AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #03-09 dated 27 January 2009







Coming Events

Current Calendar Next Two Months ONLY - and new items for 2009:

Berntsen                                       Prince


Friday 30 January 2009

Gary Berntsen
Erik Prince

Gary Berntsen, decorated former CIA career officer, spent 23 years with the Agency. He was the CIA field commander for the Jawbreaker team at Tora Bora, the subject of his 2005 book: Jawbreaker. At this event he will discuss Human Intelligence, Counterterrorism, and National Leadership, his recently published manual for incoming President Obama and White House staff. It includes highly specific recommendations and policy prescriptions for human intelligence and counterterrorism operations.

Erik Prince, Chairman/CEO of Blackwater Worldwide and The Prince Group. Using experience and tight controls outlined in numerous contracts with the U.S. Department of State, Blackwater’s security professionals successfully protected American diplomats in an environment where suicide bombers used cars as weapons, roadside debris concealed improvised explosive devices, and insurgents disguised themselves in law enforcement uniforms. Prince's Blackwater has trained more than 100,000 local police officers, SWAT team members, homeland security professionals, military personnel and others to prepare them to protect U.S. citizens at home and abroad. The firm was immediately called upon by scores of private merchant shipping and import firms to deal with rapidly increasing threats to vital shipping, oil tanker transports, and pleasure cruise lines, from piracy in the Gulf of Aden and elsewhere. Controversial, daring, self-assured, well-trained, fearless....Prince and Blackwater evoke a wide range of opinions from the public and intelligence professionals. Prince is working on a forthcoming book about Blackwater Worldwide to appear from Regnery Publishing.

Crowne Plaza Hotel, Tysons Corner, VA

10:30 a.m. for badge pick-up;
11 a.m. Gary Berntsen
Lunch at noon
1 p.m. Erik Prince

Space very limited. Register now.



WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors to this issue:  fwr, pjk and dh.  

They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

For Additional Events two+ months or more....
view our online Calendar of Events



DNI Nominee Lists Cybersecurity as Priority. Dennis Blair, President Barack Obama's nominee as the country's top intelligence official, said cybersecurity would be a priority during his tenure.

During his confirmation hearing before the Senate Select Intelligence Committee to be director of national intelligence, Blair emphasized the role that the intelligence community - in particular the National Security Agency - had in protecting networks. He also stressed the need for the government officials to work with the private sector and share expertise on cybersecurity.

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence plays a central roll in coordinating the government's Comprehensive National Cyber Security Initiative and Mike McConnell, the outgoing director of national intelligence, recently said cybersecurity was "the soft underbelly of this country." [FederalSecurityWeek/22January2009] 

Peruvians Condemn US Interference. President Alan Garcia has been criticized for allowing the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to train Peruvian agents in phone tapping techniques.

Political analyst Carlos Tapia said it is a shame that Garcia had tacitly allowed the CIA to train those agents and supply local teams with phone tapping equipment, as an ex Army officer told a local newspaper.

Tapia noted that "it is a shame that a head of State admits that a central intelligence agency from a foreign country is training a group of local intelligence agents. That would not happen in such countries as Argentina, Brazil or Ecuador."

He added that the CIA has for several years monitored all Peruvian intelligence services, and backed up, with equipment, personnel and economic resources, the repression against the armed groups that operated in the country over the past two decades, including the National Intelligence Services headed by Advisor Vladimiro Montesinos during the Alberto Fujimori government (1990-2000).

According to Tapia, the CIA interference coincides with the fact that Washington's main allies in Latin America are the governments of Garcia in Peru and Alvaro Uribe in Colombia. [Plenglish/20January2009] 

Officer Testifies in Spy Case. The self-proclaimed father of the B-2 stealth bomber told a customs officer that technical documents found in his carry-on luggage in June 2004 detailed anti-missile technology for the C-130 military aircraft.

Officer Erickson Padilla said his supervisor copied the documents then gave the originals back to Noshir Gowadia. He said Gowadia told him he was going to Singapore for business and also to Hong Kong and Australia.

Padilla was one of the last to testify on behalf of the government in a pretrial hearing. Gowadia is asking a federal judge to exclude certain documents and statements from the trial, including statements made at Honolulu Airport on June 7, 2004 and after authorities searched his Maui home in October 2005.

The documents the defense wants excluded are those that were in his possession when he left the country in April and June 2004 and others that authorities found in a shipping container of furniture Gowadia sent from Singapore to Hawaii in April 2004.

Gowadia's lawyers said the documents also include information on advanced infrared suppression, a Department of Defense alternative infrared satellite missile-warning and defense system, the military Blackhawk helicopter and a defense contractor in Virginia that designs computer systems.

Gowadia, 65, chose not to testify yesterday in support of his request.

The government says Gowadia sold secret B-2 stealth technology to China and tried to sell them to Singapore and Australia.

He is charged with illegally keeping national defense information, sharing the information with persons not entitled to receive it, sharing it to aid a foreign nation, money laundering and tax evasion. His trial is scheduled for April.

The government is also seeking forfeiture of Gowadia's home on Maui.

Gowadia designed the B-2's propulsion system while working as an engineer for defense contractor Northrop Corp. [Daranciang/StarBulletin/21January2009] 

Spy Satellites Turn Their Gaze Onto Each Other. The Pentagon admitted last week that it is using two covert inspection satellites developed for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to assess damage to a failed geostationary satellite - something no one suspected the US could do. If such satellites can get that close to a target, they could probably attack it.

The Department of Defense says its Mitex micro-satellites, which were launched in 2006, have been jetting around the geostationary ring and have now jointly inspected DSP 23, which was designed to pinpoint clandestine missile launches and nuclear tests, but which stopped working a year after its November 2007 launch. The micro-satellites are trying to nail the problem.

Theresa Hitchens, who becomes director of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research in Geneva this week, is troubled by the secrecy surrounding launch of the Mitex craft. It raises questions about their future use, including potential anti-satellite missions, she says. [NewScientist/21January2009] 

Accused Iraqi-Canadian Spy to Appear in US Court. An Iraqi-Canadian will make his initial appearance in a U.S. federal court on Wednesday, on charges that he hid his role as an Iraqi government operative from American officials for years and lied on an application for permanent U.S. residency.

Mouyad Mahmoud Darwish, 47, is scheduled to appear in the courtroom of Magistrate Judge Beth P. Gesner in Baltimore, Md., at 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday afternoon.

Darwish was indicted on two criminal counts on Jan. 8, about two weeks after he was arrested at the U.S. border and accused of quietly working on behalf of the Iraqi government for much of the past decade.

The indictment against him alleges that for an eight-year period beginning in 2000, Darwish - along with other "co-conspirators" - acted as an agent of the Iraqi government without registering his position with the Attorney General of the United States in violation of Section 951(a), of Title 18 of the United States Code.

