AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #04-14 dated 28 January 2014

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
If you are having difficulties with the links or viewing this newsletter when it arrives by email, members may view the latest edition each week at this link: https://www.afio.com/pages/currentwin.htm You will need your LOGIN NAME and your PASSWORD.
REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs, click here.

CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - Obituaries, Books, Research Requests and Coming Events

Obituaries

Books

Research Requests

Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar for Next Two Months ONLY

1 - 3 May 2014 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO-NGA 2014 3-day GEOINT Symposium. Preliminary details here. Hotel registrations currently available.

For Additional Events two+ months or more.... view our online Calendar of Events 

    • WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, fm and fwr.  They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.
 

Call for application to attend
Twenty-Second Annual National Security Law Institute
at the University of Virginia School of Law
.

1 - 13 June 2014 - Charlottesville, VA

Apply now for this special National Security Law Institute session.

A message from John Norton Moore, Director of the CNSL, University of Virginia:

As you may know, the nation’s first law school course on Law and National Security was taught here at UVA in 1969, and when it was established in 1981 our Center for National Security Law was the world’s first think tank addressing these important issues. There were perhaps four or five law schools in the nation offering courses or seminars in the field when the first National Security Law Institute was held in 1991, and the Institute’s primary objective remains to help prepare law professors who wish to teach in the field and provide a timely update and networking opportunities for those already teaching national security law. In addition to law professors from the United States and around the world, the Institute is also open to professors in related disciplines like international relations and to government practitioners with responsibilities in the national security field. Over the decades we have trained participants from six continents.
Most of the costs of the Institute are covered by grants from non-profit foundations to the University of Virginia Law School Foundation, but there is a tuition fee of $1950.00 that helps cover lodging and other Institute expenses. Participants are responsible for their transportation to and from Charlottesville and for most evening meals during the Institute, and other personal expenses.
Further information on the Institute may be found on Center’s website.
I invite you to contact me (jnm9s@virginia.edu) or my colleague and CNSL co-founder, Professor Bob Turner (bobturner@virginia.edu) by email or by phone at (434) 924-4080.
The deadline for applications is 11 April 2014.


Vote for AFIO National Board

AFIO National Board Elections are underway for Terms Running 2014 - 2017

The list of new candidates and re-nominations for the AFIO National Board are available in online ballot.

Current members are requested to cast their vote.

VOTE HERE

If link does not work with your system, visit www.afio.com/ballot.html


Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

FBI Warns Retailers to Expect More Credit Card Breaches. The FBI has warned U.S. retailers to prepare for more cyber attacks after discovering about 20 hacking cases in the past year that involved the same kind of malicious software used against Target Corp in the holiday shopping season.

The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation distributed a confidential, three-page report to retail companies last week describing the risks posed by "memory-parsing" malware that infects point-of-sale (POS) systems, which include cash registers and credit-card swiping machines found in store checkout aisles.

"We believe POS malware crime will continue to grow over the near term, despite law enforcement and security firms' actions to mitigate it," said the FBI report, seen by Reuters.

"The accessibility of the malware on underground forums, the affordability of the software and the huge potential profits to be made from retail POS systems in the United States make this type of financially motivated cyber crime attractive to a wide range of actors," the FBI said. [Read more: Finkle&Hosenball/Reuters/24January2014]

Ecuador Firm on Reducing US Presence, Spies. Ecuador on Saturday stressed it wanted the number of US military staff on its territory reduced, and warned it also would not allow US "espionage equipment."

"It just makes no sense that an outsized number of US military staff, who report to the US Southern Command, would be here, at the US Embassy," Foreign Minister Ricardo Patino told reporters.

President Rafael Correa said Wednesday he would ask the United States to withdraw American military personnel assigned to its embassy in Quito.

Correa said he became aware of what he described as the oversized presence after learning that four US military personnel were aboard an Ecuadoran military helicopter that came under fire on October 3 near the border with Colombia. [Read more: AFP/25January2014]

Pentagon Study Finds Agencies Ill Equipped to Detect Foreign Nuclear Efforts. A three-year study by the Pentagon has concluded that American intelligence agencies are "not yet organized or fully equipped" to detect when foreign powers are developing nuclear weapons or ramping up their existing arsenals, and calls for using some of the same techniques that the National Security Agency has developed against terrorists.

The study, a 100-page report by the Defense Science Board, contends that the detection abilities needed in cases like Iran - including finding "undeclared facilities and/or covert operations" - are "either inadequate, or more often, do not exist."

The report is circulating just two months before President Obama will attend his third nuclear security summit meeting, set for March in The Hague, an effort he began in order to lock down loose nuclear materials and, eventually, reduce the number of countries that could build nuclear weapons. Mr. Obama's efforts to sweep up the materials have largely been considered a success. But the report concluded that potential new nuclear states are "emerging in numbers not seen since the early days of the Cold War," and that "monitoring for proliferation should be a top national security objective - but one for which the nation is not yet organized or fully equipped to address."

The report confirmed what many outside experts have learned anecdotally: While the most famous intelligence failure in the past decade involving nuclear weapons occurred in Iraq, where the C.I.A. and others saw a program that did not exist, the bigger concern may be that major nuclear programs were entirely missed. [Read more: Sanger&Broad/NYTimes/23January2014]

US Developing Plans to Use Special Ops Forces to Train Iraqis in Jordan. U.S. officials are planning to use a small number of U.S. special operations forces in Jordan to train Iraqi troops as part of a broader effort to help Iraq fight the growing al-Qaida threat within its borders.

There has been no official request from Iraq yet for the training, but U.S. military leaders and Iraqi officials have been discussing how it would be done, said a senior U.S. official, who was not authorized to discuss the matter publicly so spoke on condition of anonymity. A formal request from Baghdad will likely follow, once the details are worked out.

Over the last year, as violence has escalated in Baghdad and in Sunni-dominated areas, Iraqi officials have pleaded with Washington to help them fight al-Qaida with weapons and improved intelligence systems - including, potentially, sending U.S. special military forces and CIA advisers to help train and assist counterterror troops.

