AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #44-12 dated 20 November 2012

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Section IV - Books and Coming Events


Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar New and/or Next Two Months ONLY



Due to the Thanksgiving Holiday, there will be no WINs next week, 27 November.

We will return the following week, on 4 December.

AFIO End-of-Year Luncheon

Friday, 7 December 2012
9:30 am - 2 pm

A special end-of-year AFIO program featuring a documentary and
how the CIA Counterintelligence Pros uncovered Aldrich Ames.
Note earlier starting time.

Colby Documentary

Morning Program: Documentary Screening and Q&A
on the Life and Career of former DCI William Colby
with Carl Colby, Director/Producer

Circle of Treason

Afternoon Program: The Internal CIA/IC Hunt and Unmasking
of CIA Traitor Aldrich Ames

with Sandy Grimes
one of the CIA principals behind the dogged search and unmasking of the spy in their midst.

All parts of the program are on the record.

Crowne Plaza Hotel
Tysons Corner, VA

Registration Form Here

SPYPEDIA Updates as of November 15 - if you are not a subscriber, this is what you are missing:

In a major Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip, Israel has killed in an air strike the commander and deputy commander of the military wing of Hamas. On 15 November at least three Israelis were killed in southern cities; over 200 rockets have been fired at Israel since yesterday.

In domestic counterintelligence, a new security case broke last week when an affidavit was unsealed against James. F. HITSELBERGER, a civilian linguist for the Navy who is charged with unlawful retention of national defense information after sending classified documents to the Hoover Institute at Stanford University. Additionally, the USCC released its annual report to Congress, which advises, among other things, that China is pursuing "more muscular and uncompromising security and foreign policies," and that "the most notable trend in Chinese espionage over the past year was increasingly creative and resourceful targeting," specifically in the private sector.

Internationally, Royal Navy submariner Petty Officer Edward DEVENNEY has pleaded guilty to attempting to communicate British code breaking information to an enemy state after he attempted to sell cryptography technology and submarine movements to individuals he believed to be Russian agents

We appreciate AFIO members who have subscribed to SPYPEDIA and urge subscribers to continue to login on a daily basis to stay abreast of the latest espionage, counterterrorism, security and cybersecurity news from around the globe. All new additions can be found by simply navigating to the "New Content" tab, which features the most recent updates in the SPYPEDIA database.

SPECIAL OFFER TO December 3: 50% discount off of annual SPYPEDIA subscription. A $365 value and you will receive it for half the cost at $182.50! Go to and sign up using promotional code- SPY50

-Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre)



Congress Urged to Probe Chinese Cyber-Espionage. The U.S. Congress should conduct an in-depth assessment of Chinese cyber spying and consider imposing tougher penalties on companies that benefit from industrial espionage, a federal advisory group said Wednesday.

The recommendations by the bipartisan U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission reflect its stated concern that China has become "the most threatening actor in cyberspace."

In its annual report to Congress, the commission said the most notable trend in Chinese cyber-espionage over the past year had been "increasingly creative and resourceful targeting" across government, industry and civil society.

Among these are stepped-up efforts to defeat so-called two factor authentication, it said, referring to the use of a security token in addition to a traditional password.

Separately, Beijing appeared to be within two years of putting nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles on submarines as it continues to modernize and expand its nuclear stockpile, the report said, citing U.S. Defense Department estimates.

Congress should require the State Department to spell out steps to bring China into existing and future nuclear arms control efforts, the group said. [Read more: Wolf/Reuters/14November2012]

Ex-Navy Translator Charged With Espionage. A former Arab linguist for the military has been charged under the Espionage Act with allegedly copying classified documents and shipping them back to the United States, including to Stanford University, which maintains a collection in his name.

A Navy commander said the security breach by James F. Hitselberger, who previously lived in Wisconsin, has the potential to compromise "everything with respect to source operations in Iraq," according to documents unsealed in Wisconsin and elsewhere last week.

Despite the dire warning, the military and civilian contractors failed to root out Hitselberger years earlier, when he was admonished for discussing sensitive information in a public place, court documents show.

Authorities then failed to arrest Hitselberger after he was caught with classified documents in April. They allowed him to fly home from Bahrain on his own. He left an airport in Germany, claiming he was too sick to travel home, but then he traveled throughout Europe for eight months. He wasn't arrested until last month, when he went to Kuwait, which handed him over to the U.S.

Shortly after his arrest, FBI agents searched the home of Hitselberger's parents in Fond du Lac, taking photographs but not seizing anything, according to a search warrant. Hitselberger had shipped six boxes to his parents from Bahrain. His parents did not return a call for comment Monday.

Hitselberger, 55, was indicted on two counts of taking national defense information. He has been ordered detained without bail in Washington. [Read more: Diedrich/MilwaukeeJournalSentinal/13November2012]

Russia's Stealth Fighter Could Match U.S. Jets, Analyst Says. Russia's T-50 stealth fighter prototype, the first radar-evading warplane outside the U.S. when it debuted in January 2010, is slightly less stealthy than the American F-22 and about equal to the smaller F-35. But in several other respects the new warplane from the Russian Sukhoi design bureau is actually superior to the American models.

That's the surprising conclusion of the first-ever public scientific analysis of the T-50′s Radar Cross-Section (RCS), completed this week by Dr. Carlo Kopp, an analyst with the independent think tank Air Power Australia.

"The shaping of the T-50 is inferior to that of the F-22 Raptor," Kopp writes in his dense, jargon-heavy report. But the F-35 and T-50, he adds, exhibit "similar... RCS behavior."

But Kopp's assessment of the T-50 comes with caveats. Quite a few of them, actually. To match the stealthiness of the Lockheed Martin F-35 - to say nothing of the company's F-22 - Sukhoi's engineers will have to, among other changes, modify the T-50′s engines to a less obtrusive fitting and add a layer of radar-absorbing material to the plane's skin.