Among the allegations laid out in the indictment, Darwish is accused of helping to collect information about opponents of the Iraqi government and report "their identities and activities" to members of the Iraqi Intelligence Service and Iraqi government while he lived in Maryland.

Darwish allegedly met with his co-conspirators at a Maryland restaurant that served "as a meeting place for IIS (Iraqi Intelligence Service) and Iraqi government officials, and as a means to gather information pertaining to United States government agencies in close proximity to the restaurant, such as the National Security Agency and Fort George G. Meade."

According to the indictment, the accused also agreed to help other co-conspirators "locate and destroy" files which could identify their ties with the Iraqi Intelligence Service, Iraqi government and the Saddam Hussein-led Ba'ath Party.

The indictment also describes a sworn affidavit Darwish filled out in October 2005 that was related to his ongoing application for permanent residency status. It is alleged that he "concealed his involvement in the conspiracy" by lying about the nature of his employment with the Iraqi government and his length of stay in the United States. As a result he has been charged with making false statements, in violation of Section 1001(a)(1), also of Title 18 of the United States Code.

Darwish was arrested Dec. 24 when he attempted to cross into the United States through a border crossing in Buffalo, N.Y.

Darwish, who has held Canadian citizenship since 1994, was charged and denied bail at a detention hearing in a Buffalo court on Dec. 29, 2008. He was then indicted in Baltimore, where he appeared in court Wednesday.

His lawyer, Kimberley Schechter, told The Associated Press that Darwish had been going to visit his Maryland-area family at the time of his arrest.

Prior to his arrest, Darwish had been working at a Home Depot store in Markham, Ont.

An affidavit prepared by FBI special agent Donald E. Lichay states that Darwish first filed for permanent U.S. residency in October 2001.

Five years later, his application was denied for "discrepancies in information" regarding his residency and employment. [CTV.CA/21January2009] 

Romanian Intelligence Spied on Ambassadors' Wives. Former Romanian President Emil Constantinescu says the country's intelligence agents spied on the wives of ambassadors stationed in Bucharest.

Constantinescu says the first reports he received from the foreign intelligence service after he became president in 1996 related to the shopping habits of ambassadors' wives and the atmosphere in their homes and entourage.

Constantinescu told Realitatea TV Wednesday that he told the intelligence agents to stop the reports, because they were trivial and an infringement of civil rights.

Constantinescu announced in 2000 he would not run again for president, saying that he had been overwhelmed by remnants of the former Securitate secret police.

There was no immediate reaction from the intelligence service. [AP/21January2009] 

Intelligence Agencies' Databases Set to Be Linked After Years of Bureaucratic Snags. U.S. spy agencies' sensitive data should soon be linked by Google-like search systems, nearly five years after the intelligence community was rebuked by the 9/11 Commission for failing to "connect the dots" and detect the attack.

Director of National Intelligence Mike McConnell has launched a sweeping technology program to knit together the thousands of databases across all 16 intelligence agencies. After years of bureaucratic snafus, intelligence analysts will be able to search through secret domestic and international files the same way they search public data on the Internet.

Mr. McConnell's new technology program is also addressing a more basic problem: Spies often have trouble emailing colleagues in other U.S. intelligence agencies, because email addresses aren't readily accessible, and messages sometimes get eaten by security filters. Mr. McConnell aims to solve that by uniting the agencies' email systems into a single system with a full directory that links names, expertise and addresses.

Linking up the 16 agencies is the challenge at the heart of the job of director of national intelligence, created after 9/11. Dennis Blair, nominated by President Barack Obama to succeed Mr. McConnell, faces a confirmation hearing Thursday where senators are likely to ask how he will make agencies with different histories and missions work together.

The new information program also is designed to include Facebook-like social-networking programs and classified news feeds. It includes enhanced security measures to ensure that only appropriately cleared people can access the network. The price tag is expected to be in the billions of dollars, but much of that money will be reallocated from existing technology programs.

The impact for analysts, Mr. McConnell says, "will be staggering." Not only will analysts have vastly more data to examine, potentially inaccurate intelligence will stand out more clearly, he said.

Today, an analyst's query scans about 5% of the total intelligence data in the U.S. government, said a senior intelligence official. Even when analysts find documents, they sometimes can't read them without protracted negotiations to gain access. Under the new system, an analyst could search around 95% of the data, the official said.

Several similar efforts have been aborted in the past decade, because cultural divides couldn't be bridged between rival agencies. Some of those efforts predated 9/11, and many intelligence agencies have botched their own technology programs since 2001.

Mr. McConnell's team says this effort, called the Information Integration Program, has experienced officials working on it full-time and is designed to deliver tangible products every few months. "There really is a very different spirit about doing all these things than there was, I think, in the past," said Prescott Winter, a senior National Security Agency official who is directing the program for Mr. McConnell.

The program is likely to get a review from Mr. Blair. The new administration is expected to make sure it is adequately funded, effective and protects privacy.

The initiative grew out of discussions more than a year ago between the Pentagon's intelligence chief and Mr. McConnell's top deputy, who were concerned that military and civilian intelligence data couldn't be easily tapped. They asked the chief information officers at the six largest intelligence agencies to develop a solution.

Over the summer, the officers began to sketch out the technology and policy problems to be solved, including protecting sources and connecting systems at different levels of classification. They also assembled case studies, which showed that the typical analyst is using technology that is about a decade old, a senior intelligence official said.

In September, all 16 agencies agreed to the goal of creating one searchable data and email system, and Mr. McConnell borrowed Mr. Winter from the NSA to get the program under way.

The first stage of the initiative is to merge the email systems of the six largest intelligence agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency and the NSA. Mr. Winter said that is on track to be largely completed by the end of the month. Then, they will expand to the other 10 agencies. By 2010, the intelligence agencies and the Pentagon would have a single email system.

With the Google-like system, intelligence officials would like to connect the bulk of the databases by the end of the year, though no firm date has been set. The system would search all intelligence data, and quickly determine which data an analyst is permitted to see. Someone focused on one corner of the world may be allowed to see everything available on the countries in the region, but not other regions.

Currently, an analyst might run a search but not be able to open a document without negotiating for access. [Gorman/WallStreetJournal/21January2009] 

Iranian Official Warns U.S. On Spying. In a message aimed at the incoming Obama administration, a top Iranian intelligence official cautioned the United States on Monday not to spy on Iran.

"It is necessary to warn the new American administration that they should not follow the path of the previous American government," the head of the counter-espionage unit of Iran's Intelligence Ministry said, according to the semiofficial Fars News Agency.

He described a "full-fledged intelligence war" between the two nations and offered rare, detailed comments about what he described as "heavy damages" suffered by the United States in efforts to recruit agents among doctors, artists and fashion designers in Iran.

