AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #01-14 dated 7 January 2014

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Section IV - Obituaries, Books and Coming Events



Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar for Next Two Months ONLY

1 - 3 May 2014 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO-NGA 2014 3-day Intelligence Symposium. Preliminary details here. Hotel registrations currently available.

For Additional Events two+ months or more.... view our online Calendar of Events 

    • WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk and fwr.  They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

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DO NOT MISS - The Assets: Thursdays on ABC at 10|9c. The Assets is an eight-part miniseries based on the real life events of CIA counter-intelligence officer Sandy Grimes (Jodie Whittaker). 1985 serves as the backdrop to the final showdown of the Cold War when Sandy and her partner Jeanne Vertefeuille (Harriet Walter) vowed to find the mole that would turn out to be the most notorious traitor in US History, Aldrich Ames (Paul Rhys). Sandy is in a race against time to save the Soviet intelligence officers from being caught and killed. Living her own double life at home, this beautiful wife and mother vowed to stop at nothing until she uncovered the truth. The Assets will look inside the true, personal stories of the conclusion of the Cold War as told by the keepers of the nation�s secrets: the CIA.

The Assets stars Paul Rhys (Borgia) as Aldrich Ames, Jodie Whittaker (Venus) as Sandy Grimes, Harriet Walter (Babel) as Jeanne Vertefeuille, Stuart Milligan (Jonathan Creek) as Paul Redmond, Julian Ovenden (Downton Abbey) as Gary Grimes, Christina Cole (Casino Royale) as Louisa, and Ralph Brown (Withnail and I) as Lawrence Winston.

The Assets is based on the book Circle of Treason: A CIA Account of Traitor Aldrich Ames and the Men He Betrayed by Sandy Grimes and Jeanne Vertefeuille. Morgan Hertzan, Rudy Bednar and Andrew Chapman executive produced the series. The Assets is produced by Lincoln Square Productions.

Alternative Viewing Method: Online via HuluPlus

The Assets can be viewed as streaming video online via Hulu Plus (subscription required) as the episodes are released on ABC.

More about The Assets and the book and people upon whom it is based, is covered here at USNI Press:

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THURSDAY, 16 January 2014, 10 am to noon - Washington, DC - CIA and The CWIHP at The Wilson Center present "Assessing Warsaw Pact Military Forces: The Role of CIA Clandestine Reporting"

Please note: this event has been rescheduled from January 15th to January 16th from 10:00AM to 12:00PM.

"CIA Analysis of  Warsaw Pact Military Forces: The Importance of Clandestine Reporting" examines the role of intelligence derived from clandestine human sources in the Central Intelligence Agency's analyses of Warsaw Pact military capabilities for war in Europe from 1955 to 1985.  The intelligence was provided to US policymakers and military planners and used to assess the political and military balance in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War. The speakers, who were analysts of Soviet military affairs during much of the period, were selected by the CIA to mine its archives for relevant material, previously highly classified, and to provide the documents in coherent form for their study and for public release. The release features a large collection of internal Warsaw Pact classified documents obtained clandestinely during the period and translated and disseminated to senior policymakers by CIA.

Joan Bird will provide a brief overview of the released CIA documents, while John Bird will engage in an in-depth review of the substance of CIA analyses of Warsaw Pact Forces. 

Mark Kramer, director of the Cold War Studies Program at Harvard University, and Barry Watts, Adjunct Professor, Center for Security Studies, Georgetown University, and a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, will join the panel as commentators. A. Ross Johnson, Senior Scholar at the Wilson Center, will chair the event.

This meeting is a sequel to an April 5, 2011, Wilson Center event, "Warsaw Pact: Wartime Statutes—Instruments of Soviet Control," which focused on the mechanisms of Soviet control over its Warsaw Pact allies, based on an earlier CIA release of Warsaw Pact documents also obtained clandestinely.

Further conference information.

No fee to attend. Location:  6th Floor, Woodrow Wilson Center. Directions:

Please RSVP here.


Intelligence Chief Declassifies FISA Court Approval for Collection of Phone Data. The top U.S. spy opened the door a sliver Friday on the mass collection of telephone records, acknowledging that national intelligence agencies had sought and been granted permission to vacuum up Americans' calling data for three more months.

In a statement released quietly on Friday, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence said Director James Clapper had decided to declassify and disclose that the government made the request to the hush-hush Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which approved it earlier in the day.

U.S. District Judge William Pauley upheld the constitutionality of the National Security Agency's bulk collection of millions of Americans' telephone records - what's called "telephony metadata" - in a controversial ruling in New York last week. The American Civil Liberties Union, which brought the suit challenging the program, said Thursday that it would appeal Pauley's ruling.

Pauley's ruling came just 11 days after U.S. District Judge Richard Leon said the program appeared to be unconstitutional in a ruling in Washington, D.C., that sided with two Americans who wanted their data removed from NSA records. [Read more: Johnson/NBCNews/4January2014]

NSA Seeks to Build Quantum Computer That Could Crack Most Types of Encryption. In room-size metal boxes, secure against electromagnetic leaks, the National Security Agency is racing to build a computer that could break nearly every kind of encryption used to protect banking, medical, business and government records around the world.

According to documents provided by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, the effort to build "a cryptologically useful quantum computer" - a machine exponentially faster than classical computers - is part of a $79.7 million research program titled "Penetrating Hard Targets." Much of the work is hosted under classified contracts at a laboratory in College Park, Md.

The development of a quantum computer has long been a goal of many in the scientific community, with revolutionary implications for fields such as medicine as well as for the NSA's code-breaking mission. With such technology, all current forms of public key encryption would be broken, including those used on many secure web sites as well as the type used to protect state secrets.

Physicists and computer scientists have long speculated about whether the NSA's efforts are more advanced than those of the best civilian labs. Although the full extent of the agency's research remains unknown, the documents provided by Snowden suggest that the NSA is no closer to success than others in the scientific community. [Read more: Rich&Gellman/WashingtonPost/2January2014]

Rwandan Leader Accused in Killing of Ex-Spy Chief. The suspicious death of Rwanda's former spy chief in a plush Johannesburg hotel is resurrecting allegations that Western-backed President Paul Kagame is orchestrating a campaign to kill opponents at home and abroad.

South African police opened a murder investigation after former Col. Patrick Karegeya's body was discovered on New Year's Day.

"He was found in the hotel room dead on the bed," said police spokeswoman Lt. Col. Katlego Mogale. "A towel with blood and a rope were found in the hotel room safe. There is a possibility that he might have been strangled."

Rwandan opposition leader Theogene Rudasingwa identified the hotel as the Michelangelo Towers and called the death an assassination that fit a pattern of attacks against prominent opponents of Kagame. [Read more: AP/2January2013]

MI6 Had 'Blind Faith' in Kim Philby for Years After Soviet Agent Fears. MI6 continued actively to protest the innocence of Kim Philby for years after he helped fellow Soviet agents Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean to flee to Russia, according to a newly released Downing Street file.

