Weekly Intelligence Notes #39-17 dated 17 October 2017
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I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS
Section II - CONTEXT &
III - COMMENTARY
Section IV - RESEARCH REQUESTS, OBITUARIES
Section V - Events
Upcoming AFIO Events
19 October 2017, 6:30pm - West Bloomfield, MI - AFIO Johnny
Micheal Spann Memorial Chapter, Michigan hosts Thys
DeBruyn, former CIA Chief, China Operations.
21 October 2017, 7 - 9pm - Hillsboro, OR - The Provisional
AFIO Columbia River (Oregon) Chapter Presents FBI
Analyst Brent Bowman on "Big Data and Intelligence
Analysis: Is Big Data the answer or another obstacle to
effective intelligence analysis?"
4 December 2017 - New York, NY - The AFIO New York Metro
Chapter hosts Eva Dillon, author of Spies
in the Family: An American Spymaster, His Russian Crown
Jewel, and the Friendship That Helped End the Cold War.
Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others
- 18 October
2017- Arlington, VA - Naval Intelligence Professionals 2017
Annual Membership/Board Meeting and Fall Luncheon
- 18 October
2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting &
Symposium: "How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."
- 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for
Cryptologic History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and
October 2017 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society Holds the
Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers
- Sunday, 22
October 2017, 6-8pm - Washington, DC - Access to SPY: Opening
Our Doors to the Deaf and ASL Community - at the International
- Tuesday, 24
October 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Hitler's Monsters:
Nazi Germany and the Occult - at the International Spy Museum
- Saturday, 4 November 2017, 10am-4pm - Washington, DC - 11th Annual Parade of Trabants - at the International Spy Museum
- 4-5 November 2017, 7pm-10am - Washington, DC - KidSpy Overnight: Operation Secret Slumber - at the International Spy Museum
- Tuesday, 7 November 2017 - Ottawa, ON -
CANIC 2017 - The Fifth Annual Canadian Military Intelligence
Association Conference "Hybrid Warfare and the Implications
- Thursday, 9 November 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The Ghosts of Langley: Into the CIA's Heart of Darkness - at the International Spy Museum
- Tuesday, 14 November 2017, 6-8pm - Washington, DC - The International Spy Museum's Spies and Spirits of the Revolution - at Anderson House
- Tuesday, 28 November 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The Foundation of the CIA: Harry Truman, the Missouri Gang, and the origins of the Cold War - at the International Spy Museum
29 November 2017, 6 - 10pm - Washington, DC - The
Honorable William H. Webster Distinguished
Service Award Dinner by the International Spy Museum
For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events
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Did you miss fourth CIA-GWU conference on
"Ethos and Profession of Intelligence 2017"
at George Washington University
- co-sponsored with CIA?
Videos just released online are:
Event was held
4 October 2017, Washington, DC
Books of the Week
The Pentagon's Wars: The Military's Undeclared War Against America's Presidents
(Basic Books, Oct 2017)
The clash between America's civilian and military leadership. Account of the deep and divisive debates between America's civilian leaders and its military officers. Perry investigates these internal wars on the US military -- the most powerful and influential lobby in Washington. Perry says the military plotted to undermine Obama's strategy in Afghanistan, how internal strife and deep civilian-military animus shapes America's policy abroad, to the nation's detriment.
Why have we been in Afghanistan twice as long as the Soviets? Why did Saddam Hussein reign for a dozen more years after defeat in the Persian Gulf War? This study of the clash of military and civilian cultures goes a long way toward answering such questions. ...makes one wonder who's really in charge. -- Kirkus
Book may be ordered
The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire
by Kyle Harper
(Princeton University Press, Nov 2017)
Looks beyond military and social collapse to man's relationship to the environment. "The fate of Rome might serve to remind us that nature is cunning and capricious. The deep power of evolution can change the world in a mere moment. Surprise and paradox lurk in the heart of progress," writes Harper in this astute "account of how one of history's most conspicuous civilizations found its dominion over nature less certain than it had ever dreamed." The empire's very strength, built on travel, trade, and migration, also enabled the spread of tuberculosis, leprosy, smallpox, plague, and other diseases.
The empire suffered drought in the southern Mediterranean, especially Rome's breadbasket, Egypt, and the Plague of Cyprian (250-270) spread throughout the empire. It devastated the population and invited invasion by Goths, Persians, Franks, and others at the weakened borders. There is much to absorb in this significant scholarly achievement, which effectively integrates natural, social, and humanistic sciences to show how the fall of the empire caused the decline of Rome. -- Kirkus
Book may be ordered here.
Section I - INTELLIGENCE
FBI Director Warns Against Restricting
Controversial NSA Surveillance Program. FBI Director
Christopher A. Wray warned Friday that changing the rules of a
soon-to-expire surveillance program could create new barriers to preventing
terrorist attacks, similar to those that existed before 2001.
In defending his agency's information-sharing program with the National
Security Agency - which civil liberties groups have criticized as a threat
to privacy - Wray said his agents get just a small piece of the NSA's
"The FBI only receives collection for a very small percentage of what the
NSA does. It's about 4.3 percent of the targets under NSA collection. But
that 4.3 percent is unbelievably valuable to our mission," Wray said during
an appearance at the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think tank in
Washington. He did not say how large that database is.
Wray offered a forceful defense of the program, which is often referred to
by the law that authorizes it, Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act. Section 702 is due to expire at the end of the year,
setting up a battle in Congress over whether it should be modified to
include additional privacy safeguards for Americans. [Read More:
French Intelligence Texts Jihadist by
Mistake, Inadvertently Warning of Surveillance Operation. A
French intelligence agent sent a text message by mistake to the mobile phone
of a jihadist, inadvertently warning him that he was under surveillance and
undermining an investigation, it emerged on Friday.