The official, who was not named by local media, said two Iranian AIDS specialists, whose arrests last year sparked concern in the West, are part of a group of four "ringleaders" who were recently convicted of involvement in an alleged U.S.-funded plot to overthrow the Islamic government. Dozens of others have been arrested and interrogated, the official said.

He accused the United States of stationing intelligence agents in neighboring countries, and specifically mentioned the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Kuwait and Azerbaijan as places from where the United States is designing "plots" against Iran. The agents are seeking to create "social crisis, street demonstrations and ethnic disputes," he said. "A soft revolution has been programmed against our country and carried out in some instances, but it was suffocated in the cradle," Fars News quoted the official as saying.

Obama has said he sees Iran as a "genuine threat," but he is also pledging to increase diplomatic efforts to engage it, in a shift from the isolationist approach of President Bush. The Bush administration earmarked $75 million to promote democracy in Iran. Leaders of the Islamic republic have often expressed concern that the United States is using intellectuals, nongovernmental organizations and dissidents to try to undermine Iran.

The head of the counterespionage unit said his organization was surprised by the types of people allegedly approached by American intelligence agents.

"They contacted people we didn't expect to be of their interest: fashion designers, doctors, professors, clerics, athletes and artists," the official said, according to Fars News.

"These groups would be invited for month-long trips to the United States," he said. "They would attend gatherings and tours in America which would try to present the U.S. as the only savior of Iran. There, they would be asked about passive air defense, infrastructure centers and the intelligence situation."

He added that four "network heads" had been arrested in Iran and convicted recently by a secret court. According to Fars News, the official said two of those arrested were physicians Arash and Kamiar Alaei, who are brothers. Other news media also named them. They have run HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention programs in Iran and have held training courses for Afghan and Tajik medical workers, according to the Associated Press. The European Union last year called for their release.

Iran's head of counterespionage said those convicted were among the alleged plot's main agents, "who cooperated with U.S. intelligence agents consciously and intentionally, and implemented their demands in detail," Fars News reported. [Erdbrink/WashingtonPost/20January2009] 

Obama Overrules Security Concerns to Keep BlackBerry. President Barack Obama has overcome legal and security concerns and will get to keep his BlackBerry, spokesman Robert Gibbs said.

As president-elect, Obama had lobbied to keep the device over concerns among intelligence and security officials that it might be a target for spies and arguments from legal scholars that it might run afoul of presidential record-keeping requirements.

"The president has a BlackBerry through a compromise that allows him to stay in touch with senior staff and a small group of personal friends in a way that use will be limited and the security is enhanced," Gibbs told reporters in Washington.

Gibbs declined to give any details about the device, the service Obama will use or which friends the president will be allowed to e-mail. Obama would be the first president to regularly use e-mail while in office.

During an impromptu stop in the White House press room tonight, the president said he "won the fight." The device isn't "up and running yet," he added.

Roger Entner, an analyst with Nielsen IAG in Boston, said Jan. 13 that Obama's BlackBerry could pose a security threat.

"The moment it becomes known that Barack Obama uses his BlackBerry, you know that a significant share of Russia's signal intelligence and China's signal intelligence and cyber intelligence budgets will be targeted to break it," he said.

The administration also will have to deal with requirements regarding preservation of the president's communications for archiving.  

Former Spy for the KGB Now a London Press Baron. He had been one of the KGB's men in London, a spy who rose swiftly through the ranks. Yet, when Soviet communism collapsed, he switched seamlessly to its ideological rival as a banker worth billions in the free-wheeling capitalism of the new Russia. Some British newspapers took to calling him the spy who came in for the gold.

Now, Alexander Lebedev, the owner of a major Russian bank, a chunk of Aeroflot airline and newspaper properties in Moscow, is heading back to London in a different guise: press baron.

Lebedev, 49, announced that he had agreed to buy a majority stake in the Evening Standard, an afternoon newspaper that has long been a part of the city's fabric and read by Britain's political elite.

The sale followed a furious press war pitting the Standard against free newspapers given away to commuters.

In a statement, the newspaper's owners described the price as "a nominal sum" - analysts put it at 1 pound, or about $1.40. The Evening Standard has a circulation of more than 280,000 copies a day but losses estimated by analysts at up to $22 million a year.

Roy Greenslade, a media critic, speculated about the sale in an interview. "There are five reasons for owning newspapers," he said, "and all begin with a P: profit, propaganda, political influence, prestige and public service. There's no profit in the Standard, so you've got to look at the other things." [Startribune/21January2009] 

Cambridge Spies Controversy Set To Be Re-Opened With Blunt Memoir. The autobiography of Blunt, the "Fourth Man" in the Cambridge Soviet spy ring, could be embarrassing for the children of Establishment figures whose secrets have never been disclosed, according to those who have read it.

Blunt, once an art adviser to the Queen, died in 1983. The only manuscript of his memoir was locked in the British Library the following year and given a 25-year embargo by his estate in order to prevent further trouble.

With that soon to be lifted, it is thought a published version could be available within months. It has been speculated that the identities of Whitehall and security service staff who assisted the ring could be disclosed.

Blunt, a former MI5 officer, confessed to the Government in 1964 that he had been a double agent, passing secrets to the Soviet Union from 1934.

He had been instrumental in the recruitment of Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, fellow spies who defected to the USSR in 1951. Kim Philby, another member of the "Cambridge spies", defected in 1963.

However, Blunt secured immunity from prosecution under a secret deal and his identity was not exposed for another 15 years, when Margaret Thatcher, then the Prime Minister, named him as a spy in a written answer to the House of Commons. He was stripped of his knighthood.

It has long been thought a senior British intelligence figure asked Blunt to facilitate Burgess's and Maclean's escapes from Britain, and that his identity lies in the memoir.

The book, which Blunt worked on from the time of his exposure to his death, is also said to contain a forthright account on what motivated him to betray his country for some 30 years.

It is not known whether it will contain thoughts on Mrs. Thatcher, who defied the advice of senior spies in order to name Blunt.

The type-written manuscript was handed to the British Library by John Golding, the art historian, who was a friend of Blunt and the executor of his will.

Mr. Golding told The Daily Telegraph: "There's nothing in there that could embarrass anyone alive today. But some of the descendants of those who feature may be quite upset by it."

He added that he had been offered "huge amounts of money" to hand over the rights to the book when news of its existence was confirmed in 2001. Refusing to comment further on its contents, he said: "You'll have to see for yourself." [Swine/Telegraph/18January2009] 

Canada's Spy Agency Reaches Out. The triangular grey headquarters of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service sits far back from Blair Road in Ottawa's east end.

The building's placement certainly does not suggest visitors are welcome. Its address will not be found on the CSIS web site or the phone book.