Last week the U.S. announced that it would soon deliver another installment of small arms and ammunition to the Iraqis, who have been battling militants over the control of Fallujah and Ramadi, the provincial capital of Anbar. [Read more: AP/23January2014]

GAO to Issue Report on Intelligence Contractors. The Government Accountability Office will issue a long-awaited report on intelligence community contractors in the next few weeks, a congressional official said.

The GAO report is an unclassified version of a classified assessment that was completed last year. According to a statement of work obtained by Secrecy News in 2012, the GAO project was to address the following issues:

"(1) To what extent do civilian intelligence agencies rely on and strategically review their reliance on contractors to perform critical professional and management support services? (2) To what extent do these agencies have policies and guidance that address the use of contractors for these services? (3) What steps have these agencies taken to manage the risks associated with using contractors for these services? (4) To what extent have these agencies addressed challenges with retaining federal personnel?"

The new contractor study is not the only GAO activity related to intelligence; it is one of "several, maybe half a dozen" GAO projects that are underway. By its nature, GAO tends not to deal with intelligence operations, or with sources and methods, the congressional official said. Rather, it is mainly concerned with workforce management, human capital, and similar issues in which it has particular expertise. [Read more: Aftergood/SecrecyNews/21January2014]

Inside China: Spying Statuary. A 30,000 square-foot monument honoring fallen agents who had been sent to spy on Taiwan opened recently to the public at the command headquarters area of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) outside Beijing.

The Western Hills Unknown Heroes' Commemorative Square was built by the Liaison Division of the PLA General Political Department to pay tribute to spies sent to Taiwan in 1949.

According to an official media report announcing the monument’s opening, the PLA sent more than 1,500 spies to Taiwan, which in 1949 was under the control of the defeated Kuomintang (KMT) government led by Chiang Kai-shek.

Those agents were active in Taiwan for several years, but their identities and activities were betrayed by turncoats in the early 1950s, according to a report by the official China National Radio.

The spy ring then was broken by KMT counterintelligence agents. According to the Communist Party-run press, more than "1,100 of them were publicly executed by the KMT authorities." [Read more: Yu/WashingtonTimes/19December2013]

Issa Leads Push to Fire U.S. Intel Chief. A group of congressmen led by Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Calif.) is pushing for President Obama to fire James Clapper, the director of national intelligence, who they say misled Congress about the extent of the NSA's surveillance activity.

The lawmakers called Clapper's position "incompatible" with the administration's effort to restore trust in the NSA, according to a letter sent to the White House Monday. The group is mostly Republican, but includes one Democrat, Rep. Alan Grayson (Fla.).

"Director Clapper continues to hold his position despite lying to Congress under oath about the existence of bulk data collection programs in March 2013," the letter reads. "Asking Director Clapper, and other federal intelligence officials who misrepresented programs to Congress and the courts, to report to you on needed reforms ... is not a credible solution."

Last year at a hearing on surveillance, Sen. Ron Wyden asked Clapper whether the NSA collected "any type of data at all on millions or hundreds of millions of Americans" - to which Clapper said "No, sir ... not wittingly." [Read more: Fung/WashingtonPost/27January2014]

Foreign Spies 'Highly' Interested in Canada's Nuclear and Military Secrets, Intelligence Agency Warns. Espionage may be worse than it has ever been, with foreign spies showing particular interest in Canada's nuclear, aerospace and oil and gas sectors, the country's top intelligence officer said in a report tabled in Parliament on Monday.

"There are as many, and arguably more, attempts to steal Canadian secrets today - economic, military, political - than at any time in our national history," said Michel Coulombe, director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service.

In the preface to the agency's annual report, Mr. Coulombe said Canada had become a "highly attractive target for hostile intelligence agencies" and that counter-espionage units were operating "in a higher risk environment than ever before."

"In the age of thumb drives, a warehouse of documents can be stolen in the blink of an eye and then carried away in one's pocket," he said in an apparent reference to the case of Jeffrey Delisle, a Canadian naval officer who sold a vast trove of secrets to the Russians. [Read more: Bell/NationalPost/27January2014]

Israel's Shin Bet Intelligence Agency Claims Planned Suicide Attack Shows al-Qa'ida is Taking Root in Palestine. Israel says it has arrested two Palestinians from East Jerusalem who were planning to carry out attacks for al-Qa'ida with the help of foreign suicide bombers posing as Russian tourists.

The men were recruited by another al-Qa'ida agent in the Gaza Strip, said Israel's Shin Bet intelligence agency - the second Israeli report in as many months suggesting the militant network was taking root among Palestinians.

Hamas Islamists governing Gaza rejected the spy agency's account as "silly fabrications", saying it was an attempt to justify Israeli military strikes in the territory.

Security experts say al-Qa'ida and its global agenda have for a long time had only a only fringe appeal among Palestinians as they pursue a more nationalist conflict with the Jewish state. [Read more: Williams/TheIndependent/22January2014]

Arizona School Boasts First College of Security, Intelligence. Leaders at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Prescott, Ariz. are offering the nation's first College of Security and Intelligence.

The new college is designed to meet the growing demand for cybersecurity, global security and intelligence experts. Former CIA Intelligence Analyst Dr. Phillip Jones will be installed as Dean of the College of Security and Intelligence on Wednesday.

"Our students need to be interested in foreign cultures," he said. "You can't really understand the world if you come at it from our own American perspectives. It requires professionals who have very high standards, ethics and skills because, in the end, intelligence work reaches the desk of the president."

Jones said students will get hands-on training in the computer security and forensic lab, also known as the Hacker's Lab. [Read more: Estes/KTAR/27January2014]

Russia Weighs Setting Up Global Military Intelligence System. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu met with senior officials to analyze the creation of a global intelligence system to ensure better interaction among military commands, in the benefit of the tactical and strategic forces, confirmed an official source here on Saturday.

The intelligence system should unify commands and intelligence already existing and even being developed, and work in a single information space, said the press service of the ministry.

Modern war is momentary and there is no time to be analyzing the enemy's data in the old-fashion way, added the source, referring to the importance of the subject.

