AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #33-08 dated 25 August 2008

CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - IRAQ

Section IV - OBITUARIES, CAREER OPPORTUNITIES, ANNOUNCEMENTS AND COMING EVENTS

Obituaries

Career Opportunities

Announcements

Coming Events  

Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY:


 

Do Not Miss These Two
AFIO National Events

CIA-OSI Conference
AFIO members are invited to attend a conference at
CIA Headquarters on
Friday, 3 October 2008
from 1:30 - 5:15 p.m.
on the
History of the Office of Scientific Intelligence

Attendees will receive a special program with declassified documents, and a DVD filled with thousands of pages of additional documents, photographs and videos as part of this new declassification effort.

The conference is unclassified. Includes reception and tour of the CIA Museum.

Limited Space Remains
Further details.....


Also in October.....

AFIO 2008 Fall Intelligence Symposium
Threats to U.S. Security
Technology Theft, Insider Threats, Economic Espionage
and International Organized Crime

State Department SealDept of Justice Seal

Three Days: Day 1 [10/23] at
MITRE Corporation;
Day 2 [10/24] at
U.S. Department of State:
Day 3 [10/25] at Sheraton-Premiere Hotel

SYMPOSIUM RESERVATIONS:
Agenda is here
Make secure reservations here

HOTEL RESERVATIONS available now at special AFIO Event Rate:
Make your Sheraton-Premiere Hotel reservations here while low-rate window remains open.


Program
Wednesday, October 22: heavy hors d'oeuvres and evening registration for hotel-based attendees,
Thursday morning, October 23: Chapter workshop/breakfast; Main Reservations
Thursday, October 23: MITRE Corporation;
Friday, October 24: U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research [INR];
Friday evening, October 24: Awards Banquet, Saturday morning, October 25: General membership meeting.
The program ends 11 a.m. Saturday October 25 leaving time for exploring local area Museums [International Spy Museum, the newly reopened Newseum, the new National Museum of Crime and Punishment, National Cryptologic Museum, Air & Space] and to make plans to return home.

SYMPOSIUM RESERVATIONS:
Agenda is
here
Make secure reservations here

 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors to this issue:  pjk and dh.  They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

For Additional Events two+ months or more....
view our online Calendar of Events

 

Click here to view disclaimers, removal, methods of use of the links in this document.

The WIN in its entirety appears below; however, the document may also be viewed online by current members with usernames and passwords at this link.

Usernames and Passwords appear on AFIO Membership Cards.
They work only if the membership is current.

 
     

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

King Olav Worked for US Intelligence Unit. Documents released late last week by the National Archives in Washington reveal that both Norwegian resistance leader Jens Christian Hauge and King Olav worked for the CIA's forerunner, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). King Olav was still Norway's crown prince at the time.

Newspaper Klassekampen reported Monday that Hauge's name is listed in a catalogue of personnel files at the OSS of those employed from 1942 to 1945. Web site abcnyheter.no reported that a personnel file also exists for then-Crown Prince Olav.

Several other Norwegian politicians and military officials also have personnel files at the OSS, including the defense chief at the time, Wilhelm Hansteen.

It's not clear what Crown Prince Olav did for the OSS, but royal biographer Lars Roar Langslet said he thinks the American intelligence agents sought contact with Norway's heir to the throne in the 1940s. Norway was invaded by Germany on April 9, 1940, and Crown Prince Olav fled with his father, King Haakon, to London, where they led a Norwegian government in exile until the war ended in 1945.

Langslet doesn't think the crown prince continued any work for the OSS after the war. He succeeded his father as king in 1957. [Aftenpost/18August2008] 

Senior Russian Officer Accused of Spying for Georgia. A senior Russian military officer has been detained in southern Russia on suspicion of spying for Georgia.

Georgian-born Mikhail Khachidze is accused of gathering intelligence on the Russian army during his service in the North Caucasus Military District, including information on the combat readiness of military units and colleagues.

"During the investigation, conclusive evidence of his spying activity was gathered," the Russian Security Service (FSB) said in a statement. Khachidze, who was allegedly recruited by Georgia in late 2007, faces charges of treason and up to 20 years in jail. [Rian/20August2008] 

US Urges Kenya to Merge Security Agencies. The United States has proposed that Kenya merge its security agencies to deal effectively with terror threats. The proposal would see the National Security Intelligence Service, Criminal Intelligence Department, the military, and other agencies fall under one body for easier sharing of information and coordination.

The idea was mooted at a meeting between US Congressmen and Internal Security minister George Saitoti on Wednesday.

Prof Saitoti said sharing information would help pre-empt future terror attacks.

The proposal comes amid claims that police leaked information to Fazul Abdullah, the mastermind of the August 7, 1998 bombing of US embassy in Nairobi, resulting in his escape. Police have since denied the accusations. [Nation/20August2008] 

Islamic Terrorists Could be From Any Race, Warns Secret MI5 Report. Potential Islamist terrorists in Britain are not religious extremists or illegal immigrants, a leaked MI5 report warns.

The internal study of hundreds of known and suspected radicals says it is difficult to identify those most likely to commit atrocities as they often have well-paid jobs and families and are 'demographically unremarkable'.

The Security Service report concludes that the vast majority are British nationals or in the country legally.

It says half are born here. The rest includes people who originally came to study or to join family or for economic reasons, as well as asylum-seekers who had fled oppressive regimes or violence. Many of these only became radicalized years after arriving.

Very few have come from highly religious households and most only practice their faith occasionally. The proportion of converts is above average.

Some are even known to have taken drugs, drunk alcohol and visited prostitutes. But they are not especially prone to mental health problems or pathological personality traits.

They come from ethnic backgrounds as diverse as Pakistani, Middle Eastern and Caucasian.

Most have become radicalized in their early to mid-20s but a significant minority have not done so until later. Those over 30 are just as likely to have a wife and children as to be loners with no ties.

Radical clerics are also playing less of a role now in radicalizing future terrorists, according to the 'restricted' briefing note.

The research was carried out by the security service's behavioral science unit and involved analysis of several hundred people linked to violent extremism through activities ranging from fundraising to planning suicide bombings in Britain.

Overall they are 'a diverse collection of individuals, fitting no single demographic profile, nor do they all follow a typical pathway to violent extremism', the study says.

MI5 praises mainstream Islam, stating there is evidence that a well-established religious identity actually protects against violent radicalization. [DailyMail/21August2008] 

British Government to Invest in Spying Database. The British government has plans to create a massive database to house all the UK's communications via email, phone, or internet, for at least two years.

The new scheme was uncovered by the Register and points to plans that the government is to invest millions in what is being dubbed as a 'snooping silo'.

The likes of MI6 and the GCHQ - Government Communication Head Quarters - are trying hard to get this database up and running, but the sheer scale of it is likely to cause headaches for communication providers and outrage among the general public.

The database will take time to create, however, with trials set to take place that will see one mobile, one internet and one landline operator monitored.

It is unclear, as of yet, who exactly will be the operators to take part in the trial.  [Techradar/21August2008] 

Panama Creates Controversial Intelligence Force. Panama, which has no army, is creating a new intelligence agency and a border police force, prompting concerns of a return to its militarized past.

President Martin Torrijos says the intelligence force is needed to combat growing drug crimes.

He signed an executive order Wednesday creating the intelligence force and border police and combining the naval and air police forces. Lawmakers are expected to approve the initiatives.

But opposition lawmakers and civil rights advocates say the laws would give the government unprecedented surveillance powers.

Warrants are still required to set up wiretaps, but critics say the rules are too loosely defined. [AP/21August2008] 

Pentagon's Intelligence Arm Steps Up Lie Detecting. The Pentagon's intelligence arm is adding more polygraph studios and relying on outside contractors for the first time to conduct lie detection tests in an attempt to screen its 5,700 prospective and current employees every year.

The stepped-up effort by the Defense Intelligence Agency is part of a growing emphasis on counterintelligence, detecting and thwarting would-be spies and keeping sensitive information away from America's enemies.

A polygraph is not foolproof as a screening tool. The test gives a high rate of false positives on innocent people, and guilty subjects can be trained to beat the system, according to expert Charles Honts, a psychology professor at Boise State University.

The National Research Council noted these deficiencies in a 2003 report. The council, an arm of the National Academy of Sciences, found that lie detectors can be useful for ferreting out the truth in specific incidents, but are unreliable for screening prospective national security employees for trustworthiness.

John Sullivan, a polygrapher with the CIA for 31 years, noted that turncoat Aldrich Ames, a CIA mole for the Soviets, beat a polygraph test twice.

