AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes

AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #30-07 dated 6 August 2007

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE   

Section III - ANNOUNCEMENTS, JOB VACANCIES, RESEARCH REQUESTS, OBITUARIES, AND COMING EVENTS

Announcements

Job Vacancies

Research Requests

Obituaries

Coming Events

Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY:

  For Additional Events two+ months or more....view our online Calendar of Events  


Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

House Approves Foreign Wiretap Bill. The House voted to expand the government's abilities to eavesdrop without warrants on foreign suspects whose communications pass through the United States. The 227-183 vote, which followed the Senate's approval Friday, sends the bill to President Bush for his signature. 

The administration said the measure is needed to speed the National Security Agency's ability to intercept phone calls, e-mails and other communications involving foreign nationals "reasonably believed to be outside the United States." Civil liberties groups and many Democrats said it goes too far, possibly enabling the government to wiretap U.S. residents communicating with overseas parties without adequate oversight from courts or Congress.

The bill updates the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, known as FISA. It gives the government leeway to intercept, without warrants, communications between foreigners that are routed through equipment in United States, provided that "foreign intelligence information" is at stake. Bush describes the effort as an anti-terrorist program, but the bill is not limited to terror suspects and could have wider applications, some lawmakers said.

Congressional Democrats won a few concessions in negotiations earlier in the week. New wiretaps must be approved by the director of national intelligence and the attorney general, not just the attorney general. The new law also will expire in six months unless Congress renews it. The administration wanted the changes to be permanent. Many congressional Democrats wanted tighter restrictions on government surveillance, but yielded in the face of Bush's veto threats and the impending August recess. [Boddington/Forbes/4August2007]

DOD Takes Aim At Jihadist Web Sites. Pentagon officials may be mum publicly about efforts to halt the spread of jihadist Web sites, but military and other intelligence agency officials say privately they are trying to limit the online recruiting and information dissemination efforts of militant Islamist groups. Web sites aimed at attracting new generations of Islamic militants have multiplied steadily in recent years, and their number is now estimated to be in the thousands. Although tech-savvy extremists are known to attack Western computer networks through hacking and other means, many experts consider the silent spread of easy-to-set-up anti-American propaganda Web sites more dangerous because the military finds it difficult to stop. Information about concerted efforts by the Pentagon or other government agencies to fight the spread of Islamic anti-Western propaganda sites is difficult to obtain because most activities fall into the realm of secret intelligence operations.

Maj. Gen. Jeffrey Sorenson, the incoming Army chief information officer, said the CIO's office is only marginally involved in fighting Islamic extremist propaganda Web sites. He said others in the government, such as the Army's intelligence branch and the National Security Agency, take a more active role.

Naval Postgraduate School professor John Arquilla, an adviser to the Pentagon on information operations and electronic warfare, would speak only in general terms about the military's activities. According to the school's Web site, Arquilla is working for Deputy Defense Secretary Gordon England on a classified study of deception operations against terrorist networks. Arquilla said he works toward two goals: discovering methods to exploit the widespread Internet use among militants Islamists and finding ways to deter extremists from using the Web if their activities in cyberspace cannot be exploited. [Sprenger/FederalComputerWeek/23July2007] 

Service Pushes HUMINT To Forefront. After years of taking a backseat to high-tech intelligence efforts, Human Intelligence, the skill of gathering information by talking with people, is getting new life in the Air Force. The Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency aims to stand up a detachment dedicated to what specialists in the field call "human intelligence" - HUMINT for short. Whereas intel airmen working in Iraq mingle with the local population to collect information on immediate threats to U.S. forces, this initiative is designed to boost the Air Force's understanding of big-picture issues.

Imagine what an Air Force pilot could learn by questioning a fellow flier who defects from Iran, for example, or China. "The excitement is starting to build up that we are going to make this happen," Maj. Gen. Craig Koziol, commander of the Air Force ISR Agency, told Air Force Times on July 19. The first step, taken earlier this year, was standing up a small cadre of airmen with scientific and technical backgrounds, Koziol said.

If Air Force leadership approves, the detachment will have a staff of 36 to 40 people by the end of 2008. Koziol, a career intel officer, sees the unit eventually expanding to a squadron, with operating locations across the world. At that size, there would be squadron and flight command opportunities for airmen pursing a HUMINT career. "The challenge ... is finding the right people," Koziol said. "We're not going to be taking people right out of technical school. Human intelligence requires people who have a breadth of experience already under their belt." If unit members do not have an intelligence background, they could get specialized training on intelligence gathering, the general said. A fully qualified human intelligence airman will know what to look for and what to ask.

The unit looks to draw experienced airmen from across a wide range of skills, not just intelligence analysts, Koziol said. Aerospace engineers are needed to talk with aircraft designers. Pilots would speak with aviators. Computer engineers would interview computer systems managers about cyberspace capabilities. [Rolfsen/AirForceTimes/6August2007]

Need For Linguists Stymied By Cold War Procedures. Mike McConnell, the nation's top intelligence officer, said last month his agencies need more linguists but are stymied by Cold War rules. Agencies, he said, still discriminate against applicants who have family abroad. The NSA has an especially critical need for linguists since it intercepts huge volumes of phone calls and e-mails in Arabic, Farsi and other Middle Eastern languages. NSA spokeswoman Andrea Martino said the NSA receives 6,000 resumes a year. Those not hired, but who seem qualified, are passed along to other intelligence agencies. To overcome the difficulty of requiring hired linguists to move, the agency allows some to work at the 4-year-old National Virtual Translation Center in Washington. The center, Martino said, "allows qualified language analysts to stay close to home and to support their nation virtually." The spokeswoman added that "it can be challenging to hire individuals with ties in foreign countries. Not impossible, but challenging." Intelligence experts say the fear is that an employee can be coerced into becoming a spy because of threats to family members abroad. [Scarborough/WashingtonExaminer/30Jul2007] 

Italian Organized Crime Called 'Dangerous, Pervasive.' Organized-crime groups in Italy are a "dangerous and pervasive'' priority of the security services, as Mafia-type groups from eastern Europe infiltrate the country's economy, the Italian spy agency said. 

"Organized crime still represents a major threat,'' said a report published today in Rome by Cesis, the country's central spy agency. "The web of corruption, intimidation, public mismanagement, violence and 'omerta' - which in all likelihood is behind the recent 'garbage emergency' in Naples - is but a part of a more threatening criminal globalization.'' Omerta is a code of silence. 

Local officials in Naples and its suburbs are struggling to cope with months of uncollected garbage on the streets. Yesterday, the Sicilian Mafia burned to the ground a hardware and paint store that refused to pay extortion in the city of Palermo, and there have been a spate of murders in Sicily tied to an internal power struggle after Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano was captured last year. 

Russian and Ukrainian criminal groups are targeting Italy's tourism industry and real estate as part of "unrelenting attempts by international organized crime to penetrate the national and now globalized economic system,'' Cesis said. 

The report, which summarizes the security risks encountered during the first half of the year, also underlined the threat of Islamic terrorism in Italy. 

