AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #21-08 dated 27 May 2008

25 July 2008 - AFIO National SUMMER Luncheon -
10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Tysons Corner, Virginia

11 a.m. Speaker - Robert Wallace, Former Director of CIA's Office of Technical Service
author of
SPYCRAFT: The Secret History of the CIA's Spytechs, from Communism to al-Qaeda


1 p.m. Speaker - Frances Fragos Townsend, Esq., former White House Assistant, HomelandSecurity/Counterterrorism,
current member of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board [PIAB],
speaking on Current and Emerging Threats

Ms. Townsend's remarks are
to encourage frank & spirited Q&A.

EVENT LOCATION: The Crowne Plaza [formerly the Holiday Inn]
1960 Chain Bridge Road • McLean, Virginia 22102
Driving directions here.

Space limited.

The Boston Pops at the Wolf Trap Park in Vienna, Virginia!
Tuesday, 19 August 2008 – Vienna, VA

This year we have moved the annual social from Boston's Symphony Hall to the Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts.
The concert choice will once again be the Boston Pops Esplanade Orchestra.
Contact Mr. Wass at and use "AFIO Social" in subject line if you would like to attend the pre-concert AFIO social at Wolf Trap.  Reservations are now being taken however since we have limited seats available, we recommend contacting us before purchasing your concert tickets.
For those who plan on attending the concert and social at Wolf Trap [located at 1645 Trap Rd, Vienna, Virginia 22182], you must purchase concert tickets directly through Wolf Trap for seating choices.  We are not doing group reserved seating this year except the sets of tickets that are offered on the AFIO Auction website

RSVP requested before July 19.  Wolf Trap Box Office - (703) 255-1868 to purchase tickets. No portion of your purchase constitutes a donation to AFIO; therefore this is strictly a social event.

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WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE:  The WIN editors thank the following special contributors to this issue: th, dh and pjk.  
All have contributed one or more stories used in this issue. 






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FBI Gets Mixed Review in Interrogation Report. A new Justice Department report praises the refusal of FBI agents to take part in the military's abusive questioning of prisoners in Guant�namo Bay, Iraq and Afghanistan, but it also finds fault with the bureau's slow response to complaints about the tactics from its own agents, people with knowledge of the still-secret report said.

The FBI stationed agents at Guant�namo Bay and other military detention sites to assist in the questioning of detainees taken into custody after Sept. 11, but the rough tactics by military interrogators soon became a major source of friction between the bureau and sister agencies. FBI agents complained to superiors beginning in 2002 that the tactics they had seen yielded little actual intelligence, prevented them from establishing a rapport with detainees through more traditional means of questioning and might violate FBI policy or American law.

One FBI memorandum spoke of "torture techniques" used by military interrogators. Agents described seeing things like inmates handcuffed in a fetal position for up to 24 hours, left to defecate on themselves, intimidated by dogs, made to wear women's underwear and subjected to strobe lights and extreme heat and cold.

Ultimately, the FBI ordered its agents not to participate in or remain present when such tactics were used. But that directive was not formalized until May 2004, and it governed only the FBI Robert S. Mueller III, director of the FBI, told Congress that he was not made aware of his agents' concerns until 2004.

The inspector general's report is expected to focus on the questions of what the FBI agents observed, how their complaints were handled internally and whether agents were involved in any improper interrogation tactics themselves.

The review is limited to the FBI because the inspector general does not have jurisdiction over the Defense Department or the Central Intelligence Agency, which led the interrogations at various sites. Beyond the tactics used by military interrogators, it is not clear whether the report will address interrogations by the CIA that may have been witnessed by FBI agents. [Lichtblau/NYTimes/17May2008] 

NRO: Same Mission, Different Strategy. The National Reconnaissance Office's transformation is taking that agency in a different direction, according to the agency's chief technology officer. 

The NRO's transformation places less emphasis on the collection of satellite data and focuses instead on developing ground capabilities to process, fuse, and analyze that data, Michele Weslander Quaid, NRO's CTO, told a gathering of intelligence and industry officials in Herndon, Va., May 22.

The NRO transformation encompasses organizational and technological aspects. The agency plans to develop a single integrated enterprise architecture that will discard a structure characterized by separate organizations that specialize in areas such image intelligence or signal intelligence.

At the technology level, transformation will mean acquiring plug-and-play common platforms instead of sensor specific platforms. It also means making greater investments in technologies that help process and fuse data, and not merely collect it.

The NRO is searching for and implementing off-the-shelf products that facilitate better collaboration and information sharing in the agency, among its community of users, and, ultimately, with non-U.S. coalition partners.

One tool being used is a blog where analysts and users can communicate about intelligence community needs and how to meet them. The ultimate goal of this and other social networking tools is to anticipate the needs of the intelligence user community. [Buxbaum/FCW/23May2008] 

Russia Reportedly Ready to Cooperate with Britain on Litvenko Case. Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) said it is prepared to cooperate with Britain in investigating the case of poisoned defector Alexander Litvinenko since London lifted its "unfounded accusations."

Former Russian security service officer Litvinenko died of radioactive poisoning in London in November 2006. After his death, London accused Russia's security services of their complicity in Litvinenko's death.

A large amount of radioactive polonium-210 was found in the Russian security service defector's body, but the British authorities have not yet made public any official document specifying the exact cause of his death or the results of the autopsy.

Litvinenko was fired from the FSB (formerly the KGB) following a 1998 press conference in which he and a number of other FSB officers alleged that they had been ordered to murder and kidnap a number of high-profile figures.

London has requested the extradition of its chief suspect in the Litvinenko case, Russian businessman and MP Andrei Lugovoi. Moscow has refused to extradite the former Kremlin security guard, saying its Constitution forbids it. Lugovoi, who met with Litvinenko in London before the ex-FSB officer fell ill, denies any involvement and says Litvinenko tried to recruit him for the British Intelligence Service (MI6).

The dispute has led to a dramatic deterioration in relations between London and Moscow, including tit-for-tat expulsions of diplomats and the closure of two British Council offices in Russia.

Litvinenko received British citizenship in 2006 and published two books in the U.K. alleging the involvement of the Russian security services in a series of apartment bombings in Russia in 1999. [Novosti/18May2008]

Rewarding Intelligence. The government's intelligence community is changing its pay system to better reward agents and analysts, part of an effort to fix problems identified after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

The Defense Intelligence Agency, the first of the 16 agencies in the government's intelligence community that will convert to the new pay system, will make the transition in September. Officials expect the system to help in the recruitment and retention of civilian employees and make it easier for employees to take assignments outside their home agencies - a requirement for those who aspire to a top intelligence leadership position.

Mike McConnell, the director of national intelligence, appeared at a news briefing last week to underscore his personal commitment to the new pay system, which will replace the decades-old General Schedule that is used by most federal agencies. That system has been faulted by critics for primarily rewarding employees for their time in government rather than how well they do their job.

Many federal employees are wary that pay-for-performance systems can be fairly administered. In 2001, a performance-based pay program proposed for the CIA went to the back burner after employees complained to members of Congress.

In designing the new system, officials have benefited from a pay-for-performance system that has operated for about a decade at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), where "the results have been spectacular," McConnell said.

Officials also used feedback from intelligence employees to shape the new system, which is called the National Intelligence Civilian Compensation Program.

The new system collapses the General Schedule grades and steps into broad salary bands and splits intelligence employees into three occupational groups - supervisor/manager, professional and technician/administrative support.

