AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes

AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #31-07 dated 13 August 2007

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Longtime CIA Spy Unmasks for Retirement. One of the CIA's top spies has come out of the shadows. With little fanfare, Jose Rodriguez, who heads the National Clandestine Service, had his cover lifted about a month ago. CIA spokesman Mark Mansfield said the driving factor was his interest in publicly participating in minority recruitment events. He's also retiring later this year after more than three decades with the agency. 

Rodriguez is the most important man in the U.S. spy game whose name you probably never knew. When he was mentioned publicly before now, he was referred to only as "Jose." Rodriguez became head of the CIA's clandestine service in November 2004. With the creation of the National Clandestine Service the following year, Rodriguez rose to be chief of "human intelligence" operations, overseeing the classic spycraft that takes place at a variety of U.S. spy agencies. Unlike his recent predecessors, Rodriguez elected to stay undercover as he ordered some of the CIA's most sensitive cloak-and-dagger operations that get little if any public oversight. He believed the head of the clandestine service shouldn't have a high profile. In national security circles, however, Rodriguez's identity wasn't a well-kept secret. 

Rodriguez, a native of Puerto Rico, spent much of his career in Latin America, including in Mexico. Some officials, who spoke on condition that they not be identified while discussing Rodriguez's past, have said he got into trouble during the 1990s while trying to help a friend who was arrested for narcotics in the Dominican Republic. The Justice Department looked into Rodriguez's actions, but never brought charges. Although the incident led to his removal as head of the CIA's Latin America Division, his career continued. He served overseas and took over as head of the CIA's counterterror center less than a year after Sept. 11, 2001. "Jose built a reputation for leadership in the field and here at headquarters, and he guided some of the agency's greatest counterterror victories," CIA Director Michael Hayden said in a statement. "He has done much to protect our country by strengthening its Clandestine Service," Hayden added. [Shrader/AP/8August2007] 

Russian President Ratifies Creation of New Spy Agency. Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a decree ratifying the creation of a new intelligence service. The service, connected to the prosecutor's office, will comprise a chief and 12 deputies, including one who will direct a department for military investigations. It will include a staff of more than 16,000, not including military members. The military investigation team will include 2,034 people. [Axisglobe/5August2007] 

Venezuelan Intel Manhunt for Colombian Operating as Agent for the CIA. According to Venezuelan Justice Minister Pedro Carreno, Venezuelan intelligence personnel have been deployed to find a retired Colombian colonel who former Vice President Jose Vicente Rangel denounced as a top CIA agent. Rangel said that the colonel's name is Mauricio Alfonso Santoyo, and that he belongs to the Colombian National Police. Minister Carreno said that the presence of this kind of agent in Venezuela is considered criminal by the Venezuelan state and that, if the accusation is proven to be true, Santoyo will have to face a legal process. [Vheadline/6August2007]

Ethiopia Executes Spy Boss Killer. A major in the Ethiopian army has been executed for murdering the head of the intelligence and security services six years ago. Tsehaye Woldeselassie was found guilty of shooting dead Kinfe Gebremedhin in a case which shocked the country. Death sentences are extremely rare in Ethiopia and this is only the second execution carried out since the present government came to power. It remains unclear whether the killing had a political or personal motive. The authorities did not say how Tsehaye was killed but executions are carried out by firing squad under Ethiopian law, Reuters news agency reports. 

Gebremedhin had been a fighter for the Tigre People's Liberation Front in its 1980s war against the military government. After the TPLF's eventual victory he emerged as Ethiopia's chief of security and immigration and as a right hand man to Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. Then one day in May 2001 as he walked in to the armed forces officers' club in Addis Ababa, a fellow member of the TPLF, Maj Tsehaye Woldeselassie, shot him in the head at point blank range. Tsehaye was quickly arrested and eventually convicted of the murder. The BBC's Elizabeth Blunt in Addis Ababa says that at the time, speculation was rife about the motive for the killing. It was a time of tension within the TPLF with some members unhappy about the outcome of the war against Eritrea and bitter divisions inside the politburo of which Kinfe Gebremedhin was a member. [BBC/6 August2007]

Courses in Espionage Offer Glimpse of Life as a Spy. A few University of Alabama students will get to find out who the real James Bond is thanks to two espionage courses UA professor Steven Schwab will teach this fall. The courses, History 300: Special Topics and University Honors 300, will explore myth versus reality in the world of espionage. The course follows a lecture and discussion format, and it will focus on the spy storyteller's craft, with special attention paid to the work of Graham Green and John Le Carre. 

Schwab developed the course with the assistance of Frederick Hitz, a professor at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, who first got the idea for the class as a way to develop critical thinking and analytical skills. Hitz, the former CIA inspector general, also worked as an assistant to the director of operations for the CIA and as an attorney. Hitz is also recognized internationally for his investigation of the CIA's role in alleged cocaine trafficking in the United States and Central America during the Reagan administration. 

Schwab has first-hand qualifications to teach the course - 32 years of experience working for the CIA. Schwab has traveled extensively throughout Central and greater Latin America and has worked in every Latin American country except Cuba, dealing in matters of international terrorism and proliferation as a spy and an analyst. 

While reading the spy novels, students will look into three types of true spies: heroes, traitors and double agents. They will debate the moral element. "At the heart of espionage is persuading people to commit treason," Schwab said. "A spy is doing something illegal, basically - stealing information from the country he is in, and if he is a citizen, then he is a traitor." 

Students will learn the realities of working for the CIA and discuss how to maintain a strong intelligence organization in a country where freedom of the press stands as the backbone, and most government documents are declassified. "There is a need to collect information to protect the country you are in," Schwab said. "[But also] to protect the information you have."  [TheCrimsonWhite/O'Neal/9August2007]

Belarus Espionage Case Transferred to Supreme Court. Another supposed "espionage case" which was opened by the Belarusian KGB in July this year has been transferred to the Supreme Court of Belarus. In January 2007 Uladzimir Ruskin was detained on the border for the attempt of secret materials trafficking. Other "members of the spies' network" were also arrested soon after. The detained have been charged with high treason through espionage. According to the KGB, the intelligence service of Poland recruited Mr. Ruskin to pass information on strategic military objects of Belarus and Russia, specifically deployment and number of the antimissile systems. The KGB claims that the Mr. Ruskin, an officer at an air force bakes in Belarus, was the head of the spy ring. They also accuse Russian officer Yurenya as being a member of the group. [EurasianIntelligenceBriefing/9August200]

Swedes Spied for Stasi. A network of Swedes delivered information to the Stasi during the Cold War. The Swedish Security Service S�po has confirmed that it has identified a number of Swedes who informed for the East German secret police, but has refused to make their names public. A book published in June claims that S�po has a list of 900 Swedes who had contact with the Stasi. Bj�rn Cederberg, author of the book 'Kamrat Spion: Om Sverige i Stasi Arkiven' (Comrade Spy: Sweden in the Stasi Archives), told The Local that that the list came to Sweden from the CIA. 

Sweden has long been known as home to a significant core of East German sympathizers. Until now, however, rumors that Swedes were actually recruited by the GDR remained unconfirmed. According to Cederberg, the list of Swedish Stasi contacts was part of the so-called Rosenholz Files, a collection of documents with information on employees of the East German secret service. The files ended up in American hands following the fall of the Berlin Wall. Some files on citizens of third countries were later handed over to their national governments.

Files concerning Swedish citizens were passed on to S�po, Cederberg says. S�po spokesman Jakob Larsson said "this list does not exist and has never existed. What does exist is around 50 names that have cropped up." While some of the 50 names on S�po's files are simply codenames, most have been linked to real people. "Of these, we judge that around ten have worked as informers." The individuals involved were investigated in the early nineties, but prosecutors decided not to press charges as the crimes were past the statute of limitations. Larsson said that S�po would not release the names, "partly on national security grounds, partly in the interests of our organization and partly out of consideration to the individuals."

