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Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS
CIA Reveals Its Six Oldest Classified Documents; Now We Can All Read Them. They're not exactly sexy. You won't come away after reading them feeling like you're James Bond.
And you'll need some milk.
But it is fascinating that the Central Intelligence Agency has "declassified the United States Government's six oldest classified documents, dating from 1917 and 1918," it says.
According to the CIA, "one document outlines the chemicals and techniques necessary for developing certain types of secret writing ink and a method for opening sealed letters without detection. Another memorandum dated June 14, 1918 - written in French - reveals the formula used for German secret ink."
The secrets can now be revealed, CIA Director Leon Panetta says in a statement, because "recent advancements in technology" apparently make the methods obsolete. [Read more: VPR/19April2011]
General Michael Hayden Will Be Keynote Speaker for 7th Raleigh Spy Conference. General Michael Hayden - the only person to serve as director of the National Security Agency (NSA) and as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) - will be the keynote speaker for the 7th Raleigh Spy Conference to be held in downtown Raleigh August 24-26, 2011.
Hayden, at one time the highest-ranking military intelligence officer in the United States, oversaw NSA's surveillance of technical communications between foreign and domestic terrorist groups during his tenure from 1999 to 2005, the longest stint of any previous director. While CIA Director from 2006 to 2009, he defended intense interrogation of terrorist suspects.
For the 2011 Raleigh Spy Conference, General Hayden will join speakers Michael Sulick, former director of CIA's National Clandestine Service - and now a Raleigh-area resident; retired CIA officer Brian Kelley, the "wrong man" in the investigation of FBI traitor Robert Hanssen; British author and intelligence expert Nigel West; and retired Royal Canadian Mounted Police intelligence officer Dan Mulvenna. [Read more: PRLog/19April2011]
Brother of Afghan CIA Bomber Arrested in Jordan. Jordan's counterterrorism forces have arrested the brother of an al-Qaida triple agent who blew himself up in a CIA outpost in Afghanistan in 2009, a Jordanian security official and two Islamist leaders said Tuesday.
The attack in the Afghan province of Khost killed seven CIA employees and was one of the worst tragedies in the history of the American intelligence agency.
A Jordanian security official said the arrested man, Ayman al-Balawi, 38, was detained in a sweep Friday along with 102 other members of the ultraconservative Muslim Salafi sect.
The sweep followed violent clashes with anti-government protesters in the eastern Jordanian city of Zarqa during which Salafis stabbed unarmed policemen with swords and knives, wounding 83 officers, and brandished bundles of barbed wire.
Salafis - a banned sect which operates underground in Jordan - have held a series of rallies in various parts of the country in recent weeks. Their demonstrations are separate from the four-month-old wave of anti-government protests demanding democratic reforms and inspired by uprisings in the Arab world.
The security official said Tuesday that Ayman al-Balawi is the brother of Humam al-Balawi, the Jordanian physician-turned-bomber who carried out the December 2009 strike in Khost. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the sweep with the media. He said al-Balawi was not in the Zarqa protest. [Read more: AP/19April2011]
Indonesian Terror Groups Get Smaller, Harder to Detect. As terrorists in the country shift from forming larger to smaller groups, the Indonesian police's early terror-plot detection ability becomes more challenging, experts say.
The International Crisis Group (ICG) said in its latest report issued on Tuesday that Indonesian law enforcers' aggressive clamping down on terrorism had driven terrorists to act in smaller groups independent of larger organizations.
"The suicide bombing inside a police station mosque on April 15, 2011, and a spate of letter bombs delivered in Jakarta in mid-March are emblematic of the shift," the group said.
Dynno Chressbon, intelligence expert and director of the Study Center for Intelligence and National Security said Wednesday that the shift meant acts of terrorism would likely be harder to monitor.
"[These acts] will be harder to detect because the database the police have is limited to the old terrorist networks. New players from smaller groups will be difficult to detect until post-bombing," he added.
Another terrorism expert, Noor Huda Ismail, told The Jakarta Post that smaller terror groups meant bomb attacks would be conducted on a minor scale with a smaller explosion impact but more sporadically.
"Terrorists today are 'just-do-it' terrorists," he said. [Read more: JakartaPost/21April2011]
Color Code Terrorism Warnings Go Dark. The much-derided color-coded terror-alert system introduced after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks will be officially scrapped next week.
It will be replaced with a tailored alert system designed to give the public more-specific information about "credible" terror threats facing the U.S., the Department of Homeland Security said Wednesday.
The old system "has faded in utility, except for late-night comics," said Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano. She had pledged earlier this year to replace the old system, which came under fire shortly after it debuted in March 2002 for its lack of precision or detail.
The new version, called the National Terrorism Advisory System, will go live April 26 and will offer alerts on the Web and via email, Facebook and Twitter.
The new alerts, based on intelligence gathered by Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency, and others, could specify target locations or sectors, such as aviation, or specific terror tactics the public should be aware of, Ms. Napolitano said. Alerts will note either "elevated" or "imminent" threat types. [Read more: Johnson/WallStreetJournal/21April2011]
Indonesia, Turkey Discuss Anti-Terrorism Cooperation with Muslim Countries. Indonesia on Wednesday discussed anti-terrorism cooperation between intelligence communities of Muslim countries, as a delegation is currently on an official visit to Turkey.
Indonesia's Chairman of the House of Representatives Commission I for defense, information and foreign affairs Mahfudz Siddiq told Antara news agency that the anti-terrorism cooperation was discussed during a meeting held with Turkish intelligence agency Dr. Hakan Fidan in Ankara, Turkey.
According to Siddiq, as the delegations discussed several related ideas, Dr. Fidan, who represents the Turkish intelligence agency (MIT) was enthusiastic about the cooperation talks. [Read more: WireUpdate/21April2011]
Pentagon Seeks Death for Accused USS Cole Bomber. Pentagon prosecutors Wednesday pressed the first Obama-era war crimes charges against a Guant�namo captive, seeking the death penalty in the case of a Saudi man accused of masterminding the 2000 suicide attack on an American Navy warship off Yemen that killed 17 American sailors.