The new pay system also expands on the General Schedule, adding the monetary equivalent of two steps to provide more earning potential for high performers. For example, instead of hitting the top rung of GS grade 15, step 10, an intelligence employee can go as high as a step 12.

The bands also give technical employees an opportunity to earn as much as a supervisor, in contrast to the GS system, which encouraged technical experts to take a management position to get higher pay.

The new pay system also attempts to mitigate a common concern among federal employees - that they are at risk of falling behind GS annual raises, which are set by Congress.

Employees who receive a job rating of successful or higher will receive a raise equal to the government-pay increase, a locality pay adjustment, plus raises and bonuses tied to their job performance rating. An employee rated unacceptable will not receive a pay increase or bonus. [Barr/WashingtonPost/18May2008] 

Kosovo Vows 'Apolitical' Intelligence Agency. No political influence will be tolerated in Kosovo's Intelligence Agency, the Pristina government has vowed.

Prime Minister Hashim Thaci told his cabinet that there are ongoing consultations with all institutions such as the Presidency and insisted "our commitment is to exclude any political influence."

On Monday, Kosovo's government discussed the bill on creating an intelligence agency and suggested that it needs to be passed as soon as possible, so that soon after June 15, when the country's constitution is expected to enter into force, all necessary state structures can start functioning.

Kosovo has been under United Nations administration since June 1999 and secured by the NATO-led peacekeeping force KFOR which is in charge for the overall security of Kosovo.

Under the international plan for Kosovo's 'supervised independence' Pristina needs to ratify a package of laws on state-building, including that on creating an intelligence agency. [BalkanInsight/18May2008] 

Better Secrecy Urged for Open Source Collectors. U.S. intelligence employees who are collecting open source intelligence online should do more to ensure that they are not identified as intelligence personnel, the House Armed Services Committee said in its new report on the 2009 Defense Authorization Act.

Failure to conceal the identity of open source intelligence collectors could conceivably lead to spoofing, disinformation or other forms of compromise.

The Committee generally welcomed the growing investment in open source intelligence. [SecrecyNews/19May2008] 

Translator Spy in Iraq Gets Ten Years in Jail. A translator who lied about his identity to get US nationality and kept copies of classified documents about the Iraqi insurgency was sentenced to 10 years in prison, justice officials said.

The man, whose true identity and nationality remain unknown, was employed in August 2003 as a US army translator in Iraq by the major private contracting firm L-3 Titan Corp, the Justice Department said.

Using his false identity, the man - who has been alternately known as Abdulhakeem Nour, Abu Hakim, Noureddine Malki, Almaliki Nour, and Almalik Nour Eddin - gained "secret" and then "top secret" security clearances.

He used this clearance to gain access to secret military documents without authorization during assignments in Iraq, the Justice Department said.

Following a US government probe led by the FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Force, he was sentenced to 121 months in prison after pleading guilty to "unauthorized possession of classified documents" and to a "false identity" charge.

Other documents the translator took involved US army "plans for protecting Sunni Iraqis traveling on their pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in late January 2004."

He was also accused of taking pictures of a "classified battle map identifying US troop routes used in August 2004 during the bloody battle of Najaf, where the US and Iraqi security forces sustained serious casualties."

The documents were found during a search of his apartment in Brooklyn, New York in 2005, officials said.

He is also to be stripped of his US citizenship, the Justice Department said. It did not elaborate on how or when he obtained this citizenship, saying only that he had used a false identity to do so. [AFP/20May2008] 

Israel Released Hizbullah Spy as Good-Will Measure. Israel has released a Hizbullah spy as the first "good-will gesture" to the Syrians ahead of renewed talks. 

Mohammed al-Shamali, an Arab man apprehended in 2003, was released early this week, a day before Israeli and Syrian negotiators resumed contact in Turkey.

Shamali, who was arrested with his brother, was supposed to remain in prison until 2010 for supplying Hizbullah with security and military information. [HaLevi/IsraeliNationalNews/22May2008] 

Secretive Canadian Spy Agency to Get $62-Million Headquarters. Ottawa is spending $62-million to expand the country's ultrasecret electronic spy agency, according to Defense Minister Peter MacKay. The money will pay for construction of a new building in Ottawa for the Communications Security Establishment, the most secretive branch of Canada's intelligence community. The security branch operates an electronic eavesdropping system that collects signals intelligence. It works closely with allied agencies in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.

Exactly what the CSE does to protect security is one of the most closely guarded secrets in government. From its nondescript headquarters in south Ottawa, the CSE intercepts, decodes, translates and analyzes the phone calls and e-mails of Canada's adversaries. It also safeguards government computer systems.

Although the CSE operates under strict secrecy, signals teams are known to have played a role in the March 23, 2006, rescue of one British and two Canadian hostages in Iraq. The agency has also said it has listened to Taliban communications in Afghanistan. But most of its work is never publicized.

The expansion of CSE is a result of new powers it acquired following 9-11, changes in technology and the evolving nature of international terrorism. Canada's mission in Afghanistan has also likely put additional strains on the agency, which said last year that a quarter of its intelligence reports related to the mission.

The agency originated after the Second World War when Ottawa merged two of its intelligence units to form what was then called the Communications Branch of the National Research Council. In 1975 it was renamed and placed under the wing of the Armed Forces. Following 9/11, terrorism replaced Soviet espionage as Canada's No. 1 national security threat and the branch shifted priorities accordingly.

At the time of the Sept. 11 attacks, the CSE was not allowed to listen in on any talk that originated or terminated in Canada. That changed in December, 2001, when Parliament passed the Anti-Terrorism Act, which allowed the CSE to eavesdrop on foreign intelligence targets, even if those communications had one foot in Canada. [Bell/NationalPost/22May2008] 

Man Gave Military Secrets To China. A New Orleans businessman has pleaded guilty to espionage, admitting that he gave the Chinese government highly sensitive military information he obtained from a former Defense Department official.

Tai Shen Kuo, 58, said in court papers that he plied the official with gifts, cash and dinners to secure classified projections of U.S. military sales to Taiwan. He was paid $50,000 to pass the materials to his Chinese contact through e-mails and telephone calls to Beijing, the documents said.

Kuo pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in Alexandria to conspiracy to deliver national defense information to a foreign government. He faces up to life in prison when he is sentenced Aug. 8.

The former official, Gregg W. Bergersen, pleaded guilty last month and could receive up to 10 years in prison. He was a weapons systems policy analyst at the Arlington-based Defense Security Cooperation Agency before resigning a week before his plea.

Federal officials described Kuo as the main player in the conspiracy, the latest example of what the government says is China's increasingly aggressive efforts to obtain U.S. military and trade secrets. The activity has triggered a Justice Department crackdown, with at least a dozen investigations of Chinese espionage yielding criminal charges or guilty pleas in the past year.

Court documents described how Bergersen and Kuo met over the past two years at restaurants in Alexandria and Loudoun County and in Charleston, S.C., and Las Vegas. The material that Bergersen gave Kuo, according to court documents, included all projected U.S. military sales to Taiwan for the next five years. Bergersen's attorneys and court documents said Bergersen was unaware that the material would reach China.

