AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #28-17 dated 25 July 2017

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - OBITUARIES

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
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Recently released - AFIO's Summer 2017 edition of Intelligencer journal. Copies will start arriving 1 August to all current members and subscribers. Allow three weeks for arrival in mid-west and western states.

AFIO's 2017 edition of...

Intelligence as a Career BookletIntelligence As a Career - with updated listings of colleges teaching intelligence courses, and Q&As on needed foreign languages, as well as the courses, grades, extracurricular activities, and behavioral characteristics and life experiences sought by modern US intelligence agencies.

AFIO's popular 56-page booklet reaches high school and college students considering careers in the US Intelligence Community. This is the fourth edition.
The publication is also popular with University Career Guidance Centers, professors and academic departments specializing in national security, and parents assisting children or grandchildren in choosing meaningful, public service careers.
This booklet is provided at no cost as a public service - online and in print - from the generosity of AFIO board, donors, and members. 20,000 printed copies of each edition are distributed. Many more are accessed online.
We thank all members and donors for their support which has made this possible.

2017 edition of Careers Booklet in PDF Format available here.

Also now online as a public service from the generosity of our members and donors is the entire 788-page AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence, Peter Oleson, Editor, with a foreword by Dr. Robert M. Gates.
It can be accessed here.
If you wish, instead, to own a printed, bound copy, those are available here (AFIO) and here (Amazon).

     

CONGRATULATIONS to the International Spy Museum
for their 15 years of educational service to the nation.
On 19 June 2002 -- the International Spy Museum opened its doors, welcoming nearly 9 million visitors over the years.

AFIO enjoys a close relationship and alliance with our many colleagues at the Museum and wish them all many more decades of success in the impressive new headquarters to open in the fall of 2018 in Southwest Washington, DC.
For a closer look at the upcoming new museum, visit the update here or click above image.


Register now for...
AFIO-NGA's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium
Speakers and Venues

DAY ONE: "Succeeding in the Open ― The Future of GEOINT"
at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and

DAY TWO: "Active Measure ― A Global Threat"
at the Doubletree-Hilton

Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017

Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.
Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution. FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies. He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • James Clapper, former DCI. • Senior officials from CIA, other agencies, and embassies TBA. Chapter workshop early Friday morning.
Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]
Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.

Books of the Week - highlighting the importance of Codes and Ciphers and NSA.

The Woman Who Smashed Codes:
A True Story of Love, Spies, and the Unlikely Heroine who Outwitted America's Enemies

by Jason Fagone
(Dey Street Books, Aug 2017)

Order here.
Woman Who Smashed Codes The origins of code-breaking during WWI and an overdue look at the pioneers who influenced the creation of NSA. In 1912, at the height of WWI, Shakespeare expert Elizebeth Smith [please note the unusual spelling of her first name - it is correct] went to work for an eccentric tycoon on his estate outside Chicago. He had close USG ties, and asked Elizebeth to apply her skills to something unusual: code-breaking. There she met the man who would become her husband, cryptologist William Friedman. Though she and Friedman are in many ways the "Adam and Eve" of NSA, few still know the full story and impact they had on America's destiny. After WWI, Smith used her talent to catch gangsters and smugglers during Prohibition, then accepted a covert mission to expose Nazi spy rings which were spreading across South America, advancing towards the US.
Elizebeth cracked multiple versions of the Enigma machine used by German spies. Meanwhile, inside an Army vault in Washington, Bill Friedman worked furiously to break Purple, the Japanese version of Enigma—and eventually succeeded, at a terrible cost to his personal life. We learn of code-breaking history through the prism of Smith’s life, bringing into focus the unforgettable events and colorful personalities that shaped modern intelligence.

The book may be ordered here.


Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II
by Liza Mundy
(Hachette Books, Oct 2017)

Order here.
Code Girls Recruited by the US Army and Navy from small towns and elite colleges, more than ten thousand women served as codebreakers during WWII. While the boys took up arms, these women moved to Washington and learned code-breaking. Their efforts shortened the war, saved countless lives, and gave them access to careers previously denied to women and the strict vow of secrecy nearly erased their efforts from history.

When Hidden Figures—the book and movie—were released, Americans were surprised to learn that women played an instrumental role at NASA in the 1960s. They played even more significant roles -- secret ones -- during WWII. Some 11,000 women ( 70% of the Army’s, 80% of the Navy’s codebreaking forces) served the war effort as codebreakers. In addition to breaking enemy codes, they also tested American codes, ran complicated office machines, built libraries of intelligence, and worked as translators. At first, the military recruited only college-educated women strong in science, math, or languages; later, as the field rapidly expanded, many thousands more women were welcomed. The jobs were intensely difficult, stimulating, and vital to the war effort. A well-researched, compellingly written, crucial addition to the literature of American involvement in World War II. —Kirkus Reviews

The book may be ordered here.