If a senior Defense Department official approves the charge sheet, Abd al Rahim al Nashiri, 46, would face the first-ever capitol prosecution at the war court called Camp Justice. [Read more: Rosenberg/MiamiHerald/20April2011]
Top Federal Lab Hacked in Spear-Phishing Attack. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory was forced to disconnect internet access for workers on Friday after the federal facility was hacked, and administrators discovered data being siphoned from a server.
Only a "few megabytes" of data were stolen before the lab discovered the breach and cut internet access to prevent further exfiltration from the sensitive government facility, according to Thomas Zacharia, deputy director of the lab.
The lab, which is located in Tennessee and conducts classified and unclassified energy and national security work for the federal government, is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and is managed by UT-Batelle, a private company formed by the University of Tennessee and Batelle Memorial Institute. The lab's science and technology research includes work on nuclear nonproliferation and isotope production. The lab, ironically, also does cybersecurity research focusing on, among other things, researching malware and vulnerabilities in software and hardware as well as phishing attacks.
"One of our core competencies at the lab is cybersecurity research," Zacharia said.
Zacharia called the attack against the lab "sophisticated" and compared it to so-called "advanced persistent threat" attacks that hit security firm RSA last month and Google last year. [Read more: Zetter/Wired/20April2011]
Death Penalty for Three Saddam-Era Spies. Iraq's High Criminal Court on Thursday sentenced to death three Saddam Hussein-era spies who assassinated the father of a sitting Iraqi lawmaker in Beirut in April 1994.
"The court sentences to death Hadi Hassuni, Abdul Hassan al-Majid and Farukh Hijazi, who were agents of the intelligence services," tribunal spokesman Mohammed Abdul Saheb told AFP.
Two other men, military intelligence chief Saber Duri and Saddam's secretary Abdul Hamid Mahmoud, were sentenced to life imprisonment at the conclusion of the trial, which began in October 2009. [Read more: AP/21April2011]
Most Agencies Are Out of Compliance with Secrecy Policy. Most executive branch agencies failed to meet a December 2010 deadline set by President Obama to issue implementing regulations for his December 2009 executive order on national security classification policy, dealing a setback to the Administration's classification reform agenda.
Despite last year's presidential deadline, "As of March 15, 2011, only 19 of 41 agencies have issued their implementing regulations in final form," according to the latest Annual Report to the President from the Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO), made public today.
"Given that less than half of agencies have issued implementing regulations in the 15 months since the President issued the order and the 9 months since ISOO revised the government-wide implementing regulations for the order, it is clear that the means by which agencies modify and issue implementing regulations are not sufficient to accommodate changes in national security policy," the ISOO Report said.
"ISOO sees this as the biggest impediment to implementing the reforms called for by the President and as a real threat to the efficient and effective implementation of the overall classification system."
Among other things, the delayed implementation of the executive order means that many agencies have still not begun to perform the Fundamental Classification Guidance Review that requires them to seek out and eliminate obsolete classification requirements.
ISOO Acting Director William A. Cira said that even with the lag in implementation, many agencies were actually moving faster to adopt the new classification order than they had done in the past. For example, after President Clinton issued executive order 12958 in April 1995, the Department of Defense did not issue an implementing regulation for nearly two years. Following President Bush's 2003 executive order 13292, the Department of Defense never got around to issuing an updated regulation at all!
On the other hand, no previous President had personally set a deadline for agencies to adopt implementing regulations, as President Obama did in a December 29, 2009 memorandum. This creates the awkward and disturbing circumstance that most affected agencies are now out of compliance with a direct presidential order.
That's true, said Mr. Cira of ISOO, but it should be understood as a reflection of antiquated bureaucratic procedures, not as deliberate agency defiance of the President. [Read more: SecrecyNews/21April2011]
Covert Hard Drive Fragmentation Embeds a Spy's Secrets. Good news for spies. There is now a way to hide data on a hard drive without using encryption. Instead of using a cipher to scramble text, the method involves manipulating the location of data fragments.
The inventors say their method makes it possible to encode a 20-megabyte message on a 160-gigabyte portable hard drive. It hides data so well that its existence would be "unreasonably complex" to detect, they say.
Encryption should sometimes be avoided, says Hassan Khan at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, because the gobbledegook it creates is a dead giveaway: it shows someone might have something to hide. That could spell disaster for someone trying to smuggle information out of a repressive country.
So "steganography", hiding data in plain sight, is coming to the fore. Normally, data intended to be secret is added to the pixels in digital images, or used to change the transmission timing of internet packets. But these techniques are well known and easily detected, says Khan. So, with colleagues at the National University of Science and Technology in Islamabad, Pakistan, he has developed an alternative.
Their technique exploits the way hard drives store file data in numerous small chunks, called clusters. The operating system stores these clusters all over the disc, wherever there is free space between fragments of other files. [Read more: Marks/NewScientist/21April2011]
Pentagon Budget: Time to Cut. In the final days of the 2011 budget debate, lawmakers gave the Pentagon a small boost, while they slashed funding for almost every other government agency.
But the Pentagon wanted tens of billions more. Still, lawmakers refused to pony up, a sign that Washington's budget cutting ambition might soon creep into the defense budget.
Since 2001, defense spending has just about doubled, rising to almost $700 billion in 2010. That is more than half of the discretionary budget and about 20% of the entire federal budget.
A few months ago, budget experts stood alone, clamoring for steep reductions in military spending to help put the nation back on a sustainable path.
Most politicians, however, displayed no such appetite.
Now cracks in the armor are starting to emerge.
Last week, President Obama backtracked on his earlier budget and outlined a new plan that would cut security spending by $400 billion by 2023.
"It's a meaningful cut, but not catastrophic," said Gordon Adams, a professor at American University's School of International Service and a former Clinton administration budget official who specialized in defense spending. [Read more: CNN/21April2011]
Iran to Hold Trial of Three US Hikers in May. Three Americans detained in Iran on the charges of espionage are to stand trial on May 11, local ISNA news agency reported Monday.
Massoud Shafiei, the lawyer of the three U.S. nationals, told ISNA that "A citation was issued for me stressing my presence in the trial session."
