AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #27-07 dated 16 July 2007

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WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: 

The WIN editors thank the following contributors to this issue: pjk, dh, lc, bh and wr.
All have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.  


CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

·         Defecting Iranian Intelligence General Reveals Iranian Nuclear Secrets

·         Giant, Robotic Throwing Star, Designed to Spy

·         Wife of Ex-Spy Says CIA Blocked Access to Her Lawyer

·         Iran Claims to Discover Five Espionage Networks Linked to the West

·         Israel Opposes Freeing Treason Convict

·         Ex-N. Korean Spy Arrested in Seoul Says He Saw Japanese Abductees

·         Two Somali "Spy Killers" Executed

·         Five Alleged Treason Suspects Freed in The Gambia

·         Belarus KGB Chairman Gives Interview to Union State Magazine

·         Romania's Intelligence Service to Pay RON 50,000 to Rompetrol Boss in Moral Damages

·         Sectarian Rivalries Blight Iraqi Intelligence Services

·         Man Pleads Guilty in Iraq Espionage Case

·         Military Files Left Unprotected Online

 

Section II - TERRORISM  

·         ETA Plot to Blow Up Hundreds of Britons On a Car Ferry

·         US Intel Warns Al-Qaida Has Rebuilt

·         Iranian Terrorism

 

Section III - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE  

·         Who Killed Ashraf Marwan? 

·         Limping Lady Begins Spy Career in Early 1940's

 

Section IV - BOOK PREVIEWS, OBITUARIES AND COMING EVENTS

Book Previews  

Obituaries  

Coming Events

Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY:

·         18 July 2007 - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts luncheon event jointly with the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation

·         19 July 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on MASINT

·         18 July 2007 - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts luncheon event jointly with the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation

·         19 July 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on MASINT

·         20 - 21 July 2007 - Northampton, MA - AFIO New England holds their summer weekend event at the Hotel Northampton, Northampton, MA

·         24 July 2007 - Crystal City, VA - PLA Naval Attaché to give luncheon presentation  

·         24 July 2007 - Washington, DC - Scott Carmichael to speak at the International Spy Museum Program

·         4 August 2007 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter meets at the Indian River Colony Club

·         25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting

·         27 - 29 August 2007 - New Orleans, LA - SYNERGY '07 - Conference and Expo - Advancing an Integrated Defense Intelligence Enterprise

·         6 September 2007 - Front Royal, VA - Naval Intelligence Professional's Tony Sesow Golf Classic

  For Additional Events two+ months or more....view our online Calendar of Events  


Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Defecting Iranian Intelligence General Reveals Iranian Nuclear Secrets. Iranian general, Ali Reza Asgari, who disappeared in Istanbul last February, has defected and is being held by the United States, Yedioth Ahronot published Sunday. Asgari was considered by the US one of the top intelligence officials in Iran. His defection was made possible thanks to an intricate CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) operation, climaxing in him joining Western intelligence officers in Istanbul, who then had him and his family transferred to the US. 

Asgari, who according to reports is being held in a top-secret military installation, has been able to shed a new light on much of the Iranian regime's most inner workings, especially regarding the Iranian nuclear development project. Up until now, Iran - according to known intelligence - has been building two nuclear plants, in Arak and Bushehr, and has been using centrifuges to enrich uranium. Iran, Asgari told his interrogators, is working in another stealth path, toward achieving its nuclear goal. This third method involves attempts to enrich uranium by using laser beams along with certain chemicals designed to enhance the process. These trials are held in a special weapons facility in Natanz. 

This new information has those who know its details in full worried. The fact the Iranians are trying to find new ways to enrich uranium is not new onto itself, but the progress made, at least according to the information given by Asgari, is much greater than was suspected. Western intelligence agencies are now busy analyzing the information Asgari provided them with, and estimating just how long is it before Iran has a nuclear bomb. 

According to a source, Iran had caught on to Asgari's defection, and had taken preventive actions to protect its intelligence assets, in anticipation of the information he may reveal. [Bergman/Middle East News/8July2007]

Giant, Robotic Throwing Star, Designed to Spy. The Air Force has enlisted all the big aerospace companies to design giant, high-flying spy drones that will stay in the sky for two days, tracking everything in the air and on the ground for miles around. But to pull it all off, Defense News notes, the sensors have to be embedded in the wings of the robotic planes themselves. And that is making for some pretty far-out designs - like this diamond-shaped shuriken-looking thing from Boeing. The wings have been hollowed out in this version of the "SensorCraft," to make the drone lighter - and better able to stay in the air, at altitudes of up to 60,000 feet. Other designs in the 5-year, $12-million effort use a more conventional, B-2-esque flying wing. All of them will be huge - with wingspans in the neighborhood of 200 feet, and gross takeoff weights of 90,000 pounds, or more. They'll need the size, to support the king-sized, low-frequency antennas running down the aircraft's mid-section, which are meant to provide "high gain and foliage penetration radar capability... aimed at defeating extremely difficult targets." Sensors on the aircraft do double duty - look for bad guys, and support the aircraft, too. But they may have even more jobs than that. An Air Force brief from an early phase of the program calls for designers to consider "in-flight shape alteration via adaptive structures (morphing)... and active aeroelastic" wings, which twist with the wind, to keep it aloft and intact. [Wired/July2007]

Wife of Ex-Spy Says CIA Blocked Access to Her Lawyer. The wife of a former spy is accusing the CIA of blocking communication between her and her lawyer about a suit she filed against the intelligence agency in 2006. In a brief filed in a Manhattan federal court on Friday, the wife of a former covert CIA official, identified in the heavily blacked-out case only as Jane Doe, says the agency violated the attorney-client relationship by prohibiting her lawyer from contacting her by phone or e-mail. Ms. Doe sued the CIA last April for denying her medical coverage and forcing her and her family to live in a foreign country after her husband was fired from the agency . 

