AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #32-08 dated 18 August 2008






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Two Upcoming
AFIO National Events

CIA-OSI Conference
AFIO members are invited to attend a conference at
CIA Headquarters on
Friday, 3 October 2008
from 1:30 - 5:15 p.m.
on the
History of the Office of Scientific Intelligence

Attendees will receive a special program with declassified documents, and a DVD filled with thousands of pages of additional documents, photographs and videos as part of this new declassification effort.

The conference is unclassified. Includes reception and tour of the CIA Museum.

Limited Space Remains
Further details.....

Also in October.....

AFIO 2008 Fall Intelligence Symposium
Threats to U.S. Security
Technology Theft, Insider Threats, Economic Espionage
and International Organized Crime

State Department SealDept of Justice Seal

Three Days: Day 1 [10/23] at
MITRE Corporation;
Day 2 [10/24] at
U.S. Department of State:
Day 3 [10/25] at Sheraton-Premiere Hotel

Draft agenda [available late-August]; Early reservations here

HOTEL RESERVATIONS available now at special AFIO Event Rate:
Make your Sheraton-Premiere Hotel reservations here while low-rate window remains open.

Tentative Program
Wednesday, October 22: heavy hors d'oeuvres and evening registration for hotel-based attendees,
Thursday morning, October 23: Chapter workshop/breakfast; Main Reservations
Thursday, October 23: MITRE Corporation;
Friday, October 24: U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research [INR];
Friday evening, October 24: Awards Banquet, Saturday morning, October 25: General membership meeting.
The program ends 11 a.m. Saturday October 25 leaving time for exploring local area Museums [International Spy Museum, the newly reopened Newseum, the new National Museum of Crime and Punishment, National Cryptologic Museum, Air & Space] and to make plans to return home


WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors to this issue: hg, pjk, cl and dh.  They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

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Russia Detains Ten Georgian Intelligence Officers. The Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) has detained 10 Georgian intelligence service officers who were preparing terrorist attacks, including in Russia, according to the head of the security service.

"We have detained 10 agents of the Georgian special services who were spying on military facilities and preparing terrorist attacks, including on Russian territory," Alexander Bortnikov said at a meeting with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

Georgia launched major ground and air attacks to seize control of South Ossetia last Friday, prompting Russia to send in tanks and hundreds of troops. Around 2,000 civilians have since died in Tskhinvali, according to Russia. A total of 34,000 people are also reported to have fled across the Russian border.

As a result of the developing situation Bortnikov ordered the FSB, the Border Guard Service and the National Anti-Terrorism Committee to take measures to tighten border security in Russia's Southern Federal District.

He also said that the service had information that a group of 12 foreign mercenaries had entered Russia's North Caucasus Republic of Daghestan. [RIAN/11August2008] 

EU Strengthens Intelligence Services. Countries of the European Union (EU) proposed strengthening of the role of the body for intelligence information sharing - the Joint Situation Centre, to establish tighter integration of EU's police forces and intelligence services. 

This plan is already dubbed as "the European CIA", similar to the American Central Intelligence Agency.

Governments of France, Germany, Sweden, Portugal, Czech Republic and Slovenia think that this body should have much greater role and coordinate the operations of intelligence services across Europe.

The body would be in charge of entire network of anti-terrorist centers, which would have access to secret intelligence data from each of 27 EU member countries.

This organization was established in 1990s in order to provide analysis of international crises to European commissioners.

After the 9/11 attacks, this organization gained significant role in focusing the combat against terrorism and in security. [Makfax/11August2008

US Lawyer Gets Three Years in Prison in Belarus. An American lawyer has been sentenced to three years in prison in Belarus in a case that raised already high tensions between Washington and the authoritarian ex-Soviet republic.

Emmanuel Zeltser was sentenced last Monday, after being convicted at a closed trial for commercial espionage and using false documents. He is an expert on organized crime and money laundering.

The United States raised protests over his detention and concerns about his health in custody. His attorney says he is not getting proper medication for diabetes.  [AP/11August2008] 

Neuroscience Teaches Spooks New Tricks. Functional neurological imaging isn't up to mind reading or lie detection yet, but combining it with other neurological techniques might hold hope for sensing people's psychological states and intentions. And neuropsychopharmacology might lead not only to new tools to enhance human cognition, but also to new drugs that could degrade performance of opponents in battle.

So concludes a National Research Council in a new report for the US Defense Intelligence Agency, titled "Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies." It's basically a neuroscience update for spooks, briefing them not just what their side could use, but the other side - "the bad guys" - might do.

Mind-reading and lie-detection tools are at the top of any savvy spook's shopping list, but the panel says not to expect them soon. So far, they write that "insufficient high-quality research has been conducted to provide empirical support for the use of any single neurophysiological technology, including functional neuroimaging, to detect deception". But they recommend trying combined approaches "such as imaging techniques and the recording of electrophysiological, biochemical and pharmacological responses".

The rapid progress of functional neuroimaging should be monitored for other potential applications. The panel urges intelligence agencies and the Pentagon to consider possibilities of "enhancing cognition and facilitating training" to make smarter spooks and soldiers.

They also urge further study on what functional imaging can reveal about "states of emotion; motivation; psychopathology; language; imaging processing for measuring workload performance; and the differences between Western and non-Western cultures". Interestingly, the panel says that some evidence points to a relationship between culture and brain development, and urges more research on the matter.

Drug development could be a wild card as our models of brain function improve, especially if nanotechnology leads to drugs that bypass the blood-brain barrier. The promise is more precise delivery of drugs and ways to improve human brainpower. But the report also warns of chilling perils in what it calls the "degradation market" - drugs that impair rather than enhance thought processes.

Instead of firing bullets at the enemy, troops could spray them with a drug that would slow their reaction times or dull their thoughts. "The concept of torture could also be altered," the report says, if "there could be technique developed to extract information from a prisoner that does not have any lasting side effects".

And it's not just drugs. The report mentions that tDCS (transcranial direct current stimulation) may delay people's response when they are lying, according to a small study of 15 people conducted last year in Italy.[Hecht/NewScientist/13August2008] 

Documents Detailing Early Spy Network Released. Famed chef Julia Child shared a secret with Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg and Chicago White Sox catcher Moe Berg at a time when the Nazis threatened the world. They served in an international spy ring managed by the Office of Strategic Services, an early version of the CIA created in World War II by President Franklin Roosevelt.

The National Archives has released secret previously classified files identifying nearly 24,000 spies who formed the first centralized intelligence effort by the United States. The Archives will make available for the first time all 750,000 pages identifying the vast spy network of military and civilian operatives.

They were soldiers, actors, historians, lawyers, athletes, professors, reporters. But for several years during World War II, they were known simply as the OSS. They studied military plans, created propaganda, infiltrated enemy ranks and stirred resistance among foreign troops.

