AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #17-16 dated 26 April 2016

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - OBITUARIES, JOBS AND RESEARCH REQUESTS

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th, and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

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Friday, 20 May 2016 - Tysons, VA

Professor John D. Woodward, Jr.,
former CIA  Clandestine Service and Directorate of Science and Technology, on
"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons."
and
Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., (USFS, Ret)
discusses "America's Continuing Misadventures in the Middle East."

"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons" will be the topic of former CIA DO & DS&T officer John D. Woodward, Jr., in his presentation on the biological weapons threat, which he defines as the intentional or deliberate use of a pathogen to cause harm. Woodward will discuss biological weapons risks as terrorists and others leverage advances in the life sciences and information technologies to ramp up the types of attacks they may seek to launch. Woodward will explain in what ways biological weapons pose a human, economic, and societal threat.

A retired CIA officer who served in the Clandestine Service and the Directorate of Science and Technology, Woodward is currently a Professor of the Practice of International Relations at the Boston University's Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies where he teaches courses in intelligence, homeland security, and national security. His talk will include possible policy approaches which will focus greater attention on intelligence measures the US and global communities can take to prevent or disrupt biological weapons attacks.

John Woodward's talk begins at 11 am.

Ambassador Chas Freeman, a renowned Middle East expert, looks at the skein of bluffs, rivalries, competing interests, promises and betrayals in the Middle East, and the diplomatic cards remaining for the US to play. His new book of the same title as his talk, will be released at event. Unraveling the tangle of wars in which the US is now engaged with or against Arabs, Berbers, Hazaras, Israelis, Kanuris, Kurds, Palestinians, Persians, Pashtuns, Somalis, Syrians, Tajiks, Tuaregs, Turkmen, Turks, and Uzbeks – as well as Alawites, Christians, Druze, secular Muslims, Salafis, Shiites, Sunnis, and Yazidis – will not be easy. In large measure through our involvement, their conflicts have become interwoven. Ending one or another of them might alter the dynamics of the region but would not by itself produce peace.

Chas Freeman's presentation begins at 1 pm.

Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel Mezzanine, 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, Tysons Corner, VA 22102. Hotel: 703 893-2100. Driving directions here or use this link: http://tinyurl.com/boey9vf No reservations at the hotel.
REGISTER: Early online Registration is here.


Getting a Security Clearance: Questions and Answers about what they are, how they are conducted,
how you can qualify, how long they take, and what can put them in jeopardy.

6 Degrees Everyone Thought Were Useless (But Are Actually Pretty Handy) by David Brown
Just because you lack a degree in electrical engineering doesn't mean you can't get a great job in the intelligence community. - Clearance Jobs

Why a 1099 Form May Be Your Security Clearance Savior by Sean Bigley
With debt and a security clearance, there is one crucial step you shouldn't overlook: a review of your tax records. - Clearance Jobs

Security Policy, Progress and Reform Q and A by Chandler Harris
One of the industry's leading security experts shares his thoughts on continuous monitoring, the National Background Investigations Bureau, and more. - Clearance Jobs

Two valuable booklets...

The Security Clearance Process: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions - by the Congressional Research Service, Sept 2013- [PDF]

Security Clearances - FAQs - ClearanceJobs.com / DICE - [PDF]

Visit Clearance Jobs here.


The chart above, from SpyPedia, details the number of individuals arrested and/or indicted in the U.S. and Taiwan on charges of illegally aiding the People's Republic of China.

Learn who they are, how they were detected and arrested, and more about many other cases which rarely appear in the news. One of the benefits of subscribing to SpyPedia from the CiCentre.

The CI Centre's robust counterintelligence and security database is an excellent resource of cases, latest news, podcasts, videos, CI calendar events, quotes, reports, and more. As a SPYPEDIA subscriber you can quickly access facts, data, documents, news, dates, quotes, photos, and more -- all in one convenient place.

To learn more, visit www.cicentre.com to explore receiving SpyPedia findings and analysis all year. The CI CENTRE (Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies) is offering AFIO members a 50% discount off an annual SPYPEDIA subscription. $182.50! SPYPEDIA.net,


Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Encryption Hindering Efforts to Stop Islamic State, Intelligence Director Says.  The Edward Snowden leaks have accelerated the sophistication of encryption technologies by "about seven years," Director of National Intelligence James Clapper told reporters this morning.

And that is not a development to be celebrated, he added in remarks at a breakfast hosted by The Christian Science Monitor.

"From our standpoint, it's not a good thing."

New, commercially available encryption software "had and is having major, profound effects on our ability" to collect intelligence, "particularly against terrorists," he warned.  [Read more:  Mulrine/ChristianScienceMonitor/25April2016]

Gambian Intelligence Officer Nabbed in Dakar Amid Anti-Jammeh Protest.  A special agent of the National Intelligence Agency has been detained by Senegalese police after he was spotted at an anti-Jammeh protest in Dakar with a digital recording device and smartphones. Gibriel Kujabi is said to be in Dakar to monitor the activities of those living in exile and report back to Banjul. He was seen recording audio and taking photos and videos with his phones.

Special Agent Kujabi disguised himself as a protester. He is said to be stationed in the country's embassy in Dakar. Gambian embassies in most parts of the world have intelligence and defense attachis. Kujabi was taking pictures and recording protesters and officers that arrested him found two phones on him with implicating contents. He is likely to face espionage charges.

Kujabi and another NIA agent were recognized by some Gambian protesters. Kujabi was caught but the other unknown NIA escaped when approached by journalists.

Gambians in Senegal have complained of high spy presence.  [Read more:  SMBCNews/25 April2016]

Dutch Intelligence Agency Warns of Violent Extremists Threat.   A Dutch intelligence agency has warned that the Netherlands faces a complex threat from violent extremists returning from Syria, those prevented from travelling to fight overseas, and people radicalized by Jihadi propaganda who may want to carry out attacks at home.

