AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #33-16 dated 23 August 2016

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - Call for Papers (CFP) and Obituaries

CFP: Calls for Papers

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

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CIA and the Nixon Presidential Library Event
has sold out.
But you can have a front row seat tomorrow
on YouTube at this link starting 1 p.m. PDT [4 p.m. EDT]

The President's Daily Brief: Delivering Intelligence to Nixon and Ford
Director of Central Intelligence Agency John Brennan
and Director of National Intelligence James Clapper
will be keynote speakers

Wednesday, 24 August 2016, 1 to 4:30 pm.
at the Nixon Presidential Library, Yorba Linda, California

EVENT HAS SOLD OUT.

All event attendees must already be registered and present a valid photo ID at check-in.
No day-of walk ups permitted. Attendees will be subject to a security check.
We recommend arrival at least 30 minutes early to allow time for security.

Previously classified President's Daily Briefs (PDB) from the Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford Administrations produced by the CIA are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, 24 August, at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in Yorba Linda, California, at a symposium from 1:00 - 4:30 pm.

The event will feature panel discussions and remarks by CIA Director John O. Brennan, Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper, senior Intelligence Community historians, and leaders from the academic and archivist communities. AFIO's president, James R. Hughes, will be hosting a special post-conference reception and looks forward to greeting members.

The President's Daily Briefs (PDBs) contain intelligence analysis on key national security issues for the president and other senior policymakers. Only the president, vice president, and a select group of officials with high-level security clearance receive the daily briefing, which represents the Intelligence Community's best insights when confronted with threats, as well as opportunities related to our national security.

This public release highlights the role of the PDBs in foreign and national security policymaking. This collection includes the PDBs published during President Nixon's term from January 1969 through the end of President Ford's term in January 1977. These documents offer insight into intelligence that informed presidential decision-making during critical historical events including: the Vietnam War, President Nixon's trip to China, the OPEC embargo, and the Arab-Israeli War.

The documents will be posted on the CIA website here, tomorrow. This collection was assembled as part of the CIA's Historical Review Program, which identifies, reviews, and declassifies documents on historically significant events or topics.

No further registrations are being accepted. Event has sold out.
Watch the program live streamed via YouTube here starting 4 p.m. EDT.



Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

US Army to Add NSA Network to Intelligence Processing Facility.  A partnership within the US Army has started to update the service branch's intelligence processing facility to add another classified network designed to facilitate intelligence collection and reporting operations, the Army said Wednesday.

The service branch's Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center has collaborated with the Distributed Common Ground System-Army to equip the latest version of the DCGS-A Intelligence Processing Center 2 with the National Security Agency network.

Lee Wyman, DCGS-A operations specialist and project lead for IPC-2, said the NSANet seeks to provide brigade command team, corps and division commanders with mobile servers.

The NSANet would be in addition to the IPC-2's existing Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System and Secret Internet Protocol Router Network.  [Read more:  Edwards/ExecutiveGov/19August2016]

Security for Domestic Intelligence Facilities Revised.  On June 13, a mentally ill man rammed his car into the gate at CIA headquarters, causing some damage and disruption (See "CIA Gate Crasher Gets 30-day Sentence" by Rachel Weiner, Washington Post, August 16).

Three days later, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper issued a new directive on Security Standards For Protecting Domestic IC Facilities. A copy of the unclassified Intelligence Community Directive 706, dated June 16, 2016, was recently made available by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

The new intelligence directive sets security standards for "planning and designing new facilities and renovation of existing facilities."

"The protection of facilities is a preeminent concern for the IC. Applying baseline physical security standards to manage risks and mitigate threats enables the IC to effectively protect facilities and reduce vulnerabilities."  [Read more:  Aftergood/SecrecyNews/18August2016]

Probe Urged Into Alleged Turkish Spy Network in Germany.  German MPs will ask the government to investigate claims that Turkish intelligence agents are targeting Germany's Turkish community and putting pressure on critics of president Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

This move could increase pressure on chancellor Angela Merkel, who has, controversially, worked closely with Turkey on EU refugee issues. Ms. Merkel is already facing political pressure after a leaked German government report last week described Ankara as a "central platform of action" for radical Islamist groups.

The new claims, published in the Welt newspaper, come as German politicians are increasingly concerned about Mr. Erdogan's influence in key religious and community institutions serving Germany's 3m-strong Turkish and Turkish-origin population.

The political controversy could complicate Ms. Merkel's efforts to keep in place the EU-Turkey refugee pact, which is increasingly criticised in Germany for the concessions made to Mr. Erdogan, including the soft-pedalling criticism of his crackdown following the recent failed coup.  [Read more:  Wagstyl/FinancialTimes/22August2016]

Angela Merkel Calls for More Sharing of Intelligence Information in EU.  Leaders from France, Germany and Italy proposed Monday to step up cooperation in areas such as intelligence sharing and border defense, without giving any sign that they will grow closer economically in response to British voters' recent decision to leave the EU.