But the prospect of facing a polygraph can deter future security violations, according to the council's report. That prospect also increases the frequency of admission of violations - taking home classified documents, for example - and discourages people who may be security risks from applying.

The increase in lie detection at the DIA is three years in the making. In 2005 the agency's director announced plans to test every prospective new DIA hire, whether a permanent federal worker or contract employee.

The DIA would not say how many prospective, current and past employees are screened annually, but a 2002 report to Congress said the agency conducted 1,345 counterintelligence polygraphs. It also said the Defense Department had an average of about 160 government polygraphers on its payroll annually for the last decade. The Pentagon's polygraphing institute trains all polygraphers for the government. It produced 84 new examiners in 2002, according to the latest publicly available statistics.

Until 2004, Congress severely limited the Pentagon's authority to conduct polygraphs for counterintelligence purposes. From 1988 to 1990, it could conduct 10,000 a year. From 1990 to 2004, that number was cut to 5,000. Congress lifted that cap in 2004 at the request of the Defense Department.

Polygraph sessions are typically three- to four-hour interrogations. A person is hooked up to a machine that measures physiological responses. The subject is asked a series of "yes" and "no" questions. The machine records changes in blood pressure, respiration and heart rate and electrical activity in the skin. The polygrapher interprets that data to determine whether the answers show inconsistencies or indicate deception, based on established parameters

An unclassified DIA document describing the new effort says the contractor hired to perform the exams will conduct a minimum of 4,550 a year in 13 new polygraph studios. The polygraphers would have to work at a brisk pace to meet the target: Each studio would need to complete 350 sessions a year to meet contract specifications. Those 13 new studios would be added to the eight now manned by DIA polygraphers. All would be overseen by DIA personnel.

The document says that the agency will, for the first time, hire contractors to administer the tests rather than relying on government polygraphers. [Hess/AP/23August2008] 

Britain 'Under Constant Attack in Cyberwar.' Lord West of Spithead, the Security Minister, said a mixture of state-sponsored hackers and "those operating at a terrorist level" regularly tried to break into key networks such as banking, electricity and telecommunications.

Although he said the Government was confident about its cyber-defenses, he said: "If you take the whole gamut of threats, from state-sponsored organizations to industrial espionage, private individuals and malcontents, you're talking about a remarkable number of attempted attacks on our system - I'd say in the thousands.

Lord West said the most serious threat came from terrorist-backed hackers trying to break into systems such as the National Grid.

Meanwhile state-sponsored organizations were more likely to want to conduct industrial espionage and steal commercial secrets.

He did concede threats to the national infrastructure were assessed as part of the National Risk Register, and the Government was confident about the country's cyber-defenses.

Lord West's warning comes as security experts in the US said they had uncovered evidence of Russia having carried out state-sponsored cyber-warfare against Georgia by attacking government computer networks during the recent conflict.

The Russian Government admitted the possibility that individuals based in Russia might have been responsible for the attacks - overloading several sites based in the central town of Gori, causing them to collapse - but denied state involvement.  
[Irving/Telegraph/23August2008] 


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Famous Spies and Snitches. [The following listing of "Famous Spies and Snitches" was published in Mental Floss Magazine and republished on CNN.com on 19 August. We welcome any commentary from readers on the list.]

1. Anna Sage: Dillinger's deadly date. John Dillinger was the FBI's Public Enemy No. 1 until Anna Sage helped bring him down.

The Tale: Anna Sage was a Romanian immigrant who came to America in 1909 and found work in a brothel in East Chicago, Indiana.

Although she was successful in this venerable and established field (she opened several of her own houses of ill repute in Indiana and Illinois), the Department of Labor sought to deport her as an "alien of low moral character."

But when famed bank robber John Dillinger - whom she met through mutual gal pal Polly Hamilton - asked her to a movie, Sage thought she'd found a way to stamp her Green Card. Dillinger was wanted in five states, and Sage hoped that if she turned him in, the good karma would translate into an invitation to stay in the United States.

The Tattle: To stage the arrest, Sage called her ex-boyfriend, Martin Zarkovich, at the East Chicago Police Department, and was put in contact with agent Melvin Purvis, who was working the Dillinger case for the FBI. Sage told Purvis about her upcoming date with Dillinger at the Biograph Theater on July 22, 1934. 

In order to be identified in the crowd, Sage agreed to wear a white blouse and orange skirt that night, even though history would later dub her the "Lady in Red." (Historians believe the lights of the marquee made her outfit appear red, spawning the moniker.) As she, Dillinger, and Polly Hamilton exited the theater, Purvis confronted the group. Dillinger tried to run, but four FBI bullets put a hitch in his stride. He died at the scene.

The Aftermath: Sage collected $5,000 for information leading to Dillinger's "capture" but was soon sent back to Romania. According to most sources, agents at the FBI told Sage they couldn't prevent her deportation because of the organization's lack of influence over the Department of Labor, but recent research suggests a more devious motive.

In Jay Robert Nash's book "Dillinger: Dead or Alive," the author suggests the whole episode was a setup. Because the FBI's failure to capture the elusive Public Enemy No.1 was a source of considerable consternation, Nash believes the scene outside the theater that night was the shooting of an innocent man staged by Sage, Zarkovich, and the FBI. The goal? Alleviate pressure on the FBI and help keep the "Lady in Red" in the country.

Nash claims Sage's hasty deportation was part of the cover-up, and also points to discrepancies between the body of the dead man and Dillinger. John Dillinger was widely known for his blue eyes and missing upper tooth. The body from the scene, however, had brown eyes and a full set of teeth. Adding further credence to Nash's theory is the disappearance of local criminal John Lawrence the night of the shooting. 

2. Aldrich Ames: Soviet mole and CIA rat

The Tale: Aldrich Hazen Ames was pretty much born a CIA agent. His father spied for the CIA in Burma during the 1950s, and at age 16, Aldrich went to "The Farm," a CIA training facility, to learn the ropes himself.

Despite his pedigree, it seems unlikely that Ames will win CIA Employee of the Year. Not now. Not tomorrow. Not ever. Why? Because Ames was the most damaging mole in CIA history. Beginning in 1985, he sold out every spy the CIA and FBI had in the then-USSR.

The Tattle: Ironically, Ames started out at the CIA recruiting Soviets to spy on their government, but he soon discovered he wasn't very good at convincing people to snitch. Luckily for him (and his career), his next assignment was with a Soviet Diplomat to Colombia named Aleksandr Dmitrievich Ogorodnik. Ogorodnik had already been convinced to spy for the U.S., but he didn't prove very useful until he was transferred to Ames' CIA department.

In Ames' hands, Ogorodnik (code-named Trigon) was reassigned to the Russian Foreign Ministry, where he developed a knack for photographing sensitive documents and files. Although Ames had never successfully recruited a single spy, his handling of Trigon earned him a promotion. He became the Counterintelligence Branch Chief of Soviet Operations, where he had access to information on every aspect of U.S. operations in Russia.

Life was looking swell for Ames until he ran into some girl trouble. Ames was having an affair with a Colombian woman named Maria del Rosario Casas. He brought Rosario to Washington, D.C., and it wasn't long before she started making trouble. She demanded Ames divorce his wife, which he did, wiping out almost all of his savings and assets. Rosario also spent money like it was going out of style, calling home daily and swiftly digging Ames nearly $35,000 into debt.

Ames became so desperate for funds that he considered robbing a bank. But then he remembered that the Soviets paid $50,000 for the names of U.S. spies working in their country. He arranged a meeting with Sergei Chuvakhin of the Soviet Embassy and gave him the names of three CIA spies. In exchange for this information, Ames received $50,000.

The story could have ended here but for the arrest of another tattletale, former Navy Warrant Officer John Walker Jr., who was caught selling information to the Russians. Ames got so freaked out that he, too, would be exposed that he decided to beat all possible blabbers to the chase.

He contacted Chuvakhin and gave him the names of every single "human asset" the CIA had in Russia. To make the deal sweeter, he also reportedly gave up a British spy and nearly seven pounds of documents that he'd carried out of the CIA office in his briefcase. For his generosity in "playing the game," the double agent was made the world's highest-paid spy, with an annual salary of $300,000.

The Aftermath: Ames named 25 spies. All of them were caught, and at least 10 were executed.

