AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #21-17 dated 23 May 2017

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - RESEARCH REQUEST, OBITUARIES

Research Request

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
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Recently released - AFIO's 2017 edition of...

Intelligence as a Career BookletIntelligence as a Career - with updated listings of colleges teaching intelligence courses, and Q&As on needed foreign languages, as well as the courses, grades, extracurricular activities, and behavioral characteristics and life experiences sought by modern US intelligence agencies.

AFIO's popular 56-page booklet reaches high school and college students considering careers in the US Intelligence Community. This is the fourth edition.
The publication is also popular with University Career Guidance Centers, professors and academic departments specializing in national security, and parents assisting children or grandchildren in choosing meaningful, public service careers.
This booklet is provided at no cost as a public service - online and in print - from the generosity of AFIO board, donors, and members. 20,000 printed copies of each edition are distributed. Many more are accessed online.
We thank all members and donors for their support which has made this possible.

2017 edition of Careers Booklet in PDF Format available here.

Also now online as a public service from the generosity of our members and donors is the entire 788-page AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence, Peter Oleson, Editor, with a foreword by Dr. Robert M. Gates.
It can be accessed here.
If you wish, instead, to own a printed, bound copy, those are available here (AFIO) and here (Amazon).


     

A few seats remain. Make one of them yours...

"Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway" with Author/Historian Elliot Carlson
National Cryptologic Museum's Schorreck Lecture
Thursday, 25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am

Fort Meade, MD

More info and late-hour registration details here.

2017 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series features Elliot Carlson, author of the celebrated biography of CMDR Joseph Rochefort (cryptologic hero of the Battle of Midway) - Joe Rochefort's War: The Odyssey of the Codebreaker Who Outwitted Yamamoto at Midway. Carlson's talk will be "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway: When Cryptanalysis Came of Age." More about Carlson's book here.

On 3-7 June 1942, the US defeated Japan in the Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in world history. The battle regained the initiative in the Pacific for the US after its setback at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 while placing Japan on the strategic defensive from which it never fully recovered. On the 75th Anniversary of this US naval victory, Carlson discusses the pivotal role that intelligence played in it. In particular, the breaking of JN-25, the Japanese Imperial Fleet's operational code, by codebreakers at Station Hypo in Hawaii led by CMDR Joseph Rochefort USN.
Carlson holds degrees from Stanford University (MA) and the University of Oregon (BS).
He lives with his wife in Silver Spring, MD.

RSVP: Advanced registration required since this popular NCM Schorreck Lecture Series always has a full house. To not lose a spot, email history@nsa.gov and/or gjnedve@nsa.gov and provide the number of seats you will need. They will confirm your reservations and answer any questions.
Event location: National Cryptologic Museum: 9900 Colony Seven Rd, Fort Meade, MD. Directions here.
Plenty of convenient, free parking.


Books of the Week

Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State
by Ali Soufan
(WW Norton, May 2017)

Order here.
Anatomy
The former senior FBI agent gives an account of how and why bin Laden's ideology keeps rising from the dead.

Soufan, a Lebanon-born former FBI special agent who specialized in anti-terrorismt, races the hydra-headed reach of al-Qaida and how its leadership morphed into the Islamic Caliphate of Iraq and elsewhere.

He takes a deep look at the inner workings, ideology, internal politics, and strategies of modern Islamic terrorism. Based on unclassified sources as well as on detailed knowledge from Soufan's time in the FBI, the book follows the evolution of Islamic terrorism in the post–bin Laden era. One of the major points of focus here is the divisions among different terrorist leaders regarding strategy. A primary example concerns those who see the goal of terror as the defeat of the U.S. as compared with those who see their primary purpose as defeating local leaders. Soufan describes how Osama bin Laden's death combined with the rise of the Islamic State to deal a double blow to al-Qaeda. He concludes, however, that the eclipse of al-Qaeda by the Islamic State is only temporary. This is the war on terror as seen from the other side; Soufan covers the backgrounds, families, and personal connections of the top terrorist leaders, and how those relationships influence decisions on strategy and organization. Soufan reveals himself to be a true expert on the subject and this is an important read for understanding these groups' goals and operations. -- Publishers Weekly

The book may be ordered here.


The Exile: The Stunning Inside Story of Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda in Flight
by Adrian Levy and Catherine Scott-Clark
(Bloomsbury USA, May 2017)

PreOrder here.
The Exile
Insider's story of Osama bin Laden's retinue in the ten years after 9/11, a family in flight and at war.