In its annual report, the Dutch General Intelligence and Security Service also warned that a struggle for supremacy in the global Jihadi movement between the Islamic State group and al-Qaida poses a risk to the West.

The Netherlands, which is part of the international coalition carrying out air strikes targeting IS in Syria and Iraq, remains on the second-highest alert level for a possible attack.

The intelligence agency says that by the end of 2015, about 230 people had left the Netherlands to fight in Syria or Iraq.  [AP/21April2016]

Nigerian Military Reiterates Need for Intelligence Gathering Strategy Review.  The Nigerian Armed Forces have emphasised the need to review intelligence gathering strategy to make it practical.

The Chief of Defence Intelligence, Major General Sarduna John-Davies, made the disclosure on Monday during a one-week training for Deputy Defence Attaches in Abuja, Nigeria's capital.

He explained that the growing sophistication of the society, coupled with increasing violence and attendant losses of lives and property requires a continuous appraisal of operational tactics.

General John-Davies called for better intelligence gathering mechanisms to appropriately deal with marching security environments.  [Read more:  ChannelsTV/25April2016]

Iran, S. Africa Urge Political, Intelligence Cooperation in Anti-Terror Fight.  President Rouhani and President Zuma held a press conference after signing of cooperation agreements between Tehran and Pretoria and described their negotiations as successful and underlined the two governments' firm resolve to develop mutual, regional and international ties.

In this press conference that was held on Sunday, Dr. Rouhani said: "During the negotiations, the ways of deepening and strengthening relations between the two countries were reviewed".

He also said that the two delegations stressed using all capacities of Iran and South Africa in the fields of economy, trade, science, technology and regional and international cooperation.

Stressing that boosting banking ties between the two countries can act as a significant step toward cementing ties, he said: "Cementing ties in industrial, mining and energy sectors are very important and also Iranian and South African companies can have technical and engineering activities in the other country".  [Read more:  ABNA24/24April2016]

Ex-Intelligence Officer: Mexican Tunnel Troubling for Terrorism.  The discovery of the longest cross-border tunnel ever found by law enforcement along the California and Mexico border should raise red flags about terrorists being able to sneak into the United States, Col. Derek Harvey tells Newsmax TV.

In an interview Thursday with Newsmax Prime host J.D. Hayworth, the former intelligence officer and former adviser to Gen. David Petreaus said "clearly there are" national security implications in the massive tunnel - and in new relationships between terrorists and drug cartels.

"What I'm concerned about is the transactional relationships that are developing between terrorist groups and these narco groups in Mexico and Colombia and Latin America in general," he said.

And border security is suffering because of lack of resources and leadership, he charged.  [Read more:  Burke/Newsmax/21April2016]

India to Brief Sartaj Aziz on Activities of India's Intelligence Agency in Pakistan.  Pakistan National Assembly's Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs will be briefed on Monday on "activities of India's intelligence agency in Pakistan," a media report said.

Advisor to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz is likely to brief the committee, headed by Awais Ahmed Khan Leghari, on the issue during an in-camera meeting, Dawn reported.

Defence Minister Khawaja Asif had briefed the Senate Defence Committee earlier this month and Senate last week on the issue, the daily said.

The Inter-Services Public Relations released on March 29 a "confessional video statement of the arrested Indian spy" in which he had admitted to fomenting terrorism in Balochistan and Karachi.  [Read more:  IANS/25 April2016]

Still No Legislation for Bahamas Intelligence Agency.  Despite his February pledge, Bahamian National Security Minister Dr. Bernard Nottage still has not taken the long-promised National Intelligence Agency legislation to Cabinet for review, State Minister for National Security Keith Bell confirmed to The Tribune.

Dr. Nottage told reporters on February 4 that Cabinet would begin its review of the legislation the following week.

That never happened, meanwhile, the shadowy agency continues to exist and work without a legal framework supporting it.

Mr. Bell justified this to The Tribune, saying it is important for the legislation to be done right.  [Read more:  Rolle/Tribune242/22April2016]

South African MPs Mull Over New Intelligence Inspector-General, Who 'Won't Be a Store Manager'.  No peeking, drink tea and limited possessions - tough rules were implemented as deliberations over candidates for the inspector-general of intelligence position began at Parliament today.

Six candidates were shortlisted. They include advocates Unathi Bruce Bongco and Seswantsho Godfrey Lebeya, Modesta Dianne Phillips, Dr. Nyelisani Clarence Tshitereke, Professor Bruce William Watson, and Brightboy Nhlakanipho Nkontwana.

Joint Standing Committee on Intelligence chairperson Connie September immediately set the ground rules. Members of Parliament on the joint standing committee's sub-committee were limited to what they could bring into the committee room and the journalists were given conditions for being allowed to be present.

Members of the media had to sit so they could not peek into the fat lever-arch files containing the 39 applications the MPs had started poring over.

The position has been vacant following the departure of Faith Radebe a year ago.  [Read more:  News24/22April2016]

Analyst on Reasons Behind CIA Chief's Visit to Sarajevo.  Dzevad Galijasevic, an expert on terrorism, says there are two reasons for the CIA director's visit to Sarajevo on Friday.

Those are "the fight against arms trafficking, and Turkey," Galijasevic said, adding:

"The results of an action of Interpol, which included 5,000 police officers, although very modest are significant, as this is about the weapons being trafficked and moving towards Western Europe."

The confiscated weapons from Bosnia-Herzegovina were going "directly go to Islamic State points in Western Europe," he said.