In Finland, where the government and security police are under pressure to reveal information about Finnish Stasi informers, there has been speculation that senior politicians were among those implicated. But German historian Christian Halbrock, an expert on the Stasi archives who researched for Cederberg's book, said that this seemed not to be the case in Sweden. "My information is that there were no Swedish politicians working officially for the East Germans," he told The Local. [O'Mahony&Savage/TheLocal/9Augustg2007] 

Canada Declassifies Papers on Rendition. Canadian intelligence officials suspected that a Syrian-born Canadian citizen detained by the U.S. in 2002 as a terror suspect and deported had been sent to a third country for torture as part of the CIA's "extraordinary rendition" program, according to recently declassified documents. The previously censored information came to the light in the case of Maher Arar who was sent to Syria in October 2002 where he spent a year in custody and was tortured. Arar was later cleared of any links to terrorism and received an apology from Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper. An Oct. 10, 2002 memorandum on Arar's case was declassified last week after a judge ordered the Canadian government to stop censoring material published in a four-volume report on a Canadian inquiry into his ordeal. 

State Department spokeswoman Nancy Beck said Thursday evening that the department did not have any immediate comment. The newly released documents showed that Canadian officials suspected early on that Arar had fallen victim to the CIA's "extraordinary rendition" program - the transfer of foreign terror suspects to third countries without court approval. Canada's federal government had blacked out approximately 1,500 words in the inquiry report before it was issued in September 2006 over concern that the passages would reveal national security secrets. Canadian officials battled to keep the information secret, frequently arguing that it did not want to compromise the goodwill of foreign allies who sent in intelligence from abroad. The blacked out passages often referred to the CIA or information most likely derived from Syrian torture. The commission that conducted the inquiry into Arar's case fought Canada's justice department for months for greater disclosure before Federal Court Justice Simon Noel ruled last month that the declassified portions of the report would not compromise national security, diplomatic relations with other countries or the defense of Canada.

The documents also show that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police was in contact with the CIA when U.S. authorities transferred Arar to Syria. However, it was not clear whether the RCMP had been informed of the transfer when it occurred. The commission has already concluded that Arar was wrongly labeled a terror suspect by the RCMP before they passed that information to U.S. authorities. The commission, however, also concluded there was no evidence Canadian officials participated in or agreed to the decision to send Arar to Syria. Arar has expressed hope that the deleted portions of the report would shed light on the actions of the CSIS in the affair and whether front-line security officers misled their superiors, as well as whether cabinet ministers were adequately briefed by their subordinates. Canada's federal government has agreed to compensate Arar more than $9 million for his ordeal. [Noronha/WashingtonPost/10August2007]

Encrypting the Future. The cryptographic security standards used in public-key infrastructures, RSA and Diffie-Hellman, were introduced in the 1970s. Although they haven't been cracked, their time could be running out. That's one reason NSA wants to move to elliptic-curve cryptography (ECC) for cybersecurity by 2010, the year the NIST plans to recommend all government agencies move to ECC. Another reason is that current standards would have to continually extend their key lengths to ensure security, which increases processing time and could make it difficult to secure small devices. ECC can provide greater security with shorter keys.

The switch to ECC will be neither quick nor painless. It will require mass replacement of hardware and software to be compatible with ECC and new NSA cybersecurity standards. In fact, the 2010 goal might not be realistic for NSA, where more than a million different pieces of equipment will need to be moved to ECC. NSA's move could potentially take as long as 10 years to complete, given the project's complexity and scope. The agency has not set a specific deadline for completing its Cryptographic modernization initiative, started in 2001, and recognizes that cybersecurity will always be a moving target. The move to ECC is part of the initiative.

ECC, a complex mathematical algorithm used to secure data in transit, will replace RSA and Diffie-Hellman because it can provide much greater security at a smaller key size. ECC takes less computational time and can be used to secure information on smaller machines, including cell phones, smart cards, and wireless devices. The move to ECC represents a new way of doing business for NSA. The Cryptographic Modernization initiative "is not just replacing the old with the new. We are upgrading the entire way we do communications."

Interoperability is the core of the new communications program and the reason for the modernization initiative. NSA plans to work closely with other governments, departments, and agencies, first responders, and the commercial sector, George said. To do so, the agency needs public-key algorithms to securely transmit information among all parties. "If you go back 30 years, things weren't nearly as interoperable as they are now. In today's world, everything is being networked. We have to allow interoperability. And the cryptography has to match [among devices] because if it doesn't, it is not going to be interoperable." These interoperability goals will most likely extend across federal, state and local governments in addition to law enforcement agencies nationwide. 

Although RSA and Diffie-Hellman are both public-key algorithms, experts say they don't scale well for the future. To make those keys, which now can go to 1,024 bits, secure for the next 10 to 20 years, organizations would have to expand to key lengths of at least 2,048 bits. Eventually, key sizes would need to expand to 4,096 bits. "That's enormous keys. To do the math operations underlying the keys takes longer and is more computationally intensive."

The average user does not need to switch to ECC unless it is to take advantage of its smaller size, such as securing cell phones and smart cards. With NSA, those technologies might include "things that a soldier carries around and [has] strict limits on power consumption." ECC should become a universal standard by 2020, when most ECC patents owned by Certicom expire. "If it's not a big problem today, it may be hard for the CIO to motivate people to transition to ECC." [Hickey/GCN/9August2007]

Trident may be the only U.S. corporate-intelligence firm staffed by ex-KGB agents. In late May, a Russian agent slipped unnoticed into a Moscow movie theater showing Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End. He donned night-vision goggles, scanned the theater, and spotted his target. But this was no Cold War spy scenario: The agent was an ex-Russian cop, and he was searching for real-life pirates making illicit copies of the Walt Disney (DIS ) film.

The agent worked for a small consulting firm called Trident Group, based in the Virginia suburbs of Washington, with an office in Moscow. Founded in 1996, Trident specializes in helping American companies navigate the woolly Russian market. But it is unlike any other consultancy in the U.S.: Trident's president is former Soviet military intelligence officer Yuri A. Koshkin, and several of its employees are veterans of the legendary intelligence service of the former Soviet Union, the KGB. Today they're serving as foot soldiers of capitalism, representing American corporate interests in the Motherland. Says former CIA General Counsel Robert M. McNamara Jr.: "Is this a great country or what?"

It's not unusual for spooks to enter the private sector. The current generation of CIA officers is far more likely to retire from government service and enter the business world than were its predecessors, say former agency officers. In 2006, for example, Lehman Brothers Inc. (LEH ) quietly promoted 35-year CIA veteran Ted Price from its corporate-security department to head the firm's Indian operations, based in Mumbai. Price was deputy director of operations at the CIA before becoming an investment banking executive. Earlier this year, Mike Baker, a 16-year CIA veteran, launched a corporate-intelligence firm, Prescience, in New Canaan, Conn., to serve hedge fund clients.

But Trident appears to be the only U.S.-based corporate-intelligence firm launched and run by former Soviet operatives. Founder Koshkin realized that many US companies going into Russia didn't know who they were dealing with. That insight led to a collaboration with Yevgeny N. Pshenichny, a Moscow lawyer who had studied at the same military institute as Koshkin. The two launched Trident in 1996. 