The target of the probe, described as an "Islamist preacher" based in the
Paris area, immediately understood that his phone was being tapped and his
He called the agent to complain and warned his contacts that they were under
surveillance. As a result, separate investigations by two different
intelligence services came to nothing, M6 television reported.
"It was undoubtedly the worst mistake the agent ever made," M6 commented.
Interior ministry sources confirmed the report. [Read More:
Va. Man Indicted for Tweeting
Threats to CIA, State Dept. Employees. A Herndon,
Virginia, man has been indicted on a charge of threatening to murder CIA and
State Department officials and employees, according to federal prosecutors.
William Lewis Weaver II, 36, was charged with two counts of threatening to
assault and murder federal officials, officers, and employees and three
counts of transmitting in interstate commerce a communication containing
threats to injure.
In court documents, FBI Special Agent Sarah Thaden said Weaver used Twitter
to post threats, due to frustration in his inability to get a passport.
Between Aug. 23 and Sept. 16, 2017, Weaver aired his grievances with the
agencies, referring to bombs and shotguns, and vowing to defend his home if
agents tried to enter it. [Read More: Augenstein/wtop/13Oct2017]
Senators Eye Wider Access to
Intelligence Documents. A Senate oversight panel has
expressed support for a proposal to widen senators' access to certain
sensitive information with national security implications, but will hold
further discussions with the proponent, Sen. Richard J. Gordon.
In a phone interview last Sunday, Senate Oversight Committee on Intelligence
Chairman Sen. Gregorio B. Honasan II said, "We still have to discuss it, so
we can avoid duplication," referring to Gordon's move to seek creation of a
separate Senate Special Select Intelligence Oversight panel with upgraded
access to top-secret documents.
At present, senators are only allowed access up to documents tagged as
"Secret". There are four levels of access, to intel documents:
Restricted, Confidential, Secret and Top Secret.
"No slight on Senator Greg [Honasan], but we're only allowed up to
Secret, [not Top Secret] levels of access to top sensitive documents,"
Gordon said, noting that this sometimes hampers the lawmakers' work, as they
need crucial background information in crafting legislation and providing
inputs to key national policies and programs. [Read More:
Pashkivsky From Post of Deputy Head of Foreign Intelligence Service.
President of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, has dismissed Pavlo Pashkivsky from
his post of deputy head of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine on
Oct. 9, by decree No. 312/2017, the website of the president has reported.
"To remove Pashkivsky Pavlo Mykolayovych from the post of Deputy Chairman of
the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine," the decree reads.
On March 20, 2014, Pashkivsky was appointed to this position by the acting
president of Ukraine, Oleksandr Turchynov.
Earlier, by decree No. 273/2017, Yehor Bozhok was appointed the head of the
Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine. [Read More: kyivpost/10Oct2017]
Johns Hopkins Scientists to Build
Machine Translation System for Obscure Languages. A team
of computer scientists at Johns Hopkins University has won a $10.7 million
grant from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence to create an
information retrieval and translation system for languages that are not
widely used around the world.
Philipp Koehn, a computer science professor in JHU's Whiting School of
Engineering, is leading a group of 20 professors, research scientists,
post-doctoral fellows, and doctoral students in an effort to build a system
that can respond to inquiries typed in English based on documents written in
so-called "low resource" languages, which means there is relatively little
written material in these languages.
"The biggest challenge we're going to have with this setup is there's not
much data," said Koehn, who has been researching machine language
translation for nearly 20 years and wrote the textbook, Statistical Machine
Translation. He is affiliated with the Whiting School's Center for Language
and Speech Processing.
Koehn said he expected that in a few weeks the DNI would send his group
information on a specific language they can use to test the technology
they've built for the task. He said that ultimately the intelligence agency
is likely to choose languages for the project that may be spoken by millions
of people, but not prevalent in written material, such as Kurdish,
Serbo-Croatian, Khmer, Hmong, and Somali. [Read More: Hirsch/jhu/9Oct2017]
CIA Officers Detail Part of
Bloody Benghazi Attack at Terrorism Trial. A CIA witness
testified Tuesday that the body of US Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens
was returned after the September 2012 attacks on US facilities in
Benghazi, Libya, only after he overheard Libyan militia members discussing
whether to tell Americans about a dead compatriot at a hospital.
Appearing under false names and in wigs or a mustache because their
identities remain classified, two active CIA employees gave gripping
accounts at the trial of the accused mastermind of the attacks about the
chaotic, at times haphazard US response to the bloody assault on Sept. 11
and 12, 2012, that killed Stevens and three other Americans at a US
special diplomatic mission and nearby CIA Annex.
The two witnesses said they used $30,000 in cash to arrange a one-hour,
midnight flight for six US security operatives to go from Tripoli to
reinforce Benghazi in the immediate aftermath of the attacks. There, they
waited - futilely - for an armed escort of Libyan special forces personnel
who were supposed to take them from the Benghazi airport to the CIA annex.
In the end, one testified, he offered $1,000 to Libyan ambulance drivers for
a litter to carry Stevens's body with a "last iota of dignity" aboard a
Libyan Air Force C-130 aircraft evacuating the American dead and surviving
The drivers offered the litter - and declined to accept payment for the
courtesy. [Read More: Hsu/washingtonpost/11Oct2017]
Navy Expeditionary Intelligence Command
Recognizes 10th Anniversary. Established Oct. 4, 2007, the
command has grown in scope and responsibility over its 10-year history.
Command members, past, present, and future, were on hand for the event
during which the command's significant accomplishments and contributions to
Navy intelligence operations around the globe were recognized.
Capt. (Ret.) Michael Murray, NEIC's first commanding officer, attended as an
honored guest. During his remarks, he discussed how family and friends are
the critical enablers to a successful command and resilient Sailors.