CIA Director John Brennan arrived on Friday in an unannounced visit to Bosnia-Herzegovina directly from Riyadh, and is expected to meet with Bosnia-Herzegovina security officials.  [Read more:  Tanjug/22April2016]

Iran Thwarts Daesh Terror Plots: Intelligence Minister.  Iranian Intelligence Minister Mahmoud Alavi said the country's security forces have managed to foil a number of attempts by the Daesh (also known as ISIL and ISIS) Takfiri terrorist group to send "terrorist teams" into Iran.

In an interview with Lebanese television station al-Mayadeen on Saturday, Alavi said, "Raqqa in Syria is one of the places where (Daesh) is plotting and making conspiracies against Iran."

He further said the terrorist group has attempted to infiltrate into Iran's borders for several times to send "terrorist teams" inside the country.

Alavi added that the plots were all thwarted and "all those terrorists were either annihilated or arrested during the past months."  [Read more:  Tasmin/24April2016]

Ethiopia: Court Convicts Former Intelligence Chief on Seven Counts.  His two siblings were also convicted alongside him; judgement and sentence pending.

After three years in police custody, Woldesellasie Woldemikeal, former deputy chief of the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) was convicted of abuse of power and corruption crimes committed in breach of trust and good faith.

He was found guilty of misusing his official position or the power of his office, whether by positive act or by a culpable omission.

Guilty of such crimes, he will be faced with a prison sentence of one to 10 years for each of the seven counts.  [Read more:  Tassew/AllAfrica/19April2016]


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

The Jewish Plot to Kill Hitler:  How the FBI Prevented Jewish American Gangsters From Altering the Course of History in 1933.  "In 1933, I was approached by someone respectable, a Jew not involved in any criminal activity, and asked for my help. He wanted me to contact some of my underworld pals in a plan to kill Hitler." I stared at the man sitting across from me. I was incredulous. A plan to kill Hitler in 1933? Involving Jewish American mobsters? Was he serious? The story seemed far-fetched, a bube meyseh (old wives' tale). I was skeptical.

Still, I wrote down what he told me. He said the hit man or men selected for the job had to be Yiddish speakers, so they could get around any language problems in Germany. He said they would be paid $2,500 plus expenses. He said the "respectable Jew" told him, "There are people in Germany ready to assist us." This is how he remembered the scheme to kill Hitler.

My source's nickname was "Dutch." He was one of the elderly "retired" mobsters I interviewed for my book, But He Was Good to His Mother: The Lives and Crimes of Jewish Gangsters. According to my notes, I met him on Aug. 15, 1988, at the Picasso Cafi in Herzlia Pituah, an upscale seaside suburb of Herzliya, 15 miles north of Tel Aviv. When we met, he was living in Israel. He said, "My friends call me Dutch. You seem OK, so call me Dutch, too." This was our only face-to-face meeting, and he asked me not to use his family name while he was still breathing. I promised him I would not. He died in 1993. Later I learned his last name was Goldberg. As far as I know, I was the last person he spoke to about this.

I recall Dutch as being about 5 feet 7 and of stocky build with thinning gray hair. I estimated his age to be somewhere in the 80s. I surmised he must have been good-looking in his youth. But time took its toll. His skin showed age spots, and his right hand shook slightly when he lifted his coffee cup. At first, he asked me to tell him about my work and background and why I wanted to speak to him. I told him that I'd grown up in Detroit, got my doctorate in history at the University of Michigan, and was teaching at Tel Aviv University. I explained that I was researching Jews and organized crime in the United States. We then discussed some underworld figures, including Meyer Lansky, whom I interviewed in 1980.  [Read more:  Rockaway/Tablet/19April2016]

What's It Really Like to Be a CIA Spy?  Intelligence agencies have been in the news a lot for the past few years thanks to the Snowden leaks, but also the recent wave of terrorist threats and attacks that hit various targets in the US, Europe, and other regions of the world. So what's it really like to be a CIA spy? Is it similar to what we see in Homeland, The Americans, or other movies?

One former spy took to Reddit to host an Ask-Me-Anything (AMA) session, in which he revealed what his experience as a CIA officer was.

We often see impressive Ask-Me-Anything sessions on Reddit, and this one is definitely one to check out. Hosted by Doug Laux, author of the newly published book Left of Boom: How a Young CIA Case Officer Penetrated the Taliban and Al-Qaeda, the AMA is definitely a fun read. Laux explains what he did for the CIA, how he signed up for service, how he kept his cover from his family and friends.

"I was a Central Intelligence Agency Case Officer who served in the Directorate of Operations (DO) with multiple tours in Afghanistan and throughout the Middle East. I was in Afghanistan throughout President Obama's 2010 Afghan Surge, during which time I worked on eliminating the most deadly improvised explosive device (IED) network in the world; as well as the removal of numerous al-Qaeda and Taliban High-Value Targets from the battlefield," Laux opened his AMA under the AgencyAgent Reddit username.  [Read more:  Smith/BGR/24April2016]

How Turkish Intelligence Scored Much-Needed Success.  In 2013, Al-Monitor columnist Amberin Zaman penned a piece for another publication titled Hakan Fidan, So Very Sexy to explain how crucial Fidan's role as director of Turkey's National Intelligence Organization (MIT) is in Turkish politics - hence, the media's persistent focus on his actions.

Intelligence agencies are not spared when there is a failure, and the MIT has been no exception. Consecutive terror attacks, leaked private conversations and foreign policy mistakes have all been major headaches for Fidan. In a sense, he has been President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's shield. After finding multiple chinks in his armor, we now see some signs of change for Fidan.

On April 7, news broke that Mustafa Tanriverdi, the head of the weapons factory of the state-owned Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corp. (MKE), had been taken into custody for allegedly trying to sell weaponry design secrets to a US firm. The charges against him are serious and multiple: taking bribes, profiting from state secrets, military espionage and treason.