The CIA said the case was so sensitive to national security that it should be thrown out immediately. A federal district judge in Manhattan, Laura Taylor Swain, agreed and dismissed the case in January. Ms. Doe is now appealing to the U.S. 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals. The case is the first involving state secrets in which the CIA is accused of violating the attorney-client relationship, Ms. Doe's lawyer, Mark Zaid, said. The case follows a trend in which the Bush administration has used the state secrets privilege to defend the government against private lawsuits. Mr. Zaid concedes that the case involves national security secrets, but said that in other similar cases, he has always been allowed to speak to his client and file a substantive brief to the court. He said the CIA has been more secretive in this case because the agency's treatment of the family was "morally wrong" and would embarrass the agency if it were disclosed. [Pomerantz/NewYorkSun/9July2007] 

Iran Claims to Discover Five Espionage Networks Linked to the West. According to the Fars news agency, Tehran has discovered five new espionage networks allegedly linked to Western Intelligence services. Tehran arrested twenty people from five networks, according to the head of the intelligence service in Kermanshah, western Iran. Last May, Iran had claimed that spy networks with alleged links to United States circles in Iraq had been smashed in the west, southwest and central Iran. Iran in recent years has frequently accused the US and Britain of involvement in acts of sabotage in the country. Both have vehemently denied the accusations. [Monstersandcritics/Shachtman/9July2007]

Israel Opposes Freeing Treason Convict. The Israeli government opposes reducing treason convict Nachum Manbar's jail sentence by a third because it believes he will again actively spy for Iran if he is released. Manbar was convicted in 1998 for selling military equipment to Iran and of other security crimes including helping the enemy in its war against Israel and passing information to the enemy with the intention of harming the state's security. He was sentenced to 16 years in jail. Manbar, who was born on Kibbutz Givat Haim, near Hadera, fled Israel in the 1980s after being convicted of fraud. He closed several weapons deals with Iran while living in Poland and planned larger deals, like selling Iran Soviet-made tanks, that were never carried out. The arms deals brought Manbar into contact with those responsible for Iran's missile and chemical weapons programs. After several meetings with them, primarily in Vienna, Manbar agreed to supply Iran with more than 120 tons of chemical material, which could be used to make chemical weapons. All told, his deals with Iran are said to have made Manbar tens of millions of dollars. [Azoulay/Haaretz/9July2007] 

Ex-N. Korean Spy Arrested in Seoul Says He Saw Japanese Abductees. A former North Korean spy, who has been arrested in Seoul for drug trafficking, is likely to be An Myong Jin, who has testified that he saw Japanese abduction victim Megumi Yokota at Pyongyang's spy training school, a police source here has suggested. The 39-year-old former North Korean spy was arrested along with his 33-year-old live-in girlfriend for obtaining North Korean-made stimulants in China, smuggling them into South Korea and selling them in Seoul, the Yonhap News Agency reported Monday. 

A source at North Korean law enforcement authorities has told the Mainichi Shimbun that the arrested former spy is "An Myong Jin." The Yonhap reported that the spy graduated from Kim Jong Il Political and Military University, Pyongyang's spy training school, and started operating in South Korea in 1993, later defecting to the country [South Korea]. Since his defection, An has repeatedly testified both in Japan and South Korea that he saw several Japanese nationals, including Yokota, at Kim Jong Il Political and Military University. [Mainichi Daily News/9July2007] 

Two Somali "Spy Killers" Executed. Two Somali men accused of killing government intelligence officers have been executed at the police school in front of a large crowd in Mogadishu. Seven alleged comrades were sentenced to 15 years in prison. A BBC correspondent in the capital says it is not clear whether the men faced a trial before their executions. A government spokesman would not comment. "After the killing of our officers, we were given some of the names of the murderers, we tracked them down immediately and captured these two guys, who were later convicted of being the killers," said an officer, who is a member of the National Security Services (NSS), on condition of anonymity. [BBC/9July2007]

Five Alleged Treason Suspects Freed in The Gambia. Five men who were arrested, detained and charged by a court in the Gambian capital, Banjul, with treason following a foiled coup attempt in March 2006, have been released. The men who were released on Friday and Saturday include retired col. Vincent Jatta , a former chief of staff of the Gambia Armed Forces , Ngorr Secka, a former acting deputy director general of the National Intelligence Agency and Baba Saho, a former senior operative of the National Intelligence Agency. They were charged alongside Abdoulie Kujabie and Foday Barry, former directors general of the National intelligence Agency. Since their arrest, the men appeared in court only once, and their cases never proceeded. However Kujabie and Barry are still in detention. Another detainee, sergeant Buba Mendy who was arrested shortly after the foiled coup attempt in March has also been released. [Afriquenligne/8July2007] 

Belarus KGB Chairman Gives Interview to Union State Magazine. Chairman of the National Security Committee (KGB) of Belarus Stepan Sukhorenko granted an interview to the magazine Soyuznoye Gosudarstvo (Union State) where he explained the organization's priorities, such as combating espionage, secret service and protecting the constitutional system. Online agency Khartiya'97 reporting on the publication, says that major part of the interview is devoted to "treacherous" plans of the Western states regarding Belarus. In the interview, Sukhorenko stressed the protection of the constitutional system, but only briefly mentioned two other priorities, counter-espionage and secret service activity. According to Sukhorenko, not only foreign secret services and embassies, but also "numerous international and non-governmental organizations, radical opposition in the country" execute "the subversive activities", the aim of which is "not just a change of the country's administration, but a change of the ideological paradigm of the society and the country's geopolitical priorities, a transition to another route of civilization development." 

The last attempt to change "the route of civilization development" of Belarus was made in spring 2006, when the KGB chairman unmasked the plan on poisoning the whole city with one dead rat, Khartiya'97 marks, adding that instead of mortifying thousands of Belarusians, perfidious opponents of the acting powers set up a peaceful camp in the city centre of Minsk. [AxisGlobe/11July2007] 

Romania's Intelligence Service to Pay RON 50,000 to Rompetrol Boss in Moral Damages. The Bucharest Tribunal held that right to privacy of Rompetrol SA company boss Dinu Patriciu was violated by Romania's Intelligence Service and awarded him RON 50,000 in moral damages. According to the Court, phone interceptions conducted by the SRI against Mr. Patriciu were illegal. Judge Ileana Danaila of the Bucharest Tribunal referenced jurisprudence of the European Court in Strasbourg that has constantly held that 'the possibility of the authorities of secretly surveillance of their citizens is only accepted as a measure that is strictly necessary for the defense of the democratic institutions'. The court also criticizes the fact that the interception had been ordered by the prosecutors (before the law was changed) who are not independent as they report to the Executive. On the other hand, the court did not sustain the count regarding the interception of the IT system of SC Rompetrol SA. In that particular case the court found that there was no evidence to show that the IT system had been intercepted without authorization. [AxisGlobe/11July2007]

Sectarian Rivalries Blight Iraqi Intelligence Services. In a further sign of Iraq's deepening sectarian divisions, security chiefs in Iraq's Shia-dominated government have formed a shadow intelligence service to rival the Iraq National Intelligence Service (INIS). The INIS was created and funded by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and is manned primarily by Sunnis and former members of Saddam Hussein's mukhabarat (secret police). The hostility between these two services is intense. The overall Shia objective seems to be to eradicate, or at least drastically reduce, US influence within the security establishment and put intelligence gathering firmly under Shia control. This is at a time when speculation is growing that a large-scale US military withdrawal may be ordered in the coming months. The emergence of this new service could be bad news for the US because it might facilitate penetration of Iraq's security establishment by the intelligence services of neighboring Shia-majority Iran. 