"Starting from the critical role of computers in making decisions, defense works to create an intelligence subsystem within the automatic command of the Armed Forces," it was reported. [Read more: PrensaLatina/25January2014]


Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

On Children's Website, NSA Puts a Furry, Smiley Face on Its Mission. The turtle wearing a hat backward, baggy jeans and purple sunglasses looks just like other cartoon characters that marketers use to make products like cereal and toys appealing to children.

But the reptile, known as T. Top, who says creating and breaking codes is really "kewl," is pushing something far weightier: the benefits of the National Security Agency.

"In the world of diplomacy, knowing what your enemy is planning helps you to prepare," the turtle says. "But it is also important that your enemies do not know what you have planned. It is the mission of the National Security Agency and the Central Security Service to learn what it can about its potential enemies to protect America's government communications."

Such an enthusiastic endorsement of the NSA's mission might seem particularly timely given the criticism directed at the agency since one of its former contractors, Edward J. Snowden, began leaking documents he had stolen from it.

But T. Top and a troupe of eight other smiley-faced cartoon characters have been busy promoting the NSA's mission for the past nine years as part of a government-wide attempt to make agencies more understandable to the public. [Read more: Schmidt/NYTimes/25January2014]

A Day in the Life of a CIA Operations Center Officer. "There is no substitute for juggling multiple classified, time sensitive projects, 12 hours a day, over and over again outside of actually doing it," said Bradley, an officer serving in the CIA Operations Center (Ops Center). And that is exactly what Bradley and his Ops Center colleagues do each day in one of the most fast-paced work environments at the CIA.

Ops Center officers provide around-the-clock alert and warning communication to the CIA director and Agency leadership on international crises and priority matters of national security. They also facilitate timely communication to senior Agency and Intelligence Community leaders, as well as President’s Daily Brief (PDB) briefers and the White House.

While many CIA officers become subject matter experts on specific topics, Ops Center officers address world-wide political, military and economic issues daily, and they use a wide range of analytic and operational knowledge to support the Agency’s mission at home and abroad.

So what prepares a person for such an important job with very high stakes? Bradley’s experiences before joining the Agency were a good start. [Read more: CIA.gov/23January2014]


Section III - COMMENTARY

Deciphering Obama's Necessary Message to the Intelligence Community. President Barack Obama's speech last week was a thoughtful and comprehensive appraisal of the intelligence community's signals intelligence mission and capabilities.

The president was clear in stating: "...We have real enemies and threats, and that intelligence serves a vital role in confronting them. We cannot prevent terrorist attacks or cyber threats without some capability to penetrate digital communications - whether it's to unravel a terrorist plot, to intercept malware that targets a stock exchange, to make sure air traffic control systems are not compromised or to ensure that hackers do not empty your bank accounts. We are expected to protect the American people; that requires us to have capabilities in this field."

Given this vital mission - to protect the American people - the president stated: "...The men and women of the intelligence community, including the NSA, consistently follow protocols designed to protect the privacy of ordinary people. They're not abusing authorities in order to listen to your private phone calls or read your emails... Laboring in obscurity, often unable to discuss their work even with family and friends, the men and women at the NSA know that if another 9/11 or massive cyber attack occurs, they will be asked, by Congress and the media, why they failed to connect the dots. What sustains those who work at NSA and our other intelligence agencies through all these pressures is the knowledge that their professionalism and dedication play a central role in the defense of our nation."

The president's words were powerful and necessary to ensure to the American people that the intelligence community is working hard to protect the homeland in compliance with the law. [Read more: DeTrani/DefenseOne/21January2014]

No Tears for the Real Robert Gates. In the early 1970s, I was chief of the CIA's Soviet Foreign Policy Branch in which Robert M. Gates worked as a young CIA analyst. While it may be true that I was too inexperienced at the time to handle all the management challenges of such a high-powered office, one of the things I did get right was my assessment of Gates in his Efficiency Report.

I wrote that if his overweening ambition were not reined in, young Bobby was sure to become an even more dangerous problem. Who could have known, then, how huge a problem? As it turned out, I was not nearly as skilled as Gates at schmoozing senior managers who thus paid no heed to my warning. Gates was a master at ingratiating himself to his superiors.

The supreme irony came a short decade later when we - ALL of us, managers, analysts, senior and junior alike - ended up working under Gates. Ronald Reagan's CIA Director William Casey had found in Gates just the person to do his bidding, someone who earned the title "windsock Bobby" because he was clever enough to position himself in whatever direction the powerful winds were blowing. [Read more: McGovern/Consortiumnews/27January2014]

How the NSA Strives to Collect Intelligence Effectively and Responsibly. The National Security Agency (NSA) that's often characterized in the news these days hardly resembles the one that I have served for more than 35 years as a collector, an analyst, a manager and a senior leader.

The current pace of technological change is unprecedented. This has led not only to new threats but also to new capabilities, many of which have surprised the American people. But I know firsthand that this tremendous power is held in check by a multilayered system of oversight and accountability.

The data that the NSA processes is turned into foreign intelligence that is essential to national security. This helps the agency determine where adversaries are located as well as what they're planning, what individuals or groups they're working with and what weapons they're using.

All of the NSA's intelligence activities stem from valid foreign intelligence requirements and are run through a process managed by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. When the NSA receives those requirements, analysts identify the foreign entities that have the information, research how they communicate and determine the best way to access those communications. [Read more: Ledgett/FedTech/28January2014]


Section IV - Obituaries, Books Research and Coming Events


Obituaries

Farewell to a Hidden Hero. America just lost a real war hero. But few know his name. That's because Pete Lutken's heroics took place in the remote jungles of Burma during World War II as part of covert Allied efforts to defeat the Japanese.

Pete Lutken died last week at the age of 93, but what he did for his country should not be forgotten. He was given the nickname "the meanest man in Burma," not because he was a cruel man, far from it, but because he operated behind the enemy lines for more than two years, longer than any of the other Allied intelligence agents, and survived through sheer grit.

