AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #29-17 dated 1 August 2017

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - OBITUARIES

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
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On its way to all members - AFIO's Summer 2017 Intelligencer journal are in the mail and beginning to arrive here in the east. Allow up to three weeks for arrival in mid-west and western states.

     
Filling up! Join many other members and special guests, including students, already registered for...
AFIO-NGA's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium
Speakers and Venues

DAY ONE: "Succeeding in the Open—The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and

DAY TWO: "Active Measure—A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton

Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017

Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.
Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.
FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies. He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • James Clapper, former DCI. • Senior officials from CIA, other agencies, and embassies TBA.Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel; 7 am breakfast begins, meeting portion starts at 7:30 am.
Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]
Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.

Books of the Week.

Crashback: The Power Clash Between the U.S. and China in the Pacific
Crashback - Clash Between US and Chinaby Michael Fabey
(Scribner, October 2017)

From Warm to Hot: The next great struggle between superpowers is playing out in the Pacific.

Order here.
Out in the Pacific Ocean a war is taking place. A “warm war” about to go hot. A shoving match between the US, a self-appointed ruler of the seas, and China, which now possesses the world’s largest navy. The Chinese regard the Pacific—especially the South China Sea—as their ocean, and they’re ready to defend it. Each day the heat between these two countries increases.
As an expansionist China builds new islands in contested waters—once tiny shoals like Fiery Cross Reef and Mischief Reef that are now big enough to house airfields and rocket launchers—the US tries to reassure worried Asian allies by sending our own warships through the new Chinese “great wall of sand.” But is the US Navy up to the task? Caught in paralyzing debates over strategy, faced with multiplying commitments around the globe, and furnished with fewer ships than ever before, the American Navy has seen its effectiveness reduced by disagreements between two Beltway factions: “Panda Huggers,” who take the Chinese at their word, and “Dragon Slayers,” who never back down from a fight.
Meanwhile, throughout Southern Asia, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea respond with outrage and growing fear as Chinese construction wizardry and connivance turns fragile coral reefs into manmade islands, and then watch the Chinese enforce entirely new and illegal(?) twelve-mile-radius, shoot-down zones.
Why does this matter? Five trillion dollars in international trade passes through the area and could grind to a halt.

Journalist Fabey had access to the Navy’s most exotic aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, aircraft, and subs, and those who command them. He also boarded a Chinese war vessel to observe its operations. And is alarmed to see that every year the US is “losing sea.” He provides a preview of how the looming conflict might unfold into a hot war.

"...a fascinating mix of well-reported fact and geopolitical analysis that illuminates critical strategic issues for the US. Above all it asks the right questions as we collectively grapple with the most critical international relationship of the 21st century: China and the United States of America." —Admiral James Stavridis, USN (ret.), former Supreme Commander, NATO
"Brilliantly written and engaging . . . It takes exceptional knowledge and writing ability to convey this level of complexity with such clarity. From the flight deck to the Pentagon, Fabey shows us the gripping reality of a warm war that is turning hot." —Tim Marshall, author
"Fabey clearly explains the maritime warfare implications of attempts, notably by the US, to maintain an international rules-based system in the face of China's arbitrary 'land grab' at sea." —Rear Admiral Chris Parry, Royal Navy (ret.)

The book may be ordered here.


The Foundation of the CIA: Harry Truman, The Missouri Gang, and the Origins of the Cold War
Foundation of the CIAby Richard E. Schroeder
(University of Missouri, July 2017)

Order here.
Late to the art of intelligence, the US during WWII created a new model of combining intelligence collection and analytic functions into a single organization—the OSS.  At the end of the war, President Harry Truman and a small group of advisors developed a new, centralized agency directly subordinate to and responsible to the President, despite entrenched institutional resistance. Instrumental to the creation of the CIA was a group known colloquially as the “Missouri Gang,” which included not only President Truman but equally determined fellow Missourians Clark Clifford, Sidney Souers, and Roscoe Hillenkoetter.

“...reveals how an under-appreciated US President, Harry Truman, put together an intelligence framework that remained in place for decades and contributed to winning the Cold War. It is a story well told and highly recommended!”— noted intelligence historian H. Keith Melton.
“An important and long overdue contribution to America’s national security history. ...properly honors the members of President Truman’s “Missouri Gang,” whose collective legacy was a responsible intelligence Agency that has served Democratic and Republican Presidents alike for seventy years.”—Robert Wallace, former Director of CIA's Office of Technical Services.

The book may be ordered here.

 

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

CIA Gives More Power to Spies to Bolster Intelligence Operations.  The Central Intelligence Agency under President Trump is giving more authority to field operatives and cutting excessive bureaucracy in a bid to boost intelligence operations, CIA Director Mike Pompeo says.

In his first news interview since taking charge of the agency in January, Pompeo also said he believes America's greatest long-term security challenge is the threat posed by China, not Russia.

During the wide-ranging interview on the sidelines of a security conference in Aspen, Colo., Pompeo revealed the CIA is preparing intelligence options for the president, including covert action, for use against North Korea in efforts to counter the threat of a future nuclear missile attack.

