AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #41-07 dated 22 October 2007

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*** 25-27 October 2007 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence "Counter-Jihad" Symposium  ***
at the Sheraton-Premiere Hotel, Tysons Corner, VA

Banquet speaker:
Attorney General Kenneth L. Wainstein

Assistant Attorney General for National Security, National Security Division, U.S. Department of Justice         

The Resurgence of the Worldwide Islamic Jihad
Against the West
Understanding and Needed Response
A special multi-media tour de force - films and documentaries, experts, officials & authors, panels
What the U.S. needs to do

Session speakers include: David Ignatius, Amb. Henry Crumpton, Mike Scheuer, Walid Phares, Frederick Hitz,
Amb. Edward Walker, Nonie Darwish, Paul Goble, Frank Gaffney, Michael Waller, Daniel Pipes, and Kenneth L. Wainstein, Assistant Attorney General for National Security,
National Security Division, U.S. Department of Justice         
And with moderators David Major, Martin Faga, John Martin, John Lenczowski, Gene Poteat and Peter Earnest

This special event made possible with considerable assistance of
The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies, Alexandria, VA
which AFIO warmly thanks.

AGENDA appears online here.

REGISTRATION: Last day to sign up for the event by completing or printing this online form.

HOUSING:  Special AFIO Symposium Room rate of only $119 per night available for LIMITED TIME at the Sheraton-Premiere Hotel via their ONLINE reservation system. To make your room reservations quickly online at this special convention rate, use this link. Some reservations by phone are available but rate may not be as low online convention rate. 1-888-625-5144. The Sheraton Premiere is located at 8661 Leesburg Pike  Vienna, VA 22182    Phone (703) 448-1234.

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE:  The WIN editors thank the following contributors to this issue: lc, pjk, ls, and dh.  

All have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.  







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Ex-Taiwan Spy Denies Alleged Links with Former Senior US Official. A former Taiwanese spy has denied allegations that she had a personal relationship with a veteran U.S. State Department officer in order to gather intelligence for Taiwan. Isabelle Cheng, a former agent of Taiwan's National Security Bureau in Washington D.C., burst into tears when she discussed the alleged links, which led to the arrest of Donald Keyser in September 2004.

Keyser, a State Department veteran of 30 years service, was sentenced to one year in jail January on charges of concealing his personal relationship with Cheng and of unauthorized possession of classified documents. The China Times quoted Cheng, 37, as saying in an interview in Taipei that misleading news reports about the spy incident unfairly caused damage to Keyser and herself.

"He (Keyser) was such a patriotic person, and now he's even stripped of his pension," she was quoted as saying in her first known interview with the media since the case erupted. She denied the Taiwanese spy agency ever used sex to help gather intelligence, the report said. Cheng resigned from the National Security Bureau after testifying in the case in Washington. The newspaper said she is studying for her doctorate in an unnamed foreign country.

U.S. court documents revealed an intensely personal relationship between the two. Keyser was said to have frequently expressed his infatuation with Cheng, and the two often discussed international relations. Keyser had denied engaging in sexual contact with Cheng, even though federal agents said they witnessed the pair in compromising positions. Court documents also showed that Taiwanese intelligence considered its contact with Keyser valuable, and they believed he could provide insight into the sensitive relations between China, Taiwan and the United States.   [AP/14October2007]

Israel, China Teaming Up on Spy Sats. The U.S. government has agreed to let Israel go forward with a deal that offers China broad access to remote-sensing satellite capabilities. Satellite Sources confirmed the U.S. greenlight for Beijing's participation in a unique operational program run by Imagesat International (ISI), a Dutch Antilles-incorporated firm that owns and manages Eros-series spacecraft. Under the firm's Satellite Operating Partner (SOP) program, customers like India enjoy complete autonomy and discretion in the way they choose to operate the satellite.

The program allows partner customers to select Eros B targets and stream imagery directly to their own ground stations, effectively controlling a 2,500-kilometer radius of coverage around the ground station. In China's case, however, Washington is insisting on the right to impose so-called shutter control in times of tension or national emergency. Moreover, the prospective China program would require 24-hour notice of Beijing's satellite targeting plans, an onerous condition that could prove to be a deal breaker, sources here said.

Although Israel's MoD is the official regulatory authority for ISI exports - and Eros B is a commercial system not subject to the U.S. State Department's Munitions List control - officials here felt compelled to submit the possible China deal to U.S. review. A bilateral agreement signed in 2005 by former U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and former Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz obliged prior consultation, and close consultation on Israeli exports to countries that could threaten U.S. national security.

In the past, the U.S. has scuttled prospective Israeli military sales to China, including a big-ticket contract for an AWACS aircraft. Under pressure from the U.S. government - and facing the potential loss of technology cooperation and arms sales with its staunchest ally - Israel now reportedly allows the U.S. to review sales to China (though neither the U.S. nor Israel acknowledges the tacit deal). [Weinberg/Wired/10October207] 

Putin Lauds Intelligence as Key Russian Institution. President Vladimir Putin described the foreign spy service on Friday as one of Russia's key institutions and said the appointment of ex-Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov as its head could only enhance its authority. Putin, himself a former KGB spy, has put former colleagues in senior government posts. His critics say Russia is run by a hidden network of former and current secret service operatives. 

Putin, due to step down next year, has done much to revive the security services as a privileged force. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the old monolithic KGB came under critical scrutiny and was split into domestic and overseas arms, their political influence pruned back. Under Putin, things have changed for the "Warriors of the Unseen Front." Ex-KGB officers personally loyal to him have occupied many important government positions. Former KGB spy First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov is widely seen as a possible successor to Putin.

Analysts say installing personal allies in top positions is part of Putin's plan to maintain control over the country after he quits in May next year. Putin has kept his own plans a secret, but has made clear he will retain political influence after he steps down. Speaking to top spies on Friday, Putin said lack of spying experience was not a problem for Fradkov - whose previous jobs were mainly connected with the economy.

Putin said he wanted the SVR to help fight terrorism, but also expected Fradkov to build up efforts in economic espionage. 