He had arrived in the China-Burma-India theater as a 22-year-old farm boy from Mississippi, fresh out of college. He was smart, tall, and lean as a hoe handle. The only time he had been out of state before was to go to the Boy Scout Jamboree. After Pearl Harbor, Lutken was sent to India to train Chinese artillery troops that were going to help take back Burma from the Japanese. An officer mentioned to him that someone was needed to go behind the lines as a scout. It was as dangerous an assignment as there could be. The scout would be alone in the jungle with little to protect him but his wits. With typical straightforwardness, Lutken replied, "All right. What do you want me to do?"

He ended up a member of the V force, a British-American espionage force scouting out enemy locations, which soon was merged into Detachment 101, the first unit of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the predecessor to the CIA. Lutken's assignment included recruiting local villagers to help fight the Japanese because there simply weren't enough Allied soldiers available. Their shared mission was to blow up supply lines, railroad bridges, and ammunition stores; intercept messages; plant disinformation; rescue downed airmen; provide locations for aerial attacks - and somehow manage to survive the Japanese, the monsoon rains, the leeches, the snakes, and the malaria that were constant threats. [Read more: Pederson/HuffingtonPost/22January2014]

Walter C. McCabe. Walter C. McCabe, who did Soviet counterintelligence work for the CIA, died Dec. 28 at his home in Bethesda. He was 85.

The cause was lung cancer, said a daughter, Joan M. Newcomb.

Mr. McCabe joined the CIA in 1953 after a stint in the Army Counter Intelligence Corps. He worked in Berlin, London, New Delhi and Ottawa and was chief of station in Stockholm before retiring from the CIA in 1980. He also chaired an interdepartmental committee on foreign crises.

In his post-CIA career, he was chief executive of American International Investments, which arranged for foreign investment money for American high-tech entrepreneurs, and MacShell, a company that had a role in joint U.S.-Russian inspections of former Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile manufacturing facilities.

Walter Cassatt McCabe was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, to American parents, and was a 1952 graduate of Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service.

His honors included the CIA Intelligence Medal of Merit.

He was an elder and trustee of National Presbyterian Church, and he did volunteer work for the United Way and Georgetown University Hospital. He was a past president of the Bon Wit Plaza Association, a residential organization in Washington.

His first marriage, to Dorothy Beatty, ended in divorce. In 1996, he married Nancy Norment.

Besides his wife, of Bethesda, survivors include four children from his first marriage, Dwight McCabe and Joan M. Newcomb, both of Vashon, Wash., David C. McCabe of Pottstown, Pa., and Matthew R. McCabe of Westbury, N.Y.; five stepchildren, Elizabeth Norment of New York City, Sarah Pasqualone of Cleveland, Katherine Norment of Kingston, N.Y., Martha Connel of North Plains, Ore., and Clarence Norment of Potomac, Md.; 16 grandchildren; and four great-grandchildren. [Bernstein/WashingtonPost/24January2014]


Research Requests
 [IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse these research inquiries or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding or supplying any information.]

Looking to Contact Veterans of the Strategic Services Unit.  Hello AFIO - My name is Allison Lazarus, and I am a senior at Yale completing an undergraduate thesis in History - specifically on the Strategic Services Unit and the OSS veterans it employed. Members of the OSS Society encouraged me to reach out to this community for your expertise on the topic and perhaps help in finding sources, either academic or, if possible, ways to speak with veterans of the SSU. I would love to talk with any of you over the phone, or am happy to email more specific information to give you a sense of the work I have already completed. Ideally, I would love it if you could send this message out to your community to see if any of them have resources to share. 

I'd appreciate any time you can give. My cell phone is (513) 373-5092, and my address is: PO Box 202492, New Haven, CT, 06511.

Thanks, Allison Lazarus, Yale University '14, (513) 373-5092, email replies to allison.lazarus@yale.edu


Books

Review by Dick Holm of Le Gallo's The Red Cell. The Red Cell, André Le Gallo's latest novel, the third installment of a series that began with The Caliphate and continued with Satan's Spy, throws CIA contractor Steve Church and his partner - and fiancée - Kella Hastings into yet another desperate and suspenseful struggle to foil a plot by Islamic terrorists. This time, it's Iran's Quds Force creating the mischief, headed by General Ghassem Yosemani, a man seeking revenge against both Church personally and the entire U.S. government and economy. The fight takes place across Europe and on U.S. soil, as both sides wage a deadly game of cat and mouse.

Le Gallo's many years of experience as a Clandestine Service officer have enabled him to portray detailed aspects of tradecraft as he unfolds the plot. He describes scene after fast-moving scene in terms familiar to those involved in the craft but enlightening to the average reader. He also enhances the story using his personal knowledge of the various locales, including Romania, Belgium, France and the San Francisco Bay area. And he manages to contrive some genuine surprises.

Church and Hastings make an appealing pair of protagonists. Even if you are unfamiliar with the first two books, this couple grows on you, to the point where you want them to succeed and you worry about them when they are in danger. The dramatic climax leaves room for a hoped-for subsequent novel.

It is one thing to have the background that a career in the Clandestine Service provides, but another to write about it entertainingly - few star athletes ever succeed as coaches. But Le Gallo has been able to harness the talents and experiences he gained as a case officer to construct a clear and clever story. The Red Cell is a page-turner.

-Richard L. Holm, former senior CIA officer  [MountainLakePress/January2014]

Book Review: America's Great Game. Over lunch several years ago, as chaos descended on the Middle East, a retired CIA operations officer sadly mused about the diminished role of the United States in the region. When he was station chief of a nation in the area, he said, the defense minister routinely sent him a list of officers proposed for promotion. "I could put a tick mark against the names of men I approved, or cross out the ones to whom we objected," he said. "Simple as that." (Given that this was a private conversation, I am not identifying the officer, now deceased, nor the country to which he referred.)

The officer's point was obvious: In the not-too-distant past, the United States had the capability to orchestrate events in a broad swath of the Middle East, and the principals through which policy was executed were a trio of CIA officers, two of whom did their tasks well, and a third about whom more shall be said later.

The skilled professionals were two grandsons of President Theodore Roosevelt - Kermit, known by his nickname "Kim," and Archie, both adventurers of the first rank, seeped in the Arabic cultures and who rose to high rank in the early days of the CIA.