Shafiei said Iranian Foreign Ministry has issued summons for Sarah Shourd, one of the three who was released last year, to appear in the court.
The female hiker Shourd, once jailed in Iran with the other two Americans, was released by Tehran's prosecutor in September on a bail of 500,000 U.S. dollars. [Xinhuanet/25April2011]
Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE
History of the CIA. The Central Intelligence Agency, the American equivalent of MI6, is responsible for investigating foreign governments and terrorist groups around the world as well as providing national security intelligence for the US.
The early years of the CIA were dominated by the battle against communism.
It is the successor of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which was formed during the Second World War to coordinate espionage activities behind enemy lines.
When the war ended, the OSS was disbanded but the rise of the Soviet Union led US President Harry Truman to establish the Central Intelligence Group (CIG) in 1946 to provide strategic warnings as well as to conduct covert activities.
Less than two years later, the CIA was created and charged with coordinating US intelligence activities, gathering, correlating, evaluating and disseminating intelligence. Throughout its history, its headquarters have been in the Washington suburb of Langley, Virginia.
In 1953, the CIA overthrew a democratically elected government for the first time by installing, with the help of MI6, the Shah of Iran during Operation Ajax.
The early years of the CIA were dominated by the battle against communism. Few agents could penetrate the Soviet Union so technological methods predominated. In 1960, a CIA U-2 surveillance plane piloted by Gary Powers was shot down as it took pictures and collected electronic signals.
Some of the biggest CIA operations were aimed at Cuba following overthrow of the pro-American Batista regime in 1959. These included a number of assassination attempts against Fidel Castro, including, according to legend, an attempt to kill him with an exploding cigar. [Read more: Telegraph/21April2011]
Government's Struggle to Recruit, Keep "Cyber Warriors." Cyberspace is likely to be a key battleground for states in the 21st century but recruiting those with the technical skills to fight there and retaining their loyalty will be a tough task.
From hacking attacks aimed at information theft and commercial espionage to the Stuxnet computer worm believed to have been designed to attack Iran's nuclear programme last year, information warfare is rising rapidly.
Code making and breaking has been a prized skill in the art of espionage since ancient times but the swiftly moving pace of technology and the sometimes erratic personas of those at the cutting edge pose many challenges. [Read more: Reuters/21April2011]
Civil War Guide Touts Spy, Life Off Battlefields. There are battlefields, and then there's Belle Boyd, teenage temptress and Confederate spy.
The Appalachian Regional Commission is betting Boyd is the sexier Civil War story and that tourists will want to visit the Martinsburg, W.Va., home of the notorious "siren of the South" who used her feminine charms to spy on Union soldiers for the Confederacy.
The Belle Boyd House in the Eastern Panhandle is one of 150 lesser-known Civil War destinations the commission is highlighting on a new 13-state map to be released Thursday, pointing the way to that footnote on history and plenty more.
Timed to coincide with the 150th anniversary of the war, the guide is aimed at helping states cash in on the growing popularity of cultural heritage tourism and to get those tourists beyond such well-trod battlefields as Gettysburg, Pa., and Antietam, Md.
"Our story here is that there are a lot of jewels in Appalachia, and a lot of great stories about families and communities that we should stop and take a look at," said the co-chair of the federal agency, Earl F. Gohl.
The map and guide are being released at Independence Hall in Wheeling, where some Virginians were so horrified by talk of secession when the war erupted in 1861 that they held their own constitutional convention and formed the breakaway state of West Virginia two years later.
Boyd, who once boasted in a letter to a cousin of her 106-pound "beautiful" form, supplied Union secrets to Stonewall Jackson, who made her a captain and honorary aide-de-camp.
She was arrested and imprisoned twice, then released while suffering from typhoid. The Confederacy sent her to England as a courier, but she was captured before she could complete the mission. Historians say she eventually married a Union naval officer and lived in England until 1866.
Boyd published a memoir and worked as an actress, then became a lecturer. She died in Wisconsin in 1900, on a tour touting her adventures. [Read more: AP/21April2011]
Spies, Lies, and Archives. The year is 1967. The scene is the Canberra cocktail circuit. A glamorous French writer and diplomat, a KGB intelligence officer and a federal Labor senator are key figures in a sex-espionage affair revealed in declassified Australian Security Intelligence Organisation files recently released by the National Archives of Australia.
Unlike the British Profumo scandal of 1963 involving war minister John Profumo, showgirl Christine Keeler and Soviet naval intelligence officer Yevgeny Ivanov, the alleged Australian affair involving French national Cecile Arnaud never hit the headlines. This tantalising story has remained sealed in ASIO's top-secret archive for nearly 45 years.
The recently released ASIO files, however, shed new light on left-wing Labor senator and Whitlam government minister John Wheeldon, who last year was identified by journalist and author Mark Aarons as a possible secret Australian Communist Party member, a claim vehemently denied by Wheeldon's son and Labor veterans including former New South Wales premier Bob Carr. [Read more: Dorling/SMH/22April2011]
What Does John le Carre Have to Hide? It could have been a scene straight out of a John le Carre spy novel. Graham Lord, a competent tabloid hack, had been touting his synopsis for a book around London publishers. The document was confidential; it contained salacious details about a famous author's personal life. It plotted out a thrilling romp through his mistresses, wives, loves and losses - and his work for the secret service. Nothing would be left to the imagination, a publisher would be mad to turn the book down.
Within days, threatening letters began landing on Lord's doormat. Then a writ for libel was served. It turned out that the subject of the book, John le Carre, did not want an unauthorized biography written about him.
In the end, it wasn't written, for le Carre's lawyers hounded this small-time writer into submission.
Contacted this week by The Daily Telegraph in the Caribbean, where he now lives, Lord says: ''It was a disaster all round. This was 18 years ago. I have no idea how he saw the synopsis, it was an internal document. To this day I have not been able to find out how that happened.
''The torment went on for three or four months. I had letters from lawyers arriving every day. It was probably the worst time of my life.''
Asked exactly what the esteemed author objected to, Lord falters. ''I don't dare,'' he says quietly. ''I just don't dare go through it again. Sorry not to be more helpful, but it is self-preservation. Unfortunately, most of the people he was close to are dead now, although I am sure there is no significance in that.
