AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes
#16-08 dated 21 April 2008
AFIO 2008 SPY AUCTION
Kill many birds with one stone.
The Second AFIO Spy Auction is fast approaching. So is Spring Cleaning. Who can resist? This is the right moment to donate appropriate, unwanted items to the 2008 Auction, receive a great tax-deduction, benefit numerous AFIO programs....and enjoy all that extra space in your office or home.
Your donated items will be placed in the online Auction catalog. Worth exploring because you may find treasures donated by others calling out to you and that newly empty shelf. Last year we had the famous pipe one sees in many of the photos of DCI Allen Dulles - along with the original photograph. It quickly sold, and both donor and winning bidder left their keyboards happy. As did AFIO, for which we thank all participants.
The goal this year: to raise funds to support AFIO programs in the areas of education, career recruitment, scholarships, seminars, publications, and conferences.
Please help by donating books, gift items, historic photos, documents or even your services [legal, accounting, career advisory, investigatory] that would be of interest to AFIO Members or the public. Donors receive a tax-deduction receipt for the value their donated items received when auctioned. Items that do not sell are noted with a donation receipt for the property, but specific valuation is left to the donor and their own appraisers.
Deadline for auction items will be May 15, 2008. Send inquiries to WassinRichland@aol.com
Mail items to be sold at this auction to AFIO Auction, 6723 Whittier Ave Ste 303A, McLean, VA 22101.
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Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS
Section II - TERRORISM
Section III - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE
Section IV - BOOK REVIEWS, JOBS, OBITUARIES AND COMING EVENTS
For Additional Events two+ months or more....view our online Calendar of Events
- Through Machiavellian Neocon Michael Ledeen's lens, come his opinions on the post-9/11 world, terrorism, Israel, and CIA in this review of "Why Spy," by Frederick Hitz.
Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY:
- Thursday, 24 April 2008 - AFIO Arizona Chapter Meeting on Technological Support to U.S. Military in Iraq.
- 25 April 2008 - Vienna, VA - AFIO National Luncheon - High Technology Wizardry in U.S. Intelligence Community - Dr. Lisa J. Porter; and Mind of Terrorists by Jerrold Post, M.D. - HAS SOLD OUT.
- Monday, 28 April 2008, 1 p.m. - 5 p.m. - Washington, DC - Symposium on Richard M. Helms, former Director, CIA - His Life and Career - HAS SOLD OUT
- Thursday, 29 April 2008 - Washington, DC - Institute of World Politics Open House.
- 29 April 2008, 5 p.m. - Medford, MA - Honourable Company of Freedom Fighters Medal Presentation
- Thursday, 1 May 2008, 12 Noon - 1 PM - Washington, DC - Our Man in Mexico: Winston Scott and the Hidden History of the CIA.
- 3 May 2008 - Indian Harbour Beach, FL
- 8 May 2008 - San Francisco - AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter Meeting on "Covert Action in the Cold War."
- 15 May 2008, 4:30 pm - 10 pm - Houston, TX - AFIO Houston Spring 2008 Dinner featuring Michael F. Scheuer, Carlos J. Barron and others.
- 16 - 18 May 2008 - Bar Harbor, ME - The Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association hosts mini-reunion.
- Wednesday, 28 May 2008 - Washington, DC - Institute of World Politics Open House
- Tuesday, 3 June 2008, 6:30PM - Washington, DC - From the Secret Files of the International Spy Museum Spycraft 101: CIA Spytech From Communism to Al-Qaeda.
Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS
Nigerian State Security Service Takes Over Espionage Case. The four American nationals and a Nigerian that were arrested for alleged espionage in one of the creeks in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State have been handed over to the State Security Service headquarters in Abuja for further investigations.
Administration Set To Use New Spy Program In U.S. The Bush administration said it plans to start using the nation's most advanced spy technology for domestic purposes soon, rebuffing challenges over the idea's legal authority.
Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff said his department will activate his department's new domestic satellite surveillance office in stages, starting as soon as possible with traditional scientific and homeland security activities - such as tracking hurricane damage, monitoring climate change and creating terrain maps.
Sophisticated overhead sensor data will be used for law enforcement once privacy and civil rights concerns are resolved, he said. The department has previously said the program will not intercept communications.
Officials from the Department of Homeland Security said concerns about privacy are unwarranted. "The legal framework that governs the National Applications Office... is reflected in the Constitution, the U.S. Code and all other U.S. laws," said DHS spokeswoman Laura Keehner. She said its operations will be subject to "robust," structured legal scrutiny by multiple agencies. [Hsu/WashingtonPost/12April2008]
Roberts Names Chief of US Spy Court. U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts Jr. named Judge Bruce Selya the presiding judge over the secretive U.S. court that hears appeals of wiretaps of suspected spies and terrorists.
Selya, 73, is a senior judge on the 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Boston. He has been a member of the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review since 2005. Selya begins as presiding judge May 19, the newspaper said. His term on the court ends in 2012.
The special court consists of three judges chosen from among the U.S. district courts and courts of appeals by the Supreme Court chief justice.
Selya succeeds Judge Edward Leavy, a senior judge on the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, as presiding judge. [UPI/14April2008]
Turkey and Iran Expected to Boost Security Cooperation. Turkey and Iran will look to boost security cooperation during the 12th meeting of the Turkey-Iran High Security Commission in Ankara on April 14-18. The agenda is expected to be dominated by discussions about cooperation against violent rebel Kurdish groups: the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which targets Turkey, and the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK), which is active in Iran.
