AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #45-13 dated 19 November 2013

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Section IV - Jobs, Books, Obituaries, and Coming Events




Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar for Next Two Months ONLY

SpyPedia Discounts

SpyPedia 14-day Discount - an unusually comprehensive CI database.

On November 25, 2013 through December 6, 2013 the CI CENTRE (Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies) is offering a 50% discount off their annual SPYPEDIA membership. A $365 value and subscribers receive it for half the cost at $182.50!

E-mail They say they will not offer this again until 2014.

*** For every membership purchased between 11/25/13 - 12/6/13 you will ALSO be entered to win a $25 Starbucks gift card!!



There will be no Weekly Intelligence Notes for the next two weeks: 
November 26th and December 3rd.  

The WINs will resume on December 10th, 2013.

Newly Declassified Documents and Videos by CIA

President Carter and the Role of Intelligence in the Camp David Accords

(November 13, 2013)

This collection consists of more than 250 previously classified documents, totaling over 1,400 pages, including some 150 that are being released for the first time.  These documents cover the period from January 1977 through March 1979 and were produced by the CIA to support the Carter administration's diplomatic efforts leading up to President Carter's negotiations with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin at Camp David in September 1978. The declassified documents detail diplomatic developments from the Arab peace offensive and President Sadat's trip to Jerusalem through the regionwide aftermath of Camp David.
Declassified documents can be viewed here. Related videos can be viewed here.

From Typist to Trailblazer: The Evolving View of Women in the CIA's Workforce

(October 30, 2013)

This collection consists of some 120 declassified documents, the majority of which are being released for the first time. The collection includes more than 1,200 pages from various studies, memos, letters, and other official records documenting the CIA's efforts to examine, address, and improve the status of women employees from 1947 to today.
Declassified documents can be viewed here. Related videos have not yet been released.

Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency

(October 1, 2013)

This collection of more than 300 declassified documents highlights the accomplishments of the Clinton Administration in brokering the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords, which resolved the 1992-1995 Bosnian War, and the role the Director of Central Intelligence Interagency Balkan Task Force (BTF) played in informing policymakers' decisions. The compilation contains Statements of Conclusions from National Security Council meetings where senior officials made decisions on the Bosnian conflict, BTF memoranda pertaining to those meetings, key intelligence assessments, and selected materials from the State Department, White House, Department of Defense, and William J. Clinton Presidential Library. The records center around 1995, the year in which the Dayton Accords were signed.
Declassified documents can be viewed here. Related videos can be viewed here.

Twelfth Annual Pearl Harbor Commemoration Lecture
by National Cryptologic Museum Foundation

Thursday, 5 December 2013 - 10 am to 1 pm
Annapolis Junction, Maryland

        The speaker at the Twelfth Annual NCMF Pearl Harbor Commemoration Lecture is noted author and historian Dr. Donald M. Goldstein. Dr. Goldstein's presentation will include insights into the Japanese outlook on the Pearl Harbor attack and the subsequent disastrous aftermath, a gap in our series which we have been trying to fill for over five years.

This year's presentation will take place at L3 Conference Center in the National Business Park. Lunch will follow at noon. It takes place Thursday, 5 December 2013, 10am-1pm in Annapolis Junction, MD. The L3 conference center is located at 2720 Technology Drive Annapolis Junction MD 20701. We will have a selection of books that Dr. Goldstein has authored or coauthored available for purchase.

The program fee for members is $20 [$50 for non-members which includes membership in the NCMF for a year]. Please remit to the NCMF or pay online at The deadline for payment is 29 November. Refunds not possible after that date. Make check payable to "NCMF" and send to PO Box 1682, Fort George G Meade, MD 20755-3682 by 29 November.
Questions? Contact Mary J. Faletto, Senior Administrator, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Office: 301-688-5436 Cell: 443-250-8621. E-mail:

The NCMF will have the NSA 2013 Christmas ornament available for those who wish to purchase it - a rare opportunity. The ornament must be reserved and paid for in advance by check. The cost for the ornament in the gift shop is $16.50 plus tax. Your cost is $16 including tax and handling less your NCMF discount. Please include this amount in a check along with your program fee. The ornament may not be paid for online.

Dr. Goldstein's presentation will finally open the window into the Japanese thought processes leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Join us as we learn about this little known aspect of the attack and its aftermath.



CIA Declassifies Camp David Accords Intelligence. The Central Intelligence Agency has declassified 1,400 pages of intelligence surrounding the Camp David Accords, the historic peace treaty negotiated in 1978 by then-President Jimmy Carter with the leaders of Israel and Egypt.

Carter, now 89, said Wednesday in Atlanta that the documents helped him grasp the full sweep of Middle East tensions in that era, convinced him U.S. diplomatic expectations were too low and steeled his resolve to seek a full-fledged treaty between Egypt and Israel - and nothing less.

A leading achievement of Carter's foreign policy, the accord led then-Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and then-Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to share the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for the first treaty between the Jewish state of Israel and one of its Arab neighbors.

The documents released this week include political and personality profiles of Sadat and Begin that Carter read before the 13-day summit at the Camp David presidential retreat in rural Maryland. [Read more: Barrow&Raum/AP/13November2013] Here is the link to the CIA website to view the newly declassified documents. CIA also released videos related to the Camp David summit, which can be viewed here.

A Russian GPS Using U.S. Soil Stirs Spy Fears. In the view of America�s spy services, the next potential threat from Russia may not come from a nefarious cyberweapon or secrets gleaned from the files of Edward J. Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor now in Moscow. 

Instead, this menace may come in the form of a seemingly innocuous dome-topped antenna perched atop an electronics-packed building surrounded by a security fence somewhere in the United States.