But Canada's spies are making an attempt to address their insular ways, inviting academics and other outside experts inside their doors to brief intelligence officers on what they know.

Without any fanfare or public notice, an international conference kicked off Thursday inside CSIS headquarters on the topic of Pakistan. The invitation list included academics and government officials from Asia, Europe, the United States and Canada.

"It's very much an experiment," said a senior Canadian security official, in a background lecture to the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies at the University of Ottawa. "We're very hopeful the experiment will be a success."

A new "academic outreach office" has been set up inside CSIS to organize the conferences and guest speakers. Toronto Star columnist Haroon Siddiqui, a strong critic of CSIS, was brought in for one of the talks, the official said.

Specific officers have been assigned to get out and meet with Canadian academics and other plans are afoot. One would see a ramping up of CSIS's co-op program, in which university students can work at CSIS part time during their studies.

Others are expected to be more controversial. The agency is looking to give money to faculties willing to research security issues and is considering an "academic in residence program." The later would allow Canadian academics to spend months working at CSIS for an inside look.

The official acknowledged that there is likely to be some pushback from academics, who would see such co-operation as "dancing with the devil," yet several eager professors have already expressed interest.

Security expert Wesley Wark, who hosted the event at the University of Ottawa, said he would gladly sign up for a chance to work inside CSIS. The concern, he said, would be the need for assurances from CSIS that it would not then try to censor the resulting academic work.

"They simply would not be able to attract what I think they're after, which is real experts and senior scholars, to do this kind of thing unless there was going to be sufficient flexibility; that people could actually use that knowledge in their own research and witting," he said. [Curry/Globe&Mail/21January2009] 

Intel Nominee Would Scale Back Contractors. The nominee to be director of national intelligence said one of his first duties if confirmed will be to transfer to federal employees any "inherently governmental" work being done by contractors.

Retired Adm. Dennis Blair said Jan. 22 said one such area that especially concerns him is interrogation work, much of which is being done by contractors.

Blair said the government should rely on contract interrogators only in special circumstances, such as when a suspect speaks an obscure dialect.

"My strong preference is that interrogators in the intelligence world be a professional cadre of the best interrogators in the business," Blair told the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence during his nomination hearing.

Committee chairwoman Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., said she supported Blair's call to reduce the intelligence community's reliance on contractors. She referred to a 2007 Office of the Director of National Intelligence study that found that 27 percent of the intelligence work force is comprised of contractors, and an individual contractor costs the government $80,000 more on average than a career employee.

Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I., said the heavy reliance on contractors could create additional problems. It "may have created a situation in which the contractors know so much more about the program than the career officers that ... [it] could well be controlled by [the contractors] for their own financial benefit rather than for real national security purposes," he said.

Blair pledged that all intelligence officials will adhere to the Army Field Manual, which prohibits torture, and will not subject detainees to waterboarding. But Blair refused to say whether waterboarding is a form of torture when pressed by senators.

Blair said more needs to be done to get the 16 intelligence agencies to cooperate.

"The intelligence community needs to be greater than the sum of its parts," Blair said. "A large part of what's required to do that is to get the rewards and the penalties lined up with the mission of the organization all the way down the line from the very heads of the organization down to individual reports writers, analysts and other officers."

Blair added that the ODNI does not have enough authority to properly oversee the intelligence community, though he did not specify what additional authorities are needed. [Losey/FederalTimes/22January2009] 


The CIA's Secret Triumph. Under the rules of the Swedish Academy, the Nobel Prizes archives may be opened 50 years after the awarding takes place. Thus, the documents of October 1958 may be declassified in January of this year.

This is a notable date for Russian culture. That year, the Academy awarded a Nobel Prize in literature to Soviet poet Boris Pasternak.

Now that the archives have been declassified, the circumstances of the loudest scandal in the history of Nobel Prizes will be finally scrutinized.

The story of the Pasternak award was crowned with quite a sensation. It transpired that the CIA made a contribution to the award. It was the CIA that printed the first Russian version of "Doctor Zhivago" without which Pasternak's nomination would not have been discussed because the Nobel Committee only reviews fiction in the original.

Needless to say, Pasternak himself had nothing to do with intelligence. His genius was simply used as a powerful weapon in the Cold War between the West and the East. Until recently, this detective story has been couched in a thick veil of secrecy. It was solely owing to the persistence of philologist Ivan Tolstoy (from the famous Tolstoy family) that the secret was revealed and made public. It took him 20 years to resolve the enigma.

Boris Pasternak started writing his legendary novel soon after the end of WWII, in 1946. It took him ten years. Upon completing it in January 1956, Pasternak started to wonder what to do next. The novel that was eventually called "Doctor Zhivago" (the initial title was "The Burning Candle") ran counter to the principles of Soviet literature. Should he just shelve it until better times? But when will these better times come, if at all? Also, he was no longer young.

Pasternak decided to try to get it published. He took the novel to the editorial office of the popular literary journal Novy Mir. At the same time he gave a huge folder with its typed version to the young Italian journalist Sergio D' Angelo. A Moscow radio broadcaster, the Italian was looking for new Soviet novels for Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, a Milan-based ambitious young Italian publisher with communist views. Having found out about the new novel, the Italian journalist rushed to Peredelkino, outside Moscow, where the writer lived, and Pasternak handed it to him without any hesitation.

Having learned about this, Pasternak's wife Zinaida almost burst into tears. She had no illusions about the consequences - arrest, a labor camp, separation. The poet was trying to put a good face on the matter, and reassured his family but felt that the clouds were gathering over him. Nonetheless, he decided to go to the end and gave two more typed copies to another two foreign visitors - British essayist and philosopher Isaiah Berlin, and French specialist in Slavic Studies Helene Peltier.

At this point, secrecy cast its first shadow on the story. The CIA found out about Pasternak's novel. Its Russian section understood full well what political benefits could stem from the publication of a novel which was bound to be banned at home. It only remained to get the text. Here comes the most mysterious episode of the story. The aircraft carrying a passenger with a copy of the novel was ordered to land in the airport of Malta in the Mediterranean. The pilot apologized for the stopover. The annoyed passengers went to the airport's departure lounge, while CIA agents found the right suitcase, took out the text, and photographed it page by page. They put the text back into the suitcase, and two hours later the aircraft was airborne again. The passengers arrived at their destination. The owner of the suitcase was in blissful ignorance of what had happened with it.

Approximately at the same time the KGB found out that Pasternak's novel had been taken abroad. The events began snowballing into an avalanche. The Novy Mir journal rejected the novel, and reprimanded the poet for the inadmissible text; the KGB and the Soviet Communist Party Central Committee exerted pressure on the publisher from Milan through the Italian Communist Party, but Feltrinelli published the novel and demonstratively quit the party.