"I am in awe of the progression of the command from the early days working
out of trailers to the impressive mission portfolio that you have built and
have today," said Murray.
The highlight of the commemoration was the Navy Ceremonial Guard's drill
performance and flag folding ceremony in honor of Cmdr. John (Jack) George
Graf, a Navy Intelligence officer missing in action in Vietnam since 1969.
NEIC recognizes Cmdr. Graf by presenting the command's Sailor of the Year
award in his honor. Past and present members of NEIC also unveiled the first
plaques for the "Wall of Excellence", a command history display designed to
showcases the achievements of the command's first 10 years and future
operations to come. [Read More: Kessler/dvidshub/13Oct2017]
Collecting Intelligence - and in Ways
No Female Soldier Has Done Before. On a hill overlooking
the small community of Yahel in the Arava, a unit of female combat
intelligence soldiers are using their newest advanced tactical
reconnaissance vehicle to see into the darkness and thwart possible
"There is no one else collecting intelligence in the area except us,"
company commander Capt. Guy Ribenfeld of Field Intelligence Battalion 727,
known as Eitam, said as the Jerusalem Post joined his soldiers late at night
recently near the Israeli-Jordanian border.
Using the "Granit" since August, Ribenfeld's soldiers are the first female
combat intelligence soldiers in the IDF to use the tactical intelligence
collection vehicle once used only by male soldiers.
His soldiers, who trained for one week on the system before being deployed
to the field with the vehicle, have a unique role, combining their combat
capabilities as infantry soldiers with their advanced intelligence-gathering
skills. [Read More: Ahronheim/jpost/9Oct2017]
II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE
Major Symposium on Dutch Double Spy Mata
Hari to Take Place in London. A symposium about the life,
activities and legacy of World War I-era double spy Mata Hari is to take
place in London this month, on the 100th anniversary of her death by
execution. Mata Hari was born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle in Holland in
1876. In 1895 she married Rudolf MacLeod, a Dutch Army Captain of Scottish
descent serving the Dutch colonial administration of what is now Indonesia.
She eventually divorced the alcoholic and abusive MacLeod, who was 20 years
her senior, and joined the circus in Paris. Eventually she became wildly
popular as an exotic dancer, a position that placed her in direct and close
contact with several influential men in France, including the millionaire
industrialist Émile Étienne Guimet, who became her longtime lover. Several
of her male devotees came from military backgrounds from various European
countries. Most historians agree that by 1916 Mata Hari was working for
French intelligence, gathering information from her German lovers. However,
in February of the following year she was arrested by French
counterintelligence officers in Paris and accused of spying on behalf of the
German Empire. French prosecutors accused her of having provided Germany
with tactical intelligence that cost the Triple Entente the lives of over
50,000 soldiers. [Read More: Fitsanakis/intelnews/10Oct2017]
China Grabbed American As Spy Wars
Flare. The sun was setting over Chengdu when they grabbed
It was January 2016. The US official had been working out of the American
consulate in the central Chinese metropolis of more than 10 million. He may
not have seen the plainclothes Chinese security services coming before they
jumped him. In seconds he was grabbed off the Chengdu street and thrown into
a waiting van.
The Chinese officials drove their captive - whom they believed to be a CIA
officer - to a security facility where he was interrogated for hours, and,
according to one US official, filmed confessing to unspecified acts of
treachery on behalf of the US government.
It wasn't until the early morning hours of the following day that other US
officials - who were not immediately informed by their Chinese counterparts
of the consular official's capture - arrived to rescue him. He was
eventually released back to their custody and soon evacuated from the
country. [Read More: Watkins/politico/11Oct2017]
Pierce Mill Spy Station.
One of the more unlikely (and low budget) points in the atlas of top secret
spycraft is an unadorned attic space in Rock Creek Park where intelligence
officers logged uncomfortable eight-hour shifts inside a former pigeon coop.
This modest spy station can be found atop a two-story blue granite shed
beside the historic Pierce Mill, and just across the street from the
Embassies of Hungary and the Czech Republic (née Czechoslovakia). The aged
structure was built as a carriage house in the 1820s and fell into National
Park Service jurisdiction in 1936.
While the ground floor space was leased to an "alternative" art collective
circa 1970, suit-wearing spies moved in up the creaky stairs behind a wooden
partition and padlocked door. Here they peered out through grated windows,
snapping pictures of the Warsaw Pact diplomats and monitoring bugging
equipment directed at the diplomatic consulates.
The spy station was first brought to light in a 1992 Washington Post interview with Art Barn Executive Director Ann Rushforth, who explained that
"We always knew which guys were the CIA guys because they always wore
sunglasses indoors, had real sharp creases in their pants, short haircuts
and shiny shoes." The Post reported that all spy equipment had been removed
the prior year, and that the effort was actually FBI lead, as the Bureau
normally takes point on domestic counterintelligence. [Read
Inside Story of How US Worried
About Soviet Missile Threat. America's intelligence
community, worried that the Soviet Union was planning a surprise nuclear
attack on the United States, requested high-altitude spy flights to monitor
Moscow's development of missiles, according to newly declassified historic
documents, says a report in Joseph Farah's G2 Bulletin.
"If the Soviets are further advanced in the development of the long-range
missile than is indicated by present estimates, the system, if effectively
developed and applied, may well bring to light intelligence already
available within the community, the significance of which has not yet been
apparent," stated a document from just before launch of Sputnik.
It was a request to the Guided Missile Intelligence Committee for a
comprehensive research program that could combine the talents of those with
"scientific, economic, geographic, military, and strategic knowledge."