Meanwhile, the unsuspecting CIA transferred him to its office in Rome. Ames felt Rosario would be happier there and wanted to distance himself from all his mischief. He did not, however, distance himself from the cash the Russians were paying him, and he and Rosario lived lavishly. Although his CIA salary was $70,000 a year, he wore a Rolex watch and drove a Jaguar to work. 

Today, Ames is serving out a life sentence, and Rosario was shipped off to Colombia after serving a five-year jail term. 

3. Mordechai Vanunu: Paying the price of going public

The Tale: Mordechai Vanunu was a Moroccan who immigrated to Israel in 1963 with his parents and his ten siblings. Upon arrival, Vanunu served in the Israeli army before finding employment at the Dimona Nuclear Research Center in the Negev desert.

Happy to have a job, he worked there from 1976 to 1985 before concluding that Dimona was a secret nuclear weapons production plant that was covertly producing military warheads. That's when he started to feel a smidge uncomfortable.

The "research facility" housed an enormous plutonium separation plant that rendered the Israeli nuclear arms program vastly more advanced than the international community suspected and operated entirely without the knowledge of the Israeli people. Fully aware of the harsh repercussions he could face, Vanunu felt it was incumbent on him to share this information with the world.

The Tattle: Despite having signed an "Official Secrets Pact," Vanunu brought a camera to work one day and stealthily photographed the facility. Soon thereafter, he fled Israel and went public with his information. On October 5, 1986, The London Sunday Times headline blared, "Revealed: The Secret of Israel's Nuclear Arsenal." The cat was out of the bag, and it was sharing Israel's secrets with anyone who'd listen.

The Aftermath: Even before the Times story ran, the Israelis knew what Vanunu was up to. Agents from Israel's intelligence institute, Mossad, lured him to Italy, where he was kidnapped, drugged, and cargo-shipped back to Israel. (Details of this abduction were made public when Vanunu inked them on his hand and allowed quick-thinking news photographers to snap pictures.)

In Israel, Vanunu was charged with treason and espionage. Despite international outcry, the closed-door trial led to an 18-year prison sentence, the first 11 of which he spent in solitary confinement. In 1998, Vanunu was allowed to join the general prison population, and in 2004, he was "conditionally" released.

While currently "free," the Israeli government still refuses to let Vanunu leave the country, and he is forbidden to speak with the international media. He remains an unrepentant whistleblower and has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize several times.

4. Elia Kazan: Snitch to the stars

The Tale: Between 1945 and 1957, Elia Kazan enjoyed a hot streak few in Hollywood could even dream about. He directed 13 acclaimed motion pictures (including "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "East of Eden") and was nominated for four Best Director awards. Kazan was riding high when Hollywood entered the blackest period in its history (barring the second and third installments of the "Matrix" trilogy): the Communist witch hunts of the 1950s.

The Tattle: A philosophical and politically passionate man, Kazan had been a founding member of the leftist Group Theater in New York and, for a little more than a year, was a member of the Communist Party. In 1934, however, Kazan's ideals began to diverge sharply from those of the Party, and he soon found himself a zealous anti-Communist.

Wanting names, the government pressured Kazan to spill the beans, even threatening to have him blacklisted by major Hollywood studios. After wrestling with the question of whether or not he should sacrifice his career for people whose ideals he disdained, Kazan decided to share his knowledge of Communists in Hollywood with the House Committee on Un-American Activities. In 1952, he went before the Committee and named eight of his Group Theater buddies who had been members of the Communist Party with him.

The Aftermath: After Kazan's testimony, the government was fast on the tails of those he'd named, pressuring them for yet more names, and it was officially witchhuntin' season! Many actors, writers, and directors were blacklisted, and scores of careers were ruined. The era remains one of the least tinselly in Tinseltown history.

Not surprisingly, pretty much everyone not already in the business of rooting out Commies reviled Kazan.

His longtime friend and confidant, Arthur Miller, explained his feelings on the matter in his allegorical play "The Crucible." Not to be outdone, Kazan shot back by crafting a sympathetic informer character in his film "On The Waterfront," which Miller rebutted in "A View From The Bridge." 

But the controversy surrounding Kazan was yet to abate. In 1999, Kazan was presented with a lifetime achievement award at the Oscars, and more than 500 people showed up to protest. Writer and director Abraham Polonsky, whom 20th Century Fox had fired and blacklisted for his refusal to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee, said of the event, "I'll be watching, hoping someone shoots him." Um, Mr. Polonsky, do you think you could put that in the form of a play? [Connolly/CNN/19August2008] 

Western Spies Were Out in the Cold. Forty years ago this Thursday, the Soviet Union ended the so-called Prague Spring with a massive invasion of troops and tanks. Intelligence files from that era show that the largest military operation in Europe since 1945 took the West by surprise.

When it was over, Western officers, awkwardly, seemed surprised. Against their will they had to admit the camouflage hiding the march of Warsaw Pact troops into Prague had been "good," and the speed of their divisions "impressive." The way the Kremlin led units out of the western part of the Soviet Union "unnoticed" was also noteworthy. The enemy, in short, had scored a "tactical victory."

This was the verdict on Aug. 27, 1968 from NATO headquarters in Brussels on "Operation Danube" - the suppression of the legendary Prague Spring. A week earlier, 27 divisions of Soviet Russians, Poles, Hungarians and Bulgarians - around 300,000 men, armed with 2,000 heavy cannons - marched into the small state of Czechoslovakia to end the experiment of "socialism with a human face." It was the largest military operation since the World War II, and the West was caught off guard.

For months, the eyes of the world had been on Prague, where a group of officials around Communist Party chief Alexander Dubcek had challenged the Soviets with new civil rights for Czechoslovakia, new press freedoms and plans for privatization. Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the USSR's Communist Party, ordered a number of threatening military maneuvers in and around Czechoslovakia starting in May.

But when the maneuvers grew serious, the American, British and German governments seemed to look the other way, judging by documents from the NATO archive in Brussels as well as intelligence files. "Not a single evaluation" managed to predict the Soviet invasion of Prague, according to the NATO Military Committee, the alliance's highest military authority.

The American CIA capitulated even before the invasion. There was "no possibility" of "predicting the exact circumstances that would give the Soviet leadership cause to violently intervene," according to one report from mid-July. The West German intelligence service, the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), did no better; its officers noted afterwards that the so-called X-time, the start of the Prague invasion, was "detected neither by the BND nor by any other western intelligence service."

In spite of these observations by his spies, the founder of the BND, Reinhard Gehlen, boasted openly that his subordinates at the time had made exact predictions - the reports were "precise and above all punctual," he said - and it's because of his praise that the Prague invasion has been falsely remembered as a highlight of the BND's history.

Especially embarrassing: After the invasion, German intelligence officials boasted of having "an exact picture of the deployment of forces involved in the operations." The BND believed in 1968 that the East German National People's Army (NVA) was involved in the brutal occupation. In fact, Brezhnev cancelled the NVA's involvement in spite of protests by East German leader Walter Ulbricht. The 11th Motorized Rifle Division, which the BND claimed to have spotted near the Czech town of Budweis, in fact spent the duration of the invasion waiting peacefully inside East Germany.

In hindsight it's no surprise that NATO first learned about the invasion from the media. The first Associated Press report came out on August 21 at 2:09 a.m., four hours after the start of the assault, and it was another hour before alarm bells sounded in Brussels because the teletype machine at NATO headquarters had broken down. No one noticed, because the officer technically on duty had gone to sleep.

Mistake followed upon mistake: Classified documents show that the Soviet ambassadors to London and Paris had informed the governments there on the night of the invasion. Soviet ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin even informed US President Lyndon B. Johnson in person - Brezhnev wanted to avoid giving the West the impression that the invasion was a preparation for an attack on NATO.

The three big powers kept this information to themselves. In those critical 12 hours the NATO military leaders had to rely on press reports, something they complained about furiously. It was a justified lament, because there could easily have been incidents on the border between West Germany and Czechoslovakia. The invading troops immediately secured the country's western border, but in some places Soviet tanks roared up to the German line - the line between east and west. What might have happened if a West German commander on the other side had lost his nerve is painful to imagine.

The British ambassador to NATO apologized sheepishly, saying his country would never repeat this type of information policy again.

It later emerged that NATO's Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force were aware that Soviet paratroopers had been flown into the CSSR. However, the officers in charge had not considered this a risk to the alliance and so did not pass on the information.

These slip ups appear all the more astounding in light of the BND's initial claims of success. The agency had sent numerous contacts and informants to Prague in the summer of 1968. The order from the BND field office was to report "all details of military movements on the railways and the streets," under the code word "Nepomuk." Saint John of Nepomuk is the patron saint of Bohemia - and of confessional secrecy.

