AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #19-16 dated 10 May 2016

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Research or Speaker Requests

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  mk, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
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18 July thru 5 August 2016 - Emmitsburg, MD - International Security & Intelligence - attend a Cambridge University Experience at Mt. Saint Mary's University in Maryland

International Security and Intelligence (ISI) is a program offered at Mount St. Mary's University in association with the Cambridge Security initiative (CSi). This 3-week, highly competitive summer course runs from July 18-Aug 5, 2016.Through the lens of professional practitioners of the craft, and academics closely involved in the world of intelligence, students will explore the role of the intelligence and security agencies in a democratic society, applying the enduring principles of intelligence and security to cutting-edge problems. The 2016 program is being offered in the United States for the first time, exclusively at Mount St. Mary's University in Emmitsburg, Md. Attendees range from undergraduate students to seasoned professionals, and everyone experiences the same mix of lectures, seminars and social activities. The aim is to offer an experience of teaching and learning which is very similar to that offered at the University of Cambridge.  Applications are being accepted until June. Learn more at

Friday, 20 May 2016 - Tysons, VA

Will you be prepared? Attend and find out.

Professor John D. Woodward, Jr.,
former CIA  Clandestine Service and Directorate of Science and Technology on
"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons."
Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., (USFS, Ret)
discusses "America's Continuing Misadventures in the Middle East."
Online Registration is here.


"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons" will be the topic of former CIA DO & DS&T officer John D. Woodward, Jr., in his presentation on the biological weapons threat, which he defines as the intentional or deliberate use of a pathogen to cause harm. Woodward will discuss biological weapons risks as terrorists and others leverage advances in the life sciences and information technologies to ramp up the types of attacks they may seek to launch. Woodward will explain in what ways biological weapons pose a human, economic, and societal threat.

A retired CIA officer who served in the Clandestine Service and the Directorate of Science and Technology, Woodward is currently a Professor of the Practice of International Relations at the Boston University's Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies where he teaches courses in intelligence, homeland security, and national security. His talk will include possible policy approaches which will focus greater attention on intelligence measures the US and global communities can take to prevent or disrupt biological weapons attacks.

John Woodward's talk begins at 11 am.

Ambassador Chas Freeman, a renowned Middle East expert, looks at the skein of bluffs, rivalries, competing interests, promises and betrayals in the Middle East, and the diplomatic cards remaining for the US to play. His new book of the same title as his talk will be released at event. Unraveling the tangle of wars in which the US is now engaged with or against Arabs, Berbers, Hazaras, Israelis, Kanuris, Kurds, Palestinians, Persians, Pashtuns, Somalis, Syrians, Tajiks, Tuaregs, Turkmen, Turks, and Uzbeks ' as well as Alawites, Christians, Druze, secular Muslims, Salafis, Shiites, Sunnis, and Yazidis ' will not be easy. In large measure through our involvement, their conflicts have become interwoven. Ending one or another of them might alter the dynamics of the region but would not by itself produce peace.

Chas Freeman's presentation begins at 1 pm.

Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel Mezzanine, 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, Tysons Corner, VA 22102. Hotel: 703 893-2100. Driving directions here or use this link: No reservations at the hotel.
REGISTER: online Registration is here.

Wednesday, 11 May 2016
noon to 1:15 pm

Join the CI Centre for their
May Global Terrorism, Espionage, and Cyber Security
FREE monthly update!
at The International Spy Museum
800 F Street NW Washington, DC 20004

You don't want to miss the last month in review.

Kindly RSVP to


Twitter Bars Intelligence Agencies From Using Analytics Service.  Twitter Inc. cut off US intelligence agencies from access to a service that sifts through the entire output of its social-media postings, the latest example of tension between Silicon Valley and the federal government over terrorism and privacy.

The move, which hasn't been publicly announced, was confirmed by a senior US intelligence official and other people familiar with the matter. The service - which sends out alerts of unfolding terror attacks, political unrest and other potentially important events - isn't directly provided by Twitter, but instead by Dataminr Inc., a private company that mines public Twitter feeds for clients.

Twitter owns about a 5% stake in Dataminr, the only company it authorizes both to access its entire real-time stream of public tweets and sell it to clients.

Dataminr executives recently told intelligence agencies that Twitter didn't want the company to continue providing the service to them, according to a person familiar with the matter. The senior intelligence official said Twitter appeared to be worried about the "optics" of seeming too close to American intelligence services.  [Read more:  Stewart&Maremont/TheWallStreetJournal/8May2016]

Intelligence Community Pushes Back on Encryption Report.  The US intelligence community is pushing back on a Harvard report that has become a touchstone in the Capitol Hill debate over encryption.

"The public debate about the appropriate scope of lawful access to encrypted communications ... must be informed by recognition that the increased use of encryption represents a significant impediment to our efforts to protect the nation," Deirdre Walsh, legislative affairs director in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, wrote in a letter to Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.).

Wyden had demanded feedback on the report, produced by Harvard's Berkman Center, during a February hearing on the topic. Titled "Don't Panic," the study suggests that law enforcement will be able to turn to alternative data streams in order to conduct needed surveillance.