''All I can say is that he is obviously very attracted to women.''
For his part, le Carre said of his bid to stop publication: ''I didn't want him gumshoeing around my children, my ex-mistresses, my everything.''
Now, however, the very stories le Carre tried to suppress are about to be told. The 79-year-old espionage writer has given his blessing to academic Adam Sisman to write his life story.
Sisman, biographer of the historian Hugh Trevor-Roper, will be given full access to le Carre's personal archive. The book is expected to be published in 2014, the 50th anniversary of le Carre's greatest work, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold.
Historian and author of Fatherland, Robert Harris, whom le Carre - real name David Cornwell - had previously chosen as his biographer, has put his claim to the writer's records aside.
''I wrote to David more than 20 years ago,'' Harris says, ''and he agreed to help me if I agreed not to publish until after his death.
''I interviewed his wife, and his first wife, and got hold of 400 or more letters. I signed a contract with Random House to produce a biography and wrote 30,000 words of notes. I devoted months to it.
''But I got distracted by writing my own novels, so I am happy for Adam to write it. I might do a more impressionistic portrait, but I have a legal agreement with David that anything I know is not to be divulged before his death.''
Harris spent a day interviewing Alison Sharp, le Carre's first wife, who gave him missives written to her by the author. Harris returned them to her former husband when she died in 2009.
He adds: ''David has become a friend. He is charming, incredibly entertaining, and very bright.'' Tantalisingly, he says: ''David would himself agree that he has led a colourful life. He objected to Lord's synopsis because there were things in it that would distress people who were still living.
''One thing is certain: David has got a great story to tell. Will people find it shocking? Some will. But I am not able to say.''
So why exactly is Cornwell's story so fascinating? To answer that question, we must go back to the beginning.
Born in 1931, David John Moore Cornwell was the second child of Ronnie and Olive Cornwell, who lived in Poole, Dorset. Olive abandoned the family when Cornwell was five. Of his mother's disappearance in the middle of the night, Cornwell said: ''Presumably she came in and kissed us. I simply don't know.''
As for Ronnie Cornwell, he was a charming confidence trickster and womaniser, who repeatedly made and lost fortunes and spent four years in prison. He was an associate of the Kray brothers in London's criminal fraternity.
So began Cornwell's fascination with secrets and deception - themes that have come to define his vast output. Cornwell was sent to upper-class preparatory schools, including Pangbourne, Berkshire and Sherborne. [Read more: Telegraph/24April2011]
Section III - COMMENTARY
US Intelligence Veteran Defends Bradley Manning And
WikiLeaks. The story of Pfc Bradley Manning, the young US Army intelligence analyst allegedly responsible for leaking hundreds of thousands of classified documents to WikiLeaks, continues to act as a magnet for supporters worldwide, who are appalled by the accounts of his solitary confinement, and the humiliation to which he has recently been subjected, which has involved him sleeping naked at night, and having to stand naked outside his call during cell inspections in the morning, even though the alleged basis for this humiliation - that he is at risk of committing suicide - has been disproved by the
military's own records, in which his alleged propensity to commit suicide has been repeatedly challenged.
While sympathizing fully with Pfc Manning's plight, I do hope that those supporting him will also realize that the humiliation to which he is being subjected, and its probable intent - to make him produce false confessions about his relationship with Julian Assange of WikiLeaks - is not unique, as it echoes the conditions in which prisoners in the "War on Terror" - at Guant�namo and elsewhere, including, in three instances, on the US mainland - were held by the Bush administration, whose detention also involved torture and abuse, and the creation of circumstances in which confessions would be produced, whether they were true or not. [Read more: Worthington/aworthington/18April2011]
The Moles at the Very Heart of Government. In the mid-1990s, in the course of researching and writing a book on Soviet intelligence operations in Australia in the 1940s, entitled Breaking the Codes, I became persuaded that H. V. Evatt, the attorney-general and minister for external affairs in the Curtin and Chifley Labor governments, and John W. Burton, the secretary of the department of external affairs, were probably agents of Soviet intelligence.
That book was a story of how a code-breaking operation called Venona, which involved deciphering encrypted cable traffic between the KGB office in the Soviet embassy in Canberra to the Moscow Centre from 1943 to 1948, revealed the existence of an espionage network consisting of about a dozen Australians.
Four of the identified agents worked in the department of external affairs. They were Ian Milner, code-named Bur; Jim Hill, code-named Tourist; Dorothy Jordan, code-named Podruga; and Ric Throssell, code-named Ferro. Two others were based in Evatt's office in Sydney (Allan Dalziel, code-named Denis, and Frances Bernie, code-named Sestra).
We showed in Breaking the Codes that Burton lied about important aspects of his relationship with the spies in his department. For example, Burton testified under oath before the Petrov royal commission in November 1954 that he did not know Hill until 1948-49. This is simply incredible. When Hill joined external affairs in June 1945 his section was headed by Burton. In October 1946 Burton recommended that Hill be appointed a permanent public servant. In April 1948, when Burton was secretary, he authorised Hill's promotion to second secretary. In fact, there is much contemporary evidence that Hill and Burton were close friends before 1948-49.
Over the past decade and a half, I have become even more convinced that Evatt and Burton were witting parties to the Soviet espionage operations in Australia. My view is based on two bodies of material, which were not available to ASIO, or its director-general, Charles Spry, at the time. [Read more: TheAustralian/21April2011]
Former US Intel Specialist Speaks Out. US war veteran Evan Knappenberger sheds light on role of army intelligence specialists, like himself and former colleague Bradley Manning, in the Iraq war.
"I was involved in torture in Iraq. Part of an intel analyst's job is 'targeting.' You take a human being and put him on a piece of paper,"...."You've got a grid coordinate of where he lives and a little box that says what to do with him: kill, capture, detain, exploit, source," Knappenberger explained in an interview last week for a PBS Frontline documentary.
"When I worked in targeting, it was having people killed," the intelligence specialist admitted regarding his missions in Iraq.
Knappenberger went to the same intelligence school as whistleblower Bradley Manning and was assigned to similar duties as Manning in Iraq.