The eight-member Iranian delegation is headed by Deputy Interior Minister Ali Akbar Mohtaj. The Turkish delegation will be led by Interior Minister Undersecretary Osman Gunes and is expected to include senior officials from the Turkish National Police, National Intelligence Organization (MIT), the Gendarmerie and the Turkish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The previous meeting of the commission was held in Tehran in February 2006.
The commission was first established in 1988 but for the first decade of its existence was essentially moribund. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, elements from Iranian intelligence were in close contact with violent Turkish Islamists, providing them with arms and training in camps outside Tehran and using them to conduct surveillance and carry out attacks inside Turkey. The primary targets for Iranian intelligence were exiled Iranian dissidents. However, the Turkish Islamists trained in Iran also assassinated foreign diplomats stationed in Turkey, sometimes at their Iranian handlers' behest, as well as and prominent Turkish secularists. Although Tehran provided little support to the PKK, it tolerated the organization's activities inside Iran and offered a safe haven for PKK militants being pursued by the Turkish security forces.
It is now more than a decade, however, since violent Islamists with links to Iranian intelligence carried out attacks inside Turkey. Since the election of the moderate Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP) in November 2002 and particularly since the establishment of PJAK in 2004, security cooperation has improved dramatically.
The precise agenda of the Turkey-Iran High Security Commission in Ankara is currently unclear. However, there is no doubt that both countries have sufficient reason to want to boost security cooperation against the PKK/PJAK. Yet Turkey will be eager to avoid jeopardizing its access to U.S. intelligence on PKK movements in northern Iraq by being seen to be cooperating too closely with Iran. For the United States, the dilemma is probably even more acute. It has no desire to encourage Turkey to cooperate more closely with Iran, least of all on an issue with possible repercussions for stability inside Iraq. Yet, while the PKK continues to pose a threat to Turkey's security, it is probably also unrealistic to expect Ankara's full cooperation in any future international isolation of the regime in Tehran. [Jenkins/Jamestown/14April2008]
Intel CIOs Assesses Info-Sharing Initiatives. The U.S. intelligence community is making incremental progress in establishing interoperability across its many information collection, storage and retrieval systems, according to updates by the chief information officers of seven major intelligence agencies.
During a rare group appearance at a panel discussion in Arlington, Va., the CIOs of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, the FBI, the National Security Agency/Central Security Service, the National Reconnaissance Office, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency highlighted their agencies' progress in simplifying information exchange within the U.S. intelligence community.
The CIA recently launched the first version of its library of national intelligence, a repository of collective intelligence data analogous to the Library of Congress, CIO Al Tarasiuk said. The agency is also developing an integration plan that will lay the groundwork for a federated e-mail system for the intelligence community, and is evaluating how to integrate the country's national intelligence data centers, Tarasiuk said.
The FBI is addressing the procedural and technical issues that have hindered users at its fusion centers from freely accessing law enforcement and national security data in readily usable form, CIO Zalmai Azmi said.
The National Reconnaissance Office has restructured along functional lines to improve its delivery of signal intelligence and imagery data to the nation's warfighters, CIO Charles Barlow said.
NRO's eventual goal is to enable real-time, two-way interactions between the agency and its users so that, for example, a soldier or intelligence agent in the field could query NRO's systems to immediately listen in on a target's cell phone conversation or request live imagery feeds from a specified location to survey current enemy activity or assess the operational situation, Barlow said. [Rendleman/GovernmentComputerNews/17April2008]
US Grants Asylum to Former South Korean Spy. A former South Korean intelligence agent said he has been granted political asylum in the United States. In his 2003 application for asylum, Kim Ki-sam said he would face persecution and prosecution if he was forced to return to South Korea, and the judge agreed, said Kim's lawyer, Janet Hinshaw-Thomas.
Kim quit as an agent of South Korea's National Intelligence Service in 2000. He said he faced persecution because he revealed information about secret operations within the spy agency which helped then-President Kim Dae-jung win the Nobel Peace Prize. One of those operations was the transfer of a US$500 million "bribe" to North Korea, the former agent said.
Kim Ki-sam said he had to quit the spy agency because of President Kim's "illegal activities."
In 2005, Kim Ki-sam also revealed the spy agency's illegal tapping of the mobile phones of South Korea's elite, leading to the convictions of two former agency chiefs.
In his ruling, Judge Charles Honeyman said Kim had the courage and conviction to tell the world what was going on and had made a "genuine contribution" to society by revealing the truth, according to Hinshaw-Thomas. [USAToday/16April2008]
Accused German Linked to Spy Flap. A German man charged with selling sensitive technology information to Russia is a key figure in a mysterious spy case involving a former Federal Space Agency official that jarred Russian-Austrian relations last year.
German prosecutors said in a statement last week that they had charged a 44-year-old native of Bavaria with passing sensitive documents to "a member of a Russian intelligence service."
The statement gave few specifics, but interviews with officials familiar with the case made it clear that the Russian intelligence officer referred to by German prosecutors is former Federal Space Agency official Vladimir Vozhzhov, who was arrested on spy charges in Austria last year and released after it turned out he had diplomatic immunity.
Vozhzhov's arrest in June disrupted otherwise cordial ties between Vienna and Moscow, prompting the Foreign Ministry to accuse Austria of violating international law. At the time of his arrest for purportedly trying to buy classified information, Vozhzhov was in Vienna for a United Nations conference on the peaceful use of outer space. He was released and allowed to return to Moscow a week later after a UN inquiry found he had diplomatic status.
