AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #32-17 dated 22 August 2017

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - OBITUARIES

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
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Filling up! Join many other members and special guests, including students, already registered for...
AFIO-NGA's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium


Do not miss hearing... Robert Cardillo, Director, NGA
James Clapper, former Director National Intelligence
Chris Inglis, Former Deputy Director, NSA
William Evanina, NCIX, Director, National Counterintelligence and Security Center
David Cohen, former CIA Deputy Director for Operations
Burton Gerber, former CIA Chief of Station, Moscow
Michael Sulick, former Director, National Clandestine Service
David Robarge, Chief Historian, CIA
James Hughes, former Chief, Near East and South Asia Division; Associate Deputy Director of Operations, NSA
Thomas Rid, Professor, Kings College London
Lauri Lepik, Estonian Ambassador-Designate

Speakers and Venues

DAY ONE: "Succeeding in the Open - The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and

DAY TWO: "Active Measure - A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton

Thursday & Friday, 28 to 29 September 2017

Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.

Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.

FRIDAY: "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies, on "Making Sense of 2016 and the Limits of Intelligence." He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • Luncheon keynote presentation by James Clapper, former DNI. • Champagne Reception and Banquet featuring keynote presentation by former CIA Deputy Director for Operations David Cohen. Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel starting at 7:30 a.m.followed by the General Membership meeting.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.
Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]
Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 is underway. Register securely ONLINE now to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.

Book of the Week.

Foxtrot in Kandahar: A Memoir of a CIA Officer in Afghanistan at the Inception of America's Longest War
Foxtrot in Kandaharby Duane Evans
(Savas Beatie, Sept 2017)
Kandahar. The ancient desert crossroads and, as of fall of 2001, ground zero for the Taliban and al-Qa’ida in southern Afghanistan. In the northern part of the country, the U.S.-supported Northern Alliance (the Afghan organization opposed to the Taliban regime) has made progress on the battlefield, but in the south, the country is still under the Taliban’s bloody hold and al-Qa’ida continues to operate there. With no “Southern Alliance” for the US to support, a new strategy is needed if victory is to be achieved.

Veteran CIA officer Duane Evans is dispatched to Pakistan to “get something going in the South.” Foxtrot in Kandahar is his story. Evans’s unexpected journey from the halls of Langley to the badlands of southern Afghanistan began within hours after watching 9/11 unfold during a chance visit to FBI Headquarters. It was then he decided to begin a personal quest to become part of the US response. Evans’s memoir tracks his efforts to join one of CIA’s elite teams bound for Afghanistan, a journey that eventually takes him to the front lines in Pakistan, first as part of the advanced element of CIA’s Echo team supporting Hamid Karzai, and finally as leader of the under-resourced and often overlooked Foxtrot team. Relying on rusty military skills from his days as a Green Beret, and brandishing a traded-for rifle, Evans moves toward Kandahar in the company of Pashtun warriors—one of only a handful of Americans pushing forward across the desert. The ultimate triumph of the CIA and Special Forces teams, when absolutely everything was on the line, is tempered by the US tragedy that catalyzed what is now America’s longest war. Evans concludes with an analysis of opportunities lost in the years since his time in Afghanistan. Should be required reading as the nation ramps up our presence in Afghanistan where modern warfare faces complicated tribal politics.

The book may be ordered here.



 

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

John Sherman Appointed CIO of the Intelligence Community.  President Donald Trump appointed John Sherman CIO of the intelligence community Friday.

Sherman, who has spent more than 20 years in various roles in the IC including most recently as the deputy director of CIA's Open Source Enterprise, will report directly to Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats.

The IC CIO position has gone unfilled in the Trump administration until now. Prior to Sherman's appointment, Raymond Cook served as IC CIO from July 2015 until President Barack Obama left office in January.

Sherman started his intelligence career as a satellite imagery analyst and manager, serving also as a duty officer in the White House Situation Room, according to a White House statement. He also served as the principal deputy national intelligence officer for military issues on the National Intelligence Council and in various senior executive roles at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.  [Read More:  Mitchell/fedscoop/18Aug2017]

Russia Unveils New Fleet of 'Invisible' Supersonic Fighter Jets.  Russia has unveiled its new fleet of 'invisible' supersonic fighter jets, boasting that they are already the envy of air forces around the world.

The £120million Sukhoi-57, which will have a top speed of 1,615 mph, is said to rival America's F-22 and China's Chengdu J-20.

Kremlin officials say the fifth-generation stealth jet has been 'christened like a baby after its birth' as Su-57 and will undergo another year of testing before it enters military service in 2019.

The plane was called 'PAK FA' and 'T-50' during its developmental stage. Russia says the Su-57 will use state-of-the-art stealth technology to make it hard to track on enemy radars.  [Read More:  Robinson/dailymail/14Aug2017]

Architects of CIA Interrogation Program Settle Lawsuit Brought on Behalf of Brutalized Detainees.  Two psychologists who devised the CIA's brutal interrogation program have settled a lawsuit with several victims less than three weeks before a jury trial was set to begin in a federal court in Spokane, Wash.

The settlement, reached Wednesday, caps a remarkable case in which for the first time former top CIA officials were forced to testify about their roles in the program launched after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. The case unearthed CIA records that shed new light on the program's creation and how controversial it was within the agency.