In hindsight, they embarked on a mission impossible. At the end of World War I in 1918, Britain and France imposed artificial borders throughout the region that hopelessly entangled rival sects. The British insistence on restoring a Jewish home in Israel, however noble in purpose, added further volatility to the tangled situation. [Read more: Goulden/WashingtonTimes/22January2014]


Coming Educational Events

EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

MANY more International Spy Museum Events in 2014 with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at www.afio.com.

28 January 2014, 2:30 - 5:30 pm - Washington, DC - Col. Wortzel speaks on "Contemporary Chinese Military Strategy" at the Institute of World Politics.

COL Larry M. Wortzel, PhD (USA, Ret.), will be speaking on " Contemporary Chinese Military Strategy " at IWP on Tuesday, January 28 in the Military Strategy class (2:30-5:30 PM). Dr. Wortzel is one of the foremost U.S. experts on China and serves on the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission.  During a 32-year military career, Dr. Wortzel spent 12 years in the Asia-Pacific region, including two tours of duty as a military attaché at in China. Following his retirement from the Army as a colonel in 1999, he was an executive with The Heritage Foundation. At Heritage he was Asian Studies Center Director and Vice President for foreign policy and defense studies. Dr. Wortzel has written or edited numerous books and articles on China.
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.
RSVP and email confirmation of receipt required. Do so to sdwyer@iwp.edu.

30 January 2014, 7:30pm - Santa Monica, CA - The AFIO LA Chapter joins with the Los Angeles World Affairs Council to hear former DCI Robert Gates

Robert Gates, former SecDef and D/CIA, will address offer his views on Afghanistan today, and will talk about his tenure as the only defense secretary who served under a Democratic and a Republican president. He faced challenges in dealing with Congress and the Pentagon bureaucracy, and said his goal was to transform the Pentagon from a "department organized to plan for war into one that could wage war."
Gates served as defense secretary under Presidents Bush and Obama from 2006 to 2011, presiding over the surge of US forces in Iraq, and redistributing some defense spending from conventional warfare to a greater emphasis on special forces. The event includes dinner. Fee: $95.
Location: Loews Santa Monica Beach Hotel, 1700 Ocean Avenue, Santa Monica CA 9040.
REGISTER NOW: contact Vince at AFIO LA Chapter at afio_la@yahoo.com

Friday, 31 January 2014, 10 - noon - Washington, DC - Dr. Edward G. Amoroso speaks on "Cyber Security and the Public-Private Partnership" at Institute of World Politics.

Dr. Edward G. Amoroso, Chief Security Officer and Senior VP for AT&T Services, has overseen Cyber Security for one of the largest telecommunications companies in the world - AT&T. In his role as Chief Security Officer, he has helped discover and counter virtually every conceivable type of malicious threat that has been targeted at computers and networks in the world.
Dr. Amoroso will discuss how private sector companies, such as AT&T, work with various US government entities, such as NSA, DHS, FBI, CYBERCOM and DOD, in a public-private partnership to secure our nation's critical network infrastructure and support US National Security initiatives. He will address recent NSA programs and how Snowden's illegal disclosures have damaged the private-public partnership.
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036
Parking map
RSVP and Confirmation Email required. RSVP to sdwyer@iwp.edu.

01 February 2014 - Orange Park, FL - The AFIO North Florida Chapter hosts meeting featuring AFIO National President, Gene Poteat

We have moved the date of our February 2014 meeting from the 8th to the 1st to accommodate a very special guest speaker and his tight travel schedule in Florida. AFIO President S. Eugene Poteat, LLD, will do us the honor of a visit on that occasion, so we hope you will be able to attend. Gene is a retired CIA Senior Scientific Intelligence Officer. He was educated as an Electrical Engineer and physicist, and holds masters degrees in National Security and Intelligence Studies from the Institute of World Politics graduate school in Washington, where he now lectures on technology, intelligence and national security. He began his career with the Bell Telephone Laboratories in New Jersey and Cape Canaveral, Florida. His early CIA career included work on the U-2 and SR-71 class of airplanes and various space systems. His CIA assignments included the Directorate of Science and Technology, the National Reconnaissance Office, Technical Director of the Navy's Special Programs Office and Executive Director of the Intelligence Research and Development Council. He served abroad in London, Scandinavia, and the Middle East. He frequently writes and speaks on intelligence and national security topics.
Event location: The Country Club of Orange Park. Please RSVP to qbegonia@comcast.net Cost will be $16 each, pay the Country Club at the luncheon.

Wednesday, 05 February 2014, 5pm - Las Vegas, NV - Travis Pullen, DOE, speaks on "Comic Books with Intelligence and the Military from WWII to Present" at the AFIO Las Vegas Chapter

Our featured speaker for the evening will be: Travis M. Pullen, Sr. Intelligence Research Specialist, US Department of Energy, on "The Ultimate Crossover: The Intersection of Comic Books with Intelligence and the Military, from WWII to the Present."

Did You Know: that the creator of the lie detector wrote comic books, and wrote his invention into the stories?; that the Army has had a standing contract to have a comic periodical written for its personnel for the last 60 years?; that after the failure of imagination cited by Congress regarding the September 11 attacks, one of the people the government turned to for insight on future terrorist attacks was a comic book writer?

These out-of-the-ordinary stories and more are part of a presentation that demonstrates how comics have touched upon major moments in American history, and how the realms of the American military, nuclear weapons, and the intelligence community have been involved and portrayed in comics. Learn how the people who made comic books participated in and influenced World War II and how the war impacted the comic industry. Discover the surprising interactions between the intelligence community and the world of comics over several decades. Observe the two-way street of interaction as these unlikely companions impact each other, and be amazed as we uncover the cultural significance of comics in a modern context, such that you will never look at them as "kiddie mags" again!

