AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #37-13 dated 24 September 2013

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Section IV - Books and Coming Events


Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar for Next Two Months ONLY


This is not a no-cost invitation…but a fine opportunity if you are interested and willing to pay the reasonable $500 for an evening with Dame Stella Rimington over drinks and a special 3-course dinner. Seating is limited to 7 guests. Details below:

Stella Rimington: An Evening with the Former MI5 Director General
Wednesday, October 9
7 - 10 PM

"I often wonder why I took the job." - Stella Rimington on starting out at MI5

When Stella Rimington became director general of MI5, the UK's domestic security service, her appointment drew a lot of attention.  Not only was she the first woman to lead MI5, but she was an advocate for more openness in the intelligence field.  To the public, Dame Stella seemed to burst onto the scene, but she had been a hardworking intelligence officer with MI5 since 1969 with experience in both counterintelligence and counterterrorism.  As leader of MI5, Rimington encouraged public transparency and upon her retirement in 1996, she continued this policy with the publication of her autobiography Open Secret.  Her public profile grew globally as the inspiration for Judi Dench's no-nonsense M in the James Bond films through last year's Skyfall. She has moved on to publish a series of espionage thrillers featuring intelligence officer Liz Carlyle. The latest installment in the saga of the ambitious MI5 officer is The Geneva Trap.  Join Dame Stella for an exciting evening of frank discussion as she highlights her experience as the director general of MI5, her take on the intelligence field today, and how she balances her fictional creations with the secrets she still keeps.  You will be one of only 7 guests at Poste for a this exclusive event. 

Tickets: $500 includes hors d'oeuvres and three-course dinner with wines.
Poste is located at 555 8th Street, NW, Washington, DC  20004

Please call 202.654.0932 or write to register


Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency

On Tuesday, October 1, 2013, 1 - 4:30 pm - Little Rock, AR - the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) will release more than 300 newly declassified documents on intelligence and presidential policymaking during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War at a symposium hosted by the William J. Clinton Presidential Library and the Bill, Hillary and Chelsea Clinton Foundation. The symposium, titled Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency, will examine the pivotal Balkan conflict and the role of intelligence in informing senior policymakers. The release of these declassified documents by the CIA will shed light on the supporting role intelligence played in the Clinton Administration's policy decisions during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War, the worst armed conflict in Europe since World War II. The collection highlights the accomplishments of the Director of Central Intelligence Interagency Balkan Task Force in streamlining intelligence for decision makers through a groundbreaking level of collaboration among federal agencies.

Scheduled symposium speakers include former Secretary of State and United Nations Ambassador, Madeleine Albright; former Supreme Allied Commander Europe, Gen. Wesley Clark; former National Security Advisor to Vice President Gore, Leon Fuerth; former National Security Advisor, Samuel Berger; and former CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence, John Gannon. President Bill Clinton is scheduled to provide the keynote address.

This declassification effort marks the youngest historical collection ever released in the CIA Historical Review Program's (HRP) 20-year existence. The HRP, part of CIA Information Management Services, identifies, collects and produces historically relevant collections of declassified materials. 

The event is by invitation only but will be live streamed at

A City Divided: Life and Death in the Shadow of the Wall

Wednesday, 16 October 2013, 9 am - noon - Washington, DC - The National Archives National Declassification Center (NDC), in partnership with the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) Historical Review Program, will host a free symposium to tell the story of the people of Berlin and their struggle for freedom. "A City Divided: Life and Death in the Shadow of the Wall" will be held from 9 a.m. to noon in the William G. McGowan Theater of the National Archives Building in Washington, DC. The symposium is open to the public (reserve a seat by emailing: and the press.

The symposium will highlight newly published and released declassified documents that reveal East and West Berliners' struggle for life and death in the shadow of the wall. The documents detail many aspects of their lives, focusing on the resolve of the human spirit for freedom and equality.

With his iconic speech on June 26, 1963, President John F. Kennedy united the citizens of Berlin with the United States by stating that he too was a Berliner. Twenty-four years later, President Ronald Reagan declared in Berlin that "I do not come here to lament. For I find in Berlin a message of hope, even in the shadow of this wall, a message of triumph." 

On October 16, we will release 11,000 pages of newly declassified documents on various topics and activities on Berlin from 1962 to 1986 - the years between these two famous speeches by American Presidents. Symposium attendees will receive a free publication and DVD compilation of approximately 1,324 documents, and an additional 1,140 documents will be posted online at


  • National Declassification Center - Sheryl Shenberger
  • Archivist of the United States - David S. Ferriero
  • Director, Information Management Services, CIA - Joseph Lambert
  • National Declassification Center - Neil Carmichael
  • Historian at the George Washington University and the Woodrow Wilson Center - Dr. Hope Harrison
  • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars - Dr. Christian F. Ostermann
  • Central Intelligence Agency - Dr. Donald P. Steury

The National Archives Building is located on the National Mall at Constitution Ave. and 7th Street, NW, and is fully accessible. Metro: Yellow and Green lines, Archives/Navy Memorial/Penn Quarter station. Attendees should use the Special Events entrance on 7th and Constitution Ave, NW.

For more information: Directions; Visitor's Map; William G. McGowan Theater; Lawrence F. O'Brien Gallery

Please email all inquiries to

    "Securing Our Intelligence & Protecting Our Ports" 

    10 - 11 October 2013 - Charleston, SC

    At The Citadel: The Military College of South Carolina

    This is their first Southeast Region Security & Intelligence Conference

    Keeping with the tradition of The Citadel's historic role in defending the country, the Criminal Justice Department and the School of Humanities is pleased to announce the next chapter in Homeland Security. The Citadel will hold its first conference dedicated to Homeland Security and Intelligence. The conference will feature professionals and academics from various disciplines and agencies related to homeland security and intelligence. Keynote speakers include: Letitia Long, Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency; Robert Cardillo, Deputy Director for Intelligence Integration, Office of the Director of National Intelligence; Stu Shea, Chief Operating Officer, SAIC, and many other senior officials and experts.
    Conference Registration:



CIA, Clinton Library to Release Declassified Bosnia Records. The Clinton library and the CIA on Thursday announced the release next month of more than 300 newly declassified documents on intelligence and presidential policy-making during the 1992-1995 Bosnia War.