In the settlement, the psychologists James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen, who were hired as contractors, acknowledged that they worked with the CIA to develop the program to interrogate detainees using "specific coercive methods."

But in statements Thursday, the two men distanced themselves from any "unauthorized" actions that spurred the lawsuit.  [Read More:  Nakashima, Tate/washingtonpost/17Aug2017]

Ex-MI5 Chief Warns Against Crackdown on Encrypted Messaging Apps.  A former head of MI5 has spoken out against curtailing use of encryption in messaging apps despite warning that Islamist terrorism will remain a threat for up to another 30 years.

Jonathan Evans said the terrorist threat to Britain was a "generational problem", and suggested the Westminster Bridge attack in March may have had an energising effect on extremists.

But Lord Evans, who retired from the security service in 2013, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme that he would not support a clampdown on use of encryption.

His comments came after Amber Rudd, the home secretary, argued that internet companies were not doing enough to tackle extremism online. She has previously singled out the use of encryption as a problem.  [Read More:  Grierson/theguardian/11Aug2017]

Accused NSA Leaker Will Get to See Classified Evidence in Her Espionage Prosecution.  The Augusta National Security Agency leak suspect will get to review classified information federal prosecutors might use against her during her upcoming espionage trial.

In an supplemental protective order signed by US District Court Magistrate Judge Brian K. Epps on Wednesday, both sides have agreed to the procedure which will allow Reality Leigh Winner to access evidence the prosecutors may use to prove she committed the crime of willful retention and transmission of national defense information.

Winner, 25, has pleaded not guilty. She has been held without bond since her June 3 arrest in which federal agents armed with a search warrant raided her Battle Row rental home. The search was brought on by a federal investigation launched after a National Security Agency official was approached by a reporter seeking to authenticate a national security document.

The prosecutors contend Winner accessed and copied a classified document through her job with the National Security Agency contractor Pluribus International Corp., at Fort Gordon. Winner, who served in the Air Force for six years as a linguist specializing in Middle Eastern languages, had a top security clearance.  [Read More:  Hodson/augusta/17Aug2017]

Jailed Russian Ex-Intelligence Officer Kvachkov Receives Additional Sentence.  A former Russian intelligence officer who is serving a prison term for an alleged attempt to overthrow the government, has been handed an additional prison term for incitement to hatred.

The Volga Region Military Court in Samara on August 18 found Vladimir Kvachkov guilty of inciting hatred and sentenced him the same day.

Kvachkov, who still had to serve a remainder of 16 months from his previous eight-year prison conviction, will now have to spend 24 more months in custody. His lawyers say they will appeal the court's ruling.

Investigators say Kvachkov during his incarceration managed to smuggle a video recording outside the penitentiary, which was posted on the Internet in 2015. In the video, he called on "an unlimited number of people" to overthrow the government, the court said.  [Read More:  rferl/18Aug2017]

FBI Pushes Private Sector to Cut Ties With Kaspersky.  The FBI has been briefing private sector companies on intelligence claiming to show that the Moscow-based cybersecurity company Kaspersky Lab is an unacceptable threat to national security, current and former senior US officials familiar with the matter tell CyberScoop.

The briefings are one part of an escalating conflict between the US government and Kaspersky amid long-running suspicions among US intelligence officials that Russian spy agencies use the company as an intelligence-gathering tool of global proportions.

The FBI's goal is to have US firms push Kaspersky out of their systems as soon as possible or refrain from using them in new products or other efforts, the current and former officials say.

The FBI's counterintelligence section has been giving briefings since beginning of the year on a priority basis, prioritizing companies in the energy sector and those that use industrial control (ICS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems.  [Read More:  O'Neill/cyberscoop/17Aug2017]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Robert Blum, the Spy Who Shaped the World - Part 1.  Even for students of the history of the Intelligence Community (IC), Robert Blum is all but forgotten except as a bureaucrat, a professor, and the head of a philanthropic foundation with ties to the CIA. In reality, he was a counterintelligence chief who worked for several agencies, built large pieces of the United States' foreign economic policies, had the Director of Central Intelligence fired, and redesigned a significant portion of the IC, including its mechanisms for covert action and propaganda.

The few sources that discuss him do so only briefly, and rely mostly either on a handful of recycled documents from the Foreign Relations of the United States, or on recycled innuendo and secondhand information. The Asia Foundation's website entry on Blum not only omits a considerable amount of information, it contains factual inaccuracies. Even the CIA's website contains some inaccurate information on Blum's career. In contrast, this article (and its follow-up on the Asia Foundation) are based on a review of more than 200 primary source documents, almost all of them previously classified, totaling well over 1,000 pages of information.