"In the face of Islamist terror and the civil war in Syria, we have to do more for both our internal and external security," said German Chancellor Angela Merkel, calling for national intelligence services across the EU to share information with each other more closely.

She was speaking during a meeting near Naples with French President François Hollande and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.

The leaders of the European Union's three biggest countries by population - excluding the UK - were making plans in preparation for an informal meeting of the remaining 27 EU leaders that will take place in Bratislava, Slovakia, next month.   [Read more:  Turner/WallStreetJournal/22August2016]

Marine Corps Stays One Step Ahead of the Enemy With New, Lighter Surveillance Sensor.   Marine Corps Systems Command is equipping Marines with a smaller, lighter, longer-lasting measurement and signature intelligence sensor to keep them one step ahead of the enemy.

Fielded six months ahead of schedule this June, the Magnetic Intrusion Detector II can be easily concealed and provides ground sensor platoons the capability for remote surveillance using unattended sensors. MAGID II is used to detect vehicles and rifle-sized targets moving within its electromagnetic fields.

"We fielded the MAGID II early to Marine Corps intelligence squadrons," said John Covington, project officer for the Tactical Remote Sensor System in MCSC's Marine Intelligence program office. MAGID II is part of the Corps' Unattended Ground Sensor Set, a Tactical Remote Sensor System component. "The new device is 50 percent smaller, 33 percent lighter and uses 32 percent less energy than its predecessor. The modernized MAGID provides not only target detection and direction information, but also magnetic disturbance readout, indicating the size of the target."

The improved MAGID II is easier for Marines to use and harder for enemy combatants to locate. MAGID II also improves on the original device's capability, which was unidirectional, meaning it could not detect moving objects not in its line of sight.   [Read more:  Browne/Marines/16August2016]

Ex-SEAL Member Who Wrote Book on Bin Laden Raid Forfeits $6.8 Million.  Matt Bissonnette, a former member of Navy SEAL Team 6 who wrote an account of the raid that killed Osama bin Laden, agreed on Friday to forfeit $6.8 million in book royalties and speaking fees and apologized for failing to clear his disclosures with the Pentagon, according to federal court documents.

Mr. Bissonnette also recently forfeited $180,000 in fees for consulting work that he did for military contractors while he was still on the SEAL team, his lawyer, Robert D. Luskin, said in an interview.

If approved by a federal judge in Alexandria, VA, the royalty settlement would bring an end to more than two years of civil and criminal investigations into Mr. Bissonnette, who won several awards for valor in Iraq and Afghanistan before writing No Easy Day, his best-selling book on the Bin Laden raid, under the pen name Mark Owen.

The firsthand account of the daring raid was one of several high-profile books and movies involving former Navy SEALS that has led to criticism within a community once known for discretion that Mr. Bissonnette and the others were cashing in on their exploits.  [Read more:  Drew/NYTimes/19August2016]


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

How MI5 and MI6 Used Powers to Stop Terror Attacks on British Soil and Track Down Jihadists. Theresa May has said that the mass collection of private data by the security services is "vital" for public safety after an official review found it is has been repeatedly used to stop terrorist attacks in Britain.

David Anderson, the Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, revealed that MI6 used "bulk data" to identify terror suspects who posed a threat to the UK in the wake of the attacks in Paris and Brussels.

He highlighted that he "sheer vivid range" of case studies provided to him by the security services, including identifying Isil extremists in the UK, stopping suspected terrorists from entering Britain and identifying foreign spies.

Other uses of bulk data include protecting children from abuse, rescuing hostages in Afghanistan and defending companies from cyber attacks. [Read more:  Swinford/TheTelegraph/19August2016]

How to Pass a CIA Background Check.  "Withholding information from us will not work in your favor," says Ronald S. Patrick, deputy director of talent development at the Central Intelligence Agency, which receives up to 150,000 résumés a year. Applicants who are offered a job go through a monthslong security clearance, including an intense background check. To pass, you can't have been convicted of a felony ("That's a showstopper for us"); also, no recent illegal drug use. You will be asked about drugs in the application. Tell the truth. "We don't expect you to be shockingly, squeaky clean," Patrick says. "We expect you to have lived a life, to have exercised bad judgment, to have gone through adolescence and made mistakes."