The request came as then-CIA chief Allen Dulles was asking for better spy
programs to uncover the Soviets' actions. [Read More: wnd/14Oct2017]
How America Trained Its First
Super-Secret Frogmen. 1st Marine Raider Support Battalion
held an event giving US Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations Command
personnel the opportunity to learn about the involvement of World War II
Raiders in the war and their legacy that lives on at Camp Pendleton, Calif.,
Sept. 29, 2017. World War II Marine Raiders played a large role in the
success of World War II, on and off the battlefields.
Many in attendance know of the World War II Raiders' victories on the
battlefield, but their aid off the battlefield is less known. With the
establishment of the Office of Strategic Services came the creation of the
OSS Special Maritime Unit Operational Swimmers, also known as the country's
"first frogmen." The Raiders' facilities and training methods became the
foundation of the operatives' training and preparation for the war.
The assistant operations officer for 1st MRSB introduced Erick Simmel, the
battalion's guest speaker who would lecture on the history of the OSS
Maritime Unit. Accompanying Simmel at the lecture was the last living OSS
Special Maritime Unit operative, Henry "Hank" Weldon.
In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt reorganized the Office of the
Coordinator of Information into the Office of Strategic Services, after US
entry into World War II. OSS founder Maj. Gen. William J. Donovan, a World
War I hero and Wall Street lawyer, restructured the organization to
similarly match the British Special Operations Executive and Secret
Intelligence Service operations. [Read More: Whitley/scout/13Oct2017]
'Censorettes' Helped Break up WWII Spy
Ring. Before hackers, there were the "Censorettes."
During World War II, Great Britain stationed many censors in Bermuda to go
through mail between Europe and other parts of the world. Even as far away
as Ceylon (south of India), any mail bound for the Americas or Europe was
sent by a rather convoluted route that passed through Bermuda.
The British letter examiners' job was to find any evidence that the Axis
Powers were passing information between their spies. The vast majority of
these examiners were young female college students who were informally
nicknamed "Censorettes." An estimated 1,200 Censorettes worked on Bermuda,
operating out of two commandeered hotels.
These censors worked long hours, often seen cycling to work as early as 6
a.m. or finishing work at midnight the day before a Clipper plane left. The
volume of mail to be examined each day was huge, handling around 170 bags
with each bag containing nearly 800 letters. However, being British, nothing
stopped the afternoon tea break, which was a mass affair with tea being
served on large trestle tables in the lobby. [Read More:
Section III - COMMENTARY
US Intelligence Problems in North
Korea - A New Story That Is Very Old. Last month, eight
days after North Korea conducted its latest and most powerful nuclear test,
CIA Director Mike Pompeo conceded that deciphering that country's intentions
is an "incredibly difficult intelligence problem."
The crux of that problem?
Trying to predict the next move of a foreign leader "who makes decisions, at
the very least, in a very, very tight circle, in which we have limited
access," Pompeo said in an interview with Fox News.
Pompeo's predicament may be worrying, but it is not new. America's
intelligence and political leaders have never known as much as they would
like about what their North Korean counterparts are up to. There's no US
Embassy in Pyongyang, thus nowhere to base a traditional CIA station. Few
Western business travelers and even fewer tourists flowing in and out mean
sparse opportunities for American intelligence officers to blend in
undetected. Donald Gregg, a CIA veteran who spent much of his career trying
to penetrate North Korea, once told me he considers that country "the
longest-running failure in the history of American espionage." [Read
Our National Security's Millennial
Problem. America's intelligence agencies are having
terrible problems keeping secrets these days, none more than my former
employer, NSA, or I've termed it, the National INsecurity Agency.
Since the recent rash of leaks and thefts of classified information has real
implications for our national security, this issue needs public
attention. If you can't keep secrets, there's hardly any point to
having spy services - much less spending some $50 billion annually
on a behemoth Intelligence Community that leaks like a sieve.
Take the recent case of the improbably named Reality Winner, the NSA
contractor who was arrested in June for stealing an above-top-secret report
and passing it to The Intercept, which published its revelations. A former
Air Force linguist assigned to NSA Georgia, located in Augusta, the
25-year-old Winner took it upon herself to sneak highly classified
intelligence out of her office - hidden in her pantyhose - because she felt
the public had a right to know its contents.
According to Winner, she stole a Top Secret Codeword signals intelligence
assessment on Russian hacking of our 2016 election because she felt it
needed to be known: "Why can't this be public?" she asked. Of course, she
knew the answer: because it's highly classified and therefore should be seen
only by properly cleared people with a need to know, in the jargon of the
However, Winner, who was miffed at her co-workers for watching Fox News in
the office, decided that the damage to NSA caused by her leak would be
limited: "I just figured that whatever we were using had already been
compromised, and that this report was just going to be like a one drop in
the bucket," she stated, adding that she never bothered to check if these
SIGINT sources and methods had already been compromised. Winner has been
denied bail and is awaiting trial for violations of the Espionage Act.
[Read More: Schindler/observer/14Oct2017]
The Debate Over Foreign Intelligence
Legislation: George Croner responds to Lawrence Husick.
I'm not sure with whom Mr. Husick is speaking on the Hill but unless they
are members and/or staff of either the Intelligence or Judiciary Committees,
it is highly likely that his contacts are largely ignorant of the means and
manner by which electronic surveillance for foreign intelligence purposes is
conducted. One of the sadder epitaphs of the Snowden episode is the
number of congressmen and senators who feigned shock and dismay over
Snowden's disclosures regarding surveillance programs that had been enacted
by Congress not once, but twice (in 2008 and 2012), after multiple hearings
and extended debate.
Unfortunately, I do not doubt that the vast majority of legislators, other
than those serving on either the Intelligence or Judiciary committees, lack
even a rudimentary understanding of how FISA works - in either theory or
practice. They profess to lack the time but, more likely, they simply
have no inclination to access the materials that are available to assist in
their understanding of intelligence collection and, if they chafe under the
security restrictions associated with that access, it seems that the
security of these critical collection programs is a small price to pay in a
legislative environment that leaks like a sieve.