Separately, a Senate committee today approved a law aimed at strengthening oversight of Italy's secret services, especially by the prime minister's office, and streamlining the command structure. It's the first change to the law governing the spy agencies since 1977. [Scherer/Bloomberg/1August2007] 

Mossad Vet Recalls Ethiopian Exodus. A retired Israeli spy has published a memoir on his role in rescuing Ethiopian Jewish refugees. Gad Shimron's "Mossad Exodus," just out in English, tells of how thousands of Jews who had fled their native Ethiopia to neighboring Sudan were secretly spirited to Israel by sea and air between 1982 and 1984. The mission, codenamed Brothers, would be followed by Operation Moses and Operation Solomon, in which some 22,000 Ethiopian Jews were airlifted to their ancestral homeland.

In his memoir Shimron describes how as a young Mossad field operative he traveled to Sudan - a Muslim state deeply hostile to Israel - posing as a European tourism entrepreneur. He and his team refurbished a diving resort, using it as a beachhead from which to transport Ethiopian Jews from their Sudanese refugee camps to Israeli naval craft. "The feeling is that Sudan was one of our finest hours, the enlistment of an entire defense establishment for a truly altruistic purpose," Shimron, now 57, told Reuters. "We're the only Westernized country to have brought out Africans in order to liberate rather than enslave them." [JTA/2August2007] 

If Budgets Tighten, NGA Will Guard R&D Spending. With many in Washington predicting U.S. defense spending will soon flatten, the director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) says his organization must resist slashing funds from research-and-development efforts. When budgets get tight, "there's a temptation, for any organization, to [cut] R&D," said Rear Adm. Robert Murrett, NGA director. 

Agency officials have "fenced off" 5 percent of its overall budget for such efforts, a trend Murrett pledged to continue even if annual defense spending levels off - or plummets - in the next few years.

Some defense analysts and former government officials continue to forecast the end of the Pentagon's recent weapon-buying binge. Most see annual defense spending slightly tapering off starting with the 2009 budget; others, however, are forecasting a dramatic drop in Pentagon spending. They all agree that overall defense spending will fall drastically following the end of the Iraq war.

Though Murrett declined to describe how his agency is preparing for possible tighter budgets, he stressed it will be key for NGA to maintain its practice of "fencing" 5 percent of its annual budget for developmental efforts. [Bennett/Defensenews/30July2007]

U.S. Spy Satellite Declared Loss, To Drop From Orbit. The National Reconnaissance Office has deemed an experimental U.S. spy satellite a total loss and will allow it to slowly drop from orbit and burn up in the atmosphere, two defense officials told Reuters this week. The classified L-21, built by Lockheed Martin Corp at a cost of hundreds of millions of dollars, was launched on December 14 but has been out of touch since reaching its low-earth orbit, put by satellite watchers at about 220 miles above the earth. It will now gradually fall out of orbit over the coming decades, said the officials, who asked not to be named. At some later date, it will burn up as it enters the earth's atmosphere, posing no danger to people below, they said.

The two officials declined to identify what exactly the experimental Lockheed satellite was meant to test, but said its failure was troubling, given that other countries were rapidly plowing ahead with development and launch of new capabilities, especially in the area of synthetic aperture radars. Synthetic aperture radars offer high-resolution and can pierce darkness and thick clouds to identify targets, even peering below the surface of the ground or peeking into foliage that might obstruct the view of photo-based sensors.

The failure of the L-21 comes amid a spate of issues with other NRO and military satellites, and as the Pentagon tries to rein in runaway costs and schedule delays on space programs. NRO Director Donald Kerr, nominated to be principal deputy director of national intelligence, told the Senate Intelligence Committee on Wednesday that he recommended ending two multibillion-dollar classified intelligence programs because they could not be successfully completed.

Separately, two U.S. military satellites used to monitor ship movements failed to reach their correct orbit when they were launched several months ago aboard an Atlas V rocket. Officials are now trying to "nudge" the satellites into the correct orbit by using small amounts of the fuel onboard, but the effort is still ongoing, one defense official said. [Shalal-Esa/Sciam/3August2007]

Chinese Pleads Guilty to Espionage. A Chinese-Canadian engineer in California pleaded guilty to stealing military training software and trying to sell it to the Chinese Navy, becoming only the third person to be convicted on the rare charge of economic espionage. Xiaodong Sheldon Meng pleaded guilty in San Jose federal court to one count of economic espionage for trying to sell stolen software to China's Navy Research Center, and one count of violating US arms control regulations for illegally exporting software used to train military fighter pilots, the US Attorney's Office said.

Meng is a Chinese national with Canadian citizenship who currently lives in Cupertino, about 72 kilometers south of San Francisco. Under the terms of the plea agreement, he faces a reduced sentence of up to two years in prison and a $1.5 million fine. Sentencing was set for January 23. Meng is currently free in lieu of $500,000 bond.

Meng was indicted in December on 36 felony counts alleging he stole code for software made by his former employer, San Jose-based Quantum3D Inc, and attempting to sell it to the Royal Thai Air Force, the Royal Malaysian Air Force and the Navy Research Center in China. Authorities have declined to say whether any of the secrets were successfully sold, or if any foreign officials knew about the scheme. [AP/2August2007] 

Ex-CIA Officer Says US Must Take Action in Pakistan, but Carefully. A former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officer has urged the Bush Administration to take careful preventive action to neutralize the terrorist threat in Pakistan's volatile Waziristan area. Henry Crumpton, who served with the U.S. State Department after retiring from the CIA in 2005, has said that the right model for a Waziristan campaign is the CIA-led operation in Afghanistan, not the U.S. military invasion of Iraq. He says that teams of CIA officers and Special Forces soldiers are best suited to work with tribal leaders, providing them weapons and money to fight an al-Qaeda network that has implanted itself brutally in Waziristan through the assassination of more than 100 tribal leaders during the past six years.

Crumpton says that he proposed a detailed plan last year for the rolling up these sanctuaries, which he called the Regional Strategic Initiative. It would combine economic assistance and paramilitary operations in a broad counter-insurgency campaign. In Waziristan, it would involve U.S. and Pakistani operatives giving tribal warlords guns and money, to be sure, but they would coordinate this covert action with economic aid to help tribal leaders operate their local stone quarries more efficiently, say, or install windmills and solar panels to generate electricity for their remote mountain villages. A successful counter-insurgency program would need Pakistani support, he said.  [DailyIndia/31July2007] 

Polish MP Seeks Removal of Name from CIA Prisons Report. Polish socialist euro MP Marek Siwiec has brought court action in Poland demanding Swiss senator Dick Marty removes his name from a report about secret CIA prisons in Europe. Mr. Siwiec says that he has attempted to end the dispute in a "conciliatory" fashion, but that Mr. Monty has refused to remove his name from the report. Mr. Siwiec has, therefore, attempted to force him to remove his name through court action. Siwiec's attorney, Mariusz Paplaczyk, lodged the summons at a court in Poznan, Poland on Monday, demanding an apology from Mr. Marty and the removal of his name from the secret prisons report.