Get your finances in order. "The No. 1 reason why Americans spy is for financial gain or need," Patrick says. The CIA sees bad credit and mountainous debt as potential liabilities. Prepare to be spied on. Investigators will come to your town; walk your streets; talk to your ex-colleagues, former roommates and nosy neighbors. They're looking for people not listed as your character references, especially those who don't like you. "I went through a lot of shoes," Patrick says of his former role as a background investigator.

Keep your romantic interests American. "If you're in love with a Russian citizen," Patrick says, "we cannot take that risk." Sign over your medical records. "Tell us everything," Patrick says. "It may be embarrassing. It may be something you want to forget, something you've put in your past - tell us about it anyway." 

Be prepared to take a mandatory polygraph test, which Patrick describes as an "exceedingly reliable" way to find out whether you've been truthful.  [Read more:  Wollan/NYTimes/19August2016]

A Former CIA Asset Has Become a US Headache in Libya.  He's a grandfather and longtime Washington suburbanite who now commands a powerful fighting force in northern Africa. He's also a former CIA asset and anti-Islamist warrior who stands in the way of peace in Libya.

The United States and its allies can't figure out what to do about Khalifa Hifter, the Libyan general whose refusal to support a fragile unity government has jeopardized hopes for stability in a country plagued by conflict.

Since he emerged as an important post-revolution figure in 2014, Western governments have struggled to define an effective policy to deal with Hifter, who has styled himself as an antidote to extremists while building his own power base and shunning the political process brokered by the United Nations.

"Hifter is threatening many of the Western-backed initiatives in Libya and the establishment of a recognized political power," said Barak Barfi, a scholar at New America, a Washington think tank. "Hifter doesn't have the strength on the battlefield to deliver on his promises to defeat Islamists, but he can act as a spoiler."  [Read more:  Ryan/WashingtonPost/17August2016]

The CIA's Spot on Dog Training Tips.  I've been a dog trainer long enough (almost 20 years) to see a massive change in the perception of the field. It used to be considered more a hobby than a job, even though many of us were already making a living doing it full time. I remember someone once telling me that it was "almost as though you have a real career." Now, dog training is recognized as serious business and as a valuable contribution to society. In fact, it's so legit that the CIA discussed its top 10 dog training tips in a featured article alongside articles such as "The Korean War Controversy: An Intelligence Success or Failure?" and "The Spymaster's Toolkit".

What's even more exciting to me than seeing how seriously the CIA takes its dog training is realizing that the CIA's Top 10 Dog Training Tips are absolutely spot on. The first tip is "Make it fun" and the last one is "Always end on a positive". Everything in between is just as likely to make your typical dog trainer nod, smile or click. Dogs who work for the CIA begin their training as part of civilian training programs such as Guide Dogs for the Blind or programs in which inmates in jail train puppies in basic skills.

Dogs in the CIA aim to do what other members of this agency try to do - keep people safe - though their specific job is primarily sniffing out explosives. In addition to that detection work, dogs may be involved in apprehending suspects and educating the public. The K-9 program at the CIA emphasizes training as well as lots of exercise and plenty of time to play.

It was news to me that the CIA's methods of developing great working dogs combine consistent and positive training with making sure the dogs have happy, balanced lives. Did you already know this?  [London/TheBark/21August2016]


Section III - COMMENTARY

Watermelons and National Security: Protecting US Foreign Intelligence Collection from Unnecessary Disclosure.  In 1966, Congress enacted the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to create a legal regime under which the American public could gain access to information about its government's activities. In keeping with Justice Brandeis's observation that "sunlight is the best disinfectant," FOIA has become an invaluable tool in forcing information of national interest into the open, and of revealing instances of government waste, fraud, and abuse.

Despite the general ethic of openness, FOIA exempts, among other things, national security (i.e. classified) information, trade secrets and commercial or financial information, information related solely to the internal personnel rules of an agency, and personnel and medical files. In addition, FOIA exempts information "specifically exempted from disclosure by statute." 5 U.S.C. § 552(b)(3) (such statutes are referred to as "Exemption 3" statutes). A significant number of statutes include FOIA exemptions, including those exempting individual tax return information and personally identifiable information pertaining to members of the armed forces. Even information about watermelon growers is protected from disclosure by Federal law. (Seriously. 7 U.S.C. § 4908(c)).

In recent years, private litigants have increasingly used FOIA as a means of obtaining sensitive information regarding US foreign intelligence collection. In federal court cases across the country, the government fights these lawsuits on the grounds that public release of the information sought would harm national security. The process of defending these suits is time consuming, messy, and diverts critical intelligence community resources away from their responsibility of protecting US national security interests. In some instances, the government successfully prevents public disclosures it views as harmful to national security. However, in some instances, the court challenges the government's assertions of national security harm - often in an extremely burdensome line-by-line review of documents at issue - and, in some cases, even orders public disclosure notwithstanding those national security concerns.  [Read more:  Rosenthal/Lawfare/22August2016]


Section IV - Calls for Papers (CFP), and Obituaries

CFP: Calls for Papers

CFP: Espionage and Secrecy in Medieval History (Society for Military History) for 11-14 May 2017, Kalamazoo MI.