Today, Koshkin says Trident has 15 employees, including Vladimir Joujelo, a KGB veteran who helped the Russians provide security for world leaders, including Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, and Ronald Reagan; Alexander Trifonov, a former KGB officer; and Alexander B. Vinogradov, a retired Russian Army colonel who specialized in military intelligence. Koshkin, 49, won't discuss most of Trident's clients. Nor will he reveal the firm's billing rates or annual revenues, but he has made a good enough living from it to buy a house from former AOL executive Bob Pittman in Great Falls, Va., and an apartment on New York's Upper East Side.

From his office in Arlington, Va., high above the Potomac, Koshkin can see the glint of the white walls of the Russian Embassy across the river in Georgetown. "Sometimes I sit back and contemplate and wonder about the quirks of life," he says. "We were trained that the U.S. was enemy No.1." Now that enemy is his No.1 client. [BusinessWeek/13August2007]

Tehran Accuses Britain of Digging Spy Tunnel. Iranian authorities claim to have uncovered a long subterranean passage leading to the embassy compound, which occupies a large area in the center of the Iranian capital. The tunnel was reportedly found by builders digging in a nearby alley. It is said to pass beneath a carpet shop and under Ferdowsi Street, one of Tehran's busiest thoroughfares and the site of the embassy's main entrance.

Conservatives in Iran have seized on the alleged discovery to stir up fears about Britain, whose meddling in Iranian affairs in the 19th and 20th centuries has left an enduring effect on the national psyche. Raja News, a fundamentalist website linked to the wife of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's official spokesman, claimed the tunnel had been used by Britain for trafficking prostitutes and spies. It quoted an unnamed security official who attributed the information to a former employee of the embassy.

The allegations are short on facts, but they have been taken seriously enough for three rightwing MPs to table a written demand in parliament for an "immediate and serious investigation." 

British officials insist they have no knowledge of any tunnel. Asked if the passage could be an Iranian construction designed for eavesdropping on embassy business, a spokesman said: "I am certain that's not true." The spokesman added: "There are obviously some elements in parliament and elsewhere which are determined to have a campaign against all things British and I suppose this could be part of that. But we are not inclined to give these allegations the time of day." [Guardian/10August2007]

'Torture flight' Airline Sued by MI5 Informer. Bisher al-Rawi, the British-based Iraqi and former MI5 source detained by America for more than four years, is suing the US private airline that transported him to Afghanistan on a CIA 'extraordinary rendition' flight. According to al-Rawi, US agents abducted him during a business trip to Gambia in November 2002. Mr. al-Rawi had helped the British Security Service keep tabs on the radical preacher Abu Qatada - Osama bin Laden's 'ambassador to Europe' - when he was in hiding. Mr. al-Rawi says that after a month being interrogated in Gambia, he was rendered to the CIA's 'dark prison' in Kabul on a US charter plane. He later he spent four years in Guantanamo Bay before being released in March, cleared of any connection with terrorism.

Mr. al-Rawi has joined a legal action already filed by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of three other detainees, including a UK resident, Binyam Mohammed, an Ethiopian. It claims that the aviation firm Jeppesen, a subsidiary of Boeing, 'knowingly provided direct flight services to the CIA enabling the clandestine transportation of Bisher al-Rawi to secret overseas locations where he was subjected to torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment.' [Rose/Observer/5August2007] 


Former CIA Director: Terrorist Strike Within U.S. Real Threat. In a recent interview, former CIA Director R. James Woolsey said that terrorists could strike the American homeland - possibly with a weapon of mass destruction - this summer or early fall.

He also warns that if Iran fails to comply with international efforts to stop its nuclear weapons program, the U.S. will have no other option than to bomb it.

"I think the threat of a serious attack in the next few months is very real," Woolsey said. A terrorist strike with a dirty bomb or with biological weapons was "a real possibility." 

Woolsey's comments echo those of FBI Director Robert Mueller, who said in May that al-Qaida's paramount goal is clear: to detonate a nuclear device that would kill hundreds of thousands of Americans.

While Woolsey doubted terrorists would be able to acquire a nuclear explosive device, he warned that terrorists were trying to acquire one, either on the black market from the former Soviet Union, or from Iran or North Korea.

The former CIA director said he favored "really tough sanctions" on Iran for another few months, but if that failed to bring Iran's nuclear weapons program to a halt, the United States had no other choice but to bomb Iran's nuclear sites.

He also blasted those in the State Department who believe we can convince the Iranians through negotiations to stop their nuclear programs. "I've never thought there's a chance in hell of that," he said.

Asked what three things we need to do to make America more safe, Woolsey said that the first and most important was not to tie the president's hands when it came to intelligence collection.

Efforts to require court orders to intercept international communications amounted to "shooting ourselves in the foot," he added.

Next, he said the United States absolutely must step up pressure on Iran, by focusing on Iran's weak economic underbelly and the wellspring of popular discontent with the regime.

In the longer term, Woolsey said it was essential that the U.S. beef up its military forces and to prepare Americans psychologically and politically for a long war with radical Islamic terrorists.

"I think this is a long war, and we need to treat it as such, and go on a full war-footing," he said.

Woolsey had plenty more to say on the topic of Iran, wrapping up the interview with a list of things needed to keep the United States safe. [Timmerman/NewsMax/7August2007]

Indian Mob Boss Detained. Pakistan has detained mob boss and terrorist Dawood Ibrahim and his key associates, who were behind the 1993 Mumbai blasts in India that killed 257 people. The Times of India quoted intelligence sources saying the Pakistani spy agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence, captured Ibrahim and his associates Tiger Memon and Chotta Shakeel August 2. The three reportedly were detained after the US government mounted pressure on Islamabad to hand over Ibrahim and his associates, who are said to be close to al-Qaeda. It also said the intelligence service had acted to pre-empt possible "proactive steps" by Washington. Last week, the US - which branded Ibrahim a "global terrorist" - said his smuggling routes converge with those used by al-Qaeda to traffic arms. 

The gangland boss is alleged to run a syndicate involved with drug trafficking, extortion and ransom killings. He fled India in the early 1980s. A US government fact sheet accuses Ibrahim's syndicate of involvement with large-scale shipments of narcotics in the UK and Western Europe. Ibrahim is the key figure accused in the 13 serial blasts in Mumbai in March 1993 that killed 257 people and injured more than 700 others. He is known to have financed the activities of Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), a militant Muslim group behind several daring attacks in India. Local news outlets have reported that he has contacts with al-Qaeda leader Osama bin-Laden. [Earthtimes/9August2007] 


[From the Editors:  This week is the 53rd birthday of Jonathan Pollard. The WIN editors would like to mark the occasion by reminding readers of the Pollard case and the damage he caused. The following brief story is from the PBS/NOVA series on spies of the 20th century.]

Jon Pollard, a civilian intelligence analyst in the Navy, wanted to be a spy so badly that he even seemed to think he was a spy long before he actually was. As a college student at Stanford he boasted that he had contacts in the Israeli intelligence services and that his father was a CIA agent who worked in Prague. Both claims were false. He entered phony education and employment information on job applications and mailed himself telegrams under aliases he made up for himself. 

Pollard became a Navy analyst in 1979, after leaving a graduate program in law at Tufts University. Initially, he was given an unusually high level of security clearance, but it was revoked within a few months after Pollard made unauthorized and suspicious contact with an attach� from the South African Embassy. It is unclear what business Pollard had with the embassy official, and it was never investigated.

In 1984 Pollard was promoted to a position as an analyst in the Naval Criminal Investigation Service (NIS), and his security clearances were reinstated. He was placed in a new, high-priority unit, the Anti-Terrorism Alert Center, where he gained access to satellite photographs and CIA reports. At least three of Pollard's acquaintances recall that within months of his assuming his new post he mailed them unsolicited collections of classified information for no apparent reason.

