AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #47-17 dated 19 December 2017

To view this edition of the Weekly Notes online, use the following link.

[Editors' Note are now below the CONTENTS] REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs, click here.





Section IV - Obituaries


Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
If you are having difficulties with the links or viewing this newsletter when it arrives by email, members may view the latest edition each week at this link. You will need your LOGIN NAME and your PASSWORD.

Just released for online access
Counter Terrorist Magazine

December edition of Counter Terrorist Magazine

MousepadAFIO's Updated 2017 Intelligence Community Mousepads have arrived.
Made in USA. Click image for larger view.

These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order NEW MOUSEPADS here.


Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays!

This will be the final WINs for 2017!  We will resume 3 January 2018.

Happy New Year!

First notice...first luncheon of 2018 ...for your calendar

Friday, 9 February 2018
Tysons, VA

Toni Hiley, CIA Museum Director
Center for the Study of Intelligence
CIA Logo
Steve Coll, author/journalist
on his reviewer-praised forthcoming book debuting at event
Coll Directorate S DIRECTORATE S: The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001-2016
Early registration here.

Books of the Week

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam
The Road Not Takenby Max Boot
(Liveright, Jan 2018)

In chronicling the adventurous life of legendary CIA operative Edward Lansdale, The Road Not Taken definitively reframes our understanding of the Vietnam War. In this epic biography of Edward Lansdale, the man said to be the fictional model for Graham Greene's The Quiet American, historian Max Boot demonstrates how Lansdale pioneered a "hearts and mind" diplomacy, first in the Philippines, then in Vietnam. A visionary policy that, Boot suggests, was ultimately crushed by America's military bureaucracy, steered by elitist generals and blueblood diplomats who favored troop build-ups and napalm over winning the trust of the people. Through dozens of interviews and access to never before-seen documents -- including long-hidden love letters -- Boot recasts this cautionary American story, tracing the rise and the crashing fall of the roguish "T. E. Lawrence of Asia" from the battle of Dien Bien Phu to the humiliating American evacuation in 1975. Boot brings a tragic complexity to this so-called "ugly American," this "engrossing biography" (Karl Marlantes) rescues Lansdale from historical ignominy and suggests that Vietnam could have been different had we only listened. Has reverberations which continue to play out in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Book may be ordered here.

Kings and PresidentsKings and Presidents: Saudi Arabia and the United States since FDR
by Bruce Riedel
(Brookings Institution Press, Jan 2018)

A CIA insider's account of the fraught US-Saudi relationship. Partners since 1943 when President Roosevelt met with two future Saudi monarchs, subsequent US presidents have had direct relationships with Saudi kings and their successors -- setting the tone for a special partnership between an absolute monarchy with a unique Islamic identity and the world's most powerful democracy. Although based in part on economic interests, the US-Saudi relationship has rarely been smooth. Differences over Israel have caused friction since the early days, and ambiguities about Saudi involvement -- or lack of it -- in the September 11 terrorist attacks continue to haunt the relationship. Now both countries have new, to-be-tested leaders: President Trump and King Salman. And both are making major waves. For decades Riedel followed these kings and presidents during his career at the CIA, the White House, and Brookings. He uses declassified documents, memoirs by both Saudis and Americans, and eyewitness accounts.

Book may be ordered here.

AFIO's Guide to the Study of IntelligenceAFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson, Editor, also makes a good gift.
View authors and table of contents here.

Perfect for professors, students, those considering careers in intelligence, and current/former officers seeking to see what changes are taking place across a wide spectrum of intelligence disciplines.

AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.

For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
To order for shipment to a US-based CONUS address, use this online form,

To order multiple copies or for purchases going to AK, HI, other US territories, or other countries call our office at 703-790-0320 or send email to to hear of shipment fees.

Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.


The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.



Whistleblower Guardian for Spies Escorted Out of Intelligence Agency Building.  The chairman of the the US Senate Judiciary Committee is demanding to know why an employee in charge of whistleblower outreach was removed from his workplace "pending a tribunal."

"I just learned that Dan Meyer, the Executive Director of Intelligence Community Whistleblowing and Source Protection, was placed on administrative leave and escorted out of his offices pending a tribunal before senior executives to consider his proposed termination," wrote Sen. Chuck Grassley, a Republican from Iowa, in a letter sent November 29 to Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats and Wayne Stone, the acting director of Office of the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community.

The intelligence community inspector general is tasked with conducting audits across the intelligence agencies and independently responding to whistleblower retaliation complaints.

The watchdog office has been involved in independent reviews of the Boston Marathon bombing, as well as former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's use of a private email server.  [Read More:  McLaughin/foreignpolicy/14Dec2017]

Iran TV Broadcasts Jailed Doctor 'Confessing to Spying'.  Iranian state TV has broadcast what it says is the confession of a Sweden-based Iranian national in jail in Iran.

The 17-minute programme purports to show 46-year-old Ahmadreza Djalali admitting he spied on Iran's nuclear programme for Israel.

Mr Djalali, an emergency medicine specialist, was sentenced to death on the charges in October.

Appearing relaxed in the footage, Mr Djalali says he was involved in an important defence project.  [Read More:  bbc/17Dec2017]

Cleethorpes Naval Intelligence Officer Honoured by the President of France.  A former Royal Navy serviceman has been honoured with a special medal awarded by the President of France, Emmanuel Macron to thank him for his role ahead of D-Day in the Second World War.

Walter Marshall was presented with the Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur.

The 92-year-old ex-serviceman from Cleethorpes was appointed with the rank of "Chevalier."