DoD Names New NRO Director. The secretary of defense announced today the decision to appoint Scott F. Large as director of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), with the concurrence of the director of national intelligence. Prior to his appointment, Large served as the NRO's principal deputy director, and recently as the director of source operations and management in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Large joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1986 and has held a variety of increasingly senior technical positions culminating as the associate deputy director for science and technology. He then moved back to the NRO to serve as the director of imagery systems acquisition and operations.

The NRO is a Department of Defense agency within the intelligence community that designs, builds and operates the nation's reconnaissance satellites. It is staffed by DoD and CIA personnel and funded through the National Reconnaissance Program, part of the National Intelligence Program. [Defenselink/19October2007] 

Espionage, Codebreaking, and Gamers. British intelligence agency GCHQ (Government Communications Headquarters) will embed advertisements in online multi-player games in order to recruit spies. The advertisements will begin to appear later this month in various locations in the gaming environments, including prominent billboards. Those games featuring the ads include: Splinter Cell: Double Agent, Rainbow Six Vegas, Enemy Territory: Quake Wars, and Need for Speed: Carbon.

The agency's specialties are signals intelligence (SIGINT) and Information Assurance. The latter is the task of keeping government communication and information systems secure from hackers and interlopers.

A GCHQ spokesperson told the Times that the advertising campaign will appeal to an audience with hobbies and interests related to IT fields, which are some of the most important areas in the department. [Conneally/BetaNews/19October2007] 

Secret Agent Charged Over Death. A senior officer in Russia's security service is among nine people charged with involvement in the murder of Anna Politkovskaya, the anti-Kremlin journalist. The fierce critic of Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, was shot dead in October 2006 in her Moscow apartment building. Her killing aroused international indignation and led to pressure on Mr. Putin to ensure the crime was solved.

Vyacheslav Smirnov, an official of the prosecutor-general's office, told a Moscow court that "nine people have been charged in the criminal case". Russian news agencies also quoted a source close to the investigation as saying charges had been laid against Lieutenant-Colonel Pavel Ryaguzov, of the Federal Security Service, or FSB, for abuse of office. He was first arrested in August in connection with another case and his name was also mentioned by investigators working on the Politkovskaya affair. The FSB agent is alleged to have passed on details of the journalist's address to another suspect, who in turn gave them to the killer.

A team of lawyers hired by Ms. Politkovskaya's family also lodged a complaint with a court, saying the investigators looking into the journalist's murder were barring their access to the materials of the case.

Yuri Chaika, the prosecutor-general, announced in August the arrest of ten suspects in the Politkovskaya case. None was charged at the time and some were later released. Mr. Chaika said the killing was masterminded from abroad by anti-Kremlin forces trying to discredit Russia, though he did not offer any proof. 

Ms. Politkovskaya's newspaper expressed concern when the lead investigator on the case was effectively demoted at the beginning of September. It claimed Kremlin hardliners were interfering in the case.  [TheScotsman/20October2007] 

Woman Accused in China Arms Export Case. A Chinese woman living in Connecticut sought to buy military equipment commonly used to gauge the power of nuclear explosions and export it to her native country. Qing Li, 39, first contacted undercover federal agents by e-mail in April to ask about buying sensors, according to the indictment. She was working with a co-conspirator in China who was trying to buy the devices for a state-run agency and arranged conference calls with the undercover investigators, according to a federal indictment.

A criminal complaint unsealed in San Diego said Qing Li asked for as many as 30 of the 2,500 sensors to be shipped to mainland China through Hong Kong as "a favor for a friend in China." She indicated in future messages that her friend might want as many as 100 of the devices if they worked well. The co-conspirator, who has not been named or indicted and is not in custody, allegedly told investigators during an Oct. 2 conference call with Qing Li that the sensors were for "a special agency, a scientific research institute in China."

The credit-card-size devices, made by Endevco Corp. of San Juan Capistrano, can also be used for developing missiles or artillery. It is illegal to export the sensors, which the government has classified as defense articles, without State Department approval.

Qing Li, 39, never received sensors from the undercover investigators, officials said, and it was unclear whether she ever procured weapons for export. The defendant lives in Stamford, Conn., and is a legal resident, according to ICE investigators. She came to the U.S. in 1996. She was arrested at New York's Kennedy Airport as she checked in for an Air China flight to Beijing, according to investigators for Immigration and Customs Enforcement. A federal judge has ordered her held in New York, pending a hearing in San Diego, where the grand jury charges were filed. She faces as many as five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if convicted. A hearing on Qing Li's extradition to California is scheduled for Monday in New York federal court. [Hoffman/WashingtonPost/18October2007] 

Israel had mole inside Syrian facility. Israel obtained detailed photographs from inside an alleged Syrian nuclear facility prior to carrying out an air strike on September 6, ABC News reported on 19 October. An unnamed senior source in the US told the news network that the Mossad had discovered in the summer that Syria was constructing a nuclear facility and proceeded to either place a mole inside the plant or convince one of the workers to supply Israel with intelligence. Through the mole, the source said, Israel received detailed pictures from the ground that showed a large cylindrical structure, trucks, and a pumping station - all of which would be necessary components for a nuclear facility. Since the site was not yet operating, the official said, no evidence of fissionable material was found. Also significant, ABC reported, was the site's design, which the official identified as "North Korean."

After obtaining the photos, the official said, Israel approached the CIA. The US looked up satellite coordinates for the site - which the official said was located some 100 miles from the Iraqi border in a remote part of the Syrian desert - and helped Israel pinpoint possible "drop sites." 

Israel urged the US to carry out the attack, the ABC report said, and US officials began examining options for a strike. Possible tactics were assessed, including the possibility of a helicopter raid. However, word came from the White House that the US preferred not to attack as it had no concrete proof that the facility was intended to produce nuclear material. According to the report, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Defense Secretary Robert Gates attempted to convince Israel "to confront, not attack."