"Are we really headed to a future in which our ability to effectively surveil criminals and bad actors is impossible? We think not," the report reads. [Read more:  Williams/TheHill/9May2016]

UK Is Safer Remaining in European Union, Former Spy Chiefs Say.  The UK will be safer staying in the European Union, two former chiefs of the country's security services said, before voters head to the polls next month in an in-out referendum.

Cooperation with the 27 other EU members means Britain is better placed to tackle threats ranging from Islamic State terrorism to cyber-attacks by hostile governments, former MI5 chief Jonathan Evans and the former head of MI6 John Sawers said in a commentary in the Sunday Times. MI5 is the UK's domestic intelligence service, while MI6, now known as the Secret Intelligence Service, provides foreign intelligence.

"We can deal with these threats only with a full intelligence picture and that comes from covertly monitoring the activities of those who wish us harm so that we can understand and disrupt their plans," the two men wrote. "Counter-terrorism is a team game and the EU is the best framework available - no country can succeed on its own."

The intervention by the two men, the most recent former chiefs of their respective agencies, is a boost for Prime Minister David Cameron as he tries to persuade the electorate that Britain is "stronger, safer and better off" within the EU. One of the key planks of the "leave" campaign's argument is that the UK would be better able to secure its borders outside the EU because it won't have to accept the free movement of people within the bloc.  [Read more:  Morales/Bloomberg/8May2016]

Australian Anti-Terror Agency Set up to Share Intelligence More Freely.  A super spy agency charged with responding to immediate national security threats such as the Paramatta attack will be set up following laws passed this week in Parliament.

In one of the final acts of the Turnbull government before it goes into election caretaker mode, legislation was passed this week that will allow real-time intelligence sharing 'between local and commonwealth policing and intelligence agencies.

The newly named Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission will target emerging criminal and national 'security threats bringing CrimTrac and the Australian Crime Commission (ACC) together under a single banner.

But it will also allow ASIO and state and Commonwealth police to feed intelligence in and out of the new agency, allowing real-time threat 'assessments to be accessed by counter-terrorism units.  [Read more:  Benson/TheDailyTelegraph/6May2016 - might have paywall]

Foreign Intelligence Services Targeted 2008 Campaign, Officials Were Warned.  The intelligence community evidently gave some incoming members of the Obama administration a star-spangled welcome briefing - complete with a stern warning.

In a newly disclosed document titled "Unlocking the Secrets: How to Use the Intelligence Community," intelligence officials told incoming officials that foreign intelligence services had been extensively spying on the 2008 political campaigns.

"Foreign intelligence services have been tracking this election cycle like no other," the authors from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence wrote.

On the campaign trail, the ODNI authors wrote, foreign spooks met with campaign staff and other sources, hacked into campaign data, and engaged in "perception management" more aggressive than traditional lobbying - though the lack of specifics makes it unclear what any of that really entails.  [Read more:  McLaughlin/TheIntercept/5May2016]

Afghan President Nominates Defense, Intelligence Agency Ministers.  Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has proposed a reshuffling of his defense and intelligence ministers in the aftermath of a massive deadly terrorist attack in Kabul.

Zafar Hashemi, the president's office spokesman, tweeted late on May 5 that Ghani had appointed acting Defense Minister Masoom Stanikzai to be acting chief of the National Directorate of Security and the deputy chief of staff of the Defense Ministry, General Abdullah Habibi, to be acting defense minister.

The nominations must be approved by parliament.

Parliament rejected Stanikzai as defense minister last year, but Ghani kept him in the office as acting minister.  [Read more:  RadioFreeAfghanistan/6May2016]

Croatian Security Intelligence Agency Director Lozančić Reportedly Resigns.  According to media reports, Dragan Lozančić, director of the Security Intelligence Agency, has resigned, after months of controversy about whether and why he should be dismissed, reports on May 2, 2016.

Three months ago, President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović signed his dismissal due to alleged violations of the law, adding that she had lost her confidence in Lozančić. However, Prime Minister Tihomir Oresković, whose countersignature was needed for the dismissal to become official, refused to sign the decision.

About a month and a half ago, the President and the Prime Minister finally came to an agreement to appoint Daniel Markić as the new director of the Security Intelligence Agency, instead of Lozančić.

It is expected that the Parliamentary Committee on Internal Affairs and National Security will meet on Wednesday to discuss the appointment of Markić as the new Security Intelligence Agency director. According to the Committee Chairman Ranko Ostojić (SDP), the Committee could not discuss his appointment earlier since Lozančić had not been dismissed nor had he resigned. Now, it seems that the conditions for the appointment of Markić have been fulfilled.  [Read more:  Pavlic/TotalCroatiaNews/2May2016]

Arrested Hamas Militant Provides Intelligence on Gaza Tunnels: Security Service.  Israel has arrested a Hamas operative who belonged to the group's military wing for a decade and has provided information about the group's tunnel digging enterprise, the Shin Bet security service announced on Thursday.

Mahmoud Atawnah, 29, was reportedly arrested at the beginning of April after crossing from Gaza into Israeli territory in possession of two knives. He admitted his intention to kill Israeli civilians or soldiers, the Shin Bet said.