Pullen holds a BA in Political Science from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, with a focus on International Affairs. He is a 20-year IC veteran and life-long comic collector and recent blog author.
Place: The Officers' Club at Nellis Air Force Base. All guests must use the MAIN GATE, located at the intersection of Craig Road and Las Vegas Blvd. at 5871 Fitzgerald Blvd., Nellis AFB, NV 89191 Phone: 702-644-2582.
(Guest names must be submitted along with their birth date by 4:00 p.m., Wednesday, January 22, 2014)
Consider arriving early to join us at 5 p.m. in the "Robin's Roost" bar area for liaison and beverages.
Questions or to register: email Mary Bentley at mary.bentley@doe.gov or call 702-295-0417. We look forward to seeing you!

Wednesday, 05 February 2014, 7:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m. - Washington, DC - Dinner with a Spy - Spies in Love: Jonna and Tony Mendez, a CIA Romance, at Poste Restaurant

What happens when two spycrafty people connect? Tony Mendez has become famous for his rescue of American diplomats from Tehran during the Iranian Hostage Crisis as depicted in ARGO, but he’s not the only spy named Mendez. Both Tony and Jonna Mendez are former CIA chiefs of disguise. This married couple will share their powerful stories of developing disguises and performing identity transformation for officers and agents around the world, and how they managed to balance personal lives with demanding careers. Jonna Mendez, who left the government in 1993 earning the CIA’s Intelligence Commendation Medal, used her disguise skills to go up against the Soviet KGB, the East German Stasi, and the Cuban DGI. Tony Mendez retired from CIA after 25 years earning the CIA's Intelligence Medal of Merit, the Intelligence Star, and two Certificates of Distinction. At this special pre-Valentine’s Day event, you will be one of only 7 guests at Poste for a three-course dinner where you’ll talk with them about their extraordinary disguise exploits and the evolution of their spy romance.
Tickets: $450. Ticket includes hors d’oeuvres and three-course dinner with wines. To make a reservation call 202-654-0932 or e-mail at lhicken@spymuseum.org.

Wednesdays, 05 February - 26 February 2014 - 10:15 a.m. - Washington, DC - Spy Seminar Series: Inside the Minds of Traitors, Dictators, and Terrorists, at the International Spy Museum (in collaboration with the Smithsonian Resident Associate Program)

Human intelligence (HUMINT) is concerned with helping policymakers better understand how our adversaries think. In this fascinating morning course, experts who have spent years examining the dark side of human psychology - delving into the minds and motives of traitors, dictators, and terrorists - share their insights and discuss implications for national security in the 21st century.

05 February 2014 - What Makes Traitors Tick?
He was the psychiatrist for notorious spy Robert Hanssen and interviewed him extensively in prison. David L. Charney knows better than anyone how Hanssen thought and even felt immediately after his long-term espionage was discovered. Did he feel remorse, did he worry about his family, did he care? The answers may surprise you. Charney has worked with a number of high-profile spies and has focused extensively on the psychology and motivation of traitors.

12 February 2014 - Does the Evil Mind Exist?
What makes a person choose evil as a way of life? Stanton Samenow, a noted forensic scientist and author of The Criminal Personality and Inside the Criminal Mind, has closely encountered truly villainous people -- both notorious and unknown. If anyone can answer whether there are truly evil people, he can. Samenow was the prosecution's mental health witness in the trial of the younger of the DC snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, and he participated in the longest in-depth clinical research and treatment study of offenders conducted in North America.

19 February 2014 - Dictators and Their Disciples in a Dangerous World
Today’s international security environment is much less stable than that of the Cold War. Rogue leaders of outlaw nations with access to weapons of mass destruction pose threats unknown in the past. It is crucial to understand what drives these leaders. Jerrold Post has devoted his career to this effort. He is director of the political psychology program at The George Washington University, and was founding director of the CIA’s Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior. He played the lead role in developing the "Camp David profiles" of Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat for President Jimmy Carter, and testified before Congress on the political personality of Saddam Hussein. He also initiated the U.S. government program in understanding the psychology of terrorism. Dr. Post’s latest books are Leaders and their Followers in a Dangerous World and The Mind of the Terrorist.

26 February 2014 - Can a Terrorist’s Brain be Rebooted?
What sets someone on a terrorist trajectory and, more importantly, what could divert him (or her)? Anne Speckhard, author of Talking to Terrorists, is a research psychologist who has interviewed more than 400 terrorists, their family members, hostages, and close associates worldwide. She has conducted psychological autopsies on more than half of the 112 Chechen suicide terrorists as well as dozens of Palestinian suicide terrorists to understand the motivations for and psychological underpinnings of terrorism. She also helped design the Detainee Rehabilitation Program in Iraq for more than 20,000 detainees held by the U.S. Department of Defense. Drawing on this expertise, she can suggest whether the terrorist mindset can be changed.

To Register for Spy Museum Seminar Series for all four days: $120. Register or for more information at www.spymuseum.org

Friday, 7 February 2014, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - "Counterintelligence after Snowden" by William M. Nolte, former ODNI, lecture at Institute of World Politics

William M. Nolte, Former Director of Education and Training, Office of the Director of National Intelligence presents this lecture as the annual Brian Kelley Memorial Lecture to be held at The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036.
William M. Nolte is the former director of education and training in the office of the Director of National Intelligence and chancellor of the National Intelligence University. He is a former Deputy Assistant Director of Central Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency. He was Director of Training, Chief of Legislative Affairs and Senior Intelligence Advisor at the National Security Agency. He also served as Deputy National Intelligence Officer for the Near East and South Asia during the Gulf War. He has taught at several Washington area universities, is on the board of CIA's Studies in Intelligence, and directed the Intelligence Fellows Program. He holds a B.A. from La Salle University and a Ph.D. from the University of Maryland.
RSVP Required. Do so to kbridges@iwp.edu and wait for confirmation email.

8 February 2014, 11:30 - Melbourne, FL - AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter hears from Gene Poteat, former CIA DS&T, President of AFIO National, on "Special Ops to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance."

AFIO National president Gene Poteat who will address members and guests on the topic Changing Face of American Intelligence: From OSS Special Operations, to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance, Back to Special Operations. As this promises to be a sellout event, interested parties should reserve early.
Location: Indian River Colony Club, Melbourne, FL. Contact Chapter Secretary Don Wickstrand, donwickstrand@comcast.net, for reservations and details or send reservations to: Bobbie Keith 1024 Osprey Drive Melbourne, FL 32940 or call 321-777-5561.