According to the available records, Blum began his career as an academic relatively quietly. At Yale University, he was a research assistant and an instructor for international relations until 1942. After the attack on Pearl Harbor led to the United States joining World War II, and the eventual creation of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in June 1942, Blum left his position at Yale to join the war effort. Specializing in counterintelligence, planning, and liaison, Blum spent much of his time during the war split between Washington DC, London, and Paris. By late 1944, Blum had been made the Chief of the X-2 Branch in Paris, the OSS' counterintelligence branch. By early 1946, Blum was helping direct all of the OSS' counterintelligence operations as the Assistant Chief of the X-2 Branch. When his obituary was published, his work with the OSS remained largely classified. His OSS service was only briefly acknowledged in obituary, and no information was provided about the type of work he did.  [Read More:  Best/muckrock/17Aug2017]

How the FBI Smashed White Supremacist Group "The Order."  "White supremacist": It's a label that's come to dominate our conversations in the wake of deadly violence in Charlottesville, Virginia, but it's also one that has a deeply rooted history in the United States.

As the FBI would tell you, the effort to disrupt violent hate groups and combat the threat of homegrown terrorism has been going on for decades. In fact, one of the Bureau's most remarkable investigations revolves around a white supremacist group that existed more than 30 years ago. It was known as "the Order."

In order to dismantle it, the FBI had to rely on a skilled undercover agent to methodically gather intel against the group. In new interviews with CNN's series Declassified, the agents involved describe what it took to see the Order fall.

Going undercover - It was the early 1980s, and white supremacist leaders were beginning to lure followers from multiple extremist groups with the intention of recruiting them to stage revolts against the US government, which they believed to be under heavy Jewish influence.  [Read More:  Jimison/wearecentralpa/17Aug2017]

Here's How the IC's Newest Cyber Center Informs Decision-Makers.  Established in 2015, the Cyber Threat Intelligence Integration Center - the newest of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence's four multi-agency centers - seeks to build a better understanding of foreign cyberthreats to US national interest and to enable informed decision-making.

The goal is to facilitate the sharing of that information with a view to integrated community analysis of cyberthreats and supporting interagency planning while pulling information from network defense intelligence and the law enforcement community, said Lt. Gen. John Bansemer, assistant director of national intelligence partner engagement at ODNI, who spoke Wednesday at the DoDIIS Worldwide Conference.

The bottom line, he said, is that CTIIC integrates a whole-of-government approach against cyber adversaries, and it does this in three ways.

First, it provides awareness of adversary threat activities. During the initial outbreak of the WannaCry ransomware, Tom Bossert, assistant to the president for homeland security and counterterrorism, explained that CTIIC was keeping the government informed of the classified insights and the investigation into the cyberattack.  [Read More:  Pomerleau/c4isrnet/17Aug2017]

In Ukraine, a Malware Expert Who Could Blow the Whistle on Russian Hacking.  The hacker, known only by his online alias "Profexer," kept a low profile. He wrote computer code alone in an apartment and quietly sold his handiwork on the anonymous portion of the internet known as the dark web. Last winter, he suddenly went dark entirely.

Profexer's posts, already accessible only to a small band of fellow hackers and cybercriminals looking for software tips, blinked out in January - just days after American intelligence agencies publicly identified a program he had written as one tool used in Russian hacking in the United States. American intelligence agencies have determined Russian hackers were behind the electronic break-in of the Democratic National Committee.

But while Profexer's online persona vanished, a flesh-and-blood person has emerged: a fearful man who the Ukrainian police said turned himself in early this year, and has now become a witness for the FBI.

"I don't know what will happen," he wrote in one of his last messages posted on a restricted-access website before going to the police. "It won't be pleasant. But I'm still alive."  [Read More:  Kramer, Higgins/nytimes/16Aug2017]

Did a Mole-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named Leak Plot to Elect Trump?  For the first time in his two decades defending people accused of treason, Ivan Pavlov has come across a case he says he truly has trouble getting his head around. Everything about it is a guessing game for the defense lawyer, including the charges against his client, whose name he is not allowed to mention in public.

Speaking at his office in St. Petersburg, under a photograph of President Barack Obama shaking his hand, Pavlov, 46, explained to the Daily Beast that the arrest in Russia last December of accused cyber spies is heavy with high-profile politics.

"This is a dangerous case for everybody, including the FSB investigators, attorneys and journalists," said Pavlov.

To get a sense of just how fraught it may be, let us go back to January. By then, allegations by the American intelligence community about Russian meddling in the American elections had been building for several months. President Obama had warned Putin, eyeball to eyeball, to stop. Two reports had been issued publicly by the US intelligence services in October and in December, but in guarded and less than explicit language as America's spooks tried to protect the methods and especially the sources that had led them to their conclusions.  [Read More:  Nemtsova/thedailybeast/20Aug2017]

Remembering the Mystery Woman.  Glenda Griffin, who died last year as a resident at Carrick Glen Senior Living in Mt. Juliet, was inducted into the Military Intelligence Hall of Fame earlier this year for her work in the field. Her journey from her hometown of Summertown to one of the most celebrated women in military intelligence history was filled with commitment, setbacks, integrity, obstacles, opportunity and mystery.

Even after her death, several aspects of her impact on modern military tactics remain a mystery, even to her family. However, family members said there's nothing mysterious about the woman they knew and loved.

Glenda Griffin was born Nov. 28, 1938 in the Summertown community, which is in Lawrence County near the Lewis and Maury counties line, to William Howard King and Lillian Dale Dyar King. Glenda Griffin's daughters, Christi Griffin and Sharon Monterroza, described her childhood with three other sisters as simple - filled with farming, church and hard work.