The head of the Secret Intelligence Service said it would be "un-English" to brand Philby a traitor on suspicion alone, pointing out that the master-spy had helped unmask other Soviet agents, including Maclean.

"It is entirely contrary to the English tradition for a man to have to prove his innocence even when the prosecution is in possession of hard facts," argued Major-General Sir John Sinclair, chief of the SIS in the mid-1950s. "In a case where the prosecution has nothing but suspicion to go upon there is even less reason for him, even if he were able to do so, to prove his innocence."

The blind faith placed in Philby by his old service despite compelling evidence of his treachery is disclosed in documents prepared in 1963 for Harold Macmillan, the prime minister, after Philby's defection to the Soviet Union from Beirut in January of that year. Sinclair's defence, dating from 1955, is contained in the previously Top Secret file. [Read more: Day&Tweedie/TheTelegraph/5January2014]

Croatia Arrests Former Spy Chief Wanted in Germany. Croatia arrested on Wednesday a former intelligence chief wanted in Germany, responding to an extradition row that overshadowed the Balkan state's accession to the European Union last summer.

Josip Perkovic was one of 10 people arrested, state news agency Hina reported, as an amended law took effect that brought the country's extradition laws into line with most of the rest of the bloc.

He is sought in connection with the 1983 murder of a Yugoslav dissident in Bavaria, allegedly orchestrated by communist Yugoslavia's secret services for which he then worked.

He has denied wrongdoing. His lawyer, Anto Nobilo, told state television HRT that Perkovic would oppose extradition, saying he did not expect a fair trial in Germany and because he had already been investigated and cleared of all charges in Croatia. [Read more: Reuters/1January2014]

Report: Israeli Military Intelligence Sees 'Deep Strategic Change' in Iran. A new report on a recent Israeli intelligence assessment indicates that Israel's military intelligence service disagrees with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu's public statements on the current leadership in Iran. Since the election of Hassan Rohani as president in Iran this past June, Netanyahu has repeatedly said that there's no real difference between Rohani and his predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and that Rohani's conciliatory approach to the international community is just a trick by the Iranian regime.

"Rohani doesn't sound like Ahmadinejad," Netanyahu said in his speech to the United Nations General Assembly in October. "But when it comes to Iran's nuclear weapons program, the only difference between them is this: Ahmadinejad was a wolf in wolf's clothing. Rohani is a wolf in sheep's clothing, a wolf who thinks he can pull the eyes - the wool over the eyes of the international community."

"This is a ruse," Netanyahu continued. "It's a ploy."

But Haaretz's Amos Harel reports that Israeli military intelligence "discerns a genuine struggle over the future image of [Iran] between the spiritual leader Ali Khamenei and his conservative allies, and a more moderate group headed by the new president, Hassan Rohani." [Read more: Duss/ThinkProgress/31December2013]

Randolph Soldier Receives Prestigious Military Award. Army Capt. Kevin Ryan, 29, of Randolph has been awarded the Lt. Gen. Sidney T. Weinstein Award for Excellence in Military Intelligence.

The award was established in 2007 after the death of Weinstein, who is considered the father of modern military intelligence.

The award recognizes the outstanding achievements of an Army captain who embodies Weinstein's values. The recipient must have performed actions that positively promote and bring honor to the military.

The awards ceremony was held at the Fort Huachuca Military Holiday Ball in December in Tucson, Ariz.

As senior Army intelligence officer on a task force led by Navy special operations forces in 2009, Ryan helped develop intelligence that led to the apprehension of more than 100 targets and the reduction of a deadly explosive in Baghdad, Iraq, according to information released by the Army. [Read more: Pavlu/ThePatriotLedger/4January2014]

Hotline Marks Return of Egypt's Security Agency. After a bombing hit a security headquarters in Egypt's Nile Delta, calls flooded into a hotline run by security agencies as people reported suspected members of the Muslim Brotherhood in their neighborhoods. In the weeks that followed, hotline numbers have run in a scroll on the bottom of many TV news broadcasts.

It's one sign of how Egypt's National Security Agency - once widely hated as a pillar of the police state under ousted autocrat Hosni Mubarak - is reclaiming a major role amid a wave of militant violence and a wide-scale government crackdown on the Brotherhood since the July coup that removed Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.

Some activists fear that a Mubarak-style autocracy is returning under the new military-backed government, three years after the uprising that toppled Mubarak in hopes of creating a democracy. The emphasis on the hotlines, they warn, raises the likelihood that neighbor will turn against neighbor at a time when the government has accused the Brotherhood - its top political nemesis - of organizing the violence.

Officials from the agency say tips from citizens are helping it rebuild its intelligence sources. They depict the agency as deeply crippled by three years of turmoil - including, they say, security breaches during Morsi's year in office, when the Brotherhood gained access to its files. [Read more: Deeb/AP/6January2014]

For Russia's Special Forces, a New Amphibious Assault Rifle. A famous Russian gun-maker says that, after decades of research, it has produced the first-ever amphibious assault rifle, able to fire high-velocity bullets underwater and then switch into a conventional weapon on the surface.

Even James Bond needed a special harpoon gun for fighting underwater, and Q would have probably placed an immediate order upon learning of the new ADS underwater assault rifle - a weapon whose development has been something of an open secret in recent years, but was only officially rolled out by the venerable Tula-based Russian arms designer KPB this week.

"It's a real breakthrough, nobody in the world has succeeded in building such a weapon before," says Maxim Velmezev, an expert with the company. Mr. Velmezev says the Russian Army decided in August to buy the gun and a short while ago Russian authorities decided to publicly acknowledge its existence.

"We're really happy about that," he says. "In the past combat swimmers had to have two guns, one for fighting in water and another in the open air. That was inconvenient. This is the first universal assault weapon, and we anticipate there will be strong demand for it around the world." [Read more: Weir/ChristianScienceMonitor/25October2013]


Spycrash: 5 CIA Operations That Went South - Spectacularly. The Associated Press yesterday revealed that Robert Levinson, a former FBI agent, was [informally] working for the CIA when he disappeared on Iran in March 2007. But perhaps more surprising than Levinson's ties to the CIA was the reckless way in which the operation was carried out: He was sent to Iran's Kish Island, a smuggling hub in the Persian Gulf, by a team of analysts who had no authority to run intelligence operations, and who would eventually be accused by CIA investigators of hiding the fact that they were running an off-the-books spy mission from top officials at the agency.

