Weekly Intelligence Notes #19-17 dated 9 May 2017
NOTE: Users of Apple products and some newer
Microsoft email programs recently discovered that the internal
links (table of contents to story and back) found in many emailed
newsletters no longer work, including AFIO's Weekly Notes.
Research shows that this is a bug in Apple's iOS 8
onwards in the way that webpages handle internal links when viewed
as an email.
If that is the case for you, use the following link to view this
[Editors' Note are now
below the CONTENTS] REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish
to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs,
I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS
Section II - CONTEXT &
III - COMMENTARY
Section IV - Events
Upcoming AFIO Events
- 11 May
2017, 6:30 pm - Atlanta, GA - The AFIO Atlanta Chapter hosts Dr.
Harvey Klehr - on "From Russia with Love -- Soviet
Agent Turned Bond Consultant: The Career of Joseph Katz."
12 May 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Spring
Luncheon features NYTimes Washington Correspondent David
Sanger on "Terrorism, Secret Wars, Nuclear
Proliferation, and the Use of American Power," and Author Eva
Dillon on "Living Life Undercover in a CIA Family"
- 13 May 2017,
11:30 am - Patrick AFB, FL - The AFIO Florida Satellite
Chapter hosts Alexander Penalta, J.D. on
"Civilian Drone Operations: The Threat Over the Horizon."
18 May 2017, 11:30 AM - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky
Mountain Chapter hosts Dr. William E. Berry,
discussing "North Korea's Nuclear Weapons and Missile
- 21 June 2017 (Wednesday), 11:30am - San Francisco, CA - AFIO San Francisco Chapter hosts CMDR Waldron on "How US Coast Guard Intelligence programs coordinate with law enforcement and the intelligence communities."
- HOLD THE
DATE - 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's
2017 National Intelligence Symposium at National
Other Upcoming Events
- Wednesday, 10
May 2017, noon - Washington, DC - Global Terrorism, Espionage
and Cybersecurity Monthly Update - at the International Spy
- 16 May 2017,
11:30 am - 2 pm - McLean, VA - Defense Intelligence Forum
hears from former FBI Special Agent Gary Harter on "The Insider Threat and Cyber Security."
- Wednesday, 17
May 2017, 7-10pm - Washington, DC - Dinner with Spies: An
Evening with N. John MacGaffin III and William
Ross Newland III - at the International Spy Museum
25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am - Fort Meade, MD - National
Cryptologic Museum's Schorreck Lecture: "Codebreaking and the
Battle of Midway" with Author/Historian Elliot
- 4 - 7
June 2017 - San Antonio, TX - USGIF GEOINT 2017
Symposium theme is: "Advancing Capabilities to
Meet Emerging Threats"
- 20 June
2017, 10 am to 1 pm - Annapolis Junction, MD - NCMF 2017
Summer Cryptologic Program features David Priess on The President's Daily Brief. Special NSA/NCMF
WWI Panel Discussions on "Decoding The Great War" and
Presentations of the new WWI Exhibit follow as an extended
- 18 October
2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting &
Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."
- 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for
Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and
For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events
WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the
following special contributors: pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm,
kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more
stories used in this issue.
The WIN editors attempt to include a wide
range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform
and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the
articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect
support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers
and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and
all articles and commentary.
AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career
announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and
career offerings are published as a service to our members, and
for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to
exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding,
and should verify the source independently before supplying any
resume, career data, or personal information.]
If you are having difficulties with the links or viewing this
newsletter when it arrives by email, members may view the latest
edition each week at this link. You will need your LOGIN NAME and
Recently released - AFIO's 2017 edition of...
as a Career - with updated listings of colleges
teaching intelligence courses, and Q&As on needed foreign
languages, as well as the courses, grades, extracurricular
activities, and behavioral characteristics and life experiences
sought by modern US intelligence agencies.
AFIO's popular 56-page booklet reaches high school and college
students considering careers in the US Intelligence Community.
This is the fourth edition.
The publication is also popular with University Career Guidance
Centers, professors and academic departments specializing in
national security, and parents assisting children or grandchildren
in choosing meaningful, public service careers.
This booklet is provided at no cost as a public service - online
and in print - from the generosity of AFIO board, donors, and
members. 20,000 printed copies of each edition are distributed.
Many more are accessed online.
We thank all members and donors for their support which has made
2017 edition of Careers Booklet in PDF
Format available here.
Also now online as a public service from the generosity
of our members and donors is the entire 788-page AFIO's
Guide to the Study of Intelligence, Peter Oleson, Editor,
with a foreword by Dr. Robert M. Gates.
It can be accessed here.
If you wish, instead, to own a printed, bound copy, those are
available here (AFIO) and here (Amazon).
AFIO warmly thanks our WINs editors, including Teri Rustmann, for 10 years of news-gathering and organizing of these popular AFIO Weekly Notes provided to all current members as part of the educational service of the association.
We look forward to their next decade of outstanding service.
Only a few seats remain...make one of them yours
AFIO's Spring Luncheon
this Friday, 12 May 2017
11 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Last change to register if space available
Author Eva Dillon on
"Living Life Undercover in a CIA Family"
and join AFIO as we welcome and thank Marina, the granddaughter of
Gen Polyakov present with us at this special event.
- and -
New York Times Washington Correspondent
David Sanger on
"Terrorism, Secret Wars, Nuclear Proliferation, and the
Use of American Power"
The 11 a.m. speaker is Eva
Dillon, author and magazine publisher, on Spies in
the Family: An American Spymaster, His Russian Crown Jewel, and
the Friendship That Helped End the Cold War. It is an
engaging true-life memoir, of her CIA father, Paul Dillon, and the
GRU officer who became a CIA agent whom her father handled - the
highest ranking, longest serving asset the US had during the Cold
War. It is also a memoir about both families growing up
unknowingly as the children of spies.