Among the more than 35,000 OSS personnel files are applications, commendations and handwritten notes identifying young recruits who, like Child, Goldberg and Berg, earned greater acclaim in other fields - Arthur Schlesinger Jr., a historian and special assistant to President Kennedy; Sterling Hayden, a film and television actor whose work included a role in "The Godfather"; Thomas Braden, an author who's "Eight Is Enough" book inspired the 1970s television series. Other notables identified in the files include John Hemingway, son of author Ernest Hemingway; Quentin and Kermit Roosevelt, sons of President Theodore Roosevelt, and Miles Copeland, father of Stewart Copeland, drummer for the band The Police.

The release of the OSS personnel files uncloaks one of the last secrets from the short-lived wartime intelligence agency, which for the most part later was folded into the CIA after President Truman disbanded it in 1945. [Blackledge&Herschaft/AP/14August2008] 

Fleming Had a Hand in Shaping OSS and CIA. James Bond creator Ian Fleming used to claim, partly in jest, that he also helped create the CIA, but a new report indicates he probably wasn't kidding.

A good decade before Agent 007 took on his first case, during World War II, part of Fleming's work with Naval Intelligence was with Gen. William "Wild Bill" Donovan, head of the Office of Strategic Services or OSS, America's wartime answer to Britain's MI6.

When Donovan was ordered to begin preparing plans for a new U.S. intelligence service in 1941, which became the OSS, he asked Fleming to write him a blueprint, The Times of London said.

The resulting 72-page memo on how a U.S. service might look contains a description of the ideal secret agent, who sounds a lot like James Bond.

His perfect secret agent, the Times said, "must have trained powers of observation, analysis and evaluation; absolute discretion, sobriety, devotion to duty; language and wide experience, and be aged about 40 to 50."

The OSS, after the war, became the CIA. And, the memo to Donovan is on display at London's Imperial War Museum as part of the exhibition For Your Eyes Only: Ian Fleming and James Bond. [UPI/15August2008] 

Research Closes in on Invisibility Cloak. Scientists say they are a step closer to developing materials that could render people and objects invisible.

Researchers have demonstrated for the first time they were able to cloak three-dimensional objects using artificially engineered materials that redirect light around the objects.

Previously, they only have been able to cloak very thin two-dimensional objects.

The findings, by scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, led by Xiang Zhang, are to be released later this week in the journals Nature and Science.

The new work moves scientists a step closer to hiding people and objects from visible light, which could have broad applications, including military ones.

People can see objects because they scatter the light that strikes them, reflecting some of it back to the eye.

Cloaking uses materials, known as metamaterials, to deflect radar, light or other waves around an object, like water flowing around a smooth rock in a stream.

Metamaterials are mixtures of metal and circuit board materials such as ceramic, Teflon or fibrecomposite. They are designed to bend visible light in a way ordinary materials don't.

Scientists are trying to use them to bend light around objects so they don't create reflections or shadows.

It differs from stealth technology, which does not make an aircraft invisible but reduces the cross-section available to radar, making it hard to track.

The research was funded in part by the U.S. Army Research Office and the National Science Foundation's Nano-Scale Science and Engineering Center. [AP/11August2008]


More Miss Marple than 007: The True Face of British Espionage. A door opens, as if by magic, in a Pugin-papered wall. "Come through our secret entrance," Baroness Park of Monmouth says, ushering us into the House of Lords dining room. Her friend, Baroness Ramsay of Cartvale, plonks a large handbag on the floor. "Earl Grey or English Breakfast?" she asks. "Toasted tea cakes or crumpets?"

The two peers look like innocent old ladies, but in fact they were two of the Cold War's most formidable spies. They drink tea, stirred not shaken, rather than Martinis, shaken not stirred, and they wouldn't be seen dead in an Aston Martin (Lady Park zooms around Parliament in a motorized wheelchair). And yet they were the true face of British Intelligence for much of the 20th century. When they refer to "the Office", they mean MI6.

As one of the Secret Intelligence Service's most senior controllers for more than 30 years, Lady Park, 88, ran agents in Hanoi during the Vietnam War, smuggled defectors out of the Congo in the boot of her Citro�n 2CV and was posted to Moscow when the KGB was at the height of its powers. Lady Ramsay, 72, was on the MI6 Iraq desk during the Gulf War and worked in Helsinki when Finland was an intelligence crossroads. She also helped to persuade Oleg Gordievsky, a colonel in the KGB, to defect.

In their view, it is no good conforming to stereotypes. "I always looked just like a fat missionary, which was very useful. Missionaries get around, you know," Lady Park says. "James Bond is rather dated and macho." Lady Ramsay adds: "John le Carr� makes everything seem so sordid. It's all about treachery and we are not treacherous."

The peers have quite a reputation in the Lords. As we talk, surrounded by former ministers and political grandees, Lord Puttnam, the film producer, rushes over and says: "If there's one conversation in this room I'd like to listen to, it's this one." Later, Lord Alli, the media mogul, strolls over. He is brushed away while Lady Park finishes a story about an African general, a death threat and a brothel.

Unlike Baroness Manningham-Buller, the former head of MI5, Lady Park and Lady Ramsay are in favour of being able to hold terrorist suspects for 42 days without charge. They will defend the Government's anti-terrorism legislation when it reaches the Lords in the autumn.

"The nature of the threat has become far more complex," Lady Park says. "One day something vital will turn up two days after somebody has been released at twenty-eight days and we will all regret it." Lady Ramsay agrees: "The greatest human right is the right not to be blown up. These people don't want to achieve a political end, they want to destroy our way of life. The British judiciary are getting out of the box. They seem to feel they can pronounce on anything, but they should talk about what they know. It's arrogance. They are out of touch with ordinary people."

Many peers disagree, but they will listen to the two women because of their experience. They tell amazing stories about burning top-secret documents and hiding the ash in their knickers, and about extracting information over brandy by a moonlit African river. They have hidden in telephone boxes and hitched lifts in light aircraft to deliver messages back to base. They risked their lives for their country in some of the most dangerous parts of the world. In Africa, Lady Park was beaten by a mutinous mob and then thrown into a black hole to be shot - but somehow she turned her captors around. During the Cold War, Lady Ramsay was chased down dark streets as she tried to woo informants over to her side. But they play down their bravery. "There are frightening moments and there are moments when you should have been frightened but you weren't," Lady Park says.

Like 007, they were licensed to kill, but they would never have dreamt of carrying a gun. "Obviously if your back was to the wall you would have done what was necessary," Lady Ramsay says. "But we weren't like Rosa Klebb, we didn't have special shoes with poisoned daggers." Her own firearms training was not a success. "The instructor told me, 'You're not supposed to close your eyes every time you pull the trigger'."

Lady Park kept her gun in the safe. "In the Congo, I frightened an unwanted visitor away by pretending I was a witch. I shouted out of the window, 'If you do not go away, your feet will fall off'. That was far more effective than a gun."

They survived on their wits rather than their weapons. Lady Ramsay explains: "When I was working under cover, I always carried in the back of my mind a story about having an affair with a married politician. If I met somebody who knew me, that would explain why I was in the hotel under an alias. As long as you tell something that's vaguely disreputable, people tend to believe it."