From September 11, 2001 to May 2, 2011, Osama Bin Laden evaded intelligence services and special forces units, drones and hunter killer squads. The Exile tells the extraordinary inside story of that decade through the eyes of those who witnessed it: bin Laden's four wives and many children, his deputies and military strategists, his spiritual advisor, the CIA, Pakistan's ISI, and many others who have never before told their stories. Investigative journalists Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian Levy gained unique access to Osama bin Laden's inner circle, and they recount the flight of Al Qaeda's forces and bin Laden's innocent family members, the gradual formation of ISIS by bin Laden's lieutenants, and bin Laden's rising paranoia and eroding control over his organization. They also reveal that the Bush White House knew the whereabouts of bin Laden's family and Al Qaeda's military and religious leaders, but rejected opportunities to capture them, pursuing war in the Persian Gulf instead, and offer insights into how Al Qaeda will attempt to regenerate itself in the coming years. While we think we know what happened in Abbottabad on May 2, 2011, we know little about the wilderness years that led to that shocking event. As authoritative in its scope and detail as it is propuslively readable, The Exile is a landmark work of investigation and reporting. -- Publisher's Weekly

...offer a treasure trove of research about the al-Qaida network, from before 9/11 to the ramifications following Osama bin Laden's takedown. -- Kirkus

The book may be preordered here.


HOLD THE DATE: AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

"Succeeding in the Open – The Future of GEOINT "

will be at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
and at the Doubletree-Hilton,
Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Tentative Agenda: • Opening Remarks by AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation; • NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Welcome by NGA Director Robert Cardillo. Friday activities TBA. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102. Details, event registration and hotel room registration links to be sent to all current members in coming weeks. Early phone-only room registrations can be made at 1-877-865-1877 at $119/nite.


Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Killing CIA Informants, China Crippled US Spying Operations.  The Chinese government systematically dismantled CIA spying operations in the country starting in 2010, killing or imprisoning more than a dozen sources over two years and crippling intelligence gathering there for years afterward.

Current and former American officials described the intelligence breach as one of the worst in decades. It set off a scramble in Washington's intelligence and law enforcement agencies to contain the fallout, but investigators were bitterly divided over the cause. Some were convinced that a mole within the CIA had betrayed the United States. Others believed that the Chinese had hacked the covert system the CIA used to communicate with its foreign sources. Years later, that debate remains unresolved.

But there was no disagreement about the damage. From the final weeks of 2010 through the end of 2012, according to former American officials, the Chinese killed at least a dozen of the CIA's sources. According to three of the officials, one was shot in front of his colleagues in the courtyard of a government building ― a message to others who might have been working for the CIA.

Still others were put in jail. All told, the Chinese killed or imprisoned 18 to 20 of the CIA's sources in China, according to two former senior American officials, effectively unraveling a network that had taken years to build.  [Read More:  Mazzetti, Goldman, Schmidt, Apuzzo/nytimes/20May2017]

IBM Ex-Employee Pleads Guilty to Code Theft Charges.  A former software engineer for IBM in China pleaded guilty on Friday to stealing proprietary source code from the company, federal prosecutors announced on Friday.

Jiaqiang Xu, 31, pleaded guilty to economic espionage and theft of a trade secret before US District Judge Kenneth Karas in White Plains, New York, prosecutors said. He is scheduled to be sentenced on October 13.

Leanne Marek, Xu's attorney, declined to comment.

Xu was arrested in December 2015 after meeting with an undercover officer at a White Plains hotel, where authorities said he was recorded saying he used the code to make software to sell to customers.  [Read More:  Reuters/news18/20May2017]

Reps. Lynch, King Introduce Bill to Secure Government-Leased Buildings From Potential Espionage.  A bipartisan bill to help mitigate security risks of potential foreign government espionage by collecting beneficial ownership information prior to the federal government leasing buildings for high-security purposes was recently introduced by US Reps. Stephen Lynch (D-MA) and Peter King (R-NY).

The bill, titled the Secure Government Buildings from Espionage Act of 2017, stems from a January 2017 US Government Accountability Office (GAO) report, which found at least 20 instances of the General Services Administration (GSA) leasing high-security buildings for government agencies that were owned by foreign entities. Included in GAO's findings were six buildings used by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as field offices and three Drug Enforcement Administration field offices owned by companies located in Canada, China, Israel, Japan, and South Korea.

GAO's report also noted that the GSA did not have ownership information regarding 1,406 high-security leases as of March 2016. Without knowing key ownership information, the congressmen said in a release, the GSA may not be aware of the source of fund to finance the building and cannot track potential money laundering.

To address issues related to leasing information, the bill would require that all beneficial ownership information is collected as part of GSA's leasing process, which includes knowing if a foreign owner holds a stake in a particular property.  [Read More:  HPN News Desk/homelandprepnews/19May2017]

Swiss Watchdog Defends Handling of Information on Germany Spy Suspect.  A Swiss watchdog defended federal prosecutors on Wednesday from allegations that they inadvertently blew the cover of a spy detained in Germany last month on suspicion he was gathering intelligence about sales of stolen Swiss bank data.

In a case that has triggered outrage in Germany, the man identified only as Daniel M. was taken into custody in April and charged with investigating how German authorities came up with data identifying German tax dodgers with Swiss accounts.

The 54-year-old suspect was also under investigation in Switzerland on unrelated allegations that he was dealing in stolen bank data himself via German middlemen.

Media reports say unredacted interrogation records in which Daniel M. told Swiss police about his spy activity in Germany fell into the hands of German prosecutors when lawyers for two German suspects in that case were given access to the files.  [Read More:  Shields/usnews/17May2017]

Two Czechs Convicted of Espionage in Greece.  A Greek court imposed suspended 30-month sentences with three-year probation on two Czechs on Tuesday, after the qualification of their case was changed from suspected espionage to a minor offence, Czech Television (CT) said on Tuesday.