Mr. Marty's report said clandestine prisons in northeast Poland and southeast Romania were part of a "global spider's web" of detentions and illegal prisoner transfers spun by the United States and its allies after the September 11, 2001 attacks. Mr. Marty accused Poland and Romania of harboring the CIA detention centers between 2003 and 2005. He said that Mr. Siwiec, then the Polish minister of defense, along with others including former Polish president Aleksander Kwasniewski), had approved Poland's role in the secret CIA activities and detentions. [EUBusiness/30July2007] 

Pinochet-Era Intelligence Official Arrested. Chilean authorities announced the capture of former Gen. Raul Iturriaga Neumann, a former high-ranking intelligence official with the Chilean National Intelligence Directorate (DINA) during the reign of former dictator Augusto Pinochet. Neumann, who has been a fugitive since June, has been convicted for the 1974 disappearance of political activist Luis Dagoberto San Martin and sentenced to five years in prison.

Pinochet, who died last December without ever facing trial, ruled from 1973 to 1990 after staging a coup that displaced democratically elected President Salvador Allende. [Sung/PittLaw/3August2007] 


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

The Information War in the Pacific. In August 1945, the world went into a state of shock at the sheer devastating power of nuclear weapons. Over fifty years later, that shock still eclipses the fascinating story of how the Japanese nation actually came to surrender. Many Americans believe that the surrender immediately followed the use of the atomic bomb. Worse, young Japanese seem to consider the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to be isolated incidents without cause. Ignorance of the history of August 1945 may turn out to be one of the lamentable legacies of World War II. There is no question that the Allies' superior military power and determined spirit defeated Japan. But it was the Allies' communication network that provided war information directly to the Japanese people and an unprecedented response by the Emperor that pushed Japan to accept this defeat. 

The Office of War Information. The Office of War Information was responsible for using information warfare to promote distrust of Japanese military leaders, lower Japanese military and civilian morale, and encourage surrender. Information was disseminated by radio and leaflet both to the Japanese mainland and to enemy forces hidden on Allied-occupied Pacific islands. OWI was manned by civilians and supported by military liaison personnel. The communication network was complex. OWI monitored Radio Tokyo broadcasts through its offices in San Francisco, where they were summarized and relayed to Washington. Response and new copy were composed and coded in Washington, then relayed through Honolulu to OWI's printing presses and radio station on Saipan. Saipan's location, 1,200 miles southeast of Tokyo, put Japan and China within range of Allied bombers, provided a staging area for invasion of the Japanese homeland, and allowed direct transmission of radio broadcasts to the Japanese people. From Saipan, OWI bombarded Japan with radio messages through its 50,000-watt standard-wave station, Radio KSAI. The station also picked up 100,000-watt shortwave transmissions from the OWI station in Honolulu and relayed them to Japan. Japanese language broadcasts consisted of news on the status of the war, bombing warnings, and messages from Japanese prisoners of war on Saipan urging surrender. KSAI radio transmissions served many purposes: to Japan's civilian government, they were a vital source of news, received at a time when the fanaticism of the Japanese militarists denied civilian leaders access to information about the status of the war; to hidden Japanese soldiers on occupied Pacific islands, they tempted surrender by promising fair treatment as prisoners of war; and to Allied flight crews, the around-the-clock OWI radio transmissions beamed home the B-29s, saving planes and lives. 

At the same time, newspapers and leaflets in the Japanese language were printed on Saipan. From there, Air Force B-29s flying at 20,000 feet dropped 500-pound M-16 fire bomb containers converted into leaflet casings. These opened at 4,000 feet to deploy millions of leaflets, effectively covering a whole Japanese city with information. In just the last three months of formal psychological warfare, OWI produced and deployed over 63 million leaflets informing the Japanese people of the true status of the war and providing advance warning to35 cities targeted for destruction. Outside Japan, leaflets promoting the surrender of individual Japanese soldiers and civilians were dropped near cave and tunnel hideouts on islands that had been captured by the Allies.

The job of the US Office of War information was to cut through the confusion in Japan and its occupied territories, and to convince the Emperor, the politicians, and the civilians that victory was already in the hands of the Allies. 

On 26 July 1945, the heads of state of the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, meeting in Potsdam, Germany, agreed to give Japan an opportunity to end the war. Their terms called for the disarmament and abolition of the Japanese military; elimination of military influence in political forums; Allied occupation of Japan; liberation of Pacific territories gained by Japan since 1914; swift justice for war criminals; maintenance of non-military industries; establishment of freedom of speech, religion and thought; and introduction of respect for fundamental human rights. The final section demanded that the government of Japan "proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces." The alternative for Japan was "prompt and utter destruction." Immediately after the Potsdam Proclamation, OWI's station KSAI began broadcasting the surrender terms to the Japanese nation at regular intervals. OWI also printed the full text of the offer in the Japanese language and dropped over 3 million leaflets by B-29 aircraft. Thus Japanese officials learned of the Potsdam conditions a day ahead of the official communication sent through diplomatic channels. Japan's Cabinet and the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War were immediately called into joint session. They met almost continually from 26 July through 14 August. Arguments over whether, when, and under what conditions Japan should surrender continued right through the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On 27 July, after a routine meeting not attended by Japan's civilian Foreign Minister, the militarists released notification to the world's media that Japan rejected the Potsdam offer. By noon on 28 July, OWI's presses on Saipan were rolling with notices warning civilians to evacuate 35 Japanese cities scheduled to be bombed within the next few days. About 1 million leaflets fell on the targeted cities whose names appeared in Japanese writing under a picture of five airborne B-29s releasing bombs. Given the extent of the effort, it is extraordinary that many Americans are not aware that Japanese cities were warned prior to being bombed. 

At 8:15 a.m. on 6 August, the "Enola Gay" destroyed Hiroshima with a single atomic bomb. Back on Saipan, the OWI presses were turning out leaflets that revealed the special nature of Hiroshima's destruction and predicted similar fates for more Japanese cities in the absence of immediate acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam agreement. By 9 August, more than 5 million leaflets about the atom bomb had been released over major Japanese cities. The OWI radio station beamed a similar message to Japan every 15 minutes. 

Japanese officials dispatched scientists and military personnel to Hiroshima to assess damages from the atomic bomb, but they remained paralyzed by disagreement over whether to surrender. The Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, composed of four military and two civilian members, was deadlocked, unable to present the Cabinet and the Emperor with its customary unanimous decision. Military representatives maintained that any surrender agreement had to guarantee the Emperor's continued power as sovereign ruler, prevent occupation of major cities such as Tokyo, and place responsibility for disarmament and dealing with war criminals in Japan's own hands. The civilian trio opposing them viewed the Potsdam agreement as an ultimatum. In their view, the only negotiable ambiguity was the official position of the Emperor - the Potsdam agreement had applied the term "unconditional surrender" exclusively to the enemy's armed forces. It took an unprecedented action by the Emperor, and the extraordinary effort of OWI to publicize his action, to break the Japanese military-civilian deadlock. 

Half an hour after the 9 August Cabinet meeting ended, Premier Suzuki Kantaro and Foreign Minister Tg Shigenori called members of the Cabinet and the Supreme Council, and Baron Kiichiro Hiranuma, President of Japan's Privy Council, into an Imperial Conference. For several hours in a hot, airless bomb shelter, the Emperor listened to the opposing arguments. His political role usually consisted of passively endorsing Cabinet decisions. But at 2:00 a.m. on the morning of 10 August, in a deeply moving speech, Japan's Emperor Hirohito called upon the power of his moral and spiritual leadership and directed that Japan should accept the terms of the Potsdam agreement, but with the stipulation that the Emperor remain the sovereign ruler of the country. By 7:00 a.m., the Foreign Minister had dispatched an announcement of the decision to the United States and China through Japan's Minister Shunichi Kase in Switzerland, and to Great Britain and the USSR through Minister Suemasa Okamoto in Sweden. 