David E. Sanger, Chief Washington Correspondent
for the New York Times, speaks on "Terrorism, Secret
Wars, Nuclear Proliferation, and the Use of American Power." His
address starts at 1 p.m.
"A beautifully written, profoundly moving account of one of the
most important US Intelligence sources ever run inside the Soviet
Union. A cliff-hanger from beginning to end, Dillon's account is
filled with espionage tradecraft and family drama - essential
reading for intelligence professionals, memoir enthusiasts, and
anyone fascinated by how spying really works." -- Peter Earnest,
Executive Director, International Spy Museum
Event location is the Crowne Plaza (soon
to be renamed DoubleTree-Hilton), Tysons
Corner, VA, at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
Registration is here. Do so quickly to assure
"Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway" with
Author/Historian Elliot Carlson
National Cryptologic Museum's Schorreck Lecture
Thursday, 25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am
Fort Meade, MD
2017 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series features Elliot
Carlson, author of the celebrated biography of CMDR
Joseph Rochefort (cryptologic hero of the Battle of Midway) - Joe
Rochefort's War: The Odyssey of the Codebreaker Who Outwitted
Yamamoto at Midway. Carlson's talk will be "Codebreaking
and the Battle of Midway: When Cryptanalysis Came of Age." More
about Carlson's book here.
On 3-7 June 1942, the US defeated Japan in the Battle of Midway,
one of the most decisive battles in world history. The battle
regained the initiative in the Pacific for the US after its
setback at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 while placing Japan on
the strategic defensive from which it never fully recovered. On
the 75th Anniversary of this US naval victory, Carlson discusses
the pivotal role that intelligence played in it. In particular,
the breaking of JN-25, the Japanese Imperial Fleet's operational
code, by codebreakers at Station Hypo in Hawaii led by CMDR Joseph
Carlson holds degrees from Stanford University (MA) and the
University of Oregon (BS).
He lives with his wife in Silver Spring, MD.
RSVP: Advanced registration required since this popular NCM
Schorreck Lecture Series always has a full house. To not lose a
spot, email firstname.lastname@example.org and/or email@example.com and
provide the number of seats you will need. They will confirm your
reservations and answer any questions.
Event location: National Cryptologic Museum: 9900 Colony Seven Rd,
Fort Meade, MD. Directions here.
Plenty of convenient, free parking.
Book of the Week
Biosecurity Dilemmas: Dreaded Diseases, Ethical Responses, and the Health of Nations
by Christian Enemark
(Georgetown Univ Press, Jan 2017)
Biosecurity encompasses both the natural occurrence of deadly disease outbreaks and the use of biological weapons. Biosecurity Dilemmas examines conflicting values and interests in the practice of "biosecurity," the safeguarding of populations against infectious diseases through security policies. Enemark focuses on six dreaded diseases that governments and international organizations give high priority for research, regulation, surveillance, and rapid response: pandemic influenza, drug-resistant tuberculosis, smallpox, Ebola, plague, and anthrax. The book is organized around four ethical dilemmas that arise when fear causes these diseases to be framed in terms of national or international security: protect or proliferate, secure or stifle, remedy or overkill, and attention or neglect. For instance, will prioritizing research into defending against a rare event such as a bioterrorist attack divert funds away from research into commonly occurring diseases? Or will securitizing a particular disease actually stifle research progress owing to security classification measures? Enemark provides a comprehensive analysis of the ethics of securitizing disease and explores ideas and policy recommendations about biological arms control, global health security, and public health ethics.
"...the key biosecurity challenges confronting the world today. Biosecurity Dilemmas explores the vexing policy tensions and ethical trade-offs involved in protecting populations against biological danger. Enemark elegantly tames the complexity by showing that four major dilemmas lie at the heart of these issues. An impressive scholarly achievement." -- Stefan Elbe, Director, Centre for Global Health Policy, University of Sussex
The book may be ordered here.
HOLD THE DATE: AFIO's
2017 National Intelligence Symposium
"Succeeding in the Open ' The Future of GEOINT "
will be at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
and elsewhere (TBA),
Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA
Tentative Agenda: ' Opening Remarks by AFIO
President; ' NGA Overview and Q&A; ' Video Presentation; ' NGA
Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and
Functional Management; ' Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and
group photo). Presentations/Panels on: ' KH 8 Declassification; '
Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); '
Commercial GEOINT Activity; and ' the Small Satellite Revolution.
Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September to overnight at the hotel
to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA
for all day conference including visit to their new museum.
Welcome by NGA Director Robert Cardillo. Friday
activities TBA. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties"
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner,
VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean,
VA 22102. Details, event registration and hotel room registration
links to be sent to all current members in coming weeks. Early
phone-only room registrations can be made at 1-877-865-1877 at
Section I - INTELLIGENCE
Intel Act Highlights Cyber, STEM and
Russia. More than half way through the fiscal year,
Congress has passed the 2017 Intelligence Authorization Act, which
emphasizes recruiting professionals in science, technology, engineering and
math; improving cybersecurity; and countering Russian influence
The act calls on the Office of the Director of National Intelligence to
draft a five-year investment strategy for outreach and recruiting of STEM
professionals with an emphasis on cybersecurity and computer skills. Each
intelligence agency is directed to develop similar investment plans.
The act also states that agencies may establish higher rates of pay for STEM
personnel to assist in recruiting and retention. The DNI is further directed
to "improve management of the workforce of the intelligence community," by
enabling agencies "to build and maintain an appropriate mix between
employees of the United States Government and core contractors."
