AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #07-11 dated 22 February 2011

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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The Intelligence & Security Academy will be offering the following courses in its Spring 2011 Open IntellAcademy™. All Open IntellAcademy™ courses are unclassified. classes held in Reston, VA. Discounts are available for groups or multiple course enrollees.

Details are on the Intelligence & Security Academy website or call Mark Lowenthal 703-390-9940.

History of U.S. Intelligence: March 1, 2011 (1/2 day)
Introduction to U.S. Intelligence: March 2, 2011 (1 day)
Intelligence Concepts for Cyber Conflict (Basic): March 8, 2011 (1 day)
Cyber Collections: March 9-10, 2011 (2 day)
Homeland Security Analysis: March 15, 2011 (1 day)
The Intelligence Budget Process: March 16-17, 2011 (2 day)
National Security Policy Process: March 22, 2011 (1 day)
Analyst Training: Writing Analysis; Preparing Briefings: March 23-24, 2011
GEOINT 101: March 29, 2011 (1 day)
Technical Intelligence (TECHINT): March 30-31, 2011 (2 day)
Intelligence Concepts for Cyber Conflict (Advanced): April 5-6, 2011 (2 day)
Risk Awareness Intelligence™: April 12-13, 2011 (1 1/2 day)
Intelligence and the Law: April 27, 2011 (1 day)
Operational Intelligence: April 28, 2011 (1 day)
Countering Terrorism Financing: May 3, 2011 (1 day)

Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit
at San Diego State University by The HALO Corporation

28 March - 1 April 2011 - San Diego, CO

The 2011 Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit (BCTS) has been created to meet the critical needs of Security Professionals and Law Enforcement personnel. Throughout the Summit, Law Enforcement and Security Professionals will share and exchange information, ideas, and intelligence and engage in exercises based on factual scenarios.
For further information contact


Cuban Spies Become Stars - In Anti-Espionage Poster. The poster shows the mug shots of two Cuban spies - Ana Belen Montes, impassively staring straight at the camera, and Walter Kendall Myers, almost arrogantly looking down his nose.

"A nation can survive its fools and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within," says the text above the photos, a quote from an ancient Roman philosopher. "True Then. True Today," it says below the photos.

Montes and Myers, serving long prison terms for their treasonous service to Cuba, have become poster persons for a campaign on the dangers of foreign spies similar to the "Loose Lips Sink Ships" posters of World War II.

Two posters bearing their photos were the latest published by the top spy-catching agency in Washington, the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (ONCIX), a part of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI).

[Tamayo/MiamiHerald/14February2011] Read the entire article at

Yemen Charges Four with Espionage for Iran, Helping Houthi. The Specialized Penal Court charged on Monday four Yemenis with spying for Iran and securing weapons and money for the Shiite Houthi Group which fought the army for six years in the far north.

The charges came after the court, which handles security and terrorist cases, had heard evidence against the defendants: Muhammar Al-Abdali, Walid Sharaf Al-Din, Abdullah Al-Dailami and Sadiq Al-Sharafi.

The evidence included that the four were working as spies for the Islamic Republic of Iran between 1994-2009 presenting reports on Yemen's military, political and social situations to the Iranian cultural attach� in Sana'a.

The defendants also gave Iran information about Yemen's islands and maritime positions, and received Iranian financial support to implement intellectual and political projects in the country, prosecutors said. [YemanPost/14February2011]  Read the entire article at 

Argentina, US Tangle Over Military Material. Argentina is accusing the U.S. military of trying to sneak guns and spy equipment into the country under the guise of providing a routine police training course - a charge disputed Monday by U.S. officials.

Argentine authorities say they seized nearly 1,000 cubic feet of undeclared equipment, describing it as machine guns and ammunition, drugs and spy equipment. It was on a U.S. Air Force C-17 cargo plane that landed Thursday with material for a training course that a U.S. Special Forces team had been invited to provide to Argentina's federal police.

"Argentine law must be complied with by all, without exception," Foreign Minister Hector Timerman told Arturo Valenzuela, the assistant U.S. secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs, when Valenzuela called him to complain about how authorities handled the cargo, the ministry said.

Timerman also said Argentina would file an official protest in Washington and ask for a shared investigation into why the U.S. Air Force would try to violate Argentine law, the ministry said. [Warren/WashingtonPost/14February2011]  Read the entire article at 

Budget 2012: CIA/Intelligence Agencies. The Obama administration disclosed Monday that its fiscal 2012 budget proposal includes a request for $55 billion for the CIA and other civilian intelligence services, marking the first time that the amount of money being sought for U.S. spy agencies has been disclosed.

The number represents a 4 percent increase over the $53.1 billion that the government spent on intelligence gathering in fiscal 2010. [The fiscal 2011 figure is not available for comparison because it will not be disclosed until the end of the fiscal year.]

Though modest, the increase is notable at a time when senior U.S. intelligence officials have signaled that they were bracing for possible cuts.

"We, I think, all understand that we're going to be in for some belt-tightening," Director of National Intelligence James Clapper said in testimony before the House Intelligence Committee last week. He added that given "the funding that we have been given over the last 10 years since 9/11, that's probably appropriate."

Budgets for U.S. spy agencies have more than doubled in the decade since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks. A major factor has been the creation of new entities, including the DNI office itself. Critics contend the office has swelled well beyond the scope envisioned when the office was created by intelligence reform legislation in 2004. [Miller/WashingtonPost/15February2011]  Read the entire article at 

Iraqi Says He Made Up Tale of Biological Weapons Before War. The Iraqi defector whose claims that Saddam Hussein's government had biological weapons became part of the Bush administration's justification for the 2003 invasion of Iraq has admitted that he fabricated his story.