In recent months, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Pentagon have been quietly waging a campaign to stop the State Department from allowing Roscosmos, the Russian space agency, to build about half a dozen of these structures, known as monitor stations, on United States soil, several American officials said.

They fear that these structures could help Russia spy on the United States and improve the precision of Russian weaponry, the officials said. These monitor stations, the Russians contend, would significantly improve the accuracy and reliability of Moscow�s version of the Global Positioning System, the American satellite network that steers guided missiles to their targets and thirsty smartphone users to the nearest Starbucks. [Read more: Schmidt&Schmitt/NYTimes/16November2013]

U.S. Navy to Declare Boeing's P-8A Spy Plane Ready for Use. The U.S. Navy is expected to announce soon that Boeing Co's P-8A aircraft, a long-range maritime surveillance plane based on the company's 737 airliner, is ready for initial operational use, sources familiar with the program said.

The Navy plans to buy 117 of the new anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare planes to replace its P-3 spy planes built by Lockheed Martin Corp.

Boeing won the contract to build the P-8A planes in 2004 and the plane had its first flight in 2009.

The Navy's declaration of "initial operational capability," or IOC, will pave the way for the plane's first deployment in December, said the sources, who were not authorized to speak publicly. [Read more: Reuters/13November2013]

FBI Warns of U.S. Government Breaches by Anonymous Hackers. Activist hackers linked to the collective known as Anonymous have secretly accessed U.S. government computers in multiple agencies and stolen sensitive information in a campaign that began almost a year ago, the FBI warned this week.

The hackers exploited a flaw in Adobe Systems Inc's software to launch a rash of electronic break-ins that began last December, then left "back doors" to return to many of the machines as recently as last month, the Federal Bureau of Investigation said in a memo seen by Reuters.

The memo, distributed on Thursday, described the attacks as "a widespread problem that should be addressed." It said the breach affected the U.S. Army, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, and perhaps many more agencies.

Investigators are still gathering information on the scope of the cyber campaign, which the authorities believe is continuing. The FBI document tells system administrators what to look for to determine if their systems are compromised.

An FBI spokeswoman declined to elaborate. [Read more: Finkle&Menn/Reuters/15November2013]

U.S. Justices Won't Review Intelligence Court Action on Phone Records. The U.S. Supreme Court said on Monday it would not review a ruling by the secretive intelligence court that gave the government access to records kept by Verizon Communications Inc on millions of telephone calls.

The long-shot case was brought to the high court by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), a public interest research organization. It was the first time the high-profile issue has come before the justices since former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden began in June to leak secret documents detailing American surveillance programs.

The NSA used records like those provided by Verizon as part of the spy agency's counterterrorism surveillance activities.

The court rejected the case in a one-sentence order. [Read more: Hurley/Reuters/18November2013]

Germany Warns US Facilities Could be Targeted in Wake of NSA Leaks. Officials in Germany have cautioned authorities to prepare for possible attacks against United States facilities overseas as revelations continue to emerge about America's secretive National Security Agency.

As leaked classified documents continue to disclose the covert operations of the NSA, a domestic intelligence warning obtained by Germany's Der Spiegel suggests the revelations made possible by former contractor Edward Snowden's leaked files are inspiring potentially violent protests.

Der Spiegel, an outlet which has worked closely with Snowden and some of the leaked documents since earlier this year, announced on Monday that it had received a domestic intelligence memo from Germany's Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution - the contents of which cautioned officials that "an emotional response from certain segments of the population cannot be ruled out."

According to the magazine, the government office said that a "potential threat" had emerged following the information disclosed by the NSA leaks, adding that "security measures aimed at protecting US facilities in Germany should be increased." [Read more: RT/12November2013]

Norway Denies U.S. Spying, Said it Shared Intelligence with U.S. Norway's intelligence services said it - and not the U.S. National Security Agency, as reported in a Norwegian newspaper - kept records on more than 33 million phone conversations over the space of one month last winter, Oslo said on Tuesday.

The daily Dagbladet said the U.S. NSA spied on close NATO ally Norway, collecting data about Norwegian phone conversations last December and January.

"This is data collection by Norwegian intelligence to support Norwegian military operations in conflict areas abroad, or connected to the fight against terrorism, also abroad," Lieutenant General Kjell Grandhagen, head of the Norwegian Intelligence Service, told a news conference.

"This was not data collection from Norway against Norway, but Norwegian data collection that is shared with the Americans." [Read more: Reuters/19November2013]

U.S. Intelligence Community Seeking Better Face Recognition Biometrics. Intelligence analysts often rely on facial images to assist in establishing the identity of an individual, but too often, just examining the sheer volume of possibly relevant images and videos can be daunting. While biometric tools like automated face recognition could assist analysts in this task, current tools perform best on the well-posed, frontal facial photos taken for identification purposes. The Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), the research arm of the U.S. intelligence community, is seeking significantly to improve the current performance of face recognition tools by fusing the rich spatial, temporal, and contextual information available from the multiple views captured by today's media.

The Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), the research arm of the U.S. intelligence community, invests in high-risk, high-payoff research programs that have the potential to provide the United States with an intelligence advantage over future adversaries. IARPA works closely with the various members of the intelligence community in order to make sure that its programs address relevant future needs and to facilitate the transition of demonstrated capabilities.

IARPA stresses that it is not an operational organization, and it neither collects raw intelligence nor produces and disseminates intelligence analyses. [Read more: HomelandSecurityNewsWire/14November2013]

Ex-CIA Agents Sue Sheriff for 'Drug Raid'. Abusive sheriff's deputies in Kansas conducted a "SWAT-style" raid on two former CIA agents' house, frightening their children, after finding used tea leaves in their trash, the former agents claim in court.