Questioning also revealed that Atawnah was a member of the group's military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, according to the security service, and participated in widespread activities, including placing improvised explosive devices targeting Israeli troops. For the past five years, he reportedly worked primarily on the tunnels project.

Atawnah provided information on tunnels routes in the northern Gaza Strip, Hamas's methods for digging tunnels, Hamas's use of private homes and institutions as a base for digging, and the materials used in construction.  [Read more:  i24News/5May2016]

New Leader Picked for Intelligence Group at Base.  A Council on Foreign Relations military academic fellow has been chosen as the next commander of a secretive Air Force intelligence agency.

Col. Sean P. Larkin will become the leader at the National Air and Space Intelligence Center in a change of command ceremony May 26, according to NASIC spokeswoman Michelle Martz.

Larkin will take over the post from Col. Leah G. Lauderback, who will have completed a two-year tour of duty. Lauderback's next assignment has not been publicly announced.

The two were not immediately available for interviews.  [Read more:  Barber/DaytonDailyNews/5May2016]


The Day We Discovered Our Parents Were Russian Spies.  Tim Foley turned 20 on 27 June 2010. To celebrate, his parents took him and his younger brother Alex out for lunch at an Indian restaurant not far from their home in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Both brothers were born in Canada, but for the past decade the family had lived in the US. The boys' father, Donald Heathfield, had studied in Paris and at Harvard, and now had a senior role at a consultancy firm based in Boston. Their mother, Tracey Foley, had spent many years focused on raising her children, before taking a job as a real estate agent. To those who knew them, they seemed a very ordinary American family, albeit with Canadian roots and a penchant for foreign travel. Both brothers were fascinated by Asia, a favoured holiday destination, and the parents encouraged their sons to be inquisitive about the world: Alex was only 16, but had just returned from a six-month student exchange in Singapore.

After a buffet lunch, the four returned home and opened a bottle of champagne to toast Tim reaching his third decade. The brothers were tired; they had thrown a small house party the night before to mark Alex's return from Singapore, and Tim planned to go out later. After the champagne, he went upstairs to message his friends about the evening's plans. There came a knock at the door, and Tim's mother called up that his friends must have come early, as a surprise.

At the door, she was met by a different kind of surprise altogether: a team of armed, black-clad men holding a battering ram. They streamed into the house, screaming, "FBI!" Another team entered from the back; men dashed up the stairs, shouting at everyone to put their hands in the air. Upstairs, Tim had heard the knock and the shouting, and his first thought was that the police could be after him for underage drinking: nobody at the party the night before had been 21, and Boston police took alcohol regulations seriously.

When he emerged on to the landing, it became clear the FBI was here for something far more serious. The two brothers watched, stunned, as their parents were put in handcuffs and driven away in separate black cars. Tim and Alex were left behind with a number of agents, who said they needed to begin a 24-hour forensic search of the home; they had prepared a hotel room for the brothers. One of the men told them their parents had been arrested on suspicion of being "unlawful agents of a foreign government".  [Read more:  Walker/TheGuardian/7May2016]

Will the House Block the Pentagon's New Intelligence Center in Britain?  The Pentagon is ready to build its new intelligence center in the UK, but House lawmakers are continuing to push for the project to be revised.

Key House committee leaders have requested an investigation of the Pentagon's plans in the UK, arguing that the cost of the facility will be far greater than other locations.

Rep. Devin Nunes (R., Calif.), chairman of the House intelligence committee, Rep. Mac Thornberry (R., Texas), the chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, and other lawmakers have asked for government inspectors general to examine the site selection process that chose the Royal Air Force Base Croughton to host a new intelligence center for US European Command and Africa Command.

In an April 27 letter to the inspectors general of the Department of Defense and intelligence community, the lawmakers asked for an inquiry into whether "inaccurate or misleading information" was provided to Congress about the selection of Croughton.  [Read more:  Barnes/TheWallStreetJournal/3May2016]


Why Catholics Thrive in the CIA.  Just a few days before Christmas 1988, terrorists blew up Pan American Flight 103 as it passed over Lockerbie, not long after leaving Heathrow. One of the 259 murdered onboard was Matthew Gannon. The eighth child of devout Catholic parents, Gannon had joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1977, becoming a skilled operations officer and linguist.

Nearly a year later, in October 1989, many victims' belongings still lay unclaimed in trailers in Lockerbie. When Gannon's brother arrived there, he identified his family member's personal items by spotting a missal in a bag with one of Matthew's favourite shirts.

Conspiracy theorists have probably already exploited Gannon's death. It's difficult to investigate anything about the CIA or the Vatican and not encounter narratives that resemble thriller novels.

But we shouldn't ignore the topic. The CIA is the best known of the 17 agencies that comprise the American intelligence community. It has earned itself nicknames like "Catholic Intelligence Agency" and "Catholics In Action". It's worth exploring why.  [Read more:  Wargas/CatholicHerald/5May2016]

Americans Still Believe in Intelligence Community.  It's been six months since I've appeared in these pages. That gap hasn't been about a boycott or a contract dispute. Actually, The Washington Times has been rather generous, giving me that time to finish a book, get it cleared through the intelligence community review process and then endure an aggressive countrywide book tour organized by my publisher, Penguin.