German agents in Prague also wanted to gain "access to the most important political people up to Dubcek's inner circle." And much of what these and others reported before the invasion had proved correct in hindsight, for example the reports about a summit meeting in Dresden in March 1968.

Dubcek had just lifted censorship in Czechoslovakia, and now his socialist brother countries accused him of paving the way for the counter-revolution. The BND reported that Brezhnev warned him that "he would not stand by and watch the breakdown of the communist system." If the Czechoslovak Communist Party should "lose control, there would be intervention."

A few weeks later - in May 1968 - the BND came to the conclusion that "what the Soviets consider the threshold of tolerance has almost been reached." Relations between the so-called brother parties in Moscow and Prague "must be described as icy."

This insight could have been easily gleaned from the pages of Pravda.

Later the BND claimed it had "anticipated that there would be a military attack by Moscow in association with its allies from mid August 1968." There are, however, no documents supporting this claim, and even if they existed, it would still not change the fact that anticipation is less than knowledge - which is the purpose of the intelligence agencies.

Nevertheless the BND wasn't so far off track as the CIA. "Leading CIA officials," according to the BND, had believed that "the 'consideration' of world opinion would force the Soviet Union to abstain from a military attack." This was totally off the mark.

It would have required spies in Moscow to realize that Brezhnev and his comrades had made the essential decision in mid-July to crush the Prague Spring if the situation there did not change. On Aug. 18 the date for "Operation Danube" was set.

No one in the West could explain the purpose of the unusual summer maneuvers by the Warsaw Pact states, which were there for all to see. Was this to intimidate the Prague reformers, or to prepare the Soviets for an invasion? If it was to prepare for an invasion - when?

This disorganization is a fact of life at intelligence agencies, as the BND freely admitted in a post-factum analysis: "Only in the rarest of cases (coincidences?)" does the agency succeed in "penetrating potential enemies' most important decision-making bodies."

It doesn't seem to have occurred to the author of the paper that this sentence called into question the very existence of his own agency during the Cold War. [Wiegrefe/Spiegel/21August2008] 


Section III - IRAQ

Report Says New Tactics Set for Iraq. An unidentified senior US military intelligence officer in Baghdad reportedly has told the Associated Press "some interesting intelligence" about what to expect in Iraq in the next few months.

According to U.S. intelligence, Iraqi Shiite assassination teams are being trained in at least four locations in Iran by Tehran's elite Quds force. Also, Lebanese Hezbollah is planning to return to Iraq in the next few months to kill specific Iraqi officials as well as U.S. and Iraqi troops.

This information was provided to The Associated Press by an intelligence officer, who says the information comes from captured militia fighters and other sources in Iraq. Supposedly, U.S. officials have provided Iraq's national security adviser with several lists of the assassination teams' expected targets, including many judges.

The officer reportedly is disclosing the information in an attempt to pressure Iran to suspend the training and prevent the militia fighters from returning to Iraq. The U.S. military also wants the Iraqi government to take steps to protect the targets. [MyWestTexas/20August2008] 

Iranians in Iraq. A senior U.S. military commander in Iraq said Iranian surrogates, terrorists and insurgents fighting in southern Iraq have returned to Iran temporarily for more training and resources.

Army Lt. Gen. Lloyd Austin, commander of the Multinational Corps, Iraq, told reporters that the number of Iranian-supplied explosively formed projectiles and rockets has declined as the result of uncovering weapons caches.

Gen. Austin said the anti-armor improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have "been absolutely lethal on the battlefield."

"And we've seen a number of rockets that have moved from the southern region up into the Baghdad area, and we saw a lot of those rockets last March," he said.

"In the last several months, we've seen a much-decreased flow of those types of weapons, in part because we've been very successful in finding a number of caches that had large stores of those types of munitions and weapons. We've taken those off the battlefield. And we've also taken a number of people who were using those weapons off the battlefield, and so that's greatly improved the security situation."

Gen. Austin said improved security in places such as Basra and Sadr City has prompted Iranian-backed forces to regroup.

The three-star general said that if the Iranian-backed insurgents come back, "we will do everything in our power to pursue them and hopefully interdict their ability to do the same types of things they were doing before."

Iranian officials have denied supporting Iraqi militant groups. [Gertzfile/21August2008] 


Section V - OBITUARIES, CAREER OPPORTUNITIES, ANNOUNCEMENTS AND COMING EVENTS

Obituaries

Grayston L. Lynch, 85. Grayston L. Lynch, a hero of the anti-Castro movement for his leadership in the Bay of Pigs invasion who fired the first shot of the battle, died at 85 on Aug. 10.

Lynch, a wounded combat veteran of World War II and Korea who suffered multiple health problems, was hospitalized for foot surgery when he had a heart attack at the James A. Haley Veterans Hospital, near his Tampa home, said Karen Lynch, his wife of 18 years.

In his 1998 book, Decision for Disaster: Betrayal at the Bay of Pigs, Lynch detailed his role as CIA case officer in charge of the April 16, 1961, operation. He fired the first shot of the three-day assault - at a Jeep shining its headlights on Brigade 2506 frogmen landing at Playa Girón - then returned to his ship and shot down two Cuban fighter planes.

Despite the invasion's disastrous failure, Lynch continued to direct clandestine assaults on the island from Miami until 1967. His anger at the Kennedy administration's decision to cancel air support never abated.

A strapping six-foot-two Texan, Lynch looked every bit the role he chose after lying his way into the U.S. Army at 15: highly decorated career soldier and undercover agent.

He's been the subject of several documentaries, and director Ron Howard optioned his book for Universal Studios.

Lynch, whose mother died giving birth to him on June 14, 1923, was the son of an East Texas ranch hand and oil driller.

''He was meant to be a soldier,'' Karen Lynch said, given that June 14 is both Flag Day and the 1775 birthday of the Army.

Lynch joined in 1938: the 5th Cavalry (Horse). He later landed on Omaha Beach on D-Day - where a hand grenade at his back peppered him with shrapnel. During the Battle of the Bulge, an exploding shell shattered his right leg.

He earned a political science degree from the University of Maryland and, after much surgery, he reenlisted for Korea, where he fought in the Battle of Heartbreak Ridge.

He served with the Special Forces in Laos and Panama before retiring from the military as a captain in 1960.

Lynch then joined the CIA. In all, Lynch oversaw 2,126 missions, participating directly in 113. [Brecher/MiamiHerald/18August2008] 

Senior Russian Spy Mikhail Mukasei, Aged 101. A top Soviet spy who carried out secret undercover operations against America and Western Europe over three decades has died aged 101. 

Mikhail Mukasei started his career in espionage during the Second World War, when he used his position as the Soviet vice-consul in Los Angeles to collect information on the threat posed to the Soviet Union by Japan.

Later, with his wife Elizaveta, he worked in an unnamed "West European country" from the 1950s until they returned to Moscow in 1977. The couple wrote a memoir - without revealing classified information - in 2004 under the title "Zephyr", their old KGB call sign.

Russia's foreign intelligence agency, the SVR, has released a glowing tribute to Mukasei on its website www.svr.gov.ru

Mukasei's Soviet employers were well pleased with their star spy: he was rewarded with the Red Banner, the Red Star and the Andropov medal before taking on the task of training new generations of secret agents. In this capacity he wrote books and teaching aids for today's cadre of Russian spies, who are once more pitting their wits against Western intelligence targets. So successful was Mukasei that the Soviet Union's successor state Russia also honored him with a medal for an "outstanding contribution to ensuring the security of the Russian Federation." [Telegraph/18August2008] 

Wolfgang Vogel, Former E. German Point Man in Spy Swaps. Wolfgang Vogel, the point man for spy swaps and prisoner exchanges between West and East Germany during the Cold War, has died, his family said Friday. He was 82.

A lawyer by trade, Vogel made it a career of sorts as the main point of contact for the governments of the then-divided Germany when the two had few formal ties or links. They reunified in 1990.

He gained a sense of acclaim, if not notoriety, for overseeing the exchange of KGB spy Rudolf J. Abel for Gary Powers in 1962, the American pilot shot down over the USSR while piloting his U-2 spy plane in 1960. He also oversaw the exchange of others involved in espionage or imprisoned in East Germany in exchange for those held in the west, including Jewish dissident Anatoly Scharansky who spent nearly nine years in Soviet captivity on espionage charges.

In another case, in 1985, 23 people held by East Germany on espionage charges were exchanged for four agents of the German Democratic Republic convicted by the U.S.

