[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt
to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes
to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the
articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support
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Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS
CIA Director Petraeus Visits Turkey, Meets with Top Officials. The U.S. Embassy in Turkey's capital says CIA chief David Petraeus has visited the country and met with top officials. An embassy statement said Petraeus, a former top general in Iraq and Afghanistan, had "productive meetings" on Monday and Tuesday with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Hakan Fidan, director of the Turkish National Intelligence Organization. The statement said Petraeus and Turkish leaders discussed "regional security issues and counter-terrorism cooperation." It described the relationship between the countries' intelligence services as "excellent." Turkey is a critical ally for the U.S. Both countries are especially concerned about Syria, a Turkish neighbor, where thousands have died in the past year in a government crackdown. [Read more: AP/13March2012]
40% of U.S. Government Web Sites Fail Security Test. Approximately 40% of federal government agencies are out of compliance
with a regulation that requires them to deploy an extra layer of
authentication on their Web sites to prevent hackers from hijacking Web
traffic and redirecting it to bogus sites.
It's been more than two years since federal agencies were required to support DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) on their Web sites. However, two recent studies indicate that around 40% of federal Web sites have not yet deployed this Internet security standard.
Laggards on adopting this Internet security standard include the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency, experts say. [Read more: Marsan/NetworkWorld/16March2012]
Secret Saudi Intelligence Sent Via Hotmail: Report. A high-ranking official at Sweden's defence ministry has been found to have sent notes on highly confidential negotiations with the Saudis regarding a controversial arms deal though a private email address, according to a report in daily Dagens Nyheter (DN).
"I wouldn't raise an eyebrow if I was told that this information had leaked out to foreign intelligence agencies," said Ann-Marie Eklund-Löwinder, head of security at the Swedish Internet Infrastructure Foundation (Stiftelsen för internetinfrastruktur, IIS) to DN.
The four A4-page long email, which details a secret conversation with Saudi general Nasser, was sent in 2008 from assistant under-secretary Cecilia Looström at the Ministry of Defence, according to the paper.
The recipients were a ministry colleague, a high ranking official at the foreign ministry, the director general of the Swedish Agency for Non-proliferation and Export Controls (Inspektionen för strategiska produkter, ISP) and a senior official at the Swedish Defence Research Agency (Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI).
Looström used her private email address, ending in @live.se, which despite having a Swedish top domain, ends up in a Microsoft email server in the Western United States, according to DN.
It also means that the email had been wide open while it has bounced between servers in North America and Europe before reaching its Swedish destination. [Read more: TheLocal/15March2012]
Flexible-Retention Adds New Option to Agencies' Retirement Toolkit. The Senate passed a provision this week that lets federal workers go part-time as they enter retirement.
Sen. Max Baucus (R-Mont.) offered the provision, which has been called flexible-retention, as part of the Senate's transportation bill, which now moves to the House for approval.
Ron Sanders, senior executive adviser at Booz Allen Hamilton and former chief human capital officer at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, said the objective of the provision is to enable agencies to capture the institutional knowledge and expertise of feds as they retire.
"Heretofore, it's been a fairly dramatic break," Sanders told The Federal Drive with Tom Temin Thursday. "You're here one day and you're gone the next."
"When you leave federal service, you take with you years and years of experience and lore of how we do things around here, nuances in the law or program and I think this is a very effective way of ensuring that that transition for the agency and the employee is much smoother," he said. "I think everybody wins with something like this."
Agencies can already bring back annuitants using dual-compensation waivers. In most cases, the Office of Personnel Management has to approve them and that's not always an easy - or ideal - option for retirees, Sanders said.
"An annuitant faces the choice of coming back and literally paying a penalty to do so," he said. "If an agency can't get an annuity offset waiver, there are still provisions that would allow a retiree to work part time, but through quirks in the retirement law, all unintended, there's actually a penalty for doing that. It actually hurts your annuity."
With flexible-retention, OPM has come up with a solution that allows the combination of annuity and salary for retirees as they move from full-time service to something less.
"This would be a very, very important tool for agencies as retirements surge," Sanders said. "This would be particularly timely because a long-awaited retirement tsunami has begun to crest. As folks retire, they take priceless institutional knowledge with them." [Read more: O'Connell/FederalNewsRadio/15March2012]
Senators Demand DOJ Release Secret Spy Court Rulings. Two Democratic senators urged the Obama administration Thursday to declassify secret court rulings that give the government far wider domestic spying powers under the Patriot Act than intended.
The 10-year-old measure, hastily adopted in the wake of the 2001 terror attacks, grants the government broad surveillance powers with little oversight that can be used domestically.
At issue, the lawmakers said, is section 215 of the Patriot Act. The sweeping power, one of the most controversial in the law, allows the secret FISA court to authorize broad warrants for most any type of record, including those held by banks, internet companies, libraries and doctors. The government does not have to show a connection between the items sought under a section 215 warrant and a suspected terrorist or spy: the authorities must assert the documents would be relevant to an investigation. Those who receive such an order are not allowed to tell anyone, ever, that such records were requested.
The senators, in a letter to Attorney General Eric Holder, wrote:
"We believe most Americans would be stunned to learn the details of how these secret court opinions have interpreted section 215 of the Patriot Act. As we see it, there is now a significant gap between what most Americans think the law allows and what the government secretly claims the law allows. This is a problem, because it is impossible to have an informed public debate about what the law should say when the public doesn't know what its government thinks the law says."
The senators know of the classified rulings and accompanying legal interpretations because the government briefed some members of intelligence committees in February, 2011.
But the government has no plans to declassify and publicize the opinions and the interpretations of them. [Read more: Kravets/Wired/15March2012]
Former CIA, NSA Director Shares his Perceptions of 'Electronic Underworld'. The virtual network streaming vacation pictures and emails to grandma
and grandpa also transmits messages between terrorists who want to
attack the United States, according to the former chief executive of two
of the most powerful and secretive American intelligence agencies.
