AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #25-11 dated 5 July 2011

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Section IV - Books and Coming Events


Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar New and/or Next Two Months ONLY



Sticker shock at credit-hour costs for an intelligence education?
Let AFIO help you -- or your children -- with the high cost of an intelligence career-oriented field of study.
We have generous scholarships remaining for undergraduate or graduate school students. And applicants can do the entire, brief application online - once - to be considered for all available AFIO scholarships. But do not delay. The new and final deadline is Monday, August 1, 2011.

Explore scholarship options here and apply.

Note: Deadline extended to MONDAY, August 1st. There will be no further extensions.


Monday, 26 September 2011 - Boston, MA - CIA's Historical Collections Division Conference "Piercing the Iron Curtain: The Use of Technology to Resolve the Missile Gap" at JFK Presidential Library

Scope: The Missile Gap was an episode in American history that was in effect a misperception of the rate of soviet ICBM deployment relative to US ICBM deployment. The United States and USSR were in a race to develop long range missiles. Because of the tight Soviet security, the US had little evidence about the USSRs progress developing intercontinental ballistic missiles. At the outset, ignorance of the Soviet ICBM program abounded, projections of potential missile production became estimates, Soviet ICBM testing , Khrushchev's boasting, USAF mirror imaging, and setbacks in US ICBM development yielded wild estimates of a critical gap between US and the Soviet ICBM capabilities. CIA developed new collection, processing and analytic capabilities that ultimately solved the "Gap" issue—for all but the USAF. 185 documents.

EVENT LOCATION: JFK Presidential Library, Boston, MA. Details about event to follow from AFIO as we get closer to event.

Thursday, 27 October 2011 - Washington, DC - CIA Historical Collections Division Conference: "A City Torn Apart; Building the Berlin Wall - 1961"

Scope: For nearly 50 years the German City of Berlin was the living symbol of the Cold War. The Soviets closed the Sector Border dividing East Berlin from West Berlin on August 13th, 1961, effectively establishing what become known as the Berlin Wall. This symposium focused on the events leading up to the establishment of the Berlin Wall. The period covered included the Vienna Conference on 3 June to the confrontation at Checkpoint Charlie on 27 October 1961.

EVENT LOCATION: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC
Contributors will include NATO, ARMY, JFK & LBJ Presidential Libraries, SHAEF, and State Department

Details about event to follow from AFIO as we get closer to event.

2 November 2011 - Simi Valley, CA - CIA Historical Collections Division Conference: "Ronald Reagan, Intelligence, and the End of the Cold War"

Scope: President Reagan and his use of intelligence in the formulation of US-Soviet policy. The symposium will feature high-level former policymakers, intelligence practitioners, intelligence analysts, and historians discussing how the Reagan Administration used intelligence in making policies to end the Cold War. As part of this event, the CIA is releasing a collection of some 200 declassified documents, including intelligence assessments, research papers, National Intelligence Estimates, high-level memos, and briefing materials provided to the Administration during this period. The collection includes several video briefings prepared by the CIA's Directorate of Intelligence and delivered to policymakers on such varied topics as the Soviet space program, the Andropov succession, the Chernobyl disaster, and the Moscow summit. 200 documents

Event Location: Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, Simi Valley, CA

Partners: Center for the Study of Intelligence, Ronald Reagan Presidential Library

Details about event to follow from AFIO as we get closer to event

       Michael Hayden     Raleigh Spy Conference
Former CIA Director Michael Hayden

Special guests/speakers: Michael Hayden, former DCIA and DIRNSA; Michael Sulick, former Director of the National Clandestine Service, CiA
Returning presenters:
Brian Kelley
, CIA & Professor at Institute of World Politics;
Nigel West - world-famous intelligence author/speaker - former Member of Parliament;
Dan Mulvenna - RCMP/CASIS
Writer's Roundtable to feature Douglas Waller, author of Wild Bill Donovan, about the founder of the Office of Strategic Services — the World War 11 forerunner of the CIA — will serve as anchor. Other authors on the roundtable are David Wise, often called 'the dean of intelligence authors,' to discuss his new book Tiger Trap: America’s Secret Spy War With America, and Kent Clizbe, author of Willing Accomplices, a book concerning the continuing influence of Soviet propaganda on Western academia and media and other noted writers in the field.

New to the conference this year: The Historical Collections Division of the Office of Information Services of the Central Intelligence Agency will present a few booklets of recently declassified secret documents, ranging from the Korean War, the Warsaw Pact, Air America, martial law in Poland, the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, and the papers of controversial CIA director Richard Helms. Officials from CIA’s Historical Division will be on hand in Raleigh to discuss their work and answer individual questions.

For more information:
Location: North Carolina Museum of History, Downtown Raleigh, NC




Australian Denies Spying for Hamas. An Australian citizen has faced an Israeli court charged with spying for Hamas, the Islamist group which rules the Gaza Strip.

Eyad Abu Arja was arrested along with his wife when he arrived at Tel Aviv airport in March, and has been in custody ever since.

Israeli intelligence officials allege the electronics engineer was recruited by Hamas while living in Saudi Arabia, and received weapons training in Syria before making a trip to Israel.

They accuse him of trying to enter Israel on his Australian passport in order to conduct spy operations.

Hamas is banned in Israel. [Metherell/ABC/28June2011] 

Kuwait Busts Arab Spy Ring and Paramilitary Party. Kuwait has busted a spy ring working for a "troubled" Arab country and a paramilitary party in another Arab country, a Kuwaiti daily reported on Tuesday.

According to Al Jareeda newspaper, the espionage network had seven members, five from the "Arab country currently witnessing demonstrations" and two from the "armed party".

The ringleader was arrested a few days ago upon his return to Kuwait from the "troubled" country.