With the revised engines and skin, the T-50′s "specular RCS performance will satisfy the Very Low Observable (VLO) requirement that strong specular returns are absent in the nose sector angular domain," Kopp writes. Translated into plain English, Kopp's saying that an optimized version of the Russian jet could be very, very difficult to detect by most radars as it's bearing down on them. [Read more: Axe/Wired/16November2012]

Moscow Embassy Vulnerable to Terror Attack, Espionage. Canada's diplomats in Moscow will have to work another three years in an embassy compound that's vulnerable to terrorist attack and the prying eyes of foreign spies, The Canadian Press has learned.

Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird was warned in an internal memo from a senior bureaucrat that Canada's embassy in the Russian capital offers "almost no protection" against a terrorist attack.

A leaked copy of the memo details the stalled embassy project, outlining why diplomats won't be moving to a more secure facility until January 2016 instead of last July as planned.

The delay has added nearly $30 million to the cost of the project, since Foreign Affairs received approval in 2008 to move the embassy to a more suitable building.

A quarter of the increased cost - or $7.5 million - is for extra construction to keep unidentified "threats" from spying on Canadian diplomats in the new embassy.

The memo surfaced after the recent high-profile closures of Canada's embassies in Iran and Syria, decisions that Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Baird have said were made to keep Canadian diplomats out of harm's way.

Meanwhile, the current Russian embassy remains open even though the "embassy complex does not meet DFAIT security standards in terms of the building envelope." [Read more: Blanchfiled/CanadianPress/19November2012]

Feds: Orange County Imam had Ties to Accused Group in 1993 WTC Bombing. WFTV has uncovered an Orange County Imam's past ties to the so-called Blind Sheik, whose extremist group is blamed for the first World Trade Center bombing in 1993.

Channel 9's Kathi Belich broke the story of Marcus Robertson's arrest last year. On Monday, she obtained new documents in the case that detail even more disturbing information.

Federal prosecutors said Orange County Imam Abu Taubah, aka convicted felon Marcus Robertson, has murdered people, attempted assassinations, took hostages and tried to kill police officers, all to fund attacks on U.S. soil.

Last year, months before the 10th anniversary of Sept. 11, 2001, prosecutors said Robertson planned an attack on U.S. military personnel overseas.

Authorities said Robertson was bodyguard to Omar Abdel Rahman, known as the Blind Sheik. Rahman's extremist Islamic group was blamed for the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.

Authorities said Robertson led a band of thieves who robbed banks and the government in the 1990s. He was even accused of giving Rahman $300,000 for a much bigger New York attack on the Washington Bridge, tunnels and government buildings.

Rahman is in prison, and Robertson served four years, but federal prosecutors said he's training others to kill overseas. [Read more: WFTV/19November2012]

CIA Climate-Change Unit Closes its Doors. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has shuttered its Center on Climate Change and National Security, an office created in 2009 to serve as the "focal point" of the agency's work on the topic.

CIA spokesman Todd Ebitz said the agency's work on climate change has been transferred to a new office. 

"The CIA for several years has studied the national security implications of climate change. As part of a broader realignment of analytic resources, this work continues to be performed by a dedicated team in a new office that looks at economic and energy matters affecting America's national security. The mission and the resources devoted to it remain essentially unchanged," Ebitz said in a statement to The Hill.

The CIA is one of multiple federal agencies to explore the nexus between climate change and security - sometimes drawing GOP criticism in the process. [Read more: Geman/TheHill/19November2012]

FBI Kept Close Watch on Stalin's Daughter. Newly de-classified documents show the FBI kept close tabs on Soviet dictator Josef Stalin's only daughter after her high-profile defection to the United States in 1967, gathering details from informants about how her arrival was affecting international relations.

The documents were released Monday to The Associated Press under the Freedom of Information Act following Lana Peters' death last year at age 85 in a Wisconsin nursing home. Her defection during the Cold War embarrassed the ruling communists and made her a bestselling author. Her move was also a public relations coup for the U.S.

When she defected, Peters was known as Svetlana Alliluyeva, but she went by Lana Peters following her 1970 marriage to William Wesley Peters, an apprentice of Frank Lloyd Wright. Peters said her defection was partly motivated by the Soviet authorities' poor treatment of her late husband, Brijesh Singh, a prominent figure in the Indian Communist Party.

George Kennan, a key figure in the Cold War and a former U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, advised the FBI that he and Alliluyeva were concerned Soviet agents would try to contact her, a December 1967 memo reveals. The memo notes no security arrangements were made for Peters, and no other documents in the file indicate the KGB ever tracked her down. [Read more: Bauer/AP/20November2012]

Serious Fraud Office Told to Improve Intelligence Gathering. The Serious Fraud Office should improve its intelligence gathering and focus on cases that have significant economic impact on the UK, according to a highly critical report.

The review by HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate (HMCPSI) suggests the SFO needs to train staff in basic investigative techniques and check that it is accepting the right types of cases.

The inspection identified significant failures in the processing of cases and other weaknesses, but acknowledged the SFO "plays a necessary role - [and] achieves a great deal under very difficult circumstances".

Interviews with suspects were often overlong and lacked focus. One was recorded over the course of 40 tapes; another involved an "interview plan" that ran to more than 100 pages.

Following recent setbacks in the investigation into property tycoon Vincent Tchenguiz which it dropped, the SFO needs to improve its performance, said the report, which was published on Tuesday.

"The SFO needs to review and update the case acceptance process, including the criteria by which it accepts cases - focusing on casework which is too complex for other law enforcement agencies to handle, and which has a serious economic impact on the UK.

