AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #37-08 dated 22 September 2008








Coming Events  

Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY:


Two Events for AFIO Members

Seats Remain for AFIO at
"The Wizards of Langley"

CIA Conference

CIA-OSI Conference
AFIO members are invited to attend a special conference & tour at
CIA Headquarters on
Friday, 3 October 2008
from 1:30 - 7:30 p.m.
on the
History of the Office of Scientific Intelligence

Attendees will receive a special program with declassified documents, and a DVD filled with thousands of pages of additional documents, photographs and videos as part of this new declassification effort.

The conference is unclassified.
Includes reception
and tour of the CIA Museum.

Limited Space Remains
Further details.....

AFIO 2008
Fall Intelligence

Threats to U.S. Security

Technology Theft, Insider Threats, Economic Espionage
and International
Organized Crime

Three Days of Experts:
Day 1 [10/23] at
The MITRE Corporation;
Day 2 [10/24] at
U.S. Department of State:
Day 3 [10/25] at
Sheraton-Premiere Hotel

Dr. Donald Kerr, Deputy Director, ODNI
Banquet Keynote Speaker

Agenda is here
Make secure reservations here

while space remains.

at special rate:
Make your Sheraton-Premiere Hotel reservations here while rate window remains open.

Program Location Outline
Wednesday, October 22: heavy hors d'oeuvres and evening registration for hotel-based attendees,
Thursday morning, October 23: All new Chapter workshop and breakfast;
Bus to The MITRE Corporation for special all-day program;
Friday, October 24: Bus from hotel to U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research [INR] presentation in Dean Acheson auditorium;
Friday evening, October 24: Awards Banquet,
Saturday morning, October 25: General membership meeting.
Program ends 11 a.m. Saturday October 25 leaving time for exploring local area Museums [International Spy Museum, the newly reopened Newseum, the new National Museum of Crime and Punishment, National Cryptologic Museum, Air & Space] and to make plans for return home.

Agenda is
Make secure reservations here


WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors to this issue:  pjk and dh.  They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

For Additional Events two+ months or more....
view our online Calendar of Events


Click here to view disclaimers, removal, methods of use of the links in this document.

The WIN in its entirety appears below; however, the document may also be viewed online by current members with usernames and passwords at this link.

Usernames and Passwords appear on AFIO Membership Cards.
They work only if the membership is current.



FBI Wrestling With Remake as Intelligence Agency. Seven years after the 2001 terrorist attacks, the Federal Bureau of Investigation is still facing challenges in remaking itself into a domestic intelligence organization.

Among the weak points found by an internal study: an insufficient number and quality of intelligence sources; a lack of understanding of what information should be collected; intelligence officers with limited awareness of their local areas; and quality-control problems with analysis.

FBI officials said they are implementing fixes to address the problems. The study was performed last year to diagnose weaknesses they should address as they launched the FBI's latest initiative to improve intelligence collection and analysis, dubbed the Strategic Execution Team.

Several current and former intelligence and law-enforcement officials say the latest efforts still fall short of what is needed. In particular, they say, the FBI hasn't sufficiently addressed its gun-and-badge culture, which gives intelligence analysts a lesser status within the organization.

The FBI has been aggressive in establishing its National Security Branch, its main division dealing with terrorism, as well as specialized units such as one on terror financing. Such moves were recommended by post-9/11 commissions to help transform the bureau from a police agency to one focused on pre-empting threats.

It also has made strides in communications technology, ensuring that agents and analysts secure email accounts to link them to counterparts in other intelligence agencies.

The FBI fought to retain control over domestic intelligence, and in response to a 2005 presidential commission created the National Security Branch to house intelligence and counterterrorism activities.

Current and former officials say the creation of the bureau's National Security Branch focused attention on building a structure instead of improving intelligence. Analysts continued to be viewed as less important than the bureau's agents, they said. Under the new security branch, the FBI's intelligence chief fell down the pecking order. The attrition rate for analysts has tripled in the past three years to around 12%, said a former top intelligence official. Mr. Miller said the FBI's attrition rate was on par with its peers.

As recently as last year, then-intelligence chief Wayne Murphy, whose operations were part of the National Security Branch, wrote a memo to field-office chiefs stating that analysts weren't to be singled out to perform so-called collateral duties such as answering phones, according to an intelligence official who read it.

The FBI's intelligence and counterterrorism officials at headquarters and in the field offices continue to turn over - often in intervals of two years or less. In April, the National Security Branch got its third chief in three years. Mr. Murphy left, too.

As recently as July, the FBI handed out pamphlets at its 100th-anniversary celebration that made comparisons between the FBI of "yesterday and today." Among the comparisons were the numbers of "agents" and the numbers of "support staff," which includes analysts.

Mr. Miller said that, like many large organizations, the FBI contends with internal rivalries. He said the bureau has changed the way it labels analysts to "professional staff" to show that, "in a post 9/11 world, the work of the analyst is as important as the agent."

In 2007, Mr. Mueller hired consulting firm McKinsey & Co. to help the bureau develop a program to strengthen intelligence, which became known as the Strategic Execution Team. The initiative identified the bureau's weak points and drew up plans to address them. Among the major changes would be standardizing intelligence operations in the 56 field offices.

One FBI manager said while he supports the program's goal, details are vague. Several current and former officials said the program has produced pages of diagrams in consultant-speak that some analysts view as not useful. Still, the manager said, the initiative is viewed internally as "a big deal" that acknowledges the bureau needs to do business differently. [Gorman&Perez/WallStreetJournal/11September2008] 

Pentagon Approves Spy Satellite Program. The Pentagon has approved plans to buy and launch two commercial-class imagery satellites to complement its classified constellation of spy satellites.

The Pentagon will also increase the amount of imagery purchased from private companies operating similar satellites already in the sky.

The decision caps months of wrangling between the Air Force, the National Reconnaissance Office, and the National Intelligence Directors Office and the Office of the Secretary of Defense over which agency would buy the satellites for about $1.7 billion. The satellites are to be launched around 2012. The NRO will head satellite acquisition.