Al-Monitor
recently spoke with three senior MIT bureaucrats on a conference call. They explained that Tanriverdi is an engineer who is fluent in English as well as in German and had acquired a master's degree in Germany. He has been working for the MKE since 1987. The MIT officials told Al-Monitor they found 29,000 euros (about $33,000) and $1,500 in foreign currency while searching Tanriverdi's house after his arrest. There were also 50-60 CDs with various weaponry designs and technical information considered state secrets.  [Read more:  Tremblay/Al-Monitor/20April2016]

How States Can Improve Cyber ThreatIntelligence Sharing With the Feds.  State agencies must consistently improve interoperability with each other and the federal government to secure against cyber threats. Intelligence sharing is critical to that defense.

For instance, the Virginia Information Technologies Agency wants to enhance its already good working relationship with the FBI and US Department of Homeland Security to speed up information sharing.

In 2005, Virginia consolidated its network infrastructure under VITA to better monitor statewide threats and protect constituent services provided by various departments from Transportation to Motor Vehicles to Social Services.

"That's really where the rubber meets the road is getting [intelligence] down, in my case, to 89 state-level agencies," said Nelson Moe, VITA chief information officer, during the Threat Intelligence Sharing panel discussion Thursday at the 2016 Akamai Government Forum in the nation's capital.  [Read more:  Nyczepir/RouteFifty/21April2016]

Celebrating a Wartime Spy Chief.  Author Ian Fleming once said his fictional secret agent James Bond was "a highly romanticised version of the true spy. The real thing... is Sir William Stephenson," the Canadian-born espionage chieftain who ran a major Second World War intelligence operation out of Bermuda and later retired to the island.

On Friday, Canada's Intrepid Society, formed to honour the memory of a man whose cloak-and-dagger exploits included helping to organise the United States' wartime secret service, the Office of Strategic Services, forerunner to the Central Intelligence Agency, celebrated Sir William's ties to the island at a Bermuda National Museum ceremony.

The event culminated in the unveiling of a bronze bust of Sir William, whose wartime adventures were recounted in the bestselling biographies The Quiet Canadian and A Man Called Intrepid.

"This gift is to honour the people of Bermuda and others here who worked with Sir William during the Second World War in the Imperial Censorship programme run out of the Princess Hotel in Hamilton that played an important role in the gathering of intelligence from the information flowing from the Americas to Europe via the postal service," said Colonel Gary Solar, Intrepid Society president, at Friday's unveiling.  [Read more:  Hodgson/TheRoyalGazette/25April2016]

Former Top UK Spy Now Works for Team Putin and a Mobbed-Up Russian Lawyer.  If Robert Ludlum and Bertolt Brecht ever collaborated on a plotline, they might have come up with something like The Browder Effect, which aired on April 13 on Rossiya-1 as a two-hour documentary and follow-up discussion.

In this paranoid rendering, Alexey Navalny, the leader of Russia's decimated opposition, is an agent of either the CIA or MI6 (or maybe both, it's never explained) who was recruited in 2006 by William Browder, the CEO of Hermitage Fund and a onetime apologist for Russian President Vladimir Putin who had turned into a prominent Kremlin gadfly. Browder, in this rendering, was himself recruited by MI6 in 1995.

Let's stop right there for a moment and consider the network that's putting this out: Rossiya-1, a Russian state television channel, previously has claimed that an Israeli jet shot down MH17, the civilian airliner blasted out of the sky over Ukraine in 2014, and that Syrian rebels staged a chemical weapons attack in Damascus in 2013. In both cases, the preponderance of evidence actually showed Kremlin clients, Ukraine rebels, and Bashar al-Assad, were responsible for the crimes.

Now back to intrigues around The Browder Effect: In the mid-2000s (this is a fact) Browder's tax attorney, Sergei Magnitsky, uncovered a $230 million tax fraud perpetrated by mobbed-up state officials using hijacked Hermitage Fund subsidiaries; he was then framed for the theft he exposed, arrested, and tortured to death in a Moscow jail in 2009.  [Read more:  Weiss/TheDailyBeast/24April2016]


Section III - COMMENTARY

The Wages of Treason, Irresolution and Ingratitude.  Amid ongoing debate over encrypted communications, hinging, as it does, on striking a balance between the need to defend America and the need to ensure that in so doing we do not undermine the principles that are America, it is worth recalling where this all began.  And it all began with treason.  Whatever Edward Snowden's intent when he started stealing classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2012, the direction of his flight the following year, first to China and then on to Russia, should leave no doubt that he is a traitor to his country.  Yet, in contrast with other notorious traitors in American history, men ranging from Benedict Arnold though Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen, whose perfidy was apparent to their countrymen from the outset, Snowden has not been branded with the opprobrium he has earned.  The chief reason for this is the myth that has taken root amongst the uninformed, misinformed, misguided, and malevolent that his actions were somehow well-meaning, even patriotic, that they served some greater good, and that those actions did no real damage to US national security.  The reality of what Snowden wrought is, however, quite different.   [Read more:  Kelton/TheCipherBrief/17April2016]

How US Intelligence Gets China Wrong.  The first time I met Michael Pillsbury was in the 1990s. As fellow researchers at the Atlantic Council, we were participating in a sand-table simulation. The scenario: North Korea wages war on South Korea, dragging China and the United States into the conflict; nuclear confrontation seems imminent. Military experts from the United States, Japan, China, and Taiwan took part in the simulation.

While the conclusion of that simulation slipped out of my memory, I remember Michael Pillsbury as someone who not only knew more about his own country than the other American experts, but seemed to have more information on the behind-the-scenes workings of China than I did - Who are the decision makers in the Ministry of National Defense and the Central Military Commission? How are meetings held at the Central Politburo? I was honestly confounded.