"The SFO has developed its intelligence function in recent years without clear direction. It needs to identify what intelligence can be gleaned from its core casework, link this to its current intelligence needs, both strategic and operational, and fill any shortfall by developing relationships with partners with greater capability in this field." [Read more: Bowcott/TheGuardian/20November2012]

Syria Rebels Set up Own Intelligence Service. Syrian rebels announced on Tuesday the creation of a security service to "defend the Syrian revolution" in a country that has been awash with feared intelligence agencies for the past five decades.

Its objective is "to be a powerful security shield to protect the sons of the revolution from attacks, arrests and killings," and to hunt down members of the opposition who have committed abuses, according to a video statement by the rebels.

The video, posted to YouTube by Free Syrian Army spokesman Fahad al-Masri, shows eight armed men wearing masks over their faces.

One of the men introduces himself as Colonel Ossama, agent 102, and announces the "formation of the Intelligence Services Administration of the Syrian Revolution-National Security Bureau."

"It must be one of the powerful arms of the revolution against the intelligence network of the government clique and its regional and international allies," Ossama says.

He lists the names and code numbers - 100 to 118 - of the 19 department heads, including a woman, Umm Aisha, in charge of logistics.

Interior and exterior intelligence branches will be established, along with branches dealing with local and foreign media. Offices will be established in the major regions of the country, and a brigade for special missions will be formed. [Read more: DailyStar/20November2012]

Intelligence Officials to Stand Trial Over Death. Four Romanian intelligence officers will stand trial on charges that they fatally beat a man who was allegedly trying to steal scrap metal from a military unit.

Lawyer Calin Staiculescu, a lawyer for three of the defendants, told online paper Ziua de Vest they were acting on orders from a superior officer in the incident in October 2011. The four have been suspended from their positions.

Military prosecutor Radu Ilina said Tuesday the trial will begin on Nov. 29 at the Military Court in the western city of Timisoara. The defendants face a maximum of 15 years in prison. [Read more: AP/20November2012]


CIA Able to Keep its Secrets on Budgets, Bad Apples. From contract fraud and false billing to nepotism and possession of child pornography, wide-ranging accusations of misconduct have surfaced at agencies all across the federal government - even, it turns out, inside the nation's revered spy agency.

But unlike almost all of its federal counterparts, the Central Intelligence Agency's office of inspector general provides no information to the public about the results of its work investigating accusations of misbehaving employees and contractors.

Yet nearly 200 pages of heavily redacted, previously undisclosed CIA documents obtained by The Washington Times through the Freedom of Information Act provide a window into just some of the watchdog's recent activities.

During an 18-month span from July 2010 to December 2011, for instance, the office closed at least a half-dozen cases involving "nonaccredited degrees." Among dozens of other cases, the office also closed three probes stemming from accusations of nepotism and two others involving child pornography, records show.

For the most part, the records released to The Times are so heavily redacted that it's impossible to tell, on a case-by-case basis, whether the internal probes focused on contractors, officers or agents, nor do they provide much detail on the outcomes: whether anyone was prosecuted, fired, suspended or exonerated.

A CIA spokesman said the agency takes swift action in response to misconduct findings. [Read more: McElhatton/WashingtonTimes/13November2012]

How to Listen to Real Spy Broadcasts Right Now. Encrypted messages, fancy technology, spies use them all to communicate, but sometimes the best way to hide is in plain sight. Right now, broadcasting across the airwaves around the world, are automated, anonymous shortwave AM radio stations that most governments won't acknowledge even exist, much less explain. Best of all, you can hear recordings from them right now, and if you have the right gear, tune in and listen yourself. 

Numbers stations are anonymous, shortwave AM radio stations that broadcast messages at pre-set times, sometimes periodically and sometimes random, on specific frequencies. They're notable for their unusual tone and content, as the stations can be silent for most hours of the day or week, then jump to life with a collection of artificial human voices, sounds, Morse code, short songs, or even nursery rhymes. They also broadcast in a number of different languages. If you've ever listened to a numbers station, it's one of the creepiest things you've ever heard. You won't exactly use these to get more work done or streamline your life, but it's a lot of fun to listen.

Another characteristic of numbers station broadcasts is the messages feel like gibberish, or nonsensical words, letters, or songs strung together. In reality, they likely mean a great deal to the right listener. Numbers stations appeared shortly after World War II, and while they were most plentiful during the Cold War, many still broadcast today. If you ask the FCC about them, they'll say they have no information on them because the frequencies are unlicensed. Ask any specific government agency and they'll usually deny they exist, or at least deny broadcasting on them. Who operates them and who are they for? Most likely they're used by spies, sending and listening for coded messages. [Read more: Henry/LifeHacker/16November2012]

Hiding Out at London's Spy Hotel - St. Ermin's. As James Bond and "Skyfall" shoot up theaters around the world, Brits walk from Parliament Square past New Scotland Yard in Central London never realizing there's a once and future spy HQ in their midst.

The St. Ermin's Hotel stands in the shadow of Big Ben and Westminster Abbey. Its proximity to the Houses of Parliament and the dominions of power along Whitehall makes the hotel and its bar a popular stop for the be-suited leading and protecting Her Majesty's UK subjects.

Built on the site of a 15th century chapel dedicated to the hotel's namesake saint, the Ermin's Hotel was built from modified private mansions in 1889. Over the years, it became a popular watering hole for Winston Churchill and other prominent British figures.

However, it was its quiet, lesser recognized visitors that gave the Ermin's its unique history. The St Ermin's location smack in the middle of the St. James's Park neighborhood and near Pall Mall made it a popular meeting point and drop spot for London spies. In fact, the former World War II era home of MI6 stands only a couple blocks away.

After a multi-million dollar renovation, the Ermin's lobby is now glittering white with its bar a modem, state of the art lounge. But the anonymous dark walls and intimate lighting of its old interior made it easier for British spies to come and go without attracting too much attention. [Read more: Lewinski/CraveOnline/15November2012]


Time to Rethink the CIA? President Obama should pause before choosing a successor to CIA Director David H. Petraeus and rethink the role of the nation's primary intelligence agency. Its main focus for the past decade has been fighting terrorists and insurgents.