The defector, Rafid Ahmed Alwan al-Janabi, who was code-named "Curveball" by the Central Intelligence Agency and German intelligence officials, told the British newspaper The Guardian on Tuesday that he had concocted his tale that Iraq was hiding mobile bioweapons laboratories. He did so, he said, in hopes that his lies would lead to the eventual overthrow of the Iraqi ruler.

"I had the chance to fabricate something to topple the regime," Mr. Janabi told the newspaper. "I and my sons are proud of that, and we are proud that we were the reason to give Iraq the margin of democracy." [Risen/NYTimes/16February2011] Read the full article at

Pentagon Taking New Approach To Security Threats. The Pentagon is bringing in the big guns to deal with the threat of espionage and sabotage related attacks on its networks. Only in this case, the assistance isn't just coming from the military, but from a network security collaboration that also includes the government and private sectors.

In a keynote Tuesday at the RSA 2011 information security conference in San Francisco, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense William Lynn III said the Department Of Defense (DoD) is in the final stages of developing a new security strategy - called Cyber 3.0 - that formally recognizes cyberspace as a new domain for warfare. It's part of the U.S. Cyber Command initiative launched in 2009, which directs the military to defend government networks in the same way as it does the country's land, sea, air and space interests.

"To maintain our national security, our military must be as capable in this new domain as it is in more traditional domains," Lynn told RSA attendees.

The DoD has equipped its network with what Lynn called "active defenses," which use signatures and sensors to help the agency hunt down threats within its own networks, and cordon off and delete malicious software. [McLaughlin/CRN/15February2011] Read the full article at;jsessionid=3iABO1mtIKaLpGdEDKhhHw**.ecappj01

White House, Intel Chief Can't Agree on Budget Secrecy. For decades, U.S. spy chiefs kept their annual budget requests hidden from the public, saying national security would be damaged if the cash figure leaked out. But yesterday, the director of national intelligence released the request for the first time - and apparently didn't coordinate with the White House.

Feast your eyes and prepare for the sky to fall: James Clapper's first budget for all non-military intelligence (read: CIA) asks Congress for $55 billion. That's an increase from last year's $53.1 billion for the so-called National Intelligence Program. Anti-secrecy crusader Steven Aftergood of the Federation of American Scientists heralds the disclosure as "a new milestone in the 'normalization' of intelligence budgeting."

The weird thing about the budget announcement? The White House's budget rollout overlooked it. When releasing a terse summary of its fiscal 2012 request to Congress for intelligence, the Office of Management and Budget wrote: "NIP's budget is classified, so the President's Budget does not publicly disclose funding requests for intelligence activities."

Not that Clapper will tell much more than that. In a press release, his office warns, "Any and all subsidiary information concerning the National Intelligence Program (NIP) budget, whether the information concerns particular intelligence agencies or particular intelligence programs, will not be disclosed." You guessed why: "such disclosures could harm national security." [Ackerman/Wired/15February2011] Read the full article at

CIA Director: If captured, Osama bin Laden and His Deputy Would Likely Go Guantanamo Bay. If the U.S. captures top al-Qaida leaders Osama Bin Laden or Ayman al-Zawahiri, they would likely be sent to the Guantanamo Bay military prison, CIA Director Leon Panetta told senators Wednesday.

This suggests that, given the choice, President Barack Obama would not try the men in the U.S. court system, opting instead for the Bush administration's policy that the president has long criticized.

White House press secretary Jay Carney said the president remains committed to closing the prison at Guantanamo Bay. Carney would not speculate on what would happen if bin Laden were captured.

Panetta discussed the hypothetical capture of two of America's most wanted terrorists in response to a question from a senator during a hearing about worldwide threats. Panetta said - if captured - the men would probably be quickly moved to Bagram Airfield in Afghanistan to be questioned and eventually sent to Guantanamo Bay.

Under current law, Guantanamo Bay detainees cannot be moved to U.S. soil, even to stand trial. [Sullivan /CanadianPress/15February2011] Read the full article at

Korea's Spy Chief Made Secret Trip to US. South Korea's spy chief secretly visited the United States last week apparently for discussions on pending inter-Korean issues, a government source said Thursday.

"I understand Won Sei-hoon, director of the National Intelligence Service (NIS), made a trip to the U.S. last week," the source said.

Won met with Leon Panetta, director of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, and other key officials during the visit, according to other sources here.

The NIS chief is believed to have exchanged North Korea-related information with the U.S. officials.

Some observers say the two may have discussed ways to arrange a new round of inter-Korean summit to break a deadlock in the cross-border ties.

But a key government official denied the possibility, saying there is "not any move" to arrange the meeting as of now. [YonHap/17February2011] Read the entire article at

Syria Says Jailed Blogger Worked for CIA. Tal al-Mallouhi, a young Syrian blogger sentenced on Monday to five years in jail for passing on secrets to a foreign country, worked for the US spy agency CIA, the foreign ministry said Thursday.

In October, Syria's Al-Watan newspaper reported that Mallouhi, a 19-year-old high school student, was being accused of spying for the US embassy in Egypt.

The charge was denied by Washington, which on Saturday called for her "immediate release" and condemned what it called her "secret trial." [Ahram/17February2011] Read the full article at

No Royal Amnesty for "Yellow Shirt" Activist Jailed for Espionage: Cambodian PM. Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen said Thursday that there will be no royal pardon for "Yellow Shirt" activists jailed in Cambodia for espionage.