"My granddad expected them to get all A's. He also expected his girls to be independent and be able to support themselves. In the time they were growing up in this rural community, my mom and her sisters were being taught that you have to be able to take care of yourself," Christi Griffin said.  [Read More:  Smith/lebanondemocrat/18Aug2017]



Section III - COMMENTARY

Ignatius: Russia Reaps Blowback From Covert Campaign.  Intelligence officers sometimes talk about "blowback," when covert actions go bad and end up damaging the country that initiated them. A year later, that is surely the case with Russia's secret attempt to meddle in the US presidential election, which has brought a string of adverse unintended consequences for Moscow.

The Kremlin is still issuing cocky statements accusing the US of "political schizophrenia" in its response to Russian hacking. And there are vestiges of the triumphal tone I encountered in Moscow early this summer -- a sense that America is in decline and that a mistreated but resurgent Russia is in the driver's seat. But Russia's confidence must be flagging.

Interference in the US election has created new antibodies to Russian power: America is angry, Europe is newly vigilant, and Syria and Ukraine are becoming quagmires. Moscow remains a dangerously ambitious revanchist power, but its geopolitical goals look harder to achieve now than they did a year ago.

The basics of Russia's covert operations were best summarized in a Jan. 6 report by the US intelligence community: "President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election." Russia's goals were to "denigrate" Hillary Clinton and "help ... when possible" Donald Trump. A broader aim was "to undermine the US-led liberal democratic order."  [Read More:  Ignatius/qctimes/19Aug2017]

Chris Stewart: Loose Lips of Press Leaks Do Indeed Sink Ships.  Loose lips sink ships is a phrase that my father, a WWII air force pilot, heard many times. It was a common and well-accepted attitude during a dangerous and chaotic time. And though our nation has come a long way since the horrors of a world at war, I find this phrase very relevant today.

Over the past several years, I have seen an alarming increase in not only the threats our country faces, but also with the number of leaks of classified information. My concerns have been exacerbated over the past year when seemingly every day there is another media article stating that "current and former Administration officials" have reportedly offered classified information to the press in order to score cheap political points at the expense of American security.

Leaks of highly classified information are not new. There were nine leaks of highly classified information over the course of President Obama's administration. President Bush experienced eight. However, At this point in his administration, President Trump has had to deal with more than 60 episodes of the leaked classified information. These numbers are shocking, prompting even democratic leaders such as David Axelrod to describe certain leaks as a "terrible precedent."

How could anyone justify or defend this type of behavior by those who have been entrusted with our national security?  [Read More:  Stewart/sltrib/19Aug2017]

Preparing for ISIS, 3.0.  Yesterday's terrorist activity in Spain and ISIS' thus far unsubstantiated public claim that the attackers were "soldiers of the Islamic State" has once again thrust the group to the forefront of the world's attention - a place ISIS has occupied for years now. Indeed, in the summer of 2014, I was asked during a congressional hearing whether the Islamic State (also called ISIS), which had recently seized Mosul and was threatening Erbil, could capture Baghdad. Then deputy director of national intelligence, I replied that the intelligence community did not think such a takeover was plausible given what we knew about ISIS' personnel strength and the overwhelming Iraqi military and Shia militia presence in the city. I'm not certain my answer persuaded anyone; the anxiety about ISIS' rapid battlefield gains, newfound ability to mass forces and strike at vulnerable locations, and acquisition of vast military hardware from retreating Iraqi soldiers was palpable.

As it turned out, ISIS was able to detonate hundreds of car and truck bombs inside Baghdad in the following years, but never posed a serious threat to the city. But the question I was asked perfectly captured the deep fear that ISIS generated in Iraq and the deep pessimism about the Iraqi government's ability (even with US military help) to defeat it.   

The perception of ISIS as a military juggernaut has changed dramatically since then thanks to the progress against the group achieved through the work of two US administrations; the United States' military, diplomatic, and intelligence services; and a coalition of external partners, particularly the Iraqi military and Kurdish security forces.  [Read More:  Dempsey/foreignaffairs/18Aug2017]



Section IV - Obituaries

Obituaries

Richard Stanley Finlay, 87, a member of NSA's Senior Cryptologic Executive and graduate of the National War College, died 15 August 2017 in Annapolis, MD.
Finlay was a Navy Veteran of the Korean War Era, for four years, before entering the National Security Agency. He was a graduate of Johns Hopkins University with a Master's Degree in Engineering and a 1973 graduate of the National War College. He was awarded the Distinguished Civilian Service Medal. He retired from the Agency in 1985 with 35+ years of service.
He was a champion of developmentally challenged adults throughout his adult life volunteering with charitable organizations locally. He was a Phoenix Society Life Member.
He is survived by his wife of 63 years, Carol Jean, a brother, two daughters, and other family.