The state attorney originally charged the two with espionage but later changed the qualification to unauthorised photographing, which is a minor offence.

The defendants appealed the verdict instantly.

According to the indictment, the two men, employees of a software firm, photographed some military grounds for a new game in a sensitive region along the Turkish border.  [Read More:  praguemonitor/17May2017]

Israeli Spy Jonathan Pollard Seeks to Ease Parole Conditions.  Freed Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard's lawyer faced a skeptical appeals judge as he tried Wednesday to convince a three-judge panel to ease his client's parole conditions.

Pollard's lawyer Eliot Lauer tried to win a relaxation of conditions requiring Pollard to submit to a curfew and monitoring of his workplace computer and his whereabouts. The 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals did not immediately rule.

Circuit Judge Reena Raggi seemed to side with the government, saying parole conditions only had to be rational.

"It doesn't have to be supported by a preponderance of the evidence or any other proof," she said.  [Read More:  Neumeister/abcnews/17May2017]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Pentagon Mapmakers Want to Tap Mobile Ad Technology. Here's Why.  While the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency keeps its operations secret, it's looking into the some of the country's flashiest technology hotbeds for new ideas.

The spy agency, whose mapping projects are used in combat support and general intelligence operations, has been sending staff to Boston, Austin and New York to absorb new concepts from startups targeting the commercial market. Nextgov chatted with Anthony Vinci, a tech entrepreneur and NGA's director for plans and programs, about what's next.

This conversation has been edited for length and clarity.  [Read More:  Ravindranath/nextgov/19May2017]

What Could a Mysterious US Spy Know About the JFK Assassination?  She may have been one of the bravest and best-placed American spies in the history of the Cold War, but few people outside the CIA know the mysterious story of June Cobb.

The existing information in the spy agency's declassified files depicts Cobb as an American Mata Hari - an adventure-loving, death-defying globetrotter who moved to Cuba to work for Fidel Castro, the country's newly installed strongman, then found herself recruited to spy for the CIA after growing disenchanted with Castro's revolution. The era's rampant sexism is obvious in her job evaluation reports: Cobb's CIA handlers wrote down speculation about her sex life and her failed romance in the 1950s with an opium farmer in the jungles of South America. And the reports are filled with appraisals of Cobb's looks, noting especially her fetching blue eyes. "Miss Cobb is not unattractive," her CIA recruiter wrote in 1960. "She is blonde, has a slender figure, although she has a somewhat hard look, making her appear somewhat older than her 33 years."

According to another, undated evaluation, she had a "wiry" figure but had been attractive enough to catch the Cuban dictator's eye. Cobb, the report said, was reputedly "a former girlfriend of Castro's." True or not, she was close enough to get a job on the Cuban dictator's senior staff in Havana in 1960, the perfect perch to spy for the CIA. Cobb's agency work in Havana and later in Mexico leads us to the most puzzling aspect of her life - that she later found herself drawn deeply into the mysteries of John F. Kennedy's assassination. After the murder, she reported to her CIA bosses that she had identified a trio of witnesses who could tie Kennedy's assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, to Cuban diplomats and spies in Mexico City, where Oswald had traveled just weeks before the assassination.

What did June Cobb know at the time? Historians of the Cold War - and anyone with an interest in JFK's 1963 assassination and the possibility of Cuban involvement - are on the verge of learning much more about the extraordinary, often bizarre, sometimes tragic life of the American spy who was born Viola June Cobb, the full name that appeared on her birth certificate back home in Ponca City, Oklahoma, in 1927. The National Archives has recently acknowledged that it is preparing to release a 221-page file of long-secret CIA documents about Cobb that - for reasons the Archives says it cannot yet divulge - are somehow linked to JFK's murder.  [Read More:  Shenon/politico/20May2017]

Decimal Points: Allen Dulles Was a Real-Life Spy Master.  It's sometimes said that spying is the world's "second oldest profession" - after prostitution, of course, which is always first.

From Rudyard Kipling to John le Carrι, spying and spy craft has been immortalized in fiction, and many millions of readers can attest to how wonderfully entertaining spy novels can be. And when these books have been written by someone like le Carrι, who knows the business (he worked for Britain's MI 6), they can be edifying too.

However, if you want to read the story of a real spy, you should read about Allen Dulles (1893-1969), the first civilian head of the CIA. Though not a household name, Dulles had a profound influence upon the world - an influence which reverberates yet today - and all of us should be familiar with his story.

There are a couple of fine recent books on Dulles. One is former New York Times reporter Stephen Kinzer's The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War (2015). Another is The Devil's Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America's Secret Government (2015), by David Talbot, founding editor of Salon.  [Read More:  Cole/greensboro/21May2017]

Henry Hemmings Sheds Light on MI5 Spymaster Maxwell Knight.  Intelligence officers and those who share London flats with pet bears named Bessie are alike off-piste human beings. If a man who is both also declines to consummate any of his three marriages, writes atrocious thrillers and attends seances with the satanist Aleister Crowley, he may reasonably be characterised as unusual.