At a special ceremony hosted in Cleethorpes by the Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire, Brian Marsh, Walter said: "This is an honour not just for me but for Grimsby and Cleethorpes."  [Read More:  Craig/grimsbytelegraph/14Dec2017]

In Secret Court Trial, Russia Charges 'CIA Spy' With Treason.  A Russian national is on trial accused of state treason, with reports suggesting the charges relate to an attempt to hand over sensitive military information to foreign agencies, including the US.

Alexander Zhitnyuk is in custody and will remain so until January 29, next year, Moscow's Lefortovo District Court announced in a statement Tuesday, state news agency Itar-Tass reports.

Because of the nature of the charges, the case is classified and any further details from court proceedings are not public at present.

Police first arrested Zhitnyuk and brought him to court last month, on November 30, but the court only made that information public this week, after some media outlets had already published anonymously sourced reports of the arrest.  [Read More:  Sharkov/newsweek/12Dec2017]

Defence Minister Commission 1.33 Million Euro Intelligence Training Centre.  Mr. Dominic Nitiwul, the Defence Minister, has commissioned a 1.33 Million Euro Defence Intelligence Training Centre (DITC) of the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF), funded by the Government of Germany to enhance intelligence activities of the military.

The two-storey building block, which was funded through the German Armed Forces Technical Assistance Group (GAFTAG), started in 2003 when the Government of Ghana entered into a bilateral agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany to support the GAF as part of Germany's commitment to the ECOWAS Standby Force.

The DITC has a 60 seat auditorium for central lectures, 20 seat syndicate rooms, research library, a language laboratory and offices for the Chief Instructor and his staff.

It also has a mult-purpose cyber office where real time information will be analysed as well as offices for the Strategic and Operational cells.  [Read More:  Tandoh, Gyamfi/ghananewsagency/15Dec2017]

Sudan: Defense Minister Meets Egyptian Intelligence Delegation.  Minister of Defense, General, Awad Mohammed Ahmed Ibn Auf has Affirmed the necessity for communication and coordination between the Army Military Intelligence and the Egyptian Military Intelligence Service to strengthen understanding and building partnerships on the issues of common interest to realize the interests of the peoples of the two countries.

This came when, General, Ibn Auf met, Thursday the Director of the Egyptian Military Intelligence Service, General, Mohammed Faraj Al-Shahat who arrived in the country leading a high level military delegation to participate in the training project( Wadi Elneil,3) which concluded last week, at the Intelligence Institute, in Khartoum.

Wadi Elneil 3, joint annual training project between Sudan and Egypt which includes strategic military experts who discuss the strategic issues that concern the two countries.  [Read More:  allafrica/14Dec2017]

Attacks on South Korean Cryptocurrency Exchanges Reportedly Traced to the North.  South Korea's spy agency said North Korean hackers were behind attacks on cryptocurrency exchanges this year in which some 7.6 billion won ($7 million) worth of cryptocurrencies was stolen, a newspaper reported on Saturday.

Attacks in June included the leaking of personal information from 36,000 accounts from the world's busiest cryptocurrency exchange, Bitthumb, the Chosun Ilbo reported, citing the National Intelligence Service.

Attacks in April and September included the theft of cryptocurrencies from accounts at the exchanges Coinis and Yapizon, now called Youbit.

The 7.6 billion won of stolen cryptocurrencies is now worth about 90 billion won ($82.7 million), Chosun Ilbo reported. It also cited the NIS as saying North Korean hackers had also demanded 6 billion won ($5.5 million) from Bitthumb in return for deleting the leaked personal information.  [Read More:  Reuters/japantimes/16Dec2017]

Prime Minister Sets up Spy Training School.  Prime Minister Hun Sen yesterday inaugurated a new training facility for spies, noting that Cambodian spies must begin training within the kingdom so their identities remain secret when they travel abroad.

Mr Hun Sen added that the school, on a Royal Cambodian Armed Forces base in Phnom Penh, will also train soldiers and police officers on intelligence gathering techniques.

"Our spying is done with anti-spy intelligence," he said. "I am supporting the intelligence school to compile a collection of separate training courses for Cambodian spies."

He added the spies must learn to collect, but also properly analyse intelligence, so their superiors can make informed decisions.  [Read More:  Titthara/khmertimeskh/13Dec2017]

Polish Ex-Intel Chiefs Charged With Ties to Russian Security Service: Report.  The three former top SKW officials, Piotr Pytel, Janusz Nosek and Krzysztof Dusza, are suspected of maintaining contacts with a Russian security service officer and of acting for the benefit of a foreign intelligence service, the news website reported on Wednesday.

Dusza as well as Pytel are also suspected of falsifying the data of a representative of Russia's FSB security service who was based at the Russian embassy in Warsaw, thus enabling him to stay in restricted zones in Poland and gain access to Polish military secrets, said.

The FSB is Russia's principal security agency and the main successor agency to the KGB.

Relations between Moscow and Warsaw are tense while Russian intelligence services are widely seen in Poland as hostile to this country.  [Read More:  thenews/13Dec2017]

Fancy Sausages and a $2 Million Bribe: A Trial Uncovers Kremlin Infighting.  Aleksei V. Ulyukayev, a former economy minister in Russia who had clashed with a close ally of President Vladimir V. Putin, was convicted on Friday of soliciting a $2 million bribe, in a case that pulled back the curtain on Kremlin infighting.

Mr. Ulyukayev and his supporters insisted the evidence against him was concocted to eliminate a critic of growing state dominance in the oil industry. But the judge, Larisa Semenova, rejected the arguments that the former minister had been framed and sided with prosectors, who called it an open-and-shut case of corruption.