Washington hotly debated Japan's request for modification of the Potsdam accord. One side was convinced that acceding to Japan's proviso would inspire prolonged fighting; the other side held that assuring the Emperor's continued status as head of state would strengthen post-war reformation. In the end, Secretary of State Byrnes prevailed and prepared the Allied nations' reply, stipulating that the Emperor could remain as a sovereign ruler, but that "from the moment of surrender, the authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the state shall be subject to the Supreme Commander of the Allied powers." With the concurrence of the United Kingdom, China, Australia and, ultimately, the USSR, the reply was forwarded to Japan through Switzerland.

OWI now played its most dramatic role. Japanese prisoners helped turn out leaflets and newspapers on OWI's presses on Saipan. Technically, Japan had not yet surrendered. The war was not yet over. President Truman had ordered the continuation of Allied bombing runs over Japanese military installations. The people of Japan knew nothing of their government's plan to surrender. Radio Tokyo still exhorted all Japanese to prepare defenses against an enemy invasion. In a race to save the lives of soldiers still fighting, the Allies' acceptance of Japan's modification of the Potsdam surrender terms was radioed to OWI in Honolulu and Saipan at the same time that it was forwarded to Switzerland. The US War Department sent an urgent dispatch ordering OWI to inform the Japanese people directly, by leaflet and radio, that their government had offered to surrender and that the Allies had accepted the offer. The order, which originated from the White House, threw OWI personnel into high gear. The text for the message was prepared in Washington and dictated by telephone to Honolulu, where it was transcribed, translated into Japanese, lettered, and transmitted to Saipan by "radiophoto" within two hours. The 17 members of the OWI staff on Saipan were challenged to a previously unmatched degree. By mid-night on 11 August, less than 48 hours after Japan's message was received in Washington, three-quarters of a million leaflets giving notification of the surrender offer had been printed on OWI's three Webendorfer highspeed presses running continually. By the next afternoon, production of OWI leaflet #2117 totaled well over 5 million copies. OWI did not have to work alone in this important effort. Saipan's naval base designated two 15-member Navy crews to pack the leaflets into bomb casings for delivery. All bombing of Japan ceased while the Air Force loaded the leaflets onto the B-29s of its 73rd Wing. Even Japanese prisoners of war on Saipan volunteered. 

On 12 August, aircraft runs departed Saipan delivering to the people of Japan the news of their government's surrender offer. The 4" x 5" leaflets rained down by the millions, telling the Japanese people: These American planes are not dropping bombs on you today. American planes are dropping these leaflets instead because the Japanese Government has offered to surrender, and every Japanese has a right to know the terms of that offer and the reply made to it by the United States Government on behalf of itself, the British, the Chinese, and the Russians. Your government now has a chance to end the war immediately. You will see how the war can be ended by reading the two following official statements. Two paragraphs then gave the Japanese surrender offer verbatim and the Byrnes response indicating the Allies' willingness to accept that offer. OWI repeated the same message continuously over station KSAI. The significance of this information barrage cannot be overstated. For the first time the Japanese people became aware that their government was trying to surrender. And it was the first that Japanese officials knew of the Allies' acceptance of their surrender offer, because the OWI notification preceded, by about 72 hours, the receipt of the official diplomatic reply sent through Switzerland.

Copies of the leaflet that fell on the palace grounds were immediately taken to the Emperor by Marquis Kichi Kido, Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal. The Emperor realized that Japanese civilians now knew of the surrender attempt and, more significantly, so did ordinary Japanese soldiers, sailors, and airmen. Fearing a military coup to ensure continuation of the war, the Emperor decided to take additional action to bring the conflict to an end. On 13 August, when the Cabinet was called into immediate session, members Anami Korechika, Umezo Yoshijir, and Toyoda Soemu unexpectedly dissented anew, saying that an item in the original Potsdam proposal stipulating that postwar Japan would ultimately be governed by the will of the people was against Japanese tradition and therefore compliance was impossible. This reversal precipitated another Imperial Conference at which the Emperor stopped all argument by forcefully declaring that Japan would accept the Potsdam conditions as modified in the 11 August message from US Secretary of State Byrnes on behalf of the Allied nations. In an action without precedent, the Emperor decided to issue an Imperial Rescript announcing the capitulation, to be delivered both to the Allies through diplomatic channels and to his subjects in his own voice via radio broadcast. The enormity of this decision must be understood in context: the Emperor was considered a deity - no one was allowed to look upon him from above, few citizens had seen him at all, and the Japanese people had never before heard his voice. Hirohito well understood the powerful effect his broadcast would have. On 14 August, the Emperor made two recordings of the Rescript for broadcast the next day. Aware that such a powerful communication would doom efforts to continue the war, the military sent soldiers from a Tokyo garrison to attack the Imperial Palace at night, imprison the Emperor, and seize the recordings. They failed to turn up the recordings, however, which had been secured at the radio station. Later that night, War Minister Anami Korechika, having failed to promote his views and control his soldiers, committed suicide, the first of many such actions in the days that followed. 

At noon on 15 August, a stunned population listened to Emperor Hirohito's high, shaking, unfamiliar voice announcing the final surrender of the Japanese nation. On Saipan, OWI staff members had little time to savor the moment. They were already hard at work producing leaflets of instruction for the surrendering Japanese on the homeland islands and subsequently in Manchuria, China, New Guinea, and the Philippines. On 17 August 1945, Secretary of State Byrnes thanked the OWI staff in Honolulu and Saipan, saying, "I have been requested by Secretary Byrnes to send appreciation to everyone concerned for the magnificent work done in lettering, translating, printing, sending, and distributing the important leaflet directly before the surrender of Japan. It is the belief of Secretary Byrnes as well as we in this office that the factor which helped to bring about the final surrender was this leaflet. We would appreciate your passing this along to everyone concerned including Hubert [Chief of the Forward Area], Air Force personnel, Psychological Warfare and all those in the OWI who are well deserving of congratulations for the superb job." On 2 September, formal instruments of surrender were signed by Japanese officials on behalf of the Emperor and by Allied officials on behalf of the governments of the United States, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of New Zealand, the Dominion of Canada, the Provisional Government of the French Republic, and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. 

Although OWI continued to handle its national affairs through its headquarters in Washington until 12 March 1946, its overseas operations began to wind down after Japan's surrender. On 7 September 1945, oversight of the forward area on Saipan was transferred to the United States Information Service; OWI's Honolulu office closed on 31 October 1945. Chief of the Forward Area, Richard Hubert, returning to Washington, reflected the sentiment of many on his staff: It is an honor and privilege to have served with the Office of War Information, which agency deserves more credit than public opinion may ever realize. Operating abroad in secrecy, it is undoubtedly so that the Axis know more about the OWI operations than our own citizens. [Williams/CIA/14April2007] 


Section III - ANNOUNCEMENTS, JOB VACANCIES, RESEARCH REQUESTS, OBITUARIES, AND COMING EVENTS

Announcements

Summer 2007 Edition of the Cold War Times.  