Working on the Dark Side of the Moon: Life Inside the National Security Agency
by Thomas Reed Willemain
(Mill City Press, May 2017)

Order here.
Working on Dark Side of the Moon A few facts upfront: NSA does not like publicity. Most agencies do not. And the past five years of exposés, leaks, and public incomprehension from an outpouring of pro-Snowden/anti-NSA/anti-collection political spin-mongering and misinformation has not helped bring clarity to one of the most dedicated, honorable, law-abiding member agencies of the US Intelligence Community.

Into this climate comes this well-intentioned small book by a lifelong statistics/engineering professor (MIT, Harvard, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) who spent a few late-career years as an NSA employee and contractor. While the author seeks to "put a human face on the people who work in this secret world: their character, motivations, frustrations, sense of humor," the extensive redactions lead to a hard to follow account. And it is clear the author burned a number of bridges in his unwavering goal of getting published. His adherence to the push-and-pull of NSA's publication review process deserves respect, for he was breaking new ground seeking to cover the climate and atmosphere of employment in the halls of NSA. Without the redactions, which the author has left visible in the 120 pages, the publication would be far thinner. Also, be warned: the book is filled with typographic errors and needed a proofreader.

These problems aside, it might be a useful and quick introduction to mid-career people considering working for NSA, for an inside look at the camaraderie and dedication in a world of intense security and constant reminders of the risks the US faces unrecognized by the general public who blissfully go on with their lives "outside the wire." Willemain spent three years alternating between his life "outside" and "inside" NSA and at an affiliated nearby think tank (Institute for Defense Analyses/Center for Computing Sciences). Once inside, Dr. Willemain was challenged to adjust to life in an intense, complex, highly cerebral and security-aware organization. One joins him in being inspired and grateful for all those brilliant and quirky colleagues he meets, the freedom they are given to solve often insolvable problems, and the clear-headed way they handle the moral challenges of wielding math and statistics as part of the Kill Chain during these years of major security threats against the US and our allies. He sums up his experiences as some of the most rewarding time of his entire career -- something we've heard from most NSA retirees. He shows the positive side of an Agency whose secrecy hides fully dedicated men and women devoted to protecting the country while honoring the Constitution.

The book may be ordered here.

 

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Saudi King Overhauls Security Services Following Royal Shakeup.  Saudi King Salman on Thursday decreed the consolidation of counter-terrorism and domestic intelligence under a new body, in a major overhaul of the security apparatus weeks after the interior minister was ousted from the royal succession.

The string of late night royal decrees also ordered a shakeup of senior personnel, replacing the head of the elite royal guard and elevating the head of the newly created Presidency of State Security, Abdulaziz bin Mohammed al-Howairini, and his deputy to the rank of ministers.

The moves inside the world's biggest oil exporting nation centralises authority in security matters to the king and his young son, Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who has made a rapid rise to the pinnacle of power at the expense of his cousin, Prince Mohammed bin Nayef.

The decrees published by the state news agency said the changes were made in order "to face all security challenges with a high degree of flexibility and readiness and the ability to move quickly to face any emergency".   [Read More:  Sayegh/reuters/20Jul2017]

DARPA UnderSea Drones to Spy Subs-Real-Time.  The US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has awarded BAE Systems a $4.6 million contract for its Mobile Offboard Clandestine Communications and Approach (MOCCA) program. The MOCCA program's goal is to enable submarines to detect other submerged vessels at greater distances, while minimizing the risk of counter-detection.

"Advances in maritime technology are critical to the Department of Defense and an area where the US military can continue to strengthen its advantage," Geoff Edelson, director of Maritime Systems and Technology at BAE Systems, said in a written statement. 

The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency and BAE-Systems have begun a high-tech project to engineer undersea drones that can use active sonar to find enemy submarines and network back to a host submarine in real-time.

The project, called Mobile Offboard Clandestine Communications and Approach (MOCCA) program, brings the prospect of a major breakthrough in undersea communications technology - allowing submarines to detect enemies from a much safer standoff distance. These days, in the dangerous and complication realm of undersea warfare, most undersea drones typically gather intelligence before returning to download data at the mother ship; this emerging technology would enable near real-time undersea connectivity between drones and larger submarines.  [Read More:  Osborn/scout/20Jul2017]

House Intel Committee Unanimously Passes FY2018 Intelligence Authorization Act.  By a unanimous voice vote, the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence last week sent the FY2018 Intelligence Authorization Act to the US House of Representatives for consideration.

While funding for the bill was slightly lower than in the Trump Administration's FY2018 budget request, it does fully fund a number of provisions for counterterrorism and preventing and mitigating cyberattacks on US infrastructure.

One facet of the bill specifically aims to re-focus the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) on its core missions by either completely eliminating several components and functions or realigning them to other intelligence community (IC) elements.

Building off of a number of reported issues seen during the 2016 presidential election cycle, the legislation requires the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to publish an unclassified advisory report on foreign counterintelligence and cybersecurity threats to election campaigns for federal offices.  [Read More:  Murtha/homelandprepnews/18Jul2017]

EU Employing Counter-Espionage Tools at Brexit Talks Amid Fears of British Spying.  The European Commission has installed Mission Impossible style fingerprint scanners to boost security protecting its Brexit team, amid fears that Britain's high-powered spy agencies might be eavesdropping on preparations for tense EU-UK negotiations.