Adlynn and Robert Harte sued the Board of Commissioners of Johnson County, Johnson County Sheriff Frank Denning and seven of his deputies, in Federal Court.

The Hartes describe themselves in the lawsuit as former CIA employees with the highest level of security clearance. They claim the boneheaded raid was part of the defendants' "Operation Constant Gardener," was designed to drum up publicity for the defendants in 2012.

The Hartes had lived in the same house in Leawood, Kan., since they left the CIA in 2004. The sheriff raided them on April 20, 2012.

"Instead of finding a marijuana 'grow operation,' the deputies instead found five or six struggling plants - tomatoes, squash and melon," the complaint states. [Read more: Harris/CourthouseNewsService/14November2013]

Military Intelligence Service Historic Learning Center Opens. After 20 years in the making, the Military Intelligence Service Historic Learning Center opened on Veterans Day Nov. 11, at Crissy Field on the Presidio of San Francisco to commemorate and honor the legacy of Japanese American soldiers who were trained military intelligence linguists attached to combat units during World War II in the Pacific.

"It is here at this Center that the story of these veterans' courage, sacrifice and love of country will be told, so that our children, grandchildren, and future generations will remember what happened here and will continue to honor that legacy," said Bryan Yagi, president of the National Japanese American Historical Society.

Just one month before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, a secret Army Language School was formed on Nov. 1, 1941, composed of 58 Japanese American, known as Nisei, and two Caucasian soldiers who were secretly trained as Military Intelligence Service (MIS) interpreters in Building 640, an abandoned airplane hangar on Crissy Field. Under austere conditions, with few books, using orange crates as desks and chairs, some 6,000 linguists eventually graduated from the program.

"Their specialized knowledge of the Japanese language and culture helped gain a tactical and strategic advantage over their opponents. In post-war Japan, under the command of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, these �grassroots' ambassadors helped lay the groundwork for Japan's transition to a democracy," Yagi said. [Read more: Cutter/DVIDS/18November2013]


Sisterhood of Spies: Women Crack the Code at the CIA. When John Brennan sits down at his daily 8:30 a.m. senior staff meeting at CIA headquarters, America's top spy sees something none of his predecessors ever saw.

On Brennan's left is Avril Haines, deputy director of the CIA - and a woman. On his right, is Meroe Park, executive director of the agency - also a woman. In a third chair at the seventh-floor conference room table sits Director of Intelligence Fran Moore, the CIA's chief analyst - yes, a woman.

In fact, on most days, says Moore, the majority of the two dozen people in the room are women. Aided by her longtime colleague Sue Gordon, the CIA's director of support, Moore ticked off the titles of the agency's new female elite - but not their names, some of which are classified.

"So our deputy director, our executive director, our chief information officer, our director of support, our director for intelligence, our H.R. director..." [Read more: Windrem/NBC/14November2013]
See newly declassified document releases on Women in CIA at this link.
Story on Women in Intelligence by MotherJones is here.

Target Hires Super Sleuth to Coax Toy Sales. For more than a quarter-century, Jonna Mendez traveled exotic corners of the globe as a CIA operative, often in disguise and wielding tiny spy cameras just like the ones that made James Bond famous.

Now retired, she has a new title this holiday shopping season: Kids' Gift Detective for Target Corp.

The Minneapolis-based cheap-chic retailer has long partnered with fashion designers, makeup artists, famous architects and chefs to create unique products, but the alliance with supersleuth Mendez may well be its most unusual. It comes a time when toys are a crucial part of Target's holiday sales, during a retail season that is expected to be tepid.

The new assignment for Mendez involves crafting covert tips to help moms suss out what kids really want for Christmas, ways to surreptitiously peek at letters to Santa, and suggestions for hiding gifts in plain sight from ever-curious children - all inspired by her "years spent as a top-secret agent," Target declares. The pointers are published for all to see on the retailer's blog,, complete with cartoon illustrations featuring Mendez in a sassy red trench coat and fedora. [Read more: Moore/StarTribune/17November2013]

Southern Museum of Flight Dedicates Exclusive CIA Exhibit. "Shadow Gallery - The Art of Intelligence" opened with a gala event at the Southern Museum of Flight Friday night. An excited crowd of over one hundred watched as former Air America captain Tony Coalson, Raven Forward Air Controller, James L. "Lee" McKinley and renowned artist Jeff Bass cut a ribbon dedicating this unique gallery.

Dr. Jim Griffin, Southern Museum of Flight Director said, "Five years ago, we discovered that the top U.S. Intelligence agency, the CIA, was building a world class art gallery based on declassified intelligence missions for display inside their headquarters at Langley. We were asked to assist one of the artists working with the agency on this project, and we provided photos of our Blackbird. Through that contact and others, we became interested in the other aircraft works the CIA was adding to the exhibit and began contacting artists involved." 

"After five long years of work, we now have prints provided by the original artists, featuring 16 of the 18 paintings hanging in the agency collection," concluded Griffin. Coalson and McKinley provided the audience with an informative account of their experiences while flying missions and Bass discussed how he captured classified missions on canvas. 

The paintings depict highly classified CIA air operations throughout the turbulent Cold War years. [Read more: Allenback/AlabamaAviator/17November2013]

Was Philby Tipped Off Before Defection to Moscow? We may think there is nothing whatsoever new to say about the Cambridge spy ring, that exotic group of five (mainly) elitist, public school-educated, individuals who spied for the Soviet Union, or Communism, as they would have preferred.

We may be wrong .