Sonja Heine, a spokeswoman for Germany's Federal Prosecutor's Office, said by telephone from Karlsruhe that the Austrian case and the recent spy charges "are part of the same investigation complex." She refused to elaborate.
But Austrian lawmaker Manfred Haimbuchner said Greipl had known Vozhzhov since 1997, when they met at Eurocopter's factory outside Munich during Vozhzhov's visit together with Austrian military officials. Haimbuchner said he had been briefed on the case by a "reliable" source in the Austrian military.
German prosecutors said in the statement that the accused German had met the Russian agent several times in Germany and abroad and that communication between the two had been conducted mainly via anonymous e-mail accounts, "a common practice in intelligence circles." The documents obtained by the Russian could be used both for civilian and military purposes, the statement said.
According to media reports, Vozhzhov purchased classified information about the French-German combat helicopter Tiger, produced by Eurocopter. He paid up to 20,000 euros ($26,600) for information at each meeting with his contact, the Austrian magazine Profil reported in January.
Greipl, a helicopter pilot and engineer, was detained by German police in April 2007 and later admitted to divulging company documents.
Haimbuchner, a member of the right-wing Freedom Party, said Greipl's statements to police were crucial in leading Austrian authorities to Vozhzhov, suggesting that the Russian official's arrest at the Salzburg train station in June was a sting operation.
Vozhzhov's current whereabouts were unclear. [Twickel/MoscowTimes/17April2008]
Ex-Russian agent 'was poisoned like Litvinenko.' Detectives are investigating extraordinary claims by a former KGB double-agent who alleges he was poisoned by a Russian assassin at his secret safe-house in Surrey.
Oleg Gordievsky, who spied on Russia for British intelligence at the height of the Cold War, said he collapsed and was "close to death" after the alleged murder attempt.
Special Branch officers in Surrey have launched an inquiry into the case, which echoes the murder of Alexander Litvinenko, another former Russian spy, in 2006.
Mr. Gordievsky, who fled to Britain in 1985, was appointed Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) by the Queen last October for "services to the security of the United Kingdom".
He said that the following month, he suspects he was poisoned by a long-term friend, a former Russian military intelligence officer, using a "variant or derivative of thallium".
He collapsed at his home and lay unconscious for 34 hours at hospital. He spent a further two weeks in a private clinic, having been partially paralyzed.
Mr. Gordievsky, 69, said yesterday: "I've known for some time that I am on the assassination list drawn up by rogue elements in Moscow.
"They murdered my friend Alexander Litvinenko. I have no doubt my sudden illness last November was a similar attempt on my life."
However, police sources said tests have failed to identify a poison or any other suspicious substance in his body.
They suspect he was treated for "other medical matters" and said there is nothing to suggest his illness was "suspicious".
Mr. Gordievsky claims it is a cover-up and that MI6 forced Special Branch to drop its initial investigation. They were ordered to reopen the inquiry only after pressure by senior intelligence figures, he told a newspaper. [Edwards/Telegraph/7April2008]
Eight Former Guantanamo Detainees Sue UK Government, Secret Service. Eight former Guantanamo detainees have reportedly filed lawsuits against the British government and security services in Britain's High Court.
The ex-detainees accuse the government and security services of complicity in their illegal detention and are seeking millions of dollars in damages. They accuse the attorney general, the MI-5 security service and the MI-6 secret intelligence service of being complicit in the abduction, treatment and interrogation of the eight men. They claim in the lawsuits that British authorities knew they would be taken to Guantanamo, but nevertheless co-operated with the Americans.
All eight were detained in Afghanistan, Pakistan or Gambia at various times and were transferred for detention at the U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. [CanadianPress/19April2008]
Section II - TERRORISM
GAO: Terrorists Operating Freely on Pakistan Border. Terrorists are still operating freely in Pakistan along the country's Afghanistan border, despite the U.S. giving Pakistan more than $10.5 billion in military and economic aid, according to a government watchdog agency.
The Government Accountability Office reports that the U.S. lacks a comprehensive plan to deal with the terrorist threat.
Some federal agencies, including the Defense Department, agreed with the findings. But the State Department disagreed, saying that a comprehensive strategy does exist and is being implemented.
Pakistan is widely seen as the linchpin in the U.S. anti-terrorism strategy. After the U.S. invasion in Afghanistan, Taliban and al-Qaida fighters retreated across the mountainous 373-mile border into Pakistan's unpoliced tribal areas.
Last month, CIA Director Michael Hayden said that if there were another terrorist attack against Americans, it would almost certainly originate from that region, where al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden is believed to be hiding.
GAO also found that while individual federal agencies, including the Defense and State departments, have efforts under way to address the problem, they do not have a single coordinated strategy "that includes all elements of national power - diplomatic, military, intelligence, development assistance, economic, and law enforcement support." [Flaherty/AP/17April2008]
Section III - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE
Double Agent Enabled Israel's Capture of Top-Ranking Soviet Spy
Klingberg. Israeli military censors recently declassified documents showing how a Soviet spy-turned-double agent led to the 1983 arrest of Professor Avraham Marcus Klingberg, the highest-ranking Soviet spy ever caught by Israel.
Klingberg, who was the deputy head of the top-secret Israel Institute for Biological Research in Nes Tziona, immigrated to Israel in late 1948. Before immigrating to Israel, he had served as a soldier in the Red Army during World War II. Klingberg initially told his Israeli interrogators that he began working as a Soviet spy in 1957, after being blackmailed by a Soviet operative, but Israeli intelligence believes he was already a Soviet agent when he moved to Israel. In his book published last year, he said he was first enlisted in the early 1950s by a pro-Soviet Israeli while at a rehabilitation center, healing from injuries sustained in a car crash.