But critics of the program say the Pentagon is spending billions to recreate and compete with private companies like GeoEye of Dulles, Va., and DigitalGlobe of Longmont, Colo., which are expected to put four new satellites into orbit by 2013. On its face the decision conflicts with the president's national security space policy, which directs the government to buy as much commercial imagery as possible to help the companies withstand competition from subsidized foreign satellite companies.

Purchasing the imagery from the companies may also be less expensive. The GeoEye 1 satellite was launched on Sept. 6 for $502 million, including the satellite, launch, insurance and four ground stations, according to company spokesman Mark Brender. It is expected to begin taking 16-inch resolution imagery this weekend.

The Pentagon may decide to turn over operation of the new satellites to the private companies, the internal document notes.

The new satellites will comprise the Broad Area Space-Based Imagery Collection satellite system, or BASIC. They will also have 16-inch resolution. They could be used to spy on enemy troop movements, spot construction at suspected nuclear sites or alert commanders to militant training camps. Their still images would be pieced together with higher resolution secret satellites into one large mosaic.

The new satellite system is meant to bridge what intelligence agencies fear will become a gap caused by the cancellation in September 2005 of a major component of the Future Imagery Architecture system overseen by the National Reconnaissance Office. The primary contractor, The Boeing Co., headquartered in Chicago, ran into technical problems developing the satellite and spent nearly $10 billion, blowing its budget by $3 billion to $5 billion before the Pentagon pulled the plug, according to industry experts and government reports.

A single satellite can visit one spot on Earth once or twice every day. BASIC's additional satellites will allow multiple passes over the same sites, alerting U.S. government users to potential trouble, humanitarian crises or natural disasters such as floods. [AP/17September2008] 

Trial of "Extraordinary Rendition" CIA Agents Will go Ahead. An Italian judge rejected a request by Niccolo Pollari, former head of Italian military intelligence, SISMI, for the trial of 26 CIA agents and nine Italian agents over the abduction of a Muslim cleric on a Milan street five years ago to be suspended.

The judge, Oscar Magi, said the trial over the "extraordinary rendition" in 2003 of Hassan Mustafa Omar Nasr, known as Abu Omar, would go ahead. However he ruled that the witnesses, including Italian secret service officers from SISMI, Italian military intelligence, should be heard in camera.

Mr. Pollari had argued the trial should be suspended pending the outcome legal action by Silvio Berlusconi, the Prime Minister. Mr. Berlusconi, who was in power at the time of the abduction and was again elected last April, has been called to testify.

He has argued that the case is covered by provisions on state secrets. Opposing a trial suspension however Armando Spataro, the Milan prosecutor, said human rights bodies, the European Parliament and the Council of Europe were all expecting the trial to go ahead. 

Nine Italians, including Mr. Pollari, are on trial together with the CIA agents, who however are being tried in absentia because the US has refused to extradite them. The case relates to the alleged kidnapping of Abu Omar, the imam at Milan's main mosque, by a team of CIA operatives with the co-operation and knowledge of SISMI officers as part of the controversial extraordinary rendition program in which terrorist suspects were interrogated in third countries.

Abu Omar was flown via the Nato base at Ramstein in Germany to Egypt, where he claims he was tortured. The prosecution says this was not only a breach of Italian sovereignty but also compromised Italy's own investigations into the imam, who was suspected of using the Milan mosque as a cover for aiding Islamic terrorists.

Last year he was released from an Egyptian prison, and is demanding compensation from the Italian government. The trial began in June. [Owen/TimesOnline/17September2008] 

CIA Director Says US Government Learns from Military Strikes that "Tickle" Enemy Groups. The U.S. government is analyzing the results of strikes against enemy targets to learn how the groups respond when attacked, the CIA's director said Wednesday.

Speaking at the Air Force Association's annual conference, Michael Hayden said U.S. forces are trying to "tickle" enemy groups to provoke a reaction.

"We use military operations to excite the enemy, prompting him to respond. In that response we learn so much," said Hayden, a retired Air Force general who has led the CIA since 2006. CIA spokesman Mark Mansfield later said Hayden was not referring to clandestine activities in his speech.

Hayden said the CIA is working closely with the military in places such as Iraq's Anbar province, where American troops have fought Sunni insurgents. That experience helped CIA officers develop a strategy to engage Sunni tribal leaders, which Hayden said has contributed to a recent drop in violence in Iraq.

The agency "picked up insights we would not have had" by working with American forces, Hayden said.

Hayden said the CIA also was focusing more on sending agents to immerse themselves overseas in duty locations for longer periods of time. More than half of agency analysts have been hired since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

But the U.S. education system has not responded to the latest threats in the way that it focused on the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Hayden said the agency needs more experts in non-Western cultures and languages. [Manning/AP/17September2008] 

US Trains Iraqi Women Spies. The American military has begun training a first batch of Iraqi women spies to work alongside US-led forces in the violence-hit country.

US intelligence specialists addressed Iraqi women who formed the first class to undergo the Basic Military Intelligence Course, the US military said.

The statement did not say how many recruits took part, how long the training would last or where the classes were conducted.

There has been a surge in suicide bombings carried out by Iraqi women, including war widows, in recent months.

They are said to be motivated by poverty, desperation or a desire for revenge for the deaths of family members blamed on the US-led military.  [AFP/17September2008]

Moroccan Espionage Affair Escalates. Rabat recalled two of its diplomats after the Dutch Foreign Ministry protested against reported attempts by the Moroccan secret service to recruit spies in the Netherlands. The ministry described the alleged espionage as "a dirty business". The diplomats were recalled several months ago, but the incident was not made known until this week when reports of the incident surfaced in the media.  [Scimone/RadioNetherlands/18September2008] 

Former Indian President Kalam Asks for Unified Intelligence Agency to Fight Terrorism. Former president APJ Abdul Kalam has called for setting up a unified intelligence agency in India to fight terrorism in the wake of rising terror attacks in the country, the latest being last week's Delhi blasts that left more than 20 people dead.