For a career government guy, that was literally quite a trip. And I'd like to share a few thoughts about it before launching in later follow-on columns into the host of intelligence issues still out there.

The book was called Playing to the Edge: American Intelligence in the Age of Terror, and I billed it as a memoir of my 10 years at the national level of American intelligence, my time at the National Security Agency, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and at the Central Intelligence Agency. I didn't mean it to be vile or vindictive, but it wasn't very apologetic either.

Hence the title (which, by the way, was recommended by my wife). David Martin, CBS News Pentagon correspondent, got the metaphor as we were walking along the sideline at the Pittsburgh Steelers practice facility taping some coverage for the book.  [Read more:  Hayden/WashingtonTimes/9May2016]

Global Intelligence Oversight: Governing Security in the Twenty-First Century.  The last several years have seen the most robust public debate about the oversight of intelligence agencies in decades. This discussion was triggered most immediately by Edward Snowden's massive leak of documents describing American and allied surveillance programs. But motivating the discussions more broadly is the growth and global diffusion of sophisticated communications technologies and the reliance of the United States and its close allies on them in the name of counterterrorism. Because these programs inevitably require secrecy, the normal mechanisms of democratic control over government activity give out, and the need for specially designed oversight structures that serve as a proxy for democratic populations kicks in.

In this context Global Intelligence Oversight: Governing Security in the Twenty-First Century focuses on two main themes with respect to intelligence oversight. First, we illuminate the new institutions and dynamics playing a novel part in shaping and constraining the operations of intelligence agencies. Second, we focus on the roles that particular types of oversight bodies (e.g. courts, independent agencies) serve by evaluating their operations in liberal democracies around the world.

With respect to this latter objective, we aim to move beyond superficial debates about whether particular institutions are "effective" and ask more nuanced questions about the links between the capabilities of particular institutions and the oversight function that democratic societies wish them to serve. The chapters of Global Intelligence Oversight focus on countries that have both robust democratic traditions and large well-resourced intelligence services with global mandates. The list of such countries is not large. 

Below, we describe some of the actors newly prominent in the intelligence oversight discussion and the ways in which those actors enable us to think more broadly about the purposes a comprehensive intelligence oversight architecture ought to serve. In the coming days, you will hear from some of the volume's other contributors. All of them - Jane Harman, Ashley Deeks, Richard Morgan, Iain Cameron, Chris Kojm, Daphna Renan, Raphael Bitton, Kent Roach, Russell Miller, Jon Moran, Clive Walker, Keiran Hardy, and George Williams - made important contributions to the global conversation about intelligence oversight.  [Read more:  Goldman&Rascoff/Lawfare/9May2016]

What Does Effective Intelligence Oversight Look Like?  Last Tuesday, I enjoyed a lively discussion on "Reconciling Liberty and Security" at a conference headlined, "Hindsight:  Fifteen Years of the War on Terror" at Fordham Law School's Center for National Security. My panel included David Cole, Jameel Jaffer, Matthew Olsen, Matthew Waxman, and Michel Paradis.

Among the important and timely topics we covered was how to achieve effective oversight of intelligence programs. I offer the following thoughts to elaborate on what I said on that subject last week.

The backdrop for why we need effective oversight of intelligence programs is that intelligence programs cannot be effective without a significant degree of secrecy.   Transparency is central to maintaining democratic control of government, but for intelligence programs, there is some point at which transparency must give way.   Beyond that point, effective oversight is the bulwark that keeps the government in check.

But what does effective oversight look like? There has been no shortage of proposals - many of which have been adopted - or imposing more oversight on US intelligence programs. But more oversight does not necessarily mean better oversight. Indeed, more oversight could mean worse oversight if it wastes taxpayer dollars on redundant measures that add no value or threaten national security by unnecessarily interfering with the operations of the supervised agency.

An ideal system of oversight would include the following attributes:   [Read more:  Brand/Lawfare/3May2016]

Measuring Change at the CIA.  This time next year, a new president will be reviewing recommendations from a transition team, and likely also the views of a new director or director-designate, on the state of affairs at the Central Intelligence Agency - including the impact of a major reorganization initiated by the agency's current director, John Brennan. The new national security team will not lack for advice on this topic from serving officers, CIA alumni, congressional overseers, and the burgeoning intelligence commentariat. This advice will be well-intentioned in the main, but not universally well-informed. There is considerable skepticism in these communities that the changes underway will ultimately produce a more effective CIA. Such skepticism is rooted in a strong (and well-exercised) aversion to change at Langley, nostalgia for tradition-rich institutions that were unceremoniously dismembered, and sincere concern that some of the changes may actually hinder, rather than enhance, the agency's ability to deliver "timely, accurate, and insightful" intelligence to policymakers.

The CIA is an essential institution positioned at the heart of an intelligence community (IC) charged with anticipating, understanding, and often neutralizing threats to our national security. It would be a mistake to reverse or suspend any of the reforms now underway at Langley without the benefit of a rigorous and objective assessment of how the new priorities, structures, and work processes are actually impacting the Agency's core missions: collecting intelligence from human sources (HUMINT), evaluating information from all sources, and shaping conditions abroad through covert actions. The objective evaluation of the performance of any intelligence organization is fraught, but such an exercise should be completed before the CIA workforce is subjected to the uncertainty and disruption of another makeover.

