AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #30-17 dated 8 August 2017

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - OBITUARIES

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
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Filling up! Join many other members and special guests, including students, already registered for...
AFIO-NGA's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium
Speakers and Venues

DAY ONE: "Succeeding in the Open―The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and

DAY TWO: "Active Measure―A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton

Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017

Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.

Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; ē NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and ē the Small Satellite Revolution.

FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies. He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • James Clapper, former DCI. • Senior officials from CIA, other agencies, and embassies TBA.Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel; 7 am breakfast begins, meeting portion starts at 7:30 am.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]
Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.

Books of the Week.

Orders to Kill: The Putin Regime and Political Murder
Crashback - Clash Between US and Chinaby Amy Knight
(Thomas Dunne Books, September 2017)

"A brave and important book. Amy Knight has an expert understanding of Russia, its spy agencies, and the dark state created by Vladimir Putin and his KGB cronies. Putin's critics have an uncanny habit of falling dead and Knight tells this story with rare skill. Compelling." —Luke Harding, author of A Very Expensive Poison: The Murder of Alexander Litvinenko.

Order here.
"This incisive, deeply researched account of the Kremlin's murderous dark arts should be an electrifying wake-up call to the West about the danger we face from Putin's gangster state." —Edward Lucas, Senior Editor, the Economist

Russia is no stranger to political murder, from the tsars to the Soviets to the Putin regime, during which many journalists, activists and political opponents have been killed. Kremlin defenders like to say, “There is no proof,” however convenient these deaths have been for Putin, and, unsurprisingly, because he controls all investigations, Putin is never seen holding a smoking gun,. But Amy Knight offers mountains of circumstantial evidence that point to Kremlin involvement. Knight traces Putin’s journey from the Federal Security Service (FSB) in the late 1990s to his subsequent rise to absolute power as the Kremlin’s leader today, detailing the many bodies that got in the way.She shows that terrorist attacks in Russia, as well as the Boston Marathon bombing in the U.S., are part of the same campaign.  

The book may be ordered here.


King of Spies: The Dark Reign of America's Spymaster in Korea
King of Spiesby Blaine Harden
(Viking, Oct 2017)

Order here.
The sordid side of a Cold War operative. In 1946, Donald Nichols (1923–1992), an anonymous motor-pool sergeant, attracted the attention of a US intelligence system flailing in the Cold War’s murk. After three months’ training, Nichols was assigned to a backwater: South Korea. By 1950 he had developed unrivalled connections, from President Syngman Rhee downward. Nichols accurately predicted the North Korean invasion and spent the war conducting an increasingly spectacular and comprehensive intelligence campaign. Harden acknowledges Nichols’s “exquisite gift for clandestine operations” but presents Nichols as a loose cannon given a free hand by both US and Korean authorities. Nichols witnessed, sanctioned, and participated in atrocities and war crimes; described himself as unfit to manage what he called “a legal license to murder”; and admitted to needing “tighter supervision.” He was also a sexual predator. With the war over, Nichols became expendable, receiving shock therapy and Thorazine as part of his military psychiatric treatment. Harden’s Nichols is both a victim and an exemplar of a war that “most Americans never debated, let alone understood.”

Perhaps this will help avoid a second round with NK.

The book may be ordered here.

 

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

DOJ Announces Crackdown on Leaks As Intelligence Agencies' Calls for Probes Triple.  The Justice Department has experienced an "explosion" in the number of referrals, or requests for probes, this year from intelligence agencies over the leak of classified information, prompting the attorney general to consider whether to loosen regulations on when it can subpoena media organizations.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions condemned the "staggering" number of leaks and reported that the number of active investigations into the unauthorized disclosure of national security information has tripled in 2017. He said authorities would take strong measures to stop "the culture of leaking."

"I have this message for would-be leakers," Sessions said at a news conference in Washington, DC, on Friday, "don't do it."

The Justice Department said it was adopting a new approach after hearing complaints from career lawyers and FBI agents about the slow pace of leak probes. Authorities are evaluating how to streamline those investigations. That includes, they said, policies that require high-level approval before reporters and media companies can be compelled to turn over information.  [Read More:  Johnson/npr/4Aug2017]

Germany Expels Vietnam's Intelligence Officer Over Alleged Kidnap of Vietnamese Man.  Germany has expelled a Vietnamese intelligence officer, accusing Hanoi of kidnapping a former Vietnamese oil executive who was seeking asylum in Berlin, and taking him home to face accusations of corruption.

Berlin on Wednesday (Aug 2) ordered the Vietnamese intelligence officer to leave and demanded that the oil executive Trinh Xuan Thanh be allowed to return to Germany.

It also said it was considering further action to an "unprecedented" breach of German and international law over the abduction of the Vietnamese man, who is accused of causing around US$150 million (S$204 million) in losses at a Vietnamese state firm.

"There is no serious doubt about the participation of the Vietnamese intelligence service and embassy in the kidnapping of a Vietnamese citizen on German soil," a foreign ministry spokesman told reporters.  [Read More:  straitstimes/3Aug2017]

Defense Intelligence Agency Seeks Help With Audit Compliance.  The Defense Intelligence Agency is looking for information about integrated financial systems that can perform planning, auditing, and reporting functions, according to a request for information.