Michel Barnier and his handpicked team of seasoned negotiators are on a restricted list of officials with clearance to enter the offices of Taskforce 50 (TF50) as it is called in Brussels.

The department, charged with wresting the best possible deal for the EU from the ongoing Article 50 negotiations, are cloistered away from their fellow bureaucrats on the fifth floor of the commission's Berlaymont HQ.

The Article 50 offices require both a badge and fingerprint identification, which makes them unique in the Commission, which is guarded by private security firm G4S.  [Read More:  Crisp, Foster/telegraph/19Jul2017]

Iran Ambassador Ordered to Leave Kuwait Over Spy Case.  Kuwait ordered the expulsion of the Iranian ambassador and 14 other diplomats for alleged links to a "spy and terror" cell, Iranian and Kuwaiti media reported on Thursday, worsening an unusual public dispute between the two countries.

Kuwait also told Iran's cultural and military missions to shut down, following a court case that increased tensions between the Gulf Arab state and Tehran.

Iran responded to the expulsions by filing a complaint with the Kuwaiti charge d'affaires, the Iranian news agency ISNA said. ISNA also said Kuwait is allowing only four of 19 embassy staff to remain in the country. Some sources said those expelled were given 45 days to leave the country; others said 48 days.

The expulsions were an unusual move for Kuwait, which avoids conflict and has worked at keeping good relations with all the countries in the region, and whose ruling emir is a regional diplomatic broker. Analysts said they thought the expulsion of the ambassador was the first ever by Kuwait.  [Read More:  Westall/reuters/20Jul2017]

CIA Director Pompeo Slams NY Times for Outing Covert Officer.  CIA Director Mike Pompeo blasted the New York Times Thursday for publishing the name of the undercover officer in charge of the agency's Iran operations.

During a question-and-answer session at the Aspen Security Forum, an annual gathering of intelligence and national security officials and experts, Pompeo said the decision to publish the operative's name was "unconscionable." The audience applauded his statement after a brief period of silence.

The operative's name, which Fox News is withholding, was published in a June 2 story. The Times said it was publishing the name because the officer had previously been identified in other news reports and because the operative is "leading an important new administration initiative against Iran."

The Times story cited "current and former intelligence officials," who the report said spoke on condition of anonymity because the officer was undercover.  [Read More:  Chamberlain/foxnews/20Jul2017]

Trump's Nominee for Intel Job Backs ODNI Role in Intelligence Integration.  With continued perceptions of bloated government bureaucracies and Washington growing too big to function, one of the offices that has come under the chopping block is the Office of the Director for National Intelligence, which oversees all 16 intelligence agencies that make up the intelligence community.

The criticism of some is that the office is too large and has become politicized, according to reporting by the Wall Street Journal. However, Sue Gordon - President Donald Trump's nominee for the ODNI's No. 2 position - defended the office's role as an important integrator and provider of an equal voice for all intelligence organs.

"As a CIA officer, I think when it was formed, I couldn't imagine why we needed something; heck, we were the Central Intelligence Agency, how could you need anything more than that," Gordon told the Senate Intelligence Committee during her July 19 confirmation hearing. "As I look at it now, the integrated functions that the ODNI provides, particularly over time, have been remarkable in bringing together in ways we couldn't have."

Gordon, who is currently the deputy director at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, provided the example of the FBI, which under the existing construct now has a seat at the same intelligence table, allowing the intelligence community, or IC, as well as the US government "to tackle some of our most difficult threats because we have the mechanisms to bring them together."  [Read More:  Pomerleau/c4isrnet/20Jul2017]

Former Intelligence Director James Clapper Is Writing a Book.  James Clapper, the former director of National Intelligence who has clashed with President Donald Trump, has a book deal.

Viking told The Associated Press on Thursday that Clapper, 76, will write about his 6 1/2 years as head of National Intelligence during President Barack Obama's administration and his long career in military and government service. The book is currently untitled and scheduled for 2018.

Clapper, who stepped down at the end of Obama's second term, will cover everything from the killing of Osama bin Laden to the intelligence documents leaked by Edward Snowden. According to Viking, Clapper also will give "the truth" about alleged Russian interference in the 2016 election. Trump has disputed such stories and said that Clapper agrees with his assertion that the Trump campaign did not collude with the Russians. Clapper has said he was not in a position to know about collusion, but believes the Russians did attempt to influence the campaign, a view widely held in the intelligence community.

He has also criticized the president for firing FBI Director James Comey and said that democratic institutions were "under assault" by Trump. Clapper said in a statement Thursday that he will offer a "warts and all" account of his experiences and that friends had urged him to tell his story. Viking, an imprint of Penguin Random House, said in its announcement that Clapper will address such issues as transparency in government and the ethics of intelligence gathering and will "counter the narrative about surveillance of American citizens."  [Read More:  Italie/abcnews/20Jul2017]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

'Darknet' Suspect's Flashy Cars Raised Eyebrows in Thailand.  The neighbors had their suspicions.