Gen. Michael Hayden, former director of the National Security Agency and later director of the Central Intelligence Agency, addressed a large audience for the Global Agenda speaker series Wednesday night in Mitchell Hall, offering the crowd a glimpse into the complex intelligence industry.
Hayden said the NSA, the signals intelligence agency for the United States, faced amplified difficulty in intercepting electronic communication with the emergence of the Internet, as fiber optic cable transported telecommunications from the air to deep in the ground.
The modern Internet also blended electronic communication among the global population into one entity, making it near impossible, Hayden said, to capture correspondence between terrorists without also catching some personal interaction between private American citizens.
"There are no longer good guy networks and bad guy networks," Hayden said. "We are all on the same grid."
And an increase in computer network exploitation - essentially spying, Hayden said - is not exclusively conducted by the United States.
"It's considered acceptable international security practice," Hayden said. [Read more: NewarkPost/17March2012]
Agency Says it Couldn't Have Stopped Attacks. Norway's intelligence agency said Friday it would not have been able to stop the gunman who killed 77 people in twin attacks last year even if it had pursued a tip that he had bought chemicals to make a bomb.
The intelligence service PST has been widely criticized for failing to prevent the July bombing and shooting massacre committed by 33-year-old rightwing extremist Anders Behring Breivik.
"We would not have uncovered Behring Breivik's plans if we had investigated the information in an ordinary way. It is not illegal to buy these chemicals," PST acting director Roger Berg told reporters. [Read more: Canada.com/19March2012]
GAO Expands Oversight of Intelligence. The Government Accountability Office has overcome longstanding opposition to its role in intelligence oversight, and has been conducting several projects involving oversight of intelligence agencies. A classified GAO review of FBI counterterrorism programs has been completed, and a GAO investigation of the role of contractors in intelligence is in progress.
Last year, acting at congressional direction, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper issued an Intelligence Community Directive that authorized and required U.S. intelligence agencies to cooperate with GAO investigators, with certain restrictions.
That DNI directive appears to have broken the logjam of agency resistance, and at least some parts of the intelligence community that previously rebuffed GAO inquiries have become completely cooperative, congressional officials said.
Thus, the Federal Bureau of Investigation had refused for years to submit to GAO oversight of its counterterrorism programs. The Bureau contended that GAO had no authority to review the programs because they were funded through the intelligence budget. Moreover, the FBI told Sen. Charles Grassley that the Office of Legal Counsel had ratified that position and supported its refusal to cooperate with GAO.
But that is now in the past. The GAO recently completed a classified assessment of FBI counterterrorism programs with full cooperation from the FBI. A public version of the report is expected to be released sometime in the spring. [Read more: Aftergood/SecurityNews/19March2012]
Afghan Intel Service: No Torture at our Prisons. The Afghan intelligence service rejected findings Tuesday by international and Afghan rights groups that abuse has gone unchecked at some of its prisons.
The denial issued by the National Directorate of Security was the latest salvo in a dispute about conditions at Afghan prisons that has been raging since the U.N. first documented torture last year, and which is likely to become even more important as the U.S. moves to transfer its detention operations to Afghan authorities in coming months.
NATO and U.S. forces stopped transferring their battlefield detainees to 16 Afghan prisons in July after the U.N. found evidence of torture at the facilities.
The report by the Open Society Institute and the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission suggested that external pressure had done little to stop this practice.
The groups said they found evidence that abuse including the beating of prisoners and the administration of shocks with electric cables was still going on at one of the 16 prisons - an intelligence-run facility in Kandahar - and was also happening at other facilities in the country. The report also said the U.S. government had sent detainees to the Kandahar facility since the moratorium. [Read more: Vogt/AP/20March2012]
Greek Judicial Authorities File Charges in Alleged Plot Against Former PM. A prosecutor opened a criminal case Wednesday in a suspected plot to remove former conservative prime minister Costas Karamanlis from power that was brought to light by a tip-off from Russia's spy agency, a court official said.
The official said prosecutor Nikos Ornerakis filed a felony count of conspiracy to destabilize the government against "persons unknown" after a preliminary investigation. The probe was sparked by local media reports over the summer alleging Russian intelligence services had uncovered a potential plot to topple or assassinate Karamanlis, who served as prime minister from 2004 to 2009.
The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the issue, said members of the Greek secret service, police and Karamanlis' security team were questioned during the investigation.
Ioannis Corantis, who headed Greece's National Intelligence Service at the time, told The Associated Press he was among those called to give evidence in the case, and confirmed that the service had received information from Russia's spy agency about a suspected plot against Karamanlis.
"The information was given to us by an official of the FSB," said Corantis, who is now holds a parliamentary seat for the right-wing LAOS party. [Read more: AP/14March2012]
It's Not All Rainbows and Pots of Gold in Intel's Move to Cloud. It may be a long road ahead for the U.S. intelligence community as it faces resistance from agencies pushed to migrate to the cloud and, most likely, delays in reaping the financial rewards that have been promised, reports Sydney J. Freedberg Jr. at AOL.com.
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the National Security Agency may be on board with the move to cloud, but others "who have budgets and agendas to protect will resist change," according to the new report "Cloud Computing: Risks, Benefits, and Mission Enhancement for the Intelligence Community."
Ultimately, intelligence agencies will be required to move to the cloud, but Terry Roberts of Carnegie Mellon's Software Engineering Institute, former Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence and chair of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance's cyber council, believes "The intel community as a whole will all get to benefit if they do it right." [Read more: DefenseSystems/15March2012]
Libya Moves for Gadhafi Spy Chief's Extradition. Interpol issued a Red Notice alert for Libya's former spy chief, who was arrested in Mauritania last week and is wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court.
Libya requested the international alert, a step toward the extradition of Abdullah al-Senussi, the country's former chief of intelligence and one of the Gadhafi regime's most wanted men, according to an Interpol statement Sunday.