James Wellington Pryde Sr, 90, a Tuskagee Airman in WWII, Director Def/SMAC, and Assistant Deputy Director of Administration at NSA, died 10 August 2017 in Temple Hills, MD.
Jim joined the Army Air Corps and in 1944 entered aviation school. Instead of becoming a pilot, he became a radio operator with WWII's famous Tuskegee Airmen. He then joined the Armed Forces Security Agency in 1950 as a communications clerk and was assigned to the mailroom. When it was discovered he could read automatic Morse tape, he was transferred to a signals analysis section, where he became a telemetry analyst.
He then spent two years on detail to the staff of the Assistant Secretary of Defense. He served as the Director of the Defense Special Missile and Astronautics (now Aerospace) Center (DEFSMAC) from 1978 to 1980. While at DEFSMAC, he became a member of the Intelligence Community's Guided Missile Astronautic Intelligence Committee. In 1980, Pryde served as the NSA representative to the Department of Defense and in 1981 served as Assistant Deputy Director of Administration at NSA.
During his tenure, Jim served as an advocate for NSA African-Americans. Through his efforts he promoted a diverse workforce within NSA, and strove to remind the current generation of the struggles waged by their predecessors for equality. Mr. Pryde retired from NSA in 1981, but continued to serve NSA interests as a member of the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation.
The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators who served between 1941 and 1949. Despite being American heroes, the Airmen were racially segregated and subjected to discriminatory policies of the Jim Crow era, inside and outside of the Army. All of the 926 pilots were trained at Moton Field and Tuskegee Army Air Field near Tuskegee, AL. The Airmen flew 1,267 missions and 6,381 combat sorties during WWII, and they were collectively awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by President George W. Bush and the US Congress in 2007. Tuskegee Airmen also included 16,000-19,000 ground personnel, including aircraft mechanics and maintenance technicians.
Pryde was inducted into the NSA Hall of Honor in 2006.
He is survived by his wife, Joy Branham Pryde, two sons, three daughters, a sister, and other family.

Franklin Ray Taylor, 89, a former FBI, NSA, and State Department official, died 12 August 2017 in Millersville, MD after a long period of declining health. Frank attended Virginia Polytechnical Institute (Now Virginia Tech), Class of 1950. Upon graduation and a brief stint as a commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the US Army, he served eight years as a Special Agent in the FBI and was personally commended by J. Edgar Hoover for his actions in support of the capture and arrest of Joseph Corbett, the notorious kidnapper and murderer of Adolph Coors III. Following his tenure at the FBI, he joined the National Security Agency. After his retirement from NSA, he worked as an investigator for the US Department of State.
His love of history, especially Civil War history, began in childhood as he grew up exploring battlefields in his own backyard. The seed for collecting relics of history was likely planted there and grew as he became an avid collector and antique dealer. He appreciated the history and artistry in the items he collected and had a vivid imagination of the human stories behind each creation.
Frank is survived by his wife, Barbara H. Taylor (nee Harwell); five children, and other family.

William Kilborne Stephen Tobin, 79, the former Dean of NSA's National Cryptologic School and a Middle East expert, died of heart failure 12 August 2017 in Ellicott City, MD. He led a life of learning, travel and insatiable curiosity.
He grew up in Manhattan, where he graduated from the Collegiate School. As a teenager, he frequented the famous jazz clubs of Harlem and bohemian cafes of Greenwich Village. He studied Ancient History at Yale University, graduating in 1960.
After college, Bill joined the Army and attended the Defense Language School in Monterey, CA where he learned Turkish. Upon completing his military service, he went to work for NSA. A life of exploration in the Middle East and beyond ensued. He became fascinated by the culture and people while posted overseas with his young family during the mid-1960s. In 1972, he left government service to pursue graduate study at Princeton University, and spent a year as a Fulbright Fellow doing research in the archives of the Ottoman Empire housed in Istanbul. He was one of few people in the world who could read the old Ottoman Turkish language.
Bill returned to NSA in 1975 and headed an overseas operation in the 1980s. He distinguished himself as an expert in languages for the federal government, eventually serving as Dean of the Language and Area Studies Department of the National Cryptologic School, which included the Defense Language Institute in Monterey where it had all started for him.
He was also a noted expert on Middle Eastern politics and affairs, both before and after his retirement in 1996, and contributed to the daily National Intelligence Estimates in the years after 9/11/2001.
He was awarded the Meritorious Civilian Service Award in 1980 and was elevated to the Senior Cryptologic Executive Service in 1986.
After retirement, Bill volunteered his service as a Court Appointed Special Advocate for children. He also consulted for several language software companies and for the Center for Advanced Study of Language at the University of Maryland in College Park. Also in his spare time, he served as President and Chairman of the Board of the Phoenix Society from 2001 - 2003.
A lifelong scholar, he was passionately interested in world culture, history, and diplomacy, ready to discuss seemingly any subject knowledgeably with wisdom and humor.
He is survived by his wife of 53 years, Phoebe Snavely Tobin, a son and daughter, and other family.


Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

Thursday, 24 August 2017, noon - MacDill AFB, FL - The Florida Suncoast AFIO Chapter hosts LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, CENTCOM, on Operations in Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt

We have an informative program as we welcome LTC Juan Carlos Garcia, the Branch Chief for the Syria-Iraq-Levant in the CENTCOM J-3 Information Operations (CCJ3-IO) Division. His team is responsible for the planning, coordination and synchronization of Information Operations (IO) throughout the region encompassing Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt. A strict policy of non-attribution will apply to LTC Garcia's remarks.
RSVP: Individuals wishing to attend must respond to the Chapter secretary at sectysuncoastafio@att.net, no later than Thursday, August 17. If individuals do not have base access, please contact the Chapter secretary for further information. The luncheon fee is $20.
LOCATION: MacDill AFB Surf's Edge Club, 7315 Bayshore Boulevard, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.