Judge Semenova sentenced Mr. Ulyukayev, who had been locked in a struggle with Igor I. Sechin, the director of the state oil company Rosneft, over how to revive the swooning Russian economy, to eight years in a penal colony and a fine of 130 million rubles, or $2.2 million.

The punishment was less than the 10-year sentence and 500 million-ruble fine sought by prosecutors. Mr. Ulyukayev's lawyers said they would appeal.  [Read More:  Kramer/nytimes/15Dec2017]


Australia's Version of CIA Posts Spy Aptitude Test Online.  Think you've got what it takes to be a spy?

Australia's Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) - their version of the Central Intelligence Agency - has posted an online test to check candidates' aptitude at being an intelligence officer.

The test places you inside an office and an airport, restaurant and office and quizzes you in part on what you notice, faces and names and more.

At the end of the test, the system lets you know if you have what it takes to join.  [Read More:  cbslocal/12Dec2017]

Dutch Intelligence Service Releases Annual Christmas Puzzle.  Dutch intelligence and security agency AIVD posted its annual brain-buster puzzle online. Puzzle lovers, and anyone else who is bored over the holidays, have until 11:59 p.m. on January 15th to solve the puzzle and submit their answers. This year's puzzle consists of 15 pages with 42 exercises, which participants can solve independently of each other.

Last year multiple people solved all the puzzle questions correctly, but a PhD student in mathematics named Carlo was the only person to score 105, RTL Nieuws reports. With that he won the eternal honor of being a Christmas puzzle winner, as well as a Christmas coffee mug with his own puzzle on it.

The AIVD puzzle is considered the most difficult puzzle of the year. It started as an internal challenge to stimulate systematic thinking. The AIVD started posting it online in 2011. The intelligence agency doesn't use the puzzle to recruit, it's only meant for fun. It is compiled by people who work in the national office of connection security NVB in the AIVD. This department's main task is to secure state secrets, according to the broadcaster.

The puzzle is filled with brain teasers. One of last year's questions was: "DJT, FDMH and JMK were invited to a party, just like J-PS, JFS and BLF, YO, JMS and OH and BH. Who was left out?" The answer was BD - Bob Dylan. The question was about the presentation of the Nobel Prizes and the initials of the winners.  [Read More:  Pieters/nltimes/14Dec2017]

Know Croatian? Care for a Million Kuna Annually From the CIA?  If you speak Croatian, Bosnian or Serbian, you may be a perfect candidate to work in the largest spy agency in the world.  The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is looking for people with excellent knowledge of these languages.  Besides the "opportunity to defend the United States of America," potential new employees receive cash bonuses up to 35.000USD, depending on their language knowledge and future function, right upon employment, reported on December 16, 2017.

Probably the most tempting job position is the one of foreign language instructor at CIA's headquarters in Washington with an annual salary of 161.900USD, without various bonuses, which is around a million kuna. "CIA provides first-class training for energetic, creative and committed intelligence professionals. CIA Language Instructors deliver programs that provide students with the foreign language communications skills and cross-cultural awareness they need to live and work abroad effectively," states the job advert, among other information.

If you are interested in something more operative, CIA is also looking for candidates to collect and process, but also make use of, open sources of information with a somewhat lower salary, but perhaps slightly more exciting work.  [Read More:  Nobilo/total-croatia-news/16Dec2017]

Christmas Market Terrorist Anis Amri May Have Been Used As 'Lure': German Newspaper.  If a report in the Sunday edition of Welt newspaper is accurate, the story of Anis Amri - the Tunisian terrorist who killed 12 people on December 19, 2016, when he drove a truck into a crowded Christmas market on Berlin's Breitscheidplatz  - will have to be rewritten.

After analyzing thousands of files from the Federal Criminal Investigations Office (BKA), dozens of reports by informers and records of internet and mobile phone surveillance, the paper concluded that police and intelligence agencies knew that Amri had posed a terrorist threat since at least November 2015 - far earlier than previously thought.

The information contradicts the common assumption that authorities only became aware of the threat Amri represented over the course of 2016. Officials in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia began listening in on Amri's mobile phone in late 2015 but did not consider him dangerous.

Both federal investigators as well as authorities in North-Rhine Westphalia and Berlin have come under criticism for alleged mistakes made in the run-up to the December 19 attack.  [Read More:  Chase/dw/17Dec2017]

Mubin Shaikh: Why Did a Former Extremist Go Undercover to Fight Terrorism?  GUY RAZ, HOST:  On the show today, Going Undercover. And sometimes, especially in dangerous situations, the best person to go undercover is probably someone who's already on the inside. So can you please introduce yourself?

MUBIN SHAIKH: My name is Mubin Shaikh. I went through a period of radicalization into extremism in my 20s. I went through a period of de-radicalization after a study in Syria and returned back to Canada to become a counterterrorism operative.

RAZ: Mubin grew up in Toronto, the son of Indian immigrants. And his family was pretty traditional and conservative.

SHAIKH: We did go to the mosque very regularly. And we lived in a apartment building. And at the ground level, there is a recreation room, which was turned into basically a Quran school. And so yeah, that was a very regular feature of my childhood.  [Read More:  npr/15Dec2017]

Micheline Dumont-Ugeux, Daring Belgian Resistance Fighter in WWII, Dies at 96.  Micheline Dumont-Ugeux, a major figure in the Belgian underground resistance during World War II who helped hundreds of Allied troops evade capture by Nazi forces as they sneaked across mountaintops and international borders, died Nov. 16 at her home in Saint-Siffret, France. She was 96.