All the deals were staged on the Glienicker Bridge between Potsdam and West Berlin. 

But Vogel's efforts also were low profile and he was credited with helping more than 200,000 people leave East Germany so they could reunite with their families in West Germany.

Vogel's reach inside the East German government was so extensive that when former chancellor Helmut Schmidt wanted to visit the country, it was Vogel who helped arrange it. [PRInside/21August2008] 

Carl Aschan, Wartime Intelligence Officer. Carl Aschan, who has died aged 102, worked for British intelligence in his native Sweden during the Second World War and in 1945 helped to hunt down some of Hitler's close associates.

Born at Örebrö, Sweden, on May 6, 1906, Carl Nils Gunnar William Aschan was the son of a Swedish judge who was also chief of police at Örebrö; Carl's mother was the daughter of Baron Gabriel Djurklou. 

After reading Engineering at Pembroke College, Cambridge, Aschan went to Germany to seek experience in the aircraft industry with Junkers. Then in 1927 he found a job in the aero-engine department of the Bristol Aeroplane Co. The following year he took British citizenship, and in 1929 joined Wigglesworth, sisal and hemp merchants in London. For two years he was the firm's representative in Hamburg before returning to England.

Aschan was fluent in all the Scandinavian languages, as well as in English and German. On the outbreak of war he joined the RAF as a pilot officer and was sent to the RAF School of Engineering at Henlow. On April 9, 1940 Hitler attacked Denmark and Norway, and a few days later Aschan was invited to lunch at the Travellers Club in Pall Mall by "a distinguished older man from the Foreign Office" who recruited him into the intelligence service.

He was appointed assistant air attaché at the embassy in Stockholm. In Stockholm Aschan's primary role was to establish an effective intelligence network in enemy-occupied Norway and Denmark and to maintain contacts in Finland. 

In February 1941 Aschan was posted to the Air Ministry in London, where he helped collect and assess intelligence about the Luftwaffe. He wanted, however, a more active posting and the next year he was transferred, in the rank of squadron-leader, to Combined Operations, where his chief was Vice-Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten.

Aschan was given responsibility for planning operations against German garrisons and installations in Norway and the Channel Islands. 

In 1944 Aschan returned to the Air Ministry, with responsibility for counter-intelligence and security in the pending liberation of German-occupied Denmark. 

At the end of the war he was sent to Germany, where he was attached to an armoured battalion. At Flensburg Aschan and his comrades arrested the head of the German Secret Service in Stockholm. His team also detained Albert Speer, Hitler's architect and armaments minister who was later convicted at Nuremberg and imprisoned at Spandau, and William Joyce, better known as the propagandist "Lord Haw-Haw".

After the war Aschan was awarded King Christian X's Liberty Medal. He rejoined Wigglesworth & Co, of which he became a director, serving on the board until his retirement in 1989, when the firm was taken over by REA Holdings. [Telegraph/22August208] 


Career Opportunities

Maritime Intelligence Research Analyst.  McMunn Associates, Inc. seeks to fill this full time exempt position with an anticipated start date of approximately 01 September 2008. POC: Molly Ryan, (703) 481-6100 ext. 103, mryan@mcmunn-associates.com

Job Description: The analyst will work as part of a contractor team assessing foreign Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) capabilities, where a high level of interaction is maintained and expected. The incumbent will report to the project manager, and will assist Senior Analysts in planning, researching, outlining, drafting, and finalizing a variety of specialized analyses and reports. This will include collecting and integrating data from multiple sources, primarily to produce a coherent description of MDA activities. The MDA capability assessments span all maritime interests (e.g., defense, smuggling, environmental protection, piracy, humanitarian assistance, laws & treaties, etc.) and organizations (e.g., navies, coast guards, maritime police, port authorities, private industry, etc.). Under limited supervision, the incumbent will be expected to interact with senior government and industry executives and must have the written, oral, and interview skills required to perform at this level. The incumbent will work as part of a diverse team of professionals with varying specialties and expertise and will be expected to develop contacts and maintain liaison with external intelligence and non-intelligence organizations to help validate and verify data under review. The incumbent is required to undertake continual professional development to lead to internal assignment to positions of greater responsibility.

Required Capabilities: 

Current TS/SCI clearance with the U.S. Government. 
Demonstrable capabilities in open source & classified topical research, data analysis, and development of analytical conclusions. 
Must possess strong oral expression and briefing skills along with demonstrated analytical writing ability. 
Two-plus years experience in analysis or policy impacting the maritime domain. U.S. Military, Law Enforcement, and/or U.S. Intelligence Community experience analyzing military maritime activity, commercial maritime operations or law enforcement-related issues (counter-narcotics, counter-terrorism, criminal networks, etc.) is highly valuable. 
Working knowledge of MDA concepts. 
Experience with and capability to use standard data processing software (Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint). 
Capabilities to logically document reasoning will be assessed. 

Desired Capabilities:

Bachelor's Degree in political science, international affairs, intelligence, or a related discipline. 
Two-plus years experience in U.S. Military, maritime Law Enforcement and/or U.S. Intelligence Community analysis organizations. 
Direct experience or expertise in MDA and/or commercial maritime issues. 
Location: National Maritime Intelligence Center, Suitland, MD. 

Travel: Limited CONUS and OCONUS travel is expected. 

Salary: $80,000-$90,000

----------------

Job Opportunities in Industrial Security with Defense Security Service. The Defense Security Service (DSS), the Department of Defense's premier security service, has 2 exceptional opportunities in the challenging national security and globalization field:

Foreign Investment Security Manager, Level GG-15
Work with senior leaders and government agencies, U.S. defense companies, and foreign representatives under the National Industrial Security Program. Ensure the protection of the U.S.'s most closely guarded secrets while enabling foreign investment and business opportunities in U.S. defense industry. Manage the analysis and evaluation and response for the security impact of those foreign interests. (Salary range $115,317 to $149,000) 

Foreign Investment Security Operations Branch Chief, Level GG-14
Direct the evaluation, assessment and determination of the national security impact of foreign ownership, control, or influence on U.S. defense companies. Work with senior leadership of DSS, Department of Defense and U.S. defense industry to define, establish, and apply the needed safeguards. (Salary range $98,033 to $127,442) 

Expertise desired in one or more of the following: international business and economics, intelligence, financial analysis, corporate law and governance, or industrial security, or related fields. U.S. citizenship and ability to hold a security clearance are required.

For further information and how to apply, visit www.dss.mil; click on "DSS is Hiring" to link to DSS current announcements at www.usajobs.gov, where DSS will post these positions under DSS-08-4929-RA for the GG-15 and DSS-08-4930-RA for the GG-14. Equal Opportunity Employer. M/F/D/V.

-------------

Threat Analyst.  CACI is seeking a Threat Analyst for employment at Fort Belvoir to provide expert analysis of current and projected global threat activities, capabilities and potential future developments from tactical through strategic perspectives to inform and guide U.S. Army project initiatives. 
Knowledge, Skills and Abilities:
- Requires a detail-oriented and analytically-minded mid to senior level individual with extensive military intelligence and threat analysis experience.
- Requires an individual with extensive research skills and experience in the area of emerging global threat trends.
- Knowledge of global terrorist and insurgent organizations, and their tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) is a strong plus.
- Comprehensive knowledge of Army units, doctrine, training and operations is a strong plus. 
- Operational experience in a deployed military unit is a plus.
- Knowledge and understanding of the Department of the Army Staff and the Army Acquisition process is a plus.
Security Clearance Requirements: Ability to obtain and maintain a SECRET level security clearance; TS/SCI is preferred.
Level of Experience Desired: 5 to 15 years of applicable experience, at a minimum. 
POC is Candice Bristow, 703-460-140, cbristow@caci.com
Please refer to position #994

-------------

Senior Sales Engineer. nCipher Inc. is seeking a Senior Sales Engineer (SE) to support an expanding U.S. Federal Government practice. This is a senior level position requiring 10+ years of experience as an SE, a technical degree, knowledge of the U.S. Federal Government market, familiarity with the government sales cycles, and the benefit of working from a home-based office within easy commute to Maryland, northern Virginia, and Washington, DC, customers. The ideal candidate will have expert command of IT Security technologies in general and cryptography/key management in particular. This is an immediate opening with an excellent salary and a very competitive benefits package. A security clearance is not required. Please call Charlie Scruggs at 202-316-5313 with comments or questions, or e-mail your resume to cscruggs@ncipher.com.

