AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #06-14 dated 11 February 2014

[Editors' Note: The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.]
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Section IV - Obituaries, Books and Coming Events



Coming Educational Events

Current Calendar for Next Two Months ONLY

1 - 3 May 2014 - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO-NGA 2014 3-day GEOINT Symposium. Preliminary details here. Hotel registrations currently available.

For Additional Events two+ months or more.... view our online Calendar of Events 

    • WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, fm and fwr.  They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

"My Friend and Colleague, Bob Hanssen"

Wednesday, 12 March 2014, 1000 - 1300 hrs

The National Cryptologic Museum Foundation's Spring Program

Jim Ohlson, a retired FBI Special Agent with over 28 years of service to the FBI, primarily in the counterintelligence and counterterrorism programs, speaks on his long friendship with former FBI colleague Bob Hanssen. Jim Ohlson is currently with NSA's Office of Counterintelligence.

Event Location: L-3 Communications located at 2720 Technology Drive, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701, Tel 301-575-3200. Lunch will be served 1200-1300.
For updated information follow link on photo above.
To join us for this exciting program mail your registration fee in the enclosed envelope or register online at The fees are $20 for members and $50 for guests (includes a guest membership). Deadline for registration is 07 March 2014.
If you wish to register by sending a check via U.S. mail, do so by making it payable to NCMF and send to PO Box 1682, Fort George G Meade, MD 20755-3682. Questions? Contact Mary J. Faletto, Senior Administrator, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Office: 301-688-5436 Cell: 443-250-8621. E-mail:

First AFIO National Luncheon of 2014

21 March 2014

Two Intelligence Officers
Who Made the Tough
Post-9/11 Decisions


1 pm Speaker

John Rizzo, former Acting General Counsel, CIA

author of

Company Man: Thirty Years of Controversy and Crisis in the CIA

"Rizzo rose to become the most influential career lawyer in CIA history
...involved in proxy wars in Central America in the 1970s to recent drone strikes in Pakistan."

"Practicing law at CIA was unlike any other attorney job in the government.
Few federal statutes were meant to apply to the Agency's activities..."

Company Man is "an atlas to navigate the dark, murky morality
that governs the business of intelligence."

--- The Washington Post, Dina Temple-Raston, 10 January 2014

- - -

11 am Speaker

Philip Mudd

Former Deputy Director of National Security, FBI
and Former Deputy Director, Counterterrorist Center, CIA

author of

Inside the Hunt for Al Qaida

Philip Mudd, a career CIA officer, become second-in-charge of counterterrorism analysis in the Counterterrorist Center. He was promoted to the position of Deputy Director of the Center in 2003 and served there until 2005, when FBI Director Mueller appointed him as the first-ever deputy director of the National Security Branch in 2005.  He later became the FBI's Senior Intelligence Adviser and then resigned from government service in March 2010.

<Register Here while space remains

EVENT LOCATION: The Crowne Plaza
1960 Chain Bridge Road, McLean, Virginia 22102
Driving directions here or use this link:

NSA Hall of Honor

Call for Nominees for 2014
for the NSA/CSS Cryptologic Hall of Honor

The National Cryptologic Foundation invites your nominations for the Cryptologic Hall of Honor, established in 1998 to pay tribute to Americans and others who have given especially distinguished service to the United States in cryptology and its related fields. The process is open to all individuals, military and civilian. Following final selection by the Director, National Security Agency, the inductee will be honored at the annual NSA Hall of Honor Ceremony at the museum. The nominee must have made significant contributions to the security of the United States in the field of cryptology--either by one important achievement or contributions over a career. The nominee must be retired from active duty for a minimum of 10 years. The justification should be substantive and well written. You are encouraged to use input from others who worked closely with the nominee to strengthen your justification.

To further help you with your nomination, the Foundation go to HoH Selection Guidelines to read and/or print the NSA guidelines for the HoH process. For more information on the contributions of those inducted in prior years, click here to visit the NSA/CSS Cryptologic Hall of Honor.
Submissions should be mailed to NCMF, POB 1682, Fort Meade, MD 20755 or send via email to
by Friday, 21 March 2014.

Vote for AFIO National Board

AFIO National Board Elections are underway for Terms Running 2014 - 2017

The list of new candidates and re-nominations for the AFIO National Board are available in online ballot.

Current members are requested to cast their vote.


If link does not work with your system, visit

Deadline is midnight EST on 15 February 2014


Obama Officials Weigh Drone Attack on US Suspect. The case of an American citizen and suspected member of al-Qaida who is allegedly planning attacks on U.S. targets overseas underscores the complexities of President Barack Obama's new stricter targeting guidelines for the use of deadly drones.

The CIA drones watching him cannot strike because he's a U.S. citizen. The Pentagon drones that could are barred from the country where he's hiding, and the Justice Department has not yet finished building a case against him.

Four U.S. officials said the American suspected terrorist is in a country that refuses U.S. military action on its soil and that has proved unable to go after him. And Obama's new policy says American suspected terrorists overseas can only be killed by the military, not the CIA, creating a policy conundrum for the White House.

Two of the officials described the man as an al-Qaida facilitator who has been directly responsible for deadly attacks against U.S. citizens overseas and who continues to plan attacks against them that would use improvised explosive devices.

The officials said the suspected terrorist is well-guarded and in a fairly remote location, so any unilateral attempt by U.S. troops to capture him would be risky and even more politically explosive than a U.S. missile strike. [Read more: Dozier/AP/10February2014]

Spy Work Helps ex-KGB Agent Escape Conviction in New Zealand. A former KGB agent in the Soviet era has escaped a drink-drive charge in New Zealand so he can continue his work as a consultant to foreign intelligence agencies, a report said Sunday.