Senior officials in Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's government, including national security adviser Mouafak al-Rubaie, insist that the Iranians have no say in how Iraq is run. But the US is adamant that Iran's Ministry of Intelligence and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, through its elite Quds Force, are arming, funding and training militant Shia organizations and even some Sunni factions to keep Iraq in turmoil. Tehran denies that, but the two countries are locked in a covert intelligence war. The emergence of rival, highly partisan intelligence services will exacerbate the sectarian bloodletting in Iraq and, given the explosive nature of the conflict, could thrust them into open warfare. [Janes/12 July 2007] 

Man Pleads Guilty in Iraq Espionage Case. A Michigan man pleaded guilty Wednesday to charges that he spied for Saddam Hussein's former regime and shared information with the executed Iraqi dictator's intelligence service. Ghazi Al-Awadi, 78, a naturalized U.S. citizen born in Iraq, pleaded guilty to acting as an agent of the government of Iraq under Saddam's regime, the U.S. attorney's office said.

Under terms of the plea agreement in U.S. District Court, Al-Awadi, of Dearborn, faces up to 51 months in prison at sentencing on Nov. 8. Al-Awadi and Najib Shemami, 58, were charged based on Iraqi intelligence documents captured by U.S. forces in Iraq in 2003 and later authenticated by former members of the Iraqi Intelligence Service, authorities said. [lc/AP/12July2007]

Military Files Left Unprotected Online. In a survey of servers run by agencies or companies involved with the military and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, The Associated Press found dozens of documents that officials refused to release when asked directly, citing troop security. Such material goes online all the time, posted most often by mistake. It's not in plain sight, unlike the plans for the new American embassy in Baghdad that appeared recently on the Web site of an architectural firm. But it is almost as easy to find. And experts said foreign intelligence agencies and terrorists working with al-Qaida likely know where to look.

In one case, the Army Corps of Engineers asked the AP to promptly dispose of several documents found on a contractor's server that detailed a project to expand the fuel infrastructure at Bagram - including a map of the entry point to be used by fuel trucks and the location of pump houses and fuel tanks. The Corps of Engineers then changed its policies for storing material online following the AP's inquiry. But a week later, the AP downloaded a new document directly from the agency's own server. The 61 pages of photos, graphics and charts map out the security features at Tallil Air Base, a compound outside of Nasiriyah in southeastern Iraq, and depict proposed upgrades to the facility's perimeter fencing. "That security fence guards our lives," said Lisa Coghlan, a spokeswoman for the Corps of Engineers in Iraq, who is based at Tallil. "Those drawings should not have been released. I hope to God this is the last document that will be released from us."

The Corps of Engineers and its contractor weren't alone:

    - The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency - which provides the military with maps and charts - said it plans to review its policies after the AP found several sensitive documents, including aerial surveys of military airfields near Balad and Al Asad, Iraq, on its server.

    - Benham Companies LLC is securing its site after learning it had inadvertently posted detailed maps of buildings and infrastructure at Fort Sill, Okla. "Now, everything will be protected," said Steve Tompkins, a spokesman for Oklahoma City-based Benham.

    - Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, two of the nation's leading nuclear laboratories, closed public access to their file transfer protocol servers after the AP contacted them about material posted there. Both said the change was unrelated to the AP's inquiry.

The AP has destroyed the documents it downloaded, and all the material cited in this story is no longer available online on the sites surveyed.

The posting of private material on publicly available FTP servers is a familiar problem to security experts hired by companies to secure sites and police the actions of employees who aren't always tech-savvy. They said files that never should appear online are often left unprotected by inexperienced or careless users who don't know better. Bruce Schneier, chief technology officer of BT Counterpane, a Mountain View, Calif.-based technology security company, said the attitude that material posted on FTP sites is hard to find reflects a misunderstanding of how the Internet works. "For some, there's sort of this myth that 'if I put something on the Net and don't tell anybody,' that it's hidden," Schneier said. "It's a sloppy user mistake. This is yet another human error that creates a major problem." 

File transfer protocol is a relatively old technology that makes files available on the Internet. It remains popular for its simplicity, efficiency and low cost. In fact, several agencies and contractors said the documents found by the AP were posted online so they could be easily shared among colleagues. Internet users can't scour the sites with a typical search engine, but FTP servers routinely share a similar address as public Web sites. To log on, users often only need to replace "http" and "http://www" in a Web address with ftp. Some are secured by password or a firewall, but others are occasionally left open to anyone with an Internet connection to browse and download anonymously. Experts said that when unsophisticated users post sensitive information to the servers, they would not necessarily know it could be downloaded by people outside of their business or agency. [pjk/Baker/AP/11July2007] 

Section II - TERRORISM  

ETA Plot to Blow Up Hundreds of Britons On a Car Ferry. A terrorist plot to blow up a ferry bound for the UK carrying hundreds of British tourists has been foiled by Spanish police. The Pont-Aven, which sails twice a week between Plymouth and the northern Spanish port of Santander, was one of three possible targets, say officials. It is believed the terrorists planned to use a car bomb in the attack. If it had exploded at sea it would have been catastrophic for the vessel and its 2,400 passengers and 183 crew. ETA separatists planned to use a car bomb to blow up this ferry from Plymouth to Santander.

In July 2003, Eta's suitcase bombs injured 13 people in Alicante and Benidorm and in June 2002 five Britons were injured by a car bomb in nearby Fuengirola. Eta has attempted attacks at sea before. Several years ago it planned to load a van bomb on to a ferry sailing from Valencia to the Balearic Islands, but the van broke down and the plot was abandoned. Eta, the Spanish acronym for Basque Homeland and Freedom, was founded in 1968 and has killed 810 people so far. [lc/Ballinger/DailyMail/12July2007]

US Intel Warns Al-Qaida Has Rebuilt. U.S. intelligence analysts have concluded al-Qaida has rebuilt its operating capability to a level not seen since just before the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. The conclusion suggests that the network that launched the most devastating terror attack on the United States has been able to regroup along the Afghan-Pakistani border despite nearly six years of bombings, war and other tactics aimed at crippling it.

Still, numerous government officials say they know of no specific, credible threat of a new attack on U.S. soil. A counterterrorism official familiar with a five-page summary of the new government threat assessment called it a stark appraisal to be discussed at the White House on Thursday as part of a broader meeting on an upcoming National Intelligence Estimate. The official and others spoke on condition of anonymity because the secret report remains classified.