The first question to ask: Has the CIA become too much of a paramilitary organization? The second: Should this be the time to put the agency's main emphasis on being the premier producer and analyst of intelligence for policymakers, using both open and clandestine sources?

That doesn't mean losing its counterterrorism role. Terrorists remain a threat, but the rest of the world is changing so fast that the president and policymakers down the line need the best information available.

More than 20 years ago, Richard M. Helms, the legendary CIA director, told me that one of the biggest mistakes the agency made during his tenure was to run the "secret war" in Laos in the late 1960s. "You can't keep a war secret, and therefore a clandestine intelligence service should not be running it," he said. "It also diverts you from doing our main job, analysis."

Helms would have shuddered reading last month's Washington Post story that Petraeus was seeking to increase CIA drone activities at a time when policymakers needed to know more about the political turmoil in the Middle East and the new leaders there and in China, India, Africa and Latin America.

Helms came out of the analytic side of the agency. Although he ran the clandestine service as deputy director for operations from 1962 to 1965, he was sent to that post after the Bay of Pigs episode with the aim of directing the CIA away from such semi-covert military operations and more toward espionage. [Read more: Pincus/WashingtonPost/15November2012]

Why Congress Hacked Up a Bill to Stop Hackers. On March 7, 2012, the Obama administration staged a mock cyberattack on the U.S. In a classified briefing for senators in the Capitol, FBI Director Robert Mueller, Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano, and other officials imagined a shutdown of New York City's power grid that resulted in scores of deaths and billions of dollars in losses. Think Hurricane Sandy's blackouts, only spread to all of Manhattan and the boroughs.

At the time, lawmakers were fighting over an administration-backed bill that would require the computer systems that control utilities, chemical plants, oil pipelines, and other "critical infrastructure" to be hardened against sabotage by hackers and foreign spies. Under the bill, the government would also share secret information about digital espionage with corporations that store sensitive data, helping them to protect against China and other governments that target U.S. industrial research and financial records. The U.S. is ill-equipped to cope with an Internet assault on the computers that undergird much of the economy, and no federal agency has the authority to compel companies to protect themselves. The bill, called the Cybersecurity Act of 2012, was intended to fix that - and the White House believed the mock attack would underscore its urgency.

Several senators said they were rattled by the presentation, according to a White House official who was there. Others dismissed it as hype. Either way, it wasn't enough to close the deal. After a long summer of tense negotiations, the bill died in August. Republicans rejected it as a government power grab that would create another intrusive federal bureaucracy. Corporate and power-industry lobbyists argued it would cost businesses billions to meet the new standards, with no assurance that they'd be effective. Even Democrats who supported the bill privately conceded it couldn't specify exactly what the regulations would require and how much they would cost. "Based on my experience, very few people on the Hill get this," says Shawn Henry, who stepped down as executive assistant director of the FBI in April. "You can't see it, touch it, or taste it, so it's somehow not real."

As Congress returns to D.C. to haggle over the fiscal cliff, Democrats see an opportunity to revive the cybersecurity bill. On Nov. 14, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada once again brought it to the floor, where Republicans quickly blocked it. The point of the vote was to put the issue back in the news - and signal that Democrats would continue to press it in the new Congress next year. Yet if the bill's backers hope to make any progress, they'll have to avoid repeating the many mistakes that doomed it before. [Read more: Riley&Engleman/BusinessWeek/15November2012]

The C.I.A.'s Next Leader. The office of the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency sits on the seventh floor of the old headquarters building at Langley. The seventh floor feels a little like the Metropolitan Club in Washington: a lot of wood panelling, heavy carpets, and, in the director's dining room, a disconcerting number of waiters. It smells like men. The director has a suite with a view of the woods� pleasant on autumn days, but otherwise not the most breathtaking view that Washington has to offer its ascendant class.

During the past two decades, the suite has turned over like a fifteenth-century European throne room. It has been a period of great importance for intelligence work�there's been the end of the Cold War, the emergence of Al Qaeda, the rise of China, the development of the Web and social media (and with it the transformation of intelligence collection and analysis), and the advent of cyber threats, plus nuclear proliferation, ethnic war, and revolutions in the Middle East. Yet the C.I.A.'s top leadership has often been in transition. With the resignation of David Petraeus, it is in flux again.

At the Federal Bureau of Investigation, directors can stay for seven years after Senate confirmation and can't necessarily be tossed out when a new Administration comes in. At the State Department, the past five Secretaries have each served a four-year stint that coincided with a full Presidential term. At the C.I.A. during the past two decades, the longest-tenured director - George Tenet - stayed for seven years, longer than he should have. But since 1993, no one else has lasted even three years, and John Deutch, Porter Goss, and, now, David Petraeus each held the office for less than two. All three departed in tumultuous or unhappy circumstances. Even some directors who left on good terms, such as Michael Hayden and Leon Panetta, were gone before three years was up.

Intelligence work is a snake pit, and the C.I.A. is a lightning rod, so perhaps unusually high rates of turnover at the top should be expected. [Read more: Coll/TheNewYorker/15November2012]

My Life in the CIA: Like Bond, but More Boring. In the new James Bond thriller, "Skyfall," the villain is a cyberterrorist named Raoul Silva, a disgruntled former British agent who's trying to crash the known digital universe. It's a nice touch, creating a very real, very terrifying scenario that "could paralyze the nation," as Defense Secretary Leon Panetta warned just last month.

And that is about the only aspect of the movie that is likely to be accurate.

Don't get me wrong - I'm a fan of the Bond movies. I go to see them for the same reasons everyone else does: the gorgeous women, the most beautiful places on Earth and, of course, the roller-coaster ride of a plot. I delight in Bond's complete defiance of gravity. His suits never wrinkle, his Aston Martin is never in the garage for repairs, the girls never say no.