Kuo led Bergersen to believe that after Bergersen retired from the government, he would make Bergersen a part owner or employee of a company he was establishing to sell U.S. defense technology to Taiwan. [Markon/WashingtonPost/14May2008] 


Deadlier Forms Of Jihad Await Al-Qaida's End. At the headquarters of the National Counterterrorism Center, located in a bland office park in Northern Virginia, a unit called the strategic analytical group thinks about the meta-questions of global terrorism.

NCTC officials say their job is to offer straightforward analysis for policymakers, rather than set policy themselves. Their comments reflected a broader re-examination of the basics of counterterrorism strategy that has been taking place across the U.S. government over the past year. The effect has been to challenge some conventional wisdom.

Though the intelligence analysts remain focused on the danger posed by al-Qaida, they also are pondering what might happen if recent trends continue and that organization loses more support in the Muslim world. That unraveling of al-Qaida central is a primary U.S. goal, but one of the analysts cautioned that policymakers shouldn't automatically "make an assumption that some worse monster won't evolve out of this."

Al-Qaida has been characterized by its fairly tight command and control, systematic targeting and a concern for legitimacy in the Muslim world. If that central ethos were broken, it might set loose a free-for-all, a situation in which every terrorist operated on his own.

"If al-Qaida went away, the ideology would live on, but you might have less-qualified people interpreting Islam," noted one analyst. He likened the situation to Algeria in the 1990s, when radical Muslim groups were cut off from real clerics and spawned a particularly vicious brand of terror.

The analysts discussed several of the "nightmares" that might arise in this world where Muslim rage continued, but without the discipline of a controlling central organization.

A related concern is the devolution of targeting. With al-Qaida, targets were selected to meet certain criteria of economic and symbolic importance. As U.S. counterterrorism operations disrupt al-Qaida, one analyst noted, "that pushes targeting down in the ranks."

On the positive side, the NCTC analysts note that many Muslims around the world are turning away from al-Qaida, in part because of their revulsion at its tactics and its gruesome record of killing Muslims. This rejection is evident even within the Salafist networks of traditional Muslims, which provided Osama bin Laden's early recruits.

The counterterrorism strategists have also studied ways to combat radicalization of Muslims. The simple answer, they say, is intense engagement with the Muslim community.

What's the biggest worry at the National Counterterrorism Center? In the tribal areas of Pakistan, al-Qaida is recruiting and training terrorists who don't look or talk like Muslim extremists - who could enter the U.S. easily on European passports, without special visas. [Ignatius/WashingtonPost/21May2008] 

Taliban Claim Death of 'Female US Spy.' Taliban fighters in Afghanistan claim to have killed a woman by slitting her throat after accusing her of spying for US forces in Afghanistan.

They said they killed the alleged female American informer in the Afghan valley of Kunar on Monday.

"Bachagai, 32, was part of an American proxy network in the Sarkano district's village Barogai," a Taliban spokesperson Zubair Mujahid told Adnkronos International (AKI) from the Kunar valley.

"Her information caused a lot of American attacks on the position of the mujahadeen, their killings and arrests," said Mujahid.

"We thoroughly investigated the matter and confirmed her links with Afghan intelligence and American troops. She also received cash rewards on the information she provided against the Taliban," he said.

Mujahid told AKI that once all the evidence against the alleged spy was gathered, they slit her throat with a knife and killed her.

The Taliban have killed many suspected informers in past especially in the eastern Afghan province of Kunar but killing a woman is a rare occurrence among the former ruling student militia.  [Shahzad/Adnkronos/21May2008] 

Canada Court Grants Guantanamo Detainee Access to Intel Documents. Canada's top court ruled that Guantanamo detainee Omar Khadr should have access to Canadian classified intelligence to prepare his defense before a US military tribunal.

The court said that Canadian intelligence officers illegally interviewed Khadr in 2003 and that documents were unlawfully obtained, but added that exceptions would apply to any information that risked compromising Canada's national security.

Khadr, a Canadian citizen, was 15 years old when he was arrested by the US army in Afghanistan in 2002 on suspicion of links to Al-Qaeda and in the killing a US soldier.

Since then, he has been held at the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and faces an upcoming US military commission on terrorism charges.

Khadr's attorneys had sought what defense attorneys described as "key documents" containing "potentially exculpatory information" about the July 27, 2002 battlefield events involving Khadr.

Canada is now believed to have the only copies, as US authorities have purportedly lost the documents passed on to them.

The more than 3,000 government documents held by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service and the Department of Foreign Affairs include transcripts of interviews with Khadr while in US detention.

The US government alleges Khadr was the lone survivor of a four-hour US bombardment of an Al-Qaeda compound in Afghanistan in 2002. Documents say Khadr rose from the rubble and killed a US sergeant with a grenade.

Khadr was then shot at least twice in the back by US soldiers and was about to be executed when another soldier intervened, according to testimony to a parliamentary subcommittee on international human rights last month. [AFP/23May2008] 


Remembering CIA's Heroes: Agency Pilots in the U-2 Program. Currently, there are 87 stars carved into the marble of the CIA Memorial Wall. The wall stands as a silent, simple memorial to those employees "who gave their lives in the service of their country." The CIA has released the names of 54 employees; the names of the remaining 33 officers must remain secret, even in death.

The U-2 was one of the CIA's greatest intelligence achievements. Its deployment in 1956 signaled the Central Intelligence Agency's entry into the world of overhead reconnaissance.

In response to the Soviet Union's growing military strength and the perceived danger of the Soviet Union attacking the continental United States, President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized the construction of a high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft. The aircraft would be designed specifically to fly over the Soviet Union and collect strategic intelligence. To reduce the danger of conflict, the president entrusted this mission not to the armed forces but to a civilian agency - the CIA.  From 1954-1974, overhead reconnaissance was one of CIA's most important missions.

Kelly Johnson at Lockheed's "Skunkworks" designed the U-2 to be flown by a single pilot, at altitudes of 65,000 to 70,000 feet at subsonic speed. To reach the altitude, the aircraft was stripped down to ensure a lighter weight. The aircraft had an extraordinary gliding ability and could stay aloft for more than eight hours.

Several dangers faced the U-2's pilots. Because of the high speed and altitude, pilots had to keep the aircraft at a slightly nose-up position. A slight drop in the nose position (even as slight as a degree) could cause the plane to gain speed dramatically, which could ultimately lead to the aircraft breaking apart. 

The plane's challenging flight characteristics and fragility resulted in the deaths of four Agency pilots. Here we look at the lives of these pilots: Wilburn S. Rose, Frank G. Grace, Howard Carey, and Eugene "Buster" Edens.

Wilburn S. Rose. The first of four fatal U-2 crashes occurred on May 15, 1956, when pilot Wilburn S. Rose had trouble dropping the aircraft's "pogos," the outrigger wheels that kept the wings parallel to the ground during takeoff. The crash occurred during a training flight.

Once airborne, Rose made a low-level pass over the airstrip and succeeded in shaking loose the left-hand pogo. When he tried another maneuver to shake loose the remaining pogo, the U-2 stalled and plunged to earth. The aircraft disintegrated over a wide area, killing Rose instantly.

Frank G. Grace. Approximately three months later, a second crash occurred during a night-time training exercise. On Aug. 31, 1956, during a nighttime training flight, Frank G. Grace stalled his U-2 at an altitude of 50 feet when he tried to climb too steeply during take off.

The aircraft fell to earth, cartwheeled on its left wing, and struck a power pole near the runway. Grace died in the crash. He was 30 years old, married, and the father of four children.