Kalam said that there is a need for making the citizens of the country a part of the fight against terrorism instead of merely being "watched".

Referring to the series of terror attacks across India , he said that the fight against terrorism would be successful only if the laws are stringent and there is a faster justice delivering system in place.

Kalam also proposed a national campaign involving people to eradicate terrorism.

The last major attack to hit the capital was in 2005, when 66 people were killed as three bombs exploded in busy markets, just ahead of the Hindu festival of Diwali. [NewKala/17September2008] 

Woman Accused of Aiding Iraqi Intelligence Service Ruled Unfit to Stand Trial. A former congressional aide accused of helping an Iraqi spy agency while Saddam Hussein was in power is mentally unfit for trial, a judge ruled.

U.S. District Judge Loretta Preska announced her finding late Monday in the case of Susan Lindauer, daughter of former University of Alaska chancellor John Lindauer, who once owned an Alaska newspaper chain and ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1998.

Susan Lindauer was arrested in 2004 on charges that included conspiring to act as a spy for the Iraqi intelligence service. The charge carries a potential prison sentence of up to 25 years.

Lindauer, 45, had worked in the press offices of several members of Congress and as a magazine journalist.

Preska said she based her decision largely on the testimony of psychiatrist Stuart Kleinman, who was brought into the case by prosecutors.

Kleinman said Lindauer has a serious, long-standing mental disorder that includes grandiose delusions, such as the belief that Osama bin Laden told her about a hidden bomb.

Rebekah Carmichael, a spokeswoman for prosecutors, said the office had no comment. A hearing was scheduled for October to decide what happens next in the case.

Her lawyer, Brian William Shaughnessy, said his client "was disappointed." Lindauer, who has said she wanted to clear her name, said that it was "terribly wrong" that she was not being allowed to go to trial.

She was jailed for about a year but was released from custody in 2006 after another judge ruled that the government couldn't force her to be medicated for her delusions so she could stand trial.

In agreeing with the psychiatrist's finding, Preska noted the defendant once stuffed tissues into her mouth when she was admonished not to speak out during a hearing without consulting her lawyer.

Lindauer is a distant relative of President Bush's former chief of staff Andrew Card. She also has worked in the press offices of four Democratic members of Congress and as a journalist for two magazines, two newspapers and a TV news company. [Neumeister/And/18September2008] 

Prolonged Dispute Keeps FOIA Office Only on Paper. Nine months after passage of a bill creating it, an office meant to help set policy on the Freedom of Information Act remains in limbo due to a dispute between Congress and the Bush administration over its location and the lack of a standard appropriations process.

The plight of the Office of Government Information Services, which might ultimately receive only about $1 million a year for a small staff, continues to draw concern. "There has been no movement on establishing OGIS," House Oversight and Government Reform Information Policy Subcommittee Chairman William Lacy Clay, D-Mo., said Wednesday at a hearing on the office's status.

"Funds will not available until 2009," Clay said. "Members are concerned that delays in structuring the office will increase the backlog of FOIA requests and undermine the purpose of establishing OGIS."

A bill updating FOIA practices, signed last year by President Bush, requires that the office be placed in the National Archives and Records Administration. The office would include an ombudsman and would try to address FOIA backlogs and speed up resolution of FOIA requests across government.

But OMB included language in the fiscal 2009 budget that would shift the FOIA office's functions to the Justice Department. OMB has argued that the department already does the work proposed for the new office, making the move to the Archives redundant.

Backers of the FOIA bill, including Oversight and Government Reform Committee Chairman Henry Waxman, D-Calif., Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., and Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, have denounced the proposed move as an attempt to undermine the bill's intent.

Earlier this year, Leahy, who sits on the Senate Appropriations Committee, put language restoring funding for the office in a spending bill covering the National Archives.

But with Congress eyeing a continuing resolution and unlikely to pass fiscal 2009 appropriations for most agencies this year, Leahy lacks near-term means to put funding for the office in the Archives, a spokeswoman said.

The Archives, meanwhile, is not moving to create the office while Congress and the White House remain at odds, Archivist of the United States Allen Weinstein told the subcommittee.

Weinstein, who also serves as chief administrator of the National Archives, said that before passage of the FOIA bill, his office resisted taking on the job because it does "not relate to our core mission" of preserving federal records. He also cited concerns that the office will not be adequately funded. [Friedman/Govexec/18September2008] 

Spy School Needed for Britain's Intelligence Recruits. The London-base International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) suggests a "school for spies" is needed to prevent a repeat of scandals such as the Iraqi weapons fiasco.

The IISS concluded that British intelligence officials would benefit from the new academy.

It said a "unified intelligence academy could be established to provide a basic training course for all new entrant to the intelligence community".

The academy would also serve as a "staff college for members of the intelligence community about to assume senior management positions".

The report suggested there have been few concrete changes since the Iraq weapons dossier, despite promises of reform.

According to the survey, serious mistakes were made during the build-up to the Iraq conflict as a result of a "lack of rigour" in testing claims made by agents from intelligence service MI6.

It also noted the one agency that did question claims made in the dossier, the Defence Intelligence Staff, has since been cut by 20 per cent. [Irving/Telegraph/18September2008] 

Leaked Air Marshal Memo Not Protected by Law. A former federal air marshal fired three years after leaking security information to the media suffered a legal setback in his bid to regain his job.

The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Tuesday that the Department of Homeland Security properly classified the information as "sensitive" and didn't violate a federal law that protects government "whistleblowers" when firing Robert MacLean.

The department dismissed MacLean in April 2006, three years after he gave a reporter an embarrassing but routine memo on reducing hotel costs by eliminating overnight airline trips for marshals for a month. MacLean said he leaked the memo after his boss ignored his safety concerns.

Once the memo became public, the air marshal program said it was a mistake and no flight assignments requiring overnight hotel stays were canceled.

In firing MacLean, the Bush administration argued that MacLean should have known the unlabeled memo he received on his unsecured cell phone was considered "sensitive security information."