Call for Papers, for conference being hosted by the Society for Military History.

Call for Papers for the Society for Military History (SMH) Midwest's sponsored session on "Espionage and Secrecy in Medieval History" at the 52nd International Medieval Congress 11-14 May 2017 (hosted by Western Michigan University). The final date for submitting proposals is 15 September 2016. As an aid to SMH members wishing to propose papers, the session's description follows: "There are countless examples of spies and secret activities from all times and places in the medieval world, a wealth of information to be discovered and decoded. Whether it occurred for political, personal, military, economic, romantic, or many other ends, nearly every scholar has found an incident or artifact of secrecy or spying in the Middle Ages. Yet the study of espionage and secrecy goes beyond the case study; it is a manifestation of cultural and philosophical approaches to trust and betrayal. Secrecy begets espionage and espionage begets secrecy. Important global events involving intelligence studies have their roots in medieval times, while the challenges posed by medieval evidence (like the Voynich Manuscript) and medieval events (such as identifying and tracking participants in the Crusades or in the Hundred Years' War) increasingly involve modern intelligence techniques. This session provides a multidisciplinary forum intended to establish espionage and secrecy within the spectrum of medieval scholarship while creating a bridge between medieval and intelligence historians."

Criteria and forms for proposals here. Word version here.

Email completed proposals as PDFs to Dana Cushing at dana@antimony.biz The PDF version of the Paper Proposal form is found here.

All candidates will be informed about their proposals between 15 September and 30 September 2016. Any candidate who does not win a spot in the SMH session automatically receives a second chance in the General Session, which is decided on 1 October 2016 by the Conference itself.

CFP: Special Operations at the Crossroads for 28-29 October 2016, Alexandria, VA

Call for Papers, for a conference being hosted by the Special Operations Research Association
The Special Operations Research Association is pleased to announce that this year's annual symposium will be held October 28-29, 2016 in Alexandria, Virginia. Events will be held at the Embassy Suites in Old Town, Alexandria.
The theme of this year's conference is "Special Operations at the Crossroads." Special operations forces have never been more popular as instruments of national policy. This popularity is reflected in the growth of special operations organizations and their budgets, as well as the willingness to deploy them. Is this short-term trend merely a fad that will be reversed or will special operations perhaps become a "sixth armed service" to address hybrid threats and "gray zone" challenges?
The primary focus of this conference is on the exchange of ideas through scholarly presentations by researchers, policy makers, and operators on the broad range of issues facing the SOF community today and in the future.
We invite papers across the full range of issues related to special operations, both historically and contemporary and unilaterally or multilaterally. We encourage submissions from a diverse population of those with expertise and interests in special operations, including scholars and researchers from different academic disciplines, military practitioners and strategists, and policy makers and analysts.

Potential topics include: Special Operations and State Actors; Policy and Strategy Implications of Special Operations; Special Operations as Instruments of National Security; Small State and Coalition Considerations of Special Operations; Special Operations: The Fourth Offset?; Special Operations and Gray Zone Challenges; Special Operations: Realist, Liberal, and Constructivist Perspectives; Special Operations, Deterrence, and "Compellence"; Economic and Social Aspects of Special Operations; Organizational and Cultural Aspects of SOF; The Legal and Ethical Dimensions of Special Operations.
Proposals: We encourage submissions from a diverse population of those with expertise and interests in special operations, including academic researchers, military practitioners, and policy analysts. Paper proposals should consist of a title, abstract (150-300 words), contact information (name, affiliation, address, phone, email), and 1-page CV. Along with your proposal, please indicate if you would be willing to serve as a panel chair or discussant at the conference.
Panel proposals are intended to provide a thematically consistent discussion of research on a specific topic. Panels consist of a panel chair/discussant, and 4-5 paper presenters. Panel submissions must provide all of the following information: title/theme of panel; contact information (name, affiliation, address, phone, email), and 1-page CV for chair, discussant, and all presenters; and paper proposals for all presenters on the panel (title and 150-300 word abstract). Please note: paper proposals for the panel should be included with the panel submission, and not submitted separately as an individual paper proposal.
Roundtable proposals are intended to encourage a less structured, more open discussion format wherein topics of interest to the special operations community are debated by 3-5 researchers and/or practitioners with knowledge of the topic. Roundtable proposals should consist of a title/theme; brief summary of why the topic is important and what questions will be addressed by the roundtable (150-300 words); and 1-page CV and contact information for all proposed roundtable members (name, affiliation, address, phone, email).
Submissions: This year we are using a rolling acceptance policy, meaning we will try to get your paper accepted within 1-2 weeks of submission, if not sooner. This will allow people to make the necessary plans to participate at the conference. While there is no hard deadline, any submission received after early October might be a bit difficult to accommodate, so it would be wise to check with us before submitting if it's less than two weeks out. Proposals should be submitted via email to editor@specopsjournal.org. Submitters will be notified of receipt as quickly as possible and again regarding acceptance within 1-2 weeks.
Registration: Once your proposal has been accepted for presentation at the symposium, you will need to register for the symposium and pay your registration fee. The registration fee is $85 for all. Unfortunately, due to the expense of holding the symposium in the DC area, we are not able to offer a discount to SORA members this year. Registration fees can be paid through the conference website here.