This essay poses four questions to help guide decisions on whether to abandon and reverse, selectively modify, or press ahead with the reforms now underway at CIA:  [Slick/ForeignPolicy/4May2016]



Allen Fuehrer.  Allen Fuehrer, 90, passed away peacefully in Palm Bay, Florida on May 6, 2016. He was born on December 1, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri. He served in World War II and was wounded in combat in France during January 1945. After the war, he worked for the Central Intelligence Agency for 30 years and was stationed all over the world. After retiring from the CIA, he lived in Brussels, Belgium, Washington DC and Cape Canaveral, Florida. He was known for his sense of humor and love of family and friends.

He is survived by his loving children and stepchildren Debra, Cheryl, Dana, James, and Wileen. He also leaves behind grandchildren Shannon, Eric, Aaron, and Andrew; and great grandchildren Bree, Bradley, and Brenton. He is predeceased by his first wife, Dorothy Brand Fuehrer, who passed away in 1966; his second wife Rosa Marletta Fuehrer, who passed away in 2011; and his step daughter Rose. He will be laid to rest in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. [Read more:  FloridaToday/10May2016]

Frederick Karl Schilling Jr.  Frederick Karl Schilling. Jr., retired official of the Central Intelligence Agency and Lutheran lay leader, died on April 27, 2016 in Columbia, MD. He had resided in Columbia since 1978.

Mr. Schilling retired as a senior officer of the CIA's Operations Directorate in 1976. During his 25 years in the agency he served in various overseas posts, including Paris, France and Oslo, Norway. He was branch chief for Scandinavia for seven years and held career management staff positions prior to his retirement. He received the agency's Intelligence Medal of Merit.

After retiring from government, Mr. Schilling served numerous lay leadership positions in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and its predecessor, the Lutheran Church in America. He was elected to the boards of the church-wide Division for Professional Leadership and the Deaconess Community. He chaired the Division for Ministry of the Delaware- Maryland Synod of the church for nine years. And he served as member of the board of the National Lutheran Home for the Aged, Rockville, as well as on the board of the Lutheran Historical Society of the Mid- Atlantic, Gettysburg. In addition, he served terms as President of the Congregational Councils of Trinity Lutheran Church, Rockville as well as at the Second English Lutheran Church, Baltimore.

A native of Richmond, Kentucky, Mr. Schilling entered the US Army with the Kentucky National Guard in June 1940. His unit was called into federal service in January 1941. He was subsequently commissioned in the armed force and experienced combat in Normandy in 1944. He was awarded the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart. Upon leaving active duty in 1945, he remained in the army reserves, retiring in 1972 with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.  [Read more:]

Research or Speaker Requests

Call for Papers for Conference on Transatlantic Intelligence

"Creating and Challenging the Transatlantic Intelligence Community" is theme of a March 30 to April 1, 2017 conference in Washington, DC hosted by the International Intelligence History Association, German Historical Institute, and the History & Public Policy Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center.
Transatlantic intelligence cooperation played a key role in collecting and analyzing inform-ation during the Cold War, and the resulting intelligence product informed the decision-mak-ing process at the highest levels of government in Europe as well as in the United States. The need for intelligence cooperation has become even more urgent after 9/11, as nations on both sides of the Atlantic are facing terrorist threats, and are confronting a host of other challenges posed by non-state actors, such as arms and drug trafficking as well as organized crime.
The conference will review the origins of the transatlantic intelligence partnership during the immediate postwar years and its evolution during the Cold War. It will explore the mecha-nisms for intelligence exchange between individual agencies as well as the ad hoc and infor-mal interactions between members of intelligence organizations. In addition, papers will ex-amine the causes and consequences of frictions in this intelligence partnership that have oc-curred over the past decades. While some conflicts were due to continued compartmentaliza-tion of national intelligence organizations, others resulted from often conflicting bilateral or multilateral agreements and from an unequal relationship between individual agencies.
The conference, jointly convened by the International Intelligence History Association, the History & Public Policy Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center, and the German Historical Institute, will be held at the Woodrow Wilson Center and at the German Historical Institute, Washington, D.C., (March 30-April 1, 2017). The conference theme is broadly conceived and will provide for a wide range of discussions and a variety of papers relating to intelligence and international relations. It seeks to encompass past, current, and future developments, as well as analyses and trends in intelligence research.
Due to the complexity of its subject, the study of intelligence draws on a number of disci-plines, including history, security and intelligence studies, political science, sociology, phys-ics, engineering, and mathematics. We invite proposals from all fields of academic inquiry, exploring any organizational or operational aspect of intelligence services. While the transat-lantic intelligence relationship after 1945 constitutes the main focus of the conference, pro-posals addressing intelligence issues outside these temporal and geographical boundaries will be considered as well.
We encourage paper proposals from young researchers and doctoral students as well as from established scholars and former practitioners.
TO SUBMIT PAPERS: Please submit your paper proposal abstract of 150-300 words and a short CV by email to the IIHA Executive Director Anna Abelmann at:
The deadline for submissions is June 30, 2016. Acceptance notifications will be sent out in late July.

