't make it out to raise up one that did? All seven were equal heroes from those who won their freedom to the ones who lost their lives. 

Think for a moment, what kind of movie director/writer portrays a character in a movie, yet refuses to talk with that person before, during, or after the production? Pisidhi Indradat and Jerry DeBruin made multiple attempts to contact director Werner Herzog, producer, Harry Knapp, and Gibraltar Films, to insure the accurate portrayal of the characters, but to no avail. No response ever surfaced. Nothing. Nada. Silence. Maybe the answer is the obvious one, Herzog didn't want to do an honest movie, he wanted to make his film his way and the facts be damned. 

The truth matters, and the truth is Herzog made a dishonest film and only succeeded in hurting a POW and a midwestern farm family that has suffered enough. 

Jerry DeBruin - Brother of Gene DeBruin 
Stevan Smith - Documentary Producer - Vietnam War Veteran 
Fred Rohrbach - Vietnam War Veteran 
Pisidhi Indradat - Thai Escapee and returnee from Pathet Lao Prisons 
Malcolm Creelman - Vietnam War Veteran


Rear Admiral Eugene B. Fluckey. Admiral Fluckey, an Annapolis resident and 1935 graduate of the Naval Academy, died Thursday of complications from Alzheimer's disease at Anne Arundel Medical Center. One of the most highly decorated servicemen from World War II, he was 93. 

One of the Navy's top submarine commanders during World War II, the Medal of Honor recipient sank 29 ships, including an aircraft carrier, and members of his crew blew up a Japanese troop transport train on shore. And, for years afterward, he boasted that he never had to award a Purple Heart to any of his crew. On the USS Barb, the submarine he commanded during the war, his philosophy was: "We don't have problems - just solutions." The ship survived an estimated 400 shells, bombs and depth charges. 

Admiral Fluckey conceived a method for firing rockets from a submarine and his was the first ship to do so, off the coast of Japan in 1945, said Carl LaVo, who just published The Galloping Ghost, the admiral's biography. "The title is appropriate," said Barbara F. Bove, the admiral's daughter. In the summer of 1945, Admiral Fluckey sent eight commandos ashore to set demolition charges on a coastal railway line, destroying a 16-car train. It was the sole landing by U.S. military forces on the Japanese home islands during the war. "Basically, my father patrolled the China coast to find Japanese ships and struck without warning," Mrs. Bove said. "They called him the

Galloping Ghost for the hell he raised." 

Admiral Fluckey also earned four Navy Crosses, the Distinguished Service Medal and the Legion of Merit for his war service. After the war, Admiral Fluckey became the aide to Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, chief of naval operations. Before he retired in 1972, he held several commands, including director of naval intelligence. 

About eight years ago, at age 85, he addressed a class of submariners, whom he called "the ultimate guard for Old Glory." He told them he envied their exciting future. "Serve your country well," he told them. "Put more into life than you expect to get out of it. Drive yourself and lead others." 

Admiral Fluckey, whom his crew called "Lucky Fluckey," published Thunder Below!, his account of the Barb experience, in 1992, and it has been optioned for a movie. Proceeds from the sale of the book have provided several free reunions for the men of the Barb and their wives. 

Admiral Fluckey's wife of 42 years, the former Marjorie Gould, died in 1979. He is survived by his wife of 27 years, Margaret Fluckey, with whom he ran an orphanage in Portugal for several years after his retirement. 

The family is planning a memorial service this month, and several of the surviving Barb crew members will attend. 

In addition to his wife, Mrs. Bove and Mrs. Fritsch, survivors include three other grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. [Hare/BaltimoreSun/1July2007] 

Infamous Pinochet-era Officer Dies in Chile. One of the most notorious figures from the Chilean dictatorship of late Gen. Augusto Pinochet died on July 4th, having served five years in prison for human rights abuses. Osvaldo Romo, known as "El Guaton" (The fat one) and accused by his victims of being a brutal torturer, died of heart failure in a prison hospital in the capital Santiago at 4:45 a.m. (0845 GMT), the hospital said in a statement. He was 69.

Romo was an officer in the DINA, the intelligence service set up by Pinochet after he seized power in a military coup in 1973. Nearly 3,200 people died in political violence during the subsequent 17-year dictatorship, many at the hands of the DINA. A further 28,000 were tortured and thousands more went into exile abroad.

Romo worked at Santiago's Villa Grimaldi, the most notorious of the DINA's detention centers. Survivors of Villa Grimaldi described him as a sadistic torturer. Michelle Bachelet, Chile's current president, was briefly detained at Villa Grimaldi in the 1970s.

