AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #06-11 dated 15 February 2011

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar New and/or Next Two Months ONLY


The Intelligence & Security Academy will be offering the following courses in its Spring 2011 Open IntellAcademy™. All Open IntellAcademy™ courses are unclassified. classes held in Reston, VA. Discounts are available for groups or multiple course enrollees.

Details are on the Intelligence & Security Academy website or call Mark Lowenthal 703-390-9940.

History of U.S. Intelligence: March 1, 2011 (1/2 day)
Introduction to U.S. Intelligence: March 2, 2011 (1 day)
Intelligence Concepts for Cyber Conflict (Basic): March 8, 2011 (1 day)
Cyber Collections: March 9-10, 2011 (2 day)
Homeland Security Analysis: March 15, 2011 (1 day)
The Intelligence Budget Process: March 16-17, 2011 (2 day)
National Security Policy Process: March 22, 2011 (1 day)
Analyst Training: Writing Analysis; Preparing Briefings: March 23-24, 2011
GEOINT 101: March 29, 2011 (1 day)
Technical Intelligence (TECHINT): March 30-31, 2011 (2 day)
Intelligence Concepts for Cyber Conflict (Advanced): April 5-6, 2011 (2 day)
Risk Awareness Intelligence™: April 12-13, 2011 (1 1/2 day)
Intelligence and the Law: April 27, 2011 (1 day)
Operational Intelligence: April 28, 2011 (1 day)
Countering Terrorism Financing: May 3, 2011 (1 day)

Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit
at San Diego State University by The HALO Corporation

28 March - 1 April 2011 - San Diego, CO

The 2011 Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit (BCTS) has been created to meet the critical needs of Security Professionals and Law Enforcement personnel. Throughout the Summit, Law Enforcement and Security Professionals will share and exchange information, ideas, and intelligence and engage in exercises based on factual scenarios.
For further information contact

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, sb, dh, fm, cjlc, th, and fwr.  

They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

For Additional Events two+ months or more....
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An important film about a rapidly approaching threat
that shows a country bent on annihilation of the free world:
Iran's Acquisition of Nuclear Weapons

For a limited time, entire film can be viewed online at no cost.
We urge you to take the time to do so now.

Some of those Interviewed in the film are:

R. James Woolsey is a foreign policy specialist. He served as the Director of CIA during the Clinton Administration, and is currently the Chairman of Woolsey Partners LLC. He is also a Senior Fellow at Yale University’s Jackson Institute for Global Affairs.
Reuel Marc Gerecht, a former Middle East CIA specialist, is a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He was previously a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and director of the Middle East Initiative at the Project for the New American Century. He recently authored The Islamic Paradox: Shiite Clerics, Sunni Fundamentalists, and the Coming of Arab Democracy.
Frances Townsend is the former Homeland Security Advisor to President George W. Bush. She headed the Homeland Security Council, and worked at the Justice Department, and was first Assistant Commandant for Intelligence for the U. S. Coast Guard. She became National Continuity Coordinator under National Security Presidential Directive 51.
Senator Jon Kyl (R-AZ) is serving his third term as Senator of Arizona, subsequent to four terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. He served as Chairman and Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Terrorism and Homeland Security. Senator Kyl was listed as one of the 2010 Time Magazine’s 100 most influential leaders of the world.
Prof. Bernard Lewis is regarded as one of the West’s leading scholars on the history of Islam and the Middle East. Lewis is Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University. He has published over 30 books.
Clare M. Lopez is a strategic policy and intelligence expert with a focus on Middle East, national defense, and counterterrorism issues. Currently a senior fellow at the Center for Security Policy and vice president of the Intelligence Summit, she formerly worked with the CIA, as a professor at the Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies, and as Executive Director of the Iran Policy Committee.
Clifford D. May is president of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and chairman of policy for the Committee on the Present Danger. May has held position as adviser to the Iraq Study Group of the United States Institute of Peace, was appointed to the Advisory Committee on Democracy Promotion, and most recently awarded the U.S. Speaker and Specialist Grant from the U.S. Department of State.
Lt. Gen. Thomas McInerney is a retired United States Air Force Lieutenant General with more than 4,100 flying hours, including 407 combat missions during the Vietnam War. He served in NATO, Pacific Air Forces, and as commander of 11th Air Force in Alaska. He is a member of the Iran Policy Committee.
Amb. John R. Bolton, a Yale-educated attorney, is a Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and has served in various positions for presidential administrations. He held appointments as Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.
Frank J. Gaffney, Jr. is founder and president of the Washington-based Center for Security Policy. He has held positions as U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Forces and Arms Control Policy. Gaffney is a prolific writer for major media outlets and co-producer of the film Islam vs. Islamist.
Reza Kahlili (pseudonym) is a former Iranian Revolutionary Guard member who spied for the CIA. He is the author of A Time to Betray, part of the curriculum of the Joint Counterintelligence Training Academy of DOD. Khalili serves on the advisory board of the Foundation for Democracy in Iran.
Dr. Michael Ledeen is a foreign policy specialist and holds the position of Freedom Scholar at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He has served as a consultant to the National Security Council, the State Department, and the Defense Department and was special adviser to the Secretary of State. Ledeen has been active in government, think tanks, academia, and media and has authored more than 20 books.
Dr. Walid Phares, is the author of The Coming Revolution: Struggle for Freedom in the Middle East. He is an advisor to the U.S. Congress on the Middle East, and teaches Global Strategies at National Defense University. Phares has extensively published on Iranian strategic thinking since the 1980s.
Kenneth Timmerman is an investigative journalist and prolific political writer since the early 1980s. He is executive director of the Foundation for Democracy in Iran and founder of Middle East Data Project, Inc. Timmerman was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006 by the former Swedish deputy premier.