Shortly after he began working at the NIS Pollard met an Israeli intelligence officer in New York named Avi Sella, who was posing as a graduate student at New York University. Sella requested classified information from Pollard - any information he could deliver - and told him that he would be paid for whatever he could provide.

A few days later, Sella and Pollard met in Washington. Pollard provided detailed information on chemical warfare manufacturing plants in Iraq. For this initial transaction Pollard was given a $10,000 diamond and sapphire ring for his fianc�e, Anne Henderson, and paid over $10,000 in cash. Sella also agreed to pay Pollard $1,500 a month for his espionage activities as long as they continued.

For about a year after the time Pollard met Avi Sella, he gathered computer printouts, satellite photographs, and classified documents from his department three times a week and brought them to various Washington apartments. There, they were copied and returned to Pollard, who restored them to the Navy the following day. In exchange for his services Pollard received, in addition to the agreed salary, a lavish collection of gifts for himself and his wife, including a honeymoon in a private compartment aboard the Orient Express.

By his own estimates Pollard passed to his Israeli handlers more than 800 classified publications and more than 1,000 cables, probably the largest cache of materials ever passed through espionage. At one point, when Pollard's new wife was hoping to clinch a job interview at an international public relations firm with branches in China, he brought home five secret studies on China. Her presentation was assessed as brilliant.

Pollard was eventually captured on November 18, 1985, rather unceremoniously, walking out of his office with 60 top-secret documents in his briefcase. His supervisors had become suspicious of his voracious consumption of materials. Commenting not as much on the massive loss of classified documents to Israel and elsewhere but more on the extraordinary lack of security surrounding Pollard's carefree espionage activities, then Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger said, "It is difficult for conceive of greater harm done to national security."

Pollard pleaded guilty to espionage and was sentenced to prison for life. His wife served a five-year sentence for unauthorized possession of government documents. Upon her release, Anne Henderson Pollard divorced her husband. In 1993 Secretary of Defense Les Aspin reported that Pollard had tried 14 times to disclose classified information in letters written to various recipients from his prison cell. [PBS/NOVA/January2002] 



CIA Statement on "Legacy of Ashes."  

Mark Mansfield, CIA Director of Public Affairs, sends:  CIA Statement on "Legacy of Ashes."

The CIA is no stranger to criticism. Intelligence work, focused as it is on the uncertain, the unknown, and the deliberately hidden, comes with great difficulty and risk. There will be shortcomings and unpleasant surprises. That said, Tim Weiner's recently published book, Legacy of Ashes, paints far too dark a picture of the agency's past. Backed by selective citations, sweeping assertions, and a fascination with the negative, Weiner overlooks, minimizes, or distorts agency achievements.

In 1948, the CIA accurately assessed the chances of war with the Soviets as nil. According to Weiner, that was a failure "because no one listened." The development of the U-2 spyplane was a stunning technological achievement that offered a unique look behind the Iron Curtain. To Weiner, it is tied to failure, because the CIA should have had better human sources inside the Soviet Union. Through analytic rigor, the agency made a near-perfect forecast of the 1967 Mideast War.

Weiner attributes it wholly to information from a foreign intelligence service. The CIA offered accurate and timely warning of Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, a fact Weiner obscures in his narrative.

Those are but a few examples. The story of Pyotr Popov, the CIA's first major Soviet spy, gets very short shrift. Weiner rightly speaks of the Soviet sources killed by the treachery of Aldrich Ames, yet never mentions the skill it took to recruit those sources or the intelligence they provided the United States. Time and again, Weiner takes things to the darkest corner of the room. He knows better. In promoting his book, he says the design and deployment of intelligence satellites and the study of imagery from them "helped keep the Cold War cold." That in itself was no minor achievement.

Despite its claims to be "the" history of the CIA, the book is marked by errors great and small. Here is a relatively brief, and admittedly incomplete, catalogue:

- The book's first few paragraphs mistakenly assert that President Harry Truman never wanted the CIA to engage in covert action. But he signed National Security Council (NSC) directives assigning responsibility for covert action to the CIA - at a time when CIA officials were skeptical about taking on this mission. Weiner himself notes in the book that Truman's NSC approved 81 covert CIA actions.

- The book points out that covert actions are undertaken at the behest of the President to achieve specific ends at specific times. To Weiner, those objectives are illegitimate, to be viewed solely through the prism of events decades later, as though you can draw a simple, straight, decisive line of causation through years of complicated history.

- The book states that a 1952 operation in Manchuria undertaken by two CIA officers, Dick Fecteau and Jack Downey, was a personnel rescue mission. In fact, the purpose of the operation was to recover documents.

- The book charges that Frank Wisner, a pioneer of the agency's covert operations, successfully resisted Director of Central Intelligence Walter Bedell Smith's order to cancel ineffective ones. But a major Asian program was shut down in 1953 - on Wisner's watch as the head of CIA's covert operations.

- The book states that the National Security Agency (NSA) was created in response to an interception and decryption program that was compromised in 1949. In fact, the NSA was established in 1952 to correct serious problems with military signals intelligence during the Korean War.

- The book alleges that the CIA used Radio Free Europe to spark the 1956 Hungarian uprising. But Weiner's main source for this idea is a Radio Free Europe memo that was written after the uprising.

- The book suggests that the CIA didn't predict the collapse of the Soviet Union. As a number of prominent outside observers have noted, the agency had warned of trouble signs in the Soviet Union on regular occasions since the 1970s.

- The book states that current CIA Director Michael Hayden is the first active duty military officer to lead the agency since Walter Bedell Smith in the 1950s. But Stansfield Turner was an active duty admiral in the U.S. Navy during the first two years of his tenure as Director of Central Intelligence.

Even Weiner's telling of his juiciest tale, involving the American ambassador to Guatemala, is gravely flawed. 

There is much less to this than Weiner suggests - for starters, the supposed intelligence on which it is based did not even come from the CIA or a CIA source. As is so often the case, there is more than one side to the story. But you would not know that from Weiner's book.

What of the CIA today? This is the agency that did much to oust the Taliban from Afghanistan after 9/11 and collapse the Al-Qa'ida safe haven there. This is the agency that unraveled the A.Q. Khan proliferation network and learned enough about Libya's nuclear program to persuade Tripoli to step back from it. And the agency that has helped foil terrorist plots and erode the structure and leadership of a terrorist movement that is extremely dangerous and highly adaptable.

Weiner's verdict: These skilled and dedicated officers are "the weakest cadre of spies and analysts in the history of the CIA."

The agency makes no claims to perfection - far from it. We strive each day to learn from our successes and failures. Not even Weiner can claim that the CIA shrinks from its past. The huge volume of material we have declassified, rare for an intelligence service, underscores the point.

With a strong range of sources, Tim Weiner had an opportunity to write a balanced history of a complex, important subject. But he did not. His bias overwhelms his scholarship. One cannot learn the true story of the CIA from Legacy of Ashes.

[Editors comment:  Following is the reply from AFIO Chairman Peter Earnest].  


Bravo! I am delighted to see the Agency fighting back. All too often slurs and canards leveled at the Agency are met with a mild disclaimer or no rejoinder at all, usually the latter. I am frequently asked about "Legacy" both as Spy Museum executive director and as AFIO board chairman. And like other Agency veterans, I'm sure, I take issue with Weiner's overall negative theme, outright errors, and sweeping allegations. As you know all too well, it is rare that government agencies take note of popular media let alone nail them. So this statement is most welcome and will be highly encouraging to annuitants and other Agency supporters including Agency staff members. I am sending it to the entire Museum staff and directing that AFIO include it in its weekly e-mails to its over 4,000 members. Well done!

