AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #20-17 dated 16 May 2017

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - OBITUARIES

  • Donald Glenn Eckrote, former career CIA Officer
  • Art Winn, US Army and Special Forces
  • Section V - Events

    Upcoming AFIO Events

    Other Upcoming Events

    For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

    WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

    The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
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    Recently released - AFIO's 2017 edition of...

    Intelligence as a Career BookletIntelligence as a Career - with updated listings of colleges teaching intelligence courses, and Q&As on needed foreign languages, as well as the courses, grades, extracurricular activities, and behavioral characteristics and life experiences sought by modern US intelligence agencies.

    AFIO's popular 56-page booklet reaches high school and college students considering careers in the US Intelligence Community. This is the fourth edition.
    The publication is also popular with University Career Guidance Centers, professors and academic departments specializing in national security, and parents assisting children or grandchildren in choosing meaningful, public service careers.
    This booklet is provided at no cost as a public service - online and in print - from the generosity of AFIO board, donors, and members. 20,000 printed copies of each edition are distributed. Many more are accessed online.
    We thank all members and donors for their support which has made this possible.

    2017 edition of Careers Booklet in PDF Format available here.

    Also now online as a public service from the generosity of our members and donors is the entire 788-page AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence, Peter Oleson, Editor, with a foreword by Dr. Robert M. Gates.
    It can be accessed here.
    If you wish, instead, to own a printed, bound copy, those are available here (AFIO) and here (Amazon).


         

    "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway" with Author/Historian Elliot Carlson
    National Cryptologic Museum's Schorreck Lecture
    Thursday, 25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am

    Fort Meade, MD

    2017 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series features Elliot Carlson, author of the celebrated biography of CMDR Joseph Rochefort (cryptologic hero of the Battle of Midway) - Joe Rochefort's War: The Odyssey of the Codebreaker Who Outwitted Yamamoto at Midway. Carlson's talk will be "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway: When Cryptanalysis Came of Age." More about Carlson's book here.

    On 3-7 June 1942, the US defeated Japan in the Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in world history. The battle regained the initiative in the Pacific for the US after its setback at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 while placing Japan on the strategic defensive from which it never fully recovered. On the 75th Anniversary of this US naval victory, Carlson discusses the pivotal role that intelligence played in it. In particular, the breaking of JN-25, the Japanese Imperial Fleet's operational code, by codebreakers at Station Hypo in Hawaii led by CMDR Joseph Rochefort USN.
    Carlson holds degrees from Stanford University (MA) and the University of Oregon (BS).
    He lives with his wife in Silver Spring, MD.

    RSVP: Advanced registration required since this popular NCM Schorreck Lecture Series always has a full house. To not lose a spot, email history@nsa.gov and/or gjnedve@nsa.gov and provide the number of seats you will need. They will confirm your reservations and answer any questions.
    Event location: National Cryptologic Museum: 9900 Colony Seven Rd, Fort Meade, MD. Directions here.
    Plenty of convenient, free parking.


    Books of the Week

    Putin: His Downfall and Russia's Coming Crash
    by Richard Lourie
    (Thomas Dunne Books, July 2017)

    PreOrder here.
    Putin
    Explores Putin's failures and whether Trump's election gives Putin extraordinarily dangerous opportunities in our mad new world.

    For reasons that are made clear by longtime Russia hand Lourie, Putin's Russia will collapse just as Imperial Russia did in 1917 and as Soviet Russia did in 1991. The only questions are when, how violently, and with how much peril for the world. The U.S. election complicates everything, including: · Putin's next land grab · Exploitations of the Arctic · Cyber-espionage · Putin and China ...and other crucial topics.

    "Richard Lourie has written an indispensable book for anyone seeking to understand Russia and Putin today. Fascinating and approachable with plenty of regulatory anecdotes, Putin goes a long way toward explaining Putin's actions and motivations which become obvious once you see the context. Understanding the man behind the mask will aid all those having dealings with Putin and his Russia." --Valerie Plame

    The book may be preordered here.


    A Mind at Play: How Claude Shannon Invented the Information Age
    by Jimmy Soni and Rob Goodman
    (Simon & Schuster, July 2017)

    PreOrder here.
    Mind at Play
    The life and times of one of the foremost intellects of the twentieth century: Claude Shannon -- the neglected architect of the Information Age, whose insights stand behind every computer built, email sent, video streamed, and webpage loaded.

    It's the story of a small-town Michigan boy whose career stretched from the era of room-sized computers powered by gears and string to the age of Apple. It's the story of the origins of our digital world in the tunnels of MIT and the "idea factory" of Bell Labs, in the "scientists' war" with Nazi Germany, and in the work of Shannon's collaborators and rivals, thinkers like Alan Turing, John von Neumann, Vannevar Bush, and Norbert Wiener.

    Shannon went on to work in wartime cryptography and met fellow mathematician Alan Turing, but each was so constrained by security clearances that they could not compare notes and do something even bigger and better than Enigma and other projects.