Klingberg was suspected of being a Soviet spy as early as 1963, but he was exculpated after passing a polygraph test.
In 1983, officials received information from a double agent that proved Klingberg's complicity. After being interrogated at a secret location in Tel Aviv, Klingberg admitted he had been working for the Soviets. He was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in jail. After having served 16 years in prison, he was released to house arrest.
In 2003, after the 20-year sentence was over, he was allowed to leave Israel and live with his daughter in Paris. [Seltzer&Melman//Haarets/14April2008]
Chinese Spies in Western Cities. China's intelligence agency has reinforced its infiltration activities in Europe, North America, Japan and Russia in recent years. An analysis of numerous cases leads to the conclusion that China has shifted its tactics in recruiting citizens of Western countries.
Beijing has abandoned the traditional approach of ideological persuasion, turning instead to the use of blackmail, women and money - quite similar to the practices employed by the former Soviet Union's KGB and the former East Germany Intelligence Agency. A series of "massage salon" incidents involving Japanese diplomats in Beijing and Shanghai are typical examples.
At the same time, the targets of recruitment by Chinese intelligence agents are switching from ethnic Chinese to local personnel of mainstream society who work in core government departments.
The core personnel for public political work remain overseas Chinese, however. In recent years, whenever China has had a major dispute with the international community over human rights or some political issue, Chinese nationals stationed in Europe and North America, as well as local ethnic Chinese residents, have organized a large political demonstration.
Infiltration by Chinese agents in protests is becoming more obvious. In some European countries and the United States, Chinese agents have penetrated to the point that they can interfere with domestic affairs through the recruitment of local agents in their host country.
Take Toronto as an example. Since 1999, Chinese students and visiting scholars in Toronto have launched several major political demonstrations. In 1999, during the Kosovo conflict, Chinese students and scholars twice joined so-called anti-war demonstrations in support of the Serbs. After the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade was mistakenly bombed by a U.S. B-2A stealth bomber, another protest took place in which some Chinese attacked the U.S. Consulate with rocks. Some of the demonstrators were ethnic Chinese who had already obtained Canadian citizenship.
The next major Chinese demonstration took place in 2001 right after Beijing won the bid to host the 2008 Olympic Games - with considerable political impact. Many Chinese students in Toronto and some Chinese Canadians turned out to celebrate Beijing's victory on the streets of Toronto.
During the fierce fight to host the Olympics that took place that year in Moscow, Beijing's biggest competitor was Toronto. After the Chinese demonstration, mainstream media carried a number of editorials and letters from readers, most of which were very critical of the behavior of the Chinese in flaunting their win in the face of the defeated citizens of Toronto.
The Chinese forces turned out yet again during the recent spate of protests against Tibetan independence, which have paralleled Tibetan demonstrations along the route of the Olympic Torch and elsewhere. These pro-China rallies took place in several major U.S. and Canadian cities, including Toronto.
The Toronto police approved the Chinese application to hold a demonstration, but the report that was sent back to China by the Toronto correspondent of the Global Times - a Chinese newspaper with official backing - accused the police of unfair treatment.
During these anti-Tibet demonstrations, Chinese Web sites have been filled with nationalist propaganda and bloggers using profane expressions and smearing the Tibetans and the Western media, which is accused of a pro-Tibet bias. No mainland China media have reported events in Tibet fairly or objectively or called for dialogue between the Dalai Lama and the Chinese government.
Every time the Chinese have been called to the streets for political action, visiting Chinese scholars and representatives from Chinese student associations at Toronto universities have played a leading role in organizing and conducting these events. Such associations exist on many U.S. and Canadian campuses. Most of them were set up after the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown on student demonstrators in Beijing.
Originally these Chinese student organizations opposed the Beijing regime. However, since 1995 they have gradually shifted toward a pro-Beijing position. Diplomats assigned to the Education Section of a Chinese Embassy or Consulate become deeply involved with these associations - monitoring their activities, sometimes openly funding them, or offering financial support to students judged to be pro-China.
Members of these associations are not always Chinese students, however. Some have already graduated and become U.S. or Canadian citizens. Leaders of such groups often include family members of current and former students. Of course, all of them are originally from China.
There is credible evidence that the large number of community organizations that have emerged in Chinese communities in the United States and Canada are receiving financial support from the Chinese Embassies and Consulates. Diplomats often take advantage of their special connections to introduce members of these community organizations to business opportunities in China. Very often, Chinese diplomats will participate in important political activities by these organizations.
During periods of tension across the Taiwan Strait, Chinese students, and former students, become particularly inquisitive. Some of them hold doctorate degrees; some have acquired citizenship in the host country. They seek out experts on matters related to the Taiwan issue, especially trying to assess how the United States might interfere in a possible conflict. Some do not hold steady jobs, yet they manage to make several trips back to China every year. [Chang/UPIAsiaonline/18April2008]
Section IV - BOOK REVIEWS, JOBS, OBITUARIES AND COMING EVENTS
Through Machiavellian Neocon Michael Ledeen's lens, come his opinions on the post-9/11 world, terrorism, Israel, and CIA in this review of "Why Spy," by Frederick Hitz. Warning: this review is more about Ledeen's view of intelligence problems and how he would reshape the community.