Women, they think, make far better spies than men. "You can't pass money in brown envelopes to an agent in a men's loo, of course. You have to meet them in a cocktail bar," Lady Ramsay says. "When you are cultivating someone, they are much more likely to accept an invitation to come and have lunch with you than some boring, suited man."

It is partly because women are better at talking that gives them the edge, Lady Park says. "I once had an excellent male officer who was running an agent in a very dangerous situation. He said to me, 'He wants to rabbit on about his mortgage and his wife the whole time but we want information'. I told him to take him out for a long dinner and let him talk as much as he likes. That's how women think and men don't."

Although both experienced a degree of sexism in their profession, Lady Park says that discrimination sometimes worked to her advantage. "I would travel all over Russia on the trains with a male security guard. The little men from the KGB would assume he was the important one and watch him. I could get up to all sorts of things." Lady Ramsay adds: "If you're doing something peculiar in a car, which you quite often have to when you are delivering things, people just think 'woman driver'."

The SIS technical department (the real-life Q) was, however, hopeless at making undercover equipment for female spies. "There would be handbags with cameras inside... but they had all been designed by men," Lady Ramsay says. "I used to say to them, 'Nobody would be seen dead with a handbag like that.'"

Lady Park never played on her sexuality. "Do I look like Mata Hari?" she asks. "I used to say to people, 'I will never do anything that is against the interests of my country and I don't expect you to do anything against the interests of your country, but our interests are the same on the following things...' I never had a refusal."

Feminine charm, Lady Ramsay says, only goes so far. "There's a dangerous line. You have to extricate yourself before they make a pass or they lose face. And you have to make sure the wife knows you're not after their man. You make friends with the wives and the mistresses and the secretaries."

Spying, they say, is all about trust. "You have to build up special relationships," Lady Park says. "I once rescued somebody from death and later on he became the head of their local intelligence service. That was very valuable. I got more from him than anyone else." Lady Ramsay agrees. "The better the personal chemistry, the more you are going to get - it's very old-fashioned really."

Relationships matter more, in their view, than technical expertise, whether dealing with the KGB or al-Qaeda. "We can be as brilliant as anything with all our machines and intercepts and technical things, but at the end of the day human beings still matter," Lady Ramsay says. "There are certain things that only people can tell you." There are, they think, similarities between Islamism and Communism. It's an ideology with which people can become disillusioned."

As they talk about how they would love to go to Iraq and how fascinated they are by Afghanistan, it sounds as if they have never really retired. "I'll always be available," Lady Ramsay says. "Vladimir Putin says there's no such thing as a former KGB officer and it's rather the same with a British spy." [TimesOnline/16August2008] 

U. S. Truth Emerges Too Late for Korean "Seductress Spy." She was "The Korean Seductress Who Betrayed America," a Seoul socialite said to have charmed secret information out of one lover, an American colonel, and passed it to another, a top Communist in North Korea.

In late June 1950, as North Korean invaders closed in on this panicked city, Kim Soo-im was executed by the South Korean military, shot as a "very malicious international spy." Her deeds, thereafter, only grew in infamy.

In 1950s America, gripped by anti-communist fever, one TV drama told viewers Kim's "womanly wiles" had been the Communists' "deadliest weapon." Another teleplay, introduced by host Ronald Reagan, depicted her as Asia's Mata Hari. Coronet magazine, under the "seductress" headline, reviled her as the Oriental queen of a vast Soviet "Operation Sex."

Kim Soo-im and her love triangle are gone, buried in separate corners of a turbulent past. But in yellowing U. S. military files stamped "SECRET," hibernating through a long winter of Cold War, the truth survived. Now it has emerged, a half-century too late to save her.

The record of a confidential 1950 U. S. inquiry and other declassified files tell a different Kim Soo-im story:

Col. John E. Baird had no access to the supposed sensitive information. Kim had no secrets to pass on. And her Korean lover, Lee Gang-kook, later executed by North Korea, may actually have been an American agent.

The espionage case, from what can be pieced together today, looks like little more than a frame-up.

Her colonel could have defended her, but instead Baird was rushed out of Korea to "avoid further embarrassment," the record shows. She was left to her fate - almost certainly, the Americans concluded, to be tortured by South Korean police into confessing to things she hadn't done.

Historians now believe the Seoul regime secretively executed at least 100,000 leftists and supposed sympathizers in 1950. This one death, for one American, remains a living, deeply personal story.

Wonil Kim - son of Kim Soo-im and Col. Baird - is on a quest to bury the myths about his mother, a woman, he says, "with a passion for life, a strong woman caught up in the torrent of historical turmoil, and drowned."

The son, a theology professor at California's LaSierra University, was the first to discover the declassified U. S. documents. Now he has also found an ally, Seoul movie director Cho Myunghwa, who plans a feature film on Kim Soo-im.

The soft-spoken theologian, 59, and the veteran moviemaker, 63, both say that to grasp the Kim Soo-im story one must understand that young, educated Koreans of the 1930s and 1940s largely favored recasting their feudal country in a leftist mould once rid of their Japanese colonial rulers. But the U. S. Army's Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, taking charge in southern Korea at the Second World War's end, vowed to "stamp out" the Communists.

Kim Soo-im, born in 1911, was among the educated elite. An orphan, she was schooled by American missionaries, eventually graduating from Seoul's prestigious Ewha women's college.

In 1936, as a female office administrator, she was featured in a Seoul magazine article on the new generation of liberated young women. Smart and fashionable, with a circle of sophisticated, politicized friends, she later met an older married man, Lee Gang-kook, a German-educated intellectual active in Seoul's leftist movement.

She became his lover, and Lee rose to political prominence after Japan's defeat. But within a year of the U. S. takeover, he faced arrest as an alleged security risk and fled to Communist-run northern Korea.

Kim Soo-im's fluent English, meanwhile, had made her valuable to the U. S. occupation. She was hired as an assistant by Baird, the Americans' 56-year-old, Irish-born military police chief. Baird secured a house for her and took to spending nights there, according to Korean and American witnesses in the declassified record.

When the U. S. occupation army withdrew in 1949, succeeded by an advisory corps, Baird shifted to assisting the national police, and his American wife joined him in Korea.

Finally, on March 1, 1950, Kim, no longer U. S.-employed, was arrested by South Korean police, joining thousands of others ensnared in then president Syngman Rhee's roundups of leftists.

"It was witch-hunting," said historian Jung Byung-joon, who has studied the case. "The South Korean police and prosecutors hated her because she was the lover of Lee Gang-kook, and then of Col. Baird, and nobody could touch her. They waited for their chance."

On June 14, 1950, nine days after Baird sailed from Korea, Kim Soo-im faced a five-judge South Korean military court and a long list of alleged crimes, including obtaining vehicles from the colonel that she lent or sold to "Communist" friends, and transporting Lee Gang-kook to the northern border in 1946 with a U. S. army jeep.

The most serious charge accused her of eliciting the classified 1949 U. S. withdrawal plans from Baird, and relaying them to the northern Communists.