Howard Carey. Before 1956 came to a close, two more U-2s piloted by Agency test pilots on contract crashed during test flights. One of these crashes was fatal.

On Sept. 17, 1956, pilot Howard Carey took off from Lindsey Air Force Base in Wiesbaden, Germany. His U-2 mysteriously disintegrated in mid-air, perhaps caused by the jet wash from four fighter aircraft nearby. Carey was less than three weeks shy of his 34th birthday when he died.

Eugene "Buster" Edens. Nearly a decade later, Eugene "Buster" Edens, one of the original U-2 pilots, was killed when his U-2 spiraled to the ground near Edwards Air Force Base in California. Edens had dodged death in an earlier incident when he crash-landed a U-2 at Edwards in 1961. In this first incident, the plane - while on final approach - stalled 50 feet short of the runway and slammed into the ground. The plane caught fire. Another pilot - who happened to be nearby - pulled the semiconscious Edens out of the aircraft moments before it exploded.

In April 1965, however, Edens did not have the same fortune. As he made his approach to the runway, he had a problem with a wing. He applied power and climbed. The aircraft began a spiraling descent at 3,000 feet from which it could not recover. Edens ejected at 400 feet, not high enough to permit his chute to fully deploy, and was killed when he hit the ground.

Remembering the Men. The CIA honored Rose, Grace, Carey, and Edens with stars on the CIA Memorial Wall in 1974. All four men served in the CIA's Directorate of Plans*. They are remembered for their bravery and dedication. Their names are included in the CIA Book of Honor.

*The Directorate of Plans (DDP) was established in August 1952, when the Office of Special Operations and the Office of Policy Coordination were merged. The DDP became the Directorate of Operations (DO) on March 1, 1973. In October 2005, the DO was renamed the National Clandestine Service (NCS). [14May2008/CIA

Espionage in Western New York. The soviets thought Barbara and Eugene Makuch worked for them.

In reality, they were double agents working for the United States. At one point they knew something was wrong. In the late 1980's, during a U.S.-Soviet Peace Summit at the Chautauqua Institution, they were interrogated intensely by visiting soviets.

There was a breach inside the U.S. Government. Someone with access to highly classified information was feeding the soviets. The Makuch's wondered if they would suddenly disappear or have an accident during their last trip to Russia.

While the Makuch's worked as double agents for the FBI, they had no idea that one of the agency's own people, Special Agent Robert Hanssen, was selling secrets, and the names of agents to the Soviet Union and later Russia.

Hanssen was eventually caught. By then Barbara and Eugene had surfaced from their secret world of espionage.

For over two decades Barbara worked to gain the confidence of the former KGB. Along the way she met and married Eugene and recruited him to spy work. Barbara recalls meeting with former KGB agents in Niagara Falls, and reluctantly riding the Maid of the Mist for one exchange.

The work she did was important. In the early 1990's she received the FBI's highest civilian decoration for helping the U.S. win the Cold War. Do the Makuch's think the game has changed from their spying days? Not a bit, especially when it comes to Russia.

The Buffalo FBI's top intelligence agent agrees. Richard Kollmar, FBI Buffalo, says, "We haven't seen a lot of change from pre-Cold War to post-Cold War as far as their intelligence activities, and their desire to acquire technologies of the United States."

While the Makuch's are far removed from their secret spying days, they are aware that even today, their lives could be in danger.  [Moretti/WIBV/30April2008] 

A New Style of Turncoat. During much of the Cold War, the typical U.S. spy - spy for the enemy, that is - was a single, native-born, high-school-educated white male in his 20s, employed by a branch of the military and with top-secret security clearance.

Most of the time, he volunteered at a Soviet embassy or consulate and (at least since the early 1960s) was primarily motivated to spy by a desire for money rather than by ideological conviction. He would usually get away with it for at least a year or so before being caught, and then he would receive an average prison sentence of 20 years to life.

Among the spies of that period was John Walker. His capture in 1985 touched off what later became known as the "year of the spy" because of the 11 espionage arrests that year. A Navy radioman, Walker began spying in the late 1960s and passed on to the KGB top-secret key cards that enabled the Soviets to decrypt much of the Navy's most highly classified communications. In return, he received, by some estimates, more than $1 million over his 17 years as an active spy. He was eventually sentenced to life in prison.

Today's spies, it turns out, are different. The spies of the 1990s and the 21st century are more politically motivated, and they have turned the Internet, the newest tool in espionage tradecraft, to their advantage. And they have "grayed."

These are among the conclusions of a new study, released in March, by the Pentagon's little-known Defense Personnel Security Research Center, which examined the changing nature of espionage from 1947 to 2007. According to the study, which compared 173 espionage cases after separating them into three groups based on when they started spying, the profile of today's spy is far more nuanced and harder to stereotype. Still overwhelmingly male, he is more likely to be nonwhite and married, in his 40s with college and graduate degrees, and also with business, friends or relatives overseas.

The modern spy is more than twice as likely to be a civilian than a member of the armed forces. And while the new-age spy will likely only be able to get his hands on secret - as opposed to top-secret - documents, he also will use much more ingenuity in acquiring the information, including conning others to get it for him.

The risky days of walking into an embassy to volunteer as a spy are also over. Both Walker and Ronald Pelton, who worked for the U.S. National Security Agency, took that route when, years apart, they walked in the front door of the Soviet Embassy in Washington. FBI cameras, hidden behind one-way windows in an office building across the street, captured only the backs of their heads. Embassy workers then sneaked them out of the compound in the back of a van.

Aldrich Ames also volunteered while in the embassy, but he was authorized to go there as part of his counterintelligence duties at the CIA.

Today's spy, according to the Pentagon study, is far more likely to use the Internet to contact foreign governments or terrorists and volunteer his services, as if signing up for Facebook. "Since 1990, the use of embassies has decreased," the study says, "while more individuals have chosen a new communications innovation: 13 percent of volunteers since 1990 turned to the Internet, including seven of the 11 most recent cases since 2000 that used the Internet to initiate offers of espionage."

Obviously, post-Cold War spies are finding new governments - and groups - to spy for. FBI agent Robert Philip Hanssen, who passed secrets to Russia for more than two decades, until he was caught in 2001, may be the last of a dying breed. The country of choice for 87 percent of U.S. spies during the Cold War was the Soviet Union, but by the 1990s that figure had dropped to just 15 percent.

The focus of spies has now mostly shifted east. The percentage of spies who work on behalf of Asian and Southeast Asian countries has risen from 5 percent in the 1950s and 1960s to 12 percent in the 1970s and 1980s, and to 26 percent since 1990. Cuba, with so many exiles in Florida, has also become a key recipient of U.S. secrets. Al-Qaida has made significant inroads as well - with one American having stolen and passed classified documents and other materials to aides of Osama bin Laden, and four others known to have tried to spy for the organization or other terrorist groups since the mid-1980s.

For anyone at the CIA or the Pentagon who might be considering moonlighting as a spy, the report offers a warning: "Since 1990, American spies have been poorly paid." In fact, the proportion of those who received no payment at all for espionage increased from 34 percent before 1980 to 59 percent during the 1980s and to 81 percent since 1990.