--------------

System Engineer. SI International is looking for a System Engineer Level III. Location; Columbia, Maryland. The primary role for this position is to provide SE resources to the program operational scenarios, fielded capabilities upgrades and theme activities (i.e., all multisystem threads). Candidates must have TS/SCI clearance with full scope poly.
Minimum requirements:
* Three years of direct experience with an intelligence community or signals intelligence capability with an emphasis on collection, processing, and exploitation.
* Fifteen years in a technical role in projects and programs.
* Eight years experience as a Systems Engineer supporting programs to develop and field large-scale systems to include experience in system architecture, requirements analysis, system documentation, system evaluation, and process execution and evaluation.
* BS in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Software Engineering, or other technical discipline.
* Experience in full system life cycle from concept development through testing and deployment
Preferred Skills
Experience with testing performed according to SE standards.
Knowledge of NSA's SIGINT mission systems.
Knowledge of DNI technologies and protocols
Experience in integrating systems into a system of systems.
General knowledge of XML and JMS messaging.

POC is Evert Ortega 703-234-6823 ; evert.ortega@si-intl.com


Announcements

New Journal seeks Authors/Papers: A "Journal of Strategic Security" is to be issued by the online university, Henley-Putnam.

The new academic journal is seeking to serve the growing Strategic Security sector, which broadly encompasses the key areas of Intelligence, Terrorism and Counterterrorism, and Protection. They welcome articles that cover a wide-range of topics within each of those areas. Articles ideas: papers could address several aspects of intelligence in the 21st century including the role of intelligence in the context of accepted academic disciplines; distinguishing training from education; the composition of intelligence curriculum based on current and projected needs; analytic methodology; intelligence failures; intelligence reform; operational vs. theoretical tradecraft; ethics; counterintelligence; covert actions; case studies; and related areas of interest.

Terrorism/Counterterrorism: Article topics could include the role of counterterrorism studies in academics; competing counterterrorism strategies; diverse perspectives on the root causes and solutions to terrorism; terrorist group dynamics; WMD terrorism; and related areas of interest.

Protection: Protection in today’s strategic security environment requires the ability to perceive emerging threats before they become a reality. Ranging from corporate security operations of multinational corporations to protection of dignitaries and diplomats, this component of strategic security is as dynamic as it is challenging. Articles could address issues such as education standards in protection, which is required to teach the next generation of those that will serve to protect our nation on the frontlines in the law enforcement, corporate security, military, and intelligence communities; IT security threats; surveillance and countersurveillance tradecraft and operations; protection management; conflict resolution techniques; workplace violence; and a host of related areas of interest.

Deadline for Submission of Articles is 15 September 2008

Articles should be from 3,000 to 7,500 words. Parties submitting an article or proposal should include the following with their submission:

- A resume or bio summarizing the writer’s qualifications

- A brief one (1) paragraph abstract/synopsis describing the article

Submissions must follow the Chicago Manual (15th ed.) format and style. Please submit all documents in electronic format, Microsoft Word preferred. No hard copy submissions will be accepted.

Send all submissions and queries to: Dr. Quentin Gehle, qgehle@henley-putnam.edu. Allow two to four weeks for a reply.

---------------

Looking for Information Regarding Marshal Juin. Dear Sirs: Firstable I hope you will forgive my poor english: I understand much
better than I write! As a French writer and historian, I am writing a biography of French Marshal Juin (1888-1967). As you probably know, he was commander in chief of French Forces when Allied troops landed in North Africa on Nov 8th 1942. OSS played a huge role in this operation. I have already found some relevant archives in Washington. Unfortunately there is nothing about Juin : it is unbelievable that no OSS agents tried to know what his reactions would be in case of a surprise landing. That is why I deeply need your help. Have you kept for instance any link with Robert Murphy, William Eddy, Lelan Rounds, David King, Ridgway Knight, Gordon Browne or Kenneth Pendar family? Robert Murphy deposited some papers at Princeton University, but nothing about Juin. I do not know if the other ones did the same somewhere. I would be very grateful too if you could share with me some of your hints.
With many thanks, Yours truly, Jean-Christophe Notin jcnotin@gmail.com

---------------------

The Berlin Spy Tunnel's 54th Birthday. Fifty-four years ago on September the second, 1954, army engineers began digging the vertical shaft for the CIA's Berlin Spy Tunnel. The tunnel was discovered by the Soviets on 22 April, 1956, after eleven months, eleven days of operation, and people have been talking about it ever since. On the tunnel's birthday, the talk continues on "Dave White Presents" on KSAV radio at 11:00 p.m. (EST)/8:00 p.m. (PST), when Wesley Britton interviews T.H.E. Hill, the author of a new novel about the tunnel: "Voices Under Berlin: The Tale of a Monterey Mary".

The novel is ostensibly set against the backdrop of the Berlin tunnel. The yarn is told from both ends of the tunnel. One end is the story of the Americans who worked the tunnel, and how they fought for a sense of purpose against boredom and the enemy both within and without. This side of the story is told with a pace and a black humor reminiscent of that used by Joseph Heller ("Catch-22") and Richard Hooker ("M*A*S*H*"). The other end of the tunnel is the story of the Russians whose telephone calls the Americans are intercepting. Their end of the tale is told in the unnarrated transcripts of their calls. They are the voices under Berlin.

Writing on his website www.SpyWise.net, Britton calls "Voices Under Berlin" "a spy novel that breaks all the molds," adding that "in the tradition of Greene and Ambler, 'Voices Under Berlin' contains many literate qualities that make it a work of special consideration, worthy of an audience much broader than that of espionage enthusiasts or those interested in Cold War history. In fact, one indication of the book's quality is that it was among the award winners at the July 2008 Hollywood Book Festival, a very rare honor for a spy novel."

The author served at Field Station Berlin in the early 1970s, after a tour at Herzo Base. He is a three time graduate of the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, California, the alumni of which are called "Monterey Marys."

The author donated a sign copy of "Voices Under Berlin" to the recently completed AFIO Charity Auction.

To hear the interview live on-line no matter where you are located, visit www.KSAV.org. For delayed listening, the show will be archived the following day at www.audioentertainment.org.

You can learn more about the novel and the author at www.VoicesUnderBerlin.com.

-----------

Need Assistance with Paper on Strategic Intelligence for American World Policy. Hello, my name is Justin Lewis Abold. I am currently working for the Department of Homeland Security, Office of Intelligence and Analysis, while also pursuing my doctorate at Oxford University, writing about intelligence analysis, uncertainty and risk. 

Right now, in a break from my dissertation research and writing, I am working on a paper about Sherman Kent's classic work, Strategic Intelligence for American World Policy. I'm writing about the context in which it was written, its content, its reception at the time, and its continuing relevance. I am planning to publish the paper in early 2009 in time to commemorate its 60th anniversary.

It is for my discussion of the reception of this book at the time of its publication that I am requesting assistance. I am very interested in including some first-person accounts of personal reactions to reading Sherman Kent's book from anyone, who would have read it around the time of its publication in 1949 to the end of the next decade 1959. I am interested in learning about the impact it had on you, in what context you read it (junior intelligence officer, military intelligence officer, student, etc.), and what you thought of it at the time. I am also very interested in learning about what other articles, books or journals on intelligence you were reading in the period from 1946-1959 (for example, Military Review or books by Pettee, Platt or Hilsman).

Additionally, if anyone has used this book to teach intelligence analysis, or has received it as a textbook in intelligence training, in any decade from its publication to the present time, I would be very interested in learning about your experiences using it in the classroom - and especially about any impactful experiences therein - whether you were the student or teacher.

Thanks in advance for any assistance you can offer. I can be reached at the following email address: justin.abold@chch.ox.ac.uk. I would also be very happy to speak with you by telephone if that would be more convenient for you (202) 701-7136.