"Libyan authorities are currently making intensive contact with their Mauritanian counterparts regarding the handover of al-Senussi based on an arrest warrant issued by the Libyan prosecutor general," a Libyan government statement said Sunday.
Al-Senussi was already the subject of a Red Notice issued last September by the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity.
Mauritania is not a member state of the International Criminal Court, but the west Africa country is an Interpol signatory.
Mauritanian security authorities arrested al-Senussi, brother-in-law of the late Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, Friday evening at Nouakchott airport, a Libyan transitional government spokesman said.
He was carrying a fake passport from Mali at the time of his arrest. [Read more: CNN/19March2012]
Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE
CIA Divorces: The Secrecy When Spies Split. The Fredericksburg woman divorcing her husband laid out all the messy
details, including the most secret of them all. Her husband, she wrote
in now-sealed court documents, is a covert operations officer for the
Central Intelligence Agency. His CIA job, she said, poisoned their
"[He] used me and our daughter .... to run cover for his undercover operations .... I never felt safe, never knew who people were or why they were interested in us or why they were photographing us," wrote the woman, who is in her 30s, in December. "As a result of [his] different assignments I never had a good support network of people I could trust or rely on to help out." And, she claimed, her spy-husband had little interest in household chores. "[He] never so much as washed or folded a load of laundry, swept or mopped one floor, or changed one dirty diaper."
The woman's account is a rare window into the deep strains that the agency's ethos of secrecy can exert on operatives' marriages. Divorces involving spies are often just as clandestine as their work. The details are typically buried in documents sealed by the courts. Only a handful of people get read-in, so to speak: divorce lawyers, marriage counselors and sometimes the agency's attorneys.
Unlike the Pentagon, which studies how often service members split up, and knows, for instance, that 29,456 of 798,921 military couples divorced last year, the CIA does not keep official tabs on its employees' divorce rates.
One retired CIA senior paramilitary officer, who served for more than two decades and lives in Virginia, said he was told several years ago that the divorce rate for the agency's operations division was astonishingly high.
The officer, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to protect his family's identity, said he asked the agency's human resources office for the numbers in 2005 because he was managing a Middle East operations group and was worried about the post-Sept. 11 pressures on CIA officers and their families. When he learned how many marriages were imploding, he said, he urged his officers not to take back-to-back unaccompanied tours.
Shortly after Gen. Michael V. Hayden became the CIA's director in 2006, he and his wife, Jeanine, also heard stories about many marriages falling apart in the clandestine service. They wanted to know the scope of the problem.
"But privacy laws prevented us from getting accurate information," said Hayden, who served as CIA director until early 2009. "The real answer is we don't know what is true about the divorce rate."
While plenty of CIA marriages last for decades, the agency acknowledges that its high-risk jobs "take a toll on relationships," CIA spokesman Preston Golson said.
Through its Family Advisory Board and Employee Assistance Program, the CIA tries to do everything it can to help families, especially when a loved one is serving in a war zone, Golson said. The agency provides counseling and mental health support for employees and their families and offers briefings for spouses and partners on the CIA's mission, benefits and overseas security services. [Read more: Shapira/WashingtonPost/13March2012]
How German History Helps Modern Spies. Every time he goes into a meeting or discusses anything sensitive with colleagues, Andreas Blume places his mobile phone inside a small tin container.
Blume, 38, an expert in intellectual property security at Evonik, a specialty chemicals maker in central Germany, has put the tins in every meeting room at the company's main research centre.
"You just need a suitable biscuit tin to counter eavesdropping measures. About 50 percent of freely available tins act as a perfect faraday cage," explains Blume. "No one can activate the microphone of your mobile and listen in to what you say."
Not every company in Germany is so careful. While Evonik and other German firms with expensive R&D labs routinely guard against corporate or industrial espionage, the vast majority of German companies - and certainly most of the small and mid-sized "Mittelstand" firms which form the backbone of Europe's largest economy - give little thought to corporate spying.
Such complacency exists in companies from Detroit to Dijon. But security officials and corporate executives say it is far more common in Germany because of an almost visceral distrust of security and spy agencies, rooted in memories of the Nazi Gestapo and Communist Stasi spy agencies. Most Germans, they say, shy away from any kind of surveillance and would rather keep quiet than report suspicions to an official.
That leaves German companies particularly exposed to economic espionage, says the Bundesamt fuer Verfassungsschutz (BfV), Germany's equivalent of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation. It is worried that Russian and Chinese intelligence services target German corporations. The problem, according to the German interior ministry, could cost the country 20-50 billion euros ($26-66 billion) a year. [Read more: SunDaily/14March2012]
CIA Chief: We'll Spy on You Through Your Dishwasher. More and more personal and household devices are connecting to the
internet, from your television to your car navigation systems to your
light switches. CIA Director David Petraeus cannot wait to spy on you
Earlier this month, Petraeus mused about the emergence of an "Internet of Things" - that is, wired devices - at a summit for In-Q-Tel, the CIA's venture capital firm. "'Transformational' is an overused word, but I do believe it properly applies to these technologies," Petraeus enthused, "particularly to their effect on clandestine tradecraft."
All those new online devices are a treasure trove of data if you're a "person of interest" to the spy community. Once upon a time, spies had to place a bug in your chandelier to hear your conversation. With the rise of the "smart home," you'd be sending tagged, geolocated data that a spy agency can intercept in real time when you use the lighting app on your phone to adjust your living room's ambiance.
"Items of interest will be located, identified, monitored, and remotely controlled through technologies such as radio-frequency identification, sensor networks, tiny embedded servers, and energy harvesters - all connected to the next-generation internet using abundant, low-cost, and high-power computing," Petraeus said, "the latter now going to cloud computing, in many areas greater and greater supercomputing, and, ultimately, heading to quantum computing."
Petraeus allowed that these household spy devices "change our notions of secrecy" and prompt a rethink of "our notions of identity and secrecy." All of which is true - if convenient for a CIA director.