But a BBC 4 documentary, Storyville: The Spy Who Went Into the Cold - Kim Philby, Soviet Super Spy, to be broadcast on Monday,18 November, sheds some new light, and contains a new mystery, about the defection of the "Third Man", Kim Philby.

Philby was protected by former colleagues in MI6 up to the moment he jumped aboard a Soviet freighter in Beirut in January 1963.

Philby was suspected by MI5 and the Americans as being the Third Man who tipped off Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, two other members of the Cambridge spy ring, that they were about to questioned.

The two fled to France and ended up in Moscow in 1961. [Read more: NortonTaylor/TheGuardian/14November2013]

Former President Carter Praises CIA for Intelligence Work Leading Up to the 1978 Middle East Peace Accords at Camp David. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter was the guest speaker today at a symposium jointly sponsored by the Central Intelligence Agency's Historical Review Program (part of CIA's Information Management Services) and the Carter Presidential Library and Center in Atlanta. The symposium marked the declassification of more than 250 documents - totaling more than 1,400 pages - of intelligence provided to President Carter leading up to the September 1978 Middle East Peace Accords at Camp David.

In addition to President Carter, the symposium featured CNN International Correspondent Jonathan Mann, as well as former National Security Council senior staff member William Quandt, CIA Historian Matthew Penney, former CIA analyst on the Middle East and South Asia, Martha Neff Kessler, Founding Director, CIA's Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior, Jerrold Post, and Adam Howard, general editor of the State Department's Foreign Relations of the United States Series publication.

Prior to the Accords, President Carter asked the CIA and the Intelligence Community to prepare detailed briefings on both Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. "The successes at Camp David were made possible by the team efforts and CIA and intelligence community heroes - who have never been recognized," said Carter. "Thank you for participating in what was a truly historical event. Not a word of the ultimate treaty of peace negotiated six months later in the spring of 1979 has been violated by either Egypt or Israel."

Carter noted that he asked CIA and the intelligence community to prepare briefings on both Begin and Sadat that addressed a number of key questions. These questions included exploring the characters that permitted them to become leaders, the basic root of their ambition to become leaders, and their basic goals in life. Carter also wanted to know about key childhood events that influenced both Sadat and Begin, as well as their religious beliefs, their family relationships and their relationships with other leaders around the world. [Read more: SierraSunTimes/17November2013]

Inside The One-Man Intelligence Unit That Exposed The Secrets And Atrocities Of Syria's War. There was something strange about the rockets that landed on Zamalka, a town south of Syria's capital, just after two in the morning on Aug. 21. They didn't explode. Yet even lodged into walls of homes or injected into the dirt fully intact, they proved lethal. Hundreds of people sleeping near the landing sites were killed instantly and bloodlessly, as if choked by invisible hands. A cloud of death spread quietly, ending hundreds of other lives.

Just after dawn the following day, Muhammed al-Jazaeri, a 27-year-old engineer who had joined a coalition of activists fighting to take down the regime of President Bashar al-Assad, felt an urge to document what had occurred. He found one of the rockets protruding from a patch of orange dirt behind a mosque a mile from his home. Recalling later that he was determined to reveal to the world the "real picture" of life in Syria, he used a handheld Sony camera to capture a short video of its twisted remains. That same day, he uploaded his clip to a site that has become an intelligence hub for war-watchers and a time-killing venue for bored teenagers: He sent it to YouTube.

Several hours later and 2,300 miles to the northwest in Leicester, England, a shaggy-haired blogger named Eliot Higgins peered at his laptop and clicked play on al-Jazaeri's video. It was one of scores Higgins turned up that day as he trawled Twitter, Google+ and the more than 600 Syrian YouTube accounts he monitors daily. From his living room, Higgins was racing to solve the same whodunit confronting world leaders amid claims that Assad had unleashed chemical weapons against rebel sympathizers in the suburbs of Damascus. Was Zamalka a victim of such an attack? If so, who was responsible for the deed?

On paper, Higgins - a 34-year-old with a 2-year-old daughter - brought no credentials for the job. He had no formal intelligence training or security clearance that gave him access to classified documents. He could not speak or read Arabic. He had never set foot in the Middle East, unless you count the time he changed planes in Dubai en route to Manila, or his trip to visit his in-laws in Turkey.

Yet in the 18 months since Higgins had begun blogging about Syria, his barebones site, Brown Moses, had become the foremost source of information on the weapons used in Syria's deadly war. [Read more: Bosker/HuffingtonPost/18November2013]

Intelligence By Design: Spy Museum's Intel Expert. His name is Earnest - Peter Earnest. He doesn't have a pocket full of cool gadgets that smoke, shoot, or explode - those are all downstairs in the International Spy Museum in Washington, DC, where he serves as CEO - and he looks like your grandfather, but that normal-guy disguise has to be one secret to his success. Let's just say that you'd never pick him in a lineup as a decorated covert officer (in civilian-speak, a spy) for the Central Intelligence Agency, but that's what he was for 20 years.

Clearly, Earnest has street cred in the information-into-intelligence department, so when he retires and writes a book on business intelligence �gathering, Business Confidential: Lessons for Corporate Success From Inside the CIA, you read it and try not to blanch when you see that you're in it. Not personally, maybe, but your association tradeshow, your competitors, your after-meeting bar chats with members and others in your network.

Indeed, Earnest pays tribute in the book to the intelligence riches that can be gained by active engagement in associations - no secret there. Information exchanges. Hints. Gossip. Hypothesizing. Development of trusting relationships. Even recognition at times of hard facts - about your association's strengths and weaknesses, competitive practices within your industry or profession, and holes in your own knowledge.