Alexander Kouzminov, 57, recorded a breath alcohol reading twice the legal limit in New Zealand.

But his lawyer successfully argued in the Auckland District Court that a conviction would mean he lost the right to travel to many countries where he assisted intelligence agencies.

Judge David Burns said Kouzminov's breath alcohol reading was "very high" but said "the spectacular fall from grace" of losing his work would be too high a price to pay, the Sunday Herald reported. [Read more: AFP/9February2014]

Sophisticated Spy Tool 'The Mask' Rages Undetected for 7 Years. Researchers have uncovered a sophisticated cyber spying operation that has been alive since at least 2007 and uses techniques and code that surpass any nation-state spyware previously spotted in the wild.

The attack, dubbed "The Mask" by the researchers at Kaspersky Lab in Russia who discovered it, targeted government agencies and diplomatic offices and embassies, before it was dismantled last month. It also targeted companies in the oil, gas and energy industries as well as research organizations and activists. Kaspersky uncovered at least 380 victims in more than two dozen countries, with the majority of the targets in Morocco and Brazil.

The attack - possibly from a Spanish-speaking country - used sophisticated malware, rootkit methods and a bootkit to hide and maintain persistence on infected machines. The attackers sought not only to steal documents, but to steal encryption keys, data about a target's VPN configurations, and Adobe signing keys, which would give the attackers the ability to sign .PDF documents as if they were the owner of the key.

The Mask also went after files with extensions that Kaspersky has not been able to identify yet. The Kaspersky researchers believe the extensions may be used by custom government programs, possibly for encryption. [Read more: Zetter/Wired/10February2014]

Trawl the Net, Says Congress Report on U.S. Security Clearances. The U.S. security clearance process that failed to flag former spy agency contractor Edward Snowden and the Washington Navy Yard shooter needs reforms as simple as letting investigators use the Internet and forcing local law enforcement to cooperate, a congressional report said on Tuesday.

The report suggested federal investigators be allowed to tap tools ordinary Americans use to find out about a specific person: Facebook, Twitter and Google.

The Office of Personnel Management's Investigative Handbook, updated in 2007, places an almost blanket restriction on Internet use, it said, but social media and search sites "contain a treasure trove of information about their users".

"Congress should force OPM's investigative practices into the 21st century by allowing investigators to use the Internet and social media sources in particular for the first time," it said. [Read more: Chiacu/Reuters/11February2014]

Diagrams of Top-Secret Leitrim Spy Centre Yanked from Canadian Government Website. The government has removed detailed schematic diagrams posted on a federal website of the top-secret military spy operations centre on Leitrim Road in south Ottawa.

The Citizen reported Thursday that more than a dozen of the drawings were attached to an online Public Works tender issued a day earlier for a renovation fit-up of the ops room, the heart of Canadian Forces Station Leitrim, the country's oldest signals intelligence listening post targeting foreign electronic communications.

It supports the cryptography operations of Communications Security Establishment Canada, the coding, decoding and analytics agency that provides the federal government with foreign intelligence and computer network security.

The fit-up plans showed not only the location of the ops room within the main building, but the number and arrangement of desks, computer screens, specifications of the voice data power system, a reflected ceiling plan, electrical and mechanical requirements and more. [Read more: MacLeod/OttawaCitizen/7February2014]

Professor Weighs in on Threats to Russia Ahead of Olympics. After a newly-surfaced video threatened an attack at the Olympics in Sochi, Russia, many eyes are on President Vladimir Putin to see how he reacts and prepares his country. 

The United States will have warships and planes on standby to evacuate Americans if there is an attack at the Olympics. 

"If you're going to have an Olympics in really the most troublesome part of the world, Sochi's it," said Andrew Essig, a political science professor at DeSales University, who also runs a national security program at the school.

"Our president is not going. Our first lady is not going. The Russian government is not really surprised about that, but that does send a message that there are security concerns," said Essig. [Read more: Packer/WFMZ/11February2014]

Espionage Allegations Lead to Dismissal of Colombian Army Head of Intelligence. Allegations of spying on government officials have led Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos to dismiss his army's head of intelligence and the director of the army's technical intelligence centre.

Generals Mauricio Ricardo Zuniga and Oscar Zuluaga were relieved of their posts while an investigation is carried out.

Santos said the alleged espionage was "totally unacceptable."

"I will investigate and get to the bottom of this situation," said the President, "to see how far the illicit use of intelligence has gone and who is behind it."

Zuniga and Zuluaga are alleged to have spied on Colombian officials during their negotiations with Farc rebels at peace talks in Cuba. [Read more: EuroNews/5February2014]

Egyptian Intelligence Report: Israel had 36 Spying Stations in Sinai. A court trial investigating an Israeli network of nine alleged spies - three Egyptians and six Israelis - began on Wednesday in north Sinai, but was postponed until March for security reasons.

The file is known as the "Ovadia" case, named after the person leading the spy network, Danny Ovadia, reported the Egyptian newspaper Al-Youm al-Sabaa.

Six of the suspects are Israeli citizens, two of which are Israeli Arabs and the other four are suspected military intelligence officers, the report alleged.

Some of the suspects, including the Israelis, are being tried in absentia.

The Egyptian newspaper published details of an Egyptian intelligence report on the spy network that will be used as evidence in the trial. [Read more: Solomon/JerusalemPost/5February2014]

AF Selects 62 for Intelligence Leadership Positions. Sixty-two majors have been matched to specific leadership positions within the intelligence community, Air Force Personnel Center officials announced.

Candidates were considered by the fall intelligence career field development team for director of operations, operations group/squadron intelligence and detachment commander positions, said Maj. Jeff Fries, the AFPC intelligence assignments officer.