Maxwell Knight, as Henry Hemming recounts in this excellent biography, spent 30 years in the service of MI5, and became an agent-runner celebrated throughout the tiny British secret world. Then, for the last seven years of his life, he became one of the first generation of television celebrities, contributing to a host of wildlife programs tales of relationships with snakes, marmosets, mongooses, cuckoos - and Bessie.

He once sternly lectured a wife about the importance of domestic hygiene: "Bottles, teats, tubes and mixing dishes must be washed after each meal. Failure to do this will mean sickness and possibly death." He was here not concerned with the welfare of babies, since fortunately he never had any, but of monkeys. When he died in 1968, David Attenborough and Peter Scott headed the contributors to a wildlife memorial fund established in his name.

Hemming has done a terrific job of unscrambling Knight's muddled life. Born in 1900 into the improvident upper-middle class, by 1923 he had already endured a brutal naval education, a spell as a London jazz groupie, expulsion from the family circle and dalliances with all manner of animals. "He handled them brilliantly," said a cousin. "They came to him easily, trustingly."  [Read More:  Hastings/theaustralian/20May2017]

The CIA Is Running Internal Shark Tank-Like Pitch Competitions, CIO Says.  The Central Intelligence Agency is using pitch competitions similar to the TV show Shark Tank to spur the development of cutting-edge intelligence gathering technologies, the agency's chief information officer John Edwards said Wednesday at a tech conference.

"We have run three Shark Tanks, you know like the TV show," said Edwards during VMWare's Public Sector Innovation Summit. "The last one we had 21 submissions. These guys get pretty creative, some dress up as different characters and present and it's a lot of fun."

Edwards told CyberScoop that each informal competition will typically gather in-house CIA developers and other officials to pitch their ideas to senior agency personnel from both Edwards' office and the Directorate of Digital Innovation, or DDI - a newly created division within the spy agency focused on the development of offensive and defensive cyber capabilities. The winning idea or pitch from each competition is considered for potential funding and further project execution.

These internal, CIA pitch competitions effectively underscore what has quickly become a growing effort inside the spy agency to come up with unique and cost-effective solutions that can occasionally supersede a sometimes sluggish technology acquisition process.  [Read More:  Bing/cyberscoop/17May2017]

How Can America's Spies Navigate Today's Political Minefields?  As Mark Lowenthal climbed the CIA's ranks, he prided himself on staying level-headed even in tense political moments. But even for the agency's then assistant director, the 2004 presidential race proved unusually stressful.

When popular CIA Director George Tenet resigned that July after US intelligence leads failed to turn up suspected weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, reports in The Wall Street Journal indicated that CIA rank-and-file officers had begun supporting President Bush's Democratic rival, John Kerry. White House officials quickly seized on those rumors, accusing the agency of playing politics.

"It was beginning to affect the entire building," says Mr. Lowenthal, who retired from the agency in 2005. "It's hard to go to work when you know that your main client doesn't like you."

Those difficulties seem to be returning to Washington amid a hyper-partisan climate. President Trump fired former FBI Director James Comey amid an FBI investigation into suspected Russian interference in November's election.  [Read More:  Detsch/csmonitor/18May2017]

The Power of Words: An Interview With Sven Hughes.  SPY Historian Vince Houghton sat down with Sven Hughes, a former reserve soldier within British Military Intelligence, Psychological Operations, and UK Special Forces, to discuss counter-radicalization and the effectiveness of influence operations. Mr. Hughes is also the author of the new book, Verbalization: The Power of Words to Drive Change.  [Read More:  spymuseum/16May2017]

Pardee Students Take Espionage Tour of Boston.  Students at the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies currently taking IR 581, The Evolution of Strategic Intelligence, concluded their semester course by taking on an espionage tour of Boston, led by John D. Woodward, Jr., Professor of the Practice of International Relations at the Pardee School. 

Not even intermittent rain could dampen the enthusiasm of the students as they visited various sites across Boston. At the Union Club, they learned about the key role its member, Lincoln's Minister to England Charles Francis Adams, played in helping to disrupt clandestine Confederate procurement in the United Kingdom.  At the Samuel Adams statue at Faneuil Hall, students learned how Sam had the clear vision and firm belief that the colonies really could be independent from Britain and how Sam was a master of influence operations.

"After discussing the role of intelligence during the American Revolution in class, it was fascinating to see some of the locations where the Sons of Liberty were able to operate and establish their intelligence network," Pardee graduate student Michael Cavanaugh said. "We also got to see other interesting espionage related sites in Boston, including the Parker House Hotel where Ho Chi Minh supposedly worked, as well as the General Joseph Hooker statue by the State Capitol. Hooker was instrumental in establishing the Bureau of Military Information, the most organized intelligence service during the American Civil War."  [Read More:  bu/16May2017]



Section III - COMMENTARY

Iran Espionage Capabilities Have a Powerful Bite.  Does Iran's espionage threat have teeth or are they a toothless entity?