The fiasco caused a behind-the-scenes uproar in Congress and the CIA, which eventually forced three veteran analysts to leave the agency. Meanwhile, the White House, FBI, and State Department continued to publicly state that Levinson was a private citizen when he disappeared. The U.S. government urged the AP for years to avoid publishing news about Levinson's CIA ties, and paid a $2.5 million settlement to his family to avoid a lawsuit that could have revealed the truth.

The Levinson saga, however, is far from the first time that a CIA operation not only failed, but failed so badly that outsiders were left wondering how officers for America's premier spy agency could be so rotten at their jobs. Here are just a few of the most spectacularly botched operations in the Agency's history. [Read more: Kenner/ForeignPolicy/13December2013]

Intelligence: Chinese Spies Abide. China recently completed construction of a monument outside Beijing dedicated to the hundreds of espionage agents executed in Taiwan during the 1950s after they were caught spying. China admitted that at least 1,100 of the 1,500 spies sent to Taiwan (usually as refugees) in the early 1950s were caught and executed. China did not mention those who changed sides, which may be why only 846 names were on the monument. The monument includes statues of four prominent casualties from this operation. One was a Nationalist general who secretly switched sides and was later caught, along with two subordinates and a woman who took care of getting secrets back to China. It is known that these four were caught because a prominent communist agent in Taiwan was persuaded to reveal information that led to identifying hundreds of Chinese spies. 

China and Taiwan have been spying on each other for over 60 years and it was most intense in the 1950s. In the 1960s the situation got rather chaotic in China (a major famine, the "Cultural Revolution" and so on). Espionage activity never stopped but it revived again as the Chinese economy shifted to a market model in the last three decades, and Taiwan was allowed to invest in China. The Taiwanese thought this would be an intelligence gold mine, but it's hard to say for whom.

In 2006 a confident China released a lot of information about how Taiwan recruits spies inside China, as a warning to potential spies. Taiwan uses the Internet, trolling chat rooms and bulletin boards, as well as emailing likely candidates, and even using online ads. Actually, the Taiwanese are simply doing openly what the Chinese have been doing clandestinely for decades. [Read more: StratagyPage/6January2014]

Don't Want Your Laptop Tampered With? Just Add Glitter Nail Polish. If you're traveling overseas, across borders or anywhere you're afraid your laptop or other equipment might be tampered with or examined, you've got a new secret weapon to improve security. Glitter nail polish.

Don't laugh. It works.

Security researchers Eric Michaud and Ryan Lackey, making a presentation at the Chaos Communication Congress on Monday, highlighted the power of nail polish - along with metallic paints and even crappy stickers - to help people know when their machines have been physically tampered with and potentially compromised.

"Government agencies have so much money, they can build their own custom procedures," said Ryan Lackey, founder of the CryptoSeal VPN service. "But if you're a private person who travels to a country to do work, you have to take your stuff."

Physical tampering with machines, whether by governments, corporate competitors or data thieves looking for bounty, is a growing problem. [Read more: Borland/Wired/30December2013]

Mr. Thornton Ends Career as a CIA Driver With Stories to Tell. The way Mr. Thornton tells the story, it was shortly after the Sept. 11 attacks, and he suddenly needed to drive the CIA's No. 3 official to a secret location three hours away in Virginia. His boss, A.B. "Buzzy" Krongard, was running late, so Mr. Thornton - a fedora-wearing septuagenarian who everyone, even agency directors, called by that honorific - would need to use his lead foot.

"It was at one of these undercover places, and we were doing 80 miles per hour. One time, I hit 100. But I got Buzzy there 15 minutes before the meeting," said Mr. Thornton, 79, who insists that he cannot remember much else about the drive and why the meeting was so urgent. "All I knew about it was that it was a secret place," he said. "That's all I can say."

Mr. Thornton never ran spies. (So he says.) He never interrogated a terrorist suspect. But in his nearly 45 years at the CIA - a tenure that ended Dec. 20 when he retired - the Prince George's County resident worked as an agency driver and became a Langley fixture. In his first two-plus decades, he operated agency shuttle buses, picking up CIA employees around Washington and dropping them off at government facilities. And in the last 17 or so, he chauffeured the agency's executive director - "ExDir," in agency parlance - as well as other agency officers.

Up until late December, Mr. Thornton occupied an unsung role in the national security establishment. Mr. Thornton was an unarmed CIA driver with top-secret security clearance who every day happened to hold in his hands the lives of elite spymasters - his "principals," as he dutifully calls them.

What did Mr. Thornton overhear in all those trips with the CIA's senior executives? [Read more: Shapira/WashingtonPost/28December2013]

Why Did the Intelligence Services Murder Dr. Stephen Ward? I first became interested in the case of Stephen Ward while investigating the assassination of John F. Kennedy. I came across a declassified FBI file that suggested they were investigating the visit of Christine Keeler and Mandy Rice-Davies in July, 1962. The date intrigued me as the story about Keeler and Rice-Davies being involved with the Minister of War John Profumo only became news in March, 1963. Further research showed that it was not only J. Edgar Hoover who was interested in the Profumo Scandal. In 1963 President Kennedy was paying more than ordinary attention to the case. According to his friend, Ben Bradlee: "He had devoured every word written about the Profumo case. He ordered all further cables on that subject sent to him immediately." The reason Kennedy was concerned so much with the case was that he had been told there was a connection between the women being employed by the sex-parties run by Bobby Baker in Washington and those being organized by Stephen Ward in London. Much to his regret, Kennedy had become involved with some of the women supplied by Baker. This included Suzy Chang and Maria Novotny. By 1963 Kennedy realised that Lyndon B. Johnson was behind Baker's operation and it had been used to gather information to be used to blackmail politicians in Washington. This information was also being shared with Hoover and the FBI. It seemed that Ward was running a similar operation in London. Was it being done for the benefit of MI5? If so, why had MI5 not warned Profumo of this? Or were the intelligence services using this information in the same way as they were in Washington?

I decided to produce some material on the Profumo case. This took the form of biographies on the key figures. During my research I discovered that Keeler and Rice-Davies met Earl Felton at a 1963 New Year party. According to Rice-Davies, Fenton was a screen-writer who introduced her to Robert Mitchum. The following month Felton contacted Keeler. According to her account: "Stephen had been telling him lies, feeding him false information and indicating that I was spying for the Russians because of my love for Eugene. The message was to leave the country, say nothing about anything I might have seen or heard." I know from other sources that Fenton was a CIA agent.

A FBI document dated on 29th January, 1963, reveals that Thomas Corbally, an American businessman who was a close friend of Stephen Ward, told Alfred Wells, the secretary to David Bruce, the ambassador, that Christine Keeler was having a sexual relationship with John Profumo and Eugene Ivanov. The document also stated that Harold Macmillan had been informed about this scandal.