The new system should automatically interface with DIAís current system of record, the National Security Agencyís Financial Management System. It should also have portfolio management capabilities, such as enabling "alignment of budget lines, acquisitions, and expenses to specific and discrete portfolio capabilities."

DIA also uses PeopleSoft mYHR by Oracle Corp. and the Comprizon Suite by CACI International Inc.

Research proposals are due Aug. 18. Requirements to pass an audit have "placed a significant burden on the DIAís existing acquisition and financial environment," according to the notice.  [Read More:  Stein/bgov/1Aug2017]

James Comey Has Book Deal, Publication Set for Next Spring.  Former FBI Director James Comey has a book deal.

Flatiron Books told The Associated Press on Wednesday that Comey is writing a book about leadership and decision making that will draw upon his career in government. Comey will write about experiences that made him the FBIís best-known and most controversial FBI head in recent times, from his handling of the bureauís probe into Hillary Clintonís private email server to allegations of ties between Russia and Donald Trumpís presidential campaign.

Trump fired Comey in May and soon after told NBC News that he was angered by the FBIís investigation into "this Russia thing with Trump and Russia," which he called a fake story. Comey has since testified before Congress that Trump asked him to end an investigation into former National Security Adviser Michael T. Flynn and kept memos about his meetings with the president.

According to Flatiron, Comey will cite "examples from some of the highest-stakes situations in the past two decades of American government" and "share yet-unheard anecdotes from his long and distinguished career."  [Read More:  Italie/washingtonpost/2Aug2017]

Australia's Spy Agency Downgrades Aviation Threat After Bomb Plot Arrests.  Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said on Thursday the country's intelligence agency had downgraded the threat level to aviation after an alleged "Islamic-inspired" plot to bring down a plane was uncovered and disrupted.

Four men were arrested in raids in several suburbs in Sydney, Australia's largest city, at the weekend and held without charge under special terror-related powers. One man has since been released.

Increased airport security measures introduced after the arrests have caused delays for some air transport operators. It is unclear whether the security measures were designed to impede other known threats.

The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation raised the threat level to aviation to "probable" as a result of the plot, Turnbull told reporters in the city of Perth on Thursday. He said it had now been downgraded to "possible".  [Read More:  Barrett, Westbrook/reuters/3Aug2017]

Kuwait Arrests Suspects Over Hezbollah Intelligence Links.  Kuwait has arrested two new suspects on charges of intelligence links with Lebanese pro-Iran militia Hezbollah with the intent to carry out antagonistic acts in the northern Arabian Gulf country.

The arrests were part of a massive operation launched by the Kuwaiti authorities to re-arrest members of Al Abdali terror cell who were sentenced to prison terms in June, but have disappeared.

The two were among a group of eight suspects referred to the public prosecution and will be remanded in custody for 21 days pending further investigations.

One of the two suspects is a fugitive who was convicted in the 1980s in the case of explosions that hit the country.  [Read More:  Toumi/gulfnews/7Aug2017]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

UK Intelligence Agencies Turn to Start-Ups on Cyber Security.  At 44 years old, Dan Brett is not a typical candidate for a tech accelerator. However, after a decade spent developing cyber security technology for banks, the entrepreneur threw his hat into the ring when he heard GCHQ was launching a centre for start-ups near its headquarters in Cheltenham.

"Iím not your young, sexy start-up hero," said Mr Brett, who participated in the UK governmentís accelerator programme last year and is working on a project to lure hackers into internet-based traps.

"But cyber crime is increasing and this scheme gives such good access. Itís like someone has been slowly boiling a big pan and it just gets hotter and hotter."

At the accelerator, intelligence officials from GCHQ, the UKís electronic intelligence service, and the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) meet coders over coffee and share complex cyber security puzzles - although many do not share their names to maintain anonymity. The start-ups develop solutions and are introduced to investors who could help them take their ideas to market.  [Read More:  Ram/ft/6Aug2017]

Rapid City Woman, 96, Was Wife of Likely Spy.
  For the diminutive 96-year-old Eleanore Moe, life has presented a ringside seat for some of the past centuryís larger-than-life events, as well as audiences with the statesmen and women who helped shape our nationís history.

Born in 1921 in Mitchell to a livestock dealer father and a homemaker mother who had a modest farm at Artesian, S.D., Eleanore Rowan became a teacher, married her high school sweetheart who had graduated from West Point, then followed him to war-ravaged Germany in the wake of the Alliesí victory over the Nazi regime.

In retrospect, considering her husband gave her a handgun to protect herself, held clandestine meetings and lived a life of secrecy, Eleanore suspects he was actually a spy for the Office of Strategic Services, the predecessor to todayís Central Intelligence Agency. But she may never really know.