He also outlined how the CIA is stepping up counterintelligence programs against foreign spies and leaks of intelligence.  [Read More:  Gertz/freebeacon/26Jul2017]

£14.5M Cyber-Security Technology Innovation Centre Plans Announced.  Today the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport announced an invitation to tender in a competition to develop and design a £14.5 million innovation centre to foster the next of generation of cyber-security technology.

The investment will be made over the next three years to bolster the UK's cyber security defences. It will bring together large firms to work with innovative startups and industry experts to develop the new technologies businesses will need to protect themselves. The aim is for the startups to be able to access access expert technical mentoring, business support and advice as well as securing crucial investment to help them to grow in their early stages.

Announcing this addition to the UK's £22 billion cyber-security sector, Minister for Digital Matt Hancock said:  "London is one of the world's most important tech sectors, with a record £5.6 billion investment in the industry in the past six months and a new tech firm formed every hour in the capital."

"Our investment in a new cyber-innovation centre will not only cement the city's position as a world leader but also boost the whole country by giving UK firms access to the latest cyber-technology and allowing start-ups to get the support they need to develop."  [Read More:  scmagazineuk/24Jul2017]

Is an Intel Community Reorg in the Works?  The intelligence community is in the middle of a "significant transformation process," according to the communityís top official.

"Weíre in the beginning of the process of change that I hope will bring us up to date in terms of the agility...that we need," Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats said during a Friday appearance at the Aspen Security Forum.

Coats noted that every agency needs to be evaluated in terms of effectiveness and efficiency given that with large bureaucracies duplication occurs and remains, as can be the nature of bureaucracy itself.

He added that an internal process is already underway with senior advisory committees to look at how to better provide customers efficiency and effectiveness.  [Read More:  Pomerleau/c4isrnet/25Jul2017]

Russian Intelligence Agents Attempted to Spy on Emmanuel Macron 'By Creating Phony Facebook Personas'.  Russian intelligence agents attempted to spy on President Emmanuel Macron's election campaign earlier this year by creating phony Facebook personas, according to a US Congressman and two other people briefed on the effort.

About two dozen Facebook accounts were created to conduct surveillance on Macron campaign officials and others close to the centrist former financier as he sought to defeat far-right nationalist Marine Le Pen and other opponents in the two-round election, the sources told Reuters. Mr Macron won in a landslide in May.

Facebook said in April it had taken action against fake accounts that were spreading misinformation about the French election. But the effort to infiltrate the social networks of Macron officials has not previously been reported.
 
Russia has repeatedly denied interfering in the French election by hacking and leaking emails and documents. US intelligence agencies told Reuters in May that hackers with connections to the Russian government were involved, but they did not have conclusive evidence that the Kremlin ordered the hacking.  [Read More:  telegraph/27Jul2017]

Suspected Moles Reportedly Led Oil Explorers Into Boko Haram Ambush.  The Nigerian military has initiated a joint security intelligence service investigation into calls and messages within the Yesu District in Magumeri axis of Borno State.

PRNigeria reports that the action was necessitated by suspicions of the activities of at least one mole in the recent deadly Boko Haram attacks that left many people dead and several others.

The media platform quoted an unnamed official of the security service as saying that moles were among those in the convoy that also included different interest groups.  [Read More:  Akinrujomu/naij/30Jul2017]
 
Plane Plot May Have Involved Bomb or Gas.  An alleged NSW terror plot to bring down a plane may have involved an improvised bomb inside a meat grinder or poisonous gas, but authorities remain tight-lipped about what they've found as the investigation continues.

Detectives spent Monday scouring five properties in the Sydney suburbs of Surry Hills, Lakemba, Wiley Park and Punchbowl that were raided on the weekend.

The men - named in media as fathers and sons Khaled and Mahmoud Khayat and Khaled and Abdul Merhi - continue to be questioned at Sydney City Police Station after being arrested on Saturday.

They have strong links to Islamic State figures, according to the ABC which reported Khaled Khayat's brother is believed to be a senior IS figure, while the other two men are related to Ahmed Merhi, who travelled to Syria in 2014.  [Read More:  McKinnell/news/31Jul2017]

House Votes to Authorize Intelligence Agencies.  The House easily passed legislation on Friday that reauthorizes intelligence agency programs and responds to President Trump sharing classified intelligence with Russian officials.

Democrats, under the direction of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), blocked the bill from passing earlier this week because it was brought to the floor under an expedited process.

That process required a two-thirds majority for passage, prevented amendments and limited debate to 40 minutes. In the end, the House passed the legislation four days later by a 380-35 vote after GOP leaders brought it up under a procedure requiring a simple majority threshold and still didnít allow amendments.  [Read More:  Marcos/thehill/28Jul2017]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

IWP Faculty and Alumni Contribute to Guide to the Study of Intelligence.  Several IWP alumni and faculty members contributed to the Association of Former Intelligence Officers' Guide to the Study of Intelligence, which was designed and written with the goal of helping instructors teach about the field of intelligence. The assumption that guided the formation of this book is that a very limited number of secondary school teachers or undergraduate instructors are experts in this field. Even many practitioners of intelligence are likely to have a limited knowledge of the field of intelligence as a whole, as many have spent their careers in one or two agencies, concentrating in only a few fields.

In order to ensure that the Guide is most useful to students, instructors, and practitioners, it is broken down into various articles by subject matter experts from various fields. These parts include, but are not limited to: intelligence disciplines, applications and support to various missions, instruction of espionage, counterintelligence, covert action, and much more.