Neither the White House nor the CIA had any comment on the ABC report. [Jpost/20October2007]

Queen Honors Spy Who Turned Double Agent. A former Russian spy who defected to Britain after escaping Moscow in the boot of a car broke his cover yesterday to be honored by the Queen for his services to this country. Oleg Gordievsky, a high-ranking Russian intelligence officer who became a double agent, was made a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) at Buckingham Palace. 

Mr. Gordievsky, believed to be the first defector to be honoured with such a prestigious award, said: "I'm more British now than Russian." 

Mr. Gordievsky has lived in Britain since the mid-1990s and used to disguise himself with a wig and beard to foil any would-be KGB assassins. Mr. Gordievsky was once the acting head of the KGB station in London, but was first recruited by MI6 in Copenhagen in the 1960s. He said that he had no regrets about becoming a double agent. He said that the Queen did not mention his career as a spy, but that she thanked him for everything he had done for Britain. "She was very tactful," he said. [Evans/TimesOnline/19October2007] 

Saddam Jailer Gets 2-Year Sentence in Court Martial. A senior U.S. army officer who was Saddam Hussein's jailer was jailed after a court martial in Baghdad found him guilty of charges including illegal possession of secret documents. Lieutenant-Colonel William Steele, 52, the former commander of a detention facility that held Saddam before his execution last December, was sentenced to two years in prison, dismissed from the army and ordered to forfeit all pay and allowances. He was also found guilty of refusing to obey an order and behavior unbecoming an officer for his relationship with an Iraqi woman interpreter. The sentence covers those charges and three others he pleaded guilty to at a pre-trial hearing. 

He was acquitted on the more serious charge of aiding the enemy, which carried a term of life imprisonment, for allowing detainees to use his mobile telephone for unmonitored calls. Prosecutors struggled from the beginning to make the case of aiding the enemy, with the judge, Lieutenant-Colonel Timothy Grammel, warning at the start of the trial that they would have to prove that detainees still qualified as enemies. 

Rizzotti told the court on Friday that in one instance Steele had allowed an al Qaeda detainee "responsible for hundreds of deaths of coalition forces" to make a five-minute unmonitored telephone call in Arabic. 

"We'll never know who was called, we'll never know what was said. ... It's the equivalent of putting an AK-47 in his hand." 

Steele was the highest-ranking U.S. officer to face a charge of aiding the enemy since Captain James Yee, a Muslim chaplain at Guantanamo Bay, was charged in September 2003. The army eventually dropped the case. 

Prosecutor Captain Michael Rizzotti told the court on Friday that nearly 12,000 secret documents had been found in a search of Steele's living quarters. Much of the trial was held in closed session because of the sensitive nature of the documents, but reporters were given a glimpse of one which contained aerial photographs of Kandahar airbase and Bagram airfield in Afghanistan. Steele, whom the prosecution painted as a maverick who believed rules did not apply to him, opted not to testify during the court martial but read out a statement during sentencing in which he apologized "for my stupidity." 

He said he had lost 40 lbs (18 kg) while in custody, during which time he was confined to his cell for 23 hours a day. "I violated the confidence and trust of those who selected me for the mission," he said. 

His term will be reduced by the 229 days he has served in detention in Kuwait pending trial and a further 25 "credit" days. [Al-Kharailla/WashingtonPost/19October2007]

Azerbaijani Major Sentenced for Spying for Russian Intelligence. An officer in the analytical information center of the Azerbaijani Navy, Major Vladimir Isgandarov, was sentenced in the Court of Grave Crimes for providing information to the Russian intelligence services. Isgandarov, who faced charges under article 274 (high treason) of the criminal code, was sentenced to 12 years in jail. He reportedly provided Russian intelligence agencies with military secrets. [APA/19October2007] 

Thousands of Spies Kept Tabs on East German Military. New research reveals that West Germany's Federal Intelligence Agency got information about the movement and activities of the Soviet armed forces in East Germany from as many as 10,000 citizens who acted as spies. In spite of the danger involved, the Federal Intelligence Agency (BND) used up to 10,000 spies to keep tabs on the military activity in communist East Germany (GDR) during the Cold War, according to new research by historians Armin Wagner and Matthias Uhl. The researchers based their study of BND files that were recently made public and turned their findings into a book, which was launched in Potsdam on Wednesday, Oct. 17.

West Germany relied both on ordinary East German citizens to keep them informed of military happenings as well as civilian informers who worked inside garrisons and barracks. Once the Berlin Wall went up, the BND also relied on information from West German citizens who traveled to the east and reported their observations about Soviet military activity. West Germany often knew very quickly about the Soviet army's restructuring plans, said Uhl, who hails from Thuringia, a state in the former GDR. That was also true of where various troops were stationed. West German intelligence also got important information from East German refugees and defectors, such as learning about a special weapons arsenal in Thuringia.

While the BND received a good amount of data about troop movements and training exercises, it was less successful at getting information that had a high level of internal secrecy attached to it, Uhl said. Intelligence expert Erich Schmidt-Eenboom concurred that more important information, such as specific attack plans, remained unknown to the West. The BND was unsuccessful in getting sources at the top of the political power apparatus.

The BND, which continued to exist after reunification, will neither confirm nor deny the findings that 10,000 people were involved in spying.

Uhl said he expects further research on the topic of BND spying in the future as more information from the archives is released. So far, 2,000 BND files from 1951 to 1991 have been made public. "What is publicly available is only a small part of what likely exists in the archive," he said. [DWWorld/19October2007] 

Head of Counterterrorism Agency Resigns. Vice Adm. John Redd, the head of the U.S. agency responsible for analyzing intelligence on terrorism and developing counterterrorism strategies, announced his resignation on Wednesday.

Redd, first director of the National Counterterrorism Center, said in a letter to staff he was stepping down as of November 10 for "long-delayed surgery which I can no longer neglect."

Redd needs replacement surgery on both knees, which would require a prolonged absence if he were to stay as director, center spokesman Carl Kropf said.

The counterterrorism center was created in 2004 as part of an overhaul of U.S. intelligence and security agencies after the September 11 attacks in 2001. It serves as a clearing-house for intelligence on terrorism, produces daily intelligence reports and develops strategy for counterterrorism operations.