Hun Sen made the remarks during a rare press conference on Thursday at the Government House. "Veera Somkwamkid (one of the leaders of the People's Network against Corruption and a high- profile activist in the Thailand Patriot Network) was imprisoned for eight years - it's eight years in Prey Sar prison."

"And don't come to persuade me to ask King Norodom Sihamoni for royal pardon, it's impossible at this time. Comply with the law properly," the premier said, adding that it will serve "at least two third of the jailed term before being considered for royal amnesty." [PeopleDaily/17February2011]  Read the full article at

Senate Bill Would Make Leaks a Felony. Legislation introduced in the Senate this week would broadly criminalize leaks of classified information. The bill (S. 355) sponsored by Sen. Benjamin Cardin (D-MD) would make it a felony for a government employee or contractor who has authorized access to classified information to disclose such information to an unauthorized person in violation of his or her nondisclosure agreement.

Under existing law, criminal penalties apply only to the unauthorized disclosure of a handful of specified categories of classified information (in non-espionage cases). These categories include codes, cryptography, communications intelligence, identities of covert agents, and nuclear weapons design information. The new bill would amend the espionage statutes to extend such penalties to the unauthorized disclosure of any classified information. [Aftergod/] Read the entire article at

NSA Reveals its Secret: No Backdoor in Encryption Standard. The National Security Agency made changes in the proposed design of the Data Encryption Standard before its adoption in 1976, but it did not add any backdoors or other surprises that have been speculated about for 35 years, the technical director of NSA's information assurance directorate said Wednesday.

"We're actually pretty good guys," said Dickie George. "We wanted to make sure we were as squeaky clean as possible."

Besides, "I don't think we were good enough to sneak things in that you guys wouldn't have found," he told a crowd of crypto professionals and security officials.

George detailed for the first time, in a presentation at the RSA Security Conference, the role of the NSA in developing and vetting DES, the nation's first commercial encryption standard. Changes were made by the NSA in the Substitution boxes, or S-boxes, which provide the core security for the algorithm that was submitted for approval as a standard by IBM. [Jackson/GCN/16February2011]  Read the full article at 

CIA CIO To Head IT For Intelligence Community. President Obama has picked the former CIO for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to perform the same role for the wider range of U.S. intelligence agencies.

Al Tarasiuk, who served in the CIO position at the CIA from 2005 until 2010, is now CIO for the Intelligence Community (IC), an organization comprised of 17 U.S. agencies that perform intelligence operations.

Agencies in the community work both independently and in collaborative ways to gather intelligence information and work alongside the president, lawmakers, law enforcement, and the military to identify threats to national security and work together to combat them.

Tarasiuk is taking over for Priscilla Guthrie, who served only 18 months in the position. The IC CIO is responsible for establishing common IT standards and IT procurement across the IC, as well as developing IT architecture to support information-sharing policies and objectives.

The position is one of the most significant CIO roles in the federal government, and certainly a challenging one. While the agencies in IC are meant to work together, each one controls its own IT budget and makes decisions independently. [Montalbano/InformationWeek/18February2011]  Read the full article at 


Sketchy Intelligence: Artist Unveils Study of MI6. Security chiefs complain intelligence is often sketchy - and here's the proof.

Artist James Hart Dyke on Monday unveiled a series of paintings and drawings completed during a rare 12-month study of Britain's overseas spy agency MI6.

Dyke, who has been a war artist with the British military in Iraq and Afghanistan, was granted access to secretive sites at home and overseas.

The project was sanctioned as part of events to mark the service's centenary in 2009. Last year, historian Keith Jeffery published an official history of the agency's first 40 years. [ABCNews/14February2011] Read the entire article at

The Nazi Criminals Who Became German Spooks. Germany's foreign intelligence agency, the BND, is having historians look into its shadowy early years, when the organization hired former Nazi criminals. The coming revelations could prove embarrassing for Chancellor Merkel's Christian Democrats and may even tarnish the legacy of former Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.

They called Johannes Clemens the "Tiger of Como." When an SS captain bore a nickname like that, it rarely meant anything good. Clemens belonged to a squad that shot 335 civilians in the Ardeatine Caves near Rome in 1944, one of the worst massacres on Italian soil during World War II.

Former chief inspector Georg Wilimzig also had blood on his hands. His 300-member squad, known as IV/2, murdered thousands of men, women and children following the German invasion of Poland in 1939.

After 1945, Clemens and Wilimzig both found themselves working for the same employer - the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), Germany's foreign intelligence agency.

It's no secret that intelligence agencies don't like to disclose too much information about their own histories. There is even less transparency when that history involves mass murderers among the ranks. For this reason, it is all the more remarkable that the current BND head, Ernst Uhrlau, has been pushing for years to have more light cast on the early years of his organization, as part of Germany's ongoing efforts to come to terms with its Nazi past. Uhrlau, a member of the center-left Social Democratic Party (SPD), has been trying since 2006 to move the issue forward. [Wiegrefe /Spiegel/15February2011] Read the full article at,1518,745640,00.html

60 Years Later, Spies' Lives Revealed. In 1952, Shin Bet agents were sent undercover to spy inside Palestinian villages. Keeping their real identities secret, they married Arab women, with whom they had children. Decades later, truth came to light. 'They tried to forget, but never could,' mission leader says

"Your husband is not who you think he is. He is not Arab. Your husband is a Jew who was sent into your village on a mission by the defense establishment." This was the news a few Israeli Arab women received from the head of the Mossad mission in France in 1964. This was how they discovered that the fathers of their children were serving in a top secret Israeli unit sent to spy in their villages.