In March, 2009, I was contacted by Mandy Rice-Davies, who was upset by my biography of her. She was particularly angry about a quote I had used by Christine Keeler, that she considered libelous. I was invited to telephone her, which I did, and she was very generous with the amount of information she gave me on the case. The problem was that she was just a pawn in these events and was unable to see the larger picture. For example, she refused to accept that Earl Fenton was a CIA agent and that he genuinely wanted to make her a Hollywood star.

Rice-Davies did give me some really interesting information about the court-case. [Read more: SpartacusEducational/4January2014]


�Front-Page Rule' is Unprecedented in U.S. Intelligence Community. Should the United States engage in secret, covert or clandestine activity if the American public cannot be convinced of the necessity and wisdom of such activities should they be leaked or disclosed?

To intelligence professionals, that's a bizarre question. The answer is that the public's opinion shouldn't matter, because espionage, clandestine intercepts of intelligence and covert acts carried out by the United States and other governments are often, by their nature, dirty and mostly illegal operations where they are carried out.

The prime reason for secrecy is that you don't want the targets to know what you are doing. But often in democracies, another reason is that you don't want your citizens to know what their government is doing on their behalf to keep them secure, as long as it's within their country's law.

"Accountability and secrecy" were two watchwords a former senior intelligence official said guided operations during his 40-year career, not whether the public would approve of everything he was doing. [Read more: Pincus/WashingtonPost/25December2013]

Talking Out of School: A History Lesson on Intelligence Leaking. There was a time when no professional intelligence operations officer would talk about his business with a journalist or anyone else who was not officially involved with these activities. The breakdown came in the 1970s - first with the Nixon Administration and then with Carter. The reasons were different, but the end result was the same. These "unauthorized disclosures" increased as congressional oversight was stimulated by the Pike and Church committees. The instigation of this "talking out of school" was multi-sourced but ultimately evolved from Defense Department competition with the CIA and personal animosity between CIA operational leaders, William Colby and James Angleton (Director and Chief of Counter-Intelligence Staff, respectively). None of this should have happened, but it did.

Jealousy regarding "who knew what" had always existed in Washington political circles. Oddly enough Congress consistently had been kept in the dark in respect to foreign intelligence and only a few veteran politicos were privy to any truly "classified" information. Similarly, only certain "trustworthy" journalists were allowed to know any details of diplomatic and foreign political affairs. Intelligence information (defined as any information derived from intelligence sources) was held tightly by security-cleared individuals on a need-to-know basis. This included most of the White House staff. 

Unusual exceptions were made even earlier in the Kennedy and Johnson years with political backers of these presidents who for personal reasons of the White House insiders were considered trustworthy - and useful. The latter characteristic became increasingly important as a device to influence various members of Congress. It was this special access that created the early journalistic openings outside of the small, traditionally approved, media circle.

William Casey, director of the CIA under President Reagan, opened the door for greater individual journalistic access, but the Vietnam war and its immense press coverage already had broken down the wink-wink, nudge-nudge basis of official leaks that had existed since FDR and Truman and the censorship controls of WW2 and Korea. The fact is that the New York lawyer Casey thought of himself as a master manipulator who could use selected correspondents to his advantage. Even more masterful were writers such as Bob Woodward who manipulated the aging Casey for their purposes. These "special" relationships simply bred counter politically-based selective leaking, and the race had begun. [Read more: Wittman/TheAmericanSpectator/30December2013]

Not in a Trusting Mood: Stop Collecting Metadata. For months now the news has been filled with details of sensitive intelligence activities leaked by Edward Snowden, a former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor. Not all the so-called revelations have been particularly newsworthy. We have, for instance, learned, courtesy of Mr. Snowden, that our spy agencies actually do what we pay them to do and spy on other nations.

Certainly, however, the most inflammatory revelation, has concerned the gathering of metadata from the electronic communications of American citizens. This means, according to press reports, not that the government is routinely collecting the content of all online and telephone communications but that it is collecting the metadata associated with those calls.

For instance, the government is, apparently, collecting numbers that you call and the numbers that those numbers call and the dates and times on which those calls are placed. Those individuals with experience in intelligence can tell you that this kind of data is extremely useful in being able to build a picture of an individual's activities and contacts and potentially pictures of entire groups and organizations.

It is also, of course, an extremely intrusive practice. [Read more: Faddis/ANDMagazine/26December2013]

Everyone Sees the Edward Snowden That They Want to See. Last week, the editors of the New York Times argued, "It is time for the United States to offer Mr. Snowden a plea bargain or some form of clemency that would allow him to return home, face at least substantially reduced punishment in light of his role as a whistle-blower, and have the hope of a life advocating for greater privacy and far stronger oversight of the runaway intelligence community."

The editors of National Review responded that Snowden "has done huge damage to the work of his country's security services - now and in the future - and is hiding from the due punishment by seeking refuge in a hostile foreign country that benefits from the fallout of his work. This sounds more like a defector than a whistleblower."

Nina Burleigh objected to NR's point that "what is most striking about Snowden's leaks is the sheer amount of them that have nothing to do with Americans' privacy at all," contending that "any of these can and apparently are being used in the homeland."

The revelations about the NSA's capabilities, yes, are applicable to discussions of domestic surveillance. But Snowden leaked a heck of a lot more information than that, and most of his defenders (and some of his detractors) focus on one portion of his leaks and avert their eyes from the rest.

The statement "a significant portion of Snowden's leaks have nothing to do with domestic surveillance" is a controversial and outrageous statement among people who haven't followed Snowden that closely, and/or don't want to see the whole picture. 

Here's just a partial list of Snowden's leaks that have little or nothing to do with domestic surveillance of Americans:

The classified portions of the U.S. intelligence budget, detailing how much we spend and where on efforts to spy on terror groups and foreign states, doesn't deal with Americans' privacy. This leak revealed the intelligence community's self-assessment in 50 major areas of counterterrorism, and that "blank spots include questions about the security of Pakistan's nuclear components when they are being transported, the capabilities of China's next-generation fighter aircraft, and how Russia's government leaders are likely to respond to 'potentially destabilizing events in Moscow, such as large protests and terrorist attacks.'" The Pakistani, Chinese, and Russian intelligence agencies surely appreciate the status report.

Our cyber-warfare capabilities and targets don't deal with Americans' privacy. The revelation that the U.S. launched 231 cyber-attacks against "top-priority targets, which former officials say includes adversaries such as Iran, Russia, China and North Korea and activities such as nuclear proliferation" in 2011 has nothing to do with Americans' privacy. 

The extent and methods of our spying on China have nothing to do with Americans' privacy. 

British surveillance of South African and Turkish diplomats has nothing to do with Americans' privacy.

The NSA's successful interceptions of communications of Russian President Dimitri Medvedev has nothing to do with Americans' privacy. This is not a scandal; it is literally the NSA's job, and now the Russians have a better idea of what messages were intercepted and when. 