The daily, citing sources it did not identify, said that the ring had plotted to carry out acts of sabotage in Kuwait and other countries in the region in order to "shift attention and divert public interest from the bloody incidents in the troubled country."

Al Jareeda did not identify the country or the party reportedly involved in the espionage activities. "The people who were arrested have admitted that they had links with the Arab country's intelligence and with the party," the daily said. [Toumi/GulfNews/28June2011] 

Panetta Sworn in as Obama's Second Pentagon Chief. A day after stepping down as CIA director, Leon Panetta was sworn in Friday as secretary of defense. He began settling into the job by telling members of the military and their families they are "at the top of my agenda."

He was meeting later with his civilian staff and then with the chiefs of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force. He planned to have lunch with Navy Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs. A spokesman, Doug Wilson, said Panetta intends to work at maintaining close relations with the military at all levels.

Panetta succeeds Robert Gates, who was a Republican holdover from the George W. Bush administration, and is the first Democrat to run the Pentagon since William J. Perry finished his tenure in 1997.

In a nod to Gates, Panetta wrote in a message to all troops and civilian workers at the Defense Department that he intends to emulate his predecessor's role as an advocate for the troops and their families. "I pledge to be the same," he wrote.

Upon arrival at the Potomac River entrance to the Pentagon, Panetta was greeted by his senior military assistant, Marine Lt. Gen. John Kelly, who shook his boss' hand and said, "Welcome aboard, sir." Panetta, briefcase in hand, bounded up the steps and into his 3rd floor office, where he took the oath of office as the nation's 23rd defense secretary. [Burns/ABCNews/1July2011] 

Hezbollah Says CIA Recruited Members to Spy. Hezbollah's leader said Friday that the Islamic militant group had captured three spies in its ranks, two of whom were allegedly recruited by the CIA to spy for Israel.

It was the first time the Iranian-backed group has claimed that it had been penetrated by spies, a rare acknowledgment of a security breach for an organization that has maintained a cohesive image. The U.S. Embassy in Beirut denied the allegation.

In his televised speech, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah said CIA members at the embassy had recruited at least two Hezbollah members and the group was investigating whether the U.S. intelligence agency or another foreign agency recruited a third.

"We now have proof that this embassy is a spying nest and that some U.S. diplomats are intelligence officers penetrating and recruiting Lebanese society and Lebanese political factions," he said.

Nasrallah did not name the suspects, saying he wanted to protect their families "whom I know personally." All three confessed their actions to a Hezbollah "spy combat unit," he said. [YorkDispatch/1July2011] 

Justice Department Won't Pursue Bulk of CIA Detention. The Justice Department has decided not to file criminal charges in the vast majority of cases involving the Central Intelligence Agency's former interrogation, detention and kidnapping program.

In a statement to CIA employees on his last day as CIA director, Leon Panetta said that after examining more than 100 instances in which the CIA allegedly had contact with terrorism detainees, Assistant U.S. Atty. John Durham has decided that further investigation is warranted in just two cases, each resulting in deaths.

Panetta, who is to be sworn in as Defense secretary Friday, did not disclose any details about those cases, but it has been widely reported that one involves Manadel al-Jamadi, who died in 2003 at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq after he was questioned in a shower by a CIA interrogator. [LATimes/1July2011]

U.S. Set to Probe CIA Jail Deaths. Attorney General Eric Holder ordered a full criminal investigation into the deaths of two prisoners interrogated by the Central Intelligence Agency.

But, substantially narrowing the scope of a Justice Department probe of the agency's activities following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, Mr. Holder ruled out prosecution in about 100 other instances in which the CIA had contact or alleged contact with terror detainees.

The move announced Thursday was greeted with a measure of relief by the CIA and some Republican supporters in Congress after years of divisive debate about the agency's role. There are, however, critics on either side: Some feel that any investigation is unwarranted and would undermine U.S. intelligence efforts. Others, such as the American Civil Liberties Union, partly welcomed Mr. Holder's announcement but found the focus on only two deaths insufficient.

Mr. Holder said he accepted the recommendations of John Durham, a federal prosecutor from Connecticut, who since 2009 has been examining the treatment of CIA detainees. Two U.S. attorneys under President George W. Bush have previously reviewed the CIA detainee cases and declined to prosecute. Mr. Durham will continue to lead the investigation. [Perez/WSJ/2July2011] 

Cyber-Based Spying Fastest Growing Form of Espionage, Says Canadian Spy Lead. Less than two weeks after it was learned that hackers had compromised classified federal documents, the head of Canada's spy agency made it clear: "Cyber-based spying is the fastest growing form of espionage."

The statement was contained in the Canadian Security Intelligence Service's (CSIS) annual report to Parliament, which was tabled in early June. In the report, CSIS chief Richard Fadden noted that "hostile actors" are targeting a wide range of organizations, including government, business, educational and personal computer systems. Their goal, he wrote, is the acquisition of "technology, intellectual property, military strategy and commercial or weapons-related information."

His report underlined the confirmation - obtained by CBC News through an Access to Information request - that the cyber intrusion into government sites announced in February had done more damage than initially admitted. At the time, Stockwell Day, then-Treasury Board of Canada president, said that security systems had prevented hackers from accessing sensitive data. In fact, the attack, which originated in China, stole protected information from both Treasury Board and the Department of Finance. [SCMagazines/1July2011] 

Obama Nominates New Counterterror Chief. U.S. President Barack Obama has nominated government lawyer and former prosecutor Matthew Olsen to become the nation's next counterterrorism director.

The White House announced the choice on Friday. President Obama said Olsen has a "distinguished record of service" in the U.S. intelligence community and will be a critical part of his national security team.

The 49-year-old Olsen is currently the general counsel for the National Security Agency. He has also held high-level roles in intelligence and national security matters at the Justice Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.  [Read more:  TurkishWeekly/1July2011] 

Suspected US Spy Changes Tune on Iran. Suspected US spy Sarah Shourd, who was released by Iran on humanitarian grounds, has changed her tune about the treatment she received while in the Islamic Republic.