Former President Bill Clinton is scheduled to deliver remarks during a symposium Oct. 1 hosted by the Clinton Presidential Library and the Clinton Foundation. The event will mark the first time a U.S. president will participate in a CIA declassification event, officials said.

Other scheduled speakers include Madeleine Albright, former Secretary of State and United Nations ambassador; retired Gen. Wesley Clark, former Supreme Allied Commander in Europe; former Clinton National Security Adviser Sandy Berger; Leon Fuerth, former national security adviser to Vice President Gore; and former CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence John Gannon.

The symposium, titled "Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency," will examine the Balkan conflict and the role of intelligence in informing senior policymakers. [Read more: ArkansasNewsBureau/19September2013]

Dem, GOP Senators Seek Review of NSA Spying. A bipartisan group of senators is calling for the inspector general of the intelligence community to do a comprehensive review of spying by the National Security Agency.

Nine members of the Judiciary Committee, led by Chairman Patrick Leahy and top Republican Charles Grassley, sent a letter Monday to the inspector general seeking a review of two programs collecting data on telephone and Internet usage. The programs were authorized under the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and the USA Patriot Act.

The lawmakers want to know how information about Americans was collected, retained, analyzed and disseminated. Disclosures about the programs this summer raised questions about protection of privacy rights as the government argued they were necessary tools to fight terrorism. [Read more: Cassata/AP/23September2013]

Secret Surveillance Issue in Fla. Terror Case. A judge in Miami is going to privately examine materials from secret U.S. surveillance programs before holding a hearing on whether two brothers accused of plotting to detonate bombs in New York City have a right to see it.

Lawyers for Pakistani-born Raees and Sheheryar Alam Qazi insist they should be allowed to see any such evidence. Prosecutors say the brothers have that right only if the evidence will be used against them at trial, which in this case it will not.

U.S. Magistrate Judge John O'Sullivan says he will go through the classified materials before hearing public argument about the issue. [Read more: AP/23September2013]

Spy Museum Considers Move to Historic DC Library. The International Spy Museum, one of the most popular attractions in the nation's capital over the past decade, is considering a move to a historic library that would give it more space for exhibits and a link to the city's convention center.

Museum officials told The Associated Press on Monday they will propose a redevelopment of Washington's historic Carnegie Library with the city's convention center authority, Events DC. The project would include new 40,000-square-foot underground space for exhibits and a new glass pavilion to house a District of Columbia visitors center, cafe and museum store.

Peter Earnest, the museum's executive director and a former CIA agent, said the Spy Museum has outgrown its space since opening in 2002 in downtown Washington.

"We're looking long term. By moving to a new location, we will get more space," which is especially needed for temporary and changing exhibits, Earnest said. [Read more: AP/September]

Former F.B.I. Agent Pleads Guilty in Leak to A.P. A former Federal Bureau of Investigation agent has agreed to plead guilty to leaking classified information to The Associated Press about a foiled bomb plot in Yemen last year, the Justice Department announced on Monday. Federal investigators said they identified him after obtaining phone logs of Associated Press reporters.

The retired agent, a former bomb technician named Donald Sachtleben, has agreed to serve 43 months in prison, the Justice Department said. The case brings to eight the number of leak-related prosecutions brought under President Obama's administration; under all previous presidents, there were three such cases.

"This prosecution demonstrates our deep resolve to hold accountable anyone who would violate their solemn duty to protect our nation's secrets and to prevent future, potentially devastating leaks by those who would wantonly ignore their obligations to safeguard classified information," said Ronald C. Machen Jr., the United States attorney for the District of Columbia, who was assigned to lead the investigation by Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.

In a twist, Mr. Sachtleben, 55, of Carmel, Ind., was already the subject of a separate F.B.I. investigation for distributing child pornography, and has separately agreed to plead guilty in that matter and serve 97 months. [Read more: Savage/NYTimes/23September]

Homeland Security to Test BOSS Facial Recognition at Junior Hockey Game. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security will test its crowd-scanning facial recognition system, known as the Biometric Optical Surveillance System, or BOSS, at a junior hockey game this weekend, according to the Russian news agency RT.

With assistance from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, DHS will test its system at a Western Hockey League game in Washington state. The test will determine whether the system can distinguish the faces of 20 volunteers out of a crowd of nearly 6,000 hockey fans, to evaluate how successfully BOSS can locate a person of interest.

According to DHS, BOSS technology consists of two cameras capable of taking stereoscopic images of a face and a back end remote matching system. Stereoscopic images are two images of the same object, taken at slightly different angles that create an illusion of three-dimensional depth from two-dimensional images.

The cameras transfer the pair of images to the remote matching system by way of fiber optic or wireless technology. The system then processes and stores the two images into a 3-D signature, which is the mathematical representation of the stereo-pair images that the system uses for matching. [Read more: King/BiometricUpdate/20September2013]

Chinese Military Capable of Jamming U.S. Communications System. China's military is using stolen U.S. military secrets obtained from a convicted spy to defeat a high-technology communications system used in joint warfighting, combined arms warfare, and missile defenses, according to U.S. officials.

The disclosure that China has the capability of jamming the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System, or JTIDS, was revealed in a Chinese military technical article published in July.