Redd, 63, has served as head of the center since August 2005.

Michael Leiter, the agency's deputy director, will serve as acting director until a replacement is named, Kropf said. [Reuters/17October2007]


Lebanese Army Foils Plot to Bomb UNIFIL Convoy. Lebanese Army intelligence said it had detained members of a "terrorist network" who had tried to bomb UN peacekeepers in South Lebanon. The group of seven, which included foreigners, had been monitoring the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) and planted a bomb near a peacekeepers' convoy on the outskirts of the Southern port city of Tyre. But the bomb failed to detonate, an army statement said.

Six members of UNIFIL's Spanish contingent were killed by a car bomb in the South in June. Nobody has been charged in the attack. The Spanish government has said it suspected Al-Qaeda-inspired Islamist militants were behind the bombing. Six Palestinians were charged in September with involvement in another attack that slightly damaged a UN peacekeeping vehicle in July. [Zaatari/DailyStar/16October2007]

U.S. Commander Warns of Latin America Terrorist Threat. Islamic terrorist groups have networks in Latin America and the Caribbean and could use the region as a base to launch attacks on the United States, the senior U.S. military commander for the region says. "For sure, members, facilitators, and sympathizers of Islamic terrorist organizations are present in our hemisphere," Adm. Jim Stavridis, head of the U.S. Southern Command, wrote in an article in the fall edition of Americas Quarterly journal, "We consider Latin America and the Caribbean as being highly likely bases for future terrorist threats to the U.S. and others." 

U.S. officials have warned of a militant presence in Latin America since the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States. They have provided little concrete evidence and Brazil, which has a large Arab population, and some other regional governments have played down the threat. But Stavridis was reiterating U.S. concerns after police said in June they had foiled a plot to sabotage New York's John F. Kennedy airport by suspects linked to the Caribbean. The Lebanon-based Hezbollah was the most prominent group in Latin America, Stavridis said. Most of its activity appeared to be fund-raising but "there are indications of an operational presence and the potential for attacks." 

A multinational task force has been set up in the so-called tri-border where Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay meet, an area reputed to be a hotbed of money-laundering and smuggling. 

The head of border controls for Brazil's Federal Police disagreed with the admiral's contention. "If I were a terrorist I'd launch an attack from England. Latinos face 10 times the controls that Europeans do at U.S. borders," Mauro Sposito said in an interview. 

Brazilian authorities had no indication of terrorist cells in the tri-border region, he said, although they were aware of financial contributions to groups such as Hezbollah, which Brazil does not classify as a terrorist organization. 

A senior justice ministry official, Pedro Abramovay, said the United States had not informed Brazil of any concrete case of suspected terrorist cells. Crime, drugs and gangs were the most immediate security threats, Stavridis said. Colombia was winning its long war against drug traffickers but gangs were causing big problems in Brazilian cities, Haiti, Jamaica and Central America. Crime was also hurting economic growth prospects, he said. 

The biggest gangs crossed borders and reached deep into the United States, said Stavridis, a navy officer who took the helm of the Miami-based Southern Command in October 2006. Stavridis said security threats were partly the result of poverty, inequality and corruption - problems that must be addressed for a lasting solution. He noted that analysts and polls said anti-U.S. sentiment was growing and that the Bush administration ignored Latin America. This has allowed leaders such as Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez to whip up opposition to the United States. "Anti-US leaders are creating tensions and suspicions that exacerbate what is already a difficult mission," he said. [MacSwan/WashingtonPost/18October2007] 


Former FBI Spycatcher Reveals Techniques to Win at Poker. As an FBI spy catcher, Joseph Navarro could identify traitors through their subtle behavioral tics - something as simple as a squint. These days, Navarro brings his investigator's eye for detail to the poker table - where a bite of the lip or the tilt of a head can signal a straight flush or a stone bluff. Navarro shares his decoding techniques with players eager for an edge in the high-stakes world of professional poker.

"Poker players lie all the time," Navarro says. "They pretend they are strong when they are weak or weak when they are strong. The truth is they can all be read. You can have a poker face, but I've yet to see someone with a poker body." In the poker world, the giveaways are called "tells" - gestures that signal a player's confidence or discomfort. Navarro's first career made him uniquely qualified for his current part-time job as an instructor at the World Series of Poker Academy.

While working espionage cases with the FBI for more than a quarter-century, he became a world-renowned expert in nonverbal behavior. He participated in virtually every U.S. spy investigation between 1993 and 2003, including those of notorious moles Aldrich Ames and Robert Hansen.

The 58-year-old Cuban immigrant was eight when he fled Cuba with his family following the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion. They settled in Florida, and he became an American citizen at 18. Navarro retired from the FBI in 2003, although he continues to train FBI and CIA agents on interrogation and habits of spies and terrorists.

Navarro says his skill at deciphering body language in spies is easily applied to poker. Both are games of subterfuge and raw, primitive passion. A poker player, like a spy, telegraphs self-assurance or self-doubt through subconscious body language, he notes. "When you are feeling good - or have a monster hand - your body will manifest what it feels," he says. "You get happy feet. Your feet begin to bounce up and down like a kid going to Disney World."

And the opposite: negativity comes out through pursed lips, a crinkled nose, squinty eyes. "We squint at things we don't like," Navarro says, referencing Clint Eastwood's taciturn gunslinger from his spaghetti Western phase.

Navarro says he can size up anyone - even professional card sharks - by observing their behavior for mere minutes.

Players often try to conceal their emotions with sunglasses, silence, a hooded sweat shirt. Navarro says the cover-ups don't work, even for professionals like Phil "The Unabomber" Laak - renowned for hiding his visage behind shades and a hoodie.

"The involuntary nonverbal mannerisms dictated by the brain will always betray the strength or weakness of a player's hand," Navarro says.

A card player dealt a royal flush - the best hand in poker - instinctively treats the cards as a treasure. A bad hand is treated as something less than an heirloom, he says. Posture is another clue.