Mice Trained to Rat on Terrorists. An Israeli start-up uses mice to sniff out explosives at security checkpoints. The company, named BioExplorers, is staffed by IDF Special Forces reservist soldiers and biologists. They say that mice have a keener sense of smell than dogs, and can be trained to identify the odor of explosive material as an unpleasant one.

"Bio Explorers systems are based on combining the hyper- sensitive olfactory capability of rodents with the care-free reliability of a hi-tech machine system," the firm explains on its website. "Many millions of years of evolution made the olfactory system of rodents incredibly sensitive, quick and specific as this is their main sense used for foraging, mating and avoiding predators."

The system does not involve any physical contact between the mice and the people being screened. As the embedded promotional video shows, the mice are completely invisible to the people being checked. The "Biosensors," as the trained mice are called, are housed inside "cassette enclosures," each holding 4-8 mice supplied with all their needs. The warrior rodents' basic training takes about 10 days. In this time they are trained to identify a specific odor as unpleasant, and react to it by moving into a different compartment, away from the smell. Training for recognition of additional odors take a few days each. [Ronen/IsraelNationalNews/5February2011]  Read the entire story at

Judge Mulls Delay in Trial of Ex-CIA Agent. A federal judge is deciding whether to further delay testimony from a pair of experts from Cuba in the perjury trial of an ex-CIA agent.

A Cuban medical examiner and an Interior Ministry investigator were set to take the stand Tuesday in the trial of 82-year-old Luis Posada Carriles. He's accused of lying during U.S. immigration hearings.

U.S. District Judge Kathleen Cardone adjourned the case until Wednesday while she considered defense objections. She could end up delaying the trial longer so Posada's attorneys can sort through documents Cuba gave U.S. investigators. [Weissert/AJC/9February2011]   Read the entire article here

House Fails to Extend Patriot Act Spy Powers. The House failed to extend three key expiring provisions of the Patriot Act on Tuesday, elements granting the government broad and nearly unchecked surveillance power on its own public.

The act was hastily adopted six weeks after the 2001 terror attacks. Three measures of the act are set to expire at month's end, and the House's lack of a two-thirds vote on Tuesday failed to move the sunsetting deadline to Dec. 8, as proposed. The vote was 277-148.

The failure of the bill, sponsored by Rep. James F. Sensenbrenner Jr. (R-Wisconsin), for the time being is likely to give airtime to competing measures in the Senate that would place limited checks on the act's broad surveillance powers. The White House, meanwhile, said it wanted the expiring measures extended through 2013.

The three expiring Patriot Act provisions are:

- The "roving wiretap" provision allows the FBI to obtain wiretaps from a secret intelligence court, known as the FISA court, without identifying what method of communication is to be tapped.

- The "lone wolf" measure allows FISA court warrants for the electronic monitoring of a person for whatever reason - even without showing that the suspect is an agent of a foreign power or a terrorist. The government has said it has never invoked that provision, but the Obama administration said it wanted to retain the authority to do so.

- The "business records" provision allows FISA court warrants for any type of record, from banking to library to medical, without the government having to declare that the information sought is connected to a terrorism or espionage investigation. [Wired/08February2011]  Read the entire article at

Spy Chief: Damage from WikiLeaks Is Unclear. At a key congressional briefing yesterday, the man who oversees all 16 U.S. intelligence agencies backed off an early, dire assessment of the damage done to the government by WikiLeaks.

"The impacts of the WikiLeaks disclosures are still being assessed," James Clapper, the director of national intelligence, told the House intelligence community during an annual omnibus testimony on national security known as the Worldwide Threat briefing.

Clapper was more definitive in October. He used his first public address in office to warn that the leaks were a "big yellow flag" for the U.S. spy community, predicting a "chilling effect" on analysts' willingness to share threat information.

That appears not to have manifested yet. Nevertheless, Clapper told the panel in his official statement for the record that he was "moving aggressively" to protect the intelligence community's networks through improved counterintelligence analysis "of audit and access controls, improving our ability to detect and respond to insider threats." [Ackerman/Wired/12February2011]  Read the entire article at 

Germany Indicts Alleged Moroccan Spy. German authorities said Thursday they had indicted a suspected Moroccan spy for infiltrating a group of supporters in Germany of Polisario, the group that seeks independence for the Western Sahara. [Monsters&Critics/10February2011] Read the entire article at

Al Qaida Affiliates Still At Fore of Threats to US: Clapper. Terrorism, the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and espionage, especially cyber attacks and the theft of U.S. technology, are the leading U.S. national security threats, the top U.S. intelligence official said Thursday.

Delivering the U.S. intelligence community's annual threat assessment to Congress, Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper said the country faces "numerous" other "potential dangers over the long term." [McClatchy/10February2011]  Read the entire article at 

US-Taiwan Cooperation Continues Despite Spy Case. Taiwan's Foreign Ministry yesterday refused to comment on the detention of army general Lo Hsien-che who was arrested earlier this week on charges of spying for China, saying that the case was currently being investigated by the Ministry of National Defense (MND).