Counterterrorism analysts produced the document, titled "Al-Qaida better positioned to strike the West." The document focuses on the terror group's safe haven in Pakistan and makes a range of observations about the threat posed to the United States and its allies, officials said. Al-Qaida is "considerably operationally stronger than a year ago" and has "regrouped to an extent not seen since 2001," the official said, paraphrasing the report's conclusions. "They are showing greater and greater ability to plan attacks in Europe and the United States." The group also has created "the most robust training program since 2001, with an interest in using European operatives," the official quoted the report as saying. At the same time, this official said, the report speaks of "significant gaps in intelligence" so U.S. authorities may be ignorant of potential or planned attacks.

The threat assessment comes as the 16 U.S. intelligence agencies prepare a National Intelligence Estimate focusing on threats to the United States. A senior intelligence official, who spoke on condition of anonymity while the high-level analysis was being finalized, said the document has been in the works for roughly two years. The new threat assessment puts particular focus on Pakistan. Several European countries - among them Britain, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands - are also highlighted in the threat assessment partly because they have arrangements with the Pakistani government that allow their citizens easier access to Pakistan than others, according to the counterterrorism official. This is more troubling because all four are part of the U.S. visa waiver program, and their citizens can enter the United States without additional security scrutiny, the official said. The report also notes that al-Qaida has increased its public statements, although analysts stressed that those video and audio messages aren't reliable indicators of the actions the group may take. 

The threat assessment says that al-Qaida stepped up efforts to "improve its core operational capability" in late 2004 but did not succeed until December of 2006 after the Pakistani government signed a peace agreement with tribal leaders that effectively removed government military presence from the northwest frontier with Afghanistan. 

The agreement allows Taliban and al-Qaida operatives to move across the border with impunity and establish and run training centers, the report says, according to the official. 

It also says that al-Qaida is particularly interested in building up the numbers in its middle ranks, or operational positions, so there is not as great a lag in attacks when such people are killed. 

The counterterror official said the report does not focus on al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, his whereabouts or his role in the terrorist network. Officials say al-Qaida has become more like a "family-oriented" mob organization with leadership roles in cells and other groups being handed from father to son, or cousin to uncle. Yet bin Laden's whereabouts are still of great interest to intelligence agencies. Although he has not been heard from for some time, officials believe he is still alive and living under the protection of tribal leaders in the border area. [pjk/Shrader/Lee/Riechmann/AP/11July2007] 

Iranian Terrorism. Army Brig. Gen. Kevin J. Bergner, chief spokesman for Multi-National Force-Iraq, revealed this week the extensive Iranian government involvement in arming terrorists in Iraq through Lebanese Hezbollah proxies. "The reality of this is they're not only killing American forces, they're killing Iraqis, they're killing Iraqi security forces, and they are disrupting the stability in Iraq, and it's a concern for the government of Iraq, for the Iraqi forces and the Iraqi people, that they would expect their neighbor to play a more helpful and less damaging role in their country," Gen. Bergner told reporters. The Iranians and Lebanese Hezbollah terrorists train groups of 20 to 60 Iraqi terrorists in Iran, he said. 

An Iranian opposition group in Paris provided additional information from its sources on the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) Qods Force activities in Iraq. Shahin Gobadi of the National Council of Resistance of Iran said at least six Qods Force terrorists are based at the Iranian Embassy in Baghdad. The group also identified three IRGC camps training Iraqi terrorists near Tehran.

The council is viewed by the State Department as a front for the People's Mujahedin of Iran, a Marxist, nationalist and Islamist group that was listed as a terrorist organization because of its attacks on Iran. The council, however, provided the credible information in 2002 on Iran's illicit nuclear-arms program.

The six Qods Force terrorists are working with Iran's ambassador to Iraq, Hassan Kazemi Qomi, and are posing as "consultants" to the ambassador, he said. They are involved in supervising the shipment of weapons and ammunition, including deadly shaped-charge penetrating bombs, Mr. Gobadi said. Other arms being smuggled in to the Iraqi terrorists are mortars, shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles, anti-tank rockets and sniper rifles, he said. The opposition group also has identified Qods Force bases near the Iran-Iraq border, and said the Iranian Embassy and Qods Force terrorists are linked to the Shi'ite Badr Brigade death squads in Iraq. The Qods Force leaders are using diplomatic cover to work with pro-Iranian political parties in Iraq.

Gen. Bergner said Monday that the Iranian paramilitary Qods Force has been supporting terrorists engaged in bombings, kidnappings, extortion, sectarian slayings, illegal arms trafficking and other attacks against Iraqi citizens, police, army and coalition forces and that Iranians are spending $750,000 to $3 million a month to back the insurgents. The goal of the Qods Force is to set up terrorist networks in Iraq that are similar to Hezbollah in Lebanon, Gen. Bergner said. [dh/Gertz/WashingtonTimes/6July2007]

Section III - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE  

Who Killed Ashraf Marwan? 
By HOWARD BLUM, New York Times Op-Ed Contributor

THE billionaire's body tumbled over the railing of his apartment's fourth-floor balcony and landed hard on the London sidewalk. And like so much in the complicated life of Ashraf Marwan - a 62-year-old Egyptian who had been the most effective spy in the history of the Middle East - the mysterious circumstances of his death two weeks ago provoked further speculation. 

As Scotland Yard investigates the suspicious fall, and as newspapers and bloggers throughout the world wonder whether any of several intelligence services played a role in his death, a debate continues over whether Mr. Marwan was a well-connected and resourceful Israeli spy or a brilliantly manipulative Egyptian double agent.

Mr. Marwan's death has also brought a new and chilling significance to a long-running legal battle in Israel involving the unauthorized leaking of his name to journalists. And in the aftermath of the discovery of his broken body on a sidewalk in the St. James neighborhood on June 27, I cannot help but wonder if I had a small part in the events that led to Ashraf Marwan's death. 

Mr. Marwan's story - a tale overflowing with the suspense and ruthless duplicity of a spy novel - began to take shape in the spring of 1969. He had come to London, ostensibly to consult a Harley Street doctor about a stomach ailment. He chose to be examined by a doctor whose offices had been used previously for a covert meeting between King Hussein of Jordan and the general director of the Israeli prime minister's office. 

Along with his X-rays, Mr. Marwan handed the doctor a file crammed with official Egyptian state documents. He wanted them delivered to the Israeli Embassy in London.

The Mossad, the Israeli intelligence service, determined the documents to be genuine. Still, a rapidly formed working group of Mossad wise men debated the risk in dealing with a walk-in, a volunteer who shows up bearing gifts. If he's not a double - an agent spreading disinformation - then he's uncontrollable. It was decided, however, that this walk-in's credentials were worth the gamble. 