Officers are vectored at various times throughout their careers to help them develop and prepare for positions of greater responsibility, Fries said. Development teams consider every aspect of an officer's career, including demonstrated leadership, professional and career development, leadership potential, and whole person factors.

"The intelligence field is critical to national defense, and officers selected for these leadership roles must be committed, focused and ready for the opportunity and responsibility inherent in the position," Fries said. "Selection for one of these positions is a significant step in an intelligence officer's career." [Read more: Gildea/AFPCPA/11February2014]

Former U.S. Navy Cryptology Tech Imprisoned for Espionage. A former U.S. Navy cryptology technician was sentenced on Monday to 30-years in federal prison for his attempt to steal military secrets and give them to men he believed were spies for the Russian Federation, according to the U.S. Justice Department.

The 40-year-old submarine systems operator, Robert Patrick Hoffman of Virginia Beach, Va., was sentenced by Senior United States District Court Judge Robert Doumar in an Eastern District of Virginia courtroom.

"By attempting to hand over some of America's most closely held military secrets, Robert Hoffman put U.S. service members and this country at risk," said Acting Assistant Attorney General John Carlin.

"Today, Mr. Hoffman is being held accountable for his actions. This prosecution should serve as a warning to others who would compromise our nation's secrets. I commend the prosecutors, agents and analysts who worked diligently on this case," said Carlin, who works in the DOJ's National Security Division. [Read more: Kouri/Examiner/11February2014]


Russia's Wiretapping 'SORM Boxes' in Sochi Make the NSA Look Like Saints. Silly Americans. You thought the NSA was bad? Meet the System of Operative-Investigative Measures (SORM), from Russia. As athletes, spectators and journalists descend on Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics this week, the Russian government and their Federal Security Service (FSB) want to know exactly what everyone is saying. If you're making fun of Putin's hair, they want to read the text. And "SORM boxes" make it possible.

According to a group of Russian journalists that have been monitoring the events leading up to the spectacle, the FSB has required communication companies in Russia to install SORM boxes that intercept all data passing through the network - and give the FSB access to that data.

Here's the bizarre part: While the FSB needs a warrant to access the boxes, no one except FSB administrators of FSB ever have to see it. Theoretically, no one but the FSB knows what warrants have been obtained in connection to wire taps that have been executed. This contrasts what happens in the United States, where, under the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA), agencies have to show their warrant to the communication company and ask for certain data from them. 

SORM has been around since the 80s, meaning it found its beginnings during the Cold War. Back then all they had to do was listen to phone calls, but now the system can monitor all kinds of communication, from emails to texts. This system is in use across Russia, but they're paying special attention to the Winter Olympics. [Read more: Benson/DigitalTrends/5February2014]

What the Nazis Taught the CIA. It was 1946 and World War II had ended less than one year before. In Top Secret memos being circulated in the elite �E' ring of the Pentagon, the Joint Chiefs of Staff were preparing for 'total war' with the Soviets - to include atomic, chemical, and biological warfare. They even set an estimated start date of 1952. The Joint Chiefs believed that the U.S. could win this future war, but not for reasons that the general public knew about. Since war's end, across the ruins of the Third Reich, U.S. military officers had been capturing and then hiring Hitler's weapons makers, in a Top Secret program that would become known as Operation Paperclip. Soon, more than 1,600 of these men and their families would be living the American dream, right here in the United States. From these Nazi scientists, U.S. military and intelligence organizations culled knowledge of Hitler's most menacing weapons including sarin gas and weaponized bubonic plague.

As the Cold War progressed, the program expanded and got stranger still. In 1948, Operation Paperclip's Brigadier General Charles E. Loucks, Chief of U.S. Chemical Warfare Plans in Europe, was working with Hitler's former chemists when one of the scientists, Nobel Prize winner Richard Kuhn, shared with General Loucks information about a drug with military potential being developed by Swiss chemists. This drug, a hallucinogen, had astounding potential properties if successfully weaponized. In documents recently discovered at the U.S. Army Heritage Center in Pennsylvania, Loucks quickly became enamored with the idea that this drug could be used on the battlefield to "incapacitate not kill." The drug was Lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD.

It did not take long for the CIA to become interested and involved. Perhaps LSD could also be used for off-the-battlefield purposes, a means through which human behavior could be manipulated and controlled. In an offshoot of Operation Paperclip, the CIA teamed up with Army, Air Force and Naval Intelligence to run one of the most nefarious, classified, enhanced interrogation programs of the Cold War. The work took place inside a clandestine facility in the American zone of occupied Germany, called Camp King. The facility's chief medical doctor was Operation Paperclip's Dr. Walter Schreiber, the former Surgeon General of the Third Reich. When Dr. Schreiber was secretly brought to America - to work for the U.S. Air Force in Texas - his position was filled with another Paperclip asset, Dr. Kurt Blome, the former Deputy Surgeon General of the Third Reich and the man in charge of the Nazi's program to weaponize bubonic plague. The activities that went on at Camp King between 1946 and the late 1950s have never been fully accounted for by either the Department of Defense or the CIA. [Read more: Jacobsen/DailyBeast/11February2014]

How to Spy and Conduct Counter Intelligence Operations. Espionage or spying involves a government or individual obtaining information that is considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information.

Espionage is inherently clandestine, as it is taken for granted that it is unwelcome and, in many cases, it is illegal and punishable by law.

It is a subset of intelligence gathering - which otherwise may be conducted from public sources and using perfectly legal and ethical means.

Espionage is usually part of an institutional effort by a government or corporation, and the term is most readily associated with state spying on potential or actual enemies primarily for military purposes.

Spying involving corporations is known as industrial espionage.

One of the most effective ways to gather data and information about an enemy (or potential enemy) is by infiltrating the enemy's ranks.