    "Claude Shannon wrote the 'the Magna Carta of the Information Age' and conceived of the basic concept underlying all digital computers. Jimmy Soni and Rob Goodman offer a long overdue, insightful, and humane portrait of this eccentric and towering genius." (Walter Isaacson, author of Steve Jobs, The Innovators, and Einstein)

    The book may be preordered here.


    HOLD THE DATE: AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

    "Succeeding in the Open – The Future of GEOINT "

    will be at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
    and elsewhere (TBA),
    Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017.
    Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

    Tentative Agenda: • Opening Remarks by AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation; • NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.

    Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Welcome by NGA Director Robert Cardillo. Friday activities TBA. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
    Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102. Details, event registration and hotel room registration links to be sent to all current members in coming weeks. Early phone-only room registrations can be made at 1-877-865-1877 at $119/nite.


    Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

    China Conducting Extensive Espionage Against Australia - Defence Official.  China is conducting extensive espionage against Australia, Australia's most senior defence department official said on Friday, in a rare public accusation against its largest trading partner.
     
    Chinese spying on Australia has been the subject of much speculation by analysts but senior government officials have largely steered clear of making public complaints.
     
    "It is no secret that China is very active in intelligence activities directed against us. It is more than cyber," Dennis Richardson, secretary of the Defence Department, said in a speech in Canberra.
     
    Questions about China's involvement in Australia arose in 2015, with the lease of a commercial and military port in the northern city of Darwin to a Chinese firm said to have close ties to China's military.  [Read More:  Packham/reuters/12May2017]

    Switzerland and Germany Sign ‘No Spying’ Agreement: Report.  Just a fortnight after the revelation that Switzerland conducted a spying mission in Germany in 2012, media in the two countries have reported that the neighbouring nations recently signed an agreement to stop all such espionage.

    Citing sources close to the Swiss government, Swiss paper Tages Anzeiger and the German Süddeutsche Zeitung said that in January 2017 the two countries concluded a ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ to forbid each country’s intelligence service from carrying out espionage activities against the other.

    From now on, Switzerland will tell the German government if it wishes to conduct an anti-crime operation in Germany, and vice-versa.

    Contacted by the papers, neither government would confirm the existence of the agreement.  [Read More:  thelocal/12May2017]

    Spy Chief Searching for Cuts Across Entire US Intelligence Community.  Trump's new intelligence chief, Dan Coats, says he’s already moving on GOP lawmakers’ request to streamline all 17 agencies, including his own ODNI.   

    In one breath, President Donald Trump’s new director of national intelligence told lawmakers that threats to the United States are growing in size and complexity - and in the next, that he is looking for cuts across the entire US intelligence community.

    Director Dan Coats told a Senate panel Thursday that he is looking to "streamline" the 17 federal agencies that comprise the IC.

    "As part of the administration’s goal of an effective and efficient government, we have already begun a review of the entire intelligence community, to include the office of the DNI," Coats testified to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.  [Read More:  Baron/defenseone/11May2017]

    Ministry to Communicate With US Over Espionage.  Following reports that a retired military officer allegedly helped China collect sensitive information about the nation’s missile defense systems when he was in active service 10 years ago, the Ministry of National Defense yesterday reaffirmed its counterintelligence efforts, saying it would communicate with the US about the case.

    Retired army major general Hsieh Chia-kang (謝嘉康), the former commander of the Air Defense Missile Command, has been under investigation over allegations he leaked classified information to China.

    Hsieh was allegedly approached by retired army colonel Hsin Peng-sheng (辛澎生), who was reportedly recruited by Chinese intelligence operatives as far back as 10 years ago when he was in charge of the missile command.

    Hsieh and Hsin were questioned by prosecutors and released on bail earlier this week.  [Read More:  Wei-han/taipeitimes/12May2017]

    Physics Professor Sues FBI Agent Over Espionage Arrest.  A physics professor once charged with plotting to provide secret US technology to China sued an FBI agent in Philadelphia Wednesday over his arrest and questioned why he was targeted.

    Xi Xiaoxing, of Temple University, said the FBI wrongly accused him of espionage because it did not understand the science behind his work into superconductivity. The charges later were dropped.

    His lawyer, law professor David Rudovsky, said he wants to know if the FBI is profiling Asian-American scientists as it tries to combat spying. He said there was nothing secret about the material Xi sent to academic colleagues in China. He added that the FBI had likewise filed - and dropped - two other cases against Chinese-Americans.

    "I think the government is concerned that there are people in the US sending information to China which is protected, giving people technical advantages," said Rudovsky, a civil rights lawyer who also teaches at the University of Pennsylvania law school. "I'm not saying the government shouldn't have that concern. They just got it wrong this time."  [Read More:  Dale/abcnews/10May2017]

    Romanian Intelligence Service Carries Out Cyber-Security Exercise at Over 60 Institutions.  The Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) is carrying out a cyber-security exercise at 60 state and private institutions, News.ro reported.