On November 23, 1957, the novel went out of print in Italian and exceeded all expectations. Its first edition of 12,000 copies was sold out in a matter of days. More copies were printed every two weeks but a boom did not subside. It became world famous, and was translated into English, German, and French. In the spring of 1958, Albert Camus nominated Pasternak for a Nobel Prize.

However, under the Nobel Committee's rules, the novel had to be in the original. Here the CIA-copied version came in handy. Every hour counted in what was a now-or-never situation. Through proxy funds, the CIA gave money to urgently publish the novel in Russian. To cover up the traces of stealing, the CIA made galleys from the photocopies and printed the Russian version in the academic publishing house of Muton in the Hague without any copyrights in the August of 1958.

The Swedish Academy had no more obstacles for awarding Pasternak, and on October 23, 1958 the Nobel cannon shot at the Soviet government. Pasternak received a Nobel Prize for outstanding merits in modern lyric poetry and for continuing the traditions of the great Russian novel.

Pasternak sent a reply cable: "Immensely thankful, touched, proud, astonished, abashed."

He naively hoped to go to Stockholm and receive his Nobel Prize from the hands of the King but the authorities twisted the arms of the woman he loved, Olga Ivinskaya. Stunned by such consequences and gripped with fear for his beloved, Pasternak turned down the Nobel Prize, and sent a relevant cable to Stockholm.

The CIA operation was a success. The Soviet Union received a tangible blow. The Pasternak story revealed the shattering power of anti-Soviet literature in the West. Pasternak paved the way to a whole series of anti-Soviet publications which were crowned with the sensational "Gulag Archipelago," for which the dissident Alexander Solzhenitsyn was also awarded a Nobel Prize. [En.Rian/19January2009]

Outgoing Intelligence Chief Looks Back at His Tenure. When Mike McConnell began his final news briefing as Director of National Intelligence, he joked with reporters he might have to wake up a few of us, because what he does is "dull stuff."

It might be dull, but McConnell and supporters of intelligence reform would argue the work of the DNI's office is a critical part of keeping Americans safe - addressing the reasons intelligence community failed to prevent the 9/11 terrorist attacks: its failure to connect the dots, the existence of too many "stovepipes" and a lack of information-sharing.

One of the most important missions of the DNI is to ensure all 16 agencies and departments which make up the intelligence community are all working in sync, all have access to the same information. McConnell says, "a DNI wakes up every day worrying about the community, willing to take on some of these issues of cross boundary activities and work them with a persistence and an aggressiveness that forces closure."

It sounds bureaucratic, but that's the role of the DNI. Yes, the DNI keeps track of the critical national security issues - terrorism, rogue states, weapons of mass destruction, proliferation, cyber protection - but its is the various intelligence agencies who have the operators and the analysts who work the problems. The DNI has to make sure they are doing it as a community.

McConnell wishes there was a Department of Intelligence which would give the DNI absolute authority, but those were not the cards Congress dealt when it created the office in late 2004. McConnell points out there are 16 agencies "who are very protective of their standing and their mission and their prerogatives, who have powerful secretaries who often can be enlisted to support their resistance to change." So it's the DNI's job to break down the bureaucracy and change the culture of the individual members of the community. How does the DNI do that? Well, certainly not alone. McConnell says the White House has to assist because "only the White House is going to give direction to cabinet officers" - that is, those powerful secretaries.

Certainly the Bush administration and the leaders within the intelligence community say the proof that the community is more in harmony today is the fact there have been no attacks against the U.S. since 9/11. In this case, no news is good news - but then again, everyone knows al Qaeda is patient. More than eight and a half years passed between the 1993 attack on the World Trade Center and the one that ultimately brought the twin towers crashing to the earth.

As McConnell prepares to step aside for retired Admiral Dennis Blair, President Barack Obama's nominee for DNI, he touted the value of taking part in the President's Daily Briefing. It will be up to the new President to decide who he wants involved in his daily intelligence briefing, but DNI McConnell said his participation each morning with President Bush has made him more of a player. McConnell hears first hand what the President wants to know and how questions are being answered. "How do I guide or influence or direct a community in response to Presidential interest or tasking unless I'm there to take part in the discussion?" asked McConnell.

If McConnell were to leave Blair a note, he said it would suggest the new DNI needs to run the community with "persistence, priorities and determination." But McConnell, who was in charge for two years, sees no need for a note. They've been good friends since their Navy days and have talked often about the new job, which probably means Blair has a pretty good idea about the "dull stuff" he's about to take on. [CNN/22January2009]

Military Operations and Intelligence. Intelligence gathering has played a significant role in military operations for centuries. From the hot air surveillance balloons of the Union Army's Balloon Corps to the American Revolutionary War's Roger's Rangers, the concept of covertly gathering information from the enemy still plays a crucial role on today's battlefield. With today's ever-changing battlefield, the U.S. Army must adapt quickly to enemy tactics as well.

To ensure that each Soldier preparing to deploy is ready for the missions ahead, Soldiers and civilians at Camp Atterbury, Ind., are there to inject the latest intel from the battlefield directly into current training. "We use intel on a daily basis to keep our Soldiers up to date on how the enemy fights," said Lt. Col. Philip Koenig, the officer in charge of planning and operations with the 205th Infantry Brigade at Camp Atterbury.

"The more we stay updated on the latest intel, the more relevant training is here." The brigade, which trains and validates Army units preparing to deploy to places like Iraq, Afghanistan and Kosovo, uses the latest intelligence from the battlefield and tailors the training around it. As a result, the training is not only appropriate, it's credible, Koenig said.

"When a unit comes in we take a look at their mission," he said. "Then we look at the latest intelligence reports on where they will be deploying to and refine our training techniques based on that." While current techniques involving intel gathering is a highly classified procedure, most information comes from a combination of aerial reconnaissance, ground surveillance from scouting units, and cooperation from the local population, Koenig said.

Intel that's applied to current training doesn't come exclusively from the enemy, however. At the Center for Army Lessons Learned Office at Camp Atterbury, Military Analyst John Summers assists in turning the latest experiences from previously deployed Soldiers into effective tactics, techniques and procedures. "Let's say you see something downrange that worked out to your advantage during a deployment," Summers said. "Maybe it dealt with how you approached the locals or how you got in good with a local sheik. We take that intel, identify any trends and then push that information out as guidelines."

Handbooks like these, created and published through the Center for Army Lessons Learned, are just a few of the ways the U.S. Army gathers intelligence from overseas operations and applies them directly into training. While the handbooks, smart cards and guidebooks are not considered Army doctrine, they are published frequently enough to provide recommendations based on current intelligence abroad. 

The techniques collected are then published as CALL handbooks as well as implemented into training conducted by units such as the 205th, Summers said. Since the techniques assessed all come from a credible source (i.e. the Soldiers themselves), there aren't any conflicting procedures being taught. "Our references are all the same, so that prevents misinformation," Summers said. "We also make sure our trainers stick to these guidelines we put forth."