"If your boss asks at a meeting, 'Who is not pulling their weight?', the shoulders will rise on those who are not confident," he says. "It's called 'The Turtle Effect.' You are trying to hide your head inside your shoulders."

On the contrary, a person whose fingertips meet like a church steeple with the thumb pointed up indicates a winning hand.

Navarro teaches players to observe and collect behavioral information from the minute they sit at the card table. When a player is confident, they tend to use their hands more and claim more territory at the table. When they have a good hand, they generally look down at their chips.

Phil Helmuth, considered one of the best Texas Hold 'Em players in history, is among Navarro's students. "He's taught me a few tricks," said Helmuth, winner of 10 World Series of Poker bracelets. "I took three pages of notes at his seminar."

Women display different gestures than men, but are generally not harder to read, according to Navarro. For example, women who lack confidence will play with their hair to calm themselves down or will tend to touch their throats. Men touch their necks more aggressively or put their hands on their face.

Navarro says he was only duped once in his spycatching career. Kelly Warren, a female U.S. Army clerk based in Germany during the Cold War, was selling secrets to the Hungarians in the late '80s. She convinced Navarro that her husband was the sole spy in the family - but only temporarily. Navarro soon unraveled her lies, leading to a 25-year sentence for espionage.

Navarro's techniques, while effective in reading opponents, can also be used to mislead other players. Deliberately telegraphed signs can convince opponents that a lousy hand is good, or vice versa. "While you can't control the cards you are dealt," Navarro says, "you can make them win." [Milton/AP/20October2007] 



Admiral William J. Crowe, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, died 18 October 2007, at Bethesda Naval Hospital. He was 82.

"Today our nation has lost a great patriot," said the Secretary of the Navy, the Honorable Donald C. Winter. "Adm. Crowe served our nation, and the men and women of our armed forces since the day he was commissioned in June of 1947. Whether acting as admiral, chairman, or ambassador, Adm. Crowe's leadership and counsel were sought and valued by presidents and world leaders alike. He was a man of great conviction and dedication who helped guide our country during challenging times. He touched numerous lives and will be sorely missed. My thoughts and prayers go out to Shirley and the Crowe family."

A 1946 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, Crowe's 43-year career started in the diesel submarine community and ended in 1989 when he retired after serving as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Most notably, Crowe helped to determine the military policy many consider to have hastened the end of the Cold War.

Crowe began his career with an initial sea tour aboard USS Carmich (DMS 33). After completing submarine school in 1948, he qualified in submarines in March 1950 in the diesel submarine USS Flying Fish (SS 29). Almost all of his follow on sea assignments were aboard diesel submarines. By 1954, Lt. Crowe served as Assistant to the Naval Aide to President Dwight D. Eisenhower. After leaving Washington in 1956, he returned to sea duty as executive officer of the USS Wahoo (SS 565) in Honolulu.

In January 1958 Crowe was appointed to lieutenant commander and soon became the personal aide to the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Plans, Policy and Operations. This appointment would introduce him to the Navy's role in international politics and set firmly establish his career direction.

By 1960, Crowe received his first command - the Navy's newest diesel submarine - USS Trout (SS 566). By 1962 Crowe was promoted to commander and later selected as one of the Navy's first candidates for a doctorate in social sciences. After receiving a masters and doctorate in politics from Princeton University, Crowe received his Ph.D. in 1965 and returned to submarine duty as Chief of Staff to the Commander of Submarine Squadron 3.

In 1967, Crowe was promoted to captain. Four years later, he volunteered for service in Vietnam. He served first as an adviser and then as senior adviser to the Vietnamese Riverine Force in Mekong Delta. He returned to Washington in 1971. By 1973, Crowe was promoted to rear admiral. In June 1976 he assumed command of the Middle East force, based in Bahrain in the Persian Gulf.

Crowe was promoted to vice admiral in 1977 and was appointed the Navy's Plans, Policy and Operations Deputy. After receiving his fourth star, Crowe became Commander in Chief of Allied Forces Southern Europe in 1980 and assumed the additional responsibility of Commander in Chief of U.S. Naval Forces, Europe in 1983. In the same year, Crowe became Commander in Chief of the Pacific Command.

Crowe was selected as the 11th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shortly after then-President Ronald Reagan met him during a brief stopover en route to China.

During Crowe's chairmanship, Reagan met with Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev and suggested they rid Europe of all intercontinental ballistic missiles. This proposal ultimately led Crowe to initiate dialogue with the Chief of the Soviet General Staff. Together, they worked to lessen the likelihood of an accidental armed conflict between the countries.

Crowe's tenure as Chairman also included adopting new rules of engagement in response to a string of terror attacks throughout Europe. Crowe allowed U.S. units to respond to apparent threats rather than waiting until they were fired upon.

Crowe retired in 1989 and served as ambassador to the United Kingdom 1994-1997. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2000. [MarineLink/20October2007] 

Coming Events


14 August 2008 - 23 August 2008 - UK to Russia - A Cold War Summit: From Cambridge To Moscow - A special trip organized and hosted by AFIO Members Dan Mulvenna and Nigel West. Purpose: To explore the history of the Cold War and its manifestations; to examine British and American-Russian relationships from 1945 to 1991; to delve into recent events that suggest the Cold War has new dimensions in Vladimir Putin’s Russia, and to follow the path of the infamous Cambridge Five in England and Russia.
The price of oil had dropped, starving the Kremlin of the funds it desperately needed to keep pace in the arms race against the United States. Then all it took was the nudge of Gorbachev’s perestroika and the dominoes began to fall: Afghanistan, Poland, Czechoslovakia and, finally, the Berlin Wall itself. Twenty years later and the price of oil is at an all-time high, and Russia has reemerged as a global superpower, albeit with a new ideology — capitalism. Flush with the confidence of petrodollars, the Kremlin is rattling its saber in Europe once again. And a former Russian spy, Alexander Litvinenko, dies in a London hospital, mysteriously poisoned by a fatal dose of radiation.
- Study Leaders, Nigel West — author of VENONA and other respected books on security, intelligence and espionage — and counterintelligence expert Dan Mulvenna, take you behind the curtain of Cold War intelligence and espionage.
- Discover hidden spy sites in Moscow with a former KGB colonel and Dan Mulvenna, security expert and professor at the Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies in Washington.
- Hear about the death of Alexander Litvinenko from a Russian consultant to the BBC’s Panorama program.
- With staff at the Churchill Archives Centre, explore Cold War materials from its collection.
- Enjoy a reception with retired KGB officers in Moscow.
- Go behind the scenes at Bletchley Park, where codebreakers decrypted and interpreted Axis messages and broke the German Enigma Code during World War II.