Frederick Hitz was the inspector general of the CIA from 1990 to 1998, and now teaches at the University of Virginia law school. Inspectors general know a lot, because they investigate allegations of malfeasance inside the Agency, and thus get to ask probing questions of the sort the rest of us don't. Mr. Hitz is an insider's insider, and few people this side of the top guys in the Operations Directorate know as much about the nitty-gritty of espionage. Plus, he has a reputation for fairness and thoughtfulness, which God knows is rare in Washington. So I was looking forward to this little book, hoping to get some real insight into the strengths and shortcomings of our intelligence community, and perhaps some thoughtful recommendations for useful change.
There are some valuable things in "Why Spy?" (Thomas Dunne, 224 pages, $22.95), but fewer than hoped. I had not before heard the amazing fact that our analysts working at CIA headquarters in Langley, Va., can't go online to surf the Internet, chat, or exchange e-mails with anyone outside "their employment component or classified milieu"; they have to stay inside the Agency's own servers and networks. As Mr. Hitz says, this is ridiculous.
He rightly stresses the importance of the coordination and sharing of information among our various intelligence, military, and law enforcement agencies. And he's right that we need good leaders, although it's curious he has only positive things to say about George Tenet, who, as the person in charge of the intelligence community when Al Qaeda terrorists killed 3,000 people in half a day, should surely have been replaced immediately.
Mr. Hitz is outspoken in his criticism of "torture," and adamant about the importance of the rule of law. By and large I agree with this, although he is often too willing to base his argument on foreign anti-Americanism, and he has a disappointing tendency to speak warmly of people with dubious records of reliability and common sense, from Seymour Hersh to Michael Scheuer. Not surprisingly, he sometimes bemoans American support for Israel. And there is one sentence that sets my teeth on edge: "It has always shocked my conscience," he says, "that after having missed the Khomeini revolution in Iran in 1979, the intelligence community did not learn its lesson and devote sufficient analytical resources to the rise and growth of Islamic fundamentalism." Good grief! The truly monstrous intelligence failure after 1979 was, and is, the failure to understand the nature of the Iranian regime itself - our greatest enemy in the world today, and arguably the most important element in the rise of radical Islam.
Most of "Why Spy?" is dedicated to the strategy of recruiting spies, and Mr. Hitz runs through a laundry list of possible motives for betraying one's own country in the service of American intelligence or, in the case of contemporary terrorists, one's organization. I doubt anyone who has read John Le Carré or Charles McCarry will learn anything new, aside from a few details about some of the most famous foreigners (mostly Soviets) who spied for or betrayed America. He says that these are the motives that our spymasters must keep in mind in order to recruit agents, and he writes as if our case officers (he calls them "spy runners") have had great success over the years in identifying and then recruiting foreign agents. However, so far as I have been able to learn, virtually every important American agent during the Cold War was a "walk-in" - someone who contacted us because he had already made the decision to work with us. We didn't recruit them at all, but simply accepted their offer. And all too often, we didn't even do that, as in the case of the KGB archivist, Vasili Mitrokhin. He had copious notes and texts about Soviet espionage activities. His material is arguably the greatest treasure trove of information about the KGB ever offered to the West. But we were not interested, and sent him away. Luckily, the Brits were smarter, and took him in.
The Mitrokhin story points to one of the fundamental failures of our intelligence community: We are looking for people to work for us, but we have great difficulty finding ways to work with foreigners. This is a cultural shortcoming, and it cuts across geographical and linguistic lines. Over and over again, talented people with rare access to enemy headquarters have come to the CIA and the Defense Intelligence Agency and offered to help, only to find themselves facing a routine that offends and frightens them: They have to sign a contract, they have to accept money (even if they are wealthy), and they then are "run" by a CIA case officer. But many of these people will never accept such a relationship. So we lose them.
Mr. Hitz argues that we desperately need native Arabic speakers - no doubt about it - and he rightly complains that we have been too slow to give security clearances to Arabic-speaking Americans, because they have relatives in the Middle East. Things are even worse than he thinks. I can give him several examples of Iraqis who risked their lives on the battlefield as interpreters for our combat forces, who cannot get security clearances because they are not American citizens, or because of "security concerns." This is not only counterproductive; it's churlish. And yet it's common practice. Mr. Hitz speaks well, and knowledgeably, about cooperation with friendly intelligence services, and he eloquently calls for new techniques and insights "from other disciplines such as law enforcement and the military," but he is curiously uninterested in learning the methods of our allies, even though some of them have been spectacularly successful. He calls for new technologies and "new teamwork," but he never asks why the Israelis, French, and British have been so much more successful in the Middle East than we have. Nor does he discuss Israel's proven techniques for developing good analysts, one of which has always struck me as totally obvious, once you think about it: The Israelis require their analysts to serve in operations before they get a desk job. That way, the analysts understand what the men and women in the field are up against, and can read operational reports with far greater insight than somebody who has gone straight from college to an analytical position.
So while Mr. Hitz is often excellent at identifying the problems, he's disappointingly weak in proposing solutions. It's all well and good to call for greater cooperation in the intelligence community, but we also need competitive analyses, and we need outsiders to challenge both the reliability of our intelligence and the common sense of our finished products. Nowhere is this more obvious than in the grotesque National Intelligence Estimate on Iranian nuclear programs, which conveyed the conviction that the mullahs were no longer frantically working to develop atomic bombs and their attendant delivery systems. Just this past weekend, the head of the CIA went on national television to say that he was quite sure Iran was doing just that, a conclusion that any sensible person would undoubtedly have reached. The NIE had a major impact on policy, and I suspect the whole mess could have been avoided by asking a group of outside experts to take a look at a draft NIE before it was released. Mr. Hitz alludes to this idea in passing, but doesn't give it any real weight.