After years of exile in Brazil, Romo was extradited to Chile after the return to democracy in 1990 and put on trial for human rights abuses. Found guilty and sentenced to two jail terms of seven years and 10 years each, he was imprisoned in April 2002. He had five pending court cases against him for human rights abuses at the time of his death. [Reuters/4July2007] 

Research Requests

[Editors note:  Please remember we do not vet these requests before publication, so please use caution in your responses. As always, remember to share only unclassified information.]

Seeking Navy Intelligence Liaison Officers who served in Vietnam between August 1968 and January 1970. 

The Project: VADM Earl "Rex" Rectanus was the ACOS for Intel for COMNAVFORV under (then) VADM Elmo Zumwalt. Rex's best friend was a LCDR Jack Graf, a Navy Intel type. Graf was flying on a mission in 1969 when he was shot down - his pilot was an Army Capt. named Wright. Both were captured, but Graf escaped and was later shot on the run. But the shot didn't kill him - with the loss of blood making him so weak, he fell into a river and drowned. Wright was repatriated in '75. 

Now, though, 40 years later, Rex is working for a memorial for Graf and also for all Naval Intelligence Liaison Officers (NILOs) operating in Nam for that period (Aug. 68 - Jan. 70).

Turned out not to be as cut-and-dry as I originally thought. The task forces referred to, however, are: 

Task Force 115 (aka; Market Time) 
Task Force 116 (aka; Game Warden) 
Task Force 117 (aka; Mobile Riverine Force) 
Task Force 194 (SEALORDS) 

I've written to dozens of possible sources - with minimal success so far. Those who have replied couldn't help with my specific request (I'll get to that shortly). A couple provided other suggestions for possible info and I've written to them but haven't received any replies as yet. 

I know some of these NILOs were awarded Purple Hearts, Navy Crosses, etc. so I've also written to the Legion of Honor and the Purple Heart Society - I've written to them both twice, in fact, but still haven't gotten any reply from them. 

I was on the phone just last week with the Nat'l Archives in College Park, MD regarding the task forces mentioned. They may be able to help, but need more information. Their feeling is that being TF's, they were probably carrier-based. I can see their reasoning, but I'm not convinced they were carrier-based. They weren't that kind of TFs. CTF-77 was aboard carriers; just like the command I served on in the Med was CTF-60, aka; COMCARGRU TWO. I believe CTF-77 was COMCARGRU THREE and these types of TFs usually consisted of two or more carrier battle groups ( i.e., CTG's - just as my command, CTF-60, consisted of two carrier battle groups; CTG-60.1 (we were also 60.1) and 60.2). But the TFs mentioned here I doubt were carrier TFs. The guy I spoke with, though, did mention that he found some info indicating that these NILOs could have been from any of the NSGAs in WESTPAC, including Hawaii. I do know that a lot of them were "embedded" in about 24 South Vietnamese towns and cities and were assigned to various afloat and ashore units in the south for the duration. 

That's about the only info I was given, but I've still been able to identify a few of these NILOs. Sadly, a couple of them were KIA. But I found 3 or 4 others who are still around and mostly all retired USN. 

Right now I have a letter with CNO (pending) that I wrote just last week (so I'm not expecting a response real soon. ) requesting the info I need (to Code N09B10). 

So, the information I'm really looking for is actually a list of names and ranks of all the NILOs who served in Nam between Aug. 68 - Jan. 70. I'm having trouble getting the muster lists for the above mentioned four TFs (either by TF number or their operational names). Seems no one can find these lists for some reason. At least, not without lengthy and costly research and I'm trying to keep Rex's expenses down 'cause they have an extremely limited budget and, given the subject of this project, I've even cut my own fees drastically and am even absorbing some of the smaller expenses (phone calls, postage, etc.). But the NARA and other sources charge significant fees for research like this (hourly fees, copying, shipping/handling, microfilm, etc.). So I'd like to avoid these expenses by at least narrowing the research possibilities as much as possible. Being a Nam vet myself I have a tendency to barely break even on projects like this. Call me sentimental. 

I think I've explained it okay. But if something's not clear or you need any other info, just let me know. Oh, don't look for the COMNAVFORV monthly reports for that period because I already obtained every one of them - that's where I got some of the names I've already researched. But those reports only mention specific officers and don't indicate whether they were NILOs or others. Only promotions, decorations, awards, changes of command, and all that type of stuff. But their Service Numbers and designators were also given. 

And if you can find any of these names, it would be most helpful if you could also come up with their service numbers and designators. SSNs would help, too, but the Navy didn't switch to SSNs until 1974 so all these guys would be filed by SN and designator. The SSNs will be a real help, though, in locating those who are still alive so they can be informed of this project and the Adm. (Rex) can contact them. I have a way of finding out where they may be today - but I need the SSNs to do that. 