The case is clear: Association work is tough business. And the hardest part of it may well be sheer information management - identifying, finding, analyzing, and acting on it to accomplish your mission.

Which is where Earnest comes in. [Read more: Clarke/AssociationsNow/15November2013]


Keep Spying on Foreigners, NSA. Amid the burst of outrage over NSA spying on the communications of foreign leaders and citizens is the inevitable hand-wringing over how to stop the NSA from violating people's privacy. Germany has proposed updating an international human rights treaty to include a right to digital privacy. Kenneth Roth, the executive director of Human Rights Watch, argues that the U.S. government should accept "a global obligation to protect everyone's privacy." David Cole, a law professor at Georgetown, argues that privacy is a "human right," which the United States is obligated to respect in all countries. But an international privacy right would weaken U.S. interests without providing benefits in return, and would be of little value to the foreigners it is supposed to protect.

Cole's major claim is that Americans gain if foreign governments cannot spy on Americans - and if we don't spy on them, they won't spy on us. But the premise is doubtful, and the conclusion does not follow. Mass surveillance - where emails and other communications are vacuumed up, stored in databases, and then searched for keywords - doesn't harm anyone in itself. The problem only arises when the information is used to detain, interrogate, or harass people. Chinese, French, and Russian intelligence agents do not have the time or inclination to harass random Americans, nor the capability as long as Americans remain in the United States. When people cross borders, international law already protects them from legal harassment. Piling on laws that ban this kind of surveillance would not add meaningful protection.

That means foreign governments can't offer anything of value to us by refraining from engaging in mass surveillance, so there is no room for a trade of the type Cole describes. We all benefit from our governments spying on foreigners. The real danger arises when my government spies on me, and their governments spy on them. A right to privacy that aims to protect foreigners does nothing about this danger, which can be addressed only by constitutional law within each country.

Cole's argument could be recast as a more modest claim about the harm of certain types of surveillance: economic espionage, for example, or spying on leaders like Angela Merkel, if it sows distrust. But then there is a case-by-case question: Do mutual gains accrue to the United States and a specific other country from a joint cessation in spying? [Read more: Posner/Slate/14November2013]

The Politics of Brazilian Intelligence and Foreign Relations with the US. Dilma Rousseff's planned state visit to the US in October was set to have been the first by a Brazilian leader since 1995. However, she cancelled the trip in late September in protest at allegations that her private communications had been intercepted by the US intelligence services. It was the strongest reaction registered by any foreign head of state or government against alleged American spying practices. But it has raised much deeper questions about Brazil's own intelligence community.

The crisis in bilateral relations started - as it has with many other nations which discovered that they were at the tender mercies of the US intelligence community - with public leaks about US spying on Brazilian government communications, and particularly on private correspondence to and from Rousseff herself. Although the row was startling, the vulnerability of Brazilian official communication networks is not in itself �breaking news'. Celso Amorim, the current minister of defence, is known to avoid digital and wired transmissions, not because he enjoys being old-fashioned, but because he knows how vulnerable these are.

Nor is the news of intrusive US spying remarkable: WikiLeaked diplomatic cables plainly indicated that the US intelligence community had previously been monitoring Brazil's fighter and submarine acquisition programmes, and had been obtaining information from what could only be internal Brazilian communications. At the same time, it was known that the US's northern neighbour Canada had also subjected Brazil to cyber-interceptions. Yet in none of these cases was the reaction from Brazil as forceful as it was to the latest set of revelations, which may suggest that other factors are affecting the equation, including the state of politics under Rousseff's administration and the true crux of the relationship between Brazil and the US.

For Brazil, to be the target of an external intelligence threat is still an unusual experience. [Read more: Duarte/RoyalUnitedServicesInstitute/13November2013]

A Global Agreement on Privacy, Intelligence and National Security. The United States was founded on the notion of protecting the rights of the individual, including the right of privacy from government intrusion.

There is always a balance to be struck in gathering intelligence for national security and protecting the privacy of individuals. Until September 11, 2001, there was a general separation of investigative authorities in the U.S. - with a bright line separating criminal from intelligence investigations. After that date, it became clear that this framework impaired the government's ability to protect its citizens. New rules were written, predominantly under the USA Patriot Act, and other countries followed suit, some with even more intrusive laws than the U.S.

I was involved, having worked on the Patriot Act in the U.S. Senate. Some (too few) of us, were trying to insert stronger privacy protections and greater oversight in the reworked framework. But only weeks after the most deadly attack on U.S. soil ever, there was little appetite for such considerations.

Twelve years later we are learning that, as we feared in 2001, in the secrecy of it all, the intelligence community may have gotten the balance between national security and privacy wrong. If the reports are correct, law enforcement and intelligence have stretched and possibly exceeded their authority - to gather stunning volumes of personal data only imaginable in 2001; to tap into literally the very fiber of global communications, possibly even the private networks of companies such as Google and Yahoo!.

However, because these government programs are highly secret, there hasn't been the opportunity for sufficient oversight, nor meaningful public debate as to the balance between protecting national security and preserving privacy. [Read more: Baird/HuffingtonPost/19November2013]

Section IV - Jobs, Books, Obituaries and Coming Events

 [IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these research inquiries or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]

NJCU Assistant/Associate Professor - National (Civil) Security-Executive Communications/Public Relations.