Saturday, 9 September 2017, 11:30am - Patrick AFB, FL - The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter Hears from Dr. Scott Tilley on "Big Data."

The Florida Satellite Chapter hosts Dr. Scott Tilley on "Big Data, the Era of Yottabytes and Developments in Machine Learning." This talk describes the current big data landscape, provides an overview of some of the tools available to manage massive datasets, and discusses some of the possible impacts of big data and predictive analytics on businesses and society at large in the coming years.
Location: The Tides Collocated Club, Patrick Air Force Base, 1001 North Highway, A1A S Atlantic Ave, Patrick AFB, FL 32925.
To Attend: Prepaid reservations are required which must be received by 5 September 2017. To reserve, contact FSC Chapter President at afiofsc@afio.com. Menu Choices are: Sole stuffed with crab meat (F) or sliced flank steak (B).

Wednesday, 13 September 2017 - New York, NY - The NY Metro Chapter Meeting features Carol Rollie Flynn, former CIA Officer, speaking on "Ethics in Intelligence."

Carol Rollie FlynnNote new date. A 30-year veteran of CIA, Carol Rollie Flynn held a number of senior executive positions at the Agency including: Associate Deputy Director of the National Counterterrorism Center; Executive Director of the CIA Counterterrorism Center; Chief of Station in major posts in Southeast Asia and Latin America; and Director of CIA's Leadership Academy. Ms. Flynn is currently Managing Principal at Singa Consulting, a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and an adjunct Professor at Georgetown University's McCourt School of Public Policy and School of Foreign Service/Security Studies Program.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm.
Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to insure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at afiometro@gmail.com or 646-717-3776.

21 September 2017, 11 am - 4 pm - Riverside, CA - AFIO Los Angeles Chapter Tours Drone Pilot Training Program in special visit to March Air Base

UPDATE and DEADLINES TO ATTEND THIS SPECIAL EVENT - Our visit to the March Air Base comes up next month. Prior to the visit, we need to go through the proper security clearance. Please read these instructions carefully: If you sent chapter president Vince Autiero an email confirming your attendance for this event, he will soon send you email confirmation and will need back from you ASAP your full legal name and of any guests attending with you. The deadline is this Friday 8/18/17 11 AM (PST). Once he has all names, he will send list to the POC at March Air Base. Once the base has reviewed and approved the list of attendees, Vince will send a follow up email with further instructions required to attend. Expect to see that follow up email on Monday 8/23/17 if you confirmed.

TO ATTEND: If you have not yet confirmed to attend this special tour, only 4 spaces remain, and the deadline to reserve is TOMORROW Wednesday 8/16/17 5PM(PST).  RSVP with Full Name of All Attendees: AFIO_LA@yahoo.com. Must be a US Citizen.

* Please remember that March Air Base is an active military base with its first priority to the nation's security, if an event occurs that requires only essential personnel with authorized security clearance, the base will be off limits to the public with no advanced notice.
Tour includes: Remotely Piloted Aircraft Division (1hr); MQ-9 Reaper (1 hr); Lunch at The Backstreet Café 1.30 P.M. (approx); Security Forces Weapons Demonstration (1 hr); C-17 Globemaster III (1 hr); Departure Time 4 PM (approx)
LOCATION: March Air Base 655 M St. Riverside, California, 92518-5000
Questions? Contact Vincent Autiero, President, AFIO-Los Angeles Chapter, 5651 W Manchester Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90045. Email him at AFIO_LA@yahoo.com. If you haven't yet joined this active chapter, visit AFIO and then visit their webpage: www.afio.org
P.S. The event is scheduled September 21, 2017, for those of you planning to attend the annual AFIO national symposium at NGA headquarters, you will find that there is no conflict with the dates that the symposium is occurring and our visit to March Air Base.

28 - 29 September 2017 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's 2017 National Intelligence Symposium

"Succeeding in the Open―The Future of GEOINT" at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and "Active Measures―A Global Threat" at the Doubletree-Hilton are the themes for the AFIO-NGA 2017 National Intelligence Symposium being held at NGA and DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA

Tentative Agenda: THURSDAY: • Opening Remarks by Jim Hughes, AFIO President; • NGA Overview and Q&A; • Video Presentation • Robert Cardillo, D/NGA, (invited) NGA Leadership Remarks (D/NGA or DD) - Includes GEOINT Strategy and Functional Management; • Lunch (with museum tours, NGA store, and group photo). Presentations/Panels on: • KH 8 Declassification; • Pathfinder (unclassified research to solve intel problems); • Commercial GEOINT Activity; and • the Small Satellite Revolution.
FRIDAY: • "Active Measures - A Global Threat" - Includes agitprop, kompromat, fake news, political spin, hacks and ransomware, and other methods to harm US businesses, citizens, and cohesiveness. • Chris Inglis, Professor in Cyber Security Studies, US Naval Academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies, on "Making Sense of 2016 and the Limits of Intelligence." He is the former Deputy Director of NSA. • William "Bill" Evanina, Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC), the 5th National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, he serves as the head of Counterintelligence (CI) for the US Government and as the principal CI and security advisor to the Director of National Intelligence. • Thomas Rid, PhD, Professor of Security Studies at King's College London. Rid is an expert on "Attributing Cyber Attacks" explaining and improving the identification of network breaches and the perpetrators. • Luncheon keynote presentation by James Clapper, former DNI. • Champagne Reception and Banquet featuring keynote presentation by former CIA Deputy Director for Operations David Cohen.