The CIA has a lot of legal restrictions against spying on American citizens. But collecting ambient geolocation data from devices is a grayer area, especially after the 2008 carve-outs to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Hardware manufacturers, it turns out, store a trove of geolocation data; and some legislators have grown alarmed at how easy it is for the government to track you through your phone or PlayStation.
That's not the only data exploit intriguing Petraeus. He's interested in creating new online identities for his undercover spies - and sweeping away the "digital footprints" of agents who suddenly need to vanish. [Read more: Ackerman/Wired/15March2012]
Pictures - CIA Spy Gear & Robotic Insects. Did you know that the CIA has a Flickr stream and a YouTube channel? Me neither. Think again if you were expecting to see the latest Al Queda member being targeted by a predator drone. Most of the website is pictures of Leon Panetta giving speeches and photos of exotic locations.
There are some highlights. The Flickr set has some amazing spy gear from the sixties. It is surprising to see how advanced some of the technology is. Check out Charlie the robotic fish, the belly buster audio drill, tiny cameras and overcoats stuffed with surveillance gear. [Read more: Millitzer/Fox2Now/15March2012]
Section III - COMMENTARY
Duqu: A Government Intelligence Agency Built
Cyberweapon? Last week Kaspersky Lab announced that it had discovered an unrecognized programming language within the Duqu worm code. It asked the research community for help in diagnosis; and the research community responded.
The truth is less dramatic than some might hope; but intriguing nevertheless. The code is not some purpose-designed new language with its own compiler that might prove the elephant in the room. Where Duqu is concerned, the elephant is this: is Duqu the first example of a government intelligence agency built cyberweapon? Many suspect it is; nobody knows for certain. (We should include Stuxnet in any discussion since Kaspersky has also demonstrated beyond any reasonable doubt that Duqu and Stuxnet have come from the same team.)
The language 'found' by Kaspersky inside Duqu is just an old language - object oriented C, or OOC. But the discovery adds further fuel to the unproven conjecture. Kaspersky believes there could be two reasons to use OOC rather than the more popular C++. Firstly, 'old-school' programmers believe it to be a more reliable framework with less opportunity for unexpected behavior than some more recent languages; and secondly, it offers wide portability without any of the platform limitations that arise with C++.
Kaspersky Lab also suggests that some of the code may have been reused from other projects. "The code could have been reused from previous cyber-operations and customized to integrate into the Duqu Trojan," said Igor Soumenkov, Kaspersky Lab malware expert. "However, one thing is certain," he adds: "these techniques are normally seen by elite software developers and almost never in today's general malware." [Read more: Infosecurity/19March2012]
U.S. Intelligence Never Ready for Small Wars. Great Britain has recently increased its military presence in the Falkland Islands. Argentina has responded with bellicose rhetoric and has prevented port calls by British-owned cruise ships. Is a major ally of the U.S. on the brink of entering into a significant small war? Surely, the Falkland Islands' analytical teams at the Defense Intelligence Agency and the CIA are on high alert, monitoring the situation day and night.
Actually, chances are they are not, because chances are there are no such teams - though right now I imagine frenzied efforts at Langley and Bolling Air Force Base to patch something together out of intelligence experts not otherwise occupied with the bigger fish in Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and North Korea.
The U.S. intelligence community is again demonstrating its longstanding inability to anticipate small wars - the very conflicts that, with our superior military power, the U.S. and it allies ought to be able to handle with minimum harm to our troops or damage to our international standing.
But we don't. Take the U.S. invasion of Grenada or Panama in the 1980s: Because the U.S. intelligence community could not provide adequate intelligence support, we saw our military fighting, in the case of Grenada, through the hills and jungles with only AAA civilian road maps to guide them. [Read more: Auclair/TimesDispatch/18March2012]
David Ignatius: A National Security Wonk's National Security Wonk. Politico's Dylan Byers has written one of the fairest, most earnest reviews of another journalist's work that I've read in some time, particularly when it is about a writer who enjoys enviably high degrees of access at the White House, CIA, State Department and Pentagon. There is none of the cheap shot snark that invades too much of today's punditry.
I am referring to Byers' piece that just appeared today profiling the work of David Ignatius, who recently was given some insider access to Osama bin Laden files taken during the Navy SEAL Team 6 raid on bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad; and in general has been a valuable lead in the journalistic corps digging out detail on the Obama administration's course that many others have been unable to do.
I was pleased to see that Sally Quinn, wife of legendary Washington Post executive editor Benjamin Bradlee and editor-in-chief and co-founder with Jon Meacham of On Faith, credits the book America and the World: Conversations on the Future of US Foreign Policy with Zbigniew Brzezinski and Brent Scowcroft as a pivot point helping to trigger Ignatius' recent three year ascent to the top of national security columnists.
Ignatius was the 'interviewer' in this book - which I put together with then Basic Books editor (now editor at Yale University Press) William Frucht as part of the New America Foundation/Basic Books series. This book, which I think is still highly relevant to today's geostrategic challenges was selected in 2008 as among New York Times book review editor Michiko Kakutani's top ten favorite books of the year. [Read more: Clemons/TheAtlantic/19March2012]
Section IV - Jobs, Books, Requests and Coming Events
[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these research inquiries or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]
HUMINT Jobs: Warriorschool seeks FTC, ASOC, SOC, DSD, CI, Collector, Interrogator, Defense Attache, for long term, full/part time instructor/role player positions CONUS; Arizona to National Capital Region, first quarter of 2012. Warriorschool, a defense contractor since 2004 provides specialized training to more than 20, 000 DoD/federal personnel, including teams from of all IC agencies as well units from all military branches to include Coast Guard and FBI. Send resume to email@example.com or contact Jeffrey Prather at Cell: 520-247-9877, Work: 520-241-7690, or Fax:520-647-3765
Panetta Sought Parallel Intelligence Body in Pakistan. Leon Panetta as head of the CIA had sought setting up a parallel spy body inside Pakistan hidden from its premier intelligence agency ISI, a noted Pakistani author has disclosed, adding that the recommendation along with others were accepted by the Obama Administration.