Four IWP faculty members and alumni have written key articles in the Guide:

S. Eugene Poteat wrote an article for the Guide on counterintelligence, homeland security, and domestic intelligence. Prof. Poteat is a former AFIO President who served as a senior CIA Scientific Intelligence Officer for approximately 20 years. He graduated from the Institute with a Master's Degree in Statecraft and International Affairs in 2002 and later taught on the IWP faculty. He is now a Professor Emeritus.  [Read More:  Albury/iwp/21Jul2017]

Mystery Solved: 'Thing in the Woods' Revealed As CIA Spy Camera, 55 Years Later.  The mystery that has plagued a New Brunswick family for more than five decades has been solved, with a satisfying Cold War espionage-flavoured denouement.

Declassified documents from the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency in the United States reveal the origins of the white 181-kilogram box found hanging from a rotting parachute in a tree near Moncton in 1962.

It turns out it was a high-altitude balloon-mounted spy camera developed in part by the CIA to secretly photograph Soviet Russia.

"It's hard to put into words," said David McPherson Jr., son of the woodsman who originally found the mysterious box.  [Read More:  Fowler/cbc/25Jul2017]

Special Forces Berlin: An Interview With James Stejskal.  SPY Historian Vince Houghton sat down with former Green Beret James Stejskal to discuss the role of US Army Special Forces, and their actions against the Warsaw Pact, in Cold War Berlin.  [Read More:  Spycast/player/25Jul2017]

Sold: A Fully Furnished 1989 FBI Spy Van.  Youíve seen it in a hundred films, the unmarked spy van, packed to the gills with screens and equipment, but itís not often that you see the real thing up close, in real life. But thanks to the wonders of eBay, one lucky bidder was recently able to purchase a fully furnished FBI surveillance from 1989 that looks like itís straight out of the movies.

The recently closed auction out of North Carolina, listed a vintage Dodge Ram 350 van in great condition, which also just so happened to be a fully-furnished, and totally awesome, surveillance vehicle. From the outside, the brown van doesnít seem that notable save for a weird tube attached to the roof and the darkly tinted passenger windows. But in the back is an array of still-functioning spy gear, including video screens, recording equipment, a port for a periscope, and, yes, a toilet. There are even secret cameras hidden on the outside of the vehicle.

In a video tour of the van recorded by the sellers, they say the vehicle was used in a FBI stakeouts, and that the van even still had some of the original investigation tapes inside.

The winning bid for the van came in at $18,700 from a private buyer. The new ownerís identity is unknown, but we can only hope that they bought the van for some next-level Sneakers cosplay.  [Read More:  Grundhauser/atlasobscura/25Jul2017]

10 Facts About the 'Greatest Woman Spy of the Century' You Probably Didn't Know.  Many know the name Mata Hari, but far fewer know exactly which parts of her story are fact and which are fiction. What we do know is that she was well-traveled and fluent in over seven languages, and that during World War I, her charm and romantic exploits landed her in a web of espionage so tangled that not even her fame could save her.

Since 1903, Margueretha Gertruida Zelle had performed in Paris as a dancer. She adopted the stage persona of Mata Hari, claiming she was born in a sacred Indian temple and taught ancient Indian dances by a priestess who gave her the name, which meant 'eye of the dawn.' After her debut at the Musee Guimet, a museum dedicated to Asian art, the name Mata Hari would be known all over Europe.

Let's read 10 facts about the dancer who was also the 'greatest woman spy of the century':

1.  Mata Hari originally studied to become a kindergarten teacher.  [Read More:  indiatoday/25Jul2017]

Rehab Camps for Hackers Could Help Plug Digital Skills Gap.  Teenage hackers drifting towards serious crime are being sent to boot camps to divert them to careers in cybersecurity. The most talented could be recruited by the security services.

Seven young men aged 14-18 took part in the first two-day residential course in Bristol, which was organised by the National Crime Agency (NCA) in partnership with industry and included games, talks and workshops led by experts. The agency now intends to hold the courses across the country.

The participants had all been caught defacing websites, knocking servers offline or hacking schools and had been arrested, cautioned or visited by police. One serial offender was given a two-year suspended sentence with conditions including his attendance at the rehabilitation weekend.  [Read More:  Bridge/thetimes/26Jul2017]

Becoming an Agent, Part 2.  Just beside Hoganís Alley, the mock town and training facility at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia, thereís a cluster of modern two-story buildings with several classrooms. Inside one of the classrooms, new agent trainees are forming their squads for the morning when they receive word that an "explosion" has occurred in a nearby city.

Over the previous few weeks, the squad has been using the skills theyíve learned to investigate a simulated hotel bombing and track down the criminals responsible for the attack. With this new report, trainees suspect that the events could be linked to terrorist activity. But before they can identify subjects, the squad needs to gather intelligence, conduct interviews, and dig up more clues.

The agentsí partners in this effort are new FBI intelligence analysts who are training right alongside them. Analysts - the men and women who help gather, share, and make sense of information and intelligence from all corners of the globe - have never been more vital to the Bureauís mission in this post-9/11 world. By integrating their training, the FBI is replicating what agents and analysts will experience in their coming cases and ensuring that seamless collaboration is part of their DNA from day one.