Arrive Wednesday evening, 27 September, to overnight at the hotel to be ready early Thursday, 28 September, for coach service to NGA Headquarters for all day conference including visit to their new museum. Chapter breakfast workshop meeting is Friday morning at the hotel starting at 7:30 a.m. Tentative agenda here and will be updated frequently. Friday evening is our "Spies in Black Ties" banquet.
Hotel: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.

Reserve overnight rooms at hotel now while the special group price is valid: Room registrations can be made at 1-800-HILTONS at $119/nite. [To make room reservations carefully follow the prompts dialing "1" twice - this is to get to reservations, and then to make a new reservation. You then are asked to enter your phone number followed by the pound sign. After that, you are placed into a queue in order to speak with a customer service rep. When they get on the line, they ask for the city [Tysons Corner, VA], the name of the hotel [DoubleTree-Hilton], and the group name for the special rate [AFIO $119/nite.]

Registration for SYMPOSIUM 2017 has just opened. Register securely ONLINE now
to ensure a place.
Or use this printable Registration Packet. Contains the formal invitation, tentative agenda, and off-line registration forms sent earlier to all current member. Complete and return by fax or US Mail.


Other Upcoming Events

Wednesday, 23 August 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Spies on Screen: Bon Voyage - at the International Spy Museum

Paris 1940, the German occupation is imminent. Among the citizens swirling through the chaotic City of Light are escapees from prison, a movie-star lover of an important government official, and a physicist and his assistant who have something to hide. This 2003 ensemble film featuring Isabelle Adjani and Gerard Depardieu includes German spies, the French Resistance, romance, and a corpse. Not to mention a shipment of heavy water-which the French desperately want to keep the Germans from using to produce nuclear weapons. Along with the evening's screening of Bon Voyage, enjoy popcorn and sparkling French soda almost as delicious as the characters' chemistry in the film! In French with English subtitles; screening at the Spy Museum. Cosponsored by the Alliance Française de Washington. Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $8. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

24 August 2017, 8 am - 2 pm - Alexandria, VA - Analytic Objectivity Symposium by OSD/DI

The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence is hosting an Analytic Objectivity Symposium with panelists representing business, judiciary, intelligence, medicine, finance & academic research. Featured speakers include: Judge James A Wynn Jr., US Court of Appeals for Fourth Circuit, Ret Capt, USN; Dr. Mark Lowenthal, Former Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis & Production; Bob Woodward, Senior Editor, Washington Post, Author; and Jeffrey Ballou, President, National Press Club. Location: The Mark Center, 4800 Mark Center Dr., Alexandria, VA 22311. Information and Registration: contact Kevin Riehle, Defense Analysis & Partnership Engagement Directorate, OUSD(I), at 703-571-2404 or at kevin.p.riehle.civ@mail.mil

Monday, 11 September 2017, noon - Washington, DC - Foxtrot in Kandahar: A Memoir of a CIA Officer in Afghanistan at the Inception of America's Longest War - at the International Spy Museum.

An ancient desert crossroads, and as of fall of 2001, ground zero for the Taliban and al-Qa'ida in southern Afghanistan. Progress has been made in the North, but with no "Southern Alliance" for the US to support, a new strategy is called for. Veteran CIA officer Duane Evans is dispatched to Pakistan to "get something going in the South." Join Evans as he shares some of the highlights of his unexpected journey from the pristine halls of Langley to the badlands of southern Afghanistan. As told in his new memoir Foxtrot in Kandahar, Evans was on the front lines in Pakistan, first as part of the advanced element of CIA's Echo team supporting Hamid Karzai, and finally as leader of the under-resourced and often overlooked Foxtrot team. He'll also comment on the opportunities lost in the years since his time in Afghanistan. The book will be available for sale and signing at the event. Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Monday, 18 September 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Col. Rose Mary Sheldon, PhD on Ancient Espionage: The Greeks and the Great Game - at the International Spy Museum

Espionage is called the second oldest profession. Intrigue, trickery, and guile have always been powerful weapons. Spies have shaped the destiny of nations since the beginning of time-some inspired by patriotism, some driven by fear, others fired by greed, or a combination of motives. The Greeks excelled at deception: the story of the Trojan Horse is still with us today, but they also shone at intelligence gathering, ambush, and surprise attacks. This evening, Col. Rose Mary Sheldon, author of Ambush: Surprise Attack in Ancient Greek Warfare and Espionage in the Ancient World will transport you to the earliest days of espionage history. Discover how the first spy masters and military deceivers operated, their tradecraft, and their successes and failures in Greek warfare. Co-sponsored by the National Hellenic Society. Tickets for the general public: $20 per person; Members: $16. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

25 September 2017 - Bethesda, MD - HOLD THE DATE for the PenFed Foundation Military Heroes Golf Classic.

Join the PenFed Foundation for the 14th Annual Military Heroes Golf Classic on 25 September 2017, at the world-renowned Congressional Country Club, host to five major championships, three US Opens and a PGA Championship, in Bethesda, MD. As you enjoy a round of golf, know that your support will help the Foundation meet the unmet needs of our Military, Veterans, and their families. Their grants help ensure that those who have bravely served our country will not struggle to pay necessary bills, purchase a home, or get the treatment and support they need. Their 2017 Sponsorship Opportunities are now available. Download the sponsorship packet here. If you are interested in securing a sponsorship or participating in the tournament,* please call 703-838-1302 or visit PenFedFoundation.org.