8 nights; 17 meals; 8 Breakfasts, 3 Lunches, 6 Dinners
$4,950.00 pp Group size limited to 48 or fewer participants

Itinerary: From Cambridge, England, to Moscow, Russia, from the “Cambridge Five” to Gary Powers to the recently murdered Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko, trace the trail of diplomacy and intrigue from the height of the Cold War to the global chess match with Russia today. With privileged access to unrivaled authorities in the fields of espionage and in 1950s Cold War politics, gain an understanding of the foreign policy conducted in public and the intelligence machinations that continue in the shadows. In this one-time program, join important writers and thinkers, including Andrew Lownie, Piers Brendon, Mike Sewell and Richard Aldrich to discuss the ramifications and intricacies of the “war,” as well as commentators Glenmore Trenear-Harvey and Boris Volodarsz, to consider whether the Cold War has recently reemerged in Putin’s Russia. Leading the way is Nigel West. Former member of the House of Commons and author of more than a dozen books on espionage, Nigel is considered the “expert’s expert” on intelligence.

Based at the elegant M�ller Center at Churchill College, Cambridge University, track the “Cambridge Five” — the ring of Soviet spies who passed information to the KGB and who infiltrated the British establishment. Follow in the footsteps of the notorious spies on a walking exploration through Trinity, St John’s and King’s Colleges. Explore Cold War materials in the Churchill Archives Centre, which houses Sir Winston Churchill’s papers, as well as those of Margaret Thatcher and other prominent figures of the 20th century. At Bletchley Park — also known as “Station X” — see one of the Enigma Machines, including the rare “Abwehr G312,” and check out the tales of World War II code-breaking, spies and strategic deception.

Continue the exploration of the Cold War from the other side, in Moscow. A retired senior KGB officer and Dan Mulvenna — professor at Washington’s Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies — lead you on an exploration of spy sites throughout the Russian capital. See the graves of Kim Philby, the great British spy, and those of the famous “illegals” Rudolph Abel (Willie Fisher), Konon Molody, known to the West as Gordon Lonsdale, and Ramon Mercader — Trotsky’s assassin. Go behind the scenes to areas not open to the public and learn about the Russian intelligence services and counter-terrorism at the FSB (formerly KGB) Intelligence Museum, located just off Lubyanka Square. Receive “briefings” on the KGB’s view of the Cold War and on several famous Cold War spy cases by former KGB officers who have intimate knowledge of the affairs. Hear from Colonel Oleg Nechiporenko — Lee Harvey Oswald’s first case officer at the Mexico City KGB station. Then meet and mingle with distinguished senior retired KGB officers at an elegant farewell reception.

Please Note: This program will operate only once and has a maximum capacity of 48. Each of two groups of 24 will have its own Group Leader and motorcoach but all participants will attend program events together. To explore or register for this once-in-a-lifetime excursion, visit:


23-24 October 2007 - NMIA Symposium for 2007 visits the National Reconnaissance Office - SECRET/NOFORN. Attendees must hold SECRET/NOFORN clearance. Fee: $475 pp.  Includes presentation by LTG David Deptula, A-2, HQ USAF Transformation followed by speakers on AF Cyber Command, Airborne ISR and ISR Personnel Development. Day two features Under SecDef James Clapper on “Revitalization of DOD Counterintelligence” followed by speakers from the Office of the SECDEF discussing the future of CI at military commands and the merger of CI and HUMINT. To signup visit

24 October 2007 - Phoenix, AZ - The meeting of the Arizona Chapter of AFIO will feature SAC DEA Elizabeth Kempshall. The luncheon will be at 11:30 AM at the Hilton Garden Inn located one block South of Indian School Road and just West of Central Avenue on West Clarendon. The event will feature Elizabeth W. Kempshall, Special Agent in Charge of the Phoenix Field Division of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), which encompasses the entire state of Arizona. Mrs. Kempshall began her career with DEA in Las Vegas in 1984, where she worked as an undercover agent in several major drug investigations. She was then transferred to Los Angeles where she was assigned to the LA Police Department Drug Task Force. In 1991 she was assigned to the DEA International Training Division in Quantico, Va., where she taught drug enforcement courses to law enforcement agencies in Asia, Africa, South America and Europe. While serving in the office of Training she was selected as the DEA's representative in the development of the first Law Enforcement Academy in Budapest, Hungary. Mr. Kempshall holds a Bachelors Degree from Brenau College, Gaineville, GA. She has been married to her husband, Richard for 13 years.
To register for this event or for further information send an email to:

25-26 October 2007 - The Midwest Chapter of AFIO is planning a trip to Washington, DC  The trip will run from Monday, October 22, 2007 through Friday, October 26, 2007. Plans are being made to visit the White House, the Pentagon, and the Capitol, with the possibility of laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. All other tours will be worked around the laying of the wreath and scheduled tours provided by the government. Contact Angelo DiLiberti at 847-931-4181 for more details and a registration reply form. Spaces are limited and reply forms must be submitted early for tour background checks.

25-27 October 2007 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence Symposium. The AFIO National Intelligence Symposium runs Thursday, October 25 through Saturday, October 27, at the Sheraton Premiere Hotel in Tysons Corner, VA. Details to be sent directly to all members.

The Resurgence of the Worldwide Islamic Jihad
Against the West
Understanding and Needed Response
A special multi-media tour de force - films and documentaries, experts, officials & authors, panels
What the U.S. needs to do once we are beyond all the Political Correctness

AGENDA:  View complete online Agenda here.

REGISTRATION: To sign up for the event, complete or print this online form.