And that's not all. At the same time that the ability to make money from spying has decreased, the chances of doing time in prison have increased - dramatically. During the 1970s, when the U.S. Justice Department attempted to turn U.S. spies working for the Soviets into double agents rather than jail them, 22 percent served no time in prison. The idea seldom worked, so by the 1990s, 94 percent of those convicted ended up in the slammer. On the bright side - for the spies - there has been a trend toward judges imposing shorter sentences.

But the biggest change in espionage is in the motivation to commit the act in the first place. The multinational, globalized spy of 2008 is less tempted by money than by ideology and "divided loyalty" - loyalty to both the United States and another country. "Spying for divided loyalties is the motive that demonstrates the most significant change of all motives since 1990," the study notes, "with 57 percent spying solely as a result of divided loyalties."

Among the most recent cases cited in the study was that of Lawrence Franklin, a South Asia specialist with a top-secret and sensitive-information clearance who worked from 2002 to 2003 in the Pentagon for Douglas Feith, one of the key neoconservative architects of the Iraq war. Franklin fit the profile of the 21st century spy. He was well-educated, earning a doctorate in Asian studies, and was uninterested in making money from spying. Instead, he represents a dangerous new type of spy - someone who uses espionage to try to change U.S. foreign policy for his own purposes.

"In the 1990s, he developed a strong disagreement with the trend of American foreign policy toward Iran," says the study. "Starting in April 1999 and continuing until August 2004, Franklin tried to manipulate foreign policy by sharing classified information with various Israeli contacts, including Naor Gilon, the political officer in the Israeli Embassy in Washington, and two lobbyists for the American Israeli Public Affairs Committee, Steven Rosen and Keith Weissman." Both Franklin, who pleaded guilty and was sentenced to nearly 13 years in prison, and the Israeli lobbyists, who are awaiting trial, wanted the United States to adopt a much more aggressive policy toward Iran. To help accomplish this, the two senior AIPAC officials allegedly hoped to turn Franklin, who had taken up Israel's cause after spending some time in the country, into an Israeli agent-of-influence by placing him "by the elbow of the president" in the National Security Council, according to an FBI wiretap.

And that was also what Franklin wanted. According to the report, "his self-importance, taking American foreign policy into his own hands by leaking classified information to the Israelis in hopes they, in turn, would influence the NSC, was bolstered by other motives, including his ambition to get a job with the NSC." When spies attempt to secretly manipulate U.S. foreign policy to benefit another nation in the most dangerous part of the world, the Middle East, actions that could easily trigger a nuclear war, the old days of dead drops and microdots don't seem so bad. [Bamford/MoscowTimes/30April2008] 


Book Reviews

Eizo Hori, "Dai-honei Sanbo no Joho Senki," (Records of Intelligence War by a Staff Officer at the Imperial General Headquarters), Bunshun Bunko, 1996. In April 1946, eight months after Japan's surrender to the Allied forces in World War II, the U.S. Army presented to its government a report on the assessment of intelligence activity by the Japanese Imperial Army and Navy during the war. 

In sum, the report pointed out five reasons Japanese intelligence capability was inadequate for the conduct of the war: 

1) Japanese military leaders were convinced that Germany would win the war and thus underestimated the industrial productivity of the Allies and high morale of their soldiers. 

2) The unfavorable war situation, in particular the loss of capability in air surveillance, that resulted in losing accurate information on each battle. 

3) Lacking good communication between the Imperial Army and Navy; even when they obtained information they could not utilize it effectively. 

4) Shortage of capable intelligence officers; they lacked the ability to comprehend the meaning of information while intelligence operations were considered secondary. 

5) Japanese reliance on spirit rather than on a pragmatic approach, which hampered intelligence operations. War planners repeated propaganda that Japan would be invincible and thus failed to prepare for war. They emphasized offense, which blinded them from comprehending the intelligence that was presented to them. 

Eizo Hori, author of this book and a former army intelligence officer at the Imperial General Headquarters, agrees with this harsh American assessment. Hori's book details how intelligence was neglected in forming war plans, being rejected because it did not suit the wishful thinking of the planners. He says their strategy was based on inaccurate, false, or manipulated information, which led to misjudgments. 

Hori's detailed descriptions of specific operations that went awry with heavy casualties because of the lack of information and intelligence analysis makes one realize that military leadership that does not accept objective intelligence analysis leads to mistaken decisions. In turn, that has a rippling effect that wastes the lives of soldiers and sailors on the frontlines. 

This book was first published as hard cover in 1989 and was republished in 1996 as a paperback edition. It was in its eleventh printing as of April, 2007. [Halloran/NBR/15May2008] 


MOAA Sept. 16th Career Fair Invitation. Looking to hire great team players and leaders? Attend the Military Officers Association of America (MOAA) Career Fair on September 16th at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington, DC.

Meet face-to-face with talented, motivated, and well-trained candidates whose skills and experiences cover a myriad of occupational specialties and disciplines. If security clearances are important to your company, this is the place to find those candidates!

Make as many hires as you would like at no additional fee! Register now - 

If you have any questions or would like more information, please contact the MOAA Career Fair toll free at 800-234-6622 x 547 or by email at

SI International Career Fair. SI International invites you to come in and talk to us about exciting opportunities.
Thursday, May 22nd 2008 3pm - 6pm at the Courtyard by Marriott, Fort Meade National Business Park, 2700 Hercules Road, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701
Join us as we look to meet with and interview the following talented professionals:
Program Managers - Acquisition Professionals - Engineering Consultants - Systems Engineers - System Administrators - Software Engineers - Programmers/Developers - Financial/Program Analysts - Operations Research/System Analysts - Configuration Management Assistants - Technical Writers - Master Schedulers - Schedule Technicians - Web Developers - Database Specialists - Information Security System Security Engineers - Subject Matter Experts - Data Management Specialists - Contracting Policy Support Specialists - Plans and Policy Specialists - Administrative Specialists - Corporate Communications Specialists - Facilities Subject Matter Experts
You must bring a current resume and a current DoD Security Clearance with Lifestyle Polygraph is required.

Assistance Sought

Seeking Recollections of Agency Medic Donald Farley for CIA Medical office history."I am researching a scholarly history of CIA Office of Medical Services.  I would like to know if any AFIO members have recollections of Donald W. Farley, an Agency medic who was blinded during the bombing of the US Embassy in Saigon on March 1, 1965.  Mr. Farley also served with the Agency as a medic on Taiwan in the 1950s and at CIA Headquarters after his injury. His wife, Catherine was also a nurse." Replies, Suggestions to AFIO member Jonathan D. Clemente, M.D. at

Volunteers with Expertise in Asia and/or Africa Sought for Intelligence Course. Dr. Jon D. Holstine, associate faculty at The Washington Center, is introducing a second course beginning with the Summer 2008 term. Entitled "Trouble Spots of the World: Analyzing Threats and Prospects. A Training Seminar in Foreign Intelligence Development," the course will combine an introduction to analysis and exploration of likely troublesome countries/regions in Latin America and Asia. The first meeting will be on Monday evening, June 2, 2008, at from 6:30 to 9:00 p.m. He is seeking volunteer specialist on Africa and/or Latin America to provide expertise and encouragement to members of the class. It involves meeting Monday June 2 at The Washington Center (1333 16th St NW) from 6:30 - 9:00, and another session or so at the end of the course -- August 4 to hear papers presented. He is available by phone at 703-329-7019 or cell 703-307-4626 to discuss this with potential volunteers. Or email him at

Students are upperclassmen from colleges and universities throughout the United States; all are full - time interns at various USG agencies or other organizations or companies in Washington. (For further information on The Washington Center, which is located at 1333 16th St NW in Washington, its website is In recent years an increasing number of students who have taken Dr. Holstine's class have expressed an interest in joining the intelligence community. This is intended as a skills class, with attention to the discipline of analysis and emphasis on clear writing.