JTIDS is part of a group of military communications systems called Link 16 that gives U.S. military forces jam-resistant communications, a key strategic advantage used in joint warfighting, a specialty of the American military.

JTIDS allows for a nearly unlimited number of military commanders and operators to share information, such as precision location or position data, critical in tracking, monitoring, and targeting. It is also resistant to electronic warfare attacks by rapidly jumping to different frequencies. [Read more: Gertz/WashingtonFreeBeacon/20September2013]

Intelligence Gathering Needed to Ensure National Security, DIA Director Says. Intelligence is a critical guarantor of national security, the director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) said this week at the Intelligence and National Security Alliance Summit. When crisis arise, having the ability to gather the intelligence needed to ensure national security - no matter what form that intelligence takes or where it comes from - makes all the difference to securing the nation and providing our war fighters the information they need to get the job done.

Army Lt. Gen. Michael T. Flynn told the summit, "In light of future trends - and in light of the absolutely critical role of intelligence for our national security, we must do the following."

"We must adjust our operating model to refocus on our mission and our unique strengths. We must continually emphasize burden sharing, partnerships and integration. And we must instill flexibility and agility to respond to crises. That is our new normal."

Flynn said that these changes are the result of hard learned lessons over the last decade of war. [Read more: Innes/ForeignPolicy/19September2013]

China Expands Space Warfare Capabilities. New arenas of warfare are opening up. The U.S. military is already heavily reliant on satellites and communication systems, and countries like China are actively trying to undermine these systems.

"There's not an operation conducted anywhere at any level that is not somehow dependent on space and cyberspace," said General William L. Shelton, Commander of the Air Force Space Command at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado, on Sept. 21, according to the Department of Defense.

Yet amid the proliferation of space and cyberspace in the military, the next challenge is to get all troops linked in and secure those connections.

Shelton said the United States is facing four key threats: jamming, lasers, attacks on ground sites, and nuclear detonations in space.

He said the dangers these technologies pose to the U.S. military need to be recognized, noting "We can't continue, in my mind, to operate with this big-sky mentality." [Read more: Phillip/EpochTimes/24September2013]


Casinos Tap Intelligence Network to Beat Cheaters. The man at the poker table had a ball cap pulled down almost to his nose, but his glance up at a television screen revealed a familiar face to Mohegan Sun's surveillance cameras: A photograph of the known card cheater had been sent by bulletin to casinos around the country.

Within hours, the bettor was arrested, accused of marking cards with invisible ink.

"The officer who identified him, basically she had a 'Holy crap!' moment," said Jay Lindroos, the casino's surveillance director. "She saw the face and said, 'I recognize that guy!'"

Casinos from the U.S. to Australia use their own intelligence network to warn one another about cheaters. As table games spread across the Northeast, resorts are using it more than ever to stay ahead of suspect players - professional thieves and card counters - who can easily hit multiple casinos in the span of a few days.

Mohegan Sun, one of the world's largest casinos, began sharing intelligence a decade ago with its giant, next-door rival in southeastern Connecticut, the Foxwoods Resort Casino. Although it was once less common for casinos to talk with competitors, the online network has evolved through mutual self-interest. [Read more: Melia/AP/22September2013]

Miami's Shadow Cuban Intelligence Service. At the height of the Cold War, when Miami was a cauldron of international intrigue and conspiracy, intelligence agents and services abounded. Enemy operatives stalked one another, competing, carrying out high-stakes missions, recruiting spies and mounting counterintelligence dragnets. But it is scarcely known even today that from 1961 until 1975 two of the rival espionage services that operated here were Cuban.

The larger and more aggressive was Fidel Castro's General Directorate of Intelligence, the DGI, run by Manuel Pineiro, the notorious "Redbeard." The other service, lean and obscurely proficient, was staffed entirely by courageous Cuban-American men and women. Collectively they were known - inside the CIA at least - by a curious cryptonym. They were the AMOTS.

The shadow intelligence service they staffed was intended to relocate to Havana following the expected collapse of the Castro government, and then to serve the security needs of a democratic Cuba. They would form the agile, ready core of a much larger intelligence service. The AMOTS were a "miniature CIA," according to an agency veteran who worked with them.

Members were recruited, tasked and funded by the agency, and managed by JMWAVE in Coral Gables, the largest CIA station anywhere in the world in the early 1960s. [Read more: Latell/MiamiHerald/17September]

Hong Kong Riddled With British Spies, Reports Say. Hong Kong might not be a British colony anymore, but James Bond's compatriots are still roaming its streets.

That's according to pro-Beijing newspapers Wen Wei Po and Ta Kung Pao, which this week accused the U.K. of harboring British intelligence agents installed (in Chinese) across the city's government, judiciary, chambers of commerce and the media, headquartered at the local British consulate-general.

"Not only did the activities of the British intelligence agency not stop after the handover, on the contrary, they increased," Ta Kung Pao's report ran.

While the British government still produces a report to Parliament every six months on political developments in its former colony, it has otherwise taken a hands-off approach to the city, even going so far as to remove advertisements with British flags last year out of fear they might offend local sensibilities.

Last week, though, British Minister of State Hugo Swire wrote a commentary urging support for universal suffrage in Hong Kong, adding that the U.K. "stands ready to support in any way we can." [Read more: Chen/WallStreetJournal/18September2013]

Unified Military Intelligence Picture Dispels the Fog of War. Military operations depend upon the unimpeded flow of accurate and relevant information to support timely decisions related to battle planning and execution. To address these needs, numerous intelligence systems and technologies have been developed over the past 20 years, but each of these typically provides only a partial picture of the battlefield, and integrating the information has proven to be burdensome and inefficient.