"Agent and analyst trainees need to understand each otherís respective job roles and how that plays out in the real world," says Carrie Richardson-Zadra, a supervisory special agent with the FBIís Investigative and Intelligence Training Unit. "Thatís why we have them work together from the moment they arrive at the academy."  [Read More:  fbi/28Jul2017]

The Last Goodnight Tells of Femme Fatale Betty Pack.  If there were ever a cause for fighting without moral ambiguity, it was the long, hard, horrible fight against the genocidal Nazis and their fascist Axis allies during the Second World War. The passage of nearly 80 years since the start of that war, however, has frosted the glass of time.

When young people today look back on the defeat of the Axis - if they look back at all - they usually see only a hazy outline of the blood, anguish and sacrifice from 1939 to 1945.

The cynical moral relativist quickly points out that the victors - not the vanquished - write our history books. But we do not surrender truth to moral relativists. It is not an overstatement to say that the very continuation of enlightened, progressive, humane Western civilization was at stake in the Second World War.

And thank God the Allies ultimately prevailed.  [Read More:  Ben-Dat/cjnews/30Jul2017]

Spotlight on a Spy.  When English author Ian Fleming published his first James Bond novel in 1953, it introduced the character of M, the Head of the British Secret Service who would subsequently send 007 on many missions to save the world from destruction by megalomaniacs. Biographer Hemming tells us that the man with the greatest claim to the moniker M in British intelligence was undoubtedly Maxwell Knight.

Fleming, a former naval intelligence officer, never revealed who had inspired M. Studies of Flemingís life and work agree that Rear Admiral John Godfrey, who was his superior at the Naval Intelligence Division during the Second World War, clearly provided much of Mís character. But Godfrey was never called M.

Maxwell Knight, spymaster at MI5, the United Kingdomís domestic counter-intelligence and security agency, was known to Fleming. Knight had been known as M within MI5 and beyond since 1931. He ran "M" section. His agents had codenames such as "M/1" and "M/A". He signed off all correspondence as "M" and had dealings with individuals and organisations throughout the secret world.

Knight, says Hemming, may have been the greatest spymaster ever employed by MI5. The author bases his claim on recently declassified MI5 files, conversations with former officers from MI5 and MI6, and the relatives of Knight and the agents he ran, as well as diaries, memoirs, newspaper reports and contemporary accounts. (MI6 is the common name of the Secret Intelligence Service, the foreign intelligence agency of the British government.)  [Read More:  Maddock/budapesttimes/27Jul2017]

On This Day: Legendary Soviet Intelligence Agent Nikolai Kuznetsov Was Born.  Nikolai (Nikanor) Kuznetsov was a legendary Soviet counterintelligence agent and partisan who operated in Nazi-occupied Ukraine during the WWII. Nikolai was born on July 27, 1911 in Perm Governorate (present day Sverdlovsk Oblast). He used several pseudonyms during his intelligence operations, such as Rudolf Schmidt, Nikolai Grachev, and Oberleutnant Paul Siebert. Kuznetsov could speak German, Esperanto, Polish, Ukrainian, and Mordvinic languages.

His intelligence operations became legendary. Because of him, Soviet counterintelligence knew the details of the German Embassyís secret diplomatic correspondence. He helped uncover Hitler's "Werwolf" headquarters in Ukraine and killed six high-ranking German officials. The data he gathered also helped to prevent USSR, US, and British leaders being assassinated during the Tehran Conference.

In one of Nikolaiís last letters to his brother, he wrote: "I love life, I'm still very young. But if my Motherland, which I love like I love my mother, requires me to sacrifice my life for its liberation from German occupation, I'll do it. Let the whole world know, what a Russian patriot and Bolshevik can do. Let the Nazi leaders know that our nation will not be defeated or extinguished like the sun...Let me die, but in the memory of my people, I will be immortal."

Kuznetsov was killed at the age of 32 in a firefight with members of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army near the city of Brody on March 9, 1944. Nikolai was posthumously awarded the title "Hero of the Soviet Union." His files are still not fully disclosed and will be held in the FSB archives until 2025.  [Read More:  Sidorova/rbth/27Jul2017]



Section III - COMMENTARY

The Intelligence Studies Essay: "After you, Alphonse," or Why Two Different Intelligence Agencies Now Attend National Security Council Meetings, Whether It Matters, and How to Mitigate the Potential Hazards.  President Trumpís revised executive order on the structure of the National Security Council (NSC) and Homeland Security Council (HSC) broke new ground by requiring that both the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and the Director of the CIA (D/CIA) attend meetings of the NSC and HSC and that both agencies participate in meetings of subordinate interagency groups. No explanation accompanied this change in policy. Will it impact how intelligence is used to support NSC policy deliberations and presidential decision-making? Will the involvement of multiple intelligence organizations improve the quality of information available to the "interagency process," or will this redundancy invite competition that complicates the DNIís chore of leading a more unified intelligence community (IC)?