    The exercise is meant to test the response of these institutions in case of a cyber-attack and gather data to be used in the development of an efficient warning, alert and reaction mechanism for such cases.

    Called CyDEx17, the live exercise will take place at the cybernetic polygon of the Cyberint National Center.

    "The exercise will contribute to the awareness of the preparedness level of the involved entities in the case of an event affecting the cyber-space at a national level and consolidate the public-private partnership in the area," the SRI said.  [Read More:  romania-insider/15May2017]

    Trudeau Picks Cabinet Adviser to Become New Head of CSIS.  Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has named David Vigneault, a former CSIS employee and now an adviser in Privy Council Office, to lead the country’s spy agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service.

    Instead of reaching into the existing ranks of CSIS officials, Trudeau selected the bilingual Vigneault from among his own senior cabinet advisers.

    Vigneault is the assistant secretary to cabinet on security and intelligence matters, working under Trudeau’s national security adviser, Daniel Jean, in the office that co-ordinates all inflow of security and intelligence information and is responsible for implementing or pushing out the government’s decisions on those matters.

    Vigneault, 46, has broad experience in the security and intelligence field, having worked at the Canada Border Services Agency, CSIS, the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) - the country’s foreign electronic intelligence gathering agency - and the Department of National Defence.  [Read More:  Maccharles/thestar/11May2017]



    Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

    Suddenly Intrigued by Scandals and Spies? Here’s What to See.   Donald J. Trump's presidency and the events surrounding it have led to a revived interest in politically themed tourist sites and tours in the United States, according to Rob Stein, a travel adviser at the Stein Collective, a company in New York City specializing in trips inspired by politics. "Trump isn’t just a political figure," he said. "He’s like a controversial reality TV star, and because of him, the general public is more engaged in current politics and thrilling topics like spying and scandals."

    The past week has not lacked for vivid political headlines, whether it was Sally Q. Yates, the acting attorney general Mr. Trump fired in January, testifying about the Russian connections of Michael T. Flynn, the former national security adviser, or the firing of James B. Comey, the FBI director. Here are sites and tours that offer perspective and insight.

    International Spy Museum, Washington, DC: Open since 2002, this three-story museum claims to have the world’s largest collection of items related to international espionage. Examples include a lipstick pistol, a single-shot gun used by KGB operatives during the Cold War, and a minuscule camera from the 1970s that was hidden in a coat button and used in the Soviet Union and North America. Visitors can also peruse several interactive exhibitions tracing the history of espionage from biblical times to the present day, including Weapons of Mass Disruption, which illustrates the role computers play in spying and terrorist attacks. You’ll see the personal laptop of the real-life hacker known only as Th3J35T3R (the Jester).

    Occasionally, the museum offers the opportunity to meet with former intelligence officers. Next up, on May 17, is dinner and drinks with two former CIA station chiefs, N. John MacGaffin III and William Ross Newland III. Mr. MacGaffin serves as an adviser on the Showtime series Homeland. Adult admission is $22. 800 F Street NW, spymuseum.org  [Read More:  Vora/nytimes/12May2017]

    Maxwell Knight, the MI5 Spy Whose Life Story Makes Bond Look Tame.  Perhaps it takes a special kind of insanity to be a successful secret agent. The need to keep track of assumed identities, of shifting loyalties and deceptions, makes the spymaster’s world a dizzying kaleidoscope of truth and deceit.

    Certainly, in M - Henry Hemming’s compelling new biography of the MI5 maverick Maxwell Knight - there is an overwhelming sense of the man’s slippery personalities: from grim young fascist to jazz-loving defender of the realm; from high-spirited adventure novelist to avuncular, much-loved animal expert. Indeed, the spy who partly inspired Ian Fleming’s "M" was many degrees more eccentric than 007 could have coped with.  [Read More:  McKay/telegraph/12May2017]

    Intelligence: Solve the Puzzle to Get In.  The Israeli domestic intelligence service (Shin Bet, similar to the British MI5), has adopted some of the recruiting techniques pioneered by the foreign intelligence service (Mossad, is similar to the American CIA and British MI6). The new approach was the use of a riddle published in the media for anyone to try and solve. Some 60,000 people submitted solutions but only six succeeded in solving the riddle. These six will be candidates for the new Shin Bet Cyber War unit. Such recruiting techniques are nothing new but Israel has had a lot of success with this approach.

    Back in 2010 Mossad used a similar technique for its new recruiting campaign. This was actually an updated version of something that had worked during World War II when the British recruited suitable new intelligence operatives by posting word puzzles in newspapers and asked those who could solve them to send their answers to a seemingly non-government address. There was actually a series of puzzles and those who managed to decode them all were asked to join. For decades after World War II few people realized that this recruiting technique identified a lot of qualified women and as a result a lot of those British spies were women, many of whom died in occupied Europe. Some of those British spies were Jewish and moved to Israel where many World War II espionage techniques were compiled by the new Israeli intelligence services and continue to show up.