While the intel-turned-techniques taught through CALL aren't doctrine, they do offer an immediate glimpse into current conditions on the battlefield. "Doctrine needs comprehensive studying and takes time," Summers said. "With CALL, we take good intel and immediately apply it, not as regulation, but as recommendation.

Having that quick, fast information goes back to the Army's ability to move effectively at a moment's notice. So far, the guidelines offered through CALL have been very successful. Summers related the program's success to one instance where Soldiers in Iraq were able to effectively gain compliance from enemy insurgents; not by yelling or brandishing their weapons, but by simply shining green laser pointers at their chests. The laser dots froze the Iraqis in place, which allowed for safer, less lethal operations. "This was just one way of how one Soldier's recommendation went from intel to an Army-wide tactic in Iraq," Summers said.

Although intel gathering isn't the newest concept for the Army, having the ability to gather intelligence from both the enemy and veteran Soldiers is a fresh and effective measure for saving lives and reducing injuries, Summers said. "In the past, the problem wasn't with how fast the intel was coming, but how fast it was being pushed out," he said. "Now, trends and current tactics are available immediately because of the current intel process." [Cooper/Newsblaze/21January2009] 



Putin's Labyrinth. A dark, menacing and entrancing look at the Russia we all thought we knew, but may not have known at all. Welcome to a world of intrigue, and things that never are what they seem...

The title says it all: "Putin's Labyrinth." The full title of Steve Levine's chronicle of the power struggle within Russia is "Putin's Labyrinth: Spies, Murder and the Dark Heart of the New Russia." Interestingly, the title suggests a new, and formerly unknown land, while Levine's book actually concisely traces the history of an only-too-familiar story of constant power grabs, brutal leaders and seemingly apathy from a general populace.

Levine's book carefully traces the author's maturation of his view on Russian affairs, and how he has come to the rather indelicate but clearly thought-out position on Russia: thugs rule, while the population turns a nearly blind eye, in return for relative safety. Levine's finished product is chocked full of information and insights gleaned from numerous one-on-one interviews with those who he deemed important power players in Russian affairs, who would actually speak to him, aka those generally in opposition to the current Russian government, under Vladimir Putin. Prominent players include the late journalist Anna Politkovskaya, the enigmatic was-he-or-wasn't-he-a-spy, Alexander Litvinenko, and of course, the eponymous subject of the book, Vladimir Putin.

Covering topics from polonium poisoning, Chechnya, vengeance and a Russian present dominated by dark ideas from the past, Levine charts a course through the murky and ambiguous waters of Russian politics, as he attempts to explain a continuous chain of seemingly random and hypocritical events that compose Russian politics. Both a useful history lesson and a cry against familiar apathy, no one can accuse Levine of not being passionate about his subject matter. Levine's work will certainly make readers think.

"Putin's Labyrinth" is published by Random House, under the ISBN number 978-1-4000-6685-8. This is an engaging and provocative read, great for anyone interested in current events, Russian history, and the intersection of the two, to explain the modern state of Russia, as controlled by an age-old phenomenon. If passion is the mark of a successful book, then Levine has certainly succeeded in his newest telling of the intricacies of modern life.


Norman Forde. The Chaplain Norman Peter Forde, 84, of Williamsburg, Virginia -- a long time AFIO member and chaplain at our events -- died 20 January 2009. Norman proudly served with the United States Army for more than 61 years. During World War II, he served in the infantry division receiving wounds in combat. After being discharged from the Army, Norman graduated from the Chicago Lutheran Seminary obtaining his degree in Theology and in 1960 graduated from the Philadelphia Episcopal Divinity School. He returned to the Army and served during the Vietnam conflict as a military chaplain.

Father Forde served with the 42nd (Rainbow) Division in World War II and was wounded in heavy fighting on the French German frontier . Following his call to the Episcopal priesthood, Father Forde served two tours as chaplin with the 1st Infantry Division in Vietnam. He later served in Europe with the Berlin Brigade. His military decorations include the combat infantry badge, the legion of merit, the bronze star with four oak leaf clusters, and six battle stars from the European and Vietnam war. Following his retirement from the military, Father Forde served faithfully as a chaplin and spirtiual adviser to the military and civilian staff of the National Security Agency. He was also very active in AFIO, serving as an honorary chaplin and spirital adviser.
He also did the invocation at hundreds of AFIO luncheons and events, of which he was a long-time member. A memorial service was held at Hickory Neck Episcopal Church He will be intered in May at Arlington National Cemetery.

Norman retired from the United States Army in 1982 with the rank of Colonel. Following his retirement, he served as Chaplain at Ft. Meade and the National Security Agency. He has held many permanent positions and was interim rector at several congregations.Father Norman Forde was both a great servant and warrior for God and country. A loving father and husband, he served his country and the Episcopal Church as a pastor, a counsellor, and volunteer. His friends and parishoners included those who served in the military and intelligence services, as well as a host of men and women he helped as a matter of Christian instinct. Just priot to his death he was working with AFIO members Melissa Saunders and Robert Pringle in the establishment of an AFIO Hampton Roads Chapter.

Norman is survived by his wife of 58 years, Shirley of Williamsburg; son, Michael of Orange Park, Fla.; his daughter, Linda and her husband, Charles Crank of Charlottesville, Va.; and four grandchildren.
Condolences can be emailed to his wife and family at: Flowers or other notes can be sent to the family at: Shirley Forde, 7144 Pinebrook Rd, Williamsburg, VA 23188-7253
. [Pringle / 22January2009] 

Soviet Officer Who Shot Down John McCain in Vietnam Dies. Yuri Trushechkin, the former Soviet lieutenant colonel who shot down John McCain's plane over North Vietnam in October 1967, died at the end of last week, insisting to the end that he would not want to meet the senator because of the latter's great, if entirely understandable hostility to Russia.

Prior to his death, however Trushechkin told Russian journalists that he had retained McCain's military identification papers as a souvenir and that he would like to ask the American senator and former presidential candidate "where he had read [Karl Marx's] 'Das Kapital' to the end." 

But given McCain's experiences in North Vietnamese prison camps, the former officer said, he could well understand the former U.S. Naval aviator's dislike of communism in general and the Soviet Union in particular, although the former Soviet anti-aircraft unit commander said he remained proud of what he and his Soviet comrades had done in Vietnam.

During that now long-ago war, Moscow repeatedly insisted that no Soviet officers were serving in any capacity on the side of the North Vietnamese, a denial many anti-war groups in the United States and other Western countries accepted as true. And as a result, Trushechkin had to wait many years to receive public recognition of his exploits.