Mr. Marwan, the excited vetters discovered, was married to a daughter of Egypt's president, Gamal Abdel Nasser. He was also President Nasser's liaison to the intelligence services. Not even 30, he was an intimate of the leaders who determined Egypt's future.

Three days after meeting with the doctor, Mr. Marwan was contacted by the Mossad as he walked through Harrods, the London department store. His operational life as a spy began.

From the start, Mr. Marwan delivered. He yielded so many top secret Egyptian documents it was as if, as one Mossad agent put it, "we had someone sleeping in Nasser's bed." Based on this trove of secrets, Israel developed what became an article of faith for the nation's political and military leaders: "the Concept." With biblical certainty, the Concept held that until (1) Egypt possessed missiles and long-range bombers and (2) the Arab states united in a genuine coalition, a new war with Israel would not take place.

Running the agent, who was given code names including "Angel," "Babylon" and most frequently "the In-Law," grew into a small industry. For face-to-face meetings with his handler and often the head of the Mossad, a safe house was purchased in London not far from the Dorchester Hotel. It was wired to record every conversation, every aside. A special team of clerks turned the tapes into transcripts for the prime minister, the army chief of staff and a handful of other top Israeli officials. Mr. Marwan received £50,000 at each meeting, but this was only a minor expense compared to the estimated $20 million spent over the first four years of Mr. Marwan's operational life. 

Israel's leaders felt this was money well spent: They knew what their enemies were thinking.

Then in April 1973, the In-Law sent a flash message to his case agent using the word "radish." This was the code for an imminent war. Zvi Zamir, the head of the Mossad, rushed from Tel Aviv to the London safe house. The In-Law revealed that on May 15, Egypt and Syria would launch a surprise attack.

Israel called up tens of thousands of reservists and deployed additional brigades and support equipment in the Sinai and the north. The alert dragged on for three months and cost $35 million. But it was a false alarm. The In-Law had been wrong.

Six months later, on Oct. 5, 1973, the In-Law sent another flash message with the code word "radish." Mr. Zamir was awoken at 2:30 a.m. with the news. The next morning, he took the first El Al flight to London.

Syria was massing tanks and missiles in the north. Egypt was conducting military maneuvers near the Suez Canal. Russia had begun evacuating families from the region. Yet that afternoon Gen. Eli Zeira, the head of Israeli military intelligence, announced at a staff meeting that a coordinated attack by Egypt and Syria was "low probability - even lower than low."

Only before midnight, London time, the In-Law appeared at the safe house. He spoke to Mr. Zamir for less than an hour and then left.

Mr. Zamir phoned an aide at 3:40 a.m. on the morning of Yom Kippur, the holiest day on the Jewish religious calendar. The Egyptians and Syrians, he said, will attack simultaneously on both fronts at sunset.

At an Israeli cabinet meeting that morning, the In-Law's warning was not considered persuasive. The last time he had promised war would break out, nothing happened except the expenditure of $35 million. Moshe Dayan, the minister of defense, lectured the army chief of staff, "On the basis of messages from Zvika you do not mobilize a whole army." 

Nevertheless, it was decided that at 4 p.m. - two hours before the In-Law said the attack would be launched - armored brigades would move into position along the Suez Canal. Until then, there would be only three tanks in position to hold off any invasion.

At 2 p.m., the Arab armies went to war. Egypt crossed the Suez Canal in the south and Syrian tanks charged from the north. Their armies overwhelmed the surprised and unprepared enemy. After three days of fighting, General Dayan worried openly about the "destruction of the third Temple," the state of Israel. Prime Minister Golda Meir was given a bottle of suicide pills; she preferred to die rather than witness the destruction of the Jewish state. 

Israel's outnumbered forces fought back and recovered their key positions. After being rearmed by airlifts of weapons and supplies from the United States, they attacked. Before the month's end, Israel won the war.

Still, the Yom Kippur War was an Israeli intelligence disaster. Decades later, the Mossad and military intelligence continued to argue over who was to blame. General Zeira, who lost both his job as head of military intelligence and a good deal of his reputation, spent years sifting through the events leading up to the attacks. 

He wondered: Who had spread the false Concept? Who had "cried wolf" in May 1973 and persuaded Israel to call up its reserves? Who had been wrong about the time of the invasion? The answer, General Zeira was certain, was that Israel had been deliberately and artfully misled. From the start, the In-Law had been a double agent.

The Mossad formed a special committee to examine the In-Law's role. Its conclusion: Mr. Marwan was not a double.

But General Zeira was unconvinced. He began to talk to journalists about his theory. I was one of those he spoke to. He never told me the spy's name, but he pointed me in a direction that made it easy - less than a half hour of searching the Internet - for me to deduce his identity. I used Mr. Marwan's name in a 2003 book about the Yom Kippur War. 

Not long after its publication, Zvi Zamir called General Zeira a "traitor" for divulging Mr. Marwan's identity. Mr. Zamir petitioned the attorney general for an investigation. But there was no official inquiry, and General Zeira sued for slander. Last month, an Israeli Supreme Court justice ruled in arbitration that General Zeira had in fact revealed Mr. Marwan's identity.

Now with his unexplained death, the many enigmas of Ashraf Marwan's complex life have grown even murkier. In Egypt, Gamal Mubarak, the president's son and possible successor, and Omar Suleiman, the head of the Egyptian intelligence service, attended Mr. Marwan's funeral. Sheik Mohammad Seyed Tantawi, Egypt's highest-ranking imam, led the prayers over the coffin, covered with an Egyptian flag. On the following day, in response to reporters' questions, President Hosni Mubarak called Mr. Marwan "a patriot," according to Egypt's official Middle East News Agency. "He carried out patriotic acts which it is not yet time to reveal," the president added.

In Israel, an angry Mr. Zamir told the newspaper Haaretz, "I have no doubt that reports published about him in Israel caused his death." The former Mossad chief again called on the attorney general to indict General Zeira.

In London, Mr. Marwan's sister was described as saying she saw him in good spirits only hours before his death. But another unidentified friend said Mr. Marwan, in declining health, lost his balance and fell. And there were reports that he made many enemies through his activities in selling armaments. A coroner's inquest is expected to announce its findings in mid-August. 

And now I am reminded of my last telephone conversation with Ashraf Marwan.

"Are you afraid?" I asked.

"Why should I be afraid?" he replied. "I was a soldier." 

Mr. Marwan promised to reveal more about which country he was fighting for when we were to appear together on a news program in the United States. But two days before the taping, he called to tell me he would not speak in public until he had finished a book about the war. 

I never heard from him again. Now Scotland Yard - and, I suspect, other agencies - is trying to find the manuscript he said was writing at the time of his death.