8 February 2014, 2 pm - Kennebunk, ME - Former CIA Officer Joseph Wippl speaks on "Covert Action in Tradition and Law" at the Maine AFIO Chapter.

Joseph Wippl speaks on Covert Action in Tradition and Law. Wippl will address the traditions of covert actions beginning with OSS in WWII and how they evolved into law.
Wippl is a former CIA officer with 30 years experience in the National Clandestine Service (NCS). He served overseas in Bonn, West Germany; Guatemala City; Luxembourg; Madrid; Mexico City; Vienna; and Berlin. Other CIA assignments include senior representative to the Aldrich Ames Damage Assessment Team, Chief of the Europe Division and CIA's Director of Congressional Affairs.
Wippl has been teaching at Boston University since 2006. He has a BA from Marquette University, MA from the Univ. of Minnesota in European History, and is a PhD. Candidate in European History at the Univ. of Minnesota.
The meeting will be held at the Brick Store Museum Program Center, 2 Dane Street, Kennebunk, at 2:00 p.m. on February 8, 2014 and is open to the public. For information call 967-4298.

11 February 2014 - MacDill AFB, FL - The AFIO Suncoast chapter welcomes AFIO President Gene Poteat

AFIO National President Gene Poteat is honoring us with a return visit and presentation on "Changing Face of American Intelligence: From OSS Special Operations, to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance, Back to Special Operations. Stay tuned!
Questions or reservations to Michael F. Shapiro at mfshapiro@att.net

Wednesday, 12 February 2014, 11:30 am - 1:30 pm - Scottsdale, AZ - AFIO Arizona hears a special presentation by Diplomat Harry K. Thomas.

Harry K. Thomas, Jr. is the Diplomat in Residence at Arizona State University, responsible for the State Department's recruitment efforts in the Southwest and an adjunct faculty member.
He is a career member of the Senior Foreign Service and served most recently as the ambassador to the Philippines. Prior to that, he was Director General of the Foreign Service and Director for Human Resources of the U.S. State Department. He also served as a Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Executive Secretary of the Department.
Ambassador Thomas joined the Foreign Service in 1984, and served as U.S. Ambassador to Bangladesh from 2003 to 2005. He also served in the White House as the Director for South Asia at the National Security Council from 2001 to 2002. His other postings include: New Delhi, India; Harare, Zimbabwe; Kaduna, Nigeria; and Lima, Peru. Ambassador Thomas speaks Spanish, Hindi, and Bangla and some Filipino. He is a graduate of the College of the Holy Cross and pursued further study at Columbia University. He holds an honorary doctorate in Philosophy from the Loyola University of Maryland and previously served on the Boards of Trustees of the National Defense University and the College of the Holy Cross.
WE WILL NEED FOR EVERY MEETING an RSVP NO LATER than 72 hours ahead of time.
If you do not show up for the lunch meeting and have not cancelled 48 hours prior, please send your check to Simone - you will be charged for the lunch.
Meeting fees are as follows: $20.00 for AFIO AZ Member; $22.00 for Non-Members
For reservations or questions, please email Simone: simone@afioaz.org or simone@4smartphone.net.
To call, please leave a message on 602.570.6016.

20 February 2014, 12:30 - 2 pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO-Los Angeles meets to hear Hugh Wilford on "The CIA's Secret Arabists and the Shaping of the Modern Middle East"

Our guest speaker will be Hugh Wilford discussing his latest book: America's Great Game: The CIA's Secret Arabists and the Shaping of the Modern Middle East.
Author bio: Hugh Wilford is a professor of history at California State University, Long Beach, and the author/editor of five books, including The Mighty Wurlitzer (Harvard University Press, 2008). He lives with his family in Long Beach, California.
RSVP your attendance by 2/14/2014: afio_la@yahoo.com

Thursday, 20 February 2014, 5 - 7:45 pm - New York, NY - "Human Source Intelligence in a Technical Era" is topic of Discussants David Cohen and David Hunt, both former CIA, at this NCAFP event.

On February 20, 2014 the NCAFP will host a public program featuring David A. Cohen, Former Deputy Commissioner for Intelligence for the New York Police Department, and David P. Hunt, are both former career CIA officers who served in the Directorate of Operations.
David Cohen was the Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence for the New York City Police Department, the first appointed to that position, created by the city in response to the 9/11 attacks. He previously was Deputy Director for Operations (DDO) in the CIA. He worked briefly in the private sector following his Agency career, doing global risk assessment for the American International Group. He retired from the New York City Police Department in December 2013.
David Hunt retired in 1995 as a senior CIA Officer where he served for 32 years, primarily in the Directorate of Operations. Hunt served overseas with tours in Italy, Saigon, Mogadishu, Somalia, Oslo, Paris, and New York City, serving twice as deputy chief of station (Oslo, Paris) and twice as chief of station, (Mogadishu, New York). He has expertise in Soviet operations, European affairs, and counterintelligence. He holds the Donovan Award for Excellence as well as the Agency's Distinguished Intelligence Medal.
Agenda: 5 - 5:30 p.m. Arrivals; 5:30 - 6:45 p.m. Lecture and Q & A; 6:45 - 7:45 p.m. Cocktail Reception
** Men are required to wear a jacket and tie. No Jeans allowed
Venue: The University Club, 1 East 54 Street, 9th Floor, Rms 3 and 4, New York, NY 10022
Register here. Nonmember [of NCAFP] fee is $15.
For questions on this or other NCAFP events, please contact our office by phone at (212) 224-1120 or email us at contact@ncafp.org.