Best regards, Justin Lewis Abold


COMING EVENTS

EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

1, 3-4 September 2008 - ONLINE PODCAST on Cybercops, Crime and Intelligence Analysts -- Mark Your Calendars. AFIO Member/Professor Bill Tafoya will be the guest on Deborah Osborne's September 3rd podcast. Join Bill Tafoya, Deborah Osborne, and Jim Mallard, winner of the 2008 Technology Award from the International Association of Crime Analysts, in a discussion of the role of technology in improving crime and intelligence analysis. Jim is the crime analysis supervisor for the Arlington (TX) Police Department where he manages a team of five analysts. Mallard previously worked for the Gainesville (FL) Police Department where he developed his interest in fusing technology with crime analysis. Schedule 9/1/2008 10:00 AM - Intelligence Led Policing; 9/3/2008 10:00 AM - William Tafoya on the University of New Haven's; National Security Program 9/4/2008 3:00 PM - Dr. Kim Rossmo: Geographic Profiling. To hear: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/Deborah-Osborne

Wednesday, 3 September 2008, 6 p.m. - Las Vegas, NV - The AFIO Las Vegas Chapter Meeting on "Las Vegas Security Chiefs Association." The event will feature Mr. John D. Horton, Director of Security, Echelon Resorts Las Vegas. Mr. Horton will speak on the "Las Vegas Security Chiefs Association" Please join us at 5 p.m. in the "Check Six" bar area for Liaison, beverages and snacks/dinner
Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base. All guests must use the MAIN GATE located at the intersection on Craig Road and Las Vegas Blvd. Address: 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191 Phone: 702-644-2582.
Dinner: The Officers' Club has an excellent, informal dinner venue along with a selection of snacks. You are welcome to arrive early and join us in the "Check Six" bar area. Water will be provided during the meeting, but you may also purchase beverages and food at the bar and bring them to the meeting. Once again, please feel free to bring your spouse and/or guest(s) to dinner as well as our meeting.
You may email or call me anytime at 702-295-0073 if you have any questions. We look forward to seeing you!
Christine J. Eppley, Chapter Corresponding Secretary

6 September 2008, 11 a.m. - Orange Park, FL - North Florida AFIO Chapter luncheon features discussion of the French Resistance in WWII. Helena Zuber will discuss the French Resistance in World War II, plus there will be the usual intelligence discussions. The meeting will also include preparations for the annual chapter officer elections in December. Please RSVP as soon as possible to qbegonia@comcast.net

11 September 2008 – San Francisco, CA – The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Tim Shorrock, investigative reporter. Since 9/11 and the invasion of Iraq, newspaper headlines and the blogosphere have been afire with revelations about the U.S. government’s enormous use of private sector contractors to carry out the tasks of war. Intelligence contracting has grown into a multi-billion dollar industry, with privatization often blurring the lines between public and private sectors. Former high-ranking national security officials can be found in various consulting roles throughout the private sector intelligence industry; yet, the size, scope, and influence of this intelligence outsourcing has been largely unexamined, and sometimes at odds with congressional oversight and public accountability. Mr. Shorrock will be discussing his new book, Spies for Hire: The Secret World of Intelligence Outsourcing.
The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member rate or at door. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) no later than 5PM 9/1/08: mariko@cataphora.com or mail check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, PO Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011. (650) 622-9840 X608.

Monday, 15 September 2008 - New York, NY - AFIO New York Metro Chapter evening meeting on "How Baghdad Thieves Stole Iraq's Antiquities and CTTF Recovered the Stolen Loot." Colonel Matthew Bogdanos, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve -- the Author of "Thieves of Baghdad" explains how the Baghdad thieves stole Iraq's antiquities and how our counter-terrorism Task Force caught them and recovered their loot. Bogdanos led the investigation. He was awarded the Bronze Star for counter-terrorism operations in Afghanistan. He is currently an Assistant District Attorney in Manhattan. Buffet dinner and open bar - $40. per person. 5:30 PM - 6:00 PM Registration.  Meeting starts 6:00 PM. New Location: 4 Columbus Circle (58th Street and 8th Avenue) The showroom space of STEELCASE, the global leader in the office furniture industry. Further information available from afiometro@yahoo.com

18 September 2008 - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter meeting will feature Tim Matson, USAF(r) a AF Academy graduate who flew Air Force 2. He will present a PowerPoint presentation. For further information or to make reservations contact: riverwear53@aol.com

Thursday, 18 September 2008, 6-8 p.m. - Washington, DC - Networking in the Intelligence Community presented by the PRSA-NCC PRONet Committee - The Johns Hopkins University 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Metro stop: Dupont Circle (red line)
A panel discussion featuring intelligence community insiders • What is the intelligence community? • How should PR professionals interact with intelligence professionals? • How do intelligence professionals approach public relations? • How do you practice public relations outreach in a secure environment? Panelists: Richard Willing - public affairs director, Office of the Director of National Intelligence Dr. Peter Leitner - president, Maxwell USA; former senior advisor, Office of the Secretary of Defense Fred Lash, APR - senior advisor to the deputy secretary of defense (joint communication); former deputy chief of public and media affairs, National Security Agency; Dr. Kenneth deGraffenreid - professor of intelligence studies, Institute of World Politics; former deputy national counterintelligence executive to the President of the United States
Cost: $30 PRSA Members; $35 Non-members; $5 Students (with ID) Please RSVP online at www.prsa-ncc.org by September 15.
For more information about this event, contact Alex Meerovich at a.meerovich@max-well.com or call 202.454.3403

Saturday, 20 September 2008, 1100 - 1430 - West Haven, CT - AFIO New England Chapter meets to hear Dr. Richard H. Ward, Dean of the Henry C. Lee Criminal Justice & Forensic Sciences, University of New Haven. Dr. Ward, a veteran of the USMC will speak on his experiences training for the CIA’s Operation Zapata, the April 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion.
in the Faculty Dining Room in Bartels Hall on the campus of the University of New Haven in West Haven, CT. A map of the campus can be found here https://unh-web-01.newhaven.edu/wwwmedia/CampusMap/campusmap.html or at the bottom of this form, directions here http://www.newhaven.edu/17/ or at the bottom of this form. Our schedule is as follows: Registration & gathering, 11:00 - 1200, Luncheon at 1200 followed by our speaker, with adjournment at 2:30PM. The University of New Haven is at 300 Boston Post Rd, West Haven, CT 06516-1916.
Note, as a one-day meeting, no hotel arrangements have been made; however, those coming from some distance may wish to select one of the many excellent hotels in this town. An area map is here http://www.newhaven.edu/about/3947/ The university’s hotel list is here http://www.newhaven.edu/about/3958/ For additional information contact afionechapter@gmail.com
Luncheon reservations must be made by 12 September 2008 with Mr. Arthur Hulnick, 216 Summit Avenue # E102, Brookline, MA 02446, 617-739-7074 or hlnk@aol.com
Advance reservations are $25.00, $30.00 at the door - per person. The meeting adjourns at 2:30 pm

Thursday, 25 September 2008, 12:30-2:30 pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO L.A. Area Chapter hosts Jake Katz, Assistant Director Emergency Operations Bureau for the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department will discuss "Open Source Intelligence - The Sheriff's Approach." Event being held at the Hilton business building located at the LMU campus (Playa del Rey). Complimentary buffet lunch will be served, guests are welcome. Please RSVP by Monday September 15, 2008 via email to Vincent Autiero: AFIO_LA@yahoo.com 

Friday, 3 October 2008 - Langley, VA -CIA-OSI Conference - AFIO BulletAFIO members are invited to attend a conference at CIA Headquarters from 1:30 - 5:15 p.m. on the History of the Office of Scientific Intelligence. Attendees will receive a special program with declassified documents, and a DVD filled with thousands of pages of additional documents, photographs and videos as part of this new declassification. The conference is unclassified. Includes reception and tour of CIA Museum.Further details and Application Forms.....

14 Oct 2008 - Tampa, FL - The Suncoast AFIO Chapter meets in the MacDill Room at the MacDill AFB. Speaker TBA. Lunch is $15.00 inclusive. For further information email garyg@suncoastafio.org

Tuesday, 21 October 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Iran: An Intelligence Failure in the Making? at the International Spy Museum. WHAT: “Iran is one of the greatest threats in the world today. Getting the intelligence right is absolutely critical, not only on Iran's capability but its intent.”— Senator John Ensign (R-Nev.)
Our troubled relationship with this Middle Eastern powerhouse operates under the cloud of broken diplomatic relations, deepening concern about its regional aspirations, its involvement in international terrorism, and its nuclear ambitions. Explore the strategic and intelligence challenges posed by Iran in this timely panel. Is Iran a new Persian Empire or on the brink of collapse? Are there lessons from the Cold War that can help us deal with Iran now? Are we once again facing a situation where the current intelligence is inadequate to inform policy makers or that policymakers will again seek only the intelligence they want, or manufacture it? Join former CIA senior operations officer Robert Baer, author of The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower; Keith Crane, senior economist with the RAND Corporation and co-author of Iran’s Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities; and David Thaler, senior analyst with the RAND Corporation and co-author of The Muslim World after 9/11 for a lively and insightful discussion. Co-sponsored by the RAND Corporation. Location: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC at Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: $15; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at www.spymuseum.org; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

22 - 25 October 2008 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence Symposium -

AFIO 2008 Fall Intelligence Symposium - 22-25 October
Threats to U.S. Security
Technology Theft, Insider Threats, Economic Espionage
and International Organized Crime

Three Days: Day 1 [10/23] at MITRE Corporation; Day 2 [10/24] at U.S. Department of State:
Day 3 [10/25] at Sheraton-Premiere Hotel
Tentative Program
Wednesday, October 22: heavy hors d'oeuvres and early registration for hotel-based attendees,
Thursday morning, October 23: Chapter workshop/breakfast;
Thursday, October 23: MITRE Corporation;
Friday, October 24: U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research [INR];
Friday evening, October 24: Awards Banquet, Saturday morning, October 25: General membership meeting.
The program ends 11 a.m. Saturday October 25 leaving time for exploring local area Museums [International Spy Museum, the newly reopened Newseum, the new National Museum of Crime and Punishment, National Cryptologic Museum, Air & Space] and to make plans to return home.