This is the job of the spy (espionage agent). [Read more: Tilford/GroundReport/10February2014]

CIA Spy Kuklinski Legacy Still Divides Poles. A new Polish film has prompted politicians and public figures to debate whether a colonel who defected to the US during the 1970s deserves to be honoured by his home country.

Discussions about whether Colonel Ryszard Kuklinski should be posthumously awarded Poland's highest honour, the Order of the White Eagle, or have a Warsaw street named after him, were sparked by the movie Jack Strong, which went on release on Friday.

Adam Hofman, spokesman for conservative opposition party Law and Justice, has argued that Kuklinski's defection from communist Poland was entirely justified.

"It was not a sovereign state," he told Radio Zet.

"He did everything he could to help the nation."

However, Gromoslaw Czempinski, who was head of Poland's now defunct UOP intelligence agency from 1993 to 1996, told the same radio station that Kuklinski was "a traitor." [Read more: TheNews/10February2014]


Foreign Intelligence or Intelligence? The debate over the National Security Agency's cyber surveillance and collection of telephone records should lead to a better balance between rights of privacy and requirements of foreign intelligence. But whatever the outcome of that debate, it has failed to acknowledge inherent deficiencies and risks in "foreign intelligence" and the transcendent role of foreign policy in the defense of our national interests. Important fundamentals that shape our national security policy will be unaddressed and unchanged.

Based on my years of experience as a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee and Chairman of its Subcommittee on the Collection and Production of Intelligence, I can say that effective congressional oversight and control of the military intelligence complex is something of an oxymoron. NSA and CIA directors reported to me in secret. Members of Congress don't know what they don't know, they don't know what to ask, and they can't disclose what they are told in secret. Although the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court may now have a Privacy and Civil Liberties Advocate, a potentially sound reform, that Advocate will be similarly handicapped.

Meanwhile, as a result of current policies, U.S. technology companies are damaged and forced to move operations out of the United States while indignant foreign governments take counter-measures against them. The financial costs of the military intelligence complex, including its tens if not hundreds of thousands of private contractors, are now estimated to exceed $70 billion annually. A new international commission is being organized to give the protection of privacy a multi-national dimension.

But I detect in this ferment little attention to the role and function of foreign intelligence, its inherent limitations, and the need for intelligence of a cerebral sort. [Read more: Stevenson/TheWorldPost/6February2014]

FBI Break-In Undercuts NSA Critics. Now that the burglars have come forward, critics of the National Security Agency surveillance programs have pounced on the 1971 Pennsylvania break-in that unearthed FBI abuses to bolster their argument that contractor Edward Snowden did a public service by publicly revealing NSA surveillance methods.

The truth is quite the opposite.

The FBI documents stolen from the bureau's resident agency in Media, Pa., opened a window on real abuses at a time when members of Congress not only did not conduct oversight of intelligence agencies, but affirmatively did not want to know what those agencies were doing.

Together with documents later obtained by NBC correspondent Carl Stern, the material painted a picture of an FBI that was conducting surveillance of Americans to stifle political dissent. Instead of using the existing laws to prosecute violators, the FBI engaged in a range of improper or illegal acts to harass targets.

Many of the tactics were foolish. [Read more: Kessler/WashingtonTimes/4February2014]

Section IV - Obituaries, Books and Coming Events


Amb. Shirley Temple Black, child star, diplomat, mother of three, served as a U.N. representative and U.S. ambassador, and served on AFIO's Honorary Board, has died.

The Hon. Shirley Temple Black has been on the Honorary Board of AFIO since the 1970s. Her marriage to Charles Black introduced her to the world of Republican politics and, from there, diplomatic life. In the 1950s, the Blacks campaigned on behalf of the Dwight D. Eisenhower-Richard M. Nixon ticket, and for a time, they lived in the Washington area. Mrs. Black was appointed a delegate to the United Nations by President Richard M. Nixon in 1969, helped campaign for her golfing buddy, President Gerald Ford, and was his ambassador to Ghana from 1974 to 1976. Ford named her chief of protocol of the United States in 1976. In 1989, President Ronald Reagan named her ambassador to Czechoslovakia, where she served four years. She was also a delegate to the Stockholm Conference on the Environment in 1972 and served for two years as a special assistant to Russell Train at the Council on Environmental Quality. In her autobiography, Child Star, Mrs. Black wrote that she once asked for an accounting of her investments. She discovered that, of more than $3 million she had made since childhood, only $44,000 remained in her name. Half her earnings had gone to her parents and much of the rest paid the living expenses of other family members and a dozen household workers. Her father had ignored a court order and had failed to deposit money in her trust account. After she had mostly retired from show business in 1949, she helped raise funds for the National Multiple Sclerosis Society; her brother had the illness. Her involvement in the national campaign helped interest her in political work. In 1955, after her husband became head of business administration at the Stanford Research Institute, the Blacks moved to San Francisco. She became interested in world affairs and turned down acting offers,until her return in Shirley Temple's Storybook on NBC-TV in 1958. "I was working in Ghana when she came out as Ambassador. I think it is fair to say that most everyone was highly skeptical when we heard she was coming. Once on the ground though she turned things around very quickly. She was a smart , very classy person and an outstanding ambassador. Had I ever been in a position to vote for her for elective office I would have done so without hesitation or reservation. The world is a smaller place at her passing." --RStreiff in The Washington Post