The reality is that, aside from those whose committee assignments actually
bring them into contact with the Intelligence Community and its operations,
legislators need to expend at least minimal effort to acquaint themselves
with those operations. If they choose not to do so, this is hardly the
fault of the Intelligence Community nor is it reason to weaken collection
programs that have been found, by every court to have considered their
operation, to conform to constitutional mandates. Jettisoning critical
intelligence undertakings because Congress is too indifferent, at least in
the eyes of its critics, to provide effective oversight isn't going to make
any of us safer or more secure in the exercise of our liberties.
I cannot help but note that Mr. Husick offers no solution to this
legislative ineffectiveness since he seems to despair that any level of
legislative oversight is capable of assuring that intelligence operations
are conducted in accordance with the law. Indeed, he literally writes
that under current circumstances (as related to him by unidentified
congressional contacts) "meaningful oversight is impossible" and existing
oversight is "powerless to limit the actions of the IC in any real
manner." If that is truly his belief, then a new set of
congressionally-imposed oversight restrictions is unlikely to supply him
with the level of comfort that he apparently lacks regarding the
Intelligence Community's fealty to the rule of law. [Read More:
Shaking up the Top of Cyber Command.
As I have previously written, US Cyber Command has grown up, and its
elevation to a unified combatant command will soon be complete. The focus
can now switch to a far more critical issue: splitting the "dual-hat"
arrangement where the same uniformed officer is both Director of NSA and
Commander of Cyber Command.
The strengths of the dual-hat have been compelling since the Joint
Functional Component Command―Network Warfare (JFCC-NW) of 2005. As
General Hayden described the situation:
"As the United States moved forward, it wanted to do more than just steal
other countries' secrets, but actually create effects. To do this in and
through the cyber domain, it was a natural process to do it from Fort Meade,
because again, operationally and technologically, cyber espionage is not
distinguishable from cyber attack. However, while it is not distinguishable
operationally and technically, it is distinguishable in law, and it is
distinguishable in authority. So although we could do it at the NSA in
practice, the NSA is not allowed to do it. So what we had to do was create
another entity that could make use of the expertise and technology at the
NSA, but would operate under different authorities. And that was JFCC-NW,
and eventually Cyber Command."
The Director of NSA already had trained teams, advanced capabilities, and
secret accesses into adversary networks; the obvious step ever since has
been for the director to "lend" those to Cyber Command for offensive
purposes as well. At some point, Cyber Command would have enough capability
to split off and no longer rely so completely on NSA. The current holder of
both hats, Admiral Michael Rogers, believes, "the right answer in the long
term is to separate the two." The Obama Administration thought this time had
come, writing to Congress in December 2016 that "While the dual-hat
arrangement was once appropriate in order to enable a fledgling CYBERCOM to
leverage NSA's advanced capabilities and expertise, CYBERCOM has since
matured." [Read More: Healey/thecipherbrief/15Oct2017]
Section IV - Research Request, Obituaries
Seeking Your Personal Reminiscences of Virginia Hall, former SOE, OSS, CIA, for UK Biographer
"I am a British author whose last book was Clementine: The Life of Mrs Winston Churchill. I am now working on a new book about Virginia Hall - formerly of SOE, OSS and CIA. I would of course love to hear from any members who might have any memories of Virginia, however slight. It is always good to have personal reminiscences to understand a subject as fully as possible. I am happy to speak on or off the record as preferred, and am coming to the US later this month for around 10 days (mostly in DC). I am also delighted to converse via or phone.
Virginia Hall was a brave woman and an outstanding agent. She risked her own life numerous times on behalf of the US, Britain and France and I aim to tell her wartime and CIA years story in as fair, balanced and accurate a way as possible and would therefore welcome any help your members can offer. One reason why I am so interested in her life is that my own father worked in the intelligence world in the 1960s. Would you be able to ask your members on my behalf? I would be very grateful."
Replies to: Sonia Purnell at email@example.com or call her at + 44 7814 137371.
Rebecca Gage Bailey, 42, Associate General Counsel, NSA, died 8 October 2017 in Annapolis, MD while under hospice care. A 1996 business degree graduate of Bloomsburg University, Bloomsburg, PA, she later attended the University of Baltimore School of Law, Baltimore, MD. She was admitted to the Maryland and Washington, DC Bars. In 2003, Rebecca worked for two years in the mass tort litigation department at Steptoe and Johnson where she honed her skills. She shifted to US Department of Veteran Affairs in 2005, serving nine years in the Baltimore/Washington Regional Counsel Office, focusing on employment law. She was recognized for negotiation savvy, expert legal writing, and diplomacy. While at VA, she was admitted to the Bar of the U.S. Supreme Court.
From 2013 to her death, Rebecca worked in NSA's Office of the General Counsel. While there, she was promoted to Associate General Counsel and was a widely-respected, beloved coworker and manager. She will be missed by many Agency colleagues mourning the death of such a young officer.
Rebecca was passionate about animal causes; being a great mother to her daughter, Regan; a glass of good wine; cafes; good books; and being on or near the water. She is survived by her daughter, Regan, and by her parents.
Katherine Alice Dey, 96, One of the Rosie-the-Riveters; Career NSA Employee, died 5 October 2017 at in Arlington, VA of pneumonia complications.
After 1939 graduation from high school, she worked as a typist in the Arlington Circuit Court Clerk's office until 1942 when she moved to Florida to work on national defense projects. For two and a half years she worked as a Class A Welder at the St. John's River Shipbuilding Company where 61 Liberty Ships were built and launched. When the contract completed, she went to work as an Aircraft Mechanic for a year at the Jacksonville Naval Air Base, repairing war-damaged fighter aircraft wings and replacing glass windows.