AFIO thanks member and Professor Stephen Marrin, Section Chair, The Intelligence Studies Section at The International Studies Association for many CFP announcements.

Obituaries

Doris Bohrer, an American Spy in World War II and the Cold War, Dies at 93.  Barely 20 and two years out of Silver Spring's Montgomery Blair High School - Class of 1940 - Doris Sharrar became an employee of the Office of Strategic Services, the World War II predecessor of the CIA. She began as a typist but, by the end of the war, she had spied on the Nazis from vantage points in Italy and North Africa and played a role in plotting the Allied invasions of Sicily and the rest of Italy.

For her safety, she packed a Browning pistol in a shoulder holster. She examined aerial photographs to track enemy movements, including the railway transport of civilians in cattle cars bound for European concentration and death camps.

When the war ended and the OSS morphed into the CIA, she went to Germany for Cold War espionage on the Soviet Union. She interviewed German scientists who had been captured, held and interrogated by the Russians, trying to glean from them the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science.

She retired in 1979 as deputy chief of counterintelligence, training US officers on the methods and tactics of foreign espionage operatives. "She spied on the spies," said her son, Jason P. Bohrer.  [Read more:  Barnes/WashingtonPost/18August2016]

Elizabeth Sparrow, Historian of Espionage.  Elizabeth Sparrow, who has died aged 89, was the author of Secret Service: British Agents in France, 1792-1815 (1999), a ground-breaking history of British espionage; she subsequently uncovered the story of the secret agent who was thought to be the model for the Scarlet Pimpernel.

She first discovered evidence of an international network of secret agents operating in the late 18th and early 19th centuries while she was researching Cornish history, and her work was given impetus when she met the former SIS and SOE agent Bickham Sweet-Escott who remembered being told in 1940 by an old-timer that SOE was being set up "to do to Europe what [William] Pitt did to France before 1807".

Despite her lack of academic credentials, Elizabeth Sparrow obtained funds from the Leverhulme Trust and the British Academy for research in Paris, and in 1990 and 1992 she published two essays about the Secret Service in the Historical Journal, a publication normally reserved for treatises by academics.

She spent the next few years driving around Europe and visiting archives in Switzerland, Germany and France. She became expert at piecing small fragments of evidence together and she developed a sophisticated understanding of the continental underworld and the psychology of its main players.  [Read more:  TheTelegraph/16August2016]


Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

24 August 2016, 1 - 4:30 p.m. - Yorba Linda, CA - CIA and Nixon Library host "The President's Daily Brief: Delivering Intelligence to Nixon and Ford" at the Nixon Presidential Library

Previously classified President's Daily Briefs (PDB) from the Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford Administrations produced by the CIA are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, 24 August, at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in Yorba Linda, California, at a symposium from 1:00 - 4:30 pm.

The event will feature panel discussions and remarks by CIA Director John O. Brennan, Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper, senior Intelligence Community historians, and leaders from the academic and archivist communities. AFIO's president, James R. Hughes, will be hosting a special post-conference reception and looks forward to greeting members.

The President's Daily Briefs (PDBs) contain intelligence analysis on key national security issues for the president and other senior policymakers. Only the president, vice president, and a select group of officials with high-level security clearance receive the daily briefing, which represents the Intelligence Community's best insights when confronted with threats, as well as opportunities related to our national security.

This public release highlights the role of the PDBs in foreign and national security policymaking. This collection includes the PDBs published during President Nixon's term from January 1969 through the end of President Ford's term in January 1977. These documents offer insight into intelligence that informed presidential decision-making during critical historical events including: the Vietnam War, President Nixon's Trip to China, the OPEC embargo, and the Arab-Israeli War.

The documents will be posted on the CIA website the day of the symposium here. This collection was assembled as part of the CIA's Historical Review Program, which identifies, reviews, and declassifies documents on historically significant events or topics.