Revealing NSA intercepts and CIA stations in Latin America - again, nothing to do with U.S. citizens.

Revealing a U.K. secret internet-monitoring station in the Middle East - nothing to do with U.S. citizens.

The extent and range of NSA communications monitoring in India. . . .

The fact that the United States has" ramped up its surveillance of Pakistan's nuclear arms," has "previously undisclosed concerns about biological and chemical sites there," and details of "efforts to assess the loyalties of counter�terrorism sources recruited by the CIA" . . . 

The U.S.'s spying on Al-Jazeera's internal communication system. . . .

What we know about al-Qaeda efforts to hack our drones. . . .

The NSA's ability to intercept the e-mail of al-Qaeda operative Hassan Ghul. . . .

The NSA's ability to read the e-mail of the Mexican president. . . .

The U.S.'s electronic intercepts of communications to French consulates and embassies in New York and Washington. . . . 

The existence of NSA surveillance teams in 80 U.S. embassies around the globe . . .

NSA's spying on OPEC . . .

NSA's collecting data on the porn habits of Muslim extremist leaders in order to discredit them . . .

. . . none of these stories have much of a tie to Americans' privacy.

The all-or-nothing terms of the Snowden discussion are persistent, baffling, and obscuring the truth. The NSA's willingness to vacuum up and store the communications of ordinary Americans - with no tie to terror, crime, or foreign governments at all - obliterates any remaining meaning of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution and deserves every bit of public outrage and rebuke. But that doesn't necessarily mean Snowden is the good guy in the story. This story probably doesn't have a good guy. 

The NYT motto: "All the news that fits, we print." [Speer/YahooNIPGroup/6January2014]

Section IV - Obituaries, Books and Coming Events


Helen Denton, 91, Keeper of the World's Biggest Secret, Laid to Rest on Pearl Harbor Day. The woman who typed General Dwight D. Eisenhower's final orders authorizing the June 6, 1944 D-Day Normandy invasion in World War II died Dec. 3 in Fayetteville.

Helen Kogel Denton, 91, who kept that secret even from her husband of nearly four decades, was buried in the Jonesboro City Cemetery on Dec. 7, 2013, Pearl Harbor Day.

The short obituary said this: "She retired from Delta Air Lines where she was a secretary in the Maintenance Department. She was preceded in death by her husband Noel Denton and her son Jon Denton. She is survived by numerous extended family members and many loving friends. She was an active member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars Post #3650. She also served for many years as a volunteer for the American Red Cross."

The Citizen's sister publication, Fayette Woman, in October 2005 featured the story of this remarkable woman, who knew how to keep a secret - for a time, the biggest secret in the world. That story is reprinted below. [Read more: TheCitizen/11December2013]

Hal Leith. Hal Leith, 94, of Golden, entered into rest peacefully on December 24, at his home. He was born in Butte, MT. After studying at University of Chicago he was recruited by the OSS, later known as the CIA. At the close of World War II, Hal parachuted into Mukden, Manchuria to rescue high level POWs including General Wainwright. He was married to his love and dance partner, Helen Leith, for 69 years.

Hal worked for the CIA for 33 years, and during those years he, Helen and at times their children lived in exotic locations such as Saipan, Tehran, Djakarta, and Karachi. In retirement he was the spy who went out into the cold to help deaf and handicapped children learn to ski with the Winter Park program. Also in his retirement Hal became a GIA graduate, teaching gemology and goldsmithing both privately and at Metropolitan State College.

Beloved husband, father, grandfather, great-grandfather; Hal is survived by his wife, Helen; children, Kathie [Joe] Porter, Mike [Beth] Leith, Larry [Marci] Leith; grandchildren, Lori, Alex, Emily, Ally, Tommy, Danny, Cooper, Senna, Mika, Kaia; great-grandchild Becca and numerous other relatives. He was preceded in death by his beloved daughter Diane.

A funeral mass will be held at St. Joseph's Catholic Church, 969 Ulysses, Golden on Tuesday, January 7 at 10:00 a.m. Graveside will follow mass next door at Golden Cemetery. Luncheon will be provided immediately after graveside in the Parish Community Center.

Hal is dancing gracefully in heaven patiently waiting for his beloved partner to join him.

In lieu of flowers contributions may be made in Hal's name to the Winter Park National Sports Center for the Disabled, 677 Winter Park Dr., Winter Park, CO 80482. [Read more: DenverPost/1January2014]

Sir Christopher Curwen. Sir Christopher Curwen , who has died aged 84, was head of the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS, or MI6) from 1985 to 1988, and it was under his aegis that the Service brought off one of its most spectacular coups, the exfiltration from Moscow of the agent Oleg Gordievsky.

Successively code-named FELIKS and OVATION after being recruited by SIS in 1974, Gordievsky was its star source inside the KGB. He had provided valuable reports at a critical time in the Cold War, a period in which paranoia at the Kremlin had become so pronounced that Nato's 1983 ABLE ARCHER exercise had been misinterpreted in Moscow as a possible cover for a surprise attack on the Soviet Bloc. 

As well as producing enormous quantities of documents from the rezidentura (KGB station) in London, where he had been posted in June 1982, Gordievsky had identified KGB personnel in the First Chief Directorate 's British and Scandinavian department and had shed light on dozens of past cases.

While posted to Copenhagen, Gordievsky had alerted SIS to two of the KGB's most important sources in Norway: Gunvar Haavik and Arne Treholt. Code-named GRETA, Haavik was a secretary in the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and had been spying since she had conducted a love affair in 1947 with a Soviet while she was working at the Norwegian embassy in Moscow. Haavik had been arrested in January 1977 in the act of passing information to her KGB case officer in an Oslo suburb, and confessed to having been a spy for almost 30 years. Arne Treholt, also employed by the Norwegian Foreign Ministry, was arrested in January 1984 in possession of 66 classified documents. He was sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment.

Gordievsky's greatest triumph, however, was to prevent a potentially massive breach of security in MI5. [Read more: TheTelegraph/23December2013]


A Very Principled Boy: The Life of Duncan Lee, Red Spy and Cold Warrior. Duncan Chaplain Lee was an unlikely traitor. A Rhodes Scholar, patriot, and descendent of one of America's most distinguished families, he was also a communist sympathizer who used his position as aid to intelligence chief "Wild Bill" Donovan to leak critical information to the Soviets during World War II. As intelligence expert Mark A. Bradley reveals, Lee was one of Stalin's most valuable moles in U.S. intelligence, passing the KGB vital information on everything from the D-Day invasion to America's plans for postwar Europe. Outwitting both J. Edgar Hoover and Senator Joseph McCarthy, he escaped detection again and again, dying a free man before authorities could prove his guilt.