Ten Jewish men assimilated into Arab communities in the early 1950s, marrying local women and starting families with them, all the while serving in the Shin Bet as "mistaarvim," (literally, masqueraders) - undercover agents posing as Palestinians.

The goal of the unit, which was established in 1952, was to have men on the inside in case a war breaks out, and the Israeli Arabs join the enemy. Shumel Moriah, a senior Shin Bet officer who came to Israel from Iraq, and had plenty of experience smuggling Jews into Israel, led the unit. He recruited 10 other Iraqi-born men for the complex mission.

The unit was disbanded over a decade after its establishment, which was when the wives were informed of the deception. Most of them converted and lived in Israel as Jews. Their children were recognized as Jews without undergoing an official conversion procedure. [Novick/Ynetnews/20Febraury2011]  Read the entire article at,7340,L-4031176,00.html 

Species Seekers and Spies. There's a scene early in the 2002 film "Die Another Day," where James Bond poses as an ornithologist in Havana, with binoculars in hand and a book, "Birds of the West Indies," tucked under one arm. "Oh, I'm just here for the birds," he ventures, when the fetching heroine, Jinx Johnson, played by Halle Berry, makes her notably unfeathered entrance.

It was an in-joke, of course. That field guide had been written by the real-life James Bond, an American ornithologist who was neither dashing nor a womanizer, and certainly not a spy. Bond's name just happened to have the right bland and thoroughly British ring to it. So the novelist Ian Fleming - himself a weekend birder in Jamaica - latched onto it when he first concocted his thriller spy series in the 1950s.

The link between naturalists and spies goes well beyond Fleming, of course, and it might seem as if this ought to be flattering to the naturalists. While the James Bonds and Jinx Johnsons of spy fiction are trading arch sex talk in the glamour spots of the world, real naturalists tend to be sweating in tropical sinkholes, or wearing out their eyes studying the genitalia of Junebugs. (That's not a joke, by the way: Genitalia evolve faster than other traits and often serve as the key to species identification, especially in insects. The Phalloblaster, a device worthy of Bond, was invented to make the job easier by inflating the parts in question.) And yet over the years I've found that naturalists don't actually like the connection at all. The suspicion that they may be spies just complicates the difficult job of getting access to habitats and specimens in foreign countries, which are often already leery of their odd collecting behavior. It can also get them jailed, or even murdered.

So is there a basis in real life for the persistent idea of the naturalist as spy? Spies have at times certainly pretended to be naturalists. The most public of them was Sir Robert Baden Powell, better known as founder of the Boy Scouts. As a British secret agent, he thought it clever to pose as "one of the exceedingly stupid Englishmen who wandered about foreign countries sketching cathedrals, or catching butterflies." His detailed maps of enemy fortifications were concealed within the natural patterns of butterfly wings and tree leaves, and he sometimes showed off these sketches to locals, secure in the sad knowledge that they "did not know one butterfly from another - any more than I do."

Rival nations and their spies have also frequently targeted natural history treasures. Persian monks visiting China in 552 A.D., for instance, brought back silkworm eggs concealed in a hollow cane. This pioneering act of industrial espionage established the silk trade in the Mediterranean and broke a longstanding Chinese monopoly. That kind of resource grab got repeated on the grand scale during the colonial era, for products from quinine to rubber, one reason international rules on collecting expeditions are now so strict. [Richard Conniff's work has appeared in Smithsonian, National Geographic, Time, The Atlantic, The New York Times Magazine, and on National Public Radio. He is the author of several books, most recently, "The Species Seekers: Heroes, Fools, and the Mad Pursuit of Life on Earth." He blogs at Twitter: @RichardConniff.]  [Conniff/NYTimes/20February2011]  Read the full article at  

How a Geek Fooled the CIA Into Handing Over �13m For a Computer Program to 'Stop Al Qaeda Attacks.' A computer expert was paid more than �13million after fooling the CIA that he had developed software to stop Al Qaeda attacks.

Officials were so convinced by Dennis Montgomery that, acting on a tip-off from him, former president George Bush ordered passenger jets flying from London to be turned back over the Atlantic amid fears they were being hijacked.

There was even talk of shooting down the jets because it was feared the �hijackers' would crash them into U.S. targets in 2003.

But the information, like other tip-offs supplied by Montgomery, 57, was false.

On that occasion French officials were so angry at the supposed lapse in their security - one of the planes was headed for France - that they carried out their own investigation into Montgomery's technology and found it was a hoax.

One former CIA official said they realized then that they were conned and said: 'We got played'. [DailyMail/20February2011]  Read the full article at

You Get By With A Little Spying On Your Friends. Knowing who to spy on is just as important as teaching your case officers how to spy. Sometimes deciding who to keeps tabs on, or steal information from, can mean the difference between a successful operation and a ruined reputation that makes others unwilling to work with you. 

Depending on the country and the circumstances, it is sometimes easy for a nation to decide who they should be spying on and stealing secrets from. Warfare between actual nations often makes the spy game less murky. When two nations go to war, they both spy on each other to get an edge on the battlefield, figure out what the other is thinking, and obtain information on each other's weapons, tactics, and logistics matters. Israel was, and to some degree still is, in this position prior to the Six Day War in 1967. Israel, surrounded by hostile states and facing what it thought was imminent attack, was able to win, in large part, because of their massive network of informants and spies in Arab countries. Information gained from those spies, recruited by the Mossad and Military Intelligence (AMAN), made the difference. In those days, at war with every country neighboring it, Israel's intelligence mission was simple and straightforward: know everything there is to know about how Arab militaries work. While the Egyptian and Syrian secret services spied on their own people, Israel's leaders knew more about Arab military capabilities than the Arabs themselves. One such spy, Eli Cohen, was so effective at infiltrating and gaining the trust of the Syrian government that he was given a tour of the Syrian fortifications on the Golan Heights. The later result was complete devastation of these fortifications by the attacking Israeli forces.