Indeed, until McCain ran for president, the retired officer did not speak to the media about them. But last year, he recounted to Russian outlets that he had received the Order of the Red Star for shooting down McCain's plane and that he had been receiving a 1,000 ruble (30 US dollar) a month supplement to his military pension for services in Vietnam.  [Goble/GeorgiaDaily/19January2009]



Sunday, 1 February 2009, 11:30 - 1:30 - Highland Heights, OH - AFIO Northern Ohio Chapter hosts a brunch featuring Clare Lopez, senior expert on Middle East issues, on "Where are the Storm Petrels? How Iranian Intelligence Outwits U.S. Intelligence." Event is at Wellington's Restaurant, 777 Alpha Dr, Highland Heights, OH 44143. I-271 at Wilson Mills Rd. Dr. Lopez served 20 years as a senior Operations Officer at CIA, and has written numerous books. A polyglot, and a polymath, she is proficient in Spanish, Bulgarian, French, German, Russian, and is currently learning Farsi. She lectures and writes on the Middle East, Iran, Arab and Islamic culture, WMD, and transnational terrorism issues. And is a superb speaker, as well. Judge for yourself and learn more about the looming issues in this region, and here at home, by RSVPing to Veronica Flint,

7 February 2009, 11:30 am - Melbourne Beach, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter meeting features Capt Giles R. Norrington. Norrington, USN (Ret) was a former POW at the Hanoi Hilton. He was a Navy Pilot, shot down over North Vietnam in his RA-5C Aircraft on his 22nd mission, on 5 May 1968. He was a POW until 14 March 1973 and spent time in the infamous Hanoi Hilton. His topic - highly appropriate for these times as well, is "Getting Through the Tough Times." To attend this important event, or call her at 321-722-3010.

Thursday, 12 February 2009, 11:30 a.m. - Scottsdale, AZ - AFIO Arizona Chapter features David Low, NIO, on Counter-Terrorism. DAVID LOW, recently retired as the National Intelligence Officer (NIO) for Transitional Threats with the National Intelligence Council (NIC). The National Intelligence Council is a unique body of the most senior experts charged with providing strategic intelligence assessments. In this position Mr. Low was the senior advisor to the Director of National Intelligence on global terrorism issues. NEW LOCATION: McCORMICK RANCH GOLF COURSE 7505 McCormick Parkway, Scottsdale AZ 85258 ~ Phone 480.948.0260)
Mr. Low shaped the post 9/11 analytical framework, provided leadership to the U.S. Intelligence Community (IC) on terrorism analysis, and produced National Intelligence Estimates and other strategic assessments on terrorism which he coordinated with all sixteen agencies within the IC. He is now a consultant with the NIC and Oxford Analytica. (
WE WILL NEED FOR EVERY MEETING an RSVP no later than 72 hours ahead of time; in the past, not reserving or cancelling without prior notice (72 hours prior to the meeting) created much grief for those of us organizing the meeting and dealing with the personnel! At this new location, we can also be charged for the no-shows and please remember, we are a small organization with a humble coffer! We would therefore APPRECIATE that you all respond to this email to confirm your presence (or not).
Our meeting fees will be as follows: • $20.00 for AFIO members, • $22.00 for guests
For reservations or questions, please email Simone or or call and leave a message on 602.570.6016
Art Kerns, President of the AZ Chapter, mailto: or

Saturday, 14 February 2009 -The AFIO North Florida Chapter will be holding a meeting at the Orange Park Country Club. RSVP right away to Quiel at

Wednesday, 18 February 2009, 6:00 p.m. - Nellis AFB, NV - The AFIO Las Vegas Chapter Meeting features "The Real History of the Civil Air Transport / Air America" The featured speaker for the evening will be Mr. L. Michael Kandt, General Secretary Air America Association. Mr. Kandt will speak on the "The Real History and Accomplishments of the Civil Air Transport/Air America" Mr. Kandt will have on display two prints of original oil paintings that represent events during operations in Laos.
Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base.
Dinner: The Officers' Club has an excellent, informal dinner venue along with a selection of snacks. You are welcome to arrive early and join us in the "Check Six" bar area. Water will be provided during the meeting, but you may also purchase beverages and food at the bar and bring them to the meeting. Once again, please feel free to bring your spouse and/or guest(s) to dinner as well as our meeting.
For further information or to register email Eppley, Christine J. [] or call her at 702-295-0073

19 February 2009 – San Francisco, CA – The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Dave Townsend, of Computer Forensics. Mr. Townsend is a recognized authority on computer forensics and cyber crime investigations, with more than 20 years of police & detective experience, including many high profile assignments with the Silicon Valley High Tech Crimes Task Force and the FBI REACT Task Force. His presentation will cover the growing threat of cyber-terrorism, including procedures used by persons attacking computer systems, data or infrastructure, criminal use of internet and digital communications and protection techniques used by law enforcement. RSVP required. The meeting will be held at United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat and Wawona). 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) no later than 5PM 2/10/09: or mail check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011. (650) 622-9840 X608

20 -21 February 2009 - Baltimore, MD - Ethics in the Intelligence Community 2009 - The 4th Annual Conference of the International Intelligence Ethics Association
List of topics: • The Foundations of Ethics in Intelligence; • The Ethics of Intelligence Assassinations: The Israeli Experience; • The Application of Stakeholder Analysis to Covert Action; • Legitimizing Intelligence Ethics: A Comparison to Ethics in Business; • Surreptitious Physical Searches: An Ethics of Privacy; • Many Spheres of Harm: What's Wrong with Intelligence Collection; • The Ethical Implications of the Downing Street Memos; • The Role of Ethics Reform in Turkey's Bid to Join the EU; • Evolution of British Intelligence & Counter-Terrorism: Northern Ireland, 1969 - 1998.; Location: The Johns Hopkins University at Mt. Washington Conference Center Baltimore, Maryland.
Register now and save $50.00. This year, on-line registration is available and encouraged by all attendees. You can reserve your space at the conference and get a hotel room at the same time!
Registration Fees: Individual - Institution - $450; Individual - $375; Student - $250
For more information about registration fees, including fees for early and late registration, go to
Registration fees include continental breakfast, lunch, and dinner on Friday, and continental breakfast and lunch on Saturday.
Lodging: The Mt. Washington Conference Center has 48 guestrooms for conference attendees. Single rooms with a queen-size bed and double rooms with two double beds are available.
The room rate is $150 per night. If you have any questions, please feel free to contract them at

26 February 2009, Noon to 1 pm - Washington, DC - The Spy Within: Larry Chin and China’s Penetration of the CIA
In October 1982, the FBI received chilling information from the CIA—the Agency had learned China was running a spy inside US intelligence, but the spy’s identity, where he worked and for how long, and what information he was passing was unknown. Over the next three years, investigators worked frantically to identify the mole, to discover the secrets he’d betrayed and the agents he’d endangered, and to collect the evidence to prosecute him for his betrayal. The investigation ultimately revealed that for more than thirty years, Larry Chin, the CIA’s leading Chinese linguist, had been a top Chinese penetration of the Agency. In the first book to explore Chin’s betrayal, Tod Hoffman uses exclusive interviews, previously unreleased documents, and his own practical expertise as a former spy-catcher for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service to spin a captivating cat-and-mouse tale. Join Hoffman as he discusses the untold story of one of America’s biggest spy cases.
International Spy Museum, 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: No registration required. Free.