As her court-appointed lawyer noted, the government presented neither material evidence nor witnesses to back up the charges. But on the trial's third day, according to a summary in the declassified U. S. file, Kim Soo-im confessed and was sentenced to death.

Just weeks after her execution, however, and across the Pacific, U. S. military investigators reviewing Baird's role were hearing confidential testimony from army officers indicating Kim's conviction was a contrivance of the Seoul authorities.

On point after point - alleged illicit use of jeeps, an army truck, a radio and other items for "communistic activities" - Baird denied such dealings with Kim, and the army inspector general's office repeatedly found that "the evidence does not substantiate the allegation," according to the long-secret record.

On the espionage count, officers up to Hodge himself testified Baird had no access to classified details of the troop withdrawal. Besides, the withdrawal's outlines had been reported in Stars and Stripes, the military newspaper available to all.

The investigators concluded there was only a "remote possibility" Kim Soo-im used Baird as alleged - one that couldn't be fully disproved, since she was dead.

Col. William H. S. Wright, head of the Korea advisory group, testified that her confession was probably forced through "out and out torture," probably near-drowning, or waterboarding, as it's now known.

A Korean source backs this up. In a 2005 Seoul TV report on Kim Soo-im, longtime government propagandist Oh Jae-ho said he learned from a police official that the defendant had to be carried into the courtroom to confess.

Crucial questions remain unanswered in the declassified files - about the mysterious Lee Gang-kook, for example.

A profile drafted by army intelligence in 1956 said Lee reportedly was employed by the CIA. And, in fact, the North Koreans executed Lee as an "American spy" after the Korean War ended with a 1953 armistice.

Historian Jung, who discovered that declassified profile at the National Archives in College Park, Md., still believes with other historians that North Korean leader Kim Il Sung had Lee and other southerners executed to eliminate potential rivals.

The isolated document remains a puzzle, nonetheless. Wonil Kim suspects that his mother, entrusted with a U. S. military vehicle, did help her lover Lee get to northern Korea in 1946, a time when it was still easy for intelligence operatives to cross the 38th Parallel. Was Lee somehow linked to the Americans?

This June his quest for the truth led Wonil Kim to a surprising figure, a feeble, 88-year-old Seoul lawyer who as a young army officer was one of five judges who sent Kim Soo-im to her death.

After meeting the son, elderly ex-soldier Kim Tae-chung spoke briefly with the AP, defending the long-ago verdict, but saying he'd told Wonil that Kim Soo-im "to me didn't look like a bad person."

Was she tortured? the AP asked. "All I know is what happened in the courtroom," Kim Taechung protested.

Wonil Kim said he found the old judge "a very gentle kind of soul" who "believes he did the right thing." Their hour together proved "cathartic" for both men, he said.

And for a son on a sad, dutiful mission, it proved essential.

"I just needed to be with someone who was in the courtroom with her," he said - to talk about his mother, to summon up the memory of Kim Soo-im, before that memory slips finally, forever into the grave. 


Al-Qaida Positioned for Attacks on West, Intelligence Officer Says. From its sanctuary in Pakistan, al-Qaida has succeeded in recruiting, training and "positioning" terrorist agents for attacks against the West, including the United States, a senior U.S. intelligence officer said today.

The new assessment updates a National Intelligence Estimate issued a year ago, which said al-Qaida was seeking to deploy agents trained to operate in the West.

It has now achieved that capability, despite intense U.S. surveillance and occasional attacks on al-Qaida sanctuaries in Pakistan, the officer said.

Ted Gistaro, national intelligence officer for transnational threats, said the agents include North American and European citizens and legal residents who have passports that allow them to travel to the United States without a visa, making it easier for them to slip undetected across borders.

Overall, Gistaro said, the terrorist organization responsible for the 9/11 attacks has strengthened key elements of its ability to attack the United States and intends to hit "prominent political, economic and infrastructure targets designed to produce mass casualties, visually dramatic destruction and significant economic and political aftershocks."

As a national intelligence officer, Gistaro's analysis represents the combined judgments of all U.S. intelligence including the CIA, the National Security Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency.

Richard Willing, a spokesman for the director of national intelligence, said Gistaro's unclassified remarks were based on existing intelligence estimates and open-source reporting.

Gistaro said al-Qaida's undiminished capability to attack the United States comes despite significant setbacks it has suffered as the United States and others have disrupted known plots and killed a number of high-ranking al-Qaida operators.

Al-Qaida's founders and key leaders, Osama bin Laden and his deputy, Ayman al-Zawahiri, have developed the capability to quickly replace even senior leadership, choosing from a "deep bench" of proven battlefield commanders.

Although bin Laden and his senior associates constantly operate under the threat of attack if their security is breached, Gistaro said they are able to provide strategic and even tactical guidance to al-Qaida units.

Given bin Laden's determination to drive the United States from the Middle East, Gistaro said he anticipates that al-Qaida will continue to try to acquire and use chemical, biological and radioactive material in attacks on the United States.

He also said he expects that al-Qaida will increase its propaganda blasts at the United States as the November presidential election approaches.  [Wood/BaltimoreSun/11August2008] 

Trial Begins in Denmark Against Terror Suspects. Two alleged Islamic militants accused of preparing a bomb attack went on trial in Denmark on Monday, with prosecutors showing secret video footage of them testing a highly explosive material in an apartment building in Copenhagen.

The prosecution said the two men conducted the small test blast with the same explosive that was used by suicide bombers who killed 52 commuters in London in 2005.

Both defendants have pleaded not guilty but admitted making triacetone triperoxide, or TATP, saying it was to be used for fireworks.

Denmark's intelligence service said earlier that the suspects had links to leading al-Qaida figures, but the charges read Monday in a Copenhagen court did not mention such links.

The 22-year-old men were arrested during an anti-terror sweep in September in the Danish capital. They cannot be named under a court order.

If convicted, the defendants of Afghan and Pakistani background could face life in prison, although such sentences are generally reduced to 16 years under Danish law. The Pakistani also is a Danish citizen, while the Afghan has a staying permit in Denmark.

In May 2007, Denmark's PET intelligence service was tipped off by an unidentified foreign service that the man of Pakistani origin was on his way back to Denmark after having spent time in a terrorist training camp in Pakistan.

PET then tapped his phone and computer, and secretly installed surveillance video cameras in his home in Copenhagen, prosecutor Lone Damsgaard told the City Court in Glostrup, a city suburb.

It was unclear what the target of the alleged planned terrorist attack was, but Damsgaard said the defendant of Pakistani origin asked contacts in Pakistan through an Internet chatroom for addresses of hotels and the Danish Embassy in Islamabad.

On June 2, 2008, a car bomb exploded outside the Danish Embassy in Islamabad, killing six people and wounding about 35. But the defendants are not accused of involvement in that attack.

Footage from the surveillance cameras played in court showed the Pakistani defendant sitting on the floor in his apartment in Copenhagen, saying he was getting ready for a martyrdom trip.