Her death was announced by a funeral home in Uzes, France. The cause was not disclosed.

Mrs. Dumont-Ugeux joined the Belgian resistance in 1942, the same year her parents and sister were arrested by the German Gestapo for their underground work against Nazi occupiers of their homeland.

Known by her code name of Lily, she spent three years, often at great risk, as a leader of a secret organization known as the Comet Line. The clandestine escape network rescued at least 750 Allied airmen whose planes had been shot down over Europe and enabled the men to escape across Belgium, France and Spain.  [Read More:  Schudel/washingtonpost/17Dec2017]

How Britain Pioneered Cable-Cutting in World War One.  The UK's most senior military officer has warned of a new threat posed by Russia to communications and internet cables that run under the sea.

But the reality is that an understanding of this threat is anything but new. And it is the UK which first pioneered the technique of cable-cutting just over a century ago.

At the outbreak of World War One, Britain had the most advanced undersea telegraph cable system. It wrapped around the world, due to the reach of the British Empire. The dominant position offered an opportunity and strategists were determined to make the most of it. But first, German cables had to be dealt with.

A telegram arrived at the port of Dover just past midnight on 5 August 1914, the day after Britain declared war on Germany. It was in code, so its meaning would have been lost on anyone apart from its intended recipient, an officer named Superintendent Bourdeaux.  [Read More:  Corera/bbc/15Dec2017]

An Inside Look at Enigma Machines From WWII.  In this episode of By Design, presented by Bang & Olufsen, Sotheby's specialist Cassandra Hatton sits down with photographer & collector Jan Staller to discuss the intricate design of enigma machines from World War II. These complex, fully-functional cipher machines will be offered in New York on 12 December in the History of Science & Technology auction.  [Read More:  youtube/8Dec2017]


Army Reorganizes, Accelerates EW: Synergy or Hostile Takeover?  Outgunned in the airwaves by Russian jammers, the US Army has a new plan for electronic warfare. The Army hopes to rebuild the long-neglected EW branch more quickly - in part, paradoxically, by partially submerging it in other branches, namely military intelligence and cyber.

There's both an equipment aspect and an organizational one. First equipment:

The ground-based portion of the Multi-Function Electronic Warfare (MFEW) program will be folded into the intelligence branch's Terrestrial Layer Intelligence System (TLIS). The argument is both branches need to sense and understand the radio spectrum before signals intelligence (SIGINT) can eavesdrop on transmissions or EW can jam them. TLIS will have both sensing and electronic attack (jamming) capabilities, cyber branch chief Maj. Gen. John Morrison told reporters, saying the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) recently approved an Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) for this approach.

However, the airborne portion of Multi-Function Electronic Warfare, MFEW-Air, remains an independent program, Morrison said. It's been reviewed by the Army Requirements Oversight Council (AROC, as opposed to JROC), and the program's incorporating AROC feedback now.  [Read More:  Freedberg Jr./breakingdefense/13Dec2017]

How the Pentagon's Cyber Offensive Against ISIS Could Shape the Future for Elite US Forces.  The US military has conducted cyber attacks against the Islamic State for more than a year, and its record of success when those attacks are coordinated with elite Special Operations troops is such that the Pentagon is likely carry out similar operations with greater frequency, according to current and former US defense officials.

The cyber offensive against ISIS, an acronym for the Islamic State, was a first and included the creation of a unit named Joint Task Force Ares. It focused on destroying or disrupting computer networks used by the militant group to recruit fighters and communicate inside the organization. Such offensive weapons are more commonly associated with US intelligence agencies, but they were brought into the open in 2016 after then-Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter pressured US Cyber Command to become more involved in the campaign to defeat the Islamic State.

The move sparked a debate in the US government over whether American allies would object to the US military's altering computer networks abroad, the Washington Post reported in May. Some intelligence officials argued that using such weapons in other countries could jeopardize the cooperation of international partners on which US law enforcement and intelligence agencies depend.

But the cyber attacks were approved and launched anyway, and the campaign recently received the full-throated endorsement of Army Gen. Raymond A. "Tony" Thomas III, the head of US Special Operations Command.  [Read More:  Lamothe/washingtonpost/16Dec2017] 

Challenges Ahead for American Intelligence Agencies.  In October 2003, former Secretary of Defense and former CIA Director James Schlesinger observed that "major organizational change (in American intelligence agencies) is not the salvation. I would submit the real challenge lies in recruiting, fostering, training and motivating people with insight."

Insight. Sounds arcane, mysterious, rare, tough to describe to human resources directors much less cable television talk show hosts - and indeed it is.

Yet this highly individual talent is indispensable to American security. That's why Schlesinger - ever the erudite patriot - said identifying it, hiring the individual possessing it and then nurturing, cultivating and promoting this gifted employee in a government institution jumbled by Beltway bureaucratic procedures and garbage politics, is "the real challenge" to real leaders in US intelligence services.

Thanks to the 19th-century German strategist Carl von Clausewitz, savvy American military leaders know experienced soldiers possessing insight are immense assets. Clausewitz argued that genius military leaders possess insight in the midst of battlefield chaos. Despite confusion, physical danger, fear and contradictory information, the "genius" sees in a glance (coup d'oeil) the essence of his army's situation and the requisite course of action.  [Read More:  Bay/sunjournal/15Dec2017]

Invisible Doomsday Machines: The Challenge of Clandestine Capabilities and Deterrence.  Stanley Kubrick's iconic black comedy Dr. Strangelove remains one of the most insightful works on deterrence. The film revolves around the Doomsday Machine, which will automatically destroy all life on earth if the United States ever launches a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union. After a rogue American general does precisely that, the Soviet ambassador reveals the machine's existence and explains what is about to happen. American General Buck Turgidson is skeptical, claiming the machine is "an obvious commie trick, Mr. President!" The titular Dr. Strangelove subsequently delivers the film's biting satirical punch line: "The...whole point of the Doomsday lost...if you keep it a secret! Why didn't you tell the world, eh?"