4 March 2009, 6:30 p.m. - Washington, DC - Josephine Baker: Singer, Dancer, Spy - A discussion at Spy Museum
“I am ready to give the Parisians my life.”—Josephine Baker
From Broadway to the Rue Fontaine, the extraordinary Josephine Baker was the toast of the international nightclub circuit. Born in the United States, the talented African American singer-dancer moved to France to escape racism in America and became an enormous star. She triumphed at the Folies Berg�re and enjoyed the acclaim of European society. Her affection for France was so great that when World War II broke out, she volunteered to spy for her adopted country. Her caf� society fame enabled her to rub shoulders with those in the know, from high-ranking Japanese officials to Italian bureaucrats, and report back what she heard. She heroically stayed in France after the invasion working closely with the French Resistance to undermine the Nazi occupation. Her espionage exploits are just one chapter in Baker’s extraordinary life. Join Jonna Mendez, former CIA chief of disguise, as she reveals Baker’s intelligence work and places it in the context of her exciting and celebrated life.
International Spy Museum, 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC, Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: $15; Advance Registration required. Tickets are non-refundable and do not include admission to the International Spy Museum. To register, call 202.393.7798; order online at; or purchase tickets in person at the International Spy Museum.

5 - 6 March 2009 - Houston, TX - "Terrorism, Crime & Business" Symposium - Understanding the Fundamental Legal and Security Liability Issues for American Business. A conference sponsored by St. Mary's University., School of Law, Center for Terrorism Law. Four Main Symposium Themes: • An overview of the aims and objectives of the global terror threat posed by al-Qa’eda-styled terror groups, sub-State terror groups, and “lone-wolf” terrorists.
• An analysis of the specific threats to American business sectors that are deemed part of the nation’s “critical infrastructure,” i.e., energy, petrochemical, electric utilities, communication, transportation, health, banking and finance, agriculture, water and shipping. • An understanding of the varied legal issues associated with terrorism and criminal negligence claims against businesses that have suffered a terror attack or serious criminal act in cyberspace or the physical world. • A comprehensive review of how to develop appropriate physical security methods.
SPEAKERS and LOCATION: The symposium will be held at the Federal Reserve Bank, 1801 Allen Parkway, Houston, Texas. The registration fee is $300.00, which includes breakout refreshments, a hosted lunch,
and extensive printed materials, e.g., Terrorism Law: Materials, Cases, Comments (5th Ed. 2009). Participants may qualify for Continuing Legal Education Credits (CLE). For registration information and details, contact Ms. Faithe Campbell at (210) 431-2219; Additional information is also available at the Center for Terrorism Law website:

26 - 27 March 2009 - Raleigh, NC - "Sexspionage" The 6th annual Raleigh Spy Conference salutes lady spies - and their counterparts on the other side - with expert speakers delivering riveting tales of Sexspionage, the new term characterizing the current emphasis on gender in the murky world of international intrigue. Lady spies have played a crucial role in espionage for centuries, from ancient civilizations through the Biblical era, world wars, the Cold War and today's sophisticated environment of modern espionage. As the flood of newly declassified documents over the past 15 years attests, female operatives were responsible for many of the most daring intelligent operations of the modern era - while others played a notorious role working against the US. And the role of sex in spy adventures has taken center stage though the ages.
Speakers: Brian Kelley, retired CIA operations officer, presents videotaped, jailhouse interviews of convicted spies and their wives (the spouses of former FBI agents Earl Pitts and Richard Miller along with the former wife of CIA officer, Jim Nicholson); wives who were complicit in their husband's espionage (Barbara Walker, Anne Henderson Pollard and Rosario Ames) along with an interview of the former Soviet citizen who seduced FBI agent Richard Miller on behalf of the KGB.
Ron Olive, retired special agent from the Naval Criminal Investigative Service and author of "Capturing Jonathan Pollard: How One of the Most Notorious Spies in American History was Brought to Justice," that uncovered the role of Pollard's wife Anne.
I.C. Smith, former FBI Special Agent, presents the story of Katrina Leung, known inside the FBI as "Parlor Maid," who managed to seduce her two FBI case agents, compromising them during the course of the twenty year operation. She was first used by the FBI as a double agent, then "doubled back" or "tripled" by Chinese intelligence against the FBI and later becoming the only known "quadruple" (re-doubled back against the Chinese by the FBI) agent yet exposed.
Terry Crowdy, British espionage writer and researcher will offer the role of female spies and tales of seduction from antiquity, the Christian era to modern lady spies at work today. Crowdy's book "The Enemy Within" is considered one of the top surveys of espionage.
Nigel West, the keynote speaker, is a former MP - and a leading expert on modern espionage. He is the author of the forthcoming "Historical Dictionary of Sexspionage," due out before the conference.
Costs: Full registration for all sessions and one ticket to the Spy Gala: $250
For this special conference, ladies are invited to attend for $125.00, one-half off the registration cost.
Veterans, members of the military and the intelligence community: $175
Seniors over 62, teachers and students: $145.
Special discount for ladies! Only $125.000 for the entire conference package.
You can register online or call 919-831-0999.
Event Location: Plans are under way to hold the 6th Raleigh Spy Conference at the Museum of History. Stay tuned for more details as event plans are finalized.

2 May 2009 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society William J. Donovan Award Dinner Honors General David H. Petraeus, USA, Commander, United States Central Command at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel, 1330 Maryland Ave SW, Washington, DC. Black Tie/Dress Mess. Cocktails, $150 pp. 6:30 p.m., Dinner 7:30 p.m. For further information or to register call 703-356-6667 or visit

13 June 09 - Boston, MA - AFIO Boston Pops Committee commemorates the 40th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing. Join AFIO Boston-based members at the Boston Pops in celebrating our nations triumphant achievement. Historic footage of the lunar landing provided by NASA will accompany a program of stirring patriotic music including Holst’s The Planets. Honor one of Americas proudest moments in space exploration with a spectacular Pops concert.  The AFIO Pops Committee has relocated the event back to Boston for our seventh annual Pops social event. Conductor Keith Lockhart will lead the Pops at Symphony Hall, 301 Massachusetts Avenue Boston, MA 02115. Further details will be announce soon.


For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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