DARPA's Insight program aims to take defense intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) to the next level by creating the capability to meaningfully integrate disparate "stovepiped" source information into a unified picture of the battlefield. As DARPA's capstone ISR processing program, Insight seeks to enable analysts to make sense of the huge volumes of intelligence-rich information available to them from existing sensors and data sources. Automated behavioral learning and prediction algorithms would help analysts discover and identify potential threats, as well as make and confirm hypotheses about those threats' potential behavior. The goal is a comprehensive operating picture in which expedient delivery of fused actionable intelligence would improve support of time-sensitive operations on the battlefield. [Read more: PCBDesign007/24September2013]

Turkey: Spy Agency a Key Partner for Prime Minister Erdoğan. Turkey's mysterious National Intelligence Organization has emerged as an important component in Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's security policies. But some observers voice concern that the organization's growing influence poses a potential threat to the country's democratic system.

Known by its Turkish acronym, MİT, the National Intelligence Organization today stands as Turkey's preeminent intelligence agency. Answerable by law only to the prime minister, it handles both foreign and domestic intelligence-gathering operations, enjoying a broad mandate.

Among its sanctioned targets, for instance, are perceived threats to "all elements" that make up "the constitutional order and national power." Such vague wording potentially gives the MİT sweeping authority to investigate and conduct surveillance of government opponents, real or perceived.

There does not appear to be strong governmental checks on the MİT's activities. [Read more: Vela/EurasiaNet/19September2013]

Ferguson Smith: Amazing Story of Real Life James Bond Who Cracked the Cold War Communist Spy Rings. With his neat military moustache, upright bearing, dapper dress and old-fashioned charm, Ferguson Smith seemed like any other ex-RAF gent enjoying his retirement.

The former Bomber Command flight lieutenant lived quietly in his home of more than 60 years, indulging his love of poetry and the countryside and doting on his wife, Margaret, until her death 10 years ago.

But few of his neighbours in Malden, Surrey, had any idea he was a decorated war hero, former personal bodyguard to ex-King the Duke of Windsor and, most remarkably, a supreme spycatcher.

Smith, who died at the age of 98 this month, was instrumental in snaring the most notorious traitors and Russian spies of the 50s and 60s.

During a 36-year career in Special Branch, his quiet manner, obsession with detail and determination to go the extra mile saw him catch the infamous Portland spy ring - who were selling nuclear submarine secrets to Moscow - and arrest the most dangerous of all Red spies, George Blake.

Smith also helped jail naval attach�-turned traitor John Vassall as well as Klaus Fuchs, the German physicist who sold details of Britain and America's atomic bomb programme to the Soviets. [Read more: Bletchley/Mirror/25September2013]

Timeline: 11 Cases of Americans Charged for Leaking Secrets to Media. US prosecutors are increasingly seizing on an anti-espionage law to pursue Americans suspected of divulging government secrets to the press, a major shift in the use of a 1917 law that was designed to stop leaks to America's enemies.

Eleven times in US history, all of them since 1971, federal prosecutors have brought charges under the Espionage Act for disclosing information to a newspaper, blog or other media outlet.

Eight of the cases have occurred since president Barack Obama took office in 2009.

At least one other leak investigation is ongoing: an inquiry into who told The New York Times about Stuxnet, a US-developed virus that targeted Iran's nuclear program.

Here are the 11 cases: [Read more: ABCNews/24September2013]


Needed: Sustainable Spying Oversight. The United States is again engaged in a public debate over the tradeoffs between individual liberty and domestic security. The most substantial examination of the issue in decades, the current debate was intensified earlier this year by the unauthorized release of vast amounts of information on the collection of American's communications data by the National Security Agency.

The disclosures raise questions of constitutionality, individual privacy and the effects that government monitoring can have on citizens' willingness to exercise core rights such as freedom of speech and assembly that are critical to the functioning of a democracy. Potential negative consequences of surveillance are weighed against the central responsibility of a government to protect its people, further complicated by uncertainty surrounding current and future threats the security efforts are designed to detect. 

Beyond questions of terrorist threats and security efforts, the debate on these issues, and the national response to that debate, will be central in determining the level of public trust in the government and its institutions now and into the future. Erosion of that trust can affect not just national security policy, but government effectiveness in other policy areas as well. Therefore, tradeoffs must be made and balances struck that address multiple national needs simultaneously, not just protecting the country from physical harm but also from the changes in character that erosion in public trust could produce. [Read more: Jackson/WorldReport/17September2013]

The U.S. Military, Mythology, and Abu Ghraib: An Intelligence Officer's View. We U.S. servicemembers tend to construct and preach false mythologies about ourselves, perhaps even more so than the members of other large organizations. This stands to reason. Our core business is, in service to our nation, managing violence and this violence's effects. Being human beings and not machines, we want to believe that when we kill, maim, or injure other human beings, it is to good purpose. Deep down, we know sometimes it isn't. But this doesn't stop us from always wishing that our violent actions, and those of our comrades, serve a higher good.

So, in war, we try to convince ourselves that the leaders and foot soldiers we are fighting are the worst people on the planet, while our own leaders and comrades are the very best. And when U.S. troops commit crimes, we work hard to believe that these crimes were the work of a few "bad apples," of criminals who can never be completely screened from an organization the size of ours. By thus disassociating ourselves, our military, and our nation from these criminals, we hope to make ourselves feel less "tainted" by their actions.

However, this very human, very understandable tendency contains a profound danger: If we fail to see ourselves truly, if we wish away some of the causes of some of our comrades' worst actions, we can cripple our ability to reduce the chance of such misdeeds happening again.