In his latest book "Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan and Afghanistan", noted Pakistani author Ahmed Rashid said on Monday such a recommendation by Panetta, who then headed the CIA, was given sometime after September 2009, when the White House was conducting a long assessment of his options.
The book, published by Viking, hit the stands on Monday.
Panetta is now the US Secretary of Defence. "Starting in September 2009, over several weeks, Obama conducted a long assessment of his options. The military wanted Obama to consider only three: dispatching 10,000 trainers, sending 40,000 troops, or sending 8,000 troops," Rashid wrote.
He said that there was little discussion of Afghanistan's strategic political issues, such as its growing political and ethnic divisions, its economy, relations with Karzai, or the readiness of the Taliban for talks.
However, Pakistan occupied a lot of discussion but yielded few political answers, Rashid wrote.
"Instead Leon Panetta, the director of the CIA, presented a list of clandestine counterterrorism operations that the CIA wanted to conduct in Pakistan, such as stepping up drone attacks, raising the number of CIA agents and covert contractors, and even setting up a parallel intelligence organisation that would be hidden from the ISI," Rashid said.
"The CIA's recommendations were accepted, but they soon led to a complete breakdown of relations with Pakistan. Once again missing from the White House debates were in-depth consultations with Pakistani and Afghan leaders," writes the Pakistani author. [Read more: IBNLive/20March2012]
[IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these research inquiries or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]
Request for Intelligence Humor Contributions. Thank you to everyone who provided material for The Secret Book of CIA Humor. I’m putting together a second volume, which will include more material from the rest of the Intelligence Community (although CIA items are still welcome). If you have great humorous stories of pranks, practical jokes, urban legends, photocopy humor, or just straightforward jokes about intelligence, please send them to me at firstname.lastname@example.org or mail be remarkable visual items or memories here: 2305 Sandburg Street, Dunn Loring, VA 22027. Please indicate whether I can cite your entire name and institutional affiliation in the Acknowledgements section. Thanks in advance.
Coming Educational Events
EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....
MANY Spy Museum Events in March, April, and beyond, with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at www.afio.com. The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.
Wednesday, 21 March 2012, 6:30 – 8:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Weapons of Mass Disruption" at the International Spy Museum
Was your computer one of the machines that attacked Estonia?
Go behind-the-scenes on some of the most aggressive cyber attacks of our time. Join Dave Marcus, Director of Security Research for McAfee Labs, for a special screening of Weapons of Mass Disruption. The film, inspired by the Spy Museum's exhibit of the same name, focuses on key events in the evolution of cyber warfare, from the CIA's successful cyber-sabotage of the Soviet Union's trans-Siberia pipeline in the 1980s, to Stuxnet, a calculated cyber attack on Iran in 2009-10. On-screen experts, including Marcus, discuss cyber attacks you may know: the two week attack on Estonia in 2007 in which the country was essentially shut down; and those you may not: the theft of F35 fighter related information in 2009. They also cover the cyber security issues financial institutions face and the vulnerabilities of critical U.S. water and electricity infrastructure systems. The fascinating interviews with cyber experts include insights such as which popular movie of 2007 made Eugene Kaspersky, CEO of the Kaspersky Labs, break out in a cold sweat. Marcus, who specializes in advance intelligence gathering, digital forensic analysis, as well as intrusion detection and prevention, will lead a post-screening discussion of the film's major points and the latest on information security, malware, and vulnerability assessment. Tickets: $15 To register or for more information visit www.spymuseum.org
21 - 22 March 2012 - Fairfax, VA - NMIA hosts NIS 2012 - a classified intelligence symposium
This sweeping overview symposium will be conducted at the SECRET level and is only open to U.S. citizens who currently hold the appropriate security clearances.
There will be discussions on initiatives such as the "Quint" (DIA, NSA, NGA, NRO, CIA); which is a manifestation of the reality of IC cooperation by taking advantage of the huge potential for savings in Information Technology integration; specifically in Cloud Computing. At NIS 2012 the speakers from the national intelligence agencies and the military intelligence services will provide an update on the current state of the intelligence community and an outlook on what to expect for the future.
Invited speakers include seniors from the national IC organizations: CIA, USD(I), NSA, DIA, NGA, NRO, DHS, and the Intelligence Chiefs of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard.
For more information or to register: http://www.nmia.org/events/event_details.asp?id=208080
22-24 March 2012 - Charlotte, NC - Charlotte International Cryptologic Symposium
The line up of speakers includes: Ron Lawrence who
will open the Crypto Symposium with a short talk about all the events
going on in the hotel and about radio collecting and how this came
Debbie Anderson, daughter of Joe Desch the man who designed the Navy Cryptanalytic Bombe, is speaking and showing the documentary "The Dayton Codebreakers." Jim Oram of enigma-replica.com will be speaking on: " Restoration techniques of the Enigma" includes the showing of a video on the restorations he has completed. Free tours of Jim's Enigma Shop where Enigmas are restored.
John Alexander, a private collector from UK, will be speaking and offering some views of his Crypto equipment.
Richard Brisson, a collector from Ottawa Canada with website www.campx.ca, recently retired from the Communications Security Establishment Canada, will be speaking on the history and artifacts related to cryptology and espionage.
Dr. David Hatch, of NSA and CCH, will provide a display of a SIGABA Machine. Dr. Nicholas Gessler, Research Associate Information Science & Information Studies, Duke University, Durham, NC.
Gessler will be bringing a wide variety of Historical Cryptologic equipment for display.
LOCATION: Sheraton Charlotte Airport Hotel, 3315 Scott Futrell Dr, Charlotte, NC 28208.
Register at http://www.cc-awa.org/Registration-2012.html
Registration covers both the Cryptologic Symposium and the Antique Radio Charlotte event.