My impression of him then was that he was relatively soft toward China. In fact, he had advised the United States to work together with China against the Soviet Union. However, his book published last year - The Hundred-Year Marathon: China's Secret Strategy to Replace America as the Global Superpower - established him as a leading American hardliner. In this book, he expresses regret at having encouraged the American government to appease China, and holds the view that Beijing has been secretly deceiving the United States, with the real objective of becoming the next superpower.

As a prominent China expert, Michael Pillsbury can be compared to the American diplomat James Lilley - both served many years for the US defense apparatus; both are scholars on the one hand and intelligence experts on the other. One moment they are the sort of academics you chat up at scholarly functions; the next moment they are analyzing the highest level of intelligence for the Department of Defense and the CIA. Because of this, Pillsbury's new book and Lilley's memoir China Hands, although years apart in their publication, share many similarities.  [Read more:  Yang/TheDiplomat/25April2016]

A Cyber JSOC Could Help the US Strike Harder and Faster.  As top defense leaders contemplate elevating US Cyber Command to a full-fledged unified command, they should also think about creating a cyber equivalent of the Joint Special Operations Command. The JSOC model would help execute CYBERCOM's new anti-ISIS mission - and the many other joint operations that lie ahead.

Best known for its manhunting operations, JSOC synchronizes and integrates military and intelligence components to learn and strike quickly. In Iraq, JSOC's special operators skillfully executed a "decapitation strategy" against al Qaeda's leaders, key facilitators, and senior operatives. In Afghanistan, they wielded "an array of 'enablers'" such as drones and attack helicopters to accomplish their tasks.

In essence, the JSOC way is to plan and exercise, meticulously and realistically; to resource the mission appropriately, with a range of tools and equipment at the ready; and to refresh and inject intelligence continuously, placing it in the hands of operators on the ground. The decision-making process is nimble yet expansive. It incorporates the inputs and players who bring real insights into a goal and how to achieve it, as well as representatives of enough organizations to minimize the risk of damage to others' areas of responsibility. Of course, process must be backed up by capability. By underwriting its missions with both military and intelligence assets, and by reconciling the authorities and US Code sections governing the military and intelligence community - Titles 10 (Armed Forces) and 50 (War and National Defense) - JSOC pairs a superior process with high-end capacity.

This concept and construct should now be applied to the cyber domain.  [Read more:  Cilluffo&Cardash/DefenseOne/25April2016]


Section IV - OBITUARIES, JOBS AND RESEARCH REQUESTS

Professor seeks your participation in online project: Prospects for Lone Wolf Terrorism: Opportunities and Policies to Minimize the Threat." Deadline to participate is 30 April - 4 days from now.

AFIO Colleagues: Recently I was invited to participate in an on-going major follow-up study* entitled: "Prospects for Lone Wolf Terrorism: Opportunities and Policies to Minimize the Threat." Input is being collected on-line via the Internet. I asked the project director, Ted Gordon, for an extension of the deadline to enable you—subject matter experts—a chance to participate; I am sharing that opportunity with you now. Please note - the deadline is Saturday, April 30, 2016.

To participate: 1. Logon to: www.realtimedelphi.org. This will take you to the first Global Opinion Studies page that asks you to enter the study code: SIMAD; 2. At the welcome page you are asked to enter your e-mail address. 3. This will take you to the page & you will be asked to provide demographic data that will ONLY be used to correlate responses—not to identify you as an individual. Very simple! You are urged to provide input into a major study of a subject about which we are all concerned. If I can clarify do not hesitate to reach out at: wtafoya@newhaven.edu

Thank you, Bill Tafoya, FBI Retired, University of New Haven, AFIO & AFIO/NE member.

* The earlier study was published 2015 under the auspices of the United Nations, Millennium Project: "Lone Wolf Terrorism: Prospects and Potential Strategies to Address the Threat by Theodore J. Gordon, et al (2015), is available from Amazon.com or at:
www.lonewolfthreat.com


Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

Saturday, 7 May 2016, 11am - 3pm - Orange Park, FL - The North Florida Chapter hosts Don Kabrich, on Operation Iraqi Freedom, Lessons Learned, and Al-Jazeera Desert Intelligence Operations and Collection.

An early reminder that the next North Florida Chapter meeting falls on Saturday, May 7th - the Mother's Day weekend. We are hoping, despite that, you are able to attend and we can get a nice turnout.

Our guest speaker will be retired Army Warrant Officer Don Kabrich, who served from 1991 to 2013 in an Army Special Forces Detachment - Alpha (SFODA) Team Member - from the 5th Special Forces Group, Fort Campbell, Kentucky. He and the group specialized in Middle East Operations, with detachment infiltration and exfiltration as a specialty, plus Amphibious Operations (Special Forces Combat Dive Team).
Topics covered will be: 1) Lessons Learned - Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). 2) Special Forces Detachment Combat Tour in Bayji, Iraq. 3) Al-Jazeera Desert Intelligence Collection, Operations, and Psychological Warfare Impact
Event Location: Orange Park Country Club.
RSVP as soon as possible to Ken Meyer at kemeyer123@att.net or call him at (904) 777-2050. Spouses and guests are cordially invited to attend. The cost remains $24 per person for the luncheon. Hope to see you there.

Saturday, 14 May 2016, 11:30am - 2:30pm - Melbourne, FL - Dr. Joseph Finley, Jr. on "Technical Surveillance and Countermeasures" is theme at this Florida Satellite Chapter Meeting.