SYMPOSIUM AGENDA and RESERVATION:
Agenda is here and you can make secure reservations here

HOTEL RESERVATIONS available now at special AFIO Event Rate:
Make your Sheraton-Premiere Hotel reservations here while low-rate window remains open
.

Thursday, 23 October 2008, 12 noon - 1 pm - Washington, DC - The Lost Spy: An American In Stalin's Secret Service, at the International Spy Museum
When former New York intellectual Isaiah Oggins was brutally murdered in 1947 on Stalin’s orders, he became a forgotten Cold War footnote. Then in 1992, Boris Yeltsin handed over a deeply censored dossier to the White House which awakened interest in Oggins’ life and his death. In The Lost Spy, Andrew Meier at last reveals the truth: Oggins was one of the first Americans to spy for the Soviets. Based on six years of international detective work, Meier traces the rise and fall of this brilliant Columbia University graduate sent to run a safe house in Berlin and spy on the Romanovs in Paris and the Japanese in Manchuria. The author will reflect on the motivations of the American spy and the reason for Oggins’ hideous death by poisoning in a KGB laboratory.
Location: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station, TICKETS: FREE. No registration required.

Tuesday, 28 October 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Spy Magic: Disguise, Deception, Illusion and Espionage" at the International Spy Museum. WHAT: “If I could stand in the focus of powerful footlights and deceive attentive and undisturbed onlookers…Then I could most certainly…deceive German observers a mile away or more.”—Jasper Maskelyne
Magicians, like spies, excel at the art of misdirection and deception. Join Jonna and Tony Mendez, both former CIA chiefs of disguise, as they explore how magic and illusion have been used through the centuries to deceive the enemy. This survey ranges from the warfare philosophy of Sun Tzu to the CIA’s consultations with illusionists who helped them overcome the challenges of operating in denied areas of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Go inside well known World War II deception operations Mincemeat and Bodyguard and discover the trickery of war-time magician Jasper Maskelyne. Then it’s on to the Cold War and the Mendezes’ own work in the mean streets of Moscow which required a special blend of conjuring and chemistry. Using historical footage and film re-enactments, the Mendezes will enlighten the audience on the use of stage management and misdirection against the opposition
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station.
TICKETS: $15 Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at www.spymuseum.org; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

Sunday, 9 November 2008, 10 a.m. - 2 p.m. - Washington, DC - Parade of Trabants at the International Spy Museum. The ugly duckling of East Germany’s roadways finally gets its day. To celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall Trabant collectors will caravan to DC, parking their cars on F Street, NW in front of the Museum. When the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989 thousands of East Germans rushed to reunite with friends and family. Their typical mode of transportation? The Trabant. What was once the most common vehicle in East Germany, despite its poor performance and smoky two-stroke engine, was their automotive liberator. The Trabant is now an affectionately regarded symbol of East Germany and of the fall of communism. It is even featured in the International Spy Museum’s permanent exhibit within an East German streetscape. The Trabant has become a genuine collectors' car with a devoted following. Incredibly, it seems that this tiny car, often inaccurately described as having a cardboard body, has captured the hearts of car lovers all over the world.
Trabants are quite rare in the US, but on 9 November 2008, a caravan of the communist-bloc cars will converge on the International Spy Museum to celebrate the 18th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The public will have the unique opportunity to not only view nine of the cars, which will be parked in front of the Museum, but also have the chance to win a ride in a Trabant. While the cars are on display, experts will be on hand in front of the Museum on F Street, NW, to answer questions about Trabants, the Cold War, and Communism, while the local German band, Blaskapelle Alte Kameraden, creates a festive atmosphere. This event is free-of-charge.
Experts who will be available: Peter Earnest, Museum Executive Director; Dr. Thomas Boghardt, Museum historian and author; and Trabant Collectors. German music will be played. Where: International Spy Museum, 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. No charge to attend.

Thursday, 13 November 2008, 7 pm - 10 pm - Washington, DC - DINNER WITH A SPY: An Evening with Milt Bearden - at Spy Museum.

When Milt Bearden started at the CIA in 1964, he had little notion that his service around the world in Europe, Asia, Africa, and South Asia would lead him to become the most highly decorated operations officers in its senior service, a respected author, and a Hollywood advisor. His 30 years of service spanned the height of the Cold War to the demise of the Soviet Union and included leading the CIA covert war supporting the Afghan resistance in their fight against the Soviet army. This conflict, recently portrayed in Charlie Wilson’s War, is just one of the films for which Bearden has served as an advisor. His long time friendship with Robert DeNiro influenced 2006’s The Good Shepherd—an intense account of the early days of the Agency. Be one of only 20 guests at Zola for a three-course meal where you’ll talk with Bearden about his extraordinary career and cinematic connections and enjoy the dialogue between this insider and CIA veteran International Spy Museum executive director Peter Earnest. Please call 202.654.0932 or write kray@spymuseum.org to register or with special dietary needs.
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station.
TICKETS: $250 includes three-course dinner with wines.Space is extremely limited – advance registration required! Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at www.spymuseum.org; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum

Monday, 17 November 2008, 6:30 p.m. - Washington, DC - Rose Mary Sheldon on "The Secret History of History" at the International Spy Museum - OPERATION MESSIAH: APOSTLE PAUL, AGENT PROVOCATEUR?

WHAT: “Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked.”—Galatians
Was the self-proclaimed successor to Jesus actually working for the Roman administration in Palestine and other parts of the Empire? Col. Rose Mary Sheldon, co-author of Operation Messiah: St. Paul, Roman Intelligence and the Birth of Christianity, challenges the idea that Apostle Paul was a true follower of Jesus much less a saint. Drawing from Paul’s biography and his own letters, Sheldon finds numerous clues to suggest that the former persecutor never left the ranks of the Roman government but instead went undercover by feigning conversion en route to Damascus. Sheldon’s shocking theories about Paul’s real purpose in promoting Jesus as the Messiah will give you a startling new perspective on the dramatic and turbulent early days of Christianity.
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station. TICKETS: $15. Advance registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at www.spymuseum.org; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

20 November 2008 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter meets to hear Sheriff Terry Maketa on "Law Enforcement and Intelligence." Sheriff Maketa is Sheriff of El Paso County, Colorado. The program starts at 11 a.m. with the program starting at noon. Event takes place at the Falcon Club (Old Officers' Club) Inquiries and reservations to Riverwear53@aol.com

Tuesday, 2 December 2008 - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter meeting features speaker Gordon Chang, author of NUCLEAR SHOWDOWN and THE COMING COLLAPSE OF CHINA.
Meeting location - 4 Columbus Circle in the NYC showroom of the office furniture manufacturer - Steelcase. Attractive, spacious, modern space overlooking Central Park.
58th Street and 8th Avenue. Buffet dinner and open bar: $40.00 per person 5:30 PM - 6:00 PM Registration. Meeting starts 6:00 PM. For inquiries or to register email afiometro@yahoo.com


For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

-----------------------------------------------------------------------  

Disclaimers and Removal Instructions

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers. 

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs: 

a)  IF YOU ARE A MEMBER -- click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list.  If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to afio@afio.com with the words:  REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.

 b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to afio@afio.com the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.

CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at afio@afio.com. The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link: https://www.afio.com/pages/currentwin.htm

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor(s) or author(s) listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at www.afio.com for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!

(c) 2008, AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave Suite 200, McLean, VA 22101. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email: afio@afio.com

Click here to return to top.