Hidden within Kubrick's dark humor is a very real problem: the challenge of clandestine military capabilities. Modern military operations increasingly turn upon elements of military power that depend almost entirely on secrecy for their battlefield effectiveness. But the very secrecy that drives their battlefield impact can interfere with the political objectives military power is meant to serve, like deterrence. The fictional Doomsday Machine was militarily effective - it ensured retaliation after an attack - but it was politically ineffective because it was kept secret. Yet unlike modern clandestine capabilities, the machine's secrecy was not integral to its military function.

Secrecy can also inhibit the effective integration of foreign policy with military capabilities, detracting from strategic coherence and holding back policy implementation. To succeed in a world of rising military secrecy, US policymakers need to understand the political-military trade-offs posed by clandestine capabilities, develop concepts for when such capabilities should be concealed or revealed, and organize the government internally for managing military secrecy.  [Read More:  Green, Long/warontherocks/15Dec2017]

Section IV - Obituaries


Charles G. Cogan, PhD, 89, an academic and former career CIA operations officer, died 14 December 2017 in Cambridge, MA.

He earned a BA mcl in History from Harvard in 1949, and an MS in International Relations from George Washington University, Washington. DC, in conjunction with National War College which he also attended. Between those two periods at university he served in the US Army (Mar 51-Dec 53) as Second Lieutenant (Signal Corps), in the US and Korea.

In 1954 he joined CIA and served for a period of 37 years (1954 - 1991), 23 of them overseas in India, Congo, Sudan, Morocco, Jordan and France. From 1979-1984 he was chief of the Near East and South Asia Division in the Directorate of Operations, and from 1984-1989 he was CIA Chief of Station in Paris. He retired in 1991.

At the time of death Dr Cogan was an associate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (BCSIA) at the Kennedy School, Harvard University, where he concentrated on European issues and in particular on French-American relations. He came to Harvard as a Research Fellow in 1989 in the Intelligence and Policy Project, a joint (and unclassified) activity of the CIA and the Kennedy School. In 1991, when he left CIA, he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Public Administration at Harvard (1992). His doctoral thesis became his first book (Oldest Allies, Guarded Friends: the United States and France Since 1940), which was followed by seven others, as well as many articles and reviews.

In May 2007 he was awarded the grade of Officer in the French Order of the Légion d'honneur presented in Cambridge, MA by the French Consul General. He also had been awarded the Intelligence Medal of Merit and Distinguished Intelligence Medal - both by CIA; the Distinguished Graduate award by National War College; the Commandeur du Ouissam Alaouite, Morocco; and Officer in the French Order of Academic Palms, along with numerous other awards.

Before joining Harvard's Belfer Center, Cogan was Associate - Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History, and prior to that was a Visiting Scholar - John M. Olin Center for Strategic Studies, Center for International Affairs, ; and Research Fellow, National Security Affairs - John F. Kennedy School of Government; Study Group Leader, Institute of Politics (1990-91), Topic: "The CIA, The Intelligence Community and American Democracy." All of these were at Harvard University.

In the late 1940s and early 1950s he was a journalist who worked as State Editor, Radio Editor, Associated Press, Richmond, VA; Reporter, the Hartford Courant, Hartford, CT, and Executive Trainee, Time, in NYC.

He was a longtime member of AFIO, and also a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He served as external member of the Conseil Scientifique of the Charles de Gaulle Foundation, Paris, and Member of the Board of Overseers of the French Library, Boston.

He is survived by his wife, Susan Abigail Yoder, two daughters and a son. He was a bicycling and calisthenics enthusiast, and also enjoyed reading, writing in French and English. Cogan's many articles and reviews have appeared in French Politics and Society, Diplomatic History, Journal of Military History, and other publications. He was the author of eight books which include: The Third Option: The Emancipation of European Defense, 1989-2000 (2001). .

Fenton Babcock, 91, former career CIA officer, and President, National Leadership Forum on Global Challenges, a think tank, died 6 December 2017 in Winchester, VA.

Fenton Babcock was brought up in California during the Great Depression and served three years in the Navy's Amphibious Forces during WWII. After the war he went to Yale University and earned three degrees ending with his PhD. He then joined CIA as a career officer and worked in three of CIA's four Directorates beginning with covert action and overt work with emphasis on China during three tours in East Asia. His experience in intelligence ran through the Office of National Estimates and work under the Deputy Director for Intelligence on all-source analysis, particularly on China. His direct involvement in the establishment of the Counter-Terrorism Center at CIA led to his work in the Intelligence Community Staff evaluating and tasking of Human Source Intelligence collection. He published a 2009 book of his CIA years: A Mercurial Intelligence Career: Between Two Book Ends [Infinity Publishing] displaying his interest in the public-private interface, concern for all things Chinese, and his stresses, outlets, satisfactions and life-care community retirement years.

He was awarded a lifetime achievement award by AFIO in 2006 for his work with the NLF (National Leadership Forum on Global Challenges conference series on national security topics).