We hear a good deal about Iran and their espionage and cyberespionage escapades. We also hear, perhaps more frequently, how Iran is also designated as a state sponsor of terrorism. Looking more at the former, without ignoring the latter, let's see what we need to worry about.

On 11 May 2017, the Director National Intelligence (DNI), Daniel Coats presented to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) the annual Worldwide National Threat Assessment. Iran was identified, by the DNI as being included in those from whom "The United States will face a complex global foreign intelligence threat environment in 2017."  Iran distrusts the US and their intelligence services view the US as a primary threat.

In April 2017, the "OILRIG" hacker group, is suspected of a cyberespionage operation against Israeli entities. According to the Israeli Cyber Defense Authority, Iran was the sponsor of these attacks.  [Read More:  Burgess/csoonline/20May2017]

Chinese Counterspies Roiling US Intelligence Operations in Beijing.  China's spy agency has been so aggressive in targeting the US embassy in Beijing that CIA employees are afraid to talk above a whisper in their own, technologically insulated offices out of fear of bugs, according to multiple sources.

Security problems began to surface even before completion of the new embassy in August 2008, says a former senior US intelligence China specialist, who spoke with Newsweek only on condition of anonymity because the sensitivity of the issue. Undercover Chinese agents began targeting carousing US workers imported for the job and tempting them with sex workers.

"We were constantly having to send people home for fraternization," the former official said. "That was a very big problem, keeping construction crews on site, because the Chinese clearly were trying to target them, but we kept a pretty careful handle on all of that."

The Chinese effort marked a new aggressive chapter in the strategy of Beijing's Ministry of State Security, responsible for both foreign intelligence-gathering and domestic counterintelligence. Previously, its main tactic was to induce or blackmail Chinese Americans working for the CIA, FBI or Defense Department into spying for the motherland. Identifying possible recruits was made immeasurably easier in 2014, after Chinese hackers reportedly broke into the computer systems of the US Office of Personnel Management and stole the personnel files of 21.5 million federal employees.  [Read More:  Stein/newsweek/22May2017]

Commentary: How Trump's Information-Sharing Hurts the Intelligence Community.  President Trump's latest on-the-job lesson in being commander-in-chief is a vital one: Intelligence is a team sport.

For all of America's immense military power, global reach and technical capabilities, we still rely on our allies for on-the-ground knowledge. Bottom line: We need friends to fight terrorism, and Trump's actions are making it harder for the intelligence community to do its job.

In the wake of this week's reports that President Trump appears to have provided classified information to Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Ambassador Sergey Kislyak - intelligence the US has yet to share with our allies on combating the Islamic State - it's fair to ask what impact this will have on US intelligence-gathering.

If you give away too much information about how or where you got it, that can cause problems. But if you talk too much about what you know - even if you don't reveal how - that can still give too much detail to people who know what they're doing.  [Read More:  kasu/17May2017]



Section IV - Research Requests, Obituaries

Research Request

Former WSJ Reporter Researching Earl S. Browning Jr., an Army Counter-Intelligence officer in Germany after WWII, the CIC, the Gestapo, and Klaus Barbie. I am a retired Wall Street Journal reporter doing research about my father, Earl S. Browning Jr., an Army Counter-Intelligence officer in Germany after World War II who attempted, unsuccessfully, to stop the Counter-Intelligence Corps from working with former Lyon Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie. I would be eager to speak with anyone with knowledge of the Barbie case and/or of my father. I also am seeking memoirs, private histories, documents or other information on this subject. Most people involved in the Barbie case have died, but I am hoping that some may have left written material or spoken about their experiences, and that this information could be passed on, recounted or described to me. I can be reached at: Name: E.S. (Jim) Browning email: esbrowning04@yahoo.com cellphone: 201-887-1919 address: 26891 Wedgewood Drive, apt 201, Bonita Springs, FL 34134. If I don't answer the cell phone please leave a message!

Obituaries

Louis J. Bonanni, 86, former Deputy Director for Administration and Chief of Staff, NSA, died 21 May 2017 of a myocardial infarction while also being treated for cancer. Born in Pennsylvania, his early years were marked by the Depression, poverty and the accidents and illnesses that accompanied his father's and his own work in the coal mines. Determined to get an education and make a better life for himself, he graduated from Wilkes College with a degree in Political Science. Over later earned a Masters Degree in Public Administration from American University, attended the Federal Executive Institute, and was graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He joined NSA in 1952 at Arlington Hall and served in a variety of operational and programming positions before moving into higher levels of management and leadership. As a member of the Senior Executive Service, he lead the Installations and Logistics organization, followed by eight years as the Deputy Director for Administration responsible for the direction and control of Agency human resource, security, medical, and travel activities of all civilian and military personnel, as well as developing the policies, plans, programs and budgets. He retired as the Chief of Staff in 1989, the second-highest civilian position at that time. He provided advice and counsel to the Director and Deputy Director on a myriad of issues, and resolved conflicts that crossed traditional organizational boundaries. He was the recipient of two Presidential Rank Awards, one Meritorious and one Distinguished. Lou was fond of saying that "if you want to help the Agency's mission, you need to do it through its people." After retiring from NSA, he puttered in his garden, drove his wife, Theresa, to antique stores, and encouraged and guided his children Louis and Deborah. [Deborah Bonanni is a new member of AFIO's Board of Directors.] Lou's dream was to become a lawyer and run for public office. He wanted to improve the life of the coal miners he had worked side by side with as a young man. While finances precluded his own attendance at law school, he made sure Louis and Deborah faced no such obstacles in becoming lawyers. He leaves his wife of 65 years, Theresa, and his son and daughter. On Thursday, 25 May 2017 there will be a visitation from 10:30-11:30 followed immediately by a funeral mass at 11:30 at St. Patrick's Catholic Church, 4101 Norbeck Road, Rockville, MD 20853. Burial will be private.