He explains that footage of Iraqi civilians being murdered in cold blood was what prompted Manning to pass on US military intelligence to WikiLeaks.
"He (Manning) had a change of heart,"...."Most of the guys I went through intel school with, who went to Iraq with me, are either dead, killed themselves, are in a long-term care institution or completely disabled. I'm actually 50 percent disabled via PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder)." [PressTV/24April2011]
Section IV - BOOKS, OBITUARIES AND COMING EVENTS
CIA 'Tried to Frame Bulgaria for John Paul II Assassination Attempt.' "Kill the Pope: The Truth about the Assassination Attempt on Pope John Paul II" said the CIA drew up a story of Communist conspiracy after America's top diplomat circulated a request for material to use against the Communist bloc.
John Paul II was seriously injured after being shot four times at close range by Turk Mehmet Ali Agca on May 13, 1981.
Based on visits Agca made to Sofia, the theory that Bulgaria's communist secret service, and perhaps even the KGB, lay behind the attack emerged about a year after the incident and have now become broadly accepted.
But the book's authors dismiss all this.
"There is no evidence that Bulgaria had anything to do with the attack on the pope," said Marco Insaldo, a journalist with the Italian paper La Repubblica who co-wrote the book with Turkish journalist Yasemin Taskin. The authors said they had based their claims on 20 years of research.
"The Bulgarian connection is the creation of the CIA." He argued that Agca, who belonged to an outlawed ultra-nationalist and pro-Islam Turkish group called the Grey Wolves, tried to kill the pope purely because of his and the group's fanatical anti-Western ideology.
Agca's visits to Bulgaria, Mr. Insaldo explained, were due to flourishing links between the Grey Wolves and Bulgarian organised crime, and that the CIA was aware of this. [Read more: Day/Telegraph/21April2011]
Action-Packed Look at CIA Covert Actions in Caribbean. Red Heat: Conspiracy, Murder and the Cold War in the Caribbean by Alex Von Tunzelmann. This action-packed and entertaining effort is a watershed event in the telling of American and Caribbean history, unimaginably rich in detail, scholarship, and humanity.
It is also a deeply painful journey. North American readers will not be shaken by the villainy of Communists; indeed, most have been raised on that information. This book, however, levels the playing field, documenting the covert terrorism of the CIA in the post-Second World War era, revealing the extent to which men who believe themselves to be good (i.e. "our side") will go to secure their power.
Red Heat goes beyond the postcard, sun-and-sand image of tropical paradise, detailing U.S.-engineered events in Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, all large, decolonized republics the Americans believed they could stage manage to the advantage of the American ruling class.
What the Americans failed to see, British journalist and historian Alex Von Tunzelmann suggests, was that their puppet governments might come to life.
In this, her second book, she neatly intertwines the lives of dictators Papa Doc Duvalier, Rafael Trujillo and Fidel Castro, the first two she portrays as bona fide psychopaths and the last as a formidable nationalist whose influence was wildly exaggerated. [Read more: Hughes/WinnipegFreePress/23April2011]
Albert Bachmann. A controversial former colonel in Switzerland�s intelligence service has died in Ireland, according to an obituary notice in a Swiss newspaper on Wednesday.
Albert Bachmann had been a communist as a young man, but later became a convinced cold warrior. In 1976 he set up a secret army of about 2,000 men and women whose task was to resist any foreign occupation force.
They were trained in guerrilla tactics, including laying bombs, "silent killing" and sharp shooting.
He owned property in Ireland where he built holiday villas to which the Swiss government could have fled in case of war, and arranged for the gold reserves of the National Bank to be flown out of the country in Swissair planes should it ever become necessary.
When these secret activities came to light in 1979, a scandal erupted. The then defence minister, Georges-Andr� Chevallaz was furious and Bachmann was forcibly retired. [Read more: SwissInfo/21April2011]
Donald R. Hart Jr. Donald R. "Pete" Hart Jr., beloved husband of Elvira (Horvath) Hart, died Sunday, April 17, 2011. He was 93. A lifelong New Britain resident until late in his retirement years, he saw himself as part of the "Greatest Generation."
He was the first born child of Donald R. Hart and Elise Russell Hart and grew up on Hart St. in New Britain. He was one of the first four graduates of Mooreland Hill School in Berlin, Conn., and then went on to graduate from Avon Old Farms School in Avon, Conn., and Amherst College in Mass. He also took courses at La Sorbonne in Paris, France. Pete was multilingual, speaking over thirteen languages, (nine of them fluently), and later taught French, German, Spanish, and Latin after his graduation from Amherst. At one point he was Head of the Language Department of Avon Old Farms School. It was his innate language abilities that helped shape his military career. Drafted early in WWII he was one of 250 Americans asked to "volunteer" to start the O.S.S. (Office of Strategic Services, which later became the C.I.A.) and he did. He served with distinction, handling French sabotage operations in occupied France, running a spy "transit station," and capturing Nazi collaborators in Paris after its liberation. He was especially pleased to receive the "Legion of Honor" medal from the French Government for his efforts, the highest award they bestow on a non-French citizen. After discharge he served in the U.S. Army Reserve for a total service of 33 years, retiring as a Colonel, with a top secret clearance. His government service didn't end there. Vera (who he married in 1979) and Pete again "volunteered" for the disaster relief program of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Being on call 24/7 they flew out to over 30 disasters between 1983 to 1999 earning nothing but expenses. From 1981 on he was also a member of the National Defense Executive Reserve, a government organization set up to help the nation survive a nuclear attack. He was a true patriot. Pete loved the Island of Martha's Vineyard off the coast of Massachusetts. The Hart family has had homes on the Island since 1811 with most of them in the community of Hart Haven and Up-Island in Chilmark. It was here that Pete organized an annual family gathering over Labor Day. Relatives and friends from all over the Island and main land came to "The Bash" each year. His last Island home was in Vineyard Haven. He leaves behind his devoted wife Vera, a sister, Mary Jane Clark of Kent, Conn., and a brother, Dr. David L. Hart of Oak Bluffs, Mass. He was predeceased by his brother Henry Russell Hart. Also mourning are his three children (from a previous marriage) Peter R. Hart and his wife Andrea of New Britain, Conn., Christine H. Hart and her husband William F. Morlock of Brattleboro, Vt., and Philip D. Hart and his wife Carol Gauthier of Oakland, Maine. Pete's six grandchildren will also miss him; Brittany, Zachery, Ben, Alexis, Nicholas, and Jennifer, as well as numerous cousins, nieces and nephews. FUNERAL NOTICE: Pete was Episcopalian. A funeral service will be held at 11 a.m. on April 26th at St. John's Episcopal Church in Salisbury, CT. Internment with full military honors will take place on April 27th at 1:00 p.m. at the Bourne National Veterans Cemetery in, Bourne, Mass., as per Colonel Hart's request. Condolences may be sent to the funeral home or on line to his daughter at email@example.com. [Legacy.com/20April2011]
Coming Educational Events
EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....