Fenton loved sailing and being on the water. He built a sailboat with his brother when they were young. While at Yale he was on the lightweight crew, and later coached crew there as well. Fenton also loved being outside where he enjoyed planting trees and rebuilding old stone walls. Most of all he loved sharing time with his family and friends.  In 2011, with his second wife Evelyn, they published New Lives For Old [Rose Dog Press], a special achievement since Fenton had been dealing with the loss of all eyesight for several years.

Fenton encouraged the younger generation of intelligence officers through a series of "best article" awards on national security themes which ran in the late aughts. He had an ageless playfulness and a poet's view of the wonders of life which sustained him through many losses - of loved ones and his vision.

His first wife of 55 years, Elizabeth (Haya) Vorwerk, and his second wife, Evelyn Valotto, predeceased him. He is survived by one daughter, Ann B. Walters, and other family.

A memorial service will be held on 30 December 2017 at 11 am at Shenandoah Valley Westminster Canterbury (SVWC) in Winchester, VA.

David Wayne "Dancing Bear" Dreisker, 79, former Phillips Petroleum Official, Assisted US IC Operations, died in Bartlesville, OK on 6 December - six days short of his 80th birthday.

A great story teller, Dave's memories of childhood and school days in the '40s and '50s were a history of post-WWII Bartlesville. Trick-or-Treating at Uncle Frank's grand home, mowing lawns for 25 cents, working at the Osage Theatre where his duties as Assistant Manager included being the toilet mechanic and the feeding alligators who wintered in the theatre's sub-basement while waiting to be part of the Hill Top Drive-in's 'zoo' in the summers and also clerking at The London Shop. During College High days, Dave played tennis, went to Boys State, participated in DeMolay, hung out at Johnson's Drive-in and rode shotgun during numerous races from Johnson's to Bishop's Cafeteria in Tulsa (record time: 37 minutes. Why?: Who Knows?)

After High School, Dave spent the first of four glorious summers working for Phillips Petroleum in Southern Louisiana as a deckhand on offshore rigs. He attended the University of Oklahoma earning a degree in Political Science. His career with PPCo began in the St. Louis Division in 1961. In 1969 Dave was transferred to the International Department where he served five years in Lagos, Nigeria making special alliances with Nigerians, other US officials and expats. In 1974 Dave transferred to Tokyo, Japan, eventually moving back to Oklahoma in 1981. Back in Bartlesville, Dave's career at Phillips took a new direction, first in licensing and on to a special project that became Provesta Corp., a subsidiary of Phillips from which Dave retired as Vice President in 1994.

The day he retired he opened Dancing Bear Ingredients, a food ingredients brokerage serving the food business in the Mid-South and Southwest which continues today under his son, Jed, and gave Dave the sobriquet by which he is known to many.
He is survived by his wife, Joan, a son and daughter, and other family. Finally, as Dave so often advised, quoting that sage, Blandark Sharkey, "Keep in the shade; and tell the truth when you can."

William Edward McTigue, 90, a CIA Photo Interpreter at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis, died 29 November 2017 in Ft Washington, MD.

He joined the US Army during WWII where he was stationed in Europe near Nuremberg working in a displaced persons camp, helping people who had been liberated from concentration camps and slave labor mines. He was only 18. Later, he was part of a graves registry unit that traveled around Europe interviewing local people about plane crashes or the locations of suspected mass graves, recovering bodies and ensuring the deceased were treated with respect. After the War, Bill used the GI Bill to attend the University of Massachusetts, then known as the Massachusetts Agricultural College. He majored in forestry, conducting research in the Harvard Forest and spent summers fighting forest fires in the Pacific Northwest. After graduation, Bill worked as a cartographer in the US Navy's Hydrographic Office. His team mapped areas around the world, including Turkey, the Black Sea, Thailand, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. He surveyed northern Greenland, the Canadian Arctic, and parts of Hudson Bay for the installation of DEW Line stations that monitored Soviet missile activity over the North Pole.

While at Navy Hydro, Bill enrolled in a course on the interpretation of aerial photographs and finished at the top of the class, above some fellows working for a "new-ish" three-letter Federal agency involved with intelligence. Shortly after, Bill was recruited by that place...the work on photo interpretation, first from plane-based photos then from satellites. One Sunday, he was raking leaves and getting ready to watch football when he received a call. A military officer ordered him to work immediately. Something had been seen on a photo from Cuba. Bill spent the next several days working on images of a Soviet missile site; the Cuban missile crisis had begun. When President Kennedy addressed the nation there was a large photo over his shoulder showing the site. Bill had worked on that image and helped to develop the large photo by turning shower floors in the Suitland Federal buildings into large photo developing pans.

Bill loved serving his country and saw it as a way to give back to the nation that had given his family the chance to succeed. He was a 60 year member of the American Legion Post 248 and the VFW Morningside Post 9619. He is survived by two daughters, and other family. .  [Read More:  The Washington Post/legacy/17Dec2017]

Billy Leslie Goodman, 90, a former USMC and State Department Officer, died 15 November 2017 in Sacramento, CA.

He joined the Marine Corps in 1945, retiring as a Gunnery Sergeant in 1965. He fought in Korea where he was awarded the Purple Heart and Bronze Star with Combat 'V'. His service included two tours as an advisor to the Korean Marine Corps and the Royal Thai Marine Corps. After retiring from the Marine Corps, he served in Vietnam as a Foreign Service Officer of the US Department of State until 1968. He then worked for the Cotton Belt Railroad until he retired. After retiring, he moved to Jefferson City in 1989 and was a member of Samuel F. Gearhart Detachment 656 Marine Corps League. He is survived by his second wife, Waraphorn Chairak, who lives in Thailand, a son, three daughters, and other family.