I think he's also often misleading about the way the intelligence community works nowadays. He says that the "civilian intelligence agencies," by which he surely means the CIA above all, are no longer "top dog" in the intelligence business. Would that it were so. The CIA still holds an absolute veto over all human intelligence operations, and there have been several cases in recent years when military officers wanted to pursue promising lines of working with foreign locals, only to have the operations quashed, apparently because the CIA was unwilling to give up control. This has to change.
"Why Spy?," then, is a useful primer in many ways, but certainly not the new road map we so desperately need to rebuild our intelligence agencies.Mr. Ledeen is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and a contributing editor at the National Review. [Ledeen/NYSun/10April2008]
The National Defense Intelligence College (formerly Joint Military Intelligence
College) has a vacancy for a Senior Faculty Member (GG-14) to teach science and technology intelligence courses and two Senior Faculty Members( GG-14) to teach intelligence collection management and intelligence collection planning. Apply via
http://www.dia.mil/employment/ or contact Steve Kerda, Director of
Operations, National Defense Intelligence College, 202-231-3068, Stephen.Kerda@dia.mil.
Vacancy Announcement Number A08-020125-01-DNM
Position: Senior Faculty Member
Opening Date: 15-Apr -08
Number of Positions: 2
Location: Washington, DC
Closing Date: 6 May 08
Pay Plan/Series/Grade: GG-1710-14
Salary Range: From $98003 to $127442 annually
Position Summary: Incumbent serves on the National Defense Intelligence College faculty, and will specialize in teaching intelligence collection management and intelligence collection planning against current and emerging national security threats. Courses and research will focus on integrating imagery, signals, geospatial, measurement and signature intelligence, and human intelligence, to provide a higher degree of warning capability. Responsibilities include, but are not limited to: developing and delivering courses in Intelligence Collection and Collection Management; engaging with Department of Defense and IC Collection Mission Managers to bring current collection priorities, guided by analytical gaps and priorities to the classroom environment.
Duties include but are not limited to:
(a) Teaching required and elective courses in Intelligence Collection and Collection Management. Normally, all faculty are required to teach core courses in addition to specialized electives in their area of expertise.
(b) Implementing and enforcing appropriate learning standards and graduate-level rigor, and use outcome assessment data for course, curricular, and program improvement.
(c) Serving as committee chair for six graduate theses per academic year.
(d) Undertaking and disseminating intelligence research that contributes to
the Intelligence Community's efforts in collection management, HUMINT, technical and open source collection.
(e) Participating as needed in the College's outreach activities through its centers: The Center for Strategic Intelligence Research, The Center for International Engagement and the Center for Science and Technology Intelligence.
(f) Collaborating with other Intelligence Community and Department of Defense intelligence collection entities.
Vacancy Announcement Number A08-020125-01-DNM
Position: Senior Faculty Member
Opening Date: 15-Apr -08
Number of Positions: 1
Location: Washington, DC
Closing Date: 6 May 08
Pay Plan/Series/Grade: GG-1710-14
Salary Range: From $98003 to $127442 annually
Position Summary: Incumbent serves on the National Defense Intelligence College faculty, and will specialize in teaching science and technology intelligence analysis to address threats to national security arising form globalization of science and technology; identify disruptive consequences of adversarial technology adaptations; and provide a framework for effective collection and warning. Courses and research topics will reflect the National Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF) issues in science and technology. Responsibilities include, but are not limited to: developing and delivering courses in science and technology intelligence analysis, and working with the College's Center for Science and Technology Intelligence, to network and collaborate with analysts across the Intelligence Community.
Duties will include:
(a) Teaching three courses per academic quarter in science and technology-related topics. Normally, all faculty are required to teach core courses in addition to specialized electives in their area of expertise.
(b) Implementing and enforcing appropriate learning standards and graduate-level rigor; and use of learning outcome assessment data for course, curricular, and program improvement.
(c) Serving as committee chair for six graduate thesis students per academic year.
(d) Undertaking and disseminating intelligence research that contributes to the body of knowledge of S&T intelligence analysis and analytic methodologies.
(e) Collaborating with Intelligence Community and Department of Defense scientific entities.
Air Force Col. Bob Dawson. For Air Force Col. Bob Dawson, who died April 2 at 87, the thrill of flying outweighed the risk. Col. Dawson flew more than 350 combat missions from World War II to the Vietnam War, then flew secret paramilitary missions in the perilous jungles and mountains of Southeast Asia as a civilian pilot for several years during the height of the Vietnam War to aid anti-Communist forces.
Born June 18, 1920, in Clarksburg, Dawson joined the Army Air Corps in 1939. During his 26-year military career, he logged more than 14,000 hours flying more than 20 different aircraft, including more than 150 missions in an A-1 Skyraider during the Vietnam War. He also was a flight instructor for the Air Force.
After earning his wings and being trained as a fighter pilot during World War II, Col. Dawson flew more than 200 missions in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska in 1942 and 1943 in bitter-cold conditions to protect U.S. interests from Japanese advances.
He and other P-39 pilots not only struggled with ground temperatures of 15 degrees below zero and temperatures of minus-50 degrees at flying altitude, but were warned not to use their cockpit heaters because they could emit dangerous levels of carbon monoxide.