Howard P. Hart, a daring CIA operative who ran the agency's clandestine program arming Afghan fighters against Soviet forces in the early 1980s, died April 30 at his home in Dyke, Va., a community north of Charlottesville. He was 76.

The cause was liver cancer, said his wife, Jean Hart.

Mr. Hart's career placed him at the center of some of the most dramatic and dangerous events of his era in espionage. He was injured in Iran during the Islamic overthrow of the government and took part in the doomed US commando mission to rescue American hostages. Later, he led the CIA's foray into the Reagan-era war on drugs with a pioneering agency branch that teamed analysts with overseas operatives.

He was best known for his role in overseeing secret arms shipments to Afghan militants through a covert CIA program aimed at ousting Soviet forces that occupied the country to prop up its Marxist government. The shipments, routed through Pakistan, escalated through the 1980s, ultimately forcing the wounded superpower to abandon Afghanistan.  [Read More:  Miller/washingtonpost/18May2017]



Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

21 June 2017 (Wednesday), 11:30am - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO San Francisco Chapter hosts CMDR Waldron.

TOPIC: Cmdr. Matthew J. Waldron, a dual career path afloat operations and intelligence officer, will discuss how the Coast Guard Intelligence program coordinates with the national law enforcement and intelligence communities to support and drive Coast Guard operations in the counter drug and homeland security missions.
WHERE: Basque Cultural Center, 599 Railroad Ave, South San Francisco, CA 94080. 11:30AM no host cocktail; meeting and luncheon at noon.
RSVP: At this link. Reservation and pre-payment is required before 13 June 2017. The venue cannot accommodate walk-ins. Contact: Mariko Kawaguchi, Board Secretary at afiosf@aol.com or Mariko Kawaguchi, c/o AFIO, PO Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011.

Monday, 11 September 2017 - New York, NY - The NY Metro Chapter Meeting features Carol Rollie Flynn, former CIA Officer, with tentative topic "Intelligence and National Security."

A 30-year veteran of CIA, Carol Rollie Flynn held senior executive positions including Director of the CIA's Leadership Academy, Associate Deputy Director of the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), Director of the Office of Foreign Intelligence Relationships, Executive Director of the CIA Counterterrorism Center (CTC), and Chief of Station in major posts in Southeast Asia and Latin America. She has extensive experience in overseas intelligence operations, security, and counterintelligence as well as expertise in designing and delivering advanced education and training to adult learners. Ms. Flynn is also an adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy and Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service/Security Studies Program and a visiting faculty member at Wellesley College's Madeleine Albright Institute and the Fordham University Graduate School of Business. She serves as Adjunct Staff at Rand Corporation and is a senior affiliate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). A member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Coach Federation, Ms. Flynn has a Bachelor of Arts degree from Wellesley College, a Masters of Science in Cyber Security from University of Maryland, University College, and has completed executive leadership programs at Duke University and the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. She is an Associate Certified Coach through the International Coach Federation.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St, New York, NY 10065. RSVP Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at afiometro@gmail.com or call 646-717-3776.

HOLD THE DATE - 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

Tentative Agenda: • Opening Remarks by AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation; • NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.
Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Welcome by NGA Director Robert Cardillo. Friday activities TBA. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102. Details, event registration and hotel room registration links to be sent to all current members in coming weeks. Early phone-only room registrations can be made at 1-877-865-1877 at $119/nite.


Other Upcoming Events

Thursday, 25 May 2017 10 am - 11:30 am - Fort Meade, MD - National Cryptologic Museum's Schorreck Lecture: "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway" with Author/Historian Elliot Carlson

2017 Henry F. Schorreck Lecture Speaker Series features Elliot Carlson, author of the celebrated biography of CMDR Joseph Rochefort (cryptologic hero of the Battle of Midway) - Joe Rochefort's War: The Odyssey of the Codebreaker Who Outwitted Yamamoto at Midway. Carlson's talk will be "Codebreaking and the Battle of Midway: When Cryptanalysis Came of Age." More about Carlson's book is here.