Aline Griffith, Countess Romanones, 94, American-born OSS "cocktail-circuit spy," Spanish countess, and author of espionage tales, died 11 December 2017 in Madrid, Spain. Aline Griffith was a beautiful fashion model from Upstate New York who was sent to Franco's Spain during WWII as a spy code-named "Tiger" for the Office of Strategic Services, a CIA forerunner, to gather information on Nazi sympathizers, including the Spanish dictator himself, in what was officially "neutral" Spain. She operated in that glorious era before 24/7 news, embeds, Twitter, hostile coverage by the opposition, and other means intelligence operations today are assessed, captured for the historic records, or amended from those early personal accounts of incredible derring-do and swashbuckling glory.

Her overall aim was to aid the success of the Allied invasions of Europe in 1944. But she fell in love with a Spanish count and, in the decades after the war, became one of that country's most-photographed members of what Spaniards call "la Jet" (the jet set) or "los beautiful" (the beautiful people). In her shimmering diamonds, rubies and emeralds, the Countess of Romanones, as she was known, was seen in the company of sultans and movie stars, of first ladies and fashion tastemakers. Her Rolodex included Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Ivana Trump, publisher Malcolm Forbes and Imelda Marcos. She once attended a costume ball at a French palace at which Audrey Hepburn wore a bird cage over her head, while she and Wallis Simpson, the American-born Duchess of Windsor, hunted down a suspected Soviet mole working for NATO. A self-confessed "adventure junkie," the countess said she packed a pearl-handled pistol in her handbag for many years and confessed to her husband only on the night before their wedding in 1947 that she had been an agent of the U.S. government. He persuaded her to give up spying for good - for her own good and for the good of Spain - but she later said she continued periodically to engage in clandestine work for the CIA. "Espionage becomes like a drug," she told People magazine in 1990. "It makes life very exciting. You know things other people don't know - you're always going under the surface." In another interview, she said: "My training in the U.S. was very harsh. I was taught how to shoot, parachute and silently kill with a knife or even a newspaper." She did not reveal how you kill someone with a newspaper. She also learned, she said, to unlock safes and pick pockets. [Read More: The Washington Post/legacy/13Dec2017]

Section V - Events


Thursday, 18 January 2018, 11:30 AM - Colorado Springs, CO - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts Julio Gutierrez, discussing "Naval Intelligence from the Cold War to the Present."

The presentation includes a comparison of the Navy's all-source Intelligence operations and emphases during the Cold War, versus very different Naval Intelligence missions in 2017 -- especially asymmetric threats like terrorism, piracy, arms/drugs/human trafficking, WMD counter-proliferation, and the emergence of new strategic threats from Russia, China, and North Korea. New areas of strategic maritime competition encompass Russian Arctic development, Chinese exploitation of undersea methane hydrates, and Russian "new physical-principles weapons" threats.

Captain (Ret.) Julio Gutierrez had a 26-year Naval, Joint, Inter-Agency, National and Coalition Intelligence career around the globe, including F-14 Tomcat squadron, carriers, cruisers, expeditionary amphibious warfare, NATO SHAPE, Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Central Command, and the Chief of Naval Operations' Strategic Studies Group. After active duty retirement in 2003, he was a GS future-concepts and unmanned systems technologist for the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, and NavSeaSysCom Technical Representative to NORAD & USNORTHCOM 2006-2011 for Maritime Homeland Defense. He is now a contract Maritime Security executive course instructor in the Naval Postgraduate School's Center for Civil-Military Relations, for foreign senior officers at Monterey and abroad. Education: Stanford B.A. (International Relations) and Naval War College Masters (National Security Strategy & Policy). Wife Cecily is a retired Naval Intelligence LCDR.

To Attend or for more information, contact Tom VanWormer at

Thursday, 18 January 2018, 12:30 - 2 pm - Los Angeles, CA - The AFIO LA Chapter hears from Dr. Paul Smith on "Operational Remote Viewing."

Our next meeting features Dr. Paul Smith discussing "Operational Remote Viewing: Considerations and Concerns."
Dr. Smith is a retired Army intelligence officer, having worked at the tactical level during Desert Storm with the 101st Abn Div, and strategically in the special operations arena and at DIA, among other assignments. His primary expertise is remote viewing. For most of the seven years he was a captain assigned to a black project known these days as the Star Gate Program. Hh holds an MSSI degree from National Defense University focusing on the Middle East. After retiring, he earned a PhD from the University of Texas at Austin in philosophy.

Location: LAPD-ARTC 5951 W. Manchester Ave. L.A. CA 90045 ROOM 1E. Refreshments will be served.

RSVP ASAP and then mark your calendar. RSVP to Vince Autiero at The meeting will include general chapter business matters at the conclusion of the guest speaker's presentation.