A fast-paced cat-and-mouse tale of misguided idealism and high treason, A Very Principled Boy draws on thousands of previously unreleased CIA and State Department records to reveal the riveting story of one of the greatest traitors of the twentieth century. [Read more: BasicBooks/January2014]

The Spy Who Came Into the Fold: John Rizzo's Company Man. The main thing to know about Company Man, John Rizzo's memoir of his three decades as a C.I.A. lawyer, including seven years as the agency's chief legal officer, is that its title is not the slightest bit ironic. 

Rizzo joined the Central Intelligence Agency in the wake of Senator Frank Church's 1975 hearings on its dark, secret history of assassinations, coups and myriad black-bag jobs. The agency was hiring a stock of young outside lawyers - "Church babies," they called themselves - whose lack of C.I.A. "baggage," as Rizzo puts it, might incline them "to spot and deter any future abuses."

Yet in Rizzo, the agency nabbed a true believer. The Church hearings might have left Langley "dispirited and on the defensive," but this 28-year-old recruit was, by his own account, "too starry-eyed" to notice. "I thought being at the C.I.A. was extremely cool," he recalls. "All I knew was that I was part of an organization with which I was already unabashedly in love."

These are understandable sentiments in a callow young man, subsumed in the esprit de corps of "an exclusive, selective, secret club" that "no one on the outside could ever really fully know or understand." But judging from his memoir, Rizzo never snapped out of his thralldom, and the book suffers from the lack not merely of a critical perspective - which might be excusable, if it were sufficiently fascinating - but of any perspective whatever. [Read more: Kaplan/NYTimes/3January2013]

Coming Educational Events


MANY more International Spy Museum Events in 2014 with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at

Wednesday, 08 January 2014, 12:00 noon - 1:00 p.m. - Washington, DC - David Major's Global Terrorism, Espionage and Cybersecurity, at the International Spy Museum

Be the first to learn the latest intelligence news! Join David Major, retired FBI Agent and former Director of Counterintelligence, Intelligence and Security Programs, for a briefing on the hottest intelligence and security issues, breaches, and penetrations. Presented in partnership with The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre), these updates will cover worldwide events such as breaking espionage cases and arrest reports, cyber espionage incidents, and terrorist activity. Major uses his expertise to analyze trends and highlight emerging issues of interest to both intelligence and national security professionals and the public. Cases are drawn from the CI Centre�s SPYPEDIA�, the most comprehensive source of espionage information in the world, containing events and information that may not be reported by mainstream media outlets. Major will also highlight and review the latest books and reports to keep you current on what is hitting think tank desks.
Tickets: Free! More information at

11 January 2014, 6 pm - Paradise Valley, AZ - AFIO Arizona welcomes New Board Members and kicks off New Year

Meeting occurs at home of Tom Pozarycki, 6001 N 38th Pl, Paradise Valley, AZ. RSVP to Shields Fair, Acting AFIO Secretary, at or call 602-206-8060.
Fee is $20pp or $40 per couple. If you pay at the door it is by CASH or CHECK only - no credit cards.

Monday, 13 January 2014, 4:30pm - Washington, DC - A Citizen's Guide to Terrorism and Counterterrorism with Christopher C. Harmon

You are cordially invited to a book lecture for A Citizen's Guide to Terrorism and Counterterrorism with Christopher C. Harmon,
MajGen Matthew C. Horner Chair of Military Theory, Marine Corps University Professor of Terrorism and Counterterrorism at The Institute of World Politics.
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036
RSVP Required. Please do so here:

Tuesday, 14 January 2014, 9 am - noon - Washington, DC - The National Archives National Declassification Center (NDC), in partnership with the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) Historical Review Program, will host a free symposium to tell the story of the people of Berlin and their struggle for freedom. "A City Divided: Life and Death in the Shadow of the Wall"

The event, from 9 a.m. to noon, takes place in the William G. McGowan Theater of the National Archives Building in Washington, DC. The symposium is open to the public (reserve a seat by emailing: and the press.

The symposium will highlight newly published and released declassified documents that reveal East and West Berliners' struggle for life and death in the shadow of the wall. The documents detail many aspects of their lives, focusing on the resolve of the human spirit for freedom and equality.

With his iconic speech on June 26, 1963, President John F. Kennedy united the citizens of Berlin with the United States by stating that he too was a Berliner. Twenty-four years later, President Ronald Reagan declared in Berlin that "I do not come here to lament. For I find in Berlin a message of hope, even in the shadow of this wall, a message of triumph." 

On January 14, we will release 11,000 pages of newly declassified documents on various topics and activities on Berlin from 1962 to 1986 - the years between these two famous speeches by American Presidents. Symposium attendees will receive a free publication and DVD compilation of approximately 1,324 documents, and an additional 1,140 documents will be posted online at The DVD of the documents which accompanied the program booklet can be viewed here.


The National Archives Building is located on the National Mall at Constitution Ave. and 7th Street, NW, and is fully accessible. Metro: Yellow and Green lines, Archives/Navy Memorial/Penn Quarter station. Attendees should use the Special Events entrance on 7th and Constitution Ave, NW.

For more information: Directions; Visitor's Map; William G. McGowan Theater; Lawrence F. O'Brien Gallery. More about the conference is here.

Please email all inquiries to

THURSDAY, 16 January 2014, 10 am to noon - Washington, DC - CIA and The CWIHP at The Wilson Center present "Assessing Warsaw Pact Military Forces: The Role of CIA Clandestine Reporting"

Please note: this event has been rescheduled from January 15th to January 16th from 10:00AM to 12:00PM.

"CIA Analysis of  Warsaw Pact Military Forces: The Importance of Clandestine Reporting" examines the role of intelligence derived from clandestine human sources in the Central Intelligence Agency's analyses of Warsaw Pact military capabilities for war in Europe from 1955 to 1985.  The intelligence was provided to US policymakers and military planners and used to assess the political and military balance in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War. The speakers, who were analysts of Soviet military affairs during much of the period, were selected by the CIA to mine its archives for relevant material, previously highly classified, and to provide the documents in coherent form for their study and for public release. The release features a large collection of internal Warsaw Pact classified documents obtained clandestinely during the period and translated and disseminated to senior policymakers by CIA.

Joan Bird will provide a brief overview of the released CIA documents, while John Bird will engage in an in-depth review of the substance of CIA analyses of Warsaw Pact Forces. 

Mark Kramer, director of the Cold War Studies Program at Harvard University, and Barry Watts, Adjunct Professor, Center for Security Studies, Georgetown University, and a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, will join the panel as commentators. A. Ross Johnson, Senior Scholar at the Wilson Center, will chair the event.