Shourd, Joshua Fattal and Shane Bauer were arrested after illegally entering Iran from neighboring Iraq in 2009. They were later charged with espionage.

She was granted bail last year on grounds of Islamic compassion due to her health condition and despite her trial date drawing near.

The suspect had recurrently voiced her gratitude for the humane and respectful behavior of the Iranian authorities, especially Iranian prison guards, towards her.

On Thursday, Shourd attended a press conference at the United Nations Headquarters in New York upon the invitation of the world body's Correspondents Association.

There she denied all her previous remarks, claiming that she and the two other suspects had been subjected to 'torture and sexual abuse' while in prison.  [Read more:  PressTVIR/3July2011] 

Zimbabwe Spy Agency Thrown into Turmoil. Zimbabwe's dreaded and notorious spy agency the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) was thrown into turmoil Thursday evening after a London based independent radio station published details of some 480 plus state security agents, many behind acts of torture, murder and abductions.

Described as the "Internal Directory of the President's Office" SW Radio Africa published a 2001 list with the names, home addresses, national ID and employer numbers of some 480 'operatives' and 'deputy intelligence officers'. It showed which agents were deployed in the various provinces and districts and the office buildings they used for their 'work', including room and telephone numbers.

Marathon meetings were being held throughout the weekend as senior CIO officials plotted a response to the most serious breach of the organization's secrecy in its entire history. Several posh cars including 4�4 all-terrain vehicles were seen parked outside the CIO Chaminuka Buildings HQ in Harare. [Read more:  Kadungure /NeHandRadio/3July2011] 

Treasury Sanctions Syrian, Iranian Security Forces for Involvement in Syrian Crackdown. The U.S. Department of the Treasury today announced the designation of one of the four major branches of Syria's security forces, the Syrian Political Security Directorate, for engaging in the commission of human rights abuses in Syria, as well as Iran's national police for providing support to the Syrian regime. The chief and deputy chief of Iran's national police and the head of the Syrian Air Force Intelligence were also sanctioned today.

Today's actions were taken pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13572, signed by President Obama on April 29, 2011 targeting Syrian officials and others responsible for human rights abuses, and pursuant to E.O. 13573, signed by the President on May 18, 2011, targeting senior officials of the Government of Syria. As a result of today's action, U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with the designees and any assets they may have subject to U.S. jurisdiction are frozen. [Read more:  NCR/30June2011] 

Pakistani Military Still Cultivates Militant Groups, a Former Fighter Says. The Pakistani military continues to nurture a broad range of militant groups as part of a three-decade strategy of using proxies against its neighbors and American forces in Afghanistan, but now some of the fighters it trained are questioning that strategy, a prominent former militant commander says.

The former commander said that he was supported by the Pakistani military for 15 years as a fighter, leader and trainer of insurgents until he quit a few years ago. Well known in militant circles but accustomed to a covert existence, he gave an interview to The New York Times on the condition that his name, location and other personal details not be revealed.

Militant groups, like Lashkar-e-Taiba, Harakat-ul-Mujahedeen and Hizbul Mujahedeen, are run by religious leaders, with the Pakistani military providing training, strategic planning and protection. That system was still functioning, he said.

The former commander's account belies years of assurances by Pakistan to American officials since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks that it has ceased supporting militant groups in its territory. The United States has given Pakistan more than $20 billion in aid over the past decade for its help with counterterrorism operations. Still, the former commander said, Pakistan's military and intelligence establishment has not abandoned its policy of supporting the militant groups as tools in Pakistan's dispute with India over the border territory of Kashmir and in Afghanistan to drive out American and NATO forces. [Read more:  Gall/NYTimes/4July2011] 

Cameron 'Regrets' Surveillance Power Breaches. Errors in how government bodies have used "intrusive" counter-terrorism powers to monitor the public are regrettable, Prime Minister David Cameron has said in response to reports from three independent commissioners.

The Intelligence Services Commissioner, the Interception of Communications Commissioner and the Chief Surveillance Commissioner reported on the way powers under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, the Intelligence Service Act and the Police Act had been used by public authorities, with instances of errors and breaches being identified. [Read more:  PublicService/4July2011]

'Spying Agents Exploit Kuwaiti Environment.' The security agencies have reportedly unearthed more than one spy network in the country recently, reports Al-Shahed daily quoting knowledgeable sources without going into details.

The sources say a lot of spy networks use Kuwait as a transit point to spy on some neighboring countries. The Interior Ministry and the military intelligence operatives were able to monitor and detect these networks which exploit the Kuwaiti environment.

The sources stressed the security agencies closely follow up the activities of some liaison officers who oversee directly these spy networks that work undercover - either media, political, economic, liberal or sectarian. [Read more:  ArabTimes/4July2011] 

NYT: Pakistan Spy Agency Behind Reporter's Death. U.S. officials have "conclusive and reliable" intelligence showing Pakistan's premier spy agency directed the killing of a journalist after he wrote embarrassing reports suggesting militants had infiltrated the country's military, reports the New York Times.

Shahzad wrote about terrorism and security for the Asia Times Online and other publications. Police said the 40-year-old's body bore signs of torture when it was found at the beginning of June after he had been missing for two days.

In an article shortly before he disappeared off an Islamabad street, Shahzad claimed the Pakistani navy had likely been infiltrated by members of al Qaeda, reported The Washington Post.

After that report, Shahzad told Human Rights Watch of threats from Pakistani intelligence officers.

The journalist was found 100 miles from his home in the capital city, with his face badly beaten.

Pakistan's intelligence, the ISI, denied having anything to do with Shahzad's death after the Post report. [Read more: Reals/CBSNews/5July2011]


The Man Who Hunted Osama bin Laden. After Navy SEALs killed Osama bin Laden, the White House released a photo of President Barack Obama and his Cabinet inside the Situation Room, watching the daring raid unfold.