Saturday, 24 March 2012, 1000 - 1430 - Milford, MA - AFIO New England hears Deputy Exec Director CTC Executive Directorate on Counter-Terrorism
Our afternoon speaker will be Howard Stoffer.
Howard is currently the Deputy Executive Director of the
Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate, a post he has held
since November 2009. From July 2005 to November 2009 he served as
Director for Administration and Information of the Counter-Terrorism
Committee Executive Directorate. He worked at U.S. Mission to the
United Nations as Minister-Counselor in the Management and Reform
Section from 2001-2005 and as Counselor for Political Affairs from
1997-2001. Other assignments include Tel Aviv (1994-1997), Moscow
(1991-1993), the Soviet and China desks in the State Department (late
1980's), and one year with the Sinai peacekeeping mission – the
Multinational Force and Observers. In the early 1980's, he was an
advisor to the U.S. Delegations to the Strategic Arms and
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Negotiations.
He earned a B.A. from Columbia College in 1971 and a PhD from Columbia University's Graduate Faculties in Political Science in 1980.
Note, as this meeting is a one day event we have not made any hotel arrangements.
Where: Courtyard by Marriott in Milford, Mass. The hotel web site is here http://www.marriott.com/hotels/travel/bosml-courtyard-boston-milford
Schedule: Registration & gathering, 1000 - 1130, membership meeting 1130 – 1200. Luncheon at 1200 followed by our speaker, with adjournment at 2:30PM.
For additional information contact us at email@example.com
Advance reservations are $25.00, $30.00 at the door - per person.
Luncheon reservations must be made by 10 March 2012.
Mail your check and the reservation form to: Mr. Arthur Hulnick, 216 Summit Avenue # E102, Brookline, MA 02446; 617-739-7074 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Thursday, 29 March 2012, 9am-5:30pm - Washington, DC - Wilson Center & Georgetown University hosts conference "Moles, Defectors, and Deceptions: James Angleton and His Influence on US Counterintelligence."
The goal of the conference is to foster informed, scholarly discussion of James Angleton and his time at the CIA, as well as his continuing influence on
American counterintelligence. The conference will bring together a wide
variety of experts on intelligence history with a view towards examining
Angleton's career and legacy from all sides. A draft program is
attached for your reference. We appreciate your consideration of this
letter and look forward to hearing from
you. Please RSVP (acceptances only) to ColdWar@wilsoncenter.org. Should you have questions about the event, contact Bruce Hoffman at (202) 687-7847, or Christian Ostermann at (202) 691-4176. Alternatively contact Tim McDonnell at (202) 691 4308 or at Timothy.McDonnell@wilsoncenter.org.
Event location: Woodrow Wilson Center.
29 March 2012 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Ron Brooks, Director of the NCRIC and the Northern California High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area.
Ron Brooks, who is the Director of the NCRIC and the Northern California High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area will be speaking about the the National Fusion Center Networks' role in the information sharing environment. The meeting will be held at UICC, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco (between Sloat/Wawona): 11:30AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-member/no reservation. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) at email@example.com and mail a check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011.
Monday, 2 April 2012, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - "9/11, False Flags, and Black Ops" at International Spy Museum
9/11, False Flags, and Black Ops: An Evening of Debate with David Frum, Jonathan Kay, and Webster Tarpley
Don't be an April Fool. The truth may be out there, but when does the search for it turn into a wild goose chase? Canadian journalist, Jonathan Kay, set out to answer that question with his profile of the 9/11 Trust Movement in his acclaimed book, Among the Truthers: A Journey Through America's Growing Conspiracist Underground. One of the most fascinating people that Kay interviewed is Webster Tarpley. Dr. Tarpley, who has addressed ideas and issues from Venetian history to economic recovery from the current world depression, is the author of 9/11 Synthetic Terror: Made in the USA. He has developed his theories about international governmental involvement in assassinations and the engineering of the 9/11 attacks by rogue actors from the military and intelligence community over many years, beginning with his investigation of the Aldo Moro murder in Italy in the 1980s. Columnist and commentator, David Frum, founder of the FrumForum.com, will moderate this lively Kay-Tarpley discussion about 9/11, nefarious plots, and other conspiracy theories.
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
TICKETS: Tickets: $15. Visit www.spymuseum.org
Wednesday, 4 April 2012, 1000-1130 [lunch to 1300]- Annapolis Junction, MD - National Cryptologic Museum Foundation Spring Program features Douglas Waller on Wild Bill Donovan
The NCMF welcome Douglas Waller as their guest speaker for the spring program. The presentation is at the L-3 Stratis Conference Center in the National Business Park (NBP). Directions are below. After the program, lunch will be served until 1300.
Douglas Waller is a veteran correspondent, author and lecturer. He served in TIME Magazine's Washington Bureau from 1994 to 2007 where he covered foreign affairs extensively as a diplomatic corespondent. Before joining TIME, Waller served as a reporter on Newsweek magazine. He has written a total of eight books of which Wild Bill Donovan: The Spymaster who created the OSS and Modern American Espionage is his latest.
Donovan was the man President Franklin Roosevelt made his top spy of the Office of Strategic Services during World War II. One of America's most exciting and secretive generals, Donovan is a mythic figure whose legacy is still intensely debated. "Wild Bill" Donovan was Director of the OSS, the country's first intelligence agency, the forerunner of today's CIA.