12 March 2014 - Laurel, MD - The National Cryptologic Museum Foundation hosts the Spring Program featuring Jim Ohlson of NSA's Office of Counterintelligence

The guest speaker is Jim Ohlson. Jim is a retired FBI Special Agent with over 28 years of service to the FBI, primarily in the counterintelligence and counterterrorism programs.
On 20 February 2001, Mr. Ohlson's phone began to ring early in the morning and continued without letup throughout the day. He was stunned to learn that Robert Hanssen, a co-worker he had formed close ties with during assignments in D.C. and New York, was under arrest for espionage. The media frenzy that followed the Robert Hanssen spy case can be used to judge its impact. No modern spy has been the focus of so much attention as fast as Robert Hanssen. By 2003, five books had been published and numerous articles written and by 2007 several films had been produced.
Jim Ohlson had come to know Bob Hanssen fairly well over the years and felt the books and movies had done a mixed job at solving the essential mystery. To explain why, it will be helpful to address a series of questions: Who is Bob Hanssen? What made him a good FBI agent? What made him a good KGB agent? What was the damage? Why did he do it? Where is he now?
Early in his career he studied Arabic at the Defense Language Institute and then put the language to use in the Bureau's New York Field Office. He spent over 14 years in the New York Office working counterterrorism, counterintelligence and directing FBI support to the National Foreign Intelligence programs for the U.S. Intelligence Community. Following that assignment Jim was awarded the DCI's National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. Jim retired from FBI Headquarters as the Security Program Manager. In 13 years since leaving the FBI, he has worked with the Center for Public Justice, the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive [NCIX]; and, since 2004, with NSA's Office of Counterintelligence. Prior to his years in the FBI, Jim served in the U.S. Army, to include a tour in Vietnam with the 101st Airborne Division.
Event Location: L-3 Communications located at 2720 Technology Drive, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701, Tel 301-575-3200. Lunch will be served 1200-1300.
To join us for this exciting program mail your registration fee in the enclosed envelope or register online at www.cryptologicfoundation.org. The fees are $20 for members and $50 for guests (includes a guest membership). Deadline for registration is 07 March 2014.
If you wish to register by sending a check via U.S. mail, do so by making it payable to NCMF and send to PO Box 1682, Fort George G Meade, MD 20755-3682. Questions? Contact Mary J. Faletto, Senior Administrator, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Office: 301-688-5436 Cell: 443-250-8621. E-mail: cryptmf@aol.com

Friday, 14 March 2014, 6:30pm - 9:30pm - Washington, DC - Spy School Workshop: Inside Surveillance 101 with Eric O'Neill, at the International Spy Museum

Spring into surveillance! As a young operative in the FBI, Eric O'Neill was used to conducting surveillance; he was even put into the position of spying on his boss. The boss was Robert Hanssen, who was under suspicion of working for Russia, and O'Neill was up to the challenge. Now he'll share his expertise with you. O'Neill has conducted many outdoor surveillance exercises for the Museum, and he's ready to take those with the right skills up a notch. You'll be trailing the "Rabbit" through a complicated urban setting with red herrings and false leads. O'Neill will rate your clandestine prowess while you spy on secret meetings and operational acts and see if you can uncover the spy skullduggery that's afoot while you are on foot. There is no guarantee that your "Rabbit" won't escape!
Tickets: $94. Space is limited to only 10 participants - advance registration required! Call Laura Hicken at 202-654-0932 to register.

25-27 March 2014 - Oxford, MS - Five Eyes Analytic Workshop at the University of Mississippi's Center for Intelligence and Security Studies

The University of Mississippi's Center for Intelligence and Security Studies is pleased to host the Five Eyes Analytic Workshop at the Oxford, MS campus on March 25-27, 2014. We invite you to attend and/or present; information is available at our event website:
http://5eyes.olemiss.edu/spring2014
code: 5eyesreg
The workshop's theme is "Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds," based on the 2012 document published by the National Intelligence Council; DIA originally selected this theme for the cancelled November 2013 workshop. You may view the NIC publication at: http://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization/national-intelligence-council-global-trends
At this time, we'd like to invite proposals for presentations, which must be submitted at http://5eyes.olemiss.edu/propose. We'd like to include, on the March 2014 agenda, any presenters from the November 2013 schedule who wish to attend the upcoming workshop. Please indicate your proposal's initial acceptance to the November Five Eyes on the online submittal form. Proposals are due by January 21, 2013.
If you have any questions, please contact Carl Julius Jensen, Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Director of the Center for Intelligence and Security Studies: Legal Studies, at carlj@olemiss.edu, (662) 915-1886, or Melissa Anne Graves, Associate Director, Center for Intelligence and Security Studies, magraves@olemiss.edu, (662) 915-1474. Feel free to share this call for proposals with your colleagues.

 Friday, 28 March 2014, 6 - 7:30 pm - Washington, DC - IWP Professor and AFIO President, Gene Poteat, speaks on The Changing Face of American Intelligence: From OSS Special Operations, to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance, back to Special Operations

The CIA has responded to changing national security needs. The early CIA, staffed by former OSS men with Special Ops expertise, succeed in countering the Communist subversion of Italy, Greece and Turkey. Political interference however, led to the disastrous Bay of Pigs fiasco. Special Ops were replaced by analysts who sought to inform policymakers on all they needed to know. But without HUMINT, analysts failed to answer the most critical intelligence question of the time, the "bomber and missile gap." Eisenhower answered the question with high tech reconnaissance, beginning with the U-2 and Corona satellites, which also helped in the Berlin and Cuban Missile crises. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, followed by challenges of global Islamic terrorism, American intelligence has returned to an updated version of Special Ops, i.e., integration of HUMINT, analysis, high-tech weapons, such as the Predator, all working hand-in-glove with Special Forces based in Florida.
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036.
RSVP Required. Do so to sdwyer@iwp.edu.

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events


Disclaimers and Removal Instructions

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers. 

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs: 

a)  IF YOU ARE A MEMBER -- click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list.  If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to afio@afio.com with the words:  REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.

 b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to afio@afio.com the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.

CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at afio@afio.com. The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link: https://www.afio.com/pages/currentwin.htm


WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor's) or author's) listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at www.afio.com for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!

(c) 2000, 2012, 2013, 2014, Please note AFIO's new address: AFIO, 7700 Leesburg Pike Suite 324, Falls Church, Virginia 22043. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email: afio@afio.com

Click here to return to top.