Hidden from view, standing just outside the frame of that now-famous photograph was a career CIA analyst. In the hunt for the world's most-wanted terrorist, there may have been no one more important. His job for nearly a decade was finding the al-Qaida leader.

The analyst was the first to put in writing last summer that the CIA might have a legitimate lead on finding bin Laden. He oversaw the collection of clues that led the agency to a fortified compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. His was among the most confident voices telling Obama that bin Laden was probably behind those walls.

The CIA will not permit him to speak with reporters. But interviews with former and current U.S. intelligence officials reveal a story of quiet persistence and continuity that led to the greatest counterterrorism success in the history of the CIA. Nearly all the officials insisted on anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to reporters or because they did not want their names linked to the bin Laden operation.

The Associated Press has agreed to the CIA's request not to publish his full name and withhold certain biographical details so that he would not become a target for retribution.

Call him John, his middle name. [Read more: Goldman&Apuzzo/AP/5July2011]

Son of 'U-2 Spy Incident' Pilot Recalls Controversy. Francis Gary Powers Jr. always knew his father had been shot down over Russia, captured by the KGB, put on trial for being a spy for the CIA, and sentenced to 10 years in prison. After all, his father's history wasn't exactly a secret.

"It was all very normal, something we talked about around the dinner table. I thought everybody's dad was like that," Powers said during a presentation at the American Museum of Science and Energy.

Powers said his father, a U.S. Air Force pilot who was recruited by the nation's Central Intelligence Agency, always talked about his experiences.

Francis Gary Powers was flying his 28th secret observation mission for the CIA when his U-2 plane - which was supposed to be undetectable by radar - was discovered flying over Russia on May 1, 1960. The Soviets fired a ground-to-air missile at Powers' plane, hitting its tail section.

Powers' plane, flying at about 70,000 feet, spiraled within minutes to 30,000 feet, its wings breaking off.

He was able to release the airplane's cockpit hatch, and gravity "sucked" him halfway out of the plane, Powers Jr. said of his father's ordeal. [Tupper/OakRidge/1July2011] 

Ways With Words: The Truth About Spies. British Intelligence was for too long a male preserve and British spies in literature were invariably male. But round about the Eighties, the glass ceiling of the intelligence world began to shatter, careers opened up for women and they turned out to be very good at the job. So now it's time for women to break through in literature. Let's hear more of the female intelligence officer.

What a strange bunch those early fictional spies seem now. One might expect that spy stories would feed on reality, but surely no reality can ever have touched Duckworth Drew of the Secret Service, the 1903 creation of William Le Queux. This was a man "upon whom rested the onerous and most perilous task of obtaining the well-guarded secrets of other nations and combating the machinations of England's enemies."

Duckworth Drew carried drugged cigars and poisoned pins to knock out the enemies of state long enough to read the secret treaty lying on the desk. England's enemies reciprocated. Otto Kremplestein, chief of the German Secret Service, used to pop over the Channel to fox hunt in the shires as a cover.

Ridiculous though they now seem, Le Queux's novels were successful in their purpose - to alert a sleeping nation to the threat from Germany before the First World War. The same threat inspired Erskine Childers to write The Riddle of the Sands in 1903, in which Carruthers of the FO, more of a counter spy, sailed to the German Frisian Islands and discovered that the great British nightmare was true; the Germans were secretly preparing an invasion. [Read more:  Rimington/Telegraph/1July2011] 

'One hell of a ride' as CIA chief: Panetta. Outgoing CIA director Leon Panetta said Thursday it had been "one hell of a ride" leading the spy agency and called the killing of Al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden a highlight of his tenure.

In a final message to CIA employees titled "arrivederci," the son of Italian immigrants praised "America's silent warriors" at the agency and described what he called the peaks and valleys of his more than two year tenure.

"Emotionally, this job took me to both the depths and heights: from hearing we had lost seven of our own at Khowst (in eastern Afghanistan), to the moment that sealed one of the greatest successes in our agency's history - ridding the world of Usama Bin Ladin," he wrote.

"We had one hell of a ride together." [Read more: AFP/1July2011]

David Petraeus CIA Nomination Clears Senate. Gen. David Petraeus sailed through the Senate on Thursday in a 94-0 vote to serve as the next Central Intelligence Agency director.

The vote reveals the deep congressional support Petraeus enjoys on both sides of the aisle. Petraeus, a West Point graduate, is widely known for leading the troop surge in Iraq ordered by President George W. Bush and for overseeing the U.S. mission in Afghanistan.

A handful of senators took to the floor before the afternoon vote to praise Petraeus.

Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), chairwoman of the Senate intelligence committee, said she was confident the military veteran could take on a civilian role after nearly 40 years in uniform.

"He has clearly considered the differences in culture and mission between the CIA and the military," she said.

Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) said Petraeus had shown "incredible leadership" in directing the military strategy in Iraq.

"I don't believe that in my life, which has been blessed to know many outstanding military leaders of all branches of service, that I have ever quite encountered a military leader - or a civilian leader, for that matter - with the combination of charisma and intellect that Gen. Petraeus possesses," McCain said on the floor shortly before the vote, noting that he rarely speaks about nominees but that Petraeus's nomination to the CIA was an extraordinary circumstance.

Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), who McCain noted has served under Petraeus as a JAG officer, said the commander's tactics and strategy in both Afghanistan and Iraq will be a model for future generations.

"To the president: You have chosen wisely," he said. Petraeus, he added, "will have the chance to take the fight to the enemy in a different way."

Petraeus's easy confirmation was expected. The Senate intelligence committee unanimously approved his confirmation earlier this week.