A Tale of Two Directives on NSC/HSC Organization:  The week after his inauguration President Donald Trump issued NSPM-2, following the well-established practice of recent administrations to clarify through an early directive the structure, leadership, and discretionary membership of the NSC, HSC and subordinate interagency groups like the Principals and Deputies committees (PC/DC). NSPM-2 was poorly received. The order was appropriately panned for including the Assistant to the President and Chief Strategist - a controversial campaign advisor - as a member of the NSC, for excluding the DNI and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from routine participation in PC meetings, and for elevating the fledgling HSC to co-equal status with the NSC.

While the January order was closely modeled on President George W. Bushís NSPD-1, the Trump teamís modifications were ill considered and inadequately coordinated within the executive branch. In early April, NSPM-2 was superseded by NSPM-4. The April order was more favorably received, reflecting positively on a new Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (National Security Advisor) and maturing interagency coordination processes. The removal of the Presidentís "Chief Strategist" from the list of regular attendees at NSC, HSC, and PC meetings fueled speculation about his diminished influence in the West Wing. The DNI and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs were restored to standing membership on the PC (they were already statutory advisors to the NSC) and the HSC was fully subordinated to the NSC.

New provisions in NSPM-4 that added D/CIA as a regular attendee at NSC and PC meetings and the Deputy Director of the CIA to the DC were noted in media reports and expert commentaries but this decision was largely unexamined. The Trump administration had for the first time formalized an interagency regime for developing, coordinating, and implementing national security policies that involved two different intelligence agencies at each stage of the process.  [Read More:  Slick/lawfareblog/27Jul2017]

Trump, Jr., and Why Spies Love Business.  My grandmotherís close friend and, I later learned, occasional lover was, in the fullest sense of the phrase, an international man of mystery. He had a lavish apartment in Manhattan, across from Lincoln Center, and another in London, as well as homes in Israel and France, and he travelled from one to another, showing up suddenly and disappearing just as quickly. He told me sometimes about his impoverished childhood, in Lithuania and in New Jersey; it was never clear exactly how he had become wealthy. There was talk of "interests" in various firms, of lucky real-estate investments, of his time running the production company that made the James Bond films. Much later, not long before his death, in 2004, I learned the truth, revealed by documents unearthed after the fall of the Soviet Union: Joseph Katz was an important Soviet agent in New York and Europe in the nineteen-thirties and forties. His cover was running businesses that his Soviet bosses had created for him. He had a front company that manufactured gloves, another that owned parking lots, and a third that did importing and exporting.

I thought of Joe recently when I heard about the meeting between Donald Trump, Jr., Jared Kushner, Paul Manafort, and a group of Russian, British, and Georgian businesspeople, some of whom have connections to Russian intelligence. The meeting, which was held in Trump Tower, last June, was arranged by a pop star (whose billionaire father, a Russian real-estate mogul, had financed his career) and his British public-relations man, who, apparently, was happy to add international intrigue to his list of services. The guests included Natalia Veselnitskaya, a Russian lawyer who has represented the F.S.B., her countryís intelligence service, and Irakly Kaveladze, a financier who has been investigated by Congress for laundering Russian money through companies in Delaware. The ostensible agenda for the meeting ranged from the political (possible dirt on Hillary Clinton) to the financial (lifting American sanctions on Russian oligarchs and their companies).

In Joeís time, there was a sharper distinction between business and espionage. Joe once wrote that he had "dreams of creating a better world." His motivation was ideological, and his companies were a tool whose value - whose very existence - would disappear when Communism won. The meeting at Trump Tower is an example of the crude form of capitalism that ultimately triumphed in Russia. Now business is both goal and tool, inducement for cooperation and its reward.

"Thereís a natural fit between business and intelligence," Rolf Mowatt-Larssen, a former CIA operative who runs intelligence and defense projects at Harvardís Kennedy School, told me. Spies carefully assess the commitments and vulnerabilities of potential sources; when camps are set up along moral lines, such as pro- and anti-Communist, it is difficult to move somebody from one to another. Businesspeople are less of a challenge. "Anytime you have money involved, itís perfect for intelligence officers," Mowatt-Larssen said.  [Read More:  Davidson/newyorker/31Jul2017]

The History of Intelligence Oversight.  We all face the annual Intelligence Oversight class.  With a sigh, we march to the class where you find out what to do if you believe something is wrong with your classified practices. All clearance holders file out, having heard the numerous ways they have to report and correct perceived wrongs. What is seldom mentioned, however, are the wondrous antecedents of this critical class.

When I was a little boy, one of my fun things to do was to read a random story from the encyclopedia with grandma. I recall vividly how she showed me a series of pictures of causes of the American Revolution. One showed a British soldier inside a private colonial home. I observed warily, "He could just come in, even if you didnít ask him to?" "Yes," said grandma. "Whenever he wanted." This struck me as very wrong. Very wrong indeed. How appropriate this recalled episode appeared years later, when holding one of the highest clearances our nation allowed, I learned this incredible tale of the origin of intelligence oversight.

In February, 1761, on the floor of the Massachusetts Crown Colony Superior Court, a young man rose to denounce an act with the benign title, ĎWrit of Assistanceí. This writ allowed British customs officials to enter any home, any time, for little or no cause, in search of smuggled goods. Now, it had long been the favorite sport of American colonials to dodge British taxes. Smuggling was as American as the turkey. Yet as the cost of the American wars against the French and Indians consumed vast amounts of British money, soldiers, and equipment, such American underhandedness would have to be stopped.