MacLean countered that there was no way to tell that air marshal officials would designate the cost-cutting plan years later as sensitive national security information.

The appeals court on Tuesday also rejected his argument that leaking the memo was protected by the whistleblower law, a decision that will hurt his challenge to his firing before a federal personnel board. That case was on hold pending the appeals court decision.

Gregory Alter, a spokesman for the Transportation Security Administration, which is part of the Homeland Security Department, declined comment because of the pending personnel matter. [Irving/SFGate/18September2008] 

Russia Helping Syria Spy on Israel. Russia is transmitting intelligence on Israel to Syria and Hezbollah, an Israeli intelligence official said.

Col. Ram Dor, the IDF�s chief of information security, said Russian spy ships are docking in Syrian waters, and that Russians are working at hi-tech eavesdropping stations in Syria, near the Golan Heights, Israel's daily Yediot Achronot reported.

"My assessment is that their facilities cover most of the state of Israel's territory," Dor said, according to a citation of the report in Reuters. "So if the Russians help the Syrians get information, and the Syrians constantly pass it on to Hezbollah, it is a reasonable supposition that the information gathered by the Russians also reaches Hezbollah's hands." [jta/19September2008]

Australian Spy Warns Of Rising Corporate Espionage. The deputy-director general of the Australian Security Intelligence Organization, who cannot be named under Australian law, warned attendees of Australia's Security in Government Conference 2008 earlier this week that commercial and national espionage are becoming more intertwined.

The deputy-director general, Australia's No. 2 spy, said that geopolitical tensions and ongoing globalization will fuel espionage activity in the years ahead and that spying will affect both the public and private sectors.

"The pressures and opportunities to gain an edge across the public and private sectors - a distinction, by the way, that not every country recognizes - will continue to fuel a trade in sensitive information," he said. "The scope of espionage is likely to embrace, but go well beyond, traditional targets such as highly sensitive government information and defense capabilities."

Espionage operations, in other words, will be increasingly directed at businesses.

The deputy-director general foresees the need for greater cooperation between the public and private sectors to defend against foreign intelligence efforts. 

He notes that cyber-intelligence gathering, because of its low cost and low risk, is already an area of emerging concern. "The reliance of modern systems of government and business on interconnected electronic information systems involves risks of remote penetration," he said. [InformationWeek/19Sept2008]

Terror Chief Tipped to Head MI6. A mandarin at the Home Office who made his name fighting terrorism is being lined up as the next head of MI6, the secret intelligence service, senior Whitehall officials have disclosed. 

Charles Farr, a 49-year-old spymaster who has overhauled the Home Office's handling of the war on terror, is widely tipped to become "C" - the chief of MI6 - next July, succeeding Sir John Scarlett. 

Farr, described as a smooth government operator, would be the first head of MI6 to have established his credentials in the post-9/11 security world rather than the cold war. 

Scarlett, 60, former head of the service's Moscow station, made his name as an expert in Soviet intelligence. 

Farr has worked with MI5 on joint operations in the Middle East, details of which remain a closely guarded secret. 

Farr joined the Home Office in July last year to head the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism. The office was established last year by John Reid, then home secretary, who restructured the Home Office so that it could focus on coordinating the war against Al-Qaeda. The unit now employs about 300 people. 

Insiders say Farr, the office's director-general, has shaken up the Whitehall security machine, impressing ministers with his drive and vision. 

"Charlie is very intelligent and very hard-working. He drives everybody very hard. He has inspired respect and, to a certain degree, awe from the Home Office. They are used to working hard but not this hard," said one official. 

At the time of his appointment, the Home Office said Farr was a "diplomat" who had served at British embassies in South Africa and Jordan. 

Since 2003, it added, he had held senior posts concerned with security and counter-terrorism. 

This weekend security insiders said Farr was a career MI6 officer who rose to become "CT" - head of the counter-terrorism department - the third most senior rank in the service. 

There is speculation in Whitehall that the selection process for the next C has begun. Scarlett was appointed in July 2004 and is set to serve a five-year term, stepping down next July. Farr's two-year secondment from MI6 to the Home Office is due to end at almost exactly the same time. 

Farr's main rival for the post is thought to be the deputy head of MI6, whose identity cannot be disclosed for security reasons. 

The Foreign Office said this weekend that it was too early to comment. [Leppard/TimesOnline/21Sept2008]


Israeli Spy Had Key Role in Scandal. As director of Israeli military intelligence from mid-1950 to early 1955, Binyamin Gibli, who has died aged 89, was a key player in what was arguably his country's most debilitating political scandal, the Lavon affair.

He was responsible for initiating an illicit campaign of bombing and sabotage against Western targets in Egypt, and, having been forced to resign, later admitted having forged documents that falsely implicated his boss, the Israeli defense minister, Pinhas Lavon, in the plot.

The affair had repercussions on two fronts. In Egypt, it fuelled the 1956 Suez crisis, and hastened the departure from the country of 50,000 Jews, who came to be seen as a fifth column. In Israel, it forced the resignation of Lavon, sparked a crisis in the ruling Labour Party involving key figures such as Shimon Peres and Moshe Dayan, emboldened Israel's press and ultimately demolished the career of the former premier David Ben-Gurion.

The Lavon affair had its origins in Israeli concerns in the early 1950s that the United States was becoming too friendly with Egypt's charismatic young leader, Gamal Abdel Nasser, seeing him as a potential bastion against Russia. Having failed to influence US policy through diplomatic means, Gibli and his circle initiated a bombing campaign in Egypt, code-named Operation Shoshana (Susannah), in the hope that the chaos it wrought would be blamed on local communists or the Muslim Brotherhood threatening counter-revolution. The US, they reasoned, would then shun Nasser as weak. They also hoped that Britain might shelve plans to shut its military base at Suez.