But as a former spy, what I like most about the Bond movies is the way good always triumphs over evil. His cases end neatly, with the villain dispatched and the world safe for the good guys.

Real-life espionage is a lot less sexy - and a lot messier.

Sometimes, age-old wisdom notwithstanding, the enemy of our enemy turns out not to be our friend. Once, in the mid-1980s, I was handed the portfolio for Libya's opposition leaders, many of whom were operating out of Khartoum, Sudan. At first, I had only a hazy idea of who Moammar Gadhafi's opponents were. All I knew for sure was that the Reagan administration wanted Gadhafi to go.

Late one night, I woke up to the sound of the butts of assault rifles pounding my door. Two of my Libyan contacts were on the run from Gadhafi's assassins and expected me to protect them. We talked most of the night - about Libya, history and Allah. By the time they could safely leave, I had come to understand that the people we'd picked to replace Gadhafi were militant Salafists determined to turn Libya into an Islamic republic. They didn't succeed then, but you could argue that the people who attacked our diplomatic outpost in Benghazi in September were their linear descendents.

While occasionally I found myself in a Bond-like setting during my spying career, the story inevitably unfolded with a lot less panache. [Read more: Baer/WashingtonPost/14November2012]

My Father's Era of Spying Was a Much Simpler - and Safer - One. When I was a kid in the late 1970s my father used to take me on walks with our dog. We were living in Belgrade at the time, where he was a diplomat based at the U.S Embassy. On these outings, during which we meandered into the verdant parks around our house, my father would often stop to admire the trees. Sometimes he'd ruffle around at the base of one of them looking for chestnuts.

It was only years later that I learned that my father was, in fact, a spy. For the C.I.A. And what about those walks in the park? Well, it seems almost quaint now, but those beautiful tree-lined Soviet-era expanses were also the places where my father would come to deliver, and receive, the "dead drops" that kept him in touch with the agents he was running. Those trees were, in effect, the 1970s equivalent of the gmail draft folders that the former C.I.A. director David H. Petraeus and his mistress, Paula Broadwell, shared to hide - or so they thought - their lovers' tracks from prying eyes.

How times have changed. Most people, young and old alike, still think of spying and spies through the lens of cinematic and literary icons like James Bond or George Smiley, the humdrum hero of many a John Le Carr� novel. In fact, the world Bond and Smiley inhabit - peopled with human interactions, physical evidence, the drama of real-world psychology - is a disappearing one.

Instead we have virtual folders that exist as bytes on a cloud storage device somewhere in a Silicon Valley strip mall. We have warrantless Internet searches. We have scandal at the highest levels of the C.I.A., in part because, in a sense, technology has made spies of all of us, and all of us its victims.

The confidence that Mr. Petraeus and Ms. Broadwell placed in the Internet, the supposed safety of the draft folder, betrays that even they - supposed professionals of the dark arts of espionage - are unaware of just how far beyond Bond the world has come.

In many ways my father's era of spying was a much simpler one. [Read more: Johnson/InternationalHeraldTribune/18November2012]

Section IV - Books and Coming Events


Introduction to Intelligence Studies. Since the attacks of 9/11, the United States Intelligence Community (IC) has undergone an extensive overhaul. Perhaps the greatest of these changes has been the formation of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. As a cabinet-level official, the Director oversees the various agencies of the IC and reports directly to the President. The IC today faces challenges as it never has before; everything from terrorism to pandemics to economic stability has now become an intelligence issue. As a result, the IC is shifting its focus to a world in which tech-savvy domestic and international terrorists, transnational criminal organizations, failing states, and economic instability are now a way of life.

Introduction to Intelligence Studies provides a comprehensive overview of intelligence and security issues, defining critical terms, and reviewing the history of intelligence as practiced in the United States. Designed in a practical sequence, the book begins with the basics of intelligence, progresses through its history, describes best practices, and explores the way the IC looks and operates today. Each chapter begins with objectives and key terms and closes with questions to test reader assimilation.

The authors examine the "pillars" of the American intelligence system - collection, analysis, counterintelligence, and covert operations - and demonstrate how these work together to provide "decision advantage." The book provides equal treatment to the functions of the intelligence world - balancing coverage on intelligence collection, counterintelligence, information management, critical thinking, and decision-making. It also covers such vital issues as laws and ethics, writing and briefing for the IC, and the emerging threats and challenges that intelligence professionals will face in the future. [CRCPress/NOvember2012]

Dictionary of Intelligence and Espionage. The Dictionary of Intelligence and Espionage offers an accessible guide to a subject that, in the post-9/11 world, is both more central to our lives than at any previous time and is also a growing area of academic enquiry.
A detailed Introduction provides an overview of the emergence, development and nature of Intelligence. This is followed by the Dictionary itself which comprises over 150 entries explaining key intelligence concepts and cases and provides an overview of the principle intelligence organisations.

Entries range from accountability and agent-running, through devil's advocacy and extraordinary rendition, to surveillance and unmanned aerial vehicles. While the focus is contemporary, entries on key intelligence cases (ranging from the 9/11 Commission and Bay of Pigs invasion to UNSCOM and the Vietnam War), offer important historical context. Coverage of intelligence organisations is global, focusing not just on leading Western agencies, but also those in the developing world, often at the forefront of the 'war on terror' and concerns relating to the security-civil liberties trade-off.