Assistant/Associate Professor: National (Civil) Security-Executive Communications/Public Relations
New Jersey City University, College of Professional Studies, Professional Security Studies Department

Fulltime, tenure track professor needed for the Professional Security Studies Department which offers degrees at the BS, MS and DSc levels in National Security and the DSc in Civil Security Leadership, Management and Policy. This position is ideally suited for an individual with a research agenda and practical interest in executive-level communications/public relations dealing with civil security and emergency operations. The DSc in Civil Security Leadership, Management and Policy focuses on Risk Assessment and Risk Mitigation in three domains of Civil Security: National Security, Corporate Security and Cyber Security with emphasis on urban settings. Teaching responsibilities in the DSc Program will be a priority, although, teaching assignments may be required for the BS and MS program at the Jersey City, Wall Township and Middlesex Campuses. PSS is an inter-disciplinary department drawing upon faculty with a research focus in areas that contribute to developing knowledge in security studies, emergency management, infrastructure protection, cyber security and information assurance. The successful candidate will be expected to advise Doctor of Science DSc students/candidates in dissertation development as primary adviser and will be expected to serve on dissertation committees as well as teach in the DSc program. NJCU is one of our Nation�s 160 Centers of Academic Excellence (CAE). [Read more:]

NJCU Assistant/Associate Professor - Information Assurance/Cyber Security.

Assistant/Associate Professor: Information Assurance/Cyber Security
New Jersey City University, College of Professional Studies, Professional Security Studies Department

Fulltime, tenure-track professor is needed for the Professional Security Studies Department which offers degrees at the BS, MS and DSc levels. This position is ideally suited for an individual with a research agenda and practical interest in Emergency Operations, Computer Forensics and Ethical Hacking. Teaching responsibilities will be in both the MS and DSc programs, but may include teaching classes at the BS level. NJCU is developing a cyber security and electronic forensics laboratory as well as courses that will lead to Computer Forensics and Ethical Hacking certifications. These efforts are consistent with the current National Initiative for Cyber Security Education (NICE) and Knowledge Unit (KU) initiatives of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the National Security Agency (NSA) that have designated NJCU as one of our nation's 160 Centers of Academic Excellence.

PSS is an inter-disciplinary department drawing upon faculty with a research focus in areas that contribute to developing knowledge in security studies, emergency management, infrastructure protection, cyber security and information assurance. The successful candidate will be expected to advise Doctor of Science (DSc) students/candidates in dissertation development as primary adviser and will be expected to serve on dissertation committees as well as teach in the DSc program.

The successful candidate will be expected to identify tools, technologies, and visualization systems that will allow the cyber security and electronic forensics laboratory to be configured as an emergency operations center that will function during table top, communication, and full scale exercises in partnership with public sector entities as well as during student research projects. [Read more:]


Former Top CIA Official Has Book Deal. A former top CIA official whose 33 years of service included the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and the death of Osama bin Laden has a book deal.

The publisher Twelve has acquired Michael J. Morell's The Great War of Our Time: An Insider's Account of the CIA's Fight Against al-Qaida. Twelve, an imprint of Hachette Book Group, announced Wednesday that the book was scheduled for release in spring 2015.

Morell, who retired last summer, had been the deputy director. He briefed President George W. Bush on the day of the 2001 attacks and was with President Barack Obama in 2011 when bin Laden was killed in Pakistan. Morell was also involved in the deadly 2012 attack in Benghazi, Libya, and the use of harsh interrogation techniques. [Read more: AP/13November2013]

'Covert Capital: U.S. Empire in the Suburbs of Northern Virginia' by Andrew Friedman. In his 1906 lecture on the formation of modern nations in Europe, German historian Otto Hintze argued that states were built around the needs of their militaries and that in the 20th century, state organization would come to be determined "primarily by the necessities of defense and offense, that is, by the organization of the army and of warfare." The United States has undeniably been on a semi-permanent war footing since 1949, and this constant preparation for or conduct of foreign wars has transformed our politics, society, economy and laws in ways that endure well beyond the confrontations with each adversary.

In "Covert Capital," Andrew Friedman provides an original and entertaining narrative showing how Cold War planning and operations permanently changed the suburbs of Washington. Drawing on interviews and memoirs of cold warriors, urban and exurban planning, architecture, and social theory, Friedman sketches the origins of the landscape of secrecy and denial that has since sprawled into the access roads and anonymous office parks encircling the nation's capital. National security state employees, along with other residents of the District, Maryland and Virginia curious about the top-secret infrastructure they drive past, can learn a great deal from this book.

An initial instigator was Allen Dulles, who ran the Central Intelligence Agency from 1953 to 1961. Dulles successfully campaigned for Congress and reluctant local officials to move the CIA from its six-building complex at 2430 E St. in Foggy Bottom and temporary buildings along the Mall to the woods of Langley, which he came to know from parties at the nearby home of his sister, Eleanor Lansing Dulles, a State Department official. Allen sought to transform the new campus into an insulated and compartmentalized environment - and, by moving the CIA's headquarters from eight blocks to eight miles away from the White House, to enjoy greater autonomy. [Read more: Zenko/WashingtonPost/14November2013]


Mavis Batey, Bletchley Park Code Breaker in World War II, Dies at 92. Mavis Batey was a British student of 19, midway through her university course in German Romanticism, when she was recruited for a top-secret assignment during World War II.

"This is going to be an interesting job, Mata Hari, seducing Prussian officers," she recalled thinking years later. "But I don't think either my legs or my German were good enough because they sent me to the Government Code and Cipher School."

In May 1940, Mrs. Batey - then the unmarried Mavis Lever - joined the team of code breakers at Bletchley Park, the British cryptography headquarters. Trained in the enemy's language and endowed with a facility for words, she became a key contributor to a wartime project that remained classified for decades.