Elizabeth Cutler, 85. Elizabeth Cutler of Mequon, Wisconsin, passed away 19 May 2008 at the age of 85. 

Mrs. Cutler graduated from Milwaukee Downer Seminary in 1940 and Smith College in 1944. She served in World War II as a research assistant for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in Washington and the American prosecution staff at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal where she met her future husband, who was with the OSS in Berlin. 

After living two years in New York, she and her husband moved to Milwaukee in 1949, where she quickly became an active community volunteer while raising their growing family. Mrs. Cutler served on the board of the Girl Scouts, St. Mary's Hill Hospital, the United Way of America, the Marine National Exchange Bank and the Greater Milwaukee Foundation. She was a trustee of Milwaukee Downer Seminary, Smith College and Lawrence University and received the Pro Urbe Award from Mount Mary College for community service. She also served as President of the Visiting Nurse's Association and on the Governor's Task Force for Medical Education, which recommended that Wisconsin convert the Marquette University Medical School into the Medical College of Wisconsin. 

In 1973, Mrs. Cutler chaired the United Way of Milwaukee (then Community Chest) annual campaign, the only woman to be sole chairman. Mrs. Cutler was a co-founder of the Great Lakes Maritime History Association and she co-authored with Walter Hirthe, "Six Fitzgerald Brothers, Lake Captains All." The book was published by the Wisconsin Maritime Historical Association, which was co-founded by her father, Edmund Fitzgerald, and the Milwaukee Harbor Port Director, Harry Brockl. In addition to her legacy of community service, she will be long remembered for her steadfast love of family and support of friends in need. 

Mrs. Cutler was the beloved wife for 60 years of Richard W. Cutler. She was the loving mother of Marguerite "Margo" Cutler of Santa Fe, NM, Alexander "Sandy" (Sally) Cutler of Cleveland, OH and Judith (Jim) Rauh of Milwaukee. Proud grandmother of Michael, Peter and Scott McGoohan and William and the late David Cutler. In lieu of flowers, memorials in Mrs. Cutler's name may be directed to the United Way of Greater Milwaukee, 225 W. Vine St., Milw., WI 53212 or the Wisconsin Marine Historical Society, 814 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milw., WI 53233 or the Milwaukee College Preparatory School, 2449 N. 36th St., Milw., WI 53210. [MilwaukeeJournal/19May2008] 

Commander David Arthur Koehler, 62. Cmdr. David Arthur Koehler, USNR (Ret.), of Superior, died Sunday, May 18, 2008, at age 62, at his home surrounded by his loving family after a courageous 15-month battle with pancreatic cancer.

Cmdr. Koehler was born in Superior on July 17, 1945. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Superior in January 1968, and Officer's Candidate School, in Newport, R.I., where he received his commission as a Navy ensign in June 1968. He served his country in the United States Navy; on active duty for 15 years, 18 years in the Navy reserves and retired in 1995 as a Navy commander. He also worked for the CIA for 21 years, retiring in 2004, where he received many commendations. 

David enjoyed hunting and the Green Bay Packers, but mostly his family. He was a very devoted husband, father and grandfather, as well as a very loyal friend and mentor to many people who often said that David changed their lives. He was very influential to many individuals and, as a mentor, he encouraged people to not only do the best they can in their careers, but to also do "better" as a family man/woman.

David is survived by his wife, Sue, of 42 years; two daughters, Michelle (Ken) Meyer, Middleburg, Fla.; Shari (Alan) Van Loon, Hermantown.; four grandsons, Tyler Arthur Meyer, Middleburg; David Alan, Daniel Murray and Samuel Mark Van Loon, Hermantown; mother, Anna Grace Koehler, Hermantown; sister, Mary Ann (Bill) Homewood, Surprise, Ariz.; two brothers, Joseph (Laurel) Koehler, Superior; and Robert (Rita) Koehler, Bloomington, Minn.; and many nieces and nephews.

David was a member of St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, the Knights of Columbus and the American Legion. [DuluthNewsTribune/21May2008] 

Robert E. Whitaker (July 28, 1944 - May 9, 2008), resident of Union City, CA and member of AFIO San Francisco Chapter, 63 yrs, died peacefully at home surrounded by loved ones on May 9, 2008. He is survived by his loving wife, Marcia and 4 children. Mr. Whitaker was born in Pontotoc, MS, and was a Veteran of the U.S. Army, serving 9 years during the Cold War/Vietnam War, earning a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart. He was a Peace Officer for the Hayward Police Department for 12 years, and owned and operated a successful consulting firm for over 20 yea rs. He was a Records Manager for 5 years for the Santa Clara Police Department, retiring in December of 2006. He was an ardent supporter of the Arts, a member of the Southern Alameda County Buddhist Church, Alameda Lodge #167, Free and Accepted Masons of California, Retired Peace Officers Association of California, San Francisco/Jim Quesada chapter of Association of Former Intelligence Officers, and the American Legion.


CI Centre Podcasts. CI Centre Professors David Major (ret FBI), Clare Lopez (ret CIA) and Brian Weidner (ret FBI) recently sat down at the CI Centre to make two podcasts:

1) Talking about our new training course that all of them teach in: 560: Middle Eastern Intelligence Services and Terrorist Organizations. This course is for warfighters and anyone whose area of operation is the Middle East and the War on Terrorism.

2) A roundtable discussion about the consequences, significance and what the response should be to recent governmental reports saying words like these should no longer be used in the Government War on Terrorism: Jihad, Jihadist, Al-Qaeda, Islamists, Islamo-fascism, Mujahedeen, Caliphate, Salafi, etc.

Badolato Receives Doctor of Humane Letters from Towson University. Edward V. Badolato, a TU alumnus recognized as one of the world's foremost homeland security experts, received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree at the College of Education Commencement Exercises, held May 21 at the Towson Center. 

For more than three decades, Badolato has been involved in numerous international high-profile programs dealing with security, protection of energy infrastructure and counterterrorism operations. He often appears on national television as a homeland security, military and terrorism expert, and his articles and commentary have been published in major newspapers and magazines.

A proud alumnus and ardent supporter of the university, in 2004 he endowed the Edward V. Badolato Distinguished Speaker Series in Homeland Security. Through his initiative, the series has brought to campus top professionals and opinion leaders who influence national security decisions, including former U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese, III and Maryland Congressman C.A. "Dutch" Ruppersberger.

Since 2005, Badolato has served as president and CEO of Integrated Infrastructure Analytics, Inc., a Washington, D.C.-based provider of specialized power, water and homeland security products, support services and training.

Badolato is a retired colonel in the U.S. Marine Corps who served three combat tours in Vietnam. He has also served in nearly every country in the Middle East and Persian Gulf, including tours as military attach� in Beirut, Lebanon, Damascus, Syria and Nicosia, Cyprus.

From 1985 to 1989, Badolato served under Presidents Reagan and George H.W. Bush as a deputy assistant secretary of the Department of Energy, where he focused on security, energy contingency planning and international energy security activities.