However, the ministry also noted that the arrest of Lo would not impact the Taiwan-United States cooperation on military and other fronts.

"The communication between the both sides has always been going smoothly," said Bruce Linghu, director-general of MOFA's Department of North American Affairs, yesterday in a regular briefing. [ChinaPost/11February2011] Read the entire article at

America's Intelligence-Agency Chiefs Unveil the Annual National Threat Assessment. The heads of America's intelligence agencies rolled out their annual National Threat Assessment Thursday, warning members of Congress about the increasing danger that homegrown terrorists pose to the country.

"Absolutely our No. 1 priority" is identifying Americans intent on doing harm to their own country, Michael Leiter, the director of the National Counterterrorism Center, told the House Intelligence Committee.

The panel of intelligence officials also cited the devastating potential for cyberattacks and defended the performance of US intelligence-gatherers in the Middle East, who have been widely criticized for failing to predict the current showdown on streets of Egypt. [Mulrine/CSMonitor/11February2011] Read the entire article at

Britain and Russia Look to Cement Ties. Britain is proposing to develop a dialogue with Russia about international terrorism - but without the Russian Security Service, the FSB.

This could be likened to putting on Hamlet without the Prince.

Britain has cut links with the FSB since the murder in London in 2006 of Alexander Litvinenko, who died of polonium poisoning. Russia has refused to extradite the main suspect, a former Russian security agent and now member of the Russian parliament, Andrei Lugovoi. The confrontation remains deadlocked.

The security proposal will be discussed during a visit to London on Monday and Tuesday by the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. The idea is to talk generally about how to prevent terrorism. Both countries are hosting Olympic Games, for example, Britain the summer games next year and Russia the winter games in 2014. [Reynolds/BBC/14February2011]  Read the entire article at 

German Court Tries Austrian Charged with Spying for Russia. A court in the south German city of Munich began on Monday hearing the case of an Austrian man suspected of spying for Russia, local media said.

Harald Alois, 52, was arrested on May 27 for providing Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service with technologies developed by the global helicopter manufacturing firm, Eurocopter.  [Rian/14February2011]  Read the entire article at

CIA Reports No Progress in Classification Review. The Central Intelligence Agency has taken no action to carry out the Fundamental Classification Guidance Review, a mandatory effort to eliminate obsolete or unnecessary classification practices.

The Fundamental Review is a systematic attempt to combat overclassification by subjecting thousands of current classification instructions to critical scrutiny and revision. It was required in President Obama's December 2009 executive order 13526 (section 1.9), which came into effect in June 2010. "These reviews can be extremely important in changing the habits and the practices of classifiers throughout government," said William H. Leary of the National Security Staff last year. But that will be true only if the required reviews are actually implemented.

In response to a Freedom of Information Act request for CIA records on its implementation of the review process thus far, CIA reported last week (pdf) that "We did not locate any records responsive to your request." [Aftergood/SecurityNews/14February2011]  Read the entire article at 

CIA Shakeup a Bad Idea, Some Old Spies Say. CIA veterans say a report that the agency is radically reorganizing its spy service is probably overblown, and if it's not, it's an idea that should be shot down, as has happened in the past.

U.S. News reported Tuesday that CIA Director Leon Panetta has undertaken "a major shift to reinvigorate" the agency's National Clandestine Service, "potentially impacting up to half the CIA's workforce."

The story was short on particulars but said Panetta's plan was to lower walls between geographic divisions and "allow the nation's spies to move more easily from one group, issue, or region to another when needed."

"These changes will enable the NCS to move its people to where they're needed most, whether it's to fight terrorism or to focus on an emerging hot spot," U.S. News said, quoting an unidentified "intelligence insider."

But some longtime CIA veterans said the alleged shakeup is less than it seems.

"It doesn't strike me as a huge shift," said a former top agency operations official, who requested anonymity in order to speak freely about personnel issues. "They have been pretty much operating de facto like this in recent years in order to accommodate Iraq and Afghanistan."

CIA headquarters has always reached into regional divisions to find people for an emergency elsewhere, said Richard L. Palmer, a retired former CIA station chief.

The geographic divisions "never really worked out" in reality, Palmer said. "I was a European specialist, but they'd suddenly say, 'You've got to go to Africa.' The majority of people were shifted around all of the time." [Stein/WashingtonPost/10February2011] Read the entire story at

U.S. Calls for Release of Syrian Blogger. The United States on Saturday called for the immediate release of a young blogger imprisoned in Syria on espionage charges.

"The United States strongly condemns Syria's secret trial of blogger Tal al-Mallouhi, calls for her immediate release, and rejects as baseless allegations of American connections that have resulted in a spurious accusation of espionage," State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said in a statement.

"We call on the Syrian government to immediately release all its prisoners of conscience; and allow its citizens freedom to exercise their universal rights of expression and association without fear of retribution from their own government," he added.

Syrian Intelligence Services summoned al-Mallouhi, then 18 and a high school student, in December 2009 to question her about her blog, which contains poetry and social commentary on local and Arab affairs, the Syrian Human Rights Committee has reported. [CNN/12February2011]  Read the entire article at 


London Spy Sites Uncovered. Over the years, London has been a prime setting for the shadowy world of spying. The BBC's security correspondent Gordon Corera goes on a mission to find out how London got its reputation as the "spy capital" of the world.