The 58-year-old takes over for Leon Panetta, who'll replace Defense Secretary Robert Gates. Gates's last day is Thursday. Panetta himself sailed through his confirmation with a 100-0 Senate vote. Petraeus is scheduled to begin at the CIA in September. Until then, Deputy Director Michael Morell will serve as interim chief.  [Read more:  Kim/Politico/30June2011]


Treasonist Spy Pollard Should Stay in Prison. Jonathan Pollard is a traitor. He was convicted of handing over American secrets to a foreign nation and was sentenced to life in prison where he should remain without privileges until he departs this world.

Sorry, but it makes no difference that the nation for whom he stole an unprecedented number of classified documents is Israel, an American ally. The fact that Israel would accept this sensitive information at great peril to this country's interests despite the aid and comfort the United States has provided that nation since its inception makes the action even more despicable.

Yet since Pollard, a U.S. Navy analyst, was convicted 25 years ago, Israeli authorities, including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, have periodically asked for his release only to have their requests rejected by the White House on strong objections from the military. Now there is a movement afoot to permit the former Pentagon analyst to leave prison to attend the funeral of his father and that is meeting the same kind of resistance. [Thomasson/ScrippsNews/28June2011] 

Attorney General Eric Holder Wasted a Two Year Investigation on CIA Misdeeds that Never Happened. A special prosecutor has dashed the fondest hopes of opponents of the war on terror by concluding that the CIA's program of so-called enhanced interrogations of Al Qaeda operatives after 9/11 was not shot through with criminality after all.

Investigator John Durham's finding confirms that Attorney General Eric Holder sent him on a wrongheaded mission in ordering a "preliminary review" of whether agents violated the law.

Justice Department prosecutors had already found no grounds for proceeding against anyone, but that was not good enough for Holder, who came into office bearing few good thoughts about Bush administration policies.

Indeed, at the same time that he assigned Durham, a previously confidential CIA inspector general's report indicated that agents had engaged in no instances of torture in any ordinary sense of that word.

The technique known as waterboarding was used on a grand total of three detainees, all high-ranking members of Al Qaeda's leadership, including 9/11 mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. In each case, and others using less harsh measures, agents followed guidelines promulgated by the department.

Subjecting agents - who did their best under emergency circumstances and had the okay of government lawyers - to criminal jeopardy was absurd, unfair and damaging to the CIA's work.

All told, Durham examined 101 cases. The result: No sign of misconduct in 99. Results in the other two were inconclusive. They will be examined further even though both had previously been scrutinized by prosecutors. [Read more:  NYDailyNews/3July2011] 

Espionage: Russia's Traitor is CIA's Mascot. The CIA isn't supposed to brag about its successes, but it can take great pride in a Russian military court's decision to sentence Aleksandr Poteyev in absentia to 25 years in prison. Poteyev, a former colonel in Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service, tipped off the CIA in 1999 about 10 Russian sleeper agents who were planted in Cambridge, New York City, and northern Virginia to imitate plain-vanilla Americans and harvest information about US policy and weapons.

Thanks to the tip from double agent Poteyev, the FBI had the Russian sleeper operatives under surveillance from the start. "As a result,'' a Russian military judge explained last week, "their work yielded few results.'' The judge clearly made this observation to castigate a traitor and justify his harsh sentence. But he also made it clear why the 10 Russian agents rounded up last year were not charged with espionage in the United States. As it turns out, their trackers never let them get in position to acquire classified information.

While this is a sweet public-relations victory for the CIA, there is at least one bitter subplot. Colonel Poteyev lit out for these shores just before the 10 Russian sleeper agents were arrested. Once embarked for the land of the free, he texted his wife. "Mary, try to take this news calmly,'' he wrote. "I am not leaving on a business trip, but forever.'' The Cold War may be over and done with, but double-crossing by double agents goes on forever. [Read more: BostonGlobe/5July2011]

Change (but Not Too Much) at the Top of the Pentagon. The lush Pentagon parade ground was the same, the sun-drenched view of the Potomac was the same, even the senior military assistant was the same. "Welcome aboard, sir," Lt. Gen. John F. Kelly said in a Friday morning salute to his new boss, Leon E. Panetta, after sending off his old one, Robert M. Gates, from the same spot less than 24 hours before.

The changing of the American defense secretary in the middle of two wars (and an unofficial one in Libya) was meant to broadcast continuity. The choreography of it certainly did. Mr. Panetta, the just-departed director of the Central Intelligence Agency, bounded up the steps of the Pentagon's River Entrance, where the Fife and Drum Corps had paraded at Mr. Gates's retirement ceremony the day before. Within minutes, at 8:48 a.m., Mr. Panetta was sworn in as the nation's 23rd defense secretary, and Mr. Gates, who had already escaped to his lakeside home near Seattle, was out of a job.

There is a lot of symmetry, too, in the sensibilities of the two men. Both have served as C.I.A. directors and now, defense secretaries, both are known for bipartisanship and both rose up from modest backgrounds - Mr. Panetta, 73, washed dishes at his father's Italian restaurant, and Mr. Gates, 67, put himself through college as a grain inspector and bus driver.

They are also longtime friends and members of each other's fan clubs. Mr. Panetta wrote an opinion article in 2008 recommending that President-elect Barack Obama retain Mr. Gates, a Republican, as defense secretary. Three years later, Mr. Gates told the president that his successor at the Pentagon should be Mr. Panetta, a former Republican. There is no question that they represent, along with Gen. David H. Petraeus, the American commander in Afghanistan just confirmed as Mr. Panetta's replacement at the C.I.A., the blurring of lines between the military and intelligence worlds since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.

But there are meaningful differences in style and in the substance of the battles on their watch. Mr. Gates, who likes a Grey Goose vodka martini and has a dry, puckish wit, is nonetheless a buttoned-up son of Kansas, an Eagle Scout whose unflashy demeanor masked his role as one of America's most powerful defense chiefs.