The Summer 2007 issue of the Cold War Times is now posted for viewing online at www.coldwartimes.com


Job Vacancies

Senior Counterintelligence Officer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.  The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Nonproliferation, Homeland and International Security (NHI) Directorate is seeking a Manager of the Security Awareness for Employees (SAFE) Program. The successful candidate will have significant management experience within the counterintelligence (CI) and counterterrorism (CT) community. For additional details, see the full position description at www.llnl.gov.

Research Requests

[Editors note:  Please remember we do not vet these requests before publication, so please use caution in your responses. As always, please remember to share only unclassified information.]

Doctoral research on "the Thai way of counterinsurgency."  US citizen and UK PhD candidate at the University of Exeter, doing doctorate on "the Thai way of counterinsurgency" is looking for persons to interview who have worked with the Thai on counterinsurgency issues and/or declass intel issues related to communist, separatist, and Islamic insurgents. If interested, please contact Jeff at jeffsfn@yahoo.com



Obituaries   

Howard T. Bane - Original CIA Spymaster. By John B. Roberts II. In our YouTube, media-saturated, 15-minutes-of-fame Warholian world, it may seem incomprehensible that there are actually people who keep their greatest achievements secret. They shun publicity, book and movie deals, and the unrelenting self-promotion that characterizes our era. They are spies, and not just any kind of spies, but the cadre of intelligence officers whose creativity, daring and discretion make them the CIA's greatest generation. They are an unlikely amalgamation of Ivy Leaguers, OSS veterans and country boys, who came together to form an elite organization. They served the CIA from its beginning through the gutting of the clandestine services under CIA Director Stansfield Turner.

Unlike today, when intelligence officers are recruited over the Internet and even through television ads, their recruitment itself was a clandestine affair. Secrecy was the foundation of their organizational culture. It was born of loyalty to one another, a sense of honor to the agents they recruited whose lives and safety depended on them, and to the cause they served.

Like World War II veterans, these spymasters are fast leaving us. Howard T. Bane, whom I was privileged to know over three decades, is one who will be laid to rest this week.

Howard's 39-year career exemplifies the best of the CIA. He held the Distinguished Intelligence Medal, the CIA's highest award, and spent more than 20 years in overseas posts. Twice he participated in rebuilding the CIA's capabilities, first in the 1980s as a Reagan administration transition team member and a member of the Vice President's Task Force on Terrorism, and then again after September 11, when he returned to the CIA as a "re-employed annuitant." Despite a cancer diagnosis, Howard worked until the end, calling the CIA his support group.

Early in his career, Howard showed an astonishing ability to pitch and recruit agents. In one three-year posting, he recruited 33 quality agents. He likened it to seduction, and had a rare talent for spotting junior politicians on the rise, insiders in foreign intelligence agencies and mavericks with unique access to hard targets. He took up flying gliders to get close enough to pitch one particularly productive agent. When a coup in Africa overturned a pro-Soviet government, the Soviet ambassador had heart palpitations. Knowing that the diplomat had no access to an EKG, Howard took the U.S. Embassy's machine and went to the Soviet's heavily guarded residential compound, where he administered the test - and pitched the diplomat to spy for the United States. Such exploits earned him the nickname "Give-it-a-Go-Bane," a paraphrase of the cables from headquarters OK'ing his more unorthodox agent recruitment proposals.

After years in the Third World, Howard became station chief in The Hague just in time for the Japanese Red Army terrorist takeover of the French Embassy. Howard kept his teams going in round-the-clock shifts and worked in tandem with the Dutch for the duration of the hostage crisis. It earned him a promotion to chief of the CIA's first-ever Office on Terrorism.

Howard also handled risky covert actions. In one Cold War operation, the agency netted 1 million AK-47s stockpiled in Africa and flew them to Laos for use in the covert war there. In 1979, he ran the CIA's end of Desert One, the Iranian hostage rescue attempt. The military failure at Desert One is well known, but the CIA's exploits remain untold. Although the CIA's clandestine capacity had been badly damaged by the late 1970s, Howard found one CIA asset, a Tito partisan retired in Italy, who returned to Iran under deep cover to prepare for the raid. Given current relations with Iran it is inappropriate to say more except that had there been no helicopter collisions at Desert One, the affair would have had a surprise ending.

In the early 1990s, Howard was among the first to identify militant Islam as a direct challenge to U.S. interests. He monitored events in the Middle East and Iraq very closely and was keenly aware of the shortfalls of U.S. intelligence. He deplored the CIA's cutbacks in stations, posts and personnel. The shortcomings he identified were serious enough that in the summer of 2002 I wrote to my former Reagan-era associate, then-Chief of Staff Andrew Card, to urge him to discount intelligence purporting that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction.

After September 11, Howard and other "re-employed annuitants" kept vital functions at CIA going so that the agency could rapidly staff up overseas stations with experienced younger officers. The CIA literally could not have expanded to cover the breadth of terrain required to combat terrorism without men and women like Howard willing to continue their service in their golden years. Among the things they have tried to pass on to the thousands of new intelligence officers brought into service since September 11 are the risk-taking, creative techniques and spirit that characterized the CIA's "Silent Generation." 

Howard understood that there were no guarantees that a revitalized CIA would be his legacy. He hoped for it, but also recognized the bureaucratic and cultural obstacles. That isn't what motivated his return to service. He did it because it was the right and honorable thing to do, without fanfare or acclaim, just as he and his generation have done from the start. [Roberts/WashingtonTimes/2August2007]


Coming Events

13-14 August 2007 - El Paso, Texas - Border Conference on Security & Intelligence.  The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) is pleased to invite you to attend the Border Security Conference: Securing and Managing Our Nation's Borders, which will be held on August 13-14 on the UTEP campus. Now in its fourth year, this annual conference is hosted by UTEP in conjunction with the Office of Congressman Silvestre Reyes.  The Border Security Conference brings together leaders from the public and private sectors in both the United States and Mexico to explore how best to safeguard our common borders, while simultaneously fostering the continued human and economic development of our two nations.  This year's conference will focus on key issues such as emerging border security strategies at the local, national and binational levels; next-generation border security technologies; and strengthening intelligence through diversity and binational cooperation.  For more information and registration (no cost to attend), visit: http://ia.utep.edu/Default.aspx?tabid=44127

Tuesday, 14 August 2007, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Murder in Mexico: Final Secrets of the Trotsky Assassination at International Spy Museum “Stalin has finally accomplished the task he attempted unsuccessfully before.” —Leon Trotsky on his deathbed The murder of Leon Trotsky in Mexico City on 20 August 1940 by young Spanish assassin Ramon Mercader stifled Stalin’s most vocal critic and became known as the “crime of the century.” Captured at the scene, Mercader served 20 years without revealing his identity, motivation, or details of the complex assassination operation. Now historian H. Keith Melton recreates the plot drawing on the KGB’s secret archives, Mercader family records, and his own multi-year examination of the case. With comprehensive photographic and video support, the speaker will explore intriguing aspects of the assassination—the multiple preceding plots; the roles played by artists Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera; the use of sex, seduction, and honey-traps; and the true murder weapon. Mr. Melton will correct widely believed inaccuracies about the assassination and provide an overview of books on Trotsky’s death. The evening includes a rare opportunity to view assassination-related artifacts on public display for the first time. Tickets: $20 http://www.spymuseum.org/programs/register.html