I appreciate whatever help anyone on the list can provide me,


Todd Gleghorn

Intelligence Technology Platform Study

Dr. Roche and his associates are conducting several "brainstorming sessions" aimed at assessing a new technology that may serve as a development platform for the next generation of intelligence analysis tools. Consequently, he would like to hear from persons who have knowledge in any of these areas: (1) systems development methods for integration of diverse streams of information; (2) 3-D display of information, including modeling of real-time events; (3) intelligence collaboration systems; and (4) ergonomic and human factors engineering for display of intelligence data; and (5) any one with experience in so-called "virtual worlds" (such as "Second Life", "There", "Kaneva" or others). These sessions will take place in August at a secure facility. The technologies under development might be important to the long-term effectiveness of aspects of the U.S. intelligence community, and they would greatly appreciate the help of AFIO members. For the nomination process, send a 1/2 page cv and 3-sentence statement of interest to Edward M. Roche, Director of Scientific Intelligence, Barraclough Ltd., 

Coming Events

Wednesday, July 11, 2007: 9:00 am - Noon - Alexandria, VA - Ray Semko, aka the one and only "D*I*C*E Man", presents D*I*C*E 2007: UNLEASHED! at the CI Centre and other locations. Hear what Ray has to say about security, OPSEC, INFOSEC and terrorism now that he's no longer in the US government! These special open "Up Close and Personal" D*I*C*E briefings at the CI Centre are tailored towards those organizations operating under a requirement to provide a security awareness briefing to their employees every year (as NISPOM requires). Attendees will receive a Certificate of Attendance stating they have completed their security awareness briefing for the year. Seating is limited in the CI Centre's classroom, so register early to reserve your seat. Cost is $99.95 per person. Free parking. Coffee and Krispy Kreme donuts provided. REGISTER NOW: You may download the Registration Form from: or call 1-800-779-4007.

18 July 2007 - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts luncheon event jointly with the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation.  The Defense Intelligence Forum meets at the Alpine Restaurant, 4770 Lee Highway, Arlington, VA 22207 with a social hour starting at 1130, lunch at 1215, program at 1300, to hear Allen Keiswetter will speak on Islam in the Contemporary World. His talk will include Mouhammad as a feminist, the compatibility of Islam and democracy, and the differences between Shia and Sunni. Mr. Keiswetter teaches courses on Islam and the Middle East at the National Defense Intelligence College. He is also an Adjunct Scholar at the Middle East Institute under whose auspices he has given more than 100 TV and radio interviews. In 2003, he retired as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Near East Bureau after 36 years in the US Foreign Service. The luncheon is sponsored jointly by the Defense Intelligence Alumni Association and the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation. To encourage candor, the forum does not allow media, notes, recordings, or attribution. RSVP by 13 July by reply email or telephone DIAA at 571-426-0098 for further information or email them at

19 July 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on MASINT at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club. MASINT is the topic at the luncheon meeting of the at AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter. Event is held at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club. Col. John Gonzales, USAF will speak to on MASINT which is a new and little known part of intelligence. Cost $10.00 for each lunch buffet. Inquiries to Dick Durham. Treasurer of the Chapter at

 20 - 21 July 2007 - Northampton, MA - AFIO New England holds their summer weekend event at the Hotel Northampton, Northampton, Massachusetts. A full description of services as well as directions to the hotel, are available on-line at Please mention AFIO/NE when making reservations. The student speaker will be David Lim. Their main speaker will be Jeff Beaty, former member of the Delta Force, the CIA & the FBI. The program will begin with a Friday evening complimentary wine and cheese social at the Hotel Northampton starting at 6:00 PM. This get-together is a wonderful opportunity to renew friendships, as well as make new ones in a relaxed informal setting. We anticipate that our speakers will join us at the social. This may be followed by a no-host dinner at local area restaurants. Our Saturday schedule is as follows 9:00 - 10:45 a.m. Meeting Registration, 11:00 - 11:20 a.m. First Speaker, 12:00 - 1:15 p.m. Luncheon, 1:15 - 2:15 p.m. Keynote Speaker, 2:30 p.m. Adjournment. For additional information contact

24 July 2007 - Crystal City, VA - PLA Naval Attach� to give luncheon presentationThe Naval Attach� for PLA Navy will give a luncheon presentation to the Surface Navy Association Greater Washington Chapter (GWC) on Tuesday 24 July at Hyatt Regency Crystal City Hotel. See  for further details.