He received two Distinguished Flying Crosses for his bravery in Southeast Asia.
After retiring in 1966, he flew for Air America in Southeast Asia until the final stages of the Vietnam War. He and his wife returned to the United States in 1975 and moved to Longboat Key and later to Bradenton.
He died of congestive heart failure and pneumonia, his wife said.
In addition to his wife of 41 years, Betty, he is survived by a daughter, Donna Canfield of Gainesville, Ga.; two sons, David of Mount Pleasant, S.C., and Bob of Redlands, Calif.; a sister, Pat Colburn of Lansing, Mich.; seven grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren.
Services will be private. His family plans to scatter his ashes at sea. [Zaloudek/HeraldTribune/13April2008]
EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....
Thursday, 24 April 2008 11:30 am - Phoenix, AZ - AFIO Phoenix hosts luncheon featuring Dr. John Pye, PhD, P.E. on the value of support to Intel and Military Units.
Location: Hilton Garden Inn in Phoenix, (One block West of Central Avenue on Clarendon and one block South of Indian School Road). Pye is the Office Director and Principal Engineer at Exponent (www.exponent.com) - a large engineering firm which provides embedded PhD's and Engineers to a US Army Special Support unit in Iraq to provide rapid prototyping and specialized engineering support to units in Iraq and Afghanistan. Support ranges from lock picks through small robots for security and search support. Dr. Pye has been by one of our members, he is articulate, interesting and sends a strong message about the value of direct support to intel and military units by smart and engaged technical people. Furthermore, to make his presentations ever more interesting, he will be bringing a little robot vehicle that can run around the room with a camera!
For reservations or concerns, please call Simone Lopes at 480.368.0374 or email her at email@example.com
Friday, 25 April 2008, 10:30 am - 2 pm - Vienna, VA - AFIO National Luncheon - High Technology Wizardry in U.S. Intelligence Community - Dr. Lisa J. Porter; and Mind of Terrorists by Jerrold Post, M.D.
"Cutting-Edge Technical Wizardry in the U.S. Intelligence Community"
Speaking at 11 a.m. is Dr. Lisa J. Porter, Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA).
Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Dr. Porter is the first Director of IARPA.
The IARPA sponsors research aimed at game-changing breakthroughs to complement the mission-specific science-and-technology research
being conducted by intelligence agencies.
Speaking at 1 p.m. is Jerrold M. Post, M.D., former CIA Psychiatrist,
author of THE MIND OF THE TERRORIST: The Psychology of Terrorism from the IRA to Al-Qaeda
Is currently oversubscribed. All registrations entered from April 14 onwards go on a wait-list.
Make WAIT-LIST reservations at this secure page.
EVENT LOCATION: The Capitol
Club at the Sheraton-Premiere Hotel, 8661 Leesburg Pike � Vienna,
Driving directions here.
Monday, 28 April
2008, 1 p.m. - 5 p.m. - Washington, DC - Symposium on Richard M. Helms,
former Director, CIA - His Life and Career. CIA's Historical
Collections Division (HCD), Information Review and Release Group,
Information Management Services - in concert with Georgetown
University, CIRA, and AFIO are hosting a half day symposium in the main
auditorium, Gaston Hall, on the life of Richard McGarrah Helms. A group
of distinguished panelists will discuss his career in OSS and CIA and
his tenure as Director of CIA. A reception will follow at Georgetown's
Lauinger Library. Keynote speaker will be CIA Director General Michael
V. Hayden and Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State, followed by two panel discussions. Panelists include: Brent
Scowcroft, former National Security Advisor; Michael R. Beschloss,
author; David S. Robarge, CIA Historian; William Hood, author; Dr.
Jennifer E. Sims, Director of Intelligence Studies: Center for Peace
and Security Studies Georgetown University; and Burton L. Gerber,
moderator, Professor in Practice in Intelligence: Security Studies
Program, Center for Peace and Security Studies Georgetown University.
Cynthia Helms, Richard Helm's wife, will be attending with her son. A
display of Helms' mementos, letters, and personal effects will be
exhibited in Lauinger Library beginning in April.
This event is currently oversubscribed. All registrations entered from April 11 onwards are going on a wait-list.Further information and online WAIT-LIST reservation forms.
Thursday, 29 April 2008 - Washington, DC - Institute of World Politics Open House. The IWP invites you to join them this evening for their monthly open house program to learn more about the programs and career opportunities through graduate study at IWP. Each program begins at approximately 5:30 pm and concludes by 8:00 pm. RSVPs are strongly encouraged, and preferences are easily requested by visiting the IWP home page at www.iwp.edu. The Institute is located at 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC, eight blocks north of the White House and three blocks east of the Dupont Circle metro station (red line). IWP enrolls new students during the spring, summer, and fall terms. Make sure you're one of them.
29 April 2008, 5 p.m. - Medford, MA -
Honourable Company of Freedom Fighters Medal Presentation. The Honourable Company of Freedom Fighters will present its medal posthumously to the Russian national hero Adolf Tolkachev.