But Shoshana backfired spectacularly. In early July 1954, home-made bombs were left at a post office in Alexandria, the US Information Agency libraries in Alexandria and Cairo, and a British-owned theatre. But they did little damage and caused no injuries. Then, on July23, a device being carried to the Rio Cinema in Alexandria exploded in the agent's pocket, and he and 10 other suspects were arrested and put on trial. All the indications suggested that the Egyptian authorities knew in advance what was happening.

Two of the accused were hanged, one committed suicide and another died during interrogation. The remaining captives were released in 1968 in a prisoner exchange, and it was not until 2005 that Israel admitted responsibility for the affair.

Gibli resigned in March 1955, two months after Lavon, who had accused him of perjury, forgery, insubordination and criminal negligence. Much later, however, Gibli's former secretary revealed that a document supposedly signed by Lavon and sent by Gibli to Dayan was indeed a forgery. In 1960, Lavon was finally absolved of any involvement in the bombing campaign.

Gibli was born in Petah Tikva, near what is now Tel Aviv, four years after his parents arrived in Palestine from Bryansk, in western Russia. A member of the Haganah militia, from 1941 to 1944 he worked for the British Mandate police. In 1948, during the Israeli war of independence, he headed the police intelligence unit in Jerusalem. That summer, he sat on a four-man tribunal that tried and sentenced to death the Haganah commander, Meir Tobianski, on charges of passing military information to Jordan and Britain. Tobianski was posthumously cleared. The chairman of the court was jailed for manslaughter, but Gibli avoided prosecution.

In 1950 he became head of the Israeli military intelligence force, Aman, and promptly ignited a turf war with the Israeli foreign ministry and the intelligence service, Mossad, by trying to extend Aman's remit to all foreign operations. The following year he set up a network of secret units, including unit 131, with sleeper cells in Alexandria and Cairo, who were later responsible for Shoshana. Avri Elad (formerly Abraham Seidenberg), who took over the running of unit 131 but was later jailed for 10 years for selling secrets to Egypt, insisted at his trial that Gibli, not Lavon, had given the order for action. The signal, he said, was a radio broadcast of a cake recipe.

After his resignation, Gibli remained in the Israeli defence forces and commanded the Golani Brigade in Gaza during the 1956 Suez war.

He then served as military attach� in Scandinavia and London, where he was in 1960 when news of his forgery broke. He finally admitted the sham and was fired.

He later headed a car manufacturer and the Israel Electric Corporation. His brother, Avshalom, swore that he was always haunted by the Tobianski trial and the Lavon affair. Historian Tom Segev wrote that Gibli belonged to Israel's ''clandestine aristocracy [who treated] the law as an unnecessary encumbrance and preferred to stick to their youthful tricks''. [Joffe/CanberraTimes/17September2008] 


CIA Chief: Al-Qaida is Top Nuclear Concern. Iran and North Korea both have the capability to produce nuclear weapons, but al-Qaida is the CIA's top nuclear concern because it is most likely to use them, according to CIA director Michael Hayden.

With regard to North Korea, a known nuclear power, and Iran, Hayden said: "The question is not of capability, but intent."

In 2006, North Korea conducted an underground nuclear test, removing any doubt it had the means to make a nuclear warhead.

Iran has not yet demonstrated a nuclear explosion, but Hayden said it has the scientific and industrial capacity to produce nuclear weapons "eventually." It fuels suspicion by refusing to allow international inspectors into its nuclear facilities.

A U.S. intelligence assessment issued last year said Iran halted weapons design work in 2003, and that the nuclear weapons program had not resumed as of mid-2007. Hayden said intelligence still supports that conclusion.

Hayden's comments come the same day the United Nation's International Atomic Energy Agency presented intelligence to 35 nations alleging Iran has plans to redesign a missile to accommodate a nuclear payload.

The Iranian representative to the organization says the information was fabricated. Gregory L. Schulte, the chief U.S. representative to the IAEA, said the evidence shows Iran has a weapons program. [Hess/AP/12September2008]

Senior CIA Officers Were Target of Islamabad Blast. Several senior officers of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who are reported to be currently visiting Islamabad were the target of a recent blast at the Marriott Hotel.

Well placed sources said that Marriott Hotel is usual hotel choice of the US officials and it seems that militants were tipped off that certain high level US intelligence officers were staying at the hotel.

While no confirmation was available, Pakistan sources said it was clear that the explosion was aimed at specific targets based on a tip off.

At least twenty people were killed, and scores others seriously injured, when an explosives laden truck rammed into Marriott Hotel. Over 50 people have been admitted in the local hospitals.

The powerful explosion caused fire in many parts of the hotel besides damaging the buildings around the hotel. [] 



Director of Institutional Research. The National Defense Intelligence College has a vacancy for the Director of Institutional Research (GG-14) responsible for supervising, designing, implementing and managing the College's educational and institutional assessment processes in accordance with the standards for the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.

Vacancy Announcement Number: D08-021284-01-MB
Position: Director of Institutional Research
Area of Consideration: Open All Sources
Opening Date: 15-Sep-08 
Number of Positions: 1
Location: Washington, DC
Closing Date: 6 Oct 08
Pay Plan/Series/Band: GG-1710-14 (Band 4)
Salary Range: From $98033 to $127442 annually

The incumbent serves as Director of Institutional Research. As such, is responsible for supervising, designing, implementing and managing the College's educational and institutional assessment processes in accordance with the standards for the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. Provides independent professional advice and assistance on institutional assessment and reporting plan and taking the lead in analyzing academic and institutional performance trends, and in collecting and reporting outcome data for purposes of institutional improvement. Supports decision-makers in achieving overall College's objectives and priorities. Serves as the coordinator for faculty, students, staff and administration for all institutional assessment data in meeting the goals and initiatives set forth in the College's strategic plan. Designs and conducts assessment studies to measure student learning outcomes, quality of instruction, and effective allocation of resources within the College. 
- Develops, implements and manages an institutional assessment and reporting plan incorporating the latest methodologies designed for outcomes assessment in higher education. 
- Designs and manages the Blackboard assessment portal, automated course critique process and end-of-program surveys to improve College programs and operations. 
- Participates in the College's strategic planning process, designs and manages the College's assessment of strategic goals, drafts the Periodic Review Report for accreditation, and the Annual Report on the operation of the College. 
- Coordinates the institutional assessment plan with the strategic plan, as required by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE), the College's accrediting body. 
- Takes the lead in analyzing academic and institutional performance trends, and in collecting and reporting outcome data for purposes of institutional improvement. 
- Tracks all College faculty/staff/student accomplishments for distribution to the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area and publications within the Intelligence Community. 