2016 Naval Intelligence Essay Contest: Co-Sponsored by the Navy Intelligence Professionals and the U. S. Naval Institute on how Naval Intelligence can contribute to meeting the challenges confronting the Navy as we proceed toward 2032.

The Challenge - On 5 February, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral John Richardson released "Design for Maintaining Maritime Superiority" (see "A Contest for Maritime Superiority, February 2016 Proceedings, page 24-27). This contest invites authors to advance thoughts on how Naval Intelligence can contribute to meeting the challenges confronting the Navy as we proceed toward 2032- 150 years of service to the Fleet and Nation by the Office of Naval Intelligence.
In 1882, Navy Lieutenant Theodorus Mason presented the Secretary of the Navy with a new concept to help drive the transformation of our wooden, wind-powered Navy to a first-rate, steam-driven modern Navy. That concept was the Office of Naval Intelligence. In this year's Naval Intelligence Essay Contest, Navy leaders are again looking for innovation and new ideas to help the Navy meet our 21st century challenges.

Prizes: First Prize: $5,000; Second Prize: $2,500; Third Prize: $1,500.
Note: All prize-winners will receive one-year membership in the U.S. Naval Institute.

Deadline: 31 July 2016. Word Length: 3,000 words maximum (count does not include footnotes/endnotes/sources). Eligibility: Open to any contributor -- active duty military, reservists, veterans, government civilian personnel and civilians.
NO Prior Publication: Your essay must be original and cannot have been previously published (online or in print) or be under consideration for publication elsewhere. All previously published or uploaded or shared essays are ineligible.
Visit for more details.

Section V - Events


Saturday, 14 May 2016, 11:30am - 2:30pm - Melbourne, FL - Dr. Joseph Finley, Jr. on "Technical Surveillance and Countermeasures" is theme at this Florida Satellite Chapter Meeting.

Dr. Joseph Finley, Jr., a member of the Florida Satellite Chapter, will speak on Technical Surveillance and Countermeasures. Dr. Finley spent 28 years as a Special Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and in 1987, was assigned to the Special Operations Group of the FBI (17 years) and while assigned to the New York Division, actively conducted Technical Surveillance Countermeasure Sweeps (TSCM) and surreptitious entries. His talk presents an opportunity for all of us and our guests to meet and hear an expert in this esoteric field.
Location: At East Club, Indian River Colony Club, 1936 Freedom Dr, Melbourne, FL 32940.
Timing: 11:30 AM - 12:15 PM: Social Hour, greet old, new members and guests (cash bar); 12:15 PM: Sit-Down lunch
Menu Choices are: Chef Salad (mixed greens, tomato, cucumber, egg, ham, turkey, American and Swiss cheeses with Ranch and Italian dressings on table (S), or Sliced Pork loin with roasted potatoes and vegetable (P)
Above come with coffee, tea, rolls and butter and Chefs choice of dessert
Cost: $25.00; Student and active duty military: $18.00
TO ATTEND: Prepaid reservations are required and must be received by Thursday, 28 April 2016. To reserve, send check and meal choice to contact FSC Chapter President at

Thursday, 19 May 2016, 1130 hours - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts Raymond Bernier, DD, CIAC, on the "Identification and Cataloging of Terrorists."

The speaker at this chapter events is Raymond Bernier, currently assigned as the Deputy Director of the Colorado Information Analysis Center (CIAC). He is also the project manager for the Criminal Intelligence Enterprise (CIE) for the south central region of Colorado. The CIE is a national initiative designed to identify, prioritize, and catalog the criminal and terrorist threat groups that present the greatest threat to each major city and county.
The cost of the meal is $15.
For more details, please contact Tom VanWormer at

Friday, 20 May 2016 - Ambassador Chas W. Freeman, Jr., (USFS, Ret) discusses "America's Continuing Misadventures in the Middle East." Professor John D. Woodward, Jr., former CIA  Clandestine Service and Directorate of Science and Technology, on"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons."- AFIO National Luncheon

"The Hard Problem of Countering the Use of Biological Weapons" will be the topic of former CIA DO & DS&T officer John D. Woodward, Jr., in his presentation on the biological weapons threat, which he defines as the intentional or deliberate use of a pathogen to cause harm. Woodward will discuss biological weapons risks as terrorists and others leverage advances in the life sciences and information technologies to ramp up the types of attacks they may seek to launch. Woodward will explain in what ways biological weapons pose a human, economic, and societal threat.

A retired CIA officer who served in the Clandestine Service and the Directorate of Science and Technology, Woodward is currently a Professor of the Practice of International Relations at the Boston University's Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies where he teaches courses in intelligence, homeland security, and national security. His talk will include possible policy approaches which will focus greater attention on intelligence measures the US and global communities can take to prevent or disrupt biological weapons attacks.