The STEM provisions in the act highlight the fact that the federal
government is taking seriously the need to have parity with the private
sector in order to compete for talent, said Jonathan Clifford, director of
national security for the Information Technology Alliance for the Public
Sector (ITAPS). [Read More: Carberry/fcw/5May2017]
Edward Lin Admits to Disclosing Classified
Information, Not to Espionage. A Navy officer accused of
espionage has pleaded guilty to less serious charges as part of a negotiated
Lt. Cmdr. Edward Lin, 40, admitted to the charges during a court-martial
before a military judge on Thursday.
Last year the military had accused Lin of two instances of espionage, three
instances of attempted espionage and several instances of mishandling
classified information and failing to report contact with foreign agents.
The new deal allows Lin to plead not guilty to military espionage charges
but guilty to charges that include failing to report foreign contacts,
mishandling classified information and disclosing secret information to a
female friend working for a Taiwanese political party in Washington, DC
and an undercover FBI agent posing as an employee of Taiwan's ministry of
foreign affairs. [Read More: LaGrone/usni/4May2017]
DHS Uncovered More Than 60
Cross-Border Tunnels Along Mexican Border Used for Smuggling.
The Department of Homeland Security uncovered more than 60 cross-border
tunnels along the southwest border that were used to smuggle people and
illicit drugs into the United States over a five-year period, according to a
new government report.
The agency also detected more than 530 "ultralight aircraft" intrusions into
the United States and roughly 300 drug smuggling incidents involving small
fishing boats and recreational vessels along American borders from 2011 to
2016, the Government Accountability Office reported.
All 67 tunnels discovered by border patrol agents were located along the
US-Mexican border. Likewise, all but one of the light aircraft incursions
was detected on the southwest border in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and
A majority - nearly 76 percent - of the 309 maritime drug smuggling
incidents involving fishing boats occurred on the West Coast, while the
remaining 24 percent took place on the southeast coast, northeast coast, and
southwest border. [Read More: Johnson/freebeacon/3May2017]
SpaceX Successfully Launches
Top-Secret Spy Satellite. SpaceX on Monday successfully
launched a top-secret spy satellite into orbit and landed its first-stage
But don't expect any details about the national security payload - a
contract with the Department of Defense's National Reconnaissance Office
"Thanks to the SpaceX team for the great ride, and for the terrific teamwork
and commitment they demonstrated throughout," Betty Sapp, director of the
National Reconnaissance Office, said in a statement. "They were an integral
part of our government/industry team for this mission, and proved themselves
to be a great partner."
Following a literal last-minute cancellation on Sunday - an issue with a
rocket sensor forced officials to call off the mission 52 seconds before
liftoff - Elon Musk's private aerospace firm yesterday launched NROL-76 at
7:15 a.m. ET from the Kennedy Space Center. [Read More: Mlot/geek/2May2017]
Germany Questions Swiss Ambassador in
Spying Case. Germany's Foreign Ministry says the Swiss
ambassador has been called in for talks following the arrest last week of a
Swiss national on spying charges.
The Foreign Ministry said the ambassador was asked Tuesday for more details
about the spying suspect, a 54-year-old identified only as Daniel M., "in
the interests of the German-Swiss friendship."
After his arrest in Frankfurt on Friday, prosecutors said M. was suspected
of espionage activity in Germany since 2012.
The Welt newspaper reported Sunday M. was sent to Germany by Switzerland's
intelligence agency to identify German tax investigators involved in the
purchase of confidential Swiss bank client data. [Read More: AP/miamiherald/2May2017]
Sandy Phan-Gillis Deported Back to US
After Two Years of Detention in China. Sandy Phan-Gillis,
an American citizen, was deported back to the United States, as confirmed by
the US State Department on Sunday, April 30. She has been under Chinese
custody for over two years and was convicted of espionage.
"We are aware that Chinese authorities deported Ms. Phan-Gillis back to the
United States," an official from the State Department said, according to
Channel News Asia. "The United States welcomes her home."
Phan-Gillis was part of a trade delegation from Houston, Texas. They were on
their way from mainland China, at the Macau border, when she was seized by
Chinese authorities upon accusations of espionage.
For six months, Phan-Gillis, who was born in Vietnam and has Chinese
heritage, was held by Chinese authorities at an undisclosed location. She
was later moved to a detention center in Guangxi Province under solitary
confinement. [Read More: Siervo/yibada/3May2017]
Venezuela's Ex-Spy Chief Promotes Possible
Presidential Bid. A former spy chief under the late leader
Hugo Chavez is emerging as a political player in turbulent Venezuela,
mistrusted by the opposition and despised by the government as he travels
the country in a possible bid for the presidency.
Miguel Rodriguez Torres is a longshot who hopes to offer a third way for
Venezuelans weary of the country's violence and economic woes.
Reviled among President Nicolas Maduro's opponents for leading a crackdown
on anti-government protesters in 2014, Rodriguez Torres has also alienated
government loyalists with his sharp criticism of the socialist
But he nevertheless is finding an audience among Venezuelans who have
abandoned support for a government that has failed to resolve the economic
crisis but still distrust the opposition. [Read More: AP/foxnews/8May2017]
Putin Visits His Former KGB Boss on His
90th Birthday. Russian President Vladimir Putin and his
former KGB colleagues visited an ex-East Germany station chief to wish their
former boss well on his 90th birthday.
Putin was joined by Sergey Chemezov and Nikolay Tokarev, who served with him
as intelligence officers in East Germany. They visited Lazar Matveev, who
turned 90 today, at his home in Zhulebino, a neighborhood in eastern Moscow,
Theirs appeared to be a surprise visit, the birthday boy staring in
amazement as he open the door to his former charge, now the president of
Putin brought his ex-boss what he called "an officer's gift" - a wrist watch
with the presidential coat of arms, as well as a rare copy of Pravda newspaper printed in 1927 - the year the retired intelligence officer was
born. [Read More: rt/8May2017]
US Launches Spy Unit to Gather Human
Intelligence From North Korea. US Forces' Korea division will be
handed with task of gathering human intelligence from North Korea regime.