MANY Spy Museum Events in April, May and June with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at www.afio.com. The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.
26 April 2011 - National Harbor, MD - 2011 Emerald Express Strategic Symposium "Al Qaida after Ten Year of War: A Global Perspective of Successes, Failures, and Prospects.
This one day symposium by Marine Corps University, in partnership
with the DoD Minerva Research Initiative and the Marine Corps
University Foundation, is a one-day conference being held at the
Gaylord National Resort and Conference Center, National Harbor, MD. The
conference will examine the multidimensional aspects of the Al-Qaida
threat in various theaters where it currently operates or may do so in
the future. The symposium will bring together authorities on Al-Qaida
from academia, government (both military and civilian), think tanks,
and media from both the United States and from the regions under
discussion. We are proud to feature Gen Michael V. Hayden
(USAF, Ret), the former Director of the CIA, former Director
of the NSA, and former Principal Deputy Director of National
Intelligence, as our morning keynote speaker.
We hope to see you there, as your participation will contribute to the quality of the event. To see the agenda and/or register, please visit the symposium website at: http://www.regonline.com/ee2011. Please feel free to share this email with colleagues and friends. There is no cost to attend.
Further questions and/or comments may be directed to Ms. Stephanie Kramer at firstname.lastname@example.org or 703.432.4771 or LtCol Sal Viscuso at email@example.com,or 703.432.5251
27 April 2011 - Virginia - INTELLIGENCE AND THE LAW - A New Course at The Intelligence and Security Academy [aka IntellAcademy]
Intelligence and the Law: April 27, 2011 (1 day) -
Instructor: W. George Jameson
This one-day course examines the legal and policy framework that governs the United States Intelligence Community. It presents the core legal authorities and restrictions — derived from the Constitution, statutes, and Executive orders — and explores how and why they are applied to the conduct of U.S. intelligence today. Designed for a wide audience, the course reviews the history and evolution of intelligence law and policy and provides an in-depth look at selected laws that affect intelligence activities. Topics include: the National Security Act and establishment of the CIA and other intelligence elements; electronic surveillance and FISA; the role of the DNI; privacy, civil liberties, and restrictions on the conduct of intelligence; covert action; congressional oversight; protection of sources and methods, classification, and leaks; and the laws and relationships that govern the fight against terrorism. Finally, the course provides an introduction to how the laws are applied to emerging national security concerns such as cyber threats. For more information or to register for this course: http://tinyurl.com/6jmcfkk
29-30 April 2011 - Nottingham, UK - Landscapes of Secrecy: The CIA in History, Fiction and Memory at the East Midlands Conference Centre, University of Nottingham, UK
This will be a major conference to allow scholars to explore and
debate the history of the Central Intelligence Agency and its place
within the wider realms of post-war American politics and culture.
There will be a focus on the place of the CIA in the post-war of
American diplomacy and foreign policy, and also the more general public
reception of the subject through the medium of memoirs, film and
The conference coincides with the 50th anniversary of the Bay of Pigs episode, when the CIA's failed attempt to overthrow the Castro regime in Cuba placed the Agency under the public spotlight and triggered debates over its role in US foreign policy that have never really subsided.
The conference seeks to integrate international and cultural approaches to provide a comprehensive approach to CIA history. In addition to examining the treatment of the CIA within American diplomatic history and national security policy, it also views history as a form of cultural production. Accordingly, this is an inter-disciplinary conference brings together a wide array of distinguished experts from the fields of history, international relations, American studies, film studies and literature. Overall, this conference represents a unique opportunity to examine and debate the multi-faceted development of the CIA within post-war American and international history.
A draft programme and further details about the conference and booking can be found at -
Enquires about the conference can be directed to
9-12 May 2011 - Orlando, FL - SCIP 2011 International Annual Conference & Exhibition
This is the most important event of the year for Competitive Strategy and Competitive Intelligence professionals. Full information about event and program are here.
The Society for Competitive Intelligence Professionals hosts their annual conference/exhibit at the Buena Vista Palace Resort & Spa in Orlando, Florida. Industry guru, Renee Pruneau Novakoff, Senior Defense Intelligence Analyst and Directorate of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (J2) with the United States Southern Command, will bring her 25 years of intelligence analysis experience to a "fireside chat" discussion on social media, wargaming and scenario planning.
Encore sessions of some favorites: Tapping Internal Intelligence Networks; Strategy Maps: Competitor Analysis Beyond Four Corners; Competitor Profiling: The Many Needs Behind the Need; Apple's iPhone: An Application of Systematic Innovation for Growth Strategy; Creating a World-Class Intelligence Program; Building a True Real Time Strategic Process Through the Market Intelligence Capability in Your Organization.
Select from over 55 interactive and discover the latest on best practices in Competitive Intelligence including: Mining the CI Rich World of Social Media; How Good is Your Early Warning System (EWS)?; Business Model Innovation
Please contact Matthew McSweegan at 516-255-3812 or firstname.lastname@example.org to register today.
9-14 May 2011 - Reston, VA - GEOINT Community Week
Ends with 7th Annual GEOGala Black-Tie Dinner. More information available at: http://usgif.org/events/GEOINTCommWeek and dinner-only at http://usgif.org/events/GEOGala
11 May 2011, 11:30 a.m. - Scottsdale, AZ - The AFIO Arizona Chapter features Braden Allenby on "The Challenge of Emerging Technologies, Military Ops, and National Security.