What Eleanore does know she will tell in a Black Hills Veterans Forum presentation Saturday at the Air & Space Museum at Ellsworth Air Force Base. A social begins at 9 a.m., followed by Moeís look back at her remarkable life starting at 9:30 a.m.  [Read More:  Griffith/rapidcityjournal/6Aug2017]

This Is How You Can Get a Job With Intelligence Service MI5.  Everyone has probably day-dreamed about being a top spy seeking out evil across the globe in the name of truth and justice.

So why not try it out for real?

You wont need Merseyside's Daniel Craig's muscles to apply to MI5, based in Vauxhall, in London, the organisation say there's no such thing as a "typical" MI5 officer.  [Read More:  Koncienzcy, Rodger/liverpoolecho/3Aug2017]

FBI Headquarters Consolidation Project: What Happened and Whatís Next.  Good morning Chairman Barrasso, Ranking Member Carper, and members of the committee. Thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to discuss the need for a new Federal Bureau of Investigation Headquarters building in the Washington, DC area. I am pleased to appear before the committee with my colleague from the General Services Administration.

As the committee is aware, the FBI has occupied the J. Edgar Hoover (JEH) building since 1974. Since that time, the mission of the FBI has evolved, but the building itself has not kept pace. Aside from the core Headquarters staff located at JEH, the FBI also has staff in dispersed leased locations across the National Capital Region. Additionally, the building itself is literally falling apart as evidenced by crumbling facades and deteriorating infrastructure. This makes it difficult to address rapidly developing threats and collaborate across divisions and programs. Our nation continues to face a multitude of serious and evolving threats ranging from homegrown violent extremists to hostile foreign intelligence services and operatives; from sophisticated cyber-based attacks to Internet-facilitated sexual exploitation of children; from violent gangs and criminal organizations to public corruption and corporate fraud. As an organization, we must be able to stay current with constantly changing and new technologies that make our jobs both easier and harder. Our adversaries - terrorists, foreign intelligence services, and criminals - take advantage of modern technology, including the Internet and social media, to facilitate illegal activities, recruit followers, encourage terrorist attacks and other illicit actions, and to disperse information on building improvised explosive devices and other means to attack the US. Keeping pace with these threats is a significant challenge for the FBI. The breadth of these threats and challenges are as complex now as at any time in our history, and the consequences of not responding to and countering threats and challenges have never been greater. Fighting the current threat, and preparing for the future wave of threats, requires cutting-edge technology and the foundation for intelligence to flow in and out of the FBI seamlessly. Simply put, the J. Edgar Hoover building is obsolete, inefficient, and faces a number of security vulnerabilities.  [Read More:  fbi/2Aug2017]

The Ghostly Radio Station That No One Claims to Run.  In the middle of a Russian swampland, not far from the city of St Petersburg, is a rectangular iron gate. Beyond its rusted bars is a collection of radio towers, abandoned buildings and power lines bordered by a dry-stone wall. This sinister location is the focus of a mystery which stretches back to the height of the Cold War.

It is thought to be the headquarters of a radio station, "MDZhB", that no-one has ever claimed to run. Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, for the last three-and-a-half decades, itís been broadcasting a dull, monotonous tone. Every few seconds itís joined by a second sound, like some ghostly ship sounding its foghorn. Then the drone continues.

Once or twice a week, a man or woman will read out some words in Russian, such as "dinghy" or "farming specialist". And thatís it. Anyone, anywhere in the world can listen in, simply by tuning a radio to the frequency 4625 kHz.

Itís so enigmatic, itís as if it was designed with conspiracy theorists in mind. Today the station has an online following numbering in the tens of thousands, who know it affectionately as "the Buzzer". It joins two similar mystery stations, "the Pip" and the "Squeaky Wheel". As their fans readily admit themselves, they have absolutely no idea what they are listening to.  [Read More:  Gorvett/bbc/2Aug2017]


Section III - COMMENTARY

How to neutralize the North Korea threat: High-power microwaves could destroy vital missile electronics. ANALYSIS/OPINION: Whenever we hear about viable options for stopping North Korea's nuclear ambitions, the answer is always the same: There are none. Any military strike against that country would result in retaliation against South Korea, we are told. But what has gone largely unnoticed in the media is that there are viable alternatives to waiting passively until North Korea has the capability of wiping out millions of Americans with nuclear weapons. The first is the U.S. Air Force's development of missiles that zap electronics with high-power microwaves (HPM). That capability, which is entirely different from cyberwarfare designed to confuse computers, has been advancing secretly ever since the Air Force successfully tested use of a missile equipped with HPM in 2012. Called the Counter-Electronics High Power Microwave Advanced Missile Project (CHAMP), the missile was built by Boeing's Phantom Works for the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory at a cost of $38 million. The Boeing missile emits high power microwaves that fry computer chips so that no electronic devices targeted by the missile can operate... [Read More: Kessler/WTimes/10July2017]