The London Government was going to finally enforce the tax laws and quell smuggling. Tax collections would actually occur. Theyíd enforce this tax collection to pay for the colonialsí own protection from the existential threat of French and Indian terror. Indeed for these reasons Ďwrits of assistanceí were introduced. They would break smuggling, secure tax payment, and thereby pay for Colonial protection. It was all for the colonialsí own good. In fact, the law was well intended. Officials of the Crown were trying to do right by finding a way to pay for the war against the French and Indians by making violators pay their just taxes.  [Read More:  Davis/clearancejobs/25Jul2017]

The CIA Is Entering a Danger Zone. Hereís the Map.  If the ghosts who inhabit the walls of the CIA could talk, they would tell Director Mike Pompeo to be careful. The agency is entering a danger zone where a White House in turmoil wants the CIA to take aggressive action overseas but hasnít developed the clear strategy or political support needed to sustain it.

Pompeo is an activist, an exuberant politician with a flair for delivering one-liners. Heís a risk taker, who wants the agency to be more aggressive both in collecting information and in using covert action against targets such as North Korea and Iran. This aggressive stance was clear in his remarks last week at the Aspen Security Forum and in other public comments over the past six months.

Pompeo has some big problems that complicate his agenda. He wonít be able to deal with them without a broad, bipartisan base of support. Otherwise, heís going to run into the same ditch in which the agency has regularly gotten stuck for decades - launching bold (sometimes dubious) programs that eventually deflate like leaky balloons, harming the agency, its workforce and its allies abroad.

Hereís a road map of three dangers ahead, drawn from conversations with a half-dozen CIA veterans who served in Republican and Democratic administrations:  Intelligence today is politicized, perhaps more than at any time in our history. President Trump outrageously likened intelligence professionals to Nazis and regularly describes intelligence estimates of the Russian threat as "fake news" or a "witch hunt." Senior ex-spooks, not surprisingly, have fought back. In the process, the CIA is becoming a political football.  [Read More:  Ignatius/washingtonpost/25Jul2017]



Section IV - Obituaries

Obituaries

Donald R. Larrabee, 93, former President of the National Press Club, and AFIO National Board Member, died 18 July 2017 in Washington DC, of Alzheimer's disease. While serving in the Army Air Force during WWII, Don edited the base newspaper, and post-war he joined the Griffin News Bureau which supplied Capitol Hill coverage to newspapers in New England where he was born (Portland, ME). He rose to become partner of the business which became the Griffin-Larrabee News Bureau until his retirement in 1978, and also became president of the National Press Club in 1973. He was a founding member of the National Press Foundation which awards scholarships, and became its executive director from 1979 to 1985. He then ran an office representing the State of Maine until 1989.
He followed his wife, Barbara Princelau (Boyle) Larrabee, a former CIA officer, as she rotated off the AFIO board, he began his term on it which ran many years, and he also served as director of AFIO's Alsop Media Awards program which ran from 2000 to 2004.
He was elected to the Hall of Fame of the Washington chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists in 1980 and was a member of the Gridiron Club and Chevy Chase Club. He was active in the Alzheimer's Association of the National Capital Area since both of his wives and Don all succumbed to that unfortunate disease. [Barbara Larrabee's obituary appeared in Spring 2016 edition of Intelligencer.] His wives predeceased him. He leaves a brother, Henry, and his devoted daughter, Donna Larrabee Palmer, and other family.

John J. Bird, 80, former CIA Analyst, died Saturday, 24 June 2017 in Newport, RI. He served in the US Marine Corps Reserve and continued with active service as a lieutenant in the Army. He successfully built his career as a CIA intelligence analyst specializing in military and naval doctrine, strategy, and force structure analysis. His work included arms control negotiations and treaty monitoring. An event featuring some of John and Joan Bird's analytic work on Soviet Navy/Warsaw Pact documents will be featured in a joint CIA-Naval Historical Foundation panel at the Navy's Cold War Gallery on 6 September 2017. Details will be provided in the Weekly Notes.
John is survived by his wife and CIA colleague, Joan, two daughters, and other family.

LTC John Clark Golden, III  77, Retired Lieutenant Colonel and Vietnam Veteran, died 24 July 2017 in Hague, VA. LTC Golden was the widower of Winifred Ann Golden. Retired from the United States Army, LTC Golden was an attorney for CIA.
He was a member of the Military Officers Association of America, the Disabled American Veterans, and the Knights of Columbus.
He is survived by a brother, sister, children and other family.


Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

Saturday, 12 August 2017, 11am - 3pm - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter hears from Lt Gen Rick Tryon (USMC - Ret) on ISIS and the Taylor Leadership Institute at the University of North Florida.

Chapter President Dane Baird has lined up an excellent speaker: Lt. Gen. Rick Tryon, USMC (Ret.), who will be talking about ISIS, with which he is quite familiar, as well as a bit about the Taylor Leadership Institute at the University of North Florida that he heads. The "Lightning Round" is alive and well! Please advise Bill Webb of any topic(s) you might like to pursue -- contact him at wwebb@comcast.net or at (850) 668-5752 as soon as possible.
Event location: the Country Club of Orange Park.
FEE: $24 pp for event and meal.
RSVP: With only four weeks to go before the meeting, respond to Quiel Begonia at qbegonia@comcast.net or call at (904) 545-9549 also as soon as possible, as the club needs 20+ attendees. Let's try to top the outstanding turnout we had in May! Remember that family, guests and potential members are always welcome to our meetings.