Wednesday, 7 September 2016, 6 pm - Las Vegas, NV - AFIO Las Vegas Chapter hears Dr. Wilfred Krom on "Present Day South Africa, Through the Eyes of an Expatriate."

Wilfred Krom, M.D., FRCS, MCh (Orth) FAAOS, is the featured speaker at this fall kick-off event by the AFIO Las Vegas, NV Chapter. His topic will be "Present Day South Africa, Through the Eyes of an Expatriate."
Krom was born and educated in South Africa. After graduating from medical school in 1959, while pursuing a career in Orthopedic Surgery, he resided in Johannesburg, Capetown, London, Liverpool, Los Angeles, and New York City. He practiced pediatric orthopedics in New York City for three years before finally settling in Los Angeles, where he remained in practice for more than 33 years. Dr. Krom retired from the medical field in 2006. He is a Board certified Orthopedic Surgeon, a Fellow of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, a Fellow of The Royal College of Surgeons of England, and holds a Master's Degree in Orthopedic Surgery from the University of Liverpool. He has been affiliated with the teaching staffs at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical in New York City, as well as USC and UCLA. Dr. Krom permanently left South Africa in 1967, and became a proud American citizen in 1978. He still has several relatives that reside in South Africa with whom he maintains frequent correspondence. Dr. Krom has an avocation as a jazz chromatic harmonica player with his own band, which he pursues with vigor. Dr. Krom will be discussing the status of present day South Africa, including the resources, economy, short and long-term outlook, and its place on the continent.

Location: Conference Center at Texas Station Casino, 2101 Texas Star Ln, North Las Vegas, NV (corner of Rancho Blvd. and West Lake Mead Blvd.) North Las Vegas, NV 89032
RSVP: Christy Zalesny at christyzalesny@yahoo.com or call 702-271-5667.

Thursday, 8 September 2016, 11:30 am - 1:30 pm - Scottsdale, AZ - AFIO AZ hosts SSA George K. Steuer, FBI Phoenix, on "Threat Mitigation."

SSA George K. Steuer, FBI Phoenix, Squad NS-9, will talk about the Threat Mitigation Squad which fully integrates their investigation and operations planning. Steuer is a retired senior IC executive.
The National Security Threat Mitigation Squad is comprised of 10 SAs, Task Force Officers, and intelligence personnel dedicated to thoroughly vetting and mitigating tips and leads of National Security concern. The squad is an integral component of the Arizona Intelligence Fusion Center and works in tandem with Terrorism Liaison Officers throughout the State.
Prior to assuming his current leadership role, George was the SSA over PX's combined Human Trafficking-Violent Crimes Against Children Task Force which served as a model for other FBI divisions to emulate. Additionally, the proactive and innovative techniques utilized by the Task Force to identify and arrest traffickers, and rescue victims leading up to the 2015 Super Bowl was awarded the 2015 International Association of Chiefs of Police Civil Rights Award.
Steuer previously served as an Assistant Legal Attaché in Kabul, Afghanistan where he had management responsibilities over the FBI's Afghan capacity building and international liaison missions. George previously deployed to Iraq in 2005 and Afghanistan in 2007 working insurgent and terror organization threats.
Prior to joining the FBI in November of 1998, George worked for United States Senator Daniel K. Inouye for eight years.
Location: Best Western Thunderbird Suites, 7515 E Butherus Dr, Scottsdale, AZ 85260.
Price: $18 pp.
RSVP simone@afioaz.org or simone@4smartphone.net or call and leave a message on 602.570.6016.

10 September 2016, 11:30am - Melbourne, FL - The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter hosts Louis Pernice on "The History of Homeland Security."

Guest Speaker at this kick-off event for the fall season is Louis Pernice, speaking on "The History of Homeland Security: The American Experience from our Independence to 911." It will be presented from abroad perspective covering both constitutional, budgetary and social issues. Lou will also be covering the topic starting from the early colonial days of defending our borders through the Civil War, both World Wars, the Cold War, evolution of transnational terrorist threat and up to the 9/11 attacks.
Lou's professional background includes: Career law enforcement professional with a leadership record spanning over 40 years of demonstrated success in five federal/state law enforcement/support agencies including: United States Treasury Department - Internal Revenue Service; US Department of Agriculture - Office of Inspector General; US Department of Justice - Office of the Inspector General; US Immigration and Naturalization Service - Office of Professional Responsibility; and the Brevard Police Testing and Selection Center. Lou holds a Masters Degree in Public Administration from John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York and hold a BachelorsDegree in Psychology from Brooklyn College in New York.
Event will be held at Indian River Colony Club, 1936 Freedom Drive, Melbourne, FL 32940.
For more information or to register, do so at this chapter website link.