Most of us are familiar with the modern-day headquarters of the British intelligence services.

The MI5 building at Millbank and the MI6 fortress across the river at Vauxhall are not exactly the most discreet buildings in the capital.

During previous decades the British Secret Service used to be a whole lot more secretive about what it got up to.

During the Second World War, 64 Baker Street was the headquarters of Churchill's "Secret Army", the Special Operations Executive, which he ordered to "set Europe ablaze" with daring assassination and sabotage missions.

These British wartime sites were given a dedicated memorial in 2009, but the buildings where spies were trained and equipped remain almost unknown. [BBC/6February2011]  Read the entire story at

Ex-C.I.A. Agent Goes Public With Story of Mistreatment on the Job. In many ways, the personal injury lawsuit looked routine: In late 2001, a government employee and his family sued the agency he worked for, saying it had placed them in a mold-contaminated home that made them sick and required nearly all their possessions to be destroyed.

But this was no ordinary case. The employee, Kevin M. Shipp, was a veteran Central Intelligence Agency officer. His home was at Camp Stanley, an Army weapons depot just north of San Antonio, in an area where the drinking water was polluted with toxic chemicals. The post includes a secret C.I.A. facility.

Declaring that its need to protect state secrets outweighed the Shipps' right to a day in court, the government persuaded a judge to seal the case and order the family and their lawyers not to discuss it, and to later dismiss the lawsuit without any hearing on the merits, Mr. Shipp said.

More than half a decade later, Mr. Shipp is going public with his story. He contends that the events broke up his marriage and destroyed his career, and that C.I.A. officials abused the State Secrets Privilege doctrine in an effort to cover up their own negligence.

Jennifer Youngblood, a C.I.A. spokeswoman, denied any wrongdoing by the agency. "The C.I.A. takes great care to help protect the health and welfare of its employees," she said. [Shipp/NYTimes/11February2011] Read the entire article at

In the Middle East, a Catch-22 for the CIA. The CIA uses the term "liaison" to describe its contacts with foreign intelligence services. And in Arab capitals such as Tunis, Cairo and Amman, these relationships can be so seductively beneficial that they limit the CIA's ability to run its own "unilateral" operations to learn what's going on inside the host country.

This conundrum - how to work with your hosts and also spy on them - is one of the difficulties facing the CIA as it tries to understand the youth revolution spreading across the Middle East. The agency has cultivated its relationships with people such as Gen. Omar Suleiman, Egypt's chief of intelligence and now vice president, but it has not done as well understanding the world of the protesters.

It's a Catch-22 of the intelligence business, especially over the past decade, when counterterrorism became the CIA's core mission: The agency needed good relationships with Arab intelligence services to collect information about al-Qaeda, but to maintain those relationships, the agency sometimes avoided local snooping. The CIA did recruit some long-term contacts within the Egyptian establishment who are said to have provided crucial intelligence in recent days. But it's a far cry from the early 1980s, when the Cairo station chief would regularly meet the leader of the Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups. [Ignatius/WashingtonPost/9February2011]  Read the entire article at

Declassified Ike Papers Show Range of Concerns. Newly released documents show President Dwight D. Eisenhower expressed great faith in the capabilities of Earl Warren to serve as U.S. Supreme Court justice.

The Kansan Republican wrote in October 1953 that he was willing to leave the GOP and form his own party should the U.S. Senate balk at Warren.

The same diary entry shows the president had grave concerns about the implications of U.S. efforts to restore the Shah of Iran to power through covert operations.

"If knowledge of them became public, we would not only be embarrassed in that region, but our chances to do anything of like nature in the future would almost totally disappear," Eisenhower wrote.

The new materials were released from the vaults of the Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum in Ike's boyhood home of Abilene. In all, some 300,000 pages of documents still contain potentially sensitive materials and have classified status. [Milburn/KansasCity/12February2011]  Read the entire article at 


Did Ray Davis Shoot Two Pakistani Spies? The public narrative from the United States is simple: one of its diplomats in one of the most dangerous countries in the world was threatened by two men with guns, and the diplomat shot and killed them in self-defense. He sits in jail, "illegally detained," because he enjoys diplomatic immunity.

But the version of events told by multiple Pakistani officials - and adamantly denied by the U.S. State Department - is utterly different.

The four Pakistani officials who spoke to ABC News on the condition of anonymity say that the two men who Raymond Davis killed in Lahore last month were working for Pakistan's premiere intelligence service, and they were following Davis because he was spying.

If true, their story dramatically changes the nature of an incident that is already severely straining the two countries' already tumultuous relationship. Davis's detention is fraying the U.S. alliance with Pakistan, one of the most delicate and important in the world. U.S. and Pakistani officials both admit the fate of Raymond Davis could threaten an alliance that is critical to the war in Afghanistan and the fight against al Qaeda. [Schifrin/ABC/9February2011]  Read the entire story at

Intel Chairman: Uprising Response Wrongly Faulted. The U.S. intelligence community has been made a "scapegoat" in criticism that the United States has responded slowly to the uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia, said U.S. Rep. Mike Rogers, R-Brighton, chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

The criticism has come primarily from lawmakers on Capitol Hill.

Rogers said it was clear an uprising in Egypt, in particular, was on the horizon, but that the fury of young, unemployed protesters quickly added fuel to the fire in Cairo. He said his committee and U.S. officials are now receiving intelligence in "real time" as events continue to unfold there.