Jack Devine on Trump politics, relations with Russia, global dynamics, security, and North Korea. Jack Devine's [The Arkin Group] Summer Intelligence Report - July 2017, includes his take on Trump politics, relations with Russia, global dynamics, security, and North Korea. Excerpt on Relations with Russia -- In the meantime, a reset with Russia will be much harder given the strong indications from the Intelligence Community that the Russians hacked the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election. Despite the media's obsession with the Russia story, including the recent news of Trump Jr.'s meeting with Russians during the campaign, I am sticking with my earlier Forecast that evidence of collusion between the Trump campaign and the Russian government will remain elusive. That's not to say that the Special Counsel won't find indications of murky contacts and business dealings and won't feel compelled, especially after such a major investigation and cost, to bring a few lesser charges such as falsifying official documents and making false statements to law enforcement officials. But, ultimately... [Read More: Devine/TAG]

Oh, Wait. Maybe It Was Collusion.  Did the Trump campaign collude with Russian agents trying to manipulate the course of the 2016 election? Some analysts have argued that the media has made too much of the collusion narrative; that Jared Kushner and Donald Trump Jr.ís meeting with Kremlin-linked Russians last year was probably innocent (if ill-advised); or that Russian operatives probably meant for the meeting to be discovered because they were not trying to recruit Mr. Kushner and Mr. Trump as agents, but mainly trying to undermine the American political system.

We disagree with these arguments. We like to think of ourselves as fair-minded and knowledgeable, having between us many years of experience with the CIA dealing with Russian intelligence services. It is our view not only that the Russian government was running some sort of intelligence operation involving the Trump campaign, but also that it is impossible to rule out the possibility of collusion between the two.

The original plan drawn up by the Russian intelligence services was probably multilayered. They could have begun an operation intended to disrupt the presidential campaign, as well as an effort to recruit insiders to help them over time - the two are not mutually exclusive. It is the nature of Russian covert actions (or as the Russians would call them, "active measures") to adapt over time, providing opportunities for other actions that extend beyond the original intent.

It is entirely plausible, for example, that the original Russian hack of the Democratic National Committeeís computer servers was an effort simply to collect intelligence and get an idea of the plans of the Democratic Party and its presidential candidate. Once derogatory information emerged from that operation, the Russians might then have seen an opportunity for a campaign to influence or disrupt the election. When Donald Trump Jr. responded "I love it" to proffers from a Kremlin-linked intermediary to provide derogatory information obtained by Russia on Hillary Clinton, the Russians might well have thought that they had found an inside source, an ally, a potential agent of influence on the election.  [Read More:  Sipher, Hall/nytimes/2Aug2017]

Trump Is Trying to Politicize Intelligence to Support His Iran Policy. Thatís Dangerous.  The relationship between the intelligence community and President Trump surely has been tested in the first six months of this administration. But the presidentís reported demand for intelligence to support his policy preference to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal risks politicizing intelligence analysis, with potentially grave consequences not only for national security decision-making but also for our ability to address a wide range of international threats.

Under a 2015 law governing the Iran nuclear agreement, the president is required to certify every 90 days whether Iran "is transparently, verifiably, and fully implementing the agreement," "has not committed a material breach with respect to the agreement," and "has not taken any action, including covert activities, that could significantly advance its nuclear weapons program."

Although this certification is a political call, it necessarily is based on an intelligence assessment. Intelligence analysts, who are privy to our clandestine collection as well as the intelligence shared with us by key liaison intelligence services, and who are trained in applying proper analytic tradecraft, are in the best position to judge whether Iran is spinning too many centrifuges, holds too much enriched uranium or is secretly pursuing a nuclear weapon.

Trump apparently understands this. Acting on the recommendation of his key national security advisers - the secretary of state, secretary of defense, national security adviser and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff - he reluctantly agreed last month to certify that Iran was in compliance with the agreement. That uniform recommendation, of course, was based on the intelligence communityís collection and analysis.  [Read More:  Cohen/washingtonpost/4Aug2017]

It's Not Top Secret: The Intelligence Community Encourages Data Sharing.  For the 17 agencies that make up the intelligence community, keeping secrets is a priority. But intelligence leaders have learned that if they share information - not hoard it - they can fulfill their missions more effectively.

In the past five years, the IC has been using technology to break down barriers between agencies and to make intelligence data a community asset, says Jennifer Kron, the acting tech chief for the intelligence community.

The IC is shifting away from a "castle-and-moat approach" (in which users within an organization can see only certain types of data) toward a model where anyone in the intelligence community with the appropriate security clearances can view that information, Kron says.

Data sharing is key to efficiency at some of the governmentís largest agencies. By experimenting with a range of technologies, IT leaders from across government hope to minimize overlap and create new capabilities and backstops. These efforts include improving cloud security to allow for the sharing of sensitive data, managing identification and authentication services to stretch across multiple agencies, and maximizing interoperability among government systems.  [Read More:  Tynan/fedtechmagazine/3Aug2017]

This Mysterious Military Spy Plane Has Been Flying Circles Over Seattle for Days. A very unique USAF surveillance aircraft has been flying highly defined circles over Seattle and its various suburbs for nine days now. Nobody at the DoD seems to know who the aircraft belongs to or what exactly it is doing flying so many missions over the Seattle area. But based on its visibly exotic configuration, and information collected by open source flight tracking websites, we can get a good idea of its capabilities and guess as to what itís up to.