Ambassador Chas Freeman looks at the skein of bluffs, rivalries, competing interests, promises and betrayals in the Middle East, and the diplomatic cards remaining for the US to play. His new book of the same title as his talk, will be released at event. Unraveling the tangle of wars in which the US is now engaged with or against Arabs, Berbers, Hazaras, Israelis, Kanuris, Kurds, Palestinians, Persians, Pashtuns, Somalis, Syrians, Tajiks, Tuaregs, Turkmen, Turks, and Uzbeks ' as well as Alawites, Christians, Druze, secular Muslims, Salafis, Shiites, Sunnis, and Yazidis ' will not be easy. In large measure through our involvement, their conflicts have become interwoven. Ending one or another of them might alter the dynamics of the region but would not by itself produce peace. His presentation begins at 1 pm.

Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel Mezzanine, 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, Tysons Corner, VA 22102. Hotel: 703 893-2100. Driving directions here or use this link: No reservations at the hotel.
REGISTER: Early online Registration is here.

Thursday, 2 June 2016 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Andre LeGallo Chapter hosts Dr. Matthew Brazil, Research Fellow, Jamestown Foundation

Mr. Matt Brazil will discuss Chinas Harder Line Against Foreign Influence - Implications for US Business.
Venue: United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, San Francisco. 11:30am no host cocktail; meeting and luncheon at noon.
Register here.

Reservation and pre-payment is required before May 26, 2016. The venue cannot accommodate walk-ins.
Please contact Mariko Kawaguchi, Board Secretary at or Mariko Kawaguchi, c/o AFIO, P.O. Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011 for questions.

16 June 2016, 12:30 - 2pm - Los Angeles, CA - The AFIO L.A. Chapter hosts Kenneth Daigler on Spies, Patriots, and Traitors

Former CIA officer Kenneth Daigler will discuss key aspects of his book Spies, Patriots, and Traitors. The cost of the meeting will be $15 and will include a copy of the book and refreshments served. Please RSVP:
Meeting Location: LAPD-ARTC 5651 W. Manchester Ave Los Angeles, CA 90045

BIO: Ken Daigler is a retired career CIA operations officer, previously holding several key operations positions in the agency, and is a recipient of the William Donovan Award & Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal. In addition, he has consulted for the Department of Defense in the area of counterintelligence. He has a BA in history from Centre College of Kentucky and an MA in history from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University and has served in the US Marine Corps.

Wednesday, 22 June 2016, 5:30pm - New York, NY - Len Predtechenskis, former FBI, discusses "Operating Techniques for Recruiting Foreign Nationals" - at this Metro NY Chapter Meeting.

SPEAKER: Len Predtechenskis, Retired FBI Special Agent. He operated undercover, recruited many Soviet/Russian agents for the US Government, debriefed and resettled dozens of defectors, directed/lead agent in many "false flag", "red herring" and "double agent" operations.
TOPIC: "Operating Techniques for Recruiting Foreign Nationals"
LOCATION: Society of Illustrators building, 128 East 63rd Street. Between Park & Lexington Ave.
TIME: Registration starts 5:30 PM Meeting starts 6:00 PM
COST: $50/person. Payment at the door, cash & check only. Full dinner, cash bar.
REGISTER: Strongly suggested, not required. Phone Jerry Goodwin 646-717-3776 or Email:

Other Upcoming Events

Wednesday, 11 May 2016, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The Winter Fortress, The Epic Mission to Sabotage Hitler's Atomic Bomb: An Evening with Neal Bascomb at the International Spy Museum

In 1942, the Nazis were racing to build an atomic bomb. They had the physicists. They had the will. What they didn't have was enough "heavy water," an essential ingredient for their nuclear designs. That changed when they occupied Norway and took control of Vemork hydroelectric plant, the world's sole supplier of heavy water. Join best-selling author Neal Bascomb as he shares highlights from his extensively researched new book, The Winter Fortress, about the daring and successful commando raid on Vemork. During the program, Bascomb will show never-before-seen photos, and the Museum will feature an unusual artifact related to the mission for this one night only. Tickets: $10 per person. Visit

Wednesday, 11 May 2016 - Washington, DC - Night of Heroes Gala - The PenFed Foundation 2016 Gala

PUT THIS DATE ON YOUR CALENDAR and then Join the PenFed Foundation, our partners and friends, Wednesday, 11 May 2016, as we honor those who lead the way in supporting our military and veterans. All proceeds benefit the PenFed Foundation, helping members of the military secure the financial future they deserve.
Consider having your corporation or foundation be a sponsor for this worthwhile event. SPONSORSHIP LEVELS are as follows:
$100,000 Circle of Honor; $50,000 Legendary Hero; $25,000 Distinguished Hero; $10,000 Inspirational Hero; $5,000 Patriotic Hero; $1,000 Individual Sponsor
More details coming soon. More info here.
Location: Ronald Reagan Building & International Trade Center, Washington, DC.

12 May 2016, 11:30am - 1pm - Washington, DC - Countering WMDs: The Libyan Experience, Amb. Robert Joseph, at the Daniel Morgan Academy

In his presentation "Countering WMDs: The Libyan Experience," part of Daniel Morgan Academy's National Security Lecture Series, Ambassador Robert Joseph will discuss his experience negotiating with the Libyans to convince them to give up their WMD programs.