"The folks who want to label this an intelligence failure, I think, are wrong. First of all, intelligence is not a crystal ball," Rogers said Tuesday in a Daily Press & Argus interview. [Behnan/LivingstonDaily/9February2011]   Read the entire interview at 

Soldiers Do it Better Than Bond. The 10 years since September 11, 2001 have continued to highlight a long-understood, but little acknowledge fact about the intelligence community. Simply put, military intelligence services have historically been, and continue to be, more efficient, effective, and professional than their civilian counterparts. This is not limited to the United States, but has been a major trend the world over since the end of the Second World War. This has not attracted much attention. That's not surprising, as how can some sergeant in civilian clothes, lurking in a back-alley in some foreign country, negotiating with some local gangster to buy military secrets, going to compare with the image of James Bond. [StrategyPage/12February2011]  Read the entire article at 

Spies at Work Know Where to Find Your Secrets. "A mental health specialist recommended that the Army private accused of leaking classified material to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks not be deployed to Iraq, but his immediate commanders sent him anyway."

That's according to the Washington Post, which noted that the soldier, Bradley Manning, was allegedly storing classified material on an unclassified server, had been demoted for assault, and was acting so erratically that his master sergeant disabled his weapon. So why did this man have a security clearance, and what was he doing in a war zone with access to State Department cables unrelated to his job?

Before you call the Army stupid and forget it, why does your mailroom clerk have unrestricted access to everything on your company's server, including corporate secrets, or your clients' merger plans and bid data? And why was a Ford Motor Co. engineer allegedly able to steal thousands of sensitive documents that had nothing to do with his job? Poor information security isn't just a government problem.

Economic espionage is intensifying. The foreign intelligence services of China, Russia, Iran and other countries are after our technology, and most of what they want is in the electronic-information systems of private companies - and the law and accounting firms that work for them.

When people like Manning have access to classified material or your company's trade secrets, you have an unsuitable employee as well as a worker in trouble. Like Robert Hanssen, the FBI agent now serving a life sentence for selling U.S. secrets to the Soviets, Manning was a serial rule-breaker.

But suitability issues are less glamorous than counterintelligence investigations, so they get less attention. Hanssen and Manning were both left in place. It was easier to ignore the rules than cause a fuss. [Brenner/Bloomberg/11February2011] Read the entire article at

What Egypt Can Teach America. The truth is that the United States has been behind the curve not only in Tunisia and Egypt for the last few weeks, but in the entire Middle East for decades. We supported corrupt autocrats as long as they kept oil flowing and weren't too aggressive toward Israel. Even in the last month, we sometimes seemed as out of touch with the region's youth as a Ben Ali or a Mubarak. Recognizing that crafting foreign policy is 1,000 times harder than it looks, let me suggest four lessons to draw from our mistakes:

1.) Stop treating Islamic fundamentalism as a bogyman and allowing it to drive American foreign policy. American paranoia about Islamism has done as much damage as Muslim fundamentalism itself.

In Somalia, it led the U.S. to wink at a 2006 Ethiopian invasion that was catastrophic for Somalis and resulted in more Islamic extremism there. And in Egypt, our foreboding about Islamism paralyzed us and put us on the wrong side of history.

We tie ourselves in knots when we act as if democracy is good for the United States and Israel but not for the Arab world. For far too long, we've treated the Arab world as just an oil field.

Too many Americans bought into a lazy stereotype that Arab countries were inhospitable for democracy, or that the beneficiaries of popular rule would be extremists like Osama bin Laden. Tunisians and Egyptians have shattered that stereotype, and the biggest loser will be Al Qaeda. We don't know what lies ahead for Egypt - and there is a considerable risk that those in power will attempt to preserve Mubarakism without Mr. Mubarak - but already Egyptians have demonstrated the power of nonviolence in a way that undermines the entire extremist narrative. It will be fascinating to see whether more Palestinians embrace mass nonviolent protests in the West Bank as a strategy to confront illegal Israeli settlements and land grabs.

2.) We need better intelligence, the kind that is derived not from intercepting a president's phone calls to his mistress but from hanging out with the powerless. After the 1979 Iranian revolution, there was a painful post-mortem about why the intelligence community missed so many signals, and I think we need the same today.

In fairness, we in the journalistic community suffered the same shortcoming: we didn't adequately convey the anger toward Hosni Mubarak. Egypt is a reminder not to be suckered into the narrative that a place is stable because it is static. [Kristof/NYTimes/13February2011]  Read the entire article at 



America's Nazi Secret. America's Nazi Secret is not what you'd call extremely reader-friendly material. Sometimes it feels like a chore to read it. But wow - does it ever provide powerful insight into the "deep politics" of US policy.

Born of the Boston Irish, John Loftus never imagined that he would end up tracking down Byelorussian Nazi collaborators living in the US. And he certainly could not have conceived of doing so with a passion that would continue decades past his departure from the federal government.

After serving as an Army Intelligence officer and graduating law school, in 1977 Loftus had gotten a job with the Justice Department. He saw an internal posting for a position with the Office of Special Investigations (charged with prosecuting and deporting Nazi war criminals from the United States), and thought it would be a good career move. Only later did he become obsessed with his mission.