Henry Goldsmith, Executive and WWII Army Intelligence Officer. Henry Goldsmith of Palm Beach died Wednesday, Jan. 29, 2014, on the island. He was 98.
Mr. Goldsmith was born March 4, 1915, in Berlin, Germany, and left Berlin in April 1933, just after the "day of the boycott" of Jewish-owned shops.
He made his way to Antwerp and Liverpool as a cotton broker for Bunge & CIE and ultimately to New York, at the urging of Julius Bache, a friend of his uncle, Jakob Goldschmidt, a banker and art collector.
He enlisted and was accepted into the Army in 1942 even though he had had a detached-retina operation in 1935. He became one of the Ritchie Boys, a World War II military intelligence unit. He served as an instructor and officer in intelligence and interrogation, and those he trained landed in Normandy on D-Day.
He was then a liaison officer in England for British and American units in counterintelligence. Much of the information he gathered was fictionalized for the movie, The House on 92nd Street.
Near the war's end, he wed Janet Fox, an actress and niece of Pulitzer-Prize winning author Edna Ferber, and they remained married until her death in 2002. [Read more: PalmBeachDailyNews/8February2014]


The Good Spy: The Life and Death of Robert Ames. More exciting than le Carr�'s George Smiley or Fleming's James Bond, Bird (Crossing Mandelbaum Gate) recreates the life of C.I.A. superspy Robert Ames, an operative with a skill for appreciating the turns and twists of Mideast politics. Ames, a detail-oriented, Philadelphia-bred scholar, was offered a job by the Agency as a junior officer in 1960, rising quickly through the ranks. Later, one colleague said Ames "would have stood tall in his All American shoes [cowboy boots] as a Louis L'Amour hero." Whatever the assignment - Beirut, Aden, Asmara, Kuwait - Ames cultivated key Arab sources, befriending such unlikely personalities as Mustafa Zein, a strategic advisor to the ruling sheik of Abu Dhabi, and Ali Hassan Salameh, a favorite of Yasir Arafat, through such flashpoints as the Jordanian civil war, the Munich massacre, and the Iran hostage crisis. Although Ames was an essential player in the 1977 Camp David accords, the C.I.A. Mideast expert with so much potential to unify the opposing factions died in a 1983 bomb explosion outside the U.S. embassy in Beirut, setting back the process of reconciliation between the Israelis and Palestinians. Bird's meticulous account of Ames's career amid an ongoing Mideast climate of caution and suspicion is one of the best books on American intelligence community. [Bird/PublishersWeekly/10February2014]

Edward Snowden: Did the American Whistleblower Act Alone? Edward Snowden is, in the eyes of many, a secular saint. The fugitive NSA contractor has sacrificed his career and risked his freedom to expose systematic wrongdoing by Western intelligence agencies: America and Britain spy on other Western countries; they hover up and store vast quantities of information about domestic emails and phone calls; they use secret court orders to force cooperation, and they can bug almost any international communication.

After his daring heist of secrets from America's National Security Agency, the 30-year-old has fled to a secret hiding place where he awaits deserved vindication. It is the stuff of spy movies - played out in real life.

I disagree. My new book, The Snowden Operation: Inside the West's Greatest Intelligence Disaster, depicts him as at best a "useful idiot", whose actions serve our enemies. The theft and publication of secret documents is not a heroic campaign but reckless self-indulgence with disastrous consequences.

For all the media hype in The Guardian, the BBC and elsewhere, Snowden's published material does not prove systematic, sinister wrongdoing or abuse by the NSA or its British counterpart, GCHQ.

The typical revelation consists of Powerpoint slides showing how the agency bugs, snoops, and searches the vast warehouses of information it collects. But the revelations come devoid of context. Much is ambiguous and out-of-date. The story is told without elementary editorial scrutiny or fact-checking. [Read more: Lucas/TheTelegraph/24January2014]

Highest Ranking Soviet Bloc Intel Officer Ever to Defect: 'Russia Today is the First Intelligence Dictatorship in History'. For those who think that the opening ceremonies at Sochi were simply a tacit nod to Russia's totalitarian Communist past, think again.

According to Romanian Lt. Gen. Ion Pacepa, the highest-ranking intelligence officer to ever defect from the Soviet bloc, "Russia today is the first intelligence dictatorship in history."

Pacepa made the comments during a lengthy and explosive interview with Blaze Books conducted via e-mail on the former Romanian intelligence officer's latest book, "Disinformation" (reviewed here), revealing how the Soviet Union employed the strategy to undermine freedom, attack religion and promote terrorism worldwide.

Lt. Gen. Pacepa went on to argue that intelligence officials effectively run Russia, noting: "Over 6,000 former KGB officers are running Russia's federal and local governments. The Soviet Union had one KGB officer for every 428 citizens. In 2004, Russia had one FSB officer for every 297 citizens." [Read more: Weingarten/TheBlaze/10February2014]

Coming Educational Events


MANY more International Spy Museum Events in 2014 with full details are listed on the AFIO Website at

Wednesdays, 12 February - 26 February 2014 - 10:15 a.m. - Washington, DC - Spy Seminar Series: Inside the Minds of Traitors, Dictators, and Terrorists, at the International Spy Museum (in collaboration with the Smithsonian Resident Associate Program)

Human intelligence (HUMINT) is concerned with helping policymakers better understand how our adversaries think. In this fascinating morning course, experts who have spent years examining the dark side of human psychology - delving into the minds and motives of traitors, dictators, and terrorists - share their insights and discuss implications for national security in the 21st century.

12 February 2014 - Does the Evil Mind Exist?
What makes a person choose evil as a way of life? Stanton Samenow, a noted forensic scientist and author of The Criminal Personality and Inside the Criminal Mind, has closely encountered truly villainous people -- both notorious and unknown. If anyone can answer whether there are truly evil people, he can. Samenow was the prosecution's mental health witness in the trial of the younger of the DC snipers, Lee Boyd Malvo, and he participated in the longest in-depth clinical research and treatment study of offenders conducted in North America.