The young Canadian accused of masterminding the world's leading "darknet" internet marketplace lived a seemingly quiet life for more than a year with his Thai girlfriend in a middle-class neighborhood on the outskirts of Bangkok.

But the flashy cars he drove stood out.

There was the nearly $1 million, metallic gray Lamborghini. There was the Porsche, and then the Mini Cooper for his girlfriend. All in an area where people drive pickup trucks and children tool around on plastic tricycles.  [Read More:  Kaewjinda/abcnews/21Jul2017]

How Japan Lost World War II: An American Spy's Story of Seduction and Intrigue.  On December 7, 1941, hours after Japan's surprise assault on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Tokyo's Imperial air force also attacked the Philippines, bombing Manila and other cities.

Claire Phillips, a singer from Portland, Oregon, was trapped in the Philippine capital when the attack began. Within days, she fled to the hills of Bataan, where she tended to the sick and wounded. There, she encountered American and Filipino guerrilla fighters who had escaped after being ordered to surrender to the Japanese army in April 1942. Eventually, an American rebel commander asked her to return to Manila to send supplies. Despite the obvious danger, she agreed.

With help from friends, Phillips started running Tsubaki Club, which soon became the hottest nightspot in Manila for Japanese officers, who knew her only as Madame Tsubaki, a Filipina saloon owner. In reality, she was something else - an American spy.  [Read More:  Eisner/newsweek/22Jul2017]

Remembering CIA's Heroes: Richard Daniel Krobock.  Richard "Rick" Daniel Krobock had only been a CIA officer for five months when, in March 1987, he was killed in a helicopter crash in Central America.

At the time of his death, Rick was on a search and rescue mission in the region. No direct evidence was found pinpointing the cause of the crash.

Early Years:  Rick Krobock was born in Trenton, New Jersey, on December 5, 1955. He had two older brothers - twins - and moved frequently in his childhood. His dad, a West Point Military Academy graduate, moved the family to Scituate, Massachusetts, when Rick was 7 years old. Growing up in Massachusetts, Rick developed several close friendships and, despite his travels to far-off lands, he maintained those same friendships throughout his life.

As a teenager, Rick loved athletics - including hockey and track - and was twice selected to his high school's all-start football team. He graduated from Scituate High School in 1974, worked that summer as a house painter, and then enrolled at the University of Massachusetts in the fall. He left the university the following spring and, unsure of what he wanted to do with his life, took an interim job at a gas station.  [Read More:  cia/20Jul/2017]

I Was the Real Moonraker: Bond Author Ian Fleming Recruited Teenager for Secret Mission to Spy on German Nuclear Bomb Programme That Inspired 007 Tale.  The inspiration behind the 007 film Moonraker has been revealed by a veteran who was recruited by Ian Fleming as a teen spy to stop the Nazis from building a nuclear bomb.

Peter Lyons, now 92, was just 19 when Fleming asked him to join a specialist Commando Unit he led called the 30th Assault Unit, which was tasked with seizing material the Germans were gathering to construct a nuclear bomb.

Mr. Lyons was part of a group of just three Commandos sent behind enemy lines to a factory in Kiel, Germany, to find the uranium needed to build a bomb.

However, while the radioactive substance was not uncovered, it led to capture of German-born scientist Hellmuth Walter in May 1945.  [Read More:  Dinham/dailymail/17Jul2017]

Spies in the Age of Social Media: Ex-CIA Experts Reveal Challenges of Modern Espionage.  For spies working in this digital age, maintaining a cover story in order to covertly steal secrets has become more difficult since the advent of social media. Meanwhile, cutting-edge technology, from face-scanning biometrics to big data analytics, has become both a blessing and curse.

Officials from intelligence agencies, including the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its British equivalent MI6, or Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), are aware of the problem. The internet has changed the game, two former spies told national security blog The Cipher Brief.

"Hostile intelligence services focus on our social media," said Daniel Hoffman, a former CIA chief of station.

"If they suspect someone of being an intelligence officer or a person of interest worth tracking, then they are going to dissect their social media."  [Read More:  Murdock/ibtimes/19Jul2017]

How Fifth Cambridge Spy Beat the Courts: John Cairncross Escaped Prosecution Because His Brother Was Government's Top Economic Advisor.  The fifth Cambridge spy was spared prosecution because his brother was the Government's chief economic adviser, newly-declassified files reveal.

John Cairncross is believed to have passed atomic secrets to his Russian handlers during the Cold War, causing immense damage.

Files reveal that British officials decided not to pursue a prosecution against the Communist spy after he secretly confessed.