 4 August 2007 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter meets at the Indian River Colony Club  The Chapter August luncheon will be held at the Indian River Colony Club (IRCC). A cash bar will open at 1130 hours and lunch will begin at 1230 hours. Speaker details and reservation information is forthcoming. For additional information please contact George Stephenson, Chapter Vice President at and title your email: AFIO August Meeting

25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting.  25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting featuring Capt Cannady, LTC Woodard, and Maj. Krueger. An outstanding program is planned with speakers from McChord AFB and the Washington National Guard. Captain Matthew Cannady is the Intelligence Officer assigned to the Western Air Defense Sector (WADS) at McChord. He will provide an in-depth briefing on the workings of the Air Defense system on the West Coast. Lt. Colonel Timothy Woodard the J2 of the Washington National Guard and Major Bill Krueger will provide a detailed briefing on the recently created 194th Intelligence Squadron. The cost of the meeting will be $25 which includes a breakfast buffet. Time: 09:30am - 1:30pm. Where: South View Lounge at the Museum of Flight. The meeting is open to anyone interested in national intelligence whether they are a member or not. The chapter welcomes family, friends and associates to attend. SPECIAL OFFER: A gracious corporate donor has agreed to pay $5 for each of the first 10 people who send their CHECKs to arrive with Fran Dyer prior to July 16. The first 10 people who meet these conditions will receive a $5 refund at the meeting. Please mail your checks, payable to AFIO PNW Chapter, to: AFIO PNW Chapter, 4616 25th Ave NE Suite 495, Seattle, WA 98105. Please RSVP Fran Dyer at:

27 - 29 August 2007 - New Orleans, LA - SYNERGY '07 - Conference and Expo - Advancing an Integrated Defense Intelligence Enterprise. Co-sponsored by: The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (USD/I). The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, (USD/I), headed by Lt Gen James R. Clapper, Jr.,, USAF(Ret) is co-sponsoring with Government Emerging Technology Alliance (GETA) this Synergy ‘07 New Orleans, LA. Synergy '07 will strive to bring DoD Operations and Intelligence Community representatives together for open dialog with the objective of fostering better collaboration between decision makers and members of the war-fighting, requirements, collections, analytics and vendor communities. The conference, chaired by Brigadier General Billy J. Bingham (USAF, ret), a former Assistant Deputy Director for Operations and Deputy Chief, Central Security Service at Fort George G. Meade, and Director of Intelligence (J2) U.S. Pacific Command, will focus on past operational successes as a means of addressing the impediments and challenges that the various components face in providing quality support to U.S. warfighters during peace, crisis and wartime. "What we are hoping to do is build a confederation of communities, including, to the extent possible, our coalition partners that will increase the effectiveness of DoD operations and provide upgraded support from the ISR community to our boots on the ground warfighters," said Jim Riggins, NCSI’s Executive Director of Intelligence Community Programs and Initiatives. More about the conference can be found at

6 September 2007 - Front Royal, VA - Tony Sesow Golf Classic.  The Naval Intelligence Foundation is pleased to announce that the Annual "Tony Sesow Golf Classic" will be held on Sept 6, 2007 at the Shenandoah Valley Golf Course in Front Royal, Virginia. The tournament starts at 0800 with registration, followed by a light breakfast and concludes with a hearty lunch and refreshments. Lucky draw and all skill prizes will be awarded during the luncheon. The cost of the "Classic" is $80.00 for an individual, $300.00 for a team and sponsorship is available for $400.00 (team included). Each Closest-to-the Pin winner will automatically be entered into the Jetblue shoot-out for $50,000 which will take place directly after the tournament. For sponsorship and additional information, please contact Peter Buchan at (540) 671-4435 or

$   $   $   $   $   $   $   $   $   $   $   $
Going once.....going twice.....
Wait. Don't let it... without having a look, yourself. The AFIO Auction continues with many great gifts. Hollow Coins, Allen Dulles' Pipe, special keyrings.
Fun just to browse.
.....just some of the many unusual items available to you
at the


Allen Dulles' Pipe, inscribed photo, and letter of provenance....or a beautiful OSS Society Poster, or enjoy a private dinner in Washington DC area with AFIO's President - CIA officer [Ret] to discuss career plans, goals, or to hear about historic intelligence events including MAJIC, Area 51, and other U.S. intelligence mysteries.....

 Our Spring AFIO Spy Auction is here! The AFIO 2007 Auction will soon come to a close. Not to reappear until 2008. Do not miss out this year..

Goal: to raise funds to support AFIO programs in the areas of education, career recruitments, scholarships, seminars, publications, and conferences.
Please help by reviewing and purchasing gift items at this auction. Part of each purchase includes a tax-deductible donation to AFIO.
Tell colleagues and friends that the bidding has started.
This is an exciting and fun way to locate some unusual gift items and to help an important cause.

Explore the auction catalog at

Other Ways to Help:
Donate intel-related items; Be a Sponsor.
Contact us at  or 703-790-0320 to take advantage of promotional opportunities for your business or to pledge your individual support.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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