Job code: D08-021284-01-MB
Web Site :
Phone : 202-231-8228


Symposium on Cryptologic History Call for Papers. The Center for Cryptologic History announces a call for papers for its biennial Symposium on Cryptologic History. The Symposium will occur on 15-16 October 2009 in Laurel, Maryland, at the Johns-Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory located in the Baltimore-Washington corridor. The theme for the Symposium will be "Global Perspectives on Cryptologic History". We will consider all proposals relating to any aspect of cryptologic history. The deadline for submission of proposals, to include a minimum two-page topic prospectus, a brief source list, and a biography, is 10 January 2009. Selected presenters will received notification by 1 March 2009. For further information, contact Dr. Kent Sieg, Symposium coordinator, at 301-688-2336 or



Wednesday, 24 September 2008, 5 p.m. - Washington, DC - "The Origins of FBI Counterintelligence" with Dr. Batvinis

The Institute of World Politics hosts a reception marking the publication of "The Origins of FBI Counterintelligence" by Dr. Raymond J. Batvinis. Location: The Marlatt Mansion, 1521 – 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036 RSVP to Mallorie Lewis or 202.462.2101 ext. 307 business attire.

Thursday, 25 September 2008, 12:30-2:30 pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO L.A. Area Chapter hosts Jake Katz, Assistant Director Emergency Operations Bureau for the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department will discuss "Open Source Intelligence - The Sheriff's Approach." Event being held at the Hilton business building located at the LMU campus (Playa del Rey). Complimentary buffet lunch will be served, guests are welcome. Please RSVP by Monday September 15, 2008 via email to Vincent Autiero:

25 September 2008 - Online Teleconference by Henley-Putnam on "Best Kept Secret in Law Enforcement" - Henley-Putnam University cordially invites you and your site readers to our September 25th teleconference: "The Best Kept Secret in Law Enforcement" featuring Henry Pataky, a special agent from the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS). RSVP by calling 408-453-9900 ext. 9949.

Friday, 3 October 2008 - Langley, VA -CIA-OSI Conference - AFIO members are invited to a conference at CIA Headquarters from 1:30 - 7:30 p.m. on the History of the Office of Scientific Intelligence. Attendees will receive a special program with declassified documents, and a DVD filled with thousands of pages of additional documents, photographs and videos as part of this new declassification. The conference is unclassified. Includes reception and tour of CIA Museum. Further details and Application Forms.....

Friday, 3 October 2008 - Prescott, AZ - AFIO Arizona Chapter is hosting a special luncheon at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU). The chapter will join students, faculty and members of the Global Security and Intelligence Studies (GSIS), Industrial Advisory Board program for a luncheon meeting to highlight the training being provided for future members and leaders of the Intelligence Community.
Luncheon provides opportunity to meet and network with current and future members of AFIO and learn about the GSIS program.
Please let Phil Pounds know of your plans to attend or at 480.502.9224 by Thursday, September 25, 2008.
Embry is at 3700 Willow Creek Road, Prescott, AZ 86301-3720 ~ Phone 928.777.3728

6 October 2008 - Boston, MA - The New England chapter of CIRA [CIA Retirees Association] meets at Hampshire House, Beacon Street. For further information contact AFIO member Dick Gay

09 October 2008 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Roger S. Dong, Lt Colonel, USAF (Retired) and President of James Quesada Chapter. Col. Dong will be making a presentation on the economic, political and military developments in China and will conduct a "town meeting" to discuss the ramifications of the growing power of China and what the United States might do to respond to this 21st Century challenge. Col. Dong was a China specialist for the USAF and the Department of Defense for 32 years and served as a Defense Attach� in Taiwan and an Assistant Air Attach� (Air Liaison Officer) in Hong Kong. He has lectured at the World Affairs Council, Economic Round Table and many community service organizations on the subject "China, our 21st Century Challenge."  The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member rate or at door. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) no later than 5PM 9/28/08: or mail check made out to "AFIO" to:  Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011. (650) 622-9840 X608.

Tuesday, 14 October 2008 - Tampa, FL - The AFIO Suncoast Chapter meets to hear SA Chris Davis, ASAC FBI on FBI Intel Gathering and Analysis, and other topics. Event is at the MacDill AFB Officers’ Club to hear Special Agent Christopher Davis as our guest speaker. Special Agent Christopher Davis is the Assistant Special Agent in Charge of the Tampa Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Mr. Davis will be speaking on what the FBI does as it relates to Intelligence gathering and analysis, working with other intelligence agencies, the current threats and counter-activities, and how this affects citizens in Florida and the Tampa Bay area. Social hour starts at 11:00 am with lunch at 12:00 and our speaker will begin at 12:30. Our October luncheon entrée will be an Octoberfest celebration of Pork Chop with red cabbage and potato salad, concluded with German Chocolate cake, and gratuity inclusive for $15.00.. For further information email

16 October 2008, 5:30 - 7:30 pm - Miami, FL - The Ted Shackley Miami AFIO Chapter invites all to a Welcome Complimentary Cocktail Party at the ground floor of the Miami Capital Grille, 444 Brickell Ave. See old friends, meet new ones, and enjoy a special presentation to be announced in a forthcoming invitation. Complimentary valet parking provided. The event is free to members and those members-to-be, ready to send in their applications. Friends will be welcomed as our guest. The invitation, however, is non-transferrable and is open only to members who RSVP'd to: Office: 305-341-4946