Mr. Panetta, the son of Italian immigrants who grew up in Monterey, Calif., is gregarious and casual (and a California wine aficionado). He titled his goodbye message to his C.I.A. employees "arrivederci" and told them, in part referring to the C.I.A.-run raid that killed Osama bin Laden, "We had one hell of a ride together." His golden retriever, Bravo, joined him on the stage at his C.I.A. farewell ceremony and is expected to sit in on his meetings in the Pentagon's E ring. Unlike Mr. Gates, who was relentlessly prompt, Mr. Panetta rolled up for his first day at the Pentagon at 8:38 a.m., eight minutes later than scheduled and an eternity in military time. [Read more: Bumiller/NYTimes/1July2011]

Section IV - Books and Coming Events



'Some Will Call Me a Torturer': CIA Man Reveals Secret Jail. Admitting that "some will call me a torturer" is a surefire way to cut yourself off from anyone's sympathy. But Glenn Carle, a former CIA operative, isn't sure whether he's the hero or the villain of his own story.

Distilled, that story, told in Carle's new memoir The Interrogator, is this: In the months after 9/11, the CIA kidnaps a suspected senior member of al-Qaida and takes him to a Mideast country for interrogation. It assigns Carle - like nearly all his colleagues then, an inexperienced interrogator - to pry information out of him. Uneasy with the CIA's new, relaxed rules for questioning, which allow him to torture, Carle instead tries to build a rapport with the man he calls CAPTUS.

But CAPTUS doesn't divulge the al-Qaida plans the CIA suspects him of knowing. So the agency sends him to "Hotel California" - an unacknowledged prison, beyond the reach of the Red Cross or international law.

Carle goes with him. Though heavily censored by the CIA, Carle provides the first detailed description of a so-called "black site." At an isolated "discretely guarded, unremarkable" facility in an undisclosed foreign country (though one where the Soviets once operated), hidden CIA interrogators work endless hours while heavy metal blasts captives' eardrums and disrupts their sleep schedules. [Read more:  Wired/1July2011] 

Coming Educational Events


MANY Spy Museum Events in July, August, and September with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

Friday, 8 July 2011, 6 pm - Washington DC - David Wise discusses his book "Tiger Trap: America's Secret Spy War with China" at the Institute of World Politics

For decades, America obsessed over Soviet spies, while China quietly penetrated the highest levels of government. Now, for the first time, based on innumerable interviews with key insiders at the FBI and CIA as well as with Chinese agents and people close to them, David Wise tells the full story of China's many victories and defeats in its American spy wars.

Two key cases interweave throughout: Katrina Leung, codenamed Parlor Maid, worked for the FBI for years, even after she became a secret double agent for China, aided by love affairs with both of her FBI handlers. Here, too, is the inside story of the case, codenamed Tiger Trap, of a key Chinese-American scientist suspected of stealing nuclear weapons secrets. These two cases lead to many others, involving famous names from Wen Ho Lee to Richard Nixon, stunning national security leaks, and sophisticated cyberspying. The story leads right up to the present, with a West Coast spy ring whose members were sentenced in 2010-but it surely will continue for years to come, as China faces off against America. David Wise's history of China's spy wars in America is packed with eye-popping revelations.

David Wise is America's leading writer on intelligence and espionage. He is the coauthor of The Invisible Government, a number one bestseller about the CIA. He is also the author of Nightmover, Molehunt, The Spy Who Got Away, and The Politics of Lying, and the coauthor, with Thomas B. Ross, of The Espionage Establishment and The U-2 Affair. He was a commentator on intelligence issues for CNN for six years. A native New Yorker and graduate of Columbia College, he is the former chief of the Washington bureau of the New York Herald Tribune and has contributed articles on government and politics to many national magazines. He lives in Washington, D.C
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036
RSVP Required for admission:

11 - 13 July 2011 - Dungarvan, IRELAND. 2nd Annual Global Intelligence Forum by Mercyhurst College's Institute for Intelligence Studies
Last July in Dungarvan, Ireland the Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies (MCIIS) hosted this event which explored the nature of analysis and its application in various disciplines, including law enforcement, national security and competitive intelligence, building bridges between analytic practitioners and scholars within those disciplines, and exploring best practices in terms of teaching analytic methodologies. Takeaways for attendees were a deeper and broader appreciation of the value of different analytic methods, which can be borrowed as ―best practices from other disciplines, as well as instruction on the application. Attended by 180 people from 17 countries the forum was very well received.
This year's July 11-13 forum theme will be the relationship between intelligence and the decision-maker and we've gathered an outstanding group of international speakers and panelists ( In addition we will be offering two proven training courses following the forum one designed for decision-makers in various disciplines and the other for analysts .
Five or more AFIO members that attend will be given a 10% discount on registration. It's a wonderful excuse for a July vacation in Ireland and Dungarvan is a perfect venue (

Tuesday, 19 July 2011, 7 - 9pm - Washington, DC - "The Lincoln Assassination Conspiracies " - Spy Seminar Series on Civil War Spies at the International Spy Museum

Spy Seminar Series: Civil War Spies - A Three-Part Exploration of Union and Confederate Intelligence Operations.
The North and the South both had their share of intelligence successes (and failures); neither the Blue nor the Gray were strangers to intrigue and espionage. Society ladies carried secret messages, runaway slaves re-crossed the Mason-Dixon Line as undercover agents, and couriers worked covert operations in the life or death climate of wartime. In this series, a distinguished group of historians and espionage experts will introduce you to some of the most amazing spies and spy cases of the conflict.
Location: Ford's Theatre - Join renowned experts Michael Kauffman, author of American Brutus; Frank J. Williams, Chairman of The Lincoln Forum and Chief Justice (ret) of Rhode Island; and H. Donald Winkler, author of Stealing Secrets and Lincoln and Booth: More Light on the Conspiracy; for a rounded view of the conspiracies and realities of the horrific events of April 14th, 1865.
International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: Series Tickets: $60; Individual Tickets: $25
Register at:

Wednesday, 20 July 2011, 12 noon - Washington, DC - "The Triple Agent: The Al Qaeda Mole Who Infiltrated the CIA" a book event at the International Spy Museum

For more than a decade, the United States has been hunting Ayman al-Zawahiri, the number two man in Al Qaeda. In 2009, the Agency was finally getting close to bagging this "High-Value Target"—its partners in the Jordanian General Intelligence Directorate had a source named Humam Khalil al-Balawi working inside Al Qaeda and he knew where Zawahiri was. Or so Jordanian intelligence and the CIA thought. In fact, Al Qaeda was running a sophisticated deception against them. In December 2009 al-Balawi came to Forward Operating Base Chapman, a CIA base in Khost, Afghanistan and detonated a thirty-pound bomb strapped to his chest, instantly killing seven CIA officers and one Jordanian intelligence officer. It was the CIA's greatest loss of life in decades. In The Triple Agent, Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Joby Warrick takes us deep inside the CIA's secret war against Al Qaeda, a war that pits robotic planes and laser-guided missiles against a low-tech but cunning enemy. Join the author for this gripping true story of miscalculation, deception, and revenge, learn how Al Qaeda fooled the world's greatest intelligence service.
Tickets: Free! No Registration Required!

Thursday, 21 July 2011, 12:30 - 2:30 - Los Angeles, CA - The AFIO LA Chapter hears anti-terrorism specialist Michael O'Neill on Irish, European, and pan-Arab 21st Century Terrorism

Event is being held at the LMU campus. Speaker Michael O'Neill is a former detective with the Royal Ulster Constabulary Anti-Terrorism Division, and will discuss his personal perspective of "terror" in the 21st Century with relation to the "Irish" question and the links between the European and pan Arab entities similar to the PLO. Please RSVP via email to if you plan to attend the luncheon.

Thursday, 21 July 2011, 11:30 am - Colorado Springs, CO – The Rocky Mountain Chapter presents Joan Papke an Attorney and Private Investigator on Using Social Network and Social Media as an Intelligence Tool.

Attorney Papke will also discuss the potential legal and ethical issues associated with using social media and social networking sites in the course of an investigation or as a tool for gathering Intelligence. This event will be held at a new location The Inn at Palmer Divide, 443 S. Highway 105 Palmer Lake, CO, Exit 161 westbound off I-25, West on Highway 105. Please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at

24 July 2011, 11:30 am - Cleveland, OH - "Indentification, Assessment, Monitoring and Minimizing of Risk at the Local Level" at AFIO N Ohio Chapter hosts Patrick Shaw, Dept of Homeland Security

Speaker: Patrick M. Shaw -- Protective Security Advisor (PSA). Shaw is Protective Security Advisor (PSA) for the Cleveland, Ohio District, Department of Homeland Security
Topic: Identification, Assessment, Monitoring and Minimizing of Risk at the Local Level

WHERE: Cleveland Yachting Club, 200 Yacht Club Dr., Cleveland, OH 44116-1736, (440) 333-1155
Get directions: Near Clifton Blvd. and Lake Road in Rocky River. Click on "Get directions, above, for Google Map directions from your point of origin.

COST: Chapter and AFIO National Members and their guests $28.00; National AFIO Members and their guests $30.00; Non-Members $35.00

RSVP: Email to or phone the names of those attending to 440-424-4071
RSVP's will be considered firm. Then mail check with reservation form, to be received by July 15, 2011

Patrick M. (Pat) Shaw currently serves as the Protective Security Advisor (PSA) for the DHS Cleveland, Ohio District. Mr. Shaw supports homeland security efforts, serving in an advising and reach-back capacity to the Homeland Security Advisors. He contributes to the development of the national risk picture by assisting with the identification, assessment, monitoring, and minimizing of risk to critical assets at the local level. As a PSA, Mr. Shaw facilitates, coordinates, and performs vulnerability assessments for local infrastructure and assets, and acts as a physical and technical advisor to Federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies.

Tuesday, 26 July 2011, 7 - 9pm - Washington, DC - " Civil War Sisterhood of Spies" - Spy Seminar Series on Civil War Spies at the International Spy Museum
Spy Seminar Series: Civil War Spies - A Three-Part Exploration of Union and Confederate Intelligence Operations.
The North and the South both had their share of intelligence successes (and failures); neither the Blue nor the Gray were strangers to intrigue and espionage. Society ladies carried secret messages, runaway slaves re-crossed the Mason-Dixon Line as undercover agents, and couriers worked covert operations in the life or death climate of wartime. In this series, a distinguished group of historians and espionage experts will introduce you to some of the most amazing spies and spy cases of the conflict.
Location: the Willard Intercontinental Hotel - Ann Blackman author of Wild Rose will describe Wild Rose Greenhow's exploits in the nation's capitol, Amanda Ohlke, director of adult education at the International Spy Museum will trace Elizabeth Van Lew's colorful espionage career, and historical impersonator Emily Lapisardi will portray lively Confederate spy Antonia Ford.
International Spy Museum: 800 F Street, NW Washington, DC. Gallery Place/Chinatown Metrorail Station
Tickets: Series Tickets: $60; Individual Tickets: $25
Register at:

4 August 2011 - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO Jim Quesada Chapter hosts Akiva Tor, Consul General of Israel for the Pacific Northwest Region.