HOUSING:  Special AFIO Symposium Room rate of $119 per night available for LIMITED TIME at the Sheraton-Premiere Hotel. To make your room reservations quickly online at this special convention rate, use this link. To make reservations by phone, call this toll free number: 1-888-625-5144. The Sheraton Premiere is located at 8661 Leesburg Pike  Vienna, VA 22182    Phone (703) 448-1234.

Tuesday, 30 October 2007, 6:00 - 8:00 pm -Arlington, VA - SCIP [Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals] holds dinner meeting on "Introduction to Cooperative Intelligence" at the Tivoli Restaurant, Arlington, VA
Cooperative Intelligence focuses on people skills which are the glue that both creates and holds a CI process together. Many people focus on the process, tools and techniques of effective competitive intelligence but without strong leadership and a cooperative attitude, CI processes are doomed. This is even more important today as many companies rely on a sole CI practitioner to coordinate the company's entire CI practice.
Regardless of what type of ompany we support, CI rofessionals cannot afford to be passive data collectors, who erely monitor competitors and identify new targets. We need to pro- actively help our companies identify new markets, new echnologies, and ways to expand current markets. The Internet, secondary databases and trade journals are essential sources to monitor the competitive landscape and to locate people. However, if we don't connect with people, and connect people with each other, we will fail in our CI efforts over the long-term.
Cooperative Intelligence very broadly involves finding ways to help others and they, in turn can be your resource, which fits in very nicely with the role of a CI professional. Learn how to pro-actively connect with the right people to be an excellent CI professional who enables your company to innovate and support your company's Key Intelligence Topics (KITs).
The speaker is Ellen Naylor, a recognized competitive intelligence (CI) thought leader with over two decades of CI experience. She is a columnist and regular contributor to SCIP's Competitive Intelligence magazine. In 1993 she founded the Business Intelligence Source, a CI consultancy. In her corporate life, Ellen initiated a CI department at Bell Atlantic (now part of Verizon) where she built a process to capture competitive information, especially from Sales. Her analyses helped management make the right decisions that made/saved money, while sales were won through her timely competitive intelligence. Ellen conducted financial competitive analysis and economic forecasting at Northwest Airlines where she created an exhaustive quarterly forecasting report on key competitors.
This important meeting is being held at the beautiful Tivoli Restaurant, 1700 N Moore St, Arlington, VA. Tivoli is located in the Rosslyn area of Arlington. The restaurant is very close to Rosslyn metro (Blue Line) and parking is available as well at reduced rates for attendees who have their parking ticket valid dated by Tivoli's host.
Registration Fees - SCIP Member $35.00, Non-Member $45.00. On Site Registration Fees SCIP Member $40.00,
Non Member $50.00, Student $25.00.
TO REGISTER: Contact August Jackson, Greater Washington Chapter Chair, email:, (703) 989-9588. Dionedra Dorsey, SCIP Chapter Relations Coordinator, email:, 703.739.0696 ext.111

1-2 November 2007 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFEI Hosts a CYBER DETERRENCE Conference, examining the legal, technical & policy implications stemming from cyber attacks. Luncheon speaker will be Mr. Richard Clark, Former Special Advisor to the President for Cyber Security. Conference will assist you in gaining important insights into the National Cyber Deterrence Policy. Also provides an opportunity to network with knowledgeable individuals who focus on Cyber Deterrence. Further info at

3 November 2007 - Indian Harbour Beach, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter meets at the Eau Gallie Yacht Club to hear Bill Parsons from JFK Space Center. The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter luncheon speaker will be Mr. William W.(Bill) Parsons Jr., Center Director, John F. Kennedy Space Center. Mr. Parsons will give an overview of the Constellation Program and NASA's plans for the next generation of space exploration. His talk will highlight the Ares Launch Vehicle, the new Orion Capsule, and the groundwork that NASA is putting into place that will allow us to go to the Moon, Mars and beyond. Location: The luncheon will be held at the Eau Gallie Yacht Club, Indian Harbour Beach. The luncheon will have an option of a seafood entr�e or a beef entr�e. The cost is $19.00 per person. A social time and cash bar will begin at 11:30 a.m. with lunch at 12:30 p.m. Reservation can be made by contacting George Stephenson, Vice President, by e-mail at Please put AFIO luncheon in the Subject Block to insure the e-mail will be opened.

Wednesday, 7 November 2007; 7-10 pm - Washington, DC - An Evening with Eric O'Neill, former FBI, at the International Spy Museum. No Breach in protocol allowed. What if you were assigned to watch the most damaging spy in U.S. history? What if it was up to you to capture his personal electronic memo book? What if they made a movie out of your story? That’s exactly what happened to Eric O’Neill. As a young operative in the FBI, O’Neill was put into position as Robert Hanssen’s assistant. The story of that brief assignment and Hanssen’s capture and arrest was the inspiration for the recent film Breach. Now it’s your chance to dine and debrief with O’Neill. Be one of only 18 guests at Zola for a three-course meal where you’ll hear the inside story of the intense time O’Neill spent attempting to deceive the ultimate deceiver. Special guest Juliana O’Neill will shed light on her own stressful involvement in the events of February 2001. CIA clandestine service veteran, International Spy Museum Executive Director, Peter Earnest, will host this unique evening. Please call 202.654.0930 or write to register or with special dietary needs. Tickets: $220

8 November 2007 - San Francisco, CA - Jim Quesada Chapter. Speaker: TBD. Topic: Update on Homeland Security. Backup speaker: Lt. Colonel Roger S. Dong, USA (Retired). Topic: Dr. Chien Hsieh-sen, the Aeronautical Engineer who built China’s ballistic missile system and nuclear weapons. The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94116 (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation; $35 non-member rate or at door. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi no later than 5 PM 10/25/07: or send a check to P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011 with menu choice (roast cross ribs of beef bordelaise or filet of sole amandine). Call Mary Lou Anderson (415) 332-6440 for questions/phone RSVP.