Thursday, 15 September 2016, 11:30am - Colorado Springs area, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts Elizabeth Boardman discussing "Cybersecurity 101: Types of Cybersecurity, Recent Threats, Personal Cybersecurity Safety, Tools Going Forward."

Elizabeth Boardman discusses "Cybersecurity 101: Types of Cybersecurity, Recent Threats, Personal Cybersecurity Safety, Tools Going Forward" at this Rocky Mountain Chapter first meeting of the fall season.
After going through Naval ROTC in the first class of women at Ohio State University, Elizabeth Boardman served for 8 years in the Navy and 21 years in the Naval Reserve, with postings in Groton, Norfolk, South Korea, Munich, and many others in 8 states, including a tour on the national staff for the Commander, Naval Reserve Intelligence in Dallas. She also worked for Boeing in Alaska and Lockheed Martin in Maryland. Her last position was in Colorado Springs.

She has two Bachelor degrees and a Master’s Degree in Computer Security and in Information Assurance.

Please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at robsmom@pcisys.net for more details. The cost of the meal is $15.

All presentations to the RMC, AFIO are on the basis of non-attribution so the speakers can feel free to provide information with the assurance it will not be published.

15 September 2016, 12:30 - 2 pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO–L.A hosts Maj. Gen. Mark MacCarley, US Army, (Ret) on "Integrating the Active Army, Guard, and Army Reserve for Enhanced National Security Readiness."

Maj. Gen.(Ret) MacCarley will be discussing “Integrating the Active Army, Guard, and Army Reserve into one Army to optimize readiness and enhance National Security."
Brief Bio: Among Maj. Gen. MacCarley’s many accomplishments in the United States Army he has served in the following key positions:
Deputy Chief of Staff, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command; Deputy Commanding General – Support,1st Army and Commander, 1st Army Reserve Support Command; Deputy Commanding General, 1st Theater Sustainment Command, headquartered at Camp Arifjan, Kuwait; Deputy Commanding General, 8thTheater Sustainment Command, Fort Shafter, Hawaii; Deputy Defense Coordinating Officer and Regional Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officer, US Fifth Army; and Chief of Staff, 377th Theater Sustainment Command, Camp Arifjan, Kuwait.

Location: L.A.P.D.-ARTC, 5651 W Manchester Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045
Please RSVP: afio_la@yahoo.com to attend. Refreshments will be served.


Other Upcoming Events

Wednesday, 24 August 2016, noon- 2 pm - Washington, DC - Debriefing the President - at the International Spy Museum

In December 2003, after one of the largest, most aggressive manhunts in history, US military forces captured Iraqi president Saddam Hussein near his hometown. Beset by body-double rumors and false alarms, the Bush administration needed positive identification of the prisoner before announcing the capture. John Nixon was a senior CIA leadership analyst who had spent years studying the Iraqi dictator. Called upon to make the official ID, Nixon looked for telltale scars and tattoos and asked Hussein questions only he could answer―the man was indeed Saddam Hussein. Join Nixon as he exposes the preconceived ideas that led Washington policymakers astray and presents a new perspective on America's most enigmatic enemy in Debriefing the President. Tickets: FREE. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Wednesday, 24 August 2016, 6:30 pm- 8:30 pm - Washington, DC - Spies on Screen: The Tall Blond Man with One Black Shoe - at the International Spy Museum

When this lighthearted tale of espionage, surveillance, and mistaken identity premiered in 1972 it became an international sensation. Pierre Richard is Francois the tall blond man, an unsuspecting violinist who becomes a pawn in a goofy, but deadly, game of spy versus spy within France's Counter-Espionage department. The screwball comedy features a fabulous femme fatale, much slapstick, and lots and lots of collateral damage. Enjoy popcorn and sparkling French soda along with the evening's screening. In French with English subtitles; screening at the Spy Museum. Cosponsored by the Alliance Française de Washington and Film Movement. Tickets: $10. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Friday September 9, 2016 - noon to 2 pm - The Loudoun Crime Commission Luncheon features Frank J. Gaffney, Jr., on "Why There Can Be No Substitute for Victory Over Jihad."