Thursday, 16 August 2007, 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - International Spy Museum free Author talk and book-signing: Gatekeeper: Memoirs of a CIA Polygraph Examiner by John F. Sullivan. Polygraph testing has come under fire, but for a pro like John F. Sullivan, it is an effective form of ferreting out the truth. In Gatekeeper, Sullivan, a polygraph examiner with the CIA for thirty-one years, reveals how lie detectors act as the Agency’s gatekeepers, preventing foreign agents, unsuitable applicants, and employees guilty of misconduct from penetrating or harming the Agency. Join Sullivan as he describes his methods, emphasizing the importance of psychology and the examiners’ skills in a successful polygraph program. He’ll share tales of intrigue from the thousands of tests he conducted—more than anyone else in the history of the CIA’s testing program.Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

 23 - 25 Aug 2007 - Las Vegas, NV - Know Your Enemy - Seminar 2 - Islam, Jihad, and Terrorism by the Center for Strategic Analysis (CSA). The seminar will be conducted by Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) from U.S. intelligence agencies, counter-terrorism experts, specialists from academia, and individuals with a unique understanding of the “Terrorist mindset” and why they hate us. Registration is $495.
For security reasons the exact location will only be shared with attendees who are fully paid and agree not to share the location information with non-attendees. Once attendees have been given details of the seminar there will be no refund for any reason.
If you have any questions, and to register, email pboylan@centerforstrategicanalysis.org or call Patrick Boylan, Executive Director of CSA, at 702.866.6466

25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting.  25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting featuring Capt Cannady, LTC Woodard, and Maj. Krueger. An outstanding program is planned with speakers from McChord AFB and the Washington National Guard. Captain Matthew Cannady is the Intelligence Officer assigned to the Western Air Defense Sector (WADS) at McChord. He will provide an in-depth briefing on the workings of the Air Defense system on the West Coast. Lt. Colonel Timothy Woodard the J2 of the Washington National Guard and Major Bill Krueger will provide a detailed briefing on the recently created 194th Intelligence Squadron. The cost of the meeting will be $25 which includes a breakfast buffet. Time: 09:30am - 1:30pm. Where: South View Lounge at the Museum of Flight. The meeting is open to anyone interested in national intelligence whether they are a member or not. The chapter welcomes family, friends and associates to attend. SPECIAL OFFER: A gracious corporate donor has agreed to pay $5 for each of the first 10 people who send their CHECKs to arrive with Fran Dyer prior to July 16. The first 10 people who meet these conditions will receive a $5 refund at the meeting. Please mail your checks, payable to AFIO PNW Chapter, to: AFIO PNW Chapter, 4616 25th Ave NE Suite 495, Seattle, WA 98105. Please RSVP Fran Dyer at: FD@CromwellGroup.us.

27 - 29 August 2007 - New Orleans, LA - SYNERGY '07 - Conference and Expo - Advancing an Integrated Defense Intelligence Enterprise. Co-sponsored by: The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (USD/I). The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, (USD/I), headed by Lt Gen James R. Clapper, Jr.,, USAF(Ret) is co-sponsoring with Government Emerging Technology Alliance (GETA) this Synergy ‘07 New Orleans, LA. Synergy '07 will strive to bring DoD Operations and Intelligence Community representatives together for open dialog with the objective of fostering better collaboration between decision makers and members of the war-fighting, requirements, collections, analytics and vendor communities. The conference, chaired by Brigadier General Billy J. Bingham (USAF, ret), a former Assistant Deputy Director for Operations and Deputy Chief, Central Security Service at Fort George G. Meade, and Director of Intelligence (J2) U.S. Pacific Command, will focus on past operational successes as a means of addressing the impediments and challenges that the various components face in providing quality support to U.S. warfighters during peace, crisis and wartime. "What we are hoping to do is build a confederation of communities, including, to the extent possible, our coalition partners that will increase the effectiveness of DoD operations and provide upgraded support from the ISR community to our boots on the ground warfighters," said Jim Riggins, NCSI's Executive Director of Intelligence Community Programs and Initiatives. More about the conference can be found at  http://www.ncsi.com/synergy07/index.shtml

30 August 2007 - Houston, TX - the AFIO Houston Chapter Summer 2007 Dinner will feature CIA former Chiefs of Disguise and the former Chief of the Graphics and Authentication, Antonio J. Mendez, and his wife, Jonna H. Mendez. Also present will be retired KGB Major General Oleg D. Kalugin, former Chief, KGB Foreign Counterintelligence (Directorate KR) as well the Youngest General in KGB history. This exclusive evening is being held at the Sheraton Suites, near the Houston Galleria: Immediately preceding dinner, there will be an author's reception with appetizers and a book signing. Antonio and Jonna Mendez are authors of the Master of Disguise and Spy Dust and will be delighted to sign their books for all attendees. Both books will on sale on location. Please RSVP here: rsvp_events@afiohouston.com

4-6 September 2007 - Chicago, IL - INSA 3 day presentation of Analytic Transformation. The DDNI for Analysis will present new standards for analysis suggested for the Intelligence Community. $695 per person. Speakers will include Thomas Fingar, DDNI for Analysis; James Clapper, Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence; Michael Wertheimer, ADDNI for Analytic Transformation & Technology; and others. Location: Sheraton-on-the-Water, Chicago, IL. Further details at https://secure.insaonline.org/em/index.php?page=register&id=61

Thursday, 6 September 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Sharing the Dragon’s Teeth: Terrorists and Technology, an joint event by the International Spy Museum and RAND Corporation “Terrorists attacking British bases in Basra are using aerial footage displayed by the Google Earth internet tool to pinpoint their attacks, say Army intelligence sources.”— The Telegraph, 13 January 2007 It may be hard to imagine the use of “best practices” in a terrorist context, but terrorist groups have found new and efficient ways to achieve their goals. In Sharing the Dragon’s Teeth, Breaching the Fortress Wall, and Freedom and Information, Brian A. Jackson, Kim Cragin, and Eric Landree examine how terrorist groups attempt to use and exchange technologies and information. In this discussion, the authors will review a variety of technologies ranging from remote-detonation devices to converted field ordnance to katyusha rockets, terrorist strategies to counter government efforts to protect the public, and the availability of data regarding U.S. counterterrorism systems and defenses for attacks on the U.S. air, rail, and sea transportation infrastructure. Join the experts as they share their thoughts about improving threat assessments, disrupting innovation processes, and affecting terrorist groups’ cost-benefit trade-offs. Tickets: $20 http://www.spymuseum.org/programs/register.html

6 September 2007 - Front Royal, VA - Tony Sesow Golf Classic.  The Naval Intelligence Foundation hosts its annual "Tony Sesow Golf Classic" fund-raising tournament at the Shenandoah Valley Golf Course. The tournament starts at 0800 with registration, followed by a light breakfast and concludes with lunch and refreshments. Lucky draw and all skill prizes will be awarded. The cost is $80.00 for an individual, $300.00 for a team and sponsorship is available for $400.00 (team included). Each Closest-to-the Pin winner will automatically be entered into the Jetblue shoot-out for $50,000 which will take place directly after the tournament. For sponsorship and additional information, please contact Peter Buchan at (540) 671-4435 or pibuchan@comcast.net.