    Mossad used the same basic British World War II concept, with the puzzles revealing clues for what was described as a simulated espionage mission where the puzzles had to be correctly decoded and interpreted to advance. Those who completed all the puzzles were asked to apply for a job in Mossad. It was later revealed that many of those who completed the puzzle were not interested in a job in intelligence but just enjoyed solving puzzles. This apparently also happened during World War II.  [Read More:  strategypage/11May2017]

    Master the Art of Espionage With a Spy Masterclass From MI6.  Reckon you could give James Bond a run for his money? Well, now you can put your spy skills to the test at a new masterclass run by former British Intelligence operatives. These guys mean business - they’ll be showing you the ropes with sessions on surveillance, counter-surveillance, alias adoption and dead letter drops - a slightly terrifying term used to describe a method of espionage used to pass information between two agents.

    But the expertise of the British Intelligence doesn't come cheap. The masterclass will set you back £500 (!), so only serious spies should apply.

    If you don’t have 500 quid lying around but you’re keen to add some new skills to your repertoire, one spot is up for grabs through a competition on Truly Experiences’ Facebook page. All you have to do is like the page and leave a comment bigging up your spy credentials.  [Read More:  Aron/timeout/11May2017]

    Robert Hanssen: American Traitor.  One of the most damaging double agents in modern American history, Robert Hanssen gave the Soviets, and later the Russians, thousands of pages of classified material that revealed such sensitive national security secrets as the identities of Soviets spying for the US, specifics about America’s nuclear operations and the existence of an FBI-built tunnel underneath the Soviet Embassy in Washington.

    Hanssen’s double life began in 1979 and ended in 2001, when he was arrested after the FBI discovered, thanks to help from an ex-KGB officer, that Hanssen was a mole. A church-going father of six, Hanssen is thought to have been motivated by money rather than ideological beliefs. While covertly working for Moscow on and off over the years, he was paid $600,000 in cash and diamonds, with another $800,000 supposedly held for him in a Russian bank. Hanssen was only the third agent in FBI history charged with spying.

    Born in 1944, Hanssen was a Chicago native and son of a police officer. He graduated from Knox College in 1966 then attended dental school at Northwestern University before quitting the program to earn an MBA. He went on to work as an investigator for the Chicago Police Department then joined the FBI in 1976. He worked for the agency in Indiana and later New York City.  Hanssen’s deceit began in 1979, when he volunteered to spy for GRU, the Soviet military intelligence agency. He soon informed the Soviets that one of their generals, Dmitri Polyakov, was in fact a CIA informant who’d been spying for America since the 1960s. The Soviets eventually executed Polyakov.

    In 1980, after Hanssen’s wife reportedly caught him with some suspicious-looking papers, he admitted to selling secrets to the Soviets, but claimed the information he’d given them was worthless. At his wife’s insistence, Hanssen promised to sever ties with the Soviets and confessed to a priest, who told him to donate the dirty money first to the church but then suggested another charity. However, in 1985, Hanssen resumed his espionage activities, this time for the KGB. He gave the KGB the names of three Soviet officers collaborating with the CIA and FBI. The three spies were arrested and executed.  [Read More:  Nix/history/10May2017]

    Inside the FBI, by the Numbers.  The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was founded in 1908 under the previous name of Bureau of Investigation. It is part of the Department of Justice Office of the Director of National Intelligence and is considered the primary law enforcement agency of the US. The FBI’s request for funding for the government’s 2017 fiscal year is $9.5 billion. It employs just over 30,000 people.

    The FBI’s own description of itself:  an intelligence driven, and threat focused national security organisation with both intelligence and law enforcement responsibility that is staffed by a dedicated cadre of more than 30,000 agents, analysts, and other professionals who work around the clock and across the globe to protect the US from terrorism, espionage, cyber attacks, and major criminal threats and to provide its many partners with services, support, training and leadership.

    Most people do not know that the FBI reports to both the attorney general and director of national intelligence.

    Currently, the FBI considers its top priority to fight terrorism threat against the US. It also has a Counterintelligence Division the job of which is to stop efforts against the US by "foreign intelligence services".  [Read More:  McIntyre/247wallst/14May2017]

    Lifting the Curtain on the Swiss Intelligence Service.  The ongoing scandal of an alleged Swiss spy arrested in Germany at the end of April has shone a spotlight on the Federal Intelligence Service (FIS). swissinfo.ch reveals what it gets up to - and who watches the watchers.

    What is the FIS’s job?  In a nutshell, the FIS is "concerned with the early perception and prevention of terrorism, violent extremism, espionage, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery system technology as well as cyberattacks against critical infrastructure," according to its website.

    It is active at an international level to gain information relevant to security policy from abroad to help assess possible threats. The FIS cooperates with the government, the ministries and the military command and helps the cantonal authorities maintain inner security.