Best regards,

Peter Earnest


DHS vacancy announcements for positions at DHS Headquarters, Office of Inspector General, the Preparedness Directorate, the Science and Technology Directorate, and the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office. These positions are posted on  For vacancies with DHS components including FEMA, Coast Guard, etc., please check their postings on Thank you from the Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.
Positions located at DHS Headquarters
Positions located at the Office of Inspector General
Positions located at the Science and Technology Directorate
Positions located at the National Protection and Programs Directorate

Manager, Threat Analysis and Research  LOCATION: Houston, TX
The mission of the Manager, Threat Analysis and Research is to serve as the research focal point for the Security team�s efforts to formulate and execute policies and programs regarding security threats and risks to personnel and operations.

Purpose and Justification

The Chief Security Officer, Global Security and Crisis Management must provide security and geo-political guidance consistent with security and Company policies and objectives. Although broad guidelines exist, there are many situations whereby guidelines are inadequate in dealing with controversial security challenges and detailed analysis is necessary to interrupt raw information. The incumbent will perform a wide variety of long-range inter-related planning, research, analysis and collection efforts of domestic and diverse international locations in determining actual threats and associated risks. The post holder must have latitude, resourcefulness and judgment in carrying out complex assignments and analysis. The role requires developing new concepts and methodologies for unprecedented problems and experimental approaches and solutions.

The incumbent identifies, develops and executes research and analytical techniques regarding unevaluated information of great complexity and corporate sensitivity. The incumbent establishes requirements and methodologies while considering many variables to include corporate, economic, political, military and national ramifications. The incumbent challenges accepted beliefs as new information warrants. Challenges encountered in this role present a broad spectrum of overlapping complexities that require simultaneous response to legal, political, international, operational and organizational aspects to resolve interpretations of threats and risks.

The incumbent�s decisions and recommendations on controversial or novel matters must be accepted as technically sound. The incumbent represents the organization at top-level working groups and committees and provides assistance in the incumbent�s field of expertise. Such work involves archival research; field interviews; investigative efforts and the analysis and reporting of related information detailing threat and risk scenarios or incidents.

The incumbent works with a high degree of independence and must rely on professional judgment, technical background and personal initiative. As a recognized expert, his/her results are viewed only for compliance with directives and decisions and usually not questioned on a technical basis.

Job Dimensions
The scope of the business activity that this post holder supports is approximately $7B in geographically dispersed businesses operating in 90+ countries. The Manager, Threat Analysis and Research supports the CSO, Global Security and Crisis Management, the Regional Security Directors, Director, Information Security, Director, Crisis Management, the Executive Team and Main Board of Directors in advising them on security exposures, risks and the impact of geo-political events as they relate to Company business decisions.

Qualifications & Skills
� Bachelors or Masters Degree in related field and 10 years experience in geo-politics or security.
� Demonstrated ability to read, interpret and analyze voluminous amounts of data in short time.
� Exercise effective independent judgments in a fast moving, high pressure and demanding environment with competing priorities.
� Analyze conflicting facts and estimates derived from numerous sources while taking into account historical information and internal and external technical, military, governmental, economic, and political considerations.
� Knowledge of inductive and deductive reasoning to conduct archival research and analysis and evaluate the validity of data, analyze information reports and present a coherent Global Security position.
� Thorough knowledge of research on the effects of war or hostilities to interpret information and devise positions after assessing often fragmentary, inconsistent and unsubstantiated and diverse source materials.
� Possess specialized subject-matter knowledge to apply, project and revise long-range security estimates for areas of operations with complex problems.
� Ability to communicate effectively (in writing & orally) complex and sensitive situations to various levels of the organization and external environments.
� Self-starter with an ability to operate with minimal supervision.
� Effective at developing internal and external alliances. Experience liaising with international, federal, state and local government and law enforcement/information sources and private industrial security.
RESUME SUBMITTAL Interested candidates should submit their resumes via the position posting on the SMR website at: 

Book Reviews

Troublesome Young Men: The Rebels Who Brought Churchill To Power and Helped Save England, by Lynne Olsen.  

[WIN editors would like to thank AFIO member William Hamilton, J.D., Ph.D. for the following book review. A syndicated columnist and featured commentator for USA Today, William Hamilton is a Distinguished Graduate of the U.S. Naval War College and a former research fellow at the U.S. Military History Institute of the U.S. Army War College. He is a member of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers. Writing as William Penn, he and his wife are the co-authors of The Grand Conspiracy and The Panama Conspiracy - two thrillers about terrorism directed against the United States.]

Readers who admire the historical writings of Barbara W. Tuchman will find much to admire in Lynne Olson's Troublesome Young Men: The Rebels Who Brought Churchill To Power and Helped Save England. 
For those who grew up wondering how the British government led by Neville Chamberlain failed to stop Adolf Hitler when it might have been possible to do so, Troublesome Young Men not only provides the answers but reads like a suspense thriller as well. 

Will the young Tories opposed to Chamberlain's policy of appeasement find the courage, literally, to stand up and be counted before it is too late for Great Britain to rearm? Will the young Tory backbenchers be able to keep Lord Halifax (who wanted to cede Europe to Hitler) from replacing Chamberlain as Prime Minister and, instead, bring to power the leader whose bulldog determination to defeat Hitler at any cost would save western civilization?

Lynne Olson takes the reader through the rough and tumble and, even sexually surprising, inside of pre-war British parliamentary politics. This is history written as a keep-you-up-all-night, page-turner. And, it works.  [New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007]


Shin Bet Chief Who Handed Famed Khrushchev Speech to CIA Dies at 88. Amos Manor, head of the Shin Bet security service from 1953 to 1963, died in Tel Aviv at age 88, after an illness. 

Mr. Manor always cited the achievement he was most proud of as obtaining the text of Nikita Khrushchev's famous secret speech denouncing Stalin to the 20th Soviet Communist Party Congress. With prime minister David Ben-Gurion's consent, Mr. Manor passed the speech along to the CIA, something that enhanced the image of Israeli intelligence in the Americans' eyes and resulted in an upgrading of relations between the two intelligence communities. 

Mr. Manor was born Arthur Mendelovici, in the town of Sighet, Transylvania in 1918, to a wealthy, Zionist family. In 1944 he was sent with most of his family on the first transport of Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz. He survived the Holocaust and from 1947 was active in Romania in the Mossad for Aliyah Bet, which was responsible for smuggling illegal Jewish refugees into Mandatory Palestine. His code name was "Amos." 

In June 1949 he immigrated to Israel with a forged Czech passport and a month later was recruited to the Shin Bet. In January 1950, he officially became Amos Manor. Mr. Manor told Haaretz in an interview a year and a half ago that his rapid promotion led the CIA to suspect him of being a KGB and Romanian plant. 