Tuesday, 21 October 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Iran: An Intelligence Failure in the Making? at the International Spy Museum. WHAT: “Iran is one of the greatest threats in the world today. Getting the intelligence right is absolutely critical, not only on Iran's capability but its intent.”— Senator John Ensign (R-Nev.)
Our troubled relationship with this Middle Eastern powerhouse operates under the cloud of broken diplomatic relations, deepening concern about its regional aspirations, its involvement in international terrorism, and its nuclear ambitions. Explore the strategic and intelligence challenges posed by Iran in this timely panel. Is Iran a new Persian Empire or on the brink of collapse? Are there lessons from the Cold War that can help us deal with Iran now? Are we once again facing a situation where the current intelligence is inadequate to inform policy makers or that policymakers will again seek only the intelligence they want, or manufacture it? Join former CIA senior operations officer Robert Baer, author of The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower; Keith Crane, senior economist with the RAND Corporation and co-author of Iran’s Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities; and David Thaler, senior analyst with the RAND Corporation and co-author of The Muslim World after 9/11 for a lively and insightful discussion. Co-sponsored by the RAND Corporation. Location: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC at Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: $15; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

22 - 25 October 2008 - McLean, VA - AFIO National Intelligence Symposium -

AFIO 2008 Fall Intelligence Symposium - 22-25 October
Threats to U.S. Security
Technology Theft, Insider Threats, Economic Espionage
and International Organized Crime

Three Days: Day 1 [10/23] at MITRE Corporation; Day 2 [10/24] at U.S. Department of State:
Day 3 [10/25] at Sheraton-Premiere Hotel
Tentative Program
Wednesday, October 22: heavy hors d'oeuvres and early registration for hotel-based attendees,
Thursday morning, October 23: Chapter workshop/breakfast;
Thursday, October 23: MITRE Corporation;
Friday, October 24: U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research [INR];
Friday evening, October 24: Awards Banquet, Saturday morning, October 25: General membership meeting.
The program ends 11 a.m. Saturday October 25 leaving time for exploring local area Museums [International Spy Museum, the newly reopened Newseum, the new National Museum of Crime and Punishment, National Cryptologic Museum, Air & Space] and to make plans to return home.

Agenda is here and you can make secure reservations here

HOTEL RESERVATIONS available now at special AFIO Event Rate:
Make your Sheraton-Premiere Hotel reservations here while low-rate window remains open

Thursday, 23 October 2008, 12 noon - 1 pm - Washington, DC - The Lost Spy: An American In Stalin's Secret Service, at the International Spy Museum
When former New York intellectual Isaiah Oggins was brutally murdered in 1947 on Stalin’s orders, he became a forgotten Cold War footnote. Then in 1992, Boris Yeltsin handed over a deeply censored dossier to the White House which awakened interest in Oggins’ life and his death. In The Lost Spy, Andrew Meier at last reveals the truth: Oggins was one of the first Americans to spy for the Soviets. Based on six years of international detective work, Meier traces the rise and fall of this brilliant Columbia University graduate sent to run a safe house in Berlin and spy on the Romanovs in Paris and the Japanese in Manchuria. The author will reflect on the motivations of the American spy and the reason for Oggins’ hideous death by poisoning in a KGB laboratory.
Location: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station, TICKETS: FREE. No registration required.

October 27-29, 2008 - The Techno Forensics Conference - NIST Headquarters, Gaithersburg Maryland. Former KGB Major General Oleg Kalugin and Georgian Ambassador to the U.S. Vasil Sikharulidze to Keynote InfraGard Day on the 28th. 
AFIO member Donald Withers and TheTrainingCo., producers of the annual Techno Forensics Conference at NIST Headquarters in Gaithersburg, MD, has made our AFIO members a special FREE offer to attend this year's Techno Forensics Conference being held on October 27 - 29, 2008.   The first 100 members to register for the conference online will be allowed to register for FREE as a conference VIP. You MUST be registered for the conference prior to date in order to gain access through the main gate at NIST. Parking is free.  This will be the fourth year for Techno Forensics and the agenda has just been posted. This year will feature an InfraGard Day and will be hosted by the Maryland Chapter of the FBI’s InfraGard program. There will be some of the top practitioners in the world in the fields of e-Discovery, Digital Forensics and Information Security and Technical Business Continuity Planning. 
The registration price is currently listed at $895 on the website. Select that price but enter "0" for amount paid and enter "AFIO VIP" in the Promotional Code Section of the form. For any members who hold a CISSP or a CISA certification, this conference also provides 20 CEU hours.
Here's a link to the conference agenda. There will be more to come so visit often for agenda updates: 
To register for one of the FREE VIP seats, visit the following online registration page.
Any questions, call Don Withers at 410.703.0332

Tuesday, 28 October 2008, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Spy Magic: Disguise, Deception, Illusion and Espionage" at the International Spy Museum. WHAT: “If I could stand in the focus of powerful footlights and deceive attentive and undisturbed onlookers…Then I could most certainly…deceive German observers a mile away or more.”—Jasper Maskelyne
Magicians, like spies, excel at the art of misdirection and deception. Join Jonna and Tony Mendez, both former CIA chiefs of disguise, as they explore how magic and illusion have been used through the centuries to deceive the enemy. This survey ranges from the warfare philosophy of Sun Tzu to the CIA’s consultations with illusionists who helped them overcome the challenges of operating in denied areas of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Go inside well known World War II deception operations Mincemeat and Bodyguard and discover the trickery of war-time magician Jasper Maskelyne. Then it’s on to the Cold War and the Mendezes’ own work in the mean streets of Moscow which required a special blend of conjuring and chemistry. Using historical footage and film re-enactments, the Mendezes will enlighten the audience on the use of stage management and misdirection against the opposition
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station.
TICKETS: $15 Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