Thursday, 17 August 2017, 6:30pm - West Bloomfield, Michigan - AFIO Johnny Micheal Spann Memorial Chapter, Michigan hears from FBI SAC David Gelios.

The speaker at the AFIO Michigan Chapter meeting will be David P. Gelios, FBI SAC Detroit. Gelios most recently served as the chief inspector of the FBI's Inspection Division, as well as the Inspection Division's acting deputy assistant director from June 2014 until March 2015. As the chief inspector, Mr. Gelios oversaw all FBI field office inspections, national program reviews, and agent-involved shooting investigations.
To attend or additional information, contact Charles Kirkpatrick at afio.secretary@afiomichigan.org. More about the chapter is at www.afiomichigan.org

Thursday, 24 August 2017, noon - MacDill AFB, FL - The Florida Suncoast AFIO Chapter hosts LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, CENTCOM, on Operations in Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt

We have an informative program as we welcome LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, the Branch Chief for the Syria-Iraq-Levant in the CENTCOM J-3 Information Operations (CCJ3-IO) Division. His team is responsible for the planning, coordination and synchronization of Information Operations (IO) throughout the region encompassing Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt. A strict policy of non-attribution will apply to LTC Garcia's remarks.
RSVP: Individuals wishing to attend must respond to the Chapter secretary at sectysuncoastafio@att.net, no later than Thursday, August 17. If individuals do not have base access, please contact the Chapter secretary for further information. The luncheon fee is $20.
LOCATION: MacDill AFB Surf's Edge Club, 7315 Bayshore Boulevard, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.

Wednesday, 13 September 2017 - New York, NY - The NY Metro Chapter Meeting features Carol Rollie Flynn, former CIA Officer, speaking on "Ethics in Intelligence."

Note new date. A 30-year veteran of CIA, Carol Rollie Flynn held a number of senior executive positions at the Agency including: Associate Deputy Director of the National Counterterrorism Center; Executive Director of the CIA Counterterrorism Center; Chief of Station in major posts in Southeast Asia and Latin America; and Director of CIA's Leadership Academy. Ms. Flynn is currently Managing Principal at Singa Consulting, a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and an adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy and School of Foreign Service/Security Studies Program.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm.
Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to insure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at afiometro@gmail.com or 646-717-3776.

21 September 2017, 11 am - 4 pm - Riverside, CA - AFIO Los Angeles Chapter Tours Drone Pilot Training Program in special visit to March Air Base

NOT TO MISS. Recently the drone pilot training program previously, based out at the Southern California Logistics Center in Victorville, moved to March Air Base in Riverside, CA. With this change of location putting it in the chapter's backyard, Chapter President Vinc Autiero has arranged for our chapter to take a tour of the base which will cover a lot of great points of interest.
Tour will include: Remotely Piloted Aircraft Division (1hr); MQ-9 Reaper (1 hr); Lunch at The Backstreet Cafť 1.30 P.M. (approx); Security Forces Weapons Demonstration (1 hr); C-17 Globemaster III (1 hr); Departure Time 4 PM (approx)
LOCATION: March Air Base 655 M St. Riverside, California, 92518-5000
TO ATTEND: This is expected to be an all day event when you factor in drive time and the time you are on the base. Please confirm your attendance at your earliest convenience so that I can put together a head count. A minimum of 20 attendees are needed for this event. Must be a US Citizen.
RSVP with Full Name of All Attendees: AFIO_LA@yahoo.com.
Questions? Contact Vincent Autiero, President, AFIO-Los Angeles Chapter, 5651 W Manchester Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045. Email him at AFIO_LA@yahoo.com. If you haven't yet joined this active chapter, visit AFIO and then visit their webpage: www.afio.org
P.S. The event is scheduled September 21, 2017, for those of you planning to attend the annual AFIO national symposium at NGA headquarters, you will find that there is no conflict with the dates that the symposium is occurring and our visit to March Air Base.

Registration has opened. 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

"Succeeding in the Open—The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and "Active Measures—A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton are the themes for the AFIO-NGA 2017 National Intelligence Symposium being held at NGA and DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.
FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies. He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • James Clapper, former DCI. • Senior officials from CIA, other agencies, and embassies TBA.Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel; 7 am breakfast begins, meeting portion starts at 7:30 am.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel starting at 7:30 a.m. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.

Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 has just opened. Register securely ONLINE now
to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.


Other Upcoming Events

Wednesday, 9 August 2017, 7 to 8:45 PM - McLean, VA - Westminster Institute hosts David Des Roches on "Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists, How Are they Recruited, What Can We Do?"

David Des Roches, Associate Professor, Near East South Asia Center, discusses "Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists, How Are they Recruited, What Can We Do?" at this Westminster Institute evening event. Des Roches is Associate Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Security Studies at National Defense University. Prior to this, he was the Defense Department director responsible for policy concerning Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Where: Westminster Institute, 6729 Curran St, McLean, VA 22101 Fee: None.
Register here. Questions: Robert R. Reilly, Director, The Westminster Institute, at 703-288-2885 or br@westminster-institute.org.