Howard Blum, a contributing editor at Vanity Fair, is the author of "The Eve of Destruction: The Untold Story of the Yom Kippur War."  [Blum/NewYorkTimes/13July2007]

Limping Lady Begins Spy Career in Early 1940's. Perhaps one of the most spectacular stories of unprecedented bravery and commitment to the defeat of the Axis threesome of Germany, Japan and Italy in World War II is the story of Virginia Hall. Ms. Hall began life most unspectacularly in Baltimore, Md., April 6, 1906, as the youngest daughter of Edwin Lee Hall. She attended Radcliffe and later Bernard College from 1924 to 1926. When not pursuing her academic interests in foreign languages (French, Italian and German), she picked up free movie tickets for herself and friends from her father who owned several movie theaters in Baltimore. Virginia soon tired of the social clime in Baltimore and looked around for something more exciting. 

In 1931, Virginia began what she thought would become a life-long career in international relations. She took a clerk's position with the American Embassy in Warsaw at a salary of $2,500 per year. Over the next few years she would serve in Tallinn, Estonia; Vienna, Austria and Izmir, Turkey. At Izmir she would suffer an unfortunate accident that would impact her life and career significantly. While hunting, her shotgun slipped from her grasp. When she grabbed for it, the gun discharged and pellets struck her foot. By the time medical help arrived, gangrene had already developed. The surgeon amputated her leg to save her life. She was fitted with an artificial limb that she in later years would call 'Cuthbert'. Her future friends in the French underground would refer to her as 'la dame qui boite' or 'The Limping Lady'. 

The accident ended Virginia's plans for a long career with the State Department. Not only did the State Department personnel chiefs have a closed mind about women in the career service but there also existed a regulation that disallowed employment of anyone with "any amputation of a portion of a limb." Displeased with the response she received from the U.S. State Department, Virginia resigned her clerk's position in May 1939. When war broke out later that year she was in Paris and joined the French Ambulance Service Unit as a private second class. The fall of France in June 1940 prompted her to flee to England. It was here, while working as a code clerk for the military attaché in the U.S. Embassy, she was recruited by British Special Operations Executive.

The British SOE opened Hall's eyes to a very different world. The organization had been created by the British government on July 16, 1940, to undertake sabotage, subversion and the formation of secret military forces in German occupied Europe. It would essentially function as an intelligence gathering agency first and foremost but in the words of Winston Churchill, he wanted it "to set Europe ablaze." As a new SOE recruit, Virginia received training in weaponry, communications and security. Because of her fluency in French, Hall's first assignment saw her setting up resistance networks in Vichy, France, beginning in August 1941. Her cover was that of being a reporter for the New York Post. In Vichy, Hall sent in her reports freely without interruptions from the government headed by General Henri Pétain, France's World War I hero. She described Vichy as a small town increasingly beset with shortages and deteriorating living conditions including the absence of butter and milk. By early 1942 her reports indicated that people were near starvation which curiously occurred simultaneously with the tightening of German control. 

In early 1942, she relocated to Lyons and began espionage work out of an apartment. Here she established contact with the French underground and began assisting in the return to England of downed American aircrews and escaped prisoners. While doing this Hall continued to write stories but when America entered the war she became an enemy alien and then had to conduct business clandestinely from bistros and restaurants, being constantly vigilant to avoid Vichy and Gestapo officers. The aftermath of the invasion of North Africa in November 1942 brought a torrent of German troops into Vichy. Their sudden presence forced Hall to leave the country. She crossed the Pyrénées mountains in the dead of winter on foot with help from a Belgian Army captain, two Frenchmen and a Spanish guide. Following a brief incarceration in the border town of San Juan de Las Abadesas by Spanish authorities, she was soon released at the behest of the American consul and after a brief rest resumed her career as a spy.

After what she called a dulling few months in Madrid operating under the cover of being a reporter for the Chicago Times, Hall asked SOE to transfer her back to France where she could be more help in the war effort. She was sent back to England where she received training as a wireless operator. Once trained she was moved to the American Office of Strategic Services headed by the "Wild Bill" Donovan. Hall, soon to operate under the code name of Diane, began her second tour as a spy in France and joined the resistance in the Haute-Loire region of central France. Here she worked in setting up sabotage and guerrilla groups and then supplying them with money, arms and rations. For several weeks before D-Day, Hall and her accomplices relocated frequently to avoid being pinpointed by Nazi radio direction finders. In early May 1944, she operated from the attic of a home owned by Col. Fernand Vessereaux, head of the local police and once chief of protocol in Edouard Deladier's cabinet. From there she donned a disguise as a peasant. To hide her bad leg, she wore heavy woolen clothes and added filler to her skirts and dresses to make her look much larger than she really was. In this garb and disguise, she herded her goats up and down the roads near the village of Chambon-sur-Lignon and very carefully reported on German Army activities and troop movements.

Hall would relate years later that her life in Haute-Loire was very difficult. She had to be constantly on the alert for the Gestapo who was intent on capturing the lady with a limp. Indeed, the Gestapo hierarchy regarded her as the most dangerous allied agent in France. Despite this, she maintained regular contact with London and was the first to report that the German General Staff had relocated their headquarters from Lyons to Le Puy, about 100 kilometers north of Marseilles. On August 15, 1944, as part of Operation Anvil, French troops landed at their country's Mediterranean cities of Marseilles, Saint Tropez and Saint Raphaël. At this juncture, an American and a French officer and an American radio operator strengthened Hall's operation. Working under the code name Jedburgh, the team began organizing, training and arming three battalions of Forces Francaises d' Interieur that later took part in eminently successful sabotage operations against the retreating Germans. Hall and her team provided daily intelligence reports as the battle lines changed almost every day as the German Army retreated back to their homeland. The team became particularly adept at destroying enemy communication lines.

Hall, never trained in guerrilla warfare because of her physical condition, became a superb manager. In the final days of the German occupation of France, her teams destroyed four bridges, derailed several freight trains headed for Germany, downed key telephone lines, killed more than 150 enemy soldiers and took more than 500 prisoners. The German retreat was anything but smooth and without incident thanks to Hall's groups and others like them. Hall's career in World War II ended with a last assignment to Innsbruck, Austria. For her protection, her code name was changed to Camille. For her cover she became Anna Muller, a German subject born in Turkey. The assignment was to focus on the discovery of last-ditch Nazi efforts to resist allied forces. The collapse of the German forces, however, caused the cancellation of the mission.

At the conclusion of the war, Col. J. Russell Forgan, the OSS commanding officer in the European theater of operations, nominated Hall for the Distinguished Service Cross, the army's highest military medal after the Medal of Honor. Hall picked up her citation quietly and according to one observer, did not seem to be impressed she had been awarded such a high honor. After all, she had just done her job. Hall's citation, however, quickly made it to OSS chief Bill Donovan's desk in Washington. On May 12, 1945, he sent a memo to President Truman recommending he present the award. Hall declined on the grounds that she was still employed and active in intelligence work. President Truman acceded to her wishes and Bill Donovan presented her the medal in a private ceremony in his office.