One prominent example of potentially dangerous myth-building can be found in this summer's issue of Parameters. George R. Mastroianni's "Looking Back: Understanding Abu Ghraib" sets out to revise current narratives about the Abu Ghraib scandal. [Read more: Pryer/ForeignPolicy/19September2013]

Dolloping Out Threat Intelligence. There's a saying that too much of a good thing can be bad for you. We normally apply it to things like ice cream and chocolate, but the saying also applies to the threat intelligence world. You'd think that by doubling or even quadrupling the number of streaming intelligence feeds into your organization you'd be better off - better informed and more secure. Unfortunately, you're likely to be wrong.

During the past couple of years, the threat intelligence service industry has really kicked into high gear. Many of the vendors in this area have been supplying their streaming intelligence services for upward of a decade to the manufacturers of popular security appliances and desktop protection suites, but it has only been more recently that enterprise businesses have found themselves in a position to consume the data directly. 

The growing need for streaming security intelligence is a direct response to the rapidly evolving threat. As the threats that target an enterprise become more adaptive, more dynamic, and more evasive of legacy protection architectures, there's a driving need for real-time analytics and providing inputs into a new generation of dynamic analysis systems. To this end, the common logic is "more is better" when it comes to threat intelligence. But is it? [Read more: Ollmann/DarkReading/21September2013]

Section IV - Books and Coming Events


In Spies We Trust: The Story of Western Intelligence. In Spies We Trust reveals the full story of the Anglo-American intelligence relationship - ranging from the deceits of World War I to the mendacities of 9/11 - for the first time.

Why did we ever start trusting spies? It all started a hundred years ago. First we put our faith in them to help win wars, then we turned against the bloodshed and expense, and asked our spies instead to deliver peace and security. By the end of World War II, Britain and America were cooperating effectively to that end. At its peak in the 1940s and 1950s, the 'special intelligence relationship' contributed to national and international security in what was an Anglo-American century.

But from the 1960s this 'special relationship' went into decline. Britain weakened, American attitudes changed, and the fall of the Soviet Union dissolved the fear that bound London and Washington together. A series of intelligence scandals along the way further eroded public confidence. Yet even in these years, the US offered its old intelligence partner a vital gift: congressional attempts to oversee the CIA in the 1970s encouraged subsequent moves towards more open government in Britain and beyond.

So which way do we look now? [Read more: OxfordUniversityPress/24August2013]

Skyline Ridge Defenders Receive Their Due at Last. The Battle for Skyline Ridge lasted 108 days, involved thousands of troops from four countries, war planes from three, and is probably the least known important military engagement in recent history.

James E ''Mule'' Parker aims to throw light on that obscurity, and is succeeding with his book, Timeline: Battle for Skyline Ridge 18 December 1971 to 4 April 1972. Parker is one of the band of CIA agents who helped direct and support the Hmong, Lao and Thai forces who defied predictions and one of Vietnam's greatest field generals to do the impossible: hold Skyline Ridge and stop Hanoi's elite divisions at a key time in the Vietnam War era.

It has been a long time since events in Laos constituted the secret war, and the CIA base Lima Site 20-Alternate at Long Tieng was, as a contemporary Bangkok Post article called it, ''the most secret place on Earth''.

It has been so long that the men who kept the secrets back in those days lamented to Parker a while back that no one had ever made public an account that tied together the discrete parts into a package. Many of them contributed personal photos, which take up an important and fascinating section of this digital volume.

There is an annual reunion in Bangkok of the Unknown Warriors who fought in the secret war. The CIA archives, complete with names of the agents, have been online for several years. Googling ''Skyline Ridge Laos'' yields several summaries of the event, but no real history or close inspection of what one online report correctly calls ''one of the most significant battles'' of the time. [Read more: Dawson/BangkokPost/8September2013]

Coming Educational Events


MANY more International Spy Museum Events in 2013 and some for 2014 with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

Thursday, 26 September 2013, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Enemies Within: Inside the NYPD's Secret Spying Unit and bin Laden's Final Plot Against America," at the International Spy Museum

Six months after the 9/11 attacks, New York Police Commissioner Ray Kelly initiated a straightforward, yet audacious, antiterrorist plan to be implemented in the Big Apple, dispatching a vast network of undercover officers and informants to track suspected terrorists. In Enemies Within, Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative journalists Matt Apuzzo and Adam Goldman for Associated Press reveal the effectiveness of the domestic spying plan. Based on hundreds of previously unpublished New York Police Department internal memos and exclusive interviews with intelligence sources, including 25-year FBI veteran Don Borelli who assisted with the book, they found that many of those strategies aren't even close to being useful, functional, or successful. As Assistant Special Agent in Charge in the New York Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), Borelli was responsible for top investigations and counterterrorism missions that spanned the globe. Join Apuzzo and Borelli for an unbridled look at the breathtaking race to avert a second devastating terrorist attack on American soil.
Join the co-author and contributor for an informal chat and book signing.
Tickets: Free! No registration required. For more information visit

Saturday 28 September 2013 - Milford, MA - AFIO New England Chapter hosts their Fall Meeting

Location: Courtyard by Marriott in Milford, Mass. Hotel web site is here:
Schedule: Registration & gathering, 1000 - 1130, Membership meeting 1130 - 1200; Luncheon at 1200 followed by keynote speaker; Adjournment at 2:30PM.
Questions to

Tuesday, 01 October 2013, 6 pm - Washington, DC - "Witness to History: The Investigation of Robert Hanssen," at the International Spy Museum