The US intends to accomplish operative measures involving collecting human
intelligence and performing counter-espionage tasks to support the main
South Korean and US forces.
It will gain intelligence by using a secret agent in the despot nation or by
infiltrating operatives on the heavily guarded Korean border.
"Gathering intelligence through wiretapping and satellite imagery has its
limitations, so the missing pieces of the puzzle must be solved through
human intelligence," a military official said. [Read More: defenseworld/8May2017]
- CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE
Navy Veteran Discovers Rare NASA, Spy
Drone Photos in Trash. Yvette Quinn was convinced the list
of aerospace engineers she discovered in a neighbor's trash a few weeks ago
was solid gold for international con men.
The Navy veteran said she was concerned because the list of scientists had
secret and top secret clearance along with their Social Security numbers in
"Nothing less, nothing less," Quinn told WKMG News 6, "and that was scary."
Scary, she said, because all of it, including test results of early
aerospace models and drones, was just sitting there, ripe for the
taking. [Read More: Holfeld/clickorlando/2May2017]
Hitler's Awkward Audience With MI5
Housewife on the Eve of War. In the annals of British
espionage the story of how MI5 managed to get a spy into close contact with
Adolf Hitler only a month before the start of the Second World War should
have been one of its greatest coups.
The agent codenamed M/T, who has been unmasked for the first time in a new
book, did not look like much of a spy.
Kathleen Tesch was a small Home Counties housewife with a fondness for dogs
whose chief claim to fame until that point was the costumes she wore at her
village f'te. [Read More: Low/thetimes/3May2017]
Astronaut Discusses Science and
Spacewalks at DIA. NASA astronaut Dr. Serena
Au''n-Chancellor spoke at the Defense Intelligence Agency headquarters in
Washington, DC April 17, discussing her experiences as an astronaut and the
US space program.
In the latest installment of DIA's the Masterminds series, Dr.
Au''n-Chancellor spoke to DIA officers about the astronaut selection and
training program, her upcoming mission to the International Space Station
(ISS), and working with foreign counterparts.
"Your [DIA's] work touches many people across the globe...if not everyone;
we like to think at NASA we also touch everyone," said Au''n-Chancellor.
Au''n-Chancellor, an engineer and flight surgeon, handles medical issues for
both the Commercial Crew and International Space Station Operations branch.
She also has served as the lead capsule communicator - serving as the
communication link between the IIS and NASA Mission Control Center on Earth.
Her training and assignments have led her to Russia, Ukraine, Texas and the
South Pole. [Read More: DIA Public Affairs/dia/3May2017]
Interested in an Internship
Next Summer Within the Intelligence Community? If you have
an interest in computer science, spatial technologies and/or cybersecurity,
you might be interested in a summer internship with the National Geospatial
Intelligence Agency (NGA) located outside of Washington, DC. If you are
entering your second year or higher, now is the time to apply for NEXT
summer. Because we have been designated nationally by NGA and USGS as a
Center of Academic Excellence in Geospatial Technologies, UMaine students
(particularly in the School of Computing and Information Science) have an
early opportunity to pursue one of the internships. The security clearance
process is long, expensive and at the Government's expense but once you have
the clearance this will be a substantial asset for many job-related
opportunities in the future. If this sounds like something you might be
interested in pursuing, read the material below. [Read More: umaine/6May2017]
CSIS Suspected Soviet Spies of Pinching
King Diary Full of Atomic Secrets. Canada's spy agency
surmised that Soviet agents stole a key volume of William Lyon Mackenzie
King's fabled diary - a theory dissected in a new book about the intrigue
surrounding Canada's longest-serving prime minister.
The missing diary volume covered much of the final two months of 1945, a
period that included King's visit to Washington to confer with his US and
British counterparts about atomic secrets.
Historian Christopher Dummitt sifted through archival records to shed fresh
light on the mystery in his newly published book Unbuttoned: A History of
Mackenzie King's Secret Life.
Dummitt, an associate history professor at Trent University in Peterborough,
Ont., traces the evolution of the official narrative of King's public
persona and how the man widely came to be seen as "Weird Willie" due to
dalliances with the occult. [Read More: Bronskill/rdnewsnow/7May2017]
Section III - COMMENTARY
China's Spy Hunting Tactics.
China's counterintelligence capabilities continue to evolve. The newest
arrow in their quiver to detect those who are breaking trust with Mother
China is the "bounty" for identification of "suspicious foreigners."
The bounty can go as high as 500,000 Yuan to the private citizen who hits
the jackpot and identifies a bona fide spy.
On the second anniversary of China's National Security Day, China's
counterintelligence apparatus launched their bounty program. An effort to
crowd-source all 1.39 billion citizens, of which 21.5 million reside in
Beijing the epicenter of foreign espionage in China, into the cadre of
According to Sina, a Chinese media outlet, the People's Republic of China
observed the day nationwide with "eye-catching street banners, community
publicity events, vivid videos and graphs shared online." Sina continued,
how students from primary and middle schools were given counterespionage
readers. The readers contained cartoons and games designed to spread the
knowledge of national security.
The Beijing State Security Bureau (BSSB and a part of the national Ministry
of State Security) published, via the Beijing City Government website, their
plea to the citizens to assist in the identification of "illegal activities
which endanger national security." [Read More: Burgess/csoonline/3May2017]
Intelligence Community's Annual
Report is Reminder of American Transparency. The Office of
the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) on Tuesday released its Annual
Transparency Report, shedding light on how often the government collects
information by using its intelligence agencies. The next day, FBI director
James Comey revealed that the bureau was unable to hack almost half of the
encrypted devices it had search warrants for. Comey's statement and the
findings of the report stand in contrast to the public belief - often
reinforced by leaks - that the US government closely monitors its citizens
through a plethora of media and devices.