The aircraft, which goes by the callsign "SPUD21" and wears a nondescript flat gray paint job with the only visible markings being a USAF serial on its tail, is a CASA CN-235-300 transport aircraft that has been extensively modified for the surveillance mission. You can see more pictures of the aircraft here. 

It is covered in a dizzying array of blisters, protrusions, humps and bumps. These include missile approach warning detectors and large fairings on its empennage for buckets of forward-firing decoy flares, as well as both microwave - the dome antenna behind the wing and flat antenna modification in front of the wing - and ultra high-frequency satellite communications - the platter-like antenna behind the dome antenna. A communications intelligence suite also appears to be installed on the aircraft, with the antenna farm on the bottom of its fuselage being a clear indication of such a capability.

But what's most interesting is the aircraft's apparent visual intelligence gathering installation. It is placed in a fixed position, on the left side of the aircraft, below the planeís forward emergency door. The rectangle structure has a sliding door that covers the system's sensors when not in use.  [Read More:  Rogoway, Trevithick/thedrive/3Aug2017]

When Agents of Influence Seek to Shape Public Opinion.  Foreign countries and their intelligence agencies have long sought to shape actions and policies in other countries.

Such espionage and subversion were at their peak during the Cold War, but have resurfaced recently as the global balance of power shifts and geopolitical tensions rise. In the past few years, Australian officials have been busy trying to assess the extent to which Chinese agencies were gaining influence over Canberra.

An investigation by Australian media companies concluded that the Chinese Communist Party was secretly infiltrating Australian political parties and society to influence policy and opinion.

Lately, American and European officials have similarly been investigating Russian attempts at interfering in elections in their countries. And reports of America's extensive spy network in China being crippled in the early part of this decade have emerged.  [Read More:  Hussain/straitstimes/5Aug2017]

The End of the CIA Program in Syria.  On July 19, the Washington Post reported that the CIA was ending its covert support for rebels fighting the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The program, which started four years ago, had backed forces affiliated with the Free Syrian Army (FSA) that the US government considered politically moderate - that is, non-Islamist.  It had benefited roughly 20,000 fighters, including such groups as Division 13 and the Hamza Battalion in Syriaís northwest and south and the Eastern Lions in its southwest. But despite the programís cost, which ran into the hundreds of millions of dollars per year, its effects on the rebelsí ability to fight and bring down the government were limited. The end of the program thus represents both a pragmatic concession to military reality and a decision by the United States to abandon Syria to Russia. The most important consequence, however, is the loss of Washingtonís credibility to its proxies in Middle East.   [Read More:  Balanche/foreignaffairs/2Aug2017]

The US Has More to Lose Than Russia in Spy Expulsions.  In December of last year, two Russian intelligence officers met in the Washington, DC, area with a potential source they hoped had valuable information regarding the inner workings of the Obama White House. At the meeting, the Russians probed for clues on what steps the Obama Administration - then in its final days - might take to punish Russia for its interference in the 2016 election.

According to a senior US official, unbeknownst to the Russians, their source was not actually a White House mole but a US counterintelligence asset. Of the options that the Obama Administration was considering, none trickled back to the Russians.

That particular Russian intelligence effort was thwarted, but a broader problem exists, according to the senior official. "There are more Russian operatives, declared and undeclared, in the United States now than at any other time in the past fifteen years," the official told me. "Theyíre here in large numbers, actively trying to penetrate a whole host of sectors - government, industry, and academia."

The FBI is responsible for identifying and tracking foreign spies on American soil. But, the senior official said, the Bureau has "a math problem. It takes a lot of folks to run surveillance on one individual and make sure you never lose contact." During the White House discussions that the pair of Russian officers tried and failed to learn more about, the FBI director at the time, James Comey, pushed to expel as many Russian intelligence officers as possible. "This was a case-management issue for him," the official said. At one point, a participant who took part in the discussions told me, one member of the national-security team also suggested sanctioning the Russian President, Vladimir Putin. Another proposed authorizing the National Security Agency to hack into the e-mail accounts of Russian officials in order to release embarrassing, possibly compromising, information.  [Read More:  Schmidle/newyorker/7Aug2017]



Section IV - Obituaries

Obituaries

Edward L. Benz, 76, an exceptional NSA Engineer and R&D Official, died 14 January 2017 at his home in Long Neck, DE. Ed attended New Jersey Institute of Technology and Stanford University. He joined NSA in 1968 and his career spanned a variety of progressively more responsible assignments in the Research & Development organization. Along with Jack Devine, Ed was responsible for the architecture, systems engineering and integration work for the largest unified collection, processing and forwarding system the Agency had ever developed and fielded. Ed was known and respected for his candor and wise career counsel. He mentored an entire generation of Agency engineers and technical program managers. Ed was easily recognized in his white shoes, white belts and in his canary-yellow pants. Ed and his family enjoyed a three year assignment Australia after which he became deputy of the combined research, development and technology activity for the Agency.
After his retirement in 1998, Ed settled in Delaware. Ed was the ultimate entertainer and always had a bottle of your favorite wine or beer when you came for a visit. Edward became an avid golfer where he organized senior golfing leagues at Baywood Greens and spent many evenings with friends at the clubhouse. When not on the golf course, he enjoyed spending time at the beach and with his family. He is survived by his wife of 50 years, Johanna, two sons and a daughter, and other family.