    How many people work for it?  The intelligence service employed 284 people last year, an increase of 25 posts compared with 2014. Defence Minister Guy Parmelin has said at least 20 additional staff will be hired by 2019.  [Read More:  swissinfo/12May2017]

    How the OSS Shaped Special Operations Forces and CIA of Today.  Just a few short months after Pearl Harbor, the United States was locked in a global war with both the empire of Japan and Nazi Germany. And the country had no formal intelligence gathering apparatus.

    So, in July 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and appointed BG William "Wild Bill" Donovan as its head. It was an agency that fell under the auspices of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to coordinate espionage activities behind enemy lines, conduct special operations, propaganda, subversion, and sabotage.

    Prior to the OSS, the business of American intelligence had been done on an ad-hoc basis conducted by various elements of the State Department, Navy, Treasury, and War Departments. There was no joint interaction, control, and no direction. Both the Army and Navy had separate code-breaking units that reported only to the individual services.

    Donovan was an interesting choice to lead this ground-breaking unit. To begin with, he was a Republican and Roosevelt a Democrat and the two had many disagreements and political battles in New York prior to the war. One must wonder if a sitting US president today would appoint a political foe in the political morass that plagues Washington.  [Read More:  sofrep/10May2017]


    Section III - COMMENTARY

    Analyzing a Counter Intelligence Cyber Operation: How Macron Just Changed Cyber Security Forever.  Up until today I could only look up to Russia (whether I agree with them or not) for conducting advanced information operations in cyber. Now, I can look up to Macron and the anonymous security professionals behind him and admire them. Finally, someone uses cyber deception to beat attackers at their own game. I am not alone, and Cymmetria’s ideas have been vindicated yet again.

    Let’s quickly go over what happened, and then analyze the operation and why it is so...well, cool.

    Important: We don’t know much at this stage, so I will assume a lot. While reading the story please consider it could all be an elaborate deception, and never happened.

    But remember, regardless of what actually happened, one of the major lessons of cyber security, as learned in Estonia a decade ago and endless times since, is that what people perceive matters as much if not more so than what the technical details of any attack may have actually been.
    And that further, attacks serve a purpose. The motivation can be political or otherwise, but they must be analyzed in context.  [Read More:  Evron/hackernoon/8May2017]

    Ishmael Jones: Spy Versus Spy.  CIA secrets were once typed on paper and stored in safes. Even the typewriter ribbons were removed at the end of the day and locked away. Secrets could still be exposed but it was harder. A traitor like Aldrich Ames had to ferret his way into offices at CIA Headquarters to gain physical access to documents written on paper. Then he had to smuggle those documents out of the building.

    Today a clever software engineer who is not even located within the Headquarters building can have access to it all and can download it all. Tens of thousands of intelligence agency employees sit in front of tens of thousands of linked computers sown throughout the Washington, DC area.

    The people who have sold the software driving this system will insist there are firewalls between these computers, but the massive, relentless leaking, the Wikileaks CIA dump as well as the recent NSA dump and the resulting worldwide hack - with no ability to find out who did it - say otherwise.

    Our modern software-based technical espionage often produces amazing intelligence, but this product appears to be a side effect. The fundamental design of these systems is insecure because they are based upon the needs of Deep State bureaucracy, which has its own priorities.  [Read More:  Johnson/powerlineblog/15May2017]

    National Intelligence Chief Says Smart Device Security Must Improve.  The director of intelligence is warning that the "Internet of Things" gives cyber criminals new ways to use our connectivity against us.

    As consumers demand further integration of these devices, the risk increases - unless we demand stricter security standards by manufacturers.

    In an annual assessment delivered to a Senate subcommittee yesterday, the increasing prevalence of devices that affect every aspect of our lives is named as one of a growing number of grave threats to "public health, safety and property."

    "Our adversaries are becoming more adept at using cyberspace to threaten our interests and advance their own, and despite improving cyber defenses, nearly all information, communication networks and systems will be at risk for years," Daniel R. Coats, director of national intelligence, said in written remarks to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. "Cyber threats are already challenging public trust and confidence in global institutions, governance, and norms while imposing costs on the US and global economies."  [Read More:  Van Sack/govtech/15May2017]


    Section IV - Obituaries

    Donald Glenn Eckrote, a former career CIA officer, of Myrtle Beach, SC (formerly of Annandale, VA), died 5 May 2017. He was born February 16, 1934 in Long Beach, California, the only child of Donald and Gwyneth (Wootten) Eckrote. He graduated from the University of California at Los Angeles in 1956 with a Bachelor's of Arts in Slavic Languages. Don then studied German at the Defense Language Institute in Monterrey, CA and served with the US Army in Germany, sparking his lifelong interest in travel and languages. After his 4 years in the Army, Don spent 33 years with CIA.   [Read More:  The Sun News/legacy/15May2017]