The American people have always had an affinity for conspiracy theories,
especially those involving the government. Sometimes the public is even
right, such as during the 1970s, when a series of investigative committees
(including the Rockefeller Commission) uncovered the depth and extent to
which the intelligence community (IC) had unlawfully observed US citizens.
In recent years, especially in light of the digital boom and repeated leaks
of sensitive information, such conspiracy theories have been thriving.
There is good reason to be pleased with ODNI's report despite public
concerns, as it arises from two important documents: the statutory
requirements of the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015, and the IC's internal document
entitled Principles of Intelligence Transparency. The IC's commitment to
transparency is far from trivial; such organizations routinely use their
need to protect sensitive assets to justify concealing information that
should often be in the public domain. [Read More: Hershkovitz/thehill/8May2017]
What We Don't Know (And
Wish We Did) About the Russia Investigation. Members of
the Senate are hosting the next matinee Monday in the long-running saga over
Russia's meddling in the 2016 presidential election - but even after hours
of hearings, there's still much the public doesn't know.
Many agencies and lawmakers are looking into attempted Russian influence.
One of the most visible investigations has been plagued by conflict and
controversy, and one of the most important investigations remains almost
So perhaps it's no surprise that central elements of the inquiries are still
shrouded in mystery.
We know the US intelligence community has concluded that Moscow attempted
to influence the election in Donald Trump's favor. Much of the evidence it
used to reach that decision, however, is classified. [Read More:
Getting Intelligence Agencies to
Adapt to Life Out of the Shadows. Gone are the days when
spy agencies did not officially exist with their personnel and activities
guarded surreptitiously away from the public view. Today, the situation
could not be more different. The US Office of the Director of National
Intelligence has had a Tumblr account since 2014. NSA Director Admiral Mike
Rogers appears regularly at conferences and panels. On the other side of the
Atlantic, GCHQ Director Robert Hannigan writes op-eds for the Financial
Times. GCHQ also recently broke a historical precedent of refusing to
comment on allegations about its activities: the agency dismissed the
unhelpful allegations about the agency's role in spying on Trump, made by
Andrew Napolitano and then echoed by the White House, claiming that they
were 'utterly ridiculous and should be ignored'. In recent years, signals
intelligence (SIGINT) agencies have been pro-actively trying to manage and
shape their public perception.
Why are organisations that pride themselves on secrecy, and which have
previously appeared allergic to press relations, now proactively getting
their message out there? The answer is that they are increasingly
communicating out of necessity.
It is no coincidence that many of the attempts by SIGINT agencies to
interact with the public have occurred in the aftermath of the Snowden
disclosures. SIGINT agencies have struggled to overcome the trust deficit
and heightened skepticism over their activity. As traditionally clandestine
organizations, the culture within SIGINT agencies contrasts starkly with a
more vocal pro-privacy community and a Silicon Valley machinery that invests
significant sums in promoting its own narrative. Former NSA Deputy Director
Chirs Inglis also acknowledged last year that the recent Oliver Stone movie
on Snowden could further shift public perceptions against intelligence
agencies. Although SIGINT agencies should not necessarily take on the
surveillance debate directly, they are still able to promote themselves in a
positive way. Public appearances by senior SIGINT agency staff has led to
the perception of a more transparent culture while reminding the public
about how SIGINT programs have helped to diffuse recent terrorist attacks
also helps to bring a more positive spin - GCHQ claims that information it
has gathered stopped six alleged terrorist plots in 2015 alone.
In addition to the battle of public perception, SIGINT agencies have
naturally become more communicative due to their expanded remit. Given their
history and expertise, they have become the natural choice for governments
delegating cybersecurity responsibilities. Yet while collecting signals
intelligence is an inherently covert activity, confronting the cybersecurity
challenge instead requires a more open and communicative response, such as
providing businesses and households with targeted and specific security
advice. The need for a departure from the traditional SIGINT mentality has
been recognised in the United Kingdom. In 2016, the government established
the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC). The NCSC remains part of GCHQ,
but is a distinct identity, and crucially one that is more far more
publically facing. Although early days, the NCSC looks set to provide a more
relevant and decisive leadership on the issue of cyber security. [Read
Developing 21st Century Senior
Intelligence Executives Into Leaders. For far too long,
the federal government in general and the intelligence community in
particular have promoted individuals with outstanding technical expertise to
the ranks of the Senior Executive Service with little to no regard for their
abilities to lead.
I am a recently retired 35-year career employee, with 20 years in the SES in
the US Department of Defense and the IC. I observed many well-intentioned
employees who were brilliant in their technical or analytic fields become
senior executives and then do an abysmal job. Once upon a time, the only way
to get promoted to a senior position was to become a supervisor. While that
has changed and there is now a dual track so technical experts can continue
to advance without carrying major management responsibilities, we still have
a tendency to promote those who have excelled in their technical fields to
the SES. At the same time, we are not equipping them with the tools
necessary to succeed as leaders.
I contend that leadership development programs, as preparation for the SES,
should start on day one of an employee's career. Someone told me early in my
career that the military had the corner on leadership and the civilians had
the corner on management. What I learned along the way was that the military
actually taught leadership skills - and infused them throughout all of its
training curricula - and the civilian side of the house needed to do the
same. Once I was in a position to do so, I set out to do just that. Everyone
is a leader, and leader development is everyone's responsibility. It is not
limited by pay band or General Schedule level, formal position, years of
service, or those you know. Once this perspective is embraced, we can get on
with the business of developing leaders.
When I was the Deputy Director of the DIA, I established a cohesive LDP.