They feared they did not have enough evidence, but they also worried damaging headlines would embarrass his brother.  [Read More:  Ellicott/dailymail/19Jul2017]

Little Known WWII Spy Agency Celebrates 75 Years.  This year marks the 75th anniversary of the Office of Strategic Services, an espionage unit that was crucial in winning World War II. And in time with the occasion, the agency is being awarded one of the nation's highest civilian honors - Congressional Gold Medal.

Before there was the CIA there was the OSS. The Office of Strategic Services was the predecessor to CIA and US Special Operations Command that includes the Navy SEALs and the Green Berets.

The agency was created after the attack on Pearl Harbor and when it became apparent that Hitler was a threat to the world.

"The actual date is June 13th, 1942 when President Roosevelt signed the executive order 69 that created the OSS and named then Col. Donovan as its director. [Donovan] eventually became a two-star general," said Charles Pinck, president of the OSS Society. Pinck's father was part of the OSS who went behind enemy lines in China, which was occupied by the Japanese.  [Read More:  Stewart/wtop/23Jul2017]



Section III - COMMENTARY

Espionage Against the US Continues, Even After the Cold War.  There are still people who think of espionage as part of the old Cold War and in the past. The reality is that espionage is all around us.

It's widely assumed that foreign espionage is focused solely on the US military and State Department to gain insight on military actions and foreign policy. Sadly, that thinking is also incorrect.

Foreign espionage agents not only target the military's current actions and future movements, but also military research and development (R&D) to learn what emerging technologies are a potential threat to their hostile countries. R&D information is stolen to protect or strengthen the countries that steal it.

Spying Is a Way to Understand Foreign Politics and Increase Wealth.  Espionage is also a way for nation-states to understand the current geopolitical situation and to prevent wars. Some countries, however, commit economic espionage to increase their wealth by targeting information that can expose national or industrial intentions and capabilities.  [Read More:  Lint/inhomelandsecurity/21Jul2017]

The Ex-Spy Who Casts a Light on the Trump-Russia Saga.  Whatever has gone wrong with the latest season of The Americans?

No, I am not talking about the critically acclaimed American television drama about a pair of Soviet sleeper agents living a double life as suburban parents in the DC suburbs. I am thinking of that other espionage thriller playing out on the Potomac: the family drama with the eager-to-please son, his friend the Azeri pop star, the provincial Russian lawyer, and the flamboyant UK publicist.

Over the past week, new details have continued to emerge about Donald Trump Jr's now infamous June 2016 meeting with the Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya, arranged by Robert Goldstone, the ruddy, pudgy tabloid journalist turned PR man.

Like a stack of Russian nesting dolls, the number of people attending has increased from five to eight, while new characters have emerged - including Rinat Akhmetshin, a Russian-American DC lobbyist with a penchant for opera, fine wine and imported orange bicycles.  [Read More:  Weaver/ft/18Jul2017]

The Man McMaster Couldn't Fire.  Just 24 days into his tenure as Donald Trump's national-security adviser, Michael Flynn was forced to resign, having reportedly misled Vice President Mike Pence about his contacts with Russian officials. When Flynn departed, the men and women he'd appointed to the National Security Council grew nervous about their own jobs, and with good reason. The new national-security adviser, General H.R. McMaster, promptly began clearing out Flynn's people, among them Dave Cattler, the deputy assistant to the president for regional affairs, Adam Lovinger, a strategic affairs analyst on loan from the Pentagon, and KT McFarland, Flynn's deputy, who was eased out with the ambassadorship to Singapore. Even Steve Bannon, among the most powerful people in the White House, was removed from the meetings of the NSC Principal's Committee, where he had been installed early on in the administration.

There was one person, however, who McMaster couldn't get rid of: Ezra Cohen-Watnick, the senior director for intelligence programs. McMaster tried to remove him in March, but President Trump, at the urging of Bannon and Jared Kushner, told McMaster that Cohen-Watnick was staying, as first reported by Politico. According to a senior White House official, the two men had a sit-down meeting the following week in which McMaster acknowledged that he hadn't been able to do what he wanted to do, and that they would keep things as they are and "see how they go for a while." That was over four months ago. That Cohen-Watnick, 31 years old and largely unknown before entering the administration, has become unfireable reveals how important he has become to the Trump White House, where loyalty is prized.

The senior in Cohen-Watnick's title reflects the importance of his job, if not the level of experience he brings to it. The senior director for intelligence programs on the NSC is a powerful position, designed to coordinate and liaise between the US intelligence community and the White House.

"If the incumbent has an effective working relationship with the national-security adviser or even the president directly, the senior director for intelligence has an opportunity to exercise considerable influence on intelligence policy, covert actions, and sensitive collection operations," said Stephen Slick, a former CIA official who held the position during the Bush administration.  [Read More:  Gray/theatlantic/23Jul2017]



Section IV - Obituaries

Obituaries

Patricia Bamett-Brubaker, 102, former OSS, and Deputy Director of INR at State Department, died of a stroke on 1 June 2017 in Mitchellville, MD. She joined the State Department after WWII and retired in 1980 as Deputy Director of the Office of Intelligence (INR) for East Asia and the Pacific. Mrs. Barnett-Brubaker was born Patricia Glover in White Plains, NY, and moved to the Washington area in 1943 to work for the Office of Strategic Services, a brief wartime intelligence service. She was active maintaining hiking trails as a member of the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club. At the ages of 75, 80, 85 and 90, she hiked the full 184 miles of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.