Vincent Neil DiRenzo, 88, a CIA Photo Interpreter who played role in discovering Soviet missiles in Cuba, died 17 July 2017 in Ashburn, VA.

Vince DiRenzo grew up in Shenandoah, PA, enlisted in the Marines immediately after high school graduation, and after four years serving in the Philippines and Guam, DiRenzo returned to get a bachelor's degree in geography and chemistry from East Stroudsberg State Teachers College. While a graduate student at Clark University, DiRenzo was approached by a CIA recruiter who encouraged him to utilize his military training and geography expertise to support US intelligence efforts. He entered the CIA in 1956 and his first job was with NPIC (National Photographic Interpretation Center) as a photo interpreter examining images taken by U-2 spyplanes, a new program. In October 1962 DiRenzo, leader of an NPIC team, discovered that the Soviets had installed multiple missile systems on the island. The team's alarming discovery withstood the scrutiny of each level within the agency hierarchy and finally made it to President Kennedy. The decision by Kennedy to confront the Soviet Union led to the 13 days in October of 1962 which brought the world to the brink of nuclear destruction and resulted in Khrushchev's announcement on 28 October that the Soviets would dismantle and remove the missiles. As an acknowledgment of the significance of this intelligence coup, DiRenzo received many awards, including a Presidential Commendation from President Kennedy and the Intelligence Medal of Merit. In 2002 at the 40th anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis, DiRenzo and his team were inducted into the Hall of Fame for the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (the forerunner of National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency). DiRenzo retired from the CIA in 1984. He is survived by Estelle, his wife of 62 years, four children, and other family..

Robert Francis Kelley, 86, a CIA Operations Officer, died 2 August 2017 in Potomac, MD. Robert received undergraduate and graduate degrees from Boston University in 1952 and 1953. He served in the US Army from 1954 to 1956 and then joined CIA where he spent 35 years as an Operations Officer with postings in Berlin, Munich, Tokyo, and Ottawa. He is survived by his wife, Mary, four sons, and other family. A Memorial Mass will be held at St. Raphael Catholic Church, Falls and Dunster Roads, Rockville, MD on Thursday, 17 August at 10:30 a.m.


Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

Saturday, 12 August 2017, 11am - 3pm - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter hears from Lt Gen Rick Tryon (USMC - Ret) on ISIS and the Taylor Leadership Institute at the University of North Florida.

Chapter President Dane Baird has lined up an excellent speaker: Lt. Gen. Rick Tryon, USMC (Ret.), who will be talking about ISIS, with which he is quite familiar, as well as a bit about the Taylor Leadership Institute at the University of North Florida that he heads. The "Lightning Round" is alive and well! Please advise Bill Webb of any topic(s) you might like to pursue -- contact him at wwebb@comcast.net or at (850) 668-5752 as soon as possible.
Event location: the Country Club of Orange Park.
FEE: $24 pp for event and meal.
RSVP: With only four weeks to go before the meeting, respond to Quiel Begonia at qbegonia@comcast.net or call at (904) 545-9549 also as soon as possible, as the club needs 20+ attendees. Let's try to top the outstanding turnout we had in May! Remember that family, guests and potential members are always welcome to our meetings.

Thursday, 17 August 2017, 6:30pm - West Bloomfield, Michigan - AFIO Johnny Micheal Spann Memorial Chapter, Michigan hears from FBI SAC David Gelios.

The speaker at the AFIO Michigan Chapter meeting will be David P. Gelios, FBI SAC Detroit. Gelios most recently served as the chief inspector of the FBI's Inspection Division, as well as the Inspection Division's acting deputy assistant director from June 2014 until March 2015. As the chief inspector, Mr. Gelios oversaw all FBI field office inspections, national program reviews, and agent-involved shooting investigations.
To attend or additional information, contact Charles Kirkpatrick at afio.secretary@afiomichigan.org. More about the chapter is at www.afiomichigan.org

Thursday, 24 August 2017, noon - MacDill AFB, FL - The Florida Suncoast AFIO Chapter hosts LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, CENTCOM, on Operations in Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt

We have an informative program as we welcome LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, the Branch Chief for the Syria-Iraq-Levant in the CENTCOM J-3 Information Operations (CCJ3-IO) Division. His team is responsible for the planning, coordination and synchronization of Information Operations (IO) throughout the region encompassing Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt. A strict policy of non-attribution will apply to LTC Garcia's remarks.
RSVP: Individuals wishing to attend must respond to the Chapter secretary at sectysuncoastafio@att.net, no later than Thursday, August 17. If individuals do not have base access, please contact the Chapter secretary for further information. The luncheon fee is $20.
LOCATION: MacDill AFB Surf's Edge Club, 7315 Bayshore Boulevard, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.