There were a number of leadership classes being offered at the time, but
there was not a comprehensive program that developed our employees
throughout their careers, adding to their knowledge base as they progressed
through their careers. So we developed offerings for entry-level,
mid-career, journeyman, and senior executives. [Read More: Long/govexec/3May2017]
Section IV - Events
AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING
11 May 2017,
6:30 pm - Atlanta, GA - The AFIO Atlanta Chapter hosts Dr. Harvey
Klehr - on "From Russia with Love - Soviet Agent Turned Bond
Consultant: The Career of Joseph Katz."
Join us as AFIO Atlanta member Dr. Harvey Klehr -- one
of the country's foremost historians on Soviet espionage against the
United States in the 20th century -- presents on his recent article in Commentary magazine (available here). Moderated by Dr. Eddie Mienie,
Executive Director for Strategic Studies and Partnerships at the
University of North Georgia, The Military College of Georgia.
Program begins at 6:30 pm at Emory University School of Law, Gambrell
Hall, First Floor, Classroom 1B (1301 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia).
Cost: Free for members and special guests. RSVP: AFIO Atlanta President Brian
Hooper at firstname.lastname@example.org or 404.879.2440.
12 May 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Spring Luncheon
features NYTimes Washington Correspondent David Sanger on "Terrorism,
Secret Wars, Nuclear Proliferation, and the Use of American Power,"
and Author Eva Dillon on "Living Life Undercover in a CIA Family"
David E. Sanger, Chief Washington Correspondent for the New York Times, speaks on "Terrorism, Secret Wars, Nuclear
Proliferation, and the Use of American Power." His address starts at 1
The 11 a.m. speaker is Eva Dillon, author and magazine
publisher, on Spies in the Family: An American Spymaster, His Russian
Crown Jewel, and the Friendship That Helped End the Cold War and
join AFIO as we welcome and thank Marina, the granddaughter of Gen
Polyakov present with us at this special event. Dillon's book
is an engaging true-life memoir, of her CIA father and the Soviet double
agent he handled - the highest ranking, longest serving asset the US had
during the Cold War. It is also a memoir about both families growing up
unknowingly as the children of spies.
"A beautifully written, profoundly moving account of one of the most
important U.S Intelligence sources ever run inside the Soviet Union. A
cliff-hanger from beginning to end, Dillon's account is filled with
espionage tradecraft and family drama - essential reading for intelligence
professionals, memoir enthusiasts, and anyone fascinated by how spying
really works." -- Peter Earnest, Executive Director, International Spy
Event location the Crowne Plaza (soon to be
renamed DoubleTree-Hilton), Tysons Corner, VA,
at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
is here. Do so now to assure seating.
13 May 2017,
11:30 am - Patrick AFB, FL - The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter hosts
Alexander Penalta, J.D. on "Civilian Drone Operations: The Threat Over
The guest speaker at this Florida Satellite Chapter meeting will be Alexander
Penalta, Esquire (Juris Doctor), on "Civilian Drone Operations:
The Threat Over the Horizon in the Age of Counterterrorism."
Attorney Penalta is an American Business Litigation and Aviation Lawyer,
fluent in English and Spanish, licensed to practice in Florida and
Washington, DC, with offices throughout North and South Florida. He
currently serves as Chief Counsel at the The Penalta Law Firm
(www.penaltalaw.com) and is a partner member of FBI Infragard.
Penalta's presentation will be followed by Q&A by Dr. Joseph
Finley Ph.D., a former FBI Special Agent, on "ISIS Terror
Location: The Tides, 1001 N. Hwy A1A, Bldg #967, Patrick
AFB, FL 32925
Times: 11:30 AM - 12:15 PM Social Hour, greet old, new
members and guests (limited cash bar ' honor system); 12:15 PM: Sit-Down
lunch To Attend: Prepaid reservations are required which
must be received by 5 May 2017. To reserve, send check ($25 member; $28
guests) and meal choice (Marinated Beef Flank Steak (B); Twin Seared
Chicken Breast w/Artichoke and Caper Sauce (C) Vegetarian/vegan available)
by first contacting FSC Chapter President at email@example.com.
May 2017, 11:30 AM - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain
Chapter hosts Dr. William E. Berry, discussing "North Korea's Nuclear
Weapons and Missile Program."
Dr. William E. Berry, Jr. is currently an independent
consultant specializing in East Asian security issues after retiring from
the Air Force as a colonel in 1997. During his military career, he served
in Vietnam, the Philippines, Korea, and Malaysia where he was the air
attach' from 1990-1993. He also taught at the Air Force Academy, the
National War College, and the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies and
was the senior military professor and chair of the Academy's Department of
Political Science toward the end of his career. Dr. Berry completed his
most recent book entitled Global Security Watch-Korea, published by
Praeger/Greenwood Press in March 2008.
The presentation will begin with a review of how the Kim dynasty in North
Korea has endured from 1948 to the present, passing from father (Kim Il
Sung 1948-1994) to son (Kim Jong Il (1994-2011) to grandson (Kim Jong Un
2011-present) despite widespread famine, malnutrition, and other inhumane
sufferings of the North Korean people. It will then proceed to detail the
North Korean nuclear weapons programs and the development of missile
The nuclear program started in the 1980s with a graphite reactor provided
by the Soviets with a demand that NK join the Non-Proliferation Treaty
(NPT). In the early 2000s the US accused NK of developing a covert highly
enriched uranium program. NK withdrew from the NPT and probably produced
about 50 warheads. Some 5 underground tests were conducted with increasing
yields. Three tests occurred under the regime of the current Kim Jong Un.
A missile delivery system has also been developed, resulting in more than
20 intermediate range missile tests in 2016. There are plans for
Intercontinental ballistic missiles. There are still technological issues
with miniaturization and hardening, fitting warhead to missile and
surviving reentry into the atmosphere, guidance systems etc. But the
regime is extremely serious in further development.