In 1948, Katherine began her 32-year service with the National Security Agency, retiring in 1980.
She was an active member of her church, served as the first female church Board Chairman, and one of the first two female Elders elected in the National Capital Area of the Christian Church. She established two scholarships at the Disciples Divinity House, University of Chicago. In 1983 she became a volunteer driver in the Community Volunteer Services Division of the Arlington Chapter, American Red Cross, and was awarded a plaque in gratitude for what ended up being 27 years of service to that organization, amounting to 23,375 volunteer hours.
She is survived by cousins and devoted friends and agency colleagues who cherish her legacy of humor, generosity, and faith.
Alicia Antoinette Newman, 77, Talented NSA Linguist, died of cancer 5 October 2017 in Odenton, MD.
She attended Emmanuel College in Boston and Middlebury in Vermont, majoring in Spanish and Slavic languages. In 1962 she was recruited to work at NSA where she served 32 years. During a seven-year break, she was a religious education, Spanish preschool, and home teacher and a leader and staff member of the Camp Fire Girls.
After her 2002 retirement, she volunteered at Partners in Care in Crofton and Severna Park, MD. She was active, serving as president and most other offices in the Business and Professional Women (BPW), as well as the Association of American University Women, and Questers.
She leaves her husband of 53 years, Charles R. Newman; a daughter and son, and other family.
Alicia loved traveling, the beach, spending time with her family and friends, and winning canasta games.
Glenn A. Shockley, 83, DIA/NPIC Intelligence Officer, died 3 October 2017, in Leesburg, VA.
In 1956, Glenn earned a BS in Geological Engineering and a BS in Engineering Administration from Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI where he was a member of Delta Sigma Phi fraternity. In 1957, he attended Naval Intelligence School at the Naval Officers Candidate School in Newport, RI after which he was assigned as the Air Intelligence Officer on the Joint Staff, stationed on Taiwan. He retired from the Navy as a Lieutenant in 1961.
He began his civilian career at the Defense Intelligence Agency which assigned him to the National Photographic Interpretation Center (NPIC, a joint CIA-DIA PHOTINT service organization). His initial assignment was as a Cuban specialist, and he was part of the NPIC team that first discovered Soviet missiles in Cuba leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. His NPIC team played a major role in this crisis. After the Crisis, he then became a naval specialist and the Team Leader of the Navy Unit before being promoted to division level management.
In 1974, Glenn attended Air War College in Montgomery, AL and received a Master in Public Administration from Auburn University. During his career he received many performance and commendation awards.
He is survived by his wife, Ann Jones, a brother, and other family.
Section V - Events
AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING
19 October 2017, 6:30pm - West Bloomfield, MI - AFIO Johnny Micheal
Spann Memorial Chapter, Michigan hosts Thys DeBruyn, former CIA Chief,
Thys DeBruyn, a former
CIA China expert, is President of ADVANCE Resources and Consulting and a
principal consultant with the firm. He spent 24 years as a China
specialist at CIA. His last position before he left CIA in 2008 to join
the private sector was Chief of China Operations. Thys also served as
Chief of Station, Jakarta, Indonesia 2003-2006, where he led successful
efforts to bring to justice terrorists targeting US and other western
travelers, including those responsible for the Bali, JW Marriott Hotel,
and Australian Embassy bombings. Since joining the consulting world in
2008, Thys has applied his intelligence background and China expertise
helping companies protect their information, their people and their
facilities in China and other high-risk foreign markets. TO ATTEND:
contact Michigan Chapter at firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.
21 October 2017, 7 - 9pm - Hillsboro, OR - The Provisional AFIO
Columbia River (Oregon) Chapter Presents FBI Analyst Brent Bowman on
"Big Data and Intelligence Analysis: Is Big Data the answer or another
obstacle to effective intelligence analysis?"
This unclassified program will be feature FBI Intelligence Analyst Brent Bowman from the Portland
Field Office, discussing "Big Data and Intelligence Analysis: Is Big Data
the answer or another obstacle to effective intelligence analysis?"
To attend: membership in AFIO is not required. The event
is free of charge with ample parking. Contact Carl Wege email@example.com.
Event location: HF3 Auditorium at Intel's Hawthorne Farms
campus, 5100 NE Elam Young Parkway, Hillsboro, OR 97124.
4 December 2017 - New York, NY - The AFIO New York Metro Chapter hosts
Eva Dillon, author of "Spies in the Family: An American Spymaster, His
Russian Crown Jewel, and the Friendship That Helped End the Cold War."
Dillon - Author "Spies in the Family" About her father, an
American Spymaster and his "Russian Crown Jewel" that helped win the Cold
TOPIC: A beautifully written, profoundly moving account
of one of the most important US Intelligence sources ever run inside the
Soviet Union. The book is filled with espionage tradecraft and family
drama. It is essential reading for anyone fascinated by how spying really
works. Books available for sale at the meeting.
LOCATION: Society of Illustrators building 128 East 63rd
Street Between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue
TIME: Registration starts 5:15 PM Meeting starts 6:00 PM
COST: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner,
REGISTRATION: Strongly recommended, not required. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone:
Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others
October 2017- Arlington, VA - Naval Intelligence Professionals 2017
Annual Membership/Board Meeting and Fall Luncheon
Registration Closes 11 October 2017 LOCATION: Army Navy Country Club (ANCC),
Arlington, VA. Plenty of parking.
You don't have to be a NIP member to sign up and attend the no-host social
hour and luncheon.