19 February 2014 - Dictators and Their Disciples in a Dangerous World
Today�s international security environment is much less stable than that of the Cold War. Rogue leaders of outlaw nations with access to weapons of mass destruction pose threats unknown in the past. It is crucial to understand what drives these leaders. Jerrold Post has devoted his career to this effort. He is director of the political psychology program at The George Washington University, and was founding director of the CIA�s Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior. He played the lead role in developing the "Camp David profiles" of Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat for President Jimmy Carter, and testified before Congress on the political personality of Saddam Hussein. He also initiated the U.S. government program in understanding the psychology of terrorism. Dr. Post�s latest books are Leaders and their Followers in a Dangerous World and The Mind of the Terrorist.

26 February 2014 - Can a Terrorist�s Brain be Rebooted?
What sets someone on a terrorist trajectory and, more importantly, what could divert him (or her)? Anne Speckhard, author of Talking to Terrorists, is a research psychologist who has interviewed more than 400 terrorists, their family members, hostages, and close associates worldwide. She has conducted psychological autopsies on more than half of the 112 Chechen suicide terrorists as well as dozens of Palestinian suicide terrorists to understand the motivations for and psychological underpinnings of terrorism. She also helped design the Detainee Rehabilitation Program in Iraq for more than 20,000 detainees held by the U.S. Department of Defense. Drawing on this expertise, she can suggest whether the terrorist mindset can be changed.

To Register for Spy Museum Seminar Series for all four days: $120. Register or for more information at

Wednesday, 12 February 2014, 11:30 am - 1:30 pm - Scottsdale, AZ - AFIO Arizona hears a special presentation by Diplomat Harry K. Thomas.

Harry K. Thomas, Jr. is the Diplomat in Residence at Arizona State University, responsible for the State Department's recruitment efforts in the Southwest and an adjunct faculty member.
He is a career member of the Senior Foreign Service and served most recently as the ambassador to the Philippines. Prior to that, he was Director General of the Foreign Service and Director for Human Resources of the U.S. State Department. He also served as a Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Executive Secretary of the Department.
Ambassador Thomas joined the Foreign Service in 1984, and served as U.S. Ambassador to Bangladesh from 2003 to 2005. He also served in the White House as the Director for South Asia at the National Security Council from 2001 to 2002. His other postings include: New Delhi, India; Harare, Zimbabwe; Kaduna, Nigeria; and Lima, Peru. Ambassador Thomas speaks Spanish, Hindi, and Bangla and some Filipino. He is a graduate of the College of the Holy Cross and pursued further study at Columbia University. He holds an honorary doctorate in Philosophy from the Loyola University of Maryland and previously served on the Boards of Trustees of the National Defense University and the College of the Holy Cross.
WE WILL NEED FOR EVERY MEETING an RSVP NO LATER than 72 hours ahead of time.
If you do not show up for the lunch meeting and have not cancelled 48 hours prior, please send your check to Simone - you will be charged for the lunch.
Meeting fees are as follows: $20.00 for AFIO AZ Member; $22.00 for Non-Members
For reservations or questions, please email Simone: or
To call, please leave a message on 602.570.6016.

18 February 2014, 11:30am - 2pm - McLean, VA - "Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Behind Headlines of World's Hot Spots" by Dr. Elizabeth Colton at the DIF Luncheon.

The Defense Intelligence Forum (DIF) hosts Dr. Elizabeth Colton speaking on "Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Behind the Headlines in the World's Hot Spots." Dr. Colton's career bridges the fields of diplomacy, journalism, scholarship, politics, and education. She has worked in more than 100 countries on six continents. Her most recent diplomatic assignment was as a Foreign Service officer with the U.S. Embassy in Cairo, Egypt. Before joining the Foreign Service, she was an Emmy-winning journalist for ABC News and other media, including NPR, NBC News and Newsweek, working in the Middle East, Europe, Africa and Asia and covering foreign policy and diplomacy in Washington, D.C. She has been a Fulbright Scholar, a university professor, executive editor of 10 newspapers. She holds several degrees, including a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her consulting firm, EO Colton & Associates, promotes global collaboration in diplomacy, politics, education, and the news media. Dr. Colter currently serves as Program Director and Adviser for the American Committee on Foreign Relations.
This forum will follow a modified Chatham House rule. You may use the information, but with the exception of speaker's name and subject, you may make no attribution. Everything will be off the record.
Location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA
Pay at the door with a check for $29.00 payable to DIAA, Inc
Make reservations by 17 February 2014 by email to Include names, telephone numbers, and email addresses. For each attendee, choose among chicken cacciatore, tilapia puttanesca, Lasagna, sausage with peppers, or fettuccini with portabella.
Pay at the door with a check for $29 per person, payable to DIAA, Inc.
Check is preferred, but will accept cash; credit card payments are discouraged.

Tuesday, 18 February 2014, 4:30 PM - Washington, DC - Blinking Red: Crisis and Compromise in American Intelligence after 9/11 - a book lecture by author Michael Allen at the Institute of World Politics

After the September 11 attacks, the 9/11 Commission argued that the United States needed a powerful leader, a spymaster, to forge the scattered intelligence bureaucracies into a singular enterprise to vanquish America's new enemies-stateless international terrorists. In the midst of the 2004 presidential election, Congress and the president remade the post-World War II national security infrastructure in less than five months, creating the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and a National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC).
Blinking Red illuminates the complicated history of the bureaucratic efforts to reform America's national security after the intelligence failures of 9/11 and Iraq's missing weapons of mass destruction, explaining how the NSC and Congress shaped the U.S. response to the 9/11 attacks. Michael Allen asserts that the process of creating the DNI position and the NCTC is a case study in power politics and institutional reform. By bringing to light the legislative transactions and political wrangling during the reform of the intelligence community, Allen helps us understand why the effectiveness of these institutional changes is still in question
Event location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
RSVP and emailed confirmation required for entry. Contact