Each entry closes with suggestions for further reading, making this book an invaluable resource and research tool for students, academics, policy-makers and all those who seek a more informed understanding of a sphere of activity that is global and has the capacity to affect the lives of everyone. [Read more: Polity/November2012]

Coming Educational Events


MANY Spy Museum Events in November, December and 2013, with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

Monday, 26 November 2012, 4 - 5:30pm - Washington, DC - Max Holland on "Leak: How (and Why) Mark Felt Became Deep Throat"

Deep Throat, the most fabled secret source in American history, was regarded for decades as a conscientious but highly secretive whistleblower who shunned the limelight. But when the FBI's former no. 2 executive, W. Mark Felt, came forward in 2005 to claim the mantle, questions about his true motivation began to be raised. Max Holland will discuss the Deep Throat puzzle, revealing for the first time in detail why Mark Felt leaked and his inadvertent place in history. In the process, Holland will lay bare the complex and often-problematic relationship that exists between the Washington press corps and federal officials.

Max Holland is the editor of, an online publication, and a contributing editor at The Nation and Wilson Quarterly. A fellow at the Wilson Center in 1991-92, he is the author or co-author of six books, most recently Leak: Why Mark Felt Became Deep Throat and Blind over Cuba: The Photo Gap and the Missile Crisis (with David M. Barrett), both published in 2012.

Reservations requested because of limited seating: or 202-691-4166

Tuesday, 27 November 2012, noon – Washington, DC - Author presentation: "The Zimmermann Telegram: Intelligence, Diplomacy, and America's Entry into World War I" at the International Spy Museum

In January 1917, British naval intelligence intercepted what became the most important telegram in all of American history. It was a daring proposition from Germany's foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, offering German support to Mexico for regaining Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona in exchange for a Mexican attack on America. Five weeks later, America entered World War I. Former SPY historian Thomas Boghardt returns to talk about his remarkable new account of the Zimmerman Telegram. He has tapped fresh sources to provide the definitive account of the origins and impact of this German scheme. Boghardt also corrects longstanding misunderstandings about how the telegram was sent and enciphered and provides a new account of how British intelligence was able to decipher it.
Join the author for an informal chat and book signing. Free!  No registration required. TICKETS: Free No registration required! For further information or directions visit

Wednesday, 28 November 2012, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC – "Bond Villains: The Reality Behind The Evil" at the International Spy Museum

"Goodbye, Mr. Bond!" – Auric Goldfinger, Goldfinger (1964)

What makes James Bond, codename 007, the greatest secret agent ever?  Is it because he can fly airplanes, even space shuttles, drive fast cars, and defuse missiles with seconds to spare all while seducing ladies and maintaining his cool?  Or is it because he has matched his skills against, and defeated, some of the most despicable and extraordinary villains ever imagined?  For over fifty years, James Bond villains have fascinated us with their shocking schemes, lavish lairs, and horrid henchmen.  Yet, these evil geniuses have also evolved.  From the crazed scientist Dr. No in 1962, to the mysterious Raoul Silva in this year's Skyfall, Bond villains have reflected changing public fears and anxieties.  Join intelligence historians, Dr. Alexis Albion, Dr Christopher Moran, and Dr. Mark Stout, as they revisit the Cold War and its aftermath to explore the connections between Bond villains and the era in which they first wowed audiences.  Delving into espionage history, and illuminating the remarkable overlap between spy fact and spy fiction, the speakers will detail the real-life role models for these dastardly evil-doers.  Moreover, they will consider to what extent Bond's adventures have mirrored, or responded to, developments in the real world of intelligence.

Tickets:  $9. TICKETS and for further information or directions visit

Thursday, 29 November 2012, 11:30 - Englewood, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts joint meeting with FBI's InfraGard.

Speaker will be Major General H. Michael Edwards, Adjutant General, Colorado. This is a joint meeting of the AFIO and Denver InfraGard. To be held at Centennial Airport the week after Thanksgiving. There are seating limitations of 45 seats so we will accept reservations on a first come first serve basis. You will receive directions when you RSVP to Tom VanWormer at The lunch will cost $12.00. You can pay at the door.

Thursday, 29 November 2012, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC – "Secrecy and the State: US, UK, and You" at the International Spy Museum

"Secrecy and deception will always create problems in a free society."  Roger Hilsman, Former State Department intelligence chief, 1967.

What level of government secrecy is warranted?  What level is overkill?  Are decisions hard and fast or arbitrary?  With the deluge of information revealed by Wikileaks, the parameters of state secrecy have been brought into clearer focus.  This panel of experts will explore secrecy on both sides of the Atlantic detailing the tensions between secret keepers, whistleblowers, and ordinary citizens.  Join Dr. Christopher Moran, Warwick University, author of Classified:  Secrecy and State in Modern Britain, a fascinating account of the British state's long obsession with secrecy and the ways it sought to prevent information about its cover activities from entering the public domain; John Heley, former CIA officer and editor of the President's Daily Brief, who has been directly involved in providing current intelligence for eight presidents; and Steven Aftergood, director of the American Federation of Scientists and a prominent critic of U.S. government secrecy policy.

Tickets:  $9. TICKETS and for further information or directions visit 

Monday, 3 December 2012, 5:30 pm - 8 pm - New York, NY - AFIO New York Chapter Meeting Features ESPIONAGE IN GOTHAM

Speaker: Bob Wallace - CIA 32 years, retired. Author Topic: "Two Centuries of Espionage in Gotham" (based on new book: Spy Sites in New York City). Book reveals NYC as a city of mystery, adventure and intrigue - a hub of espionage - nearly 200 sites where spies lived, plotted and operated. Location: "Society of Illustrators" 128 East 63rd Street (between Park & Lexington).
5:30 PM Registration 6:00 PM Meeting Start. Cost: $45/person. Cash or check at the door only. Buffet dinner and cash bar. Reservations: Strongly suggested, not required. 646-717-3776 or email:

Tuesday, 4 December 2012, 8-9 am - Tysons Corner, VA - SPYPEDIA's Global Terrorism Espionage and Cybersecurity is hosting FREE Monthly Briefings (G-TEC Briefing)

Location: Microsoft Store, Tysons Corner Center Mall, Level 2, Parking Area: P5, Tysons Corner, Virginia.
To Register: 703 642-7450 or email
Seating is limited; Reservations required.