Guest luncheon speaker will be VADM Matt Kohler,
Commander, Naval Information Forces. Winners of the US Naval Institute-NIP
co-sponsored 2017 Naval Intelligence Essay contest will also be honored at
Remarks by RADM Bob Sharp, Commander, Office of Naval
Intelligence, will be featured during the NIP Annual Membership/Board
Meeting which is scheduled to commence at 1000 and is open to current NIP
Please pass along to those that might be interested that you do not need to
be a member of NIP to attend the no-host social hour and luncheon scheduled
to start at 1100.
Once again we have an online registration system to pay by credit card. To
register online system, do so here and click on the event, or go to www.navintpro.org and click on the event on the home
page or the community calendar.
To register and pay by check, send check to NIP, PO Box 11579, Burke, VA
22009. Please remember to include your menu selection when registering
either online or by check. NO WALK UPS PLEASE, RESERVATION DUE BY COB 11
2017, 9 am - 3 pm - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Meeting & Symposium:
"How Cyber has Changed the World Around Us."
Registration is now open for the 2017 NCMF
General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium - "How
Cyber Has Changed the World Around Us" - on 18 October
from 0900 to 1500 hours in Laurel, MD. Guest speakers include Dr.
Mary Aiken, renowned Irish forensic cyberpsychologist and
author of The Cyber Effect, as well as Mr. Yudhijit
Bhattacharjee, award-winning writer and recent author of The
Spy Who Couldn't Spell. The program will also feature a panel
discussion on the impact of cyber on future social, political,
and economic climates, featuring experts from the field, such
as Mr. Robert B. Dix, Dr. Mike Warner, and Professor
Bill Nolte. Registration is $25 for NCMF members and $50 for
guests (includes complimentary one-year NCMF membership). Deadline
to register is 13 October. And remember - this year our program
precedes the 2017 CCH Symposium on Cryptologic History.
Please note registration for the CCH Symposium is separate (see below
HERE to go directly to NCMF program ticket purchase.
Additional details at www.cryptologicfoundation.org.
Event location: The Kossiakoff Center, Johns Hopkins University/Applied
- 20 October 2017 - Laurel, MD - 16th NSA/CSS Center for Cryptologic
History Symposium: "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum."
Registration is now open for the 2017 CCH
Symposium on Cryptologic History, 19-20 October 2017 (with additional events at the NCM on 21 October). The theme for
this year's Symposium is "Milestones, Memories, and Momentum." There are many milestones to mark in 2017: the 160th anniversary of the
first attempt to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable, 100 years since
both the entry of the United States into World War I and the Russian
October Revolution, and 75 years after the World War II battles of Coral
Sea and Midway. The Symposium will take place just a few months before the
50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and during the 25th year
after the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.
View the preliminary program details via the PDF link
on the Event
Calendar Page. Registration deadline is 13
October. Learn more via the event
purchase your tickets now do so here.
Location: Kossiakoff Conference Center, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics
Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland.
October 2017 - Washington, DC - The OSS Society Holds the Donovan
Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers
Invitations will be mailed shortly to The OSS Society's 2017 William J.
Donovan Awards Dinner honoring Dr. Michael G. Vickers. The event, by
invitation only, takes place at The Ritz Carlton Hotel, Washington, DC.
Sunday, 22 October 2017, 6-8pm -
Washington, DC - Access to SPY: Opening Our Doors to the Deaf and ASL
Community - at the International Spy Museum
The International Spy Museum is proud to
introduce the second in its series of Access to SPY programs. With an
emphasis on expanding the Museum's reach into communities who have
challenges in experiencing the wide range of exhibits and resources, this
program specifically addresses the needs of the Deaf and ASL communities.
This exclusive after-hours event provides complimentary general admission
to members of the Deaf and signing communities and their family and
friends. Advanced registration is required. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
24 October 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Hitler's Monsters: Nazi
Germany and the Occult - at the International Spy Museum
The Nazi fascination with the occult is
legendary, and in reality the supernatural was an essential part of the
Nazi project. The regime enlisted astrology and the paranormal, paganism,
Indo-Aryan mythology, witchcraft, miracle weapons, and the lost kingdom of
Atlantis in reimagining German politics and society and recasting German
science and religion. Occult approaches were also applied to military and
intelligence efforts as well. Join Eric Kurlander,
professor of history at Stetson University and author of Hitler's
Monsters: A Supernatural History of the Third Reich, for an
eye-opening look at the occult ideas, esoteric sciences, and pagan
religions touted by Nazi Germany in the service of power. The book will be
available for sale and signing at the event. Tickets for the general
public: $12 per person; Members: $10. Visit www.spymuseum.org
Saturday, 4 November 2017, 10am-4pm - Washington, DC - 11th Annual Parade of Trabants - at the International Spy Museum
The ONLY Trabant Rally in the US! It's been more than 25 years since the Berlin Wall fell, but one Cold War icon is still chugging away - the Trabant. Despite their questionable performance and smoky two-stroke engines, these little cars are now affectionately regarded as a symbol of East Germany and the fall of Communism. Trabants are a rarity here, but on 4 November some of the finest examples in the US will chug their way to the International Spy Museum to celebrate our Eleventh Annual Parade of Trabants. Drop in to view the vintage cars, which will be parked in front of the Spy Museum on F Street NW, and enter a raffle to win a ride in a Trabant. While the cars are on display, experts will be on hand to answer questions about Trabants, the Cold War, and Communism, while the Alte Kameraden German Band provides festive music. You can take a photo with a friendly Stasi officer. Try your hand at graffiti Berlin-style and see if you can fit into the tiny spaces like those escaping from East Berlin did.