Saturday, 9 September 2017, 11:30am - Patrick AFB, FL - The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter Hears from Dr. Scott Tilley on "Big Data."

The Florida Satellite Chapter hosts Dr. Scott Tilley on "Big Data, the Era of Yottabytes and Developments in Machine Learning." This talk describes the current big data landscape, provides an overview of some of the tools available to manage massive datasets, and discusses some of the possible impacts of big data and predictive analytics on businesses and society at large in the coming years.
Location: The Tides Collocated Club, Patrick Air Force Base, 1001 North Highway, A1A S Atlantic Ave, Patrick AFB, FL 32925.
To Attend: Prepaid reservations are required which must be received by 5 September 2017. To reserve, contact FSC Chapter President at afiofsc@afio.com. Menu Choices are: Sole stuffed with crab meat (F) or sliced flank steak (B).

Wednesday, 13 September 2017 - New York, NY - The NY Metro Chapter Meeting features Carol Rollie Flynn, former CIA Officer, speaking on "Ethics in Intelligence."

Note new date. A 30-year veteran of CIA, Carol Rollie Flynn held a number of senior executive positions at the Agency including: Associate Deputy Director of the National Counterterrorism Center; Executive Director of the CIA Counterterrorism Center; Chief of Station in major posts in Southeast Asia and Latin America; and Director of CIA's Leadership Academy. Ms. Flynn is currently Managing Principal at Singa Consulting, a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and an adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy and School of Foreign Service/Security Studies Program.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm.
Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to insure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at afiometro@gmail.com or 646-717-3776.

21 September 2017, 11 am - 4 pm - Riverside, CA - AFIO Los Angeles Chapter Tours Drone Pilot Training Program in special visit to March Air Base

NOT TO MISS. Recently the drone pilot training program previously, based out at the Southern California Logistics Center in Victorville, moved to March Air Base in Riverside, CA. With this change of location putting it in the chapter's backyard, Chapter President Vinc Autiero has arranged for our chapter to take a tour of the base which will cover a lot of great points of interest.
Tour will include: Remotely Piloted Aircraft Division (1hr); MQ-9 Reaper (1 hr); Lunch at The Backstreet Cafť 1.30 P.M. (approx); Security Forces Weapons Demonstration (1 hr); C-17 Globemaster III (1 hr); Departure Time 4 PM (approx)
LOCATION: March Air Base 655 M St. Riverside, California, 92518-5000
TO ATTEND: This is expected to be an all day event when you factor in drive time and the time you are on the base. Please confirm your attendance at your earliest convenience so that I can put together a head count. A minimum of 20 attendees are needed for this event. Must be a US Citizen.
RSVP with Full Name of All Attendees: AFIO_LA@yahoo.com.
Questions? Contact Vincent Autiero, President, AFIO-Los Angeles Chapter, 5651 W Manchester Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045. Email him at AFIO_LA@yahoo.com. If you haven't yet joined this active chapter, visit AFIO and then visit their webpage: www.afio.org
P.S. The event is scheduled September 21, 2017, for those of you planning to attend the annual AFIO national symposium at NGA headquarters, you will find that there is no conflict with the dates that the symposium is occurring and our visit to March Air Base.

Registration has opened. 28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

"Succeeding in the Open―The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and "Active Measures―A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton are the themes for the AFIO-NGA 2017 National Intelligence Symposium being held at NGA and DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.
FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies. He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • James Clapper, former DCI. • Senior officials from CIA, other agencies, and embassies TBA.Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel starting at 7:30 a.m.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel starting at 7:30 a.m. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.

Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 has just opened. Register securely ONLINE now
to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.


Other Upcoming Events

Wednesday, 9 August 2017, 7 to 8:45 PM - McLean, VA - Westminster Institute hosts David Des Roches on "Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists, How Are they Recruited, What Can We Do?"

David Des Roches, Associate Professor, Near East South Asia Center, discusses "Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists, How Are they Recruited, What Can We Do?" at this Westminster Institute evening event. Des Roches is Associate Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Security Studies at National Defense University. Prior to this, he was the Defense Department director responsible for policy concerning Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Where: Westminster Institute, 6729 Curran St, McLean, VA 22101 Fee: None.
Register here. Questions: Robert R. Reilly, Director, The Westminster Institute, at 703-288-2885 or br@westminster-institute.org.

15 August 2017, 11:30am - McLean, VA - DIF Luncheon with Greg Bristol on "Human Trafficking from a DOD/DIA Perspective."

The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts Greg H. Bristol speaking on "Human Trafficking from a DOD/DIA Perspective."
Bristol is a former FBI Special Agent who worked on foreign counterintelligence, public corruption, corporate fraud, and civil rights cases. He later became a Special Agent with the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, working complex contract fraud cases. He currently is an instructor with the University of Louisville's Southern Police Institute, where he teaches Advanced Human Trafficking investigations. He is also a US DoJ Office for Victims of Crimes human trafficking consultant.
Event location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Dr, McLean, VA Fee: Pay $30 pp at door with a check payable to DIAA, Inc. Checks are preferred, but will accept cash; however, credit card payments are discouraged.
RSVP: Make reservations by 15 August 2017 by email to diforum@diaalumni.org. Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses. For each attendee, choose among chicken parmesan, trout lemone, lasagna, grill sausages with sweet peppers, fettuccini with portobella, manicotti with spinach and ricotta, or cannelloni alla bolognese for your luncheon selection. Please send your luncheon selection with your reservation to reduce the wait time for your food!!!