The same thing happened for the US during World War II. During the war, Japan and Germany provided very clear-cut, unambiguous enemies towards which Allied espionage efforts were aimed. The U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and the Allied Intelligence Bureau (AIB) led the way. The AIB was a joint intelligence operation run by the British, Dutch, Australian and American spooks in the Pacific campaign. Like the OSS, the AIB ran special operations, but it also operated networks of spies and signals intelligence collectors behind Japanese lines. AIB was a tremendous success and is often seen as a historical model for running a successful intelligence service.

Compared to espionage during wartime, peacetime, and especially non-conventional conflicts, presents situations that are infinitely more difficult. Deciding who to watch is a much trickier decision. Ideally, the mission of civilian intelligence agencies is streamlined: spying on countries hostile to you, spying on terrorists, recruiting informants, and electronically eavesdropping on those types of people. However, even regions of the world that see a great deal of conflict, rarely see conventional warfare anymore. For example, the last major land engagement between countries Israeli and Arab forces in the Middle East was 29 years ago in Lebanon. [StrategyPage/20February2011]  Read the full article at 


Cuba is No Egypt. Somewhere in Havana, Fidel Castro is probably laughing out loud to see Hosni Mubarak lose his grip on power after 30 years of undisputed leadership. In Castro's eyes, no doubt, the octogenarian Mr. Mubarak brought a world of trouble on himself by trying to mollify Western critics through the creation of a phony democracy that would give his regime a veneer of respectability.

Mr. Mubarak was never a softie. Egypt's intelligence service, the Mukhabarat, is justly feared throughout the Middle East for its inhumane treatment of anyone perceived as an enemy of the state, well documented in a 95-page report issued recently by Human Rights Watch on its use of torture and repression.

But the flip side of this officially sanctioned terror was the attempt to create a kind of fictional democracy to give the state the appearance of legitimacy. Thus, Egypt's citizens had access to the Internet. Opposition (closely watched and within strict limits) was allowed in the media. The anti-regime Muslim Brotherhood was officially banned, but its underground survival tolerated. Rival political parties exist, at least on paper. Until now, foreign reporters have operated freely and with little fear of harassment. Uncensored TV news from sources like Al-Jazeera was widely seen.

In Mr. Mubarak's Egypt, the illusion of freedom was allowed to flourish. When the upheaval came, the mirage vanished. Internet access was cut off, Al-Jazeera banned, foreign reporters detained and in some cases beaten by mobs, opposition silenced, the regime's thugs given free rein.

Cuba is a different place. [MiamiHerald/14February2011] Read the entire article at

Do Casual Words Betray Terrorists' Murderous Intent?  What do George W. Bush and Osama Bin Laden have in common? Both may have unwittingly revealed their decisions to launch violent actions through subtle shifts in their use of language.

"It doesn't matter which team you're on," James Pennebaker, a psychologist at the University of Texas at Austin, claimed at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. "If your team is going to war, there are these linguistic shifts."

Pennebaker is one of several researchers working with the US Department of Homeland Security on the Comparative Case Studies of Radical Rhetoric project, which is analysing English translations of statements issued by al-Qaeda and al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, alongside those released by two groups with similar radical Islamic philosophies, but which have not resorted to violence. The ultimate goal is to help intelligence analysts predict impending acts of terrorism.

Pennebaker's insights come not from the main "content words" in each document, mostly nouns and verbs, but the everyday "function words" that surround them. These include pronouns, articles like "the" and "a" and a host of other common words such as "this", "upon", and "by".

There were fairly clear differences between the two terrorist groups and their non-violent counterparts, Hizb ut-Tahrir and the Movement for Islamic Reform in Arabia. The violent groups used more personal pronouns, and words with social meaning or which convey positive or negative emotions. By contrast, the two non-violent groups had a more stilted and passive style. [Aldhouse/NewScientist/19February2011]  Read the full article at 

Accessing Project Azorian and K-129. The otherwise fine review of Project Azorian, the CIA and the raising of the K-129 in the Feb. 4 edition of The Washington Times makes one unfortunate misstatement: Navy Intelligence officers did not pinpoint the location of the lost Soviet submarine ("Bringing the K-129 to the surface," Books).

As discussed on Page 46 of "Azorian," it was Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC) personnel using acoustic data who determined the location of the K-129 wreckage and provided that information to the Navy.

In May 1968, the Navy took the acoustic data from AFTAC before it could be analyzed to determine why the K-129 was lost. The Navy then compartmentalized the data so that not even Office of Naval Intelligence acoustic analysts could review it.

Consequently, it was not until 2009 - 41 years after the event - that analysis of the AFTAC data obtained from public-domain sources determined that the K-129 was lost because two R-21 missiles fired to fuel-exhaustion within their breached missile tubes.  [Rule/WashingtonTimes/11February2011] Read the complete article at



Military History / Death of a Secret Agent. "The Angel: Ashraf Marwan, the Mossad and the Surprise of the Yom Kippur War"), by Uri Bar-Joseph. reviewed by Yigal Kipnis.