Event is free. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
4-5 November 2017, 7pm-10am - Washington, DC - KidSpy Overnight: Operation Secret Slumber - at the International Spy Museum
YOUTH EVENT. The Spy Museum doors have been locked for the night, but in the shadows a group of exclusive recruits stand ready to begin a night of top-secret KidSpy training. This could be you! Perfect your alias and cover-story, check in at "Border Patrol," and prepare for a night of intrigue and adventure. As a spy school recruit, your mission begins with taking on a secret identity and gathering intelligence about real spy skills. During the night, you will transform yourself through disguise, make and break secret codes, uncover important secrets, interrogate real spies, and hunt for a mole within your ranks! At the same time, the adults lurking nearby will be kept on their toes with their own super-clandestine mission. As day breaks, enemy agents will be exposed in a dramatic finale, KidSpy agents and adults will reclaim their "real" (how do we know you are who you say you are?) identities and this adventure-filled mission will be accomplished. Ages 9-13. One adult required for every two KidSpy agents.
Tickets for the general public: $115 per person. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
7 November 2017 - Ottawa, ON - CANIC 2017 - The Fifth Annual Canadian
Military Intelligence Association Conference "Hybrid Warfare and the
Implications for Intelligence."
The Canadian Military Intelligence Association's
(CMIA) Canadian Intelligence Conference will be held in the John G.
Diefenbaker Building, 111 Sussex Dr, Ottawa, ON K1N 5A1, Canada. This
year's theme will be: "Hybrid Warfare and the Implications for
Intelligence." Among those speaking at this year's conference are Chief of
the Defence Staff Gen. Jon Vance and Latvia's National
Security Advisor. More information here.
Thursday, 9 November 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The Ghosts of Langley: Into the CIA's Heart of Darkness - at the International Spy Museum
As the CIA turns seventy, celebrated intelligence historian John Prados takes a provocative and panoramic look at the Agency through the eyes of key figures in CIA history and in light of a narrow slice of a few of its covert actions around the world. Drawing on newly declassified documents, join Prados as he throws light on classic agency operations such as the Bay of Pigs, and discerns a disturbing continuum from the practice of covert actions from Iran in the 1950s, Chile and Vietnam in the 1970s, and Central America in the 1980s to the current secret wars in the Muslim world. He'll explore the premise of his new book Ghosts of Langley that spy chief legends, including Allen Dulles and Frank Wisner, were masters of obfuscation who shielded the agency from government probing to the extent that their legacy culminates in the secret overseas prisons and torture programs of the War on Terror. The book will be available for sale and signing at the event.
Tickets for the general public: $10 per person. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
Tuesday, 14 November 2017, 6-8pm - Washington, DC - The International Spy Museum's Spies and Spirits of the Revolution - at Anderson House
Whiskey, spies, and rebellion: a winning combination for the Patriots in the 1770s and for you in 2017. Spend an evening enjoying tales and tactics of the cunning spies George Washington depended on in the magnificent mansion dedicated to the War's memory and toast them with whiskey distilled just as it was at that time. This evening you'll enjoy an Old Fashioned cocktail and other whiskey and cider samples from Wigle Whiskey and Threadbare, Pittsburgh's award-winning craft distillery and new ciderhouse, while the Spy Museum's Vince Houghton and Jacqueline Van Eyl give you an exciting rundown of the wildest true tales of the brave and wily men and women who spied for Independence. After their talk try more Wigle samples, tour Anderson House, the home of the Society of the Cincinnati - founded by Revolutionary War officers, and try your hand at using George Washington's own invisible ink. Society of the Cincinnati Members, please contact Shana Oltmans at email@example.com.
Tickets for the general public: $25 per person. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
Tuesday, 28 November 2017, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - The Foundation of the CIA: Harry Truman, the Missouri Gang, and the origins of the Cold War - at the International Spy Museum
The US was late to the practice of intelligence, but during WWII the country created a new model of combining intelligence collection and analytic functions into a single organization-the Office of Strategic Services. How did this outfit transform into today's CIA? Thanks to President Harry Truman and a small group of advisors. Join Dr. Richard E. Schroeder, retired CIA officer and author of The Foundation of the CIA, as he reveals how President Truman and his "Missouri Gang," which included Sidney Souers and Roscoe Hillenkoetter, developed this new, centralized agency directly subordinate to and responsible to the President, despite entrenched institutional resistance. Schroeder will reveal how this group provided the leadership the US needed to take on the responsibilities of a global superpower during the very first years of the Cold War. The book will be available for sale and signing at the event.
Tickets for the general public: $10 per person. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
29 November 2017, 6 - 10pm - Washington, DC - The Honorable William
H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner by the International
On November 29, 2017, the first annual "The Honorable William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner" takes place at The Ritz-Carlton in Washington, DC. This International Spy Museum event honors an individual who has served the nation in the field of National Security with integrity and distinction.
The Museum’s award is named for Judge William H. Webster, former director of the CIA and FBI (the only individual to hold both offices), a man whose reputation for probity and forthrightness is the standard by which all others are measured. Before serving the intelligence community, Judge Webster was a distinguished jurist of the US District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri and of the US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
Since retirement from public office, Webster has practiced law at the Washington DC office of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy where he specializes in arbitration, mediation, and internal investigation. He is currently the Chairman of the Homeland Security Advisory Council and a founding member of the International Spy Museum Advisory Board of Directors. Judge Webster has a long record of distinguished service to our country; the International Spy Museum is pleased to name this award in his honor.
LOCATION: The Ritz-Carlton, 1150 22nd Street, NW Washington, DC 20037
EVENT SCHEDULE: VIP Reception 6 - 7 PM;
Cocktail Reception 6:30 - 7:30 PM;
Dinner/Awards 7:30 - 9 PM;
After-Glow 9 - 10 PM
Sponsorship benefits and opportunities or to attend this event, email: Rebecca Diamond (Vice President of Development & Membership) at: firstname.lastname@example.org, or call: 202.654.0954, or use this online link.
Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on
Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media
sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit
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