In 1951, a 45 year-old Hall started work for the CIA in Washington. She began her CIA career as part of the Office of Policy Coordination and became an intelligence analyst on French paramilitary affairs. One year later she became one of the first women operations officers in the new Office of the Deputy Director of Plans. In this capacity she prepared political action projects, interviewed exiles, and planned resistance and sabotage nets to be used against the Soviet Union in the event of war with that country. Hall accepted several overseas assignments with the CIA but spent the last years of her career as a GS-14 in Washington, D.C. At the mandatory retirement age of 60, she turned in her agency badge in 1966 and found new passions in gardening and French poodles.

Toward the end of her life Hall had to deal with bad health. She died in 1982 at the Shady Grove Adventist Hospital in Rockville, Md. The Baltimore Sun reported that the simple funeral services contrasted remarkably with the drama of her earlier life during World War II when life from one day to the next often hung in the balance. Regarded as one of the true heroines of the war, Virginia Hall, or The Limping Lady, rests today in the Druid Ridge Cemetery in Pikesville, Md., not far from her birthplace. [Casey/HQAIA


Section III - BOOK PREVIEWS, OBITUARIES, AND COMING EVENTS

Book Previews  

Terror In Black September: The First Eyewitness Account of the Infamous 1970 Hijackings.
By David Raab. Publication Date: September 2007.

Description: On Sunday, September 6, 1970, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) hijacked four airliners bound from Europe for New York. One, a brand new Pan Am 747, was taken to Cairo and blown up only seconds after its passengers escaped. The attempt to hijack a second plane, an El Al flight, was foiled and the plane landed safely in the UK. Two other planes, one TWA and one Swissair, were directed to the desert floor thirty-five miles northeast of Amman, Jordan, where a twenty-five day hostage drama began. With the additional hijacking of a British airliner, over four hundred and fifty hostages had landed in the Jordanian desert. David Raab was on the TWA flight with his mother and siblings but was separated from them and taken to a refugee camp and then to an apartment in Amman where he was held hostage through a civil war. This is his story.  [Palgrave Macmillan]

Obituaries  

Former Defense Official Robert S. Cooper, 75. Robert S. Cooper, 75, former assistant secretary of defense and director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) during the Reagan administration's Star Wars initiative, died of prostate cancer July 2 at his home in Easton, Md.

Dr. Cooper led DARPA from 1981 to 1985, testifying repeatedly before Congress on such matters as the Stealth bomber and supercomputers. His job put him in the middle of some of the most contentious political battles of the period, particularly the Reagan administration's Strategic Defense Initiative, popularly known as Star Wars, a ground- and space-based plan to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. While politicians and military officials argued about whether a missile defense shield was realistic and whether offensive weapons in space violated international treaties, Dr. Cooper walked a fine line. The Pentagon's director of space-weapons research spun out complex details of how such a defense system would work, but Dr. Cooper testified that no design yet existed for individual directed-energy weapons, such as lasers, or a network of such weapons in orbit around the Earth. "We are talking about technology that is not mature," Dr. Cooper said. Critics of Star Wars, he said, were focusing on something that "may happen in the future" and were failing to pay attention to the increasing number of military support systems that the Soviet Union and the United States planned to launch in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Those who wanted to preserve space as a sanctuary from the Cold War were being "unrealistic and not helpful" in the current debate, he told The Washington Post in 1985. He also told Congress, in an open hearing, about a potential military mission planned for the space shuttle, in which the shuttle would carry advanced radar, infrared and ocean surveillance satellites, some of which could detect nuclear explosions and test new technologies for tracking missiles and other objects in space. When The Post published an article about it months later, then-Defense Secretary Caspar W. Weinberger accused the newspaper of "the height of journalistic irresponsibility" and said it might have given "aid and comfort to the enemy" by publishing a report about the space shuttle's mission. The "Teal Ruby experiment," a space-based project to evaluate infrared surveillance for the detection of aircraft targets against the Earth's clutter background, was never launched. Dr. Cooper later called it "a disaster" for its cost overruns and missed deadlines.

One of his sons described him as "an engineer's engineer" who was more interested in solutions than in toeing a political line. Dr. Cooper called the DARPA job "the best R&D position in the world."

His willingness to speak in forthright terms about government projects continued after he left the federal government. Dr. Cooper criticized the investigation of the space shuttle Challenger disaster in 1986, saying: "They're running it like a lawyer would run it. They're looking for a smoking gun." He also objected to a Federal Aviation Administration contract with IBM to build a new air traffic control system. "They had a key to the U.S. mint," he said. "The cost of the program was going up at the same rate as expenditures, and no progress was being made. It was just a way of funneling money through IBM Federal Systems and raking off whatever the percentage was."

After leaving government work, Dr. Cooper founded and ran Atlantic Aerospace Electronics Corp., which was bought by Titan Corp. in 1999. He continued as its president and director until his 2005 retirement. He was also a board member of Trimble Navigation Ltd. in Sunnyvale, Calif., and BAE Systems of Rockville.

He taught at MIT for nine years and then joined the Defense Department. In 1975, he became director of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, a position he held until 1979, when he left to start his company.

Dr. Cooper enjoyed renovating Capitol Hill townhouses, skippering sailboats, piloting small aircraft, skiing and playing tennis, as well as other outdoor sports.

Survivors include his wife, Benita Cooper of Easton; two sons from his first marriage, Jonathan Cooper of Ashburn and James Cooper of Lexington, Mass.; a sister; and five grandchildren. [Sullivan/WashingtonPost/10July2007]


Coming Events

18 July 2007 - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts luncheon event jointly with the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation.  The Defense Intelligence Forum meets at the Alpine Restaurant, 4770 Lee Highway, Arlington, VA 22207 with a social hour starting at 1130, lunch at 1215, program at 1300, to hear Allen Keiswetter will speak on Islam in the Contemporary World. His talk will include Mouhammad as a feminist, the compatibility of Islam and democracy, and the differences between Shia and Sunni. Mr. Keiswetter teaches courses on Islam and the Middle East at the National Defense Intelligence College. He is also an Adjunct Scholar at the Middle East Institute under whose auspices he has given more than 100 TV and radio interviews. In 2003, he retired as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Near East Bureau after 36 years in the US Foreign Service. The luncheon is sponsored jointly by the Defense Intelligence Alumni Association and the National Defense Intelligence College Foundation. To encourage candor, the forum does not allow media, notes, recordings, or attribution. RSVP by 13 July by reply email or telephone DIAA at 571-426-0098 for further information or email them at diaalumni@comcast.net