But by the time of her death on Nov. 12 at 92, Mrs. Batey was regarded in England as a national heroine. Working with Alfred Dillwyn "Dilly" Knox and other celebrated code breakers, she learned to decipher what she called the "utter gibberish" of encrypted German communications. [Read more: Langer/WashingtonPost/16November2013]

Coming Educational Events


MANY more International Spy Museum Events in 2013 and some for 2014 with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at The titles for some of these are in detail below and online.

Thursday, 21 November 2013, 11:30 am - Palmer Lake, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain meeting features John Putnam on "Lessons Learned from the Waldo Canyon Fire."

Speaker, John E. Putnam is with Putnam Assurance & Risk Services, LLC, Colorado. He will talk about "Lessons Learned about the Waldo Canyon Fire."
Event location: The Inn at Palmer Divide, 443 S. Highway 105, Palmer Lake, CO, Exit 161 westbound off I-25, West on Highway 105.
Please RSVP to Tom Van Wormer at

Monday, 2 December 2013, 5:30 - 8pm - New York, NY - "NSA Wiretapping, Snowden, Manning, and the FISA Court" - Judge Michael Mukasey's talk at the AFIO NY Chapter Meeting

SPEAKER: Judge Michael Ukase, Former US Attorney General, 2007 - 09; currently NYC-based Partner at Televise & Plimpton. Served 18 years as Judge US District Court of the Southern District of NY, 6 years as Chief Judge. Most notable award, "Learned Hand Medal of the Federal Bar Council."
LOCATION: Society of Illustrators 128 East 63rd Street between Lax. & Park Ave. TIME: Registration 5:30 PM Meeting Start 6:00 PM
Registration: Strongly suggested, not required. Open to the public.
Email: or call: 646-717-3776, Jerry Goodwin, President, AFIO New York Metropolitan Chapter
Cost: $50/person Cash or Check at the door only
Buffet Dinner: Buffet Dinner to follow talk & Q&A.

Wednesday, 4 December 2013, 5:30 pm - Las Vegas, NV - AFIO Las Vegas Chapter Holiday Dinner Event Features Ernest Williams on "History of the Nevada Test Site."

Our holiday dinner will be held in the A-Room of the Nellis Air Force Base Officers' Club. A no-host bar, located adjacent to the A-Room will be in operation from 5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. for your convenience. Please purchase your cocktails at the A-Room bar instead of the Robin's Roost.
Our featured speaker for the evening will Ernest B. Williams on "History of the Nevada Test Site: Reflections on 54 Years of NTS Experience."
Ernest Williams enlisted into the US Air Force in 1951. He began working for the Atomic Energy Commission reporting to Mercury, Nevada, Nevada Proving Grounds (Nevada Test Site) in 1955, where he witnessed and/or participated in over 500 atmospheric and underground nuclear tests. In 1962 he was an administrative Officer on Christmas Island and an engineer for the Dominic atmospheric tests (24 atmospheric tests). At the Nevada Test Site, Mr. Williams participated in over 400 underground tests. Mr. Williams retired in 1986 and is currently employed with National Security Technologies. He is currently involved in the counterterrorism program and the first responders program at the National Nuclear Security Site (formerly the NTS) and Community relations in Las Vegas, Nevada. Williams received the Award of Excellence from DOE in 1993 and congressional recognition from the Nevada Congressional District.
If you have provided your name, date of birth and either a drivers' license number or a social security number, your name will be at the guarded main gate at Nellis AFB entrance; if not, provide this information to Mary Bentley ( by 22 November 2013, or you will not be admitted. If you currently have base access, you do not need to provide this information.
Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base. All guests must use the MAIN GATE, located at the intersection of Craig Road and Las Vegas Blvd.
Address: 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191 Phone: 702-644-2582.
Dinner: The holiday dinner buffet will be served starting at 5:30p.m. and will include: Tossed Greens with Toasted Walnut and Raspberry Vinaigrette,
Roast Turkey with Stuffing, Cranberry Chutney, Pan Gravy, Mashed Potatoes and Chef's Vegetables, Freshly Baked Rolls with Butter, Pumpkin and Pecan Pies; and Coffee & Tea Service

Please Note: If your dues are in good standing for the current calendar year, the holiday dinner will be at a cost of $5.00 per person. If your dues are lapsed or for any guest attending the meeting, the fee is $20 pp for the dinner. Bring your spouse and/or guest(s) to dinner and the meeting, but remember to submit your guest(s) names, date of birth and either drivers license number or social security numbers before 22 November 2013.

Questions to Mary Bentley ( anytime or call me at 702-295-0417 if you have any questions.

5 December 2013, 11:30am-2pm - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO San Francisco Chapter hosts Lt. Vincent Nguyen, USCG assigned to Intelligence unit in Florida Keys.

The AFIO James Quesada San Francisco Chapter hosts Lt. Vincent Nguyen, US Coast Guard currently assigned to an Intelligence unit in the Florida Keys. Lt. Nguyen is the winner of one of our chapter scholarships and is pursuing a Master's degree in Asian-Pacific Studies from the University of San Francisco.
11:30AM no host cocktails; meeting starts at noon. Location: United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, SF (between Sloat/Wawona). RSVP required by 11/30/13 to Mariko Kawaguchi: e-mail and mail check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, P.O. Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011. Members and students: $25; non-member guests $35 (must be accompanied by member).

Thursday, 5 December 2013, 10am-1pm - Annapolis Junction, MD - National Cryptologic Museum Foundation's Annual Pearl Harbor Program

The speaker at the Twelfth Annual NCMF Pearl Harbor Commemoration Lecture is noted author and historian Dr. Donald Goldstein. Dr. Goldstein's presentation will include insights into the Japanese outlook on the Pearl Harbor attack and the subsequent disastrous aftermath, a gap in our series which we have been trying to fill for over five years.