In 1979, FBI special agent Robert Hanssen volunteered to spy for Soviet Military Intelligence (GRU). To enrich his lifestyle and that of his family, the counterintelligence expert shared US intelligence community secrets, the identities of dozens of secret intelligence agents working for the US around the world, caused deaths of Russians aiding the US, and leaked the existence of an FBI eavesdropping tunnel under the Russian Embassy in DC. Hanssen remained anonymous to his Soviet handlers and to the US government for over 20 years. Building the case against Hanssen was a joint effort between the FBI, CIA, Department of State, and the Justice Department. Hanssen's arrest and conviction led to a full security review of the FBI. Panelists for this inside look at the case include: Mike Rochford, (ret.) FBI Section Chief, Russian Overseas Espionage and David Wise, Author of Spy: The Inside Story of How the FBI's Robert Hanssen Betrayed America
Light hors d'oeuvres at 6:00PM. Panel begins at 6:45pm. Free! Registration required, space is limited! For more information visit

Tuesday, 8 October 2013, 11:00 am - 3 pm - MacDill AFB, FL - AFIO Suncoast Chapter hosts Daniel T. Cohen, RSA, The Security Division of EMC

Please note: the event speaker will start a half hour earlier this time, so arrive by 11 a.m. to be certain of having a seat.
Daniel Cohen
is Head of Knowledge Delivery and Business Development for RSA's Online Threats Managed Services Group (OTMS). RSA is the security division of EMC. He will be presenting from Israel via Skype link. As described in Wikipedia, EMC Corporation (stylized as EMC�) is an American multinational corporation that offers data storage, information security, virtualization, and cloud computing products and services which enable businesses to store, manage, protect, and analyze massive volumes of data. EMC's target markets include large FORTUNE 500 companies as well as small business across various vertical markets. It is headquartered in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. In his role as Head of Knowledge Delivery, Mr. Cohen and his team are responsible for gathering, analyzing and reporting on intelligence findings recovered by the different cyber teams operating within the group. This intersection of data - human-based intelligence, malware research, and anti-phishing operations - provides Mr. Cohen with unique visibility into the ever-changing cyber-crime landscape. Coupled with his industry insight as Head of Business Development, Mr. Cohen has a wealth of experience in working with leading companies worldwide in strategizing their security needs. Mr. Cohen holds a Bachelor's degree in Business Administration from the Herzliya Inter-Disciplinary Center, Israel.
Location: MacDill AFB Bay Palms Golf Complex, 1803 Golf Course Avenue, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.
Please RSVP to the Chapter Secretary no later than Wednesday, October 2, for yourself and include the names of any guests. Email or call the Chapter Secretary. You will receive a confirmation via email. If you do not, please contact the Chapter Secretary.
You must present your $20 check payable to "Suncoast Chapter, AFIO" (or cash) at check-in to cover the luncheon. If you make a reservation, don't cancel and get a cancellation confirmation by the response deadline and then don't show up, you will be responsible for the cost of the luncheon.
Note that the base is now enforcing a handscan registration for those with ID cards so, if you haven't been on-base recently, you should look into this or allow some extra time when you arrive for the meeting. Should you not have a 'bumper sticker' or ID card for access to MacDill AFB, please so state in your RSVP. If you have not already submitted information required for the Gate Access List, be sure to include your license number, name on drivers license and state of issue for yourself and for any guests you are bringing. Anyone with special AFIO Gate Access should proceed to the Bayshore Gate. If you need directions, please let us know. The main gate will send you to the visitor's center and they will not be able to help you enter the base, only give you directions to the Bayshore Gate. The cash wine and soda bar will open at 1100 hours for those that wish to come early to socialize.
Questions or reservations to Michael F. Shapiro at

Tuesday, 08 October 2013, 7 p.m. - Washington, DC - An Evening with Dame Stella Rimington - Book Signing, The Geneva Trap, at the International Spy Museum

When the British government first decided to reveal the person behind their MI5 spy agency, many were surprised to find that the person was a she, not a he. She was Dame Stella Rimington, appointed Director General of the Security Service (MI5) - the first woman in history to hold that post. Rimington was famously the inspiration for Judi Dench's no-nonsense M in the James Bond films. She retired from the service in 1996 and is now a spy novelist, using her knowledge of the secret services to write several thrillers starring a feisty heroine, Liz Carlyle.
Join us at the International Spy Museum as Dame Stella presents her latest and seventh Liz Carlyle book, The Geneva Trap - an exploration into a Russian agent, a deadly secret and a deadly plot to reignite the smoldering embers of the Cold War through a cleverly disguised cyber attack.
BOOK SUMMARY: At a tracking station in Virginia, U.S. Navy officers watch in horror as one of their communications satellites plummets into the Indian Ocean and panic spreads through the British and American intelligence services. When a Russian intelligence officer approaches MI5 with vital information about the cyber sabotage, he refuses to talk to anyone but Liz Carlyle. But who is he, and how is he connected to Liz? Is this a Russian plot to disable the West's defenses? Or is the threat coming from elsewhere? As Liz and her team search for a mole inside the Ministry of Defense, the trail takes them from Geneva, to Marseilles, and to Korea in a race against time to stop the Cold War from heating up.
REVIEW: "Rimington's best work demonstrates a flair for narrative, with a sense of authenticity and an insider's grasp on the pressing issues of the day."  ---  Washington Post
"Rich with authentic details from Rimington's own life as director general of MI5, this is a must-read for fans of contemporary spy fiction." ---   Publishers Weekly
Tickets: Free!  No registration required.