This meeting is a sequel to an April 5, 2011, Wilson Center event, "Warsaw Pact: Wartime Statutes—Instruments of Soviet Control," which focused on the mechanisms of Soviet control over its Warsaw Pact allies, based on an earlier CIA release of Warsaw Pact documents also obtained clandestinely.

Further conference information.

No fee to attend. Location:  6th Floor, Woodrow Wilson Center. Directions:

Please RSVP here.

Thursday, 16 January 2014, 11:30 am - Colorado Springs, CO - The Rocky Mountain Chapter presents Sheriff Terry Maketa

Sheriff Maketa will speak about issues of our times involving law enforcement in El Paso County. To be held at The Inn at Palmer Divide, 443 S. Highway 105 Palmer Lake, CO, Exit 161 westbound off I-25, West on Highway 105. Please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at

Thursday, 16 January 2014, 6:30 p.m. - Washington, DC - Disinformation: The Secret Strategy to Destroy the West, at the International Spy Museum

A quarter-century ago, the highest-ranking Soviet bloc intelligence official ever to defect to the West, Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa, exposed the massive crimes and corruption of his former boss, Romanian President Nicolae Ceaușescu, giving the dictator a nervous breakdown and inspiring him to send assassination squads to the U.S. to find his former spy chief and kill him. They failed. And now Pacepa takes aim at an even bigger target: the exotic, widely misunderstood but still astonishingly influential realm of the Russian-born "science" of disinformation. Pacepa and his co-author, historian and University of Mississippi School of law professor Ronald Rychlak, reveal some of the most consequential yet largely unknown disinformation campaigns of our lifetime in Disinformation: Former Spy Chief Reveals Secret Strategies for Undermining Freedom, Attacking Religion and Promoting Terrorism. Join Rychlak (Pacepa lives under a protective identity and does not make public appearances) for a discussion of key cases such as the transformation of Pope Pius XII from a wartime hero into a Nazi sympathizer, the spread of anti-Semitism in the Middle East, and the Kremlin�s cultivation of modern terrorism. We will also screen highlights from the documentary Disinformation: The Secret Strategy to Destroy the West.
Tickets: $10. Register or for More information at

Wednesday, 22 January 2014, 5pm - Las Vegas, NV - Travis Pullen, DOE, speaks on "Comic Books with Intelligence and the Military from WWII to Present" at the AFIO Las Vegas Chapter

Our featured speaker for the evening will be: Travis M. Pullen, Sr. Intelligence Research Specialist, US Department of Energy, on "The Ultimate Crossover: The Intersection of Comic Books with Intelligence and the Military, from WWII to the Present."
Did You Know: that the creator of the lie detector wrote comic books, and wrote his invention into the stories?; that the Army has had a standing contract to have a comic periodical written for its personnel for the last 60 years?; that after the failure of imagination cited by Congress regarding the September 11 attacks, one of the people the government turned to for insight on future terrorist attacks was a comic book writer?
These out-of-the-ordinary stories and more are part of a presentation that demonstrates how comics have touched upon major moments in American history, and how the realms of the American military, nuclear weapons, and the intelligence community have been involved and portrayed in comics. Learn how the people who made comic books participated in and influenced World War II and how the war impacted the comic industry. Discover the surprising interactions between the intelligence community and the world of comics over several decades. Observe the two-way street of interaction as these unlikely companions impact each other, and be amazed as we uncover the cultural significance of comics in a modern context, such that you will never look at them as "kiddie mags" again!
Pullen holds a BA in Political Science from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, with a focus on International Affairs. He is a 20-year IC veteran and life-long comic collector and recent blog author.
Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base. All guests must use the MAIN GATE, located at the intersection of Craig Road and Las Vegas Blvd. at 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191 Phone: 702-644-2582.
(Guest names must be submitted along with their birth date by 4:00 p.m., Wednesday, January 22, 2014)
Consider arriving early to join us at 5 p.m. in the "Robin's Roost" bar area for liaison and beverages.
Questions or to register: email Mary Bentley at or call 702-295-0417. We look forward to seeing you!

Thursday, 23 January 2014, 6:30 p.m. � American Spies: Espionage Against the United States from the Cold War to the Present, at the International Spy Museum

Join Michael Sulick, former chief of the CIA's National Clandestine Service, as he discusses his latest book, the second volume in his comprehensive history of spying in the United States. American Spies tracks great espionage cases from the KGB�s placement of "illegals" like Rudolf Abel in the 1950s all the way through the impact of WikiLeaks today. Some of the stories are familiar, such as those of Robert Hanssen and Jonathan Pollard, and others less so - meet Paul Raphael Hall, a one-time signalman aboard the USS Benfold who shared classified movements of the destroyer with terrorist contacts. For more than forty cases, Sulick describes how they reflect the issues of the day and the motivations that drove these individuals to spy, how they gained access, the secrets they betrayed, their tradecraft, their exposure and punishment, and the damage they ultimately inflicted on America's national security.
Tickets: $10. Register or for More information at

01 February 2014 - Orange Park, FL - The AFIO North Florida Chapter hosts meeting featuring AFIO National President, Gene Poteat

We have moved the date of our February 2014 meeting from the 8th to the 1st to accommodate a very special guest speaker and his tight travel schedule in Florida. AFIO President S. Eugene Poteat, LLD, will do us the honor of a visit on that occasion, so we hope you will be able to attend. Gene is a retired CIA Senior Scientific Intelligence Officer. He was educated as an Electrical Engineer and physicist, and holds masters degrees in National Security and Intelligence Studies from the Institute of World Politics graduate school in Washington, where he now lectures on technology, intelligence and national security. He began his career with the Bell Telephone Laboratories in New Jersey and Cape Canaveral, Florida. His early CIA career included work on the U-2 and SR-71 class of airplanes and various space systems. His CIA assignments included the Directorate of Science and Technology, the National Reconnaissance Office, Technical Director of the Navy's Special Programs Office and Executive Director of the Intelligence Research and Development Council. He served abroad in London, Scandinavia, and the Middle East. He frequently writes and speaks on intelligence and national security topics.
Event location: The Country Club of Orange Park. Please RSVP to Cost will be $16 each, pay the Country Club at the luncheon.