19 July 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on MASINT at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club. MASINT is the topic at the luncheon meeting of the at AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter. Event is held at the Falcon Room, Air Force Academy Officers Club. Col. John Gonzales, USAF will speak to on MASINT which is a new and little known part of intelligence. Cost $10.00 for each lunch buffet. Inquiries to Dick Durham. Treasurer of the Chapter at Riverwear53@aol.com

 20 - 21 July 2007 - Northampton, MA - AFIO New England holds their summer weekend event at the Hotel Northampton, Northampton, Massachusetts. A full description of services as well as directions to the hotel, are available on-line at http://www.hotelnorthampton.com Please mention AFIO/NE when making reservations. The student speaker will be David Lim. Their main speaker will be Jeff Beaty, former member of the Delta Force, the CIA & the FBI. The program will begin with a Friday evening complimentary wine and cheese social at the Hotel Northampton starting at 6:00 PM. This get-together is a wonderful opportunity to renew friendships, as well as make new ones in a relaxed informal setting. We anticipate that our speakers will join us at the social. This may be followed by a no-host dinner at local area restaurants. Our Saturday schedule is as follows 9:00 - 10:45 a.m. Meeting Registration, 11:00 - 11:20 a.m. First Speaker, 12:00 - 1:15 p.m. Luncheon, 1:15 - 2:15 p.m. Keynote Speaker, 2:30 p.m. Adjournment. For additional information contact afionechapter@gmail.com

24 July 2007 - Crystal City, VA - PLA Naval Attaché to give luncheon presentationThe Naval Attaché for PLA Navy will give a luncheon presentation to the Surface Navy Association Greater Washington Chapter (GWC) on Tuesday 24 July at Hyatt Regency Crystal City Hotel. See https://www.navysna.org/Events/GWCLunch/June82007GWCLUNCHEON.asp  for further details.  

24 July 2007 - Washington, DC - Scott Carmichael to speak at the International Spy Museum Program.  Known to her coworkers as the Queen of Cuba, Ana Montes, the intelligence community's top Cuban analyst, appeared to be a model employee of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). However, throughout her 16-year career at the DIA, Montes sent Castro some of America's most closely guarded secrets, and used her position to influence what the U.S. thought about the island nation. Join Scott W. Carmichael, the DIA's senior counterintelligence investigator, for this inside account of the effort to bring Montes to justice. Carmichael's new book, True Believer: Inside the Investigation and Capture of Ana Montes, Cuba's Master Spy , reveals how he grew suspicious of her activities and the long and ultimately successful spy hunt which ended less than 24 hours before Montes would have learned details of the U.S plan to invade Afghanistan post September 11.  Tickets: $20.  Members of The Spy Ring®: $16.  For ticket information: http://www.spymuseum.org/programs/calendar_pages/2007_07_24_prog.php

 4 August 2007 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter meets at the Indian River Colony Club  The Chapter August luncheon will be held at the Indian River Colony Club (IRCC). A cash bar will open at 1130 hours and lunch will begin at 1230 hours. Speaker details and reservation information is forthcoming. For additional information please contact George Stephenson, Chapter Vice President at gstephenson@cfl.rr.com and title your email: AFIO August Meeting

25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting.  25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting featuring Capt Cannady, LTC Woodard, and Maj. Krueger. An outstanding program is planned with speakers from McChord AFB and the Washington National Guard. Captain Matthew Cannady is the Intelligence Officer assigned to the Western Air Defense Sector (WADS) at McChord. He will provide an in-depth briefing on the workings of the Air Defense system on the West Coast. Lt. Colonel Timothy Woodard the J2 of the Washington National Guard and Major Bill Krueger will provide a detailed briefing on the recently created 194th Intelligence Squadron. The cost of the meeting will be $25 which includes a breakfast buffet. Time: 09:30am - 1:30pm. Where: South View Lounge at the Museum of Flight. The meeting is open to anyone interested in national intelligence whether they are a member or not. The chapter welcomes family, friends and associates to attend. SPECIAL OFFER: A gracious corporate donor has agreed to pay $5 for each of the first 10 people who send their CHECKs to arrive with Fran Dyer prior to July 16. The first 10 people who meet these conditions will receive a $5 refund at the meeting. Please mail your checks, payable to AFIO PNW Chapter, to: AFIO PNW Chapter, 4616 25th Ave NE Suite 495, Seattle, WA 98105. Please RSVP Fran Dyer at: FD@CromwellGroup.us.

27 - 29 August 2007 - New Orleans, LA - SYNERGY '07 - Conference and Expo - Advancing an Integrated Defense Intelligence Enterprise. Co-sponsored by: The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (USD/I). The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, (USD/I), headed by Lt Gen James R. Clapper, Jr.,, USAF(Ret) is co-sponsoring with Government Emerging Technology Alliance (GETA) this Synergy ‘07 New Orleans, LA. Synergy '07 will strive to bring DoD Operations and Intelligence Community representatives together for open dialog with the objective of fostering better collaboration between decision makers and members of the war-fighting, requirements, collections, analytics and vendor communities. The conference, chaired by Brigadier General Billy J. Bingham (USAF, ret), a former Assistant Deputy Director for Operations and Deputy Chief, Central Security Service at Fort George G. Meade, and Director of Intelligence (J2) U.S. Pacific Command, will focus on past operational successes as a means of addressing the impediments and challenges that the various components face in providing quality support to U.S. warfighters during peace, crisis and wartime. "What we are hoping to do is build a confederation of communities, including, to the extent possible, our coalition partners that will increase the effectiveness of DoD operations and provide upgraded support from the ISR community to our boots on the ground warfighters," said Jim Riggins, NCSI's Executive Director of Intelligence Community Programs and Initiatives. More about the conference can be found at  http://www.ncsi.com/synergy07/index.shtml

6 September 2007 - Front Royal, VA - Tony Sesow Golf Classic.  The Naval Intelligence Foundation hosts its annual "Tony Sesow Golf Classic" fund-raising tournament at the Shenandoah Valley Golf Course. The tournament starts at 0800 with registration, followed by a light breakfast and concludes with lunch and refreshments. Lucky draw and all skill prizes will be awarded. The cost is $80.00 for an individual, $300.00 for a team and sponsorship is available for $400.00 (team included). Each Closest-to-the Pin winner will automatically be entered into the Jetblue shoot-out for $50,000 which will take place directly after the tournament. For sponsorship and additional information, please contact Peter Buchan at (540) 671-4435 or pibuchan@comcast.net.

 


For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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