Throughout history, technological evolution and military activity have been linked. The existential challenge to society represented by warfare, combined with the immediate advantage that new technology can deliver, tends to accelerate technological innovation and diffusion. The relationships between the resulting technology systems, and social and security consequences, however, are quite complex, and understanding and managing them to enhance military advantage and long term security is a critical and underappreciated challenge. This is particularly true in the era of the so-called Five Horsemen – nanotechnology, biotechnology, robotics, information and communication technology, and applied cognitive science - when technological change is foundational, rapid and accelerating.
Braden R. Allenby is Lincoln Professor of Engineering and Ethics; professor of Civil, Environmental, and Sustainable Engineering, and of Law; Founding Chair of the Consortium for Emerging Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security; and Founding Director of the Center for Earth Systems Engineering and Management, at Arizona State University.
Location: McCormick Ranch Golf Club, 7505 McCormick Parkway, Scottsdale AZ 85268. For information call Bob Reuss at 480-544-5409 or email email@example.com.
Thursday, 12 May 2011, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Operation Dark Heart: Spy Craft and Special Ops on the Front Lines of Afghanistan" at the International Spy Museum
In 2001, just after the 9/11 attacks, Lt. Col. Tony Shaffer, a DIA
senior intelligence officer, returned to active duty for a 30 month
period, during which he commanded a DIA operating base and had two
successful, undercover, combat tours to Afghanistan. During these tours
he participated in the search for senior al-Qaeda leadership in
Afghanistan—recruiting informants and gathering intel to lead to the
capture or termination of his targets. Shaffer later wrote about his
experiences in the highly controversial Operation Dark Heart. Join
Shaffer to hear about his experiences in Afghanistan, his thoughts about
the current situation there and his comments on the Operation Dark
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F St NW, Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: $15 per person. Register at www.spymuseum.org
14 May 2011 - Orange Park / Gainesville, FL - The AFIO North Florida Chapter meets at the Country Club for speaker luncheon.
Speaker TBA. To inquire or sign up, contact Quiel at firstname.lastname@example.org or 904-545-9549.
Wednesday, 18 May 2011, 9 am – 1 pm – Ft Lauderdale, FL – The FBI Miami CI Strategic Partnership and NOVA SE Univ present Keith Melton on “Role of Covert Tech in Mumbai Attacks.”
H. Keith Melton – a renowned collector, historian,
author, professor and specialist in Clandestine Devices discusses: "The
rapid adoption by terrorists of commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS)
technologies and the Internet point to more devastating
techno-aided attacks in the future."
Location: Nova Southeastern University Rose and Alfred Miniaci Performing Arts Center 3301 College Avenue Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314-7796
Registration/Continental Breakfast will be served from 8:00AM - 9:00AM Carl Desantis Building/ H. Wayne Huizenga School of Business & Entrepreneurship (Miniaci Theater adjacent to the Carl Desantis Building)
RSVP by May 11th to Cassandra.email@example.com or call 305-787-6446. Be certain to identify yourself as AFIO member.
Thursday, 19 May 2011, 11:30 pm - Colorado Springs, CO - The Rocky Mountain AFIO Chapter hosts Don Shannon, FBI SSA.
The Rocky Mountain Chapter presents Don Shannon, FBI Supervisory Special Agent In Charge of Southern Colorado Joint Terrorism Task Force. Event will take place in the USAF Association's Eisenhower Golf Course Special Meeting Room. If you have any problems getting on to the USAF Academy Grounds, please call 719-459-5474 for assistance.
Please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at firstname.lastname@example.org
Thursday, 19 May 2011, 12 noon - 1 pm - Washington, DC - "Mastermind: The Many Faces of the 9/11 Architect: Khalid Shaikh Mohammed" at the International Spy Museum
Author presentation. Khalid Shaikh Mohammed was behind many of the
most heinous terrorist plots of the past twenty years, including the
1993 World Trade Center bombing, the Millennium Plots, and 9/11 itself.
Today, Mohammed is at Guantanamo Bay and not talking. Investigative
journalist Richard Miniter brings to life his remarkable true story,
including his time living among us in the United States. Based on
interviews with government officials, generals, diplomats and spies from
around the world, Miniter reveals never-before-reported al Qaeda plots
and remarkable new details about the 9/11 attacks. He also lets us into
the ultimately successful clandestine operations of American and
Pakistani intelligence officers to capture this notorious killer.
Where: International Spy Museum: 800 F St NW, Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: Free, no registration required
19 May 2011, 11:30 am - Arlington, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum meets to hear David Rogus "Brazil and U.S. National Security."
David Rogus, a “retired” Senior Foreign Service
Officer, has served worldwide as a naval officer and diplomat with
concentrations in the Americas and Northern Europe, and specializations
in counter narcotics and law enforcement. He served as State’s
Director of Brazilian and Southern Cone Affairs. Other
assignments have covered Mexico, Cuba, the Caribbean, Iceland where he
was Deputy Chief of Mission, the Balkans, and NATO. Before
leaving the Navy as a Lieutenant Commander to join the diplomatic
corps, he served as a line and intelligence officer in the Atlantic,
Pacific and Mediterranean fleets, and ashore in Viet Nam during the
war. After a stint as Lockheed Martin’s Director of Business
Development for the Americas, he now heads a business development group
in Washington, S�o Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro. He holds degrees
from Marquette University and the National War College. Much of
his work focuses on Brazil where he lived for eight years as a diplomat
and naval officer, including four years with the Brazilian Navy. Dave
is known to be a patron of the Garota de Ipanema bar, where the Girl
from Ipanema was written, and a guy who enjoys the beaches of Rio. This
forum will follow a modified Chatham House rule. Everything
except the speaker's name and subject will be off the record. The Defense Intelligence Forum is open to members of all Intelligence Community associations and their guests. Event location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA. Mr.