5 December 2012, 10 - 1pm - Annapolis Junction, MD - National Cryptologic Museum Foundation Annual Pearl Harbor Program features Elliot Carlson on Joe Rochefort's War

This year's morning program plus lunch highlights the trials and tribulations of Commander Joseph Rochefort, the OIC of Station HYPO, the U.S. Navy's signals and cryptologic intelligence unit at Pearl Harbor. Our speaker will be Mr. Elliot Carlson, author of Joe Rochefort's War.
Location: The program will be held at L3 Stratis Maryland Conference Center in the National Business Park.
Presentation is followed by a book signing with Mr. Carlson and lunch. $20 for Museum members, $40 for guests (includes complimentary membership).
We hope you can join us on 5 December. Deadline: Please make checks payable to NCMF and return by 30 November to: NCMF, PO Box 1682, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755-9998. Inquiries? Call 301-688-5436 or email

6 December 2012, 11:30am - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Dr. Roger Canfield, former Executive Director, U.S. Intelligence Council [a private nonprofit 501(c)4 association].

11:30AM no host cocktails; meeting starts at noon. United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 - 45th Avenue, SF (between Sloat/Wawona). Dr. Roger Canfield, former Executive Director of the U.S. Intelligence Council [a private nonprofit 501(c)4 association] speaks on "What Did the CIA Really Know About the Antiwar Movement in Vietnam: Are We Doing Better Against Political Influence Operations by Al-Qa’ida and China Today?"
E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi at and mail a check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011. Members and students: $25; non-members $35.

Friday, 7 December 2012, 09:30 am - 2 pm - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO WINTER Luncheon - Film Screening on DCI William Colby; Presentation on The Internal IC Hunt and Unmasking of CIA Traitor Aldrich Ames

A very special day. In the a.m. we will have an introduction and screening of Carl Colby's [Jedburgh Films] acclaimed - controversial to some - documentary: THE MAN NOBODY KNEW: In Search of My Father, CIA Spymaster William Colby. Please note: Event is starting one hour earlier than usual. Film and Q&A starts at 10 am, concludes at noon. 3 course luncheon. 1 p.m. speaker will be Sandy Grimes, a former CIA official [26 yrs] - one of the principals behind the dogged search and unmasking of the spy in their midst, described in the just released book: Circle of Treason: A CIA Account of Traitor Aldrich Ames and the Men He Betrayed. Register Here.

7 December 2012, 9am - 3pm - Jersey City, NJ - New Jersey City University hosts 71st Anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor! - 2nd Northeast Regional Security Education Symposium on "Creating Actionable Intelligence and Using Analytical Techniques"
In concert with launching the inaugural doctoral degree program in Civil [Homeland] Security, NJCU will be hosting this second regional symposium following NJCU's designation as a National Center of Academic Excellence in 2009 by the DHS and the NSA. CPEs and limited vendor tables will be available. The one-day conference costs is $65. Legacy and Corporate sponsorships are being pursued as well. The venue for the conference has changed and will now be NJCU's main campus in Jersey City which is easily accessible via car or public transportation. Directions are here.
Confirmed speakers are: Greg Ehrie - ASAC, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Newark, NJ, presenting on behalf of Robert S. Muller, III - the Director of the FBI. He is one of five Assistant Special Agents in Charge (ASAC) at the Newark Office of the FBI. Greg is responsible for the Office's Intelligence programs and will be talking about the importance of actionable Intelligence and the analytical work that his analysts perform on a daily basis.
Ed Dickson - Director NJ Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness, appointed in February 2012 by Governor Chris Christie to serve as the Director of the New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness (OHSP). He will be speaking about his office and role in New Jersey's Homeland Security and preparedness.
Eduard J. Emde, CPP President, ASIS – International, principal consultant for BMKISS Europe, an independent security support organization based in the Netherlands. Emde has more than 20-years' experience in security and security risk management. He will be speaking about the future of the Security profession.
"Rosie" Rosenberg - Commanding general and participants of "The Bus" (Hexagon) mission. Maj Gen, USAF (Ret) Robert A. "Rosie" Rosenberg serves as Keynote and panel facilitator. He Chairs GPS, Space Technology and Air Force Research Lab Boards. He will be joined with his colleagues for a panel discussion on the recently declassified Hexagon mission: the above speakers, Phil Datema, R. Evans Hineman, and Mike Ferrara. See this link.
For additional details contact (201) 200-2275 or email our Department Secretary, Denise Melendez at:
A registration form is available here.
(Use the message field to convey your interests and/or sponsorship level)

Tuesday, 11 December 2012, 11:30am - MacDill AFB, FL - The Suncoast AFIO Chapter on several first-hand international reports.

Wallace Bruschweiler provides reports on the 12th International Conference of the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), held in Herzliya, Israel focusing on four geo-strategic processes that are affecting international affairs in general, and Middle Eastern and Islamic countries. And a report on the 2012 AFIO Intelligence Symposium at ODNI and DIA a sweeping retrospective on 2011-2012 espionage, counterintelligence, and security cases, including intelligence gathering successes and failures worldwide, how intelligence
is used in US and other nations and a review showing that far more espionage cases occur in US than public knows —with Russia and China as the top two nations that recruit Americans to spy on the US.
Also to be provided is an update from Chapter member Walter Andrusyszyn on the USF Center of Excellence Program in National and Competitive Intelligence, and tales of Chris Clark's recent visit to China; Chris is a student who has attended our meetings in the past and is looking forward to an Air Force career.
Dr. Ken Campbell's book collection donation has found a home at USF, and Chapter President Gary Gorsline entertained a delegation from the Lower Chamber of the Afghan Parliament at the Lutz Fourth of July celebrations and shares his insights from that experience.
Meeting is being held at the Surf's Edge Club at MacDill AFB, 7315 Bayshore Boulevard, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.
Fee: $20. Make reservation at
If you make a reservation, don't cancel and get a cancellation confirmation by the response deadline and then don't show up, you will be responsible for the cost of the luncheon. Visit