In other footage, the two men are seen leaving the room after which an explosion is heard, followed by the men returning from the stairwell of an apartment building in a densely populated area of Copenhagen. Damsgaard said they were testing the TAPT there on Sept. 1 - three days before they were arrested. Bomb manuals were found in both men's apartments, one concealed in a pillow cover, the other in a book, prosecutors said.

Prosecutors have called both defendants Islamic militants without providing the name of what group or groups they belonged to.

A verdict is expected on Oct. 23. (AP/12August2008]


Book Reviews

The Terminal Spy by Alan S. Cowell; Review by Joseph Weisberg. On Nov. 1, 2006, a former Russian intelligence officer named Alexander Litvinenko met with several business associates at the bar of the Millennium Hotel in London. He took a few sips of tea, which British authorities later determined had been laced with polonium-210, an obscure radioactive isotope. That night he began to vomit uncontrollably, and over the next three weeks he died a slow, agonizing death.

In "The Terminal Spy" Alan S. Cowell, a veteran foreign correspondent for The New York Times, gives an absorbing account of Mr. Litvinenko's life and bizarre murder. Along the way he explains how Russia lost and got back its tremendous energy resources after the fall of the Soviet Union, describes how wealthy Russians have turned London into "Moscow-on-the-Thames" and tries to determine if the Litvinenko murder is the harbinger of a new and especially dangerous kind of terrorism.

Mr. Litvinenko started his career as a K.G.B. counterintelligence officer. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he became an officer of the F.S.B., the reorganized domestic branch of the former K.G.B. While working in a division investigating organized crime, he became a kind of part-time lackey to a billionaire businessman named Boris Berezovsky, a common type of arrangement in those days between government officials and members of Russia's new oligarchy.

After the murder of a prominent television personality who worked at a station that Mr. Berezovsky controlled, Mr. Litvinenko used his official position to stop local police officers from arresting and interrogating his patron in connection with the crime. In the helter-skelter world of 1990s Russia, events of this type were complex, but Mr. Cowell has a knack for the telling analogy:

"The incident was the equivalent of a lone F.B.I. officer facing down men from the N.Y.P.D. because he believed they were in the pay of the Mafia in a conspiracy to spirit away Warren Buffett and frame him for the murder of Dan Rather."

Mr. Litvinenko ultimately went public with accusations of widespread corruption and criminal wrongdoing in the F.S.B. He became something of a Serpico figure, reviled by his colleagues even though his accusations were true. He was suspended by the F.S.B. and later jailed on trumped-up charges. After getting out of jail, Mr. Litvinenko fled to England, where by now Mr. Berezovsky himself was also in exile.

Mr. Litvinenko spent his time in London writing anti-Putin diatribes, giving interviews to novelists and filmmakers interested in post-Soviet Russia and trying, for the most part unsuccessfully, to drum up work as a security consultant. In their interviews with Mr. Cowell, Mr. Litvinenko's acquaintances, friends and even family frequently said he talked too much, was obsessed with Vladimir V. Putin in an unhealthy way and came across at times as crazy. His own father, referring to Mr. Litvinenko's childlike view of the world, said, "He was a bit like Forrest Gump."

One of the enduring mysteries of Mr. Litvinenko's murder is why anyone would go to the trouble of killing such a small-time player. Mr. Cowell lays out the great variety of theories: Mr. Litvinenko was gathering information on shady dealings in the Russian oil business and upset powerful people; Mr. Litvinenko's connection to Mr. Berezovsky made him a stand-in target for him; Mr. Litvinenko's former colleagues in the F.S.B. were furious over his public denunciations and, assuming he had been debriefed by British intelligence, considered him a traitor who deserved to die.

Probably the most spectacular of the theories is that Mr. Litvinenko was killed for revealing in an interview that he had been told that the Italian prime minister at the time, Romano Prodi, was a K.G.B. agent.

We may never know precisely why Mr. Litvinenko was murdered, but the British police were able to determine, at least to their satisfaction, how he was murdered. One of polonium's attributes is that the smallest traces of it will "spill, tumble, rise on air currents, attach to surfaces and solidify."

Mr. Cowell follows the British investigation as the police chase the traces of the isotope around London, reconstructing the chronology of events on the day of Mr. Litvinenko's murder. For everyone who's tired of the endless forensic investigations that take up so many hours on television and so many pages in crime novels, this nuclear street work is engrossing in a whole new way.

Ultimately, the trail led to a Russian businessman and former K.G.B. bodyguard named Andrei Lugovoi. Russia refused to extradite him, and since there has never been a court case, much of the evidence against Mr. Lugovoi has remained sealed. Mr. Lugovoi asserts that he himself was a victim of the polonium attack, which is why he left traces of the element everywhere he went.

As the multiple subtitles in Mr. Cowell's book suggest, he believes that the Litvinenko murder has far-reaching significance. He argues that the West has become embroiled in a new cold war with Russia, and that Mr. Litvinenko's poisoning, whether authorized at the very top or not, was the act of an angry, newly ascendant Russia. He also believes that the murder was the world's first act of nuclear terrorism, and that the use of polonium or similar elements in a slightly modified manner could be much more effective for terrorists than a dirty bomb.

Mr. Cowell's warnings about this may or may not prove to be prophetic, but it's hard to see Mr. Litvinenko's assassination itself as an act of terrorism, rather than just as a brutal and particularly twisted murder. Perhaps Mr. Litvinenko's father captured it best when he described what happened to his son as a "tiny" nuclear attack.

As for Mr. Litvinenko's suspected killer, Andrei Lugovoi went on the offensive, publicly attacking the British and their case against him. His nationalist, anti-Western stance was so popular at home that he was elected to the Duma, the Russian Parliament's lower house.

In a world where a decent, na�ve and ultimately harmless man like Alexander Litvinenko is poisoned by radioactive tea, it's hardly a surprising conclusion to this story.

Joseph Weisberg worked in the Directorate of Operations of the Central Intelligence Agency in the early 1990s and is the author, most recently, of "An Ordinary Spy." [Weisberg/NewYorkTimes/11August2008] 


Anthony Russo, Pentagon Papers Figure. Police in Virginia say Anthony J. Russo, a researcher who helped leak the Vietnam-era Pentagon Papers, has died. He was 71. Suffolk Police said Sunday that Russo died in his hometown on Wednesday. No cause of death was reported.

In 1971, Russo joined military analyst Daniel Ellsberg to leak the highly classified government history of the Vietnam War known as the Pentagon Papers.

The New York Times published the materials, which publicized high-level government communications about the U.S. troop buildup in Vietnam that sometimes contradicted official statements.

Russo and Ellsberg were later cleared on charges of violating conspiracy, theft and espionage laws by a federal judge. [AP/10August2008] 

Colonel Jim Johnson. Colonel Jim Johnson, responsible for running Britain's clandestine war against Egyptian forces in Yemen during the mid-1960s, has died at age 83. Colonel Johnson's experience in Yemen inspired him to set up Britain's first post-war private military company. 
Henry James Johnson born on December 21, 1924, the son of a Ceylon tea planter who was employed on the Enigma project at Bletchley Park during the Second World War; and one of his forebears had been a soldier in the privatized East India Company army who had later guarded Napoleon on St Helena.