Tolkachev's achievements contributed greatly to the downfall of the Soviet Empire. The event is being held in the Edward R. Murrow Room at the Jebsen Center/International Security Studies, Fletcher School, Tufts University. The medal will be presented to Kissa Guilsher. She and her husband, John, were long-term cases officers for Tolkachev. John unfortunately passed away on 5 April. Anyone wishing to attend the ceremony should contact The Company's Chief Factor at firstname.lastname@example.org
Thursday, 1 May 2008, 12 Noon - 1 PM - Washington, DC - Our Man in Mexico: Winston Scott and the Hidden History of the CIA. Mexico City in the 1960s was a hotbed of spies, revolutionaries, and assassins. In the thick of this Cold War Casablanca was spymaster Winston Mackinley Scott. As chief of CIA's Mexico City station from 1956 to 1969, Scott played a key role in the creation and rise of the Agency. In his new book, Our Man in Mexico, investigative reporter Jefferson Morley traces Scott's career from wartime G-man to consummate intelligence officer with three Mexican presidents on his payroll. But it was Scott's role in the surveillance of Lee Harvey Oswald just prior to President John F. Kennedy's assassination that led to the spymaster's disillusionment. Join Morley for a revealing look at Scott's life and his startling rebuttal of a key finding in the Warren Report.
Where: International Spy Museum, 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: Free. No registration required.
3 May 2008 - Indian Harbour Beach, FL - The next Florida Satellite Chapter AFIO luncheon will be at the Eau Gallie Yacht Club. The luncheon speaker will be Rear Admiral Roland G. "Gil" Guilbault, USN, Retired. The topic of Admiral Guilbault's presentation will be "The Navy Today and the Challenges Ahead." A cash bar opens at 11:30 a.m. followed by a 12:30 p.m. luncheon. Interested individuals can contact George Stephenson, Chapter Vice President at email@example.com for further information.
8 May 2008 - San Francisco - AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter Meeting on "Covert Action in the Cold War."
The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Tristan Abbey, AFIO SF chapter
scholarship winner. Mr. Abbey graduated from Stanford University with a
B.A. in History with honors. His topic will be on covert action in the
early cold war and will include a reappraisal of the CIA's involvement
in the overthrow of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran in 1953 and a broader
critique of how historians have often interpreted covert action in the
The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94116 (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation; $35 non-member rate or at door. RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate roast cross rig of beef bordelaise or fresh fish of the day) no later than 5PM 4/30/08: firstname.lastname@example.org, (650) 622-9840 X608 or send a check to P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011.
15 May 2008, 4:30 pm - 10 pm - Houston, TX - AFIO Houston Spring 2008 Dinner featuring Michael F. Scheuer [CIA], Andrew R. Bland, III and Carlos J. Barron [both FBI].
This will be an exclusive evening at the Sheraton Suites, near the Houston Galleria, featuring Michael F. Scheuer, Ph.D., former CIA Chief of the Bin Laden Unit at the Counterterrorism Center, Andrew R. Bland, III, Special Agent in Charge of the Houston Division, FBI. Nineteen months in Iraq prior to his arrival to Houston."Today challenges by FBI in Houston in protecting Houston's Domain" http://www.fbi.gov/pressrel/pressrel07/bland050107.htm, and Carlos J. Barron, FBI Assistant Special Agent in Charge of FBI Counterterrorism Intelligence Group, (CTIG) Houston Division - an FBI Joint Task Force (JTIF) initiative with CIA.
Preceding dinner, the author's reception will include appetizers and book signing of Mike Scheuer's latest and prior books: "Imperial Hubris" also "Why the West is Losing the War on Terror and Through Our Enemies Eyes" and "Osama bin Laden, Radical Islam and the Future of America." Event fee: USD60.00 per person There will be Special Rate offered to AFIO members as well as to all guests and attendees for Rooms at the Sheraton Suites Hotel located at 2400 West Loop South, Houston, Texas 77027 713-856-5187
Arrangement must be made thru AFIO Houston. Please contact us for assistance in reservations and booking room(s) by email listed below or by phone: 713-851-5200
Kindly RSVP here: email@example.com Full program can be found at: http://afiohouston.com/eventsrsvp/spring2008dinner.html
16 - 18 May 2008 - Bar Harbor, ME - The Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association hosts mini-reunion. The NCVA of New England will hold a mini-reunion at the Bar Harbor Regency, Bar Harbor, Maine. The reunion is open to all personnel that worked for the US NAVSECGRU or its successor organization in NETWARCOM. Contact Vic Knorowski at 518-664-8032 or visit http://ncva-ne.org for information.
Wednesday, 28 May 2008 - Washington, DC - Institute of World Politics Open House. The IWP invites you to join them this evening for their monthly open house program to learn more about the programs and career opportunities through graduate study at IWP. Each program begins at approximately 5:30 pm and concludes by 8:00 pm. RSVPs are strongly encouraged, and preferences are easily requested by visiting the IWP home page at www.iwp.edu. The Institute is located at 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC, eight blocks north of the White House and three blocks east of the Dupont Circle metro station (red line). IWP enrolls new students during the spring, summer, and fall terms. Make sure you're one of them.
June 2008, 6:30PM - Washington, DC - From the Secret Files of the
International Spy Museum(tm) Spycraft 101: CIA Spytech From Communism
Rubber airplanes, messages hidden inside dead rats, and subminiature cameras hidden inside ballpoint pens...a few of the real-life devices created by CIA's Office of Technical Service (OTS). These and other clever technical devices are featured in Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA's Spytechs from Communism to Al-Qaeda, by the former director of OTS Bob Wallace teams up with espionage gadget collector H. Keith Melton to discuss the operations of OTS...from the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the war on terror. Rare OTS devices including concealments, microdots, and disguises will be on display.
Where: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: $20; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to other the Museum exhibits. To register, call Ticketmaster at 800.551.SEAT or the Museum at 202.393.7798; order online at ticketmaster.com; or purchase tickets in person at the Museum.
For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events
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