The hero of Uri Bar-Joseph's book is Ashraf Marwan, a son-in-law of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser who offered his services as a spy to the Mossad beginning some three years before the Yom Kippur War. He became a close confidant of Nasser's successor, Anwar Sadat, and continued to supply Israel with highly classified information, most significantly during the critical year leading up to war. For the Mossad, Marwan embodied what Bar-Joseph calls "the dream of every spy service in the world."

In 2002, many years after he had stopped spying, his name and the details of his work were exposed; five years later, he was found dead in London under circumstances that remain unresolved to this day. The book's final dramatic scene, tragic for the hero, shows that truth is indeed stranger than fiction.

Marwan's value as a spy may be gleaned just from the bare facts of what he told Israel, and attempts to enhance the drama serve only to detract from it. For example, the book attempts to glorify the Egyptian agent's importance by devoting the prologue to a description of the fighting on the Golan Heights during the Yom Kippur War, and the claim that Marwan's warning kept the Syrians from winning it back - an assertion that cannot be proven. It is precisely the timing of the warning - a mere day before Egypt and Syria carried out a coordinated attack on Israel in October 1973 - that detracts from Marwan's reputation and raises the question of why such a highly placed spy had not warned Israel earlier. [Haaretz/17February2011]  Read the full article at 


Sharon R. Parish. Sharon Rebecca Parish, 57, of Spotsylvania County and Manassas passed away on Wednesday, Feb. 9, 2011. She was taken instantly in a car accident while driving from work to her Manassas home.

Sharon was born on April 24, 1953, in Marlinton, W.Va., the daughter of the late Lloyd Joseph and Audrey Rose Woods.

She is survived by her devoted husband of 35 years, Carleton Richard Parish; her brother, Charles Woods and his wife, Vicki, of Slatyfork, W.Va.; her sister, Sandra Katrina Woods Beverage and her husband, Bobby, of Spotsylvania; a niece, Kathy Sheppard and her husband, David, and their two children, Annie and Elizabeth, of Orange County; a niece, Penny Stacey and her husband, Bron, of Spotsylvania; and two nephews, Danny and Kenny Woods of Slatyfork, W.Va. She also is survived by her and Carl's beloved Jack Russell terrier, Lucky.

Sharon began her career with the Central Intelligence Agency in 1971 as a GS4 secretary and worked her way up through the ranks to a senior intelligence Level-3 position during her years with the federal government. She was recently promoted to the position of deputy director of acquisitions for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. She would have celebrated her 40th anniversary with the federal government on September 11, 2011. [Fredricksburg/14February2011] Read the entire article at

Christian J. Lambertsen, OSS Officer Who Created Early Scuba Service, Dies at 93. Christian J. Lambertsen, who as a medical student in 1939 invented a revolutionary underwater breathing system used by the military in World War II and who later helped coin the popular acronym to describe his device and others like it - scuba - died of renal failure Feb. 11 at his home in Newtown Square, Pa. He was 93.

Dr. Lambertsen, who had a second home on Maryland's Eastern Shore, was a longtime professor at his alma mater, the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He was an expert on respiratory physiology and diving-related ailments.

His 1939 invention, the Lambertsen Amphibious Respirator Unit, or LARU, is considered a forerunner of the scuba technology used today.

In 1952, Dr. Lambertsen and a colleague wrote a paper for the National Academy of Sciences describing his "Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus," which they shortened to scuba.

Before World War II, military divers wore clunky metal helmets that pumped breathable air through hoses tethered to boats on the water's surface.

Dr. Lambertsen's LARU let divers swim freely and stealthily. It used pure oxygen and was a closed system. Equipped with a carbon dioxide filter, it enabled the diver to re-breathe the air he exhaled while underwater, which made the system bubbleless.

After the Navy rejected his device at first, Dr. Lambertsen demonstrated the LARU in the swimming pool of the Shoreham Hotel in Washington in 1942 to the Office of Strategic Services, the World War II predecessor of the CIA.

Not only was the OSS impressed with the invention, the nascent spy agency saw great potential in the young medical student, who was also an experienced diver.

After he graduated from medical school in 1943, Dr. Lambertsen joined the Army Medical Corps and was recruited to the OSS.

He helped train members of a newly formed OSS maritime unit in the use of his underwater breathing system in the pool at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis.

One of the men Dr. Lambertsen trained was able to swim more than a mile underwater in the Potomac River and remain submerged for 48 minutes.

Dr. Lambertsen's device was further tested in Operation Cincinnati, in which OSS swimmers clandestinely infiltrated the heavy defenses of the U.S. Navy harbor at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and blew up an old barge.

The mission was a resounding success, a top-secret government report later concluded, because "Navy sound detection gear did not reveal the presence of underwater swimmers." [Shapiro/WashingtonPost/18February2011]

Research Requests

Seeking to interview former officers for a history of U.S. military intelligence. I'd be honored to speak with anyone who served in (or worked with) the MI community. My book focuses on DIA and on the evolution of support to the warfighter, from Eisenhower to Obama. I'm also spotlighting the contributions of some Service elements, e.g. USMLM and the Combined Analysis Detachment-Berlin. Please reply to Mark Riebling, 917 690-9980, (NB: Former DoD personnel can coordinate through DIA Public Affairs Director Don Black (703 695 0339, - please reference "Mark Riebling's book.")