9-14 September 2007 - Oxford, United Kingdom - Christ Church Conflict Conference 2007 "The Nature of War"  The object of the 2007 Conflict conference is to study War in its various manifestations, its apparent ‘permanence as a feature of the human condition’ (Clausewitz), and the successes and failures of attempts to control it. The program looks first of the basic steps on the road to war, not least an examination of alternatives to armed conflict. Next, the different types of war: civil wars that engulfed the English-speaking world in the 17th and 19th centuries, or Bosnia in 1990; conventional warfare between nation states: the 20th century and its two world wars, guerilla wars and the conflicts of decolonization - and the uniqueness of the Falklands War of 1982. All these will come under scrutiny. The pervading granular warfare that engages us all today with the threat of terrorism, focused closely on the present Iraqi conflict. Finally there will be an examination of the outcomes of war and the inevitable social change that comes in its wake. Christ Church welcomes speakers of the highest distinction and scholarship. Speakers at the Nature of War conference are drawn from amongst political and military experts as well as the media. Amongst those participating are Professor Kenneth Hagan of the US Naval War College; Larry Hollingworth, with personal experience of the Iraqi conflict and a veteran of Afghanistan, Chechnya and East Timor; and Major-General Julian Thompson, military commander in the Falklands War. The program will be administered by Alex Webb, and her Christ Church conference team. Further information will be shortly published on the Christ Church website and an illustrated prospectus will be available. Contact Nature of War, The Steward's Office, Christ Church, Oxford, OX1 1DP, U.K. or email conflict@chch.ox.ac.uk, telephone +44 (0) 1865 286848.

19 September 2007 - Scottsdale, AZ -The Arizona Chapter of AFIO meeting features Richard W. Bloom, College Dean/Director of Terrorism, Intelligence, and Security Studies at Embry-Riddle. The chapter will hold it's meeting at 11:30 AM at Buster's Restaurant in Scottsdale. The speaker will be Dr. Richard W. Bloom, Dean of the College of Arts and Science, Professor of Political and Clinical Psychology and Director of Terrorism, Intelligence, and Security Studies at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott, Arizona. Dr. Bloom has worked for the United States government as an intelligence operations manager, intelligence analyst, special operations planner, politico-military planner and military clinical psychologist. He is President of the Military Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association, diplomat of the American Board of Professional Psychology (Clinical Psychology). He carries out policy analyses and reviews applied research in Aviation Intelligence, profiling of aviation security threat and assessment, terrorism, and counter terrorism, psychological warfare, propaganda and disinformation. For information and reservations contact Bill Williams at (602) 944-2451 or FIREBALLCI@HOTMAIL.COM

20 September 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter features speaker Craig B. Chellis on "Adapting the Intelligence Process to Monitoring Natural Disasters". Craig is a former staffer of both NRO and CIA.. The lunch meeting is at the Falcon Room of the Officers Club, Air Force Academy. The cost is $10.00 and the lunch starts at 11:30 am. Contact Richard (Dick) Durham at 719-488-2884 or by e-mail riverwear53@aol.com. Reservations must be made to Durham not later than September 17, 2007

Thursday, 20 September 2007; 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - iSpy: Surveillance and Power in the Interactive Era, free booksigning at the International Spy Museum Your groceries, the songs you buy for your iPod, the programs you TiVo, all these choices are added to a global data mine. Unbeknownst to the casual user of these services, this mother lode of information is already being put to use in various economic, political, and social contexts. In his new book iSpy: Surveillance and Power in the Interactive Era, Mark Andrejevic reveals how untempered public enthusiasm for new technologies offers unfettered new modes of surveillance and control. Join Andrejevic for a chilling look at the vortex in which collaborative participation becomes centralized control. Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

20 September 2007, 6 pm - 10 pm - Tysons Corner, VA - The OSS Society hosts the William J. Donovan Award Dinner  The dinner will honor MG John K. Singlaub USA(Ret), the current Chairman of The Society, who will be the Award's 2007 recipient. The event will include The Society's own celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of CIA, formed after the OSS disbanded. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has been invited to present a keynote address, and other military leaders are invited. Further details can be found by writing them at osssociety@aol.com

Tuesday, 25 September 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - The Agency at 60: Former DCI & CIA Director R. James Woolsey Reflects - A Special Evening at the International Spy Museum “We have slain a large dragon, but we now live in a jungle filled with a bewildering variety of poisonous snakes. And in many ways, the dragon was easier to keep track of.”— R. James Woolsey, 1991 Former U.S. Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) R. James Woolsey headed the CIA at a time of great change and challenge. The Cold War was ending and the Agency was suffering from the recent revelation that intelligence officer Aldrich Ames was a Soviet mole. Serving as both the DCI and the CIA director, Woolsey was appointed by President Clinton to help restructure the intelligence service. During this candid conversation, the former DCI will share what it was like to head the CIA during that tumultuous time. He will draw on his tenure at the CIA and his distinguished government career to comment on the Agency as it turns 60. Woolsey will also share some of his thoughts about the future of the CIA during this intimate event. Tickets: $20 REGISTER: http://www.spymuseum.org/programs/register.html

26 - 27 September 2007 - The Hague, Netherlands - Netherlands Intelligence Studies Association (NISA) CONFERENCE 2008  The Netherlands Defence College (IDL), The Hague, Netherlands is the location for 'Intelligence Failures and Cultural Misperceptions: Asia, 1945 till the present' The NISA would like to invite both academic and (former) practitioners of intelligence to submit proposals for papers that entail a theoretical approach to the intelligence failures and cultural misperceptions against the backdrop of the situation in Asia since 1945. The intention of the conference organizers is to develop a more analytical perspective on the above mentioned events, rather than adding to existing descriptive narratives. Submitters are requested to send in proposals of approximately 400 words pertaining to the following subjects : The Cold War in Asia Economic espionage in and from Asia Intelligence cultures UKUSA cooperation in Asia The 'war on terror' Proposals should be submitted no later than 1 May, 2007 and can be sent to: Beatrice.deGraaf@let.uu.nl or write to bobdegraaff@yahoo.com

28 September 2007 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Summer Luncheon  Hold date on your calendars. Event to be held at the Holiday Inn Hotel, Tysons Corner/Vienna, VA. Details to follow. afio@afio.com 

and for your October planning.....  