20 February 2014, 12:30 - 2 pm - Los Angeles, CA - AFIO-Los Angeles meets to hear Hugh Wilford on "The CIA's Secret Arabists and the Shaping of the Modern Middle East"

Our guest speaker will be Hugh Wilford discussing his latest book: America's Great Game: The CIA's Secret Arabists and the Shaping of the Modern Middle East.
Author bio: Hugh Wilford is a professor of history at California State University, Long Beach, and the author/editor of five books, including The Mighty Wurlitzer (Harvard University Press, 2008). He lives with his family in Long Beach, California.
RSVP your attendance by 2/14/2014:

Thursday, 20 February 2014, 5 - 7:45 pm - New York, NY - "Human Source Intelligence in a Technical Era" is topic of Discussants David Cohen and David Hunt, both former CIA, at this NCAFP event.

On February 20, 2014 the NCAFP will host a public program featuring David A. Cohen, Former Deputy Commissioner for Intelligence for the New York Police Department, and David P. Hunt, are both former career CIA officers who served in the Directorate of Operations.
David Cohen was the Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence for the New York City Police Department, the first appointed to that position, created by the city in response to the 9/11 attacks. He previously was Deputy Director for Operations (DDO) in the CIA. He worked briefly in the private sector following his Agency career, doing global risk assessment for the American International Group. He retired from the New York City Police Department in December 2013.
David Hunt retired in 1995 as a senior CIA Officer where he served for 32 years, primarily in the Directorate of Operations. Hunt served overseas with tours in Italy, Saigon, Mogadishu, Somalia, Oslo, Paris, and New York City, serving twice as deputy chief of station (Oslo, Paris) and twice as chief of station, (Mogadishu, New York). He has expertise in Soviet operations, European affairs, and counterintelligence. He holds the Donovan Award for Excellence as well as the Agency's Distinguished Intelligence Medal.
Agenda: 5 - 5:30 p.m. Arrivals; 5:30 - 6:45 p.m. Lecture and Q & A; 6:45 - 7:45 p.m. Cocktail Reception
** Men are required to wear a jacket and tie. No Jeans allowed
Venue: The University Club, 1 East 54 Street, 9th Floor, Rms 3 and 4, New York, NY 10022
Register here. Nonmember [of NCAFP] fee is $15.
For questions on this or other NCAFP events, please contact our office by phone at (212) 224-1120 or email us at

6 March 2014, 11:30 am - 2 pm - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO James Quesada Chapter hosts former FBI Special Agent Frank Doyle, discussing "The Oklahoma City Bombing and Timothy McVey."

Former FBI Special Agent Frank Doyle will discuss the Oklahoma City bombing, a homegrown domestic terrorism event which occurred on April 19, 1995. This April will be the 19th anniversary of this most destructive act of terrorism on U.S. soil, only superseded by the September 11 attacks in 2001. 11:30AM no host cocktails; meeting starts at noon.
Event location: United Irish Cultural Center, 2700 45th Avenue, SF (between Sloat/Wawona).
RSVP required by 2/25/2014 to Mariko Kawaguchi at and mail check made out to "AFIO" to: Mariko Kawaguchi, PO Box 117578, Burlingame, CA 94011. Members and students: $25; non-member guests $35 (must be accompanied by member).

12 March 2014 - Laurel, MD - The National Cryptologic Museum Foundation hosts the Spring Program featuring Jim Ohlson of NSA's Office of Counterintelligence

The guest speaker is Jim Ohlson. Jim is a retired FBI Special Agent with over 28 years of service to the FBI, primarily in the counterintelligence and counterterrorism programs.
On 20 February 2001, Mr. Ohlson's phone began to ring early in the morning and continued without letup throughout the day. He was stunned to learn that Robert Hanssen, a co-worker he had formed close ties with during assignments in D.C. and New York, was under arrest for espionage. The media frenzy that followed the Robert Hanssen spy case can be used to judge its impact. No modern spy has been the focus of so much attention as fast as Robert Hanssen. By 2003, five books had been published and numerous articles written and by 2007 several films had been produced.
Jim Ohlson had come to know Bob Hanssen fairly well over the years and felt the books and movies had done a mixed job at solving the essential mystery. To explain why, it will be helpful to address a series of questions: Who is Bob Hanssen? What made him a good FBI agent? What made him a good KGB agent? What was the damage? Why did he do it? Where is he now?
Early in his career he studied Arabic at the Defense Language Institute and then put the language to use in the Bureau's New York Field Office. He spent over 14 years in the New York Office working counterterrorism, counterintelligence and directing FBI support to the National Foreign Intelligence programs for the U.S. Intelligence Community. Following that assignment Jim was awarded the DCI's National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. Jim retired from FBI Headquarters as the Security Program Manager. In 13 years since leaving the FBI, he has worked with the Center for Public Justice, the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive [NCIX]; and, since 2004, with NSA's Office of Counterintelligence. Prior to his years in the FBI, Jim served in the U.S. Army, to include a tour in Vietnam with the 101st Airborne Division.
Event Location: L-3 Communications located at 2720 Technology Drive, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701, Tel 301-575-3200. Lunch will be served 1200-1300.
To join us for this exciting program mail your registration fee in the enclosed envelope or register online at The fees are $20 for members and $50 for guests (includes a guest membership). Deadline for registration is 07 March 2014.
If you wish to register by sending a check via U.S. mail, do so by making it payable to NCMF and send to PO Box 1682, Fort George G Meade, MD 20755-3682. Questions? Contact Mary J. Faletto, Senior Administrator, National Cryptologic Museum Foundation, Office: 301-688-5436 Cell: 443-250-8621. E-mail:

Friday, 14 March 2014, 6:30pm - 9:30pm - Washington, DC - Spy School Workshop: Inside Surveillance 101 with Eric O'Neill, at the International Spy Museum

Spring into surveillance! As a young operative in the FBI, Eric O'Neill was used to conducting surveillance; he was even put into the position of spying on his boss. The boss was Robert Hanssen, who was under suspicion of working for Russia, and O'Neill was up to the challenge. Now he'll share his expertise with you. O'Neill has conducted many outdoor surveillance exercises for the Museum, and he's ready to take those with the right skills up a notch. You'll be trailing the "Rabbit" through a complicated urban setting with red herrings and false leads. O'Neill will rate your clandestine prowess while you spy on secret meetings and operational acts and see if you can uncover the spy skullduggery that's afoot while you are on foot. There is no guarantee that your "Rabbit" won't escape!
Tickets: $94. Space is limited to only 10 participants - advance registration required! Call Laura Hicken at 202-654-0932 to register.

Thursday, 20 March 2014 - Colorado Springs, CO - AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter luncheon features Inspector John San Agustin of El Paso County Sheriff's Office

Inspector John San Agustin of the El Paso County Sheriff’s Office discusses the Jon Benet Ramsey case. That case has been in the news in December 2013 and again in January 2014. John Agustin and Ollie Gray, partners in an investigation with full access to the Ramsey’s files, will demonstrate their findings and evidence, which may surprise you. The Chapter meets at its new venue: the Falcon Room of the Air Force Academy, Falcon Club, starting at 11:30 am. Price: $12.00 payable at the door. Please RSVP to Tom VanWormer at

Friday, 21 March 2014, 10:30am - 2pm - Tysons Corner, VA - AFIO's first 2014 luncheon features John Rizzo, former Acting General Counsel, CIA - the most influential Career Lawyer in CIA history, and Philip Mudd, Former DD/National Security, FBI and Former DD/Counterterrorist Center, CIA.

John Rizzo, former Acting General Counsel, CIA, author of: Company Man: Thirty Years of Controversy and Crisis in the CIA, makes his presentation to our members at 1 p.m. "Rizzo rose to become the most influential career lawyer in CIA history ...involved in proxy wars in Central America in the 1970s to recent drone strikes in Pakistan." "Practicing law at CIA was unlike any other attorney job in the government. Few federal statutes were meant to apply to the Agency's activities..." Company Man is "an atlas to navigate the dark, murky morality that governs the business of intelligence." -- The Washington Post, Dina Temple-Raston, 10 January 2014

Morning speaker, 11 am, is Philip Mudd, Former Deputy Director of National Security, FBI, and Former Deputy Director, Counterterrorist Center, CIA, author of TAKEDOWN: Inside the Hunt for Al Qaida. Philip Mudd, a career CIA officer, become second-in-charge of counterterrorism analysis in the Counterterrorist Center. He was promoted to the position of Deputy Director of the Center in 2003 and served there until 2005, when FBI Director Mueller appointed him as the first-ever deputy director of the National Security Branch in 2005.  He later became the FBI's Senior Intelligence Adviser and then resigned from government service in March 2010.

<Register Here while space remains.

EVENT LOCATION: The Crowne Plaza, 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102. Driving directions here or use this link:

25-27 March 2014 - Oxford, MS - Five Eyes Analytic Workshop at the University of Mississippi's Center for Intelligence and Security Studies

The University of Mississippi's Center for Intelligence and Security Studies is pleased to host the Five Eyes Analytic Workshop at the Oxford, MS campus on March 25-27, 2014. We invite you to attend and/or present; information is available at our event website:
code: 5eyesreg
The workshop's theme is "Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds," based on the 2012 document published by the National Intelligence Council; DIA originally selected this theme for the cancelled November 2013 workshop. You may view the NIC publication at:
At this time, we'd like to invite proposals for presentations, which must be submitted at We'd like to include, on the March 2014 agenda, any presenters from the November 2013 schedule who wish to attend the upcoming workshop. Please indicate your proposal's initial acceptance to the November Five Eyes on the online submittal form. Proposals are due by January 21, 2013.
If you have any questions, please contact Carl Julius Jensen, Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Director of the Center for Intelligence and Security Studies: Legal Studies, at, (662) 915-1886, or Melissa Anne Graves, Associate Director, Center for Intelligence and Security Studies,, (662) 915-1474. Feel free to share this call for proposals with your colleagues.

 Friday, 28 March 2014, 6 - 7:30 pm - Washington, DC - IWP Professor and AFIO President, Gene Poteat, speaks on The Changing Face of American Intelligence: From OSS Special Operations, to Analysis and High Tech Reconnaissance, back to Special Operations

The CIA has responded to changing national security needs. The early CIA, staffed by former OSS men with Special Ops expertise, succeed in countering the Communist subversion of Italy, Greece and Turkey. Political interference however, led to the disastrous Bay of Pigs fiasco. Special Ops were replaced by analysts who sought to inform policymakers on all they needed to know. But without HUMINT, analysts failed to answer the most critical intelligence question of the time, the "bomber and missile gap." Eisenhower answered the question with high tech reconnaissance, beginning with the U-2 and Corona satellites, which also helped in the Berlin and Cuban Missile crises. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, followed by challenges of global Islamic terrorism, American intelligence has returned to an updated version of Special Ops, i.e., integration of HUMINT, analysis, high-tech weapons, such as the Predator, all working hand-in-glove with Special Forces based in Florida.
Location: The Institute of World Politics, 1521 16th St NW, Washington, DC 20036.
RSVP Required. Do so to

For Additional Events two+ months or greater....view our online Calendar of Events

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