Dr. Joseph Finley, Jr., a member of the Florida Satellite Chapter, will speak on Technical Surveillance and Countermeasures. Dr. Finley spent 28 years as a Special Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and in 1987, was assigned to the Special Operations Group of the FBI (17 years) and while assigned to the New York Division, actively conducted Technical Surveillance Countermeasure Sweeps (TSCM) and surreptitious entries. His talk presents an opportunity for all of us and our guests to meet and hear an expert in this esoteric field.
Location: At East Club, Indian River Colony Club, 1936 Freedom Dr, Melbourne, FL 32940.
Timing: 11:30 AM - 12:15 PM: Social Hour, greet old, new members and guests (cash bar); 12:15 PM: Sit-Down lunch
Menu Choices are: Chef Salad (mixed greens, tomato, cucumber, egg, ham, turkey, American and Swiss cheeses with Ranch and Italian dressings on table (S), or Sliced Pork loin with roasted potatoes and vegetable (P)
Above come with coffee, tea, rolls and butter and Chefs choice of dessert
Cost: $25.00; Student and active duty military: $18.00
TO ATTEND: Prepaid reservations are required and must be received by Thursday, 28 April 2016. To reserve, send check and meal choice to contact FSC Chapter President at afiofsc@afio.com.

Thursday, 19 May 2016, 1130 hours - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts Raymond Bernier, DD, CIAC, on the "Identification and Cataloging of Terrorists."

The speaker at this chapter events is Raymond Bernier, currently assigned as the Deputy Director of the Colorado Information Analysis Center (CIAC). He is also the project manager for the Criminal Intelligence Enterprise (CIE) for the south central region of Colorado. The CIE is a national initiative designed to identify, prioritize, and catalog the criminal and terrorist threat groups that present the greatest threat to each major city and county.
The cost of the meal is $15.
For more details, please contact Tom VanWormer at robsmom@pcisys.net

Friday, 20 May 2016 - Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., (USFS, Ret) discusses "America's Continuing Misadventures in the Middle East." Professor John D. Woodward, Jr., former CIA  Clandestine Service and Directorate of Science and Technology, on"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons."- AFIO National Luncheon

"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons" will be the topic of former CIA DO & DS&T officer John D. Woodward, Jr., in his presentation on the biological weapons threat, which he defines as the intentional or deliberate use of a pathogen to cause harm. Woodward will discuss biological weapons risks as terrorists and others leverage advances in the life sciences and information technologies to ramp up the types of attacks they may seek to launch. Woodward will explain in what ways biological weapons pose a human, economic, and societal threat.

A retired CIA officer who served in the Clandestine Service and the Directorate of Science and Technology, Woodward is currently a Professor of the Practice of International Relations at the Boston University's Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies where he teaches courses in intelligence, homeland security, and national security. His talk will include possible policy approaches which will focus greater attention on intelligence measures the US and global communities can take to prevent or disrupt biological weapons attacks.

Ambassador Chas Freeman looks at the skein of bluffs, rivalries, competing interests, promises and betrayals in the Middle East, and the diplomatic cards remaining for the US to play. His new book of the same title as his talk, will be released at event. Unraveling the tangle of wars in which the US is now engaged with or against Arabs, Berbers, Hazaras, Israelis, Kanuris, Kurds, Palestinians, Persians, Pashtuns, Somalis, Syrians, Tajiks, Tuaregs, Turkmen, Turks, and Uzbeks – as well as Alawites, Christians, Druze, secular Muslims, Salafis, Shiites, Sunnis, and Yazidis – will not be easy. In large measure through our involvement, their conflicts have become interwoven. Ending one or another of them might alter the dynamics of the region but would not by itself produce peace. His presentation begins at 1 pm.

Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel Mezzanine, 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, Tysons Corner, VA 22102. Hotel: 703 893-2100. Driving directions here or use this link: http://tinyurl.com/boey9vf No reservations at the hotel.
REGISTER: Early online Registration is here.

Thursday, 2 June 2016 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Andre LeGallo Chapter hosts Dr. Matthew Brazil, Research Fellow, Jamestown Foundation

Mr. Matt Brazil will discuss Chinas Harder Line Against Foreign Influence - Implications for US Business.
Venue: United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco. 11:30am no host cocktail; meeting and luncheon at noon.
Register here.

Reservation and pre-payment is required before May 26, 2016. The venue cannot accommodate walk-ins.
Please contact Mariko Kawaguchi, Board Secretary at afiosf@aol.com or Mariko Kawaguchi, c/o AFIO, P.O. Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011 for questions.

16 June 2016, 12:30 - 2pm - Los Angeles, CA - The AFIO L.A. Chapter hosts Kenneth Daigler on Spies, Patriots, and Traitors

Former CIA officer Kenneth Daigler will discuss key aspects of his book Spies, Patriots, and Traitors. The cost of the meeting will be $15 and will include a copy of the book and refreshments served. Please RSVP: afio_la@yahoo.com
Meeting Location: LAPD-ARTC 5651 W. Manchester Ave Los Angeles, CA 90045

BIO: Ken Daigler is a retired career CIA operations officer, previously holding several key operations positions in the agency, and is a recipient of the William Donovan Award & Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal. In addition, he has consulted for the Department of Defense in the area of counterintelligence. He has a BA in history from Centre College of Kentucky and an MA in history from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University and has served in the US Marine Corps.

Wednesday, 22 June 2016, 5:30pm - New York, NY - Len Predtechenskis, former FBI, discusses "Operating Techniques for Recruiting Foreign Nationals" - at this Metro NY Chapter Meeting.

SPEAKER: Len Predtechenskis, Retired FBI Special Agent. He operated undercover, recruited many Soviet/Russian agents for the US Government, debriefed and resettled dozens of defectors, directed/lead agent in many "false flag", "red herring" and "double agent" operations.
TOPIC: "Operating Techniques for Recruiting Foreign Nationals"
LOCATION: Society of Illustrators building, 128 East 63rd Street. Between Park & Lexington Ave.
TIME: Registration starts 5:30 PM Meeting starts 6:00 PM
COST: $50/person. Payment at the door, cash & check only. Full dinner, cash bar.
REGISTER: Strongly suggested, not required. Phone Jerry Goodwin 646-717-3776 or Email: afiometro@gmail.com

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Other Upcoming Events

Friday, 29 April 2016, 11:15am - 12:45pm - "Congress and National Security" by Michael P. Flanagan, (Former Cong., Il) at the Daniel Morgan Academy

At this Daniel Morgan Academy event, former Illinois Congressman Michael P. Flanagan will discuss "The role of Congress with Respect to National Security." He will explain how Congress makes decisions regarding national security policy and will discuss the balance of power struggle between the Executive and Legislative branches.