In 1979, Loftus was assigned to head the "Belarus Project," which he says was "ostensibly a comprehensive review of American and German files pertaining to the Holocaust in Byelorussia, or Belarus as the Nazis called it. Privately, my secret assignment...was to find out who was responsible for sabotaging the postwar investigations of Nazi bankers at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg."

In essence, Loftus found that, in contravention of official US policy, figures and sections within his own agency (the Justice Department), as well as the State Department and the intelligence apparatus, had knowingly falsified records so as to bring some of the worst butchers of World War II to the US. The goal was to enlist them and their associates in anti-Soviet espionage. But once the records of these individuals were cleaned up and they were allowed to stay, they provided what would turn out to be largely useless intelligence, and in many cases they or their own east-bloc spy networks were discovered to have been massively penetrated by the Soviets.

Loftus goes down into the darkest basements of the US government, where one branch is snookering the next, where operations are being subverted by their own members, and individuals, under orders, cover up for some colleagues' illegal acts and obstruct the congressionally-mandated work of others.

It's all ultimately supposed to be for the Cold War cause, but Loftus raises more sinister motives. These include a frenetic effort by powerful US industrialists and bankers to hide their own business ties with the Nazis. They would do this, Loftus asserts, by getting the government to create a super-secret de facto policy of covering up dealings with the Nazis - for anyone who could play a role in the battle against the Communist threat. [Baker/Alternet/9February2011] Read the entire review at

'The Longest War', 'Osama Bin Laden'. Peter L. Bergen is CNN's national security analyst, and Michael Scheuer spent three years in the late 1990s heading the CIA unit assigned to track Bin Laden. Their new books, "The Longest War: The Enduring Conflict Between America and Al Qaeda" and "Osama Bin Laden," respectively, make useful contributions to our growing understanding of these issues, even though neither matches the foundational importance of the definitive "The Looming Tower," "The Bin Ladens" or "Knowing the Enemy." [TheLedger/12February2011]  Read the entire article at 


Martin Quigley, Who Used Film Work as Cover for World War II Espionage, Dies. Martin S. Quigley, an executive with movie-industry trade publications who used his ties to the film world as cover for espionage work in Ireland and Italy during World War II and later wrote two books about his years as a secret agent, died of a heart ailment Feb. 5 at his home in West Hartford, Conn. He was 93.

While posing as a commercial film rep in Ireland, he was working in fact for the Office of Strategic Services and its director, Maj. Gen. William J. "Wild Bill" Donovan. Toward the end of the war, he took a similar assignment in Italy, where he sent back-channel peace feelers to the Japanese government.

Mr. Quigley, who wrote two books about his years as a secret agent, came from a family with deep connections to the Catholic Church and the movie industry.

His father, whose name also was Martin, was a publisher of movie trade papers and a power broker between the church and Hollywood moguls. As one of the country's most prominent lay Catholics, the senior Quigley was credited with co-authorship of the 1930 Motion Picture Production Code that for decades imposed taboos on depictions of such things as "excessive and lustful kissing."

Martin Quigley joined his father's New York-based publishing empire in 1939 after graduating from Georgetown University. During World War II, he was turned down for Navy service because of poor eyesight. But his family was on close terms with Donovan, a corporate lawyer who led the OSS, forerunner of the CIA. [Bernstein/WashingtonPost/11February2011]  Read the entire article at 

Mark J. Hulkower, Who Prosecuted Aldrich Ames, Dies at 53. Mark J. Hulkower, who successfully prosecuted one of the nation's most notorious traitors and followed up by defending high-profile executives accused of white-collar crimes, died on Saturday in Arlington, Va. He was 53.

The cause was colon cancer, his friend Craig Veith said.

Mr. Hulkower led the team of federal prosecutors for the Eastern District of Virginia who handled the 1994 case against Aldrich H. Ames, the C.I.A. turncoat whose work for the Soviet Union is considered one of the most grievous betrayals in the history of American intelligence.

Mr. Ames, the son of a Central Intelligence Agency officer, was one of the agency's spies for 31 years. He confessed that during his nine years in Moscow he revealed to the Soviet authorities the identities of Russian and Eastern European agents who had secretly worked for the United States in the 1980s. In exchange, he received more than $2 million. At least a dozen of the agents he named were later reported dead or missing. [Hevesi/NYTimes/10February2011] Read the entire story at

Henry A. "Chip" Damminger, Jr., age 70, of Ashburn, VA passed away on February 10, 2011 at Reston Hospital. He was born on June 15, 1940 in Philadelphia, PA to the late Henry A., Sr. and Mary Pearson Damminger. 

His career began with the Central Intelligence Agency in 1964 where he worked for over 30 years until his retirement in 1998. Most of his career was spent in the Directorate of Administration where he progressively moved up in the ranks from an administrative officer to become Deputy Director of Medical Services. During his career, he travelled extensively to Europe, East Asia, Africa, Latin America and Central America. He received a Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal upon his retirement.

Henry was the former spouse of Betty Jane Damminger of Herndon, VA, loving and devoted father of Chris Damminger of Ashburn, VA and Meghan Damminger of Herndon, VA, brother of Marianne Adams of Walnut Creek, CA, Janie Rose of El Cerrito, CA and Susan Beckham of Millsboro, DE.