Mr Gaffney's presentation is titled 'Why There Can Be No Substitute for Victory Over Jihad.' The global jihad movement is the premier threat to Western Civilization of the 21st century. Jihadists use both violent and pre-violent techniques (including subversion, influence operations, infiltration, propaganda, law fare, migration, material support for terrorism, etc.) against all pillars of American civilization (in particular, our political system, military/intelligence/law enforcement communities, media, clergy, economy, education system, courts, etc.). The jihad must be effectively and decisively countered, rolled back, dismantled and ultimately defeated through the sustained use of a comprehensive, fact-based approach involving all instruments of national power at the federal, state and local levels, and wherever possible, the help of like-minded allies.
Gaffney is founder/ and president of the Center for Security Policy (CSP) in Washington, DC. The Center is a resource for timely analyses of foreign and defense policy matters. Prior to founding CSP, Gaffney served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Forces and Arms Control Policy in the Reagan administration. Additionally, Mr. Gaffney was a Professional Staff Member on the Senate Armed Services Committee, chaired by Senator John Tower (R-Texas).
This event falls 2 days before 13th Anniversary of 9/11 terrorist attacks on US.
Location: the Belmont Country Club. Cost $25 pp. cash or check.
RSVP by 6 September to RSVP@loudouncrimecommission.org.

Monday, 19 September 2016, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Storm Over Leyte with John Prados - at the International Spy Museum

As the Allies prepared for the invasion of the Philippine island of Leyte, every available warship, submarine, and airplane was placed on alert while Japanese admiral Kurita Takeo stalked Admiral William F. Halsey's unwitting American armada. It was the beginning of the epic Battle of Leyte Gulf - the greatest naval battle in history. Join acclaimed historian John Prados, author of the new book Storm Over Leyte, for an unprecedented look at both sides of this titanic naval clash. Drawing upon a wealth of untapped sources - US and Japanese military records, diaries, declassified intelligence reports, and postwar interrogation transcripts - Prados offers up a masterful narrative of naval conflict on a gigantic scale. With access to the naval intelligence reports that influenced key strategic decisions on both sides, find out why Prados believes that despite the Americans' overwhelming superiority in firepower and supplies, the Japanese found a new weapon and achieved part of their goal. The event is co-sponsored by the Naval Intelligence Professionals (NIP). Tickets: $10. Visit www.spymuseum.org

Wednesday, 21 September 2016, noon - Washington, DC - True Believer: Stalin's Last American Spy - at the International Spy Museum

Noel Field betrayed his country and crushed his family. Once a well-meaning and privileged American, Field spied for Stalin during the 1930s and '40s. Used as a pawn in Stalin's sinister master strategy, he was ultimately kidnapped and tortured by the KGB and forced to testify against his own Communist comrades. Join journalist Kati Marton, author of True Believer, as she explains how this Ivy League-educated, US State Department employee, deeply rooted in American culture and history, became a hardcore Stalinist. With a reporter's eye for detail and a historian's grasp of the cataclysmic events of the twentieth century, Marton will discuss how she uncovered Field's quest for a life of meaning that went horribly wrong through her unprecedented access to Field family correspondence, Soviet Secret Police records, and reporting on key players including Alger Hiss, CIA Director Allen Dulles, World War II spy master "Wild Bill" Donovan, and Josef Stalin himself. No registration is required. Tickets: FREE. Visit www.spymuseum.org

28 - 29 October 2016 - The Hague, Netherlands - "Witness to Change: Intelligence Analysis in a Changing Environment" is topic of the NISA 25th Anniversary Conference

The Netherlands Intelligence Studies Association (NISA) celebrates its 25th anniversary with a two-days conference. Main theme is the strongly changed environment of the intelligence analyst during these past 25 years.
In other words: the 25th anniversary as a symbol for the revolutionary changes in the intelligence world with which analysts have to deal; both external developments (the onset of a multipolar world, asymmetric conflicts, the information revolution), and internal changes (in collecting, processing, dissemination, legitimization and supervision).
These developments forced intelligence analysts and organisations to adapt work processes and methods and techniques. Intelligence analysts still mostly operate in secret, but the demands of intelligence consumers and the public have changed over the last 25 years. Social and technological developments have changed the playing field and the rules of the game for the intelligence analyst, leading to an enormous growth in (publicly) available information and means of communication, and demands for more transparency and accountability. Aim of the conference is to touch on the consequences of this changed environment, and to look ahead.

Participants are invited to listen to distinguished experts in the field, and to enter into discussions on various topics relating to intelligence analysis.

The Conference will be held at the Nationaal Archief (the National Archive), Prins Willem Alexanderhof 20, The Hague, the Netherlands.
The conference program may be viewed here as a PDF.

Conference Fee: Standard Fee: Eur175; Student Fee: Eur80 (proof of status required). Fee covers registration, lunch and drinks.
To join the Conference Diner on Friday 28 October 2016, an extra fee of Eur30 is applicable.

To Register: For registration: fill this form. After registration you will receive further information as regards payment of the conference fee and the programme. There is a limited number of seats. Registration for the conference will close on 15 October 2016.
For further information please send an e-mail to 25yearsnisa@gmail.com


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