The young Jim was educated at Westminster, where he was a contemporary of Tony Benn, and as a schoolboy he joined the Home Guard.

Subsequently he was serving as a junior officer with the 2nd Battalion, Welsh Guards, near Caen in 1944 when the artist Rex Whistler was killed.

After the war Johnson joined Lloyd's of London, and in his spare time rose to command 21 SAS (TA). On retiring from the TA in 1963 he was appointed OBE, and was later appointed ADC to the Queen.

After his three years running the operation in Yemen, Johnson wrote a memorandum for the British and Saudi governments pointing to "the apparent lack of interest by HMG and the stated indifference to our activities by MI6", and the "absolute disinterest" of the Saudis. He identified three possible policies in such circumstances: to withdraw; to replace resistance with intelligence-gathering; or to "hang on... and hope we will be used sensibly again". But he added the reminder that the operation had "discovered, trained and helped arm tens of thousands of tribesmen without official help".

In 1975 Johnson and David Walker, a former regular officer in 22 SAS, set up their firm to operate in the grey area between the politically acceptable and the officially deniable. Having begun by providing protection for British diplomats in South America, and then for foreign statesmen, the firm trained mujahideen to fight the Russians in Afghanistan.

It also made a substantial contribution to the defense of Oman after the British-backed victory over Communist forces in that country. KMS was allowed by Whitehall to set up the Sultan's Special Force, an elite unit modeled on the SAS and trained by former SAS personnel. Now "omanised", it remains an integral part of the country's armed forces.

The final reunion of those who took part in the Yemen operation was attended by eight survivors last year.

Jim Johnson died on July 20. His first wife was Judith Lyttleton, with whom he had a son and a daughter. After her death he married Jan Gay in 1982. [Telegraph/13August2008] 

Catherine Murphy Briggs. Catherine Murphy Briggs, mother of nine, grandmother of 20, great grandmother of two, wife for 58 years of Charles A. Briggs, died at home, in Vienna, Va. on Wednesday, August 13, 2008. 

Ms. Briggs was born in Erie, Pa., on September 21, 1928, attended Villa Maria Academy, Gridley Jr. High and Strong Vincent High School in Erie, graduating with honors and a varsity cheerleader letter. She graduated from Carnegie Tech in Pittsburgh in 1950 with a BS in Home Economics and Design. She worked in retailing and as a model, both in Halle Brothers Department Store in Erie and in Gimbles and Kaufman's stores in Pittsburgh. At Tech she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta

Just prior to graduating, she married Charles A. (Chuck) Briggs, also of Erie, who later became a senior career officer in the Central Intelligence Agency in Washington, D.C. 

Catherine's strongly expressed career goal, she said repeatedly, was "to be a stay-at-home mom". She was that, but she also taught herself to type 120 wpm on a $30 electric typewriter and worked part time at home for a credit reporting company, then transcribed recordings of court proceedings for a court reporting agency, including US Senate Finance Committee hearings and finally, a translation of a Russian technical manual. During this period she also managed family investments in several real estate properties, including a family owned 103 year old funky Victorian beach house in Bethany Beach, Del. 

With her welcoming and generous spirit, there was "always room for one more" at her table and she became one of the community's favorite moms, providing shelter, kindness, humor and a good meal to the many young people involved in her kids' lives. She developed breast cancer in 1996, was in remission for almost 10 years, after which it metastasized into bone cancer, the cause of her death. 

Besides her husband, she is survived by six daughters: Catherine Hall Briggs of Annapolis, Md.; Caroline Hosley Briggs Keller of Asheville, N.C.; Deborah MacFarland Briggs Donnelly of Charlottesville, Va.; Pamela Saunders Briggs of Fairfax, Va.; Sarah Lavelle Briggs Winn of Leesburg and Martha Woodruff Briggs of Leesburg, Va.; and three sons: Stephen Loftus Briggs of Vienna, Va.; Michael Edward Briggs or Fairfax, Va.; and Charles Ackerly Briggs Jr., also of Vienna, Va.; plus the 22 grandchildren and great grandchildren. [GOErie/16August2008] 

Career Opportunities

Private Investigator Positions: Counter Intelligence Services has 2 FULL TIME opening positions for a private investigator. Respond via email with a resume and the DATE and TIME you are available to and I will reply confirming the appointment. Position one is a field investigator/office investigator, being bilingual (English/Spanish), computer savvy, good handwriting, and a non leased vehicle due to traveling. The second position is an office investigator position requiring you to have good working knowledge with computers and the internet. Must be computer savvy with previous experience in computer research, skip traces, locates, etc. You can review our company online at  

Any former military or federal experience will gain priority and we need investigators that can communicate effectively when generating reports and updating our case logs, with good spelling and grammar. Please get back with me via EMAIL ONLY with the DATE and TIME you would like to interview and I will reply confirming the appointment. Reply to: 

Hours: 8:30 AM to 5:30 PM 
Salary: $27,000-$37,000 per year, pending experience, PLUS SALES %
Vehicle Expense: Position 1: COVERED - and will be discussed during our interview. 
Time off: 5 sick days, 2 personal days along with paid holidays. 
Perks: One week of PAID vacation, once here a year. 
Bonus: One weeks pay at during the holidays with possible other bonuses. 
Extras: We offer a laptop & Internet access. 
Commission Sales: YES! 


Deputy Director, Center for International Engagement.  The National Defense Intelligence College has a vacancy for the Deputy Director, Center for International Engagement (GG-14) to aid the Center Director in advancing the College's international engagement and outreach activities.

Apply via if you have problems locating VA # 021434 search on the keyword - 'NDIC'

Vacancy Announcement Number D08-021434-01-WT 
Position: Deputy Director, Center for International Engagement
Area of Consideration: Open All Sources 
Opening Date: 13-Aug-08 
Number of Positions: 1
Location: Washington, DC
Closing Date: 4 Sep 08
Pay Plan/Series/Grade: GG-1710-14
Salary Range: From $98033 to $127442 annually 