Wednesday, 9 October 2013, 11:30am - 1:30pm - Scottsdale, AZ - AFIO Arizona hears from Dr. Thomson on SWOT Analysis of Nepal

Brendan D. Thomson, M.D., MBA, speaks on SWOT Analysis of Nepal from a 28-Year Perspective.
To help others appreciate the dynamics of a small country situated between almost 2 billion people, Dr. Thomson will share with us a very unique perspective from his vast array of experiences whilst living in Nepal.
Thomson is Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Pulmonary Disease physician and member of the Society of Critical Care Medicine. He holds an MBA from Arizona State University West.
He has been involved with the people of Nepal since 1985. He was a founding member of the American Nepal Medical Society.
In 2013 he was awarded a Fulbright Specialist Grant to assist the Patan Academy of Health Sciences in Kathmandu, Nepal transition from the Case based method to the Clinical Presentation Method of teaching.
Dr. Thomson was a Lt. Cmdr. in the uniformed services with the Indian Health Services and the US Coast Guard.
His nephew is the current Captain of the US John Paul Jones, guided missile destroyer.
Event location: McCormick Ranch Golf Course, 7505 McCormick Parkway, Scottsdale AZ 85258 ~ Phone 480.948.0260
RSVP NO LATER than 72 hours ahead of time. If you do not show up for the lunch meeting and have not cancelled 48 hours prior, please send your check to Simone you will be charged for the lunch.
Fees: $20.00 for AFIO AZ Member; $22.00 for Non-Members
For reservations or questions email Simone: or or call 602.570.6016.

Wednesday, 9 October 2013, noon - Washington, DC - Global Terrorism, Espionage and Cybersecurity (a Monthly Update), at the International Spy Museum with David Major.

Presented in partnership with the CI Centre, these monthly briefings will provide you with the opportunity to be the first to learn of the most current worldwide happenings in the field of intelligence and terrorism. Drawn from the Centre's SPYPEDIA�, a comprehensive online subscription database of espionage information, each of these updates covers important events and information which may not be reported by mainstream media outlets. Such as: espionage penetrations and arrests, cyber espionage reporting, and terrorist events. Briefings led by CI Centre founder David Major will include trend analysis and coverage of new emerging issues of value to the intelligence and security professional and individuals with an interest in national security matters. Major will also highlight and review, as appropriate, new books and reports to keep you current with breaking developments in the national security arena.
Tickets: Free! No registration required. For more information visit

10 - 11 October 2013 - Charleston, SC - The Citadel - The Military College of South Carolina presents the Southeast Region Security & Intelligence Conference with the theme: "Securing Our Intelligence & Protecting Our Ports" 

Keeping with the tradition of The Citadel's historic role in defending the country, the Criminal Justice Department and the School of Humanities is pleased to announce the next chapter in Homeland Security. The Citadel will hold its first conference dedicated to Homeland Security and Intelligence. The conference will feature professionals and academics from various disciplines and agencies related to homeland security and intelligence. Keynote speakers include: Letitia Long, Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency; Robert Cardillo, Deputy Director for Intelligence Integration, Office of the Director of National Intelligence; Stu Shea, Chief Operating Officer, SAIC, and many other senior officials and experts.
Conference Registration:

Thursday, 10 October 2013, 4:30 PM - Washington, DC - Among Enemies: Counter-Espionage for Business Travelers with author Luke Bencie

Information to help business executives protect themselves and their precious company secrets from tech theft.
Bencie provides clear, easy-to-follow techniques to thwart the work of professional operatives - individuals whose job it is to identify and track likely targets for espionage, and whose efforts often begin at the very airport terminals where executives begin their overseas travel.
About the author: For the past 15 years, Luke Bencie has traveled to more than 100 countries on behalf of the U.S. Government as well as for the private defense industry. He has experienced, first-hand and sometimes painfully, the threat of espionage. He has seen the lengths to which foreign intelligence services and other hostile global competitors will go to steal American business secrets.
Mr. Bencie was a Senior Security Consultant for Raytheon Company in the Intelligence and Information Systems Division.
Event location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036.
RSVP Required. Make them at

16 October 2013 - Laurel, Maryland - "Safeguarding Intelligence" - Theme of the National Cryptological Museum Foundation's Annual Membership Meeting

"Safeguarding Intelligence" is the theme of the National Cryptological Museum Foundation's Annual Membership Meeting. The Meeting will be held at the Kossiakoff Center, JHU/APL, 11100 John Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723, 240-228-7574
Agenda with following Outstanding Speakers: 0815-0900: Registration and breakfast; 0900-0915: Welcome by NCMF President, Mr. Richard Schaeffer; 0915-0930: Opening address by Deputy Director, National Security Agency, Mr. Chris Inglis; 0930-1000: National Cryptologic Museum update by museum curator, Mr. Patrick Weadon; 1000-1045: guest speaker, Ms. Jane Holl Lute, Deputy Secretary, Homeland Security; 1045-1100: break; 1100-1145: Guest speaker, Mr. David G. Major, Founder and President, Counterintelligence Centre for Security Studies; 1145-1315: LUNCH; 1315-1415: Keynote Address by The Honorable Michael Chertoff, Founder of the Chertoff Group and former Secretary, Homeland Security; 1415-1500: New Museum Project and capital campaign update by MG Rod Isler and Brig Gen Neal Robinson; 1500-1510: closing remarks by Brig Gen Billy Bingham Bingham.
The fee for NCMF members is $20 and for non members $50 which includes one year membership in the NCMF. The fee includes breakfast, lunch and refreshments at the morning break. There will also be A.M and P.M. shuttle service to and from the parking lot. You can register on line at the secure NFG site or you can download and complete the NCMF Registration form and mail to the NCMF at PO Box 1682, Ft. George G. Meade, MD 20755. Call 301-688-5436 for assistance or send an email to

17-18 October 2013 - Laurel, MD - "Technological Change and Cryptology: Meeting the Historical Challenges" is theme at the Biennial Cryptologic History Symposium

The Two Day Cryptographic History Event of the Year - "Technological Change and Cryptology: Meeting the Historical Challenges" - NSA's 2013 Cryptologic History Symposium, 17-18 October 2013 Laurel, Maryland