On 3-7 June 1942, the US defeated Japan in the Battle of Midway, one of the most decisive battles in world history. The battle regained the initiative in the Pacific for the US after its setback at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 while placing Japan on the strategic defensive from which it never fully recovered. On the 75th Anniversary of this US naval victory, Carlson discusses the pivotal role that intelligence played in it. In particular, the breaking of JN-25, the Japanese Imperial Fleet's operational code, by codebreakers at Station Hypo in Hawaii led by CMDR Joseph Rochefort USN.
Carlson holds degrees from Stanford University (MA) and the University of Oregon (BS); he lives with his wife in Silver Spring, MD.

RSVP: Advanced registration required since this popular NCM Schorreck Lecture Series always has a full house. So, to not lose a spot, email history@nsa.gov and/or gjnedve@nsa.gov and provide the number of seats you will need. They will confirm your reservations and answer any questions.
Event location: National Cryptologic Museum: 9900 Colony Seven Rd, Fort Meade, MD. Directions here.

4 - 7 June 2017 - San Antonio, TX - USGIF GEOINT 2017 Symposium theme is: "Advancing Capabilities to Meet Emerging Threats"

The always impressive US Geospatial-Intelligence Foundation (USGIF) is offering more than 25 training and professional development sessions at their GEOINT 2017 Symposium on "Advancing Capabilities to Meet Emerging Threats" being held in beautiful San Antonio, TX. Monday, June 5 through Wednesday, June 7 are a variety of training sessions running two hours each. Attendees receive 0.2 Continuing Education Units per qualified session. Expand your knowledge on a familiar topic or learn a new one in one of the hottest, most promising and useful fields in the Intelligence Community. Sessions include: Hacking for Defense: Solving National Security Problems; 3D Terrain Modeling; Analytics for Small Sat Systems; Recent Advances in Deep Learning Cognitive Social Media Analytics Framework; Open Geospatial Machine Learning; Cyber Attack and Defense Wargame with IT, Industrial, and GEOINT Context; And much more.
Location: Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center, San Antonio, TX.
RSVP ASAP: Agenda and other information here.

Wednesday, 14 June 2017, noon - Washington, DC - Allies vs. Axis: Roosevelt, Churchill, Hitler, and Atomic Espionage with Ray Batvinis - at the International Spy Museum

Join former FBI special agent Raymond J. Batvinis, author of Hoover's Secret War Against Axis Spies, as he tells a remarkable story of counterintelligence, German atomic espionage efforts, FBI-British wartime relations, and radio deception conducted during the most critical part of the Second World War. Hoover's Secret War Against Axis Spies will be available for sale and signing at the event. Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Friday, 16 June 2017, 5:30 to 7:30pm - Washington, DC - Spy Fiction Writer's Workshop with Melissa Mahle - at the International Spy Museum

The shadow world of spying has captured the imagination of authors for centuries. Join this unique writing workshop for young spies led by Melissa Mahle, former CIA intelligence officer and author of Anatolia Steppe: Lost in Petra and Camp Secret. Learn from her hands-on work in disguise, surveillance, and spy gadgetry and be the one to develop a plot and storyline that grips readers' attention and quickens their pulses. Ages: 9-14. Tickets for the general public: $30, tickets for Spy Museum Inner Circle Members: $25. Dinner included. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

20 June 2017, 10 am to 1 pm - Annapolis Junction, MD - NCMF 2017 Summer Cryptologic Program features David Priess on The President's Daily Brief. Special NSA/NCMF WWI Panel Discussions on "Decoding The Great War" and Presentations of the new WWI Exhibit takes place.

Program features Dr. David Priess, former CIA Intelligence Officer and author of the bestseller The President's Book of Secrets. This National Cryptologic Museum Foundation event can be signed up for here
Where: CACI, Inc. located at 2720 Technology Drive, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701, Tel 301-575-3200. Directions and Map here. Click "directions" to get driving guidance.
RSVP NOW: register online here or mail registration fee of $20 (members) or $50 (guests, includes one-year membership) to NCMF, PO Box 1682, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755-9998. Please register prior to 23 March to ensure space available. Click image at left for larger version of announcement.

Also on 20 June, following the Priess presentation above, NSA's Center for Cryptologic History joins the Museum to host a WWI Panel Discussion: Decoding The Great War and Presentation of the new World War One Exhibit at the National Cryptologic Museum.

Presentations and speakers are:
Presentation 1: 1305 - World War I as an Intelligence Revolution, Michael Warner, Command Historian, US Cyber Command.
Presentation 2: 1325 - An Ear to the Air and an Ear to the Ground: Radio Intelligence in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918, Betsy Rohaly Smoot, Historian, Center for Cryptologic History, NSA.
Presentation 3: 1345 - Native American Code Talkers: the Secret Weapon of World War I, Dr. Steve Huffman, Retired Research Analyst, NSA. Q&A: 1345 - 1400 1405 - 1430: Presentation of World War 1 Display - Betsy Rohaly Smoot. For details on each of the presentations and speakers, or to register for one or both of these NSA/NCMF Events, use this link.

20 June 2017, 1130 am - 2 pm - McLean, VA - the Defense Intelligence Forum (DIF/DIAA) hosts John L. Moore on "The Middle East."