Saturday, 19 August 2017, 1-4pm - Washington, DC - Allan Topol: Washington Power Play - at the International Spy Museum

Join the International Spy Museum for an in-store book signing of Washington Power Play by Allan Topol. Washington Power Play spins a tale of international intrigue, deception, and corruption at the highest levels of power. Kelly Cameron, a young FBI agent, has just thwarted a terrorist attack on the Walter Reed hospital in Washington, and is now placed in charge of a task force to find a mole in the US Government. She soon finds evidence of a plot initiated by the Chinese government supporting General Cartwright to be elected as the US President. Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Wednesday, 23 August 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Spies on Screen: Bon Voyage - at the International Spy Museum

Paris 1940, the German occupation is imminent. Among the citizens swirling through the chaotic City of Light are escapees from prison, a movie-star lover of an important government official, and a physicist and his assistant who have something to hide. This 2003 ensemble film featuring Isabelle Adjani and Gerard Depardieu includes German spies, the French Resistance, romance, and a corpse. Not to mention a shipment of heavy water-which the French desperately want to keep the Germans from using to produce nuclear weapons. Along with the evening's screening of Bon Voyage, enjoy popcorn and sparkling French soda almost as delicious as the characters' chemistry in the film! In French with English subtitles; screening at the Spy Museum. Cosponsored by the Alliance FranÁaise de Washington. Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $8. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

24 August 2017, 8 am - 2 pm - Alexandria, VA - Analytic Objectivity Symposium by OSD/DI

The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence is hosting an Analytic Objectivity Symposium with panelists representing business, judiciary, intelligence, medicine, finance & academic research. Featured speakers include: Judge James A Wynn Jr., US Court of Appeals for Fourth Circuit, Ret Capt, USN; Dr. Mark Lowenthal, Former Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis & Production; Bob Woodward, Senior Editor, Washington Post, Author; and Jeffrey Ballou, President, National Press Club. Location: The Mark Center, 4800 Mark Center Dr., Alexandria, VA 22311. Information and Registration: contact Kevin Riehle, Defense Analysis & Partnership Engagement Directorate, OUSD(I), at 703-571-2404 or at kevin.p.riehle.civ@mail.mil

25 September 2017 - Bethesda, MD - HOLD THE DATE for the PenFed Foundation Military Heroes Golf Classic.

Join the PenFed Foundation for the 14th Annual Military Heroes Golf Classic on 25 September 2017, at the world-renowned Congressional Country Club, host to five major championships, three US Opens and a PGA Championship, in Bethesda, MD. As you enjoy a round of golf, know that your support will help the Foundation meet the unmet needs of our Military, Veterans, and their families. Their grants help ensure that those who have bravely served our country will not struggle to pay necessary bills, purchase a home, or get the treatment and support they need. Their 2017 Sponsorship Opportunities are now available. Download the sponsorship packet here. If you are interested in securing a sponsorship or participating in the tournament,* please call 703-838-1302 or visit PenFedFoundation.org.

18 October 2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."

Registration is now open for the 2017 NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium - "How Cyber Has Changed the World Around Us" - on 18 October from 0900 to 1500 hours in Laurel, MD. Guest speakers include Dr. Mary Aiken, renowned Irish forensic cyberpsychologist and author of The Cyber Effect, as well as Mr. Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, award-winning writer and recent author of The Spy Who Couldn't Spell. The program will also feature a panel discussion on the impact of cyber on future social, political, and economic climates, featuring experts from the field, such as Mr. Robert B. Dix, Dr. Mike Warner, and Professor Bill Nolte. Registration is $25 for NCMF members and $50 for guests (includes complimentary one-year NCMF membership). Deadline to register is 13 October. And remember - this year our program precedes the 2017 CCH Symposium on Cryptologic History. Please note registration for the CCH Symposium is separate (see below listing). Click HERE to go directly to NCMF program ticket purchase. Additional details at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory.

19 - 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."

Registration is now open for the 2017 CCH Symposium on Cryptologic History, 19-20 October 2017 (with additional events at the NCM on 21 October). The theme for this year's Symposium is "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

View the preliminary program details via the PDF link on the Event Calendar Page. Registration deadline is 13 October. Learn more via the event calendar. To purchase your tickets now do so here. 
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.

21 October 2017 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society Holds the Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers

Invitations will be mailed shortly to The OSS Society's 2017 William J. Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers. The event, by invitation only, takes place at The Ritz Carlton Hotel, Washington, DC.


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