Olive Yang.  She was born to royalty in British colonial Burma, but rejected that life to become a cross-dressing warlord whose CIA-supplied army established opium trade routes across the Golden Triangle. By the time of her death, last week at 90, she had led hundreds of men, endured prison and torture, generated gossip for her relationship with a film actress and, finally, helped forge a truce between ethnic rebels and the government.

Olive Yang grew up as one of 11 children in an ethnic Chinese family of hereditary rulers of what was then the semiautonomous Shan state of Kokang. According to relatives, she wore boys' clothes, refused to bind her feet and frequently fell in love with her brothers' romantic interests.

Concerned about their unconventional daughter, her parents arranged for her to marry a younger cousin. Shortly after she became pregnant, archives show, she left her husband to pursue a life among opium-trafficking bandits. Her son, Duan Jipu - named for the American jeeps Ms. Yang had seen in the Chinese city of Kunming during World War II - was raised by other family members.

Ms. Yang's pursuit of a career as a militia leader and opium smuggler grew in part out of her desperation to escape traditional gender roles, her relatives said. "It was a temptation she couldn't resist," wrote her niece Jackie Yang in "House of Yang," a family history published in 1997.  [Read More:  Paluch/nytimes/21Jul2017]

Charles Edward "Charlie" Jackson, former CIA.  Charles Edward "Charlie" Jackson, 82, died Sunday, 9 July 2017.

Charlie attended Memphis State University for one semester before enlisting in the US Air Force in January 1953. Following tours in the United States and England, Charlie returned to Memphis in 1956 where he completed his degree work at Memphis State in 1959. In January 1960, he embarked on a distinguished 32-year career with CIA.

Charlie was a true patriot. He was as proud of his service in the US Air Force as an enlisted man as he was of his service as a senior officer in the CIA. He loved his country and served it well in Africa, Asia and Washington, DC.  [Read More:  thomasfuneral/9July2017]

Thomas O. Dixon, 94, former NSA SIGINT EXPERT, died of prostate cancer 21 July 2017 in Edgewater, MD. Tom earned his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 1947 and an MPA from American University. During WWII, he served in the US Army 203rd Anti-Aircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons Battalion) using his engineering and math skills to direct fire on enemy aircraft, V2 rockets and later in the war, enemy positions. Tom trained in the US and Scotland and participated in combat in France, Belgium, Holland and Germany. From 1947 to 1955, Tom worked at the Naval Research Laboratory, specializing in precision measurements of underwater sound instrumentation, where he made the first deep-water underwater sound propagation measurements between submarines and surface ships. In 1955, he moved to NSA where he remained until 1989, specializing in the design of HF radio equipment, HF antennas, and field testing of experimental equipment, mostly overseas. After retiring from the government, he designed large computer-controlled antenna switching systems that were used worldwide. While consulting for Aiken Advanced Systems, he was responsible for the development of two patents for signal distribution systems technologies. Tom was also one of the principal founders of Utica Systems, which became Digital Receiver Technology (DRT), where he served on the board of directors until its acquisition by Boeing Corporation. He was four times the president of the Potomac Chapter of the Maryland Society of Professional Engineers, and in 2009 was elected an organization Fellow. He was also a member of several other associations, and was a proud member of The Phoenix Society. He enjoyed computers, woodworking, gardening, model railroading, boating, and RV camping. He is survived by his companion of five years, Kathryn Tauber; a son and two daughters, and other family. [Read More: KalasFuneralHome]


Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

Saturday, 12 August 2017, 11am - 3pm - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter hears from Lt Gen Rick Tryon (USMC - Ret) on ISIS and the Taylor Leadership Institute at the University of North Florida.

Chapter President Dane Baird has lined up an excellent speaker: Lt. Gen. Rick Tryon, USMC (Ret.), who will be talking about ISIS, with which he is quite familiar, as well as a bit about the Taylor Leadership Institute at the University of North Florida that he heads. The "Lightning Round" is alive and well! Please advise Bill Webb of any topic(s) you might like to pursue -- contact him at wwebb@comcast.net or at (850) 668-5752 as soon as possible.
Event location: the Country Club of Orange Park.
FEE: $24 pp for event and meal.
RSVP: With only four weeks to go before the meeting, respond to Quiel Begonia at qbegonia@comcast.net or call at (904) 545-9549 also as soon as possible, as the club needs 20+ attendees. Let's try to top the outstanding turnout we had in May! Remember that family, guests and potential members are always welcome to our meetings.

Thursday, 17 August 2017, 6:30pm - West Bloomfield, Michigan - AFIO Johnny Micheal Spann Memorial Chapter, Michigan hears from FBI SAC David Gelios.