Mr. Manor is survived by a wife and son. [Melman/Haaretz/6August2007] 

Coming Events

13-14 August 2007 - El Paso, Texas - Border Conference on Security & Intelligence.  The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) is pleased to invite you to attend the Border Security Conference: Securing and Managing Our Nation's Borders, which will be held on August 13-14 on the UTEP campus. Now in its fourth year, this annual conference is hosted by UTEP in conjunction with the Office of Congressman Silvestre Reyes.  The Border Security Conference brings together leaders from the public and private sectors in both the United States and Mexico to explore how best to safeguard our common borders, while simultaneously fostering the continued human and economic development of our two nations.  This year's conference will focus on key issues such as emerging border security strategies at the local, national and binational levels; next-generation border security technologies; and strengthening intelligence through diversity and binational cooperation.  For more information and registration (no cost to attend), visit:

Tuesday, 14 August 2007, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Murder in Mexico: Final Secrets of the Trotsky Assassination at International Spy Museum “Stalin has finally accomplished the task he attempted unsuccessfully before.” —Leon Trotsky on his deathbed The murder of Leon Trotsky in Mexico City on 20 August 1940 by young Spanish assassin Ramon Mercader stifled Stalin’s most vocal critic and became known as the “crime of the century.” Captured at the scene, Mercader served 20 years without revealing his identity, motivation, or details of the complex assassination operation. Now historian H. Keith Melton recreates the plot drawing on the KGB’s secret archives, Mercader family records, and his own multi-year examination of the case. With comprehensive photographic and video support, the speaker will explore intriguing aspects of the assassination—the multiple preceding plots; the roles played by artists Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera; the use of sex, seduction, and honey-traps; and the true murder weapon. Mr. Melton will correct widely believed inaccuracies about the assassination and provide an overview of books on Trotsky’s death. The evening includes a rare opportunity to view assassination-related artifacts on public display for the first time. Tickets: $20

Thursday, 16 August 2007, 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - International Spy Museum free Author talk and book-signing: Gatekeeper: Memoirs of a CIA Polygraph Examiner by John F. Sullivan. Polygraph testing has come under fire, but for a pro like John F. Sullivan, it is an effective form of ferreting out the truth. In Gatekeeper, Sullivan, a polygraph examiner with the CIA for thirty-one years, reveals how lie detectors act as the Agency’s gatekeepers, preventing foreign agents, unsuitable applicants, and employees guilty of misconduct from penetrating or harming the Agency. Join Sullivan as he describes his methods, emphasizing the importance of psychology and the examiners’ skills in a successful polygraph program. He’ll share tales of intrigue from the thousands of tests he conducted—more than anyone else in the history of the CIA’s testing program. Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

 23 - 25 Aug 2007 - Las Vegas, NV - Know Your Enemy - Seminar 2 - Islam, Jihad, and Terrorism by the Center for Strategic Analysis (CSA). The seminar will be conducted by Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) from U.S. intelligence agencies, counter-terrorism experts, specialists from academia, and individuals with a unique understanding of the “Terrorist mindset” and why they hate us. Registration is $495.
For security reasons the exact location will only be shared with attendees who are fully paid and agree not to share the location information with non-attendees. Once attendees have been given details of the seminar there will be no refund for any reason.
If you have any questions, and to register, email or call Patrick Boylan, Executive Director of CSA, at 702.866.6466

25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting.  25 August 2007 - Seattle, WA - AFIO Pacific Northwest Chapter Meeting featuring Capt Cannady, LTC Woodard, and Maj. Krueger. An outstanding program is planned with speakers from McChord AFB and the Washington National Guard. Captain Matthew Cannady is the Intelligence Officer assigned to the Western Air Defense Sector (WADS) at McChord. He will provide an in-depth briefing on the workings of the Air Defense system on the West Coast. Lt. Colonel Timothy Woodard the J2 of the Washington National Guard and Major Bill Krueger will provide a detailed briefing on the recently created 194th Intelligence Squadron. The cost of the meeting will be $25 which includes a breakfast buffet. Time: 09:30am - 1:30pm. Where: South View Lounge at the Museum of Flight. The meeting is open to anyone interested in national intelligence whether they are a member or not. The chapter welcomes family, friends and associates to attend. SPECIAL OFFER: A gracious corporate donor has agreed to pay $5 for each of the first 10 people who send their CHECKs to arrive with Fran Dyer prior to July 16. The first 10 people who meet these conditions will receive a $5 refund at the meeting. Please mail your checks, payable to AFIO PNW Chapter, to: AFIO PNW Chapter, 4616 25th Ave NE Suite 495, Seattle, WA 98105. Please RSVP Fran Dyer at:

27 - 29 August 2007 - New Orleans, LA - SYNERGY '07 - Conference and Expo - Advancing an Integrated Defense Intelligence Enterprise. Co-sponsored by: The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (USD/I). The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, (USD/I), headed by Lt Gen James R. Clapper, Jr.,, USAF(Ret) is co-sponsoring with Government Emerging Technology Alliance (GETA) this Synergy ‘07 New Orleans, LA. Synergy '07 will strive to bring DoD Operations and Intelligence Community representatives together for open dialog with the objective of fostering better collaboration between decision makers and members of the war-fighting, requirements, collections, analytics and vendor communities. The conference, chaired by Brigadier General Billy J. Bingham (USAF, ret), a former Assistant Deputy Director for Operations and Deputy Chief, Central Security Service at Fort George G. Meade, and Director of Intelligence (J2) U.S. Pacific Command, will focus on past operational successes as a means of addressing the impediments and challenges that the various components face in providing quality support to U.S. warfighters during peace, crisis and wartime. "What we are hoping to do is build a confederation of communities, including, to the extent possible, our coalition partners that will increase the effectiveness of DoD operations and provide upgraded support from the ISR community to our boots on the ground warfighters," said Jim Riggins, NCSI's Executive Director of Intelligence Community Programs and Initiatives. More about the conference can be found at

30 August 2007 - Houston, TX - the AFIO Houston Chapter Summer 2007 Dinner will feature CIA former Chiefs of Disguise and the former Chief of the Graphics and Authentication, Antonio J. Mendez, and his wife, Jonna H. Mendez. Also present will be retired KGB Major General Oleg D. Kalugin, former Chief, KGB Foreign Counterintelligence (Directorate KR) as well the Youngest General in KGB history. This exclusive evening is being held at the Sheraton Suites, near the Houston Galleria: Immediately preceding dinner, there will be an author's reception with appetizers and a book signing. Antonio and Jonna Mendez are authors of the Master of Disguise and Spy Dust and will be delighted to sign their books for all attendees. Both books will on sale on location. Please RSVP here:

4-6 September 2007 - Chicago, IL - INSA 3 day presentation of Analytic Transformation. The DDNI for Analysis will present new standards for analysis suggested for the Intelligence Community. $695 per person. Speakers will include Thomas Fingar, DDNI for Analysis; James Clapper, Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence; Michael Wertheimer, ADDNI for Analytic Transformation & Technology; and others. Location: Sheraton-on-the-Water, Chicago, IL. Further details at

5 September 2007 - Las Vegas, NV - The AFIO Las Vegas Chapter meeting will feature guest speaker Stephen M. Scott, formerly with Diplomatic Security, U.S. Department of State. The chapter will hold it's meeting at the Officers� Club at Nellis Air Force Base. Our featured speaker will be Stephen M. Scott, formerly with Diplomatic Security, U.S. Department of State. Mr. Scott will speak on �Living in Moscow: A Diplomatic Security Engineer's Perspective.� Date/Time: Wednesday, September 5th, at 6:00 p.m. (RSVP deadline to submit names of guests is Thursday, August 31st.) Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base. All guests must use the MAIN GATE located at the intersection on Craig Road and Las Vegas Blvd. Address: 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191 Phone: 702-644-2582. Dinner: The Officers' Club has an excellent, informal dinner venue along with a selection of snacks. You are welcome to arrive early and join us in the "Check Six" bar area. Water will be provided during the meeting, but you may also purchase beverages and food at the bar and bring them to the meeting. Once again, please feel free to bring your spouse and/or guest(s) to dinner as well as our meeting.
Please contact Christine Eppley at or 702.295.0073 by Thursday, August 31, RSVP if you wish to be added to the Access List for entrance to Nellis Air Force Base (through the Main Gate) to attend the meeting on September 5. Entrance to the base cannot be guaranteed if names are not submitted by Ms. Eppley