Sunday, 9 November 2008, 10 a.m. - 2 p.m. - Washington, DC - Parade of Trabants at the International Spy Museum. The ugly duckling of East Germany’s roadways finally gets its day. To celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall Trabant collectors will caravan to DC, parking their cars on F Street, NW in front of the Museum. When the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989 thousands of East Germans rushed to reunite with friends and family. Their typical mode of transportation? The Trabant. What was once the most common vehicle in East Germany, despite its poor performance and smoky two-stroke engine, was their automotive liberator. The Trabant is now an affectionately regarded symbol of East Germany and of the fall of communism. It is even featured in the International Spy Museum’s permanent exhibit within an East German streetscape. The Trabant has become a genuine collectors' car with a devoted following. Incredibly, it seems that this tiny car, often inaccurately described as having a cardboard body, has captured the hearts of car lovers all over the world.
Trabants are quite rare in the US, but on 9 November 2008, a caravan of the communist-bloc cars will converge on the International Spy Museum to celebrate the 18th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The public will have the unique opportunity to not only view nine of the cars, which will be parked in front of the Museum, but also have the chance to win a ride in a Trabant. While the cars are on display, experts will be on hand in front of the Museum on F Street, NW, to answer questions about Trabants, the Cold War, and Communism, while the local German band, Blaskapelle Alte Kameraden, creates a festive atmosphere. This event is free-of-charge.
Experts who will be available: Peter Earnest, Museum Executive Director; Dr. Thomas Boghardt, Museum historian and author; and Trabant Collectors. German music will be played. Where: International Spy Museum, 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. No charge to attend.

12 -13 November 2008 - Fair Lakes, VA - The NMIA hosts a Symposium on "Preparing the Intelligence Professional of the Future: Meeting the Challenge."
The event is being held at Northrup Grumman Center, Fair Lakes, VA. The conference, sponsored jointly by the Office of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (OUSDI) and NMIA [National Military Intelligence Association], will feature presentations from a variety of organizations and speakers on intelligence education and training. Under Secretary of Defense (USDI) James R. Clapper, Jr., will be providing the keynote address. Ellen McCarthy, Director Human Capital and Security Office, USDI,
panel to discuss future military training and professional development. DoD Training Transformation. Reese Marsden, OUSDI, military service training program with service training academy representatives. Dave Kogar and Mieke Eoyang, SSCI and HPSCI, congressional prespective. Steve Fowler, Director Training and Education, CINTT Corp, panel on distance learning. DIA and Sherman Kent School, virtual intelligence simulation. Dr. Mark Lowenthal, representing the Intelligence and Security Association, will be speaking on what is needed to meet future needs of the IC. HUMINT and CI training, industry approaches, and the new ODNI-sponsored A-Space and RASER are other topics. The symposium will conclude with a discussion by DIA-designate LTG Ronald L. Burgess, Jr.
Further information at

Thursday, 13 November 2008, 7 pm - 10 pm - Washington, DC - DINNER WITH A SPY: An Evening with Milt Bearden - at Spy Museum.

When Milt Bearden started at the CIA in 1964, he had little notion that his service around the world in Europe, Asia, Africa, and South Asia would lead him to become the most highly decorated operations officers in its senior service, a respected author, and a Hollywood advisor. His 30 years of service spanned the height of the Cold War to the demise of the Soviet Union and included leading the CIA covert war supporting the Afghan resistance in their fight against the Soviet army. This conflict, recently portrayed in Charlie Wilson’s War, is just one of the films for which Bearden has served as an advisor. His long time friendship with Robert DeNiro influenced 2006’s The Good Shepherd—an intense account of the early days of the Agency. Be one of only 20 guests at Zola for a three-course meal where you’ll talk with Bearden about his extraordinary career and cinematic connections and enjoy the dialogue between this insider and CIA veteran International Spy Museum executive director Peter Earnest. Please call 202.654.0932 or write to register or with special dietary needs.
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station.
TICKETS: $250 includes three-course dinner with wines.  Space is extremely limited – advance registration required! Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum

Monday, 17 November 2008, 6:30 p.m. - Washington, DC - Rose Mary Sheldon on "The Secret History of History" at the International Spy Museum - OPERATION MESSIAH: APOSTLE PAUL, AGENT PROVOCATEUR?

WHAT: “Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked.”—Galatians
Was the self-proclaimed successor to Jesus actually working for the Roman administration in Palestine and other parts of the Empire? Col. Rose Mary Sheldon, co-author of Operation Messiah: St. Paul, Roman Intelligence and the Birth of Christianity, challenges the idea that Apostle Paul was a true follower of Jesus much less a saint. Drawing from Paul’s biography and his own letters, Sheldon finds numerous clues to suggest that the former persecutor never left the ranks of the Roman government but instead went undercover by feigning conversion en route to Damascus. Sheldon’s shocking theories about Paul’s real purpose in promoting Jesus as the Messiah will give you a startling new perspective on the dramatic and turbulent early days of Christianity.
WHERE: International Spy Museum, 800 F St NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station. TICKETS: $15. Advance registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

20 November 2008 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter meets to hear Sheriff Terry Maketa on "Law Enforcement and Intelligence." Sheriff Maketa is Sheriff of El Paso County, Colorado. The program starts at 11 a.m. with the program starting at noon. Event takes place at the Falcon Club (Old Officers' Club) Inquiries and reservations to

Tuesday, 2 December 2008 - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter meeting features speaker Gordon Chang, author of NUCLEAR SHOWDOWN and THE COMING COLLAPSE OF CHINA.
Meeting location - 4 Columbus Circle in the NYC showroom of the office furniture manufacturer - Steelcase. Attractive, spacious, modern space overlooking Central Park.
58th Street and 8th Avenue. Buffet dinner and open bar: $40.00 per person 5:30 PM - 6:00 PM Registration. Meeting starts 6:00 PM. For inquiries or to register email

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


Disclaimers and Removal Instructions

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers. 

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs: 

a)  IF YOU ARE A MEMBER -- click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list.  If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to with the words:  REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.

 b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.

CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link:


WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor(s) or author(s) listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!

(c) 2008, AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave Suite 200, McLean, VA 22101. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email:

Click here to return to top.