9 November 2007, 9:30 a.m. - Arlington, VA - ACICV Annual Day of Remembrance. The Army Counterintelligence Corps Veterans association will hold their 2007 annual Day of Remembrance at Fort Myer and Arlington National Cemetery. This Day honors former members, supporters and friends of Army Counterintelligence of whose death ACICV has learned since the 2006 Day of Remembrance. Attendees will meet at 0930 at Spates Community Center, McNair Road, Fort Myer for group transportation to the Tomb of the Unknowns for a Wreath Laying Ceremony at 1015. Following the Ceremony attendees will return to Spates Community Center for the ACICV Memorial Service and Luncheon. For specific information please contact Mrs Elly Burton, Ph: 703-591-3848, or by e-mail to

Thursday, 15 November 2007 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter holds luncheon meeting on Terrorists in Colorado. The chapter meets at the Falcon Room of the Air Force Academy, starting at 11:30 am. Price: $10.00 payable at the door. Our speaker is Warren Gerig, a new AFIO member. Warren will talk about a well known major terrorist and how their lives crossed in four different countries.Yet, they never met each other and today the terrorist lives 60 miles from Warren and The Air Force Academy. Reservations to Dick Durham by November 12, 2007 at or call him at Telephone: (719) 488-2884

17 November 07 - Kennebunk, ME - the AFIO Maine Chapter hosts Jeffrey H. Norwitz, Special Agent of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service and Professor of National Security Studies at the U. S. Naval War College.Norwitz will speak on "Spy Catching and Tales of Counterintelligence" will take us from the American Revolution to the present time. Special Agent Norwitz holds a degree in Criminal Justice from Eastern Kentucky University and a Masters in National Security and Strategic Studies from the U. S. Naval War College. He has written for a number of prestigious journals and frequently lectures at some of the nation's most influential academic institutions as well as overseas to foreign navy and military audiences. He is the recipient of numerous awards in the fields of teaching and public service and currently holds the John Nicholas Brown Academic Chair of Counterterrorism at the Naval War College. The meeting will be held at 2:00 p.m. at the Kennebunk Free Library, 112 Main St., Kennebunk, and is open to the public.  Information at 207-985-2392

Wednesday, 28 November 2007; 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Robert Hanssen: Colleague, Friend, and Traitor. Former senior FBI official David Major at the International Spy Museum. “One might propose that I am either insanely brave or quite insane.” —Robert Hanssen, November 2000 With the recent release of Breach, Robert Hanssen is once again in the public eye and the topic of much discussion. Who was the real man who betrayed his country and may be the worst spy in U.S. history? David G. Major knows. Major worked with Hanssen for 14 years at the Bureau. He was the FBI executive supervisor in Hanssen’s chain-of-command for three years and considered him a fellow employee and friend for over two decades. Major, retired FBI supervisory special agent, founder of the Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies, and International Spy Museum board of directors member, provides a glimpse into the real personality and psychology of one of the most damaging spies in U.S. history. He will explore why Hanssen’s betrayal was so difficult to uncover, his own theories on what motivated the spy, his perspective on Breach, and the status of U.S. counterintelligence in the wake of this profoundly important spy case. Tickets: $23 REGISTER:

28 - 30 November - Rome, Italy - International Conference, "The Battle for Hearts and Minds: Soft Power in the Struggle against Global Jihadism" at the Matteo Ricci conference center of the Pontifical Gregorian University (Piazza della Pilotta, 4 , Rome, Italy).  
Conference speakers will include experts on the subject of terrorism, radical Islamism and strategic intelligence, from Europe, the United States, Russia, the Middle East and the Vatican.  There is no entrance fee.  For further information please contact Diego Cazzin or prof. Sergio Germani, academic director of the conference ( . To register please contact Mr. Francesco D'Arrigo (

Friday, 30 November 2007; 12 noon – 1 pm - Washington, DC - Chief of Station, Congo - Station Chief Larry Devlin at the International Spy Museum. As station chief in the Congo, Larry Devlin fought the Cold War in one of its hottest arenas. On 1 July 1960, the Congo declared independence from Belgium; and on 5 July, the army mutinied and governmental authority collapsed. When Devlin arrived five days later he found himself in the heart of Africa, fighting for the future of perhaps the most strategically influential country in the continent, its borders shared with eight other nations. In his memoir, Chief of Station, Congo, Devlin describes his life as a master spy in Africa, one whose assignment to assassinate political leader Patrice Lumumba (which he didn’t carry out) is back in the news with the June release by the CIA of the “family jewels.” Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.

Saturday, 1 December 2007, 11 am to 3 pm - Gainesville, FL - The North Florida AFIO Chapter holds its meeting in the Faculty Dining Room (Room BBB) of Bruton-Geer Hall at the University of Florida Levin College of Law. Maj Gen David E. Kratzer, USAR (ret.) has been invited. He was a very well-received speaker in March 2004, talking at length about "The Drive to Baghdad" in Operation Iraqi Freedom, during which he was the logistics commander with over 40,000 troops in a myriad of support roles reporting to him, but now 3 1/2 years later and retired he has a slightly different perspective on our progress and situation there, which is most insightful and thought provoking -- there should be some spirited discussion after this one. For further information write Vince Carnes at

4 - 5 December 2007, 7:30 am - 5 pm - Washington, DC - Blackwater Worldwide hosts "Public/Private Partnership in Peacekeeping" Conference.This theme will look at those areas where the military and government can use private sector expertise to successfully accomplish security and reconstruction operations. To most effectively and efficiently accomplish stability and reconstruction missions requires using the most appropriate skill sets. Frequently those skill sets reside in the private sector. To best use the taxpayer’s resources may require leveraging the private sector. Event being held at Ronald Reagan Bldg & International Trade Center, 1300 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington, DC 20004, Business Attire. Fees: Military or Government $295.00; Industry $395.00.
Registration or more info: or write to

Friday, 4 January 2008, 5:30 - 9 pm - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter hosts Prof. Arthur Hulnick, former CIA, on "Intelligence Reform: Fix, Fizzle or Flop?" Location: Club Quarters, 40 W 45 St. More information available from

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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