    Colonel Arthur Carleton Winn, US Army (Ret), 89, died 2 May 2017 in Vienna, VA. Art entered the military in 1946 at age 18 and served in the US Army for more than three decades, including with the occupation forces in Japan, combat in Korea, and the Vietnam War during the Tet Offensive. His service also included posts in Germany and in Israel (as the assistant Army Attaché with the American embassy from 1958 to 1960). He served in Special Forces, as an engineer, and as a military intelligence officer. Arthur earned an engineering degree from Texas A&M and received a Master's degree from Johns Hopkins University in political science. He was awarded the Legion of Merit (three times), the Bronze Star, the Meritorious Service Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the Korean Service Medal, the Occupation of Japan Medal, and the Master Parachutist Badge. After retirement from the military, he worked for Braddock Dunn & McDonald (BDM) and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) Defensive Contracting. He is survived by his wife of 56 years, Lili (Elisabeth) Winn; three daughters, one son, and other family. Colonel Winn will be buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia at a later date. He was a former AFIO member.


    Section V - Events

    AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

    Thursday, 18 May 2017, 11:30 AM - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts Dr. William E. Berry, discussing "North Korea's Nuclear Weapons and Missile Program."

    Dr. William E. Berry, Jr. is currently an independent consultant specializing in East Asian security issues after retiring from the Air Force as a colonel in 1997. During his military career, he served in Vietnam, the Philippines, Korea, and Malaysia where he was the air attaché from 1990-1993. He also taught at the Air Force Academy, the National War College, and the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies and was the senior military professor and chair of the Academy's Department of Political Science toward the end of his career. Dr. Berry completed his most recent book entitled Global Security Watch-Korea, published by Praeger/Greenwood Press in March 2008.
    The presentation will begin with a review of how the Kim dynasty in North Korea has endured from 1948 to the present, passing from father (Kim Il Sung 1948-1994) to son (Kim Jong Il (1994-2011) to grandson (Kim Jong Un 2011-present) despite widespread famine, malnutrition, and other inhumane sufferings of the North Korean people. It will then proceed to detail the North Korean nuclear weapons programs and the development of missile delivery systems.
    The nuclear program started in the 1980s with a graphite reactor provided by the Soviets with a demand that NK join the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In the early 2000s the US accused NK of developing a covert highly enriched uranium program. NK withdrew from the NPT and probably produced about 50 warheads. Some 5 underground tests were conducted with increasing yields. Three tests occurred under the regime of the current Kim Jong Un.
    A missile delivery system has also been developed, resulting in more than 20 intermediate range missile tests in 2016. There are plans for Intercontinental ballistic missiles. There are still technological issues with miniaturization and hardening, fitting warhead to missile and surviving reentry into the atmosphere, guidance systems etc. But the regime is extremely serious in further development.
    The presentation will conclude with an examination of possible rationales for the decision of the Kims to expend scarce economic resources to develop nuclear weapons and delivery systems.
    For details, please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at robsmom@pcisys.net.

    21 June 2017 (Wednesday), 11:30am - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO San Francisco Chapter hosts CMDR Waldron, a dual career path afloat operations and intelligence officer to discuss how the Coast Guard Intelligence program coordinates with the national law enforcement and intelligence communities to support and drive Coast Guard operations in the counter drug and homeland security missions.

    WHERE: Basque Cultural Center, 599 Railroad Ave, South San Francisco, CA 94080. 11:30AM no host cocktail; meeting and luncheon at noon.
    RSVP: Eventbrite link to follow. Reservation and pre-payment is required before 13 June 2017. The venue cannot accommodate walk-ins.
    Contact: Mariko Kawaguchi, Board Secretary at afiosf@aol.com or Mariko Kawaguchi, c/o AFIO, PO Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011.

    Monday, 11 September 2017 - New York, NY - The NY Metro Chapter Meeting features Carol Rollie Flynn, former CIA Officer, with tentative topic "Intelligence and National Security."

    A 30-year veteran of CIA, Carol Rollie Flynn held senior executive positions including Director of the CIA's Leadership Academy, Associate Deputy Director of the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), Director of the Office of Foreign Intelligence Relationships, Executive Director of the CIA Counterterrorism Center (CTC), and Chief of Station in major posts in Southeast Asia and Latin America. She has extensive experience in overseas intelligence operations, security, and counterintelligence as well as expertise in designing and delivering advanced education and training to adult learners. Ms. Flynn is also an adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy and Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service/Security Studies Program and a visiting faculty member at Wellesley College's Madeleine Albright Institute and the Fordham University Graduate School of Business. She serves as Adjunct Staff at Rand Corporation and is a senior affiliate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). A member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Coach Federation, Ms. Flynn has a Bachelor of Arts degree from Wellesley College, a Masters of Science in Cyber Security from University of Maryland, University College, and has completed executive leadership programs at Duke University and the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. She is an Associate Certified Coach through the International Coach Federation.
    Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St, New York, NY 10065. RSVP Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at afiometro@gmail.com or call 646-717-3776.