Wednesday, 12 December 2012, 5:30 pm - Las Vegas, NV - AFIO Las Vegas Chapter hosts Debra Gauthier on book highlighting career/challenges of female law enforcement officers

Normally, we all meet at the Robin's Roost at the O'Club for food and drink before our AFIO meeting but because we are having our holiday dinner and we will be meeting in the A-Room of the O'Club, a no-host bar, located adjacent to the A-Room will be in operation from 5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. for your convenience. Please purchase your cocktails at the A-Room bar instead of the Robin's Roost.
Our featured speaker for the evening will be: Debra Gauthier
Topic: "Bright Lights, Dark Places"
Ms. Gauthier is the author of her recently released book, "Bright Lights, Dark Places" which highlights her career and the challenges she faced pioneering as one of the first female officers on the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department.
Ms. Gauthier has been a native Las Vegan since 1963 and is the oldest of four siblings. She will be sharing from a chapter of her book entitled, "What Have I Gotten Myself Into!"
Ms. Gauthier's book "Bright Lights, Dark Places" will be on display and available for purchase before the meeting and during the breaks and she will be happy to autograph it for you.

If you have provided your name, date of birth and either a drivers' license number or a social security number, your name will be at the guarded main gate at the entrance of Nellis Air Force Base. If not, please provide this information to me by November 27, 2012, or you will not be admitted. If you currently have adequate base access, you do not need to provide this information.
Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base. All guests must use the MAIN GATE, located at the intersection of Craig Road and Las Vegas Blvd.
Address: 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191
Phone: 702-644-2582.
Dinner: A holiday dinner buffet will be served beginning at 5:30p.m. and
Please Note: If your dues are in good standing for the current calendar year, the holiday dinner will be free of charge. If your dues are not currently in good standing or for any guest attending the meeting, there will be a $20.00 charge for the dinner. Please feel free to bring your spouse and/or guest(s) to dinner as well as our meeting, but remember to submit your guest(s) names, date of birth and either drivers license number or social security numbers to me before the stated deadline of November 27, 2012; not only so that they will be allowed admittance to the base but to give me an accurate head-count as well.
RSVP: You may email Mary Bentley at or call her at 702-295-0417 if you have any questions. We look forward to seeing you!

Tuesday, 15 January 1013, noon - "Spying in America: Espionage from the Revolutionary War to the Dawn of the Cold War" by author, form D/NCS, CIA Mike Sulick at the International Spy Museum

Can you keep a secret? Maybe you can, but the United States government can't. Since the birth of our country, nations from Russia and China to Ghana and Ecuador, have stolen some of our country's most precious secrets. Join Michael Sulick, former director of the CIA's National Clandestine Service, as he discusses his new book, Spying in America, which presents a history of more than thirty espionage cases inside the United States. They include Americans who spied against their country, spies from both the Union and Confederacy during the Civil War, and foreign agents who ran operations on American soil. Some of the stories are familiar, such as those of Benedict Arnold and Julius Rosenberg, while others, though less well known, are equally fascinating. In each case he focuses on the motivations that drove these individuals to spy, the secrets they betrayed, their tradecraft, techniques for concealing their espionage, their exposure and punishment, and the damage they ultimately inflicted on America's national security.
Tickets: Free! No registration required. For more information visit

Thursday, 17 January 2013, 6:30 pm – Washington, DC - "On the Front Line: Protecting Presidents and Prime Ministers" at the International Spy Museum

If anyone wants to do it, no amount of protection is enough. All a man needs is a willingness to trade his life for mine. –President John F. Kennedy
As Inauguration Day nears and security around the nation's capital intensifies, consider what it's like to guard the President. Imagine the whole world watching you work on your toughest day. A lesser version of this scenario occurs whenever national leaders venture into public. This evening two men who know what it's like to keep the head of their government safe from harm will share their experiences in the field of protection. Mark J. Basil served with distinction in the United States Secret Service for ten years. He coordinated covert protection for Presidents Bush and Obama and for major National Special Security Events. Daniel J. Mulvenna retired from the Security Service of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police after 21 years working in Personnel Security, Counter-Subversion and Counterintelligence. In addition to his government experience in dignitary and VIP protection, he has worked for over 25 years as a security and risk management consultant to multinational corporations and government clients and has conducted personnel protection and counterterrorism training programs for clients all over the world. They'll share the concerns that protection officers must address in light of today's fast-moving culture where anyone with a smartphone can report on the latest movements of Presidents and Prime Ministers.
Tickets: $15. To register or for more information visit

Wednesday, 23 January 2013, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Inside Stories - Spy Hunters: The Women Who Caught Aldrich Ames" at the International Spy Museum

WHAT: "… he seriously considered us dumb broads." – Sandy Grimes

Meet Sandy Grimes, a former CIA Operative in the Agency's Clandestine Service, and hear how she and her fellow operative Jeanne Vertefeuille used their determination, hard work, and cunning to enable the capture and conviction of their former colleague and infamous CIA officer-turned traitor:  Aldrich Ames.  His acts of betrayal were finally halted thanks in large part to the dogged perseverance and penetrating analysis of this remarkable pair.  International Spy Museum Executive Director, Peter Earnest, who was once Ames' immediate supervisor, will also offer comments on the case. The women were finally able to tell the inside story of the unmasking of the CIA's most notorious traitor in their remarkable book Circle of Treason: A CIA Account of Traitor Aldrich Ames and the Men He Betrayed which will be available for sale and signing.
International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station. Tickets: $9. Register at


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