The reception begins at 11:30, followed by the Ambassador's talk at noon, and closes with a Q & A.
Event location: Daniel Morgan Academy, 1620 L St NW, 7th Flr, Washington, DC 20036. Near Farragut North and West Metro Stations
RSVP here. Or contact Frank Fletcher, Director of Lectures and Seminars, at or call 202-759-4988

Thursday, 12 May 2016, noon - 2 pm - Washington, DC - USAF Flight Test Engineer on "What's it like to fly the SR-71?" at this Returned & Services League of Australia meeting

Guest speaker: Retired USAF flight test engineer and SR-71 Reconnaissance Systems Operator Phil Soucy will be the guest speaker, talking about flying the SR-71. He is co-founder and Chairman of the Board of Directors of MTSl, an aerospace engineering firm he co-founded in Alexandria, VA. MTSI employs a technical staff of over 600 engineers and scientists with operating locations throughout the US. Prior to MTSI, Phil served 20 years with USAF in wide range of operational and high tech systems evaluation positions. During his last assignment he served in the Pentagon where he headed the Air Force's "Low Observable Red Team," and was responsible for independently assessing and testing the survivability and effectiveness of all low observable (stealth) vehicles.

Where 'Amenities Room, Embassy of Australia, 1601 Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC 20036. NOTE: Valid photo ID required
Charge - $15.00, including buffet lunch and sodas. Alcoholic beverages- $2.00 each. Attire: Business casual
RSVP by noon on Wednesday May 11, 2016, to David Ward at 202-352-8550 or via e-mail to More info at

Parking: No parking at Embassy but paid off-street parking available behind and under Airline Pilots Association, 17th & Mass, and at 15th & Mass (1240 15th St). On street two hour metered parking also available.

15 - 18 May 2016 - Orlando, FL - 2016 USGIF GEOINT Symposium - "The GEOINT Revolution"

The United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation's (USGIF) GEOINT 2016 Symposium takes place May 15-18 at the Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center in Orlando, FL. The GEOINT 2016 theme is "The GEOINT Revolution"  in recognition of the advent and confluence of multiple technologies advancing geospatial intelligence and promoting its ubiquity.

Options include GEOINT Foreword, the pre-symposium science and technology-focused day, and some 60 hours of training and education sessions! To explore the main program and the options, visit here.

Tuesday, 17 May 2016, 11:30am - 2pm - McLean, VA - The Defense Intelligence Forum meets to hear Bob Gourley on "Cyber Threats and Cyber Intelligence Sharing."

The DIF hosts Bob Gourley, a former naval intelligence officer, which included operational tours in Europe and Asia. Bob was the first Director of Intelligence (J2) at DOD's cyber defense organization JTF-CND. Following retirement from the Navy, Bob was an executive with TRW and Northrop Grumman, and then returned to government service as the CTO of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). Bob's most recent book, The Cyber Threat, provides business executives with actionable insights into the threat landscape, and is the theme of today's luncheon.
This forum will follow a modified Chatham House rule. You may use the information, but with the exception of speaker's name and subject, you may make no attribution. Everything will be off the record.

Pay at the door with a check for $ 29.00 payable to DIAA, Inc. Location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA
Make reservations by 17 May 2016 by email to Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses.
Pay at the door with a check for $ 29.00 per person, payable to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments. are discouraged.

Thursday, 19 May 2016, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Anatomy of Malice: The Enigma of the Nazi War Criminals at the International Spy Museum

In 1945, when the Allies convened the Nuremberg trials, a psychiatrist, Douglas Kelley, and a psychologist, Gustave Gilbert, tried to understand the psychology of the Nazi leaders, using extensive psychiatric interviews, IQ tests, and Rorschach tests.  Their findings were so disconcerting that portions of the data were hidden and the research was bitterly disputed. Drawing on decades of experience, Joel E. Dimsdale, distinguished professor emeritus and research professor in psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego, takes a fresh look at the findings and will discuss his complex and troubling quest to make sense of the most extreme evil in his new book Anatomy of Malice. Tickets: $10 per person. Visit

Monday, 27 June 2016, 6:30-9pm - Washington, DC - Lockpicking 101 - International Spy Museum Spy School Workshop

Spying today may seem dominated by the digital realm of hackers, cryptography, and eavesdropping, but the field operative will never go away. In the physical world, where secrets are under lock and key, sometimes the only way in is to pick the lock.
In this workshop, led by Preston Thomas, president of the DC Chapter of The Open Organization Of Lockpickers, you'll learn the art and science of how locks work-and how to open them. From classical picking to field expedient methods, we will survey the tools and techniques necessary to attack many common locks. Try your hand at getting out of handcuffs and zip ties. Discover if you really can escape with just your wits and a bobby pin. Participants will work in small groups getting hands-on practice with lockpicking experts, and once you've got "the touch," you can put your skills to the test against other students.
Location: City Tap House, 901 9th St NW, Washington, DC - Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
High-quality lock picking kits will be available to take home after the class for $25 (cash or check). Please email if you would like one.
Food and drink will be available for purchase throughout the event.
TICKETS: $35. Space limited to 30 - advance registration required. No tickets available at event. To register contact

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