Timing: 11:15am: Reception with lunch; 11:45am - 12:45pm: Remarks by Mr. Flanagan.

Event location: Daniel Morgan Academy, 1620 L St NW, 7th Flr, Washington, DC 20036. Near Farragut North and West Metro Stations
RSVP here. Or contact Frank Fletcher, Director of Lectures and Seminars, at events@DanielMorgan.academy or call 202-759-4988
If you are unable to attend, watch the live stream of this event at the following link:  danielmorgan.adobeconnect.com/liveevent.

Friday, 29 April 2016 - Arlington, VA - The NIP Spring Red Tie Luncheon

The Naval Intelligence Professionals Spring Red Tie Luncheon will be held on April 29, 2016, once again at the Army Navy Country Club (ANCC) in Arlington, VA. Due to the tremendous response to date, signing up for the NIP 2016 Spring Red Tie Luncheon has been extended to Noon, 28 April 2016. Come and bring a guest. You don't have to be a member of Naval Intelligence Professionals to attend Luncheon.

Highlights are: Capt (Ret) George Pressly, first OIC of FOSIF Rota, will address the challenges and importance of standing up and operating the first Ocean Surveillance Information System (OSIS) site at Rota, Spain; RADM Paul Becker will speak about Naval Intelligence today; "Teamwork, Tone, Tenacity."; and NIP Chairman, RDML (Ret) Tony Cothron, will announce the details about "Project 2032."
For more details and to register and submit payment by credit card, click on here.

Friday, 29 April 2016 - Austin, TX - Gala Dinner Honoring Admiral Bobby R. Inman

A Gala Dinner Honoring Admiral Bobby R. Inman has been announced by University of Texas/Austin President Gregory L. Fenves to take place at the Four Seasons Hotel in Austin, Texas.
Presented by the Clements Center for National Security and the Strauss Center for International Security and Law, a gala dinner for Admiral Bobby R. Inman will feature former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates as the keynote speaker. Mr. Red McCombs will serve as the Honorary Gala Chair. Admiral Inman is on AFIO's Honorary Board.

To attend or for more information, contact the Clements Center at 512-471-2601 or explore this link.

Wednesday, 4 May 2016 - Arlington, VA - CIRA Luncheon features Dawn Eilenberger, Assistant DNI for Policy & Strategy.

CIRA hosts Dawn Eilenberger, Assistant DNI for Policy & Strategy, at their May luncheon. In this role, she oversees the formulation and implementation of IC-wide policy and strategy on the full range of intelligence issues, including collection, analysis, requirements, management and information sharing, and provides leadership for ODNI and IC initiatives on information sharing and the closure and disposition of detainees at the Guantanamo Naval Base.
For registration details and location, consult the back of your copy of the CIRA Quarterly, or view on CIRA's webpage.

Wednesday, 4 May 2016, 6:30 - 9pm - Washington, DC - Star Wars or Spy Wars: Who Needs the Force When You Have Good Intel? at the International Spy Museum

From the moment Leia receives the stolen plans and conceals them within R2-D2 to the surprise intel that Finn provides from his stint in sanitation, the importance of inside and secret information in Star Wars is essential. Is Star Wars the ultimate spy movie series? Spy Museum historian, Dr. Vince Houghton certainly thinks so. Join him for a deep dive into the espionage themes that have run through the series and are the rumored plots of the upcoming films Rogue One and Episode VIII.  Houghton will be joined by Mary S. Henderson, author of Star Wars: The Magic of Myth, who will share how the universal themes of myth play into the spy arc of the series.
Tickets: $15. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Monday, 9 May 2016, 9am- 3pm - Washington, DC - Homeschool Day at SPY at the International Spy Museum

Join the Spy Museum's educators for the first annual Homeschool Day where groups and families are invited to explore the Museum's exciting exhibitions, discover multi and inter disciplinary lesson plans and resources, and participate in hands-on educational workshops with other homeschool families. This event is designed for students in grades 4+. Tickets: $14 and include admission to the Museum. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Tuesday, 10 May 2016, 11am - Washington, DC - Amb. Djerdj Matkovic, Republic of Serbia, discusses "The Balkans: Regional Political and Security Issues" at the Daniel Morgan Academy

The Daniel Morgan Academy invites AFIO members and guests to an invitation-only national security lecture on "The Balkans: Regional Political and Security Issues" by His Excellency Djerdj Matkovic, Ambassador of the Republic of Serbia to the United States

A Q & A and reception will follow the Ambassador's comments.
LOCATION: Daniel Morgan Academy, 1620 L St NW, Seventh Floor, Washington, DC 20036; Near Farragut North and West Metro Stations

Event location: Daniel Morgan Academy, 1620 L St NW, 7th Flr, Washington, DC 20036. Near Farragut North and West Metro Stations
RSVP here. Or contact Frank Fletcher, Director of Lectures and Seminars, at events@DanielMorgan.academy or call 202-759-4988
If you are unable to attend, watch the live stream of this event at the following link:  danielmorgan.adobeconnect.com/liveevent.