Coming Educational Events


MANY Spy Museum Events in February and March with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

Wednesday, 23 February 2011, 10:15 am - Washington, DC - "The Russian Illegals" at the International Spy Museum - Russian-Americans Stealing Secrets for Russia

Get the inside story on the June 2010 roundup of ten Russian "deep-cover" spies—from sexy agent Anna Chapman to stylish young Mikhail Semenko. International Spy Museum historian and former CIA analyst, Mark Stout will reveal the latest information on the investigation, the spy swap, and the damage done. Part of the Spy Museum's THE SPIES WITHIN: UNDERCOVER IN THE USA series.
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: $112 for all four programs on Feb 2, 9, 16, and 23. (must be purchased through the Smithsonian). To register or for more information, visit

24 February 2011 - Arlington, VA - Col. Lang on "The Islamic World Today" - at luncheon of Defense Intelligence Forum

The group meets at the Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA. Colonel W. Patrick Lang, USA (Ret), will speak on The Islamic World Today. Colonel Lang is a retired Army Military Intelligence, Special Forces, and Foreign Area officer. In his last active duty assignment, he was Defense Intelligence Officer for the Middle East, South Asia, and Terrorism. Following retirement, he became the first Director of the Defense HUMINT Service. He was the first Arabic Language professor at West Point. He served ten years as an executive for a company operating in the Middle East and South Asia. He is a consultant for television and radio, including The News Hour with Jim Lehrer. He wrote Intelligence: the Human Factor, a definitive text on human intelligence collection operations, and several novels based on Confederate secret services in the Civil War.
Registration starts at 1130, lunch at 1200. Reserve by 18 February by email to Give names, telephone numbers, email addresses, and choice of chicken cacciatore, tilapia puttanesca, lasagna, sausage and peppers, or fettuccini portabella. Pay at the door by check for $29 per person. Make checks payable to DIAA, Inc. WE DON'T TAKE CASH! If you don't have a check, have the restaurant charge your credit or debit card $29 and give the restaurant's copy of the receipt when you check in.

Friday, 25 February 2011, 6 - 8 pm - Washington, DC - 10th Anniversary of the Arrest of FBI Agent Robert Hanssen - presentation by Brian Kelley, CIA

Institute of World Politics Professor Brian Kelley, a retired CIA officer who knew and worked with Hanssen, will provide the intimate details about the "story behind the story" relative to the investigation of the FBI traitor.
Using the actual video clips taken of the arrest of Hanssen, along with salient clips from the movie Breach and from a 60 Minutes story which document the events leading to Hanssen's arrest, Professor Kelley will walk the audience through the complex case of the bizarre traitor focusing on Hanssen's lack of operational "tradecraft" coupled with salient investigative issues which took this investigation down the wrong path for many years. In addition to his talk, Mr. Kelley will introduce some special guests who were connected in various ways to the investigation.
RSVP and Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC. Please RSVP to

Wednesday, 2 March 2011, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - Counterfeiting and Forgery 101 - at the International Spy Museum
"Any intelligence service worth its salt should be able to make the other guy's currency."—Allen Dulles, Director of Central Intelligence
Counterfeiting as an act of war is every bit as serious as dropping bombs. By the end of World War II the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) had reproduced the Japanese Imperial Note and the German Reichsmark; meanwhile, the Germans had made significant progress against the British 5, 10, 20 and 50 pound notes. Thousands of forgeries have been and are being undertaken by intelligence services not only to gain financial leverage, but also to win over the hearts and minds of the enemy. Who are the artists and craftspeople who make these delicate but powerful weapons? How do they do it? Antonio J. Mendez, retired CIA officer and founding Museum board member, was recruited as an espionage artist into the CIA and learned the art and science of counterfeiting and forgery from some of the OSS's best talent. In this workshop Mendez will discuss some of the most famous forgeries and counterfeits, while doing hands-on instruction that will highlight some of the tricks of the forger. The audience will not only witness these manipulations but will be able to try them.
Warning!! This workshop is intended to better inform spy aficionados!! Do not attempt to turn these secrets into marketable or profitable skills!!
Tickets: $28.00 per person. For more information visit

7 March 2011, 7:30 pm - Los Angeles, CA - The Honorable John Negroponte, Former Director of National Intelligence on "The American Future in Asia: Insights from America's Former Intelligence Chief" - event by Los Angeles World Affairs Council

Oftentimes it only takes brief service in one important position in the federal government to establish an individual as a foreign policy authority. In other instances, however, that distinction is earned by a lifetime of distinguished service at the highest levels of government. John Negroponte is an example of the latter phenomenon.
Negroponte has been ambassador to Honduras, Mexico, the Philippines, the United Nations, and Iraq. In Washington, he served twice on the National Security Council staff, first as director for Vietnam in the Nixon Administration and then as deputy national security advisor under President Reagan. He also held a cabinet level position as the first director of national intelligence under President George W. Bush. His most recent position in government was as Deputy Secretary of State, where he served as the State Department's chief operating officer.
Now returned to the private sector, Ambassador Negroponte remains one of the foremost authorities on a wide array of foreign policy topics. During his upcoming visit to the Council in March, he will focus on America's foreign policy priorities in Asia. With a volatile Korean Penisula, a rapidly modernizing China and India, and a combustible Pakistan, the timing of his remarks couldn't be more appropriate. We hope you will join us for a special evening with this towering figure in international relations.
Location: The Intercontinental Hotel, 2151 Avenue of the Stars, Los Angeles CA 90067.
Purchase Tickets: or call (213) 628 2333

Thursday, 10 March 2011, noon - 2 pm - Washington, DC - The Returned & Services League of Australia, Washington DC Chapter, Presents – Stealth Down: The Loss of the First F-117 Stealth Fighter in Combat and the Dramatic Rescue of the Pilot.