15 August 2017, 11:30am - McLean, VA - DIF Luncheon with Greg Bristol on "Human Trafficking from a DOD/DIA Perspective."

The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts Greg H. Bristol speaking on "Human Trafficking from a DOD/DIA Perspective."
Bristol is a former FBI Special Agent who worked on foreign counterintelligence, public corruption, corporate fraud, and civil rights cases. He later became a Special Agent with the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, working complex contract fraud cases. He currently is an instructor with the University of Louisville's Southern Police Institute, where he teaches Advanced Human Trafficking investigations. He is also a US DoJ Office for Victims of Crimes human trafficking consultant.
Event location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA Fee: Pay $30 pp at door with a check payable to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments are discouraged.
RSVP: Make reservations by 15 August 2017 by email to diforum@diaalumni.org. Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses. For each attendee, choose among chicken parmesan, trout lemone, lasagna, grill sausages with sweet peppers, fettuccini with portobella, manicotti with spinach and ricotta, or cannelloni alla bolognese for your luncheon selection. Please send your luncheon selection with your reservation to reduce the wait time for your food!!!

Saturday, 19 August 2017, 1-4pm - Washington, DC - Allan Topol: Washington Power Play - at the International Spy Museum

Join the International Spy Museum for an in-store book signing of Washington Power Play by Allan Topol. Washington Power Play spins a tale of international intrigue, deception, and corruption at the highest levels of power. Kelly Cameron, a young FBI agent, has just thwarted a terrorist attack on the Walter Reed hospital in Washington, and is now placed in charge of a task force to find a mole in the US Government. She soon finds evidence of a plot initiated by the Chinese government supporting General Cartwright to be elected as the US President. Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Wednesday, 23 August 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Spies on Screen: Bon Voyage - at the International Spy Museum

Paris 1940, the German occupation is imminent. Among the citizens swirling through the chaotic City of Light are escapees from prison, a movie-star lover of an important government official, and a physicist and his assistant who have something to hide. This 2003 ensemble film featuring Isabelle Adjani and Gerard Depardieu includes German spies, the French Resistance, romance, and a corpse. Not to mention a shipment of heavy water-which the French desperately want to keep the Germans from using to produce nuclear weapons. Along with the evening's screening of Bon Voyage, enjoy popcorn and sparkling French soda almost as delicious as the characters' chemistry in the film! In French with English subtitles; screening at the Spy Museum. Cosponsored by the Alliance FranÁaise de Washington. Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $8. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

24 August 2017, 8 am - 2 pm - Alexandria, VA - Analytic Objectivity Symposium by OSD/DI

The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence is hosting an Analytic Objectivity Symposium with panelists representing business, judiciary, intelligence, medicine, finance & academic research. Featured speakers include: Judge James A Wynn Jr., US Court of Appeals for Fourth Circuit, Ret Capt, USN; Dr. Mark Lowenthal, Former Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis & Production; Bob Woodward, Senior Editor, Washington Post, Author; and Jeffrey Ballou, President, National Press Club. Location: The Mark Center, 4800 Mark Center Dr., Alexandria, VA 22311. Information and Registration: contact Kevin Riehle, Defense Analysis & Partnership Engagement Directorate, OUSD(I), at 703-571-2404 or at kevin.p.riehle.civ@mail.mil

25 September 2017 - Bethesda, MD - HOLD THE DATE for the PenFed Foundation Military Heroes Golf Classic.

Join the PenFed Foundation for the 14th Annual Military Heroes Golf Classic on 25 September 2017, at the world-renowned Congressional Country Club, host to five major championships, three US Opens and a PGA Championship, in Bethesda, MD. As you enjoy a round of golf, know that your support will help the Foundation meet the unmet needs of our Military, Veterans, and their families. Their grants help ensure that those who have bravely served our country will not struggle to pay necessary bills, purchase a home, or get the treatment and support they need. Their 2017 Sponsorship Opportunities are now available. Download the sponsorship packet here. If you are interested in securing a sponsorship or participating in the tournament,* please call 703-838-1302 or visit PenFedFoundation.org.

18 October 2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."

SAVE THE DATE. Information coming in July. Details will be at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory.

19 - 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."

SAVE THE DATE. Information forthcoming. This symposium will be followed on 21 October 2017 with tours and workshops at the National Cryptologic Museum.
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.
For more about the program, visit www.nsa.gov

The theme for the 2017 Symposium will be "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

Costs: Registration costs for 2017 have not yet been set, but for planning purposes the costs for 2015 were as follows: $70/day ($140 for 2 days, no cost for the museum visit); $35/day ($70 for 2 days) for full-time students with ID. The fee includes lunch and snacks. In the past we have been able to waive the fees for non-government speakers on the day they present their paper. We hope to have final registration costs available at the time you are notified about the status of your proposal. See details here. Questions to Program Chair Betsy Rohaly Smoot at history@nsa.gov or to her care at The Center for Cryptologic History, Suite 6886, 9800 Savage Road, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755.

21 October 2017 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society Holds the Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers

Invitations will be mailed shortly to The OSS Society's 2017 William J. Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers. The event, by invitation only, takes place at The Ritz Carlton Hotel, Washington, DC.


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