Wednesday, 11 May 2016, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The Winter Fortress, The Epic Mission to Sabotage Hitler's Atomic Bomb: An Evening with Neal Bascomb at the International Spy Museum

In 1942, the Nazis were racing to build an atomic bomb. They had the physicists. They had the will. What they didn't have was enough "heavy water," an essential ingredient for their nuclear designs. That changed when they occupied Norway and took control of Vemork hydroelectric plant, the world's sole supplier of heavy water. Join best-selling author Neal Bascomb as he shares highlights from his extensively researched new book, The Winter Fortress, about the daring and successful commando raid on Vemork. During the program, Bascomb will show never-before-seen photos, and the Museum will feature an unusual artifact related to the mission for this one night only. Tickets: $10 per person. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Wednesday, 11 May 2016 - Washington, DC - Night of Heroes Gala - The PenFed Foundation 2016 Gala

PUT THIS DATE ON YOUR CALENDAR and then Join the PenFed Foundation, our partners and friends, Wednesday, 11 May 2016, as we honor those who lead the way in supporting our military and veterans. All proceeds benefit the PenFed Foundation, helping members of the military secure the financial future they deserve.
DINNER ★ HERO AWARDS PRESENTATION ★ LIVE AUCTION
Consider having your corporation or foundation be a sponsor for this worthwhile event. SPONSORSHIP LEVELS are as follows:
$100,000 Circle of Honor; $50,000 Legendary Hero; $25,000 Distinguished Hero; $10,000 Inspirational Hero; $5,000 Patriotic Hero; $1,000 Individual Sponsor
More details coming soon. More info here.
Location: Ronald Reagan Building & International Trade Center, Washington, DC.

12 May 2016, 11:30am - 1pm - Washington, DC - Countering WMDs: The Libyan Experience, Amb. Robert Joseph, at the Daniel Morgan Academy

In his presentation "Countering WMDs: The Libyan Experience," part of Daniel Morgan Academy's National Security Lecture Series, Ambassador Robert Joseph will discuss his experience negotiating with the Libyans to convince them to give up their WMD programs.

The reception begins at 11:30, followed by the Ambassador's talk at noon, and closes with a Q & A.
Event location: Daniel Morgan Academy, 1620 L St NW, 7th Flr, Washington, DC 20036. Near Farragut North and West Metro Stations
RSVP here. Or contact Frank Fletcher, Director of Lectures and Seminars, at events@DanielMorgan.academy or call 202-759-4988
If you are unable to attend, there is a possibility for some DMA events that this one will be live stream at the following link:  danielmorgan.adobeconnect.com/liveevent.

15 - 18 May 2016 - Orlando, FL - 2016 USGIF GEOINT Symposium - "The GEOINT Revolution"

The United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation's (USGIF) GEOINT 2016 Symposium takes place May 15-18 at the Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center in Orlando, FL. The GEOINT 2016 theme is "The GEOINT Revolution"  in recognition of the advent and confluence of multiple technologies advancing geospatial intelligence and promoting its ubiquity.

Options include GEOINT Foreword, the pre-symposium science and technology-focused day, and some 60 hours of training and education sessions! To explore the main program and the options, visit here.

Tuesday, 17 May 2016, 11:30am - 2pm - McLean, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum meets to hear Bob Gourley on "Cyber Threats and Cyber Intelligence Sharing."

The DIF hosts Bob Gourley, a former naval intelligence officer, which included operational tours in Europe and Asia. Bob was the first Director of Intelligence (J2) at DOD's cyber defense organization JTF-CND. Following retirement from the Navy, Bob was an executive with TRW and Northrop Grumman, and then returned to government service as the CTO of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). Bob's most recent book, The Cyber Threat, provides business executives with actionable insights into the threat landscape, and is the theme of today's luncheon.
This forum will follow a modified Chatham House rule. You may use the information, but with the exception of speaker's name and subject, you may make no attribution. Everything will be off the record.

Pay at the door with a check for $ 29.00 payable to DIAA, Inc. Location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA
Make reservations by 17 May 2016 by email to diforum@diaalumni.org. Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses.
Pay at the door with a check for $ 29.00 per person, payable to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments. are discouraged.

Thursday, 19 May 2016, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Anatomy of Malice: The Enigma of the Nazi War Criminals at the International Spy Museum

In 1945, when the Allies convened the Nuremberg trials, a psychiatrist, Douglas Kelley, and a psychologist, Gustave Gilbert, tried to understand the psychology of the Nazi leaders, using extensive psychiatric interviews, IQ tests, and Rorschach tests.  Their findings were so disconcerting that portions of the data were hidden and the research was bitterly disputed. Drawing on decades of experience, Joel E. Dimsdale, distinguished professor emeritus and research professor in psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego, takes a fresh look at the findings and will discuss his complex and troubling quest to make sense of the most extreme evil in his new book Anatomy of Malice. Tickets: $10 per person. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Monday, 27 June 2016, 6:30-9pm - Washington, DC - Lockpicking 101 - International Spy Museum Spy School Workshop

Spying today may seem dominated by the digital realm of hackers, cryptography, and eavesdropping, but the field operative will never go away. In the physical world, where secrets are under lock and key, sometimes the only way in is to pick the lock.
In this workshop, led by Preston Thomas, president of the DC Chapter of The Open Organization Of Lockpickers, you'll learn the art and science of how locks work-and how to open them. From classical picking to field expedient methods, we will survey the tools and techniques necessary to attack many common locks. Try your hand at getting out of handcuffs and zip ties. Discover if you really can escape with just your wits and a bobby pin. Participants will work in small groups getting hands-on practice with lockpicking experts, and once you've got "the touch," you can put your skills to the test against other students.
Location: City Tap House, 901 9th St NW, Washington, DC - Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
High-quality lock picking kits will be available to take home after the class for $25 (cash or check). Please email soltmans@spymusem.org if you would like one.
Food and drink will be available for purchase throughout the event.
TICKETS: $35. Space limited to 30 - advance registration required. No tickets available at event. To register contact aabrell@spymuseum.org


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