Mr. John L. Moore will speak on "The Middle East." From 1968 thru 2000, John Moore was an analyst, senior analyst, manager and senior executive on the Middle East for DIA. From 1984 thru 1992, he was the chief of the Middle East and Africa Division and from 1992 thru December 2000 when he retired, John served as the Defense Intelligence Officer for the Middle East, South Asia and Terrorism. Mr. Moore worked as a Middle East consultant from 2000 thru 2002 where he appeared as the first non-lawyer to brief the international Court of Justice (World Court). From 2003 thru 2012, John was a consultant on the Middle East for DIA; the last five years he served as the Senior Mentor in the Middle East office. John was twice awarded the National Distinguished Service Medal (1991 and 2000) and was twice awarded the DIA Exceptional Civilian Service Medal (1984 and 1997). John was a 1965 graduate of LaSalle University and a 1978 graduate of the US Army Was College. Attribution for this presentation will be provided at the beginning of the presentation to ensure a complete understanding of how the presented information should be handled.
To attend: Make reservations by 20 June 2017 by email to diforum@diaalumni.org. Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses. For each attendee, choose among chicken parmesan, trout lemone, lasagna, grilled sausage with sweet peppers, fettuccini with portabella, manicotti with spinach and ricotta, or cannelloni alla Bolognese for your luncheon selection. Please provide your luncheon selection with your reservation to reduce the wait time for your food. Pay at the door with a check for $ 30 per person, payable to DIAA, Inc. Check is preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments are discouraged.
Location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA.

Tuesday, 20 June 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Espionage Act of 1917 at 100 - at the International Spy Museum

Come hear a panel of distinguished experts including Johns Hopkins University senior lecturer, Dr. Mark Stout, and national security lawyer, Mark S. Zaid, discuss the past, present and future use of the Espionage Act, including such topics as whether journalists should have reason to fear being prosecuted for disclosing classified information, and what protections whistleblowers might or should have in the 21st century. Tickets for the general public: $12, tickets for Spy Museum Inner Circle Members: $10. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Monday, 26 June 2017, noon-1:30pm - Washington, DC - A Conversation on North Korea with Michael Morell and Ambassador DeTrani - at the International Spy Museum

Attend a luncheon and receive an insider's perspective on North Korea with former CIA Deputy Director Michael Morell and Ambassador Joseph DeTrani. Few places on earth remain as mysterious and forbidding as North Korea. With the escalation of events in the North Korean relations, hear from two experts who have played integral roles in our nation's security and can provide current insight on the secretive nation. RSVP by June 19. Tickets: $129+. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

27-28 June 2017 - Los Angeles, CA - USC Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Event (CREATE-TSA) Symposium on "Innovations in Transportation Security."

The USC Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE) and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will come together for a two-day symposium to examine Innovations in Transportation Security. The agenda for the CREATE-TSA Symposium at the University of Southern California (USC) is available here. The invite-only event will discuss numerous relevant topics including Public Response to Crisis, Deterrence: Demotivating Terrorism, Cyber Security Threats to Transportation and Recent Airport Attacks: Lessons Learned. There will also be several keynote speakers and a panel discussion with former TSA Administrators Admiral James Loy, John W. Magaw, Peter Neffenger and John S. Pistole. Space is limited, if you have not yet registered we encourage you to do so before before the May 30, 2017 deadline.
REGISTRATION: The registration fee for the event is $300 ($150 for government employees), and includes breakfast and lunch on both days and a reception on the evening of June 27th. To register please follow this link. Code: usccreate (lowercase). The deadline to register is May 30, 2017.
HOTEL: We currently have a limited number of hotel rooms available at a discounted rate of $169 at the nearby Radisson Hotel. Reservations can be made either online here or by calling 800.333.3333. Use reservation code 17TSA7. Please note the code is only valid for June 26-28, 2017. The last date to make a reservation at the discounted rate is 25 May 2017. If you would like to stay at the hotel earlier or after these dates, please make reservations through the hotel directly at 213.748.4141.

18 October 2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."

SAVE THE DATE. Information coming in July. Details will be at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory.

19 - 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."

SAVE THE DATE. Information forthcoming. This symposium will be followed on 21 October 2017 with tours and workshops at the National Cryptologic Museum.
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.
For more about the program, visit www.nsa.gov

PAPERS for this event: The theme for the 2017 Symposium will be "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. Papers looking at these milestone events in cryptology and considering how we remember their significance are particularly encouraged, as are those examining how cryptologic advances from these times provided momentum to create the systems of today and the future. Your proposal package should include an abstract of no more than ONE page, a complete CV, a short biographical sketch (not to exceed 150 words) to be used in the program, the amount of time you require for your paper, and full contact details. Panel proposals should include the above for each presenter and a short explanation of the panel's theme. Please submit your proposal by noon on Monday, February 6, 2017, to Program Chair Betsy Rohaly Smoot at history@nsa.gov or to her care at The Center for Cryptologic History, Suite 6886, 9800 Savage Road, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755. Please note that correspondence that does not include the suite number may not be delivered in a timely manner. Proposals received after noon on February 6 will be considered on a space-available basis. The program committee will notify you about the final status of your proposal by June 9, 2017, but may engage you in discussions before that date. See details here.


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