We hope you can join us on 4 April. The Program fee is $40. Make your check out to NCMF, and return by 28 March. Replies/RSVPs to firstname.lastname@example.org
Directions from Baltimore:
Take MD-295 (Baltimore-Washington Parkway) south towards Washington;
Take the MD-32 West exit towards Columbia;
Keep right at the fork toward NBP;
Turn right onto NBP;
Take 2nd right to 2720 Technology Drive (L3 is on the left)
Directions from Washington: Take MD-295 (Baltimore-Washington Parkway) north towards Baltimore; Take the MD-32 West exit towards Columbia: Keep right at the fork toward NBP; Turn right onto NBP; Take 2nd right to 2720 Technology Drive (L3 is on the left)
5 April 2012 - Stony Brook, LI, NY - The new Long Island Spy Museum [LISM] hosts their first annual spy symposium
Draft schedule as follows: 9-9:30 Coffee/Light Refreshments; 9:30-9:45 Introduction: Master of Ceremonies - Actor Peter Firth from the critically acclaimed television series MI-5; 9:45-10:45 Speaker #1: Michael Sulick-
Former Director of National Clandestine Service, CIA, and 28 year CIA
veteran: "Revolutionary War (Revolutionary War Espionage & George
Washington's Spies"; 10:45-11:45 Speaker # 2: Bill Birnes- A New York Times best selling author, TV personality, Espionage historian, and holds a
law degree from New York University: "WWII-Office of Strategic Services
(OSS): The Birth of an Intelligence Agency; Patriots, Buccaneers &
Movie Stars"; 11:45-12:45 LUNCH BREAK; 12:45-1:45 Speaker #3: Michael Hayden - Former Director of CIA & NSA: "CIA, the War on Terror, and the
Killing of Bin Laden"; 1:45- 2 Coffee Break;
2:00 -3:00 Speaker #4: Cindy Webb - Former Chief Of Counterintelligence, CIA "Counter-Intelligence in the Cold War and Beyond"; 3:00-4:00 Speaker#5: Tom Betro - Former Director of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, (NCIS):
"Counterintelligence 2.0; CI Challenges and Opportunities in the
Internet Era"; 4:00-4:30 Q&A for entire panel with the audience;
4.30-4:40 Closing Remarks.
Where: Stony Brook University Long Island Spy Museum, 275 Christian Ave, Stony Brook, NY 11790
Visit: http://longislandspymuseum.org/ for updated schedule or call 631-371-1473 for additional information.
Tuesday, 10 April 2012, 11:30 am - 2 pm - MacDill AFB - AFIO Florida Suncoast Chapter hosts Hon. Gus M. Bilirakis at this luncheon.
Gus M. Bilirakis, Republican from Palm Harbor
serving on the Committees on Homeland Security, Veterans' Affairs and
Foreign Affairs. Gus has been appointed Chairman of the Subcommittee on
Emergency Preparedness, Response and Communication, a vital post for the
state of Florida. He will be touching a number of topics of vital
interest to our nation.
Event location: MacDill AFB Surf's Edge Club, 7315 Bayshore Boulevard, MacDill AFB, FL 33621. RSVP no later than Wednesday, April 4, for yourself and include the names of any guests. Email
or call the Chapter Secretary at email@example.com.
Cost is $20. If you make a reservation, don't cancel and get a cancellation confirmation by the response deadline and then don't show up, you will be responsible for the cost of the luncheon.
Note that the base is now enforcing a handscan registration for those with ID cards so, if you haven't been on-base recently, you should look into this or allow some extra time when you arrive for the meeting. Should you not have a 'bumper sticker' or ID card for access to MacDill AFB, please so state in your RSVP. If you have not already submitted information required for the Gate Access List, be sure to include your license number, name on drivers license and state of issue for yourself and for any guests you are bringing on base.
Anyone with special AFIO Gate Access should proceed to the Bayshore Gate. If you need directions, please let us know.
Wednesday, 11 April 2012, 11:30am - Scottsdale, AZ - AFIO AZ Chapter hosts Thomas Davidson, CWO4 on "Mexican Drug Cartels - Their Areas of Operation along US Border."
CWO4 Thomas S. Davidson II is Military Intelligence, USArmy (Ret). Tom served a total of 36 years in the U.S. Army. His last assignment was with the Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO), U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. He started the FMSO Mexico and Southwest Border Security Team in January 2002 when he was recalled to active duty.
Location: McCormick Ranch Golf Course, 7505 McCormick Parkway, Scottsdale AZ 85258 ~ Phone 480.948.0260.
WE WILL NEED FOR EVERY MEETING an RSVP no later than 72 hours ahead of time; in the past, not reserving or cancelling without prior notice (72 hours prior to the meeting) created much grief for those of us organizing the meeting and dealing with the personnel!
WE ARE charged for the no-shows and please remember, we are a small organization with a humble coffer! We would therefore APPRECIATE that you all respond to this email to confirm your presence (or not).
Our meeting fees will be as follows: $20.00 for AFIO members; $22.00 for guests and other nonmembers.
For reservations or questions, please email Simone firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com or call and leave a message on 602.570.6016
Wednesday, 18 April 2012, 6:30 – 8:30 pm – Washington, DC - "Graphic Intelligence: Comics, the KKK, and Covert Ops" at the International Spy Museum
Comic books often reflect the time in which they are created. Since
the Cold War, spies have been hot, and the world of comics has had a
great assortment of espionage volumes. National security lawyer and
comic collector/dealer Mark S. Zaid has assembled a rich array of comics
that address spies and espionage. He'll showcase some of the coolest
and rarest volumes in his collection while he describes how spy comics
mirrored the intelligence issues of the time period in which they were
published—some purporting to reveal true spy cases. He'll also share
tales of how comics may have been used as intelligence tools and to push
social agendas involving war, race, and sex. Then there is the story of
the famous superhero who teamed up with actual spies to strike a blow
for justice and equality in the United States. Award-winning author Rick
Bowers shares the story behind his new book Superman vs. the Ku Klux Klan: The True Story of How the Iconic Superhero Battled the Men of Hate.
Bowers reveals how the producers of The Adventures of Superman radio
show took on the resurgent Ku Klux Klan in 1946, teaming up with
infiltrators within the secret society to produce a ground-breaking,
16-part radio drama in which the Man of Steel conquered the hooded hate
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station.
Tickets: $15.00 Register at www.spymuseum.org
19 April 2012, 8 AM - 7 PM - Fort Lauderdale, FL - South Florida InfraGard Branch Regional Conference on "Current and Future Security threats: How are the private and public sectors working to meet these challenges."