The speaker at the AFIO Michigan Chapter meeting will be David P. Gelios, FBI SAC Detroit. Gelios most recently served as the chief inspector of the FBI's Inspection Division, as well as the Inspection Division's acting deputy assistant director from June 2014 until March 2015. As the chief inspector, Mr. Gelios oversaw all FBI field office inspections, national program reviews, and agent-involved shooting investigations.
To attend or additional information, contact Charles Kirkpatrick at afio.secretary@afiomichigan.org. More about the chapter is at www.afiomichigan.org

Thursday, 24 August 2017, noon - MacDill AFB, FL - The Florida Suncoast AFIO Chapter hosts LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, CENTCOM, on Operations in Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt

We have an informative program as we welcome LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, the Branch Chief for the Syria-Iraq-Levant in the CENTCOM J-3 Information Operations (CCJ3-IO) Division. His team is responsible for the planning, coordination and synchronization of Information Operations (IO) throughout the region encompassing Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt. A strict policy of non-attribution will apply to LTC Garcia's remarks.
RSVP: Individuals wishing to attend must respond to the Chapter secretary at sectysuncoastafio@att.net, no later than Thursday, August 17. If individuals do not have base access, please contact the Chapter secretary for further information. The luncheon fee is $20.
LOCATION: MacDill AFB Surf's Edge Club, 7315 Bayshore Boulevard, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.

Wednesday, 13 September 2017 - New York, NY - The NY Metro Chapter Meeting features Carol Rollie Flynn, former CIA Officer, speaking on "Ethics in Intelligence."

Note new date. A 30-year veteran of CIA, Carol Rollie Flynn held a number of senior executive positions at the Agency including: Associate Deputy Director of the National Counterterrorism Center; Executive Director of the CIA Counterterrorism Center; Chief of Station in major posts in Southeast Asia and Latin America; and Director of CIA's Leadership Academy. Ms. Flynn is currently Managing Principal at Singa Consulting, a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and an adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy and School of Foreign Service/Security Studies Program.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm.
Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to insure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at afiometro@gmail.com or 646-717-3776.

21 September 2017, 11 am - 4 pm - Riverside, CA - AFIO Los Angeles Chapter Tours Drone Pilot Training Program in special visit to March Air Base

NOT TO MISS. Recently the drone pilot training program previously, based out at the Southern California Logistics Center in Victorville, moved to March Air Base in Riverside, CA. With this change of location putting it in the chapter's backyard, Chapter President Vinc Autiero has arranged for our chapter to take a tour of the base which will cover a lot of great points of interest.
Tour will include: Remotely Piloted Aircraft Division (1hr); MQ-9 Reaper (1 hr); Lunch at The Backstreet Café 1.30 P.M. (approx); Security Forces Weapons Demonstration (1 hr); C-17 Globemaster III (1 hr); Departure Time 4 PM (approx)
LOCATION: March Air Base 655 M St. Riverside, California, 92518-5000
TO ATTEND: This is expected to be an all day event when you factor in drive time and the time you are on the base. Please confirm your attendance at your earliest convenience so that I can put together a head count. A minimum of 20 attendees are needed for this event. Must be a US Citizen.
RSVP with Full Name of All Attendees: AFIO_LA@yahoo.com.
Questions? Contact Vincent Autiero, President, AFIO-Los Angeles Chapter, 5651 W Manchester Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045. Email him at AFIO_LA@yahoo.com. If you haven't yet joined this active chapter, visit AFIO and then visit their webpage: www.afio.org
P.S. The event is scheduled September 21, 2017, for those of you planning to attend the annual AFIO national symposium at NGA headquarters, you will find that there is no conflict with the dates that the symposium is occurring and our visit to March Air Base.

Registration has opened. 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

"Succeeding in the Open―The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and "Active Measures―A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton are the themes for the AFIO-NGA 2017 National Intelligence Symposium being held at NGA and DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution. FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies. He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • James Clapper, former DCI. • Senior officials from CIA, other agencies, and embassies TBA. Chapter workshop early Friday morning.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.

Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 has just opened. Register securely ONLINE now
to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.


Other Upcoming Events

Wednesday, 9 August 2017, 7 to 8:45 PM - McLean, VA - Westminster Institute hosts David Des Roches on "Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists, How Are they Recruited, What Can We Do?"

David Des Roches, Associate Professor, Near East South Asia Center, discusses "Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists, How Are they Recruited, What Can We Do?" at this Westminster Institute evening event. Des Roches is Associate Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Security Studies at National Defense University. Prior to this, he was the Defense Department director responsible for policy concerning Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Where: Westminster Institute, 6729 Curran St, McLean, VA 22101 Fee: None.
Register here. Questions: Robert R. Reilly, Director, The Westminster Institute, at 703-288-2885 or br@westminster-institute.org.