Thursday, 6 September 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Sharing the Dragon’s Teeth: Terrorists and Technology, an joint event by the International Spy Museum and RAND Corporation “Terrorists attacking British bases in Basra are using aerial footage displayed by the Google Earth internet tool to pinpoint their attacks, say Army intelligence sources.”— The Telegraph, 13 January 2007 It may be hard to imagine the use of “best practices” in a terrorist context, but terrorist groups have found new and efficient ways to achieve their goals. In Sharing the Dragon’s Teeth, Breaching the Fortress Wall, and Freedom and Information, Brian A. Jackson, Kim Cragin, and Eric Landree examine how terrorist groups attempt to use and exchange technologies and information. In this discussion, the authors will review a variety of technologies ranging from remote-detonation devices to converted field ordnance to katyusha rockets, terrorist strategies to counter government efforts to protect the public, and the availability of data regarding U.S. counterterrorism systems and defenses for attacks on the U.S. air, rail, and sea transportation infrastructure. Join the experts as they share their thoughts about improving threat assessments, disrupting innovation processes, and affecting terrorist groups’ cost-benefit trade-offs. Tickets: $20

6 September 2007 - Front Royal, VA - Tony Sesow Golf Classic.  The Naval Intelligence Foundation hosts its annual "Tony Sesow Golf Classic" fund-raising tournament at the Shenandoah Valley Golf Course. The tournament starts at 0800 with registration, followed by a light breakfast and concludes with lunch and refreshments. Lucky draw and all skill prizes will be awarded. The cost is $80.00 for an individual, $300.00 for a team and sponsorship is available for $400.00 (team included). Each Closest-to-the Pin winner will automatically be entered into the Jetblue shoot-out for $50,000 which will take place directly after the tournament. For sponsorship and additional information, please contact Peter Buchan at (540) 671-4435 or

9-14 September 2007 - Oxford, United Kingdom - Christ Church Conflict Conference 2007 "The Nature of War"  The object of the 2007 Conflict conference is to study War in its various manifestations, its apparent ‘permanence as a feature of the human condition’ (Clausewitz), and the successes and failures of attempts to control it. The program looks first of the basic steps on the road to war, not least an examination of alternatives to armed conflict. Next, the different types of war: civil wars that engulfed the English-speaking world in the 17th and 19th centuries, or Bosnia in 1990; conventional warfare between nation states: the 20th century and its two world wars, guerilla wars and the conflicts of decolonization - and the uniqueness of the Falklands War of 1982. All these will come under scrutiny. The pervading granular warfare that engages us all today with the threat of terrorism, focused closely on the present Iraqi conflict. Finally there will be an examination of the outcomes of war and the inevitable social change that comes in its wake. Christ Church welcomes speakers of the highest distinction and scholarship. Speakers at the Nature of War conference are drawn from amongst political and military experts as well as the media. Amongst those participating are Professor Kenneth Hagan of the US Naval War College; Larry Hollingworth, with personal experience of the Iraqi conflict and a veteran of Afghanistan, Chechnya and East Timor; and Major-General Julian Thompson, military commander in the Falklands War. The program will be administered by Alex Webb, and her Christ Church conference team. Further information will be shortly published on the Christ Church website and an illustrated prospectus will be available. Contact Nature of War, The Steward's Office, Christ Church, Oxford, OX1 1DP, U.K. or email, telephone +44 (0) 1865 286848.

19 September 2007 - Scottsdale, AZ -The Arizona Chapter of AFIO meeting features Richard W. Bloom, College Dean/Director of Terrorism, Intelligence, and Security Studies at Embry-Riddle. The chapter will hold it's meeting at 11:30 AM at Buster's Restaurant in Scottsdale. The speaker will be Dr. Richard W. Bloom, Dean of the College of Arts and Science, Professor of Political and Clinical Psychology and Director of Terrorism, Intelligence, and Security Studies at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott, Arizona. Dr. Bloom has worked for the United States government as an intelligence operations manager, intelligence analyst, special operations planner, politico-military planner and military clinical psychologist. He is President of the Military Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association, diplomat of the American Board of Professional Psychology (Clinical Psychology). He carries out policy analyses and reviews applied research in Aviation Intelligence, profiling of aviation security threat and assessment, terrorism, and counter terrorism, psychological warfare, propaganda and disinformation. For information and reservations contact Bill Williams at (602) 944-2451 or FIREBALLCI@HOTMAIL.COM

20 September 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter features speaker Craig B. Chellis on "Adapting the Intelligence Process to Monitoring Natural Disasters". Craig is a former staffer of both NRO and CIA.. The lunch meeting is at the Falcon Room of the Officers Club, Air Force Academy. The cost is $10.00 and the lunch starts at 11:30 am. Contact Richard (Dick) Durham at 719-488-2884 or by e-mail Reservations must be made to Durham not later than September 17, 2007

Thursday, 20 September 2007; 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - iSpy: Surveillance and Power in the Interactive Era, free booksigning at the International Spy Museum Your groceries, the songs you buy for your iPod, the programs you TiVo, all these choices are added to a global data mine. Unbeknownst to the casual user of these services, this mother lode of information is already being put to use in various economic, political, and social contexts. In his new book iSpy: Surveillance and Power in the Interactive Era, Mark Andrejevic reveals how untempered public enthusiasm for new technologies offers unfettered new modes of surveillance and control. Join Andrejevic for a chilling look at the vortex in which collaborative participation becomes centralized control. Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

20 September 2007, 6 pm - 10 pm - Tysons Corner, VA - The OSS Society hosts the William J. Donovan Award Dinner  The dinner will honor MG John K. Singlaub USA(Ret), the current Chairman of The Society, who will be the Award's 2007 recipient. The event will include The Society's own celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of CIA, formed after the OSS disbanded. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has been invited to present a keynote address, and other military leaders are invited. Further details can be found by writing them at

Tuesday, 25 September 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - The Agency at 60: Former DCI & CIA Director R. James Woolsey Reflects - A Special Evening at the International Spy Museum “We have slain a large dragon, but we now live in a jungle filled with a bewildering variety of poisonous snakes. And in many ways, the dragon was easier to keep track of.”— R. James Woolsey, 1991 Former U.S. Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) R. James Woolsey headed the CIA at a time of great change and challenge. The Cold War was ending and the Agency was suffering from the recent revelation that intelligence officer Aldrich Ames was a Soviet mole. Serving as both the DCI and the CIA director, Woolsey was appointed by President Clinton to help restructure the intelligence service. During this candid conversation, the former DCI will share what it was like to head the CIA during that tumultuous time. He will draw on his tenure at the CIA and his distinguished government career to comment on the Agency as it turns 60. Woolsey will also share some of his thoughts about the future of the CIA during this intimate event. Tickets: $20 REGISTER:

26 - 27 September 2007 - The Hague, Netherlands - Netherlands Intelligence Studies Association (NISA) CONFERENCE 2008  The Netherlands Defence College (IDL), The Hague, Netherlands is the location for 'Intelligence Failures and Cultural Misperceptions: Asia, 1945 till the present' The NISA would like to invite both academic and (former) practitioners of intelligence to submit proposals for papers that entail a theoretical approach to the intelligence failures and cultural misperceptions against the backdrop of the situation in Asia since 1945. The intention of the conference organizers is to develop a more analytical perspective on the above mentioned events, rather than adding to existing descriptive narratives. Submitters are requested to send in proposals of approximately 400 words pertaining to the following subjects : The Cold War in Asia Economic espionage in and from Asia Intelligence cultures UKUSA cooperation in Asia The 'war on terror' Proposals should be submitted no later than 1 May, 2007 and can be sent to: or write to

28 September 2007 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Summer Luncheon  Hold date on your calendars. Event to be held at the Holiday Inn Hotel, Tysons Corner/Vienna, VA. Details to follow. 

and for your October planning.....  