Wednesday, 05 February 2014, 7:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m. - Washington, DC - Dinner with a Spy - Spies in Love: Jonna and Tony Mendez, a CIA Romance, at Poste Restaurant

What happens when two spycrafty people connect? Tony Mendez has become famous for his rescue of American diplomats from Tehran during the Iranian Hostage Crisis as depicted in ARGO, but he�s not the only spy named Mendez. Both Tony and Jonna Mendez are former CIA chiefs of disguise. This married couple will share their powerful stories of developing disguises and performing identity transformation for officers and agents around the world, and how they managed to balance personal lives with demanding careers. Jonna Mendez, who left the government in 1993 earning the CIA�s Intelligence Commendation Medal, used her disguise skills to go up against the Soviet KGB, the East German Stasi, and the Cuban DGI. Tony Mendez retired from CIA after 25 years earning the CIA's Intelligence Medal of Merit, the Intelligence Star, and two Certificates of Distinction. At this special pre-Valentine�s Day event, you will be one of only 7 guests at Poste for a three-course dinner where you�ll talk with them about their extraordinary disguise exploits and the evolution of their spy romance.
Tickets: $450. Ticket includes hors d�oeuvres and three-course dinner with wines. To make a reservation call 202-654-0932 or e-mail at

Wednesdays, 05 February - 26 February 2014 - 10:15 a.m. - Washington, DC - Spy Seminar Series: Inside the Minds of Traitors, Dictators, and Terrorists, at the International Spy Museum (in collaboration with the Smithsonian Resident Associate Program)

Human intelligence (HUMINT) is concerned with helping policymakers better understand how our adversaries think. In this fascinating morning course, experts who have spent years examining the dark side of human psychology - delving into the minds and motives of traitors, dictators, and terrorists―share their insights and discuss implications for national security in the 21st century.

05 February 2014 - What Makes Traitors Tick?
He was the psychiatrist for notorious spy Robert Hanssen and interviewed him extensively in prison. David L. Charney knows better than anyone how Hanssen thought and even felt immediately after his long-term espionage was discovered. Did he feel remorse, did he worry about his family, did he care? The answers may surprise you. Charney has worked with a number of high-profile spies and has focused extensively on the psychology and motivation of traitors.

12 February 2014 - Does the Evil Mind Exist?
What makes a person choose evil as a way of life? Stanton Samenow, a noted forensic scientist and author of The Criminal Personality and Inside the Criminal Mind, has closely encountered truly villainous people -- both notorious and unknown. If anyone can answer whether there are truly evil people, he can. Samenow was the prosecution's mental health witness in the trial of the younger of the DC snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, and he participated in the longest in-depth clinical research and treatment study of offenders conducted in North America.

19 February 2014 - Dictators and Their Disciples in a Dangerous World
Today�s international security environment is much less stable than that of the Cold War. Rogue leaders of outlaw nations with access to weapons of mass destruction pose threats unknown in the past. It is crucial to understand what drives these leaders. Jerrold Post has devoted his career to this effort. He is director of the political psychology program at The George Washington University, and was founding director of the CIA�s Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior. He played the lead role in developing the "Camp David profiles" of Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat for President Jimmy Carter, and testified before Congress on the political personality of Saddam Hussein. He also initiated the U.S. government program in understanding the psychology of terrorism. Dr. Post�s latest books are Leaders and their Followers in a Dangerous World and The Mind of the Terrorist.

26 February 2014 - Can a Terrorist�s Brain be Rebooted?
What sets someone on a terrorist trajectory and, more importantly, what could divert him (or her)? Anne Speckhard, author of Talking to Terrorists, is a research psychologist who has interviewed more than 400 terrorists, their family members, hostages, and close associates worldwide. She has conducted psychological autopsies on more than half of the 112 Chechen suicide terrorists as well as dozens of Palestinian suicide terrorists to understand the motivations for and psychological underpinnings of terrorism. She also helped design the Detainee Rehabilitation Program in Iraq for more than 20,000 detainees held by the U.S. Department of Defense. Drawing on this expertise, she can suggest whether the terrorist mindset can be changed.

To Register for Spy Museum Seminar Series for all four days: $120. Register or for more information at

8 February 2014, 11:30 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter hears from Gene Poteat, former CIA DS&T, President of AFIO National, on "Special Ops to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance."

AFIO National president Gene Poteat who will address members and guests on the topic Changing Face of American Intelligence: From OSS Special Operations, to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance, Back to Special Operations. As this promises to be a sellout event, interested parties should reserve early.
Location: Indian River Colony Club, Melbourne, FL. Contact Chapter Secretary Don Wickstrand,, for reservations and details or send reservations to: Bobbie Keith 1024 Osprey Drive Melbourne, FL 32940 or call 321-777-5561.

11 February 2014 - MacDill AFB, FL - The AFIO Suncoast chapter welcomes AFIO President Gene Poteat

AFIO National President Gene Poteat is honoring us with a return visit and presentation, subject to be announced. We may also have a special surprise guest. Stay tuned!
Questions or reservations to Michael F. Shapiro at

12 March 2014 - Laurel, MD - The National Cryptologic Museum Foundation hosts the Spring Program featuring Jim Ohlsen of NSA's Office of Counterintelligence

The guest speaker is Jim Ohlson. Jim is a retired FBI Special Agent with over 28 years of service to the FBI, primarily in the counterintelligence and counterterrorism programs. Early in his career he studied Arabic at the Defense Language Institute and then put the language to use in the Bureau's New York Field Office. He spent over 14 years in the New York Office working counterterrorism, counterintelligence and directing FBI support to the National Foreign Intelligence programs for the U.S. Intelligence Community. Following that assignment Jim was awarded the DCI's National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. Jim retired from FBI Headquarters as the Security Program Manager. In 13 years since leaving the FBI, he has worked with the Center for Public Justice, the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive [NCIX]; and, since 2004, with NSA's Office of Counterintelligence. Prior to his years in the FBI, Jim served in the U.S. Army, to include a tour in Vietnam with the 101st Airborne Division.
Registrations information to be provided here when available. Visit the NCMF website to explore upcoming programs. When fee announced, make check payable to NCMF and send to PO Box 1682, Fort George G Meade, MD 20755-3682. Questions? Contact Mary J. Faletto, Senior Administrator, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Office: 301-688-5436 Cell: 443-250-8621. E-mail:

 Friday, 28 March 2014, 6 - 7:30 pm - Washington, DC - IWP Professor and AFIO President, Gene Poteat, speaks on The Changing Face of American Intelligence: From OSS Special Operations, to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance, back to Special Operations

The CIA has responded to changing national security needs. The early CIA, staffed by former OSS men with Special Ops expertise, succeed in countering the Communist subversion of Italy, Greece and Turkey. Political interference however, led to the disastrous Bay of Pigs fiasco. Special Ops were replaced by analysts who sought to inform policymakers on all they needed to know. But without HUMINT, analysts failed to answer the most critical intelligence question of the time, the "bomber and missile gap." Eisenhower answered the question with high tech reconnaissance, beginning with the U-2 and Corona satellites, which also helped in the Berlin and Cuban Missile crises. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, followed by challenges of global Islamic terrorism, American intelligence has returned to an updated version of Special Ops, i.e., integration of HUMINT, analysis, high-tech weapons, such as the Predator, all working hand-in-glove with Special Forces based in Florida.
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036.
RSVP Required. Do so to

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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