31 January 2018 (Wednesday), 11:30 am - San Francisco, CA - The AFIO San Francisco Chapter hosts Alan Brown on "The History of the Lockheed Skunk Works and the Development of the F-117A Stealth Fighter"

Alan Brown, former Director of Engineering at Lockheed discusses "History of the Lockheed Skunk Works and the Development of the F-117A Stealth Fighter" at this January meeting of the AFIO "Andre LeGallo" San Francisco Chapter.
WHERE: Basque Cultural Center, 599 Railroad Avenue, South San Francisco, CA 94080.
TIMING: 11:30AM no host cocktail; meeting and luncheon at noon.
RSVP: Register here. Reservation and pre-payment is required before January 21, 2018. The venue cannot accommodate walk-ins. Questions? Contact Mariko Kawaguchi, Board Secretary at

9 February 2018 - Tysons, VA - First AFIO luncheon of 2018 features Toni Hiley, CIA Museum Director, and Steve Coll, author/journalist, on The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Our first luncheon of 2018 ...for your calendar. Toni Hiley, CIA Museum Director, Center for the Study of Intelligence speaks in the morning. Followed by lunch, and then a presentation by Steve Coll, author/journalist, on his reviewer-praised forthcoming book debuting at event, DIRECTORATE S: The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001-2016.
Times: 10 am badge pickup; Hiley speaks at 11; lunch at noon; Coll at 1; event closes at 2.

Early registration here.

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

Sunday, 7 January 2018, 3 - 4 pm – Washington, DC – NSO In Your Neighborhood: An Espionage-Themed Concert – at the International Spy Museum

This year's NSO In Your Neighborhood program heads to the vibrant Downtown and Penn Quarter areas of Washington, D.C. bringing a week’s worth of free chamber music, orchestral concerts, educational events for the entire family, and much more! This family-friendly event features an NSO string quartet — Marissa Regni and Glenn Donnellan violins; Eric deWaardt, viola; and Eugena Chang, cello — performing espionage-themed music.
Event is free for museum attendees. Audiences for this performance will receive $5 discounts to visit the Museum. Visit

Wednesday, 10 January 2018, noon – Washington, DC – Global Terrorism, Espionage and Cybersecurity Monthly Update – at the International Spy Museum

Be the first to learn the latest intelligence news! Join David Major, retired supervisory special agent of the FBI and former director of Counterintelligence and Security Programs at the NSC staff at the White House, for a briefing on the hottest intelligence and security issues, breaches, and penetrations.  Presented in partnership with The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre), these updates will cover worldwide events such as breaking espionage cases and arrest reports, cyber espionage incidents, and terrorist activity. Major uses his expertise to analyze trends and highlight emerging issues of interest to both intelligence and national security professionals and the public. Cases are drawn from the CI Centre’s SPYPEDIA®, the most comprehensive source of espionage information in the world, containing events and information that may not be reported by mainstream media outlets. Event is free. Visit

Wednesday, 17 January 2018, 6:30pm – Washington, DC – Escape the Enemy: An Aggressively Interactive Evening with Navy SEAL Clint Emerson – at the International Spy Museum

When the world hands you a bad situation, Clint Emerson can give you the skills to be prepared.  He should know. During his time as a Navy SEAL and Joint Special Operations Command Operator, he was a violent nomad—someone who traveled the world employing his unique set of skills to support operations in hostile environments against high value targets. Join Emerson for a crash course in restraint defeat. He will help you discover how to pick locks, break out of handcuffs, and generally get away. You’ll receive a 10-piece lock-picking kit and practice padlock, so you can keep your newfound skills sharp when you return to your-hopefully-everyday ordinary life.  Emerson is the author of 100 Deadly Skills: The SEAL Operative's Guide to Eluding Pursuers, Evading Capture, and Surviving Any Dangerous Situation--don’t miss this chance to learn from an actual Special Forces operator how to actively and creatively protect yourself.  Tickets for the general public: $20 per person; Members: $10. Visit

Tuesday, 23 January 2018, 6:30pm – Washington, DC – Sunken Gold: A Story of World War I Espionage – at the International Spy Museum

On January 25, 1917, HMS Laurentic, a British ship laden with forty-four tons of Allied gold was sunk by German mines off the coast of Ireland.  Desperate to recover the treasure, the Admiralty sent its best divers to salvage the gold.  Their experiences in the tight confines of the sunken wreck drew the attention of Rear Admiral Reginald "Blinker" Hall, the Head of British Naval Intelligence, who organized the group into the legendary "Tin-openers."  These divers, operating in live minefields, plumbed into freshly sunk U-boats searching for codes, ciphers, and other intelligence to assist the codebreaking operations of the mysterious Room 40 and help win the war. Joseph A. Williams, author of The Sunken Gold: A Story of World War I, Espionage, and the Greatest Treasure Salvage in History will recount, through newly discovered sources, the epic deeds of these covert divers, bringing to light the grit and determination their project demanded.  
Co-sponsored by the Naval Intelligence Professionals. For NIP Member tickets email:
Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $8. Visit

Friday, 26 January 2018, 6 - 9 pm – Washington, DC – Spy Fest: A Kidspy Family Festival – at the International Spy Museum

Sitting in your comfy chair watching James Bond makes spy tradecraft look easy—now’s your chance to find out if you could be the next 007. Do you have the savvy to beat a lie-detector? The smarts to break a top secret coded message? The wits to create secret writing? The moves of a Ninja? Families are invited to find out how they measure up at the Museum’s Annual Spy Fest. Mini-missions, tradecraft demonstrations by the experts, and the chance to try spy skill challenges will give KidSpy agents and their handlers an insider’s peek into the shadow world of spying—and who knows, there just may be a spy or two in your midst.  
Tickets for the general public: $14 per person; Members: $12.  Visit

Disclaimers and Removal Instructions

Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers.

REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs: 

a)  IF YOU ARE A MEMBER - click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list.  If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to with the words:  REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.

 b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.

CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link:

WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor's) or author's) listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!

(c) 2000, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018. Please note AFIO's new address: AFIO, 7600 Leesburg Pike, Suite 470 East, Falls Church, VA 22043-2004. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email:

Click here to return to top.