The topic will be on the evolving unrest in the Middle East to include events that started in Tunisia, moved to Egypt, Libya, Yemen and more recently Syria and the resulting ramifications regarding the security of Israel. The presentation will touch on cooperation between US and Israeli intelligence. The meeting location will be confirmed upon receipt of registration. 11:30AM no host cocktails; noon - luncheon. $25 member rate with advance reservation and payment; $35 non-members accompanied by a member. No walk-ins allowed. Seating is limited. E-mail RSVP to Mariko Kawaguchi (please indicate meat or fish) at and mail a check made out to "AFIO" by 7/27/11 to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011

Saturday, 6 August 2011, 11:30 am -- Melbourne, FL -- the AFIO Satellite Chapter luncheon followed by General Bud O'Connor's talk, "To the Moon." 

This luncheon will be held at the At Ease Club in the Indian River Colony Club, Melbourne, FL.  Check-in and cash bar at 11:30 am, lunch ($18) at 12:30 pm, followed by speaker. To register or for more information, contact Donna Czarnecki at

Saturday, 6 August 2011, 7:00 pm - Washington, DC - "The ESP in Espionage: An Evening with Alain Nu, the Man Who Knows" at the International Spy Museum

“To watch him is to throw out all the rules of physics. Time and space are malleable in Nu's deft hands.” — Eric Brace, The Washington Post

When the U.S. Government began their Star Gate program in the 1970s, they were focused on the possibility of using psychic channels to gather intelligence. Psychics, in a clinically controlled setting, were asked to perform “remote viewing”—attempting to sense targeted information about people, places and events. Reports of the program’s success run from the eerie to the off-base, but the intelligence world’s pursuit of the mind’s power has captured the imagination of Alain Nu. The Man Who Knows™, who has long been obsessed with the strange, the unknown, and unexplained. His exploration of the unusual has led him to the field of mentalism and developing his untold powers. Nu’s uncanny demonstrations blur the line between science and the mysteries of unexplained phenomena and have been featured in his own TLC Network television specials The Mysterious World of Alain Nu and his book Picture Your ESP! And now he is turning his ESPecially entertaining powers to the world of ESPionage. Join us for an evening with Nu inspired by Star Gate, the trickery of spies, and other top secret projects.

Tickets:  $25 – Complimentary light hors d’oeuvres and a cash bar. To register visit

Tuesday, 9 August 2011 - Tampa, FL - The AFIO Suncoast FL Chapter features Hon. Gus M. Bilirakis, Republican from Palm Harbor.

Gus Bilirakis was first elected to Congress on November 7, 2006, to represent Florida's Ninth Congressional District, which includes portions of Pasco, Pinellas, and Hillsborough counties. He is currently serving his third term in the United States House of Representatives. Gus currently serves on the Committees on Homeland Security, Veterans' Affairs and Foreign Affairs. Gus has been appointed Chairman of the Subcommittee on Emergency Preparedness, Response and
Communication, a vital post for the state of Florida. In this role he will oversee the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and will work to enhance emergency preparedness across the nation. He has also been named Vice Chairman of the Veteran's Affairs Committee, where he will advocate for veterans and oversee the Department of Veterans Affairs. Additionally, Gus is a member of the Republican Party's Whip Team, is Chair of the Veterans' Affairs Task Force for the Republican Policy Committee, and is Co-Chairman of the Military Veterans Caucus.
Please RSVP no later than August 5th with the names of any guests. Refer to the information "To attend our Meeting" in the chapter newsletter for important details. Check-in at 1130 hours; opening ceremonies, lunch and business meeting at noon, followed by our speaker, the Hon. Gus Bilirakis. We have maintained the all-inclusive cost at $15. The cash wine and soda bar will open at 1100 hours for those that wish to come early to socialize. Further info at or contact Wallace S. Bruschweiler, Sr. at

13 August 2011 - Orange Park / Gainesville, FL - The AFIO North Florida Chapter meets at the Country Club for speaker luncheon.

Speaker TBA. To inquire or sign up, contact Quiel at or 904-545-9549.

24 - 26 August 2011 - Raleigh, NC - "Spies Among Us - The Secret World of Illegals" - theme of the 7th Raleigh Spy Conference

Special guests/speakers: Michael Hayden, former DCIA and DIRNSA; Michael Sulick, former Director of the National Clandestine Service, CiA
Returning presenters:
Brian Kelley
, CIA & Professor at Institute of World Politics;
Nigel West - world-famous intelligence author/speaker - former Member of Parliament;
Dan Mulvenna - RCMP/CASIS
Writer's Roundtable to feature Douglas Waller, author of Wild Bill Donovan, about the founder of the Office of Strategic Services — the World War 11 forerunner of the CIA — will serve as anchor. Other authors on the roundtable are David Wise, often called 'the dean of intelligence authors,' to discuss his new book Tiger Trap: America’s Secret Spy War With America, and Kent Clizbe, author of Willing Accomplices, a book concerning the continuing influence of Soviet propaganda on Western academia and media and other noted writers in the field.

New to the conference this year: The Historical Collections Division of the Office of Information Services of the Central Intelligence Agency will present a few booklets of recently declassified secret documents, ranging from the Korean War, the Warsaw Pact, Air America, martial law in Poland, the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, and the papers of controversial CIA director Richard Helms. Officials from CIA’s Historical Division will be on hand in Raleigh to discuss their work and answer individual questions.

For more information:
Location: North Carolina Museum of History, Downtown Raleigh, NC

12 September 2011 - Washington, DC - DACOR-DIAA Forum hosts speaker on Islamic Doctrine of Shariah.

LTG Harry E. Soyster, USA (Ret.) and John Guandolo will speak on the Islamic Doctrine of Shariah. The speakers were on the team that wrote Shariah: The Threat to America. General Soyster was a director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and INSCOM CG. John Guandolo advises internationally on the Global Islamic Movement and created the FBI Counterterrorism Training and Education Course. This Forum will be open to members of all Intelligence Community associations and their guests.
Location: DACOR Bacon House, downtown Washington, DC
AFIO will announce time and full address in a week or two. It will provide registration details as well.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


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