Reserve by 12 May by email to email@example.com. Give names, telephone numbers, email addresses, and choice of chicken cacciatore, tilapia puttanesca, lasagna, sausage with peppers, or fettuccini with portabella. Pay at the door by check for $29 per person. Make checks payable to DIAA, Inc. THE FORUM DOESN’T TAKE CASH! If you don’t have a check, have the restaurant charge your credit or debit card $29 and give the restaurant's copy of the receipt when you check in.
Thursday, 26 May 2011, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Spies on Screen - Norwegian Ninja" at the International Spy Museum
Norwegian diplomat Arne Treholt was arrested in 1984 and convicted of
spying for the Soviet Union and Iraq. Now, the most notorious modern
espionage case in Norway undergoes an incredible transformation in the
film Norwegian Ninja. Writer/director Thomas Cappelen Malling reimagines
Treholt's case as the tale of a Ninja entrusted by King Olav to lead a
secret force of enlightened shadow warriors. Join Malling for his first
state-side screening of the film the Wall Street Journal calls,
"hilarious and menacing, absurd and insightful, and an accomplished work
of genre film making that authoritatively upends the cold-war spy
thriller." He'll reveal how he was inspired to turn Treholt into a hero
and what the real spy thinks of the film.
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: $20 per person To REGISTER: www.spymuseum.org
27 - 28 May 2011 - Rijswijk, The Netherlands - 'The Future of Intelligence; Threats, Challenges, Opportunities' by the Netherlands Intelligence Studies Association
At the conference, present and future developments in the field of
intelligence and security will be discussed by an array of well-known
experts in the field and other participants. There will be plenary
sessions and workshops with a focus on specific intelligence,
counterintelligence and global security challenges.
Registration: Registration for the conference will close on 13 May 2011. To register or for additional information visit: http://www.nisa-intelligence.nl
Standard Fee: 150 euro; Student Fee: 65 euro (proof of status required) Fee covers registration, one dinner, two lunches and drinks.
Location: Netherlands Defence Academy, Brasserskade 227a, 2497 NX The Hague, Rijswijk.
Visit Netherlands Intelligence Studies Association (NISA)/Stichting Inlichtingenstudies Nederland
Thursday, 2 June 2011, 5:30 to 9 pm - Dayton, OH - CIA Evening Presentation on "Stories of Sacrifice and Dedication: Civil Air Transport, Air America, and the CIA"
AFIO Members are invited
to the Thursday evening CIA presentation which is part of a 3-day Air
America Assn 2011 Reunion [N.B. - Other parts of the 3-day event are fee-based and must be arranged through Air America Assn]
The CIA, in partnership with the National Museum of the USAF, presents an evening tribute to the sacrifice and dedication of Civil Air Transport (CAT) and Air America (AAM). These special CIA proprietaries were essential for covert operations, providing search and rescue, and photo reconnaissance in east and southeast Asia from the end of WWII through the Vietnam War. The highlight of the event will be the public release of 900 recently declassified documents from CAT and AA corporate files and CIA holdings spanning 1946 to 1978.
LOCATION: At the National Museum of USAF at Wright-Paterson AFB, Dayton, OH. Craig Duehring, retired Asst Secretary of the Air Force serves as keynote speaker. Mr. Duehring served as a USAF forward air controller in South Vietnam and Laos and will share his personal story of being rescued by Air America. Gen. (ret.) John Singlaub, one of CIA's original officers, will be a featured speaker. Gen. Singlaub, CIA's chief of operations for Asia after WWII, oversaw CAT missions throughout the area. The focus of the event will be two specific stories that exemplify the themes of sacrifice and dedication. To receive material and updates about this event, email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org and indicate "CIA June Ohio Symposium" on subject line.
Friday, 3 June 2011, 10:30 am - 2 pm - McLean, VA - David Wise discusses Chinese Espionage; Douglas Waller describes the early years of the OSS and Wild Bill Donovan at the AFIO National Spring/Summer Luncheon
Morning speaker is author Douglas Waller on "WILD BILL DONOVAN: The Spymaster Who Created the OSS and Modern American Espionage." Our afternoon speaker is David Wise on what will be his first release of "TIGER TRAP: America's Secret Spy War With China." Register here.
22 June 2011 - San Diego, CA - The AFIO San Diego Chapter hosts San Diego District Attorney, Bonnie Dumanis (and candidate for Mayor) as our guest speaker
To Register or for more information email Darryl at DRT1083@aol.com
- 13 July 2011 - Dungarvan, IRELAND. 2nd Annual Global Intelligence
Forum by Mercyhurst College's Institute for Intelligence Studies
Last July in Dungarvan, Ireland the Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies (MCIIS) hosted this event which explored the nature of analysis and its application in various disciplines, including law enforcement, national security and competitive intelligence, building bridges between analytic practitioners and scholars within those disciplines, and exploring best practices in terms of teaching analytic methodologies. Takeaways for attendees were a deeper and broader appreciation of the value of different analytic methods, which can be borrowed as ―best practices from other disciplines, as well as instruction on the application. Attended by 180 people from 17 countries the forum was very well received.
This year's July 11-13 forum theme will be the relationship between intelligence and the decision-maker and we've gathered an outstanding group of international speakers and panelists (http://globalintelligenceforum.com). In addition we will be offering two proven training courses following the forum one designed for decision-makers in various disciplines and the other for analysts .
Five or more AFIO members that attend will be given a 10% discount on registration. It's a wonderful excuse for a July vacation in Ireland and Dungarvan is a perfect venue (www.dungarvan.com).
24 - 26 August 2011 - Raleigh, NC - "Spies Among Us - The Secret World of Illegals" - theme of the 7th Raleigh Spy Conference
Special guests/speakers: Michael Hayden, former DCIA and DIRNSA; Michael Sulick, former Director of the National Clandestine Service, CiA
Brian Kelley, CIA & Professor at Institute of World Politics;
Nigel West - world-famous intelligence author/speaker - former Member of Parliament;
Dan Mulvenna - RCMP/CASIS
Writer's Roundtable to feature Douglas Waller, author of Wild Bill Donovan, founder of The OSS; Kent Clizbe, author of Willing Accomplices [forthcoming], and other noted writers in the field.
For more information: www.raleighspyconference.com
Location: North Carolina Museum of History, Downtown Raleigh, NC
For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events
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