Wednesday, 3 October 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - The Truth is Out There: Conspiracy Theories and Their Use by Intelligence Agencies at the International Spy Museum “Once contracted, conspiracy theory is an incurable condition.”—Christopher Andrew in Eternal Vigilance Do you believe the U.S. Army manufactured AIDS as a biological weapon? That Washington has been covering up UFO sightings for decades? Or that the CIA was involved in Kennedy’s assassination? If so, you are not alone. Americans are obsessed with conspiracy theories to a point that many have come to believe our democracy is really controlled by invisible forces operating behind the scenes. What makes conspiracy theories so appealing and why have they become so prevalent in this day and age? Do some of them contain a grain of truth? And who stands to gain from spreading these ideas? Join Robert Alan Goldberg, author of Enemies Within, as he unravels the mysteries of many popular conspiracy theories and International Spy Museum historian, Thomas Boghardt, who will reveal how intelligence agencies across the world have used these ingenious inventions as political weapons. Tickets: $15 REGISTER:

Thursday, 4 October 2007; 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - Corporate Spy: Industrial Espionage and Counterintelligence in the Multinational Enterprise at the International Spy Museum In May of 2006, PepsiCo alerted the Coca Cola Company that someone was trying to sell Coke’s secrets. An FBI sting implicated a secretary who has since been sentenced to eight years in federal prison for conspiring to steal trade secrets from the famous beverage maker. How unusual was this case? How frequently are businesses under attack? How can they protect themselves? Join Steeple Aston, PhD, author of Corporate Spy, as he uncovers the world of the corporate spies: who they are and how they operate. You’ll learn the warning signs and hear about some of the most dramatic cases of industrial espionage in recent years. Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

 5 October 2007 - New York, NY - The AFIO New York Metropolitan Chapter hosts an evening meeting to hear Haviland Smith. Smith is a retired CIA station chief having served in East and West Europe and was chief of CIA's Counterterrorism Staff. He served in Tehran, Beirut, Prague, Berlin and Washington. A classic spymaster's tour of duty. Undergraduate of Dartmouth, a Master's from University of London, both in Russian Studies. Smith is mentioned numerous times in Tim Weiner's new book "Legacy of Ashes" - which takes a highly one-sided, critical view of the Agency. Haviland Smith is well-known for being a dynamic, mesmerizing speaker! Join us this evening and find out. New Location of event: Club Quarters (former Chemists Club), 40 West 45th St, Between 5th and 6th Ave. Questions: Jerry Goodwin, President, AFIO - New York Metropolitan Chapter at 212-308-1450

Tuesday, 16 October 2007; 7 pm - Washington, DC - Syriana. Movie and post-film talk with former CIA Officer, Robert Baer. “Intelligence work isn't training seminars and gold stars for attendance…” —Bob Barnes in Syriana Corruption and power drive the plot of Syriana, a multi-layered thriller that weaves together emirs, analysts, intelligence officers, and immigrant workers. In the thought-provoking film, one commodity connects everything—oil. This shocking depiction of ruthless deals and raw emotion is inspired by the experiences of former CIA case officer Robert Baer—the screenplay is drawn from Baer’s books See No Evil and Sleeping with the Devil. Baer’s twenty-year career in the Directorate of Operations took him to assignments in Northern Iraq, Lebanon, and Tajikstan. His understanding of the Middle East shaped the film and brings a grim realism to this exploration of a double-crossing and morally skewed world. Join Baer for a special screening and discussion of the award-winning film. Program to be held at the National Portrait Gallery, Eighth and G Streets, NW Tickets: $15 REGISTER:

17-18 October 2007 - Chantilly, VA - AFCEA International Classified Fall Symposium - Top Secret SI/TK As part of an ongoing series for business executives with active intelligence community clearances, the AFCEA will be exploring Intelligence Community and National Security issues as they relate to the topic of information sharing and collaboration. The event will be held at the National Reconnaissance Office in Chantilly. Four focused sessions will address what has worked, what has not worked, and what still needs to be done. This is a critical topic requiring changes not only within the government and Intelligence Community, but also for marketing ideas for the private sector. For further details see:

18-19 October 2007 - Laurel, MD - The Symposium on Cryptologic History sponsored by the Center for Cryptologic History, to be held at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD. The National Security Agency's Center for Cryptologic History (CCH) hosts its 2007 Symposium on Cryptologic History. The CCH is looking for papers to be presented on fresh topics relating to the history of cryptology, with an emphasis on World War II and the Cold War, although papers on other fresh topics will be considered. Send your proposal for a paper or a panel, or any questions about the symposium to, or FAX them to 301-688-2342. Proposals will be considered after March 16, and a schedule issued.

19-20 October 2007 - Hampton Beach, NH - The Fall 2007 meeting of the AFIO New England Chapter will be held at the Ashworth-by-the-Sea in Hampton Beach. A full description of services as well as directions to the hotel are available at Their main speaker will be Andy Bacevisch. They will also hear from their own Gene Wojciechowski. Andrew Bacevisch was born in Normal, IL in 1947 and is a 1969 graduate of West Point. He served in Vietnam commanding an armored cavalry platoon, and later earned an MA and PhD in history at Princeton while teaching at West Point. After his army service, he taught at the Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies before coming to Boston University, where he headed the Center for International Relations for several years. He is the author of a number of books on the US military and his op-ed pieces appear regularly in the national press. The program will begin with a Friday evening complimentary wine and cheese social at the Ashworth-by-the-Sea starting at 6:00 PM. This get-together is a wonderful opportunity to renew friendships, as well as make new ones in a relaxed informal setting. We anticipate that our speakers will join us at the social. This may be followed by a no-host dinner at local area restaurants. Our Saturday schedule is as follows 9:00 - 10:45 a.m. Meeting Registration, 11:00 - 11:20 a.m. First Speaker, 12:00 - 1:15 p.m. Luncheon,1:15 - 2:15 p.m. Keynote Speaker, 2:30 p.m. Adjournment. For additional information contact

22-26 October 2007 - The Midwest Chapter of AFIO is planning a trip to Washington, DC  The trip will run from Monday, October 22, 2007 through Friday, October 26, 2007. Plans are being made to visit the White House, the Pentagon, and the Capitol, with the possibility of laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. All other tours will be worked around the laying of the wreath and scheduled tours provided by the government. Contact Angelo DiLiberti at 847-931-4181 for more details and a registration reply form. Spaces are limited and reply forms must be submitted early for tour background checks.

23-24 October 2007 - NMIA Symposium for 2007 visits the National Reconnaissance Office - SECRET/NOFORN. Attendees must hold SECRET/NOFORN clearance. Fee: $475 pp.  Includes presentation by LTG David Deptula, A-2, HQ USAF Transformation followed by speakers on AF Cyber Command, Airborne ISR and ISR Personnel Development. Day two features Under SecDef James Clapper on “Revitalization of DOD Counterintelligence” followed by speakers from the Office of the SECDEF discussing the future of CI at military commands and the merger of CI and HUMINT. To signup visit

25-27 October 2007 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence Symposium. The AFIO National Intelligence Symposium runs Thursday, October 25 through Saturday, October 27, at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel in Tysons Corner, VA. Using a different format, it will feature presentations on a special, controversial topic: the view of intelligence agencies and other public institutions in terms of missions assigned and from where, performance, assessment of results, and where to place blame for current and historic unwanted outcomes. Will include presentations by the National Counterterrorism Executive, NSA, FBI, DHS, and other speakers.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers. 

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs: 

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