The family will receive friends on Friday, February 18th from 10am to 12 noon at Adams-Green Funeral Home, 721 Elden Street, Herndon, VA. A Mass of Christian Burial will be Celebrated on Friday, February 18th at 12:30pm at St. Catherine of Siena Catholic Church, 1020 Springvale Road, Great Falls, VA. A celebration of life reception will be held immediately following at the Fellowship Hall of St. Catherine of Siena. In lieu of flowers the family suggests that memorial contributions may be made to the Alzheimer´┐Żs Association, National Capital Area, 3701 Pender Drive, Suite 400, Fairfax, VA 22030 ( [AdamsGreenFuneralHome/14February2011]

Coming Educational Events


MANY Spy Museum Events in February and March with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

Tuesday, 15 February 2011, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The International Spy Museum presents: "An Introduction to Geospatial Intelligence"

"GEOINT plays a critical role in virtually every Intelligence Community and Department of Defense mission ... "—Vice Admiral Robert B. Murrett, U.S. Navy
Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) is a rapidly evolving building block of our national security. But what exactly is this high tech discipline that strives to reveal the ground truth? How is it being used to rapidly provide insights into the scope and range of human activity, explore natural features across physical terrain, accurately locate significant events and activities, and precisely measure details above, on, and underneath the Earth’s surface. Keith J. Masback, president of the United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation (USGIF) and former member of the Defense Intelligence Senior Executive Service at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, leads this overview of GEOINT for the lay person. With the assistance of other experts in the field, he will reveal exciting current applications and explain how data collected by high resolution electronic sensors on satellites, remotely piloted aircraft, and ground vehicles is interpreted by analysts using sophisticated automated systems. Participants will learn basic techniques for extracting information from images, then using real-world problems and data, they will test their own skills as “geospatial intelligence analysts” to discover how GEOINT is transforming how we engage with our world.
For more information or to register visit Tickets: $15.00 per person

Wednesday, 16 February 2011, 10:15 am - Washington, DC - "The Cuban Sympathizers" at the International Spy Museum - Pro-Castro-Americans Stealing Secrets for Cuba

Discover what made Kendall and Gwendolyn Myers spurn their well-connected lives in DC to systematically betray their country until their arrest in June of 2009. Robert Booth, retired State Department diplomatic security agent and CI Centre faculty member shines light on this intriguing case. Part of the Spy Museum's THE SPIES WITHIN: UNDERCOVER IN THE USA series.
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: $112 for all four programs on Feb 2, 9, 16, and 23. (must be purchased through the Smithsonian). To register or for more information, visit

Thursday, 17 February 2011, noon – 1:00 pm - Washington, DC - "Wild Bill Donovan: The Spymaster Who Created the OSS and Modern American Espionage" at International Spy Museum
"Wild Bill" Donovan was a World War I hero with a Medal of Honor to prove it, a millionaire Wall Street lawyer, and a prominent Republican. Democratic President Franklin Roosevelt chose this brilliant yet disorganized visionary to be his spymaster, head of the World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS). Veteran journalist Douglas Waller has written a compelling biography of William Donovan. He describes Donovan's reckless nature: how he needlessly risked his life on foreign battlefields and engaged in extramarital affairs that emboldened his enemies in Washington. Waller also recounts the OSS's daring operations overseas and the vicious political battles that Donovan had to fight with Winston Churchill, J. Edgar Hoover, and the Pentagon. Donovan's plans to continue the OSS after the war were defeated, yet the CIA rose like a phoenix from the OSS's ashes.
Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing. Directions at

Friday, 18 February 2011, 6 pm - Washington, DC - MG Michael T. Flynn Nominated Asst DNI speaks on "Afghanistan and Pakistan" at Institute of World Politics

Major General Michael T. Flynn, Nominated for Assistant Deputy National Intelligence (DNI) Recently served as Chief, CJ2, International Security Assistance Force and CJ2, United States Forces - Afghanistan speaks on the subject of Afghanistan and Pakistan at The Institute of World Politics 1521 16th Street, NW Washington, D.C. No charge for AFIO members who should RSVP to

19 February 2011 - Kennebunk, ME - Backdoor at the Kremlin. Have you ever wondered what it's like to go through the Kremlin's backdoor? Or work out security details at the Vatican at 4:00 a.m.? Andrew Almblad, 24-year veteran of the U.S. Secret Service, can tell you about it when he speaks to the Maine Chapter of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers at its February 19th meeting. Almblad will speak about the mission of the U. S. Secret Service, tell about liaison with foreign intelligence services, what it was like working with the KGB and how their security mentality differs from ours. During his career Almblad was an instructor in special operations at the U.S. Secret Service Training School. As Special Agent in Charge of the U.S. Secret Service Bush Protective Division in Houston, Texas, 2004-2007, he oversaw all matters pertaining to the safety and protection of the Former President and his family. Retired from the Secret Service, Almblat is now a private security consultant and has worked with such high-level public figures as Condoleza Rice, Lance Armstrong, and Sarah Palin.The meeting, which is open to the public, will be held Saturday, February 19th at 2:00 p.m. at the Community House, 8 Temple Street, Kennebunkport, ME. The Community House is located directly across from the Kennebunkport Post Office and uphill from the municipal parking lot. For information call 207-967-4298.