The presentation will conclude with an examination of possible rationales
for the decision of the Kims to expend scarce economic resources to
develop nuclear weapons and delivery systems.
For details, please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at firstname.lastname@example.org.
21 June 2017 (Wednesday), 11:30am - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO San Francisco Chapter hosts CMDR Waldron, a dual career path afloat operations and intelligence officer to discuss how the Coast Guard Intelligence program coordinates with the national law enforcement and intelligence communities to support and drive Coast Guard operations in the counter drug and homeland security missions.
WHERE: Basque Cultural Center, 599 Railroad Ave, South San Francisco, CA 94080. 11:30AM no host cocktail; meeting and luncheon at noon.
RSVP: Eventbrite link to follow. Reservation and pre-payment is required before 13 June 2017. The venue cannot accommodate walk-ins.
Contact: Mariko Kawaguchi, Board Secretary at email@example.com or Mariko Kawaguchi, c/o AFIO, PO Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011.
HOLD THE DATE
- 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National
Tentative Agenda: ' Opening Remarks by AFIO President;
' NGA Overview and Q&A; ' Video Presentation; ' NGA Leadership Remarks
(D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; '
Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo).
Presentations/Panels on: ' KH 8 Declassification; ' Pathfinder
(unclassified research to solve intel problems); ' Commercial GEOINT
Activity; and ' the Small Satellite Revolution.
Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September to overnight at the hotel to be
ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA for all day
conference including visit to their new museum. Welcome by NGA
Director Robert Cardillo. Friday activities TBA. Friday evening
is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA
[formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
Details, event registration and hotel room registration links to be sent
to all current members in coming weeks. Early phone-only room
registrations can be made at 1-877-865-1877 at $119/nite.
Other Upcoming Events
May 2017, noon - Washington, DC - Global Terrorism, Espionage and
Cybersecurity Monthly Update - at the International Spy Museum
Learn the latest intelligence news from David Major,
retired supervisory special agent of the FBI and former director of
Counterintelligence and Security Programs at the NSC staff at the White
House, for his briefing on the hottest intelligence and security issues,
breaches, and penetrations. Presented in partnership with The Centre for
Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre), these updates will
cover worldwide events such as breaking espionage cases and arrest
reports, cyber espionage incidents, and terrorist activity. Major uses his
expertise to analyze trends and highlight emerging issues of interest to
both intelligence and national security professionals and the public.
Cases are drawn from the CI Centre's SPYPEDIA', the most comprehensive
source of espionage information in the world, containing events and
information that may not be reported by mainstream media outlets. Event is
free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
16 May 2017,
11:30 am - 2 pm - McLean, VA - Defense Intelligence Forum hears from
former FBI Special Agent Gary Harter on "The Insider Threat and Cyber
The Defense Intelligence Forum (DIA Alumni Association) hears from former
FBI Special Agent Gary Harter on "The Insider Threat and
Cyber Security." Mr. Harter served 30 years with FBI. Most of this time
was spenton various cases of insider threats. Attribution for this
presentation will be provided at the beginning of the presentation to
ensure a complete understanding of how the presented information should be
Event location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA.
Registration starts at 1130 AM, lunch at noon.
Make reservations by 16 May 2017 by email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses for self and guests.
Choose Chicken Parmesan, Trout Lemone , Grilled Sausage with Sweet
Peppers, Lasagna, Manicotti with Spinach and Ricotta, Cannelloni alla
Bolognese, or Fettuccini with Portobello. Provide your luncheon selection
with your reservation to reduce the wait time for your food. Pay online
with a credit card or at the door with a check for $30 per person, payable
to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit
card payments are discouraged.
May 2017, 7-10pm - Washington, DC - Dinner with Spies: An Evening with
N. John MacGaffin III and William Ross Newland III - at the
International Spy Museum
What's it like to be a CIA Chief of Station? To manage
all the CIA's operations in a country that may not be too happy with your
work if you are discovered? Does it take nerves of steel? A brilliant
mind? Or a good sense of humor? Possibly all of the above, if you judge by
tonight's guests of honor: John MacGaffin and Ross Newland.
These intelligence experts have nearly 60 years of CIA service between
them. Their extraordinary intelligence careers have taken them to some of
the most interesting and tension filled places in the world. Of their many
overseas assignments, MacGaffin had four postings as chief of station,
primarily in the Middle East; and Newland had three including Bucharest
and Havana. Although some of their toughest assignments were at home
forging relationships between the CIA and FBI, and the CIA and the US
military. At this spirited dinner, you'll discover the reality behind a
job that is frequently featured in films and television - MacGaffin serves
as an advisor to the Homeland series! You will be one of only
twenty guests at The Riggsby for this delicious four-course dinner of
upscale American cuisine with European influences. Tickets for the general
public: $225, tickets for Spy Museum Inner Circle Members: $200. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am - Fort Meade, MD - National Cryptologic
Museum's Schorreck Lecture: "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway"
with Author/Historian Elliot Carlson
2017 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series features Elliot
Carlson, author of the celebrated biography of CMDR Joseph
Rochefort (cryptologic hero of the Battle of Midway) - Joe
Rochefort's War: The Odyssey of the Codebreaker Who Outwitted Yamamoto
at Midway. Carlson's talk will be "Codebreaking and the Battle of
Midway: When Cryptanalysis Came of Age." More about Carlson's book is here.
On 3-7 June 1942, the US defeated Japan in the Battle of Midway, one of
the most decisive battles in world history. The battle regained the
initiative in the Pacific for the US after its setback at Pearl Harbor on
7 December 1941 while placing Japan on the strategic defensive from which
it never fully recovered. On the 75th Anniversary of this US naval
victory, Carlson discusses the pivotal role that intelligence played in
it. In particular, the breaking of JN-25, the Japanese Imperial Fleet's
operational code, by codebreakers at Station Hypo in Hawaii led by CMDR
Joseph Rochefort USN.