The incumbent serves as Deputy Director, Center for International Engagement, National Defense Intelligence College is responsible for aiding the Center Director in advancing the College's international engagement and outreach activities that improve the understanding of key global, transnational, and geostrategic issues related to intelligence and national security. The Deputy Director supports the Director in developing, planning, managing, and assessing all programs offered by the Center, to include the International Intelligence Fellows Program, conferences, symposia, and the Distinguished Speakers Program. The Deputy Director also aids the Center Director in ensuring that all international and outreach programs are aligned with Department of Defense, Intelligence Community and DIA strategic priorities.
- Provides an academic venue, through conferences, symposia, colloquia and programs for DIA, Intelligence Community, academe, the private sector, and international partners to engage in meaningful dialog. 
- Works with Combatant Commands, the Office of the UnderSecretary of Defense for Intelligence (USDI), the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) and international partners to promote the Center's activities, including the International Intelligence Fellows Program (IIFP) and other conferences and symposia that promote global intelligence partnerships. 
- Under the direction of the Center Director, interfaces with DIA's Office of International Engagement, Directorate for Analysis, and Directorate for Human Intelligence to ensure the Center's priorities are aligned with DoD, ODNI, and DIA priorities. 
- Works collaboratively with the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, and the Combatant Commands to advocate proper funding allocation of resources for the IIFP. 
- Represents the Center's mission, goals, and programs to Department of Defense, the Intelligence Community, and international partners to further international collaboration on intelligence issues and challenges. 
- Collaborates with US Defense Attaches and US embassies to ensure the IIFP objectives support host country initiatives and US foreign policy objectives that promote regional security and multilateral intelligence cooperation through the International Intelligence Fellows Program. 
- Manages the Distinguished Speaker Program (DSP) to provide meaningful outreach to senior leaders and policy-makers in the Department of Defense, Congress, ODNI, intelligence agencies, the private sector, and the international community. 
- Initiates, assesses, and prioritizes new outreach/international engagement initiatives to maximize the Center's impact on the Intelligence Community. 


FBI Announces Release of Centennial History Book.  

To help commemorate its 100th anniversary, the FBI has produced its first coffee-table history, The FBI: A Centennial History, 1908-2008. The 132-page book traces the FBI's journey from fledgling startup to one of the most respected names in national security, taking you on a walk through the seven key chapters in Bureau history. It features overviews of more than 40 famous cases and an extensive collection of photographs - from World War I and the early days of terrorism to the gangster-driven crime wave of the �20s and �30s - from the anxious age of World War II and the Cold War to the turbulent �60s and its burgeoning civil rights movement - from the systemic corruption of the Watergate years to the rise of global terror and crime and the transformative post-9/11 era. 

Along the way, you�ll see the FBI take on a seemingly endless series of crooks and villains - from desperados like Bonnie and Clyde to hate-mongers like the KKK - from Nazi spies and saboteurs to serial killers like Ted Bundy - from mobsters like John Gotti to homegrown terrorists like Timothy McVeigh.

You can purchase hardcover or paperback copies of the book from the Government Printing Office and from various online booksellers. It is also available free of charge from the FBI website, either as a printable pdf or in a text-only format.

Please see the following link for more information:



11 September 2008 – San Francisco, CA – The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Tim Shorrock, investigative reporter. Since 9/11 and the invasion of Iraq, newspaper headlines and the blogosphere have been afire with revelations about the U.S. government’s enormous use of private sector contractors to carry out the tasks of war. Intelligence contracting has grown into a multi-billion dollar industry, with privatization often blurring the lines between public and private sectors. Former high-ranking national security officials can be found in various consulting roles throughout the private sector intelligence industry; yet, the size, scope, and influence of this intelligence outsourcing has been largely unexamined, and sometimes at odds with congressional oversight and public accountability. Mr. Shorrock will be discussing his new book, Spies for Hire: The Secret World of Intelligence Outsourcing.
The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member rate or at door. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) no later than 5PM 9/1/08: or mail check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, PO Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011. (650) 622-9840 X608.

Monday, 15 September 2008 - New York, NY - AFIO New York Metro Chapter evening meeting on "How Baghdad Thieves Stole Iraq's Antiquities and CTTF Recovered the Stolen Loot." Colonel Matthew Bogdanos, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve -- the Author of "Thieves of Baghdad" explains how the Baghdad thieves stole Iraq's antiquities and how our counter-terrorism Task Force caught them and recovered their loot. Bogdanos led the investigation. He was awarded the Bronze Star for counter-terrorism operations in Afghanistan. He is currently an Assistant District Attorney in Manhattan. Buffet dinner and open bar - $40. per person. 5:30 PM - 6:00 PM Registration.  Meeting starts 6:00 PM. New Location: 4 Columbus Circle (58th Street and 8th Avenue) The showroom space of STEELCASE, the global leader in the office furniture industry. Further information available from

18 September 2008 - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter meeting will feature Tim Matson, USAF(r) a AF Academy graduate who flew Air Force 2. He will present a PowerPoint presentation. For further information or to make reservations contact:

Thursday, 18 September 2008, 6-8 p.m. - Washington, DC - Networking in the Intelligence Community presented by the PRSA-NCC PRONet Committee - The Johns Hopkins University 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Metro stop: Dupont Circle (red line)
A panel discussion featuring intelligence community insiders • What is the intelligence community? • How should PR professionals interact with intelligence professionals? • How do intelligence professionals approach public relations? • How do you practice public relations outreach in a secure environment? Panelists: Richard Willing - public affairs director, Office of the Director of National Intelligence Dr. Peter Leitner - president, Maxwell USA; former senior advisor, Office of the Secretary of Defense Fred Lash, APR - senior advisor to the deputy secretary of defense (joint communication); former deputy chief of public and media affairs, National Security Agency; Dr. Kenneth deGraffenreid - professor of intelligence studies, Institute of World Politics; former deputy national counterintelligence executive to the President of the United States
Cost: $30 PRSA Members; $35 Non-members; $5 Students (with ID) Please RSVP online at by September 15.
For more information about this event, contact Alex Meerovich at or call 202.454.3403

Saturday, 20 September 2008, 1100 - 1430 - West Haven, CT - AFIO New England Chapter meets to hear Dr. Richard H. Ward, Dean of the Henry C. Lee Criminal Justice & Forensic Sciences, University of New Haven. Dr. Ward, a veteran of the USMC will speak on his experiences training for the CIA’s Operation Zapata, the April 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion.
in the Faculty Dining Room in Bartels Hall on the campus of the University of New Haven in West Haven, CT. A map of the campus can be found here or at the bottom of this form, directions here or at the bottom of this form. Our schedule is as follows: Registration & gathering, 11:00 - 1200, Luncheon at 1200 followed by our speaker, with adjournment at 2:30PM. The University of New Haven is at 300 Boston Post Rd, West Haven, CT 06516-1916.
Note, as a one-day meeting, no hotel arrangements have been made; however, those coming from some distance may wish to select one of the many excellent hotels in this town. An area map is here The university’s hotel list is here For additional information contact
Luncheon reservations must be made by 12 September 2008 with Mr. Arthur Hulnick, 216 Summit Avenue # E102, Brookline, MA 02446, 617-739-7074 or
Advance reservations are $25.00, $30.00 at the door - per person. The meeting adjourns at 2:30 pm

Thursday, 25 September 2008, 12:30-2:30 pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO L.A. Area Chapter hosts Jake Katz, Assistant Director Emergency Operations Bureau for the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department will discuss "Open Source Intelligence - The Sheriff's Approach." Event being held at the Hilton business building located at the LMU campus (Playa del Rey). Complimentary buffet lunch will be served, guests are welcome. Please RSVP by Monday September 15, 2008 via email to Vincent Autiero: 

Friday, 3 October 2008 - Langley, VA -CIA-OSI Conference - AFIO BulletAFIO members are invited to attend a conference at CIA Headquarters from 1:30 - 5:15 p.m. on the History of the Office of Scientific Intelligence. Attendees will receive a special program with declassified documents, and a DVD filled with thousands of pages of additional documents, photographs and videos as part of this new declassification. The conference is unclassified. Includes reception and tour of CIA Museum.Further details and Application Forms.....