This year's presentation will take place at L3 Conference Center in the National Business Park. Lunch will follow at noon. We will have a selection of books that Dr. Goldstein has authored or coauthored available for purchase.

The program fee for members is $20 and $50 for non-members which includes membership in the NCMF for a year. Please remit to the NCMF or you may pay online. The deadline for payment is 29 November. Refunds will not be possible after that date. Make check payable to NCMF and send to PO Box 1682, Fort George G Meade, MD 20755-3682 by 29 November. The L3 conference center is located at 2720 Technology Drive Annapolis Junction MD 20701.
Questions? Contact Mary J. Faletto, Senior Administrator, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Office: 301-688-5436 Cell: 443-250-8621. E-mail:

The NCMF will have the NSA 2013 Christmas ornament available for those who wish to purchase it - a rare opportunity. The ornament must be reserved and paid for in advance by check. The cost for the ornament in the gift shop is $16.50 plus tax. Your cost is $16 including tax and handling less your NCMF discount. Please include this amount in a check along with your program fee. The ornament may not be paid for online.

Thursday, 5 December 2013, 4:30 PM - Washington, DC - Lt Gen Michael Flynn, Director DIA, on "Preparing for the Unknown"

"Preparing for the Unknown" is the topic of by Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn, USA, Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, at The Eighteenth Annual
Pearl Harbor Day Lecture at The Institute of World Politics, 1521 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036.
As we reflect on the lessons of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the intelligence community must remain ever vigilant in our pursuit to uncover the unknown. The nature of global conflict is increasingly ad-hoc requiring an agile and educated workforce to take the lessons of history and apply them to future challenges.
DIA Director LTG Michael T. Flynn will discuss the imperative for a new model for defense intelligence to prevent strategic surprise and provide decision advantage to warfighters and policymakers. He will speak to the rapidly shifting security landscape, addressing global trends like population growth, urbanization, and technological developments that are creating new security challenges. In this strategic context, LTG Flynn with highlight wartime lessons learned that demonstrate the growing importance of intelligence integration and form the foundation of DIA's way ahead to ensure defense intelligence continues to provide the information needed to maintain U.S. strategic advantage.
Important note: Attendance at all IWP events requires an RSVP in advance. In addition, prospective attendees must receive an e-mail confirmation from IWP indicating that seating will be available for them at the event. A government-issued ID that matches your name on the confirmed attendee list must be presented at the door for admission to any event. The use of photographic and/or recording equipment is prohibited except by advanced permission from IWP, the event organizer, and the speaker(s). IWP is a private organization; as such, all attendees are guests of the Institute.

10 December 2013 - MacDill AFB, FL - The AFIO Suncoast Chapter hears from Hon. William Burgess, on Special Operations

Our meeting's featured Speaker: Hon. William H. Burgess, III, Florida Circuit Court Judge, retired US Army, on his Special Operations Experiences.

Hon. William H. Burgess, III, is a Circuit Court Judge in Florida's Sixth Judicial Circuit. He is a former trial attorney and prosecutor for the State of Florida. Judge Burgess is Board Certified in Criminal Trial Law and is a member of The Florida Bar, the St. Petersburg Bar Association, the Clearwater Bar Association, and the West A Bar Association. He regularly lectures on sentencing, evidence, professionalism, trial practice, and other criminal law-related topics for lawyer organizations throughout Florida and has taught at the college and law school levels. He is an expert on Florida sentencing law and is the author of the definitive legal treatise on that subject, which is used by judges and lawyers throughout the state. Mr. Burgess received his J.D. from Washington College of Law, The American University; his M.P.A. from Clark University; and his B.A. in Political Science from the University of Massachusetts.
Judge Burgess enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1976, receiving his commission as a Second Lieutenant in 1978. Burgess served in Infantry, Military Intelligence, and, for most of his career, Special Forces, including wartime command experience in the Persian Gulf. While in the Army, Burgess worked and trained with several allied special operations forces, including Britain's 22 Special Air Service. He is a charter member of the Army's Special Forces Combat Arms Branch. Burgess authored the Army's first Special Reconnaissance doctrinal manual and made significant contributions to other doctrinal publications pertaining to sensitive special operations and intelligence matters. He also lead pioneering efforts in research, development, and application of strategic targeting methods in support of National Command Authority objectives. He has written a number of articles about the concepts and history of special operations for a variety of national and international magazines and journals, and he edited and contributed to Inside Spetsnaz, the most definitive open-source book of its time on Soviet special operations forces. At retirement in 1995, Burgess was serving as a Regular Army Major on the personal staff of the Commander-in-Chief, United States Special Operations Command. Burgess is a member of Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2473 and has remained active in veterans affairs since his retirement.
Questions or reservations to Michael F. Shapiro at

Tuesday, 10 - 11 December 2013 - Herndon, VA - ATIA's TECHINT 2013 on ""Operationalizing Integration: From Policy to Outcomes"

NRO Director, the Hon. Betty Sapp, will be a keynote speaker at the ATIA's TECHINT 2013. She will follow closely on the heels of ODNI Director Clapper in setting the stage for our symposium on Operationalizing Integration and assist in leading us into our afternoon sessions on Space Situational Awareness.
Symposium location: TASC, Inc., Heritage Conference Center, 4803 Stonecroft Blvd., Chantilly, VA 20151.
We'll also be holding our annual Awards Ceremony and Reception 5:30-7:30 on 10 December at Hilton Dulles Airport Hotel, 13869 Park Center Rd, Herndon, Virginia 20171; there is also still time to submit an Awards recommendation. More information here.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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