(Arrive early as Mr. Simpson's briefing will start at around 12:15).
Speaker - Mr. Ross W. Simpson is a network radio correspondent for The Associated Press who has covered military affairs since the infamous Cuban Missile Crisis that brought the U.S. to the brink of war with the Soviet Union, to the invasion of Panama, the Gulf War, and U.S. intervention in Somalia and Haiti. His coverage has won almost every major broadcast award including the coveted Edward R. Murrow Award in 1995 for his coverage in Haiti and again in 2002 for his spot coverage of the 9/11 attack in 2001. Simpson is the author of three previous books, including Invasion: The American Destruction of the Noriega Regime in Panama; The Fires of '88; and Maryland, A Photographic Celebration. He lives with his wife in Haymarket, Virginia. Taken from the book outline.
Where –Amenities room, Embassy of Australia, 1601 Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC 20036
Valid ID required.
Charge - $15.00, including buffet lunch and sodas. Alcoholic beverages- $2.00 each.
R.S.V.P. by noon on Wednesday March 9, 2011, to David Ward on 202-352-8550 or via e-mail at Attire : Business casual
Parking: There is no parking at the Embassy. There is paid public parking behind and under the Airline Pilots Association (17th and Mass) and at 1500 Mass. Ave N.W.

Friday, 11 March 2011, noon - 1 pm - Washington, DC - " The Company We Keep: A Husband-and-Wife True-life Spy Story" by Robert Baer at the International Spy Museum.

Robert Baer was known inside the Agency as perhaps the best operative working the Middle East—a man who'd been "in the life" so long that friends and family had mostly become casualties, no longer interested in taking his calls. Dayna Williamson was a newcomer—a young Agency talent who was determined to make it as a spy and as a gun-wielding "shooter," even as she found herself losing touch with everyone who mattered to her. When they were sent on a mission together, the last thing either expected happened: they fell in love. Join Dayna and New York Times bestselling author Robert Baer as they share their unlikely romance, their attempt to leave their old lives behind, and how they are applying their intelligence background to timely issues today from Hizballah to Pakistan." Free! No registration required! Join the author for an informal chat and book signing. Further information at

24 March 2011 – San Francisco, CA – The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Captain Jeff Kline, U.S. Navy, ret.; Senior Lecturer, Navy Postgraduate School, speaking on "Piracy on the High Seas" with special emphasis on the Somali pirates. The meeting will be held at UICC, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat/Wawona): 11:30 AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate pot roast or fish): and mail a check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578 Burlingame, CA 94011

28 March - 1 April 2011 - San Diego, CO - Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit at SDSU by The HALO Corporation The 2011 Bicoastal Counter-Terrorism Summit (BCTS) has been created to meet the critical needs of Security Professionals and Law Enforcement personnel. Throughout the Summit, Law Enforcement and Security Professionals will share and exchange information, ideas, and intelligence and engage in exercises based on factual scenarios. For further information contact

Tuesday, 29 March 2011, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Who's Watching Whom: Spying and Social Media" at the International Spy Museum

"You are opening the floodgates to a torrent of data, which your adversary can ... sift and turn into intelligence."—Paul Strassman, former Pentagon director of defense information, July 2010
Much has been made of Anna Chapman, the Russian illegal, and her use of Facebook to search for contacts and information. But how effective is social media as a vehicle for intelligence gathering and manipulation? This expert panel will reveal what online identities and social media can do that actual operatives and organizations can't. Judge Shannen L. Rossmiller (Ret.) is credited as America's first online operative in the War on Terror. Since 9/11, the cyber-spy has been responsible for more than 200 cases of actionable intelligence and extremist captures – most of them overseas and in conjunction with the FBI made through her adoption of online alter egos who proclaim allegiance with terrorist groups. Thomas Ryan, co-founder of Provide Security, created the fictional Robin Sage, a cyber femme fatale, who quickly wormed her way into the confidence of security professionals who should have known better. The experiment was conceived to expose weaknesses in the nation's defense and intelligence communities. Jack Holt, senior strategist for emerging media at the Department of Defense, joins in to reveal the challenges and opportunities that social media presents for us all.
Tickets: $15.00 per person. Register at

26 April 2011 - National Harbor, MD - 2011 Emerald Express Strategic Symposium "Al Qaida after Ten Year of War: A Global Perspective of Successes, Failures, and Prospects.

This one day symposium by Marine Corps University, in partnership with the DoD Minerva Research Initiative and the Marine Corps University Foundation, is a one-day conference being held at the Gaylord National Resort and Conference Center, National Harbor, MD. The conference will examine the multidimensional aspects of the Al-Qaida threat in various theaters where it currently operates or may do so in the future. The symposium will bring together authorities on Al-Qaida from academia, government (both military and civilian), think tanks, and media from both the United States and from the regions under discussion. We are proud to feature Gen Michael V. Hayden (USAF, Ret), the former Director of the CIA, former Director of the NSA, and former Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, as our morning keynote speaker.
We hope to see you there, as your participation will contribute to the quality of the event. To see the agenda and/or register, please visit the symposium website at: Please feel free to share this email with colleagues and friends. There is no cost to attend.
Further questions and/or comments may be directed to Ms. Stephanie Kramer at or 703.432.4771 or LtCol Sal Viscuso at,or 703.432.5251

9 May 2011, 5:30 pm - New York, NY - Mark Lowenthal addresses the NY Metro Chapter
Event occurs at the "3 West Club" 3 West 51st Street with registration at 5:30 PM. Cash bar and buffet dinner. Details to follow. For early info contact

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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