The Center for Cryptologic History hosts a biennial international symposium in October during odd-numbered years. The speakers and audience are a mix of outside scholars, current practitioners, retired veterans, and interested members of the public. Past symposia have had presenters from over a dozen countries.
The theme for the 2013 symposium, to be held on October 17-18 at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory's Kossiakoff Conference Center (just west of Laurel, Maryland) is "Technological Change and Cryptology: Meeting the Historical Challenges." The conference will include sessions on "A Tribute to Alan Turing," a "Roundtable on Cyber History," "Bletchley Park," "COMINT and the Civil War," "The Cryptologic Legacy of the Great War Era," "SIGINT and the Vietnam War Era," and "A Technological Advantage: Historical Perspectives on Cryptologic Research and Development."
In all there will be 21 separate sessions and over 70 presentations. Speakers will include scholars such as David Kahn and cryptologic pioneers such as Whitfield Diffie.
All symposium sessions are unclassified and open to the registered public. A complete agenda and registration information will be available here at the website or by contacting the Center for Cryptologic History at 301-688-2336 or via email at

Note also that the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation has an excellent program the day before - 16 October - at the same venue described above.

Thursday, 17 October 2013, 6:30 pm - Washington, DC - "Hezbollah's Reach Around the World" at the International Spy Museum

"We will not take rejection or humiliation." - Hassan Nasrallah, Secretary-General of Hezbollah

Hezbollah - Lebanon's "Party of God" - is much more than a political party. It's an Islamic Shia religious and social movement, Lebanon's largest militia, a close ally of Iran, and a terrorist organization. But Hezbollah's reach is not limited to Lebanon; it extends far beyond that country's borders with worldwide financial and logistical networks supporting its covert criminal and terrorist operations worldwide from the Middle East to Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. And what is the extent of Hezbollah's role in Iran's shadow war with Israel and the West, including plots targeting civilians around the world? Explore Hezbollah's footprint and future goals with expert commentators: Matthew Levitt, Senior Fellow and Director of The Washington Institute for Near East Policy's Stein Program on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, author of Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God, and a former FBI counterterrorism analyst as well as former Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis at the US Department of the Treasury; and Reuel Marc Gerecht, Senior Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, author of The Wave: Man, God, and the Ballot Box in the Middle East, and a former Middle East specialist in the CIA's Clandestine Service.
In collaboration with the Foundation for the Defense of Democracy.
Tickets: $15. To register or for more information visit

2 November 2013 - Indialantic, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter Hears from FBI Sr Resident Agent Russell Hayes

The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter will host Russell Hayes, Supervisory Senior Resident Agent, Brevard Resident Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, a sub-office of the FBI Tampa Division. Mr. Hayes also heads the Brevard (County) Joint Terrorism Task Force and will address a variety of topical issues. The meeting will take place at the Eau Gallie Yacht Club, Indialantic, FL, and the Meet and Greet will begin at 1130. For information and reservations, please contact Bobbie Keith, 321.777.5561 or

Thursday, 14 November 2013, noon - Washington, DC - "The Family Jewels: The CIA, Secrecy and Presidential Power," at the International Spy Museum

In December 1974, a front-page story in the New York Times revealed the explosive details of years of illegal domestic operations by the Central Intelligence Agency including political surveillance, eavesdropping, and detention. These revelations shocked the public and led to investigations by a presidential commission and committees in both houses of Congress. Investigators soon discovered that the CIA abuses were described in a top-secret document that Agency insiders dubbed the "Family Jewels." That document became ground zero for a political firestorm that lasted more than a year. John Prados, a Senior Fellow of the National Security Archive in Washington, DC, recounts the secret operations that constituted the "Jewels," shows that the abuses have since been replicated by the intelligence agencies at the global level, and exposes the strenuous efforts -- by the Agency, the Executive Branch, and even presidents -- to evade accountability.
Join the author for an informal chat and book signing.
Tickets: Free! No registration required. More information at

Friday, 15 November 2013, 10:30am - 2pm - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO National Fall Luncheon features National Security Reporter Walter Pincus, and former CIA DO Officer Marti Peterson

1 p.m. speaker is Walter Pincus, National Security Reporter for The Washington Post, speaks on "45 years covering national security."
3-course Lunch at Noon
11 a.m. speaker is Martha [Marti] D. Peterson, author of The Widow Spy: MY CIA Journey from the Jungles of Laos to Prison in Moscow.
The Widow Spy is Marti Peterson's personal story of a life among heroes. The first was her husband John, a CIA officer, whom she accompanied on her first overseas assignment in Laos, conducting paramilitary operations to contain the North Vietnamese Army. John was killed in a helicopter crash.
The story continues with her joining CIA and becoming one of the first women operations officers ever assigned to Moscow in the mid-70s. She details the challenges of working covertly for nearly two years in Moscow, facing the potential of being discovered by the KGB, as she serviced dead drops and recovered secret packages from a highly valuable agent TRIGON. In the end, she was ambushed and arrested by the KGB.
TRIGON, often compared to Penkovsky, provided documents that revealed the Soviet government's plans and intentions in influencing world events and the negotiating positions of Soviet government officials in talks with the US and its allies.
The memoir contains descriptions of operational acts and real life within the enemy's camp (Moscow).
Marti Peterson's presentation will provide unique insights into the intelligence advantage the US had over the USSR, and provides a personal account of the covert life of a female CIA officer in Moscow. It also provides a look at how women were seen and treated in the DO in that era.
Check-in for badge pickup at 10:30 a.m. Morning and Afternoon programs are On The Record. The latest intelligence books, and many others, for sale throughout event.
Event closes at 2 p.m.
Location: Crowne Plaza Hotel, Tysons Corner, VA.
Registration is here.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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