    HOLD THE DATE - 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

    Tentative Agenda: • Opening Remarks by AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation; • NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.
    Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Welcome by NGA Director Robert Cardillo. Friday activities TBA. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
    Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102. Details, event registration and hotel room registration links to be sent to all current members in coming weeks. Early phone-only room registrations can be made at 1-877-865-1877 at $119/nite.


    Other Upcoming Events

    16 May 2017, 11:30 am - 2 pm - McLean, VA - Defense Intelligence Forum hears from former FBI Special Agent Gary Harter on "The Insider Threat and Cyber Security."

    The Defense Intelligence Forum (DIA Alumni Association) hears from former FBI Special Agent Gary Harter on "The Insider Threat and Cyber Security." Mr. Harter served 30 years with FBI. Most of this time was spenton various cases of insider threats. Attribution for this presentation will be provided at the beginning of the presentation to ensure a complete understanding of how the presented information should be handled

    Event location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA.
    Registration starts at 1130 AM, lunch at noon.
    Make reservations by 16 May 2017 by email to diforum@diaalumni.org. Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses for self and guests. Choose Chicken Parmesan, Trout Lemone , Grilled Sausage with Sweet Peppers, Lasagna, Manicotti with Spinach and Ricotta, Cannelloni alla Bolognese, or Fettuccini with Portobello. Provide your luncheon selection with your reservation to reduce the wait time for your food. Pay online with a credit card or at the door with a check for $30 per person, payable to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments are discouraged.

    Wednesday, 17 May 2017, 7-10pm - Washington, DC - Dinner with Spies: An Evening with N. John MacGaffin III and William Ross Newland III - at the International Spy Museum

    What's it like to be a CIA Chief of Station? To manage all the CIA's operations in a country that may not be too happy with your work if you are discovered? Does it take nerves of steel? A brilliant mind? Or a good sense of humor? Possibly all of the above, if you judge by tonight's guests of honor: John MacGaffin and Ross Newland. These intelligence experts have nearly 60 years of CIA service between them. Their extraordinary intelligence careers have taken them to some of the most interesting and tension filled places in the world. Of their many overseas assignments, MacGaffin had four postings as chief of station, primarily in the Middle East; and Newland had three including Bucharest and Havana. Although some of their toughest assignments were at home forging relationships between the CIA and FBI, and the CIA and the US military. At this spirited dinner, you'll discover the reality behind a job that is frequently featured in films and television - MacGaffin serves as an advisor to the Homeland series! You will be one of only twenty guests at The Riggsby for this delicious four-course dinner of upscale American cuisine with European influences. Tickets for the general public: $225, tickets for Spy Museum Inner Circle Members: $200. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

    Thursday, 25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am - Fort Meade, MD - National Cryptologic Museum's Schorreck Lecture: "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway" with Author/Historian Elliot Carlson

    2017 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series features Elliot Carlson, author of the celebrated biography of CMDR Joseph Rochefort (cryptologic hero of the Battle of Midway) - Joe Rochefort's War: The Odyssey of the Codebreaker Who Outwitted Yamamoto at Midway. Carlson's talk will be "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway: When Cryptanalysis Came of Age." More about Carlson's book is here.

    On 3-7 June 1942, the US defeated Japan in the Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in world history. The battle regained the initiative in the Pacific for the US after its setback at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 while placing Japan on the strategic defensive from which it never fully recovered. On the 75th Anniversary of this US naval victory, Carlson discusses the pivotal role that intelligence played in it. In particular, the breaking of JN-25, the Japanese Imperial Fleet's operational code, by codebreakers at Station Hypo in Hawaii led by CMDR Joseph Rochefort USN.
    Carlson holds degrees from Stanford University (MA) and the University of Oregon (BS); he lives with his wife in Silver Spring, MD.

    RSVP: Advanced registration required since this popular NCM Schorreck Lecture Series always has a full house. So, to not lose a spot, email history@nsa.gov and/or gjnedve@nsa.gov and provide the number of seats you will need. They will confirm your reservations and answer any questions.
    Event location: National Cryptologic Museum: 9900 Colony Seven Rd, Fort Meade, MD. Directions here.

    4 - 7 June 2017 - San Antonio, TX - USGIF GEOINT 2017 Symposium theme is: "Advancing Capabilities to Meet Emerging Threats"

    The always impressive US Geospatial-Intelligence Foundation (USGIF) is offering more than 25 training and professional development sessions at their GEOINT 2017 Symposium on "Advancing Capabilities to Meet Emerging Threats" being held in beautiful San Antonio, TX. Monday, June 5 through Wednesday, June 7 are a variety of training sessions running two hours each. Attendees receive 0.2 Continuing Education Units per qualified session. Expand your knowledge on a familiar topic or learn a new one in one of the hottest, most promising and useful fields in the Intelligence Community. Sessions include: Hacking for Defense: Solving National Security Problems; 3D Terrain Modeling; Analytics for Small Sat Systems; Recent Advances in Deep Learning Cognitive Social Media Analytics Framework; Open Geospatial Machine Learning; Cyber Attack and Defense Wargame with IT, Industrial, and GEOINT Context; And much more.
    Location: Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center, San Antonio, TX.
    RSVP ASAP: Agenda and other information here.