Wednesday, 27 September - 18 October 2017, 10:15am - Washington, DC - Great Escapes or How Spies, Hostages, and Assets Survive and Get Out Alive: Four Sessions - at the International Spy Museum

Escape rooms are popular, but what if your life depended on the result? This series shares tales and tactics of escapes, rescues, and evasions from the 1970s until today. Explore ingenuous rescue and escape plans with people who developed them and used them as well as experts familiar with these life or death operations. You'll discover how intelligence services bring back assets from abroad in a hot or Cold War and learn about the 21st century approach to training people in self escape and how to survive a rescue. Tickets for the general public: $130, tickets for Spy Museum Inner Circle Members: $80. Tickets must be purchased through the Smithsonian. To register: 202.633.3030 or www.SmithsonianAssociates.org.

Friday, 29 September 2017, noon-3pm - Washington, DC - Josh Dean: The Taking of K-129 - at the International Spy Museum

Come to the Spy Museum Store for an in-store book signing of The Taking of K-129 by author Josh Dean. The Taking of K-129 is a true-life tale of espionage and engineering set at the height of the Cold War-a mix between The Hunt for Red October and Argo-about how the CIA, the US Navy, and America's most eccentric mogul spent six years and nearly a billion dollars to steal the nuclear-armed Soviet submarine K-129 after it had sunk to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean; all while the Russians were watching. Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

18 October 2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."

Registration is now open for the 2017 NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium - "How Cyber Has Changed the World Around Us" - on 18 October from 0900 to 1500 hours in Laurel, MD. Guest speakers include Dr. Mary Aiken, renowned Irish forensic cyberpsychologist and author of The Cyber Effect, as well as Mr. Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, award-winning writer and recent author of The Spy Who Couldn't Spell. The program will also feature a panel discussion on the impact of cyber on future social, political, and economic climates, featuring experts from the field, such as Mr. Robert B. Dix, Dr. Mike Warner, and Professor Bill Nolte. Registration is $25 for NCMF members and $50 for guests (includes complimentary one-year NCMF membership). Deadline to register is 13 October. And remember - this year our program precedes the 2017 CCH Symposium on Cryptologic History. Please note registration for the CCH Symposium is separate (see below listing). Click HERE to go directly to NCMF program ticket purchase. Additional details at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory.

19 - 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."

Registration is now open for the 2017 CCH Symposium on Cryptologic History, 19-20 October 2017 (with additional events at the NCM on 21 October). The theme for this year's Symposium is "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

View the preliminary program details via the PDF link on the Event Calendar Page. Registration deadline is 13 October. Learn more via the event calendar. To purchase your tickets now do so here. 
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.

21 October 2017 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society Holds the Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers

Invitations will be mailed shortly to The OSS Society's 2017 William J. Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers. The event, by invitation only, takes place at The Ritz Carlton Hotel, Washington, DC.

Wednesday, 29 November 2017, 6 - 10pm - Washington, DC - The Honorable William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner by the International Spy Museum

On November 29, 2017, the first annual "The Honorable William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner" takes place at The Ritz-Carlton in Washington, DC. This International Spy Museum event honors an individual who has served the nation in the field of National Security with integrity and distinction. The Museum’s award is named for Judge William H. Webster, former director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (the only individual to have held both offices), a man whose reputation for probity and forthrightness is the standard by which all others are measured. Before serving the intelligence community, Judge Webster was a distinguished jurist of the US District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri and of the US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
Since retirement from public office, Webster has practiced law at the Washington DC office of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy where he specializes in arbitration, mediation, and internal investigation. He is currently the Chairman of the Homeland Security Advisory Council and a founding member of the International Spy Museum Advisory Board of Directors. Judge Webster has a long record of distinguished service to our country; the International Spy Museum is pleased to name this award in his honor.
EVENT DETAILS DATE AND TIME: Wednesday, November 29, 2017 from 6 to 10 PM
LOCATION: The Ritz-Carlton, 1150 22nd Street, NW Washington, DC 20037
ATTIRE: Cocktail
ATTENDEES: Approximately 500 guests will attend this inspirational evening of cocktails, dinner, and an award ceremony.
EVENT SCHEDULE: VIP Reception 6 - 7 PM; Cocktail Reception 6:30 - 7:30 PM; Dinner/Awards 7:30 - 9 PM; After-Glow 9 - 10 PM
Sponsorship benefits and opportunities or to attend this event, email: Rebecca Diamond (Vice President of Development & Membership) at: rdiamond@spymuseum.org, or call: 202.654.0954, or use this online link.  


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