Badolato was the principal architect of the U.S. government's current nuclear weapons security program while he was at the Department of Energy. As the senior member of the agency's National Response Team, he headed the department's cleanup of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska and led a national-level task force in the Carolinas after Hurricane Hugo.

In 1989, after several decades of public service, Badolato launched Contingency Management Services, Inc. (CMS), an international energy security consulting firm. There he led efforts, on behalf of Texaco and Getty Oil companies, to clean up the bombs and explosives left in Kuwait's Umm Ghadir and Wafra oil fields after Operation Desert Storm. He was appointed executive vice president for homeland security at the Shaw Group, a Fortune 500 company, when it acquired CMS in 2002.

In 2005, Badolato received the Patriotism Award for Homeland Security Services from President George W. Bush.

TU recognized Badolato as its Distinguished Alumnus for 2003, and currently he serves on TU's Board of Visitors. Badolato is a resident of Falls Church, Va.



Wednesday, 28 May 2008 - Washington, DC - Institute of World Politics Open House. The IWP invites you to join them this evening for their monthly open house program to learn more about the programs and career opportunities through graduate study at IWP. Each program begins at approximately 5:30 pm and concludes by 8:00 pm. RSVPs are strongly encouraged, and preferences are easily requested by visiting the IWP home page at The Institute is located at 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC, eight blocks north of the White House and three blocks east of the Dupont Circle metro station (red line). IWP enrolls new students during the spring, summer, and fall terms. Make sure you're one of them.

Tuesday, 3 June 2008, 6:30PM - Washington, DC - From the Secret Files of the International Spy Museum(tm) Spycraft 101: CIA Spytech From Communism to Al-Qaeda.
Rubber airplanes, messages hidden inside dead rats, and subminiature cameras hidden inside ballpoint pens...a few of the real-life devices created by CIA's Office of Technical Service (OTS). These and other clever technical devices are featured in Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA's Spytechs from Communism to Al-Qaeda, by the former director of OTS Bob Wallace teams up with espionage gadget collector H. Keith Melton to discuss the operations of OTS...from the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the war on terror. Rare OTS devices including concealments, microdots, and disguises will be on display.
Where: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: $20; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to other the Museum exhibits. To register, call Ticketmaster at 800.551.SEAT or the Museum at 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the Museum.

Thursday, 5 June 2008 - Washington, DC - "Seduced By Secrets: Inside the Stasi's Spy-Tech World" by Kristie Macrakis at International Spy Museum. No Charge.
The Stasi, the East German Ministry for State Security, was one of the most effective and feared spy agencies in history. As it stole secrets from abroad and developed gadgets at home, the Stasi overestimated the power of secrets to solve problems and created an insular spy culture more intent on securing its power than protecting national security. Now for the first time, their technical methods and sources are revealed. In Seduced by Secrets, historian Kristie Macrakis recreates the Stasi's clandestine world of technology through biographies of agents, defectors, and officers and by visualizing their James Bond-like techniques and gadgets. Join the author for this eye opening look at a very frightening and very real wilderness of mirrors.
International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station

7 June 2008 - Northampton, MA - AFIO New England Spring meeting features Dr. Kristie Macrakis on East German Espionage. The meeting will be held at the Hotel Northampton at 36 King Str., Northampton, MA, 413-584-3100.  A full description of services as well as directions to the hotel, are available on-line at
Our schedule is as follows: Registration & gathering, 11:00 - 1200, Luncheon at 1200 followed by our speaker, Kristie Macrakis, Ph.D. who will speak on East German Espionage, with adjournment at 2:30PM.
Note, as this meeting is a one day event we have not made any arrangements with the Hotel Northampton for a reduced room rate. For additional information contact
Luncheon reservations must be made by May 27th with: Mr. Arthur Hulnick, 216 Summit Avenue # E102, Brookline, MA 02446, 617-739-7074 or  Advance reservations are $25.00 per person, $30.00 at the door - per person.

Saturday, 7 June 2008, 11 a.m. - 3 p.m. - Gainesville, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter meets to discuss "Law of the Sea" at the Orange Park Country Club.This meeting’s program will be a presentation by Chris Vallandingham on the law of the sea, plus a discussion of intelligence events. Further details via email before the meeting, but I didn’t want to wait too long before getting this out to everyone. Look forward to seeing you there, but again please RSVP to Quiel as quickly as possible! RSVP right away for the 7 June 2008 meeting to The cost is $16 per person, please pay Orange Park Country Club at the luncheon. Social hour from 11:00 am to noon, lunch immediately following, guest speaker and/or business and discussions from about 1:00 pm to adjournment at 3:00 pm.

Wednesday, 18 June 2008, 11:30 a.m. - Phoenix, AZ - AFIO Phoenix luncheon features Victor Ostrovsky, 'former Mossad' officer -- yes or no?
Victor Ostrovsky (born in Edmonton, Alberta) is a Canadian-born Israel-raised former Mossad officer and author of 2 nonfiction books on Mossad and two fictional spy novels.
Ostrovsky was raised in Israel and joined the Israeli Defense Forces just before turning eighteen. By the time he was recruited to the Mossad, Ostrovsky was a Lieutenant commander in charge of the Navy weapon testing department. From 1982 to 1984 he was a cadet in the Mossad academy and a collections officer (katsa) from October 1984 to March 1986.
In 1990, he published By Way of Deception, his account of his time in the Mossad. Ostrovsky refused to use a pen name, stating that if he wanted to hide, he wouldn’t have written the book, which he believed was a necessary act to stop corruption within the agency.
Some critics, such as Benny Morris and author David Wise have charged that the book is essentially a novel written by a professional novelist, and that a junior employee would never have learned so many operational secrets. Some view these allegations as ill-informed speculation by outsiders. It is expected, that intelligence organizations practice strict compartmentalization of confidential, or secretive information. Rather, Ostrovsky holds in his two non-fiction books, that the Mossad consists of a very small number of case officers, who freely share information with one another. Furthermore, he claims that while at headquarters, he had liberal access to the computer system, which is not compartmentalized for "katsas".
Ostrovsky was credited as being a Mossad case officer by the Israeli government through failed, possibly inept, attempts in the Canadian and the U.S. courts to stop the publication of his book, which may have enhanced his reputation and his book's sales. According to Ostrovsky, the book pointed out mistakes and unnecessarily malicious intent in Mossad operations. And by referring to Mossad officers only by their first name and agents by code names, Ostrovsky maintains he never placed anyone in danger.
Many of Ostrovsky's claims have not been verified from other sources, nor have they been refuted. Arguments continue to rage over the credibility of his accounts.
We hope we will see many of you, and please note that this will be our last meeting of the season. We will start again in September.
Location: Hilton Garden Inn in Phoenix, (One block West of Central Avenue on Clarendon and one block South of Indian School Road). Do not miss this exciting program.
For reservations or concerns, please email Simone at or call 480.368.0374

21 June 2008 - Kennebunkport, ME - The Maine Chapter hosts Tyler Drumheller, former CIA. The Maine Chapter meets at the Kennebunk Free Library in Kennebunk at 2:00 p.m. Our speaker will be Tyler Drumheller, recently retired after a career of service to our country as a Central Intelligence Agency operations officer. For further information or to register contact David Austin at

23 - 25 June 2008 - Monterey, CA - The International Association for Intelligence Education (IAFIE) hosts 4th Annual Conference.The conference takes place at the Naval Postgraduate School. The event is sponsored by Lockheed Martin. The theme: Creating Intelligence Studies Education Programs and Academic Standards." Speakers will include: Richards Heuer, Maureen Baginski, Joe Finder, Amy Zegart, Guillermo Holtzmann, and Ernest May. Fee: $400. Checks to IAFIE Conference, POB 10508, Erie, PA 16514. Or email

26 June 2008 – San Francisco, CA – The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Robert J. Heibel, former FBI Deputy Chief of Counterterrorism and current Executive Director of the Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies. Mr. Heibel’s presentation will cover second careers after retirement from the intelligence community, particularly in education, and the impact a person can have. He will use the unique Intelligence Studies program at Mercyhurst College in Erie, PA as an example. The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94116 (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation; $35 non-member rate or at door. RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) no later than 5PM 6/15/08:, (650) 743-2873.