15 August 2017, 11:30am - McLean, VA - DIF Luncheon with Greg Bristol on "Human Trafficking from a DOD/DIA Perspective."

The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts Greg H. Bristol speaking on "Human Trafficking from a DOD/DIA Perspective."
Bristol is a former FBI Special Agent who worked on foreign counterintelligence, public corruption, corporate fraud, and civil rights cases. He later became a Special Agent with the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, working complex contract fraud cases. He currently is an instructor with the University of Louisville's Southern Police Institute, where he teaches Advanced Human Trafficking investigations. He is also a US DoJ Office for Victims of Crimes human trafficking consultant.
Event location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA Fee: Pay $30 pp at door with a check payable to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments are discouraged.
RSVP: Make reservations by 15 August 2017 by email to diforum@diaalumni.org. Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses. For each attendee, choose among chicken parmesan, trout lemone, lasagna, grill sausages with sweet peppers, fettuccini with portobella, manicotti with spinach and ricotta, or cannelloni alla bolognese for your luncheon selection. Please send your luncheon selection with your reservation to reduce the wait time for your food!!!

Saturday, 19 August 2017, 1-4pm - Washington, DC - Allan Topol: Washington Power Play - at the International Spy Museum

Join the International Spy Museum for an in-store book signing of Washington Power Play by Allan Topol. Washington Power Play spins a tale of international intrigue, deception, and corruption at the highest levels of power. Kelly Cameron, a young FBI agent, has just thwarted a terrorist attack on the Walter Reed hospital in Washington, and is now placed in charge of a task force to find a mole in the US Government. She soon finds evidence of a plot initiated by the Chinese government supporting General Cartwright to be elected as the US President. Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Wednesday, 23 August 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Spies on Screen: Bon Voyage - at the International Spy Museum

Paris 1940, the German occupation is imminent. Among the citizens swirling through the chaotic City of Light are escapees from prison, a movie-star lover of an important government official, and a physicist and his assistant who have something to hide. This 2003 ensemble film featuring Isabelle Adjani and Gerard Depardieu includes German spies, the French Resistance, romance, and a corpse. Not to mention a shipment of heavy water-which the French desperately want to keep the Germans from using to produce nuclear weapons. Along with the evening's screening of Bon Voyage, enjoy popcorn and sparkling French soda almost as delicious as the characters' chemistry in the film! In French with English subtitles; screening at the Spy Museum. Cosponsored by the Alliance Française de Washington. Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $8. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

24 August 2017, 8 am - 2 pm - Alexandria, VA - Analytic Objectivity Symposium by OSD/DI

The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence is hosting an Analytic Objectivity Symposium with panelists representing business, judiciary, intelligence, medicine, finance & academic research. Featured speakers include: Judge James A Wynn Jr., US Court of Appeals for Fourth Circuit, Ret Capt, USN; Dr. Mark Lowenthal, Former Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis & Production; Bob Woodward, Senior Editor, Washington Post, Author; and Jeffrey Ballou, President, National Press Club. Location: The Mark Center, 4800 Mark Center Dr., Alexandria, VA 22311. Information and Registration: contact Kevin Riehle, Defense Analysis & Partnership Engagement Directorate, OUSD(I), at 703-571-2404 or at kevin.p.riehle.civ@mail.mil

25 September 2017 - Bethesda, MD - HOLD THE DATE for the PenFed Foundation Military Heroes Golf Classic.

Join the PenFed Foundation for the 14th Annual Military Heroes Golf Classic on 25 September 2017, at the world-renowned Congressional Country Club, host to five major championships, three US Opens and a PGA Championship, in Bethesda, MD. As you enjoy a round of golf, know that your support will help the Foundation meet the unmet needs of our Military, Veterans, and their families. Their grants help ensure that those who have bravely served our country will not struggle to pay necessary bills, purchase a home, or get the treatment and support they need. Their 2017 Sponsorship Opportunities are now available. Download the sponsorship packet here. If you are interested in securing a sponsorship or participating in the tournament,* please call 703-838-1302 or visit PenFedFoundation.org.

18 October 2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."

SAVE THE DATE. Information coming in July. Details will be at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory.

19 - 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."

SAVE THE DATE. Information forthcoming. This symposium will be followed on 21 October 2017 with tours and workshops at the National Cryptologic Museum.
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.
For more about the program, visit www.nsa.gov

The theme for the 2017 Symposium will be "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

Costs: Registration costs for 2017 have not yet been set, but for planning purposes the costs for 2015 were as follows: $70/day ($140 for 2 days, no cost for the museum visit); $35/day ($70 for 2 days) for full-time students with ID. The fee includes lunch and snacks. In the past we have been able to waive the fees for non-government speakers on the day they present their paper. We hope to have final registration costs available at the time you are notified about the status of your proposal. See details here. Questions to Program Chair Betsy Rohaly Smoot at history@nsa.gov or to her care at The Center for Cryptologic History, Suite 6886, 9800 Savage Road, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755.

21 October 2017 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society Holds the Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers

Invitations will be mailed shortly to The OSS Society's 2017 William J. Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers. The event, by invitation only, takes place at The Ritz Carlton Hotel, Washington, DC.


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