Wednesday, 23 February 2011, 10:15 am - Washington, DC - "The Russian Illegals" at the International Spy Museum - Russian-Americans Stealing Secrets for Russia

Get the inside story on the June 2010 roundup of ten Russian "deep-cover" spies—from sexy agent Anna Chapman to stylish young Mikhail Semenko. International Spy Museum historian and former CIA analyst, Mark Stout will reveal the latest information on the investigation, the spy swap, and the damage done. Part of the Spy Museum's THE SPIES WITHIN: UNDERCOVER IN THE USA series.
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: $112 for all four programs on Feb 2, 9, 16, and 23. (must be purchased through the Smithsonian). To register or for more information, visit

24 February 2011 - Arlington, VA - Col. Lang on "The Islamic World Today" - at luncheon of Defense Intelligence Forum

The group meets at the Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA. Colonel W. Patrick Lang, USA (Ret), will speak on The Islamic World Today. Colonel Lang is a retired Army Military Intelligence, Special Forces, and Foreign Area officer. In his last active duty assignment, he was Defense Intelligence Officer for the Middle East, South Asia, and Terrorism. Following retirement, he became the first Director of the Defense HUMINT Service. He was the first Arabic Language professor at West Point. He served ten years as an executive for a company operating in the Middle East and South Asia. He is a consultant for television and radio, including The News Hour with Jim Lehrer. He wrote Intelligence: the Human Factor, a definitive text on human intelligence collection operations, and several novels based on Confederate secret services in the Civil War.
Registration starts at 1130, lunch at 1200. Reserve by 18 February by email to Give names, telephone numbers, email addresses, and choice of chicken cacciatore, tilapia puttanesca, lasagna, sausage and peppers, or fettuccini portabella. Pay at the door by check for $29 per person. Make checks payable to DIAA, Inc. WE DON'T TAKE CASH! If you don't have a check, have the restaurant charge your credit or debit card $29 and give the restaurant's copy of the receipt when you check in.

Friday, 25 February 2011, 6 - 8 pm - Washington, DC - 10th Anniversary of the Arrest of FBI Agent Robert Hanssen - presentation by Brian Kelley, CIA

Institute of World Politics Professor Brian Kelley, a retired CIA officer who knew and worked with Hanssen, will provide the intimate details about the "story behind the story" relative to the investigation of the FBI traitor.
Using the actual video clips taken of the arrest of Hanssen, along with salient clips from the movie Breach and from a 60 Minutes story which document the events leading to Hanssen's arrest, Professor Kelley will walk the audience through the complex case of the bizarre traitor focusing on Hanssen's lack of operational "tradecraft" coupled with salient investigative issues which took this investigation down the wrong path for many years. In addition to his talk, Mr. Kelley will introduce some special guests who were connected in various ways to the investigation.
RSVP and Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC. Please RSVP to

Friday, 11 March 2011, noon - 1 pm - Washington, DC - " The Company We Keep: A Husband-and-Wife True-life Spy Story" by Robert Baer at the International Spy Museum.

Robert Baer was known inside the Agency as perhaps the best operative working the Middle East—a man who'd been "in the life" so long that friends and family had mostly become casualties, no longer interested in taking his calls. Dayna Williamson was a newcomer—a young Agency talent who was determined to make it as a spy and as a gun-wielding "shooter," even as she found herself losing touch with everyone who mattered to her. When they were sent on a mission together, the last thing either expected happened: they fell in love. Join Dayna and New York Times bestselling author Robert Baer as they share their unlikely romance, their attempt to leave their old lives behind, and how they are applying their intelligence background to timely issues today from Hizballah to Pakistan." Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing. Further information at

24 March 2011 – San Francisco, CA – The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Captain Jeff Kline, U.S. Navy, ret.; Senior Lecturer, Navy Postgraduate School, speaking on "Piracy on the High Seas" with special emphasis on the Somali pirates. The meeting will be held at UICC, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat/Wawona): 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate pot roast or fish): and mail a check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011

28 March - 1 April 2011 - San Diego, CO - Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit at SDSU by The HALO Corporation The 2011 Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit (BCTS) has been created to meet the critical needs of Security Professionals and Law Enforcement personnel. Throughout the Summit, Law Enforcement and Security Professionals will share and exchange information, ideas, and intelligence and engage in exercises based on factual scenarios. For further information contact

Tuesday, 29 March 2011, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Who's Watching Whom: Spying and Social Media" at the International Spy Museum

"You are opening the floodgates to a torrent of data, which your adversary can ... sift and turn into intelligence."—Paul Strassman, former Pentagon director of defense information, July 2010
Much has been made of Anna Chapman, the Russian illegal, and her use of Facebook to search for contacts and information. But how effective is social media as a vehicle for intelligence gathering and manipulation? This expert panel will reveal what online identities and social media can do that actual operatives and organizations can't. Judge Shannen L. Rossmiller (Ret.) is credited as America's first online operative in the War on Terror. Since 9/11, the cyber-spy has been responsible for more than 200 cases of actionable intelligence and extremist captures – most of them overseas and in conjunction with the FBI made through her adoption of online alter egos who proclaim allegiance with terrorist groups. Thomas Ryan, co-founder of Provide Security, created the fictional Robin Sage, a cyber femme fatale, who quickly wormed her way into the confidence of security professionals who should have known better. The experiment was conceived to expose weaknesses in the nation's defense and intelligence communities. Jack Holt, senior strategist for emerging media at the Department of Defense, joins in to reveal the challenges and opportunities that social media presents for us all.
Tickets: $15.00 per person. Register at

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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