Carlson holds degrees from Stanford University (MA) and the University of
Oregon (BS); he lives with his wife in Silver Spring, MD.
RSVP: Advanced registration required since this popular NCM Schorreck
Lecture Series always has a full house. So, to not lose a spot, email email@example.com and/or firstname.lastname@example.org and provide the number of seats you will need. They will confirm your
reservations and answer any questions.
Event location: National Cryptologic Museum: 9900 Colony Seven Rd, Fort
Meade, MD. Directions here.
4 - 7
June 2017 - San Antonio, TX - USGIF GEOINT 2017 Symposium theme is:
"Advancing Capabilities to Meet Emerging Threats"
The always impressive US Geospatial-Intelligence Foundation (USGIF) is
offering more than 25 training and professional development sessions at
their GEOINT 2017 Symposium on "Advancing Capabilities
to Meet Emerging Threats" being held in beautiful San Antonio, TX. Monday,
June 5 through Wednesday, June 7 are a variety of training sessions
running two hours each. Attendees receive 0.2 Continuing Education Units
per qualified session. Expand your knowledge on a familiar topic or learn
a new one in one of the hottest, most promising and useful fields in the
Intelligence Community. Sessions include: Hacking for Defense: Solving
National Security Problems; 3D Terrain Modeling; Analytics for Small Sat
Systems; Recent Advances in Deep Learning Cognitive Social Media Analytics
Framework; Open Geospatial Machine Learning; Cyber Attack and Defense
Wargame with IT, Industrial, and GEOINT Context; And much more.
Location: Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center, San Antonio, TX.
RSVP ASAP: Agenda and other information here.
20 June 2017,
10 am to 1 pm - Annapolis Junction, MD - NCMF 2017 Summer Cryptologic
Program features David Priess on The President's Daily Brief.
Special NSA/NCMF WWI Panel Discussions on "Decoding The Great War" and
Presentations of the new WWI Exhibit takes place.
Program features Mr. David Priess, former CIA
Intelligence Officer and author of the bestseller The President's
Book of Secrets. This National Cryptologic Museum Foundation event
can be signed up for here
Where: CACI, Inc. located at 2720 Technology Drive,
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701, Tel 301-575-3200. Directions and Map here. Click "directions" to get driving
RSVP NOW: register online here or mail registration fee of $20
(members) or $50 (guests, includes one-year membership) to NCMF, PO Box
1682, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755-9998. Please register prior to 23
March to ensure space available. Click image at left for larger version of announcement.
Also on 20 June, following the Priess presentation above, NSA's Center
for Cryptologic History joins the Museum to host a WWI Panel Discussion:
Decoding The Great War and Presentation of the new World War One Exhibit
at the National Cryptologic Museum.
Presentations and speakers are:
Presentation 1: 1305 - World War I as an Intelligence Revolution, Michael
Warner, Command Historian, US Cyber Command.
Presentation 2: 1325 - An Ear to the Air and an Ear to the Ground: Radio
Intelligence in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918, Betsy
Rohaly Smoot, Historian, Center for Cryptologic History, NSA.
Presentation 3: 1345 - Native American Code Talkers: the Secret Weapon of
World War I, Dr. Steve Huffman, Retired Research
Analyst, NSA. Q&A: 1345 - 1400 1405 - 1430: Presentation of World War
1 Display - Betsy Rohaly Smoot. For details on each of the presentations
and speakers, or to register for one or both of these NSA/NCMF Events, use this link.
2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium:
"How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."
SAVE THE DATE. Information coming in July. Details will
be at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied
- 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic
History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."
SAVE THE DATE. Information forthcoming. This symposium
will be followed on 21 October 2017 with tours and workshops at the
National Cryptologic Museum.
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics
Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.
For more about the program, visit www.nsa.gov
PAPERS for this event: The theme for the 2017
Symposium will be "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many
milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to
span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry
of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution,
and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The
Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of
the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of
the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Papers looking at these
milestone events in cryptology and considering how we remember their
significance are particularly encouraged, as are those examining how
cryptologic advances from these times provided momentum to create the
systems of today and the future. Your proposal package should include an
abstract of no more than ONE page, a complete CV, a short biographical
sketch (not to exceed 150 words) to be used in the program, the amount of
time you require for your paper, and full contact details. Panel proposals
should include the above for each presenter and a short explanation of the
panel's theme. Please submit your proposal by noon on Monday, February 6,
2017, to Program Chair Betsy Rohaly Smoot at email@example.com or to her care at The Center for Cryptologic History, Suite 6886, 9800
Savage Road, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755. Please note that
correspondence that does not include the suite number may not be delivered
in a timely manner. Proposals received after noon on February 6 will be
considered on a space-available basis. The program committee will notify
you about the final status of your proposal by June 9, 2017, but may
engage you in discussions before that date. See details here.
Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on
Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media
sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit
educational uses by members and WIN subscribers.
REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to
inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs:
a) IF YOU ARE A MEMBER - click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email
address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from
list. If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your
own and send to firstname.lastname@example.org with the words: REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your
full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.
b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received
this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO
policies]. Forward to email@example.com the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from
our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both
CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click
title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to
Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL
recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org. The HTML feature also does not work
for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML
recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link: https://www.afio.com/pages/currentwin.htm
WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and
may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the
Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor's)
or author's) listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO
Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at www.afio.com for back issues of the WINs,
information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and
membership applications and much more!
(c) 2000, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017. Please note AFIO's new
address: AFIO, 7600 Leesburg Pike, Suite 470 East, Falls Church, VA 22043-2004.
Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email: email@example.com
Click here to return to