Tuesday, 8 July 2008, 6:30 pm – Washington, DC – “An Evening with the Former M15 Director General – Stella Rimington, at the Spy Museum
When Stella Rimington became director general of MI5, the UK’s domestic security service, her appointment drew a lot of attention. Not only was she the first woman to lead MI5, but she was an advocate for more openness in the intelligence field. To the public, Dame Stella seemed to burst onto the scene, but she had been a hardworking intelligence officer with MI5 since 1969 with experience in both counterintelligence and counterterrorism. As leader of MI5, Rimington encouraged public transparency and upon her retirement in 1996 she continued this policy with the publication of her autobiography Open Secret. She has moved on to publish a series of espionage thrillers featuring intelligence officer Liz Carlyle. The latest installment in the saga of the ambitious MI5 officer is Illegal Action. Join Dame Stella for an exciting evening of frank discussion as she highlights her new book, her experience as the director general of MI5, and her thoughts on the state of the intelligence field today. Tickets: $20. Phone registration available 202.654.0932

Monday, 21 July 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Hot Topics, The FBI at 100: Beyond the Turf Wars" at the Spy Museum.
“Counterintelligence is only as good as relations between the CIA and FBI.”—James Angleton, 1975. In 1970, J. Edgar Hoover cabled FBI field offices “to discontinue all contact with the local CIA office.” But twenty years later a new era of collegiality began with the Ames case. Former DCI George Tenet considered this to be “the jumping-off point in taking cooperation between the FBI and CIA seriously.” Join two intelligence insiders as they discuss the murky truth and myth of Agency-Bureau relations—past, present, and future. In 1974, Ray Batvinis was assigned to the new untested role of Washington Field Office liaison with the local CIA base. As liaison, and throughout his 25 year FBI career, Batvinis worked closely with the CIA in joint counterintelligence training at FBI headquarters and in the field, and on a wide variety of specialized case management issues. He is joined by Burton Gerber, a 39-year veteran of the CIA, where he served as chief of station in three Communist nations and led the Agency's Soviet and European operations for eight years. He is currently a Professor in the Practice of Intelligence at the Georgetown University Center for Peace and Security Studies. The perspective of these experts will reveal the truth behind the turf wars. To register, call 202-393-7798; order online at or in person at the International Spy Museum.

25 July 2008 - AFIO National SUMMER Luncheon - 10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. - Tysons Corner, VA - Frances Fragos Townsend, former White House Assistant, Homeland Security/Counterterrorism, current member of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board [PIAB], speaking on Current and Emerging Threats. Morning speaker is Robert W. Wallace, former Director of CIA's Office of Technical Service, author of SPYCRAFT: The Secret History of the CIA's Spytechs, from Communism to al-Qaeda.
Ms. Townsend served as Assistant to President George W. Bush for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and chaired the Homeland Security Council from May 2004 until January 2008.  She previously served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Combating Terrorism from May 2003 to May 2004. Ms. Townsend is currently providing consulting services and advice to corporate entities on Global Strategic Engagement and Risk as well as Crisis and Contingency planning. Ms. Townsend is a Contributor for CNN and has regularly appeared on network and cable television as a counterterrorism, national and homeland security expert. She has received numerous awards for her public service accomplishments. Ms. Townsend is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and serves on the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board. Mr. Wallace, a 32-year CIA veteran, served as Deputy Director and Director of the CIA's Office of Technical Service and directed the office's global response to the 9/11 terrorist attack on the United States. TO REGISTER SAFELY ONLINE
EVENT LOCATION: The Crowne Plaza [formerly the Holiday Inn], 1960 Chain Bridge Road, McLean, Virginia 22102
Driving directions here. 
Space limited. Make reservations.

Thursday, 31 July 2008, 12 noon – 1 pm – Washington, DC – “Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq, at the Spy Museum
Free lunchtime author debriefing and book signing. Long before Osama bin Laden’s name was known to all, Michael Scheuer was chief of the unit in charge of tracking him at the CIA. His expertise became understanding the motives and missions of Islamic extremists. That experience, and his role as the first chief of the U.S. government’s rendition program, uniquely positions Scheuer to comment on national security issues. In Marching Toward Hell, Scheuer argues that because politicians in both parties have not made protecting Americans their first priority, U.S. citizens are in a worse position today than before 9/11. Based on his knowledge of foreign policy and his own background, Scheuer contends that every leading presidential candidate is getting it wrong. Join Scheuer to learn how he believes we have failed and his thoughtful suggestions for righting the course. Free, no registration required.

Thursday, 31 July 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Elite Surveillance Team" at the Spy Museum.
Can you spot an enemy spy or elude hostile surveillance? At the International Spy Museum Elite Surveillance Team (SPY/EST) under the leadership of former CIA officer Tony Mendez, you'll learn how to establish your own surveillance zone, design surveillance detection runs (SDRs), and then work with and against your teammates to test your skills. SPY/EST will meet at least quarterly and then work together as a team to further develop and perfect a surveillance zone and their own SDRs using the guidelines prepared by Mendez for training actual intelligence agents. Tickets: $180; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. *Includes four meetings with Mendez within membership year and guidelines on developing Surveillance Detection Runs. To register, call 202-654-0932 or email

Thursday, 14 August 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Spies on Screen: Rendezvous" - David Kahn at the Spy Museum.
The 1935 film, Rendezvous, stars William Powell, a Washington, DC newspaperman turned code breaker during World War I. In his attempts to find a stolen code book, he must handle a ring of German spies, an assassination, and an attractive military mistress with sinister intentions. After the film, David Kahn, a leading expert in the history of cryptology and author of The Codebreakers, will discuss the historical basis for this romanticized account of high states WW I code-breaking. Tickets: $15; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at

Sunday, 17 August 2008, 8:30 am - 5:00 pm - "Drive To Survive: Anti Terrorist Driver Training" at BSR, 2026 Summit Point Rd., Summit Point, WV 25446.
For over thirty years BSR has trained the people whose lives depend on top-notch evasive driving - from hostage rescue personnel to counterterrorist units. As the recognized leader in vehicle anti-terrorist training for military and governmental application worldwide, BSR has developed a state-of-the-art program. Now they have custom-designed an exclusive one-day opportunity for SPY highlighting the best of their longer courses. The BSR Shenandoah Valley training center has acres of paved and dirt road circuits, skid pads, an off-road training arena, and instructors who have firsthand experience driving for their lives. Tickets: $1,200 (includes 6% WV sales tax); Advance Registration required. Phone registration only for this program, call 202.654.0932.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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