Wednesday, 3 October 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - The Truth is Out There: Conspiracy Theories and Their Use by Intelligence Agencies at the International Spy Museum “Once contracted, conspiracy theory is an incurable condition.”—Christopher Andrew in Eternal Vigilance Do you believe the U.S. Army manufactured AIDS as a biological weapon? That Washington has been covering up UFO sightings for decades? Or that the CIA was involved in Kennedy’s assassination? If so, you are not alone. Americans are obsessed with conspiracy theories to a point that many have come to believe our democracy is really controlled by invisible forces operating behind the scenes. What makes conspiracy theories so appealing and why have they become so prevalent in this day and age? Do some of them contain a grain of truth? And who stands to gain from spreading these ideas? Join Robert Alan Goldberg, author of Enemies Within, as he unravels the mysteries of many popular conspiracy theories and International Spy Museum historian, Thomas Boghardt, who will reveal how intelligence agencies across the world have used these ingenious inventions as political weapons. Tickets: $15 REGISTER: http://www.spymuseum.org/programs/register.html

Thursday, 4 October 2007; 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - Corporate Spy: Industrial Espionage and Counterintelligence in the Multinational Enterprise at the International Spy Museum In May of 2006, PepsiCo alerted the Coca Cola Company that someone was trying to sell Coke’s secrets. An FBI sting implicated a secretary who has since been sentenced to eight years in federal prison for conspiring to steal trade secrets from the famous beverage maker. How unusual was this case? How frequently are businesses under attack? How can they protect themselves? Join Steeple Aston, PhD, author of Corporate Spy, as he uncovers the world of the corporate spies: who they are and how they operate. You’ll learn the warning signs and hear about some of the most dramatic cases of industrial espionage in recent years. Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

 5 October 2007 - New York, NY - The AFIO New York Metropolitan Chapter hosts an evening meeting to hear Haviland Smith. Smith is a retired CIA station chief having served in East and West Europe and was chief of CIA's Counterterrorism Staff. He served in Tehran, Beirut, Prague, Berlin and Washington. A classic spymaster's tour of duty. Undergraduate of Dartmouth, a Master's from University of London, both in Russian Studies. Smith is mentioned numerous times in Tim Weiner's new book "Legacy of Ashes" - which takes a highly one-sided, critical view of the Agency. Haviland Smith is well-known for being a dynamic, mesmerizing speaker! Join us this evening and find out. New Location of event: Club Quarters (former Chemists Club), 40 West 45th St, Between 5th and 6th Ave. Questions: Jerry Goodwin, President, AFIO - New York Metropolitan Chapter at 212-308-1450

Tuesday, 16 October 2007; 7 pm - Washington, DC - Syriana. Movie and post-film talk with former CIA Officer, Robert Baer. “Intelligence work isn't training seminars and gold stars for attendance…” —Bob Barnes in Syriana Corruption and power drive the plot of Syriana, a multi-layered thriller that weaves together emirs, analysts, intelligence officers, and immigrant workers. In the thought-provoking film, one commodity connects everything—oil. This shocking depiction of ruthless deals and raw emotion is inspired by the experiences of former CIA case officer Robert Baer—the screenplay is drawn from Baer’s books See No Evil and Sleeping with the Devil. Baer’s twenty-year career in the Directorate of Operations took him to assignments in Northern Iraq, Lebanon, and Tajikstan. His understanding of the Middle East shaped the film and brings a grim realism to this exploration of a double-crossing and morally skewed world. Join Baer for a special screening and discussion of the award-winning film. Program to be held at the National Portrait Gallery, Eighth and G Streets, NW Tickets: $15 REGISTER: http://www.spymuseum.org/programs/register.html

17-18 October 2007 - Chantilly, VA - AFCEA International Classified Fall Symposium - Top Secret SI/TK As part of an ongoing series for business executives with active intelligence community clearances, the AFCEA will be exploring Intelligence Community and National Security issues as they relate to the topic of information sharing and collaboration. The event will be held at the National Reconnaissance Office in Chantilly. Four focused sessions will address what has worked, what has not worked, and what still needs to be done. This is a critical topic requiring changes not only within the government and Intelligence Community, but also for marketing ideas for the private sector. For further details see: http://intel.afcea.org

18-19 October 2007 - Laurel, MD - The Symposium on Cryptologic History sponsored by the Center for Cryptologic History, to be held at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD. The National Security Agency's Center for Cryptologic History (CCH) hosts its 2007 Symposium on Cryptologic History. The CCH is looking for papers to be presented on fresh topics relating to the history of cryptology, with an emphasis on World War II and the Cold War, although papers on other fresh topics will be considered. Send your proposal for a paper or a panel, or any questions about the symposium to history@nsa.gov, or FAX them to 301-688-2342. Proposals will be considered after March 16, and a schedule issued.

19-20 October 2007 - Hampton Beach, NH - The Fall 2007 meeting of the AFIO New England Chapter will be held at the Ashworth-by-the-Sea in Hampton Beach. A full description of services as well as directions to the hotel are available at http://www.ashworthhotel.com/ Their main speaker will be Andy Bacevisch. They will also hear from their own Gene Wojciechowski. Andrew Bacevisch was born in Normal, IL in 1947 and is a 1969 graduate of West Point. He served in Vietnam commanding an armored cavalry platoon, and later earned an MA and PhD in history at Princeton while teaching at West Point. After his army service, he taught at the Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies before coming to Boston University, where he headed the Center for International Relations for several years. He is the author of a number of books on the US military and his op-ed pieces appear regularly in the national press. The program will begin with a Friday evening complimentary wine and cheese social at the Ashworth-by-the-Sea starting at 6:00 PM. This get-together is a wonderful opportunity to renew friendships, as well as make new ones in a relaxed informal setting. We anticipate that our speakers will join us at the social. This may be followed by a no-host dinner at local area restaurants. Our Saturday schedule is as follows 9:00 - 10:45 a.m. Meeting Registration, 11:00 - 11:20 a.m. First Speaker, 12:00 - 1:15 p.m. Luncheon,1:15 - 2:15 p.m. Keynote Speaker, 2:30 p.m. Adjournment. For additional information contact afionechapter@gmail.com

22-26 October 2007 - The Midwest Chapter of AFIO is planning a trip to Washington, DC  The trip will run from Monday, October 22, 2007 through Friday, October 26, 2007. Plans are being made to visit the White House, the Pentagon, and the Capitol, with the possibility of laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. All other tours will be worked around the laying of the wreath and scheduled tours provided by the government. Contact Angelo DiLiberti at 847-931-4181 for more details and a registration reply form. Spaces are limited and reply forms must be submitted early for tour background checks.

23-24 October 2007 - NMIA Symposium for 2007 visits the National Reconnaissance Office - SECRET/NOFORN. Attendees must hold SECRET/NOFORN clearance. Fee: $475 pp.  Includes presentation by LTG David Deptula, A-2, HQ USAF Transformation followed by speakers on AF Cyber Command, Airborne ISR and ISR Personnel Development. Day two features Under SecDef James Clapper on “Revitalization of DOD Counterintelligence” followed by speakers from the Office of the SECDEF discussing the future of CI at military commands and the merger of CI and HUMINT. To signup visit  https://www.123signup.com/event?id=xmhks

25-27 October 2007 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence Symposium. The AFIO National Intelligence Symposium runs Thursday, October 25 through Saturday, October 27, at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel in Tysons Corner, VA. Using a different format, it will feature presentations on a special, controversial topic: the view of intelligence agencies and other public institutions in terms of missions assigned and from where, performance, assessment of results, and where to place blame for current and historic unwanted outcomes. Will include presentations by the National Counterterrorism Executive, NSA, FBI, DHS, and other speakers.


For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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