    20 June 2017, 10 am to 1 pm - Annapolis Junction, MD - NCMF 2017 Summer Cryptologic Program features David Priess on The President's Daily Brief. Special NSA/NCMF WWI Panel Discussions on "Decoding The Great War" and Presentations of the new WWI Exhibit takes place.

    Program features Mr. David Priess, former CIA Intelligence Officer and author of the bestseller The President's Book of Secrets. This National Cryptologic Museum Foundation event can be signed up for here
    Where: CACI, Inc. located at 2720 Technology Drive, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701, Tel 301-575-3200. Directions and Map here. Click "directions" to get driving guidance.
    RSVP NOW: register online here or mail registration fee of $20 (members) or $50 (guests, includes one-year membership) to NCMF, PO Box 1682, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755-9998. Please register prior to 23 March to ensure space available. Click image at left for larger version of announcement.

    Also on 20 June, following the Priess presentation above, NSA's Center for Cryptologic History joins the Museum to host a WWI Panel Discussion: Decoding The Great War and Presentation of the new World War One Exhibit at the National Cryptologic Museum.

    Presentations and speakers are:
    Presentation 1: 1305 - World War I as an Intelligence Revolution, Michael Warner, Command Historian, US Cyber Command.
    Presentation 2: 1325 - An Ear to the Air and an Ear to the Ground: Radio Intelligence in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918, Betsy Rohaly Smoot, Historian, Center for Cryptologic History, NSA.
    Presentation 3: 1345 - Native American Code Talkers: the Secret Weapon of World War I, Dr. Steve Huffman, Retired Research Analyst, NSA. Q&A: 1345 - 1400 1405 - 1430: Presentation of World War 1 Display - Betsy Rohaly Smoot. For details on each of the presentations and speakers, or to register for one or both of these NSA/NCMF Events, use this link.

    27-28 June 2017 - Los Angeles, CA - USC Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Event (CREATE-TSA) Symposium on "Innovations in Transportation Security."

    The USC Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE) and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will come together for a two-day symposium to examine Innovations in Transportation Security. The agenda for the CREATE-TSA Symposium at the University of Southern California (USC) is available here. The invite-only event will discuss numerous relevant topics including Public Response to Crisis, Deterrence: Demotivating Terrorism, Cyber Security Threats to Transportation and Recent Airport Attacks: Lessons Learned. There will also be several keynote speakers and a panel discussion with former TSA Administrators Admiral James Loy, John W. Magaw, Peter Neffenger and John S. Pistole. Space is limited, if you have not yet registered we encourage you to do so before before the May 30, 2017 deadline.
    REGISTRATION: The registration fee for the event is $300 ($150 for government employees), and includes breakfast and lunch on both days and a reception on the evening of June 27th. To register please follow this link. Code: usccreate (lowercase). The deadline to register is May 30, 2017.
    HOTEL: We currently have a limited number of hotel rooms available at a discounted rate of $169 at the nearby Radisson Hotel. Reservations can be made either online here or by calling 800.333.3333. Use reservation code 17TSA7. Please note the code is only valid for June 26-28, 2017. The last date to make a reservation at the discounted rate is 25 May 2017. If you would like to stay at the hotel earlier or after these dates, please make reservations through the hotel directly at 213.748.4141.

    18 October 2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."

    SAVE THE DATE. Information coming in July. Details will be at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
    Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory.

    19 - 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."

    SAVE THE DATE. Information forthcoming. This symposium will be followed on 21 October 2017 with tours and workshops at the National Cryptologic Museum.
    Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.
    For more about the program, visit www.nsa.gov

    PAPERS for this event: The theme for the 2017 Symposium will be "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Papers looking at these milestone events in cryptology and considering how we remember their significance are particularly encouraged, as are those examining how cryptologic advances from these times provided momentum to create the systems of today and the future. Your proposal package should include an abstract of no more than ONE page, a complete CV, a short biographical sketch (not to exceed 150 words) to be used in the program, the amount of time you require for your paper, and full contact details. Panel proposals should include the above for each presenter and a short explanation of the panel's theme. Please submit your proposal by noon on Monday, February 6, 2017, to Program Chair Betsy Rohaly Smoot at history@nsa.gov or to her care at The Center for Cryptologic History, Suite 6886, 9800 Savage Road, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755. Please note that correspondence that does not include the suite number may not be delivered in a timely manner. Proposals received after noon on February 6 will be considered on a space-available basis. The program committee will notify you about the final status of your proposal by June 9, 2017, but may engage you in discussions before that date. See details here.


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