The South Florida InfraGard Branch of the InfraGard Membership
Alliance invites AFIO members to participate in their first Regional
Conference: Current and Future Security threats: How are the private and
working to meet these challenges.
As security threats continue to develop and new plans and intentions are exposed which target our private and public sector entities, it is imperative to stay aware and current on technology/physical security best practices, to prevent, mitigate and react to potential disruption and loss of services, life and property. Conference speakers will represent all sectors and functions facing the challenges threatening our Cyber and Critical Infrastructure, and
will address methods to protect it, as well as Technology and Risk Management trends and advances towards the safeguarding of our National Security.
FOOD: Breakfast, full gourmet lunch, snacks and an evening cocktail event are included. LOCATION: Sheraton Fort Lauderdale Airport Hotel.
REGISTER AT: http://www.s-fla.eventbrite.com
For list of speakers, their topics, their bios, and additional information visit http://www.infragardmiami.com/
Questions to Nancy Bianco, South Florida InfraGard, 650 533-5360 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Thursday, 19 April 2012, 3:30pm - Washington, DC - JNSL Symposium to discuss "Shadow Wars" featuring William C. Banks, Syracuse U Col of Law
The Journal of National Security Law & Policy and The Georgetown Center on National Security and the Law will be hosting a symposium to discuss JNSLP's latest issue:
Opening Remarks by William C. Banks, Editor-in-Chief, Journal of National Security Law & Policy. Banks is on the Board of Advisors Distinguished Professor, Syracuse University College of Law, Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs, Maxwell School of Syracuse University; Author of the JNSLP article "Shadow Wars."
Featured Authors and Panelists: Laura Dickinson, Professor of Law, The George Washington University Law School; Author of the JNSLP article Outsourcing Covert Activities.
Louis Fisher, Scholar in Residence, The Constitution Project; Former Specialist in Constitutional Law, Library of Congress; Author of the JNSLP article Basic Principals of the War Power.
John Prados, Senior Fellow and Co-Director of the Iraq Documentation Project; Director of the Vietnam Project at the National Security Archive at The George Washington University; Author of the JNSLP article The Continuing Quandary of Covert Operations.
Scott Shane, National Security Reporter, Washington Bureau, The New York Times.
WHERE: Hart Auditorium, Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Avenue, Washington, DC.
Reception to Follow
RSVP to email@example.com or contact firstname.lastname@example.org with questions.
Wednesday, 9 May 2012, 6:30 – 8:30 p.m – Washington, DC - "Manhunt: The Ten-Year Search for Bin Laden - From 9/11 to Abbottabad" at the International Spy Museum
"Tonight, I can report…that the United States has conducted an operation that killed Osama bin Laden."—US President Barack Obama, May 1, 2011
When Osama bin Laden declared war against the United States for the first time to a Western audience, Peter Bergen was there. He produced Osama bin Laden's first television interview. His book, The Osama bin Laden I Know: An Oral History of al Qaeda's Leader,
was named one of the best non-fiction books of 2006. Bergen has
continued to write and report extensively on bin Laden and the conflict
between the US and al Qaeda for publications ranging from The New York
Times to Rolling Stone. He's produced award-winning documentaries on the
subject matter, and in his latest book he has turned his attention to
the hunt and termination of the notorious terrorist. Join us for an
inside account of Bergen's professional connection to bin Laden, his
perspective on the decade-long hunt to capture or kill him, and his
thoughts on the results of Operation Neptune Spear.
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: $15.00 Register at www.spymuseum.org
11-13 May 2012 - North Conway, NH - The New England Chapter of the Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association (NCVA-NE) holds Spring Mini-Reunion
Location: North Conway Grand Hotel, North Conway, New Hampshire. The registration cut-off date for the event is 27 April 2012. For additional information, local members and prospective members may call (518) 664-8032 or visit http://ncva-ne.org
Friday, 18 May 2012, 6:30 – 9:30 pm – Washington, DC - "Surveillance 101 with Eric O'Neill" at the International Spy Museum
Test your surveillance skills on the mean streets of DC!
What if you were assigned to watch the most damaging spy in US history? As a young operative in the FBI, Eric O'Neill was put into position as Robert Hanssen's assistant with the secret
task of spying on his boss, who was under suspicion of working for
Russia.$7 O'Neill's background with the FBI was in surveillance, so he
was up to the challenge. But how would you measure up? It's your chance
to find out. O'Neill is prepared to share his hard-earned expertise with
you. This intense small group introduction to surveillance will include
learning the basics and conducting surveillance in the streets of DC.
Will you be able to track the "Rabbit" without being "made?" You'll
learn how to snap clandestine shots and keep your target in view so you
won't miss operational acts or secret meetings. O'Neill will lead the
exercise and help you learn how to blend into the shadows for the best
WHERE: International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets $94.00. Space is limited to only 10 participants – advance registration required. Call 202 654-0932 to register.
Thursday, 24 May 2012, 6 pm - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro meets to hear Dr. Vadim Birstein on Stalin's SMERSH
Dr. Vadim Birstein - Russian American who arrived in the US in 1991, is a historian, a molecular geneticist and author of over 150 scientific papers, three
scientific books and one history book. www.vadimbirstein.com/bio.htm
Dr. Birstein's new book "SMERSH" an acronym of the Russian phrase "Death to Spies." "SMERSH" was Stalin's secret weapon, Soviet Military Counterintelligence during WWll. Dr. Birstein
reveals for the first time the structure of this super secret organization, its torture and execution of countless Soviet officers and servicemen and its brazen arrest of foreign civilians, the recovery of Hitler's body and its completely unknown involvement in the Nuremberg trials and much, much more.
RSVP: Strongly suggested, not required. Email email@example.com
Location: 3 West Club, 3 West 51st St, NYC
Cost: $45/person including buffet dinner & cash bar.
For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events
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