14 Oct 2008 - Tampa, FL - The Suncoast AFIO Chapter meets in the MacDill Room at the MacDill AFB. Speaker TBA. Lunch is $15.00 inclusive. For further information email

Tuesday, 21 October 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Iran: An Intelligence Failure in the Making? at the International Spy Museum. WHAT: “Iran is one of the greatest threats in the world today. Getting the intelligence right is absolutely critical, not only on Iran's capability but its intent.”— Senator John Ensign (R-Nev.)
Our troubled relationship with this Middle Eastern powerhouse operates under the cloud of broken diplomatic relations, deepening concern about its regional aspirations, its involvement in international terrorism, and its nuclear ambitions. Explore the strategic and intelligence challenges posed by Iran in this timely panel. Is Iran a new Persian Empire or on the brink of collapse? Are there lessons from the Cold War that can help us deal with Iran now? Are we once again facing a situation where the current intelligence is inadequate to inform policy makers or that policymakers will again seek only the intelligence they want, or manufacture it? Join former CIA senior operations officer Robert Baer, author of The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower; Keith Crane, senior economist with the RAND Corporation and co-author of Iran’s Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities; and David Thaler, senior analyst with the RAND Corporation and co-author of The Muslim World after 9/11 for a lively and insightful discussion. Co-sponsored by the RAND Corporation. Location: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC at Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: $15; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

22 - 25 October 2008 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence Symposium -

AFIO 2008 Fall Intelligence Symposium - 22-25 October
Threats to U.S. Security
Technology Theft, Insider Threats, Economic Espionage
and International Organized Crime

Three Days: Day 1 [10/23] at MITRE Corporation; Day 2 [10/24] at U.S. Department of State:
Day 3 [10/25] at Sheraton-Premiere Hotel
Tentative Program
Wednesday, October 22: heavy hors d'oeuvres and early registration for hotel-based attendees,
Thursday morning, October 23: Chapter workshop/breakfast;
Thursday, October 23: MITRE Corporation;
Friday, October 24: U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research [INR];
Friday evening, October 24: Awards Banquet, Saturday morning, October 25: General membership meeting.
The program ends 11 a.m. Saturday October 25 leaving time for exploring local area Museums [International Spy Museum, the newly reopened Newseum, the new National Museum of Crime and Punishment, National Cryptologic Museum, Air & Space] and to make plans to return home.

Draft agenda [available in mid-August] and early reservations are here

HOTEL RESERVATIONS available now at special AFIO Event Rate:
Make your Sheraton-Premiere Hotel reservations here while low-rate window remains open

Thursday, 23 October 2008, 12 noon - 1 pm - Washington, DC - The Lost Spy: An American In Stalin's Secret Service, at the International Spy Museum
When former New York intellectual Isaiah Oggins was brutally murdered in 1947 on Stalin’s orders, he became a forgotten Cold War footnote. Then in 1992, Boris Yeltsin handed over a deeply censored dossier to the White House which awakened interest in Oggins’ life and his death. In The Lost Spy, Andrew Meier at last reveals the truth: Oggins was one of the first Americans to spy for the Soviets. Based on six years of international detective work, Meier traces the rise and fall of this brilliant Columbia University graduate sent to run a safe house in Berlin and spy on the Romanovs in Paris and the Japanese in Manchuria. The author will reflect on the motivations of the American spy and the reason for Oggins’ hideous death by poisoning in a KGB laboratory.
Location: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station, TICKETS: FREE. No registration required.

Tuesday, 28 October 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Spy Magic: Disguise, Deception, Illusion and Espionage" at the International Spy Museum. WHAT: “If I could stand in the focus of powerful footlights and deceive attentive and undisturbed onlookers…Then I could most certainly…deceive German observers a mile away or more.”—Jasper Maskelyne
Magicians, like spies, excel at the art of misdirection and deception. Join Jonna and Tony Mendez, both former CIA chiefs of disguise, as they explore how magic and illusion have been used through the centuries to deceive the enemy. This survey ranges from the warfare philosophy of Sun Tzu to the CIA’s consultations with illusionists who helped them overcome the challenges of operating in denied areas of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Go inside well known World War II deception operations Mincemeat and Bodyguard and discover the trickery of war-time magician Jasper Maskelyne. Then it’s on to the Cold War and the Mendezes’ own work in the mean streets of Moscow which required a special blend of conjuring and chemistry. Using historical footage and film re-enactments, the Mendezes will enlighten the audience on the use of stage management and misdirection against the opposition
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station.
TICKETS: $15 Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

Sunday, 9 November 2008, 10 a.m. - 2 p.m. - Washington, DC - Parade of Trabants at the International Spy Museum. The ugly duckling of East Germany’s roadways finally gets its day. To celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall Trabant collectors will caravan to DC, parking their cars on F Street, NW in front of the Museum. When the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989 thousands of East Germans rushed to reunite with friends and family. Their typical mode of transportation? The Trabant. What was once the most common vehicle in East Germany, despite its poor performance and smoky two-stroke engine, was their automotive liberator. The Trabant is now an affectionately regarded symbol of East Germany and of the fall of communism. It is even featured in the International Spy Museum’s permanent exhibit within an East German streetscape. The Trabant has become a genuine collectors' car with a devoted following. Incredibly, it seems that this tiny car, often inaccurately described as having a cardboard body, has captured the hearts of car lovers all over the world.
Trabants are quite rare in the US, but on 9 November 2008, a caravan of the communist-bloc cars will converge on the International Spy Museum to celebrate the 18th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The public will have the unique opportunity to not only view nine of the cars, which will be parked in front of the Museum, but also have the chance to win a ride in a Trabant. While the cars are on display, experts will be on hand in front of the Museum on F Street, NW, to answer questions about Trabants, the Cold War, and Communism, while the local German band, Blaskapelle Alte Kameraden, creates a festive atmosphere. This event is free-of-charge.
Experts who will be available: Peter Earnest, Museum Executive Director; Dr. Thomas Boghardt, Museum historian and author; and Trabant Collectors. German music will be played. Where: International Spy Museum, 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. No charge to attend.

Tuesday, 2 December 2008 - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter meeting features speaker Gordon Chang, author of NUCLEAR SHOWDOWN and THE COMING COLLAPSE OF CHINA.
Meeting location - 4 Columbus Circle in the NYC showroom of the office furniture manufacturer - Steelcase. Attractive, spacious, modern space overlooking Central Park.
58th Street and 8th Avenue. Buffet dinner and open bar: $40.00 per person 5:30 PM - 6:00 PM Registration. Meeting starts 6:00 PM. For inquiries or to register email

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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